Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments, 15881-15887 [2022-05624]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Issued in Washington, DC, on March 11, 2022. Scott M. Rosenbloom, Manager, Airspace Rules and Regulations. [FR Doc. 2022–05546 Filed 3–18–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 [Docket ID: OSM 2022–0001; S1D1S SS08011000 SX064A000 222S180110; S2D2S SS08011000 SX064A00 22XS501520] RIN 1029–AC80 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), which further amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (1990 Act), and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, this rule adjusts for inflation the level of civil monetary penalties assessed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). DATES: Effective March 21, 2022. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Khalia A. Boyd, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 1849 C Street NW, Mail Stop 4558, Washington, DC 20240; Telephone (202) 208–2823. Email: kboyd@osmre.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Table of Contents I. Background A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 B. Calculation of Adjustments C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs II. Procedural Matters A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563) B. Regulatory Flexibility Act C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act E. Takings (Executive Order 12630) F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132) G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988) H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Departmental Policy) I. Paperwork Reduction Act J. National Environmental Policy Act K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 13211) L. Clarity of This Regulation M. Data Quality Act N. Administrative Procedure Act O. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act P. Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (Executive Order 13045) I. Background A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 Section 518 of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1268, authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to assess civil monetary penalties (CMPs) for violations of SMCRA. The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement’s (OSMRE) regulations implementing the CMP provisions of section 518 are located in 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846. We are adjusting CMPs in six sections—30 CFR 723.14, 723.15, 724.14, 845.14, 845.15, and 846.14. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES 30 CFR 723.14 .......................................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 On November 2, 2015, the President signed the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Sec. 701 of Pub. L. 114–74) (2015 Act) into law. The 2015 Act, which further amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (codified, as amended, at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), requires Federal agencies to promulgate rules to adjust the level of CMPs to account for inflation. The 2015 Act required an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment. OSMRE published the initial adjustment in the Federal Register on July 8, 2016 (81 FR 44535), and the adjustment took effect on August 1, 2016. The 2015 Act also requires agencies to publish annual inflation adjustments in the Federal Register no later than January 15 of each year. These adjustments are aimed at maintaining the deterrent effect of civil penalties and furthering the policy goals of the statutes that authorize the penalties. Further, the 2015 Act provides that agencies must adjust civil monetary penalties ‘‘notwithstanding section 553 of [the Administrative Procedure Act (APA)].’’ Therefore, ‘‘the public procedure the APA generally requires—notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in effective date—is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment.’’ December 15, 2021, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies (M–22–07) from Shalanda D. Young, Acting Director, Office of Management and Budget, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2022, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (OMB Memorandum), at 3– 4. Pursuant to SMCRA and the 2015 Act, this final rule reflects the statutorily required CMP adjustments as follows: Points (where applicable) CFR citation Frm 00043 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 15881 Current penalty dollar amounts 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM $69 139 208 277 346 416 485 552 623 693 761 831 898 969 1,040 1,108 1,177 21MRR1 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts $73 148 221 294 368 442 515 586 662 736 808 883 954 1,029 1,105 1,177 1,250 15882 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Points (where applicable) CFR citation khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES 30 CFR 723.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for each day) ...................... 30 CFR 724.14(b) (Individual civil penalties) ............................................................ 30 CFR 845.14 .......................................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Current penalty dollar amounts 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 ................................ ................................ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 1,248 1,316 1,385 1,455 1,524 1,593 1,661 1,731 2,078 2,424 2,768 2,984 3,463 3,808 4,155 4,502 4,848 5,194 5,540 5,888 6,233 6,579 6,924 7,273 7,618 7,963 8,310 8,656 9,003 9,348 9,696 10,041 10,387 10,732 11,081 11,427 11,773 12,121 12,466 12,811 13,157 13,505 13,850 14,196 14,543 14,890 15,236 15,581 15,929 16,274 16,620 16,966 17,314 2,596 17,314 69 139 208 277 346 416 485 552 623 693 761 831 898 969 1,040 1,108 1,177 1,248 21MRR1 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts 1,326 1,398 1,471 1,546 1,619 1,692 1,764 1,839 2,207 2,575 2,940 3,170 3,678 4,045 4,414 4,782 5,150 5,517 5,885 6,254 6,621 6,988 7,355 7,726 8,092 8,458 8,827 9,195 9,563 9,930 10,299 10,666 11,033 11,400 11,770 12,138 12,506 12,875 13,242 13,608 13,976 14,345 14,712 15,079 15,448 15,816 16,184 16,550 16,920 17,287 17,654 18,022 18,391 2,758 18,391 73 148 221 294 368 442 515 586 662 736 808 883 954 1,029 1,105 1,177 1,250 1,326 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations CFR citation Points (where applicable) 30 CFR 845.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for each day) ...................... 30 CFR 846.14(b) (Individual civil penalties) ............................................................ 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 ................................ ................................ In the chart above, there are no numbers listed in the ‘‘Points’’ column relative to 30 CFR 723.15(b), 30 CFR 724.14(b), 30 CFR 845.15(b), and 30 CFR 846.14(b) because those regulatory provisions do not set forth numbers of points. For those provisions, the current regulations only set forth the dollar amounts shown in the chart in the ‘‘Current Penalty Dollar Amounts’’ column; the adjusted amounts, which we are adopting in this rule, are shown in the ‘‘Adjusted Penalty Dollar Amounts’’ column. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 B. Calculation of Adjustments OMB issued guidance on the 2022 annual adjustments for inflation. See OMB Memorandum (December 15, 2021). The OMB Memorandum notes that the 1990 Act defines ‘‘civil monetary penalty’’ as ‘‘any penalty, fine, or other sanction that . . . is for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law; or . . . has a maximum amount provided for by Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced pursuant to PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Current penalty dollar amounts 1,316 1,385 1,455 1,524 1,593 1,661 1,731 2,078 2,424 2,768 2,984 3,463 3,808 4,155 4,502 4,848 5,194 5,540 5,888 6,233 6,579 6,924 7,273 7,618 7,963 8,310 8,656 9,003 9,348 9,696 10,041 10,387 10,732 11,081 11,427 11,773 12,121 12,466 12,811 13,157 13,505 13,850 14,196 14,543 14,890 15,236 15,581 15,929 16,274 16,620 16,996 17,314 2,596 17,314 15883 Adjusted penalty dollar amounts 1,398 1,471 1,546 1,619 1,692 1,764 1,839 2,207 2,575 2,940 3,170 3,678 4,045 4,414 4,782 5,150 5,517 5,885 6,254 6,621 6,988 7,355 7,726 8,092 8,458 8,827 9,195 9,563 9,930 10,299 10,666 11,033 11,400 11,770 12,138 12,506 12,875 13,242 13,608 13,976 14,345 14,712 15,079 15,448 15,816 16,184 16,550 16,920 17,287 17,654 18,022 18,391 2,758 18,391 an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts . . . .’’ Id. at 2. It further instructs that agencies ‘‘are to adjust ‘the maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and maximum civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment.’ ’’ Id. The 1990 Act, as amended by the 2015 Act, and the OMB Memorandum specify that the annual inflation adjustments are based on the percent change between the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 21MRR1 15884 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations (the CPI–U) published by the Department of Labor for the month of October in the year of the previous adjustment, and the October CPI–U for the preceding year. The recent OMB Memorandum specified that the cost-ofliving adjustment multiplier for 2022, not seasonally adjusted, is 1.06222 (the October 2021 CPI–U (276.589) divided by the October 2020 CPI–U (260.388) = 1.06222). OSMRE used this guidance to identify applicable CMPs and calculate the required inflation adjustments. The 1990 Act, as amended by the 2015 Act, specifies that any resulting increases in CMPs must be rounded according to a stated rounding formula and that the increased CMPs apply only to CMP assessments that occur after the date that the increases take effect. Generally, OSMRE assigns points to a violation as described in 30 CFR 723.13 and 845.13. The CMP owed is based on the number of points received, ranging from one point to 70 points. For example, under our existing regulations in 30 CFR 845.14, a violation totaling 70 points would amount to a $17,314 CMP. To adjust this amount, we multiply $17,314 by the 2021 inflation factor of 1.06222, resulting in a raw adjusted amount of $18,391.28. Because the 2015 Act requires us to round any increase in the CMP amount to the nearest dollar, in this case a violation of 70 points would amount to a new CMP of $18,391. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, the increases in this Final Rule apply to CMPs assessed after the date the increases take effect, even if the associated violation predates the applicable increase. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands OSMRE directly regulates surface coal mining and reclamation operations within a State or on Indian lands if the State or Tribe does not obtain its own approved program pursuant to sections 503 or 710(j) of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1253 or 1300(j). The increases in CMPs contained in this rule will apply to the following Federal program States: Arizona, California, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Washington. The Federal programs for those States appear at 30 CFR parts 903, 905, 910, 912, 921, 922, 933, 937, 939, 941, 942, and 947, respectively. Under 30 CFR 750.18, the increases in CMPs also apply to Indian lands under the Federal program for Indian lands. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs As a result of litigation, see In re Permanent Surface Mining Regulation Litigation, No. 79–1144, Mem. Op. (D.D.C. May 16, 1980), 19 Env’t. Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1477, State regulatory programs are not required to mirror all of the penalty provisions of our regulations. Thus, this rule has no effect on CMPs in States with SMCRA primacy. II. Procedural Matters A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563) Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that agency regulations exclusively implementing the annual inflation adjustments are not significant, provided they are consistent with the OMB Memorandum. Because this final rule exclusively implements the annual inflation adjustments, is consistent with the OMB Memorandum, and will have an annual impact of less than $100 million, it is not significant under Executive Order 12866. Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 12866 while calling for improvements in the Nation’s regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The Executive Order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements, to the extent permitted by statute. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis for all rules unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The RFA applies only to rules for which an agency is required to first publish a proposed rule. See 5 U.S.C. 603(a) and 604(a). The Federal Civil Penalties PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to adjust civil penalties annually for inflation ‘‘notwithstanding section 553 [of the Administrative Procedure Act].’’ Thus, no proposed rule will be published, and the RFA does not apply to this rulemaking. C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule: (a) Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or geographic regions. (c) Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of United States-based enterprises to compete with foreignbased enterprises. D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or Tribal governments, or the private sector, of more than $100 million per year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required. E. Takings (Executive Order 12630) This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings implication assessment is not required. F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132) Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. A federalism summary impact statement is not required. G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988) This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. Specifically, this rule: (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be written to minimize litigation; and (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all regulations be written E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 21MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations in clear language and contain clear legal standards. H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and Departmental Policy) The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its government-togovernment relationship with Tribes through a commitment to consultation with Tribes and recognition of their right to self-governance and Tribal sovereignty. We have evaluated this rule under the Department’s consultation policy, under Departmental Manual Part 512, Chapters 4 and 5, and under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 and have determined that it has no substantial direct effects on Federallyrecognized Tribes or Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Corporations, and that consultation under the Department’s Tribal consultation policy is not required. I. Paperwork Reduction Act This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is not required. We may not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES J. National Environmental Policy Act This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. A detailed statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not required because the rule is covered by a categorical exclusion. This rule is excluded from the requirement to prepare a detailed statement because it is a regulation of an administrative nature. (For further information see 43 CFR 46.210(i).) We have also determined that the rule does not involve any of the extraordinary circumstances listed in 43 CFR 46.215 that would require further analysis under NEPA. K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 13211) This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects is not required. L. Clarity of This Regulation We are required by Executive Orders 12866 (section 1(b)(12)), 12988 (section 3(b)(1)(B)), and 13563 (section 1(a)), and by the Presidential Memorandum of VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This means that each rule we publish must: (a) Be logically organized; (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly; (c) Use common, everyday words and clear language rather than jargon; (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible. If you believe that we have not met these requirements in issuing this final rule, please contact the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. Your comments should be as specific as possible in order to help us determine whether any future revisions to the rule are necessary. For example, you should tell us the numbers of the sections or paragraphs that you find unclear, which sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists or tables would be useful, etc. M. Data Quality Act In developing this rule, we did not conduct or use a study, experiment, or survey requiring peer review under the Data Quality Act (Pub. L. 106–554). N. Administrative Procedure Act We are issuing this final rule without prior public notice or opportunity for public comment. As discussed above, the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to publish adjusted penalties annually. Under the 2015 Act, the public procedure that the Administrative Procedure Act generally requires—notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the effective date—is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual adjustments required by the 2015 Act. See OMB Memorandum, M– 22–07, at 3–4. O. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 3701 note et seq.) directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards when implementing regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. This final rule is not subject to the requirements of section 12(d) of the NTTAA because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with SMCRA, and the requirements would not be applicable to this final rulemaking. PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 15885 P. Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (Executive Order 13045) Executive Order 13045 requires that environmental and related rules separately evaluate the potential impact to children. However, Executive Order 13045 is inapplicable to this rulemaking because this is not a substantive rulemaking and a notice of proposed rulemaking was neither required nor prepared. See section 2–202 and 5–501 of Executive Order 13045. List of Subjects 30 CFR Part 723 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 724 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 845 Administrative practice and procedure, Law enforcement, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Surface mining, Underground mining. 30 CFR Part 846 Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, Underground mining. Delegation of Signing Authority The action taken herein is pursuant to an existing delegation of authority. Laura Daniel-Davis, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management. For the reasons given in the preamble, the Department of the Interior amends 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 as set forth below. PART 723—CIVIL PENALTIES 1. The authority citation for part 723 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 2. Revise the table in § 723.14 to read as follows: ■ § 723.14 penalty. * * Determination of amount of * * * TABLE 1 TO § 723.14 Points 1 ...................................................... 2 ...................................................... 3 ...................................................... E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 21MRR1 Dollars 73 148 221 15886 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations § 723.15 Assessment of separate violations for each day. TABLE 1 TO § 723.14—Continued khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES Points Dollars 4 ...................................................... 5 ...................................................... 6 ...................................................... 7 ...................................................... 8 ...................................................... 9 ...................................................... 10 .................................................... 11 .................................................... 12 .................................................... 13 .................................................... 14 .................................................... 15 .................................................... 16 .................................................... 17 .................................................... 18 .................................................... 19 .................................................... 20 .................................................... 21 .................................................... 22 .................................................... 23 .................................................... 24 .................................................... 25 .................................................... 26 .................................................... 27 .................................................... 28 .................................................... 29 .................................................... 30 .................................................... 31 .................................................... 32 .................................................... 33 .................................................... 34 .................................................... 35 .................................................... 36 .................................................... 37 .................................................... 38 .................................................... 39 .................................................... 40 .................................................... 41 .................................................... 42 .................................................... 43 .................................................... 44 .................................................... 45 .................................................... 46 .................................................... 47 .................................................... 48 .................................................... 49 .................................................... 50 .................................................... 51 .................................................... 52 .................................................... 53 .................................................... 54 .................................................... 55 .................................................... 56 .................................................... 57 .................................................... 58 .................................................... 59 .................................................... 60 .................................................... 61 .................................................... 62 .................................................... 63 .................................................... 64 .................................................... 65 .................................................... 66 .................................................... 67 .................................................... 68 .................................................... 69 .................................................... 70 .................................................... 294 368 442 515 586 662 736 808 883 954 1,029 1,105 1,177 1,250 1,326 1,398 1,471 1,546 1,619 1,692 1,764 1,839 2,207 2,575 2,940 3,170 3,678 4,045 4,414 4,782 5,150 5,517 5,885 6,254 6,621 6,988 7,355 7,726 8,092 8,458 8,827 9,195 9,563 9,930 10,299 10,666 11,033 11,400 11,770 12,138 12,506 12,875 13,242 13,608 13,976 14,345 14,712 15,079 15,448 15,816 16,184 16,550 16,920 17,287 17,654 18,022 18,391 3. In § 723.15, revise introductory text of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 TABLE 1 TO § 845.14—Continued * * * * * (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not less than $2,758 will be assessed for each day during which such failure to abate continues, except that: * * * * * PART 724—INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES 4. The authority citation for part 724 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 5. In § 724.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 724.14 Amount of individual civil penalty. * * * * * (b) The penalty will not exceed $18,391 for each violation. * * * PART 845—CIVIL PENALTIES 6. The authority citation for part 845 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., 31 U.S.C. 3701, Pub. L. 100–202, and Pub. L. 100–446. 7. Revise the table in § 845.14 to read as follows: ■ § 845.14 penalty. * * Determination of amount of * * * TABLE 1 TO § 845.14 Points Dollars 1 ...................................................... 2 ...................................................... 3 ...................................................... 4 ...................................................... 5 ...................................................... 6 ...................................................... 7 ...................................................... 8 ...................................................... 9 ...................................................... 10 .................................................... 11 .................................................... 12 .................................................... 13 .................................................... 14 .................................................... 15 .................................................... 16 .................................................... 17 .................................................... 18 .................................................... 19 .................................................... 20 .................................................... 21 .................................................... PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 73 148 221 294 368 442 515 586 662 736 808 883 954 1,029 1,105 1,177 1,250 1,326 1,398 1,471 1,546 Points 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... Dollars 1,619 1,692 1,764 1,839 2,207 2,575 2,940 3,170 3,678 4,045 4,414 4,782 5,150 5,517 5,885 6,254 6,621 6,988 7,355 7,726 8,092 8,458 8,827 9,195 9,563 9,930 10,299 10,666 11,033 11,400 11,770 12,138 12,506 12,875 13,242 13,608 13,976 14,345 14,712 15,079 15,448 15,816 16,184 16,550 16,920 17,287 17,654 18,022 18,391 8. In § 845.15, revise introductory text of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 845.15 Assessment of separate violations for each day. * * * * * (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not less than $2,758 will be assessed for each day during which such failure to abate continues, except that: * * * * * E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 21MRR1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 54 / Monday, March 21, 2022 / Rules and Regulations PART 846—INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES 9. The authority citation for part 846 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 3701. 10. In § 846.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 846.14 * * * * * (b) The penalty will not exceed $18,391 for each violation. * * * [FR Doc. 2022–05624 Filed 3–18–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–05–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket Number USCG–2022–0174] RIN 1625–AA87 Security Zone; Cooper River Bridge Run, Cooper River and Town Creek Reaches, Charleston, SC Coast Guard, DHS. Temporary final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary security zone on certain waters of the Cooper River and Town Creek Reaches. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on these navigable waters near Charleston, South Carolina, during the Cooper River Bridge Run. This regulation prohibits persons and vessels from entering, transiting through, anchoring in, or remaining within the security zone unless authorized by the Captain of the Port Charleston (COTP) or a designated representative. DATES: This rule is effective from 7:30 a.m. to 11 a.m., on April 2, 2022. ADDRESSES: To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to https:// www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2022– 0174 in the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH.’’ Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rule. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or email Lieutenant Commander Chad Ray, Sector Charleston Waterways Management Division, Coast Guard; telephone (843) 740–3184, email Chad.L.Ray@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 I. Table of Abbreviations IV. Discussion of the Rule CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking § Section U.S.C. United States Code This rule establishes a security zone from 7:30 a.m. to 11 a.m., on April 2, 2022. The security zone will cover certain navigable waters of the Cooper River and Town Creek Reaches in Charleston, South Carolina. The duration of the zone is intended to ensure the safety and security of the participants, spectators, and the general public during the scheduled 7:30 a.m. to 11 a.m. race. No vessel or person will be permitted to enter, transit through, anchor in or remain within the security zone without obtaining permission from the COTP or a designated representative. If authorization to enter, transit through, anchor in, or remain within the security zone is granted by the COTP or a designated representative, all persons and vessels receiving such authorization must comply with the instructions of the COTP or a designated representative. The Coast Guard will provide notice of the security zone by Local Notice to Mariners, Broadcast Notice to Mariners, or by on-scene designated representatives. II. Background Information and Regulatory History Amount of individual civil penalty. 15887 The Coast Guard is issuing this temporary rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment pursuant to authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision authorizes an agency to issue a rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment when the agency for good cause finds that those procedures are ‘‘impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.’’ Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) with respect to this rule because it is impracticable and contrary to the public interest. The primary justification for this action is that the Coast Guard was given short notice from the event sponsor. Therefore, the Coast Guard lacks sufficient time to provide a reasonable comment period and then consider those comments before issuing the rule. It would be impracticable and contrary to the public interest to delay promulgating this rule, as it is necessary to protect the safety of participants, spectators, and vessels transiting near the race area during the Cooper River Bridge 10–K Run event. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Delaying the effective date of this rule would be impracticable and contrary to the public interest because the temporary security zone must be established on April 2, 2022 to ensure the safety of participants, spectators, and vessels during the event. III. Legal Authority and Need for Rule The Coast Guard is issuing this rule under authority in 46 U.S.C. 70034. The COTP Charleston has determined that potential hazards associated with the large number of participants and spectators during the run will be a safety and security concern. The purpose of the rule is to ensure the safety and security of participants, spectators, the general public, vessels and the navigable waters in the security zone before, during and after the scheduled race. PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 V. Regulatory Analyses We developed this rule after considering numerous statutes and Executive orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our analyses based on a number of these statutes and Executive orders, and we discuss First Amendment rights of protestors. A. Regulatory Planning and Review Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits. This rule has not been designated a ‘‘significant regulatory action,’’ under Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, this rule has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This regulatory action determination is based on the following reasons: (1) The security zone only being enforced for a total of three and a half hours; (2) although persons and vessels may not enter, transit through, anchor in, or remain within the zone without authorization from the COTP or a designated representative, they may operate in the surrounding area during the enforcement period; (3) persons and vessels may still enter, transit through, anchor in, or remain within the areas during the enforcement period if authorized by the COTP or a designated representative; and (4) the Coast Guard E:\FR\FM\21MRR1.SGM 21MRR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 54 (Monday, March 21, 2022)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 15881-15887]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-05624]


=======================================================================
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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

30 CFR Parts 723, 724, 845, and 846

[Docket ID: OSM 2022-0001; S1D1S SS08011000 SX064A000 222S180110; S2D2S 
SS08011000 SX064A00 22XS501520]
RIN 1029-AC80


Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment 
Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act), which further amended the 
Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (1990 Act), 
and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, this rule adjusts 
for inflation the level of civil monetary penalties assessed under the 
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA).

DATES: Effective March 21, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Khalia A. Boyd, Office of Surface 
Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 1849 C Street NW, Mail Stop 4558, 
Washington, DC 20240; Telephone (202) 208-2823. Email: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents

I. Background
    A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act 
Improvements Act of 2015
    B. Calculation of Adjustments
    C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian 
Lands
    D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs
II. Procedural Matters
    A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 
13563)
    B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
    D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    E. Takings (Executive Order 12630)
    F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132)
    G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988)
    H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and 
Departmental Policy)
    I. Paperwork Reduction Act
    J. National Environmental Policy Act
    K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive 
Order 13211)
    L. Clarity of This Regulation
    M. Data Quality Act
    N. Administrative Procedure Act
    O. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
    P. Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and 
Safety Risks (Executive Order 13045)

I. Background

A. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements 
Act of 2015

    Section 518 of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1268, authorizes the Secretary of 
the Interior to assess civil monetary penalties (CMPs) for violations 
of SMCRA. The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's 
(OSMRE) regulations implementing the CMP provisions of section 518 are 
located in 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846. We are adjusting CMPs 
in six sections--30 CFR 723.14, 723.15, 724.14, 845.14, 845.15, and 
846.14.
    On November 2, 2015, the President signed the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Sec. 701 
of Pub. L. 114-74) (2015 Act) into law. The 2015 Act, which further 
amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 
(codified, as amended, at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), requires Federal 
agencies to promulgate rules to adjust the level of CMPs to account for 
inflation. The 2015 Act required an initial ``catch-up'' adjustment. 
OSMRE published the initial adjustment in the Federal Register on July 
8, 2016 (81 FR 44535), and the adjustment took effect on August 1, 
2016. The 2015 Act also requires agencies to publish annual inflation 
adjustments in the Federal Register no later than January 15 of each 
year. These adjustments are aimed at maintaining the deterrent effect 
of civil penalties and furthering the policy goals of the statutes that 
authorize the penalties. Further, the 2015 Act provides that agencies 
must adjust civil monetary penalties ``notwithstanding section 553 of 
[the Administrative Procedure Act (APA)].'' Therefore, ``the public 
procedure the APA generally requires--notice, an opportunity for 
comment, and a delay in effective date--is not required for agencies to 
issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment.'' December 15, 
2021, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies 
(M-22-07) from Shalanda D. Young, Acting Director, Office of Management 
and Budget, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2022, 
Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act 
Improvements Act of 2015 (OMB Memorandum), at 3-4.
    Pursuant to SMCRA and the 2015 Act, this final rule reflects the 
statutorily required CMP adjustments as follows:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Points  (where     Current penalty   Adjusted penalty
                      CFR citation                           applicable)       dollar amounts    dollar amounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
30 CFR 723.14..........................................                   1                $69               $73
                                                                          2                139               148
                                                                          3                208               221
                                                                          4                277               294
                                                                          5                346               368
                                                                          6                416               442
                                                                          7                485               515
                                                                          8                552               586
                                                                          9                623               662
                                                                         10                693               736
                                                                         11                761               808
                                                                         12                831               883
                                                                         13                898               954
                                                                         14                969             1,029
                                                                         15              1,040             1,105
                                                                         16              1,108             1,177
                                                                         17              1,177             1,250

[[Page 15882]]

 
                                                                         18              1,248             1,326
                                                                         19              1,316             1,398
                                                                         20              1,385             1,471
                                                                         21              1,455             1,546
                                                                         22              1,524             1,619
                                                                         23              1,593             1,692
                                                                         24              1,661             1,764
                                                                         25              1,731             1,839
                                                                         26              2,078             2,207
                                                                         27              2,424             2,575
                                                                         28              2,768             2,940
                                                                         29              2,984             3,170
                                                                         30              3,463             3,678
                                                                         31              3,808             4,045
                                                                         32              4,155             4,414
                                                                         33              4,502             4,782
                                                                         34              4,848             5,150
                                                                         35              5,194             5,517
                                                                         36              5,540             5,885
                                                                         37              5,888             6,254
                                                                         38              6,233             6,621
                                                                         39              6,579             6,988
                                                                         40              6,924             7,355
                                                                         41              7,273             7,726
                                                                         42              7,618             8,092
                                                                         43              7,963             8,458
                                                                         44              8,310             8,827
                                                                         45              8,656             9,195
                                                                         46              9,003             9,563
                                                                         47              9,348             9,930
                                                                         48              9,696            10,299
                                                                         49             10,041            10,666
                                                                         50             10,387            11,033
                                                                         51             10,732            11,400
                                                                         52             11,081            11,770
                                                                         53             11,427            12,138
                                                                         54             11,773            12,506
                                                                         55             12,121            12,875
                                                                         56             12,466            13,242
                                                                         57             12,811            13,608
                                                                         58             13,157            13,976
                                                                         59             13,505            14,345
                                                                         60             13,850            14,712
                                                                         61             14,196            15,079
                                                                         62             14,543            15,448
                                                                         63             14,890            15,816
                                                                         64             15,236            16,184
                                                                         65             15,581            16,550
                                                                         66             15,929            16,920
                                                                         67             16,274            17,287
                                                                         68             16,620            17,654
                                                                         69             16,966            18,022
                                                                         70             17,314            18,391
30 CFR 723.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for  ..................              2,596             2,758
 each day).............................................
30 CFR 724.14(b) (Individual civil penalties)..........  ..................             17,314            18,391
30 CFR 845.14..........................................                   1                 69                73
                                                                          2                139               148
                                                                          3                208               221
                                                                          4                277               294
                                                                          5                346               368
                                                                          6                416               442
                                                                          7                485               515
                                                                          8                552               586
                                                                          9                623               662
                                                                         10                693               736
                                                                         11                761               808
                                                                         12                831               883
                                                                         13                898               954
                                                                         14                969             1,029
                                                                         15              1,040             1,105
                                                                         16              1,108             1,177
                                                                         17              1,177             1,250
                                                                         18              1,248             1,326

[[Page 15883]]

 
                                                                         19              1,316             1,398
                                                                         20              1,385             1,471
                                                                         21              1,455             1,546
                                                                         22              1,524             1,619
                                                                         23              1,593             1,692
                                                                         24              1,661             1,764
                                                                         25              1,731             1,839
                                                                         26              2,078             2,207
                                                                         27              2,424             2,575
                                                                         28              2,768             2,940
                                                                         29              2,984             3,170
                                                                         30              3,463             3,678
                                                                         31              3,808             4,045
                                                                         32              4,155             4,414
                                                                         33              4,502             4,782
                                                                         34              4,848             5,150
                                                                         35              5,194             5,517
                                                                         36              5,540             5,885
                                                                         37              5,888             6,254
                                                                         38              6,233             6,621
                                                                         39              6,579             6,988
                                                                         40              6,924             7,355
                                                                         41              7,273             7,726
                                                                         42              7,618             8,092
                                                                         43              7,963             8,458
                                                                         44              8,310             8,827
                                                                         45              8,656             9,195
                                                                         46              9,003             9,563
                                                                         47              9,348             9,930
                                                                         48              9,696            10,299
                                                                         49             10,041            10,666
                                                                         50             10,387            11,033
                                                                         51             10,732            11,400
                                                                         52             11,081            11,770
                                                                         53             11,427            12,138
                                                                         54             11,773            12,506
                                                                         55             12,121            12,875
                                                                         56             12,466            13,242
                                                                         57             12,811            13,608
                                                                         58             13,157            13,976
                                                                         59             13,505            14,345
                                                                         60             13,850            14,712
                                                                         61             14,196            15,079
                                                                         62             14,543            15,448
                                                                         63             14,890            15,816
                                                                         64             15,236            16,184
                                                                         65             15,581            16,550
                                                                         66             15,929            16,920
                                                                         67             16,274            17,287
                                                                         68             16,620            17,654
                                                                         69             16,996            18,022
                                                                         70             17,314            18,391
30 CFR 845.15(b) (Assessment of separate violations for  ..................              2,596             2,758
 each day).............................................
30 CFR 846.14(b) (Individual civil penalties)..........  ..................             17,314            18,391
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the chart above, there are no numbers listed in the ``Points'' 
column relative to 30 CFR 723.15(b), 30 CFR 724.14(b), 30 CFR 
845.15(b), and 30 CFR 846.14(b) because those regulatory provisions do 
not set forth numbers of points. For those provisions, the current 
regulations only set forth the dollar amounts shown in the chart in the 
``Current Penalty Dollar Amounts'' column; the adjusted amounts, which 
we are adopting in this rule, are shown in the ``Adjusted Penalty 
Dollar Amounts'' column.

B. Calculation of Adjustments

    OMB issued guidance on the 2022 annual adjustments for inflation. 
See OMB Memorandum (December 15, 2021). The OMB Memorandum notes that 
the 1990 Act defines ``civil monetary penalty'' as ``any penalty, fine, 
or other sanction that . . . is for a specific monetary amount as 
provided by Federal law; or . . . has a maximum amount provided for by 
Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to 
Federal law; and . . . is assessed or enforced pursuant to an 
administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts . . . 
.'' Id. at 2. It further instructs that agencies ``are to adjust `the 
maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and maximum 
civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary 
penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment.' '' Id. The 1990 Act, as 
amended by the 2015 Act, and the OMB Memorandum specify that the annual 
inflation adjustments are based on the percent change between the 
Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers

[[Page 15884]]

(the CPI-U) published by the Department of Labor for the month of 
October in the year of the previous adjustment, and the October CPI-U 
for the preceding year. The recent OMB Memorandum specified that the 
cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2022, not seasonally adjusted, 
is 1.06222 (the October 2021 CPI-U (276.589) divided by the October 
2020 CPI-U (260.388) = 1.06222). OSMRE used this guidance to identify 
applicable CMPs and calculate the required inflation adjustments. The 
1990 Act, as amended by the 2015 Act, specifies that any resulting 
increases in CMPs must be rounded according to a stated rounding 
formula and that the increased CMPs apply only to CMP assessments that 
occur after the date that the increases take effect.
    Generally, OSMRE assigns points to a violation as described in 30 
CFR 723.13 and 845.13. The CMP owed is based on the number of points 
received, ranging from one point to 70 points. For example, under our 
existing regulations in 30 CFR 845.14, a violation totaling 70 points 
would amount to a $17,314 CMP. To adjust this amount, we multiply 
$17,314 by the 2021 inflation factor of 1.06222, resulting in a raw 
adjusted amount of $18,391.28. Because the 2015 Act requires us to 
round any increase in the CMP amount to the nearest dollar, in this 
case a violation of 70 points would amount to a new CMP of $18,391. 
Pursuant to the 2015 Act, the increases in this Final Rule apply to 
CMPs assessed after the date the increases take effect, even if the 
associated violation predates the applicable increase.

C. Effect of the Rule in Federal Program States and on Indian Lands

    OSMRE directly regulates surface coal mining and reclamation 
operations within a State or on Indian lands if the State or Tribe does 
not obtain its own approved program pursuant to sections 503 or 710(j) 
of SMCRA, 30 U.S.C. 1253 or 1300(j). The increases in CMPs contained in 
this rule will apply to the following Federal program States: Arizona, 
California, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, 
Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Washington. The 
Federal programs for those States appear at 30 CFR parts 903, 905, 910, 
912, 921, 922, 933, 937, 939, 941, 942, and 947, respectively. Under 30 
CFR 750.18, the increases in CMPs also apply to Indian lands under the 
Federal program for Indian lands.

D. Effect of the Rule on Approved State Programs

    As a result of litigation, see In re Permanent Surface Mining 
Regulation Litigation, No. 79-1144, Mem. Op. (D.D.C. May 16, 1980), 19 
Env't. Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1477, State regulatory programs are not required 
to mirror all of the penalty provisions of our regulations. Thus, this 
rule has no effect on CMPs in States with SMCRA primacy.

II. Procedural Matters

A. Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will 
review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that agency 
regulations exclusively implementing the annual inflation adjustments 
are not significant, provided they are consistent with the OMB 
Memorandum. Because this final rule exclusively implements the annual 
inflation adjustments, is consistent with the OMB Memorandum, and will 
have an annual impact of less than $100 million, it is not significant 
under Executive Order 12866.
    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of Executive Order 
12866 while calling for improvements in the Nation's regulatory system 
to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, 
most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory 
ends. The Executive Order directs agencies to consider regulatory 
approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of 
choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, 
and consistent with regulatory objectives. Executive Order 13563 
emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available 
science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public 
participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this 
rule in a manner consistent with these requirements, to the extent 
permitted by statute.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires an agency to prepare 
a regulatory flexibility analysis for all rules unless the agency 
certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on 
a substantial number of small entities. The RFA applies only to rules 
for which an agency is required to first publish a proposed rule. See 5 
U.S.C. 603(a) and 604(a). The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires agencies to adjust 
civil penalties annually for inflation ``notwithstanding section 553 
[of the Administrative Procedure Act].'' Thus, no proposed rule will be 
published, and the RFA does not apply to this rulemaking.

C. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small 
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule:
    (a) Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million 
or more.
    (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for 
consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government 
agencies, or geographic regions.
    (c) Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, 
employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of 
United States-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based 
enterprises.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or 
Tribal governments, or the private sector, of more than $100 million 
per year. The rule does not have a significant or unique effect on 
State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A statement 
containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
(2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.

E. Takings (Executive Order 12630)

    This rule does not effect a taking of private property or otherwise 
have takings implications under Executive Order 12630. A takings 
implication assessment is not required.

F. Federalism (Executive Order 13132)

    Under the criteria in section 1 of Executive Order 13132, this rule 
does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the 
preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. A federalism 
summary impact statement is not required.

G. Civil Justice Reform (Executive Order 12988)

    This rule complies with the requirements of Executive Order 12988. 
Specifically, this rule:
    (a) Meets the criteria of section 3(a) requiring that all 
regulations be reviewed to eliminate errors and ambiguity and be 
written to minimize litigation; and
    (b) Meets the criteria of section 3(b)(2) requiring that all 
regulations be written

[[Page 15885]]

in clear language and contain clear legal standards.

H. Consultation With Indian Tribes (Executive Order 13175 and 
Departmental Policy)

    The Department of the Interior strives to strengthen its 
government-to-government relationship with Tribes through a commitment 
to consultation with Tribes and recognition of their right to self-
governance and Tribal sovereignty. We have evaluated this rule under 
the Department's consultation policy, under Departmental Manual Part 
512, Chapters 4 and 5, and under the criteria in Executive Order 13175 
and have determined that it has no substantial direct effects on 
Federally-recognized Tribes or Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 
(ANCSA) Corporations, and that consultation under the Department's 
Tribal consultation policy is not required.

I. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule does not contain information collection requirements, and 
a submission to the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork 
Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is not required. We may not 
conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a 
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB 
control number.

J. National Environmental Policy Act

    This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly 
affecting the quality of the human environment. A detailed statement 
under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not 
required because the rule is covered by a categorical exclusion. This 
rule is excluded from the requirement to prepare a detailed statement 
because it is a regulation of an administrative nature. (For further 
information see 43 CFR 46.210(i).) We have also determined that the 
rule does not involve any of the extraordinary circumstances listed in 
43 CFR 46.215 that would require further analysis under NEPA.

K. Effects on Energy Supply, Distribution, and Use (Executive Order 
13211)

    This rule is not a significant energy action under the definition 
in Executive Order 13211. A Statement of Energy Effects is not 
required.

L. Clarity of This Regulation

    We are required by Executive Orders 12866 (section 1(b)(12)), 12988 
(section 3(b)(1)(B)), and 13563 (section 1(a)), and by the Presidential 
Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This 
means that each rule we publish must:
    (a) Be logically organized;
    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;
    (c) Use common, everyday words and clear language rather than 
jargon;
    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and
    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.
    If you believe that we have not met these requirements in issuing 
this final rule, please contact the individual listed in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. Your comments should be as 
specific as possible in order to help us determine whether any future 
revisions to the rule are necessary. For example, you should tell us 
the numbers of the sections or paragraphs that you find unclear, which 
sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists 
or tables would be useful, etc.

M. Data Quality Act

    In developing this rule, we did not conduct or use a study, 
experiment, or survey requiring peer review under the Data Quality Act 
(Pub. L. 106-554).

N. Administrative Procedure Act

    We are issuing this final rule without prior public notice or 
opportunity for public comment. As discussed above, the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 requires 
agencies to publish adjusted penalties annually. Under the 2015 Act, 
the public procedure that the Administrative Procedure Act generally 
requires--notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in the 
effective date--is not required for agencies to issue regulations 
implementing the annual adjustments required by the 2015 Act. See OMB 
Memorandum, M-22-07, at 3-4.

O. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 3701 note et seq.) directs Federal agencies to 
use voluntary consensus standards when implementing regulatory 
activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or 
otherwise impractical. This final rule is not subject to the 
requirements of section 12(d) of the NTTAA because application of those 
requirements would be inconsistent with SMCRA, and the requirements 
would not be applicable to this final rulemaking.

P. Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety 
Risks (Executive Order 13045)

    Executive Order 13045 requires that environmental and related rules 
separately evaluate the potential impact to children. However, 
Executive Order 13045 is inapplicable to this rulemaking because this 
is not a substantive rulemaking and a notice of proposed rulemaking was 
neither required nor prepared. See section 2-202 and 5-501 of Executive 
Order 13045.

List of Subjects

30 CFR Part 723

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

30 CFR Part 724

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

30 CFR Part 845

    Administrative practice and procedure, Law enforcement, Penalties, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Surface mining, Underground 
mining.

30 CFR Part 846

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties, Surface mining, 
Underground mining.

Delegation of Signing Authority

    The action taken herein is pursuant to an existing delegation of 
authority.

Laura Daniel-Davis,
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management.

    For the reasons given in the preamble, the Department of the 
Interior amends 30 CFR parts 723, 724, 845, and 846 as set forth below.

PART 723--CIVIL PENALTIES

0
1. The authority citation for part 723 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 
3701.


0
2. Revise the table in Sec.  723.14 to read as follows:


Sec.  723.14  Determination of amount of penalty.

* * * * *

                        Table 1 to Sec.   723.14
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Points                               Dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.............................................................        73
2.............................................................       148
3.............................................................       221

[[Page 15886]]

 
4.............................................................       294
5.............................................................       368
6.............................................................       442
7.............................................................       515
8.............................................................       586
9.............................................................       662
10............................................................       736
11............................................................       808
12............................................................       883
13............................................................       954
14............................................................     1,029
15............................................................     1,105
16............................................................     1,177
17............................................................     1,250
18............................................................     1,326
19............................................................     1,398
20............................................................     1,471
21............................................................     1,546
22............................................................     1,619
23............................................................     1,692
24............................................................     1,764
25............................................................     1,839
26............................................................     2,207
27............................................................     2,575
28............................................................     2,940
29............................................................     3,170
30............................................................     3,678
31............................................................     4,045
32............................................................     4,414
33............................................................     4,782
34............................................................     5,150
35............................................................     5,517
36............................................................     5,885
37............................................................     6,254
38............................................................     6,621
39............................................................     6,988
40............................................................     7,355
41............................................................     7,726
42............................................................     8,092
43............................................................     8,458
44............................................................     8,827
45............................................................     9,195
46............................................................     9,563
47............................................................     9,930
48............................................................    10,299
49............................................................    10,666
50............................................................    11,033
51............................................................    11,400
52............................................................    11,770
53............................................................    12,138
54............................................................    12,506
55............................................................    12,875
56............................................................    13,242
57............................................................    13,608
58............................................................    13,976
59............................................................    14,345
60............................................................    14,712
61............................................................    15,079
62............................................................    15,448
63............................................................    15,816
64............................................................    16,184
65............................................................    16,550
66............................................................    16,920
67............................................................    17,287
68............................................................    17,654
69............................................................    18,022
70............................................................    18,391
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. In Sec.  723.15, revise introductory text of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  723.15  Assessment of separate violations for each day.

* * * * *
    (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) 
of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of 
violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement 
period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant 
to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not 
less than $2,758 will be assessed for each day during which such 
failure to abate continues, except that:
* * * * *

PART 724--INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

0
4. The authority citation for part 724 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 
3701.


0
5. In Sec.  724.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  724.14  Amount of individual civil penalty.

* * * * *
    (b) The penalty will not exceed $18,391 for each violation. * * *

PART 845--CIVIL PENALTIES

0
6. The authority citation for part 845 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., 31 U.S.C. 
3701, Pub. L. 100-202, and Pub. L. 100-446.


0
7. Revise the table in Sec.  845.14 to read as follows:


Sec.  845.14  Determination of amount of penalty.

* * * * *

                        Table 1 to Sec.   845.14
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Points                               Dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.............................................................        73
2.............................................................       148
3.............................................................       221
4.............................................................       294
5.............................................................       368
6.............................................................       442
7.............................................................       515
8.............................................................       586
9.............................................................       662
10............................................................       736
11............................................................       808
12............................................................       883
13............................................................       954
14............................................................     1,029
15............................................................     1,105
16............................................................     1,177
17............................................................     1,250
18............................................................     1,326
19............................................................     1,398
20............................................................     1,471
21............................................................     1,546
22............................................................     1,619
23............................................................     1,692
24............................................................     1,764
25............................................................     1,839
26............................................................     2,207
27............................................................     2,575
28............................................................     2,940
29............................................................     3,170
30............................................................     3,678
31............................................................     4,045
32............................................................     4,414
33............................................................     4,782
34............................................................     5,150
35............................................................     5,517
36............................................................     5,885
37............................................................     6,254
38............................................................     6,621
39............................................................     6,988
40............................................................     7,355
41............................................................     7,726
42............................................................     8,092
43............................................................     8,458
44............................................................     8,827
45............................................................     9,195
46............................................................     9,563
47............................................................     9,930
48............................................................    10,299
49............................................................    10,666
50............................................................    11,033
51............................................................    11,400
52............................................................    11,770
53............................................................    12,138
54............................................................    12,506
55............................................................    12,875
56............................................................    13,242
57............................................................    13,608
58............................................................    13,976
59............................................................    14,345
60............................................................    14,712
61............................................................    15,079
62............................................................    15,448
63............................................................    15,816
64............................................................    16,184
65............................................................    16,550
66............................................................    16,920
67............................................................    17,287
68............................................................    17,654
69............................................................    18,022
70............................................................    18,391
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
8. In Sec.  845.15, revise introductory text of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  845.15  Assessment of separate violations for each day.

* * * * *
    (b) In addition to the civil penalty provided for in paragraph (a) 
of this section, whenever a violation contained in a notice of 
violation or cessation order has not been abated within the abatement 
period set in the notice or order or as subsequently extended pursuant 
to section 521(a) of the Act, 30 U.S.C. 1271(a), a civil penalty of not 
less than $2,758 will be assessed for each day during which such 
failure to abate continues, except that:
* * * * *

[[Page 15887]]

PART 846--INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

0
9. The authority citation for part 846 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461, 30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq., and 31 U.S.C. 
3701.


0
10. In Sec.  846.14, revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  846.14  Amount of individual civil penalty.

* * * * *
    (b) The penalty will not exceed $18,391 for each violation. * * *

[FR Doc. 2022-05624 Filed 3-18-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-05-P