Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Canelo Hills Ladies-Tresses, 71075-71077 [2021-27013]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 237 / Tuesday, December 14, 2021 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR–7038–N–22] 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Single Family Mortgage Insurance on Hawaiian Home Lands, OMB Control No.: 2502–0358 Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing—Federal Housing Commissioner, HUD. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: HUD is seeking approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for the information collection described below. In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, HUD is requesting comment from all interested parties on the proposed collection of information. The purpose of this notice is to allow for 60 days of public comment. DATES: Comments Due Date: February 14, 2022. ADDRESSES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments regarding this proposal. Comments should refer to the proposal by name and/or OMB Control Number and should be sent to: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW, Room 4176, Washington, DC 20410–5000; telephone 202–402–3400 (this is not a toll-free number) or email at Colette.Pollard@hud.gov for a copy of the proposed forms or other available information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW, Room 4176, Washington, DC 20410–5000; email Colette Pollard at Colette.Pollard@hud.gov or telephone 202–402–3400 (this is not a toll-free number). Persons with hearing or speech impairments may access this number through TTY by calling the tollfree Federal Relay Service at (800) 877– 8339. Copies of available documents submitted to OMB may be obtained from Ms. Pollard. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This notice informs the public that HUD is seeking approval from OMB for the information collection described in Section A. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 SUMMARY: A. Overview of Information Collection Title of Information Collection: Hawaiian Home Lands. OMB Approval Number: 2502–0358. Type of Request: Extension of a currently approved collection. Form Number: N/A. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:24 Dec 13, 2021 Jkt 256001 Description of the need for the information and proposed use: FHA offers mortgage insurance for mortgages on single-family dwellings under Title II of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1701, et seq.). The Housing and Urban Rural Recovery Act (HURRA), Public Law 98–181, amended the National Housing Act to add Section 247 (12 U.S.C. 1715z–12) to permit FHA to insure mortgages for properties located on Hawaiian Home Lands. Section 247 requires that the Department of Hawaiian Homelands (DHHL) of the State of Hawaii (a) be a co-mortgagor; (b) guarantee or reimburse the Secretary for any mortgage insurance claim paid in connection with a property on Hawaiian Home Lands; or (c) offer other security acceptable to the Secretary. There are no changes to this program for this submission. Under Article XII of the Constitution for the State of Hawaii, the DHHL is responsible for management of Hawaiian Home Lands for the benefit of native Hawaiians. The DHHL determines that the mortgagor meets its eligibility requirement as a native Hawaiian. Respondents: Business or other forprofit (FHA-approved lenders). Estimated Number of Respondents: 23. Estimated Number of Responses: 606. Frequency of Response: Monthly and on occasion. Average Hours per Response: 0.58. Total Estimated Burdens: 99 hours. B. Solicitation of Public Comment This notice is soliciting comments from members of the public and affected parties concerning the collection of information described in Section A on the following: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) The accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond,; including through the use of appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. HUD encourages interested parties to submit comments in response to these questions. PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71075 C. Authority Section 2 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3507. Janet M. Golrick, Acting Chief of Staff for Housing. [FR Doc. 2021–27000 Filed 12–13–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4210–67–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS–R2–ES–2021–0135; FXES11130200000–212–FF02ENEH00] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Canelo Hills Ladies-Tresses Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability; request for comment. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the availability of our draft recovery plan for Canelo Hills ladies-tresses (Spiranthes delitescens), an endangered orchid that occurs in desert wetland habitats in southern Arizona. We request review and comment on this draft recovery plan from local, State, and Federal agencies; Tribal governments; nongovernmental organizations; and the public. DATES: We must receive any comments on or before February 14, 2022. Comments submitted online at http:// www.regulations.gov (see ADDRESSES) must be received by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on February 14, 2022. ADDRESSES: Obtaining Documents: You may obtain a copy of the draft recovery plan, recovery implementation strategy, and species status assessment for review at http://www.regulations.gov in Docket No. FWS–R2–ES–2021–0135. Submitting Comments: Submit your comments in writing by one of the following methods: • Internet: http:// www.regulations.gov. Search for and submit comments on Docket No. FWS– R2–ES–2021–0135. • U.S. mail: Public Comments Processing, Attn: Docket No. FWS–R2– ES–2021–0135, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Headquarters, MS: PRB/3W, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. For additional information about submitting comments, see Request for Public Comments and Public Availability of Comments under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\14DEN1.SGM 14DEN1 71076 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 237 / Tuesday, December 14, 2021 / Notices Jeff Humphrey, Field Supervisor, at 928– 556–2157 or by email at Jeff_ Humphrey@fws.gov. Individuals who are hearing or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 1–800–877– 8339 for TTY assistance. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), announce the availability of our draft recovery plan for Canelo Hills ladies-tresses (Spiranthes delitescens), which we listed as endangered in 1997 (62 FR 665) under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). This orchid species is restricted to four populations in cie´negas (desert wetlands) in Cochise and Santa Cruz Counties in southern Arizona. The draft recovery plan includes specific goals, objectives, and criteria that may help to inform our consideration of whether to reclassify the species as threatened (i.e., ‘‘downlist’’) or remove the species from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Plants (i.e., ‘‘delist’’). We request review of and comment on the draft recovery plan from local, State, and Federal agencies; Tribal governments; nongovernmental organizations; and the public. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Recovery Planning and Implementation Section 4(f) of the ESA requires the development of recovery plans for listed species, unless such a plan would not promote the conservation of a particular species. Also pursuant to section 4(f) of the ESA, a recovery plan must, to the maximum extent practicable, include: (1) A description of site-specific management actions as may be necessary to achieve the plan’s goals for the conservation and survival of the species; (2) Objective, measurable criteria that, when met, would support a determination under the ESA’s section 4(a)(1) that the species should be delisted; and (3) Estimates of the time and costs required to carry out those measures needed to achieve the plan’s goal and to achieve intermediate steps toward that goal. In 2016 the USFWS revised its approach to recovery planning, and is now using a process termed recovery planning and implementation (RPI) (see https://www.fws.gov/endangered/esalibrary/pdf/RPI.pdf). The RPI approach is intended to reduce the time needed to develop and implement recovery plans, increase recovery plan relevance over a longer timeframe, and add flexibility to recovery plans so they can be adjusted to new information or circumstances. Under RPI, a recovery VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:24 Dec 13, 2021 Jkt 256001 plan addresses the statutorily required elements under section 4(f) of the ESA, including site-specific management actions, objective and measurable recovery criteria, and the estimated time and cost to recovery. The RPI recovery plan is supported by two supplementary documents: A species status assessment (SSA), which describes the best available scientific information related to the biological needs of the species and assessment of threats, and the recovery implementation strategy (RIS), which details the particular near-term activities needed to implement the recovery actions identified in the recovery plan. Under this approach, we can more nimbly incorporate new information on species biology or details of recovery implementation by updating these supplementary documents without concurrent revision of the entire recovery plan, unless changes to statutorily required elements are necessary. Species Background On January 6, 1997, we published a final rule (62 FR 665) to list Canelo Hills ladies-tresses as endangered without critical habitat. The species is known to occur in four populations in southern Arizona: (1) Canelo Hills, with one subpopulation on land owned and managed by The Nature Conservancy and another on U.S. Forest Service land; the most recent observation of the species here included 5 individuals counted in 2002; (2) Turkey Creek, on private lands, where 6 individuals were counted in 2021; (3) San Rafael Valley, on private lands, where 80 plants were counted in 2021; and (4) Babocomari, on private lands, where the species was last observed in 2008. There are no plants at botanical gardens; however, in 2016 seed from a single population was preserved, and in late 2020 a proposal was funded to begin in vitro propagation and cultivation at the Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix, Arizona. The primary ongoing threats to Canelo Hills ladies-tresses include loss or reduction of cie´nega (desert wetland) habitat, herbivory or seed predation by vertebrates and invertebrates, pollinator decline, low numbers and limited distribution, and drought and climate change. Recovery Criteria The draft recovery criteria are summarized below. For a complete description of the rationale behind the criteria, the recovery strategy, management actions, and estimated time and costs associated with recovery, PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 refer to the draft recovery plan for Canelo Hills ladies-tresses (see ADDRESSES, above, for document availability). The ultimate recovery goal is to delist Canelo Hills ladies-tresses by ensuring the long-term viability of the species in the wild. In the recovery plan, we define the following criteria for delisting (i.e., removal of the species from the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants). Delisting Criteria Criterion 1: All four existing populations (Canelo Hills, Turkey Creek, San Rafael Valley, and Babocomari) are viable, and at least three new viable populations are established in strategic sites. To be considered viable, all seven populations must contain a minimum of 100 individuals each, for a total of 25 years over a 35-year period, as indicated by annual monitoring, including during the last two monitoring events. At least three of these populations must contain a minimum of two subpopulations separated by less than 960 meters (the distance a primary pollinator can travel). In addition, two of the seven populations must each contain a minimum of 650 individuals on at least two occasions during the 35-year period mentioned above. Existing or newly established populations may be augmented for 5 out of the first 25 years to achieve these numbers; no augmentation can occur in the last 10 years of the 35-year period. All populations must have documented natural recruitment and not show more than 10 percent loss of seed production to herbivory or predation during two or more monitoring events within the last 10 years of the 35-year period. Criterion 2: A collection of seed representing the geographical, morphological, and genetic diversity of Canelo Hills ladies-tresses is maintained in multiple Center for Plant Conservation partner botanical or seed storage institutions for conservation purposes. Criterion 3: A living collection of plants representing the geographical, morphological, and genetic diversity of Canelo Hills ladies-tresses is established within 10 years and maintained in perpetuity in multiple botanical institutions for educational and conservation purposes. Criterion 4: Cie´negas supporting the four populations of Canelo Hills ladiestresses (Canelo Hills, Turkey Creek, San Rafael Valley, and Babocomari), plus those cie´negas supporting at least three newly established populations, are protected in perpetuity through a conservation easement, habitat E:\FR\FM\14DEN1.SGM 14DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 237 / Tuesday, December 14, 2021 / Notices conservation plan, or other conservation mechanism appropriate to the land status. In addition, conservation easements or other conservation mechanisms appropriate to the land status are held on neighboring lands, such that new developments (e.g., residential, agricultural, and commercial) are minimized and do not impact groundwater availability in the cie´negas supporting Canelo Hills ladiestresses populations. Criterion 5: In fulfillment of Criterion 4, above, conservation and management programs and plans address the threats of cie´nega habitat loss, direct loss of Canelo Hills ladies-tresses, and pollinator decline to ensure continued existence of the species. The following requirements must be met: (a) Sitespecific plans are developed and fully implemented, such that competing native and nonnative vegetation is reduced to a level that ensures Canelo Hills ladies-tresses is not shaded and their vigor is not negatively affected; a more natural fire or other disturbance regime is maintained; natural spring flow supporting cienegas is increased by reducing water loss and increasing water conservation and recharge; moist soil cie´nega habitat is increased; predation and herbivory are minimized; and native plant diversity is maintained, thus promoting native pollinators; and (b) data on the conservation and management of Canelo Hills ladiestresses are collected and shared between land managers and researchers. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 Peer Review In accordance with our policy, ‘‘Notice of Interagency Cooperative Policy for Peer Review in Endangered Species Act Activities,’’ which we published on July 1, 1994 (59 FR 34270), and our August 22, 2016, Memorandum, ‘‘Peer Review Process,’’ we have sought the expert opinion of at least three appropriate and independent specialists regarding scientific data and interpretations contained in the species biological report and the draft recovery plan. We have ensured that the opinions of peer reviewers were objective and unbiased by following the guidelines set forth in the 2016 Memorandum, which updates and clarifies our policy on peer review. The purpose of such review was to ensure that our decisions are based on scientifically sound data, assumptions, and analysis. We have addressed peer review comments and incorporated changes in the publicly available version of the SSA and this version of the draft recovery plan. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:24 Dec 13, 2021 Jkt 256001 Request for Public Comments Section 4(f) of the ESA requires us to provide public notice and an opportunity for public review and comment during recovery plan development. Substantive comments may or may not result in changes to the recovery plan. Comments regarding recovery plan implementation will be forwarded as appropriate to Federal or other entities so that they can be taken into account during the course of implementation of recovery actions. We invite written comments on this draft recovery plan. In particular, we are interested in additional information regarding the current threats to the species, ongoing beneficial management efforts, and the costs associated with implementing the recommended recovery actions. We are specifically seeking comments on the following questions: • Understanding that the time and cost presented in the draft recovery plan will be fine-tuned as the RIS is implemented, are the estimated time and cost to recovery presented here realistic? Is the estimate reflective of the time and cost of actions that may have already been implemented by Federal, State, county, or other agencies? If not, please provide suggestions or methods for determining a more accurate estimation. • Do the draft recovery criteria provide clear direction to partners on what is needed to recover Canelo Hills ladies-tresses? How could they be improved for clarity? • Are the draft recovery criteria both objective and measurable given the information available for Canelo Hills ladies-tresses? Please provide suggestions. • Understanding that specific, detailed, and area-specific recovery activities have been developed in the RIS, do the draft recovery actions presented in the draft recovery plan generally cover the types of actions necessary to meet the recovery criteria? If not, what general actions are missing? Are any of the draft recovery actions unnecessary for achieving recovery? Have we prioritized the actions appropriately? The SSA is available as a supporting document for the draft recovery plan, but we are not seeking comments on that document. We will consider all comments we receive by the date specified in DATES, above, prior to final approval of the plan. Public Availability of Comments All comments we receive, including names and addresses, will become part PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71077 of the administrative record and will be available to the public. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—will be publicly available. While you may request in your comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Authority We developed our draft recovery plan and publish this notice under the authority of section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Amy Lueders, Regional Director, Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [FR Doc. 2021–27013 Filed 12–13–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS–R7–SM–2021–N200; FF07J00000 FXRS12610700000 212] Alaska Subsistence Regional Advisory Council Meetings for 2022 AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of meetings. The Federal Subsistence Board (Board) announces the public meetings of the 10 Alaska Subsistence Regional Advisory Councils (hereafter, Councils) for the winter and fall cycles of 2022. The 10 Councils each meet approximately twice a year to provide advice and recommendations to the Board about subsistence hunting and fishing issues on Federal public lands in Alaska. SUMMARY: Winter 2022 Meetings: The Alaska Subsistence Councils will meet via teleconference between February 8, 2022, and March 24, 2022, as shown in Table 1. For more information about accessing the meetings, visit the Councils’ website at https:// www.doi.gov/subsistence/regions. DATES: E:\FR\FM\14DEN1.SGM 14DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 237 (Tuesday, December 14, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 71075-71077]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-27013]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R2-ES-2021-0135; FXES11130200000-212-FF02ENEH00]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery 
Plan for Canelo Hills Ladies-Tresses

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of availability; request for comment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the 
availability of our draft recovery plan for Canelo Hills ladies-tresses 
(Spiranthes delitescens), an endangered orchid that occurs in desert 
wetland habitats in southern Arizona. We request review and comment on 
this draft recovery plan from local, State, and Federal agencies; 
Tribal governments; nongovernmental organizations; and the public.

DATES: We must receive any comments on or before February 14, 2022. 
Comments submitted online at http://www.regulations.gov (see ADDRESSES) 
must be received by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on February 14, 2022.

ADDRESSES: 
    Obtaining Documents: You may obtain a copy of the draft recovery 
plan, recovery implementation strategy, and species status assessment 
for review at http://www.regulations.gov in Docket No. FWS-R2-ES-2021-
0135.
    Submitting Comments: Submit your comments in writing by one of the 
following methods:
     Internet: http://www.regulations.gov. Search for and 
submit comments on Docket No. FWS-R2-ES-2021-0135.
     U.S. mail: Public Comments Processing, Attn: Docket No. 
FWS-R2-ES-2021-0135, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Headquarters, MS: 
PRB/3W, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.
    For additional information about submitting comments, see Request 
for Public Comments and Public Availability of Comments under 
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

[[Page 71076]]


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeff Humphrey, Field Supervisor, at 
928-556-2157 or by email at [email protected]. Individuals who are 
hearing or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 1-800-
877-8339 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
(USFWS), announce the availability of our draft recovery plan for 
Canelo Hills ladies-tresses (Spiranthes delitescens), which we listed 
as endangered in 1997 (62 FR 665) under the Endangered Species Act of 
1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). This orchid species is 
restricted to four populations in ci[eacute]negas (desert wetlands) in 
Cochise and Santa Cruz Counties in southern Arizona. The draft recovery 
plan includes specific goals, objectives, and criteria that may help to 
inform our consideration of whether to reclassify the species as 
threatened (i.e., ``downlist'') or remove the species from the Federal 
List of Endangered and Threatened Plants (i.e., ``delist''). We request 
review of and comment on the draft recovery plan from local, State, and 
Federal agencies; Tribal governments; nongovernmental organizations; 
and the public.

Recovery Planning and Implementation

    Section 4(f) of the ESA requires the development of recovery plans 
for listed species, unless such a plan would not promote the 
conservation of a particular species. Also pursuant to section 4(f) of 
the ESA, a recovery plan must, to the maximum extent practicable, 
include:
    (1) A description of site-specific management actions as may be 
necessary to achieve the plan's goals for the conservation and survival 
of the species;
    (2) Objective, measurable criteria that, when met, would support a 
determination under the ESA's section 4(a)(1) that the species should 
be delisted; and
    (3) Estimates of the time and costs required to carry out those 
measures needed to achieve the plan's goal and to achieve intermediate 
steps toward that goal.
    In 2016 the USFWS revised its approach to recovery planning, and is 
now using a process termed recovery planning and implementation (RPI) 
(see https://www.fws.gov/endangered/esa-library/pdf/RPI.pdf). The RPI 
approach is intended to reduce the time needed to develop and implement 
recovery plans, increase recovery plan relevance over a longer 
timeframe, and add flexibility to recovery plans so they can be 
adjusted to new information or circumstances. Under RPI, a recovery 
plan addresses the statutorily required elements under section 4(f) of 
the ESA, including site-specific management actions, objective and 
measurable recovery criteria, and the estimated time and cost to 
recovery. The RPI recovery plan is supported by two supplementary 
documents: A species status assessment (SSA), which describes the best 
available scientific information related to the biological needs of the 
species and assessment of threats, and the recovery implementation 
strategy (RIS), which details the particular near-term activities 
needed to implement the recovery actions identified in the recovery 
plan. Under this approach, we can more nimbly incorporate new 
information on species biology or details of recovery implementation by 
updating these supplementary documents without concurrent revision of 
the entire recovery plan, unless changes to statutorily required 
elements are necessary.

Species Background

    On January 6, 1997, we published a final rule (62 FR 665) to list 
Canelo Hills ladies-tresses as endangered without critical habitat.
    The species is known to occur in four populations in southern 
Arizona: (1) Canelo Hills, with one subpopulation on land owned and 
managed by The Nature Conservancy and another on U.S. Forest Service 
land; the most recent observation of the species here included 5 
individuals counted in 2002; (2) Turkey Creek, on private lands, where 
6 individuals were counted in 2021; (3) San Rafael Valley, on private 
lands, where 80 plants were counted in 2021; and (4) Babocomari, on 
private lands, where the species was last observed in 2008.
    There are no plants at botanical gardens; however, in 2016 seed 
from a single population was preserved, and in late 2020 a proposal was 
funded to begin in vitro propagation and cultivation at the Desert 
Botanical Garden in Phoenix, Arizona.
    The primary ongoing threats to Canelo Hills ladies-tresses include 
loss or reduction of ci[eacute]nega (desert wetland) habitat, herbivory 
or seed predation by vertebrates and invertebrates, pollinator decline, 
low numbers and limited distribution, and drought and climate change.

Recovery Criteria

    The draft recovery criteria are summarized below. For a complete 
description of the rationale behind the criteria, the recovery 
strategy, management actions, and estimated time and costs associated 
with recovery, refer to the draft recovery plan for Canelo Hills 
ladies-tresses (see ADDRESSES, above, for document availability).
    The ultimate recovery goal is to delist Canelo Hills ladies-tresses 
by ensuring the long-term viability of the species in the wild. In the 
recovery plan, we define the following criteria for delisting (i.e., 
removal of the species from the List of Endangered and Threatened 
Plants).

Delisting Criteria

    Criterion 1: All four existing populations (Canelo Hills, Turkey 
Creek, San Rafael Valley, and Babocomari) are viable, and at least 
three new viable populations are established in strategic sites. To be 
considered viable, all seven populations must contain a minimum of 100 
individuals each, for a total of 25 years over a 35-year period, as 
indicated by annual monitoring, including during the last two 
monitoring events. At least three of these populations must contain a 
minimum of two subpopulations separated by less than 960 meters (the 
distance a primary pollinator can travel). In addition, two of the 
seven populations must each contain a minimum of 650 individuals on at 
least two occasions during the 35-year period mentioned above. Existing 
or newly established populations may be augmented for 5 out of the 
first 25 years to achieve these numbers; no augmentation can occur in 
the last 10 years of the 35-year period. All populations must have 
documented natural recruitment and not show more than 10 percent loss 
of seed production to herbivory or predation during two or more 
monitoring events within the last 10 years of the 35-year period.
    Criterion 2: A collection of seed representing the geographical, 
morphological, and genetic diversity of Canelo Hills ladies-tresses is 
maintained in multiple Center for Plant Conservation partner botanical 
or seed storage institutions for conservation purposes.
    Criterion 3: A living collection of plants representing the 
geographical, morphological, and genetic diversity of Canelo Hills 
ladies-tresses is established within 10 years and maintained in 
perpetuity in multiple botanical institutions for educational and 
conservation purposes.
    Criterion 4: Ci[eacute]negas supporting the four populations of 
Canelo Hills ladies-tresses (Canelo Hills, Turkey Creek, San Rafael 
Valley, and Babocomari), plus those ci[eacute]negas supporting at least 
three newly established populations, are protected in perpetuity 
through a conservation easement, habitat

[[Page 71077]]

conservation plan, or other conservation mechanism appropriate to the 
land status. In addition, conservation easements or other conservation 
mechanisms appropriate to the land status are held on neighboring 
lands, such that new developments (e.g., residential, agricultural, and 
commercial) are minimized and do not impact groundwater availability in 
the ci[eacute]negas supporting Canelo Hills ladies-tresses populations.
    Criterion 5: In fulfillment of Criterion 4, above, conservation and 
management programs and plans address the threats of ci[eacute]nega 
habitat loss, direct loss of Canelo Hills ladies-tresses, and 
pollinator decline to ensure continued existence of the species. The 
following requirements must be met: (a) Site-specific plans are 
developed and fully implemented, such that competing native and 
nonnative vegetation is reduced to a level that ensures Canelo Hills 
ladies-tresses is not shaded and their vigor is not negatively 
affected; a more natural fire or other disturbance regime is 
maintained; natural spring flow supporting cienegas is increased by 
reducing water loss and increasing water conservation and recharge; 
moist soil ci[eacute]nega habitat is increased; predation and herbivory 
are minimized; and native plant diversity is maintained, thus promoting 
native pollinators; and (b) data on the conservation and management of 
Canelo Hills ladies-tresses are collected and shared between land 
managers and researchers.

Peer Review

    In accordance with our policy, ``Notice of Interagency Cooperative 
Policy for Peer Review in Endangered Species Act Activities,'' which we 
published on July 1, 1994 (59 FR 34270), and our August 22, 2016, 
Memorandum, ``Peer Review Process,'' we have sought the expert opinion 
of at least three appropriate and independent specialists regarding 
scientific data and interpretations contained in the species biological 
report and the draft recovery plan. We have ensured that the opinions 
of peer reviewers were objective and unbiased by following the 
guidelines set forth in the 2016 Memorandum, which updates and 
clarifies our policy on peer review. The purpose of such review was to 
ensure that our decisions are based on scientifically sound data, 
assumptions, and analysis. We have addressed peer review comments and 
incorporated changes in the publicly available version of the SSA and 
this version of the draft recovery plan.

Request for Public Comments

    Section 4(f) of the ESA requires us to provide public notice and an 
opportunity for public review and comment during recovery plan 
development. Substantive comments may or may not result in changes to 
the recovery plan. Comments regarding recovery plan implementation will 
be forwarded as appropriate to Federal or other entities so that they 
can be taken into account during the course of implementation of 
recovery actions.
    We invite written comments on this draft recovery plan. In 
particular, we are interested in additional information regarding the 
current threats to the species, ongoing beneficial management efforts, 
and the costs associated with implementing the recommended recovery 
actions. We are specifically seeking comments on the following 
questions:
     Understanding that the time and cost presented in the 
draft recovery plan will be fine-tuned as the RIS is implemented, are 
the estimated time and cost to recovery presented here realistic? Is 
the estimate reflective of the time and cost of actions that may have 
already been implemented by Federal, State, county, or other agencies? 
If not, please provide suggestions or methods for determining a more 
accurate estimation.
     Do the draft recovery criteria provide clear direction to 
partners on what is needed to recover Canelo Hills ladies-tresses? How 
could they be improved for clarity?
     Are the draft recovery criteria both objective and 
measurable given the information available for Canelo Hills ladies-
tresses? Please provide suggestions.
     Understanding that specific, detailed, and area-specific 
recovery activities have been developed in the RIS, do the draft 
recovery actions presented in the draft recovery plan generally cover 
the types of actions necessary to meet the recovery criteria? If not, 
what general actions are missing? Are any of the draft recovery actions 
unnecessary for achieving recovery? Have we prioritized the actions 
appropriately?
    The SSA is available as a supporting document for the draft 
recovery plan, but we are not seeking comments on that document. We 
will consider all comments we receive by the date specified in DATES, 
above, prior to final approval of the plan.

Public Availability of Comments

    All comments we receive, including names and addresses, will become 
part of the administrative record and will be available to the public. 
Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other 
personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware 
that your entire comment--including your personal identifying 
information--will be publicly available. While you may request in your 
comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from 
public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Authority

    We developed our draft recovery plan and publish this notice under 
the authority of section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as 
amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

Amy Lueders,
Regional Director, Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2021-27013 Filed 12-13-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4333-15-P