The Department of Justice is amending the regulations of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) to clarify that bump-stock-type devicesmeaning ``bump fire'' stocks, slide-fire devices, and devices with certain similar characteristicsare ``machineguns'' as defined by the National Firearms Act of 1934 and the Gun Control Act of 1968 because such devices allow a shooter of a semiautomatic firearm to initiate a continuous firing cycle with a single pull of the trigger. Specifically, these devices convert an otherwise semiautomatic firearm into a machinegun by functioning as a self-acting or self-regulating mechanism that harnesses the recoil energy of the semiautomatic firearm in a manner that allows the trigger to reset and continue firing without additional physical manipulation of the trigger by the shooter. Hence, a semiautomatic firearm to which a bump-stock-type device is attached is able to produce automatic fire with a single pull of the trigger. With limited exceptions, the Gun Control Act, as amended, makes it unlawful for any person to transfer or possess a machinegun unless it was lawfully possessed prior to the effective date of the statute. The bump-stock-type devices covered by this final rule were not in existence prior to the effective date of the statute, and therefore will be prohibited when this rule becomes effective. Consequently, under the final rule, current possessors of these devices will be required to destroy the devices or abandon them at an ATF office prior to the effective date of the rule.
Commerce in Explosives; 2018 Annual List of Explosive Materials
Pursuant to United States Code and the Code of Federal Regulations, the Department must publish and revise at least annually in the Federal Register a list of explosives determined to be within the coverage of pertinent United States Code. The list covers not only explosives, but also blasting agents and detonators, all of which are defined as ``explosive materials'' in pertinent United States Code. The 2017 Annual List of Explosives inadvertently omitted a letter in one of the explosive materials. This notice does not make any substantive changes to the 2017 annual list; however, it corrects the list and publishes the 2018 Annual List of Explosive Materials.