Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for 50 Hawaiian Archipelago Species, 10378-10381 [2022-03614]

Download as PDF 10378 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 37 / Thursday, February 24, 2022 / Notices State and county Denton ........... Johnson ......... Location and case No. Chief executive officer of community Town of Northlake (21– 06–1777P). The Honorable David Rettig, Mayor, Town of Northlake, 1500 Commons Circle, Suite 300, Northlake, TX 76226. City of Burleson The Honorable Chris (21–06–2590P). Fletcher, Mayor, City of Burleson, 141 West Renfro Street, Burleson, TX 76028. [FR Doc. 2022–03856 Filed 2–23–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–12–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service FWS–R1–ES–2021–N202; FXES11130100000–223–FF01E00000] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for 50 Hawaiian Archipelago Species Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability; request for review and public comment. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the availability of a draft recovery plan for 50 Hawaiian archipelago species. We request review and comment from the public and local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies. DATES: To ensure consideration, comments on the draft recovery plan must be received on or before April 25, 2022. However, we will accept information about any species at any time. SUMMARY: Document availability: Obtain the recovery plan by any of the following methods. • Internet: http://www.fws.gov/ endangered/species/recovery-plans.html or http://www.fws.gov/pacific/ ecoservices/endangered/recovery/ plans.html. ADDRESSES: Community map repository Online location of letter of map revision Date of modification Community No. Town Hall, 1500 Commons Circle, Suite 300, Northlake, TX 76226. https://msc.fema.gov/portal/ advanceSearch. Jun. 6, 2022 ....... 480782 City Hall, 141 West Renfro Street, Burleson, TX 76028. https://msc.fema.gov/portal/ advanceSearch. Jun. 2, 2022 ....... 485459 • U.S. mail: Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3122, Honolulu, HI 96850. • Telephone: (808) 792–9400. Comment submission: You may submit written comments and materials by one of the following methods: • U.S. mail: Gregory Koob, Deputy Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at the above U.S. mail address. • Fax: 808–792–9581. • Email: gregory_koob@fws.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gregory Koob, Deputy Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at the above U.S. mail address, or via telephone at 808–792–9400. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf, call the Federal Relay Service at 1– 800–877–8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the availability of the draft recovery plan for 50 Hawaiian archipelago species. The 50 endangered or threatened species addressed in this draft recovery plan are all endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, and include 35 plants, 13 invertebrates, and 2 birds. The draft recovery plan includes specific goals, objectives, and criteria that should be met to enable us to consider removing any of the species from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. We request review and comment on this Scientific name Common name Asplenium diellaciniatum ............... No common name ............. Calamagrostis expansa ................. Maui reedgrass ................. Canavalia pubescens .................... Awikiwiki ............................ Christella boydiae (listed as Cyclosorus boydiae). Deparia kaalaana .......................... Kupukupu makalii .............. Listing rule draft recovery plan from the public and local, State, and Federal agencies. Background Recovery of endangered or threatened animals and plants to the point where they are again secure, self-sustaining members of their ecosystems is a primary goal of our endangered species program and the Endangered Species Act (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) Recovery means improvement of the status of listed species to the point at which listing is no longer appropriate under the criteria set out in section 4(a)(1) of the Act. The Act requires the development of recovery plans for listed species, unless such a plan would not promote the conservation of a particular species. The objective of a recovery plan is to provide a framework for the recovery of a listed species so that protection under the Act is no longer necessary. A recovery plan includes scientific information about the species and provides criteria and actions necessary for us to be able to reclassify the species or remove it from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Recovery plans help guide our recovery efforts by describing actions we consider necessary for the species’ conservation and for estimating time and costs for implementing needed recovery measures. Species Addressed in Recovery Plan This draft recovery plan addresses 50 species, as described in the table below. Status Distribution jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 Plants VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:46 Feb 23, 2022 No common name ............. Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00047 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 78 FR 32013 2013). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). Fmt 4703 (September Endangered Kauai. (September Endangered (May 28, Endangered Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Maui, Lanai. (September Endangered (September Endangered Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM Oahu, Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Kauai (likely extirpated), Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). 24FEN1 10379 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 37 / Thursday, February 24, 2022 / Notices Scientific name Common name Dryopteris glabra var. pusilla ........ Hohiu ................................. Exocarpos menziesii ..................... Heau .................................. Festuca hawaiiensis ...................... No common name ............. Gardenia remyi .............................. Nanu .................................. Haplostachys haplostachya .......... Honohono (listed as having no common name). No common name ............. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 Huperzia stemmermanniae ........... Listing rule 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 44 FR 62468 1979). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). Status Distribution (September Endangered Kauai. (September Endangered (September Endangered (September Endangered (October 30, Endangered Lanai (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Maui (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Kauai, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Island. Hawaii Island. (September Endangered (September Endangered (September Endangered Maui (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Island. Kauai, Oahu. (September Endangered Kauai. (September Endangered Kauai. (September Endangered Kauai. (September Endangered (September Endangered Oahu, Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Kauai, Oahu. (September Endangered 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 46 FR 9976 (January 30, 1981); 48 FR 46328 (October 12, 1983). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Kauai (likely extirpated), Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai, Maui, Lanai (likely extirpated). Maui, Hawaii Island. Endangered Oahu, Molokai, Maui. Endangered Maui, Hawaii Island. Endangered Kauai. Endangered Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Island. Endangered Niihau, Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai, Maui, Lanai (likely extirpated), Kahoolawe (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai, Maui, Lanai (likely extirpated). Joinvillea ascendens ssp. ascendens. Kadua fluviatilis ............................. Ohe .................................... Kadua haupuensis ........................ No common name ............. Labordia lorenciana ....................... No common name ............. Lepidium orbiculare ....................... Anaunau ............................ Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis Myrsine fosbergii ........................... Palapalai (listed as having no common name). Kolea ................................. Nothocestrum latifolium ................. Aiea ................................... Ochrosia haleakalae ..................... Holei .................................. Panicum fauriei var. carteri ........... Carter’s panicgrass ........... Phyllostegia brevidens .................. No common name ............. Phyllostegia helleri ........................ No common name ............. Phyllostegia stachyoides ............... No common name ............. Portulaca villosa ............................ Ihi ....................................... Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. molokaiense. Ranunculus hawaiensis ................ Enaena .............................. 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Makou ................................ Endangered Ranunculus mauiensis .................. Makou ................................ 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Sanicula sandwicensis .................. No common name ............. (September Endangered Santalum involutum ....................... Iliahi ................................... (September Endangered Kauai. Sicyos lanceoloideus ..................... Anunu ................................ (September Endangered Kauai, Oahu. Sicyos macrophyllus ..................... Anunu ................................ (September Endangered Solanum nelsonii ........................... Popolo ............................... 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Kauai, Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai (likely extirpated), Maui, Hawaii Island. Maui, Hawaii Island. (September Endangered Stenogyne angustifolia (listed as Stenogyne angustifolia var. angustifolia). Wikstroemia skottsbergiana .......... No common name ............. 44 FR 62468 (October 30, 1979). Endangered Akia ................................... 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Maui (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Kure, Midway, Pearl and Hermes, Laysan (likely extirpated), Nihoa (likely extirpated), Niihau, Oahu, Molokai, Maui (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Molokai (likely extirpated), Maui (likely extirpated), Hawaii Island. Kauai. Kamapuaa ......................... Endangered Invertebrates VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:46 Feb 23, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1 10380 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 37 / Thursday, February 24, 2022 / Notices Scientific name Common name Drosophila differens ...................... Hawaiian picture-wing fly .. Drosophila heteroneura ................. Hawaiian picture-wing fly .. Drosophila mulli ............................. Hawaiian picture-wing fly .. Drosophila neoclavisetae .............. Hawaiian picture-wing fly .. Drosophila ochrobasis ................... Hawaiian picture-wing fly .. Hylaeus anthracinus ...................... Anthracinan yellow-faced bee (listed as Bee, yellow-faced). Assimulans yellow-faced bee (listed as Bee, yellow-faced). Easy yellow-faced bee (listed as Bee, yellowfaced). Longiceps yellow-faced bee (listed as Bee, yellow-faced). Flying earwig Hawaiian damselfly. Pacific Hawaiian damselfly Listing rule Distribution (May 9, Endangered Molokai. (May 9, Endangered Hawaii Island. (May 9, Threatened Hawaii Island. (May 9, Endangered Maui (possibly extirpated). (May 9, Endangered Hawaii Island. (September Endangered 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Lanai (likely extirpated), Kahoolawe, Hawaii Island. Oahu (likely extirpated), Maui, Lanai, Kahoolawe. 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered 75 FR 35990 (June 24, 2010). 75 FR 35990 (June 24, 2010). Endangered Orangeblack Hawaiian damselfly. Anchialine pool shrimp ...... 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Drepanis coccinea ......................... Iiwi (honeycreeper) ............ 82 FR 43873 (September 20, 2017). Threatened Hydrobates castro (listed Oceanodroma castro). Band-rumped storm-petrel, Hawaii DPS (distinct population segment); also known as akeake. 81 FR 67786 (September 30, 2016). Endangered Hylaeus assimulans ...................... Hylaeus facilis ............................... Hylaeus longiceps ......................... Megalagrion nesiotes .................... Megalagrion pacificum .................. Megalagrion xanthomelas ............. Procaris hawaiana ......................... 71 FR 26835 2006). 71 FR 26835 2006). 71 FR 26835 2006). 71 FR 26835 2006). 71 FR 26835 2006). 81 FR 67786 30, 2016). Status Endangered Endangered Oahu, Molokai, Maui (possibly extirpated), Lanai (likely extirpated). Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Lanai. Maui, Hawaii Island (likely extirpated). Kauai (likely extirpated), Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai (likely extirpated), Lanai (likely extirpated), Maui, Hawaii Island. Oahu, Molokai, Lanai (extirpated), Maui, Hawaii Island. Maui, Hawaii Island. Birds as jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 Recovery Planning Process The Service is now using a process termed recovery planning and implementation (RPI) (see https:// www.fws.gov/endangered/esa-library/ pdf/RPI.pdf). The RPI approach is intended to reduce the time needed to develop and implement recovery plans, increase recovery plan relevancy over a longer timeframe, and add flexibility to recovery plans so they can be adjusted for new information or circumstances. Under RPI, a recovery plan includes the statutorily required elements under section 4(f) of the Act (objective and measurable recovery criteria, sitespecific management actions, and estimates of time and costs), along with a concise introduction and our strategy to achieve species recovery. The RPI recovery plan is supported by two supplementary documents: A species status assessment or species report, which describes the best available VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:46 Feb 23, 2022 Jkt 256001 scientific information related to the biological needs of the species and assessment of threats; and the recovery implementation strategy, which details the particular near-term activities needed to implement the recovery actions identified in the recovery plan. Under this approach, we can incorporate new information on species biology or details of recovery implementation by updating these supplementary documents, without concurrent revision of the entire recovery plan, unless changes to statutorily required elements are necessary. Recovery Plan Components The draft recovery plan for 50 Hawaiian archipelago species is supported by species reports that describe the best available scientific information on species biology, status, and threats for each of the 50 species PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Kauai, Oahu (likely extirpated), Molokai (possibly extirpated), Lanai (extirpated), Maui, Hawaii Island. Lehua, Kauai, Oahu (extirpated), Molokai (extirpated), Maui (possibly extirpated), Lanai, Kahoolawe (possibly extirpated), Hawaii Island. addressed in the draft recovery plan. These species reports are available within the species profiles for each of the species at https://ecos.fws.gov. We are in the process of coordinating with conservation partners at the State of Hawaii’s Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife; the Counties of Kauai, Honolulu, Maui, and Hawaii; interagency Plant Extinction Prevention Program; research institutions; watershed partnerships; public and private stakeholders; and national parks to identify the highest-priority actions for recovery of these species that will be part of a recovery implementation strategy. Major threats to the various Hawaiian archipelago species addressed in this draft recovery plan include habitat degradation, predation and herbivory by nonnative mammals and invertebrates; disease spread by nonnative species; E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 37 / Thursday, February 24, 2022 / Notices and competition with invasive nonnative plant species. Achieving recovery for the 50 species will require assessments of populations and their habitats; selection of sites for long-term conservation; control of threats; development of regulatory protections; species-specific research; and translocation of species in order to maximize resiliency, redundancy, and representation. A detailed recovery strategy for each species group or species is presented in the main body of the recovery plan. Request for Public Comments Section 4(f) of the Act requires us to provide public notice and an opportunity for public review and comment during recovery plan development. By policy we also request peer review of recovery plans (59 FR 34270; July 1, 1994). In an appendix to the approved final recovery plan, we will summarize and respond to the issues raised during public comment and peer review. Substantive comments may or may not result in changes to the recovery plan. Comments regarding recovery plan implementation will be forwarded as appropriate to Federal or other entities so that they can be taken into account during the course of implementing recovery actions. We will consider all comments we receive by the date specified in DATES prior to final approval of the plan. Public Availability of Comments Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Authority jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Robyn Thorson, Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. 2022–03614 Filed 2–23–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:46 Feb 23, 2022 Jkt 256001 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Geological Survey 2022 Final List of Critical Minerals U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: By this notice, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), presents the 2022 final list of critical minerals and the methodology used to develop the list. The 2022 final list of critical minerals, which revises the final list published by the Secretary in 2018, includes the following 50 minerals: Aluminum, antimony, arsenic, barite, beryllium, bismuth, cerium, cesium, chromium, cobalt, dysprosium, erbium, europium, fluorspar, gadolinium, gallium, germanium, graphite, hafnium, holmium, indium, iridium, lanthanum, lithium, lutetium, magnesium, manganese, neodymium, nickel, niobium, palladium, platinum, praseodymium, rhodium, rubidium, ruthenium, samarium, scandium, tantalum, tellurium, terbium, thulium, tin, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, ytterbium, yttrium, zinc, and zirconium. ADDRESSES: Public comments received on the draft list of critical minerals are available at www.regulations.gov under docket number DOI–2021–0013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Mosley, (703) 648–6312, jmosely@usgs.gov. Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Relay Service (FRS) at 1–800–877–8339 or dial 711 to contact Mr. Mosley during normal business hours. The FRS is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to leave a message or question with this individual. You will receive a reply during normal business hours. Normal business hours are 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except for Federal holidays. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to Section 7002 of the Energy Act of 2020 (the Energy Act) (Pub. L. 116–260), on November 9, 2021, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), published in the Federal Register a draft list of 50 mineral commodities proposed for inclusion on the Interior Department’s list of critical minerals and the methodology USGS used to create the list. 86 FR 62199. The Federal Register notice provided for a 30-day public comment period, which closed on December 9, 2021. On December 14, 2021, the USGS published a notice in the Federal Register extending the SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 10381 comment period by 32 days. 86 FR 71083. The public comment period closed on January 10, 2022. The comments are available for public viewing at www.regulations.gov under docket DOI–2021–0013. Consistent with the methodology described in the November 2021 Federal Register notice, the 2022 final list of critical minerals revises the Interior Department’s final list of critical minerals, which it published in 2018 pursuant to Executive Order 13817—A Federal Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals. 83 FR 23295. USGS received 1,073 comments during the extended comment period and received 4 letters after the comment period. Two comments were made anonymously, 996 were from individuals, and 77 were submitted on behalf of organizations. The comments included 91 requests to include specific minerals, including copper, phosphate, silver, and lead, which also were not on the 2018 final list, and helium, potash, and uranium, which were on the 2018 final list, but not on the draft list. Many of the comments requesting to include these specific minerals noted their importance or provided other qualitative rationale for their inclusion. However, the comments did not identify any inaccuracies in the data used to conduct the quantitative evaluation in accordance with the published USGS methodology, nor did they identify any single points of failure. USGS applied the quantitative methodology to each of the minerals requested for inclusion that were not on the draft list, and per the criteria articulated in the Federal Register Notice publishing the draft list at 86 FR 62199, a qualitative evaluation was conducted only when other evaluations were not possible. After applying the methodology, USGS determined that the minerals requested for inclusion did not meet the criteria for inclusion on the final list. There were 991 requests, the vast majority of which were form comments, supporting the removal of uranium (included on the 2018 final list) from the 2022 final list. The comments also included 5 requests supporting the exclusion of other specific minerals, including copper, helium, potash, rhenium, and strontium, none of which the USGS had proposed for inclusion on the list. As noted above, USGS received requests to include four minerals that other commenters also requested to exclude: Copper, helium, potash, and uranium. Some commenters took issue with USGS’s reliance on the Mineral Policy Act of 1970 to characterize uranium as a fuel mineral. Even assuming the E:\FR\FM\24FEN1.SGM 24FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 37 (Thursday, February 24, 2022)]
[Notices]
[Pages 10378-10381]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-03614]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

FWS-R1-ES-2021-N202; FXES11130100000-223-FF01E00000]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery 
Plan for 50 Hawaiian Archipelago Species

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of availability; request for review and public comment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the 
availability of a draft recovery plan for 50 Hawaiian archipelago 
species. We request review and comment from the public and local, 
State, Tribal, and Federal agencies.

DATES: To ensure consideration, comments on the draft recovery plan 
must be received on or before April 25, 2022. However, we will accept 
information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES: Document availability: Obtain the recovery plan by any of 
the following methods.
     Internet: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/recovery-plans.html or http://www.fws.gov/pacific/ecoservices/endangered/recovery/plans.html.
     U.S. mail: Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana 
Boulevard, Room 3122, Honolulu, HI 96850.
     Telephone: (808) 792-9400.
    Comment submission: You may submit written comments and materials 
by one of the following methods:
     U.S. mail: Gregory Koob, Deputy Field Supervisor, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at 
the above U.S. mail address.
     Fax: 808-792-9581.
     Email: [email protected].

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gregory Koob, Deputy Field Supervisor, 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife 
Office, at the above U.S. mail address, or via telephone at 808-792-
9400. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf, call the 
Federal Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
(Service), announce the availability of the draft recovery plan for 50 
Hawaiian archipelago species. The 50 endangered or threatened species 
addressed in this draft recovery plan are all endemic to the Hawaiian 
Islands, and include 35 plants, 13 invertebrates, and 2 birds. The 
draft recovery plan includes specific goals, objectives, and criteria 
that should be met to enable us to consider removing any of the species 
from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. 
We request review and comment on this draft recovery plan from the 
public and local, State, and Federal agencies.

Background

    Recovery of endangered or threatened animals and plants to the 
point where they are again secure, self-sustaining members of their 
ecosystems is a primary goal of our endangered species program and the 
Endangered Species Act (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) Recovery means 
improvement of the status of listed species to the point at which 
listing is no longer appropriate under the criteria set out in section 
4(a)(1) of the Act. The Act requires the development of recovery plans 
for listed species, unless such a plan would not promote the 
conservation of a particular species.
    The objective of a recovery plan is to provide a framework for the 
recovery of a listed species so that protection under the Act is no 
longer necessary. A recovery plan includes scientific information about 
the species and provides criteria and actions necessary for us to be 
able to reclassify the species or remove it from the Federal List of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Recovery plans help 
guide our recovery efforts by describing actions we consider necessary 
for the species' conservation and for estimating time and costs for 
implementing needed recovery measures.

Species Addressed in Recovery Plan

    This draft recovery plan addresses 50 species, as described in the 
table below.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Scientific name                Common name          Listing rule         Status        Distribution
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plants
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Asplenium diellaciniatum.........  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Calamagrostis expansa............  Maui reedgrass......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island
                                                          (September 30,                     (likely
                                                          2016).                             extirpated).
Canavalia pubescens..............  Awikiwiki...........  78 FR 32013 (May 28,   Endangered  Maui, Lanai.
                                                          2013).
Christella boydiae (listed as      Kupukupu makalii....  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Maui, Hawaii
 Cyclosorus boydiae).                                     (September 30,                     Island (likely
                                                          2016).                             extirpated).
Deparia kaalaana.................  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Maui,
                                                          2016).                             Hawaii Island
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).

[[Page 10379]]

 
Dryopteris glabra var. pusilla...  Hohiu...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Exocarpos menziesii..............  Heau................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Lanai (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Hawaii
                                                          2016).                             Island.
Festuca hawaiiensis..............  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Hawaii
                                                          2016).                             Island.
Gardenia remyi...................  Nanu................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Molokai,
                                                          (September 30,                     Maui, Hawaii
                                                          2016).                             Island.
Haplostachys haplostachya........  Honohono (listed as   44 FR 62468 (October   Endangered  Hawaii Island.
                                    having no common      30, 1979).
                                    name).
Huperzia stemmermanniae..........  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Hawaii
                                                          2016).                             Island.
Joinvillea ascendens ssp.          Ohe.................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Oahu,
 ascendens.                                               (September 30,                     Molokai, Maui,
                                                          2016).                             Hawaii Island.
Kadua fluviatilis................  Kamapuaa............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Oahu.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Kadua haupuensis.................  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Labordia lorenciana..............  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Lepidium orbiculare..............  Anaunau.............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Microlepia strigosa var.           Palapalai (listed as  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Maui, Hawaii
 mauiensis.                         having no common      (September 30,                     Island (likely
                                    name).                2016).                             extirpated).
Myrsine fosbergii................  Kolea...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Oahu.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Nothocestrum latifolium..........  Aiea................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Oahu
                                                          2016).                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated),
                                                                                             Molokai, Maui,
                                                                                             Lanai (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Ochrosia haleakalae..............  Holei...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Panicum fauriei var. carteri.....  Carter's panicgrass.  46 FR 9976 (January    Endangered  Oahu, Molokai, Maui.
                                                          30, 1981); 48 FR
                                                          46328 (October 12,
                                                          1983).
Phyllostegia brevidens...........  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Phyllostegia helleri.............  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Phyllostegia stachyoides.........  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Molokai, Maui,
                                                          (September 30,                     Hawaii Island.
                                                          2016).
Portulaca villosa................  Ihi.................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Niihau, Oahu (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated),
                                                          2016).                             Molokai, Maui,
                                                                                             Lanai (likely
                                                                                             extirpated),
                                                                                             Kahoolawe (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Hawaii
                                                                                             Island.
Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium     Enaena..............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu (likely
 var. molokaiense.                                        (September 30,                     extirpated),
                                                          2016).                             Molokai, Maui,
                                                                                             Lanai (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Ranunculus hawaiensis............  Makou...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Molokai, Maui,
                                                          (September 30,                     Hawaii Island
                                                          2016).                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Ranunculus mauiensis.............  Makou...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Oahu (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated),
                                                          2016).                             Molokai (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Maui,
                                                                                             Hawaii Island.
Sanicula sandwicensis............  No common name......  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Santalum involutum...............  Iliahi..............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Sicyos lanceoloideus.............  Anunu...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai, Oahu.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
Sicyos macrophyllus..............  Anunu...............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui (likely
                                                          (September 30,                     extirpated), Hawaii
                                                          2016).                             Island.
Solanum nelsonii.................  Popolo..............  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kure, Midway, Pearl
                                                          (September 30,                     and Hermes, Laysan
                                                          2016).                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Nihoa
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated),
                                                                                             Niihau, Oahu,
                                                                                             Molokai, Maui
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Hawaii
                                                                                             Island (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Stenogyne angustifolia (listed as  No common name......  44 FR 62468 (October   Endangered  Molokai (likely
 Stenogyne angustifolia var.                              30, 1979).                         extirpated), Maui
 angustifolia).                                                                              (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Hawaii
                                                                                             Island.
Wikstroemia skottsbergiana.......  Akia................  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Kauai.
                                                          (September 30,
                                                          2016).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Invertebrates
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 10380]]

 
Drosophila differens.............  Hawaiian picture-     71 FR 26835 (May 9,    Endangered  Molokai.
                                    wing fly.             2006).
Drosophila heteroneura...........  Hawaiian picture-     71 FR 26835 (May 9,    Endangered  Hawaii Island.
                                    wing fly.             2006).
Drosophila mulli.................  Hawaiian picture-     71 FR 26835 (May 9,    Threatened  Hawaii Island.
                                    wing fly.             2006).
Drosophila neoclavisetae.........  Hawaiian picture-     71 FR 26835 (May 9,    Endangered  Maui (possibly
                                    wing fly.             2006).                             extirpated).
Drosophila ochrobasis............  Hawaiian picture-     71 FR 26835 (May 9,    Endangered  Hawaii Island.
                                    wing fly.             2006).
Hylaeus anthracinus..............  Anthracinan yellow-   81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Molokai, Maui,
                                    faced bee (listed     (September 30,                     Lanai (likely
                                    as Bee, yellow-       2016).                             extirpated),
                                    faced).                                                  Kahoolawe, Hawaii
                                                                                             Island.
Hylaeus assimulans...............  Assimulans yellow-    81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu (likely
                                    faced bee (listed     (September 30,                     extirpated), Maui,
                                    as Bee, yellow-       2016).                             Lanai, Kahoolawe.
                                    faced).
Hylaeus facilis..................  Easy yellow-faced     81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Molokai, Maui
                                    bee (listed as Bee,   (September 30,                     (possibly
                                    yellow-faced).        2016).                             extirpated), Lanai
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Hylaeus longiceps................  Longiceps yellow-     81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Molokai, Maui,
                                    faced bee (listed     (September 30,                     Lanai.
                                    as Bee, yellow-       2016).
                                    faced).
Megalagrion nesiotes.............  Flying earwig         75 FR 35990 (June      Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island
                                    Hawaiian damselfly.   24, 2010).                         (likely
                                                                                             extirpated).
Megalagrion pacificum............  Pacific Hawaiian      75 FR 35990 (June      Endangered  Kauai (likely
                                    damselfly.            24, 2010).                         extirpated), Oahu
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated),
                                                                                             Molokai (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Lanai
                                                                                             (likely
                                                                                             extirpated), Maui,
                                                                                             Hawaii Island.
Megalagrion xanthomelas..........  Orangeblack Hawaiian  81 FR 67786            Endangered  Oahu, Molokai, Lanai
                                    damselfly.            (September 30,                     (extirpated), Maui,
                                                          2016).                             Hawaii Island.
Procaris hawaiana................  Anchialine pool       81 FR 67786            Endangered  Maui, Hawaii Island.
                                    shrimp.               (September 30,
                                                          2016).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Birds
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Drepanis coccinea................  Iiwi (honeycreeper).  82 FR 43873            Threatened  Kauai, Oahu (likely
                                                          (September 20,                     extirpated),
                                                          2017).                             Molokai (possibly
                                                                                             extirpated), Lanai
                                                                                             (extirpated), Maui,
                                                                                             Hawaii Island.
Hydrobates castro (listed as       Band-rumped storm-    81 FR 67786            Endangered  Lehua, Kauai, Oahu
 Oceanodroma castro).               petrel, Hawaii DPS    (September 30,                     (extirpated),
                                    (distinct             2016).                             Molokai
                                    population                                               (extirpated), Maui
                                    segment); also                                           (possibly
                                    known as akeake.                                         extirpated), Lanai,
                                                                                             Kahoolawe (possibly
                                                                                             extirpated), Hawaii
                                                                                             Island.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Recovery Planning Process

    The Service is now using a process termed recovery planning and 
implementation (RPI) (see https://www.fws.gov/endangered/esa-library/pdf/RPI.pdf). The RPI approach is intended to reduce the time needed to 
develop and implement recovery plans, increase recovery plan relevancy 
over a longer timeframe, and add flexibility to recovery plans so they 
can be adjusted for new information or circumstances. Under RPI, a 
recovery plan includes the statutorily required elements under section 
4(f) of the Act (objective and measurable recovery criteria, site-
specific management actions, and estimates of time and costs), along 
with a concise introduction and our strategy to achieve species 
recovery. The RPI recovery plan is supported by two supplementary 
documents: A species status assessment or species report, which 
describes the best available scientific information related to the 
biological needs of the species and assessment of threats; and the 
recovery implementation strategy, which details the particular near-
term activities needed to implement the recovery actions identified in 
the recovery plan. Under this approach, we can incorporate new 
information on species biology or details of recovery implementation by 
updating these supplementary documents, without concurrent revision of 
the entire recovery plan, unless changes to statutorily required 
elements are necessary.

Recovery Plan Components

    The draft recovery plan for 50 Hawaiian archipelago species is 
supported by species reports that describe the best available 
scientific information on species biology, status, and threats for each 
of the 50 species addressed in the draft recovery plan. These species 
reports are available within the species profiles for each of the 
species at https://ecos.fws.gov. We are in the process of coordinating 
with conservation partners at the State of Hawaii's Department of Land 
and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife; the Counties 
of Kauai, Honolulu, Maui, and Hawaii; interagency Plant Extinction 
Prevention Program; research institutions; watershed partnerships; 
public and private stakeholders; and national parks to identify the 
highest-priority actions for recovery of these species that will be 
part of a recovery implementation strategy.
    Major threats to the various Hawaiian archipelago species addressed 
in this draft recovery plan include habitat degradation, predation and 
herbivory by nonnative mammals and invertebrates; disease spread by 
nonnative species;

[[Page 10381]]

and competition with invasive nonnative plant species. Achieving 
recovery for the 50 species will require assessments of populations and 
their habitats; selection of sites for long-term conservation; control 
of threats; development of regulatory protections; species-specific 
research; and translocation of species in order to maximize resiliency, 
redundancy, and representation. A detailed recovery strategy for each 
species group or species is presented in the main body of the recovery 
plan.

Request for Public Comments

    Section 4(f) of the Act requires us to provide public notice and an 
opportunity for public review and comment during recovery plan 
development. By policy we also request peer review of recovery plans 
(59 FR 34270; July 1, 1994). In an appendix to the approved final 
recovery plan, we will summarize and respond to the issues raised 
during public comment and peer review. Substantive comments may or may 
not result in changes to the recovery plan. Comments regarding recovery 
plan implementation will be forwarded as appropriate to Federal or 
other entities so that they can be taken into account during the course 
of implementing recovery actions.
    We will consider all comments we receive by the date specified in 
DATES prior to final approval of the plan.

Public Availability of Comments

    Before including your address, phone number, email address, or 
other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be 
aware that your entire comment--including your personal identifying 
information--may be made publicly available at any time. While you can 
ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying 
information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be 
able to do so.

Authority

    The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

Robyn Thorson,
Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2022-03614 Filed 2-23-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4333-15-P