Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes, 2692-2699 [2022-01030]

Download as PDF 2692 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 29 ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting, and recordkeeping requirements. SUMMARY: Authority Citation The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701–44702, 44704. The Special Conditions Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of the type certification basis for the Bell Textron Inc. Model 525 helicopter. Unless otherwise stated, the following special conditions will be used in lieu of § 29.671(c). The rotorcraft must be shown by analysis and tests, to be capable of continued safe flight and landing after any of the following failures or jamming in the flight control system for any speed or altitude within the approved operating limitations, without requiring exceptional piloting skill or strength. Reasonably probable failures must have only minor effects. (1) Any failure, excluding a jam as listed in paragraph (3). (2) Any combination of failures not shown to be extremely improbable, excluding a jam as listed in paragraph (3). (3) Any jam in a control position encountered during any flight condition, including transitions, within the approved operating limitations, unless the jam is shown to be extremely improbable, or can be alleviated. Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on January 12, 2022. Patrick Mullen, Manager, Technical Innovation Policy Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2022–00862 Filed 1–18–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 [Docket No. FAA–2022–0004; Project Identifier AD–2022–00036–T; Amendment 39–21913; AD 2022–02–16] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all The Boeing Company Model 787–8, 787–9, and 787–10 airplanes. This AD was prompted by a determination that radio altimeters cannot be relied upon to perform their intended function if they experience interference from wireless broadband operations in the 3.7–3.98 GHz frequency band (5G C-Band), and a recent determination that, during landings, as a result of this interference, certain airplane systems may not properly transition from AIR to GROUND mode when landing on certain runways, resulting in degraded deceleration performance and longer landing distance than normal due to the effect on thrust reverser deployment, speedbrake deployment, and increased idle thrust. This AD requires revising the limitations and operating procedures sections of the existing airplane flight manual (AFM) to incorporate limitations prohibiting certain landings and the use of certain minimum equipment list (MEL) items, and to incorporate operating procedures for calculating landing distances, when in the presence of 5G C-Band interference as identified by Notices to Air Missions (NOTAMs). The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective January 19, 2022. The FAA must receive comments on this AD by March 7, 2022. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2022–0004; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, any comments received, and PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 other information. The street address for the Docket Operations is listed above. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dean Thompson, Senior Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, FAA, Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; phone and fax: 206–231–3165; email: dean.r.thompson@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background In March 2020, the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted final rules authorizing flexible use of the 3.7–3.98 GHz band for next generation services, including 5G and other advanced spectrum-based services.1 Pursuant to these rules, CBand wireless broadband deployment is permitted to occur in phases with the opportunity for operations in the lower 0.1 GHz of the band (3.7–3.8 GHz) in certain markets as early as January 19, 2022. This AD refers to ‘‘5G C-Band’’ interference, but wireless broadband technologies, other than 5G, may use the same frequency band.2 These other uses of the same frequency band are within the scope of this AD since they would introduce the same risk of radio altimeter interference as 5G C-Band. The radio altimeter is an important aircraft instrument, and its intended function is to provide direct heightabove-terrain/water information to a variety of aircraft systems. Commercial aviation radio altimeters operate in the 4.2–4.4 GHz band, which is separated by 0.22 GHz from the C-Band telecommunication systems in the 3.7– 3.98 GHz band. The radio altimeter is more precise than a barometric altimeter and for that reason is used where aircraft height over the ground needs to be precisely measured, such as autoland, manual landings, or other low altitude operations. The receiver on the radio altimeter is typically highly accurate, however it may deliver erroneous results in the presence of outof-band radio frequency emissions from other frequency bands. The radio altimeter must detect faint signals reflected off the ground to measure altitude, in a manner similar to radar. Out-of-band signals could significantly degrade radio altimeter functions during critical phases of flight, if the altimeter is unable to sufficiently reject those signals. 1 The FCC’s rules did not make C-Band wireless broadband available in Alaska, Hawaii, and the U.S. Territories. 2 The regulatory text of the AD uses the term ‘‘5G C-Band’’ which, for purposes of this AD, has the same meaning as ‘‘5G’’, ‘‘C-Band’’ and ‘‘3.7–3.98 GHz.’’ E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations The FAA issued AD 2021–23–12, Amendment 39–21810 (86 FR 69984, December 9, 2021) (AD 2021–23–12) to address the effect of 5G C-Band interference on all transport and commuter category airplanes equipped with a radio (also known as radar) altimeter. AD 2021–23–12 requires revising the limitations section of the existing AFM to incorporate limitations prohibiting certain operations, which require radio altimeter data to land in low visibility conditions, when in the presence of 5G C-Band interference as identified by NOTAM. The FAA issued AD 2021–23–12 because radio altimeter anomalies that are undetected by the automation or pilot, particularly close to the ground (e.g., landing flare), could lead to loss of continued safe flight and landing. Since the FAA issued AD 2021–23– 12, Boeing issued Boeing Multi Operator Message MOM–MOM–22–0001–01B, dated January 3, 2022, and Boeing Flight Crew Operations Manual Bulletin TBC– 119, ‘‘Radio Altimeter Anomalies due to 5G C-Band Wireless Broadband Interference in the United States,’’ dated January 5, 2022. Based on Boeing’s data, the FAA identified an additional hazard presented by 5G C-Band interference on The Boeing Company Model 787–8, 787–9, and 787–10 airplanes. The FAA determined anomalies due to 5G C-Band interference may affect multiple other airplane systems using radio altimeter data, regardless of the approach type or weather. These anomalies may not be evident until very low altitudes. Impacted systems include, but are not limited to: Autopilot flight director system; autothrottle system; engines; thrust reversers; flight controls; flight instruments; traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS); ground proximity warning system (GPWS); and configuration warnings. Many of an airplane’s systems and functions are divided into two modes: Those that operate when an airplane is flying (AIR), and those that operate when an airplane is on the ground (GROUND). During landing, this interference could prevent an airplane’s systems and functions from properly transitioning from AIR to GROUND mode, which may have multiple effects, including: • Autothrottle may remain in speed (SPD) mode and may increase thrust to maintain speed during flare instead of reducing the thrust to IDLE at 25 feet radio altitude (RA) or may reduce thrust to IDLE prematurely. • Thrust reversers may not deploy above 65 knots during the landing roll. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 • Engines may remain at approach idle after touchdown until 65 knots during the landing roll. • Auto Speedbrake may be inoperative during the landing roll. • SPEEDBRAKE EXTENDED Caution message may not be available during the landing roll. • SPEEDBRAKE time critical visual and aural warnings may not be available during the landing roll. • Spoilers may be limited to their maximum in-flight position during manual deployment after touchdown until 65 knots during the landing roll. • Other simultaneous flight deck effects associated with the 5G C-Band interference could increase pilot workload. As a result of these effects, lack of thrust reverser and speedbrake deployment and increased idle thrust may occur; and brakes may be the only means to slow the airplane. Therefore, the presence of 5G C-Band interference can result in degraded deceleration performance, increased landing distance, and runway excursion. This is an unsafe condition. The severity of the hazard created by a lack of thrust reverser and speedbrakes, and by increased idle thrust, increases when the runway is contaminated with frozen or liquid precipitation. The FAA categorizes runway surface conditions with codes from 6 through 0, with 6 being a dry runway and therefore no detrimental effect on braking, and a code of 0 denoting surface conditions, such as wet ice, in which braking may not be effective. This AD mandates procedures for operators to account for this longer landing distance, for all runway conditions, in the presence of 5G CBand interference as identified by NOTAM. It prohibits operators from dispatching or releasing airplanes to affected airports when certain braking and anti-skid functions on the airplane are inoperable. It also prohibits operators from dispatching or releasing airplanes to, or landing on, runways with condition codes 1 and 0. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. FAA’s Determination The FAA is issuing this AD because the agency has determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. AD Requirements This AD requires revising the limitations and operating procedures sections of the existing AFM to PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 2693 incorporate limitations prohibiting certain landings and the use of certain MEL items, and to incorporate operating procedures for calculating required landing field lengths, when in the presence of 5G C-Band interference as identified by NOTAMs. Compliance With AFM Revisions Section 91.9 prohibits any person from operating a civil aircraft without complying with the operating limitations specified in the AFM. FAA regulations also require operators to furnish pilots with any changes to the AFM (14 CFR 121.137) and pilots in command to be familiar with the AFM (14 CFR 91.505). Interim Action The FAA considers this AD to be an interim action. If final action is later identified, the FAA might consider further rulemaking. Justification for Immediate Adoption and Determination of the Effective Date Section 553(b)(3)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.) authorizes agencies to dispense with notice and comment procedures for rules when the agency, for ‘‘good cause,’’ finds that those procedures are ‘‘impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.’’ Under this section, an agency, upon finding good cause, may issue a final rule without providing notice and seeking comment prior to issuance. Further, section 553(d) of the APA authorizes agencies to make rules effective in less than thirty days, upon a finding of good cause. An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies forgoing notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because, during landings, as a result of 5G C-Band interference, certain airplane systems may not properly transition from AIR to GROUND mode when landing on certain runways, resulting in degraded deceleration performance and a longer landing distance than normal due to the effect on thrust reverser deployment, speedbrake deployment, and increased idle thrust. This could lead to a runway excursion. The urgency is based on CBand wireless broadband deployment, which is expected to occur in phases with operations beginning as soon as January 19, 2022. Accordingly, notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable and contrary E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 2694 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations to the public interest pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). In addition, the FAA finds that good cause exists pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d) for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days, for the same reasons the FAA found good cause to forgo notice and comment. information as described in 14 CFR 11.35, the FAA will post all comments received, without change, to https:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact received about this final rule. Comments Invited Confidential Business Information CBI is commercial or financial information that is both customarily and actually treated as private by its owner. Under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. 552), CBI is exempt from public disclosure. If your comments responsive to this AD contain commercial or financial information that is customarily treated as private, that you actually treat as private, and that is relevant or responsive to this AD, it is important that you clearly designate the submitted comments as CBI. Please mark each page of your submission containing CBI as ‘‘PROPIN.’’ The FAA will treat such marked submissions as confidential under the FOIA, and they will not be placed in the public docket The FAA invites you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this final rule. Send your comments to an address listed under ADDRESSES. Include Docket No. FAA–2022–0004 and Project Identifier AD–2022–00036– T at the beginning of your comments. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the final rule, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. The FAA will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this final rule because of those comments. Except for Confidential Business Information (CBI) as described in the following paragraph, and other of this AD. Submissions containing CBI should be sent to Dean Thompson, Senior Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, FAA, Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; phone and fax: 206– 231–3165; email: dean.r.thompson@ faa.gov. Any commentary that the FAA receives that is not specifically designated as CBI will be placed in the public docket for this rulemaking. Regulatory Flexibility Act The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) do not apply when an agency finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt a rule without prior notice and comment. Because the FAA has determined that it has good cause to adopt this rule without notice and comment, RFA analysis is not required. Costs of Compliance The FAA estimates that this AD affects 137 airplanes of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD: ESTIMATED COSTS Action Labor cost AFM revision .......................... 1 work-hour × $85 per hour = $85 ......................................... jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements. Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 Cost per product Parts cost $0 distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, and (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska. § 39.13 List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 (b) Affected ADs None. Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. The Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cost on U.S. operators $85 $11,645 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive: ■ 2022–02–16 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39–21913; Docket No. FAA–2022–0004; Project Identifier AD– 2022–00036–T. (a) Effective Date This airworthiness directive (AD) is effective January 19, 2022. (c) Applicability This AD applies to The Boeing Company Model 787–8, 787–9, and 787–10 airplanes, certificated in any category. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 34, Navigation. (e) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by a determination that radio altimeters cannot be relied upon to perform their intended function if they experience interference from wireless broadband operations in the 3.7–3.98 GHz frequency band (5G C-Band), and a determination that, during landings, as a result of this interference, certain airplane systems may not properly transition from E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 AIR to GROUND mode when landing on certain runways, resulting in a longer landing distance than normal due to the effect on thrust reverser deployment, speedbrake deployment, and increased idle thrust. The FAA is issuing this AD to address degraded deceleration performance and longer landing distance, which could lead to a runway excursion. (h) Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) Revision (1) Within 2 days after the effective date of this AD: Revise the Limitations Section of the existing AFM to include the information specified in figure 2 to paragraph (h)(1) of this AD. This may be done by inserting a VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 2695 (g) Definitions Runway condition codes are defined in figure 1 to paragraph (g) of this AD. copy of figure 2 to paragraph (h)(1) of this AD into the existing AFM. E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 ER19JA22.077</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 (2) Within 2 days after the effective date of this AD: Revise the Operating Procedures Section of the existing AFM to include the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 information specified in figure 3 to paragraph (h)(2) of this AD. This may be done by PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 inserting a copy of figure 3 to paragraph (h)(2) of this AD into the existing AFM. E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 ER19JA22.078</GPH> 2696 VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 2697 ER19JA22.079</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations VerDate Sep<11>2014 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 ER19JA22.080</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 2698 Note 1 to paragraph (h): Guidance for accomplishing the actions required by this AD can be found in Boeing Multi Operator Message MOM–MOM–22–0001–01B, dated January 3, 2022, and Boeing Flight Crew Operations Manual Bulletin TBC–119, ‘‘Radio Altimeter Anomalies due to 5G CBand Wireless Broadband Interference in the United States,’’ dated January 5, 2022. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with RULES1 (i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Seattle ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or responsible Flight Standards Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9ANM-Seattle-ACO-AMOC-Requests@faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the responsible Flight Standards Office. (3) AMOCs approved for AD 2021–23–12, Amendment 39–21810 (86 FR 69984, December 9, 2021) providing relief for specific radio altimeter installations are approved as AMOCs for the provisions of this AD. (j) Related Information (1) For more information about this AD, contact Dean Thompson, Senior Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, FAA, Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; phone and fax: 206–231–3165; email: dean.r.thompson@ faa.gov. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:00 Jan 18, 2022 Jkt 256001 (2) For service information identified in this AD that is not incorporated by reference, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110– SK57, Seal Beach, CA 90740–5600; telephone 562–797–1717; internet https:// www.myboeingfleet.com. (k) Material Incorporated by Reference None. Issued on January 13, 2022. Lance T. Gant, Director, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2022–01030 Filed 1–14–22; 2:00 pm] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2021–0793; Project Identifier MCAI–2021–00372–E; Amendment 39–21885; AD 2021–26–26] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Safran Helicopter Engines, S.A. (Type Certificate Previously Held by Turbomeca S.A.) Turboshaft Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The FAA is superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2005–12– SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 2699 08 for certain Safran Helicopter Engines, S.A. (Safran Helicopter Engines) Arrius 2B1, 2B1A, 2B1A–1, and 2B2 model turboshaft engines. AD 2005–12–08 required replacing the software in the engine electronic control unit (EECU). This AD was prompted by a report of simultaneous loss of automatic control on both engines installed on an Airbus Helicopters Deutschland (formerly Eurocopter Deutschland) EC135 helicopter during flight. This AD requires replacement of the EECU or upgrade of the EECU software for engines with a certain EECU part number (P/N) installed. This AD also prohibits installation of an affected EECU onto any engine. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective February 23, 2022. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD as of February 23, 2022. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain other publications listed in this AD as of June 29, 2005 (70 FR 34334, June 14, 2005). ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, contact Safran Helicopter Engines, S.A., Avenue du 1er Mai, 40220 Tarnos, France; phone: +33 (0) 5 59 74 45 00. You may view this service information at the Airworthiness Products Section, E:\FR\FM\19JAR1.SGM 19JAR1 ER19JA22.081</GPH> Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 12 / Wednesday, January 19, 2022 / Rules and Regulations

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 12 (Wednesday, January 19, 2022)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 2692-2699]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-01030]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2022-0004; Project Identifier AD-2022-00036-T; 
Amendment 39-21913; AD 2022-02-16]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all 
The Boeing Company Model 787-8, 787-9, and 787-10 airplanes. This AD 
was prompted by a determination that radio altimeters cannot be relied 
upon to perform their intended function if they experience interference 
from wireless broadband operations in the 3.7-3.98 GHz frequency band 
(5G C-Band), and a recent determination that, during landings, as a 
result of this interference, certain airplane systems may not properly 
transition from AIR to GROUND mode when landing on certain runways, 
resulting in degraded deceleration performance and longer landing 
distance than normal due to the effect on thrust reverser deployment, 
speedbrake deployment, and increased idle thrust. This AD requires 
revising the limitations and operating procedures sections of the 
existing airplane flight manual (AFM) to incorporate limitations 
prohibiting certain landings and the use of certain minimum equipment 
list (MEL) items, and to incorporate operating procedures for 
calculating landing distances, when in the presence of 5G C-Band 
interference as identified by Notices to Air Missions (NOTAMs). The FAA 
is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: This AD is effective January 19, 2022.
    The FAA must receive comments on this AD by March 7, 2022.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by 
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0004; or in person at 
Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, any 
comments received, and other information. The street address for the 
Docket Operations is listed above.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dean Thompson, Senior Aerospace 
Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, FAA, Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 
South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; phone and fax: 206-231-3165; 
email: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    In March 2020, the United States Federal Communications Commission 
(FCC) adopted final rules authorizing flexible use of the 3.7-3.98 GHz 
band for next generation services, including 5G and other advanced 
spectrum-based services.\1\ Pursuant to these rules, C-Band wireless 
broadband deployment is permitted to occur in phases with the 
opportunity for operations in the lower 0.1 GHz of the band (3.7-3.8 
GHz) in certain markets as early as January 19, 2022. This AD refers to 
``5G C-Band'' interference, but wireless broadband technologies, other 
than 5G, may use the same frequency band.\2\ These other uses of the 
same frequency band are within the scope of this AD since they would 
introduce the same risk of radio altimeter interference as 5G C-Band.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The FCC's rules did not make C-Band wireless broadband 
available in Alaska, Hawaii, and the U.S. Territories.
    \2\ The regulatory text of the AD uses the term ``5G C-Band'' 
which, for purposes of this AD, has the same meaning as ``5G'', ``C-
Band'' and ``3.7-3.98 GHz.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The radio altimeter is an important aircraft instrument, and its 
intended function is to provide direct height-above-terrain/water 
information to a variety of aircraft systems. Commercial aviation radio 
altimeters operate in the 4.2-4.4 GHz band, which is separated by 0.22 
GHz from the C-Band telecommunication systems in the 3.7-3.98 GHz band. 
The radio altimeter is more precise than a barometric altimeter and for 
that reason is used where aircraft height over the ground needs to be 
precisely measured, such as autoland, manual landings, or other low 
altitude operations. The receiver on the radio altimeter is typically 
highly accurate, however it may deliver erroneous results in the 
presence of out-of-band radio frequency emissions from other frequency 
bands. The radio altimeter must detect faint signals reflected off the 
ground to measure altitude, in a manner similar to radar. Out-of-band 
signals could significantly degrade radio altimeter functions during 
critical phases of flight, if the altimeter is unable to sufficiently 
reject those signals.

[[Page 2693]]

    The FAA issued AD 2021-23-12, Amendment 39-21810 (86 FR 69984, 
December 9, 2021) (AD 2021-23-12) to address the effect of 5G C-Band 
interference on all transport and commuter category airplanes equipped 
with a radio (also known as radar) altimeter. AD 2021-23-12 requires 
revising the limitations section of the existing AFM to incorporate 
limitations prohibiting certain operations, which require radio 
altimeter data to land in low visibility conditions, when in the 
presence of 5G C-Band interference as identified by NOTAM. The FAA 
issued AD 2021-23-12 because radio altimeter anomalies that are 
undetected by the automation or pilot, particularly close to the ground 
(e.g., landing flare), could lead to loss of continued safe flight and 
landing.
    Since the FAA issued AD 2021-23-12, Boeing issued Boeing Multi 
Operator Message MOM-MOM-22-0001-01B, dated January 3, 2022, and Boeing 
Flight Crew Operations Manual Bulletin TBC-119, ``Radio Altimeter 
Anomalies due to 5G C-Band Wireless Broadband Interference in the 
United States,'' dated January 5, 2022.
    Based on Boeing's data, the FAA identified an additional hazard 
presented by 5G C-Band interference on The Boeing Company Model 787-8, 
787-9, and 787-10 airplanes. The FAA determined anomalies due to 5G C-
Band interference may affect multiple other airplane systems using 
radio altimeter data, regardless of the approach type or weather. These 
anomalies may not be evident until very low altitudes. Impacted systems 
include, but are not limited to: Autopilot flight director system; 
autothrottle system; engines; thrust reversers; flight controls; flight 
instruments; traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS); 
ground proximity warning system (GPWS); and configuration warnings.
    Many of an airplane's systems and functions are divided into two 
modes: Those that operate when an airplane is flying (AIR), and those 
that operate when an airplane is on the ground (GROUND). During 
landing, this interference could prevent an airplane's systems and 
functions from properly transitioning from AIR to GROUND mode, which 
may have multiple effects, including:
     Autothrottle may remain in speed (SPD) mode and may 
increase thrust to maintain speed during flare instead of reducing the 
thrust to IDLE at 25 feet radio altitude (RA) or may reduce thrust to 
IDLE prematurely.
     Thrust reversers may not deploy above 65 knots during the 
landing roll.
     Engines may remain at approach idle after touchdown until 
65 knots during the landing roll.
     Auto Speedbrake may be inoperative during the landing 
roll.
     SPEEDBRAKE EXTENDED Caution message may not be available 
during the landing roll.
     SPEEDBRAKE time critical visual and aural warnings may not 
be available during the landing roll.
     Spoilers may be limited to their maximum in-flight 
position during manual deployment after touchdown until 65 knots during 
the landing roll.
     Other simultaneous flight deck effects associated with the 
5G C-Band interference could increase pilot workload.
    As a result of these effects, lack of thrust reverser and 
speedbrake deployment and increased idle thrust may occur; and brakes 
may be the only means to slow the airplane. Therefore, the presence of 
5G C-Band interference can result in degraded deceleration performance, 
increased landing distance, and runway excursion. This is an unsafe 
condition.
    The severity of the hazard created by a lack of thrust reverser and 
speedbrakes, and by increased idle thrust, increases when the runway is 
contaminated with frozen or liquid precipitation. The FAA categorizes 
runway surface conditions with codes from 6 through 0, with 6 being a 
dry runway and therefore no detrimental effect on braking, and a code 
of 0 denoting surface conditions, such as wet ice, in which braking may 
not be effective.
    This AD mandates procedures for operators to account for this 
longer landing distance, for all runway conditions, in the presence of 
5G C-Band interference as identified by NOTAM. It prohibits operators 
from dispatching or releasing airplanes to affected airports when 
certain braking and anti-skid functions on the airplane are inoperable. 
It also prohibits operators from dispatching or releasing airplanes to, 
or landing on, runways with condition codes 1 and 0.
    The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these 
products.

FAA's Determination

    The FAA is issuing this AD because the agency has determined the 
unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in 
other products of the same type design.

AD Requirements

    This AD requires revising the limitations and operating procedures 
sections of the existing AFM to incorporate limitations prohibiting 
certain landings and the use of certain MEL items, and to incorporate 
operating procedures for calculating required landing field lengths, 
when in the presence of 5G C-Band interference as identified by NOTAMs.

Compliance With AFM Revisions

    Section 91.9 prohibits any person from operating a civil aircraft 
without complying with the operating limitations specified in the AFM. 
FAA regulations also require operators to furnish pilots with any 
changes to the AFM (14 CFR 121.137) and pilots in command to be 
familiar with the AFM (14 CFR 91.505).

Interim Action

    The FAA considers this AD to be an interim action. If final action 
is later identified, the FAA might consider further rulemaking.

Justification for Immediate Adoption and Determination of the Effective 
Date

    Section 553(b)(3)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 
U.S.C. 551 et seq.) authorizes agencies to dispense with notice and 
comment procedures for rules when the agency, for ``good cause,'' finds 
that those procedures are ``impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to 
the public interest.'' Under this section, an agency, upon finding good 
cause, may issue a final rule without providing notice and seeking 
comment prior to issuance. Further, section 553(d) of the APA 
authorizes agencies to make rules effective in less than thirty days, 
upon a finding of good cause.
    An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of 
this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to 
adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public 
justifies forgoing notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule 
because, during landings, as a result of 5G C-Band interference, 
certain airplane systems may not properly transition from AIR to GROUND 
mode when landing on certain runways, resulting in degraded 
deceleration performance and a longer landing distance than normal due 
to the effect on thrust reverser deployment, speedbrake deployment, and 
increased idle thrust. This could lead to a runway excursion. The 
urgency is based on C-Band wireless broadband deployment, which is 
expected to occur in phases with operations beginning as soon as 
January 19, 2022. Accordingly, notice and opportunity for prior public 
comment are impracticable and contrary

[[Page 2694]]

to the public interest pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B).
    In addition, the FAA finds that good cause exists pursuant to 5 
U.S.C. 553(d) for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days, 
for the same reasons the FAA found good cause to forgo notice and 
comment.

Comments Invited

    The FAA invites you to send any written data, views, or arguments 
about this final rule. Send your comments to an address listed under 
ADDRESSES. Include Docket No. FAA-2022-0004 and Project Identifier AD-
2022-00036-T at the beginning of your comments. The most helpful 
comments reference a specific portion of the final rule, explain the 
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. The FAA 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this final rule because of those comments.
    Except for Confidential Business Information (CBI) as described in 
the following paragraph, and other information as described in 14 CFR 
11.35, the FAA will post all comments received, without change, to 
https://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you 
provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each 
substantive verbal contact received about this final rule.

Confidential Business Information

    CBI is commercial or financial information that is both customarily 
and actually treated as private by its owner. Under the Freedom of 
Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. 552), CBI is exempt from public 
disclosure. If your comments responsive to this AD contain commercial 
or financial information that is customarily treated as private, that 
you actually treat as private, and that is relevant or responsive to 
this AD, it is important that you clearly designate the submitted 
comments as CBI. Please mark each page of your submission containing 
CBI as ``PROPIN.'' The FAA will treat such marked submissions as 
confidential under the FOIA, and they will not be placed in the public 
docket of this AD. Submissions containing CBI should be sent to Dean 
Thompson, Senior Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, 
FAA, Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; 
phone and fax: 206-231-3165; email: [email protected]. Any 
commentary that the FAA receives that is not specifically designated as 
CBI will be placed in the public docket for this rulemaking.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) do not 
apply when an agency finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt 
a rule without prior notice and comment. Because the FAA has determined 
that it has good cause to adopt this rule without notice and comment, 
RFA analysis is not required.

Costs of Compliance

    The FAA estimates that this AD affects 137 airplanes of U.S. 
registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD:

                                                 Estimated Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Cost per      Cost on U.S.
                Action                         Labor cost           Parts cost        product        operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AFM revision..........................  1 work-hour x $85 per                 $0             $85         $11,645
                                         hour = $85.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements. 
Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight 
of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for 
practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary 
for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that 
authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to 
exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866, and
    (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive:

2022-02-16 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39-21913; Docket No. FAA-
2022-0004; Project Identifier AD-2022-00036-T.

(a) Effective Date

    This airworthiness directive (AD) is effective January 19, 2022.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to The Boeing Company Model 787-8, 787-9, and 
787-10 airplanes, certificated in any category.

(d) Subject

    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 34, Navigation.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by a determination that radio altimeters 
cannot be relied upon to perform their intended function if they 
experience interference from wireless broadband operations in the 
3.7-3.98 GHz frequency band (5G C-Band), and a determination that, 
during landings, as a result of this interference, certain airplane 
systems may not properly transition from

[[Page 2695]]

AIR to GROUND mode when landing on certain runways, resulting in a 
longer landing distance than normal due to the effect on thrust 
reverser deployment, speedbrake deployment, and increased idle 
thrust. The FAA is issuing this AD to address degraded deceleration 
performance and longer landing distance, which could lead to a 
runway excursion.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Definitions

    Runway condition codes are defined in figure 1 to paragraph (g) 
of this AD.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR19JA22.077

(h) Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) Revision

    (1) Within 2 days after the effective date of this AD: Revise 
the Limitations Section of the existing AFM to include the 
information specified in figure 2 to paragraph (h)(1) of this AD. 
This may be done by inserting a copy of figure 2 to paragraph (h)(1) 
of this AD into the existing AFM.

[[Page 2696]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR19JA22.078

    (2) Within 2 days after the effective date of this AD: Revise 
the Operating Procedures Section of the existing AFM to include the 
information specified in figure 3 to paragraph (h)(2) of this AD. 
This may be done by inserting a copy of figure 3 to paragraph (h)(2) 
of this AD into the existing AFM.

[[Page 2697]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR19JA22.079


[[Page 2698]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR19JA22.080


[[Page 2699]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR19JA22.081


    Note 1 to paragraph (h): Guidance for accomplishing the actions 
required by this AD can be found in Boeing Multi Operator Message 
MOM-MOM-22-0001-01B, dated January 3, 2022, and Boeing Flight Crew 
Operations Manual Bulletin TBC-119, ``Radio Altimeter Anomalies due 
to 5G C-Band Wireless Broadband Interference in the United States,'' 
dated January 5, 2022.

(i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Seattle ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority to 
approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found 
in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request 
to your principal inspector or responsible Flight Standards Office, 
as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of 
the certification office, send it to the attention of the person 
identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. Information may be 
emailed to: [email protected].
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the responsible Flight Standards Office.
    (3) AMOCs approved for AD 2021-23-12, Amendment 39-21810 (86 FR 
69984, December 9, 2021) providing relief for specific radio 
altimeter installations are approved as AMOCs for the provisions of 
this AD.

(j) Related Information

    (1) For more information about this AD, contact Dean Thompson, 
Senior Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Equipment Section, FAA, 
Seattle ACO Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; 
phone and fax: 206-231-3165; email: [email protected].
    (2) For service information identified in this AD that is not 
incorporated by reference, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, 
Attention: Contractual & Data Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster 
Blvd., MC 110-SK57, Seal Beach, CA 90740-5600; telephone 562-797-
1717; internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com.

(k) Material Incorporated by Reference

    None.

    Issued on January 13, 2022.
Lance T. Gant,
Director, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2022-01030 Filed 1-14-22; 2:00 pm]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P