Code of Maryland Regulations
Title 09 - MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Subtitle 12 - DIVISION OF LABOR AND INDUSTRY
Chapter 09.12.36 - Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Standard for Field Sanitation
09.12.36.03 - Requirements
A. Agricultural employers shall provide potable drinking water and toilet and handwashing facilities in accordance with this standard for employees engaged in hand-labor operations in the field, without cost to the employee.
B. Potable Drinking Water.
(1) The agricultural employer shall provide potable drinking water in locations readily accessible to all employees.
(2) The agricultural employer, taking into account the air temperature, humidity, and the nature of the work performed, shall ensure that the water is suitably cool and in sufficient amounts to meet the needs of employees.
(a) Common drinking cups or dippers may not be used.
(b) The water shall be dispensed in single use drinking cups or by fountains.
C. Toilet and Handwashing Facilities.
(1) The requirements in this section apply to agricultural establishments where 11 or more employees perform hand-labor operations in the field on any given day.
(2) Toilet and handwashing facilities are not required for employees who perform field work for a period of 3 hours or less during the day, including transportation time to and from the field.
(a) One toilet facility and one handwashing facility shall be provided for each 20 employees or fraction of that amount.
(b) The ratio of toilet facilities to employees may be increased to one facility for every 30 employees when the frequency of servicing is increased to ensure that the facility is maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
(4) Toilet facilities shall:
(a) Be constructed to ensure privacy;
(b) Have self-closing doors which can be closed and latched from the inside;
(c) Be supplied with toilet paper adequate to meet employee needs;
(d) Be adequately ventilated; and
(e) Appropriately screened.
(a) Toilet and handwashing facilities shall be:
(i) Accessibly located; and
(ii) Within 1/4 mile of each employee's place of work in the field.
(b) When it is not feasible to locate facilities accessibly and within the required distance due to the terrain, the facilities shall be located at the point of closest vehicular access.
D. Maintenance. Potable drinking water and toilet and handwashing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with appropriate public health sanitation practices, including the following:
(1) Drinking water containers shall be:
(a) Constructed of materials that maintain water quality,
(b) Kept covered, and
(c) Refilled daily or more often as necessary;
(2) Toilet facilities shall be operational and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition;
(3) Handwashing facilities shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition; and
(4) Disposal of wastes from facilities may not cause unsanitary conditions.
E. Reasonable Use. Employees shall be allowed reasonable opportunities during the workday to use the facilities.
F. Informational Program. To minimize exposure to hazards of heat, communicable diseases, retention of urine, and agrichemical residues, the employer shall inform each employee of the importance of each of the following good hygiene practices:
(1) Use the water provided for drinking and handwashing;
(2) Use the toilet for elimination;
(3) Drink water frequently and especially on hot days;
(4) Urinate as frequently as necessary; and
(5) Wash hands:
(a) Both before and after using the toilet,
(b) Before eating and smoking.(Regulation .03C amended effective October 15, 1988 (15:17 Md. R. 2048)
Regulation .03D amended effective October 15, 1988 (15:17 Md. R. 2048)
Regulation .03F adopted effective October 15, 1988 (15:17 Md. R. 2048))