Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Amendments for Southeastern Mussels, Snails, and a Reptile, 8960-8967 [2022-03115]

Download as PDF 8960 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (b)— Continued U.S. States U.S. States Channel No. * * * * * * Channel No. * * * * * * Denver City ........................... * * 248C2 * * * Van Alstyne .......................... * * 260A * TEXAS IDAHO Weiser ................................... 247C1 ILLINOIS * * * Cedarville .............................. Greenup ................................ Pinckneyville ......................... * * 258A 230A 282A INDIANA Columbus .............................. Fowler ................................... Madison ................................ 228A 291A 265A * * * * * * Oak Harbor ........................... * * * 254A * * * Keosauqua ............................ Moville ................................... * * * * Rudd ..................................... * * 271C3 246A * 233A * * Council Grove ....................... Ashland ................................. * * * Hayward ................................ * * * 275A * * 232C2 * * WYOMING * 268A KANSAS * * WISCONSIN Asbury ................................... * * WASHINGTON IOWA * * * * * * * U.S. Territories. * * * * * * * LOUISIANA * * * * * * 289C2 * * BILLING CODE 6820–61–P * * * Charlotte Amalie ................... * * 275A [FR Doc. 2022–03468 Filed 2–16–22; 8:45 am] MASSACHUSETTS BILLING CODE 6712–01–P * * * West Tisbury ......................... * * * * * 282A * * lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 * * * Cordell .................................. * * * * Weatherford .......................... * * * * PENNSYLVANIA Liberty ................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 * 229A * 286A * * Fish and Wildlife Service [Docket No. FWS–R4–ES–2021–0133; FF09E21000 FXES1111090FEDR 223] GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION RIN 1018–BF29 [GSAR Case 2016–G511; Docket No. 2021– 0018; Sequence No. 1] RIN 3090–AJ84 General Services Acquisition Regulation (GSAR); Contract Requirements for GSA Information Systems Office of Acquisition Policy, General Services Administration (GSA). 298A ACTION: Final rule; correction. AGENCY: Jkt 256001 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 50 CFR Part 17 48 CFR Part 511 OKLAHOMA Jeffrey A. Koses, Senior Procurement Executive, Office of Acquisition Policy, Office of Governmentwide Policy, General Services Administration. [FR Doc. 2022–03411 Filed 2–16–22; 8:45 am] VIRGIN ISLANDS * * * Golden Meadow ................... 511.171 [Corrected] On page 7395, in the second column, Instruction 4 is corrected to read: 4. Amend part 511 by adding Subpart 511.1—Selecting and Developing * 294C2 Requirements Documents, consisting of section 511.171 to read as follows: * * * Jackson ................................. 281C3 On February 9, 2022, GSA published a final rule to amend the General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation (GSAR) to streamline and update requirements for contracts that involve GSA information systems and replace outdated text with existing policies of the GSA Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) and provide centralized guidance to ensure consistent application across the organization. GSA is making editorial changes to an amendatory instruction under Part 511. DATES: Effective March 11, 2022. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Johnnie McDowell, Procurement Analyst, at 202–718–6112 or gsarpolicy@gsa.gov, for clarification of content. For information pertaining to status or publication schedules, contact the Regulatory Secretariat Division at 202–501–4755 or gsaregsec@gsa.gov. Please cite GSAR Case 2016–G511. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In FR Doc. 2022–02662 appearing on pages 7393– 7395 in the issue of February 9, 2022, make the following correction: SUMMARY: TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (b)— Continued PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Amendments for Southeastern Mussels, Snails, and a Reptile Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the revised taxonomy of 16 wildlife species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We are revising the List SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and/or other applicable regulations to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of these species. DATES: This rule is effective May 18, 2022 without further action, unless significant adverse comment is received by March 21, 2022. If significant adverse comment is received, we will publish a timely withdrawal of the rule for the appropriate species in the Federal Register. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods: (1) Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. In the Search box, enter FWS–R4–ES–2021–0133, which is the docket number for this rulemaking. Then, click on the Search button. On the resulting page, in the Search panel on the left side of the screen, under the Document Type heading, click on the Rule box to locate this document. You may submit a comment by clicking on ‘‘Comment.’’ (2) By hard copy: Submit by U.S. mail to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS–R4–ES–2021–0133, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, MS: PRB/3W (JAO), 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. We request that you send comments only by the methods described above. We will post all comments on http:// www.regulations.gov. This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us (see Public Comments, below, for more information). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Nicole Rankin, Chief, Division of Conservation and Classification, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior Regions 2 and 4, 1875 Century Boulevard NE, Atlanta, GA 30345; telephone 404–679–7089. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8337 for TTY (telephone typewriter or teletypewriter) assistance 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Purpose of Direct Final Rule and Final Action The purpose of this direct final rule is to notify the public that we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (List) in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at § 17.11(h) (50 CFR 17.11(h)) and/or other applicable regulations to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of 13 freshwater mussel species, 2 snail species, and 1 reptile species listed under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). These changes to the List and/or other applicable regulations reflect the most recently accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(c). We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because this is a noncontroversial action that is in the best interest of the public and should be undertaken in as timely a manner as possible. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on the effective date specified in DATES, unless we receive significant adverse comments by the comment due date specified in DATES. Significant adverse comments are comments that provide strong justification as to why our rule should not be adopted or why it should be changed. If we receive significant adverse comments regarding the taxonomic changes for any of these species, we will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule for the appropriate species before the effective date, and we will publish a proposed rule to initiate promulgation of those changes to 50 CFR 17.11(h) and/or other applicable regulations. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 Species name as currently listed VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Public Comments You may submit your comments and materials regarding our direct final rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. Please include sufficient information with your submission (such as scientific journal articles or other publications) to allow us to verify any scientific or commercial information you include. If you submit information via http:// www.regulations.gov, your entire submission—including any personal identifying information—will be posted on the website. If your submission is made via a hardcopy that includes personal identifying information, you may request at the top of your document that we withhold this information from public review. However, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. We will post all hardcopy submissions on http://www.regulations.gov. Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting documentation we used in preparing this direct final rule, will be available for public inspection on http://www.regulations.gov. Background Sections 17.11(c) and 17.12(b) of title 50 of the CFR direct us to use the most recently accepted scientific name of any species that we have determined to be an endangered or threatened species. Using the best available scientific information, this direct final rule documents taxonomic changes of the scientific names to 12 entries under ‘‘Clams,’’ 2 entries under ‘‘Snails,’’ and 1 entry under ‘‘Reptiles’’ on the List at 50 CFR 17.11(h). The basis for these taxonomic changes is supported by published studies in peer-reviewed journals. Accordingly, we revise the scientific names of these 15 species under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1533) as follows: Corrected species name Ouachita rock-pocketbook (Arkansia wheeleri) ........................................ Northern riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana) ................................. Finelined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis) .................................................... Orangenacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis) .............................................. Shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata) ..................................... Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis) ...................................................... James spinymussel (Pleurobema collina) ................................................ Tar River spinymussel (Elliptio steinstansana) ........................................ Cumberland pigtoe (Pleurobema gibberum) ............................................ Round ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata) ................................................... Cumberland monkeyface (Quadrula intermedia) ..................................... Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel) (Quadrula sparsa) .................. Royal marstonia (Pyrgulopsis ogmorhaphe) ............................................ Armored marstonia (snail) (Pyrgulopsis (= Marstonia) pachyta) ............. Eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon corais couperi) ................................. Frm 00019 Fmt 4700 Ouachita rock pocketbook (Arcidens wheeleri). Northern riffleshell (Epioblasma rangiana). Finelined pocketbook (Hamiota altilis). Orangenacre mucket (Hamiota perovalis). Shinyrayed pocketbook (Hamiota subangulata). Choctaw bean (Obovaria choctawensis). James spinymussel (Parvaspina collina). Tar River spinymussel (Parvaspina steinstansana). Cumberland pigtoe (Pleuronaia gibber). Round ebonyshell (Reginaia rotulata). Cumberland monkeyface (Theliderma intermedia). Appalachian monkeyface (Theliderma sparsa). Royal marstonia (Marstonia ogmorhaphe). Armored marstonia (Marstonia pachyta). Eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi). Sfmt 4700 8961 E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 8962 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations We make these changes to the List at 50 CFR 17.11(h) to reflect the most recently accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(c). In addition, while the List provides the correct scientific name for the fluted kidneyshell, Ptychobranchus subtentus, its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f) does not. We are correcting the scientific name of this species in its critical habitat entry, as explained below. and green blossom, Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum (Turgeon et al. 1998, pp. 34, 182). Cummings and Berlocher (1990, p. 92) found no evidence of intergradation between E. t. torulosa and E. t. rangiana, and both taxa cooccurred at many sites; based on this evidence, Williams et al. (2017, p. 48) elevated these subspecies to species status. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the northern riffleshell. Taxonomic Classification Hamiota The genus Hamiota was recently described to accommodate a monophyletic clade (a group descended from a common ancestor) of four species that produce superconglutinates (enclosing their larvae in a minnow-like lure). The four species previously recognized under Lampsilis are: L. altilis, L. australis, L. perovalis, and L. subangulata (Roe and Hartfield 2005, entire; Roe et al. 2001, pp. 2230–2232). The new genus has been recognized within recent taxonomic publications (e.g., Williams et al. 2008; Williams et al. 2017). Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) recognize the reassignment of these species from Lampsilis to Hamiota. The southern sandshell (Hamiota australis) is already recognized as such on the List. The remaining three species are discussed below. Ouachita Rock Pocketbook On October 23, 1991, we published a final rule (56 FR 54950) listing the Ouachita rock-pocketbook (Arkansia wheeleri) as an endangered species. At the time of listing and preparation of the recovery plan, standard classifications of mollusks from the United States and Canada (Turgeon et al. 1988, p. 29; Turgeon et al. 1998, p. 32; Williams et al. 1993, p. 11) placed the Ouachita rock pocketbook in the genus Arkansia. Williams et al. (2017) published an updated standard list of freshwater mussels of the United States and Canada, in which they made Arkansia a synonym of Arcidens and thus reassigned the Ouachita rock pocketbook to the latter genus. Williams et al. (2017, p. 46) based their actions on the analyses by Inoue et al. (2014, entire) and the prior recommendations of Clarke (1981, pp. 85–89) and Graf and Cummings (2007, p. 305). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Ouachita rock pocketbook. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 Northern Riffleshell On January 22, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 5638) listing the northern riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana) as an endangered species. It was taxonomically categorized as a subspecies (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana) at the time of listing and recovery plan development. The taxonomy of the northern riffleshell and related taxa has been variable due to uncertain species’ designations, a general change in the definition of the species’ concept in freshwater mussels (Williams et al. 2017, p. 34), and ecophenotypic variation (characteristics modified by environmental factors). The decline and extinction of many Epioblasma occurred before genetic techniques became available to provide data that could be informative to the species’ taxonomy. At the time we listed the northern riffleshell as endangered as Epioblasma torulosa rangiana, it was one of three subspecies, with the tubercled blossom, Epioblasma torulosa, VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 Finelined Pocketbook On March 17, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 14330) listing the finelined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis) as a threatened species. On July 1, 2004, we published a final rule (69 FR 40084) designating critical habitat for the finelined pocketbook. Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) reassigned the scientific name for the finelined pocketbook from Lampsilis to Hamiota altilis. With this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, threatened status, or designated critical habitat of the finelined pocketbook. Orangenacre Mucket On March 17, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 14330) listing the orangenacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis) as a threatened species. On July 1, 2004, we published a final rule (69 FR 40084) designating critical habitat for the orangenacre mucket. In the March 17, 1993, final rule, we also recognized the following names as synonyms of Lampsilis perovalis: Unio perovalis Conrad, Unio doliaris Lea, PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Unio placitus Lea, and Unio spilimani Lea. Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) reassigned the scientific name for the orangenacre mucket from Lampsilis to Hamiota perovalis. With this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, threatened status, or designated critical habitat of the orangenacre mucket. Shinyrayed Pocketbook On March 16, 1998, we published a final rule (63 FR 12664) listing the shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata) as an endangered species. On November 15, 2007, we published a final rule (72 FR 64286) designating critical habitat for the species. Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) reassigned the scientific name for the shinyrayed pocketbook from Lampsilis to Hamiota subangulata. With this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the shinyrayed pocketbook. Choctaw Bean On October 10, 2012, we published a final rule (77 FR 61664) listing the Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis) as an endangered species and designating critical habitat for the species. Turgeon et al. (1998, p. 37) recognized 17 species and 1 subspecies of Villosa. The genus is polyphyletic, with species occurring in as many as seven different clades within the Lampsilini (Kuehnl 2009; entire). Based on molecular data (Kuehnl 2009, pp. 100, 106–107; Inoue et al. 2013, entire) and marsupial morphology (Williams et al. 2011, p. 22), Williams et al. (2017, pp. 53–54) reassigned Villosa choctawensis to Obovaria. Evidence also supports reassignment to Obovaria of species recognized by Turgeon et al. (1998) under other genera. Williams et al. (2017, p. 50) reassigned the scientific name for the Choctaw bean from Villosa to Obovaria choctawensis. With this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the Choctaw bean. E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Spinymussel The new genus Parvaspina was recently described to accommodate a monophyletic clade of two species previously recognized as Pleurobema collina and Elliptio steinstansana (Perkins et al. 2017, entire). Williams et al. (2017, pp. 47, 51) reassigned the scientific name for the James spinymussel from Pleurobema to Parvaspina collina and the Tar River spinymussel from Elliptio to Parvaspina steinstansana. James Spinymussel On July 22, 1988, we published a final rule (53 FR 27689) listing the James spinymussel (Pleurobema collina) as an endangered species. Turgeon et al. (1998, pp. 32, 183–184) recognized 32 species of Pleurobema, making it one of the largest unionid genera. Molecular data largely support the monophyly of Pleurobema as depicted by Turgeon et al. (1998, pp. 32, 183–184) with two exceptions. Three studies support reassignment of Pleurobema to Parvaspina collina (Campbell et al. 2008, pp. 712, 719; Campbell and Lydeard 2012b, pp. 20, 24–26, 29, 34; Perkins et al. 2017, entire). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the James spinymussel. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 Tar River Spinymussel On June 27, 1985, we published a final rule (50 FR 26572) listing the Tar River spinymussel (Elliptio (Canthyria) steinstansana) as an endangered species. The species recovery plan (1987) also uses the scientific name Elliptio (Canthyria) steinstansana. Turgeon et al. (1998, pp. 33, 181) recognized 36 species in the genus Elliptio, making it the largest unionid genus in the United States and Canada. Recent molecular studies have largely supported the monophyly of Elliptio with two exceptions, including the Tar River spinymussel (Campbell and Lydeard 2012b, p. 20; Perkins et al. 2017, entire). Williams et al. (2017, pp. 38, 41) recognize the reassignment of Elliptio to Parvaspina steinstansana based on molecular data (Perkins et al. 2017, entire). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Tar River spinymussel. Cumberland Pigtoe On May 7, 1991, we published a final rule (56 FR 21084) listing the Cumberland pigtoe (Pleurobema gibberum) as an endangered species. The genus Pleuronaia was created as a subgenus by Frierson (1927, p. 58) but has since been elevated to genus level based on phylogenetic analysis of DNA VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 sequence data (Campbell et al. 2005, p. 147) and shell morphology (Williams et al. 2008). Williams et al. (2017, pp. 42, 51) reassign the Cumberland pigtoe from Pleurobema to Pleuronaia and recognize it as Pleuronaia gibber. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the Cumberland pigtoe. Fluted Kidneyshell On September 26, 2013, we published a final rule (78 FR 59269) listing the fluted kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentum) as an endangered species and designating critical habitat for the species. Williams et al. (2017, pp. 42, 51) lists the gender agreement spelling correction of Ptychobranchus subtentum to P. subtentus following Lee (2008, p. 262). The taxonomic change to Ptychobranchus subtentus was made to the List with a final rule we published on August 4, 2016 (81 FR 51550); however, that rule did not also change the scientific name of the species in its critical habitat designation. We are, therefore, correcting the scientific name of the fluted kidneyshell in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f) with this direct final rule. This change does not affect the range, endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the fluted kidneyshell. Round Ebonyshell On October 10, 2012, we published a final rule (77 FR 61664) listing the round ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata) as an endangered species and designating critical habitat for the species. The round ebonyshell has been assigned to a number of genera since discovery. Based on a recent molecular study, Fusconaia rotulata was reassigned to the new genus Reginaia (Campbell and Lydeard 2012a, pp. 20, 25–26, 34). Williams et al. 2017 (p. 50) recognized the Reginaia as the new genus for this species. With this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the round ebonyshell. Theliderma The genus Theliderma was created by Graf and Cummings (2007, p. 308) to accommodate five species with a common ancestor: Quadrula cylindrica, Q. intermedia, Q. metanevra, Q. sparsa, and Q. stapes (Serb et al. 2003, p. 9). Williams et al. (2017, p. 52) recognize placement of all five of these species in Theliderma. PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 8963 Cumberland and Appalachian Monkeyface On June 14, 1976, we published a final rule (41 FR 24062) listing the Cumberland monkeyface and Appalachian monkeyface (Quadrula intermedia and Quadrula sparsa, respectively) as endangered species. Williams et al. (2017, pp. 43, 52) reassigned the Cumberland monkeyface and Appalachian monkeyface to the genus Theliderma (Serb et al. 2003, p. 9; Campbell and Lydeard 2012b, p. 33; see also Graf and Cummings 2007, p. 308) and recognized the scientific names Theliderma intermedia and Theliderma sparsa, respectively. These pearlymussels have nonessential experimental populations designated at 50 CFR 17.85(a) (for Cumberland monkeyface) and 17.85(b) (for both Appalachian monkeyface and Cumberland monkeyface); with this rule, in addition to amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific name for these species at 50 CFR 17.85(a) and (b). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered status, or nonessential experimental populations for these mussels. Royal Marstonia On April 15, 1994, we published a final rule (59 FR 17994) listing the royal marstonia (Pyrgulopsis ogmorhaphe) as an endangered species. The nomenclature for the royal marstonia has changed since listing. Thompson and Herschler (2002, pp. 269–270) reevaluated eastern North American species assigned to Pyrgulopsis and, based on strongly differentiated morphological characteristics between eastern and western congeners of Pyrgulopsis, recognized them as distinct species of the genus Marstonia. Similarly, Johnson et al. (2013, p. 274) used M. ogmorhaphe in their Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of Canada and United States. This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of royal marstonia. Armored Marstonia On February 25, 2000, we published a final rule (65 FR 10033) listing the armored marstonia (snail) (Pyrgulopsis (= Marstonia) pachyta) as an endangered species. A subsequent study showed that eastern and western Pyrgulopsis were consistently differentiable based on anatomical characters (Thompson and Hershler 2002, pp. 269–270). Therefore, the eastern species of Pyrgulopis was placed in the genus Marstonia (Thompson and E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 8964 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Hershler 2002, pp. 269–270), and is the currently accepted nomenclature (Johnson et al. 2013, p. 274). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the armored marstonia. Eastern Indigo Snake On January 31, 1978, we published a final rule (43 FR 4026) listing the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon corais couperi) as a threatened species. Collins (1991, p. 43) elevated this lineage to species status based on geographic isolation and morphology. Subsequent work supported this designation, and the eastern indigo snake was accepted by the scientific community as its own species, Drymarchon couperi (Wu¨ster et al. 2001, p. 163; Crother et al. 2012, p. 59). Ongoing genetic studies further evaluating taxonomic classification suggest potential speciation within Drymarchon couperi (Krysko et al. 2016, entire); however, the scientific community has not yet examined and accepted the eastern indigo snake taxonomic change suggested by Krysko et al. (2016). Currently, the eastern indigo snake is accepted by the scientific community as a separate species, Drymarchon couperi (Crother et al. 2012, p. 59). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or threatened status of the eastern indigo snake. Required Determinations Clarity of the Rule We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This means that each rule we publish must: (a) Be logically organized; (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly; (c) Use clear language rather than jargon; (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and Common name * (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible. If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To help us to revise this rule, your comments should be as specific as possible. For example, you should tell us the paragraphs that are unclearly written, which sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists or tables would be useful, etc. National Environmental Policy Act We have determined that we do not need to prepare environmental assessments or environmental impact statements, as defined under the authority of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), in connection with regulations adopted under section 4(a) of the Endangered Species Act. We published a notice outlining our reasons for this determination in the Federal Register on October 25, 1983 (48 FR 49244). Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes In accordance with the President’s memorandum of April 29, 1994, ‘‘Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments’’ (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and the Department of the Interior’s manual at 512 DM 2, we readily acknowledge our responsibility to communicate meaningfully with recognized Federal Tribes on a government-to-government basis. In accordance with Secretarial Order 3206 of June 5, 1997 (American Indian Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Act), we readily acknowledge our responsibilities to work directly with Tribes in developing programs for healthy ecosystems, to acknowledge that Tribal lands are not subject to the same controls as Federal public lands, to remain sensitive to Indian culture, and to make information available to Tribes. We have determined that this rule will not affect Tribes or Tribal lands. Scientific name * * Where listed * References Cited A complete list of the referenced materials is available at http:// www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS–R4–ES–2021–0133 or upon request from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17 Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Imports, Plants, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife. Regulation Promulgation For the reasons given in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set forth below: PART 17—ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE 1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 16. U.S.C. 1361–1407; 1531– 1544; 4201–4245, unless otherwise noted. 2. In § 17.11 amend the table in paragraph (h), the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife by: ■ a. Under REPTILES, revising the entry for ‘‘Snake, eastern indigo’’; ■ b. Under CLAMS, revising the entries for ‘‘Bean, Choctaw’’, ‘‘Ebonyshell, round’’, ‘‘Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel)’’, ‘‘Monkeyface, Cumberland’’, ‘‘Mucket, orangenacre’’, ‘‘Pigtoe, Cumberland’’, ‘‘Pocketbook, finelined’’, ‘‘Pocketbook, shinyrayed’’, ‘‘Riffleshell, northern’’, ‘‘Rockpocketbook, Ouachita’’, ‘‘Spinymussel, James’’, and ‘‘Spinymussel, Tar River’’; and ■ c. Under SNAILS, revising the entries for ‘‘Marstonia, armored (snail)’’ and ‘‘Marstonia, royal’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife. * * * (h) * * * Status * * Listing citations and applicable rules * * * lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 REPTILES * * * Snake, eastern indigo ........... Drymarchon couperi ............. * * * * * Wherever found .................... * T * 43 FR 4026, 1/31/1978. * * CLAMS VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 * * 8965 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Common name Scientific name Where listed Status Listing citations and applicable rules * * * Bean, Choctaw ..................... Obovaria choctawensis ........ * * Wherever found .................... E * * 77 FR 61663, 10/10/2012; 50 CFR 17.95(f).CH * * * Ebonyshell, round ................. Reginaia rotulata .................. * * Wherever found .................... E * * 58 FR 14330, 3/17/1993; 50 CFR 17.95(f).CH * Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel). * * Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population. U.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1)). Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population. U.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1)). U.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1)). * * Theliderma sparsa ................ Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel). Theliderma sparsa ................ Monkeyface, Cumberland ..... Theliderma intermedia .......... Monkeyface, Cumberland ..... Theliderma intermedia .......... Monkeyface, Cumberland ..... Theliderma intermedia .......... * 41 FR 24062, 6/14/1976. E XN E * 72 FR 52434, 9/13/2007; 50 CFR 17.85(b).10j 41 FR 24062, 6/14/1976. XN 66 FR 32250, 6/14/2001; 50 CFR 17.85(a).10j XN 72 FR 52434, 9/13/2007; 50 CFR 17.85(b).10j * * * Mucket, orangenacre ............ Hamiota perovalis ................. * * Wherever found .................... T * * * Pigtoe, Cumberland .............. Pleuronaia gibber ................. * * Wherever found .................... E * * * Pocketbook, finelined ........... Hamiota altilis ....................... * * Wherever found .................... T Pocketbook, shinyrayed ....... Wherever found .................... E * * * Riffleshell, northern ............... Epioblasma rangiana ............ * * Wherever found .................... E * 58 FR 5638, 1/22/1993. * Rock pocketbook, Ouachita * Arcidens wheeleri ................. * * Wherever found .................... E * * 56 FR 54950, 10/23/1991. * * * Spinymussel, James ............. Parvaspina collina ................ Spinymussel, Tar River ........ Parvaspina steinstansana .... * * Wherever found .................... Wherever found .................... E E * 53 FR 27689, 7/22/1988. 50 FR 26572, 6/27/1985. * Hamiota subangulata ........... * * * * * * 58 FR 14330, 3/17/1993; 50 CFR 17.95(f).CH * 56 FR 21084, 5/7/1991. * * * 58 FR 14330, 3/17/1993; 50 CFR 17.95(f).CH 63 FR 12664, 3/16/1998; 50 CFR 17.95(f).CH * * * * * SNAILS * * * Marstonia, armored (snail) ... Marstonia pachyta ................ Marstonia, royal .................... Marstonia ogmorhaphe ........ * * * 3. Amend § 17.85 by: a. In the introductory text of paragraph (a), revising the entry for ‘‘Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel)’’; and lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 * * Wherever found .................... Wherever found .................... * * b. In the introductory text of paragraph (b), revising the entries for ‘‘Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel)’’ and ‘‘Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel)’’. ■ PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 * 65 FR 10033, 2/25/2000. 59 FR 17994, 4/15/1994. E E Sfmt 4700 * * * The revisions read as follows: § 17.85 Special rules—invertebrates. (a) * * * E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 8966 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Common name Scientific name * * * * * Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel) ................................................. Theliderma intermedia. * * * * * * * * * * * * 4. Amend § 17.95(f) by: a. In the entry for ‘‘Eleven Mobile River Basin Mussel Species: Southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell (Pleurobema perovatum), southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), triangular kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama moccasinshell (Medionidus acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus), orange-nacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis), dark pigtoe (Pleurobema furvum), southern pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and fine-lined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis)’’, revising the heading, the introductory text to paragraph (1), and the entries for ‘‘Orange-nacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis)’’ and ‘‘Fine-lined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis)’’ in the table at paragraph (2)(ii); ■ b. In the entry for ‘‘Seven mussel species (in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages): Purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf moccasinshell (Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio chipolaensis), and fat ■ ■ * lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 * * § 17.95 Critical habitat—fish and wildlife. * * * * * (f) * * * Eleven Mobile River Basin Mussel Species: Southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell (Pleurobema perovatum), southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), triangular * * * * kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama moccasinshell (Medionidus acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus), orangenacre mucket (Hamiota perovalis), dark pigtoe (Pleurobema furvum), southern pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and finelined pocketbook (Hamiota altilis) (1) The primary constituent elements essential for the conservation of the southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell (Pleurobema perovatum), southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), triangular kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama moccasinshell (Medionidus acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus), orangenacre mucket (Hamiota perovalis), dark pigtoe (Pleurobema furvum), southern pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and finelined pocketbook (Hamiota altilis) are those habitat components that support feeding, sheltering, reproduction, and physical features for maintaining the natural processes that support these habitat components. The primary constituent elements include: * * * * * (2) * * * (ii) * * * Critical habitat units States * (Hamiota * * * Units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 .............................. * AL, MS. * mucket * (Hamiota * * * Units 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 .............................. * AL, GA, TN. * pocketbook * * * threeridge (Amblema neislerii)’’, revising the heading, the introductory text to paragraph (2), and the entry for ‘‘Shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata)’’ in the table at paragraph (6); ■ c. In the entry for ‘‘Eight mussel species in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages: the Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis), round ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata), southern kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus jonesi), Alabama pearlshell (Margaritifera marrianae), fuzzy pigtoe (Pleurobema strodeanum), narrow pigtoe (Fusconaia escambia), tapered pigtoe (Fusconaia burkei), and southern sandshell (Hamiota australis)’’, by revising the heading; and ■ d. In the entry for ‘‘Fluted Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentum)’’ by revising the heading. The revisions read as follows: Species Finelined altilis). * Scientific name * * * * * Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel) ................................................. Theliderma sparsa. Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel) ................................................. Theliderma intermedia. * Orangenacre perovalis). * (b) * * * Common name * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * * 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Seven mussel species (in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages): Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf moccasinshell E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1 8967 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 33 / Thursday, February 17, 2022 / Rules and Regulations (Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), shinyrayed pocketbook (Hamiota subangulata), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio chipolaensis), and fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii) * * * * * (Hamiota subangulata), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio chipolaensis), and fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii) are: * * * * * (6) * * * Species Critical habitat units * * Shinyrayed pocketbook (Hamiota subangulata). * * * Units 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 ........................................................................... * * * * * * * * Eight mussel species in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages: Choctaw bean (Obovaria choctawensis), round ebonyshell (Reginaia rotulata), southern kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus jonesi), Alabama pearlshell (Margaritifera marrianae), fuzzy pigtoe (Pleurobema strodeanum), narrow pigtoe (Fusconaia escambia), tapered pigtoe (Fusconaia burkei), and southern sandshell (Hamiota australis) * * * * * Fluted Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentus) * * * * * Martha Williams, Principal Deputy Director, Exercising the Delegated Authority of the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. 2022–03115 Filed 2–16–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 17 [Docket No. FWS–R8–ES–2019–0113; FF09E22000 FXES11130900000 212] RIN 1018–BE64 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassification of Stephens’ Kangaroo Rat From Endangered To Threatened With a Section 4(d) Rule Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are reclassifying the Stephens’ kangaroo rat (Dipodomys stephensi) from endangered to threatened under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:53 Feb 16, 2022 Jkt 256001 * States This action is based on our evaluation of the best available scientific and commercial information, which indicates that the species’ status has improved such that it is not currently in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range, but that it is still likely to become so throughout all of its range in the foreseeable future. We also finalize a rule under section 4(d) of the Act that provides for the conservation of the Stephens’ kangaroo rat. DATES: This rule is effective March 21, 2022. ADDRESSES: This final rule is available on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov. Comments and materials we received, as well as supporting documentation we used in preparing this rule, are available for public inspection at https:// www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS–R8–ES–2019–0113. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Scott Sobiech, Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250, Carlsbad, CA 92008; telephone 760–431–9440. Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Why we need to publish a rule. Under the Act, a species may warrant reclassification from endangered to threatened if it no longer meets the definition of endangered (in danger of extinction). The Stephens’ kangaroo rat was listed as endangered in 1988 (53 FR 38465, September 30, 1988), and we are finalizing our proposed reclassification (downlisting) (85 FR 50991, August 19, 2020) of the Stephens’ kangaroo rat as threatened because we have determined it is not currently in danger of PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 * AL, FL, GA. * Executive Summary AGENCY: lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 (2) The primary constituent elements of critical habitat for the purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf moccasinshell (Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), shinyrayed pocketbook Sfmt 4700 * * * extinction. Downlisting a species as a threatened species can be completed only by issuing a rule. What this document does. This rule reclassifies the Stephens’ kangaroo rat from endangered to threatened, with a rule issued under section 4(d) of the Act (hereafter referred to as a ‘‘4(d) rule’’). The basis for our action. Under the Act, we may determine that a species is an endangered species or a threatened species because of any of five factors: (A) The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; (B) overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; (C) disease or predation; (D) the inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or (E) other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. We may reclassify a listed species if the best commercial and scientific data available indicate a change in status is appropriate. We have determined that the Stephens’ kangaroo rat is no longer in danger of extinction, and therefore does not meet the definition of an endangered species, due to a reduction of threats since listing and the implementation of conservation actions. However, the species is still affected by the following threats to the extent that the species meets the definition of a threatened species under the Act: • Habitat loss and degradation due to urbanization, agricultural activities, and nonnative vegetation; and • Isolation of existing populations due to habitat fragmentation. The cumulative effects of climate change and wildfire, which could result in an increase in the extent of nonnative grasslands, represents a low-level stressor to the Stephens’ kangaroo rat and its habitat, and based on climate change projections, is likely to remain at this level to the 2060s. Existing regulatory mechanisms and E:\FR\FM\17FER1.SGM 17FER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 33 (Thursday, February 17, 2022)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 8960-8967]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-03115]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 17

[Docket No. FWS-R4-ES-2021-0133; FF09E21000 FXES1111090FEDR 223]
RIN 1018-BF29


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical 
Amendments for Southeastern Mussels, Snails, and a Reptile

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Direct final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the revised 
taxonomy of 16 wildlife species under the Endangered Species Act of 
1973, as amended (Act). We are revising the List

[[Page 8961]]

of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and/or other applicable 
regulations to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and 
nomenclature of these species.

DATES: This rule is effective May 18, 2022 without further action, 
unless significant adverse comment is received by March 21, 2022. If 
significant adverse comment is received, we will publish a timely 
withdrawal of the rule for the appropriate species in the Federal 
Register.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods:
    (1) Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. In the Search box, enter FWS-R4-ES-2021-0133, 
which is the docket number for this rulemaking. Then, click on the 
Search button. On the resulting page, in the Search panel on the left 
side of the screen, under the Document Type heading, click on the Rule 
box to locate this document. You may submit a comment by clicking on 
``Comment.''
    (2) By hard copy: Submit by U.S. mail to: Public Comments 
Processing, Attn: FWS-R4-ES-2021-0133, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
MS: PRB/3W (JAO), 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.
    We request that you send comments only by the methods described 
above. We will post all comments on http://www.regulations.gov. This 
generally means that we will post any personal information you provide 
us (see Public Comments, below, for more information).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Nicole Rankin, Chief, Division of 
Conservation and Classification, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Interior Regions 2 and 4, 1875 Century Boulevard NE, Atlanta, GA 30345; 
telephone 404-679-7089. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech 
impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY 
(telephone typewriter or teletypewriter) assistance 24 hours a day, 7 
days a week.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Purpose of Direct Final Rule and Final Action

    The purpose of this direct final rule is to notify the public that 
we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (List) 
in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at Sec.  17.11(h) 
(50 CFR 17.11(h)) and/or other applicable regulations to reflect the 
scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of 13 freshwater 
mussel species, 2 snail species, and 1 reptile species listed under 
section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). These changes to the 
List and/or other applicable regulations reflect the most recently 
accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(c).
    We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because this 
is a noncontroversial action that is in the best interest of the public 
and should be undertaken in as timely a manner as possible. This rule 
will be effective, as published in this document, on the effective date 
specified in DATES, unless we receive significant adverse comments by 
the comment due date specified in DATES. Significant adverse comments 
are comments that provide strong justification as to why our rule 
should not be adopted or why it should be changed.
    If we receive significant adverse comments regarding the taxonomic 
changes for any of these species, we will publish a document in the 
Federal Register withdrawing this rule for the appropriate species 
before the effective date, and we will publish a proposed rule to 
initiate promulgation of those changes to 50 CFR 17.11(h) and/or other 
applicable regulations.

Public Comments

    You may submit your comments and materials regarding our direct 
final rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. Please include 
sufficient information with your submission (such as scientific journal 
articles or other publications) to allow us to verify any scientific or 
commercial information you include.
    If you submit information via http://www.regulations.gov, your 
entire submission--including any personal identifying information--will 
be posted on the website. If your submission is made via a hardcopy 
that includes personal identifying information, you may request at the 
top of your document that we withhold this information from public 
review. However, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. We 
will post all hardcopy submissions on http://www.regulations.gov.
    Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting 
documentation we used in preparing this direct final rule, will be 
available for public inspection on http://www.regulations.gov.

Background

    Sections 17.11(c) and 17.12(b) of title 50 of the CFR direct us to 
use the most recently accepted scientific name of any species that we 
have determined to be an endangered or threatened species. Using the 
best available scientific information, this direct final rule documents 
taxonomic changes of the scientific names to 12 entries under 
``Clams,'' 2 entries under ``Snails,'' and 1 entry under ``Reptiles'' 
on the List at 50 CFR 17.11(h). The basis for these taxonomic changes 
is supported by published studies in peer-reviewed journals. 
Accordingly, we revise the scientific names of these 15 species under 
section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1533) as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Species name as currently listed          Corrected species name
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ouachita rock-pocketbook (Arkansia       Ouachita rock pocketbook
 wheeleri).                               (Arcidens wheeleri).
Northern riffleshell (Epioblasma         Northern riffleshell
 torulosa rangiana).                      (Epioblasma rangiana).
Finelined pocketbook (Lampsilis          Finelined pocketbook (Hamiota
 altilis).                                altilis).
Orangenacre mucket (Lampsilis            Orangenacre mucket (Hamiota
 perovalis).                              perovalis).
Shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis         Shinyrayed pocketbook (Hamiota
 subangulata).                            subangulata).
Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis)....  Choctaw bean (Obovaria
                                          choctawensis).
James spinymussel (Pleurobema collina).  James spinymussel (Parvaspina
                                          collina).
Tar River spinymussel (Elliptio          Tar River spinymussel
 steinstansana).                          (Parvaspina steinstansana).
Cumberland pigtoe (Pleurobema gibberum)  Cumberland pigtoe (Pleuronaia
                                          gibber).
Round ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata)..  Round ebonyshell (Reginaia
                                          rotulata).
Cumberland monkeyface (Quadrula          Cumberland monkeyface
 intermedia).                             (Theliderma intermedia).
Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel)    Appalachian monkeyface
 (Quadrula sparsa).                       (Theliderma sparsa).
Royal marstonia (Pyrgulopsis             Royal marstonia (Marstonia
 ogmorhaphe).                             ogmorhaphe).
Armored marstonia (snail) (Pyrgulopsis   Armored marstonia (Marstonia
 (= Marstonia) pachyta).                  pachyta).
Eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon corais  Eastern indigo snake
 couperi).                                (Drymarchon couperi).
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 8962]]

    We make these changes to the List at 50 CFR 17.11(h) to reflect the 
most recently accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 
17.11(c).
    In addition, while the List provides the correct scientific name 
for the fluted kidneyshell, Ptychobranchus subtentus, its critical 
habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f) does not. We are correcting the 
scientific name of this species in its critical habitat entry, as 
explained below.

Taxonomic Classification

Ouachita Rock Pocketbook

    On October 23, 1991, we published a final rule (56 FR 54950) 
listing the Ouachita rock-pocketbook (Arkansia wheeleri) as an 
endangered species. At the time of listing and preparation of the 
recovery plan, standard classifications of mollusks from the United 
States and Canada (Turgeon et al. 1988, p. 29; Turgeon et al. 1998, p. 
32; Williams et al. 1993, p. 11) placed the Ouachita rock pocketbook in 
the genus Arkansia. Williams et al. (2017) published an updated 
standard list of freshwater mussels of the United States and Canada, in 
which they made Arkansia a synonym of Arcidens and thus reassigned the 
Ouachita rock pocketbook to the latter genus. Williams et al. (2017, p. 
46) based their actions on the analyses by Inoue et al. (2014, entire) 
and the prior recommendations of Clarke (1981, pp. 85-89) and Graf and 
Cummings (2007, p. 305). This taxonomic change does not affect the 
range or endangered status of the Ouachita rock pocketbook.

Northern Riffleshell

    On January 22, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 5638) listing 
the northern riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana) as an 
endangered species. It was taxonomically categorized as a subspecies 
(Epioblasma torulosa rangiana) at the time of listing and recovery plan 
development. The taxonomy of the northern riffleshell and related taxa 
has been variable due to uncertain species' designations, a general 
change in the definition of the species' concept in freshwater mussels 
(Williams et al. 2017, p. 34), and ecophenotypic variation 
(characteristics modified by environmental factors). The decline and 
extinction of many Epioblasma occurred before genetic techniques became 
available to provide data that could be informative to the species' 
taxonomy. At the time we listed the northern riffleshell as endangered 
as Epioblasma torulosa rangiana, it was one of three subspecies, with 
the tubercled blossom, Epioblasma torulosa, and green blossom, 
Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum (Turgeon et al. 1998, pp. 34, 182). 
Cummings and Berlocher (1990, p. 92) found no evidence of 
intergradation between E. t. torulosa and E. t. rangiana, and both taxa 
co-occurred at many sites; based on this evidence, Williams et al. 
(2017, p. 48) elevated these subspecies to species status. This 
taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of the 
northern riffleshell.

Hamiota

    The genus Hamiota was recently described to accommodate a 
monophyletic clade (a group descended from a common ancestor) of four 
species that produce superconglutinates (enclosing their larvae in a 
minnow-like lure). The four species previously recognized under 
Lampsilis are: L. altilis, L. australis, L. perovalis, and L. 
subangulata (Roe and Hartfield 2005, entire; Roe et al. 2001, pp. 2230-
2232). The new genus has been recognized within recent taxonomic 
publications (e.g., Williams et al. 2008; Williams et al. 2017). 
Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) recognize the reassignment of these 
species from Lampsilis to Hamiota. The southern sandshell (Hamiota 
australis) is already recognized as such on the List. The remaining 
three species are discussed below.
Finelined Pocketbook
    On March 17, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 14330) listing 
the finelined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis) as a threatened species. 
On July 1, 2004, we published a final rule (69 FR 40084) designating 
critical habitat for the finelined pocketbook. Williams et al. (2017, 
p. 49) reassigned the scientific name for the finelined pocketbook from 
Lampsilis to Hamiota altilis. With this rule, in addition to amending 
the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the 
scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 
50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, 
threatened status, or designated critical habitat of the finelined 
pocketbook.
Orangenacre Mucket
    On March 17, 1993, we published a final rule (58 FR 14330) listing 
the orangenacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis) as a threatened species. 
On July 1, 2004, we published a final rule (69 FR 40084) designating 
critical habitat for the orangenacre mucket. In the March 17, 1993, 
final rule, we also recognized the following names as synonyms of 
Lampsilis perovalis: Unio perovalis Conrad, Unio doliaris Lea, Unio 
placitus Lea, and Unio spilimani Lea. Williams et al. (2017, p. 49) 
reassigned the scientific name for the orangenacre mucket from 
Lampsilis to Hamiota perovalis. With this rule, in addition to amending 
the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the 
scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 
50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, 
threatened status, or designated critical habitat of the orangenacre 
mucket.
Shinyrayed Pocketbook
    On March 16, 1998, we published a final rule (63 FR 12664) listing 
the shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata) as an endangered 
species. On November 15, 2007, we published a final rule (72 FR 64286) 
designating critical habitat for the species. Williams et al. (2017, p. 
49) reassigned the scientific name for the shinyrayed pocketbook from 
Lampsilis to Hamiota subangulata. With this rule, in addition to 
amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the 
scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 
50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, 
endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the shinyrayed 
pocketbook.

Choctaw Bean

    On October 10, 2012, we published a final rule (77 FR 61664) 
listing the Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis) as an endangered 
species and designating critical habitat for the species. Turgeon et 
al. (1998, p. 37) recognized 17 species and 1 subspecies of Villosa. 
The genus is polyphyletic, with species occurring in as many as seven 
different clades within the Lampsilini (Kuehnl 2009; entire). Based on 
molecular data (Kuehnl 2009, pp. 100, 106-107; Inoue et al. 2013, 
entire) and marsupial morphology (Williams et al. 2011, p. 22), 
Williams et al. (2017, pp. 53-54) reassigned Villosa choctawensis to 
Obovaria. Evidence also supports reassignment to Obovaria of species 
recognized by Turgeon et al. (1998) under other genera. Williams et al. 
(2017, p. 50) reassigned the scientific name for the Choctaw bean from 
Villosa to Obovaria choctawensis. With this rule, in addition to 
amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the 
scientific name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 
50 CFR 17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, 
endangered status, or designated critical habitat of the Choctaw bean.

[[Page 8963]]

Spinymussel

    The new genus Parvaspina was recently described to accommodate a 
monophyletic clade of two species previously recognized as Pleurobema 
collina and Elliptio steinstansana (Perkins et al. 2017, entire). 
Williams et al. (2017, pp. 47, 51) reassigned the scientific name for 
the James spinymussel from Pleurobema to Parvaspina collina and the Tar 
River spinymussel from Elliptio to Parvaspina steinstansana.
James Spinymussel
    On July 22, 1988, we published a final rule (53 FR 27689) listing 
the James spinymussel (Pleurobema collina) as an endangered species. 
Turgeon et al. (1998, pp. 32, 183-184) recognized 32 species of 
Pleurobema, making it one of the largest unionid genera. Molecular data 
largely support the monophyly of Pleurobema as depicted by Turgeon et 
al. (1998, pp. 32, 183-184) with two exceptions. Three studies support 
reassignment of Pleurobema to Parvaspina collina (Campbell et al. 2008, 
pp. 712, 719; Campbell and Lydeard 2012b, pp. 20, 24-26, 29, 34; 
Perkins et al. 2017, entire). This taxonomic change does not affect the 
range or endangered status of the James spinymussel.
Tar River Spinymussel
    On June 27, 1985, we published a final rule (50 FR 26572) listing 
the Tar River spinymussel (Elliptio (Canthyria) steinstansana) as an 
endangered species. The species recovery plan (1987) also uses the 
scientific name Elliptio (Canthyria) steinstansana. Turgeon et al. 
(1998, pp. 33, 181) recognized 36 species in the genus Elliptio, making 
it the largest unionid genus in the United States and Canada. Recent 
molecular studies have largely supported the monophyly of Elliptio with 
two exceptions, including the Tar River spinymussel (Campbell and 
Lydeard 2012b, p. 20; Perkins et al. 2017, entire). Williams et al. 
(2017, pp. 38, 41) recognize the reassignment of Elliptio to Parvaspina 
steinstansana based on molecular data (Perkins et al. 2017, entire). 
This taxonomic change does not affect the range or endangered status of 
the Tar River spinymussel.

Cumberland Pigtoe

    On May 7, 1991, we published a final rule (56 FR 21084) listing the 
Cumberland pigtoe (Pleurobema gibberum) as an endangered species. The 
genus Pleuronaia was created as a subgenus by Frierson (1927, p. 58) 
but has since been elevated to genus level based on phylogenetic 
analysis of DNA sequence data (Campbell et al. 2005, p. 147) and shell 
morphology (Williams et al. 2008). Williams et al. (2017, pp. 42, 51) 
reassign the Cumberland pigtoe from Pleurobema to Pleuronaia and 
recognize it as Pleuronaia gibber. This taxonomic change does not 
affect the range or endangered status of the Cumberland pigtoe.

Fluted Kidneyshell

    On September 26, 2013, we published a final rule (78 FR 59269) 
listing the fluted kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentum) as an 
endangered species and designating critical habitat for the species. 
Williams et al. (2017, pp. 42, 51) lists the gender agreement spelling 
correction of Ptychobranchus subtentum to P. subtentus following Lee 
(2008, p. 262). The taxonomic change to Ptychobranchus subtentus was 
made to the List with a final rule we published on August 4, 2016 (81 
FR 51550); however, that rule did not also change the scientific name 
of the species in its critical habitat designation. We are, therefore, 
correcting the scientific name of the fluted kidneyshell in its 
critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 17.95(f) with this direct final 
rule. This change does not affect the range, endangered status, or 
designated critical habitat of the fluted kidneyshell.

Round Ebonyshell

    On October 10, 2012, we published a final rule (77 FR 61664) 
listing the round ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata) as an endangered 
species and designating critical habitat for the species. The round 
ebonyshell has been assigned to a number of genera since discovery. 
Based on a recent molecular study, Fusconaia rotulata was reassigned to 
the new genus Reginaia (Campbell and Lydeard 2012a, pp. 20, 25-26, 34). 
Williams et al. 2017 (p. 50) recognized the Reginaia as the new genus 
for this species. With this rule, in addition to amending the 
scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the scientific 
name for this species in its critical habitat designation at 50 CFR 
17.95(f). This taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered 
status, or designated critical habitat of the round ebonyshell.

Theliderma

    The genus Theliderma was created by Graf and Cummings (2007, p. 
308) to accommodate five species with a common ancestor: Quadrula 
cylindrica, Q. intermedia, Q. metanevra, Q. sparsa, and Q. stapes (Serb 
et al. 2003, p. 9). Williams et al. (2017, p. 52) recognize placement 
of all five of these species in Theliderma.
Cumberland and Appalachian Monkeyface
    On June 14, 1976, we published a final rule (41 FR 24062) listing 
the Cumberland monkeyface and Appalachian monkeyface (Quadrula 
intermedia and Quadrula sparsa, respectively) as endangered species. 
Williams et al. (2017, pp. 43, 52) reassigned the Cumberland monkeyface 
and Appalachian monkeyface to the genus Theliderma (Serb et al. 2003, 
p. 9; Campbell and Lydeard 2012b, p. 33; see also Graf and Cummings 
2007, p. 308) and recognized the scientific names Theliderma intermedia 
and Theliderma sparsa, respectively. These pearlymussels have 
nonessential experimental populations designated at 50 CFR 17.85(a) 
(for Cumberland monkeyface) and 17.85(b) (for both Appalachian 
monkeyface and Cumberland monkeyface); with this rule, in addition to 
amending the scientific name of the species in the List, we correct the 
scientific name for these species at 50 CFR 17.85(a) and (b). This 
taxonomic change does not affect the range, endangered status, or 
nonessential experimental populations for these mussels.

Royal Marstonia

    On April 15, 1994, we published a final rule (59 FR 17994) listing 
the royal marstonia (Pyrgulopsis ogmorhaphe) as an endangered species. 
The nomenclature for the royal marstonia has changed since listing. 
Thompson and Herschler (2002, pp. 269-270) re-evaluated eastern North 
American species assigned to Pyrgulopsis and, based on strongly 
differentiated morphological characteristics between eastern and 
western congeners of Pyrgulopsis, recognized them as distinct species 
of the genus Marstonia. Similarly, Johnson et al. (2013, p. 274) used 
M. ogmorhaphe in their Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of 
Canada and United States. This taxonomic change does not affect the 
range or endangered status of royal marstonia.

Armored Marstonia

    On February 25, 2000, we published a final rule (65 FR 10033) 
listing the armored marstonia (snail) (Pyrgulopsis (= Marstonia) 
pachyta) as an endangered species. A subsequent study showed that 
eastern and western Pyrgulopsis were consistently differentiable based 
on anatomical characters (Thompson and Hershler 2002, pp. 269-270). 
Therefore, the eastern species of Pyrgulopis was placed in the genus 
Marstonia (Thompson and

[[Page 8964]]

Hershler 2002, pp. 269-270), and is the currently accepted nomenclature 
(Johnson et al. 2013, p. 274). This taxonomic change does not affect 
the range or endangered status of the armored marstonia.

Eastern Indigo Snake

    On January 31, 1978, we published a final rule (43 FR 4026) listing 
the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon corais couperi) as a threatened 
species. Collins (1991, p. 43) elevated this lineage to species status 
based on geographic isolation and morphology. Subsequent work supported 
this designation, and the eastern indigo snake was accepted by the 
scientific community as its own species, Drymarchon couperi 
(W[uuml]ster et al. 2001, p. 163; Crother et al. 2012, p. 59). Ongoing 
genetic studies further evaluating taxonomic classification suggest 
potential speciation within Drymarchon couperi (Krysko et al. 2016, 
entire); however, the scientific community has not yet examined and 
accepted the eastern indigo snake taxonomic change suggested by Krysko 
et al. (2016). Currently, the eastern indigo snake is accepted by the 
scientific community as a separate species, Drymarchon couperi (Crother 
et al. 2012, p. 59). This taxonomic change does not affect the range or 
threatened status of the eastern indigo snake.

Required Determinations

Clarity of the Rule

    We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the 
Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain 
language. This means that each rule we publish must:
    (a) Be logically organized;
    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;
    (c) Use clear language rather than jargon;
    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and
    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.
    If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us 
comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To help us to 
revise this rule, your comments should be as specific as possible. For 
example, you should tell us the paragraphs that are unclearly written, 
which sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel 
lists or tables would be useful, etc.

National Environmental Policy Act

    We have determined that we do not need to prepare environmental 
assessments or environmental impact statements, as defined under the 
authority of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4321 et seq.), in connection with regulations adopted under section 
4(a) of the Endangered Species Act. We published a notice outlining our 
reasons for this determination in the Federal Register on October 25, 
1983 (48 FR 49244).

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

    In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, 
``Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal 
Governments'' (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and the Department 
of the Interior's manual at 512 DM 2, we readily acknowledge our 
responsibility to communicate meaningfully with recognized Federal 
Tribes on a government-to-government basis. In accordance with 
Secretarial Order 3206 of June 5, 1997 (American Indian Tribal Rights, 
Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Act), 
we readily acknowledge our responsibilities to work directly with 
Tribes in developing programs for healthy ecosystems, to acknowledge 
that Tribal lands are not subject to the same controls as Federal 
public lands, to remain sensitive to Indian culture, and to make 
information available to Tribes. We have determined that this rule will 
not affect Tribes or Tribal lands.

References Cited

    A complete list of the referenced materials is available at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R4-ES-2021-0133 or upon request 
from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 
CONTACT).

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17

    Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Imports, Plants, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

Regulation Promulgation

    For the reasons given in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter 
B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set 
forth below:

PART 17--ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE

0
1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  16. U.S.C. 1361-1407; 1531-1544; 4201-4245, unless 
otherwise noted.


0
2. In Sec.  17.11 amend the table in paragraph (h), the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife by:
0
a. Under REPTILES, revising the entry for ``Snake, eastern indigo'';
0
b. Under CLAMS, revising the entries for ``Bean, Choctaw'', 
``Ebonyshell, round'', ``Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel)'', 
``Monkeyface, Cumberland'', ``Mucket, orangenacre'', ``Pigtoe, 
Cumberland'', ``Pocketbook, finelined'', ``Pocketbook, shinyrayed'', 
``Riffleshell, northern'', ``Rock-pocketbook, Ouachita'', 
``Spinymussel, James'', and ``Spinymussel, Tar River''; and
0
c. Under SNAILS, revising the entries for ``Marstonia, armored 
(snail)'' and ``Marstonia, royal''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  17.11   Endangered and threatened wildlife.

* * * * *
    (h) * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Listing citations
            Common name                Scientific name        Where listed        Status    and applicable rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    REPTILES
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Snake, eastern indigo.............  Drymarchon couperi..  Wherever found......          T   43 FR 4026, 1/31/
                                                                                             1978.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      CLAMS
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 

[[Page 8965]]

 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Bean, Choctaw.....................  Obovaria              Wherever found......          E   77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                     choctawensis.                                           2012; 50 CFR
                                                                                             17.95(f).\CH\
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Ebonyshell, round.................  Reginaia rotulata...  Wherever found......          E   58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993; 50 CFR
                                                                                             17.95(f).\CH\
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Monkeyface, Appalachian             Theliderma sparsa...  Wherever found,               E   41 FR 24062, 6/14/
 (pearlymussel).                                           except where listed               1976.
                                                           as an experimental
                                                           population.
Monkeyface, Appalachian             Theliderma sparsa...  U.S.A. (TN--                 XN   72 FR 52434, 9/13/
 (pearlymussel).                                           specified portions                2007; 50 CFR
                                                           of the French Broad               17.85(b).\10j\
                                                           and Holston Rivers;
                                                           see Sec.
                                                           17.85(b)(1)).
Monkeyface, Cumberland............  Theliderma            Wherever found,               E   41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                     intermedia.           except where listed               1976.
                                                           as an experimental
                                                           population.
Monkeyface, Cumberland............  Theliderma            U.S.A. (AL--                 XN   66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                     intermedia.           specified portions                2001; 50 CFR
                                                           of the Tennessee                  17.85(a).\10j\
                                                           River; see Sec.
                                                           17.85(a)(1)).
Monkeyface, Cumberland............  Theliderma            U.S.A. (TN--                 XN   72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                     intermedia.           specified portions                2007; 50 CFR
                                                           of the French Broad               17.85(b).\10j\
                                                           and Holston Rivers;
                                                           see Sec.
                                                           17.85(b)(1)).
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Mucket, orangenacre...............  Hamiota perovalis...  Wherever found......          T   58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993; 50 CFR
                                                                                             17.95(f).\CH\
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Pigtoe, Cumberland................  Pleuronaia gibber...  Wherever found......          E   56 FR 21084, 5/7/
                                                                                             1991.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Pocketbook, finelined.............  Hamiota altilis.....  Wherever found......          T   58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993; 50 CFR
                                                                                             17.95(f).\CH\
Pocketbook, shinyrayed............  Hamiota subangulata.  Wherever found......          E   63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                                                                             1998; 50 CFR
                                                                                             17.95(f).\CH\
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Riffleshell, northern.............  Epioblasma rangiana.  Wherever found......          E   58 FR 5638, 1/22/
                                                                                             1993.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Rock pocketbook, Ouachita.........  Arcidens wheeleri...  Wherever found......          E   56 FR 54950, 10/23/
                                                                                             1991.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Spinymussel, James................  Parvaspina collina..  Wherever found......          E   53 FR 27689, 7/22/
                                                                                             1988.
Spinymussel, Tar River............  Parvaspina            Wherever found......          E   50 FR 26572, 6/27/
                                     steinstansana.                                          1985.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     SNAILS
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Marstonia, armored (snail)........  Marstonia pachyta...  Wherever found......          E   65 FR 10033, 2/25/
                                                                                             2000.
Marstonia, royal..................  Marstonia ogmorhaphe  Wherever found......          E   59 FR 17994, 4/15/
                                                                                             1994.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. Amend Sec.  17.85 by:
0
a. In the introductory text of paragraph (a), revising the entry for 
``Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel)''; and
0
b. In the introductory text of paragraph (b), revising the entries for 
``Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel)'' and ``Cumberland monkeyface 
(pearlymussel)''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  17.85   Special rules--invertebrates.

    (a) * * *

[[Page 8966]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Common name                        Scientific name
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel)...  Theliderma intermedia.
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    (b) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Common name                        Scientific name
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Appalachian monkeyface (pearlymussel)..  Theliderma sparsa.
Cumberland monkeyface (pearlymussel)...  Theliderma intermedia.
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
4. Amend Sec.  17.95(f) by:
0
a. In the entry for ``Eleven Mobile River Basin Mussel Species: 
Southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell 
(Pleurobema perovatum), southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland 
combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), triangular kidneyshell 
(Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama moccasinshell (Medionidus 
acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus), orange-nacre 
mucket (Lampsilis perovalis), dark pigtoe (Pleurobema furvum), southern 
pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and fine-lined pocketbook (Lampsilis 
altilis)'', revising the heading, the introductory text to paragraph 
(1), and the entries for ``Orange-nacre mucket (Lampsilis perovalis)'' 
and ``Fine-lined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis)'' in the table at 
paragraph (2)(ii);
0
b. In the entry for ``Seven mussel species (in four northeast Gulf of 
Mexico drainages): Purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf 
moccasinshell (Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell 
(Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), 
shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata), Chipola slabshell 
(Elliptio chipolaensis), and fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii)'', 
revising the heading, the introductory text to paragraph (2), and the 
entry for ``Shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata)'' in the 
table at paragraph (6);
0
c. In the entry for ``Eight mussel species in four northeast Gulf of 
Mexico drainages: the Choctaw bean (Villosa choctawensis), round 
ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata), southern kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus 
jonesi), Alabama pearlshell (Margaritifera marrianae), fuzzy pigtoe 
(Pleurobema strodeanum), narrow pigtoe (Fusconaia escambia), tapered 
pigtoe (Fusconaia burkei), and southern sandshell (Hamiota 
australis)'', by revising the heading; and
0
d. In the entry for ``Fluted Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentum)'' 
by revising the heading.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  17.95   Critical habitat--fish and wildlife.

* * * * *
    (f) * * *
    Eleven Mobile River Basin Mussel Species: Southern acornshell 
(Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell (Pleurobema perovatum), 
southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland combshell (Epioblasma 
metastriata), triangular kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama 
moccasinshell (Medionidus acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus 
parvulus), orangenacre mucket (Hamiota perovalis), dark pigtoe 
(Pleurobema furvum), southern pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and 
finelined pocketbook (Hamiota altilis)
    (1) The primary constituent elements essential for the conservation 
of the southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), ovate clubshell 
(Pleurobema perovatum), southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum), upland 
combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), triangular kidneyshell 
(Ptychobranchus greenii), Alabama moccasinshell (Medionidus 
acutissimus), Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus), orangenacre 
mucket (Hamiota perovalis), dark pigtoe (Pleurobema furvum), southern 
pigtoe (Pleurobema georgianum), and finelined pocketbook (Hamiota 
altilis) are those habitat components that support feeding, sheltering, 
reproduction, and physical features for maintaining the natural 
processes that support these habitat components. The primary 
constituent elements include:
* * * * *
    (2) * * *
    (ii) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Species             Critical habitat units       States
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Orangenacre mucket (Hamiota     Units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,    AL, MS.
 perovalis).                     6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,
                                 12, 13, 14, 15.
 
                              * * * * * * *
Finelined pocketbook (Hamiota   Units 13, 16, 17, 18,   AL, GA, TN.
 altilis).                       19, 20, 21, 22, 23,
                                 24, 25, 26.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    Seven mussel species (in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages): 
Purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf moccasinshell

[[Page 8967]]

(Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus 
simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), shinyrayed 
pocketbook (Hamiota subangulata), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio 
chipolaensis), and fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii)
* * * * *
    (2) The primary constituent elements of critical habitat for the 
purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus), Gulf moccasinshell 
(Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus 
simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme), shinyrayed 
pocketbook (Hamiota subangulata), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio 
chipolaensis), and fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii) are:
* * * * *
    (6) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Species             Critical habitat units       States
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Shinyrayed pocketbook (Hamiota  Units 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,    AL, FL, GA.
 subangulata).                   7, 9.
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    Eight mussel species in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages: 
Choctaw bean (Obovaria choctawensis), round ebonyshell (Reginaia 
rotulata), southern kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus jonesi), Alabama 
pearlshell (Margaritifera marrianae), fuzzy pigtoe (Pleurobema 
strodeanum), narrow pigtoe (Fusconaia escambia), tapered pigtoe 
(Fusconaia burkei), and southern sandshell (Hamiota australis)
* * * * *
    Fluted Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus subtentus)
* * * * *

Martha Williams,
Principal Deputy Director, Exercising the Delegated Authority of the 
Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2022-03115 Filed 2-16-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4333-15-P