Arizona Administrative Code
Title 9 - HEALTH SERVICES
Chapter 7 - DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES - RADIATION CONTROL
Article 4 - STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST IONIZING RADIATION
Appendix B - Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) and Derived Air Concentrations (DAC) of Radionuclides for Occupational Exposure; Effluent Concentrations; Concentrations for Release to Sanitary Sewerage

Universal Citation: AZ Admin Code B
Current through Register Vol. 30, No. 12, March 22, 2024

Introduction

For each radionuclide, Table I indicates the chemical form which is to be used for selecting the appropriate ALI or DAC value. The ALls and DACs for inhalation are given for an aerosol with an activity median aerodynamic diameter (AMAD) of 1µm, micron, and for three classes (D,W,Y) of radioactive material, which refer to their retention (approximately days, weeks, or years) in the pulmonary region of the lung. This classification applies to a range of clearance half-times for D if less than 10 days, for W from 10 to 100 days, and for Y greater than 100 days. Table II provides concentration limits for airborne and liquid effluents released to the general environment. Table III provides concentration limits for discharges to sanitary sewerage.

Note:

The values in Tables I, II, and III are presented in the computer "E" notation. In this notation a value of 6E-02 represents a value of 6 x 10-2 or 0.06, 6E+2 represents 6 x 102 or 600, and 6E+0 represents 6 x 100 or 6.

Table I "Occupational Values"

Note that the columns in Table I of this Appendix captioned "Oral Ingestion ALI," "Inhalation ALI," and "DAC" are applicable to occupational exposure to radioactive material.

The ALIs in this Appendix are the annual intakes of given radionuclide by "Reference Man" which would result in either (1) a committed effective dose equivalent of 0.05 Sv (5 rem), stochastic ALI, or (2) a committed dose equivalent of 0.5 Sv (50 rem) to an organ or tissue, nonstochastic ALI. The stochastic ALIs were derived to result in a risk, due to irradiation of organs and tissues, comparable to the risk associated with deep-dose equivalent to the whole body of 0.05 Sv (5 rem). The derivation includes multiplymg the committed dose equivalent to an organ or tissue by a weightm factor, WT. This weighting factor is the proportion of the risk of stochastic effects resulting from irradiation of the organ or tissue, T, to the total risk of stochastic effects when the whole body is irradiated uniformly. The values of WT are listed under the definition of weighting factor in R9-7-403. The nonstochastic ALIs were derived to avoid nonstochastic effects, such as prompt damage to tissue or reduction in organ function.

A value of WT = 0.06 is applicable to each of the five organs or tissues in the "remainder" category receiving the highest dose equivalents, and the dose equivalents of all other remaining tissues may be disregarded. The following portions of the GI tract -- stomach, small intestine, upper large intestine, and lower large intestine -- are to be treated as four separate organs.

Note that the dose equivalents for an extremity, skin, and lens of the eye are not considered in computing the committed effective dose equivalent but are subject to limits that shall be met separately.

When an ALI is defined by the stochastic dose limit, this value alone is given. When an ALI is determined by the nonstochastic dose limit to an organ, the organ or tissue to which the limit applies is shown, and the ALI for the stochastic limit is shown in parentheses. Abbreviated organ or tissue designations are used:

LLI wall =

lower large intestine wall,

St. wall =

stomach wall,

Blad wall =

bladder wall, and

Bone surf =

B one surface.

The use of the ALIs listed first, the more limiting of the stochastic and nonstochastic ALIs, will ensure that nonstochastic effects are avoided and that the risk of stochastic effects is limited to an acceptably low value. If, in a particular situation involving a radionuclide for which the nonstochastic ALI is limiting, use of that nonstochastic ALI is considered unduly conservative, the licensee may use the stochastic ALI to determine the committed effective dose equivalent. However, the licensee shall also ensure that the 0.5 Sv (50 rem) dose equivalent limit for any organ or tissue is not exceeded by the sum of the external deep-dose equivalent plus the internal committed dose equivalent to that organ not the effective dose. For the case where there is no external dose contribution, this would be demonstrated if the sum of the fractions of the nonstochastic ALIs (ALIns) that contribute to the committed dose equivalent to the organ receiving the highest dose does not exceed unity, that is, [SIGMA] (intake (in µCi) of each radionuclide/ALIns) <= 1.0. If there is an external deep dose equivalent contribution of Hd, then this sum must be less than 1 - (Hd/50), instead of <= 1.0.

Note that the dose equivalents for an extremity, skin, and lens of the eye are not considered in computing the committed effective dose equivalent but are subject to limits that must be met separately.

The derived air concentration (DAC) values are derived limits intended to control chronic occupational exposures. The relationship between the DAC and the ALI is given by:

DAC = ALI(in µCi)/(2000 hours per working year x 60 minutes/hour x 2 x 104 ml per minute) = [ALI/2 4 x 109] µCi/ml, where 2 x 104 ml is the volume of air breathed per minute at work by Reference Man under working conditions of light work.

The DAC values relate to one of two modes of exposure: either external submersion or the internal committed dose equivalents resulting from inhalation of radioactive materials. DACs based upon submersion are for immersion in a semi-infinite cloud of uniform concentration and apply to each radionuclide separately.

The ALI and DAC values include contributions to exposure by the single radionuclide named and any in-growth of daughter radionuclides produced in the body by decay of the parent. However, intakes that include both the parent and daughter radionuclides shall be treated by the general method appropriate for mixtures.

The values of ALI and DAC do not apply directly when the individual both ingests and inhales a radionuclide, when the individual is exposed to a mixture of radionuclides by either inhalation or ingestion or both, or when the individual is exposed to both internal and external irradiation. See R9-7-407. When an individual is exposed to radioactive materials which fall under several of the translocation classifications of the same radionuclide, such as Class D, Class W, or Class Y, the exposure may be evaluated as if it were a mixture of different radionuclides.

It should be noted that the classification of a compound as Class D, W, or Y is based on the chemical form of the compound and does not take into account the radiological half-life of different radionuclides. For this reason, values are given for Class D, W, and Y compounds, even for very short-lived radionuclides.

Table II "Effluent Concentrations"

The columns in Table II of this Appendix captioned "Effluents," "Air," and "Water" are applicable to the assessment and control of dose to the public, particularly in the implementation of the provisions of R9-7-415. The concentration values given in Columns 1 and 2 of Table II are equivalent to the radionuclide concentrations which, if inhaled or ingested continuously over the course of a year, would produce a total effective dose equivalent of 0.5 mSv (0.05 rem).

Consideration of nonstochastic limits has not been included in deriving the air and water effluent concentration limits because nonstochastic effects are presumed not to occur at or below the dose levels established for individual members of the public. For radionuclides, where the nonstochastic limit was governing in deriving the occupational DAC, the stochastic ALI was used in deriving the corresponding airborne effluent limit in Table II. For this reason, the DAC and airborne effluent limits are not always proportional as they were in earlier versions of Appendix A of Article 4.

The air concentration values listed in Table II, Column 1 were derived by one of two methods. For those radionuclides for which the stochastic limit is governing, the occupational stochastic inhalation ALI was divided by 2.4 x 109, relating the inhalation ALI to the DAC, as explained above, and then divided by a factor of 300. The factor of 300 includes the following components: a factor of 50 to relate the 0.05 Sv (5 rem) annual occupational dose limit to the 0.1 rem limit for members of the public, a factor of 3 to adjust for the difference in exposure time and the inhalation rate for a worker and that for members of the public; and a factor of 2 to adjust the occupational values, derived for adults, so that they are applicable to other age groups.

For those radionuclides for which submersion, that is external dose, is limiting, the occupational DAC in Table I, Column 3 was divided by 219. The factor of 219 is composed of a factor of 50, as described above, and a factor of 4.38 relating occupational exposure for 2,000 hours per year to full-time exposure (8,760 hours per year). Note that an additional factor of 2 for age considerations is not warranted in the submersion case.

The water concentrations were derived by taking the most restrictive occupational stochastic oral ingestion ALI and dividing by 7.3 x 107. The factor of 7.3 x 107 (ml) includes the following components: the factors of 50 and 2 described above and a factor of 7.3 x 105 (ml) which is the annual water intake of Reference Man.

Note 2 of this Appendix provides groupings of radionuclides which are applicable to unknown mixtures of radionuclides. These groupings, including occupational inhalation ALIs and DACS, air and water effluent concentrations, and releases to sewer, require demonstrating that the most limiting radionuclides in successive classes are absent. The limit for the unknown mixture is defined when the presence of one of the listed radionuclides cannot be definitely excluded as being present either from knowledge of the radionuclide composition of the source or from actual measurements.

Table III "Releases to Sewers"

The monthly average concentrations for release to sanitary sewerage are applicable to the provisions in

R9-7-435. The concentration values were derived by taking the most restrictive occupational stochastic oral ingestion ALI and dividing by 7.3 x 106 (ml). The factor of 7.3 x 106 (ml) is composed of a factor of 7.3 x 105 (ml), the annual water intake by Reference Man, and a factor of 10, such that the concentrations, if the sewage released by the licensee were the only source of water ingested by a Reference Man during a year, would result in a committed effective dose equivalent of 0.5 rem.

LIST OF ELEMENTS

Name

Symbol

Atomic Number

Actinium

Ac

89

Aluminum

Al

13

Americium

Am

95

Antimony

Sb

51

Argon

Ar

18

Arsenic

As

33

Astatine

At

85

Barium

Ba

56

Berkelium

Bk

97

Beryllium

Be

4

Bismuth

Bi

83

Bromine

Br

35

Cadmium

Cd

48

Calcium

Ca

20

Californium

Cf

98

Carbon

C

6

Cerium

Ce

58

Cesium

Cs

55

Chlorine

Cl

17

Chromium

Cr

24

Cobalt

Co

27

Copper

Cu

29

Curium

Cm

96

Dysprosium

Dy

66

Einsteinium

Es

99

Erbium

Er

68

Europium

Eu

63

Fermium

Fm

100

Fluorine

F

9

Francium

Fr

87

Gadolinium

Gd

64

Gallium

Ga

31

Germanium

Ge

32

Gold

Au

79

Hafnium

Hf

72

Holmium

Ho

67

Hydrogen

H

1

Indium

In

49

Iodine

I

53

Iridium

Ir

77

Iron

Fe

26

Krypton

Kr

36

Lanthanum

La

57

Lead

Pb

82

Lutetium

Lu

71

Magnesium

Mg

12

Manganese

Mn

25

Mendelevium

Md

101

Mercury

Hg

80

Molybdenum

Mo

42

Neodymium

Nd

60

Neptunium

Np

93

Nickel

Ni

28

Niobium

Nb

41

Nitrogen

N

7

Osmium

Os

76

Oxygen

O

8

Palladium

Pd

46

Phosphorus

P

15

Platinum

Pt

78

Plutonium

Pu

94

Polonium

Po

84

Potassium

K

19

Praseodymium

Pr

59

Promethium

Pm

61

Protactinium

Pa

91

Radium

Ra

88

Radon

Rn

86

Rhenium

Re

75

Rhodium

Rh

45

Rubidium

Rb

37

Ruthenium

Ru

44

Samarium

Sm

62

Scandium

Sc

21

Selenium

Se

34

Silicon

Si

14

Silver

Ag

47

Sodium

Na

11

Strontium

Sr

38

Sulfur

S

16

Tantalum

Ta

73

Technetium

Tc

43

Tellurium

Te

52

Terbium

Tb

65

Thallium

Tl

81

Thorium

Th

90

Thulium

Tm

69

Tin

Sn

50

Titanium

Ti

22

Tungsten

W

74

Uranium

U

92

Vanadium

V

23

Xenon

Xe

54

Ytterbium

Yb

70

Yttrium

Y

39

Zinc

Zn

30

Zirconium

Zr

40

Atomic No. Radionuclide Class Table I Occupational Values Table II Table III
Col. 1 Oral Ingestion ALI (µCi) Col. 2 Col. 3 Effluent Concentrations Releases to Sewers Monthly Average Concentration (µCi/ml)
Inhalation Col. 1 Air (µCi/ml) Col. 2 Water (µCi/ml)
ALI (µCi) DAC (µCi/ml)
1 Hydrogen-3 Water, DAC includes skin absorption 8E+4 8E+4 2E-5 1E-7 1E-3 1E-2
Gas (HT or T2) Submersion1: Use above values as HT and T2 oxidize in air and in the body to HTO.
4 Beryllium-7 W, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 6E-4 6E-3
Y, oxides, halides, and nitrates - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
4 Beryllium-10 W, see7Be 1E+3 LLI wall 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - --
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see7Be - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
6 Carbon-112 Monoxide - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
Dioxide - 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 - -
Compounds 4E+5 4E+ 5 2E-4 6E-7 6E-3 6E-2
6 Carbon-14 Monoxide - 2E+6 7E-4 2E-6 - -
Dioxide - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Compounds 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
7 Nitrogen-132 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
8 Oxygen-152 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
9 Fluorine-182 D, fluorides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 5E+4 St wall 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
W, fluorides of Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, V, Nb, Ta, Mn, Tc, and Re - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, Lanthanum fluoride - 8E+-4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
11 Sodium-22 D, all compounds 4E+2 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 6E-6 6E-5
11 Sodium-24 D, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 5E-5 5E-4
12 Magnesium-28 D, all compounds except those given for W 7E+2 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
13 Aluminum-26 D, all compounds except those given for W 4E+2 6E+1 3E-8 9E-11 6E-6 6E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
14 Silicon-31 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and nitrates - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, aluminosilicate glass - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
14 Silicon-32 D. see31Si LLI wall 2E+3 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
(3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
W, see31Si - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see31Si - 5E+0 2E-9 7E-12 - -
15 Phosphorus-32 D, all compounds except phosphates given for W 6E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, phosphates of Zn2+, S3+, Mg2+, Fe3+, Bi3+, and Lanthanides - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
15 Phosphorus-33 D, see32P 6E+3 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see32P - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
16 Sulfur-35 Vapor 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
D, sulfides and sulfates except those given for W 1E+4 LLI wall 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
(8E+3) - - - 1E-4 1E-3
W, elemental sulfur, sulfides of Sr, Ba, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, W, and Mo. Sulfates of Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, As, Sb, and Bi 6E+3 - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
17 Chlorine-36 D, chlorides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, chlorides of Lanthanides, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, Mn, Tc, and Re - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10- -
17 Chlorine-382 D, see36Cl 2E+4 St wall 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8- -
(3E+4) - - -3E-4 3E-3
W, see36Cl - 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8- -
17 Chlorine-392 D, see36Cl 2E+4 St wall 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8- -
(4E+4) - - -5E-4 5E-3
W, see36Cl - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8- -
18 Argon-37 Submersion1 - - 1E+0 6E-3- -
18 Argon-39 Submersion1 - - 2E-4 8E-7- -
18 Argon-41 Submersion1 - - 3E-6 1E-8- -
19 Potassium-40 D, all compounds 3E+2 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 4E-6 4E-5
19 Potassium-42 D, all compounds 5E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 6E-5 6E-4
19 Potassium-43 D, all compounds 6E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 9E-5 9E-4
19 Potassium-442 D, all compounds 2E+4 St wall 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
(4E+4) - - - 5E-4 5E-3
19 Potassium-452 D, all compounds 3E+4 St watt 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
20 Calcium-41 W, all compounds 3E+3 Bone surf 4E+3 Bone surf 2E-6 - - -
(4E+3) (4E+3) - 5E-9 6E-5 6E-4
20 Calcium-45 W, all compounds 2E+3 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
20 Calcium-47 W, all compounds 8E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-43 Y, all compounds 7E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
21 Scandium-44m Y, all compounds 5E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
21 Scandium-44 Y, all compounds 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 5E-5 5E-4
21 Scandium-46 Y, all compounds 9E+2 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-47 Y, all compounds 2E+3 LLI wall 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
(3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
21 Scandium-48 Y, all compounds 8E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-492 Y, all compounds 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
22 Titanium-44 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 3E+2 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 4E-6 4E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 - -
Y, SrTiO - 6E+0 2E-9 8E-12 - -
22 Titanium-45 D, see 44Ti 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 44Ti - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 44Ti - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
23 Vanadium-472 D, all compounds except those given for W 3E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall (3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and halides - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
23 Vanadium-48 D, see 47V 6E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 47V - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
23 Vanadium-49 D, see 47V 7E+4 LLI wall 3E+4 Bone surf 1E-5 - - -
(9E+4) (3E+4) - 5E-8 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 47V - 2E+4 8E-6 2E-8 - -
24 Chromium-48 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 6E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, halides and nitrates - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
24 Chromium-492 D, see 48Cr 3E+4 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 48Cr - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, see 48Cr - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
24 Chromium-51 D, see 48Cr 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 48Cr - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
Y, see 48Cr - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
25 Manganese-512 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 6E+4 3E-5 8E-8 - -
25 Manganese-52m2 D, see 51Mn 3E+4 St wall 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 51Mn - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
25 Manganese-52 D, see 51Mn 7E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 51Mn - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
25 Manganese-53 D, see 51Mn 5E+4 1E+4 Bone surf 5E-6 - 7E-4 7E-3
- (2E+4) - 3E-8 - -
W, see 51Mn - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
25 Manganese-54 D, see 51Mn 2E+3 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 51Mn - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
25 Manganese-56 D, see 51Mn 5E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 51Mn - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
26 Iron-52 D, all compounds except those given for W 9E+2 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, and halides - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
26 Iron-55 D, see 52Fe 9E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 52Fe - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
26 Iron-59 D, see 52Fe 8E+2 3E+2 1E-7 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 52Fe - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
26 Iron-60 D, see 52Fe 3E+1 6E+0 3E-9 9E-12 4E-7 4E-6
W, see 52Fe - 2E+1 8E-9 3E-11 - -
27 Cob9alt-55 W, all compounds except those given for Y 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
27 Cobalt-56 W, see 55Co 5E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 6E-6 6E-5
Y, see 55Co 4E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
27 Cobalt-57 W, see 55Co 8E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 6E-5 6E-4
Y, see 55Co 4E+3 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
27 Cobalt-58m W, see 55Co 6E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 8E-4 8E-3
Y, see 55Co - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
27 Cobalt-58 W, see 55Co 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 55Co 1E+3 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
27 Cobalt-60m2 W, see 55Co 1E+6 St wall 4E+6 2E-3 6E-6 - -
(1E+6) - - - 2E-2 2E-1
Y, see 55Co - 3E+6 1E-3 4E-6 - -
27 Cobalt-60 W, see 55Co 5E+2 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 3E-6 3E-5
Y, see 55Co 2E+2 3E+1 1E-8 5E-11 - -
27 Cobalt-612 W, see 55Co 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 55Co 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
27 Cobalt-62m2 W, see 55Co 4E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 55Co - 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
28 Nickel-56 D, all compounds except those given for W 1E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, and carbides - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Vapor - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
28 Nickel-57 D, see 56Ni 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 56Ni - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Vapor - 6E+3 3E-6 9E- - -
28 Nickel-59 D, see 56Ni 2E+4 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 56Ni - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Vapor - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
28 Nickel-63 D, see 56Ni 9E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 56Ni - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Vapor - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
28 Nickel-65 D, see 56Ni 8E+3 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 56Ni - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Vapor - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
28 Nickel-66 D, see 56Ni LLI wall 4E+2 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
(5E+2) - - - 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 56Ni - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
Vapor - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
29 Copper-602 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y St wall 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, sulfides, halides, and nitrates - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
29 Copper-61 D, see 60Cu 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 60Cu - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
29 Copper-64 D, see 60Cu 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 60Cu - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
29 Copper-67 D, see 60Cu 5E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 60Cu - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
30 Zinc-62 Y, all compounds 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
30 Zinc-632 Y, all compounds St wall 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
(3E+4) - - - 3E-4 3E-3
30 Zinc-65 Y, all compounds 4E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 5E-6 5E-5
30 Zinc-69m Y, all compounds 4E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 6E-5 6E-4
30 Zinc-692 Y, all compounds 6E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 8E-4 8E-3
30 Zinc-71m Y, all compounds 6E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
30 Zinc-72 Y, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
31 Gallium-652 D, all compounds except those given for W 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4), - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
31 Gallium-66 D, see 65Ga 1E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 65Ga - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
31 Gallium-67 D, see 65Ga 7E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 65Ga - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
31 Gallium-682 D, see 65Ga 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 65Ga - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
31 Gallium-702 D, see 65Ga 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 65Ga - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
31 Gallium-72 D, see 65Ga 1E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 65Ga - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
31 Gallium-73 D, see 65Ga 5E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 65Ga - 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
32 Germanium-66 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, sulfides, and halides - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
32 Germanium-672 D, see 66Ge 3E+4 St wait 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
W, see 66Ge - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
32 Germanium-68 D, see 66Ge 5E+3 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 66Ge - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
32 Germanium-69 D, see 66Ge 1E+4 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 66Ge - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
32 Germanium-71 D, see 66Ge 5E+5 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 7E-3 7E-2
W, see 66Ge - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
32 Germanium-752 D, see 66Ge 4E+4 St wall 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 66Ge - 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
32 Germanium-77 D, see 66Ge 9E+3 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 66Ge - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
32 Germanium-782 D, see 66Ge 2E+4 St wall 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
(2E+4) - - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 66Ge - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
33 Arsenic-692 W, all compounds 3E+4 St wall 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
33 Arsenic-702 W, all compounds 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 2E-4 2E-3
33 Arsenic-71 W, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 5E-5 5E-4
33 Arsenic-72 W, all compounds 9E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
33 Arsenic-73 W, all compounds 8E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-4 1E-3
33 Arsenic-74 W, all compounds 1E+3 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
33 Arsenic-76 W, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
33 Arsenic-77 W, all compounds 4E+3 LLI wall 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
(5E+3) - - - 6E-5 6E-4
33 Arsenic-782 W, all compounds 8E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
34 Selenium-702 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and elemental Se 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
34 Selenium-73m2 D, see 70Se 6E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 70Se 3E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
34 Selenium-73 D, see 70Se 3E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 70Se - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
34 Selenium-75 D, see 70Se 5E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 70Se - 6E+2 3E-7 8E-10 - -
34 Selenium-79 D, see 70Se 6E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 70Se - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
34 Selenium-81m2 D, see 70Se 4E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 70Se 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
34 Selenium-812 D, see 70Se 6E+4 St wall 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
(8E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 70Se - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
34 Selenium-832 D, see 70Se 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 70Se 3E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
35 Bromine-74m2 D, bromides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 1E+4 St wall 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
(2E+4) - - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, Bromides of lanthanides, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Mn, Tc, and Re - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
35 Bromine-742 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 St wall 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 74mBr - 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
35 Bromine-752 D, see 74mBr 3E+4 St wall 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
(4E+4) - - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 74mBr - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
35 Bromine-76 D, see 74mBr 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 74mBr - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
35 Bromine-77 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 74mBr - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
35 Bromine-80m D, see 74mBr 2E+4 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 74mBr - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
35 Bromine-802 D, see 74mBr 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 74mBr - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
35 Bromine-82 D, see 74mBr 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 74mBr - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
35 Bromine-83 D, see 74mBr 5E+4 St wall 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
(7E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 74mBr - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
35 Bromine-842 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 St wall 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 74mBr - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
36 Krypton-742 Submersion1 - - 3E-6 1E-8 - -
36 Krypton-76 Submersion1 - - 9E-6 4E-8 - -
36 Krypton-772 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
36 Krypton-79 Submersion1 - - 2E-5 7E-8 - -
36 Krypton-81 Submersion1 - - 7E-4 3E-6 - -
36 Krypton-83m2 Submersion1 - - 1E-2 5E-5 - -
36 Krypton-85m Submersion1 - - 2E-5 1E-7 - -
36 Krypton-85 Submersion1 - - 1E-4 7E-7 - -
36 Krypton-872 Submersion1 - - 5E-6 2E-8 - -
36 Krypton-88 Submersion1 - - 2E-6 9E-9 - -
37 Rubidium-792 D, all compounds 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
37 Rubidium-81m2 D, all compounds 2E+5 St wall 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
(3E+5) - - - 4E-3 4E-2
37 Rubidium-81 D, all compounds 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 5E-4 5E-3
37 Rubidium 82m D, all compounds 1E+4 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 2E-4 2E-3
37 Rubidium-83 D, all compounds 6E+2 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
37 Rubidium-84 D, all compounds 5E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
37 Rubidium-86 D, all compounds 5E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
37 Rubidium-87 D, all compounds 1E+3 2E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
37 Rubidium-882 D, all compounds 2E+4 St wall 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
37 Rubidium-892 D, all compounds 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
38 Strontium-802 D, all soluble compounds except SrTi0 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
Y, all insoluble compounds and SrTi0 - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
38 Strontium-812 D, see 80Sr 3E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 80Sr 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
38 Strontium-82 D, see 80Sr 3E+2 LLI wall 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
(2E+2) - - - 3E-6 3E-5
Y, see 80Sr 2E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
38 Strontium-83 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 80Sr 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
38 Strontium-85m2 D, see 80Sr 2E+5 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 3E-3 3E-2
Y, see 80Sr - 8E+5 4E-4 1E-6 - -
38 Strontium-85 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 2E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
38 Strontium-87m D, see 80Sr 5E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 6E-4 6E-3
Y, see 80Sr 4E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
38 Strontium-89 D, see 80Sr 6E+2 LLI wall 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
(6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
Y, see 80Sr 5E+2 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
38 Strontium-90 D, see 80Sr 3E+1 Bone surf 2E+1 Bone surf 8E-9 - - -
(4E+1) (2E+1) - 3E-11 5E-7 5E-6
Y, see 80Sr - 4E+0 2E-9 6E-12 - -
38 Strontium-91 D, see 80Sr 2E+3 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
38 Strontium-92 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 7E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-86m2 W, all compounds except those given for Y 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-86 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 86mY - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-87 W, see 86mY 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 86mY - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-88 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+2 1E-7 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 86mY - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-90m W, see 86mY 8E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 86mY - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-90 W, see 86mY 4E+2 LLI wall 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
(5E+2) - - - 7E-6 7E-5
Y, see 86mY - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-91m2 W, see 86mY 1E+5 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 2E-3 2E-2
Y, see 86mY - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
39 Yttrium-91 W, see 86mY 5E+2 LLI wall 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
(6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
Y, see 86mY - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-92 W, see 86mY 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 86mY - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-93 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 86mY - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-942 W, see 86mY 2E+4 St wall 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
Y, see 86mY - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
39 Yttrium-952 W, see 86mY 4E+4 St wall 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 86mY - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
40 Zirconium-86 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides,
halides, and nitrates - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Y, carbide - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
40 Zirconium-88 D, see 86Zr 4E+3 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 86Zr - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
40 Zirconium-89 D, see 86Zr 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 86Zr - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 2E+3 1E--6 3E-9 - -
40 Zirconium-93 D, see 86Zr 1E+3 Bone surf 6E+0 Bone surf 3E-9 - - -
(3E+3) (2E+1) - 2E-11 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 86Zr - 2E+1 Bone surf 1E-8 - - -
- (6E+1) - 9E-11 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 6E+1 Bone surf 2E-8 - - -
- (7E+1) - 9E-11 - -
40 Zirconium-95 D, see 86Zr 1E+3 1E+2 Bone surf 5E-8 - 2E-5 2E-4
- (3E+2) - 4E-10 - -
W, see 86Zr - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
40 Zirconium-97 D, see 86Zr 6E+2 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 86Zr - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
41 Niobium-882 W, all compounds except those given for Y 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
41 Niobium-892 (66 min) W, see 88Nb 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
41 Niobium-89 (122 min) W, see 88Nb 5E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
41 Niobium-90 W, see 88Nb 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
41 Niobium-93m W, see 88Nb 9E+3 LLI wall 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
(1E+4) - - - 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
41 Niobium-94 W, see 88Nb 9E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
41 Niobium-95m W, see 88Nb 2E+3 LLI wall 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9- -
41 Niobium-95 W, see 88Nb 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9- -
41 Niobium-96 W, see 88Nb 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
41 Niobium-972 W, see 88Nb 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
41 Niobium-982 W, see 88Nb 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
42 Molybdenum-90 D, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
Y, oxides, hydroxides, and MoS 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
42 Molybdenum-93m D, see 90Mo 9E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
Y, see 90Mo 4E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
42 Molybdenum-93 D, see 90Mo 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 5E-5 5E-4
Y, see 90Mo 2E+4 2E+2 8E-8 2E-10 - -
42 Molybdenum-99 D, see 90Mo 2E+3 LLI wall 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 90Mo 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
42 Molybdenum-1012 D, see 90Mo 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 90Mo - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
43 Technetium-93m2 D, All compounds except those given for W 7E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
43 Technetium-93 D, see 93mTc 3E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 93mTc - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
43 Technetium-94m2 D, see 93mTc 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 93mTc - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
43 Technetium-94 D, see 93mTc 9E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 93mTc - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
43 Technetium-95m D, see 93mTc 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 93mTc - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
43 Technetium-95 D, see 93mTc 1E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 93mTc - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
43 Technetium-96m2 D, see 93mTc 2E+5 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 93mTc - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
43 Technetium-96 D, see 93mTc 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 93mTc - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
43 Technetium-97m D, see 93mTc 5E+3 7E+3 St wall 3E-6 - 6E-5 6E-4
- (7E+3) - 1E-8 - -
W, see 93mTc - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
43 Technetium-97 D, see 93mTc 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 93mTc - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
43 Technetium-98 D, see 93mTc 1E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 93mTc - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
43 Technetium-99m D, see 93mTc 8E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 93mTc - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
43 Technetium-99 D, see 93mTc 4E+3 5E+3 St wall 2E-6 - 6E-5 6E-4
- (6E+3) - 8E-9 - -
W, see 93mTc - 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
43 Technetium-1012 D, see 93mTc 9E+4 St wall 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
(1E+5) - - - 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 93mTc - 4E+5 2E-4 5E-7 - -
43 Technetium-1042 D, see 93mTc 2E+4 St wall 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 93mTc - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
44 Ruthenium-942 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, halides - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-97 D, see 94Ru 8E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-103 D, see 94Ru 2E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 94Ru - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
44 Ruthenium-105 D, see 94Ru 5E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 94Ru - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-106 D, see 94Ru 2E+2 LLI wall 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
(2E+2) - - - 3E-6 3E-5
W, see 94Ru - 5E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 - -
45 Rhodium-99m D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, halides - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-99 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 99mRh - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-100 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 99mRh - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 4E+ 3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-101m D, see 99mRh 6E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 99mRh - 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-101 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 99mRh - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
45 Rhodium-102m D, see 99mRh 1E+3 LLI wall 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 99mRh - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
45 Rhodium-102 D, see 99mRh 6E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 99mRh - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 6E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
45 Rhodium-103m2 D, see 99mRh 4E+5 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 6E-3 6E-2
W, see 99mRh - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
45 Rhodium-105 D, see 99mRh 4E+3 LLI wall 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
(4E+3) - - - 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 99mRh - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-106m D, see 99mRh 8E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 99mRh - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-1072 D, see 99mRh 7E+4 St wall 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
(9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 99mRh - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 3E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
46 Palladium-100 D, all compounds except those given for
W and Y 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, nitrates - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
46 Palladium-101 D, see 100Pd 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 100Pd - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
46 Palladium-103 D, see 100Pd 6E+3 LLI wall 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
(7E+3) - - - 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 100Pd - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
46 Palladium-107 D, see 100Pd 3E+4 LLI wall 2E+4 Kidneys 9E-6 - - -
(4E+4) (2E+4) - 3E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 100Pd - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
46 Palladium-109 D, see 100Pd 2E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 100Pd - 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
Y, see 100, Pd - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
47 Silver-1022 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, nitrates and sulfides - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
47 Silver-1032 D, see 102Ag 4E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-104m2 D, see 102Ag 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-1042 D, see 102Ag 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-105 D, see 102Ag 3E+3 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 102Ag - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
47 Silver-106m D, see 102Ag 8E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
47 Silver-1062 D, see 102Ag 6E+4 St Wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 102Ag - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
47 Silver-108m D, see 102Ag 6E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 102Ag - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+1 1E-8 3E-11 - -
47 Silver-110m D, see 102Ag 5E+2 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 102Ag - 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
47 Silver-111 D, see 102Ag 9E+2 LLI wall 2E+3 Liver 6E-7 - - -
(1E+3) (2E+3) - 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
47 Silver-112 D, see 102Ag 3E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 102Ag - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
47 Silver-1152 D, see 102Ag 3E+4 St wall 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 102Ag - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
48 Cadmium-1042 D, all compounds
except those given
for W and Y 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, sulfides, halides,
and nitrates - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
48 Cadmium-107 D, see 104Cd 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 104Cd - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
48 Cadmium-109 D, see 104Cd 3E+2 Kidneys 4E+1 Kidneys 1E-8 - - -
(4E+2) (5E+1) - 7E-11 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 - - -
Kidneys
- (1E+2) - 2E-10 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
48 Cadmium-113m D, see 104Cd 2E+1 Kidneys 2E+0 Kidneys 1E-9 - - -
(4E+1) (4E+0) - 5E-12 5E-7 5E-6
W, see 104Cd - 8E+0 4E-9 - - -
Kidneys
- (1E+1) - 2E-11 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 - -
48 Cadmium-113 D, see 104Cd 2E+1 Kidneys 2E+0 Kidneys 9E-10 - - -
(3E+1) (3E+0) - 5E-12 4E-7 4E-6
W, see 104Cd - 8E+0 Kidneys 3E-9 - - -
- (1E+1) - 2E-11 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
48 Cadmium-115m D, see 104Cd 3E+2 5E+1 Kidneys 2E-8 - 4E-6 4E-5
- (8E+1) - 1E-10 - -
W, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
48 Cadmium-115 D, see 104Cd 9E+2 LLI wall 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
(1E+3) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 104Cd - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
48 Cadmium-117m D, see 104Cd 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 104Cd - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
48 Cadmium-117 D, see 104Cd 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 104Cd - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
49 Indium-109 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
49 Indium-1102 D, see 109In 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
(69.1 min) W, see 109In - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
49 Indium-110 D, see 109In 5E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
(4.9 h) W, see 109In - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
49 Indium-111 D, see 109In 4E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 109In - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
49 Indium-1122 D, see 109In 2E+5 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 2E-3 2E-2
- W, see 109In - 7E+5 3E-4 1E-6 - -
49 Indium-113m2 D, see 109In 5E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
- W, see 109In - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
49 Indium-114m D, see 109In 3E+2 LLI wall 6E+1 3E-8 9E-11 - -
(4E+2) - - - 5E-6 5E-5
W, see 109In - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
49 Indium-115m D, see 109In 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
- W, see 109In - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
49 Indium-115 D, see 109In 4E+1 1E+0 6E-10 2E-12 5E-7 5E-6
- W, see 109In - 5E+0 2E-9 8E-12 - -
49 Indium-116m2 D, see 109In 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 109In - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
49 Indium-117m2 D, see 109In 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
- W, see 109In - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
49 lndium-1172 D, see 109In 6E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 8E-4 8E-3
W, see 109In - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
49 Indium-119m2 D, see 109In 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 7E-4 7E-3
W, see 109In - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
50 Tin-110 D, all compounds except those given for W 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 5E-5 5E-4
W, sulfides, oxides, hydroxides, halides, nitrates, and stannic phosphate - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
50 Tin-1112 D, see 110Sn 7E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 110Sn - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
50 Tin-113 D, see 110Sn 2E+3 LLI wall 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 110Sn - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
50 Tin-117m D, see 110Sn 2E+3 LLI wall 1E+3 Bone surf 5E-7 - - -
(2E+3) (2E+3) - 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
50 Tin-119m D, see 110Sn 3E+3 LLI wall 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
(4E+3) - - - 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
50 Tin-121m D, see 110Sn 3E+3 LLI wall 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
(4E+3) - - - 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 110Sn - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
50 Tin-121 D, see 110Sn 6E+3 LLI wall 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
(6E+3) - - - 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
50 Tin-123m2 D, see 110Sn 5E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
W, see 110Sn - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
50 Tin-123 D, see 110Sn 5E+2 LLI wall 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
(6E+2) - - - 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 110Sn - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
50 Tin-125 D, see 110Sn 4E+2 LLI wall 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
(5E+2) - - - 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 110Sn - 4E+2 1E-7 5E-10 - -
50 Tin-126 D, see 110Sn 3E+2 6E+1 2E-8 8E-11 4E-6 4E-5
W, see 110Sn - 7E+1 3E-8 9E-11 - -
50 Tin-127 D, see 110Sn 7E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 9E-5 9E-4
W, see 110Sn - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
50 Tin-1282 D, see 110Sn 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 110Sn - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1152 D, all compounds except those given for W 8E+4 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, sulfides, sulfates, and nitrates - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
51 Antimony-116m2 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 115Sb - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
51 Antimony-1162 D, see 115Sb 7E+4 St wall 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
(9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 115Sb - 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
51 Antimony-117 D, see 115Sb 7E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 115Sb - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
51 Antimony-118m D, see 115Sb 6E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 115Sb 5E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
51 Antimony-119 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 115Sb 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1202 (16 min) D, see 115Sb 1E+5 St wall 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
(2E+5) - - - 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 115Sb - 5E+5 2E-4 7E-7 - -
51 Antimony-120 D, see 115Sb 1E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 1E-5 1E-4
(5.76 d) W, see 115Sb 9E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
51 Antimony-122 D, see 115Sb 8E+2 LLI wall 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
(8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 115Sb 7E+2 1E+3 4E-7 2E-9 - -
51 Antimony-124m2 D, see 115Sb 3E+5 8E+5 4E-4 1E-6 3E-3 3E-2
W, see 115Sb 2E+5 6E+5 2E-4 8E-7 - -
51 Antimony-124 D, see 115Sb 6E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 115Sb 5E+2 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
51 Antimony-125 D, see 115Sb 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 115Sb - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
51 Antimony-126m2 D, see 115Sb 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 115Sb - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
51 Antimony-126 D, see 115Sb 6E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 115Sb 5E+2 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
51 Antimony-127 D, see 115Sb 8E+2 LLI wall 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
(8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 115Sb 7E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
51 Antimony-1282(10.4 min) D, see 115Sb 8E+4 St wall 4E+5 2E-4 5E-7 - -
(1E+5) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 115Sb - 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
51 Antimony-128 D, see 115Sb 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 2E-5 2E-4
(9.01 h) W, see 115Sb - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
51 Antimony-129 D, see 115Sb 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 115Sb - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1302 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 115Sb - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
51 Antimony-1312 D, see 115Sb 1E+4 Thyroid 2E+4 Thyroid 1E-5 - - -
(2E+4) (4E+4) - 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 115Sb -- 2E+4 Thyroid 1E-5 - -
(4E+4) - 6E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-116 D, all compounds except those given for W 8E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, and nitrates - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-121m D, see 116Te 5E+2 Bone surf 2E+2 Bone surf 8E-8 - - -
(7E+2) (4E+2) - 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-121 D, see 116Te 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 116Te - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-123m D, see 116Te 6E+2 Bone surf 2E+2 Bone surf 9E-8 - - -
(1E+3) (5E+2) - 8E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-123 D, see 116Te 5E+2 Bone surf 2E+2 Bone surf 8E-8 - - -
(1E+3) (5E+2) - 7E-10 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 Bone surf 2E-7 - - -
- (1E+3) - 2E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-125m D, see 116Te 1E+3 Bone surf 4E+2 Bone surf 2E-7 - - -
(1E+3) (1E+3) - 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 116Te - 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-127m D, see 116Te 6E+2 3E+2 Bone surf 1E-7 - 9E-6 9E-5
- (4E+2) - 6E-10 - -
W, see 116Te - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-127 D, see 116Te 7E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-129m D, see 116Te 5E+2 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 116Te - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-1292 D, see 116Te 3E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 116Te - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
52 Tellurium-131m D, see 116Te 3E+2 Thyroid 4E+2 Thyroid 2E-7 - - -
(6E+2) (1E+3) - 2E-9 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 Thyroid 2E-7 - - -
- (9E+2) - 1E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-1312 D, see 116Te 3E+3 Thyroid 5E+3 Thyroid 2E-6 - - -
(6E+3) (1E+4) - 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+3 Thyroid 2E-6 - - -
- (1E+4) - 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-132 D, see 116Te 2E+2 Thyroid 2E+2 Thyroid 9E-8 - - -
(7E+2) (8E+2) - 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 116Te - 2E+2 Thyroid 9E-8 - - -
- (6E+2) - 9E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-133m2 D, see 116Te 3E+3 Thyroid 5E+3 Thyroid 2E-6 - - -
(6E+3) (1E+4) - 2E-8 9E-5 9E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+3 Thyroid 2E-6 - - -
- (1E+4) - 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-1332 D, see 116Te 1E+4 Thyroid 2E+4 Thyroid 9E-6 - - -
(3E+4) (6E+4) - 8E-8 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 Thyroid 9E-6 - - -
- (6E+4) - 8E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-1342 D, see 116Te 2E+4 Thyroid 2E+4 Thyroid 1E-5 - - -
(2E+4) (5E+4) - 7E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 Thyroid 1E-5 - - -
- (5E+4) - 7E-8 - -
53 Iodine-120m2 D, all compounds 1E+4 Thyroid 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
(1E+4) - - - 2E-4 2E-3
53 Iodine-1202 D, all compounds 4E+3 Thyroid 9E+3 Thyroid 4E-6 - - -
(8E+3) (1E+4) - 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-121 D, all compounds 1E+4 Thyroid 2E+4 Thyroid 8E-6 - - -
(3E+4) (5E+4) - 7E-8 4E-4 4E-3
53 Iodine-123 D, all compounds 3E+3 Thyroid 6E+3 Thyroid 3E-6 - - -
(1E+4) (2E+4) - 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-124 D, all compounds 5E+1 Thyroid 8E+1 Thyroid 3E-8 - - -
(2E+2) (3E+2) - 4E-10 2E-6 2E-5
53 Iodine-125 D, all compounds 4E+1 Thyroid 6E+1 Thyroid 3E-8 - - -
(1E+2) (2E+2) - 3E-10 2E-6 2E-5
53 Iodine-126 D, all compounds 2E+1 Thyroid 4E+1 Thyroid 1E-8 - - -
(7E+1) (1E+2) - 2E-10 1E-6 1E-5
53 Iodine-1282 D, all compounds 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
53 Iodine-129 D, all compounds 5E+0 Thyroid 9E+0 Thyroid 4E-9 - - -
(2E+1) (3E+1) - 4E-11 2E-7 2E-6
53 Iodine-130 D, all compounds 4E+2 Thyroid 7E+2 Thyroid 3E-7 - - -
(1E+3) (2E+3) - 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
53 Iodine-131 D, all compounds 3E+1 Thyroid 5E+1 Thyroid 2E-8 - - -
(9E+1) (2E+2) - 2E-10 1E-6 1E-5
53 Iodine-132m2 D, all compounds 4E+3 Thyroid 8E+3 Thyroid 4E-6 - - -
(1E+4) (2E+4) - 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-132 D, all compounds 4E+3 Thyroid 8E+3 Thyroid 3E-6 - - -
(9E+3) (1E+4) - 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-133 D, all compounds 1E+2 Thyroid 3E+2 Thyroid 1E-7 - - -
(5E+2) (9E+2) - 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
53 Iodine-1342 D, all compounds 2E+4 Thyroid 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
53 Iodine-135 D, all compounds 8E+2 Thyroid 2E+3 Thyroid 7E-7 - - -
(3E+3) (4E+3) - 6E-9 3E-5 3E-4
54 Xenon-1202 Submersion1 - - 1E-5 4E-8 - -
54 Xenon-1212 Submersion1 - - 2E-6 1E-8 - -
54 Xenon-122 Submersion1 - - 7E-5 3E-7 - -
54 Xenon-123 Submersion1 - - 6E-6 3E-8 - -
54 Xenon-125 Submersion1 - - 2E-5 7E-8 - -
54 Xenon-127 Submersion1 - - 1E-5 6E-8 - -
54 Xenon-129m Submersion1 - - 2E-4 9E-7 - -
54 Xenon-131m Submersion1 - - 4E-4 2E-6 - -
54 Xenon-133m Submersion1 - - 1E-4 6E-7 - -
54 Xenon-133 Submersion1 - - 1E-4 5E-7 - -
54 Xenon-135m2 Submersion1 - - 9E-6 4E-8 - -
54 Xenon-135 Submersion1 - - 1E-5 7E-8 - -
54 Xenon-1382 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
55 Cesium-1252 D, all compounds 5E+4 St wall 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
55 Cesium-127 D, all compounds 6E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 9E-4 9E-3
55 Cesium-129 D, all compounds 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 3E-4 3E-3
55 Cesium-1302 D, all compounds 6E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(1E+5) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
55 Cesium-131 D, all compounds 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 3E-4 3E-3
55 Cesium-132 D, all compounds 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 4E-5 4E-4
55 Cesium-134m D, all compounds 1E+5 St wall 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(1E+5) - - - 2E-3 2E-2
55 Cesium-134 D, all compounds 7E+1 1E+2 4E-8 2E-10 9E-7 9E-6
55 Cesium-135m2 D, all compounds 1E+5 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 1E-3 1E-2
55 Cesium-135 D, all compounds 7E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
55 Cesium-136 D, all compounds 4E+2 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 6E-6 6E-5
55 Cesium-137 D, all compounds 1E+2 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 1E-6 1E-5
55 Cesium-1382 D, all compounds 2E+4 St wall 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
(3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
56 Barium-1262 D, all compounds 6E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
56 Barium-128 D, all compounds 5E+2 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 7E-6 7E-5
56 Barium-131m2 D, all compounds 4E+5 St wall 1E+6 6E-4 2E-6 - -
(5E+5) - - - 7E-3 7E-2
56 Barium-131 D, all compounds 3E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
56 Barium-133m D, all compounds 2E+3 LLI wall 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
(3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
56 Barium-133 D, all compounds 2E+3 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 2E-5 2E-4
56 Barium-135m D, all compounds 3E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 4E-5 4E-4
56 Barium-1392 D, all compounds 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
56 Barium-140 D, all compounds 5E+2 LLI wall 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
(6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
56 Barium-1412 D, all compounds 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
56 Barium-1422 D, all compounds 5E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
57 Lanthanum-1312 D, all compounds except those given for W 5E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 6E-4 6E-3
W, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
57 Lanthanum-132 D, see 131La 3E+3 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 131La - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
57 Lanthanum-135 D, see 131La 4E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 131La - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
57 Lanthanum-137 D, see 131La 1E+4 6E+1 Liver 3E-8 - 2E-4 2E-3
- (7E+1) - 1E-10 - -
W, see 131La - 3E+2 Liver 1E-7 - - -
- (3E+2) - 4E-10 - -
57 Lanthanum-138 D, see 131La 9E+2 4E+0 1E-9 5E-12 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 131La - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
57 Lanthanum-140 D, see 131La 6E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 131La - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
57 Lanthanum-141 D, see 131La 4E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 131La - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
57 Lanthanum-1422 D, see 131La 8E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 131La - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
57 Lanthanum-1432 D, see 131La 4E+4 St wall 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 131La - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
58 Cerium-134 W, all compounds except those given for Y 5E+2 LLI wall 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
(6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
Y, oxides, hydroxides, and fluorides - 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
58 Cerium-135 W, see 134Ce 2E+3 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 134Ce - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
58 Cerium-137m W, see 134Ce 2E+3 LLI wall 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 134Ce - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
58 Cerium-137 W, see 134Ce 5E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 134Ce - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
58 Cerium-139 W, see 134Ce 5E+3 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 134Ce - 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
58 Cerium-141 W, see 134Ce 2E+3 LLI wall 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 134Ce - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
58 Cerium-143 W, see 134Ce 1E+3 LLI wall 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 134Ce - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
58 Cerium-144 W, see 134Ce 2E+2 LLI wall 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 - -
(3E+2) - - - 3E-6 3E-5
Y, see 134Ce - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
59 Praseodymium-1362 W, all compounds except those given for Y 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
Y, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and fluorides - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
59 Praseodymium-1372 W, see 136Pr 4E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 5E-4 5E-3
Y, see 136Pr - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
59 Praseodymium-138m W, see 136Pr 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 136Pr - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
59 Praseodymium-139 W, see 136Pr 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 6E-4 6E-3
Y, see 136Pr - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
59 Praseodymium-142m2 W, see 136Pr 8E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
Y, see 136Pr - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
59 Praseodymium-142 W, see 136Pr 1E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 136Pr - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
59 Praseodymium-143 W, see 136Pr 9E+2 LLI wall 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 136Pr - 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
59 Praseodymium-1442 W, see 136Pr 3E+4 St wall 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
(4E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
Y, see 136Pr - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
59 Praseodymium-145 W, see 136Pr 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 136Pr - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
59 Praseodymium-1472 W, see 136Pr 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(8E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
Y, see 136Pr - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
60 Neodymium-1362W, all compounds except those given for Y 1E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and fluorides - 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
60 Neodymium-138 W, see 136Nd 2E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 136Nd - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
60 Neodymium-139m W, 136 see Nd 5E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 136Nd - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
60 Neodymium-1392 W, see 136Nd 9E+4 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 1E-3 1E-2
Y, see 136Nd - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
60 Neodymium-141 W, see 136Nd 2E+5 7E+5 3E-4 1E-6 2E-3 2E-2
Y, see 136Nd - 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 - -
60 Neodymium-147 W, see 136Nd 1E+3 LLI wall 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 136Nd - 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
60 Neodymium-1492 W, see 136Nd 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 136Nd - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
60 Neodymium-1512 W, see 136Nd 7E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 9E-4 9E-3
Y, see 136Nd - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
61 Promethium-1412 W, all compounds except those given for Y 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
Y, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and fluorides - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
61 Promethium-143 W, see 141Pm 5E+3 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
61 Promethium-144 W, see 141Pm 1E+3 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
61 Promethium-145 W, see 141Pm 1E+4 2E+2 Bone surf 7E-8 - 1E-4 1E-3
- (2E+2) - 3E-10 - -
Y, see 141Pm - 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
61 Promethium-146 W, see 141Pm 2E+3 5E+1 2E-8 7E-11 2E-5 2E-4
141 Y see Pm - 4E+1 2E-8 6E-11 - -
61 Promethium-147 141 W see Pm 4E+3 LLI wall 1E+2 Bone surf 5E-8 - - -
(5E+3) (2E+2) - 3E-10 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
61 Promethium-148m W, see 141Pm 7E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 3E+2 1E-7 5E-10 - -
61 Promethium-148 W, see 141Pm 4E+2 LLI wall 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
(5E+2) - - - 7E-6 7E-5
0 Y, see 141Pm -LLI wall 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
(1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 2E+3 8E-7 2E-9 - -
61 Promethium-150 W, see 141Pm 5E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
61 Promethium-151 W, see 141Pm 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 141Pm - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
62 Samarium-141m2 W, all compounds 3E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
62 Samarium-1412 W, all compounds 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 8E-5 2E-7 - -
(6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
62 Samarium-1422 W, all compounds 8E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
62 Samarium-145 W, all compounds 6E+3 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 8E-5 8E-4
62 Samarium-146 W, all compounds 1E+1 Bone surf 4E2 Bone surf 1E-11 - - -
(3E+1) (6E-2) - 9E-14 3E-7 3E-6
62 Samarium-147 W, all compounds 2E+1 Bone surf 4E2 Bone surf 2E-11 - - -
(3E+1) (7E-2) - 1E-13 4E-7 4E-6
62 Samarium-151 W, all compounds 1E+4 LLI wall 1E+2 Bone surf 4E-8 - - -
(1E+4) (2E+2) - 2E-10 2E-4 2E-3
62 Samarium-153 W, all compounds 2E+3 LLI wall 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
62 Samarium-1552 W, all compounds 6E+4 St wall 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
(8E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
62 Samarium-156 W, all compounds 5E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 7E-5 7E-4
63 Europium-145 W, all compounds 2E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
63 Europium-146 W, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
63 Europium-147 W, all compounds 3E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 4E-5 4E-4
63 Europium-148 W, all compounds 1E+3 4E+2 1E-7 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
63 Europium-149 W, all compounds 1E+4 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-4 2E-3
63 Europium-150 (12.62 h) W, all compounds 3E+3 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
63 Europium-150 (34.2 y) W, all compounds 8E+2 2E+1 8E-9 3E-11 1E-5 1E-4
63 Europium-152m W, all compounds 3E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 4E-5 4E-4
63 Europium-152 W, all compounds 8E+2 2E+1 1E-8 3E-11 1E-5 1E-4
63 Europium-154 W, all compounds 5E+2 2E+1 8E-9 3E-11 7E-6 7E-5
63 Europium-155 W, all compounds 4E+3 9E+1 Bone surf 4E-8 - 5E-5 5E-4
- (1E+2) - 2E-10 - -
63 Europium-156 W, all compounds 6E+2 5E+2 2E-7 6E-10 8E-6 8E-5
63 Europium-157 W, all compounds 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 3E-5 3E-4
63 Europium-1582 W, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
64 Gadolinium-1452 D, all compounds except those given for W 5E+4 St wall 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
(5E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, and fluorides - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
64 Gadolinium-146 D, see 145Gd 1E+3 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 145Gd - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
64 Gadolinium-147 D, see 145Gd 2E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 145Gd - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
64 Gadolinium-148 D, see 145Gd 1E+1 Bone surf 8E+3 Bone surf 3E-12 - - -
(2E+1) (2E+2) - 2E-14 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 145Gd - 3E-2 Bone surf 1E-11 - - -
- (6E-2) - 8E-14 - -
64 Gadolinium-149 D, see 145Gd 3E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 145Gd - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
64 Gadolinium-151 D, see 145Gd 6E+3 4E+2 Bone surf 2E-7 - 9E-5 9E-4
- (6E+2) - 9E-10 - -
W, see 145Gd - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
64 Gadolinium-152 D, see 145Gd 2E+1 Bone surf 1E-2 Bone surf 4E-12 - - -
(3E+1) (2E-2) - 3E-14 4E-7 4E-6
W, see 145Gd - 4E-2 Bone surf 2E-11 - -
- (8E-2) - 1E-13 - -
64 Gadolinium-153 D, see 145Gd 5E+3 1E+2 Bone surf 6E-8 - 6E-5 6E-4
- (2E+2) - 3E-10 - -
W, see 145Gd - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
64 Gadolinium-159 D, see 145Gd 3E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 145Gd - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
65 Terbium-1472 W, all compounds 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 1E-4 1E-3
65 Terbium-149 W, all compounds 5E+3 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-5 7E-4
65 Terbium-150 W, all compounds 5E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
65 Terbium-151 W, all compounds 4E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 5E-5 5E-4
65 Terbium-153 W, all compounds 5E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 7E-5 7E-4
65 Terbium-154 W, all compounds 2E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 2E-5 2E-4
65 Terbium-155 W, all compounds 6E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 8E-5 8E-4
65 Terbium-156m W, all compounds 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
(5.0 h)
65 Terbium-156m W, all compounds 7E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 1E-4 1E-3
(24.4 h)
65 Terbium-156 W, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
65 Terbium-157 W, all compounds 5E+4 LLI wall 3E+2 Bone surf 1E-7 - - -
(5E+4) (6E+2) - 8E-10 7E-4 7E-3
65 Terbium-158 W, all compounds 1E+3 2E+1 8E-9 3E-11 2E-5 2E-4
65 Terbium-160 W, all compounds 8E+2 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
65 Terbium-161 W, all compounds 2E+3 LLI wall 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
66 Dysprosium-155 W, all compounds 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
66 Dysprosium-157 W, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
66 Dysprosium-159 W, all compounds 1E+4 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 2E-4 2E-3
66 Dysprosium-165 W, all compounds 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
66 Dysprosium-166 W, all compounds 6E+2 LLI wall 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
(8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
67 Holmium-1552 W, all compounds 4E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 6E-4 6E-3
67 Holmium-1572 W, all compounds 3E+5 1E+6 6E-4 2E-6 4E-3 4E-2
67 Holmium-1592 W, all compounds 2E+5 1E+6 4E-4 1E-6 3E-3 3E-2
67 Holmium-161 W, all compounds 1E+5 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 1E-3 1E-2
67 Holmium-162m2 W, all compounds 5E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 7E-4 7E-3
67 Holmium-1622 W, all compounds 5E+5 St wall 2E+6 1E-3 3E-6 - -
(8E+5) - - - 1E-2 1E-1
67 Holmium-164m2 W, all compounds 1E+5 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 1E-3 1E-2
67 Holmium-1642 W, all compounds 2E+5 St wall 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 - -
(2E+5) - - - 3E-3 3E-2
67 Holmium-166m W, all compounds 6E+2 7E+0 3E-9 9E-12 9E-6 9E-5
67 Holmium-166 W, all compounds 9E+2 LLI wall 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
(9E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
67 Holmium-167 W, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 2E-4 2E-3
68 Erbium-161 W, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 2E-4 2E-3
68 Erbium-165 W, all compounds 6E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 9E-4 9E-3
68 Erbium-169 W, all compounds 3E+3 LLI wall 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
(4E+3) - - - 5E-5 5E-4
68 Erbium-171 W, all compounds 4E+3 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 5E-5 5E-4
68 Erbium-172 W, all compounds 1E+3 LLI wall 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
(E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
69 Thulium-1622 W, all compounds 7E+4 St wall 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
(7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
69 Thulium-166 W, all compounds 4E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
69 Thulium-167 W, all compounds 2E+3 LLI wall 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
(2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
69 Thulium-170 W, all compounds 8E+2 LLI wall 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 - -
(1E+3) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
69 Thulium-171 W, all compounds 1E+4 LLI wall 3E+2 Bone surf 1E-7 - - -
(1E+4) (6E+2) - 8E-10 2E-4 2E-3
69 Thulium-172 W, all compounds 7E+2 LLI wall 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
(8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
69 Thulium-173 W, all compounds 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
69 Thulium-1752 W, all compounds 7E+4 St wall 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
(9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
70 Ytterbium-1622 W, all compounds except those given for Y 7E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 1E-3 1E-2
Y, oxides, hydroxides, and fluorides - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
70 Ytterbium-166 W, see 162Yb 1E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 162Yb - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
70 Ytterbium-1672 W, see 162Yb 3E+5 8E+5 3E-4 1E-6 4E-3 4E-2
Y, see 162Yb - 7E+5 3E-4 1E-6 - -
70 Ytterbium-169 W, see 162Yb 2E+3 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 162Yb - 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
70 Ytterbium-175 W, see 162Yb 3E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 162Yb - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
70 Ytterbium-1772 W, see 162Yb 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 162Yb - 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
70 Ytterbium-1782 W, see 162Yb 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 162Yb - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
71 Lutetium-169 W, all compounds except those given for Y 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, oxides, hydroxides, and fluorides - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
71 Lutetium-170 W, see 169Lu 1E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
71 Lutetium-171 W, see 169Lu 2E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
71 Lutetium-172 W, see 169Lu 1E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
71 Lutetium-173 W, see 169Lu 5E+3 3E+2 1E-7 - 7E-5 7E-4
- Bone surf (5E+2) - 6E-10 - -
Y, see 169Lu - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
71 Lutetium-174m W, see 169Lu 2E+3 2E+2 1E-7 - - -
LLI wall (3E+3) Bone surf (3E+2) - 5E-10 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 - -
71 Lutetium-174 W, see 169Lu 5E+3 1E+2 5E-8 - 7E-5 7E-4
- Bone surf (2E+2) - 3E-10 - -
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
71 Lutetium-176m W, see 169Lu 8E+3 3E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
71 Lutetium-176 W, see 169Lu 7E+2 5E+0 2E-9 - 1E-5 1E-4
- Bone surf (1E+1) - 2E-11 - -
Y, see 169Lu - 8E+0 3E-9 1E-1 - -
71 Lutetium-177m W, see 169Lu 7E+2 1E+2 5E-8 - 1E-5 1E-4
- Bone surf (1E+2) - 2E-10 - -
Y, see 169Lu - 8E+1 3E-8 1E-10 - -
71 Lutetium-177 W, see 169Lu 2E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
71 Lutetium-178m2 W, see 169Lu 5E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
St. wall (6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
71 Lutetium-1782 W, see 169Lu 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall (4E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
Y, see 169Lu - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
71 Lutetium-179 W, see 169Lu 6E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 9E-5 9E-4
Y, see 169Lu - 2E+4 6E-6 3E-8 - -
72 Hafnium-170 D, all compounds except those given for W 3E+3 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and nitrates - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
72 Hafnium-172 D, see 170Hf 1E+3 9E+0 4E-9 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (2E+1) - 3E-11 - -
W, see 170Hf - 4E+1 2E-8 - - -
- Bone surf (6E+1) - 8E-11 - -
72 Hafnium-173 D, see 170Hf 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 170Hf - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
72 Hafnium-175 D, see 170Hf 3E+3 9E+2 4E-7 - 4E-5 4E-4
- Bone surf (1E+3) - 1E-9 - -
W, see 170Hf - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
72 Hafnium-177m2 D, see 170Hf 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 170Hf - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
72 Hafnium-178m D, see 170Hf 3E+2 1E+0 5E-10 - 3E-6 3E-5
- Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 - -
W, see 170Hf - 5E+0 2E-9 - - -
- Bone surf (9E+0) - 1E-11 - -
72 Hafnium-179m D, see 170Hf 1E+3 3E+2 1E-7 - 1E-5 1E-4
- Bone surf (6E+2) - 8E-10 - -
W, see 170Hf - 6E+2 3E-7 8E-10 - -
72 Hafnium-180m D, see 170Hf 7E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 170Hf - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
72 Hafnium-181 D, see 170Hf 1E+3 2E+2 7E-8 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (4E+2) - 6E-10 - -
W, see 170Hf - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
72 Hafnium-182m2 D, see 170Hf 4E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 170Hf - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
72 Hafnium-182 D, see 170Hf 2E+2 8E-1 3E-10 - - -
Bone surf (4E+2) Bone surf (2E+0) - 2E-12 5E-6 5E-5
W, see 170Hf - 3E+0 1E-9 - - -
- Bone surf (7E+0) - 1E-11 - -
72 Hafnium-1832 D, see 170Hf 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 170Hf - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
72 Hafnium-184 D, see 170Hf 2E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 170Hf - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
73 Tantalum-1722 W, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 5E-4 5E-3
Y, elemental Ta, oxides, hydroxides, halides, carbides, nitrates, and nitrides - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
73 Tantalum-173 W, see 172Ta 7E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 9E-5 9E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-1742 W, see 172Ta 3E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
73 Tantalum-175 W, see 172Ta 6E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-176 W, see 172Ta 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 5E-5 5E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-177 W, see 172Ta 1E+4 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-178 W, see 172Ta 2E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
73 Tantalum-179 W, see 172Ta 2E+4 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
73 Tantalum-180m W, see 172Ta 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-180 W, see 172Ta 1E+3 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 2E+1 1E-8 3E-11 - -
73 Tantalum-182m2 W, see 172Ta 2E+5 5E+5 2E-4 8E-7 - -
St wall (2E+5) - - - 3E-3 3E-2
Y, see 172Ta - 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
73 Tantalum-182 W, see 172Ta 8E+2 3E+2 1E-7 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
73 Tantalum-183 W, see 172Ta 9E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
LLI wall (1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
73 Tantalum-184 W, see 172Ta 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 172Ta - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
73 Tantalum-1852 W, see 172Ta 3E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
Y, see 172Ta - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
73 Tantalum-1862 W, see 172Ta 5E+4 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
St wall (7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
Y, see 172Ta - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
74 Tungsten-176 D, all compounds 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 1E-4 1E-3
74 Tungsten-177 D, all compounds 2E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
74 Tungsten-178 D, all compounds 5E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
74 Tungsten-1792 D, all compounds 5E+5 2E+6 7E-4 2E-6 7E-3 7E-2
74 Tungsten-181 D, all compounds 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
74 Tungsten-185 D, all compounds 2E+3 7E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
74 Tungsten-187 D, all compounds 2E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
74 Tungsten-188 D, all compounds 4E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
LLI wall (5E+2) - - - 7E-6 7E-5
75 Rhenium-1772 D, all compounds except those given for W 9E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
St wall (1E+5) - - - 2E-3 2E-2
W, oxides, hydroxides, and nitrates - 4E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
75 Rhenium-1782 D, see 177Re 7E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
St wall (1E+5) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 177Re - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
75 Rhenium-181 D, see 177Re 5E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 177Re - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
75 Rhenium-182 D, see 177Re 7E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 9E-5 9E-4
(12.7 h) W, see 177Re - 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
75 Rhenium-182 D, see 177Re 1E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
(64.0 h) W, see 177Re - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
75 Rhenium-184m D, see 177Re 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 177Re - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
75 Rhenium-184 D, see 177Re 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 177Re - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
75 Rhenium-186m D, see 177Re 1E+3 2E+3 7E-7 - - -
St wall (2E+3) St wall (2E+3) - 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 177Re - 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
75 Rhenium-186 D, see 177Re 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 177Re - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
75 Rhenium-187 D, see 177Re 6E+5 8E+5 4E-4 - 8E-3 8E-2
St wall - (9E+5) - 1E-6 - -
W, see 177Re - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
75 Rhenium-188m2 D, see 177Re 8E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 177Re - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
75 Rhenium-188 D, see 177Re 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 177Re - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
75 Rhenium-189 D, see 177Re 3E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 177Re - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
76 Osmium-1802 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 1E+5 4E+5 2E-4 5E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, halides and nitrates - 5E+5 2E-4 7E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 5E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
76 Osmium-1812 D, see 180Os 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 180Os - 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
Y, see 180Os - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
76 Osmium-182 D, see 180Os 2E+3 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 180Os - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 180Os - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
76 Osmium-185 D, see 180Os 2E+3 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 180Os - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 180Os - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
76 Osmium-189m D, see 180Os 8E+4 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 180Os - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, see 180Os - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
76 Osmium-191m D, see 180Os 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 180Os - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
Y, see 180Os - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
76 Osmium-191 D, see 180Os 2E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 180Os - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 180Os - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
76 Osmium-193 D, see 180Os 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 180Os - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Y, see 180Os - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
76 Osmium-194 D, see 180Os 4E+2 4E+1 2E-8 6E-11 - -
LLI wall (6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 180Os - 6E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
Y, see 180Os - 8E+0 3E-9 1E-11 - -
77 Iridium-1822 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 4E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall (4E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
W, halides, nitrates, and metallic iridium - 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
77 Iridium-184 D, see 182Ir 8E+3 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 182Ir - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
77 Iridium-185 D, see 182Ir 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 182Ir - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
77 Iridium-186 D, see 182Ir 2E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 182Ir - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
77 Iridium-187 D, see 182Ir 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 182Ir - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
77 Iridium-188 D, see 182Ir 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 182Ir - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
77 Iridium-189 D, see 182Ir 5E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
LLI wall (5E+3) - - - 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 182Ir - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
77 Iridium-190m2 D, see 182Ir 2E+5 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 182Ir - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
77 Iridium-190 D, see 182Ir 1E+3 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 182Ir - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
77 Iridium-192m D, see 182Ir 3E+3 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 182Ir - 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 2E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
77 Iridium-192 D, see 182Ir 9E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 182Ir - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 - -
77 Iridium-194m D, see 182Ir 6E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 182Ir - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
77 Iridium-194 D, see 182Ir 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 182Ir - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
77 Iridium-195m D, see 182Ir 8E+3 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 182Ir - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
77 Iridium-195 D, see 182Ir 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 182Ir - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
Y, see 182Ir - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
78 Platinum-186 D, all compounds 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
78 Platinum-188 D, all compounds 2E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
78 Platinum-189 D, all compounds 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
78 Platinum-191 D, all compounds 4E+3 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 5E-5 5E-4
78 Platinum-193m D, all compounds 3E+3 6E+3 3E-6 8E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+4) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
78 Platinum-193 D, all compounds 4E+4 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
LLI wall (5E+4) - - - 6E-4 6E-3
78 Platinum-195m D, all compounds 2E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
78 Platinum-197m2 D, all compounds 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
78 Platinum-197 D, all compounds 3E+3 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
78 Platinum-1992 D, all compounds 5E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
78 Platinum-200 D, all compounds 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
79 Gold-193 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, halides and nitrates - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
79 Gold-194 D, see 193Au 3E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 193Au - 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
Y, see 193Au - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
79 Gold-195 193 D see Au 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
193 W see Au - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
193 Y see Au - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
79 Gold-198m D see 193Au 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W see 193Au - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Y see 193Au - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
79 Gold-198 D see 193Au 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W see 193Au - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
Y see 193Au - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
79 Gold-199 D see 193Au 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 193Au - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 193Au - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
79 Gold-200m D, see 193Au 1E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 193Au - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Y, see 193Au - 2E+4 1E-6 3E-9 - -
79 Gold-2002 D, see 193Au 3E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 193Au - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, see 193Au - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
79 Gold-2012 D, see 193Au 7E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall (9E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 193Au - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
Y, see 193Au - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
80 Mercury-193m Vapor - 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Organic D 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
D, sulfates 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, nitrates, and sulfides - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
80 Mercury-193 Vapor - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Organic D 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
D, see 193mHg 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 193mHg - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
80 Mercury-194 Vapor - 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 - -
Organic D 2E+1 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 2E-7 2E-6
D, see 193mHg 8E+2 4E+1 2E-8 6E-11 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 193mHg - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
80 Mercury-195m Vapor - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Organic D 3E+3 6E+3 3E-6 8E-9 4E-5 4E-4
D, see 193mHg 2E+3 5E +3 2E-6 7E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 193mHg - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
80 Mercury-195 Vapor - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Organic D 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
D, see 193mHg 1E+4 4E+ 4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 193mHg - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
80 Mercury-197m Vapor - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
Organic D 4E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 5E-5 5E-4
D, see 193mHg 3E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 193mHg - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
80 Mercury-197 Vapor - 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Organic D 7E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 9E-5 9E-4
D, see 193mHg 6E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 193mHg - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
80 Mercury-199m2 Vapor - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
Organic D 6E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall (1E+5) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
D, see 193mHg 6E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 8E-4 8E-3
W, see 193mHg - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
80 Mercury-203 Vapor - 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Organic D 5E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
D, see 193mHg 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 193mHg - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
81 Thallium-194m2 D, all compounds 5E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall (7E+4) - - - 1E-3 1E-2
81 Thallium-1942 D, all compounds 3E+5 6E+5 2E-4 8E-7 - -
St wall (3E+5) - - - 4E-3 4E-2
81 Thallium-1952 D, all compounds 6E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 9E-4 9E-3
81 Thallium-197 D, all compounds 7E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
81 Thallium-198m2 D, all compounds 3E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 4E-4 4E-3
81 Thallium-198 D, all compounds 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 3E-4 3E-3
81 Thallium-199 D, all compounds 6E+4 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 9E-4 9E-3
81 Thallium-200 D, all compounds 8E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
81 Thallium-201 D, all compounds 2E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 2E-4 2E-3
81 Thallium-202 D, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 5E-5 5E-4
81 Thallium-204 D, all compounds 2E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
82 Lead-195m2 D, all compounds 6E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 8E-4 8E-3
82 Lead-198 D, all compounds 3E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 4E-4 4E-3
82 Lead-1992 D, all compounds 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
82 Lead-200 D, all compounds 3E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 4E-5 4E-4
82 Lead-201 D, all compounds 7E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
82 Lead-202m D, all compounds 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
82 Lead-202 D, all compounds 1E+2 5E+1 2E-8 7E-11 2E-6 2E-5
82 Lead-203 D, all compounds 5E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 7E-5 7E-4
82 Lead-205 D, all compounds 4E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 5E-5 5E-4
82 Lead-209 D, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
82 Lead-210 D, all compounds 6E1 2E1 1E-10 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (4E-1) - 6E-13 1E-8 1E-7
82 Lead-2112 D, all compounds 1E+4 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 2E-4 2E+3
82 Lead-212 D, all compounds 8E+1 3E+1 1E-8 5E-11 - -
Bone surf (1E+2) - - - 2E-6 2E-5
82 Lead-2142 D, all compounds 9E+3 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 1E-4 1E-3
83 Bismuth-2002 D, nitrates 3E+4 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, all other compounds - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
83 Bismuth-2012 D, see 200Bi 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 200Bi - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
83 Bismuth-2022 D, see 200Bi 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 200Bi - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
83 Bismuth-203 D, see 200Bi 2E+3 7E+3 3E-6 9E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 200Bi - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
83 Bismuth-205 D, see 200Bi 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 200Bi - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
83 Bismuth-206 D, see 200Bi 6E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 200Bi - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
83 Bismuth-207 D, see 200Bi 1E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 200Bi - 4E+2 1E-7 5E-10 - -
83 Bismuth-210m D, see 200Bi 4E+1 5E+0 2E-9 - - -
Kidneys (6E+1) Kidneys (6E+0) - 9E-12 8E-7 8E-6
W, see 200Bi - 7E-1 3E-10 9E-13
83 Bismuth-210 D, see 200Bi 8E+2 2E+2 1E-7 - 1E-5 1E-4
- Kidneys (4E+2) - 5E-10 - -
W, see 200Bi - 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 - -
83 Bismuth-2122 D, see 200Bi 5E+3 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 200Bi - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
83 Bismuth-2132 D, see 200Bi 7E+3 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 200Bi - 4E+2 1E-7 5E-10 - -
83 Bismuth-2142 D, see 200Bi 2E+4 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
St wall (2E+4) - - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 200Bi - 9E-2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
84 Polonium-2032 D, all compounds except those given for W 3E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, and nitrates - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
84 Polonium-2052 D, see 203Po 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 203Po - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
84 Polonium-207 D, see 203Po 8E+3 3E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 203Po - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
84 Polonium-210 D, see 203Po 3E+0 6E-1 3E-10 9E-13 4E-8 4E-7
W, see 203Po - 6E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
85 Astatine-2072 D, halides 6E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 8E-5 8E-4
W - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
85 Astatine-211 D, halides 1E+2 8E+1 3E-8 1E-10 2E-6 2E-5
W - 5E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
86 Radon-220 With daughters removed - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
With daughters present - 2E+1 12 (or working level months) 9E-9 3E-11 (or 1.0 working level) - -
86 Radon-222 With daughters removed - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
With daughters present - 1E+2 (or 4 working level months) 3E-8 1E-10 (or 0.33 working level) - -
87 Francium-2222 D, all compounds 2E+3 5E+2 2E-7 6E-10 3E-5 3E-4
87 Francium-2232 D, all compounds 6E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 8E-6 8E-5
88 Radium-223 W, all compounds 5E+0 7E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
Bone surf (9E+0) - - - 1E-7 1E-6
88 Radium-224 W, all compounds 8E+0 2E+0 7E-10 2E-12 - -
Bone surf (2E+1) - - - 2E-7 2E-6
88 Radium-225 W, all compounds 8E+0 7E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
Bone surf (2E+1) - - - 2E-7 2E-6
88 Radium-226 W, all compounds 2E+0 6E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
Bone surf (5E+0) - - - 6E-8 6E-7
88 Radium-2272 W, all compounds 2E+4 1E+4 6E-6 - - -
Bone surf (2E+4) Bone surf (2E+4) - 3E-8 3E-4 3E-3
88 Radium-228 W, all compounds 2E+0 1E+0 5E-10 2E-12 - -
Bone surf (4E+0) - - - 6E-8 6E-7
89 Actinium-224 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 2E+3 3E+1 1E-8 - - -
LLI wall (2E+3) Bone surf (4E+1) - 5E-11 3E-5 3E-4
W, halides and nitrates - 5E+1 2E-8 7E-11 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 5E+1 2E-8 6E-11 - -
89 Actinium-225
D, see 224Ac 5E+1 3E-1 1E-10 - - -
LLI wall (5E+1) Bone surf (5E-1) - 7E-13 7E-7 7E-6
W, see 224Ac - 6E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
Y, see 224Ac - 6E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
89 Actinium-226 D, see 224Ac 1E+2 3E+0 1E-9 - - -
LLI wall (1E+2) Bone surf (4E+0) - 5E-12 2E-6 2E-5
W, see 224Ac - 5E+0 2E-9 7E-12 - -
Y, see 224Ac - 5E+0 2E-9 6E-12 - -
89 Actinium-227 D, see 224Ac 2E-1 4E-4 2E-13 - - -
Bone surf (4E-1) Bone surf (8E-4) - 1E-15 5E-9 5E-8
W, see 224Ac - 2E-3 7E-13 - - -
- Bone surf (3E-3) - 4E-15 - -
Y, see 224Ac - 4E-3 2E-12 6E-15 - -
89 Actinium-228 D, see 224Ac 2E+3 9E+0 4E-9 - 3E-5 3E-4
- Bone surf (2E+1) - 2E-11 - -
W, see 224Ac - 4E+1 2E-8 - - -
- Bone surf (6E+1) - 8E-11 - -
Y, see 224Ac - 4E+1 2E-8 6E-11 - -
90 Thorium-2262 W, all compounds except
those given for Y 5E+3 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
St wall (5E+3) - - - 7E-5 7E-4
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
90 Thorium-227 W, see 226Th 1E+2 3E-1 1E-10 5E-13 2E-6 2E-5
Y, see 226Th - 3E-1 1E-10 5E-13 - -
90 Thorium-228 W, see 226Th 6E+0 1E-2 4E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+1) Bone surf (2E-2) - 3E-14 2E-7 2E-6
Y, see 226Th - 2E-2 7E-12 2E-14 - -
90 Thorium-229 W, see 226Th 6E-1 9E-4 4E-13 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (2E-3) - 3E-15 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 226Th - 2E-3 1E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (3E-3) - 4E-15- -
90 Thorium-230 W, see 226Th 4E+0 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (9E+0) Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-141E-7 1E-6
Y, see 226Th - 2E-2 6E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (2E-2) - 3E-14- -
90 Thorium-231 W, see 228Th 4E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 5E-5 5E-4
Y, see 228Th - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9- -
90 Thorium-232 W, see 228Th 7E-1 1E-3 5E-13 - - -
Bone surf (2E+0) Bone surf (3E-3) - 4E-15 3E-8 3E-7
Y, see 228Th - 3E-3 1E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (4E-3) - 6E-15 - -
90 Thorium-234 W, see 228Th 3E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
LLI wall (4E+2) - - - 5E-6 5E-5
Y, see 228Th - 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
91 Protactinium-2272 W, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+3 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 5E-5 5E-4
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
91 Protactinium-228 W, see 227Pa 1E+3 1E+1 5E-9 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (2E+1) - 3E-11 - -
Y, see 227Pa - 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 - -
91 Protactinium-230 W, see 227Pa 6E+2 5E+0 2E-9 7E-12 - -
Bone surf (9E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 227Pa - 4E+0 1E-9 5E-12 - -
91 Protactinium-231 W, see 227Pa 2E-1 2E-3 6E-13 - - -
Bone surf (5E-1) Bone surf (4E-3) - 6E-15 6E-9 6E-8
Y, see 227Pa - 4E-3 2E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (6E-3) - 8E-15 - -
91 Protactinium-232 W, see 227Pa 1E+3 2E+1 9E-9 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (6E+1) - 8E-11 - -
Y, see 227Pa - 6E+1 2E-8 - - -
- Bone surf (7E+1) - 1E-10 - -
91 Protactinium-233 W, see 227Pa 1E+3 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 227Pa - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
91 Protactinium-234 W, see 227Pa 2E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 227Pa - 7E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
92 Uranium-230 D, UF, UOF, UO(NO) 4E+0 4E-1 2E-10 - - -
Bone surf (6E+0) Bone surf (6E-1) - 8E-13 8E-8 8E-7
W, UO, UF, UCl - 4E-1 1E-10 5E-13 - -
Y, UO, UO - 3E-1 1E-10 4E-13 - -
92 Uranium-231 D, see 230U 5E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
LLI wall (4E+3) - - - 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 230U - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
Y, see 230U - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
92 Uranium-232 D, see 230U 2E+0 2E-1 9E-11 - - -
Bone surf (4E+0) Bone surf (4E-1) - 6E-13 6E-8 6E-7
W, see 230U - 4E-1 2E-10 5E-13 - -
Y, see 230U - 8E-3 3E-12 1E-14 - -
92 Uranium-233 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 5E-10 - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 7E-1 3E-10 1E-12 - -
Y, see 230U - 4E-2 2E-11 5E-14 - -
92 Uranium-2343 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 5E-10 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 7E-1 3E-10 1E-12 - -
Y, see 230U - 4E-2 2E-11 5E-14 - -
92 Uranium-2353 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 6E-10 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 8E-1 3E-10 1E-12 - -
Y, see 230U - 4E-2 2E-11 6E-14 - -
92 Uranium-236 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 5E-10 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 8E-1 3E-10 1E-12 - -
Y, see 230U - 4E-2 2E-11 6E-14 - -
92 Uranium-237 D, see 230U 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 230U - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 230U - 2E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
92 Uranium-2383 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 6E-10 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 8E-1 3E-10 1E-12 - -
Y, see 230U - 4E-2 2E-11 6E-14 - -
92 Uranium-2392 D, see 230U 7E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 230U - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 230U - 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
92 Uranium-240 D, see 230U 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 230U - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Y, see 230U - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
92 Uranium-natural3 D, see 230U 1E+1 1E+0 5E-10 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (2E+0) - 3E-12 3E-7 3E-6
W, see 230U - 8E-1 3E-10 9E-13 - -
Y, see 230U - 5E-2 2E-11 9E-24 - -
93 Neptunium-2322 W, all compounds 1E+5 2E+3 7E-7 - 2E-3 2E-2
- Bone surf (5E+2) - 6E-9 - -
93 Neptunium-2332 W, all compounds 8E+5 3E+6 1E-3 4E-6 1E-2 1E-1
93 Neptunium-234 W, all compounds 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
93 Neptunium-235 W, all compounds 2E+4 8E+2 3E-7 - - -
LLI wall (2E+4) Bone surf (1E+3) - 2E-9 3E-4 3E-3
93 Neptunium-236 W, all compounds 3E+0 2E-2 9E-12 - - -
(1.15E+5 y) Bone surf (6E+0) Bone surf (5E-2) - 8E-14 9E-8 9E-7
93 Neptunium-236 W, all compounds 3E+3 3E+1 1E-8 - - -
(22.5 h) Bone surf (4E+3) Bone surf (7E+1) - 1E-10 5E-5 5E-4
93 Neptunium-237 W, all compounds 5E-1 4E-3 2E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 1E-14 2E-8 2E-7
93 Neptunium-238 W, all compounds 1E+3 6E+1 3E-8 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (2E+2) - 2E-10 - -
93 Neptunium-239 W, all compounds 2E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
93 Neptunium-2402 W, all compounds 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
94 Plutonium-234 W, all compounds except
PuO 8E+3 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 1E-4 1E-3
Y, PuO - 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
94 Plutonium-2352 W, see 234Pu 9E+5 3E+6 1E-3 4E-6 1E-2 1E-1
Y, see 234Pu - 3E+6 1E-3 3E-6 - -
94 Plutonium-236 W, see 234Pu 2E+0 2E-2 8E-12 - - -
Bone surf (4E+0) Bone surf (4E-2) - 5E-14 6E-8 6E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 4E-2 2E-11 6E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-237 W, see 234Pu 1E+4 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 234Pu - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
94 Plutonium-238 W, see 234Pu 9E-1 7E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (2E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 2E-2 8E-12 2E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-239 W, see 234Pu 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 2E-2 7E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-240 W, see 234Pu 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 2E-2 7E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-241 W, see 234Pu 4E+1 3E-1 1E-10 - - -
Bone surf (7E+1) Bone surf (6E-1) - 8E-13 1E-6 1E-5
Y, see 234Pu - 8E-1 3E-10 - - -
- Bone surf (1E+0) - 1E-12 - -
94 Plutonium-242 W, see 234Pu 8E-1 7E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 2E-2 7E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-243 W, see 234Pu 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 234Pu - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
94 Plutonium-244 W, see 234Pu 8E-1 7E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (2E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 234Pu - 2E-2 7E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-14 - -
94 Plutonium-245 W, see 234Pu 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 234Pu - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
94 Plutonium-246 W, see 234Pu 4E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
LLI wall (4E+2) - - - 6E-6 6E-5
Y, see 234Pu - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
95 Americium-2372 W, all compounds 8E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 1E-3 1E-2
95 Americium-2382 W, all compounds 4E+4 3E+3 1E-6 - 5E-4 5E-3
- Bone surf (6E+3) - 9E-9 - -
95 Americium-239 W, all compounds 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
95 Americium-240 W, all compounds 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
95 Americium-241 W, all compounds 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
95 Americium-242m W, all compounds 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
95 Americium-242 W, all compounds 4E+3 8E+1 4E-8 - 5E-5 5E-4
- Bone surf (9E+1) - 1E-10 - -
95 Americium-243 W, all compounds 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
95 Americium-244m2 W, all compounds 6E+4 4E+3 2E-6 - - -
St wall (8E+4) Bone surf (7E+3) - 1E-8 1E-3 1E-2
95 Americium-244 W, all compounds 3E+3 2E+2 8E-8 - 4E-5 4E-4
- Bone surf (3E+2) - 4E-10 - -
95 Americium-245 W, all compounds 3E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
95 Americium-246m2 W, all compounds 5E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall (6E+4) - - - 8E-4 8E-3
95 Americium-2462 W, all compounds 3E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
96 Curium-238 W, all compounds 2E+4 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 2E-4 2E-3
96 Curium-240 W, all compounds 6E+1 6E-1 2E-10 - - -
Bone surf (8E+1) Bone surf (6E-1) - 9E-13 1E-6 1E-5
96 Curium-241 W, all compounds 1E+3 3E+1 1E-8 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (4E+1) - 5E-11 - -
96 Curium-242 W, all compounds 3E+1 3E-1 1E-10 - - -
Bone surf (5E+1) Bone surf (3E-1) - 4E-13 7E-7 7E-6
96 Curium-243 W, all compounds 1E+0 9E-3 4E-12 - - -
Bone surf (2E+0) Bone surf (2E-2) - 2E-14 3E-8 3E-7
96 Curium-244 W, all compounds 1E+0 1E-2 5E-12 - - -
Bone surf (3E+0) Bone surf (2E-2) - 3E-14 3E-8 3E-7
96 Curium-245 W, all compounds 7E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
96 Curium-246 W, all compounds 7E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
96 Curium-247 W, all compounds 8E-1 6E-3 3E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 2E-8 2E-7
96 Curium-248 W, all compounds 2E-1 2E-3 7E-13 - - -
Bone surf (4E-1) Bone surf (3E-3) - 4E-15 5E-9 5E-8
96 Curium-2492 W, all compounds 5E+4 2E+4 7E-6 - 7E-4 7E-3
- Bone surf (3E+4) - 4E-8 - -
96 Curium-250 W, all compounds 4E-2 3E-4 1E-13 - - -
Bone surf (6E-2) Bone surf (5E-4) - 8E-16 9E-10 9E-9
97 Berkelium-245 W, all compounds 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
97 Berkelium-246 W, all compounds 3E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 4E-5 4E-4
97 Berkelium-247 W, all compounds 5E-1 4E-3 2E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (9E-3) - 1E-14 2E-8 2E-7
97 Berkelium-249 W, all compounds 2E+2 2E+0 7E-10 - - -
Bone surf (5E+2) Bone surf (4E+0) - 5E-12 6E-6 6E-5
97 Berkelium-250 W, all compounds 9E+3 3E+2 1E-7 - 1E-4 1E-3
- Bone surf (7E+2) - 1E-9 - -
98 Californium-2442 W, all compounds except those given for Y 3E+4 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
St wall (3E+4) - - - 4E-4 4E-3
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
98 Californium-246 W, see 244Cf 4E+2 9E+0 4E-9 1E-11 5E-6 5E-5
Y, see 244Cf - 9E+0 4E-9 1E-11 - -
98 Californium-248 W, see 244Cf 8E+0 6E-2 3E-11 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (1E-1) - 2E-13 2E-7 2E-6
Y, see 244Cf - 1E-1 4E-11 1E-13 - -
98 Californium-249 W, see 244Cf 5E-1 4E-3 2E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (9E-3) - 1E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 244Cf - 1E-2 4E-12 - - -
- Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 - -
98 Californium-250 W, see 244Cf 1E+0 9E-3 4E-12 - - -
Bone surf (2E+0) Bone surf (2E-2) - 3E-14 3E-8 3E-7
Y, see 244Cf - 3E-2 1E-11 4E-14 - -
98 Californium-251 W, see 244Cf 5E-1 4E-3 2E-12 - - -
Bone surf (1E+0) Bone surf (9E-3) - 1E-14 2E-8 2E-7
Y, see 244Cf - 1E-2 4E-12 - -
- Bone surf (1E-2) - 2E-14 - -
98 Californium-252 W, see 244Cf 2E+0 2E-2 8E-12 - - -
Bone surf (5E+0) Bone surf (4E-2) - 5E-14 7E-8 7E-7
Y, see 244Cf - 3E-2 1E-11 5E-14 - -
98 Californium-253 W, see 244Cf 2E+2 2E+0 8E-10 3E-12 - -
Bone surf (4E+2) - - - 5E-6 5E-5
Y, see 244Cf - 2E+0 7E-10 2E-12 - -
98 Californium-254 W, see 244Cf 2E+0 2E-2 9E-12 3E-14 3E-8 3E-7
Y, see 244Cf - 2E-2 7E-12 2E-14 - -
99 Einsteinium-250 W, all compounds 4E+4 5E+2 2E-7 - 6E-4 6E-3
- Bone surf (1E+3) - 2E-9 - -
99 Einsteinium-251 W, all compounds 7E+3 9E+2 4E-7 - 1E-4 1E-3
- Bone surf (1E+3) - 2E-9 - -
99 Einsteinium-253 W, all compounds 2E+2 1E+0 6E-10 2E-12 2E-6 2E-5
99 Einsteinium-254m W, all compounds 3E+2 1E+1 4E-9 1E-11 - -
LLI wall (3E+2) - - - 4E-6 4E-5
99 Einsteinium-254 W, all compounds 8E+0 7E-2 3E-11 - - -
Bone surf (2E+1) Bone surf (1E-1) - 2E-13 2E-7 2E-6
100 Fermium-252 W, all compounds 5E+2 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 6E-6 6E-5
100 Fermium-253 W, all compounds 1E+3 1E+1 4E-9 1E-11 1E-5 1E-4
100 Fermium-254 W, all compounds 3E+3 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 4E-5 4E-4
100 Fermium-255 W, all compounds 5E+2 2E+1 9E-9 3E-11 7E-6 7E-5
100 Fermium-257 W, all compounds 2E+1 2E-1 7E-11 - - -
Bone surf (4E+1) Bone surf (2E-1) - 3E-13 5E-7 5E-6
101 Mendelevium-257 W, all compounds 7E+3 8E+1 4E-8 - 1E-4 1E-3
- Bone surf (9E+1) - 1E-10 - -
101 Mendelevium-258 W, all compounds 3E+1 2E-1 1E-10 - - -
Bone surf (5E+1) Bone surf (3E-1) - 5E-13 6E-7 6E-6
- Any single radionuclide not listed above with decay mode other than alpha emission or spontaneous fission and with radioactive half-life less than 2 hours Submersion 1 - 2E+2 1E-7 1E-9 - -
- Any single radionuclide not listed above with decay mode other than alpha emission or spontaneous fission and with radioactive half-life greater than 2 hours. . . . - 2E-1 1E-10 1E-12 1E-8 1E-7
Any single radionuclide not listed above that decays by alpha emission or spontaneous fission, or any mixture for which either the identity or the concentration of any radionuclide in the mixture is not known. . . . - 4E-4 2E-13 1E-15 2E-9 2E-8

FOOTNOTES:

1 "Submersion" means that values given are for submersion in a hemispherical semi-infinite cloud of airborne material.

2 These radionuclides have radiological half-lives of less than 2 hours. The total effective dose equivalent received during operations with these radionuclides might include a significant contribution from external exposure. The DAC values for all radionuclides other than those designated Class "Submersion," are based upon the committed effective dose equivalent due to the intake of the radionuclide into the body and do NOT include potentially significant contributions to dose equivalent from external exposures. The licensee may substitute 1E-7 µCi/ml for the listed DAC to account for the submersion dose prospectively but shall use individual monitoring devices or other radiation-measuring instruments that measure external exposure to demonstate compliance with the limits. (See R12-1-410 )

3 For soluble mixtures of U-238, U-234, and U-235 in air, chemical toxicity may be the limiting factor (see R12-1-408(E) ). If the percent by weight (enrichment) of U-235 is not greater than 5, the concentration value for a 40-hour work week is 0.2 milligrams uranium per cubic meter of air average. For any enrichment, the product of the average concentration and time of exposure during a 40-hour work week shall not exceed 8E-3 (SA) µCi-hr/ml, where SA is the specific activity of the uranium inhaled. The specific activity for natural uranium is 6.77E-7 curies per gram U. The specific activity for other mixtures of U-238, U-235, and U-234, if not known, shall be:

SA = 3.6E-7 curies/gram U U-depleted

SA = [0.4 + 0.38 (enrichment) + 0.0034 (enrichment)2] E-6, enrichment > 0.72

where enrichment is the percentage by weight of U-235, expressed as percent. NOTE:

1. If the identity of each radionuclide in a mixture is known but the concentration of one or more of the radionuclides in the mixture is not known, the DAC for the mixture shall be the most restrictive DAC of any radionuclide in the mixture.

2. If the identity of each radionuclide in the mixture is not known, but it is known that certain radionuclides specified in this Appendix are not present in the mixture, the inhalation ALI, DAC, and effluent and sewage concentrations for the mixture are the lowest values specified in this Appendix for any radionuclide that is not known to be absent from the mixture; or\

Atomic No.

Radionuclide

Class

Table I

Occupational Values

Table II

Effluent Concentrations

Table III

Col. 1

Col. 2

Col. 3

Col. 1

Col. 2

Releases to Sewers Monthly Average Concentration (µCi/ml)

Oral Ingestion

Inhalation

Air

Water

ALI (µCi)

( AL Ci)

(DAC µCiml)

(µCi/ml)

(µCi/ml)

If it is known that Ac-227-D and Cm-250-W are not present

-

7E-4

3E-13

-

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Ac-227-W,Y, Th-229-W,Y, Th-230-W, Th-232-W,Y, Pa-231-W,Y, Np-237-W, Pu-239-W, Pu-240-W, Pu-242-W, Am-241-W, Am-242m-W, Am-243-W, Cm-245-W, Cm-246-W, Cm-247-W, Cm-248-W, Bk-247-W, Cf-249-W, and Cf-251-W are not present

-

7E-3

3E-12

-

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Sm-146-W, Sm-147-W, Gd-148-D,W, Gd-152-D,W, Th-228-W,Y, Th-230-Y, U-232-Y, U-233-Y, U-234-Y, U-235-Y, U-236-Y, U-238-Y, Np-236-W, Pu-236-W,Y, Pu-238-W,Y, Pu-239-Y, Pu-240-Y, Pu-242-Y, Pu-244-W,Y, Cm-243-W, Cm-244-W, Cf-248-W, Cf-249-Y, Cf-250-W,Y, Cf-251-Y, Cf-252-WY, and Cf-254-W,Y are not present

-

7E-2

3E-11

-

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Pb-210-D, Bi-210m-W, Po-210-D,W, Ra-223-W, Ra-225-W, Ra-226-W, Ac-225-D,W,Y, Th-227-W,Y, U-230-D,W,Y, U-232-D,W, Pu-241-W, Cm-240-W, Cm-242-W, Cf-248-Y, Es-254-W, Fm-257-W, and Md-258-W are not present

-

7E-1

3E-10

-

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Si-32-Y, Ti-44-Y, Fe-60-D, Sr-90-Y, Zr-93-D, Cd-113m-D, Cd-113-D, In-115-D,W, La-138-D, Lu-176-W, Hf-178m-D,W, Hf-182-D,W, Bi-210m-D, Ra-224-W, Ra-228-W, Ac-226-D,W,Y, Pa-230-W,Y, U-233-D,W, U-234-D,W, U-235-D,W, U-236-D,W, U-238-D,W, Pu-241-Y, Bk-249-W, Cf-253-W,Y, and Es-253-W are not present

-

7E+0

3E-9

-

-

-

If it is known that Ac-227-D,W,Y, Th-229-W,Y, Th-232-W,Y, Pa-231-W,Y, Cm-248-W, and Cm-250-W are not present

-

-

-

1E-14

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Sm-146-W, Gd-148-D,W, Gd-152-D, Th-228-W,Y, Th-230-W,Y, U-232-Y, U-233-Y, U-234-Y, U-235-Y, U-236-Y, U-238-Y, U-Nat-Y, Np-236-W, Np-237-W, Pu-236-W,Y, Pu-238-W,Y, Pu-239-W,Y, Pu-240-W,Y, Pu-242-W,Y, Pu-244-W,Y, Am-241-W, Am-242m-W, Am-243-W, Cm-243-W, Cm-244-W, Cm-245-W, Cm-246-W, Cm-247-W, Bk-247-W, Cf-249-W,Y, Cf-250-W,Y, Cf-251-W,Y, Cf-252-W,Y, and Cf-254-W,Y are not present

-

-

-

1E-13

-

-

If, in addition, it is known that Sm-147-W, Gd-152-W, Pb-210-D, Bi-210m-W, Po-210-D,W, Ra-223-W, Ra-225-W, Ra-226-W, Ac-225-D,W,Y, Th-227-W,Y, U-230-D,W,Y, U-232-D,W, U-Nat-W, Pu-241-W, Cm-240-W, Cm-242-W, Cf-248-W,Y, Es-254-W, Fm-257-W, and Md-258-W are not present

-

-

-

-

1E-12

-

If, in addition it is known that Fe-60, Sr-90, Cd-113m, Cd-113, In-115, I-129, Cs-134, Sm-145, Sm-147, Gd-148, Gd-152, Hg-194 (organic), Bi-210m, Ra-223, Ra-224, Ra-225, Ac-225, Th-228, Th-230, U-233, U-234, U-235, U-236, U-238, U-Nat, Cm-242, Cf-248, Es-254, Fm-257, and Md-258 are not present

-

-

-

-

1E-6

1E-5

3. If a mixture of radionuclides consists of Uranium and its daughters in ore dust (10 µm AMAD particle distribution assumed) prior to chemical separation of the Uranium from the ore, the following values may be used for the DAC of the mixture: 6E-11 µCi of gross alpha activity from Uranium-238, Uranium-234, Thorium-230, and Radium-226 per milliliter of air; 3E-11 µCi of natural uranium per milliliter of air; or 45 micrograms of natural uranium per cubic meter of air.

4. If the identity and concentration of each radionuclide in a mixture are known, the limiting values should be derived as follows: determine, for each radionuclide in the mixture, the ratio between the concentration present in the mixture and the concentration otherwise established in Appendix B to Article 4 for the specific radionuclide when not in a mixture. The sum of such ratios for all of the radionuclides in the mixture may not exceed "1" (i.e., "unity").

Example: If radionuclides "A," "B," and "C" are present in concentrations CA, Cb, and CC, and if the applicable DACs are DACA, DACb and DACC, respectively then the concentrations shall be limited so that the following relationship exists:

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