Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts
Pursuant to section 994(a), (o), and (p) of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission is considering promulgating certain amendments to the sentencing guidelines, policy statements, and commentary. This notice sets forth the proposed amendments and, for each proposed amendment, a synopsis of the issues addressed by that amendment. This notice also sets forth a number of issues for comment, some of which are set forth together with the proposed amendments; some of which are set forth independent of any proposed amendment; and one of which (regarding retroactive application of proposed amendments) is set forth in the Supplementary Information portion of this notice. The proposed amendments and issues for comment in this notice are as follows: (1) a proposed amendment to Sec. 1B1.10 (Reduction in Term of Imprisonment as a Result of Amended Guideline Range (Policy Statement)) to respond to two circuit conflicts involving the effect of a mandatory minimum sentence on the guideline range in resentencing proceedings under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 3582(c)(2); (2) a proposed amendment to respond to the new and expanded criminal offenses and increased statutory penalties provided by the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, Public Law 113-B4 (March 7, 2013), including (A) options to amend Sec. Sec. 2A2.2 (Aggravated Assault), 2A2.3 (Minor Assault), and 2A6.2 (Stalking or Domestic Violence) to address statutory changes to 18 U.S.C. Sec. Sec. 113, 2261, 2261A, and 2262, and (B) options to amend Appendix A (Statutory Index) to address certain offenses established or affected by that Act, including 18 U.S.C. Sec. 113, 1153, 1597, and 2423; 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1375a; and 47 U.S.C. Sec. 223, and related issues for comment; (3) a proposed amendment to the guidelines applicable to drug offenses, including (A) a detailed request for comment on whether any changes should be made to the Drug Quantity Table in Sec. 2D1.1 (Unlawful Manufacturing, Importing, Exporting, or Trafficking (Including Possession with Intent to Commit These Offenses); Attempt or Conspiracy) across drug types; (B) a proposed amendment that illustrates one possible set of changes to the Drug Quantity Table in Sec. 2D1.1, together with conforming changes to the chemical quantity tables in Sec. 2D1.11 (Unlawfully Distributing, Importing, Exporting or Possessing a Listed Chemical; Attempt or Conspiracy); and (C) an issue for comment on whether the guidelines adequately address the environmental and other harms of drug production operations (including, in particular, the cultivation of marihuana) on public lands or while trespassing on private property; (4) a proposed amendment to Sec. 2K2.1 (Unlawful Receipt, Possession, or Transportation of Firearms or Ammunition; Prohibited Transactions Involving Firearms or Ammunition) to clarify how principles of relevant conduct apply in cases in which the defendant is convicted of a firearms offense (e.g., being a felon in possession of a firearm) in two situations: first, when the defendant unlawfully possessed one firearm on one occasion and a different firearm on another occasion (but was not necessarily convicted of the second offense); and second, when the defendant unlawfully possessed a firearm and also used a firearm in connection with another offense, such as robbery or attempted murder (but was not necessarily convicted of the other offense), and related issues for comment; (5) a proposed amendment to Sec. 2L1.1 (Smuggling, Transporting, or Harboring an Unlawful Alien) to address cases in which aliens are transported through dangerous terrain, e.g., along the southern border of the United States, and related issues for comment; (6) a proposed amendment to address differences among the circuits in the calculation of the guideline range of supervised release under Sec. 5D1.2 (Term of Supervised Release) in two situations: first, when there is a statutory minimum term of supervised release; and second, when the instant offense of conviction is failure to register as a sex offender under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2250, and related issues for comment; and (7) a proposed amendment to Sec. 5G1.3 (Imposition of a Sentence on a Defendant Subject to an Undischarged Term of Imprisonment) to address certain types of cases in which the defendant is subject to an undischarged term of imprisonment, including (A) a proposed change requiring the court to account for an undischarged term of imprisonment that is relevant conduct to the instant federal offense of conviction but does not result in a Chapter Two or Chapter Three increase; (B) a proposed change allowing the court to account for an undischarged state term of imprisonment that is anticipated but not yet imposed; and (C) a proposed change allowing the court to adjust the sentence if the defendant is a deportable alien who is likely to be deported after imprisonment and is serving an undischarged term of imprisonment that resulted from an unrelated offense, and related issues for comment.