Copyright Office – Federal Register Recent Federal Regulation Documents

Mandatory Deposit of Electronic-Only Books
Document Number: 2020-12969
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-06-29
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is issuing a revised proposed rule to make electronic-only books published in the United States subject to the Copyright Act's mandatory deposit provisions if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office. In response to comments received in response to the Office's April 16, 2018 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the revised proposed rule makes additional clarifying edits to the definition of an ``electronic-only book'' and adjusts the requirements related to employment of technological protection measures. This document also updates the public on developments subsequently announced by the Library of Congress related to certain questions raised in public comments with respect to its digital collection strategy and information technology security matters.
Sovereign Immunity Study: Notice and Request for Public Comment
Document Number: 2020-13725
Type: Notice
Date: 2020-06-24
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its June 3, 2020, notice of inquiry regarding its state sovereign immunity policy study. In addition, the Office is providing for a second round of written comments.
Exemptions to Permit Circumvention of Access Controls on Copyrighted Works
Document Number: 2020-12911
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-06-22
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is initiating the eighth triennial rulemaking proceeding under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (``DMCA''), to consider possible temporary exemptions to the DMCA's prohibition against circumvention of technological measures that control access to copyrighted works. In this proceeding, the Copyright Office is again providing a streamlined procedure for the renewal of exemptions that were granted during the seventh triennial rulemaking. If renewed, those current exemptions would remain in force for an additional three-year period (October 2021-October 2024). Members of the public seeking the renewal of current exemptions should submit petitions as described below; parties opposing such renewal will then have the opportunity to file comments in response. The Office is also accepting petitions for new exemptions to engage in activities not currently permitted by existing exemptions, which may include proposals that expand upon a current exemption. Those petitions, and any renewal petitions that are meaningfully opposed, will be considered pursuant to a more comprehensive rulemaking process similar to that of the seventh rulemaking, including three rounds of written comment, followed by public hearings, which may be conducted virtually.
Group Registration of Short Online Literary Works
Document Number: 2020-12041
Type: Rule
Date: 2020-06-22
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulations to establish a new group registration option for short online literary works. This final rule largely adopts the eligibility requirements set forth in the Office's December 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking, with certain updates. To qualify for this option, each work must contain at least 50 but no more than 17,500 words. The works must be created by the same individual, or jointly by the same individuals, and each creator must be named as the copyright claimant or claimants for each work. The works must all be published online within a three-calendar- month period. If these requirements have been met, the applicant may submit up to 50 works with one application and one filing fee. The applicant must complete an online application designated for a group of ``Short Online Literary Works'' and upload a .ZIP file containing a separate digital file for each work. The Office will examine each work to determine if it contains a sufficient amount of creative authorship, and if the Office registers the claim, the registration will cover each work as a separate work of authorship.
Online Publication; Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2020-06979
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-04-09
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written reply comments in response to its December 4, 2019 notification of inquiry regarding online publication.
Registration Modernization
Document Number: 2020-05696
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-03-20
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its March 3, 2020, statement of policy and notification of inquiry regarding registration modernization.
Registration Modernization
Document Number: 2020-04435
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-03-03
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
In conjunction with the development of new technological infrastructure for the copyright registration system, on October 17, 2018, the U.S. Copyright Office solicited public input regarding potential regulatory and practice updates to improve the system's efficiency for both users and the Office. The Office sought and received public comment on three main areas of proposed reform: The administration and substance of the application for registration, the utility of the public record, and the deposit requirements for registration. After reviewing the comments, the Office is announcing intended practice updates, to be adopted in conjunction with the deployment of the new technological system that the Library of Congress is building for the Office. The Office also seeks further comment on two proposals to permit post-registration edits to rights and permissions information, and to permit voluntary submission of additional deposit information to be included in the public record.
DMCA Designated Agent Post Office Box Waiver Request Process
Document Number: 2020-03260
Type: Rule
Date: 2020-02-27
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
This final rule makes non-substantive technical amendments to the U.S. Copyright Office's regulations governing the submission of designated agent and service provider information to the Office pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (``DMCA'').
Email Rule for Statutory Litigation Notices
Document Number: 2020-02374
Type: Rule
Date: 2020-02-25
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a final rule amending its procedures for submitting notices to the Office pursuant to sections 411 and 508 of the Copyright Act. Previously, these notices were submitted by mail to two different addresses, which risked delays and caused unnecessary burdens for both submitters and the Office. The new rule will alleviate these issues by requiring these notices to be submitted by email.
Group Registration of Newsletters
Document Number: 2020-03376
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-02-24
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to amend its regulation governing the group registration option for newsletter issues. The proposed rule eliminates the requirement that newsletters must be published at least two days each week to qualify for a group registration. This will let a broader range of newsletter publishers register a month of issues, without imposing an administrative burden on the Office. In addition, the proposed rule updates the address where complimentary subscriptions should be sent for purposes of satisfying the mandatory deposit requirement for newsletters and other serials.
Copyright Office Fees
Document Number: 2020-03268
Type: Rule
Date: 2020-02-19
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is publishing a final rule establishing adjusted fees for its services. The adjusted fees will recover a significant portion of the costs to the Office of registering copyright claims and provide greater cost recovery for certain other services provided by the Office. The new fee schedule reflects some increased and decreased fees, as well as some fees that the Office determined did not require adjustment. For example, under the new fee structure, the online Standard Application registration fee will increase from $55 to $65; the fee to register a group of published or unpublished photographs, however, will remain at $55. In addition to fees for registration and recordation, this final rule establishes adjusted fees for special services and Licensing Division services.
Modernizing Copyright Recordation
Document Number: 2020-01091
Type: Rule
Date: 2020-01-23
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is issuing a supplemental interim rule amending its regulations governing recordation of transfers of copyright ownership, notices of termination, and other documents pertaining to a copyright. This rule supplements the Office's current interim recordation regulations in anticipation of the Office's forthcoming pilot program through which participating remitters will be able to record certain types of documents electronically online. The supplemental interim rule and pilot program are the next step in the recordation modernization process, which will lead to a full public release of the Office's electronic recordation system in the future.
Online Publication
Document Number: 2020-00653
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2020-01-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written reply comments in response to its December 4, 2019 notification of inquiry regarding online publication.
Online Publication
Document Number: 2019-26004
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2019-12-04
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is undertaking an effort to provide additional guidance regarding the determination of a work's publication status for registration purposes. To aid this effort, the Office is seeking public input on this topic, including feedback regarding issues that require clarification generally, as well specific suggestions about how the Office may consider amending its regulations and, as appropriate, effectively advise Congress regarding possible changes to the Copyright Act. Based on this feedback, the Office may solicit further written comments and/or schedule public meetings before moving to a rulemaking process.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2019-24450
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-11-12
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulation governing the group registration option for newspapers. Under the current regulation, applicants are required to upload a complete copy of each newspaper issue through the Office's electronic registration system. Applicants may also submit their newspaper issues on microfilm on a voluntary basis (in addition to and at the same time as submitting the required digital files), provided the microfilm is received by December 31, 2019. The microfilm option expires at the end of this year; therefore, today's final rule eliminates the reference to that option.
Unclaimed Royalties Study: Announcement of Public Symposium
Document Number: 2019-23625
Type: Notice
Date: 2019-10-30
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
As directed by the Music Modernization Act, the U.S. Copyright Office is conducting a study to evaluate best practices that the Mechanical Licensing Collective should implement in the following areas: (1) To identify and locate musical work copyright owners and unclaimed accrued royalties held by the collective; (2) to encourage musical work copyright owners to claim the royalties of those owners; and (3) to reduce the incidence of unclaimed royalties. To initiate this effort, the Office is holding a one-day symposium to provide an educational foundation and facilitate public discussion on issues relevant to the study. Following this symposium, the Office will separately issue Notices of Inquiry soliciting written comments and announcing roundtables, both of which will provide opportunities for public input on the Unclaimed Royalties Study.
Copyright Office Fees
Document Number: 2019-12976
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2019-06-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
As part of its ongoing fee study, the Copyright Office proposes limited revisions to its previously proposed fee schedule relating to document recordation and new prospective group registration options. The proposed modifications would adjust the fee structure for document recordation from a fee formula based on the number of titles to a formula based on the number of works and alternate titles and registration numbers to which a document pertains, and make certain other clarifications. The Office is also noticing its intention to issue fees for its previously-proposed group registration options for short online literary works and for works contained on an album of music. The Office is providing an opportunity to the public to comment on these specific proposed changes before the Office's fee schedule is submitted to Congress.
Public Draft of the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices
Document Number: 2019-09895
Type: Notice
Date: 2019-05-14
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its March 15, 2019, notice announcing the release of a public draft of an update to its administrative manual, the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, Third Edition.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited; Correction
Document Number: 2019-09555
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-05-09
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is correcting a final rule that appeared in the Federal Register on April 9, 2019. The document incorrectly numbered paragraphs governing the filing fees of certain documents that can be filed with the Copyright Office.
Architectural Works
Document Number: 2019-08136
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-04-23
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulations pertaining to the registration of architectural works. To improve the efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system, the final rule will require applicants to submit their claims using an online application, rather than a paper application. Applicants will be required to provide a date of construction, but only if the work was embodied in unpublished plans or drawings on or before December 1, 1990 and if the work was constructed before January 1, 2003. And, applicants will be encouragedbut not requiredto upload a digital copy of their architectural works through the electronic registration system, instead of submitting a physical copy.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited
Document Number: 2019-06883
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-04-09
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a final rule regarding the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the Orrin G. Hatch- Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. In connection with the establishment of federal remedies for unauthorized uses of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972 (``Pre-1972 Sound Recordings''), Congress established an exception for certain noncommercial uses of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings that are not being commercially exploited. To qualify for this exception, a user must file a notice of noncommercial use after conducting a good faith, reasonable search to determine whether the Pre-1972 Sound Recording is being commercially exploited, and the rights owner of the sound recording must not object to the use within 90 days. After soliciting three rounds of public comments through a notice of inquiry and a notice of proposed rulemaking, the Office is issuing final regulations identifying the specific steps that a user should take to demonstrate she has made a good faith, reasonable search. The rule also details the filing requirements for the user to submit a notice of noncommercial use and for a rights owner to submit a notice opting out of such use.
Filing of Schedules by Rights Owners and Contact Information by Transmitting Entities Relating to Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
Document Number: 2019-05549
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-03-22
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
Pursuant to the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act (``MMA''), the U.S. Copyright Office is adopting as final a rule regarding the filing of schedules by rights owners listing their sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972, and the filing of contact information by entities publicly performing these sound recordings by means of digital audio transmission. This rule largely finalizes the interim rule published on October 16, 2018, with some adjustments adopted in response to public comment.
Public Draft of the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices
Document Number: 2019-04798
Type: Notice
Date: 2019-03-15
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is announcing the release of a public draft of an update to its administrative manual, the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, Third Edition. The update has been released in draft form to give the public an opportunity to review and provide comments on the revisions.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2019-02186
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-02-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulation governing the group registration option for newspaper issues. This rule will eliminate the three-month deadline for submitting this type of claim. Based on requests received from several newspaper publishers, the Office has determined that there is a legitimate need to make this change effective immediately.
Group Registration of Unpublished Works
Document Number: 2019-02185
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-02-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is modernizing its practices and procedures to increase the efficiency and quality of the registration process. As part of this effort, this final rule establishes a new group registration option for a limited number of unpublished works, replacing the prior accommodation for ``unpublished collections.'' The new group registration option will allow the Office to examine each work for copyrightable authorship, create a more robust record of the claim, and improve the overall efficiency of the registration process. In addition, the final rule makes certain technical amendments to the regulations governing the group registration option for photographs.
Freedom of Information Act Regulations
Document Number: 2019-02181
Type: Rule
Date: 2019-02-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a final rule that amends its regulations governing its practices and procedures under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The final rule closely follows the February 7, 2017 interim rule, implementing the FOIA Improvement Act of 2016. The final rule makes limited modifications to align with public comments and to promote further regulatory clarity and customer service.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited
Document Number: 2019-00873
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2019-02-05
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office (``Copyright Office'' or ``Office'') is issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking regarding the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. In connection with the establishment of federal remedies for unauthorized uses of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972 (``Pre-1972 Sound Recordings''), Congress also established an exception for certain noncommercial uses of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings that are not being commercially exploited. To qualify for this exemption, a user must file a notice of noncommercial use after conducting a good faith, reasonable search to determine whether the Pre-1972 Sound Recording is being commercially exploited, and the rights owner of the sound recording must not object to the use within 90 days. After soliciting public comments through a notice of inquiry, the Office is proposing regulations identifying the specific steps that a user should take to demonstrate she has made a good faith, reasonable search. The proposed rule also details the filing requirements for the user to submit a notice of noncommercial use and for a rights owner to submit a notice objecting to such use.
Copyright Restoration of Works in Accordance with the Uruguay Round Agreements Act
Document Number: 2019-00874
Type: Notice
Date: 2019-02-04
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is publishing a list of works for which it has received and processed a Notice of Intent to Enforce copyrights restored under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act. The Office is required by law to publish such lists to provide a public record of works in which copyrights have been restored and whose owners have notified the Office of their intent to enforce those copyrights. In addition, publication triggers the statutory 12-month grace period within which reliance parties may continue to exploit existing copies of the identified works.
Section 512 Study: Announcement of Public Roundtable
Document Number: 2019-00573
Type: Notice
Date: 2019-02-01
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is conducting a study to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of the Copyright Act's safe harbor provisions for online service providers. At this time, the Office is announcing that it will hold a one-day public roundtable to allow interested members of the public to address relevant domestic and international developments that have occurred since the close of the written comment period on February 6, 2017. The roundtable is not intended to allow participants to supplement the record with respect to events occurring before that date, and discussion will be limited to the specific topics set forth in this notice.
Streamlining the Single Application and Clarifying Eligibility Requirements
Document Number: 2018-27823
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-12-27
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulations to update the eligibility requirements for its application forms to reflect recent technical updates. The final rule clarifies that the Single Application may be used to register one work that is created and solely owned by one author and is not a work made for hire. It also confirms that this application may be used to register one sound recording and one musical work, literary work, or dramatic work, notwithstanding the fact that a sound recording and the work embodied in that recording are separate works. The final rule further clarifies the eligibility requirements for the Standard Application, which may be used to register certain works that are not eligible for the Single Application. It updates the eligibility requirements for the paper applications of both the Single Application and Standard Application by clarifying that these forms may be certified with a typed, printed, or handwritten signature, and by eliminating the ``short form'' version of these forms. The rule also makes several technical amendments to the regulations governing preregistration, mask works, vessel designs, the unit of publication registration option, and the group registration option for database updates.
Request for Information on Designation of Mechanical Licensing Collective and Digital Licensee Coordinator
Document Number: 2018-27743
Type: Notice
Date: 2018-12-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a notice of inquiry regarding the Musical Works Modernization Act, title I of the Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act (``MMA''), enacted on October 11, 2018. The MMA made significant modifications to the compulsory license in section 115 of title 17 for making and distributing phonorecords of musical works (the ``mechanical license''). Among the many changes to the section 115 compulsory license, the MMA calls for establishing a collective to manage a new blanket licensing system governing licensed uses of musical works by digital music providers. The Register of Copyrights is directed to designate the mechanical licensing collective and the digital licensee coordinator that will carry out key functions under the new blanket license. The Office now solicits information to identify the appropriate entities to be designated. The information received in response to this notice of inquiry will be publicly posted, and interested members of the public may publicly comment on the submissions. After consideration of the record material, the Register will publish a notice in the Federal Register setting forth the identity of and contact information for the mechanical licensing collective and digital licensee coordinator, and the reasons for the designations.
Group Registration of Short Online Literary Works
Document Number: 2018-27543
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-12-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to create a new group registration option for certain types of literary works. To qualify for this option, each work must contain at least 100 but no more than 17,500 words. The works must be created by the same individual, and that individual must be named as the copyright claimant for each work. The works must all be published online within a three-calendar-month period. If these requirements have been met, the applicant may submit up to 50 works with one application and one filing fee. The applicant must complete the online application designated for a ``literary work'' and upload a digital copy of each work. The Office will examine each work to determine if it contains a sufficient amount of creative authorship, and if the Office registers the claim, the registration will cover each work as a separate work of authorship. The Office invites comment on this proposal.
Notices of Intention and Statements of Account Under Compulsory License To Make and Distribute Phonorecords of Musical Works
Document Number: 2018-26579
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-12-07
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing interim regulations pursuant to the Musical Works Modernization Act, title I of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. This interim rule amends the Office's existing regulations pertaining to the compulsory license to make and distribute phonorecords of musical works so as to conform the existing regulations to the new law, including with respect to the operation of notices of intention and statements of account, and to make other minor technical updates. To be clear, this interim rule is generally directed at the present transition period before a blanket license is offered by a mechanical licensing collective and does not include regulatory updates that may be required in connection with the future offering of that blanket license; such updates will be the subject of future rulemakings. These regulations are issued on an interim basis with opportunity for public comment to avoid delay in making these necessary updates and clarifications and because they are technical in nature. The Office welcomes comment on these interim regulations.
Group Registration of Newsletters and Serials
Document Number: 2018-26091
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-11-30
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulations governing the group registration options for newsletters and serials. With respect to group newsletters, the final rule amends the definition of ``newsletter,'' eliminating the requirement that each issue must be a work made for hire, and the provision stating that group newsletter claims must be received within three months after publication. Under the final rule, newsletter publishers now should register their issues with the online application and upload a digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in a physical form. With respect to group serials, the final rule clarifies that serials governed by the rule generally must be published at intervals of a week or longer, and that the publication dates provided in the application need not match the dates appearing on the issues themselves. In addition, the rule phases out the paper application for group serials and the submission of physical copies. Beginning one year after the rule goes into effect, serial publishers will be required to use the online application for group serials and to upload a digital copy of each issue, rather than submitting them in a physical form. The final rule updates the regulations for both newsletters and serials by confirming that publishers do not need to provide the Library of Congress with complimentary subscriptions to or microfilm of each issue as a condition for registering their works with the Office, but newsletter and serial issues that are submitted for purposes of registration will no longer satisfy the mandatory deposit requirement. Publishers will be expected to separately provide the Library with two complimentary subscriptions if the newsletter or serial is published in the United States in a physical format (unless the publisher is informed that the publication is not needed for the Library's collections). If the newsletter or serial is published solely in electronic form, the publisher will remain exempt from mandatory deposit unless the Office issues a formal demand for copies of that publication.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-24848
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-11-15
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its October 16, 2018 notice of inquiry regarding the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act.
Registration Modernization
Document Number: 2018-22486
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-10-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is building a new registration system to meet the demands of the digital age. As the Office develops a new technological infrastructure for this system, it is considering several legal and policy changes to improve user experience, increase Office efficiency, and decrease processing times. The Office is seeking public comment to inform its decisions on how to improve the regulations and practices related to the registration of copyright claims.
Filing of Schedules by Rights Owners and Contact Information by Transmitting Entities Relating to Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
Document Number: 2018-22518
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-10-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing interim regulations pursuant to the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. These regulations pertain to the filing of schedules by rights owners listing their sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972, and the filing of contact information by entities publicly performing these sound recordings by means of digital audio transmission. As required under the Act, the Office is also specifying how individuals may request timely notification of the filing of such schedules with the Office. These regulations are issued on an interim basis with opportunity for comment to comply with statutory requirements and to ensure that both rights owners and transmitting entities can promptly make use of these new filing mechanisms to protect their respective legal interests. The Office welcomes comment on these interim rules.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited
Document Number: 2018-22516
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-10-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a notice of inquiry regarding the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. In connection with the establishment of federal remedies for unauthorized uses of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972 (``Pre-1972 Sound Recordings''), Congress also established an exception for certain noncommercial uses of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings that are not being commercially exploited. To qualify for this exemption, a user must file a notice of noncommercial use after conducting a good faith, reasonable search to determine whether the Pre-1972 Sound Recording is being commercially exploited, and the rights owner of the sound recording must not object to the use within 90 days. To promulgate the regulations required by the new statute, the Office is soliciting comments regarding specific steps that a user should take to demonstrate she has made a good faith, reasonable search. The Office also solicits comments regarding the filing requirements for the user to submit a notice of noncommercial use and for a rights owner to submit a notice objecting to such use.
Streamlining the Administration of DART Royalty Accounts and Electronic Royalty Payment Processes
Document Number: 2018-22372
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-10-15
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is establishing a rule to codify its procedures for closing royalty payments accounts under section 1005 of the Copyright Act, and is amending its regulations governing online payment procedures for statutory licensing statements of account to no longer require that payments for these accounts be made in a single lump sum. These changes are intended to improve the efficiency of the Copyright Office's Licensing Division operations.
Streamlining the Administration of DART Royalty Accounts and Electronic Royalty Payment Processes
Document Number: 2018-14543
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-07-11
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is proposing to establish a regulation regarding its procedures for closing out royalty payments accounts under section 1005, and updating its regulations governing online payment procedures for cable, satellite, and digital audio recording technology (``DART'') statements of account to no longer require that payments be made in a single lump sum. These amendments are intended to improve the efficiency of the Copyright Office's Licensing Division operations.
Copyright Office Fees: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-13323
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 24, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking proposing the adoption of a new fee schedule.
Group Registration of Serials
Document Number: 2018-13018
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-18
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 17, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking regarding amendments to its regulation governing the group registration option for serials.
Group Registration of Newsletters
Document Number: 2018-13017
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-18
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 17, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking regarding amendments to its regulation governing the group registration option for newsletters.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2018-12080
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-06
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is extending the deadlines for the submission of written comments in response to its December 1, 2017 notice of proposed rulemaking concerning the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2018-11841
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-06-01
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulation governing the deposit of published copies or phonorecords for the Library of Congress to correct an inadvertent error.
Copyright Office Fees
Document Number: 2018-11095
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-24
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is proposing the adoption of a new fee schedule. The proposed fees would help the Office recover a significant part, though not the whole, of its costs. The Office is providing an opportunity to the public to comment on the proposed changes before it submits the fee schedule to Congress.
Group Registration of Serials
Document Number: 2018-10422
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to update its regulation governing the group registration option for serialsworks such as magazines and journals. The proposed rule will make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the proposed rule will require applicants to file an online application rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. It will update the eligibility requirements for this group option in several respects, such as clarifying that each issue must be published under the same continuing title. In addition, the proposed rule will remove the requirement that the claimant provide the Library of Congress with two complimentary subscriptions to that serial as a condition for using the group registration option. Under the proposed rule, however, serial publishers will remain subject to the mandatory deposit requirement. Specifically, if a serial is published in the United States in a physical format, the publisher must send complimentary subscriptions to the Library, unless it is informed that the serial title is not needed for the Library's collection. Serials published only in electronic form will continue to be subject to the existing on-demand mandatory deposit regime. The Office invites public comment on these proposed changes.
Group Registration of Newsletters
Document Number: 2018-10420
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to update its regulation governing the group registration option for newsletters, which are defined in part as a class of serials that are published at least two days each week. The proposed rule would make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the proposed rule would require applicants to file an online application, rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. The proposed rule would amend the definition of ``newsletter,'' and eliminate the requirement that each issue must be a work made for hire and the requirement that the applicants submit their claims within a certain period of time. In addition, the proposed rule would remove the requirement that the claimant provide the Library with complimentary subscriptions to or microfilm of the newsletter as a condition for using the group registration option. Under the proposed rule, however, newsletter publishers would remain subject to the mandatory deposit requirement. Specifically, if the newsletter is published in the United States in a physical format, the publisher must provide the Library with two complimentary subscriptions to the newsletter, unless it is informed that the newsletter is not needed for the Library's collections. Newsletters published only in electronic form would continue to be subject to the general, existing on-demand mandatory deposit regime for electronic serials. The Office invites public comment on these proposed changes.
Mandatory Deposit of Electronic-Only Books: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-10421
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is further extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its April 16, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking, regarding revisions to its regulations to finalize a 2010 interim rule regarding mandatory deposit of electronic-only works, and to make electronic-only books published in the United States subject to the mandatory deposit requirements if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office.
Mandatory Deposit of Electronic-Only Books
Document Number: 2018-07484
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-04-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
Section 407 of the Copyright Act requires the mandatory deposit with the Copyright Office (``Office'') of all works published in the United States, within three months of publication, for use by the Library of Congress (``Library''). The Office is allowed to exclude certain classes of works from this requirement. In a 2010 interim rule, the Office codified its longstanding practice of excluding from the mandatory deposit requirements all electronic works that are not otherwise available in a physical format (i.e., ``electronic works published in the United States and available only online.''). The 2010 interim rule created one exception to this general rule for electronic- only serials, which are subject to mandatory deposit, if they are published in the United States and if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office. On May 17, 2016, the Office published a Notice of Inquiry seeking public comment on potential regulatory changes that would make the interim rule final and would make electronic-only books and sound recordings subject to mandatory deposit requirements by way of the same demand process. Based on the responses to the NOI and input from the Library, the Office proposes revising its regulations to make the interim rule final, and to make electronic-only books published in the United States subject to the mandatory deposit requirements if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office. The proposed rule does not address mandatory deposit of electronic-only sound recordings.