Special Conditions: Dassault Aviation Model Falcon 6X, Limit Pilot Forces-Side-Stick Controller, 16387-16388 [2022-06171]

Download as PDF 16387 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 23, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Maximum flush rate (gpf (Lpf)) Water closet type (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) * Gravity flush tank water closet ................................................................................................................... Flushometer tank water closet ................................................................................................................... Electromechanical hydraulic water closet .................................................................................................. Blowout bowl water closet ......................................................................................................................... Flushometer valve water closets, other than those with blowout bowls ................................................... * * * * [FR Doc. 2022–06138 Filed 3–22–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 25 [Docket No. FAA–2014–1076; Special Conditions No. 25–607A–SC] Special Conditions: Dassault Aviation Model Falcon 6X, Limit Pilot Forces— Side-Stick Controller Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final special conditions; amendment. AGENCY: These special conditions are issued for the Dassault Aviation (Dassault) Model Falcon 6X airplane. This airplane will have a novel or unusual design feature when compared to the state of technology envisioned in the airworthiness standards for transport-category airplanes. This airplane is equipped with an electronic flight-control system that includes pilot controls through a side stick instead of through a conventional wheel or control stick. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. DATES: This action is effective on Dassault on March 23, 2022. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Todd Martin, Materials and Structural Properties Section, AIR–621, Technical Innovation Policy Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service, Federal Aviation Administration, 2200 South 216th Street, Des Moines, Washington 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3210; email todd.martin@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Manufactured after January 1, 1994 VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:58 Mar 22, 2022 Jkt 256001 Background On July 1, 2012, Dassault Aviation applied for a type certificate for their new Model Falcon 5X airplane. Special conditions were issued for that design on January 27, 2016 (81 FR 4579). However, Dassault has decided not to release an airplane under the model designation Falcon 5X, instead choosing to change that model designation to Falcon 6X. In February of 2018, due to engine supplier issues, Dassault extended the type certificate application date for their Model Falcon 5X airplane under new Model Falcon 6X. This amendment to the original special conditions reflects the model-name change. This airplane is a twin-engine business jet with seating for 19 passengers and a maximum takeoff weight of 77,460 pounds. The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane design remains unchanged from the Model Falcon 5X in all material respects other than different engines. Type Certification Basis Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.17, Dassault must show that the Model Falcon 6X airplane meets the applicable provisions of part 25, as amended by Amendments 25–1 through 25–146. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16. Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to the other model under § 21.101. In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane must comply with the fuelvent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the noise- PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 1.6 (6.0) 1.6 (6.0) 1.6 (6.0) 3.5 (13.2) ............................ Manufactured after January 1, 1997 1.6 (6.0) 1.6 (6.0) 1.6 (6.0) 3.5 (13.2) 1.6 (6.0) certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in accordance with § 11.38, and they become part of the type certification basis under § 21.17(a)(2). Novel or Unusual Design Features The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane will incorporate the following novel or unusual design feature: This airplane is equipped with an electronic flight-control system that includes pilot controls through a side stick instead of through a conventional wheel or control stick. Discussion The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane is equipped with a side stick instead of a conventional wheel or control stick. The requirement of § 25.397(c), which defines limit pilot forces and torques, applies to conventional wheel or control stick and is therefore not adequate for this new side-stick design with electronic flight controls that affect maneuvering. These special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards. Discussion of Comments The FAA issued Final Special Conditions, Request for Comment Special Conditions No. 25–607–SC for the Dassault Model Falcon 5X airplane, which was published in the Federal Register on January 27, 2016 (81 FR 4579). No comments were received, and the special conditions are adopted as proposed, with amendments. Applicability As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane. Should Dassault apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, these E:\FR\FM\23MRR1.SGM 23MRR1 16388 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 56 / Wednesday, March 23, 2022 / Rules and Regulations special conditions would apply to that model as well. Conclusion This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on one model of airplane. It is not a rule of general applicability. Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704. The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued, in lieu of the aileron-control and elevator-control forces specified in § 25.397(c), as part of the type-certification basis for the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane. For airplanes equipped with sidestick controls designed for forces to be applied by one wrist and not arms, the limit pilot forces are as follows. 1. For all components between and including the side-stick controlassembly handle and its control stops: Pitch Roll Nose up, 200 lbs force ... Nose down, 200 lbs force. Nose left, 100 lbs force. Nose right, 100 lbs force. 2. For all other components of the side-stick control assembly, but excluding the internal components of the electrical sensor assemblies, to avoid damage to the control system as the result of an in-flight jam: Roll Nose left, 50 lbs force. Nose right, 50 lbs force. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on March 18, 2022. Patrick R. Mullen, Manager, Technical Innovation Policy Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service. BILLING CODE 4910–13–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:58 Mar 22, 2022 Jkt 256001 [Docket No. FAA–2021–0713; Project Identifier AD–2021–00180–R; Amendment 39–21990; AD 2022–07–03] Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: [FR Doc. 2022–06171 Filed 3–22–22; 8:45 am] 14 CFR Part 39 Airworthiness Directives; Bell Textron Inc., Helicopters Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Nose up, 125 lbs force ... Nose down, 125 lbs force. Federal Aviation Administration RIN 2120–AA64 List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25 Pitch DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Bell Textron Inc., Model 412, 412EP, and 412CF helicopters. This AD was prompted by evaluation results showing flight loads that impact the collective lever fatigue life. This AD requires adding a permanent hours time-inservice (TIS) penalty for certain collective levers and prohibits installing those collective levers unless the permanent hours TIS penalty has been added. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective April 27, 2022. ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, contact Bell Textron, Inc., P.O. Box 482, Fort Worth, TX 76101, United States; phone 1–450– 437–2862 or 1–800–363–8023; fax 1– 450–433–0272; email productsupport@ bellflight.com; or at https:// www.bellflight.com/support/contactsupport. You may view this service information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N–321, Fort Worth, TX 76177. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call (817) 222–5110. SUMMARY: Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2021–0713; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, any comments received, and other information. The address for Docket Operations is U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Hye Yoon Jang, Aerospace Engineer, Delegation Oversight Section, DSCO PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Branch, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, FAA, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone (817) 222–5190; email hye.yoon.jang@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The FAA issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to Bell Textron Inc., Model 412, 412EP, and 412CF helicopters. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on August 27, 2021 (86 FR 48078). The NPRM was prompted by the results of an evaluation of BLR Aerospace Strake and FastFin (Strake and FF) system part number (P/N) 412– 705–040–101. The NPRM stated that during the evaluation, additional flight loads were recorded that impact the collective lever fatigue life. Accordingly, the NPRM proposed to require adding a permanent life penalty for affected collective levers and prohibit installing those collective levers unless the permanent life penalty has been added. This condition, if not addressed, could result in fatigue damage and cracking, failure of the collective lever, and subsequent loss of control of the helicopter. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. Discussion of Final Airworthiness Directive Comments The FAA received comments from one commenter; Bell Textron, Inc. The following presents the comments received on the NPRM and the FAA’s response to each comment. Request for a Change to Nomenclature Bell Textron, Inc., requested the FAA revise the penalty nomenclature from ‘‘life penalty’’ to ‘‘flight hour penalty’’ throughout the AD action. Bell Textron, Inc., stated that the penalty is only applied to hours TIS and that the life remains unchanged. The FAA partially agrees. The FAA agrees to changing the nomenclature; however, the nomenclature typically used in rotorcraft FAA AD actions for domestic products is ‘‘hours TIS’’ (or ‘‘total hours TIS’’) instead of flight hours (or total flight hours). The FAA has revised that nomenclature accordingly in this final rule. Request for a Change to the Description of What Prompted This AD Bell Textron, Inc., requested the FAA clarify the description of what prompted this AD; specifically that during the evaluation, the additional flight loads E:\FR\FM\23MRR1.SGM 23MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 56 (Wednesday, March 23, 2022)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 16387-16388]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-06171]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. FAA-2014-1076; Special Conditions No. 25-607A-SC]


Special Conditions: Dassault Aviation Model Falcon 6X, Limit 
Pilot Forces--Side-Stick Controller

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions; amendment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for the Dassault Aviation 
(Dassault) Model Falcon 6X airplane. This airplane will have a novel or 
unusual design feature when compared to the state of technology 
envisioned in the airworthiness standards for transport-category 
airplanes. This airplane is equipped with an electronic flight-control 
system that includes pilot controls through a side stick instead of 
through a conventional wheel or control stick. The applicable 
airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety 
standards for this design feature. These special conditions contain the 
additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary 
to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the 
existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: This action is effective on Dassault on March 23, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Todd Martin, Materials and Structural 
Properties Section, AIR-621, Technical Innovation Policy Branch, Policy 
and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service, Federal 
Aviation Administration, 2200 South 216th Street, Des Moines, 
Washington 98198; telephone and fax 206-231-3210; email 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On July 1, 2012, Dassault Aviation applied for a type certificate 
for their new Model Falcon 5X airplane. Special conditions were issued 
for that design on January 27, 2016 (81 FR 4579). However, Dassault has 
decided not to release an airplane under the model designation Falcon 
5X, instead choosing to change that model designation to Falcon 6X.
    In February of 2018, due to engine supplier issues, Dassault 
extended the type certificate application date for their Model Falcon 
5X airplane under new Model Falcon 6X. This amendment to the original 
special conditions reflects the model-name change. This airplane is a 
twin-engine business jet with seating for 19 passengers and a maximum 
takeoff weight of 77,460 pounds. The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane 
design remains unchanged from the Model Falcon 5X in all material 
respects other than different engines.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.17, Dassault must show that the 
Model Falcon 6X airplane meets the applicable provisions of part 25, as 
amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-146.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane 
because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are 
prescribed under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design feature, these special conditions would also apply to 
the other model under Sec.  21.101.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane must comply with the 
fuel-vent and exhaust-emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34, and the 
noise-certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type 
certification basis under Sec.  21.17(a)(2).

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane will incorporate the 
following novel or unusual design feature:
    This airplane is equipped with an electronic flight-control system 
that includes pilot controls through a side stick instead of through a 
conventional wheel or control stick.

Discussion

    The Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane is equipped with a side stick 
instead of a conventional wheel or control stick. The requirement of 
Sec.  25.397(c), which defines limit pilot forces and torques, applies 
to conventional wheel or control stick and is therefore not adequate 
for this new side-stick design with electronic flight controls that 
affect maneuvering.
    These special conditions contain the additional safety standards 
that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of 
safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness 
standards.

Discussion of Comments

    The FAA issued Final Special Conditions, Request for Comment 
Special Conditions No. 25-607-SC for the Dassault Model Falcon 5X 
airplane, which was published in the Federal Register on January 27, 
2016 (81 FR 4579). No comments were received, and the special 
conditions are adopted as proposed, with amendments.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
Dassault Model Falcon 6X airplane. Should Dassault apply at a later 
date for a change to the type certificate to include another model 
incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, these

[[Page 16388]]

special conditions would apply to that model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on one model of airplane. It is not a rule of general applicability.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued, in lieu of 
the aileron-control and elevator-control forces specified in Sec.  
25.397(c), as part of the type-certification basis for the Dassault 
Model Falcon 6X airplane.
    For airplanes equipped with side-stick controls designed for forces 
to be applied by one wrist and not arms, the limit pilot forces are as 
follows.
    1. For all components between and including the side-stick control-
assembly handle and its control stops:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Pitch                                Roll
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nose up, 200 lbs force....................  Nose left, 100 lbs force.
Nose down, 200 lbs force..................  Nose right, 100 lbs force.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2. For all other components of the side-stick control assembly, but 
excluding the internal components of the electrical sensor assemblies, 
to avoid damage to the control system as the result of an in-flight 
jam:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Pitch                                Roll
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nose up, 125 lbs force....................  Nose left, 50 lbs force.
Nose down, 125 lbs force..................  Nose right, 50 lbs force.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on March 18, 2022.
Patrick R. Mullen,
Manager, Technical Innovation Policy Branch, Policy and Innovation 
Division, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2022-06171 Filed 3-22-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P