California Code of Regulations
Title 14 - Natural Resources
Division 7 - Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery
Chapter 3 - Minimum Standards for Solid Waste Handling and Disposal
Article 5.95 - Construction and Demolition Waste and Inert Debris Disposal Regulatory Requirements
Section 17388 - Definitions

Universal Citation: 14 CA Code of Regs 17388

Current through Register 2023 Notice Reg. No. 52, December 29, 2023

For the purposes of this Article, the following definitions shall apply. Additional definitions that apply to this Article are found at California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 14, Division 7, Chapter 3, Article 6, sections 17402 and 17402.5, and Article 4, section 17225 and Title 27, Division 2, Chapter 2, Articles 1, and 2.

(a) "C&D" means construction and demolition, as in the term "C&D waste".

(b) "CDI" means any combination of construction and demolition waste and inert debris.

(c) "Construction and Demolition Waste" or "C&D Waste" means the nonhazardous waste building materials, packaging and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair and demolition operations on pavements, houses, commercial buildings and other structures.

(d) "CDI Waste Disposal Facility" means a facility at which C&D waste, C&D waste together with inert debris (Type A or B) or inert debris (Type B) only is disposed.

(e) "Disposal" means the final deposition of C&D waste or inert debris onto land.

(f) "EA" means enforcement agency as defined in PRC section 40130.

(g) "Engineered Fill Activity" means fill that has been designed by an engineer to act as a structural element of a constructed work and has been placed under engineering inspection, usually with density testing. An engineered fill activity shall meet specifications prepared and certified for a specific project by a Civil Engineer, Certified Engineering Geologist, or similar professional licensed by the State of California, and includes requirements for placement, geometry, material, compaction and quality control.

(h) "Fill" means gravel, rock, soil, sand, uncontaminated concrete, or fully cured asphalt in conjunction with a construction project or grading.

(i) "Fully Cured Asphalt" means that the material must be at ambient temperature, be substantially hardened and be inelastic.

(j) "Grading" means any land excavation, filling, earth moving or combination thereof.

(k) "Inert Debris" means solid waste and recyclable materials that are source separated or separated for reuse and do not contain hazardous waste (as defined in CCR, Title 22, section 66261.3 et. seq.) or soluble pollutants at concentrations in excess of applicable water quality. Inert debris may not contain any putrescible wastes. Gravel, rock, soil, sand and similar materials whether processed or not, that have never been used in connection with any structure, development, grading or other similar human purpose, or that are uncontaminated, are not inert debris. Such materials may be commingled with inert debris.

(1) "Type A inert debris" includes but is not limited to concrete (including fiberglass or steel reinforcing bar embedded in the concrete), fully cured asphalt, crushed glass, fiberglass, asphalt or fiberglass roofing shingles, brick, slag, ceramics, plaster, clay and clay products. Type A inert debris is waste that does not contain soluble pollutants at concentrations in excess of water quality objectives and has not been treated in order to reduce such pollutants. The board, upon consultation with the State Water Resources Control Board, will determine on a case by case basis whether materials not listed in this subdivision qualify as Type A inert debris. The board and the State Water Resources Control Board may consider statewide and site-specific factors in making this determination.

(2) "Type B inert debris" is solid waste that is specifically determined to be inert by the applicable RWQCB, such as treated industrial wastes and de-watered bentonite-based drilling mud, but excluding Type A inert debris.

(l) "Inert Debris Engineered Fill Operation" means an activity exceeding one year in duration in which only the following inert debris may be used: fully cured asphalt, uncontaminated concrete (including steel reinforcing rods embedded in the concrete), crushed glass, brick, ceramics, clay and clay products, which may be mixed with rock and soil. Those materials are spread on land in lifts and compacted under controlled conditions to achieve a uniform and dense mass which is capable of supporting structural loading, as necessary, or supporting other uses such as recreation, agriculture and open space in order to provide land that is appropriate for an end use consistent with approved local general and specific plans (e.g., roads, building sites, or other improvements) where an engineered fill is required to facilitate productive use(s) of the land. Filling above the surrounding grade shall only be allowed upon the approval of all governmental agencies having jurisdiction. The engineered fill shall be constructed and compacted in accordance with all applicable laws and ordinances and in accordance with specifications prepared and certified at least annually by a Civil Engineer, Certified Engineering Geologist, or similar professional licensed by the State of California and maintained in the operating record of the operation. The operator shall also certify under penalty of perjury, at least annually, that only approved inert debris has been placed as engineered fill, and specifying the amount of inert debris placed as fill. These determinations may be made by reviewing the records of an operation or by on-site inspection. Certification documents shall be maintained in the operating records of the operation and shall be made available to the EA during normal business hours. Acceptance of other Type A inert debris or shredded tires pursuant to Waste Discharge Requirements prior to the effective date of this Article does not preclude an activity from being deemed an inert debris engineered fill operation, provided that the operation meets all the requirements of this Article once it takes effect. Where such materials have been deposited, the operator must specify in the operation plan the type of waste previously accepted, a diagram of the fill area, and estimations of the depth of the fill material previously accepted. Inert debris placed in an Inert Debris Engineered Fill Operation is not counted as diversion or disposal for a given jurisdiction.

(m) "Inert Debris Type A Disposal Facility" means a site where only Type A inert debris is disposed to land. Inert debris Type A disposal facilities do not include inert debris engineered fill operations.

(n) "Landslide Debris", for the purposes of this Article, means the soil or rock or other natural material deposited on roadways, bridge decks, flood control facilities, or other structures resulting from a naturally-occurring mass movement of earth or rocks from a mountain, hill, cliff, or road cut.

(o) "Operating Record" means a readily accessible collection of records of an operation's or facility's activities in compliance with required State Minimum Standards under Title 14 and Title 27. The operating record shall include the operation plan for inert debris engineered fill operations, or the disposal facility plan or disposal facility report for facilities, and shall contain, but is not limited to: agency approvals, tonnage and load checking records, hours of operation, owner/operator contacts, and personnel training history. The record may be reviewed by State and local authorities and shall be made available during normal business hours. The records may be maintained at any location that is easily accessible to the EA.

(p) "Putrescible Wastes" means solid wastes that are capable of being decomposed by micro-organisms with sufficient rapidity as to cause nuisances because of odors, vectors, gases or other offensive conditions, and include materials such as, but not limited to food wastes, offal and dead animals. The EA shall determine on a case-by-case basis whether or not a site is handling putrescible wastes.

(q) "RDSI" means Report of Disposal Site Information as described in CCR, Title 27, section 21600.

(r) "RWQCB" means Regional Water Quality Control Board.

(s) "Separated for Reuse" means materials, including commingled recyclables, that have been separated or kept separate from the solid waste stream for the purpose of additional sorting or processing of those materials for recycling or reuse in order to return them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace, and includes materials that have been "source separated".

(t) "Site" means the area where the handling of solid waste, and/or recyclable materials occurs at an operation or facility subject to this Article.

(u) "Solid waste" means the same as in PRC section 40191.

(v) "Source Separated" means materials, including commingled recyclables, that have been separated or kept separate from the solid waste stream, at the point of generation, for the purpose of additional sorting or processing those materials for recycling or reuse in order to return them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace.

(w) "Vector" means any insect or other arthropod, rodent, or other animal capable of transmitting the causative agents of human disease.

1. New section filed 12-26-2003; operative 2-24-2004 (Register 2003, No. 52).
2. Editorial correction of HISTORY 1 (Register 2004, No. 2).

Note: Authority cited: Sections 40502, 43020, 43021 and 48007.5, Public Resources Code. Reference: Sections 40053, 43020, 43021 and 48007.5, Public Resources Code.

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