California Code of Regulations
Title 16 - Professional and Vocational Regulations
Division 4 - State Board of Chiropractic Examiners
Article 4 - Approved Schools and Qualifications of Applicants
Section 331.13 - Physical Facilities

Universal Citation: 16 CA Code of Regs 331.13

Current through Register 2022 Notice Reg. No. 14, April 8, 2022

(a) General: Each school shall own, or enjoy the assured use of a physical plant large enough to accommodate classrooms, lecture rooms, laboratories, a clinic, a library and administrative and faculty offices. Each school shall meet and maintain the standards and requirements established by or under the authority of the laws of the State of California governing educational institutions and all applicable city and county ordinances wherein the school is located and shall maintain competent evidence of such compliance, for examination by the Board.

(b) Administrative Offices: The administrative offices shall provide adequate office space for faculty members.

There shall be space available for faculty conferences.

All furnishings shall be serviceable and functional and there shall be sufficient office equipment, subject to Board approval, to efficiently manage the business of the school.

There shall be fireproof storage for all records and documents required by the Chiropractic Initiative Act, statute, or regulations.

All administrative offices shall meet the standards and requirements incorporated by subparagraph (a) above.

(c) Classrooms: There shall be sufficient number and size of classrooms to separately accommodate the graded classes in 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year classes. No two or more subjects shall be taught in the same classroom simultaneously. No two or more student classes (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year) shall be taught in the same classroom simultaneously. Classrooms shall be located where there is quiet and freedom from interruption and distraction.

All classrooms shall be furnished with audio-visual aids appropriate to the subject matter being taught, and desks and chairs or tablet armchairs. There shall be effective shades to darken rooms equipped with visual projection apparatus.

All classrooms shall meet the standards and requirements incorporated by subparagraph (a) above.

(d) Laboratories: Laboratories shall be well lighted and ventilated and shall be equipped for the practical work in human dissection, histology, chemistry, physiology, bacteriology, pathology, laboratory diagnosis, roentgenology, physiotherapy and chiropractic technique.

Anatomy and pathology laboratories shall contain standard equipment. No more than ten (10) students shall be assigned per table. Sinks should be equipped with wrist action or foot pedal valves, and supplied in a sufficient number. Human cadavers and specimens for individual and small group demonstrations shall be supplied. If human cadavers are not available, or state law prohibits their use, schools must obtain prior written approval from this Board.

Microscopic laboratories shall have one microscope and one desk light for each two (2) students in the class.

Chiropractic technique laboratories shall be equipped with one chiropractic adjusting table for every four (4) students in the class.

Actual student experience with X-ray phantom or equivalent for all areas of the body shall be necessary.

Additionally, all laboratories shall meet the standards and requirements incorporated in subparagraph (a) above.

(f) Teaching Aids and Equipment: For the subject of physiotherapy there shall be sufficient generally recognized equipment for classroom and clinic purposes (to include sine galvanic, ultrasound, diathermy, ultraviolet, heat, cold, percussion, and transaction). For the practical work and physical diagnosis students shall be required to own the ordinary and usual diagnostic instruments, including, but not limited to, thermometers, stethoscopes, sphygmomanometers, oto-ophthalmoscope examination sets, and orthopedic-neurological examination instruments. Each school shall own and teach the use of the current standard diagnostic instruments and a list of same shall be made available to the Board upon request. For classroom demonstration and visual education aids, each school shall own charts, mannequins, skeletons, bone collections, anatomical and embryological models, stereopticons, balopticons, micro-projections, and video players or similar projection equipment. The film and slide library shall be constantly augmented by the addition of new material.

(g) Library: A library shall be provided for the use of the student body. The minimum requirements for a library are:

(1) Operation of the library shall be under the direct supervision of a full-time librarian holding a degree in library science.

(2) The library shall be open to students a minimum of eight (8) hours per day. It shall have room available for study purposes to accommodate at least ten (10) percent of the enrolled students at one time. Hours shall be posted.

(3) The library volumes shall be cataloged, using a generally accepted system.

(4) The library shall consist of a minimum of 5,000 volumes of which 2,000 shall be less than ten years of age. Only cataloged scientific volumes which are of interest to the published curriculum of the school can be counted as library volumes. Unbound journals and periodicals shall not be counted in determining compliance with this rule.

(5) Each school shall conduct a program of student orientation as to the use of the library and class assignments involving the use of the library.

(h) Clinic: Each school shall operate a general out-patient clinic where the senior students will obtain actual experience, practical knowledge and skill in:

(1) Diagnosis, including physical examination, palpation, spinal analysis, clinical pathological, laboratory findings, X-ray, and tentative and working diagnoses.

(2) Adjustive technique, dietetics, and psychotherapy for the care or prevention of disease in accordance with Section 7 of the Act.

Such a clinic shall at all times be under the supervision of a clinician who meets the standards of the Council on Chiropractic Education.

The minimum requirements of a clinic are:

(A) A reception room with a minimum seating capacity for ten (10) persons.

(B) A minimum of five (5) patient dressing rooms that are equipped with at least curtains to ensure privacy.

(C) An administration area wherein at least one full-time secretary shall be located and patient files shall be maintained.

(D) A minimum of one (1) office for each faculty member supervising the clinic with a minimum of two (2) such offices.

(E) Separate lavatories for men and women with a minimum of one (1) each.

(F) A minimum of one (1) physical examination room for every ten (10) students concurrently present and enrolled in the clinic.

(G) A minimum of one (1) chiropractic adjusting table for every five (5) students performing adjustments on clinic patients with a minimum of five (5) such tables.

(H) A minimum of one (1) X-ray examination room that is equipped with at least one (1) X-ray machine that has a capacity of no less than 125 KV plus 300 M.A. There shall also be an X-ray developing room that is equipped with the appropriate and necessary film processing equipment as required by the Board. This room may be an area within the X-ray procedure room or shall be located in the immediate area in the same building of such X-ray procedure room. A list of minimal X-ray equipment which shall be used must be obtained from the Board.

(I) A lab room equipped with a sterilization facility, unless waived in writing by the Board.

(J) In addition to the requirements of section 331.12(e), each student's work, conduct, reliability and personality shall be evaluated in writing by his or her supervising teacher and such evaluation shall become a part of the student's record and shall be available for inspection by the Board.

(i) Operation and Maintenance of the Physical Plant. In addition to the requirement of subparagraph (a) above, each school shall operate and maintain all physical equipment in good repair.

Lockers shall be available for student use.

Cal. Code Regs. Tit. 16, § 331.13

1. Amendment of subsection (h)(2) filed 8-19-77; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 77, No. 34).
2. Amendment of subsection (h)(2) filed 8-29-77 as an emergency; designated effective 9-18-77. Certificate of Compliance included (Register 77, No. 34).
3. Amendment filed 4-17-2001; operative 5-17-2001 (Register 2001, No. 16).

This section was updated on 1/27/2022 by overlay.

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