Updates to Marine Engineering Standards, 57896-57984 [2021-15664]

Download as PDF 57896 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64 [Docket No. USCG–2020–0634] RIN 1625–AC72 I. Public Participation and Request for Comments Updates to Marine Engineering Standards The Coast Guard views public participation as essential to effective rulemaking, and will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. Your comment can help shape the outcome of this rulemaking. If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this rulemaking, indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. We encourage you to submit comments through the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov. If you cannot submit your material by using www.regulations.gov, call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule for alternate instructions. Documents mentioned in this proposed rule, and all public comments, will be available in our online docket at www.regulations.gov, and can be viewed by following that website’s instructions. Additionally, if you visit the online docket and sign up for email alerts, you will be notified when comments are posted or if a final rule is published. We accept anonymous comments. All comments received will be posted without change to https:// www.regulations.gov and will include any personal information you have provided. For more about privacy and submissions in response to this document, see the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) eRulemaking System of Records notice (85 FR 14226, March 11, 2020). We do not plan to hold a public meeting but we will consider doing so if public comments indicate that a meeting would be helpful. We would issue a separate Federal Register notice to announce the date, time, and location of such a meeting. Coast Guard, DHS. Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard proposes to incorporate by reference updated marine engineering standards and eliminate outdated or unnecessarily prescriptive regulations in Title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) subchapter F. This proposed rule is part of a continuing effort for regulatory reform that increases compliance options for the regulated public while providing a cost savings to the regulated public and the U.S. government. DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast Guard on or before December 20, 2021. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG– 2020–0634 using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https:// www.regulations.gov. See the ‘‘Public Participation and Request for Comments’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For further information about this document call or email Thane Gilman, Systems Engineering Division (CG–ENG–3), 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20593. Phone (202) 372–1383, Email: thane.gilman@ uscg.mil. SUMMARY: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Contents for Preamble jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 E. Federalism F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act G. Taking of Private Property H. Civil Justice Reform I. Protection of Children J. Indian Tribal Governments K. Energy Effects L. Technical Standards M. Environment I. Public Participation and Request for Comments II. Abbreviations III. Background, Basis, and Purpose IV. Discussion of Proposed Rule A. General Discussion B. Standards Incorporated by Reference C. Standards Previously Approved for Incorporation by Reference D. Section by Section Analysis of Proposed Changes to the Regulatory Text V. Incorporation by Reference VI. Regulatory Analyses A. Regulatory Planning and Review B. Small Entities C. Assistance for Small Entities D. Collection of Information VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 II. Abbreviations ABYC American Boat and Yacht Council ABS American Bureau of Shipping ANSI American National Standards Institute API American Petroleum Institute ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM ASTM International PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics BPVC Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code CFR Code of Federal Regulations CG–5PS United States Coast Guard Commercial Regulations and Standards Directorate CGA Compressed Gas Association DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register GPO Government Publishing Office GS General Service IBR Incorporation by Reference IMO International Maritime Organization ISO International Organization for Standardization MISLE Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement MSC Marine Safety Center MSS Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fitting Industry, Inc. NAICS North American Industry Classification System NFPA National Fire Protection Association NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking OFR Office of the Federal Register OMB Office of Management and Budget OPM Office of Personnel Management PV Pressure Vessel RA Regulatory Analysis RFA The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 § Section SAE SAE International SBA Small Business Administration SOLAS International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea UL Underwriters Laboratories U.S.C. United States Code III. Background, Basis, and Purpose This notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) incorporates by reference updated marine engineering standards in Title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) subchapter F, including standards for boilers, pressure vessels, auxiliary machinery, piping, valves, and fittings, for various types of vessels; adds a limited number of alternative standards; and eliminates outdated or unnecessarily prescriptive regulations. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) directs, via OMB Circular A–119, that federal agencies use industry-based voluntary consensus standards in lieu of government-unique requirements where appropriate. The Coast Guard actively participates in the development of industry standards of safety for marine equipment at the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ASTM International (ASTM), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and other standards-setting bodies that belong to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Recently published editions of these standards provide necessary updates to materials, testing practices, and technologies, enhancing safety and compliance. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules The United States Coast Guard has statutory authority to promulgate regulations under Title 43, United States Code (U.S.C.), section 1333(d); and Title 46 U.S.C. 3306 and 3703, and the Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1, which delegates authority under these statutes to the Commandant of the Coast Guard. 43 U.S.C. 1333(d) grants the Secretary the authority to promulgate and enforce regulations with respect to lights and other warning devices, safety equipment, and other matters relating to the promotion of safety of life and property on artificial islands, installations, and other devices. 46 U.S.C. 3306(a)(1) authorizes the Secretary to prescribe regulations for the design, construction, alteration, repair, and operation of vessels subject to inspection, including equipment, appliances, propulsion machinery, auxiliary machinery, boilers, unfired pressure vessels, piping, and electric installations. Additionally, 46 U.S.C. 3703(a) grants the Secretary authority to regulate tank vessels regarding the construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, operation, and equipping of vessels that may be necessary for increased protection against hazards to life and property, for navigation and vessel safety, and for enhanced protection of the marine environment. IV. Discussion of Proposed Rule jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 A. General Discussion In general, the proposed rule would make the following changes: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 1. Corrections—we would amend several sections to correct inadvertent errors or deletions. We would also remove material that is obsolete or superfluous to an efficient and effective marine safety regulatory scheme, and update contact information for Coast Guard offices and standards organizations. 2. Stylistic Revisions—we would revise the language of some sections, primarily for greater clarity. This includes revising sentences containing the word ‘‘shall’’ to use ‘‘must’’ or another grammatically equivalent word or phrase in accordance with plain language guidelines, and standardizing terms that were variously presented as compound words, hyphenated constructions, or multi-word phrases using the format preferred by the Government Publishing Office (GPO). 3. Updated cross references—we would update cross references to reflect the relocation, within the CFR, of pertinent provisions. We would also standardize designations for tables, figures, notes, and formulas using the format preferred by the Office of the Federal Register (OFR). 4. Updated industry standards—we would update cross-references to industry standards by adding new references, replacing references to superseded standards or editions, and by conforming text accordingly. We incorporate these updated standards because they reflect the latest available technologies, practices, and procedures that are recommended by consensus PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57897 bodies, ship classification societies and other maritime organizations with experience in the industry. As the baseline upon which other standards, rules, and equivalency requests are evaluated, it is important that subchapter F incorporate up-to-date references. The class rules of the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), in particular, are incorporated by reference in multiple locations within subchapter F and 46 CFR Chapter I. It is important to note that while these rules set the regulatory baseline or standard for specific engineering systems and equipment, the Coast Guard has also authorized classification societies in accordance with 46 CFR part 8. These authorized classification societies are listed on the Coast Guard website 1 and have been delegated the authority to perform certain functions and certifications using their respective class rules for vessels enrolled in the Alternate Compliance Program. For vessels not enrolled in the Alternate Compliance Program, the class rules of an authorized classification society may be proposed as an alternative to the ABS class rules incorporated by reference for engineering systems and equipment. The following table indicates the sections we propose to amend, and why. BILLING CODE 9110–04–P 1 https://www.dco.uscg.mil/Our-Organization/ Assistant-Commandant-for-Prevention-Policy-CG5P/Inspections-Compliance-CG-5PC-/CommercialVessel-Compliance/Flag-State-Control-Division/ ClassSocAuth/. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 VerDate Sep<11>2014 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 EP19OC21.007</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57898 VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57899 EP19OC21.008</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules VerDate Sep<11>2014 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 EP19OC21.009</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57900 VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57901 EP19OC21.010</GPH> jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 BILLING CODE 9110–04–C B. Standards Incorporated by Reference To Be Updated or Added Following this paragraph, we include an alphabetical list of the standards we propose to update or add, each with a listing of the sections in which they appear in Title 46 of the CFR. For each standard listed, we describe the topics covered by the standard, the proposed changes to the standard, any difference between the older edition of standards currently included within the CFR via incorporation by reference (IBR) and the edition proposed for adoption, and a list of subparts or sections that reference the standard. • American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) standard ABS Rules for Building and Classing Marine Vessels, 2020, Part 4, Vessel Systems and Machinery. This standard updates the 2003 standard, incorporated by reference in §§ 58.01–5, 58.05–1, 58.10–15, 58.20–5, 58.25–5, 62.25–30, 62.35–5, 62.35–35, 62.35–40, 62.35–50, and 62.50–30. In 2020, ABS changed the name of the Steel Vessel Rules to Marine Vessel Rules. All parts and sections contain the same information along with updates to reflect the current technologies for commercial vessels. • American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC) standard ABYC P–1–14, Installation of Exhaust Systems for VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines (2009 standard reaffirmed 2014). This standard updates the 1973 standard, incorporated by reference at § 58.10–5. It contains the rules and guidance for the safe installation and operation of exhaust systems for propulsion and auxiliary engines. Updates to the standard are editorial (non-substantive) in nature. • ANSI Z21.22–2015, Relief valves for hot water supply systems. This standard updates the 1986 edition incorporated by reference at § 63.25–3. This standard establishes requirements for relief valves for hot water systems. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard. • API Recommended Practice 14C, Analysis, Design, Installation, and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production Facilities, Eighth Edition, February 2017. This standard updates the 1986 edition, incorporated by reference in § 58.60–9. The updates made to the standard are editorial in nature. • API STD 53, Well Control Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells, fifth edition. This standard replaces API Recommended Practice 53 (API RP 53), PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 the second edition of which is currently incorporated by reference at § 58.60–7. API STD 53 promotes best safety practices for the oil and gas industry during drilling operations, principally focusing on blowout prevention. • API STD 607, Fire Test for Quarterturn Valves and Valves Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats, seventh edition (2016). This standard replaces the fourth edition of API STD 607 (1993), incorporated by reference at § 56.20–15. This standard specifies fire type-testing of valves that contain nonmetallic materials and pressure-containing capabilities after the fire test. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (2019 edition). The 2001 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 52.01–2, 52.01–5, 52.01–50, 52.01–95, 52.01–100, 52.01– 105, 52.01–110, 52.01–115, 52.01–120, 52.01–135, 52.01–140, 52.01–145, 52.05–1, 52.05–15, 52.05–20, 52.05–30, 52.05–45, 52.15–1, 52.15–5, 52.20–1, 52.20–25, 52.25–3, 52.25–5, 52.25–7, 52.25–10, 56.15–1, 56.20–1, 56.60–1, 56.70–15, 56.95–10, 58.30–15, and 59.10–5. By means of this rule, we propose to remove the references at §§ 56.20–1 and 56.70–15. This portion of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) provides rules for construction of power boilers, electric E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 EP19OC21.011</GPH> 57902 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules boilers, miniature boilers, and high temperature water boilers to be used in stationary service and includes power boilers used in locomotive, portable, and traction service. Every two years, the code is revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally-accepted authoritative standard for design and construction of boilers. Incorporating the latest edition simplifies regulatory compliance and ensures the latest industry practices based on changes in technology are addressed and the highest possible level of safety is required. The 2019 standard updates the code by developing a new non-mandatory appendix for fabrication of dissimilar metal welds for creep strength enhanced ferritic steel to austenitic materials, rewriting section PW–38, incorporating non-mandatory appendix A–100, including detailed rules for preheating and inter-pass temperatures and interruption of welding and preheat, and adding a new figure for code jurisdictional limits for piping for fire-tube boilers. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV, Rules for Construction of Heating Boilers (2019 edition). The 2004 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 53.01–3, 53.01–5, 53.01–10, 53.05–1, 53.05–2, 53.05–3, 53.05–5, 53.10–1, 53.10–3, 53.10–10, 53.10–15, and 53.12–1. This code contains requirements, specific prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance for construction of heating boilers. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for design and construction of heating boilers. Incorporating the latest editions ensures compliance with current industry practices. The 2019 code updates Section IV by adding stress values to Table HF–30001 and adding language to various parts to allow for electronic signatures. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VII, Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers (2019 edition). The 2001 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 59.01–2. This code contains requirements, specific prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance for construction of power boilers. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for operating, maintaining, examining, and care of power boilers. Incorporating the latest editions ensures compliance with current industry practices. The changes made to the standard are structural and stylistic. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019 edition). The 1998 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 54.01–2, 54.01–5, 54.01–15, 54.01–18, 54.01–25, 54.01–30, 54.01–35, 54.03–1, 54.05–1, 54.10–1, 54.10–3, 54.10–5, 54.10–10, 54.10–15, 54.15–1, 54.15–5, 54.15–10, 54.15–13, 54.20–1, 54.20–3, 54.25–1, 54.25–3, 54.25–8, 54.25–10, 54.25–15, 54.25–20, 54.30–3, 54.30–5, 54.30–10, 56.15–1, 56.20–1, 56.25–5, 56.30–10, 56.30–30, 56.60–1, 56.60–2, 56.60–15, 56.95–10, 58.30–15, 59.10–5, and 59.10–10. By means of this rule, we propose to remove the references at §§ 54.01–15, 56.20–1, and 56.30–30. The 1989 edition is also incorporated by reference at §§ 64.5, 64.11, 64.13, 64.21, 64.25, and 64.31, and reference is made to the use of a constant from the 1974 edition in a calculation at § 64.63. However, these earlier editions would remain unchanged within the CFR, as part 64 is applicable only to marine portable tanks for which the Coast Guard’s Marine Safety Center (MSC) received an application on or before May 1, 1991. This code contains requirements, specific prohibitions, and nonmandatory guidance for construction of pressure vessels. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for design and construction of heating boilers. Incorporating the latest editions ensures compliance with current industry practices. The 2019 edition allows for additional design methods from Div. 2 to be used in Div. 1 by creating new appendix 46. Revisions were also made for clarity. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications (2019 edition). This standard updates the 1989 edition currently incorporated at §§ 56.70–5, 56.70–20, 56.75–2, 57.01–1, 57.01– 1,57.02–2, 57.02–3, 57.02–4, 57.03–1, 57.04–1, 57.05–1, 57.06–1, 57.06–3, 57.06–4, and 59.10–5. By means of this rule, we propose to newly incorporate this standard at § 56.85–10 and to remove the references at §§ 57.01–1, 57.02–3, and 57.06–3. This standard PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57903 establishes the qualifications of welders, welding operators, brazers, and brazing operators and the procedures employed in welding or brazing, and has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, address administrative requirements, incorporate interpretations, and clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for pressure vessels. • ASME B1.1–2003 (reaffirmed 2008), Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form). This standard updates the 1982 edition, incorporated by reference at §§ 56.25–20 and 56.60– 1, and specifies the thread form, series, class, allowance, tolerance, and designation for unified screw threads. The revision changes some of the values in tables provided in the standard. These changes in value were the result of the application of consistent eight decimal and round rules established in ASME B1.30–1992. • ASME B1.20.1–2013, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch). This standard updates the 1983 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1, and covers the dimensions and gauging of pipe threads. The revisions to the standard include editorial changes, changes in calculations and figures, and clarification of figures. • ASME B1.20.3–1976, Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch), January 1, 1976, reaffirmed 2013 (‘‘ASME B1.20.3’’), IBR approved for § 56.60–1. We are updating the reaffirmation date of this standard to conform with its most recent reaffirmation. This document primarily provides specific dimensions for tapered pipe threads of various common sizes, and has not changed substantially. • ASME B16.1–2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes 25, 125, and 250. This standard updates the 1998 standard for these fittings as incorporated by reference in §§ 56.60–1 and 56.60–10. It covers pressuretemperature ratings, markings, and materials for Classes 25, 125, and 250 gray iron pipe flanges and flanged fittings. Updates include editorial changes, revisions and corrections to the 1998 edition. • ASME B16.3–2016, Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 150 and 300. This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1, and covers pressure-temperature ratings, dimensions, markings, and materials for Classes 150 and 300 malleable iron threaded fittings. Updates to the standard are editorial in nature, with changes made to update verbiage and readings. • ASME B16.4–2016, Gray Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57904 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, markings, materials, dimensions, and tolerances for Classes 125 and 250 gray iron threaded fittings. The updates to this standard include metric system units and revisions to the text concerning dimensions and tolerance. • ASME B16.5–2017, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, NPS 1⁄2 through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard. This standard updates the 2003 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.25– 20, 56.30.10, and 56.60–1. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, testing, and methods of designing openings for pipe flanges and flanged fittings. The updates made to this standard include updating materials and requirements for forgings. • ASME B16.11–2016, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded. This standard updates the 2001 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.30–5 and 56.60–1. It covers pressuretemperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, and testing for forged fittings. Updates to the standard include the addition of another type of fitting, format and reference revisions, and marking requirements. • ASME B16.14–2013, Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts with Pipe Threads. This standard updates the 1991 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers pressuretemperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, testing, and threading for various threaded ferrous pipe fittings. The updates to this standard were mostly editorial and conforming in nature, with revisions to section 8 requiring threads and gauging practices to conform to ASME B1.20.1 and other B16 standards. • ASME B16.15–2013, Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250. This standard updates the 1985 edition that is currently incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, testing, and threading requirements for Classes 125 and 250 of cast copper alloy fittings. The standard was updated in 2004, and 2011, and the 2013 edition revises section 7, requiring threading and gauging practices be identical to ASME B1.20.1 and other B16 standards. • ASME B16.20–2012, Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed. This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers materials, dimensions, tolerances, and markings for metal ringjoint gaskets, spiral-wound metal VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 gaskets, metal-jacketed gaskets, and grooved metal gaskets with covering layers. The updates to the standard include minor revisions to the material requirements for spiral-wound gaskets, along with tables and figures. • ASME B16.21–2016, Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges. This standard updates the 2005 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers types, sizes, materials, and dimensions for gaskets used with flanges. The 2016 edition primarily expands the scope of the standard to include values greater than size 12 NPS. • ASME B16.23–2016, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings: DWV. This standard updates the 2002 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers materials, dimensions, tolerances, and markings for cast copper alloy solder joint drainage fittings, designed for use in drain, waste, and vent systems. The updates in the 2016 edition are editorial in nature, with updates to verbiage and readings. • ASME B16.25–2012, Buttwelding Ends. This standard updates the 2003 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.30–5, 56.60–1, and 56.70–10. It covers the preparation of buttwelding ends of piping components to be joined into a piping system by welding and includes requirements for welding bevels, for external and internal shaping of heavy-wall components, and for preparation of internal ends (including dimensions and tolerances). The updates to the standard are editorial in nature, and include updated reference and tables. • ASME B16.29–2012, Wrought Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Drainage Fittings-DWV. This standard updates the 2007 edition currently incorporated at § 56.60–1. This standard covers the materials, marking, sizes, and dimensions for wrought copper and copper alloy solder-joint drainage fittings, and was updated editorially in 2012. • ASME B16.34–2017, Valves— Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End. This standard updates the 1996 edition currently incorporated by reference at §§ 56.20–1 and 56.60–1, though we propose to remove the reference at § 56.20–1 through this rule. This standard applies to new construction and covers pressure-temperature ratings, dimensions, tolerances, materials, testing and marking for flanged, threaded, and welding end valves. The standard updates the materials manufactured list to include valves up to NPS 60 and changes were made to allowable materials. PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 • ASME B18.2.1–2012, Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch Series). This standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.25–20 and 56.60–1. It covers the dimensional requirements for nine product types of inch series bolts and screws recognized as American National Standard. The 2012 standard provides significant revisions to illustrations in tables 6, 7 and 8 which provided the wrong dimensions for several figures. • ASME B18.2.2–2015, Nuts for General Applications: Machine Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Couplings Nuts (Inch Series). This standard updates the 1987 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.25–20 and 56.60–1. It covers complete general and dimensional data for various types of inch series hex and square nuts. • ASME B31.1–2016, Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. This standard updates the 2001 edition currently incorporated by reference at §§ 56.01–3, 56.01–5, 56.07–5, 56.07–10, 56.10–1, 56.10–5, 56.15–1, 56.15–5, 56.20–1, 56.25–7, 56.30–1, 56.30–5, 56.30–10, 56.30–20, 56.35–1, 56.50–1, 56.50–15, 56.50–40, 56.50–65, 56.50–70, 56.50–97, 56.60–1, 56.65–1, 56.70–10, 56.70–15, 56.80–5, 56.80–15, 56.95–1, 56.95–10, and 56.97–1. By means of this rule, we propose to add a new reference at § 56.70–5 and remove the existing references at §§ 56.15–5, 56.20–1, 56.30–10, 56.50–15, and 56.50–65. This standard prescribes requirements for the design, materials, fabrication, inspection, operation, and maintenance of piping systems. The updates to the standard were numerous, with many revisions to nomenclature and additions to stress test values for several items in various tables. • ASME B31.3–2018, Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. This standard updates the 1987 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 58.60–7, and would also be adopted for § 56.60–1. ASME B31.3 is the industry standard for low temperature piping. It is a more appropriate reference for low temperature piping than ASME B31.1, which is the current main reference document for Part 56. A specific standard for low temperature piping is needed due to the increase in liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a ship fuel. LNG is cryogenic, necessitating the use of very specific materials. • ASME B31.5–2016, Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer Components, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. This standard updates the 1987 edition, incorporated by reference at § 58.20–5 and 58.20–20. It prescribes requirements E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules for the materials, design, fabrication, assembly, test and inspection of refrigerant, heat transfer components, and secondary cooling piping for very low temperatures. The changes in the standards are editorial in nature. • ASME B36.10M–2015, Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. This standard updates the 2004 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.07–5, 56.30–20, and 56.60–1. This standard covers the standardization of dimensions of welded and seamless wrought steel pipe for high or low temperatures and pressure. The 2015 edition updates the standard with editorial changes and revisions. • ASME CSD–1–2018, Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers. This standard updates the 2004 edition currently incorporated by reference at §§ 63.10–1, 63.15–1, and 63.20–1. This standard establishes requirements for the assembly, installation, maintenance, and operation of controls and safety devices on automatically operated boilers. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the standard. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard on controls and safety devices for pressure vessels. • ASME SA–675–2021, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties. This standard replaces the 1998 edition currently incorporated at § 56.60–2. The standard is identical to ASTM A675 in that it covers special quality carbon steel bars and bar size shapes to specific mechanical properties, most importantly tensile strength. The current standard has minor technical differences from the 1998 edition, such as minor changes to maximum carbon content of certain steel grades. • ASTM A20/A20M–19, Standard Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels. The 1997 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 54.05–10 and 54.25– 10. This standard provides a group of common requirements that apply to rolled steel plates used for pressure vessels. It has been regularly updated to address advancements in steel plate chemical compositions, manufacturing processes, and material testing. • ASTM A36/A36M–14, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel. This standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.30–10. This standard covers ‘‘carbon steel shapes, plates, and bars of structural quality for use in rivet, bolted, VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 or welded construction . . .for general purposes.’’ The updates to the standard include updates to material construction limits for plate products greater than 15 inches. • ASTM A47A47M–99 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings. This standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard, which covers ferritic malleable castings for general engineering usage at temperatures from normal ambient to approximately 400°C (750 °F), is routinely updated to reflect updates in technology and practices. • ASTM A53/A53M–12, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless. This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.10–5 and 56.60–1. It covers seamless and welded black and hotdipped galvanized steel pipes and is updated to reflect changes in material composition for copper content of a type of pipe, as well as some editorial changes. • ASTM A126–04, Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings (Reapproved 2014). This standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers three classes of gray iron for castings intended for use as valve pressure retaining parts, pipe fittings, and flanges and is updated to reflect changes in material testing. • ASTM A135/A135M–19, Standard Specification for Electric-ResistanceWelded Steel Pipe. This standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers two grades of electric-resistance-welded steel pipe in NPS 2 to NPS 30 wall thickness. The standard has been updated to reflect changes in material testing and some editorial changes. • ASTM A193/A193M–19, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for HighTemperature Service or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications. This updates the 1998 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.30–15. This standard covers alloy and stainless steel bolting materials and components for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high-pressure service. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes and changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM A197/A197M–00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron. This standard updates the 1992 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57905 It covers malleable irons for castings made by the cupola process. The standard has been updated to reflect changes in material testing, as well as with some editorial changes. • ASTM A203/A203M–17, Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel. The 1997 edition is currently incorporated by reference at § 54.05–20. This standard covers nickelalloy steel plates intended for pressure vessels. It has been revised twice since 1997 to update the chemical composition requirements of nickelalloy steel and to eliminate prescriptive ‘‘current practice’’ thickness limits. Instead, thickness is only limited by the capacity of the composition to meet specified mechanical properties. • ASTM A210/A210M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless MediumCarbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes. This standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers minimum-wallthickness, seamless medium-carbon steel, boiler flues, including safe ends, arch and stay tubes, and superheater tubes and is updated to reflect changes in material testing and grading, as well as some editorial changes. • ASTM A268/A268M–10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service. This standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers minimum-wall-thickness, stainless steel tubing for general corrosion-resisting and hightemperature service. The updated standard reflects changes in material testing and grading, as well as some editorial changes. • ASTM A276/A276M–17, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes. This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It covers hot-finished or cold-finished bars except bars for forging. The updated standard reflects changes in material testing and grading, as well as some editorial changes. • ASTM A312/A312M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes. This standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.50–105 and 56.60– 1. The standard covers overs seamless, straight-seam welded, and heavily cold worked welded austenitic stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general corrosive service. The standard is updated to reflect changes in material testing and grading, as well as some editorial changes. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57906 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules • ASTM A333/A333M–16, Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications with Required Notch Toughness. This standard updates the 1994 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.50–105 and 56.60– 1. It covers nominal (average) wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel pipe intended for use at low temperatures and in other applications requiring notch toughness and is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A334/A334M–04a (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for LowTemperature Service. This standard updates the 1994 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.50–105 and 56.60– 1. It covers nominal (average) wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel tubes intended for use at low temperatures and in other applications requiring notch toughness and is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A350/A350M–17, Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.50–105. This standard covers several grades of carbon and low-alloy steel forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged fittings and valves intended primarily for low-temperature service and requiring notch toughness testing. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A352/A352M–17, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.50–105. This standard covers steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A358/A358M–15, Standard Specification for Electric-FusionWelded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for HighTemperature Service and General Applications. The standard updates the 1992 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard covers the grades of alloy and stainless steel piping suitable for corrosive or hightemperature service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A370–19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products. The 1997 edition is currently incorporated by reference at § 54.25–20. This standard covers procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of steels, stainless steels, and related alloys. It has been revised almost annually since 1997 to address advancements in testing technology and practices. • ASTM A376/A376M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.60–1 and 56.60–2. This standard covers grades of hydrogen and nitrogen for seamless austenitic steel pipes made for high-temperature service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A403/A403M–16, Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings. The standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard covers wrought stainless steel fittings for pressure piping applications. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A420/A420M–16, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.50– 105 and 56.60–1. This standard covers fittings for use in pressure piping and pressure vessel service at low temperatures. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A522/A522M–14, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.50–105. This standard covers 8 or 9% nickel-alloy steel forged or rolled flanges, fittings, valves, and parts intended for use in welded pressure vessels for low-temperature service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A575–96 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades. The standard updates the 1996 (reapproved in 2007) edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. This standard covers hot-wrought merchant quality steel bars produced to PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 a chemical composition. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM A576–17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality. The standard updates the 1990 edition (reapproved in 2012) incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. This standard covers hot-wrought special quality steel bars. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions and corrections. • ASTM B16/B16M–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for FreeCutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines. The standard updates the 1992 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. This standard establishes the requirements for freecutting brass rod, bar, wire and shapes of any specified cross section produced from copper alloy suitable for high speed screw matching applications and moderate thread rolling. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material composition, grading, and testing. • ASTM B21/B21M–20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It establishes the requirements for naval brass rod, bar, and shapes produced from copper alloy, including dimensions, workmanship and appearance, testing methods, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B26/B26–M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It covers specifications aluminum-alloy sand castings used in general purpose applications, including dimensions, workmanship and appearance, testing methods, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B42–20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard covers the requirements for seamless copper pipe in all nominal or standard pipe sizes, both regular and extra-strong, suitable for use in plumbing, boiler feed lines, and for similar purposes. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B43–15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Pipe, Standard Sizes. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard covers grades of hydrogen and nitrogen for seamless austenitic steel pipes made for high-temperature service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B68/B68M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard covers the requirements for bright annealed seamless copper tube suitable for use in refrigeration, oil lines, and gasoline lines, where tubing with an interior surface free from scale and dirt is required. This standard was also updated in 2011. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B75/B75M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard establishes the requirements for seamless round, rectangular, and square copper tube suitable for general engineering applications. This standard was also updated in 2011. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B85/B85M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It covers aluminum alloy die castings for use in general purpose applications, including dimensions, workmanship and appearance, testing methods, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B96/B96M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels. The standard updates the 1993 edition incorporated by reference at §§ 56.60–2 and 58.50–5. This standard establishes requirements for copper-silicon alloy plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar for drawing, forming, stamping, bonding, and general engineering applications. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B111/B111M–18a, Standard Specification for Copper and CopperAlloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It establishes the VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions in the tables provided in the standard. • ASTM B122/B122M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar. This updates the 1998 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.50–5. This standard establishes the requirements for coppernickel-tin alloy, copper-nickel-zinc alloy (nickel silver), and copper-nickel alloy plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM B124/B124M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It establishes the requirements for copper and copper alloy rod, bar, and shapes intended for hot forging, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B127–19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip. This updates the 1993 standard incorporated by reference at §§ 58.50–5 and 58.50–10. This standard covers the requirements for rolled nickel-copper alloy plate, sheet, and strip including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM B152/B152M–19, Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar. This updates the 1997 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.50–5. This standard covers the requirements for copper sheet, strip, plate, and rolled bar, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM B161–05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57907 updates the 1993 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the requirements for nickel and low-carbon nickel in the form of cold-worked seamless pipe and tubes, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B165–19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1993 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the requirements for nickel-copper alloy in the form of cold-worked seamless pipe and tubes, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B167–18, Standard Specification for Nickel-ChromiumAluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-IronChromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-ChromiumMolybdenum-Copper Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. The standard covers cold-worked annealed, hot worked, annealed, and hot-finished seamless pipe and tube intended for general corrosion resistant and heat resistant applications. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B171/B171M–18, Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. It covers the requirements for copper-alloy plate, sheet, and circles cut from plate and sheet for pressure vessels, condensers, and heat exchangers, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B209–14, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate. This updates the 1996 standard incorporated by reference at §§ 58.50–5 and 58.50–10. This standard covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy flat sheet, coiled sheet, and plate, including testing methods, E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57908 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM B210/B210M–19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes in straight lengths and coils for general purpose and pressure application in alloys. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B234–17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers. This standard updates the 1995 standard incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers aluminum-alloy drawn seamless round tube in straight lengths for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B241/B241M–16, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy seamless pipe intended for pressure applications, and outlines the standard sizes and tempers necessary. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B280–18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard establishes the requirements for seamless copper tube intended for use in the connection, repairs, or alterations of air conditioning or refrigeration units in the field. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B283/B283M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and CopperAlloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed). The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. This standard establishes the requirements for copper and copper alloy die forgings produced by the hot pressing method. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in chemical VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 compositions and material grading and testing. • ASTM B315–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1993 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard establishes the requirements for seamless copper alloy tube intended for general engineering purposes. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions. • ASTM B361–16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings. The standard updates the 1995 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers factorymade wrought aluminum and aluminum-alloy welding fittings (buttwelding or socket-end parts). The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM B858–06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys. The standard updates the 1995 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–2. This test method describes a procedure to determine the presence of residual stress in wrought copper alloy products that may lead to stress corrosion cracking. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material testing. • ASTM D92–18, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester. This updates the 1997 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.30–10. The standard describes the determination of the flash point and fire point of petroleum products by manual or automated Cleveland open cup apparatus. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM D93–19, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by PenskyMartens Closed Cup Tester. This updates the 1997 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.01–10. These test methods cover the determination of the flash point of petroleum products in the temperature range from 40 °C to 370 °C by manual or automated PenskyMartens closed-cup apparatus. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM D323–15a, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method). This updates the 1994 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.16–5. This standard covers test method procedures for the PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 determination of vapor pressure of gasoline, volatile crude oil, and other volatile petroleum products. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading. • ASTM D665–19, Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water. This standard updates the standard from 1998, incorporated by reference at § 61.20–17. It covers test methods evaluating the ability of inhibited mineral oils, particularly steam-turbine oils, to aid in rust prevention of ferrous parts. The edits to this standard are editorial in nature. • ASTM E23–18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials. The standard updates the 1996 edition, incorporated by reference at §§ 54.05–5 and 56.50– 105. This test method describes notched-bar impact testing of metallic materials. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material testing. • ASTM E208–19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels. The standard updates the 1995 edition, currently incorporated by reference at § 54.05–5. This standard describes methods of determining nilductile transition (NDT) of ferritic steels. It has been revised three times since 1995 to address advancements in testing methods. • ASTM F1006–86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications. The standard updates the 1986 edition (reapproved in 2008), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the minimum requirements for the pressuretemperature rating, testing, and making of pressure-containing vessels for entrainment separators and is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM F1007–18, Standard Specification for Pipeline Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application. This standard updates the 1986 edition (reapproved in 2007), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the design, manufacturing, and testing of packed slip tube expansion joints used in pipelines for thermal growth and contraction and is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM F1020–86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for LineBlind Valves for Marine Applications. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules This standard reapproves the 1986 edition (reapproved last in 2011), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It provides the minimum requirements for design fabrication, pressure rating, and testing for line-blind valves. • ASTM F1120–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping Applications. This standard reapproves the 1987 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It establishes the requirements for design, manufacture, inspection, and testing of circular metallic bellows-type expansion joints for piping applications. • ASTM F1123–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for NonMetallic Expansion Joints. This standard reapproves the 1987 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It provides the minimum requirements for construction, materials, performance, and dimensional requirements of arch-type non-metallic expansion joints. • ASTM F1139–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Steam Traps and Drains. This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard provides the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, pressure rating, marking, and testing of steam traps and drains. • ASTM F1155–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for Selection and Application of Piping System Materials. ASTM F1155 already specifies a list of acceptable material and design standards for many shipboard systems. This standard is currently not incorporated by reference in 46 CFR part 56, and would be incorporated by reference in §§ 56.50– 60, 56.50–105, 56.60–1, and 56.60–15. Incorporating F1155 would enable the removal of the following standards from Part 56: Æ ASME B16.9, Factory-Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings. Æ ASME B16.10, Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of Valves. Æ ASME B16.18, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings. Æ ASME B16.22, Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Pressure Fittings. Æ ASME B16.24, Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges, Flanged Fittings, and Valves Classes 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500, and 2500. Æ ASME B16.42, Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Classes 150 and 300. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Æ ASTM A106/A106M, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. Æ ASTM A139/A139M, Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over). Æ ASTM A182/A182M, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for HighTemperature Service. Æ ASTM A192/A192M, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service. Æ ASTM A194/A194M, Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both. Æ ASTM A213/A213M, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes. Æ ASTM A214/A214M, Standard Specification for Electric-ResistanceWelded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes. Æ ASTM A234/A234M, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service. Æ ASTM A249/A249M, Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, HeatExchanger, and Condenser Tubes. Æ ASTM A307, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60,000 PSI Tensile Strength. Æ ASTM A320/A320M, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for LowTemperature Service. Æ ASTM A335/A335M, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. Æ ASTM A351/A351M, Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts. Æ ASTM A395/A395M, Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures. Æ ASTM A536, Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings. Æ ASTM B88, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube. Æ ASTM F682, Standard Specification for Wrought Carbon Steel Sleeve-Type Pipe Couplings. Æ MSS SP–44, Steel Pipe Line Flanges. Æ MSS SP–67, Butterfly Valves. Æ MSS SP–72, Ball Valves with Flanged or Butt-Welding Ends for General Service. Æ MSS SP–83, Class 3000 and 6000 Pipe Unions, Socket Welding and Threaded (Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Stainless Steels, and Nickel Alloys). PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57909 • ASTM F1172–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type. This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It provides the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, pressure rating, marking, calibration and testing for fuel oil measurement meters of the volumetric, positive displacement type. Editorial corrections were made in the 2015 standard. • ASTM F1173–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe Systems to be Used for Marine Applications. This standard reapproves the 1995 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers reinforced thermosetting resin pipe systems with nominal pipe sizes 1 through 48 in. (25 through 1200 mm). The update reflects editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing. • ASTM F1199–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150 °F Maximum). This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010) incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, rating, marking, and testing of cast and welded pipe line strainers. • ASTM F1200–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 °F). This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It covers the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, rating, marking, and testing of welded pipe line strainers. • ASTM F1201–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 °F. This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It provides the minimum requirements for pressure-retaining components of fluid conditioner fittings. It addresses the pressure-retaining component design, fabrication, rating, marking, and testing. • ASTM F1323–14, Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators. This standard updates the 2001 standard currently incorporated by reference at § 63.25–9. It establishes requirements for design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning, and testing of shipboard incinerators and has been regularly revised to accommodate technological E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57910 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the standard. • ASTM F1387–19, Standard Specification for Performance of Piping and Tubing Mechanically Attached Fittings. This standard updates the 1993 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 56.30–25. The standard covers performance characteristics required for mechanically attached fillings used in piping and tubing systems. The changes made to the standard include updates to references, deleting cancelled United States Military Specifications and Standards, corrections to notes and tables, and clarifications on required testing. • ASTM F1476–07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping Applications. This standard reapproves the 2007 edition, which updated the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.30–35. The specification provides the performance characteristics and qualification tests required for gasketed mechanical couplings, including grooved-type mechanical couplings for grooved end pipe. The changes made to the standard in 2007 were editorial in nature, and with some changes to material testing and grading. • ASTM F1548–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings Used in Piping Applications. This standard reapproves the 2001 edition, which updated the 1994 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.30–35. It defines classification, materials, test requirements, inspection certification, marking and packing of fittings for use with gasketed mechanical couplings. The changes made to the standard in 1999 were editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing and grading. • Compressed Gas Association (CGA) standard CGA S–1.2–2009, Pressure Relief Device Standards—Part 2— Portable Containers for Compressed Gases. The 1979 edition is currently incorporated by reference at § 54.15–10. This standard covers the recommended minimum requirements for pressure relief devices used on portable containers for compressed gases that comply with regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation or the corresponding regulations of Transport Canada. It has been revised at least five times since 1979 to address advancements in technology and changes in U.S. and Canadian regulations. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 • Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, Tenth Edition (2015). This edition replaces the 1980 edition currently incorporated in § 56.60–1. This standard specifies the design and manufacturing requirements for expansion joints, including metallic bellows type, used in piping systems to accommodate pipe movements due to temperature expansion/contraction, and slight misalignments in joined piping sections. • Fluid Controls Institute Inc. (FCI), FCI 69–1, Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps, 2017. The 2017 edition replaces the edition currently incorporated at § 56.60–1. This standard covers the minimum design, fabrication, pressure rating and marking of pressurecontaining housings for steam traps. Revisions to this document consist mainly of editorial changes and modifications to definitions. • International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 as amended. This standard is not currently codified within 46 CFR part 56 or part 58, though its applicability to passenger vessels on international voyages is mentioned in § 56.50–50(c)(2). However, the CFR codifies language taken directly from SOLAS in a number of places in Titles 33 and 46 CFR. Incorporating specific SOLAS regulations by reference, in § 56.50–50 for bilge systems and § 58.25–10 for steering gear, would allow for an alternative to the prescriptive technical requirements of the CFR. SOLAS is an international maritime treaty that sets minimum safety standards in the construction, equipment, and operation of merchant ships. This requires no updates, merely the adoption of a standard already in place in practice. • IMO Resolution MEPC.244(66), Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators, 2014. This document is proposed for addition as an alternate method of compliance to the requirements for shipboard incinerators in § 63.25–9. IMO MEPC.244(66) is the IMO’s updated standard for shipboard incinerator design, defining the engineering requirements and environmental air emissions limits for ship incinerators. • IMO Resolution MSC.337(91), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, 2012. This document replaces the older IMO Resolution A.468(XII), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, incorporated by reference in § 58.01–50. The Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships is intended to provide standards to prevent and mitigate the occurrence of hazardous noise levels on board ships, and to provide standards for an acceptable working and living environment for PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 seafarers. The 2012 Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships reflects technology improvements and mandatory requirements not included in the older IMO Resolution, and is intended to provide the basis for a design standard. • ISO 9096:2017(E), Stationary source emissions—Manual determination of mass concentration of particulate matter. This standard updates the 2003 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 63.25–9. This standard establishes methods for measurement of particulate matter concentration in waste gases. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard. • ISO 13617:2019(E), Ships and marine technology—Shipboard incinerators—Requirements. This standard updates the 2001 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 63.25–9. This standard establishes design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning and testing of incinerators. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard. • ISO 15540:2016(E), Ships and marine technology—Fire resistance of non-metallic hose assemblies and nonmetallic compensators—Test methods. This standard replaces the 1999 edition currently incorporated in § 56.60–25. It specifies the temperatures, duration, and pressure testing associated with fire tests used to qualify nonmetallic hose for use in ship piping systems. • Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fitting Industry, Inc. (MSS) standard MSS SP– 6–2017, Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and ConnectingEnd Flanges of Valves and Fittings. This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by reference at §§ 56.25–10 and 56.60–1. This standard pertains to the finish of gasket contact faces of pipe flanges and connecting-end flanges of valves and fittings. The changes made to the standard were largely editorial in nature; however there are also some changes to definitions and material limitations. • MSS SP–9–2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron, and Steel Flanges. This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It applies to the spot facing for U.S. customary bolting of pipe flanges in E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules bronze, gray iron, ductile iron, or settle. The changes made to the standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing, design and grading. • MSS SP–25 (ANSI/MSS SP–25– 2018), Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions. The 1998 edition is currently incorporated by reference at § 54.01–25, while the 2001 edition is incorporated by reference at §§ 56.15–1, 56.20–5, and 56.60–1. This standard provides a marking system for new valves, fittings, flanges, and unions used in piping connections that include (but are not limited to) flanged, soldered, brazed, threaded, or welded joints. Markings are used for product identification and to assist in proper application. The standard has been revised three times since 1998 to address changes in industry practices. • MSS SP–51–2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and Cast Flanged Fittings. This standard updates the 2003 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. This standard establishes the design dimensions, tolerances, and pressure-temperature ratings for flanged steel fittings for both Metric and Imperial units. • MSS SP–53–2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components—Magnetic Particle Examination Method. This standard updates the 1995 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. It provides methods and acceptance standards for magnetic particle examination of ferritic steel valves, flanges, fittings, and other piping components by use of dry magnetic powder or wet magnetic particles. The changes made to the standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing, design and grading. • MSS SP–55 (ANSI/MSS–SP–55– 2011), Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and Other Piping Components—Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities. This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. The document describes common irregularities found in the castings of steel pipe fittings and flanges, as well as acceptable criteria for evaluating irregularities. The changes made to the standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing, design and grading. • MSS SP–58 (ANSI/MSS SP–58– 2009), Pipe Hangers and Supports— Materials, Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and Installation. This standard updates the 1993 edition, incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. MSS–SP–58 specifies the design criteria VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 and minimum strength requirements for hangars used to mount piping systems to ship bulkheads and decks. The changes made to the standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing, design and grading. • MSS SP–61–2019, Pressure Testing of Valves. This standard updates the 2003 edition incorporated by reference at § 56.60–1. The document provides standardized technical requirements and acceptance criteria for the pressure testing of valves. • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standard NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 2020 Edition. This standard provides the minimum requirements on boats for the prevention of fire and explosion, mitigation of carbon monoxide hazards, and life safety in case of fire. It updates the 1989 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.10–5. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, and changes in material testing and grading. • SAE International (SAE) standard SAE J429 MAY2014, Mechanical and Material Requirements for Externally Threaded Fasteners. This standard updates the 1989 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.30–15. It covers the mechanical and material requirements for inch-series steel bolts, screws, studs, screws for screw-and-washer assemblies, and U-bolts.The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, and changes in material testing and grading. • SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fittings for Marine Applications. This standard updates the 1996 edition currently incorporated in § 53.01–10. It covers the materials, design, and testing requirements for fittings used with flexible hose assemblies for use in ship piping systems. The updates to this document are primarily editorial in nature with no substantive change to technical requirements. • SAE J1928 JUN2018, Devices Providing Backfire Flame Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications. This standard updates the 1989 standard incorporated by reference at § 58.10–5. It covers the minimum requirements for design, construction, and testing of devices to prevent the propagation of backfire flame from a gasoline engine to the surrounding atmosphere. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, and changes in material testing and grading. • SAE J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine Applications. This standard updates the 1997 edition currently incorporated in PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57911 § 56.60–25. It defines the design and testing requirements, including fire tests, for non-metallic flexible hose assemblies used in shipboard piping systems. Changes to this standard are administrative in nature, including updated testing frequency and record retention requirements. • Underwriters Laboratories (UL) standard UL 174, Standard for Safety, Household Electric Storage Tank Water Heaters, Eleventh Edition, 2004 (reapproved in 2016). The 1996 edition is currently incorporated by reference at §§ 53.01–10 and 63.25–3. This standard contains requirements and nonmandatory guidance for household electric storage tank water heaters. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the standard. Incorporating the latest edition ensures compliance with current industry practices. • UL 296, UL Standard for Safety Oil Burners, 11th Edition (‘‘2017 UL 296’’). This standard updates the 1993 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 63.15–5. This standard establishes requirements for oil burners intended for firing appliances and devices such as boilers, central, floor, wall, and special furnaces, storage tank water, air, and direct-fired air heater units. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard. • UL 343, UL Standard for Safety Pumps for Oil-Burning Appliances, 2008. This standard updates the 1997 edition currently incorporated by reference at § 63.15–3. This standard establishes requirements for pumps intended for use as part of oil-burning appliances or installed in fuel-oil piping systems serving equipment. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard. • UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and Commercial Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, 2016. This standard would replace the 1995 standard, currently incorporated by reference at §§ 53.01–10 and 63.25–3. This standard contains requirements for electric booster water heaters, electric commercial storage tank water heaters, and remote control assemblies for such heaters, rated 600 volts or less, that are over 120 gallons E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57912 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (454 L) in capacity, rated over 12 kilowatts, or are equipped with one or more temperature regulating controls permitting water temperature of more than 85°C (185 °F). The 2016 edition provides minor technical changes and has been edited for clarity. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 C. Standards Previously Approved for Incorporation by Reference The following standards were previously approved for incorporation by reference and are included in the proposed regulatory text because either the current format of the reference does not comply with current OFR requirements or the proposed text is a revision that includes an existing reference to the standard. We do not propose to change the existing IBR approval. • ASME B36.19M–2004 Stainless Steel Pipe, October 25, 2004 (‘‘ASME B36.19M’’), IBR approved for §§ 56.07– 5 and 56.60–1. • IMO A.467(XII), Guidelines for Acceptance of Non-Duplicated Rudder Actuators for Tankers, Chemical Tankers and Gas Carriers of 10,000 Tons Gross Tonnage and Above But Less Than 100,000 Tonnes Deadweight, 1981 (‘‘IMO A.467(XII)’’), IBR approved for § 58.25–60. • IMO Resolution A.753(18) Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted on 4 November 1993 (‘‘IMO Resolution A.753(18)’’), IBR approved for § 56.60–25. • IMO Resolution MEPC.76(40), Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators (Sep. 25, 1997) (‘‘IMO MEPC.76(40)’’), IBR approved for § 63.25–9. • IMO Resolution MSC.313(88), Amendments to the Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted 26 November 2010 (‘‘IMO Resolution MSC.313(88)’’), IBR approved for § 56.60–25. • The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78), Annexes I, II, III, and V (1978) (‘‘IMO MARPOL 73/78’’), IBR approved for § 63.25–9. • ISO 10396, Stationary source emissions—Sampling for the automated determination of gas emission concentrations for permanentlyinstalled monitoring systems, Second edition (Feb. 1, 2007) (‘‘ISO 10396’’), IBR approved for § 63.25–9. • MSS SP–45–2003, Bypass and Drain Connections, 2003 (‘‘MSS SP– 45’’), IBR approved for §§ 56.20–20 and 56.60–1. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 D. Section by Section Analysis of Proposed Changes to the Regulatory Text In addition to updating existing standards incorporated by reference, adding new standards, and removing obsolete standards, we propose to modify technical regulatory text in the following sections of Subchapter F. For the convenience of the reader, the list below excludes purely stylistic revisions and corrections of drafting errors. Part 50—General Provisions Section 50.05–5 Existing Boilers, Pressure Vessels or Piping Systems Modifying paragraph (b) to eliminate redundant text and more clearly describe the requirements for recalculating the maximum allowable working pressure. Section 50.05–20 Motor Boats Steam-Propelled Replacing the words ‘‘motor boats’’ with the more current and universally used ‘‘vessels’’. Section 50.10–23 Marine Safety Center Modifying the contact information for the MSC and the details for electronically submitting documents. Section 50.20–5 Procedures for Submittal of Plans Modifying the procedures for submitting plans to the Coast Guard by eliminating the requirements in paragraph (b) for plans to be submitted in triplicate, since most plans are electronically submitted, and by deleting unnecessary detail in paragraph (c). Section 50.20–10 Plans Required Number of Copies of Deleting this section. Submittal of plans is adequately addressed in § 50.20–5. Section 50.20–15 Plans Previously Approved Deleting the unnecessary text ‘‘(including work accomplished under a different contract)’’ in paragraph (a). Section 50.20–30 Alternative Materials or Methods of Construction Modifying paragraph (a) to include the word ‘‘materials’’ and deleting paragraph (b). These changes improve the clarity of the section. Section 50.25–1 General Deleting paragraph (e) as unnecessary because nonmetallic flexible hoses, including those intended for hydraulic PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 service, are adequately addressed in § 56.60–25. Section 50.25–7 Testing of Products Required To Be Certified in Presence of Marine Inspector Deleting paragraphs (c) and (d) as unnecessary. When specific testing conditions are required, they are specified in the applicable standards or regulations. Part 52—Power Boilers Replacing the words ‘‘boiler pressure vessel code’’ with ‘‘BPVC’’ throughout all of part 52, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code. Section 52.01–52.25 Power Boilers Modifying various paragraphs to delete text already addressed in ASME BPVC. Section 52.01–3 Definitions Deleting definitions listed in this section but not currently used in Part 52 and not needed going forward, as there is no need to define a term if it is not used later in the regulatory text. Deleted terms include: High temperature water boiler, packaged boiler, Fired steam boiler, Hybrid boiler, Shell, Heads, Dished heads, Stayed heads, Water wall, Header, Domes, Steam chimneys, Corrugated furnace, Plain furnace, Combustion chamber, Separate combustion chamber, Common combustion chamber, Crown or top plate, Curved bottom plate, Combustion chamber tube sheet, Combustion chamber back sheet, Seamless tube, Electric resistance welded tube, Stay tube, Tube sheet, Ligament, Longitudinal ligament, Circumferential ligament, Diagonal ligament, Stays and supports, Solid screw staybolt, Welded collar, Hollow screw staybolt, Flexible staybolt, Sling stay, Crowfoot, Crowfoot stay, Diagonal stay, Gusset stay, Dog stay, Girder, Structural stiffeners, Reinforcement, Pressure loaded pilot actuated safety valve, Spring loaded pilot actuated safety valve, Spring loaded pilot valve, Relief valve, Safety relief valve, Conventional safety relief valve, Balanced safety relief valve, Internal spring safety relief valve, Power actuated relief valve, Breaking pin device, Shear pin device, Frangible disk device, Bursting disk device, Feed valve, Salinometer cocks, Expanding, Beading, Bell mouthing, Telltale hole, Openings, Pressure, Absolute pressure, Internal pressure, and External pressure. And, deleting Figure 52.01–3—Acceptable Types of Boiler Stays. Figure 52.01–3 is not necessary, as the ASME BPVC E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules adequately defines the requirements for boiler stayed surfaces. Section 52.01–50 Fusible Plugs (Modifies A–19 Through A–21) Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Section 52.01–55 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Section 52.01–90 Materials Deleting this section. Materials for boiler design are adequately addressed by the ASME BPVC. Section 52.01–105 Fittings Piping, Valves, and Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Section 52.01–110 Water-Level Indicators, Water Columns, Gauge-Glass Connections, Gauge Cocks, and Pressure Gauges Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Section 52.01–130 Installation Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Section 52.25–3 Feedwater Heaters (Modifies PFH–1) Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise outdated. Part 53—Heating Boilers jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Replacing the words ‘‘boiler pressure vessel code’’ with ‘‘BPVC’’ throughout part 53, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code. Section 53.01–10 Service Restrictions and Exceptions (Replaces HG–101) Modifying paragraph (d) to remove exact temperature requirements and retaining a temperature range that would benefit industry. Modifying paragraph (e)(1) to provide correct citation for the ASME BPVC stamping and provide cites to the IBR. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Part 54—Pressure Vessels Replacing the words ‘‘boiler pressure vessel code’’ with ‘‘BPVC’’ throughout all of part 54, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code. Section 54.01–1 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraphs (b), (d), and (e) to update the addresses for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the Compressed Gas Association (CGA), and the Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry (MSS), respectively. Section 54.01–15 Exemptions From Shop Inspection Plan Approval (Modifies U–1(c)(2)) Deleting paragraph (a)(3)(i) because this section deals with internal pressure and the reference cited deals with external pressure. Section 54.01–18 Plan Approval Editing paragraph (a) to provide reference to new proposed paragraph (c). Adding paragraph (c) to identify which plans for Class I, II, and II pressure vessels are not required to be submitted for approval. Section 54.10–3 Marine Inspectors (Replaces UG–90 and UG–91, and Modifies UG–92 Through UG–103) Editing the section heading to make it easier to find the regulation requiring stamping of the Coast Guard Symbol. The requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol on pressure vessels is often misunderstood. Modifying paragraph (b) to identify when shop inspection is required. Part 54 refers to shop inspection of pressure vessels under construction in several locations, but the term is not used here. Adding new paragraph (c), redesignating existing paragraph (c) as new paragraph (d), and removing the requirement for stamping with the Coast Guard Symbol. The requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol on pressure vessels is often misunderstood. By applying the symbol, the marine inspector is documenting that the pressure vessel meets Coast Guard requirements for pressure vessels on ships. Adding a paragraph clarifies which pressure vessels do not require stamping. Section 54.10–20 Marking and Stamping Modifying paragraph (a)(2) to clarify numbering requirements. The requirement for Coast Guard numbering PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57913 of pressure vessels is often misunderstood. Numbering is only required when the Coast Guard has inspected the pressure vessel during construction (shop inspection). Part 56—Piping Systems and Appurtenances Section 56.07–5 Definitions Clarifying the definition for ‘‘piping schedule’’ and deleting the definition for ‘‘plate flange,’’ as it does not require a definition. Section 56.07–10 Design Conditions and Criteria (Modifies 101–104.7) Modifying paragraph (b) by deleting the last sentence within the parentheses. It is not necessary to refer to definitions in part 52 for this paragraph. Modifying paragraph (d) by deleting text that was inadvertently repeated. Modifying paragraph (e) by removing references to specific paragraphs and instead referring to the entire subpart. Section 56.15–1 Pipe Joint Fittings Removing text in paragraph (c)(2) that is already adequately addressed by the incorporated ASME industry standard. Section 56.15–5 Fluid-Conditioner Fittings Deleting text in paragraph (c), nonstandard fluid conditioner fittings, that is already adequately addressed by paragraph (b); generally, fluid conditioner fittings must meet the requirements of this section regardless of whether they are ‘standard’ or ‘nonstandard’, and must be appropriate for the fluid contained, and the temperature and pressure of the system. In addition, with advancements in manufacturing, there is no need to reference part 54 (pressure vessels), for fluid conditioner fittings in current paragraphs (c) and (d). Section 56.20–1 General Removing text that is redundant and that can be adequately replaced by the incorporated ASME standard. Section 56.20–9 Valve Construction Modifying paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), and (g) to reflect advancements in valve design technology and to remove text adequately addressed already by the incorporated ASME standard. Section 56.20–15 Valves Employing Resilient Material Deleting text that is no longer required and simplifying text to reflect current policy employed by the MSC to evaluate these types of valves. Overall, these valves are not required anywhere on ships, and this section only E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57914 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules delineates the requirements for when they are installed. Section 56.50–25 Safety and Relief Valve Escape Piping already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.25–10 Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (c), and (d) that is outdated or redundant. Section 56.50–80 Systems Section 56.50–30 Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (d), and (h) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Flange Facings Removing paragraph (b) as no longer necessary. Section 56.25–20 Deleting text in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) that is outdated or unclear and no longer necessary. Bolting Removing unnecessary text in paragraphs (b) and (c). Section 56.30–5 Section 56.50–35 Welded Joints Removing text in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2) and (c)(3) as adequately addressed already by the incorporated ASME standard. Section 56.30–10 Flanged Joints Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated standards in part 56. Section 56.30–20 Treaded Joints Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated standards in part 56. Section 56.30–30 Brazed Joints Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated standards in part 56. Condensate Pumps Deleting text that is outdated and no longer necessary. Section 56.50–40 Blowoff Piping Deleting text in paragraphs (b) and (d) that is outdated or redundant and no longer necessary. Section 56.50–45 Circulating Pumps Deleting text in paragraph (d) that is outdated or unclear. Section 56.50–50 Piping Bilge and Ballast Modifying paragraph (a) to consider ships that meet SOLAS requirements for bilge systems as equivalent to this section. Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (f), (h), (j), and (k) that is outdated. Section 56.30–40 Flexible Pipe Couplings of the Compression or SlipOn Type Section 56.50–55 Removing text in paragraphs (b) and (c) that is no longer necessary or is otherwise adequately addressed already by the incorporated standards in part 56. Section 56.50–57 Bilge Piping and Pumps, Alternative Requirements Section 56.35–10 Expansion Joints Nonmetallic Removing the reference to part 50, as the appropriate standards are listed already in this part. Section 56.35–15 Joints Metallic Expansion Removing the reference to part 50, as the appropriate standards are listed already in this part. Section 56.50–1 General Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (d), (g), and (i) that is unclear or outdated and no longer necessary. Section 56.50–15 Piping jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Boiler Feed Piping Steam and Exhaust Deleting text in paragraphs (b), (c), (f), (g), (j), and (k) that is unclear or outdated and no longer necessary. Section 56.50–20 Piping Pressure Relief Deleting text not necessary to the intent of the regulation. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Bilge Pumps Modifying paragraph (c) to add a pump capacity alternative formula. Deleting this entire section as outdated, as it contains cross-references to sections already removed from the CFR (§§ 171.075 and 171.082). Section 56.50–60 Oil Systems Containing Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (m), and (n) that is outdated, or unclear. Section 56.50–65 Service Systems Burner Fuel-Oil Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by standards incorporated in this part. Section 56.50–70 Systems Gasoline Fuel Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e), and (g) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.50–75 Diesel Fuel Systems Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Section 56.50–85 Lubricating-Oil Tank-Vent Piping Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.50–90 Sounding Devices Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.50–95 Overboard Discharges and Shell Connections Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (h), and (i) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.50–105 Low-Temperature Piping Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.60–1 Acceptable Materials and Specifications Adding ASTM F1155 as a reference in paragraph (a) for material standards applicable to certain marine engineering piping systems. Section 56.60–5 Steel Modifying paragraph (a) to align the CFR with the temperature requirements of the incorporated ASME standard. Section 56.70–5 Material Deleting text in paragraph (b) that is outdated, and aligning text with incorporated ASME standard. Section 56.70–10 Preparation Deleting text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Section 56.70–15 Procedure Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), and (g) that is outdated, unclear, unenforceable, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Section 56.80–5 Bending (Modifies 129) Deleting text that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Modifying paragraph (a)(1) to delete unnecessary references to parts of the subchapter that have been removed. Section 58.16–30 Operating Instructions Updating paragraph (k) for clarity. Section 57.02–3 Performance Qualifications Issued by Other Agencies Section 56.85–15 Postheat Treatment Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Deleting references to ASME BPVC paragraphs PG–91, N–612, HG–515.2 and UG–91 in paragraph (a) as unnecessary. Section 58.16–35 Markings Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is redundant with paragraphs (b) and (c) of same section. Section 56.90–5 Bolting Procedure Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Updating paragraph (a)(1) to reflect changes in the standard. Section 56.90–10 Threaded Piping Deleting paragraph (c) as outdated and unnecessary. Section 58.01–20 Section 56.97–38 Initial Service Leak Test Modifying paragraph (a) for clarity. Section 56.97–40 Installation Tests Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part. Part 57—Welding and Brazing Replacing the words ‘‘boiler pressure vessel code’’ with ‘‘BPVC’’ throughout part 57, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code. Section 57.01–1 Qualifications and Production Tests Modifying the text in paragraph (a) to reflect updates in section numbering of the BPVC. Section 57.02–1 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraph (a) to update the address for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Amending table 57.02–1(a) to reflect updates in the section number of the BPVC. Section 57.02–2 Adoption of Section IX of the ASME Code Modifying paragraph (a) to update and clarify the information provided in the section. Jkt 256001 Production Test Plate Machinery Guards Updating paragraph for clarity. Section 56.97–25 Preparation for Testing Modifying paragraphs (b) and (d) for clarity. 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Section 57.06–1 Requirements Part 58—Main and Auxiliary Machinery and Related Systems Section 56.97–1 General Modifying paragraph (b) for clarity. VerDate Sep<11>2014 Section 57.03–1 Procedure Qualifications—General Requirements Updating paragraph (c) to reflect current name of the section of the code. Section 56.95–1 General Modifying paragraph (b) for clarity. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57915 Section 58.01–50 Noise Machinery Space, Updating incorporated reference to reflect updated IMO Resolution (Noise Code). Section 58.05–1 Construction Material, Design and Updating the reference from ABS Steel Vessel Rules to ABS Marine Vessel Rules. Section 58.16–5 Definition Updating paragraph for clarity and to correct grammar. Section 58.16–7 Petroleum Gas Use of Liquefied Updating incorrect CFR reference. Section 58.16–10 Approvals Deleting the requirement in paragraph (a) that gas-consuming appliances be ‘‘of a type approved’’ by the Commandant. The requirement that the Commandant specifically ‘‘approve’’ all types of gasconsuming appliances is not necessary, given that appliances must already be tested and listed by third party laboratories and meet the additional requirements of Subpart 58.16. Changing the word ‘‘approved’’ to ‘‘accepted’’ in paragraph (c). Because this paragraph refers to another government agency’s requirements for safety-relief devices, and shipboard appliance installations are reviewed case by case, ‘‘acceptance’’ allows for more flexibility than ‘‘approval’’ when evaluating the overall installation for compliance. PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Section 58.25–5 General Making an editorial correction to ensure ‘‘control system’’ is a separate definition from ‘‘auxiliary steering gear’’. Section 58.25–10 Main and Auxiliary Steering Gear Adding SOLAS regulations plus class rules as an equivalent standard. Section 58.25–20 Piping for Steering Gear Eliminating redundant references to part 56 of this chapter. Section 58.25–25 Indicating and Alarm Systems Deleting requirements in current paragraph (e) that are redundant with other paragraphs in same section. Section 58.25–40 Arrangement of the Steering Gear Compartment Deleting this section as unnecessary. Section 58.25–60 Non-Duplicated Hydraulic Rudder Actuators Amending this section for clarity. Section 58.25–75 Materials Deleting paragraph (b) of this section as unnecessary. Section 58.25–85 Special Requirements for Tank Vessels Deleting certain text in paragraph (c)(1) and (2) of this section as unenforceable. Deleting paragraph (g), because this paragraph is applicable only to tank vessels of 40,000 gross tons or more constructed before 1984. Virtually all of those vessels have been phased out of service due to the pollution prevention requirements in 33 CFR 157 for ‘‘double hulls’’ on tank vessels. Section 58.30–1 Scope Deleting certain text in paragraph (a) as not applicable. Section 58.30–15 Pipe, Tubing, Valves, Fittings, Pumps, and Motors Deleting certain text in paragraphs (b) and (d) as redundant, given the incorporation of industry standards. Section 58.30–25 Accumulators Deleting certain text in paragraphs (a) and (c) for clarity. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57916 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Section 58.50–1 General Requirements Modifying text to remove allowance for gasoline as a fuel for vessels constructed before 1935. Part 59—Repairs to Boilers, Pressure Vessels and Appurtenances Section 59.10–1 Scope Modifying paragraphs (b) and (c) to eliminate unnecessary requirements and to provide clarity for welding repairs. Section 59.10–5 Cracks Modifying paragraphs (d) and (h) to eliminate unnecessary requirements and to provide clarity for repair of cracks in boiler and pressure vessels. Section 59.10–20 Patches in Shells and Tube Sheets Removing text in paragraphs (a) and (b) to provide clarity. Section 59.15–1 Furnace Repairs Modifying paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (e) to eliminate unnecessary requirements and to provide clarity for furnace repairs. Section 62.50–30 Additional Requirements for Periodically Unattended Machinery Plants Revisions are made to paragraphs (c), (d), (h), and (k) to reflect correct verbiage and to provide clarity. Part 61—Periodic Tests and Inspections Part 63—Automatic Auxiliary Boilers Section 61.03–1 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraph (b) to update the name and address of ASTM International. Section 63.01–3 Scope and Applicability Amending paragraph (b) to remove language regarding electric cooking equipment, electric air heaters, and electric oil immersion heaters. The requirements for these electric appliances are covered in 46 CFR Subchapter J Part 111 of the CFR and do not belong in Part 63 for Automatic Auxiliary Boilers. Section 61.05–10 Boilers in Service Eliminating unnecessary and outdated text regarding boiler inspections from paragraphs (a) and (f). Section 61.10–5 Pressure Vessels in Service Modifying paragraph (g) to provide inspection compliance options, in lieu of the hydrostatic test currently required by this paragraph, for bulk storage tanks containing refrigerated liquefied CO2 for use aboard a vessel as a fireextinguishing agent. The inspection options consist of performing a hydrostatic test or having the option of an internal inspection. This is further explained in the regulatory language. Part 62—Vital System Automation jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 and burner valves in Table 62.35–50. These components are required to comply with the same requirements in Section 4–9–6 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (2020), which is proposed to be referenced in this table. Modifying the requirements for ship service generators in Table 62.35–50. Currently, compliance with the ABS Steel Vessel Rules for propulsion boilers and propulsion diesel engines is required. The requirements for auxiliary generators in Section 4–9–6 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (2020) are referenced instead because this section of the ABS Rules is more directly applicable to generators. Deleting the requirements for generators to comply with §§ 111.12–1 (b) and (c), and parenthetical items 6 and 7 in Table 62.35–50. Section 62.05–1 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraph (b) to update the address for the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS). Section 62.35–50 Tabulated Monitoring and Safety Control Requirements for Specific Systems Deleting the requirements for main propulsion boiler supply casing and uptakes, burner flames, control power, VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Section 63.05–1 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraphs (b) and (c) to update the name and address for the ANSI and ASME, respectively. Section 63.10–1 Test Procedures and Certification Report Updating address and options for item submittals. Section 63.25–9 Incinerators Modifying paragraph (a) to update address and options for application for type approval of shipboard incinerators. Modifying paragraph (b) to clarify and update requirements for testing prior to granting type approval. Adding IMO MEPC.244(66) as an accepted design standard for incinerators. Part 64—Marine Portable Tanks and Cargo Handling Systems Replacing the words ‘‘ASME Code’’ with ‘‘ASME BPVC’’ throughout part 64, as BPVC is recognized as the PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 appropriate acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code. Section 64.2 Incorporation by Reference Modifying paragraph (b) to update the address for the ASME. V. Incorporation by Reference Material proposed for incorporation by reference appears in 46 CFR parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64 and is summarized in section IV.B of this preamble. For information about how to view this material, see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. Copies of the material are also available from the sources listed in 46 CFR parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64. Before publishing a binding rule, we will submit this material to the Director of the Federal Register for approval of the incorporation by reference. VI. Regulatory Analyses We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes and Executive Orders related to rulemaking. A summary of our analyses based on these statutes or Executive Orders follows. A. Regulatory Planning and Review Executive Orders 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review) and 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review) direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying costs and benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has not designated this proposed rule a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed it. The Coast Guard proposes to update subchapter F of Title 46 of the CFR. This proposed rule would align the standards on U.S.-flagged vessels of vessel types of subchapter F with current industry practices to ensure that regulatory standards are current, and the changes would harmonize regulatory requirements with current industry standards. The majority of the updates simply would incorporate by reference the more recent versions of the same standards with little or no substantive E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules change. In some cases, the more recent editions reflect more modern technologies, terminology, and practices. The updates also would correct regulatory language and remove redundant and outdated references. The Coast Guard believes there are no additional costs associated with this proposed rule. The Coast Guard estimates this rule will save the regulated public and federal government approximately $9.787 million over the 10-year period of analysis at 7% in 2020 dollars. 57917 The following regulatory analysis (RA) provides an evaluation of the economic impacts associated with this proposed rule. Table 2 provides a summary of the proposed rule’s costs and benefits. TABLE 2—SUMMARY OF THE PROPOSED RULE’S IMPACTS Category Summary Affected Population ................................. Vessel owners and operators, shipyards, builders and manufacturers of vessels and vessel components, the Coast Guard (Marine Safety Center (MSC) and United States Coast Guard Commercial Regulations and Standards Directorate (CG–5PS)). Class societies and vessel insurers may have some interest. None. The proposed rule would not increase costs of compliance for the regulated public or the Coast Guard because no additional requirements are being proposed. $9.787 million (10-year discounted cost savings), annualized cost savings: $1.385 million in 2020 dollars. Clarity of regulatory intent through stylistic changes and corrections, harmonization of regulatory requirements with current industry standards, better utilization of Coast Guard human resources, compliance with Presidential Regulatory Reform Initiative (March 4, 1995).2 Costs ........................................................ Cost Savings (7-percent discount rate) ... Unquantified Benefits .............................. This proposed rule has two main goals. First, the Coast Guard intends it to update design standards that appear in the CFR by incorporating by reference more recent industry standards. Second, the proposed rule would provide clarity and simplify regulatory compliance for industry by removing obsolete regulations and revising current regulatory text, including the correction of errors. Affected Population The Coast Guard analyzed this rulemaking to determine the affected population and how the proposed rule would impact vessel owners and manufacturers.3 The proposed revisions affect a variety of vessel owners and operators; including those owning cargo vessels, passenger vessels, nautical school vessels, tank vessels, and tank barges. Some potentially impacted vessel owners and operators include nonprofits and Tribal/State/local government entities.4 Because the proposal impacts only new vessels or those undergoing major conversions, the Coast Guard estimates that fewer than 200 vessels would be impacted annually.5 An estimated 16,148 vessels owned by 6,437 owners and operators would be impacted potentially, but the vessel owners and operators would be impacted directly only if they procured a new vessel or engaged in a major conversion of an existing vessel under conditions as specified in the proposal. Large self-propelled vessels, which are covered by more provisions of Subchapter F than smaller vessels and barges, would be more likely to be impacted. The following table details those vessels potentially impacted by the proposed rule. TABLE 3—U.S.-FLAGGED VESSEL POPULATION SUBJECT TO 46 CFR SUBCHAPTER F Subchapter F vessel category Subchapter Population Freight Ship ............................................................................................................................................................. Industrial Vessel ...................................................................................................................................................... In-service—Inspected .............................................................................................................................................. Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU) ..................................................................................................................... Offshore Supply Vessel (OSV) ................................................................................................................................ Oil Recovery ............................................................................................................................................................ Passenger (Inspected) (≥ 100 gross tons) .............................................................................................................. Passenger Barge (Inspected) .................................................................................................................................. School Ships and Research Ships .......................................................................................................................... Tank Barge .............................................................................................................................................................. Tank Ship ................................................................................................................................................................ I ...................... I ...................... I ...................... I–A ................. L ..................... I ...................... H .................... I ...................... R and U ......... O–I ................. D .................... 1,563 3,748 2 110 1,354 556 132 217 141 7,945 380 Total ................................................................................................................................................................. ........................ 16,148 U.S.-flagged vessels (subchapter F only) (as of April 24, 2020). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Note: These data are based on Coast Guard data found in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) database. 2 The proposed rule would continue the Coast Guard’s response to the Presidential Regulatory Reform Imitative of March 4, 1995, and directives including Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 that are intended to improve regulation and the regulatory process. The provisions of this proposed rule would remove outdated regulations, revise current regulatory text, and incorporate by reference more recent national and international industry VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 standards into the CFR. The Coast Guard recognizes the significant technological advances technology and equipment which is used or carried on vessels. As a result, this proposed rule would encourage the use of newer equipment and promote adherence to modern standards in the industry. 3 Class societies and vessel insurers may have interest in the rule. However, no actions are PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 required by them directly or indirectly as a result of the rule. 4 Public vessels are excluded. 5 Based on input from Coast Guard subject matter experts in the Directorate of Commercial Regulations and Standards who are tasked with relevant duties. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57918 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules The proposed rule also would impact businesses involved in vessel manufacturing. There are approximately 1,022 shipyards and manufacturers of vessels or vessel components in the affected population; however, vessel manufacturers are believed to already be in voluntary compliance with the proposed changes. In addition, the proposal would impact the Coast Guard and its staff in the MSC and CG–5PS. An estimated six civilian engineers and six uniformed personnel potentially would be impacted. Summary of Changes Generally, the Coast Guard proposes to update codified references to standards incorporated by reference in subchapter F with their more recent editions. These more recent standards would provide more clarity and specificity than the outdated standards they would be replacing. More specifically, the Coast Guard segments the effect of the proposed changes into three categories: (1) Editorial changes to the CFR; (2) technical updates to standards incorporated by reference; and (3) compliance alternatives to standards incorporated by reference. Based on data from industry, the Coast Guard assumes industry already uses the more recent standards referenced in the proposal. Table 4 summarizes the regulatory changes. First, for the proposed changes to update standards incorporated by reference, this proposed rule would make editorial changes to subchapter F that include such items as the removal of outdated terminology and the consolidation of text. These proposed changes would include 46 CFR parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63 and 64. The Coast Guard expects these changes would have no costs, cost savings, or benefits. Second, this proposed rule updates standards incorporated by reference throughout subchapter F. Because no resources are required, and because they have been adopted voluntarily already by manufacturers, the Coast Guard expects these changes would have no cost. Third, this proposed rule would amend the regulatory text in 46 CFR 58.10–5(d)(1) and 61.10–5(g) that impacts compliance alternatives for vessel owners and operators. The changes reflect the proposed addition of a compliance alternative and the proposed removal of a compliance alternative. This proposed change results from the discontinuation of a standard incorporated by reference that is the basis of the compliance alternative. (Please see the preamble in the proposed changes to ‘‘Part 61— Periodic Tests and Inspections,’’ and further detailed in the Cost Savings portion of this RA.) These proposed changes provide regulatory flexibility for the regulated public. No additional cost would be incurred, and the addition of a compliance alternative may save money. The proposed rule’s replacement of a compliance alternative would offer an option which has lower costs associated with it. This would be a cost savings for vessel owners if they choose to use this compliance alternative. The proposed rule would create consistency between Coast Guard regulations and national and international standards through incorporation by reference, provide options with alternative standards, eliminate obsolete standards, and clarify the existing requirements through the changes proposed in 46 CFR subchapter F. Table 4 lists these proposed changes by type of change. Readers may consult the preamble of this NPRM for a general summary of the proposed changes. TABLE 4—REGULATORY CHANGES OF THE PROPOSED RULE BY TYPE OF CHANGE Category Affected sections in 46 CFR 6 Description Editorial Changes ... General editorial changes. Editorial changes for regulatory clarification. Editorial changes with deletions. Updated standards to newer editions. Technical Changes Regulatory Flexibility (Compliance Alternatives). Standards with technological changes. Newly proposed compliance alternatives. Removal of compliance alternatives. Cost impact (cost, cost savings, and benefits) §§ 50.05–5(b), 50.05–20, 50.05–20(a), 50.10–23, 50.20– 5(b), 50.20–5(c), 50.20–10(a), 50.20–15(a), 58.16– 30(k) 7. §§ 54.01–18(a), 54.10–3,54.10–3(b), 54.10–3(c), 54.10– 20(a)(2). No cost or cost savings. These include removal of outdated or redundant terminology, correction of missing words, and consolidation and clarification of text. No cost or cost savings. No change in technical content. This is a clarification of the regulations. §§ 50.05–5(b), 62.35–50, 62.35–50, 63.01–3 (b), 58.10– 5(d)(1). §§ 52.01–1(b); 53.01–1(b)(1); 53.01–1(b)(2); 53.01–1(c)(1); 54.01–1(b)(1); 54.01–1(c)(1), 54.01–1(c)(2); 54.01– 1(c)(3), 54.01–1(c)(2), 1(c)(3), 1(c)(4), 1(c)(5), –1(d)(1), –1(e)(1) 8. No cost or cost savings. These provisions would remove obsolete standards and outdated terminology. No cost or cost savings. Incorporating the current edition simplifies regulatory compliance and ensures that the latest industry practices based on changes in technology are addressed and the highest possible level of safety is required. No cost or cost savings. The proposed change would simplify regulatory compliance. §§ 53.01–1(c)(1), –1(c )(2), –20, –1(b)(1), –1(c )(1), –1(d)(1), –1(d)(2), –1(e )(2). §§ 56.50, 61.10–5(g),9 63.25 ................................................ §§ 56.50, 58.10–5(d)(1) 10 ..................................................... No cost, but potential cost savings. The change would offer flexibility for regulatory compliance which ultimately could save money for the vessel owner. No cost or cost savings. The proposed change simplifies regulatory text to remove reference to a no longer existing IBR document and, by default, its availability as a compliance alternative. Note: The Coast Guard may list the same citation of the CFR multiple times because it is proposing numerous changes to the same paragraph. These changes may include clarifications, deletions, or insertions of text. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Data Input for Calculations This RA uses multiple data sources. To estimate the duration of tasks, the 6 Please refer to the preamble and Table 1 for a complete accounting of affected paragraphs, including redesignations. 7 This list is not exhaustive. Please see Table 1 for the full list. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Coast Guard used previous OMBapproved collections of information. These collections of information were previously vetted publicly and provide 8 Please see Table 1 for complete list. proposed change would give operators the option of undergoing an internal inspection every 10 years as opposed to requiring a hydrostatic test every 10 years. 9 The PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 guidance on estimates of tasks such as communicating information and education. The RA also uses estimates from Coast Guard subject matter experts. 10 UL 1111 has been withdrawn and no longer exists; therefore, it can no longer be included as an option for regulation compliance. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules To calculate wage rates, the Coast Guard used two publicly available sources for wage data: the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Employment Statistics and the Commandant Instruction entitled ‘‘Reimbursable Standard Rates’’ (commonly called Commandant Instruction U).11 For positions outside the Coast Guard, the Coast Guard used publicly available data of the BLS Occupational Compensation Survey to estimate wage rates for positions that would be impacted by the proposed rule. For Coast Guard positions, the Coast Guard used publicly available and publicly vetted information found in Commandant Instruction U and the U.S. Office of Personnel Management pay chart for the Washington, DC locality pay area for 2020 12 to estimate the wage data. From the wage data obtained in the previous step, the Coast Guard used a loaded labor rate 13 to estimate the actual cost of labor to employers. The load factor (or benefits multipliers) for the regulated public and Coast Guard civilian workers was obtained using BLS data. To account for an employee’s non-wage benefits, the Coast Guard applied a load factor to the unloaded mean hourly wage rate; data of the BLS’s ‘‘Employer Cost for Employee Compensation’’ database were used for the regulated public’s wages.14 The Coast Guard determined the load factor 57919 to be about 1.49, rounded. For Coast Guard civilian positions, the load factor was determined to be approximately 1.75, rounded.15 For Coast Guard uniformed positions, the Coast Guard used data that already had applied the load factor, so such an adjustment was not necessary.16 These figures were used to estimate the reasonable and customary average labor cost to employers. Table 5 displays the labor categories, the source of the wage rates, the total compensation, the wage rates, and the calculated load factor. We estimated the load factor for the applicable occupation category by dividing the total compensation by the hourly wage rate. TABLE 5—LOADED WAGE FACTOR CALCULATION Data source(s) All Workers, Transportation and Moving Materials. BLS Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, All workers in Transportation and Materials Moving Occupations. Congressional Budget Office Report ‘‘Comparing the Compensation of Federal and Private Sector Employees, 2011 to 2015’’ dated April 2017 18. Federal workers, Professional Degree or Doctorate. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Total compensation Occupation category Wage and salaries Loaded wage factor $31.76 $21.35 17 1.49 51.90 29.70 1.75 The Coast Guard assumed a constant wage rate and a constant duration for tasks for the period of annualization.19 Likewise, the estimates are based on 2020 dollars. Table 6 presents the estimated hourly loaded wage rates for the proposed rule. Using the BLS ‘‘Occupational and Employment Statistics’’ database and May 2019 wage estimates, the unloaded mean hourly wage rate for marine engineers and naval architects (occupational code 17–2121) is $47.88.20 The Coast Guard multiplied $47.88 by the load factor of 1.49 to obtain a loaded mean hourly wage rate of about $71.23 for this occupation. The hourly rate for a manager (occupational code 11–3051) 21 of $56.82 was estimated to be $84.52 after the load factor application. For all provisions related to the Government, the Coast Guard used 11 The Instruction is dated February 27, 2020, is numbered COMDTINST 7310.1U and commonly is called Commandant Instruction U. Enclosure 2 lists the relevant data; please see in-government wage data. The file is available at https:// media.defense.gov/2020/Mar/04/2002258826/-1/-1/ 0/CI_7310_1U.PDF. This page was accessed on March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed on March 11, 2020. Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded wage rates. 12 https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/ pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/ DCB.pdf. 13 A loaded hourly wage rate is what a company pays per hour to employ a person, not the hourly wage an employee receives. The loaded hourly wage rate includes the cost of non-wage benefits (health insurance, vacation, etc.). 14 To estimate the load factor, the Coast Guard used publicly available BLS data (https:// www.bls.gov/data/). To recreate these calculations, go to the ‘‘Databases, Tables & Calculators’’ page, select the multi-screen data search feature for ‘‘Employer Costs for Employee Compensation’’ under ‘‘Pay & Benefits.’’ (Alternatively, a direct link can also be found at https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/ dsrv?cm.) For total compensation, in the search field select ‘‘Private industry workers,’’ then ‘‘Total compensation,’’ ‘‘Transportation and material moving occupations,’’ ‘‘All workers,’’ ‘‘All workers,’’ ‘‘United States (National),’’ ‘‘Cost of compensation (Cost per hour worked),’’ and ‘‘Not Seasonally Adjusted.’’ For wages and salaries, perform the same steps except select ‘‘Wages and salaries’’ on the second screen. The series IDs for total compensation and wages and salaries are CMU2010000520000D and CMU2020000520000D, respectively. Using fourth quarter data for 2020, the Coast Guard divided the value for total compensation, $31.76, by wages and salaries, $21.35, to estimate a load factor of approximately 1.49 (rounded to the nearest tenth). Unrounded figures were used in calculations. 15 Based on data from the Congressional Budget Office (https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115thcongress-2017-2018/reports/52637federalprivatepay.pdf). The report provided estimates for total compensation for Federal workers at this educational level to be $51.90 per hour with wages of $29.70 per hour, in 2015 dollars. The estimated load factor comports with later data as reported by BLS (see further for details). Unrounded figures were used in calculations. 16 See Commandant Instruction U (COMDTINST 7310.1U, February 27, 2020). Enclosure 2 lists the relevant data; please see in-government wage data. The file is available at https://media.defense.gov/ 2020/Mar/04/2002258826/-1/-1/0/CI_7310_1U.PDF. This page was accessed on March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed on March 11, 2020. Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded wage rates. 17 Rounded from 1.4875878. 18 https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115thcongress-2017-2018/reports/52637federalprivatepay.pdf. This page was last viewed on November 17, 2020. The load factor is found by taking the quotient of compensation to benefits as found on Table 2 and 3 of the report. Coast Guard used the figures for Federal workers with professional degree or doctorate. To verify the accuracy of this load factor estimate, the Coast Guard compared it with findings from an analysis of BLS total compensation and wage data. The load factor comports with the data analysis of BLS Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, All workers in Public Administration. The load factor was obtained from https://www.bls.gov/web/ecec/ ececqrtn.pdf using Table 8 for public administration workers (4th Quarter 2020 data). The Coast Guard divided the value for total compensation, $51.54 by wages and salaries, or $29.54, to obtain a load factor of approximately 1.74 (rounded to the nearest tenth). Unrounded figures were used in calculations. 19 Some tasks may take less time in the future due to technological advances. However, the Coast Guard has assumed no change in duration of tasks over the period of annualization. 20 See https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/ oes172121.htm. 21 See https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/ oes113051.htm. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57920 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules publicly available data as found in Commandant Instruction U 22 to estimate wage rates for Coast Guard employees. Labor costs attributed to the Government are estimated for Coast Guard civilian and uniformed engineers and supervisors of CG–5PS and the MSC. Hourly loaded labor costs for civilians are estimated 23 for a GS–14 engineer at $115.51 and for a GS–15 engineering supervisor at $135.87. For uniformed engineers, the Coast Guard used an average of $91 24 for engineers at the O–3 (Lieutenant) and O–4 level (Lieutenant Commander) because both would work on the task. The wage rate for a uniformed supervisory engineer is estimated to be $111 for an O–5 (Commander). These figures represent a wage rate with a fully-loaded labor factor of 1.85 for uniformed Coast Guard positions.25 Table 6 presents a summary of the data used. TABLE 6—LOADED HOURLY WAGE CALCULATION [$2020] * Mean hourly wage (a) Load factor (b) Loaded hourly wage (a × b = c) Category Mean hourly wage data source(s) 26 Engineer ........................................... Supervisory Engineer ....................... Coast Guard Civilian Engineer (GS– 14). Coast Guard Civilian Supervisor (GS–15). Coast Guard uniformed engineer (O–3). Coast Guard uniformed engineer (O–4). Average Uniformed Engineer in MSC. Coast Guard Officer (O–5) ............... Marine Engineer and Naval Architect (17–2121) 27 ...... Engineering Managers (11–3051) 28 ............................. U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) 2020 General Service (GS) Pay Tables 29. OPM 2020 GS Pay Tables ........................................... $47.88 56.82 66.10 1.49 1.49 1.75 $71.23 84.52 115.51 77.75 1.75 135.87 Commandant Instruction U 30 and 2020 Military Active & Reserve Component Pay Tables 31. Commandant Instruction U and 2020 Military Active & Reserve Component Pay Tables. As calculated by the average of the hourly wage rates of O–3 and O–4 uniformed engineers. Commandant Instruction U and 2020 Military Active & Reserve Component Pay Tables. ........................ ........................ 84 ........................ ........................ 98 ........................ ........................ 91 ........................ ........................ 111 * Figures have been rounded to the nearest hundredth. Unrounded figures were used in calculations. The Coast Guard estimates there are no costs associated with this proposed rule. The proposed rule does not require actions of manufacturers or vessel owners and operators. The proposal is not retroactive, and existing vessels are not required to be retrofitted. This proposed rule would not require owners and operators to acquire any standards incorporated by reference; they would not need the standard in hand to be in compliance. Owners and operators only would need to look for evidence from manufacturers that vessels meet or exceed the standard before purchase; such evidence could be found in a contract for purchase or repair of a vessel or in product documentation such as a user guide or warranty information. For these reasons, the Coast Guard has not included a cost for the procurement of the newer standards for vessel owners. The Coast Guard estimates that the regulated public (manufacturers) are currently in voluntary compliance with the requirements proposed by the rule based on manufacturer participation in the development of industry standards. When industry standards are promulgated, they undergo a process of review and comment by the industry. Input from manufacturers is key to developing new standards that consider the engineering capabilities of manufacturers. After the review and comment process, the newer standard is voted upon at the various governing bodies’ committee meetings, and manufacturers are among those voting. For this reason, the Coast Guard 22 Commandant Instruction U. Enclosure 2 (https://media.defense.gov/2020/Mar/04/ 2002258826/-1/-1/0/CI_7310_1U.PDF). This page was accessed on March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed on March 11, 2020. Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded wage rates. 23 The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Office of Policy, Data and Oversight, 2020 GS Pay Tables (midpoint for each pay grade and the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington locality pay area). Please see https://www.opm.gov/policy-dataoversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/ pdf/2020/DCB.pdf. The data were viewed last on November 18, 2020. 24 As found in Commandant Instruction U, the Coast Guard used data for the O–3 officer and O– 4 officer, taking the average to estimate the wage rate for a uniformed engineer to work on the task. Both grade levels would work on the task so the Coast Guard used an average for this position. 25 The loaded wage and derived load factor for uniformed positions was based on the Coast Guard’s analysis of compensation and benefits of Coast Guard enlisted and commissioned personnel based on data found in https://www.dfas.mil/ militarymembers/payentitlements/Pay-Tables.html and Commandant Instruction U. Data were posted on Dec. 30, 2019 and last updated January 27, 2020. This page was viewed last on February 20, 2020. 26 To calculate the loaded wages, the Coast Guard used the Occupational Code 17–2121 (Marine Engineer and Naval Architect) for engineers, Occupational Code 11–3051 for supervisory engineers. 27 https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/ oes172121.htm. The data were last accessed on May 25, 2021. 28 https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/ oes113051.htm. The data were last viewed on May 25, 2021. 29 The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Office of Policy, Data and Oversight provides pay data for Federal employees. These data were obtained from the 2020 GS Pay Tables using midpoint for each pay grade and the WashingtonBaltimore-Arlington locality pay area. Please see https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/payleave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/ DCB.pdf. The data were viewed last on November 18, 2020. 30 See Commandant Instruction U Enclosure 2. This estimate previously was used in past Coast Guard rulemakings including the proposed and final rules for Tankers—Automatic Pilot Systems in Waters Subject to 33 CFR parts 166 and 167 (USCG– 2015–0926, RIN 1625–AC27). It also was used in the proposed rule for Revision of Crane Regulation Standards for Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Offshore Supply Vessels, and Floating Outer Continental Shelf Facilities (RIN 1625–AB78, USCG–2011–0992) as found on https:// www.federalregister.gov/documents/2013/05/13/ 2013-11132/revision-of-crane-regulation-standardsfor-mobile-offshore-drilling-units-modus-offshoresupply. See Federal Register, May 13, 2013 (78 FR 27913). No public comments were received on this estimate. 31 Data of Commandant Instruction U comports with data on pay tables after application of load factor. Based on Coast Guard research the load factor for military positions is approximately 1.85. This estimate was vetted in previous Coast Guard rulemakings as noted. Please see https:// www.dfas.mil/militarymembers/payentitlements/ Pay-Tables.html. See the hyperlink at the top of the page. The table provides monthly income which may be converted to hourly rates by dividing by 176 (22 days per month times 8 hours daily) then multiply by the military load factor. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Costs VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules believes manufacturers are aware and knowledgeable about the newer standards. Given this, we further assume they already would own copies of the standards. For this reason, the Coast Guard has not computed a cost for them to procure the standards incorporated by reference. The Coast Guard requests public comment on our assumption of voluntary compliance with the proposed rule. Manufacturers already have been producing equipment to meet the standard and typically will begin to make manufacturing modifications even before such changes are adopted formally. Therefore, the Coast Guard does not anticipate that there would be costs to retrofit manufacturing equipment to be in compliance with the proposed rule. For previous similar rulemakings, no manufacturer commented that it would experience incremental costs of production to comply with newer editions of standards incorporated by reference.32 For these reasons, the Coast Guard has not included a cost for these provisions. However, the Coast Guard acknowledges that there is a non-zero probability that some manufacturer may need to purchase a newer standard. The estimated incremental cost to do so varies according to which standard is needed.33 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Cost Savings to the Regulated Public The proposal would result in cost savings to the regulated public and the Coast Guard from a reduction in labor for processing equivalency tests and no longer requiring labor to have education on the older standards incorporated by reference. The Coast Guard expects this proposed rule would generate cost savings for owners and operators who no longer would need to request a waiver of subchapter F regulatory requirements, known as an equivalency test request, from the MSC. Generally, the reason an owner or operator makes an equivalency request 32 A similar rulemaking is the proposed rule Revision of Crane Regulation Standards for Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Offshore Supply Vessels, and Floating Outer Continental Shelf Facilities (Docket Number: USCG–2011–0992). Please see https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2013/ 05/13/2013-11132/revision-of-crane-regulationstandards-for-mobile-offshore-drilling-units-modusoffshore-supply (78 FR 27913). 33 The cost to acquire an IBR standard would be estimated by the equation (0.25 hour × supv wage rate + 0.5 hour × admin assistant wage rate + cost of IBR + shipping cost). This is based on the publicly vetted cost estimation found in the regulatory analysis for the proposed rule Revision of Crane Regulation Standards for Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Offshore Supply Vessels, and Floating Outer Continental Shelf Facilities (Docket Number: USCG–2011–0992). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 is to seek a determination from the Coast Guard on whether an edition of an industry standard not codified in the CFR is sufficient for use. To draft an equivalency request, an owner or operator would have material prepared by its engineering staff or by a contracted engineering firm.34 Based on MSC and CG–5PS data, the Coast Guard receives approximately 200 equivalency requests annually. The Coast Guard estimates it takes a marine engineer or naval architect employed by a vessel owner approximately 40 hours of time to develop an equivalency request and submit it to the Coast Guard for review. An estimated 0.5 hour would be used by a supervisor engineer to approve the work. The request for an equivalency test is sent via email to the MSC. Given that the submittal is via email, the Coast Guard has not estimated postage costs. In addition, the regulated public would realize cost savings from the avoided cost of education for maintaining situational awareness on the existing standards incorporated by reference which the proposal would eliminate. The Coast Guard estimates that 0.5 hour is spent annually by engineers on education necessary to familiarize or re-familiarize themselves with these standards. The Coast Guard believes that, as industry standards evolve and advance, older editions may not be readily accessible, even if they are incorporated by reference into the CFR. As such, we expect that engineers will find the older standards and read them on occasion to maintain an awareness of how these standards are different from current industry standards. In 2020, the Small Business Administration (SBA) published a rule where it determined that roughly 2,500 small disadvantaged businesses would save 0.5 hours each by no longer having to read 16 outdated regulations that SBA was removing through the rulemaking project.35 Given that this proposed rule relates to a similar subject matter—time saved from the removal of outdated or 34 If the owner or operator does not have staff sufficiently skilled to prepare the material, he or she may contract the services of an engineering design firm for the labor of a marine engineer or naval architect. The Coast Guard did not attempt to estimate the additional labor needed to engage contracted labor since it is unknown how many or even if an owner or operator would need outside labor to perform this task. Public comment is solicited on this. 35 The SBA rule is entitled Regulatory Reform Initiative: Small Disadvantaged Businesses, (Document Number: SBA 2020–08619) which was published on May 8, 2020. See https:// www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/05/08/ 2020-08619/regulatory-reform-initiative-smalldisadvantaged-businesses (85 FR 27290). PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57921 redundant regulations—the Coast Guard assumes a similar duration would be saved by industry employees. This 0.5 hour is a savings to vessel owners and operators and to manufacturers. Cost Savings to the Coast Guard The Coast Guard also would experience cost savings as a result of the proposed rule. When the Coast Guard receives an equivalency request from a vessel owner or operator, a Coast Guard engineering staff member at the MSC must review the request to provide a determination on whether the proposed standard(s) is equivalent to the existing standard(s) found in subchapter F. The Coast Guard MSC engineer needs approximately 32 hours to review an equivalency request, followed by 0.5 hours of supervisor review. In a small percentage of more complex cases, the MSC works with CG–5PS engineering staff to complete the equivalency review. Following review, MSC emails a decision back to the owner or operator. The Coast Guard estimates it reviews 200 equivalency requests annually. To calculate the costs avoided by Coast Guard no longer processing equivalency requests, we multiplied the number of annual equivalency requests by the sum of the duration of initial review, review, and supervisor review multiplied by the loaded wage rates of the respective Coast Guard personnel performing the review (200 equivalency requests × (1 hour × average wage rate for uniformed engineer + 32 hours × wage rate for civilian engineer + 0.5 hours × wage rate for civilian engineering supervisor)). In addition, the Coast Guard would save labor costs annually, since staff would no longer need to maintain an awareness of the older versions of standards that are incorporated by reference. The proposal eliminates and replaces them with newer standards. The Coast Guard estimates that 0.5 hour annually is spent on education on the older standards by an employee tasked with working on equivalency requests. In the aforementioned SBA proposed rule, the agency claimed that about 760 Federal contracting officers per year would save 0.5 hours from no longer reading outdated standards that were being removed by the rule. We therefore estimate 0.5 hours of education is similarly needed for Coast Guard personnel to maintain awareness and knowledge of older standards. This applies to six civilian engineers and six uniformed engineers who work on equivalency requests. To calculate the costs avoided by Coast Guard personnel no longer requiring education on outdated standards, we multiply 0.5 hours by the hourly wage rates of the E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57922 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Coast Guard personnel (0.5 hours (6 uniformed engineers × average wage rate for uniformed engineer + 6 civilian engineers × wage rate for civilian engineer)). Table 7 presents the estimated cost savings of the proposed rule to the regulated public and to the Coast Guard. TABLE 7—ESTIMATED COST SAVINGS OF PROPOSAL CFR citation Task Calculation Cost savings Cost Savings to Regulated Public (Vessel Owners and Operators) §§ 50.20–5(b), 10(a); 58.05–1(b); 63.10–1. 54.01–18(a), 54.10–3, 54.10–3(c),36 54.10–20(a)(2),37 54.10–3,38 54.10– 3(c) 39. 61.10–5(g) ............................................. Fewer copies required for submittal ..... Multiple .................................................. Avoided preparation and submittal of equivalency request. Multiple .................................................. Avoided cost of education .................... Subtotal Cost Savings for Regulated Public (Vessel Owner/Operators). ............................................................... Avoided questions or performance of unrequired tasks due to misunderstanding of rules. Owner/Operator may select method (internal inspection vs hydrostatic test) to comply 40. Too small and unseverable to be calculated separately. Untracked by the Coast Guard and unreported by regulated public. Nonzero Saves cost of lagging and its installation and the cost difference between internal inspections versus hydrostatic tests. Untracked by the Coast Guard and unreported by regulated public. 200 requests × (40 hours × $71.23/ hour engineer + 0.5 hour $84.52/ hour engineering supervisor). 200 engineers × 0.5 hour × $71.23/ hour engineer. Nonzero ............................................................... Nonzero $578,258 7,123 585,381 Cost Savings to Regulated Public (Manufacturers) Multiple .................................................. Avoided cost of education .................... 1,022 manufacturers × 0.5 hour × $71.23/hour engineer. 36,396 Subtotal Cost Savings for Regulated Public (Manufacturers). ............................................................... ............................................................... 36,396 Annual Cost Savings for Regulated Public. ............................................................... ............................................................... 621,777 Cost Savings for the Federal Government (Coast Guard) 200 requests × (1 hour × $91/hour uniformed engineer + 32 hours × $115.51/hour civilian engineer + 0.5 hour × $135.87/hour civilian engineering supervisor). 0.5 hour × ($115.51/hour civilian engineer × 6 count civilian engineers + $91/hour × 6 uniformed engineers). 771,055 ............................................................... ............................................................... 771,675 ............................................................... ............................................................... 1,393,452 Multiple .................................................. Avoided processing of equivalency request. Multiple .................................................. Avoided cost of education .................... Subtotal for Government ................ Annual Total for Regulated Public and Government. 620 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Note: Totals may not sum due to independent rounding. Undiscounted costs appear in the table. Figures have been rounded to the nearest hundredth. Unrounded figures were used in calculations. Table 8 summarizes the cost savings per year of the proposed rule for the regulated public and the Federal Government 36 Existing regulations have been misunderstood as to whether a pressure vessel (PV) requires or does not require plan review by the Coast Guard. This proposed change clarifies regulatory intent and would preclude inquiries to the Coast Guard. 37 The requirement for Coast Guard numbering of PVs is misunderstood often. The proposed change clarifies that Coast Guard numbering is required only when the Coast Guard has inspected the PV during construction (shop inspection). 38 The requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol on PVs (§ 54.10–3) often is misunderstood. This section has been edited to assist readers in finding rules requiring stamping of the Coast guard Symbol. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 39 This section has been clarified by adding a section clearly identifying which PVs do not require stamping. 40 The proposed change would give operators the option of undergoing an internal inspection every 10 years as opposed to requiring a hydrostatic test every 10 years. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules 57923 TABLE 8—TOTAL ESTIMATED COST SAVINGS OF THE PROPOSED RULE [10-Year period of analysis, 7- and 3-percent discount rates (2020)] Regulated public Federal government Total Year 7% 1 .............................. 2 .............................. 3 .............................. 4 .............................. 5 .............................. 6 .............................. 7 .............................. 8 .............................. 9 .............................. 10 ............................ 10-Year .................... Ann .......................... $581,100 543,084 507,555 474,351 443,318 414,316 387,211 361,880 338,206 316,080 4,367,102 621,777 3% Undisc. $603,667 586,084 569,014 552,441 536,350 520,728 505,562 490,837 476,540 462,660 5,303,884 621,777 $621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 621,777 6,217,770 N/A 7% 3% $721,191 674,011 629,917 588,707 550,193 514,200 480,560 449,122 419,740 392,280 5,419,921 771,675 $749,199 727,378 706,192 685,623 665,653 646,266 627,442 609,167 591,425 574,199 6,582,543 771,675 Undisc. $771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 771,675 7,716,748 N/A 7% $1,302,291 1,217,095 1,137,472 1,063,058 993,512 928,516 867,772 811,002 757,945 708,360 9,787,023 1,393,452 3% $1,352,866 1,313,462 1,275,206 1,238,064 1,202,004 1,166,994 1,133,004 1,100,004 1,067,965 1,036,859 11,886,427 1,393,452 Undisc. $1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 1,393,452 13,934,519 N/A Note: Totals may not sum due to independent rounding. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 The Coast Guard estimates an annualized cost savings to industry of $0.622 million (with a 7-percent discount rate) and an annualized cost savings to Government of $0.772 million (with a 7-percent discount rate) for a total annualized cost savings of $1.393 million in 2020 dollars. Cost Savings The proposed rule amends existing regulations in 46 CFR subchapter F. The proposed amendments would eliminate confusion caused by outdated and conflicting rules on marine engineering safety of various vessel components and systems and give the maritime industry clear instructions on how to comply with regulations. Moreover, this proposed rule would amend existing regulations to reflect current national and international standards. The proposed rule also would result in cost savings to the regulated public and the Federal Government, as noted further. Several of the proposed rule’s changes have no cost effects (please see Table 4). These editorial changes, such as the removal of outdated terminology and the consolidation of text, would not result in cost savings but would clarify regulations, as noted earlier. Also, by incorporating the newer standards, the proposed changes would provide clarity and specificity. For these changes, the Coast Guard expects them to have no direct cost savings because they are unseverable from the cost savings noted previously. The compliance alternatives would remove overly prescriptive requirements, simplify regulatory compliance, and provide regulatory flexibility for industry. The proposal would add a compliance alternative to hydrostatic tests, thereby allowing the regulated public to perform an internal inspection in lieu of the hydrostatic test. The proposed inclusion of this compliance alternative would save a VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 given vessel owner labor and material. In order to comply with the existing requirement for hydrostatic tests, the vessel owner must remove existing lagging around the unit, then replace it once the test is completed. The proposed compliance alternative would involve less labor and would not necessitate the removal and replacement of lagging as the existing requirements do. The Coast Guard has not estimated a cost for this alternative, because it is unknown how many vessel owners would choose to pursue the alternative. Because equipment sizes vary, the amount of labor and material needed to comply now and under the alternative is also unknown.41 The Coast Guard invites public comment on this issue. Alternatives Considered Within the Coast Guard’s development of this proposed rule, significant alternatives to the regulatory component(s) were considered to determine if any alternative could accomplish the stated objectives of applicable statutes and could minimize any significant economic impact of the rule on small entities beyond the proposed rule. Among these alternatives were the following: Alternative 1: Take No Action The Coast Guard could have chosen not to pursue the rulemaking. Taking no action would cause no incremental costs to regulated entities nor to the Coast Guard. However, in doing nothing, the Coast Guard would have no mechanism to update regulations to reflect current practices and improve their relevance to the public. There would be neither an increase nor decrease in benefits to regulated entities due to the alternative. The proposed rule has been estimated to 41 This information would be needed to ascertain the existing cost of compliance; the Coast Guard could then estimate the cost savings of the proposed new compliance alternative. PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 produce quantifiable cost savings to the Coast Guard and the regulated public, which would not be possible under the alternative of no action. The standards currently incorporated by reference are outdated. To keep them codified would, in theory, maintain existing safety levels. However, because they are so outdated, they are sparsely available. Compliance with them may become problematic in the future due to lack of availability. The older editions of the standards do not contain guidance for several current industry practices. Maintaining the regulations with the existing standards incorporated by reference would not allow for cost savings as the proposal would do. The goal of this proposed rule is to streamline requirements, to clarify existing rules and to increase enforcement effectiveness. The noaction alternative would result in no additional costs and maintain current levels of public safety. Similarly, the proposed rule is anticipated to have cost savings opportunities; 42 and these savings would not accrue to the public if current regulations were not amended. The proposed rule also is being promulgated to provide clarity on regulatory intentions; a no-action choice would not permit this clarification to be given to the public. This alternative would result in no benefits as there would be no changes to current practice; therefore, the Coast Guard rejected this alternative. 42 The proposed adoption of the newer editions would mean that some outdated requirements of the earlier editions are no longer required or are converted to recommendations rather than requirements. The newer editions also include some flexibility in requirements and recommendations based on the given circumstances. The reader may consult the appendix for a detailed analysis of the changes between the editions. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57924 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Alternative 2: Delay the Effective Date The Coast Guard could have delayed the effective date. Delayed effective dates are used to aid in compliance implementation, particularly when the labor costs or capital costs are considerable. The compliance costs for the proposal are zero as noted earlier, and a delayed effective date would delay the cost savings opportunities to all parties. For these reasons, the Coast Guard rejected this alternative. Alternative 3. Exempt Small Entities The Coast Guard could have exempted small entities from some or all of the proposed rule’s provisions. In principle, an exemption would save small entities time and money to comply with regulations. Exemptions for small entities often are used when costs of compliance, such as capital costs, are high. However, there are no costs of compliance for this proposed rule. For this alternative, an exemption may cause the cost savings opportunities of the rulemaking to be precluded for small entities and, thereby, the total value of the rule’s cost savings would decline accordingly. The proposal would implement requirements for business practices in which the majority (if not all) of small businesses now engage. An exemption for small business entities from the rulemaking would have little effective and practical impact on small business entities. There is a high level of voluntary compliance and limited applicability for the affected population. The costs of compliance are zero and the rule is applicable only if an actionable event occurs (for example, if a new vessel is procured or an existing vessel undergoes a major conversion). For these reasons, the Coast Guard did not pursue an exemption for small entities. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 B. Small Entities The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601–612, and Executive Order 13272 (Consideration of Small Entities in Agency Rulemaking) requires a review of proposed and final rules to assess their impacts on small entities. An agency must prepare an initial regulatory flexibility analysis unless it determines and certifies that a rule, if promulgated, would not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. Under the RFA, we have considered whether this proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 The term ‘‘small entities’’ 43 comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. Based on our analysis, this proposed rule would affect vessel owners and operators, manufacturers and class societies. While the proposed rule excludes public vessels,44 there exists considerable diversity in the types of vessel owners that may be impacted by the proposal. Some vessel owners potentially impacted by this proposed rule include Tribal, State, and local governments as well as nonprofits including colleges and universities, museums, and science foundations. The MISLE database maintained by the Coast Guard contains detailed information on the U.S. maritime industry, including vessel and major equipment specific information, and MISLE data suggest that the potentially affected population contains thousands of vessels for thousands of vessel owners and operators. While there exists no exact figure of the population of U.S.-flagged vessels and their owners and operators, and the Coast Guard does not maintain a registry of all vessels, many vessels are documented and therefore there is a record of the owner. For these reasons, the Coast Guard was able to estimate the number of vessel owners and operators impacted by the proposed rulemaking based on the MISLE dataset of U.S.-flagged vessels. The Coast Guard used this dataset of vessels, refined to eliminate duplicate managing owner names, to create a dataset of unique owner names to serve as a proxy for the number of vessel owners in the affected population. The SBA uses either revenue level or employment size to establish small entity size categories.45 For that reason, the Coast Guard reviewed publicly available information to determine revenue and employment estimates. These sources included but were not limited to www.manta.com, www.dnb.com, and the corporate websites of several businesses. The 43 The Regulatory Flexibility Act considers the term ‘‘small entity’’ as having the same meaning as the terms ‘‘small business,’’ ‘‘small organization’’ and ‘‘small governmental jurisdiction.’’ 44 42 U.S. Code 6939d(c)(1) provides, ‘‘The term ‘public vessel’ means a vessel owned or bareboat chartered and operated by the United States or by a foreign nation, except when the vessel is engaged in commerce.’’ 45 The SBA threshold for a small entity is either the maximum number of employees or the maximum revenue level (or population size for a State/local government). Size standards may be found in 13 CFR 121.201. PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 reader should note that the Coast Guard used data for the governing body of a corporate entity. In other words, for affected business entities that were subsidiaries of another company; the employment size and revenue level of the parent company was compared to the small business size standard for the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of the parent company.46 The Coast Guard used a random sample to estimate the number of small entities that are manufacturers and managing owners.47 The Coast Guard was able to find data on approximately 92 percent of the sampled managing owner businesses and 88.6 percent of manufacturers impacted by the rule. 48 49 Publicly available data were used to obtain company-specific information such as annual revenues and number of employees.50 Any company for which the Coast Guard did not find data was considered small.51 Using the SBA’s ‘‘Table of Size Standards’’ and the NAICS codes listed in the table, the Coast Guard found that 21.35 percent of governmental entities that were managing owners of vessels are small entities.52 For nonprofits, 84.48 percent were small entities.53 For the remaining companies owning vessels in the affected population, the Coast Guard found that 85.85 percent were small entities. For manufacturers, the Coast Guard estimates that 62.03 percent of companies were small entities. Cost savings are incurred only under conditions as specified in the proposal. The cost saving for each vessel owner or operator would be approximately $2,923 per entity, which is less than 1 percent 46 The NAICS codes for the parent company may differ for its subsidiaries. 47 Separate samples were performed for managing owners that are governmental entities or nonprofits. 48 The Coast Guard used a sample size of 190 (alpha = 0.10, confidence interval of 90%). 49 We found data on 81 percent of nonprofits that were managing owners and data for all governmental entities that were managing owners. 50 www.dnb.com and www.charitynavigator.org (for nonprofits). 51 https://www.sba.gov/document/support--tablesize-standards. 52 The following NAICS codes were found for most sampled owners (excluding governmental entities and nonprofits): 441222 Boat Dealers; 237990 Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction; 325110 Petrochemical Manufacturing; 336611 Ship Building and Repairing; 483111 Deep Sea Freight Transportation, 454310 Fuel Dealers, 237310 Hwy, Street, and Bridge Construction; 483211 Inland Water Freight Transportation; and 488330 Navigational Services to Shipping. This list is not exclusive. 53 The most commonly found NAICS codes for nonprofits in the sample were 813410 Civic and Social Organizations; 611710 Educational Support Services; 813312 Environment, Conservation and Wildlife Organizations; and 712110 Museums. This list is not exclusive. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules of revenue for 72.48 percent of small entity managing owners. These cost savings are incurred only if the regulated entity experienced tasks as noted in the proposed rule. For most vessel owners and operators, there would be no cost nor cost savings from the proposed rule. Therefore, the Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. If you think that your business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this rule would have a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment to docket at the address in the ADDRESSES section. In your comment, explain why you think it qualifies and how and to what degree this rule would affect it economically. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 C. Assistance for Small Entities Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, Public Law 104– 121, we want to assist small entities in understanding this proposed rule so that they can better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If the proposed rule would affect your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule. The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the Coast Guard. Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency’s responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1– 888–REG–FAIR (1–888–734–3247). D. Collection of Information This proposed rule would not require a modification of an existing collection of information (Plan Approval and Records for Marine Engineering Systems—Title 46 CFR Subchapter F OMB Control Number: 1625–0097) and would not call for new collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), 44 U.S.C. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 3501–3520. As defined in 5 CFR 1320.3(c), ‘‘collection of information’’ comprises reporting, recordkeeping, monitoring, posting, labeling, and other similar actions. E. Federalism A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 (Federalism) if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13132 and determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132. Our analysis follows. It is well settled that States may not regulate in categories reserved by Congress for regulation by the Coast Guard. It is also well settled that all of the categories regulated under 46 U.S.C. 3306 and 3703, as well as any other category in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel’s obligations, are within the field foreclosed from regulation by the States. See the Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Locke and Intertanko v. Locke, 529 U.S. 89, 120 S.Ct. 1135 (2000). This proposed rulemaking updates the references to incorporated standards in 46 CFR Subchapter F, which is authorized under 43 U.S.C. 1333, 46 U.S.C. 3306, and 46 U.S.C. 3703. Therefore, because the States may not regulate within these categories, this rule is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132. While it is well settled that States may not regulate in categories in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel’s obligations, the Coast Guard recognizes the key role that State and local governments may have in making regulatory determinations. Additionally, for rules with federalism implications and preemptive effect, Executive Order 13132 specifically directs agencies to consult with State and local governments during the rulemaking process. If you believe this proposed rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION section of this preamble. F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, requires PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57925 Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Although this proposed rule would not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this proposed rule elsewhere in this preamble. G. Taking of Private Property This proposed rule would not cause a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630 (Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights). H. Civil Justice Reform This proposed rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b) (2) of Executive Order 12988, (Civil Justice Reform), to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden. I. Protection of Children We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045 (Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks). This proposed rule is not an economically significant rule and would not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that might disproportionately affect children. J. Indian Tribal Governments This proposed rule does not have Tribal implications under Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments), because it would not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Tribal governments, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Tribal governments. K. Energy Effects We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211 (Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use). We have determined that it is not a ‘‘significant energy action’’ under that order because it is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866 and is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57926 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules • ASME B16.1–2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes The National Technology Transfer 25, 125, and 250. and Advancement Act, codified as a • ASME B16.3–2016, Malleable Iron note to 15 U.S.C. 272, directs agencies to use voluntary consensus standards in Threaded Fittings, Classes 150 and 300. • ASME B16.4–2016, Gray Iron their regulatory activities unless the Threaded Fittings Classes 125 and 250. agency provides Congress, through • ASME B16.5–2017, Pipe Flanges OMB, with an explanation of why using and Flanged Fittings NPS 1⁄2 through these standards would be inconsistent NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard. with applicable law or otherwise • ASME B16.11–2016, Forged impractical. Voluntary consensus Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded. standards are technical standards (such • ASME B16.14–2013, Ferrous Pipe as for specifications of materials, Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts with performance, design, or operation; test Pipe Threads. methods; sampling procedures; and • ASME B16.15–2013, Cast Copper related management systems practices) Alloy Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 that are developed or adopted by and 250. voluntary consensus standards bodies. • ASME B16.20–2012, Metallic This proposed rule uses the following Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-Joint, voluntary standards: Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed. • ABS Rules for Building and • ASME B16.21–2016, Nonmetallic Classing Marine Vessels, 2020, Part 4, Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges. Vessel Systems and Machinery. • ASME B16.23–2016, Cast Copper • ABYC P–1–14, Installation of Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings: Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and DWV. Auxiliary Engines (2009 standard • ASME B16.25–2012, Buttwelding reaffirmed 2014). Ends. • ANSI Z21.22–2015, Relief valves for • ASME B16.29–2012, Wrought hot water supply systems. Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Drainage • API Recommended Practice 14C, Fittings-DWV. Analysis, Design, Installation, and • ASME B16.34–2017, Valves— Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End. Production Facilities, Eighth Edition, • ASME B18.2.1–2012, Square, Hex, February 2017. Heavy Hex, and Askew Head Bolts and • API STD 53 Well Control Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells, Head, and Lag Screws (Inch Series). 5th Edition (‘‘API STD 53’’). • ASME B18.2.2–2015, Nuts for • API STD 607, Fire Test for Quarter- General Applications: Machine Screw turn Valves and Valves Equipped with Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Nonmetallic Seats, seventh edition Couplings Nuts (Inch Series). (2016). • ASME B31.1–2016, Power Piping, • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. Code, Section I, Rules for Construction • ASME B31.3–2018, Process Piping, of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section I of ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. the ASME BPVC’’). • ASME B31.5–2016, Refrigeration • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Piping and Heat Transfer Components, Code, Section IV, Rules for Construction ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section IV of • ASME B36.10M–2015, Welded and the ASME BPVC’’). Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel • ASME CSD–1–2018, Controls and Code, Section VII, Recommended Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers Boilers. (2019 edition). • ASME SA–675–2021, Standard • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Code, Section VIII, Rules for Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Construction of Power Boilers (2019) Mechanical Properties. (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’). • ASTM A20/A20M–19, Standard • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Specification for General Requirements Code, Section IX, Rules for Construction for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section IX of (‘‘ASTM A20/A20M’’). the ASME BPVC’’). • ASTM A36/A36M–14, Standard • ASME B1.1–2003 (reaffirmed 2008), Specification for Carbon Structural Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and Steel. UNR Thread Form). • ASTM A47A47M–99 (Reapproved • ASME B1.20.1–2013, Pipe Threads, 2014), Standard Specification for General Purpose (Inch). Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings. • ASME B1.20.3–1976 (Reaffirmed • ASTM A53/A53M–12, Standard 2013), Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch). Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 L. Technical Standards VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Hot Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless. • ASTM A126–04 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings. • ASTM A135/A135M–19, Standard Specification for Electric-ResistanceWelded Steel Pipe. • ASTM A193/A193M–19, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for HighTemperature Service or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications. • ASTM A197–00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron. • ASTM A203/A203M–17, Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel (‘‘ASTM A203/ A203M’’). • ASTM A210/A210M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless MediumCarbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes. • ASTM A268/A268M–10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service. • ASTM A276/A276M–17, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes. • ASTM A312/A312M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes. • ASTM A333/A333M–16, Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications with Required Notch Toughness. • ASTM A334/A334M–04a, Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for LowTemperature Service. • ASTM A350/A350M–17, Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components. • ASTM A352/A352M–17, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service. • ASTM A358/A358M–15, Standard Specification for Electric-FusionWelded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for HighTemperature Service and General Applications. • ASTM A370–19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products (‘‘ASTM A370’’). • ASTM A376/A376M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. • ASTM A403/A403M–16, Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings. • ASTM A420/A420M–16, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service. • ASTM A522/A522M–14, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service. • ASTM A575–96 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades. • ASTM A576–17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality. • ASTM B16/B16M–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for FreeCutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines. • ASTM B21/B21M–20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes. • ASTM B26/B26M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings. • ASTM B42–20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes. • ASTM B43–15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes. • ASTM B68/B68M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed. • ASTM B75/B75M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube. • ASTM B85/B85M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings. • ASTM B96/B96M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels. • ASTM B111/B111M–18a, Standard Specification for Copper and CopperAlloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock. • ASTM B122/B122M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar. • ASTM B124/B124M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes. • ASTM B127–19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip. • ASTM B152/B152M–19, Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar. • ASTM B161–05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 • ASTM B165–19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Seamless Pipe and Tube. • ASTM B167–18, Standard Specification for Nickel-ChromiumAluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-IronChromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-ChromiumMolybdenum-Copper Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube. • ASTM B171/B171M–18, Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers. • ASTM B209–14, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate. • ASTM B210/B210M–19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes. • ASTM B234–17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers. • ASTM B241/B241M–16, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube. • ASTM B280–18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service. • ASTM B283/B283M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and CopperAlloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed). • ASTM B315–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube. • ASTM B361–16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings. • ASTM B858–06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys. • ASTM D92–18, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester. • ASTM D93–19, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by PenskyMartens Closed Cup Tester. • ASTM D323–15a, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method). • ASTM D665–19, Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water. • ASTM E23–18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials. PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57927 • ASTM E208–19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels (‘‘ASTM E208’’). • ASTM F1006–86 (reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications. • ASTM F1007–18, Standard Specification for Pipeline Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application. • ASTM F1020–86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for LineBlind Valves for Marine Applications. • ASTM F1120–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping Applications. • ASTM F1123–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for NonMetallic Expansion Joints. • ASTM F1139–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Steam Traps and Drains. • ASTM F1155–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for Selection and Application of Piping System Materials. • ASTM F1172–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type. • ASTM F1173–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe Systems to be Used for Marine Applications. • ASTM F1199–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150 °F Maximum). • ASTM F1200–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 °F). • ASTM F1201–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 °F. • ASTM F1323–14, Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators (‘‘ASTM F 1323’’). • ASTM F1387–19, Standard Specification for Performance of Piping and Tubing Mechanically Attached Fittings. • ASTM F1476–07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping Applications. • ASTM F1548–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for the Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings Used in Piping Applications. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57928 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules • CGA S–1.2–2009, Pressure Relief Device Standards—Part 2—Portable Containers for Compressed Gases. • Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, Tenth Edition (2015). • FCI 69–1, Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps, 2017. • International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended (SOLAS). • IMO Resolution MEPC.244(66), Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators, 2014. • IMO Resolution MSC.337(91), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships. • ISO 9096:2017(E), Stationary source emissions—Manual determination of mass concentration of particulate matter. • ISO 13617:2019(E), Ships and marine technology-Shipboard incinerators—Requirements (‘‘ISO 13617’’). • ISO 15540:2016(E), Ships and marine technology—Fire resistance of non-metallic hose assemblies and nonmetallic compensators—Test methods. • MSS SP–6–2017, Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings. • MSS SP–9–2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron, and Steel Flanges. • MSS SP–25 (ANSI/MSS SP–25– 2018), Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions. • MSS SP–51–2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and Cast Flanged Fittings. • MSS SP–53–2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components-Magnetic Particle Examination Method. • MSS SP–55 (ANSI/MSS SP–55– 2011), Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings and Other Piping Components-Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities. • MSS SP–58 (ANSI/MSS SP–58– 2009), Pipe Hangers and SupportsMaterials, Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and Installation. • MSS SP–61–2019, Pressure Testing of Valves. • NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 2020 Edition. • SAE J429 MAY2014, Mechanical and Material Requirements for Externally Threaded Fasteners. • SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fittings for Marine Applications. • SAE J1928 JUN2018, Devices Providing Backfire Flame Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 • SAE J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine Applications. • UL 174, Standard for Safety, Household Electric Storage Tank Water Heaters, Eleventh Edition, April 29, 2004 (reapproved in 2016) (‘‘UL 174’’). • UL 296, Standard for Safety, Oil Burners, Eleventh Edition, February 24, 2017 (‘‘UL 296’’). • UL 343, Standard for Safety, Pumps for Oil-Burning Appliances, Ninth Edition, December 17, 2008 (‘‘UL 343’’). • UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and Commercial Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, March 29, 2016 (‘‘UL 1453’’). The proposed sections that reference these standards and the locations where these standards are available are listed in §§ 52.01–1, 53.01–1, 54.01–1, 56.01– 2, 57.02–1, 58.03–1, 59.01–2, 61.03–1, 62.05–1, and 63.05–1. If you disagree with our analysis of these voluntary consensus standards or are aware of voluntary consensus standards that might apply but are not listed, please send a comment explaining your disagreement or identifying additional standards to the docket using one of the methods listed in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. M. Environment We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland Security Management Directive 023–01, Rev. 1, associated implementing instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have made a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. A preliminary Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket. For instructions on locating the docket, see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. This proposed rule would be categorically excluded under paragraphs L54, L57 and L58 of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction Manual 023–01, Rev. 1.54 Paragraph L54 pertains to regulations which are editorial and procedural; paragraph L57 pertains to regulations concerning manning, documentation, admeasurement, 54 https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/ publications/DHS_Instruction%20Manual%2002301-001-01%20Rev%2001_ 508%20Admin%20Rev.pdf. PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 inspection, and equipping of vessels; and paragraph L58 pertains to regulations concerning equipment approval and carriage requirements. This proposed action involves amending rules relating to standards for marine engineering details for various types of vessels, including incorporation of national and international safety standards by reference. This proposed rule is part of the Coast Guard’s ongoing regulatory reform efforts to increase compliance options for the regulated public while providing cost savings to the public and U.S. Government, and also would promote the Coast Guard’s marine safety mission. We seek any comments or information that may lead to the discovery of a significant environmental impact from this proposed rule. List of Subjects 46 CFR Part 50 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels. 46 CFR Parts 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 64 Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels. 46 CFR Part 63 Incorporation by reference, Vessels. Title 46—Shipping PART 50—GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. The authority citation for part 50 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1; Section 50.01–20 also issued under the authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507. § 50.01–10 [Amended] 2. In § 50.01–10(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.05–1 [Amended] 3. Amend § 50.05–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘shall be’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘are’’. ■ 4. Amend § 50.05–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (b); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 50.05–5 Existing boilers, pressure vessels or piping systems. * E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM * * 19OCP2 * * Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (b) For the purpose of recalculating the maximum allowable working pressure of boilers, pressure vessels, or piping which have deteriorated in service, the applicable design formulas in effect at the time it was contracted for or built must be used. * * * * * § 50.05–10 § 50.20–1 [Amended] 5. In § 50.05–10(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.05–15 6. Amend § 50.05–15 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the words ‘‘shall be’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘are’’. ■ 7. Amend § 50.05–20 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: Steam-propelled vessels. (a) The requirements covering design of the propelling engine, boiler, and the auxiliary machinery, and the inspection thereof on all vessels which are more than 40 feet in length and which are propelled by machinery driven by steam must be in accordance with the applicable provisions of this subchapter. * * * * * § 50.10–20 Marine Safety Center. The term Marine Safety Center refers to the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7430, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593– 7430 for mail. Send mail in a printed or electronic format. Information for submitting the documents electronically can be found at https://www.uscg.mil/ HQ/MSC. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 50.10–25 [Amended] 10. Amend § 50.10–25 as follows: a. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘Figure 50.10–25(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 50.10–25(b)’’; and ■ b. Redesignate figure 50.10–25(b) as figure § 50.10–25(b). ■ ■ § 50.10–30 ■ [Amended] 11. Amend § 50.10–30 as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 12. In § 50.20–1(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. Jkt 256001 [Amended] 13. Amend § 50.20–5 as follows: a. In paragraph (b), remove the words ‘‘in triplicate’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the last sentence. ■ ■ § 50.20–10 ■ [Removed and Reserved] 14. Remove and reserve § 50.20–10. § 50.20–15 [Amended] 15. Amend § 50–20–15 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘(including work accomplished under a different contract) shall not be’’ and add, in its place, the words ‘‘is not’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 50.20–25 [Amended] 22. Amend § 50.25–7 as follows: a. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (c); and ■ c. Remove paragraph (d). The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 50.25–7 Testing of products required to be certified in presence of marine inspector. * * * * * (c) Unless otherwise authorized, required tests and inspections described in applicable specifications must be made at the place of manufacture prior to shipment. § 50.30–1 § 50.30–10 § 50.20–30 Alternative materials or methods of construction. ■ [Amended] 18. In § 50.20–35, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.25–1 [Amended] § 50.25–3 [Amended] 20. In § 50.25–3, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.25–5 [Amended] 21. In § 50.25–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 [Amended] 25. In § 50.30–15, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.30–20 [Amended] 26. In § 50.30–20, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. PART 52—POWER BOILERS 27. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3307, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 28. Revise § 52.01–1 to read as follows: ■ § 52.01–1 19. Amend § 50.25–1 as follows: a. Remove paragraph (e) and redesignate paragraph (f) as paragraph (e); and ■ b. In redesignated paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ [Amended] 24. In § 50.30–10, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 50.30–15 § 50.20–35 [Amended] 23. Amend § 50.30–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘tables 54.01–5(a) and 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘tables 1 and 2 to § 54.01–5’’. ■ ■ 16. In § 50.20–25, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 17. Revise § 50.20–30 to read as follows: ■ When new materials, alternative procedures, designs, or methods of construction are submitted for approval and for which no regulations have been provided, the Commandant will act regarding the approval or disapproval thereof. [Amended] 8. In § 50.10–20, remove the text ‘‘SE.’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘SE’’. ■ 9. Revise § 50.10–23 to read as follows: ■ § 50.10–23 [Amended] ■ § 50.20–5 [Amended] ■ ■ § 50.05–20 a. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ‘‘table 50.10–30’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 50.10–30’’; and ■ c. Redesignate table 50.10–30 as table § 50.10–30. ■ 57929 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57930 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 52.01–2, 52.01–3, 52.01–5, 52.01–50, 52.01–95, 52.01–100, 52.01–105, 52.01– 110, 52.01–115, 52.01–120, 52.01–135, 52.01–140, 52.01–145, 52.05–1, 52.05– 15, 52.05–20, 52.05–30, 52.05–45, 52.15–1, 52.15–5, 52.20–1, 52.20–25, 52.25–3, 52.25–5, 52.25–7, 52.25–10. (2) [Reserved] * * * * * ■ 29. Amend § 52.01–2 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading and paragraphs (a) and (b); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘material in section I of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’. The revisions read as follows: § 52.01–2 Adoption of Section I of the ASME BPVC. (a) Main power boilers and auxiliary boilers must be designed, constructed, inspected, tested, and stamped in accordance with Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1), as limited, modified, or replaced by specific requirements in this part. The appendices to Section I of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be followed when the requirements in Section I make them mandatory. For general information, table § 52.01–1(a) lists the various paragraphs in Section I of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, or replaced by regulations in this part. TABLE § 52.01–1(a)—LIMITATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS IN THE ADOPTION OF SECTION I OF THE ASME BPVC Paragraphs in section I, ASME BPVC and disposition Unit of this part jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 PG–1 replaced by ...................................................................................................................................................... PG–16 through PG–31 modified by .......................................................................................................................... PG–32 through PG–39 modified by .......................................................................................................................... PG–42 through PG–55 modified by .......................................................................................................................... PG–58 and PG–59 modified by ................................................................................................................................ PG–60 modified by .................................................................................................................................................... PG–61 modified by .................................................................................................................................................... PG–67 through PG–73 modified by .......................................................................................................................... PG–90 through PG–100 modified by ........................................................................................................................ PG–91 modified by .................................................................................................................................................... PG–99 modified by .................................................................................................................................................... PG–100 modified by .................................................................................................................................................. PG–104 through PG–113 modified by ...................................................................................................................... PG–112 and PG–113 modified by ............................................................................................................................ PW–1 through PW–54 modified by ........................................................................................................................... PW–10 modified by ................................................................................................................................................... PW–11.1 modified by ................................................................................................................................................ PW–16 modified by ................................................................................................................................................... PW–41 modified by ................................................................................................................................................... PWT–1 through PWT–15 modified by ....................................................................................................................... PWT–9 modified by ................................................................................................................................................... PWT–9.2 replaced by ................................................................................................................................................ PWT–11 modified by ................................................................................................................................................. PWT–11.3 replaced by .............................................................................................................................................. PFT–1 through PFT–49 modified by ......................................................................................................................... PFT–44 modified by .................................................................................................................................................. PFT–46. modified by ................................................................................................................................................. PFH–1 modified by .................................................................................................................................................... PMB–1 through PMB–21 modified by ....................................................................................................................... PEB–1 through PEB–19 modified by ........................................................................................................................ PVG–1 through PVG–12 modified by ....................................................................................................................... A–19 through A–21 modified by ................................................................................................................................ Note 1 to table 52.01–1(a): The references to specific provisions in the ASME BPVC are coded. The first letter ‘‘P’’ refers to section I, while the letter ‘‘A’’ refers to the appendix to section I. The letter or letters following ‘‘P’’ refer to a specific subsection of section I. The number following the letter or letters refers to the paragraph so numbered in the text. (b) References to the ASME BPVC, such as paragraph PG–1, indicate: P=Section I, Power Boilers. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 G=Subsection—General Requirements. 1=Paragraph 1. * * * * * ■ 30. Revise § 52.01–3 to read as follows: § 52.01–3. part. Definition of terms used in this For primary definitions associated with power boiler design, see Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1). PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 54.01–5(a) 52.01–95 52.01–100 52.01–100 52.01–105 52.01–110 52.01–115 (56.50–30) 52.01–120 52.01–135 (52.01–95) 52.01–135(b) 52.01–135(c) 52.01–95(e) 52.01–140(a) 52.01–145 52.05–1 52.05–15 52.05–20 52.05–30 52.05–20, 52.05–45 52.15–1 52.15–5 52.15–5(b) 52.15–5 52.15–5(b) 52.20–1 52.20–17 52.20–25 52.25–3 52.25–5 52.25–7 52.25–10 52.01–50 (a) Types of boilers—(1) Main power boiler. A main power boiler is a steam boiler used for generating steam for main propulsion. (2) Auxiliary or donkey boiler. An auxiliary or donkey boiler is a steam boiler used for general purposes other than main propulsion. (3) Watertube boiler. A watertube boiler is a steam boiler in which the boiler tubes contain water and steam. The heat is applied to the outside surface of the tubes. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (4) Internally fired firetube boiler (scotch boiler). An internally fired firetube boiler is a steam boiler containing furnaces, one or more combustion chambers and tubes or flues, which are surrounded by water and through which the products of combustion pass from the furnace to the uptake. (5) Externally fired firetube or flue boiler (horizontal return tubular). An externally fired firetube or flue boiler is a steam boiler, part of the outer shell of which is exposed to fire or to the products of combustion, and containing flues through which such products pass from the furnace to the uptake. (6) Unfired steam boiler. A pressure vessel in which steam is generated by means other than fuel combustion is classed as an unfired steam boiler. (See § 54.01–10 of this subchapter.) (b) Parts of boilers— (1) Superheater. A superheater is an appliance, normally consisting of tube rows, for the purpose of increasing the temperature of steam above the saturation temperature. (2) Economizer. An economizer is a feed-water heater usually located in the uptake or casing of a boiler to absorb heat from the waste gases. (3) Furnace. A furnace is a firebox or a large flue in which the fuel is burned. (4) Flues. Flues are cylindrical shells made of seamless or welded tubing, or with a riveted longitudinal joint, the ends being attached by riveting or welding. Their purpose is to provide additional heating surface and to form a path for the products of combustion. (5) Tubes. Tubes are cylindrical shells of comparatively small diameter constituting the main part of the heating surface of a boiler or superheater. (c) Pressure relief devices. For boilers, pressure vessels, and pressure piping, a pressure relief device is designed to open to prevent a rise of internal pressure in excess of a specified value due to emergency or abnormal conditions. It may be a pressure relief valve or a nonreclosing pressure relief device. (1) Pressure relief valve. A pressure relief valve is a pressure relief device which is designed to reclose and prevent the further flow of fluid after normal conditions have been restored. (i) Safety valve. A safety valve is a pressure relief valve actuated by inlet static pressure and characterized by rapid opening or pop action. Examples of types used on boilers include: (A) Spring-loaded safety valve. A spring-loaded safety valve is a safety valve fitted with a spring which normally holds the valve disk in a closed position against the seat and allows it to open or close at VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 predetermined pressures. Spring-loaded safety valves are characterized by pop action. (ii) Pilot operated pressure relief valve. A pilot operated pressure relief valve is a pressure relief valve in which the major relieving device is combined with and is controlled by a self-actuated auxiliary pressure relief pilot valve. (iii) Temperature actuated pressure relief valve. A temperature actuated pressure relief valve is a dual-function relief device designed to protect against both excessive pressure and temperature. (2) Nonreclosing pressure relief device. A nonreclosing pressure relief device is a pressure relief device not designed to reclose after operation. (i) Rupture disk device. A rupture disk device is a device actuated by inlet static pressure and designed to function by the bursting of a pressure retaining disk. (ii) Explosion rupture disk device. An explosion rupture disk device is a rupture disk device designed for use at high rates of pressure rise. (iii) Fusible plug device. A fusible plug device is a device designed to function by the yielding or melting of a plug of suitable melting temperature. (3) Vacuum relief valve. A vacuum relief valve is a valve designed to admit fluid or gas to prevent an excessive internal vacuum. (d) Other boiler attachments—(1) Mountings. Mountings are nozzle connections, distance pieces, valves, or fittings attached directly to the boiler. (2) Main steam stop valve. A main steam stop valve is a valve usually connected directly to the boiler for the purpose of shutting off the steam to/ from the main steam line. (3) Auxiliary steam stop valve. An auxiliary steam stop valve is a valve usually connected directly to the boiler for the purpose of shutting off the steam to/from the auxiliary lines. (4) Manifold. A manifold is a fitting with two or more branches having valves either attached by bolting or integral with the fitting. (5) Blowoff valve. A blowoff valve is a valve connected directly to the boiler for the purpose of blowing out water, scum or sediment. (6) Dry pipe. A dry pipe is a perforated or slotted pipe placed in the highest part of the steam space of a boiler to prevent priming (water carryover). (7) Water column. A water column is a fitting or tube equipped with a water glass attached to a boiler for the purpose of indicating the water level. PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57931 (8) Test cocks. Test cocks are small valves on a boiler for indicating the water level or water sampling. (9) Fusible plugs. Fusible plugs are plugs made with a bronze casing and a tin filling which melts at a temperature of 445° to 450 °F. They are intended to melt in the event of low water level. (e) Boiler fabrication—(1) Repair. Repair is the restoration of any damaged or impaired part to an effective and safe condition. (2) Alteration. Alteration is a structural modification to or departure from an approved design or existing construction. (3) Access or inspection openings. Access or inspection openings are holes cut in the shells or heads of boilers or boiler pressure parts for the purpose of inspection and cleaning. (f) Gage (or gauge) pressure. Gage pressure is the difference between the pressure at the point being measured and the ambient pressure for the gage. It is measured in units such as pounds per square inch gage (p.s.i.g.). (g) Maximum allowable working pressure. For a definition of maximum allowable working pressure, see PG–21 of Section I of the ASME BPVC. ■ 31. Amend § 52.01–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the text ‘‘section I of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’. The revision reads as follows: § 52.01–5 Plans (a) Manufacturers intending to fabricate boilers to be installed on vessels must submit detailed plans as required by subpart 50.20 of this subchapter. The plans, including design calculations, must be certified by a registered professional engineer as meeting the design requirements in this part and in Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1). * * * * * § 52.01–35 [Amended] 32. Amend § 52.01–35 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(a)’’ and add, in its place the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ § 52.01–40 [Amended] 33. In § 52.01–40, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 34. Revise § 52.01–50 to read as follows: ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57932 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 52.01–50 Fusible plugs (modifies A–19 through A–21). (a) Fusible plugs must comply with the requirements of A19 and A20 of section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) and be stamped on the casing with the name of the manufacturer, and on the water end of the fusible metal ‘‘ASME Std.’’ Fusible plugs are not permitted where the maximum steam temperature to which they are exposed exceeds 218 °C (425 °F). (b)(1) Fusible plugs must be cleaned and will be examined by the marine inspector at each inspection for certification, periodic inspection, or if the boiler is opened for repair or inspection. If in the marine inspector’s opinion the condition of any plug is satisfactory, it may be continued in use. (2) When fusible plugs are renewed at other than the inspection for certification and no marine inspector is in attendance, the Chief Engineer must report the renewal to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. This report must contain the following information: (i) Name and official number of vessel. (ii) Date of renewal of fusible plugs. (iii) Number and location of fusible plugs renewed in each boiler. (iv) Manufacturer and rating of each plug. (v) Reason for renewal. ■ 35. Amend § 52.01–55 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: § 52.01–55 pressure. Maximum allowable working (a) The piping system, machinery, and appurtenances must meet the requirements of this subchapter for the boiler maximum allowable working pressure. Only the Commandant may grant an increase in pressure. * * * * * § 52.01–90 [Removed and Reserved] 36. Remove and reserve § 52.01–90. 37. Amend § 52.01–95 as follows: a. Revise paragraph (a); b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (b)(2); ■ d. In paragraphs (b)(3) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘temperature’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘temperatures’’; and ■ f. Revise paragraphs (e) and (f). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 The revisions read as follows: § 52.01–95 Design (modifies PG–16 through PG–31 and PG–100). (a) Requirements. Boilers required to be designed to this part must meet the requirements of PG–16 through PG–31 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) * * * (2) Controls must be provided to ensure that the maximum temperature at the superheater outlets does not exceed the allowable temperature limit of the material used in the superheater outlet, in the steam piping, and in the associated machinery under all operating conditions. Visible and audible alarms indicating excessive superheat must be provided in any installation in which the superheater outlet temperature exceeds 454 °C (850 °F). The setting of the excessive superheat alarms must not exceed the maximum allowable temperature of the superheater outlet, which may be limited by the boiler design, the main steam piping design, or the temperature limits of other equipment subjected to the temperature of the steam. * * * * * (e) Stresses. (Modifies PG–22.) The stresses due to hydrostatic head must be taken into account in determining the minimum thickness of the shell or head of any boiler pressure part unless noted otherwise. Additional stresses, imposed by effects other than internal pressure or static head, which increase the average stress over substantial sections of the shell or head by more than 10 percent of the allowable stress, must be taken into account. These effects include the weight of the vessel and its contents, method of support, impact loads, superimposed loads, localized stresses due to the reactions of supports, stresses due to temperature gradients and dynamic effects. (f) Cylindrical components under internal pressure. (Modifies PG–27.) The minimum required thickness and maximum allowable working pressure of boiler piping, tubes, drums and headers must be as required by the formula in PG–27 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except that threaded boiler tubes are not permitted. ■ 38. Amend § 52.01–100 by revising paragraphs (a) and (b) to read as follows: § 52.01–100 Openings and compensation (modifies PG–32 through PG–39, PG–42 through PG–55). (a) The rules for openings and compensation must be as indicated in PG–32 through PG–55 of Section I of the PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) (Modifies PG–39.) Pipe and nozzle necks must be attached to vessel walls as indicated in PG–39 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except that threaded connections must not be used under any of the following conditions: * * * * * ■ 39. Amend § 52.01–105 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ c. In paragraph (d), remove the subject heading; ■ d. In paragraphs (d)(1) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. In paragraph (e), remove the subject heading; and ■ f. Revise paragraphs (e)(1) and (f). The revisions read as follows: § 52.01–105 Piping, valves and fittings (modifies PG–58 and PG–159). (a) Boiler external piping within the jurisdiction of the ASME BPVC must be as indicated in PG–58 and PG–59 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. Piping outside the jurisdiction of the ASME BPVC must meet the appropriate requirements of part 56 of this subchapter. * * * * * (e) * * * (1) Firetube and drum type boilers must be fitted with a surface and a bottom blowoff valve or cock attached directly to the boiler or to a short distance piece. The bottom blowoff valve must be attached to the lowest part of the boiler or fitted with an internal pipe leading to the lowest point inside the boiler. Boilers equipped with a continuous blowdown valve on the steam drum are not required to be fitted with an additional surface blowoff connection. * * * * * (f) Where dry pipes are used, they must be provided with drains at each end to prevent an accumulation of water. ■ 40. Amend § 52.01–110 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b)(1); ■ b. In paragraphs (b)(2)through (4), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraphs (c) and (d); ■ d. Remove and reserve paragraph (e)(2) and remove paragraph (f); E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules e. Redesignate paragraphs (g) and (h) as paragraphs (f) and (g), respectively; and ■ f. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (f). The revisions read as follows: ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 52.01–110 Water-level indicators, water columns, gauge-glass connections, gauge cocks, and pressure gauges (modifies PG– 60). (a) Boiler water level devices. Boiler water level devices must be as indicated in PG–60 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * (b) * * * (1) Each boiler, except those of the forced circulation type with no fixed water line and steam line, must have two independent means of indicating the water level in the boiler connected directly to the head or shell. One must be a gage lighted by the emergency electrical system (See subpart 112.15 of subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter). The secondary indicator may consist of a gage glass, or other acceptable device. Where the allowance pressure exceeds 1724 kPa (250 psi), gage glasses must be of the flat type instead of the common tubular type. * * * * * (c) Water columns. (Modifies PG– 60.2.) The use of water columns is generally limited to firetube boilers. Water column installations must minimize the effect of ship motion on water level indication. Water columns must be fitted directly to the heads or shells of boilers or drums, or if necessary, connected thereto by a distance piece both at the top and bottom of the water columns. Shutoff valves used in the pipe connections between the boiler and water column must be locked or sealed open. Water column piping must not be fitted inside the uptake, the smoke box, or the casing. Water columns must be fitted with suitable drains. Cast iron fittings are not permitted. (d) Gage glass connections. (Modifies PG–60.3.) Gage glasses and gage cocks must be connected directly to the head or shell of a boiler as indicated in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. * * * * * (f) Salinometer cocks. In vessels operating in salt water, each boiler shall be equipped with a salinometer cock or valve. They must not be attached to the water gage or water column. * * * * * § 52.01–115 ■ [Amended] 41. Amend § 52.01–115 as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 a. Remove the text ‘‘section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 42. Amend § 52.01–120 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2)(i), remove the text ‘‘section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ c. In paragraph (a)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Revise paragraphs (a)(4) though (6) and (a)(8); ■ e. In paragraph (a)(9), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ f. Revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), (c), and (d). The revisions read as follows: ■ § 52.01–120 Safety valve and safety relief valves (modifies PG–67 through PG–73). (a) * * * (4) (Modifies PG–70.) The total rated relieving capacity of drum and superheater safety valves as certified by the valve manufacturer must not be less than the maximum generating capacity of the boiler which must be determined and certified by the boiler manufacturer. This capacity shall be in compliance with PG–70 of Section I of the ASME BPVC. (5) In the event the maximum steam generating capacity of the boiler is increased by any means, the relieving capacity of the safety valves must be checked by an inspector, and, if necessary, valves of increased relieving capacity must be installed. (6) (Modifies PG–67.) Drum safety valves must be set to relieve at a pressure not in excess of that allowed by the Certificate of Inspection. Where for any reason this is lower than the pressure for which the boiler was originally designed and the revised safety valve capacity cannot be recomputed and certified by the valve manufacturer, one of the tests described in PG–69 of section I of the ASME BPVC must be conducted in the presence of the Inspector to insure that the relieving capacity is sufficient at the lower pressure. * * * * * (8) Lever or weighted safety valves now installed may be continued in use PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57933 and may be repaired, but when repairs are not possible, lever or weighted safety valves must be replaced by valves conforming to the requirements of this section. * * * * * (b)(1) (Modifies PG–68.) Superheater safety valves must be as indicated in PG–68 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted otherwise in this paragraph. (2) The setting of the superheater safety valve must not exceed the design pressure of the superheater outlet flange or the main steam piping beyond the superheater. To prevent damage to the superheater, the drum safety valve must be set at a pressure not less than that of the superheater safety valve setting plus 5 pounds, plus the pressure drop through the superheater and associated piping, including the desuperheater if fitted. See also § 52.01–95(b)(1). * * * * * (c)(1) (Modifies PG–71.) Safety valves must be installed as indicated in PG–71 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted otherwise in this paragraph (c). (2) The final setting of boiler safety valves must be checked and adjusted under steam pressure and, if possible, while the boiler is on line and at operating temperatures, to the satisfaction of a marine inspector who, upon acceptance, must seal the valves. This regulation applies to both drum and superheater safety valves of all boilers. (3) The safety valve body drains required by PG–71 of Section I of the ASME BPVC must be run as directly as possible from the body of each safety valve, or the drain from each safety valve may be led to an independent header common only to boiler safety valve drains. No valves of any type may be installed in the leakoff from drains or drain headers and they must be led to suitable locations to avoid hazard to personnel. (d)(1) (Modifies PG–72.) The operation of safety valves must be as indicated in PG–72 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. (2) (Modifies PG–73.) The lifting device required by PG–73.1.3 of Section I of the ASME BPVC must be fitted with suitable relieving gear so arranged that the controls may be operated from the fireroom or engineroom floor. ■ 43. Amend § 52.01–130 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a), (b)(1) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Remove paragraph (b)(3); E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57934 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules c. Redesignate paragraphs (b)(4) through (6) as paragraphs (b)(3) through (5), respectively; ■ d. In newly redesignated paragraph (b)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. Revise newly redesignated paragraphs (b)(4) and (5); and ■ f. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: 63.25–3, and 63.25–5 of this chapter, as appropriate, or as directed by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, for propulsion boilers. These tests are to be performed after final installation. ■ 45. Amend § 52.01–140 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b)(1)(ii), remove the words ‘‘Code Symbol’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘symbol’’; and ■ c. Revise paragraphs (b)(3), (c), and (d). The revisions read as follows: § 52.01–130 § 52.01–140 Certification by stamping (modifies PG–104 through PG–113). ■ Installation. * * * * * (b) * * * (4) The distance between a boiler and a compartment containing fuel oil must not be less than 24 inches. (5) All oil-burning boilers must be provided with oiltight drip pans under the burners to prevent oil draining into the bilges. * * * * * ■ 44. Revise § 52.01–135 to read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 52.01–135 Inspection and tests (modifies PG–90 through PG–100). (a) Requirements. Inspection and test of boilers and boiler pressure parts must be as indicated in PG–90 through PG– 100 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) Inspection personnel. The inspections required by PG–90 through PG–100 of Section I of the ASME BPVC must be performed by the ‘‘Authorized Inspector’’ as defined in PG–91 of Section I of the ASME BPVC. The Authorized Inspector must hold a valid commission issued by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. After installation, boilers will be inspected for compliance with this part by the ‘‘Marine Inspector’’ as defined in § 50.10–15 of this subchapter. (c) Hydrostatic test (Modifies PG–99). Each new boiler must be hydrostatically tested after installation to 11–2 times the maximum allowable working pressure as indicated in PG–99 of Section I of the ASME BPVC. Before the boilers are insulated, accessible parts of the boiler must be emptied, opened, and all interior surfaces must be examined by the marine inspector to ascertain that no defects have occurred due to the hydrostatic test. (d) Operating tests. In addition to hydrostatic tests prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section, automatically controlled propulsion and auxiliary boilers must be subjected to operating tests as specified in §§ 61.30– 20, 61.35–1, 61.35–3, 62.30–10, 63.15–9, VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (a) All boilers built in accordance with this part must be stamped with the appropriate ASME symbol as required by PG–104 through PG–113 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1). (b) * * * (3) Heating boilers built to Section I of the ASME BPVC, as permitted by § 53.01–10(e) of this subchapter, do not require Coast Guard stamping but must receive full ASME stamping including the appropriate code symbol. (c) The data must be legibly stamped and must not be obliterated during the life of the boiler. In the event that the portion of the boiler upon which the data is stamped is to be insulated or otherwise covered, a metal nameplate as described in PG–106.6 of Section I of the ASME BPVC must be furnished and mounted. The nameplate is to be maintained in a legible condition so that the data may be easily read. (d) Safety valves must be stamped as indicated in PG–110 of the ASME BPVC. ■ 46. Revise § 52.01–145 to read as follows: § 52.01–145 Manufacturer’s data report forms (modifies PG–112 and PG–113). The manufacturer’s data report forms required by PG–112 and PG–113 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) must be made available to the marine inspector for review. The Authorized Inspector’s National Board commission number must be included on the manufacturers’ data report forms. ■ 47. Revise § 52.05–1 to read as follows: § 52.05–1 PW–54). General (modifies PW–1 through Boilers and component parts, including piping, that are fabricated by welding must be as indicated in PW–1 through PW–54 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this subpart. PO 00000 Frm 00040 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 48. Revise § 52.05–15 to read as follows: ■ § 52.05–15 10). Heat treatment (modifies PW– Vessels and vessel parts must be preheated and postweld heat treated in accordance with PW–38 and PW–39 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) (reproduces PW–10). This includes boiler parts made of pipe material, even though they may be nondestructively examined under § 52.05–20. ■ 49. Revise § 52.05–20 to read as follows: § 52.05–20 Radiographic and ultrasonic examination (modifies PW–11 and PW– 41.1). Radiographic and ultrasonic examination of welded joints must be as described in PW–11 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1). Parts of boilers, fabricated of pipe material such as drums, shells, downcomers, risers, cross pipes, headers, and tubes containing only circumferentially welded butt joints, must be nondestructively examined as required by § 56.95–10 of this subchapter. ■ 50. Revise § 52.05–30 to read as follows: § 52.05–30 Minimum requirements for attachment welds (modifies PW–16). (a) The location and minimum size of attachment welds for nozzles and other connections must be as required by PW– 16 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) When nozzles or couplings are attached to boilers, as shown in Figure PW–16 (a) and (c) of Section I of the ASME BPVC, and are welded from one side only, backing strips must be used unless it can be determined visually or by nondestructive test methods that complete penetration has been obtained. (c) When attachments as shown in Figure PW–16 (y) and (z) of Section I of the ASME BPVC are employed they must be limited to 2-inch pipe size for pressure exceeding 150 pounds per square inch. ■ 51. Amend § 52.05–45 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text, ‘‘section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’, and add, in its place, the text, ‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ c. Revise paragraph (c). The revisions read as follows: E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 52.05–45 Circumferential joints in pipes, tubes and headers (modifies PW–41). (a) Circumferential welded joints of pipes, tubes and headers must be as required by PW–41 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * (c) (Modifies PW–41.5) Butt welded connections must be provided whenever radiography is required by § 56.95–10 of this subchapter for the piping system in which the connection is to be made. When radiography is not required, welded socket or sleeve type joints meeting the requirements of PW–41.5 of Section I of the ASME BPVC may be provided. ■ 52. Revise § 52.15–1 to read as follows: § 52.15–1 General (modifies PWT–1 through PWT–15). Discharge pipes must be installed in accordance with the requirements of § 52.01–105. ■ 56. Revise § 52.20–25 to read as follows: § 52.20–25 Setting (modifies PFT–46). (a) The method of supporting firetube boilers must be as indicated in PFT–46 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) The foundations must meet the requirements of § 52.01–130. § 52.25–1 [Amended] 57. In § 52.25–1, remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5’’. ■ 58. Revise § 52.25–3 to read as follows: ■ Watertube boilers and parts thereof must be as indicated in PWT–1 through PWT–15 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this subpart. ■ 53. Revise § 52.15–5 to read as follows: § 52.25–3 PFH–1). § 52.15–5 Tube connections (modifies PWT–9 and PWT–11). § 52.25–5 Miniature boilers (modifies PMB–1 through PMB–21). (a) Tubes, pipe and nipples must be attached to sheets, heads, headers, and fittings as indicated in PWT–11 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. (b) (Replaces PWT–9.2 and PWT– 11.3.) Threaded boiler tubes are not permitted as described by PWT–9.2 and PWT–11.3 of Section I of the ASME BPVC. (c) In welded wall construction employing stub and welded wall panels that are field welded, 10 percent of the field welds must be checked using any acceptable nondestructive test method. (d) Nondestructive testing of the butt welded joints must meet the requirements of § 56.95–10 of this subchapter. ■ 54. Revise § 52.20–1 to read as follows: Miniature boilers must meet the requirements in PMB–1 through PMB– 21 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1). ■ 60. Revise § 52.25–7 to read as follows: § 52.20–1 General (modifies PFT–1 through PFT–49). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 52.20–17 Opening between boiler and safety valve (modifies PFT–44). Firetube boilers and parts thereof must be as indicated in PFT–1 through PFT–49 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this subpart. ■ 55. Revise § 52.20–17 to read as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Feedwater heaters (modifies Feedwater heaters must meet the requirements in PFH–1 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1). ■ 59. Revise § 52.25–5 to read as follows: § 52.25–7 Electric boilers (modifies PEB–1 through PEB–19). Electric boilers required to comply with this part must meet the requirements in PEB–1 through PEB–19 except PEB–3 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01–1). ■ 61. Revise § 52.25–10 to read as follows: § 52.25–10 Organic fluid vaporizer generators (modifies PVG–1 through PVG– 12). (a) Organic fluid vaporizers must meet the requirements of PVG–1 through PVG–12 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 52.01– 1). (b) The Commandant must approve the application and end use of organic fluid vaporizer generators. § 52.25–15 [Amended] 62. In § 52.25–15(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ PO 00000 Frm 00041 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57935 PART 53—HEATING BOILERS 63. The authority citation for part 53 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 64. Revise § 53.01–1 to read as follows: ■ § 53.01–1 Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (a) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 53.01–10. (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV, Rules for Construction of Heating Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 53.01–3, 53.01–5, 53.01–10, 53.05–1, 53.05–2, 53.05–3, 53.05–5, 53.10–1, 53.10–3, 53.10–10, 53.10–15, 53.12–1. (b) Underwriters Laboratories Inc., 333 Pfingston Road, Northbrook, IL 60062–2096; www.ul.com. (1) UL 174, Standard for Safety, Household Electric Storage Tank Water Heaters, Eleventh Edition, April 29, 2004 (reapproved in 2016) (’’UL 174’’); IBR approved for § 53.01–10. (2) UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and Commercial Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, March 29, 2016 (‘‘UL 1453’’); IBR approved for § 53.01–10. ■ 65. Amend § 53.01–3 as follows: E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57936 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the words ‘‘Boiler and Pressure Code’’ wherever they appear and add, in their place, the text ‘‘BPVC’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 53.01–3 Adoption of Section IV of the ASME BPVC. (a) Heating boilers must be designed, constructed, inspected, tested, and stamped in accordance with Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1) as limited, modified, or replaced by specific requirements in this part. The provisions in the appendices to Section IV of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be followed when the requirements in Section IV make them mandatory. For general information, table § 53.01–3(a) lists the various paragraphs in Section IV of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, or replaced by regulations in this part. § 53.01–10 Service restrictions and exceptions (replaces HG–101). Note 1 to table § 53.01–3(a): The references to specific provisions in Section IV of the ASME BPVC are coded. The first letter, such as ‘‘H,’’ refers to Section IV. The second letter, such as ‘‘G,’’ refers to a part or subpart in Section IV. The number following the letters refers to the paragraph so numbered in the text of the part or subpart in Section IV. * * * * * ■ 66. Revise § 53.01–5 to read as follows: (a) General. The service restrictions and exceptions must be as indicated in this section in lieu of the requirements of HG–101 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1). * * * * * (d) Exhaust gas boilers. Exhaust gas type boilers must be restricted to a working pressure equal to or less than 103 kPa gage (15 psig) and an operating temperature equal to or less than 454 °C (850 °F). The design temperature of parts exposed to the exhaust gas must be the maximum temperature that could normally be produced by the source of exhaust gas. This temperature must be verified by testing or by the manufacturer of the engine or other equipment producing the exhaust. (e) ASME BPVC Section I. Heating boilers whose operating conditions are within the service restrictions of paragraph (b)(1) of this section may be constructed in accordance with Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1). In addition, these heating boilers must: (1) Be stamped with the appropriate ASME symbol in accordance with Section I of the ASME BPVC; * * * * * § 53.01–5 § 53.05–1 TABLE § 53.01–3(a)—LIMITATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS IN THE ADOPTION OF SECTION IV OF THE ASME BPVC Paragraphs in Section IV of the ASME BPVC and disposition HG–100 modified by ............. HG–101 replaced by ............ HG–400 modified by ............. HG–400.2 modified by .......... HG–401 modified by ............. HG–401.2 modified by .......... HG–500 through HG–540 modified by ........................ HG–600 through HG–640 modified by ........................ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 requirements in this part must be used in conjunction with section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1). Table 1 to § 54.01–5 of this subchapter gives a breakdown by parts in this subchapter of the regulations governing various types of pressure vessels and boilers. (b) (Modifies HG–100.) The requirements of part HG of section IV of the ASME BPVC must be used except as noted otherwise in this part. ■ 67. Amend § 53.01–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the words ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in their place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ‘‘shall not be’’ and add, in their place, the words ‘‘are not’’; and ■ e. Revise paragraph (d), the introductory text to paragraph (e), and paragraph (e)(1). The revisions read as follows: Unit of this part 53.01–5(b) 53.01–10 53.05–1 53.05–2 53.05–1 53.05–3 53.10–3 53.12–1 Scope (modifies HG–100). (a) The regulations in this part apply to steam heating boilers, hot water boilers (which include hot water heating boilers and hot water supply boilers), and to appurtenances thereto. The VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 [Amended] 68. Amend § 53.05–1(a) as follows: a. Remove the text ‘‘section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00042 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ § 53.05–2 [Amended] 69. Amend § 53.05–2(a) as follows: ■ a. Remove the text ‘‘section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ § 53.05–3 [Amended] 70. Amend § 53.05–3 as follows: ■ a. Remove the text ‘‘section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ § 53.05–5 [Amended] 71. Amend § 53.05–5 as follows: ■ a. Remove the text ‘‘section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IV of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 72. Revise § 53.10–1 to read as follows: ■ § 53.10–1 General The tests, inspection, stamping, and reporting of heating boilers must be as indicated in article 5, part HG of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this subpart. ■ 73. Amend § 53.10–3 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: § 53.10–3 Inspection and tests (modifies HG–500 through HG–540). (a) The inspections required by HG– 500 through HG–540 must be performed by the ‘‘Authorized Inspector’’ as defined in HG–515 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1). The Authorized Inspector must hold a valid commission issued by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. After installation, heating boilers must be inspected for compliance with this part by a marine inspector. * * * * * ■ 74. Revise § 53.10–10 to read as follows: § 53.10–10 Certification by stamping. Stamping of heating boilers must be as indicated in HG–530 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1). ■ 75. Revise § 53.10–15 to read as follows: E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 53.10–15 forms. Manufacturer’s data report The manufacturer’s data report forms required by HG–520 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01–1) must be made available to the marine inspector for review. The Authorized Inspector’s National Board commission number must be included on the manufacturer’s data report forms. ■ 76. Amend § 53.12–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 53.12–1 General (modifies HG–600 through HG–640). (a) The instruments, fittings and controls for heating boilers must be as indicated in HG–600 through HG–640 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 53.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * PART 54—PRESSURE VESSELS 77. The authority citation for part 54 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1509; 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 78. Revise § 54.01–1 to read as follows: ■ § 54.01–1 Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (a) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019) (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 54.01–2, 54.01–5, 54.01–18, 54.01–25, 54.01–30, 54.01–35, 54.03–1, 54.05–1, 54.10–1, 54.10–3, 54.10–5, 54.10–10, 54.10–15, 54.15–1, 54.15–5, 54.15–10, 54.15–13, 54.20–1, 54.20–3, 54.25–1, 54.25–3, 54.25–8, 54.25–10, 54.25–15, 54.25–20, 54.30–3, 54.30–5, 54.30–10. (2) [Reserved] (b) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959, 877– 909–2786, www.astm.org. (1) ASTM A20/A20M–19, Standard Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels, December 4, 2019 (‘‘ASTM A20/ A20M’’); IBR approved for §§ 54.05–10, 54.25–10. (2) ASTM A203/A203M–17, Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel, November 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A203/A203M’’); IBR approved for § 54.05–20. (3) ASTM A370–19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products, July 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM A370’’); IBR approved for § 54.25–20. (4) ASTM E23–18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials, June 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM E23’’); IBR approved for § 54.05–5, and 57937 (5) ASTM E208–19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steel, October 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM E208’’); IBR approved for § 54.05–5. (c) Compressed Gas Association (CGA), 14501 George Carter Way, Chantilly, VA 20151, www.cganet.com. (1) CGA S–1.2–2009, Pressure Relief Device Standards—Part 2—Portable Containers for Compressed Gases, Ninth Edition, January 1, 2009 (‘‘CGA S–1.2’’); IBR approved for § 54.15–10. (2) [Reserved] (d) Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street NE, Vienna, VA 22180–4602; 703–281– 6613; www.msshq.org. (1) ANSI/MSS SP–25–2018, Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions, March, 2018 (‘‘MSS SP–25’’); IBR approved for § 54.01–25. (2) [Reserved] ■ 79. Amend § 54.01–2 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading and paragraphs (a) and (b); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. The revisions read as follows: § 54.01–2 Adoption of Division 1 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. (a) Pressure vessels must be designed, constructed, and inspected in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01–1), as limited, modified, or replaced by specific requirements in this part. The provisions in the appendices to Section VIII of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be followed when the requirements in Section VIII make them mandatory. For general information, table § 54.01–2(a) lists the various paragraphs in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, or replaced by regulations in this part. TABLE § 54.01–2(a)—LIMITATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS IN THE ADOPTION OF SECTION VIII OF THE ASME BPVC jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Paragraphs in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and disposition Unit of this part U–1 and U–2 modified by .............................................................................................................................................. U–1(c) replaced by ........................................................................................................................................................ U–1(d) replaced by ........................................................................................................................................................ U–1(g) modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ U–1(c)(2) modified by .................................................................................................................................................... UG–11 modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ UG–22 modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ UG–25 modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ UG–28 modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ UG–84 replaced by ........................................................................................................................................................ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 54.01–5 through 54.01–15. 54.01–5. 54.01–5(a) and 54.01–15. 54.01–10. 54.01–15. 54.01–25. 54.01–30. 54.01–35. 54.01–40. 54.05–1. 57938 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE § 54.01–2(a)—LIMITATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS IN THE ADOPTION OF SECTION VIII OF THE ASME BPVC— Continued Paragraphs in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and disposition Unit of this part UG–90 and UG–91 replaced by .................................................................................................................................... UG–92 through UG–103 modified by ............................................................................................................................ UG–98 reproduced by ................................................................................................................................................... UG–115 through UG–120 modified by .......................................................................................................................... UG–116, except (j), replaced by ................................................................................................................................... UG–116(j) replaced by .................................................................................................................................................. UG–117 replaced by ...................................................................................................................................................... UG–118 replaced by ...................................................................................................................................................... UG–119 modified by ...................................................................................................................................................... UG–120 modified by ...................................................................................................................................................... UG–125 through UG–137 modified by .......................................................................................................................... UW–1 through UW–65 modified by ............................................................................................................................... UW–2(a) replaced by ..................................................................................................................................................... UW–2(b) replaced by ..................................................................................................................................................... UW–9, UW–11(a), UW–13, and UW–16 modified by ................................................................................................... UW–11(a) modified by ................................................................................................................................................... UW–26, UW–27, UW–28, UW–29, UW–47, and UW–48 modified by ......................................................................... UB–1 modified by .......................................................................................................................................................... UB–2 modified by .......................................................................................................................................................... UCS–6 modified by ........................................................................................................................................................ UCS–56 modified by ...................................................................................................................................................... UCS–57, UNF–57, UHA–33, and UHT–57 modified by ................................................................................................ UCS–65 through UCS–67 replaced by ......................................................................................................................... UHA–23(b) and UHA–51 modified by ........................................................................................................................... UHT–5(c), UHT–6, and UHT–23 modified by ............................................................................................................... UHT–82 modified by ...................................................................................................................................................... Appendix 3 modified by ................................................................................................................................................. Note 1 to table § 54.01–2(a): The references to specific provisions in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC are coded. The first letter, such as ‘‘U,’’ refers to Division 1 of Section VIII. The second letter, such as ‘‘G,’’ refers to a subsection within Section VIII. The number refers to the paragraph within the subsection. (b) References to the ASME BPVC, such as paragraph UG–125, indicate: U = Division 1 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. G = Part containing general requirements. 125 = Paragraph within part. * * * * * § 54.01–5 [Amended] 80. Amend § 54.01–5 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c)(3): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘division 1, of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Division 1, of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ d. In paragraph (d)(5), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 e. In paragraph (e), remove the text ‘‘section VIII, division 1, of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII, Division 1, of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ f. Redesignate table 54.01–5(a) as table 1 to § 54.01–5 and table 54.01–5(b) as table 2 to § 54.01–5; and ■ g. In newly redesignated table 2 to § 54.01–5: ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ § 54.01–10 [Amended] 81. In § 54.01–10, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 82. Amend § 54.01–15 by revising the section heading and paragraphs (a)(2) and (3)(i) to read as follows: ■ § 54.01–15 Exemptions from shop inspection and plan approval (modifies U– 1(c)(2)). (a) * * * (2) (i) Hot water supply storage tanks heated by steam or any other indirect PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 54.10–3. 54.10–1 through 54.10–15. 54.10–5. 54.10–1. 54.10–20(a). 54.10–20(b). 54.10–20(c). 54.10–20(a). 54.10–20(d). 54.10–25. 54.15–1 through 54.15–15. 54.20–1. 54.01–5(b) and 54.20–2. 54.01–5(b) and 54.20–2. 54.20–3. 54.25–8. 54.20–5. 54.23–1 52.01–95(d) and 56.30– 30(b)(1). 54.25–3. 54.25–7. 54.25–8. 54.25–10. 54.25–15. 54.25–20. 54.25–20 and 54.25–25. 54.15–3. means when none of the following limitations is exceeded: (A) A heat input of 58 kW (200,000 B.t.u. per hour); (B) A water temperature of 93 °C (200 °F); (C) A nominal water-containing capacity of 454 liters (120 gallons); or (D) A pressure of 689 kPa (100 psig). (ii) The exemption of any tank under paragraph (a)(2) of this section requires that it must be fitted with a safety relief valve of at least 1-inch diameter, set to relieve below the maximum allowable working pressure of the tank. (3)(i) Vessels having an internal operating pressure not exceeding 103 kPa (15 psig) with no limitation on size. * * * * * ■ 83. Amend § 54.01–18 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. In paragraph (b)(5): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ d. Add paragraph (c). The revision and addition read as follows: E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 54.01–18 Plan approval. The revisions read as follows: (a) Manufacturers intending to fabricate pressure vessels, heat exchangers, evaporators, and similar appurtenances, covered by the regulations in this part must submit detailed plans in accordance with subpart 50.20 of this subchapter except as provided in paragraph (c) below. * * * * * (c) Plans for Class I, II, and III pressure vessels with the ASME ‘‘U’’ stamp that do not contain hazardous materials are not required to be submitted for approval (see § 54.01– 5(e)). ■ 84. Amend § 54.01–25 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revision reads as follows: § 54.01–25 Miscellaneous pressure components (modifies UG–11). (a) Pressure components for pressure vessels must be as required by UG–11 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * ■ 85. Amend § 54.01–30 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In the introductory text to paragraph (b), remove the words ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. The revision reads as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 54.01–30 Loadings (modifies UG–22). (a) The loadings for pressure vessels must be as required by UG–22 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * ■ 86. Amend § 54.01–35 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. In paragraph (b)(4), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ e. Designate the note following paragraph (d) as paragraph (e) and revise newly designated paragraph (e). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 54.01–35 Corrosion (modifies UG–25). (a) Vessels or portions of vessels subject to corrosion must be as required by UG–25 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this section. * * * * * (e) No applied linings except as provided in part UCL of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC are acceptable. § 54.01–40 [Amended] 87. In § 54.01–40(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 88. Revise § 54.03–1 to read as follows: ■ § 54.03–1 Scope. The pressure vessels for low temperature operation must be as required by Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) as modified by this subpart. ■ 89. Revise § 54.05–1 to read as follows: § 54.05–1 Scope (replaces UG–84). The toughness tests of materials used in pressure vessels must be as required by this subpart in lieu of requirements in UG–84 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1). § 54.05–3 [Amended] 90. Amend § 54.05–3 as follows: a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 91. Amend § 54.05–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b); ■ b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ‘‘shall be’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘are’’; and ■ d. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 54.05–5 Toughness test specimens. (a) Charpy V-notch impact tests. Where required, Charpy V-notch tests must be conducted in accordance with ASTM E23 (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01–1), using the Type A specimen shown in ASTM E23—Figure 4. Special attention is drawn to the fact that the Charpy Keyhole and U-notch specimens are not acceptable substitutes for the Charpy V-notch specimen and PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57939 must not be used to qualify materials within the scope of this subpart. Each set of Charpy impact tests must consist of three specimens. For materials 1⁄2inch thick or less, the largest possible Charpy specimens for that thickness must be cut centered at the material’s mid-thickness. For materials thicker than 1⁄2-inch, full size Charpy specimens must be cut centered at a location as near as practicable to a point midway between the material’s surface and halfthickness. Except where otherwise specified, transversely oriented specimens must be used. When longitudinal specimens are used, the required energy values may not be less than 1.5 times the values required for transversely oriented specimens. In all cases the notch must be cut normal to the material’s surface. Test specimens must be taken at least one ‘‘t’’ from any heat treated edge (where ‘‘t’’ is the material’s nominal thickness). (b) Drop weight tests. Where required, drop weight tests must be conducted for no-break performance in accordance with ASTM E208 (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01–1). For material thicknesses between 1⁄2-inch and 5⁄8inch, the ASTM E208 specimen P–3, machined to 1⁄2-inch thickness, must be used with a stop distance of 0.090-inch. In preparing weld specimens for dropweight testing, weld reinforcement must be ground flush, the hard facing bead centered on and transverse to the weld, and the notch centered on and parallel to the weld axis. * * * * * ■ 92. Amend § 54.05–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise the second sentence of paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraphs (b)(1), (3), (4), and (c)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise, paragraph (c)(3); ■ d. In paragraphs (c)(4) and (d)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. Reserve paragraph (d)(2); ■ f. In paragraphs (e)(1) and (3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ g. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (f). The revisions read as follows: § 54.05–10 Certification of material toughness tests. (a) * * * Impact specimens must be taken as outlined in section 12 of ASTM A20/A20M (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01–1). * * * * * * * * (c) * * * E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57940 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (3) One set of Charpy impact specimens or two drop-weight specimens, as applicable, must be cut from each such test block and these specimens will represent all forgings (up to 5 short tons) that are from the same heat of material and given the same heat-treatment as the test block, and the thickness of which does not differ from that of the test block by more than plus or minus 50 percent of 11⁄2 inches, whichever is less, except that forged flanges and tube sheets thicker than 51⁄2 inches may be qualified from a 4-inch test block. * * * * * (f) * * * For such parts too small to impact test, the Commandant will determine toughness qualifications based on material, chemical, and mechanical properties. § 54.05–15 [Amended] 93. Amend § 54.05–15 as follows: a. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘figure 54.05–15(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 54.05–15(a)’’; ■ c. Redesignate figure 54.05–15(a) as figure § 54.05–15(a); and ■ d. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ 94. Amend § 54.05–16 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (d); and ■ c. In paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 54.05–16 Production toughness testing. * * * * (d) The test plates and any other test material from which toughness test specimens are cut must be given the same heat-treatment as the production material they represent. Test specimens representing other material than the weld toughness test plates should preferably be cut from a part of the vessel material but may be cut from like material that has been heat-treated within the temperature range specified by the producer in treating the actual vessel material. * * * * * jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * § 54.05–17 [Amended] 95. In § 54.05–17, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 54.05–20 ■ ■ [Amended] 96. Amend § 54.05–20 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 i. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.05–20(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 54.05–20(a)’’; and ■ ii. Redesignate table 54.05–20(a) as § 54.05–20(a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘ASTM A 203’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘ASTM A203/A203M’’. ■ 97. Amend § 54.05–30 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows: ■ § 54.05–30 Allowable stress values at low temperatures. * * * * * (b) The use of such allowable stress values must be specially approved by the Coast Guard for each application. Further information may be obtained by writing to the Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593. * * * * * ■ 98. Revise § 54.10–1 to read as follows: § 54.10–1 Scope (modifies UG–90 through UG–103 and UG–115 through UG–120). The inspection, tests, stamping, and reports for pressure vessels must be as required by paragraphs UG–90 through UG–103 and UG–115 through UG–120 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) except as noted otherwise in this subpart. ■ 99. Amend § 54.10–3 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading; ■ b. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘will’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (b); ■ d. Redesignate paragraph (c) as paragraph (d); and ■ e. Add paragraph (c). The revisions and addition read as follows: § 54.10–3 Marine inspectors and Coast Guard Symbol stamping (replaces UG–90 and UG–91, and modifies UG–92 through UG–103). * * * * * (b) All pressure vessels not exempted under provisions of § 54.01–15 must be subject to shop inspection by a marine inspector referring to procedures outlined in UG–92 through UG–103 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) and §§ 50.30–10, 50.30–15, and 50.30–20 of this subchapter. The marine inspector will then stamp the vessel with the Coast Guard Symbol. (c) Pressure vessels exempted under provisions of § 54.01–15, except as provided in paragraph (d) of this PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 section, are not required to be stamped with the Coast Guard Symbol. * * * * * § 54.10–5 [Amended] 100. Amend § 54.10–5 as follows: a. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ c. Designate the note following paragraph (c) as note 1 to § 54.10–5; ■ d. In newly designated note 1 to § 54.10–5, remove the text ‘‘Table 54.10–5’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Table to § 54.10–5’’; ■ e. Designate the table following note 1 to § 54.10–5 as table § 54.10–5; and ■ f. Caption newly designated table § 54.10–5 as ‘‘Pressure Vessel Design, Testing and Relief Valve Characteristics’’. ■ 101. Amend § 54.10–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); ■ c. In paragraphs (c) and (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (e); and ■ e. In paragraph (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 54.10–10 Standard hydrostatic test (modifies UG–99). * * * * * (b) The hydrostatic-test pressure must be at least one and three-tenths (1.30) times the maximum allowable working pressure stamped on the pressure vessel, multiplied by the ratio of the stress value ‘‘S’’ at the test temperature to the stress value ‘‘S’’ at the design temperature for the materials of which the pressure vessel is constructed. The values for ‘‘S’’ must be taken from tables UCS 23, UNF 23, UHA 23, or UHT 23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01– 1). The value of ‘‘S’’ at test temperature must be that taken for the material of the tabulated value of temperature closest to the test temperature. The value of ‘‘S’’ at design temperature must be as interpolated from the appropriate table. No ratio less than one must be used. The stress resulting from the hydrostatic test must not exceed 90 percent of the yield stress of the material at the test temperature. External loadings which will exist in supporting structure during the hydrostatic test should be E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules considered. The design must consider the combined stress during hydrostatic testing due to pressure and the support reactions. This stress must not exceed 90 percent of the yield stress of the material at the test temperature. In addition the adequacy of the supporting structure during hydrostatic testing should be considered in the design. * * * * * (e) Vessels requiring stress relieving must be stress relieved after any welding repairs have been made. (See UW–40 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC.) * * * * * ■ 102. Amend § 54.10–15 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘shall be’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘is’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (c); and ■ d. In paragraphs (d) through (g), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 54.10–15 100). Pneumatic test (modifies UG– * * * * * (c) Except for enameled vessels, for which the pneumatic test pressure must be at least equal to, but need not exceed, the maximum allowable working pressure to be marked on the vessel, the pneumatic test pressure must be at least equal to one and one-tenth (1.10) times the maximum allowable working pressure to be stamped on the vessel multiplied by the lowest ratio (for the materials of which the vessel is constructed) of the stress value ‘‘S’’ for the test temperature of the vessel to the stress value ‘‘S’’ for the design temperature (see UG–21 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1)). In no case must the pneumatic test pressure exceed one and one-tenth (1.10) times the basis for calculated test pressure as defined in UA–60(e) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. * * * * * § 54.10–20 [Amended] 103. Amend § 54.10–20 as follows: a. In paragraph (a)(2), add the text ‘‘(only applicable to pressure vessels inspected as required by § 54.10–3(b))’’ after the word ‘‘subchapter’’; ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c) remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Reserve paragraph (c)(2); and jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 57941 d. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1). * * * * * § 54.10–25 § 54.15–13 ■ [Amended] 104. In § 54.10–25, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 54.15–1 [Amended] 105. Amend § 54.15–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1)’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ § 54.15–5 [Amended] 106. Amend § 54.15–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) through (f) and (h) through (l), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 107. Amend § 54.15–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a), (b), and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (e); ■ c. In paragraph (g) and the introductory text to (h), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. In paragraph (h)(1), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ e. In paragraph (h)(2), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ f. In paragraph (h)(3), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 54.15–10 Safety and relief valves (modifies UG–126). * * * * * (e) If the design of a safety or relief valve is such that liquid can collect on the discharge side of the disk, the valve must be equipped with a drain at the lowest point where liquid can collect (for installation, see UG–134 of Section PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 [Amended] 108. Amend § 54.15–13 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ ■ § 54.15–15 [Amended] 109. In § 54.15–15, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 54.15–25 [Amended] 110. Amend § 54.15–25 as follows: a. In paragraphs (a) and (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘Figure 54.15–25(c)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 54.15–25(c)’’; ■ c. Designate the figure immediately following paragraph (c) as figure § 54.15–25(c); ■ d. Caption newly designated figure § 54.15–25(c) as ‘‘Surface Area of Grouped Vertical Tanks’’; ■ e. Redesignate table 54.15–25(c) as table § 54.15–25(c). ■ f. Redesignate paragraph (c–1) as paragraph (c)(1); ■ g. In newly redesignated paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ‘‘(CG–ENG)..’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(CG– ENG).’’; ■ h. Reserve paragraph (c)(2); and ■ i. In paragraphs (d) and (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 111. Amend § 54.20–1 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 54.20–1 UW–65). Scope (modifies UW–1 through (a) Pressure vessels and vessel parts that are fabricated by welding must be as required by paragraphs UW–1 through UW–65 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) except as noted otherwise in this subchapter. * * * * * ■ 112. Amend § 54.20–3 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57942 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (d); and ■ e. In paragraph (e): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’. The revisions read as follows: § 54.20–3 Design (modifies UW–9, UW– 11(a), UW–13, and UW–16). * * * * * (b) Welding subject to UW–11(a) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) must be modified as described in § 54.25–8 for radiographic examination. * * * * * (d) Attachment welds for nozzles and other connections must be in accordance with UW–16 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. When nozzles or connections are made to pressure vessels, as shown in Figure UW–16.1 (a) and (c) of the ASME BPVC, and are welded from one side only, backing strips must be used unless it can be determined visually that a full penetration weld has been achieved. * * * * * § 54.20–5 [Amended] 113. In § 54.20–5(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 54.23–1 [Amended] 114. Amend § 54.23–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ 115. Revise § 54.25–1 to read as follows: ■ ■ § 54.25–1 Scope. The pressure vessels for low temperature operation must be as required by Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) as modified by this subpart. ■ 116. Revise § 54.25–3 to read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 54.25–3 Steel plates (modifies UCS–6). The steels listed in UCS–6(b) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) will be allowed only in Class III pressure vessels (see table 2 to § 54.01– 5(b)). § 54.25–7 [Amended] 117. Amend § 54.25–7 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; and ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 118. Amend § 54.25–8 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: ■ § 54.25–8 Radiography (modifies UW– 11(a), UCS–57, UNF–57, UHA–33, and UHT– 57). * * * * * (b) Class II–L vessels must be spot radiographed. The exemption provided in UW–11(c) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) does not apply. (Refer to table 2 to 54.01–5 for applicable requirements.) * * * * * ■ 119. Amend § 54.25–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (b), and paragraph (b)(1); ■ d. Redesignate table 54.25–10(b)(1) as table 1 to § 54.25–10(b)(1) and designate the table immediately before paragraph (b)(2) as table 2 to § 54.25–10(b)(1); ■ e. In paragraphs (b)(2): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.25– 10(b)(2)’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 3 to § 54.25– 10(b)(2)’’; ■ f. Redesignate table 54.25–10(b)(2) as table 3 to § 54.25–10(b)(2); ■ g. In paragraphs (b)(3) through (5), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ h. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. The revision reads as follows: § 54.25–10 Low temperature operation— ferritic steels (replaces UCS–65 through UCS–67). * * * * * (b) Specifications. Materials used in the construction of vessels to operate below 0 °F. (but not below the designated minimum service temperature) must conform to a specification given in table UCS–23 in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01– 1) and the following additional requirements: Note 1 to paragraph (b) introductory text: For high alloy steels refer to PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 § 54.25–15. For heat treated steels refer to § 54.25–20. (1)(i) For minimum service temperatures not lower than ¥67 °F., ferritic steels must be made with fine grain practice and must have an austenitic grain size of 5 or finer, and must be normalized. Consideration will be given to other heat treatments; refer to § 57.03–1(d) of this subchapter. Plate for pressure vessel applications must conform to the requirements of ASTM A20/A20M (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01–1). It may be produced by the open hearth, basic oxygen or electric furnace process and must conform to the requirements of table 1 to § 54.25– 10(b)(1). (Other alloying elements may only be present in trace amounts.) (ii) Mechanical properties must be within the following limits: (A) Ultimate strength: —58,000 1–85,000 1 p.s.i. (B) Yield strength: —Minimum 35,000 p.s.i. —Maximum 80 percent of ultimate. (C) Elongation minimum: —20 percent in 8 inches, or —24 percent in 2 inches, or —22 percent in 5.65 √A, where ‘‘A’’ is the test specimen cross sectional area. * * * * * ■ 120. Revise § 54.25–15 to read as follows: § 54.25–15 Low temperature operation— high alloy steels (modifies UHA–23(b) and UHA–51). (a) Toughness tests for the materials listed in UHA–51(a) in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) for service temperatures below ¥425 °F., UHA– 51(b)(1) through (5) for service temperatures below 0 °F., and UHA– 51(c) for all service temperatures, must be performed in accordance with the requirements of subpart 54.05. These requirements are also applicable to nonpressure vessel type, low temperature tanks and associated secondary barriers, as defined in § 38.05–4 in subchapter D (Tank Vessels) of this chapter. Such tests are required regardless of the vessel’s design stress. Service temperature is defined in § 54.25–10(a)(2). (b) Materials for pressure vessels with service temperatures below ¥320 °F. must be of the stabilized or low carbon (less than 0.10 percent) austenitic stainless steel type, produced according to the applicable specifications of table UHA–23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. These materials and their weldments must be tested for toughness according to the requirements of subpart 54.05 except that the Charpy V-notch E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules testing acceptance criteria will be in accordance with UHT–6(a)(4) and (5) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. (c) Except as permitted by § 54.05–30, the allowable stress values used in the design of low temperature pressure vessels may not exceed those given in table UHA–23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for temperatures of ¥20 °F. to 100 °F. ■ 121. Amend § 54.25–20 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading; ■ b. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.25– 20(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 54.25–20(a)’’; ■ c. Redesignate table 54.25–20(a) as § 54.25–20(a) ■ d. Revise paragraph (b); ■ e. Designate the figure following paragraph (b) as Figure § 54.25–20(b); ■ f. In paragraph (c): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 54.25– 20(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 54.25–20(a)’’; and ■ g. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: § 54.25–20 Low temperature operation— ferritic steels with properties enhanced by heat treatment (modifies UHT–5(c), UHT–6, UHT–23, and UHT–82). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) The materials permitted under paragraph (a) of this section must be tested for toughness in accordance with the requirements of UHT–6 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) except that tests must be conducted at the temperature specified in § 54.05–6 in lieu of that in UHT–5(c) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. Lateral expansion in a broken Charpy V-notch specimen is illustrated in Figure 54.25–20(b) and must be measured in accordance with the procedure outlined in ASTM A370 (incorporated by reference, see § 54.01– 1). * * * * * ■ 122. Amend § 54.30–3 by revising paragraph (c) to read as follows: § 54.30–3 Introduction. * * * * * (c) The weld joint efficiencies as listed in table UW–12 of Section VIII of the BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 54.01–1) apply except that a minimum of spot radiography will be VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 required. UW–12(c) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC that permits omitting all radiography does not apply. Spot examination must follow UW–52 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and, in addition, these vessels will be required to have radiographic examination of intersecting circumferential and longitudinal joints for a distance of at least 20 times the plate thickness from the junction. See § 54.25–8 on spot radiography. * * * * * ■ 123. Amend § 54.30–5 as follows: ■ a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 54.01–5(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 54.01–5’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(1): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§’’; ■ c. In paragraph (a)(4), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (a)(6); and ■ e. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 54.30–5 Limitations and requirements. (a) * * * (6) The categories A and B joints are type one as described in table UW–12 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and all categories C and D joints are full penetration welds. See UW–3 of the ASME BPVC for definition of categories. * * * * * § 54.30–10 [Amended] 124. Amend § 54.30–10 as follows: a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(1): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ c. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ § 54.30–15 [Amended] 125. In § 54.30–15, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57943 PART 56—PIPING SYSTEMS AND APPURTENANCES 126. The authority citation for part 56 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1321(j), 1509; 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; E.O. 12777, 56 FR 54757, 3 CFR, 1991 Comp., p. 351; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. § 56.01–1 [Amended] 127. In § 56.01–1(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 128. Revise § 56.01–2 to read as follows: ■ § 56.01–2 Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. The material is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@ nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/ federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. (a) American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20005–4070, www.api.org. (1) API Standard 607, Fire Test for Quarter-turn Valves and Valves Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats, Seventh Edition, June 2016 (‘‘API 607’’); IBR approved for § 56.20–15. (2) [Reserved] (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.15–1, 56.60–1, 56.70–15, 56.95– 10. (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019) (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57944 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules approved for §§ 56.15–156.25–5, 56.30– 10, 56.60–1, 56.60–2, 56.60–15, 56.95– 10. (3) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding and Brazing Qualifications (2019) (‘‘Section IX of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.70–5, 56.70–20, 56.75–20, 56.85– 10. (4) ASME B1.1–2003, Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form), September 30, 2004, reaffirmed 2008 (‘‘ASME B1.1’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.25–20, 56.60–1. (5) ASME B1.20.1–2013, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch), November 15, 2013 (‘‘ASME B1.20.1’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (6) ASME B1.20.3–1976, Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch), January 1, 1976, reaffirmed 2013, (‘‘ASME B1.20.3’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (7) ASME B16.1–2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes 25, 125, and 250, December 28, 2015 (‘‘ASME B16.1’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.60–1, 56.60–10. (8) ASME B16.3–2016, Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 150 and 300, November 30, 2016 (‘‘ASME B16.3’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (9) ASME B16.4–2016, Gray Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250, November 11, 2016 (‘‘ASME B16.4’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (10) ASME B16.5–2017, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, NPS 1⁄2 Through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard, November 20, 2017, (‘‘ASME B16.5’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.25–20, 56.30–10, 56.60–1. (11) ASME B16.11–2016, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded, January 1, 2016 (‘‘ASME B16.11’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.30–5, 56.60–1. (12) ASME B16.14–2013, Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts with Pipe Threads, November 15, 2013 (‘‘ASME B16.14’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (13) ASME B16.15–2013, Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250, December 6, 2013 (‘‘ASME B16.15’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (14) ASME B16.20–2012, Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed, January 1, 2012 (‘‘ASME B16.20’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (15) ASME B16.21–2016, Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, December 9, 2016 (‘‘ASME B16.21’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (16) ASME B16.23–2016, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings: DWV, January 1, 2016 (‘‘ASME B16.23’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (17) ASME B16.25–2012, Buttwelding Ends, January 1, 2012 (‘‘ASME B16.25’’); VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 IBR approved for §§ 56.30–5, 56.60–1, 56.70–10. (18) ASME B16.29–2012, Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Drainage Fittings—DWV, September 26, 2012 (‘‘ASME B16.29’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (19) ASME B16.34–2017, Valves— Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End, August 23, 2017 (‘‘ASME B16.34’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (20) ASME B18.2.1–2012, Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch Series), 2012 (‘‘ASME B18.2.1’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.25–20, 56.60–1. (21) ASME B18.2.2–2015, Nuts for General Applications: Machine Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Coupling Nuts (Inch Series), November 30, 2015 (‘‘ASME B18.2.2’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.25–20, 56.60–1. (22) ASME B31.1–2016, Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, June 30, 2016 (‘‘ASME B31.1’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.01–3, 56.01–5, 56.07–5, 56.07– 10, 56.10–1, 56.10–5, 56.15–1, 56.25–7, 56.30–1, 56.30–5, 56.30–20, 56.35–1, 56.50–1, 56.50–40, 56.50–70, 56.50–97, 56.60–1, 56.65–1, 56.70–5, 56.70–10, 56.70–15, 56.80–5, 56.80–15, 56.85–10, 56.95–1, 56.95–10, 56.97–1. (23) ASME B31.3–2018, Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, August 30, 2019 (‘‘ASME B31.3’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (24) ASME B36.10M–2015 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe, August 31, 2015 (‘‘ASME B36.10M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.07–5, 56.30–20, 56.60–1. (25) ASME B36.19M–2004 Stainless Steel Pipe, October 25, 2004 (‘‘ASME B36.19M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.07– 5, 56.60–1. (26) ASME SA–675, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties, May 1, 2014 (‘‘ASTM SA–675’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (c) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959, 877– 909–2786, www.astm.org. (1) ASTM A36/A36M–14, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel, December 1, 2014 (‘‘ASTM A36/ A36M’’); IBR approved for § 56.30–10. (2) ASTM A47/A47M–99 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings, April 1, 2014, (‘‘ASTM A47/A47M’’); IBR approved for § 56.30–10, 56.60–1. (3) ASTM A53/A53M–12, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless, March 1, 2012 (‘‘ASTM A53/ PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 A53M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.10–5, 56.60–1. (4) ASTM A126–04 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings, April 1, 2014 (‘‘ASTM A126’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (5) ASTM A135/A135M–19, Standard Specification for Electric-ResistanceWelded Steel Pipe, May 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM A135/A135M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (6) ASTM A197/A197M–00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron, November 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM A197/ A197M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (7) ASTM A210/A210M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless MediumCarbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes, May 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM A210/ A210M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (8) ASTM A268/A268M–10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service, September 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM A268/A268M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (9) ASTM A276/A276M–17, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes, March 15, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A276/A276M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (10) ASTM A312/A312M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes, March 15, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A312/A312M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.50–105, 56.60–1. (11) ASTM A333/A333M–16, Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications with Required Notch Toughness, March 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM A333/A333M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.50–105, 56.60–1. (12) ASTM A334/A334M–04a, Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service, May 1, 2004 (‘‘ASTM A334/A334M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.50–105, 56.60–1. (13) ASTM A350/A350M–17, Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components, September 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A350/A350M’’); IBR approved for § 56.50–105. (14) ASTM A352/A352M–17, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service, November 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A352/A352M’’); IBR approved for § 56.50–105. (15) ASTM A358/A358M–15, Standard Specification for Electric- E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Fusion-Welded Austenitic ChromiumNickel Stainless Steel Pipe for HighTemperature Service and General Applications, September 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM A358/A358M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (16) ASTM A376/A376M–17, Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for HighTemperature Service, September 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A376/A376M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.60–1, 56.60–2. (17) ASTM A403/A403M–16, Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings, May 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM A403/ A403M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (18) ASTM A420/A420M–16, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service, May 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM A420/ A420M’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.50– 105, 56.60–1. (19) ASTM A522/A522M–14, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service, October 1, 2014 (‘‘ASTM A522/A522M’’) IBR approved for § 56.50–105. (20) ASTM A575–96 (Reapproved 2013),e1 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, MGrades, July 2013 (‘‘ASTM A575’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (21) ASTM A576–17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, November 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM A576’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (22) ASTM B16/B16M–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM B16/ B16M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (23) ASTM B21/B21M–20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes, April 1, 2020 (‘‘ASTM B21/ B21M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (24) ASTM B26/B26M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings, May 15, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B26/ B26M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (25) ASTM B42–20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes, April 1, 2020 (‘‘ASTM B42’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (26) ASTM B43–15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes, October 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM B43’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (27) ASTM B68/B68M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed, April 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B68/B68M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60– 1. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (28) ASTM B75/B75M–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, April 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B75/B75M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (29) ASTM B85/B85M–18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings, May 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B85/ B85M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (30) ASTM B96/B96M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels, April 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM B96/B96M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (31) ASTM B111/B111M–18a, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock, October 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B111/B111M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (32) ASTM B124/B124M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes, March 15, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B124/ B124M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (33) ASTM B161–05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube, April 1, 2019) (‘‘ASTM B161’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (34) ASTM B165–19, Standard Specification of Nickel-Copper Alloy Seamless Pipe and Tube, November 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B165’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (35) ASTM B167–18, Standard Specification for Nickel-ChromiumAluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-IronChromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-ChromiumMolybdenum-Copper Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube, December 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B167’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (36) ASTM B171/B171M–18, Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers, October 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B171/ B171M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (37) ASTM B210–19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes, November 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B210’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (38) ASTM B234–17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers, October 1, 2017 (‘‘ASTM B234’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (39) ASTM B241/B241M–16, Standard Specification for Aluminum PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57945 and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube, February 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM B241/B241M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (40) ASTM B280–18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service, March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B280’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (41) ASTM B283/B283M–18, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (HotPressed), March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B283/ B283M’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (42) ASTM B315–19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube, April 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B315’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (43) ASTM B361–16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings, May 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM B361’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (44) ASTM B858–06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys, March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM B858’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–2. (45) ASTM E23–18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials, June 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM E23’’); IBR approved for § 56.50–105. (46) ASTM F1006–86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications, September 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM F1006’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (47) ASTM F1007–18, Standard Specification for Pipeline Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application, May 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM F1007’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (48) ASTM F1020–86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for LineBlind Valves for Marine Applications, March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM F1020’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (49) ASTM F1120–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping Applications, May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM F1120’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (50) ASTM F1123–87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for NonMetallic Expansion Joints, May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM F1123’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (51) ASTM F1139–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Steam Traps and Drains, May 1, 2015) (‘‘ASTM F1139’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (52) ASTM F1155–10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for Selection E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57946 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules and Application of Piping System Materials, May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM F1155’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.50–60, 56.50–105, 56.60–1, 56.60–15. (53) ASTM F1172–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type, May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM F1172’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (54) ASTM F1173–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe and Fittings to be Used for Marine Applications, March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM F1173’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (55) ASTM F1199–88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150 °F Maximum), May 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM F1199’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (56) ASTM F1200–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 °F), September 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM F1200’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1 (57) ASTM F1201–88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 °F, September 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM F1201’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (58) ASTM F1387–19, Standard Specification for Performance of Mechanically Attached Fittings, September 15, 2019 (‘‘ASTM F1387’’); IBR approved for § 56.30–25. (59) ASTM F1476–07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping Applications, October 1, 2013 (‘‘ASTM F1476’’); IBR approved for § 56.30–35. (60) ASTM F1548–01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for the Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings Used in Piping Applications, March 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM F1548’’); IBR approved for § 56.30–35. (d) Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association Inc. (EJMA), 25 North Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591, www.ejma.org/. (1) Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, 10th Edition, July 1, 2015; IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (2) [Reserved] (e) Fluid Controls Institute Inc. (FCI), 1300 Sumner Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, www.fluidcontrolsinstitute.org. (1) FCI 69–1 Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps, January 1, 2017 (‘‘FCI 69–1’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (2) [Reserved] VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (f) International Maritime Organization (IMO Publications Section), 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611, www.imo.org. (1) Resolution A.753(18) Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted on 4 November 1993 (‘‘IMO Resolution A.753(18)’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–25. (2) Resolution MSC.313(88), Amendments to the Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted 26 November 2010 (‘‘IMO Resolution MSC.313(88)’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–25. (3) The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS); IBR approved for § 56.50–50. (g) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case Postal 56, CH–1211 Geneva 20 Switzerland, www.iso.org. (1) ISO 15540:2016(E) Ships and Marine Technology—Fire resistance of non-metallic hose assemblies and nonmetallic compensators—Test methods, 2nd Edition, July 15, 2016 (‘‘ISO 15540’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–25. (2) [Reserved] (h) Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street NE, Vienna, VA 22180–4601, www.msshq.org. (1) MSS SP–6–2017, Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings, January 2017 (‘‘MSS SP–6’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.25–10, 56.60–1. (2) MSS SP–9–2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges, January 1, 2013 (‘‘MSS SP–9’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (3) ANSI/MSS SP–25–2018, Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions, March 2018 (‘‘MSS SP–25’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.15–1, 56.20–5, 56.60–1. (4) MSS SP–45–2003, Bypass and Drain Connections, 2003 (‘‘MSS SP– 45’’); IBR approved for §§ 56.20–20, 56.60–1. (5) MSS SP–51–2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and Cast Flanged Fittings, January 1, 2012 (‘‘MSS SP–51’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (6) MSS SP–53–2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components—Magnetic Particle Examination Method, January 2012 (‘‘MSS SP–53’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (7) ANSI/MSS SP–55–2011, Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings and Other Piping PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Components—Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities, October 2011 (‘‘MSS SP–55’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (8) ANSI/MSS SP–58–2009, Pipe Hangers and Supports—Materials, Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and Installation, 2009 (‘‘MSS SP–58’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (9) MSS SP–61–2019, Pressure Testing of Valves, December 2019 (‘‘MSS SP–61’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–1. (i) SAE International (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096, 724–776–4841, www.sae.org. (1) SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fitting for Marine Applications, June 1, 2014 (‘‘SAE J1475’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–25. (2) J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine Applications, Reaffirmed March 1, 2019 (‘‘SAE J1942’’); IBR approved for § 56.60–25. § 56.01–5 [Amended] 129. Amend § 56.01–5 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 56.01–5(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.01–5(a)’’; ■ b. Redesignate table 56.01–5(a) as table § 56.01–5(a); ■ c. Redesignate paragraph (viii)(b) as paragraph (b); and ■ d. In paragraph (c): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘of this chapter’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 130. Amend § 56.01–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); ■ c. In the introductory text to paragraphs (c)(1) and (2), paragraph (d)(1), and the introductory text to paragraphs (d)(2) and (3); remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Redesignate paragraph (d–1), (e) and (f) as paragraphs (e), (f), and (g); and ■ e. In newly redesignated paragraph (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ ■ § 56.01–10 Plan approval. * * * * * (b) Piping materials and appliances, such as pipe, tubing, fittings, flanges, and valves, except safety relief valves covered in part 162 of subchapter Q (Specifications) of this chapter, are not required to be specifically approved by E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules the Commandant, but must comply with the applicable requirements for materials, construction, markings, and testing. These materials and appliances must be certified as described in part 50 of this subchapter. Drawings listing material specifications and showing details of welded joints for pressurecontaining appurtenances of welded construction must be submitted in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section. * * * * * ■ 131. Amend § 56.04–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise introductory text to § 56.04– 1,; and ■ b. Redesignate table 56.04–1 as table § 56.04–1. The revision reads as follows: § 56.04–1 Scope. Piping is classified as shown in table § 56.04–1. * * * * * § 56.04–2 [Amended] 132. Amend § 56.04–2 as follows: a. In the introductory text to § 56.04– 2, remove the text ‘‘table 56.04–2’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.04– 2’’; and ■ b. Redesignate table 56.04–2 as table § 56.04–2. ■ 133. Amend § 56.07–5 as follows: ■ a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. Reserve paragraph (a)(1); ■ c. Revise paragraph (c); and ■ d. Remove paragraph (g). The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 56.07–5 Definitions (modifies 100.2). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (c) Schedule. The word Schedule when used in this part generally relates to the wall thickness of piping, and refers to specific values as given in ASME B36.10M and B36.19M (both incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). * * * * * ■ 134. Amend § 56.07–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (b)(1); ■ d. In paragraphs (b)(2) and (3), and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. Revise paragraph (d); ■ f. In paragraph (e)(1), remove the text ‘‘tables 56.60–1 and’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘tables 1 and 2 to § 56.60–1 and table § ’’; VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 g. Revise paragraphs (e)(2) and (3); and ■ h. In paragraph (f)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.07–10 Design conditions and criteria (modifies 101–104.7). * * * * * (b) * * * (1) Every system which may be exposed to pressures higher than the system’s maximum allowable working pressure must be safeguarded by appropriate relief devices. Relief valves are required at pump discharges except for centrifugal pumps so designed and applied that a pressure in excess of the maximum allowable working pressure for the system cannot be developed. * * * * * (d) Ratings for pressure and temperature (modifies 102.2). The material in 102.2 of ASME B31.1 applies, with the following exceptions: (1) The details of components not having specific ratings as described in 102.2.2 of ASME B31.1 must be furnished to the Marine Safety Center for approval. (2) Boiler blowoff piping must be designed in accordance with § 56.50–40 of this part. (e) * * * (2) Allowable stress values, as found in the ASME BPVC, which are restricted in application by footnote or are italicized must not be used. Where multiple stresses are listed for a material, the lowest value of the listing must be used unless otherwise approved by the Commandant. In all cases the temperature is understood to be the actual temperature of the component. (3) Where the operator desires to use a material not listed, permission must be obtained from the Commandant. Requirements for testing found in § 56.97 may affect design and should be considered. Special design limitations may be found for specific systems. Refer to subpart 56.50 for specific requirements. * * * * * § 56.10–1 [Amended] 135. Amend § 56.10–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 136. Amend § 56.10–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57947 ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 56.60–1(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 56.60–1’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (b) and (c)(1) and (2); ■ c. In paragraph (c)(3), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (c)(4); and ■ e. In paragraph (c)(5), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.10–5 Pipe. * * * * * (b) Ferrous pipe. ASTM A53/A53M (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01– 2) furnace welded pipe must not be used for combustible or flammable liquids within machinery spaces. (See §§ 30.10–15 and 30.10–22 of this chapter for definitions of combustible and flammable liquids.) * * * * * (c) * * * (1) Copper and brass pipe for water and steam service may be used for design pressures up to 250 psig and for design temperatures to 406 °F. (2) Copper and brass pipe for air may be used in accordance with the allowable stresses of the materials found from table 1 to § 56.60–1. * * * * * (4) Copper tubing may be used for instrument service up to 1,000 psig per square inch. * * * * * ■ 137. Amend § 56.15–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), add the words ‘‘meeting the standards specified in this part and’’ after the word ‘‘fittings’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘tables 56.60–1(a) and 56.60–1(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘tables 1 and 2 to § 56.60–1’’; and ■ ii. Remove the words ‘‘pounds per square inch gage’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘psig’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (c)(2); ■ d. In paragraph (c)(4)(ii)(B), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’; and ■ e. In paragraph (e), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revision reads as follows: § 56.15–1 Pipe joining fittings. * * * * * (c) * * * (2) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined by— (i) Calculations comparable to those of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57948 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules see § 56.01–2) or Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2); (ii) Subjecting a representative model to a proof test or experimental stress analysis described in paragraph A–22 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2); or (iii) Other means specifically accepted by the Marine Safety Center. * * * * * ■ 138. Revise § 56.15–5 to read as follows: § 56.15–5 Fluid-conditioner fittings. (a) Fluid-conditioner fittings meeting the standards of this part and certified in accordance with subpart 50.25 of this subchapter are acceptable for use in piping systems. (b) Fluid-conditioner fittings made in accordance with the applicable standards listed in table 2 to § 56.60–1 of this part and of materials complying with subpart 56.60 of this part, may be used within the material, size, fluid, pressure, and temperature limitations of those standards and within any further limitations specified in this subchapter. (c) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined in accordance with § 56.15–1(c) of this part. (d) If welded, nonstandard fluidconditioner fittings must be welded in accordance with subpart 56.70 of this part and part 57 of this chapter or by other processes specifically approved by the Marine Safety Center. (e) Heat exchangers having headers and tubes, and brazed boiler steam air heaters, are not considered fluidconditioner fittings and must meet the requirements in part 54 of this chapter regardless of size. For brazed boiler steam air heaters, see also § 56.30– 30(b)(1) of this part. § 56.15–10 [Amended] 139. Amend § 56.15–10 as follows: a. Remove paragraph (a); b. Redesignate paragraphs (b) and (c) as paragraphs (a) and (b); and ■ c. In newly redesignated paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘table 56.60–1(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60–1’’. ■ 140. Amend § 56.20–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ‘‘pressure-containing’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (c)(2) and (3); and ■ c. Remove paragraph (d). The revisions read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ ■ § 56.20–1 * General. * * (c) * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * * 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (2) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined by § 56.15– 1(c)(2) of this part. (3) Valves must be tested in accordance with the requirements of the applicable incorporated standard or § 56.97 of this part. * * * * * ■ 141. Revise § 56.20–5 to read as follows: § 56.20–5 Marking (modifies 107.2). Each valve marking must be in accordance with MSS SP–25 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). § 56.20–7 [Amended] 142. In § 56.20–7, reserve paragraph (b). ■ 143. Revise § 56.20–9 to read as follows: ■ § 56.20–9 Valve construction. (a) Each valve must close with a righthand (clockwise) motion of the handwheel or operating lever as seen by one facing the end of the valve stem. Each nonrising-stem valve, leveroperated valve, or other valve where, because of design, the position of the disc or closure mechanism is not obvious must be fitted with an indicator to show whether the valve is opened or closed. No such indicator is required for any valve located in a tank or similar inaccessible space when indicators are available at accessible sites. The operating levers of quarter-turn valves must be parallel to the fluid flow when open and perpendicular to the fluid flow when closed. (b) Valves of Class I piping systems having diameters exceeding 2 inches must have bolted, pressure seal, or breech lock bonnets and flanged or welding ends. Socket type welding ends must meet § 56.30–5(c) and § 56.30– 10(b)(4). For diameters not exceeding 2 inches, screwed union bonnet or bolted bonnet, or bonnetless valves which prevent the stem from screwing out of the body may be employed. Outside screw and yoke design must be used for valves 3 inches and larger for pressures above 600 psig. Cast iron valves with screwed-in or screwed-over bonnets are prohibited. Union bonnet type cast iron valves must have the bonnet ring made of steel, bronze, or malleable iron. (c) Valves must be designed for the maximum pressure to which they may be subjected, but in no case must the design pressure be less than 50 psig. The use of wafer type resilient seated valves is subject to the requirements of § 56.20–15. (d) Disks or disk faces, seats, stems and other wearing parts of valves must PO 00000 Frm 00054 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 be made of material possessing corrosion and heat-resisting qualities suitable for the service conditions to which they may be subjected. (e) Plug cocks must be constructed with satisfactory and positive means of preventing the plug from becoming loosened or removed from the body when the plug is operated. (f) Cocks must be marked in a straight line with the body to indicate whether they are open or closed. ■ 144. Revise § 56.20–15 to read as follows: § 56.20–15 material. Valves employing resilient (a) A valve in which the closure is accomplished by resilient nonmetallic material instead of a metal to metal seat must comply with the design, material, construction and testing for valves specified in this section. (b) Valves employing resilient material are divided into three categories: Positive shutoff, Category A, and Category B, and must be tested and used as follows: (1) Positive shutoff valves. The closed valve must pass less than 10 ml/hr (0.34 fluid oz/hr) of liquid, or less than 3 l/ hr (0.11 cubic ft/hr) of gas per inch nominal pipe size through the line at full rated pressure after being subjected to the fire test requirements of API 607 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). Packing material must be fire resistant. Piping subject to internal head pressure from a tank containing oil must be fitted with positive shutoff valves located at the tank in accordance with § 56.50–60(d). Positive shutoff valves may be used in any location in lieu of a Category A or Category B valve. (2) Category A valves. Category A valves may be used in any location except where positive shutoff valves are required by § 56.50–60(d). To be qualified as a Category A valve, the valve must meet the fire test and leakage requirements of API 607. (i) Category A valves are required at vital piping system manifolds; (ii) Category A valves must be used in isolation valves in cross-connects between two piping systems, at least one of which is a vital system, where failure of the valve in a fire would prevent the vital system(s) from functioning as designed, and (iii) Category A valves must be used for valves providing closure for any opening in the shell of the vessel. (3) Category B valves. The closed valve will not provide effective closure of the line or will permit appreciable leakage from the valve after the resilient material is damaged or destroyed. Category B valves are not required to be E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules tested and may be used in any location except where a Category A or positive shutoff valve is required. (c) Resiliently seated valves previously accepted by the Commandant or the Marine Safety Center may continue to be used within the service restrictions of their acceptance. § 56.20–20 [Amended] 145. Amend § 56.20–20 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ b. Remove paragraph (c). ■ 146. Revise § 56.25–5 to read as follows: ■ ■ ■ § 56.25–5 Flanges. Each flange must conform to the design requirements of either the applicable standards of table 2 to § 56.60–1, or of those of Appendix 2 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). Plate flanges must meet the requirements of § 56.30–10(b)(5). Flanges may be integral or may be attached to pipe by threading, welding, brazing, or other means within the applicable standards specified in table 2 to § 56.60–1. ■ 147. Revise § 56.25–10 to read as follows: § 56.25–10 Flange facings. Flange facings must be in accordance with the applicable standards listed in table 2 to § 56.60–1 and MSS SP–6 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). § 56.25–15 [Amended] 148. Amend § 56.25–15 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘table 56.60–1(b) of this part’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60– 1’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘pounds per square inch’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘psig’’. ■ 149. Amend § 56.25–20 as follows: ■ a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the subject heading; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (a)(1), (b), (c), and (d); and ■ c. In paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ § 56.25–20 Bolting. (a) * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (1) Bolts, studs, nuts, and washers must comply with applicable standards and specifications listed in § 56.60–1. Bolting must be in accordance with ASME B16.5 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). * * * * * (b) Carbon steel bolts or bolt studs may be used if operating pressure does not exceed 300 psig and the operating temperature does not exceed 400 °F. Carbon steel bolts must have heavy hexagon heads in accordance with ASME B18.2.1 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01–2) and must have heavy semifinished hexagonal nuts in accordance with ASME B18.2.2 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01– 2). (c) Alloy steel stud bolts must be threaded full length and use heavy semifinished hexagonal nuts in accordance with ASME B18.2.2. (d) Alloy bolts or studs and nuts are to be threaded in accordance with ASME B1.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2), Class 2A external threads, and Class 2B internal threads (8-thread series 8UN for one inch and larger). * * * * * § 56.30–3 [Amended] 150. In § 56.30–3, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 151. Amend § 56.30–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (c); ■ d. In paragraph (d), remove the first sentence; and ■ e. In paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 56.30–5 Welded joints. * * * * * (c) Socket welds (Modifies 127.3.3A.). (1) Each socket weld must conform to ASME B16.11 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2), to applicable standards listed in table 2 to § 56.60–1, and to Figure 127.4.4C in ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) as modified by § 56.30–10(b)(4). (2) Restrictions on the use of socket welds appear in § 56.70–15(d)(3) for Class I service and in § 56.50–105 for low temperature service. See § 56.70– 15(d)(4) for Class II service. * * * * * ■ 152. Amend § 56.30–10 as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00055 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57949 a. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (b); ■ b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the text ‘‘Figure 56.30–10(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Figure § 56.30–10(b)’’; and ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR 56.30– 20, table ’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table §’’; ■ c. Revise paragraphs (b)(2) through (7); ■ d. In paragraph (b)(8): ■ i. Revise the subject heading; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 56.30– 10(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 56.30–10(b)’’; and ■ iii. remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§’’; ■ e. In paragraph (b)(9): ■ i. Revise the subject heading; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 56.30– 10(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 56.30–10(b)’’; ■ f. Revise paragraphs (b)(10) through (12); ■ g. In paragraph (b)(13), ■ i. Revise the subject heading; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 56.30– 10(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 56.30–10(b)’’; ■ h. Revise paragraph (b)(14); ■ i. In paragraph (b)(13): ■ i. Revise the subject heading; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 56.30– 10(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure § 56.30–10(b)’’; and ■ j. Designate the figure immediately following paragraph (b) as figure § 56.30–10(b) and redesignate note to Figure 56.30–10(b) as note 1 to figure § 56.30–10(b). The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.30–10 Flanged joints (modifies 104.5.1(a)). * * * * * (b) Flanges may be attached by any method shown in figure § 56.30–10(b) or by any means approved by the Marine Safety Center. Pressure temperature ratings of the appropriate ASME standard must not be exceeded. (1) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 1.* * * (2) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 2. ASME B16.5 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) Class 150 and Class 300 low-hubbed flanges with screw threads, plus the addition of a strength fillet weld of the size as shown, may be used in Class I systems not exceeding 750 °F or 4 NPS, in Class II systems, and in Class II–L systems not exceeding 1 NPS. If 100 percent radiography is required by § 56.95–10 threaded flanges are not permitted and buttwelding flanges must be provided. (3) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 3. Slip-on flanges meeting ASME B16.5 may be used in piping systems of Class E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 57950 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules I, Class II, or Class II–L not to exceed the service pressure-temperature ratings, and not to exceed 4-inch Nominal Pipe Size (NPS) in systems of Class I and Class II–L. If 100 percent radiography is required by § 56.95–10, slip-on flanges are not permitted and butt-welding flanges are required. Restrictions on the use of slip-on flanges appear in § 56.50– 105 for low-temperature piping systems. (4) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 4. ASME B16.5 socket welding flanges may be used in Class I or II–L systems not exceeding 3 NPS for class 600 and lower class flanges and 21/2NPS for class 900 and class 1500 flanges within the service pressure-temperature ratings of the standard. Whenever full radiography is required by § 56.95–10 socket welding flanges are not permitted and a butt weld type connection must be provided. For Class II piping, socket welding flanges may be used without diameter limitation. Restrictions on socket welds appear in § 56.50–105 for low temperature piping systems. (5) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 5. Flanges fabricated from steel plate meeting the requirements of part 54 of this chapter may be used for Class II piping for pressures not exceeding 150 psig per square inch and temperatures not exceeding 450 °F. Plate material listed in UCS–6(b) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) may not be used in this application, except that material meeting ASTM A36/A36M (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) may be used. The fabricated flanges must conform at least to the ASME B16.5 class 150 flange dimensions. (6) Figure § 56.30–10 (b), Method 6. Steel plate flanges meeting the material and construction requirements listed in paragraph (b)(5) of this section may be used for Class II piping for pressures not exceeding 150 psig or temperatures not exceeding 650 °F. The flange must be attached to the pipe as shown by figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 6. (7) Figure § 56.30–10 (b), Method 7. Lap joint flanges (Van Stone) may be used for Class I and Class II piping. The ends of the pipe must be heated from 1,650° to 1,900 °F based on the size of the pipe. Extra thickness of metal built up in the end of the pipe must be machined to restore the pipe to its original diameter. The width of the lap flange must be at least three times the thickness of the pipe wall and the end of the pipe must be properly stress relieved after the flanging operation is completed. Manufacturers desiring to produce this type of joint must demonstrate to a marine inspector that they have the proper equipment and VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 personnel to produce an acceptable joint. (8) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 8.* * * (9) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 9.* * * (10) Figure § 56.30–10 (b), Method 10. Flanges may be attached by shrinking the flange on to the end of the pipe and flaring the end of the pipe to an angle of not less than 20°. A fillet weld of the size shown by figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 10, must be used to attach the hub to the pipe. This flange is limited to a pressure of 300 psig and a temperature not exceeding of 500 °F. (11) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 11. The flange of the type described and illustrated by figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 10, except with the fillet weld omitted, may be used for Class II piping not exceeding 150 psig and temperatures not exceeding 450 °F. (12) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 12. High-hub bronze flanges may be used for temperatures not exceeding 425 °F. A preinserted ring of silver brazing alloy having a melting point not less than 1,000 °F must be inserted into the groove. A suitable flux must be applied to the surfaces to be joined to produce a satisfactory joint. (13) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 13.* * * (14) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 14. Flanges may be attached to nonferrous pipe by inserting the pipe in the flange and flanging the end of the pipe into the recess machined in the face of the flange to receive it. The pipe must be securely brazed to the wall of the flange. (15) Figure § 56.30–10(b), Method 15.* * * * * * * * ■ 153. Amend § 56.30–20 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (b): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘Reproduces’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Modifies’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR 56.60–1, table 56.60–1(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60–1’’; ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘table 56.30–20(c)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.30–20(c)’’; ■ c. Redesignate table 56.30–20(c) as table § 56.30–20(c); ■ d. In note 2 to newly redesignated table § 56.30–20(c) remove the text ‘‘when commercially available components such as pumps, valves and strainers may only be obtained with threaded connections’’; and ■ e. Revise paragraph (d). The revision reads as follows: § 56.30–20 Threaded joints. * * * * * (d) No pipe with a wall thickness less than that of standard weight of ASME PO 00000 Frm 00056 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 B36.10M (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) steel pipe may be threaded. For restrictions on the use of pipe in steam service more than 250 psig or water service over 100 psig and 200 °F (938C), see part 104.1.2(c)(1) of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). § 56.30–25 [Amended] 154. Amend § 56.30–25 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the text ‘‘F 1387’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘F1387’’; and ■ ii. Remove the words ‘‘as long as they are maintained in good condition’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (d), remove the words ‘‘or reducing the wall thickness’’. ■ ■ ■ § 56.30–27 [Amended] 155. Amend § 56.30–27 by removing the words ‘‘in marine installations’’. ■ 156. Amend § 56.30–30 by revising paragraphs (a) and (b)(1) to read as follows: ■ § 56.30–30 Brazed joints. (a) General (refer also to subpart 56.75). The minimum socket depth must be sufficient for the intended service. Brazing alloy must either be end-fed into the socket or must be provided in the form of a preinserted ring in a groove in the socket. The brazing alloy must be sufficient to fill completely the annular clearance between the socket and the pipe or tube. (b) * * *(1) Brazed socket-type joints must not be used on systems containing flammable or combustible fluids in areas where fire hazards are involved or where the service temperature exceeds 425 °F. Higher temperature service must be approved by the Commandant. * * * * * § 56.30–35 [Amended] 157. Amend § 56.30–35 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the text ‘‘F 1476’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘F1476’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘F 1548’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘F1548’’; and ■ iii, Remove the words ‘‘as long as they are maintained in good condition’’;b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the words ‘‘disable the vessel’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘occur’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘do not provide positive protection against creep and’’. ■ 158. Amend § 56.30–40 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (b); ■ b. Remove paragraph (c); ■ c. Redesignate paragraphs (d) through (h) as paragraphs (c) through (g); ■ d. In newly redesignated paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules e. In newly redesignated paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘table 56.60–1(b) of this part’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60–1’’; ■ f. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (e); and ■ g. In newly redesignated paragraphs (f) and (g), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.30–40 Flexible pipe couplings of the compression or slip-on type. * * * * * (b) Positive means must also be provided to prevent the coupling from ‘‘creeping’’ on the pipe and uncovering the joint. Bite type devices are not generally accepted for this purpose. Machined grooves or centering pins are considered positive means. * * * * * (e) Flexible couplings must not be used in cargo holds or in any other space where leakage, undetected flooding, or impingement of liquid on vital equipment may occur, or in tanks where the liquid conveyed in the piping system is not compatible with the liquid in the tank. * * * * * ■ 159. Amend § 56.35–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revision reads as follows: § 56.35–1 Pipe stress calculations (replaces 119.7). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 (a) A summary of the results of pipe stress calculations for the main and auxiliary steam piping where the design temperatures exceed 800 °F must be submitted for approval. Calculations must be made in accordance with a method of stress analysis acceptable to the Marine Safety Center to determine the forces at all terminal connections, anchor and junction points, as well as the resultant bending stress, longitudinal pressure stress, torsional stress, and combined expansion stress at all such points. The location of the maximum combined stress must be indicated in each run of pipe between anchor points. * * * * * § 56.35–10 [Amended] 160. Amend § 56.35–10 as follows: a. Remove paragraph (a); b. Redesignate paragraph (b) as paragraph (a) and reserve new paragraph (b); and ■ c. In newly redesignated paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘piping’’; and ■ ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 ii. Remove the text ‘‘table 56.60–1(b) of this part’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60–1’’. ■ 161. Revise § 56.35–15 to read as follows: ■ § 56.35–15 [Amended] Metallic expansion joints must conform to the standards listed in table 2 to § 56.60–1 and may be used within their specified pressure and temperature rating. ■ 162. Revise § 56.50–1 to read as follows: § 56.50–1 General (replaces 122). The requirements in this subpart for piping systems apply instead of those in Section 122 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). The following installation requirements are applicable to all systems: (a) Where pipes and scuppers are carried through watertight or oiltight bulkheads, decks or tank tops, or are carried through fire control bulkheads and decks, the integrity of the structure must be maintained. Lead or other heat sensitive materials must not be used in piping systems in bulkhead or deck penetrations where fire would impair the integrity of the penetration. (For nonmetallic or plastic pipe installations, see § 56.60–25(a).) Openings in structure through which pipes pass must be reinforced where necessary. Metallic materials having a melting point of 1,700 °F or less are considered heat sensitive and if used must be suitably insulated. (b)(1) Pipes piercing the collision bulkhead must be fitted with valves operable from above the bulkhead deck and the valve must be fitted inside the forepeak tank adjacent to the collision bulkhead. The pipe penetrating the collision bulkhead must be welded to the bulkhead on both sides. The valve body must be of steel or ductile cast iron. (2) Passenger vessels must not have the collision bulkhead pierced below the margin line by more than one pipe conveying liquids in the forepeak tank. (c) Valves and cocks not forming part of a piping system are not permitted in watertight subdivision bulkheads. However, sluice valves or gates in oiltight bulkheads of tankships may be used if approved by the Marine Safety Center. (d) Piping must generally not be run over switchboards, and must be installed as far away from other electrical equipment as practicable. When such leads are necessary, provision must be made to prevent leakage from damaging the equipment. PO 00000 Frm 00057 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57951 (e) Stuffing boxes must not be used on deep tank bulkheads, double bottoms or in any position where they cannot be easily examined. This requirement does not apply to ore carriers operating on the Great Lakes or cargo lines of oil tankers. (f) Piping systems must be installed so that under no condition will the operation of safety or relief valves be impaired. (g)(1) Power actuated valves may be used if approved for the system by the Marine Safety Center. All power actuated valves must have a backup manual means of operation. (2)(i) Remote valve controls must be fitted with nameplates describing the applicable system. (ii) Remote valve controls must be accessible under normal service conditions. (iii) Remote valve controls, except reach rods, must be fitted with indicators that show whether the valves they control are open or closed. Valve position indicating systems must be independent of valve control systems. (iv) Valve reach rods must be adequately protected. (v) Solid reach rods must be used in tanks containing liquids, except that reach rods of constructed of extra-heavy pipe may be considered acceptable by the OCMI. (3) Air-operated remote control valves must be provided with self-indicating lines at the control boards that indicate the desired valve positions, such as open or closed. (h) Suitable drains must be provided at low points of piping systems. (i) Valves and cocks must be easily accessible. Valves attached to the shell of the vessel or to sea chests located below deck plating must be operable from above the deckplates. (j) When welded fabrication is employed, a sufficient number of detachable joints must be provided to facilitate maintenance of machinery. (k) Piping systems used where the fluid temperature exceeds 150 °F must be suitably insulated as necessary to preclude injury to personnel. (l) Where pipes are run through dry cargo spaces they must be protected from mechanical injury by a suitable enclosure or other means. ■ 163. Amend § 56.50–10 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows: § 56.50–10 Special gauge requirements. * * * * * (b) Fuel oil service and transfer, fire, cargo and boiler feed pumps must be provided with a discharge pressure gage. Additional information pertaining to fire pumps is in § 34.10–5 of E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57952 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules subchapter D (Tank Vessels), § 76.10–5 of subchapter H (Passenger Vessels), § 95.10–5 of subchapter I (Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels), and § 108.417 of subchapter IA (Mobile Offshore Drilling Units), all of this chapter. ■ 164. Amend § 56.50–15 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (b) and (c); ■ c. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Revise paragraphs (f), (g), (h)(2) and (3), and (i); ■ e. In paragraph (j), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ f. Revise paragraph (k). The revisions read as follows: (1) A relief valve in the exhaust side with appropriate set pressure and sufficient capacity to prevent the exhaust side from overpressure. (2) A sentinel valve or other warning device fitted on the exhaust side, together with a trip device, which will close the inlet valve. * * * * * (k) Means must be provided for draining every steam pipe in which water hammer might occur. ■ 165. Amend § 56.50–20 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘specifically provided for in other regulations or as’’. The revision reads as follows: § 56.50–15 § 56.50–20 Steam and exhaust piping. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) Main superheater outlet piping systems, desuperheated piping systems, and other auxiliary superheated piping systems led directly from the boiler superheater must be designed for a pressure not less than the pressure at which the superheater safety valve is set. In the case of a superheated safety valve which is drum pilot actuated, the design pressure of such piping systems must not be less than the pressure setting of the actuator valve on the drum. Valves and fittings must be selected for the above systems from the accepted standards in table 1 to 56.60– 1, using the pressure-temperature rating in the standard. (c) Steam stop valves in sizes exceeding 6 inches must be fitted with bypasses. * * * * * (f) The auxiliary steam piping of each vessel equipped with more than one boiler must be so arranged that steam for the whistle and vital auxiliary systems may be supplied from any power boiler. (g) Steam and engine exhaust pipes must not be led through coal bunkers or dry cargo spaces. (h) * * * (2) The pressure in steam heating systems must not exceed 150 psig, and the steam pressure for accommodation and public space heating must not exceed 45 psig. (3) Steam lines must be suitably located and shielded to minimize hazards to any personnel within the space. * * * * * (i) Where the exhaust side of machinery is not designed for the full inlet pressure, the exhaust side must be protected from over pressure by one of the following means: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Pressure relief piping. (a) General. There must be no intervening stop valves between the pressure vessel or piping system being protected and its protective device or devices, except as authorized by the Marine Safety Center. * * * * * ■ 166. Revise § 56.50–25 to read as follows: § 56.50–25 piping. Safety and relief valve escape (a) Escape piping from safety valves must have an area of not less than that of the combined areas of the outlets of all valves discharging thereto and must be led as near vertically as practicable to the atmosphere. (b) Expansion joints or flexible pipe connections must be fitted in escape piping. The piping must be adequately supported so that no stress is transmitted to the safety valve body. (c) Safety or relief valve discharges, when permitted to terminate in the machinery space, must be led below the floorplates or to a remote position. (d) The back pressure effect of the escape piping on the operation of the relief device must be considered. ■ 167. Amend § 56.50–30 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (a)(3) and (4), and (b), the subject heading to paragraph (c), and paragraphs (c)(1) and (2); ■ c. In the introductory text to paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Revise paragraphs (d)(1) and (2); ■ e. In paragraph (d)(3) and the introductory text to paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; PO 00000 Frm 00058 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 f. Revise paragraph (e)(1); g. In paragraph (e)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ h. Revise paragraph (f). The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 56.50–30 Boiler feed piping. (a) * * * (3) Feed discharge piping from the pump up to, but not including the required stop and stop-check valves, must be designed for either the feed pump relief valve setting or the shutoff head of the pump if a relief valve is not fitted. (Refer to § 56.07–10(b) for specific requirements.) Feed piping from the boiler, to and including the required stop and stop-check valves (see paragraph (b) of this section), must have a design pressure which exceeds the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler by either 25 percent or 225 psig, whichever is less. The value of allowable stress for design purposes must be selected as described in § 56.07–10(e) at a temperature not below that for saturated steam at the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler. (4) Feed pumps for water tube boilers must have freshwater connections only. (b) Feed valves. (1) Stop and stopcheck valves must be fitted in the main feed line and must be attached as closely as possible to drum inlets or to the economizer inlet. (2) Auxiliary feed lines must be fitted with stop valves and stop-check valves. (3) Boilers fitted with economizers must have a check valve fitted in the economizer discharge and located as close as possible to the drum feed inlet nozzle. (c) Feed water regulators and heaters. (1) Where feed water regulators or feed water heaters are installed, an alternate means of operation with these devices bypassed must be provided. (2) All feed water regulators installed in a unit feed system must be fitted with an external bypass. * * * * * (d) * * * (1) Vessels having a feed pump attached to the main propulsion unit must be provided with at least one independently driven feed pump. Each of these pumps must be used exclusively for feed purposes and must be capable of supplying the operating boilers at their normal capacity. In addition, a second independently driven pump, capable of supplying such boilers at 75 percent of their normal capacity, must be provided. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (2) If two independently driven pumps are provided, each capable of supplying the boilers at their normal required operating capacity, and neither pump is used for other purposes, the third or emergency feed pump is not required. * * * * * (e) * * * (1) The unit feed system may be used on vessels having two or more boilers. When the unit feed system is employed each boiler must have its own independently driven main feed pump capable of supplying the boiler at its normal operating capacity. In addition, there must be an auxiliary independent feed pump of the same capacity that can be operated in place of and in conjunction with the main feed pump. In vessels with three or more boilers, not more than two boilers may be served by any one auxiliary pump. The auxiliary pump may be so interconnected that any pump can feed any boiler. * * * * * (f) Feedwater. The feedwater must be introduced into a boiler as required by § 52.01–105(d) of this subchapter. ■ 168. Revise § 56.50–35 to read as follows: § 56.50–35 Condensate pumps. Two means must be provided for discharging the condensate from the main condenser, one of which must be independent of the main propelling machinery. ■ 169. Amend § 56.50–40 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (b); ■ d. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ e. Revise paragraph (d). The revisions read as follow: § 56.50–40 122.1.4). Blowoff piping (replaces jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) Blowoff must be designed for not less than 125 percent of the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler, or the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler plus 225 psig, whichever is less. The value of allowable stress for design purposes must be selected as described in § 56.07–10(e) at a temperature not below that of saturated steam at the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (d) Globe valves must not be used for blowoff service. § 56.50–45 [Amended] 170. Amend § 56.50–45 as follows: a. In paragraphs (a) and (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Remove paragraph (d). ■ 171. Amend § 56.50–50 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraphs (a), (b), and (c)(1); ■ b. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the text ‘‘SOLAS II–1/21’’ and add the text ‘‘SOLAS Chapter II–1, Regulation 35–1’’ in its place; ■ c. Revise paragraph (c)(3)(iii); ■ d. In paragraph (c)(3)(iv), remove the words ‘‘for both manual operation and repair’’; ■ e. In paragraph (c)(3)(vi), remove the text ‘‘(O/B/O)’’; ■ f. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (d); ■ g. Designate the formula immediately following paragraph (d)(1) as Formula 1 to 56.50–50(d) and the formula immediately following paragraph (d)(2) as Formula 2 to 56.50–50(d), so that they appear immediately following the introductory text to paragraph (d); ■ h. Revise paragraph (d)(1); ■ i. In paragraph (d)(2), remove the text ‘‘For branch suctions to cargo and machinery spaces:’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘The following ‘‘where’’ clause applies to Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50–50(d):’’; ■ j. Designate Notes 1 through 6 as Note 1 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 2 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 3 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 4 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 5 to paragraph (d)(2),and Note 6 to paragraph (d)(2), respectively. ■ k. In paragraph (d)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ l. In paragraphs (d)(4): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘Formulas (1) and (2) of this paragraph’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50–50(d)’’; and ■ ii. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ m. In paragraph (d)(5), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ n. In paragraph (e), remove the text ‘‘Formula (2) in paragraph (d)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Formula 2 to 56.50–50(d)’’; ■ o. Revise paragraphs (f)(1) and (2); ■ p. In paragraph (f)(4), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ q. Revise paragraph (g); ■ r. In paragraph (h), remove the text ‘‘Except as allowed by paragraph ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00059 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57953 (c)(4)(vii) of this section, piping for draining a cargo hold or machinery space must be separate from piping used for filling or emptying any tank where water or oil is carried.’’; ■ s. In paragraph (i), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ t. Revise paragraphs (j) and (k); ■ u. In paragraphs (l) and (m), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ v. Designate the concluding Note as Note 7 to § 56.50–50. The additions and revisions read as follows: § 56.50–50 Bilge and ballast piping. (a)(1) The requirements of SOLAS Chapter II–1 regulation 35–1 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01– 2) for passenger and cargo ships are considered equivalent to this section. (2) All vessels except unmanned barges must be provided with a satisfactory bilge pumping plant capable of pumping from and draining any watertight compartment except for ballast, oil and water tanks. The bilge pumping system must be capable of operation under all practicable conditions after a casualty whether the ship is upright or listed. (3) Arrangements must be made whereby water in the compartments will drain to the suction pipes. Where piping is led through the forepeak, see § 56.50– 1(b). (4) Where the vessel is to carry flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 23 °C (74 °F) in enclosed cargo spaces, the bilge-pumping system must be designed to ensure against inadvertent pumping of such liquids through machinery spaces. (5) For vessels constructed on or after June 9, 1995, and on an international voyage, arrangements must meet the requirements of SOLAS Chapter II–1 regulation 35–1 to drain the enclosed cargo spaces on either the bulkhead deck of a passenger vessel or the freeboard deck of a cargo vessel. (b) Passenger vessels must have provision made to prevent the compartment served by any bilge suction piping from being flooded in the event the pipe is severed or otherwise damaged by collision or grounding in any other compartment. Where the piping is located within one-fifth of the beam of the side of the vessel or is in a duct keel, a nonreturn valve must be fitted to the end of the pipe in the compartment which it serves. (c)(1) Each bilge suction must lead from a manifold unless otherwise approved by the Marine Safety Center. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57954 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules As far as practicable, each manifold must be in, or capable of remote operation from, the same space as the bilge pump. In either case, the manifold must be capable of being locally controlled from the floorplates. As far as practicable, each overboard-discharge valve for a bilge system must comply with the requirements governing location and accessibility for suction manifolds. Except as otherwise permitted by paragraph (c)(4) of this section for a vessel employing a common-rail bilge system, each bilgemanifold valve controlling a bilge suction from any compartment must be of the stop-check type. * * * * * (3) * * * (iii) The stop valve or the stop-check valve is power-driven, is capable of remote operation from the space where the pump is, and is capable of manual operation. * * * * * (d) The internal diameter of bilge suction pipes including strainers must be determined by Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50–50(d), except that the nearest commercial size not more than onefourth inch under the required diameter may be used. * * * (1) For suctions to each main bilge pump, use Formula 1 to 56.50–50(d). For branch suctions to cargo and machinery spaces, use Formula 2 to 56.50–50(d). * * * * * (f) * * * (1) On passenger vessels propelled by steam and operating on an international voyage or on ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes routes, the main circulating pump is to be fitted with a direct bilge suction for the machinery space. The diameter of such suctions must not be less than two-thirds the diameter of the main sea injection. Other independent power pumps in the machinery space may be approved by the Commandant if the main circulating pump is not suitable. (2) On passenger vessels propelled by internal combustion engines and operating on an international voyage or on ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes routes, the largest available pump in the engine room is to be fitted with the direct bilge suction in the machinery space. The area of the suction pipe is to be equal to the full suction inlet of the pump. * * * * * (g) Each individual bilge suction must be fitted with a suitable strainer having an open area of not less than three times that of the suction pipe. In addition a mud box or basket strainer must be fitted in an accessible position between the bilge suction manifold and the pump. * * * * * (j) When dry cargo is to be carried in deep tanks, arrangement must be made for blanking-off the oil and ballast lines. The bilge suctions must be blanked-off when oil or ballast is carried. (k) Where bilge and ballast piping is led through tanks, except ballast piping in ballast tanks, means must be provided to minimize the risk of flooding of other spaces due to pipe failure. In this regard, such piping may be in a watertight pipe tunnel, or the piping may be of Schedule 80 pipe wall thickness, fitted with expansion bends, with all joints welded. Alternative designs may be approved by the Marine Safety Center. Where a pipe tunnel is installed, the watertight integrity of the bulkheads must be maintained. No valve or fitting may be located within the tunnel if the pipe tunnel is not of sufficient size to afford access. * * * * * 172. Amend § 56.50–55 as follows: a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ‘‘table 56.50–55(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.50–55(a)’’; ■ b. Reserve paragraph (a)(2); ■ c. Redesignate table 56.50–55(a) as table § 56.50–55(a) and revise note 5 to newly redesignated table § 56.50–55(a); ■ d. Revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), and (c); ■ e. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ f. In paragraph (e)(1), remove the words ‘‘submitted for consideration’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘considered’’; ■ g. Revise paragraph (e)(2); ■ h. In paragraph (e)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ i. In paragraph (e)(4), remove the last sentence; and ■ j. In paragraph (f), remove the words ‘‘fitted with necessary connections to the bilge pumping’’ and add, their place, the words ‘‘connected to the bilge’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 56.50–55 Bilge pumps. (a) * * * (1) * * * 5 Vessels operating on lakes (including Great Lakes), bays, sounds, or rivers where steam is available, or where a suitable water supply is available from a power-driven pump, may substitute siphons or eductors for one of the required power-driven pumps, provided a siphon or eductor is permanently installed in each hold or compartment. (b) * * * (1) Ocean going sailing vessels and barges must be provided with pumps connected to the bilge main as required in table § 56.50–55(b)(1). TABLE § 56.50–55(b)(1)—BILGE PUMPS REQUIRED FOR NONSELF-PROPELLED VESSELS Type of vessel Waters navigated Power pumps 1 Sailing ........................................................................... Manned barges ............................................................ Manned barges ............................................................ Unmanned barges ........................................................ Mobile offshore drilling units ........................................ Ocean and coastwise ................................................... ......do ........................................................................... Other than ocean and coastwise ................................. All waters ...................................................................... All waters ...................................................................... Two ................ Two ................ (3) ................... (3) ................... Two ................ Hand pumps (2) (2) (3) (3) None. 1 Where power is available, independent power bilge pumps must be installed as required and must be connected to the bilge main. hand pumps connected to the bilge main may be substituted for the power pumps. Where there is no common bilge main, one hand pump will be required for each compartment. 3 Suitable hand or power pumps or siphons, portable or fixed, carried either on board the barge or on the towing vessel must be provided. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 2 Efficient (2) The pumps and source of power for oceangoing sailing vessels and barges must be located above the bulkhead deck or at the highest convenient accessible level. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (c) Capacity of independent power bilge pump. (1) Each power bilge pump must develop a suction velocity of not less than 400 feet per minute and a corresponding capacity based on the PO 00000 Frm 00060 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 size of bilge main piping required by § 56.50–50(d)(1). (2) Alternatively, the minimum pump capacity, Q, in m3/hr may be based on the following formula: E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Q = 5.75d2/1000, where d = diameter of the main bilge suction piping, in mm. (3) For vessels of less than 65 feet in length not engaged on international voyages, the pump must have a minimum capacity of 25 gallons per minute and need not meet the velocity requirement of this paragraph. * * * * * (e) * * * (2) For non-self-propelled vessels requiring two bilge pumps, these pumps, insofar as practicable, must be located in separate watertight machinery spaces. When the location of bilge pumps in separate watertight compartments is not possible, the Marine Safety Center will consider alternate arrangements. * * * * * § 56.50–57 [Removed and Reserved] 173. Remove and reserve § 56.50–57. 174. Amend § 56.50–60 as follows: a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b)(1); b. In paragraph (b)(2), remove the text ‘‘As far as practicable, no’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘No’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘low pressure’’; ■ d. In paragraph (d)(1): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘A 395’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘F1155’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ e. Revise paragraphs (d)(1)(i), (d)(2) and (3)(i) and (ii); ■ f. In paragraph (d)(3)(iii), remove the words ‘‘actuators shall’’ and add, in their place ‘‘power actuators must’’; ■ g. Revise paragraph (d)(3)(iv); ■ h. In paragraph (d)(4), remove the words ‘‘operating rods’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘operation’’; ■ i. In paragraph (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ j. In paragraph (j), remove the word ‘‘well’’; ■ k. Revise paragraphs (m)(1) and (2) and the introductory text to paragraph (n); ■ l. In paragraph (n)(1), remove the word ‘‘Complying’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Comply’’; and ■ m. Revise paragraph (n)(2). The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.50–60 Systems containing oil. (a)(1) Oil-piping systems for cargo or fuel oil must be separate from other piping systems as far as practicable, and positive means must be provided to prevent interconnection in service. (2) Fuel oil and cargo oil systems may be combined if the cargo oil systems contain only Grade E oils. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (3) Oil pumps must have no discharge connections to fire mains, boiler feed systems, or condensers. (b) * * * (1) Each drain from a heating coil as well as each drain from an oil heater must run to an inspection tank or other suitable oil detector. * * * * * (d) * * * (1) * * * (i) In the special case of a deep tank in any shaft tunnel, piping tunnel, or similar space, one or more valves must be fitted on the tank. In the event of fire, the flow of oil from the tank may be stopped by means of an additional valve on the piping outside the tunnel or similar space. Any such additional valve installed inside a machinery space must be capable of being operated from outside this space. * * * * * (2) If valves are installed on the inside of the tank, they may be made of cast iron and arranged for remote control only. Additional valves for local control must be located in the space where the system exits from the tank or adjacent tanks. Valves for local control outside the tanks must meet paragraph (d)(1) of this section. (3) * * * (i) Valve actuators must be capable of closing the valves under all conditions, except during physical interruption of the power system (for example, from cable breakage or tube rupture). Fluid power actuated valves, other than those opened against spring pressure, must be provided with an energy storage system which is protected, as far as practicable, from fire and mechanical damage. The energy storage system must be used for no other purpose and must have sufficient capacity to cycle all connected valves from the initial valve position to the opposite position and return. The cross connection of this system to an alternate power supply will be given special consideration by the Marine Safety Center. (ii) The valve must have a local power actuator to both open and close the valve, unless local manual opening operation will not prevent remote closing of the valve. * * * * * (iv) The valve must be provided with a means of emergency manual operation to both open and close the valve regardless of the status of the power operating system. Such manual operation may interfere with the power operation, and if so, must be protected by means of covers, locking devices, or other suitable means. Instructions and warnings regarding the emergency PO 00000 Frm 00061 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57955 system must be conspicuously posted at the valve. * * * * * (m) * * * (1) Comply with § 56.50–80; and (2) In a machinery space, meet the applicable requirements of §§ 56.50–60, 56.50–85, 56.50–90, and 58.01–55(f) of this subchapter. No arrangement need comply with § 56.50–90 (c)(1) and (c)(3) if the sounding pipe is fitted with an effective means of closure, such as a threaded cap or plug or other means acceptable to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. (n) Each arrangement for the storage, distribution, and use of any oil employed in a fluid power, control, or heating system must— * * * * * (2) Where means of ignition are present, meet the applicable requirements of §§ 56.50–85(a)(11), 56.50–90 (c) and (d), and 58.01–55(f) of this subchapter. Each pipe and its valves and fittings must be of steel or other approved material, except that the use of flexible piping or hose is permitted in accordance with §§ 56.35– 10, 56.35–15, and 56.60–25(c). ■ 175. Revise § 56.50–65 to read as follows: § 56.50–65 Burner fuel-oil service systems. (a) All discharge piping from the fuel oil service pumps to burners must be seamless steel with a thickness of at least Schedule 80. Short lengths of steel, or annealed copper nickel, nickel copper, or copper pipe and tubing may be used between the fuel oil burner front header manifold and the atomizer head to provide flexibility. All material used must meet the requirements of subpart 56.60. The use of non-metallic materials is prohibited. Flexible metallic tubing may be used when approved by the Marine Safety Center. Tubing fittings must be of the flared type except that flareless fittings of the nonbite type may be used when the tubing is steel, nickel copper or copper nickel. (b)(1) All vessels having oil fired boilers must have at least two fuel service pumps, each of sufficient capacity to supply all the boilers at full power, and arranged so that one may be overhauled while the other is in service. If installed, fuel oil heaters must be so arranged that any heater may be overhauled while the other is in service. Suction and discharge strainers must be capable of being cleaned without interrupting the oil supply. (2) All auxiliary boilers, except those furnishing steam for vital equipment and fire extinguishing purposes, may be equipped with a single fuel oil service E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57956 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules pump. Such pumps need not be fitted with discharge strainers. (3) Strainers must be located so as to preclude the possibility of spraying oil on the burner or boiler casing, or be provided with spray shields. Coamings, drip pans, etc., must be fitted under fuel oil service pumps, heaters, etc., where necessary to prevent oil drainage to the bilge. (4) Boilers burning fuel oils of low viscosity need not be equipped with fuel oil heaters. (c) Piping between service pumps and burners must be located so as to be readily observable, and all bolted flange joints must be provided with a spray shield to deflect spray in case of a leak. Fuel pump or heater relief valves must discharge back to the settling tank or the suction side of the pump. The return line from the burners must be so arranged that the suction piping cannot be subjected to discharge pressure. (d) If threaded-bonnet valves are employed, they must be of the unionbonnet type capable of being packed under pressure. (e) Unions must not be used for pipe diameters of 1 inch and above. (f) Boiler header valves of the quick closing type must be installed in the fuel supply lines as close to the boiler front header as practicable. The location is to be accessible to the operator or remotely controlled. (g) Bushings and street ells are not permitted in fuel oil discharge piping. (h) Each fuel-oil service pump must be equipped with controls as required by § 58.01–25 of this subchapter. ■ 176. Revise § 56.50–70 to read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.50–70 Gasoline fuel systems. (a) Material. (1) Fuel supply piping to the engines must be of seamless drawn annealed copper pipe or tubing, nickel copper, or copper nickel pipe or tubing meeting the requirements of subpart 56.60. (2) Thicknesses of tubing walls must not be less than the larger of that shown in table § 56.50–70(a) or that required by § 56.07–10(e) and 104.1.2 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). (3) Tubing fittings must be of nonferrous drawn or forged metal and of the flared type except that the flareless fittings of the nonbite type may be used when the tubing system is of nickel copper or copper nickel. Tubing must be cut square and flared by suitable tools. Tube ends must be annealed before flaring. Pipe fittings must be of nonferrous material. Pipe thread joints must be made tight with a suitable compound. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (g) Filling and sounding pipes. Filling and sounding pipes must be so arranged that vapors or overflow when filling cannot escape to the inside of the vessel and will discharge overboard. Such pipes must terminate on the weather deck clear of any coamings and must be TABLE § 56.50–70(a)—TUBING WALL fitted with suitable shutoff valves. A corrosion-resistant flame screen of must THICKNESS be fitted in the throat of the filling pipe. Thickness Sounding pipes must be kept closed at Outside diameter of all times except during sounding. tubing in inches B.W.G. Inch (h) Vent pipes. Each tank must be 1⁄8, 3⁄16, 1⁄4 ................. #21 0.032 fitted with a vent, the cross-sectional 5⁄16, 3⁄8 ....................... #20 .035 area of which must not be less than that 7⁄16, 1⁄2 ....................... #19 .042 of the filling pipe. The vent pipes must terminate at least 2 feet above the (b) Installation. (1) All fuel pipes, weather deck and not less than 3 feet pipe connections, and accessories must from any opening into living quarters or be readily accessible, protected against other below-deck space. The ends of mechanical injury, and effectively vent pipes must terminate with U-bends secured against excessive movement and be fitted with flame screens or and vibration by the use of soft flame arresters. The flame screens must nonferrous metal liners or straps. Where consist of a single screen of corrosion passing through steel decks or resistant wire of at least 30 by 30 mesh. bulkheads, fuel lines must be protected (i) Gasoline tanks. For requirements by close fitting ferrules or stuffing pertaining to independent gasoline fuel boxes. Refer to § 56.30–25 for tubing tanks see subpart 58.50 of this joint installations. subchapter. (2) A short length of suitable metallic (j) Fuel pump shutdown. Each fuel or nonmetallic flexible tubing or hose, pump must comply with § 58.01–25 of or a loop of annealed copper tubing, this subchapter. must be installed in the fuel-supply line ■ 177. Amend § 56.50–75 as follows: at or near the engine to prevent damage ■ a. Revise paragraph (a)(1); by vibration. ■ b. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove (i) If nonmetallic flexible hose is used, the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears it must meet the requirements of and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; § 56.60–25(b) for fuel service. ■ c. Revise paragraph (b)(1); (ii) Flexible hose connections should ■ d. In paragraphs (b)(2)through (4), maintain metallic contact (continuity) remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it between the sections of the fuel-supply appears and add, in its place, the word lines; however, if they do not, the fuel ‘‘must’’; tank must be grounded. ■ e. Revise paragraph (b)(6); and (c) Shutoff valves. Shutoff valves of a ■ f. In paragraph (b)(7), remove the word suitable type must be installed in the ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word fuel supply lines, one as close to the tank as practicable. Where fuel tanks are ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: installed below the weather deck, arrangements must be provided for § 56.50–75 Diesel fuel systems. operating all shutoff valves at the tanks (a) * * * from outside the compartments in (1) The diesel fuel system must which they are located. The operating comply with §§ 56.50–60, 56.50–85, and gear for the shutoff valves at the tanks 56.50–90. The fuel supply piping to must be accessible and suitably marked. engines must be of seamless steel, (d) Strainers. A suitable twin strainer annealed seamless copper or brass pipe must be fitted in the fuel supply line in or tubing, or of nickel copper or copper the engine compartment. A drip pan nickel alloy meeting the requirements of must be fitted under the strainer. subpart 56.60 for materials and § 56.50– (e) Outlets and drains. Outlets in fuel 70(a)(2) for thickness. Fuel oil service lines for drawing gasoline for any pumps must comply with § 58.01–25 of purpose are prohibited. However, this subchapter. openings fitted with threaded plug or * * * * * cap can be used for cleaning purposes. (b) * * * (f) Fuel suction connections. All fuel (1) Materials. Fuel supply piping must suction and return lines must enter the be of copper, nickel copper, copper top of the fuel tanks and connections nickel or other materials having a must be fitted into spuds. Such lines minimum wall thickness of 0.035 inch. must extend nearly to the bottom of the tank. * * * * * (4) Valves for fuel lines must be of nonferrous material of the union bonnet type with ground seats except that cocks may be used if they are the solid bottom type with tapered plugs and union bonnets. PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (6) Filling pipe. Tank filling pipes on vessels less than 100 gross tons and tank barges must terminate on an open deck and must be fitted with suitable shutoff valves, deck plugs, or caps. * * * * * ■ 178. Amend § 56.50–80 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b); ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘on steam driven machinery shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (d); ■ d. In paragraphs (e), (f) and (g), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ e. Revise paragraph (h). The revisions read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.50–80 Lubricating-oil systems. (a) The lubricating oil system must be designed to function satisfactorily when the vessel has a permanent 15° list and a permanent 5° trim. See § 58.01–40 of this subchapter for operational requirements for propulsion and vital machinery at vessel angles of inclination. (b) When pressure or gravity-forced lubrication is employed for the main propelling machinery, an independent auxiliary lubricating pump must be provided. * * * * * (d) For internal combustion engine installations, the requirements of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section do not apply to vessels in river and harbor service, nor to any vessel below 300 gross tons. For internal combustion engines, two separate means are to be provided for circulating coolant. One of those means must be independently driven and may consist of a connection from a pump of adequate size normally used for other purposes utilizing the required coolant. Oil filters must be provided on all internal combustion engine installations. On main propulsion engines fitted with full-flow type filters, the arrangement must be such that the filters may be cleaned without interrupting the oil supply except that such an arrangement is not required on vessels having more than one main propulsion engine. * * * * * (h) Sight-flow glasses may be used in lubricating-oil systems provided they can withstand exposure to a flame at a temperature of 927 °C (1700 °F) for one hour, without appreciable leakage. * * * * * ■ 179. Amend § 56.50–85 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a)(1) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (a)(3) and (6); VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 c. In the introductory text to paragraph (a)(7), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (a)(7)(i); ■ e. Remove paragraph (a)(7)(ii) and redesignate paragraph (a)(7)(iii) as paragraph (a)(7)(ii); ■ f. In paragraph (a)(9), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ g. Revise paragraphs (a)(10) and (a)(11)(ii); ■ h. Remove paragraph (a)(12) and redesignate paragraph (a)(13) as paragraph (a)(12); ■ i. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (a)(12); and ■ j Revise paragraph (b). The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.50–85 Tank-vent piping. (a) * * * (3) Vent pipes for fuel oil tanks must, wherever possible, have a slope of no less than 30°. * * * * * (6) Vents extending above the freeboard deck or superstructure deck from fuel oil and other tanks must be at least Schedule 40 in wall thickness. Except for barges in inland service and for Great Lakes vessels, the height from the deck to any point where water may gain access through the vent to below deck must be at least 30 inches (760 mm) on the freeboard deck and 171⁄2 inches (450 mm) on the superstructure deck. On Great Lakes vessels, the height from the deck to any point where water may gain access through the vent to below deck must be at least 30 inches (760 mm) on the freeboard deck, 24 inches (610 mm) on the raised quarterdeck, and 12 inches (305 mm) on other superstructure decks. Where the height of vents may interfere with the working of the vessel, a lower height may be approved by the Marine Safety Center provided the vent cap is properly protected from mechanical damage. For barges in inland service, the vents must extend at least six inches above the deck. (7) * * * (i) A ball check valve where the ball float, normally in the open position, will float up and close under the action of a submerging wave. The valve must be designed so that the effective clear discharge area through the valve with the float in the open position is not less than the inlet area of the vent pipe to which the valve is connected; or * * * * * (10) The diameter of each vent pipe must not be less than 11⁄2 inches nominal pipe size for freshwater tanks, PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57957 2 inches nominal pipe size for water ballast tanks, and 21⁄2 inches nominal pipe size for fuel oil tanks. (11) * * * (ii) Provision must be made to guard against liquids rising in the venting system to a height that would exceed the design head of a cargo tank or fueloil tank. It may be made by high-level alarms or overflow-control systems or other, equivalent means. * * * * * (12) Vents from freshwater or water ballast tanks must not be connected to a common header with vents from oil or oily ballast tanks. (b) Unless permitted by the Marine Safety Center, tank vents must remain within the watertight subdivision boundaries in which the tanks they vent are located. All tank vents which penetrate watertight subdivision bulkheads must terminate above the weather deck. ■ 180. Amend § 56.50–90 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b); ■ b. In the introductory text to paragraph (c), remove the third sentence; ■ c. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ‘‘In addition to the sounding pipe, the’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘The’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ‘‘The pipe terminates in a place remote from ignition hazards unless precautions’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘Precautions’’; ■ e. Revise paragraph (c)(3); ■ f. In the introductory text to paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘On each vessel constructed on or after June 9, 1995, other’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Other’’; and ■ g. Revise paragraph (e). The revisions read as follows: § 56.50–90 Sounding devices. (a) Each tank must be provided with a suitable means of determining liquid level. Except for a main cargo tank on a tank vessel, each integral hull tank and compartment must be fitted with a sounding pipe or other level indicating device acceptable to the Marine Safety Center. (b) Where sounding pipes terminate below the freeboard deck on cargo vessels, they shall be fitted with gate valves. On passenger vessels, where sounding pipes terminate below the bulkhead deck, they must be fitted with gate valves. (c) * * * (3) The end of the pipe is fitted with a self-closing blanking device. * * * * * (e) The upper ends of sounding pipes must be closed by a screw cap or plug. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57958 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules 181. Amend § 56.50–95 as follows: a. Revise paragraph (a)(1); b. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (b)(2); ■ d. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. Remove paragraph (b)(4); ■ f. Revise paragraph (d)(1); ■ g. In paragraphs (d)(2) and (e)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ h. Revise paragraphs (e)(2) and (f); ■ i. In paragraph (g), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ j. Revise paragraphs (h) and (i). The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.50–95 Overboard discharges and shell connections. (a)(1) All inlets and discharges led through the vessel’s side must be fitted with efficient and accessible means, located as close to the hull penetrations as is practicable. * * * * * (b) * * * (2) Discharges led through the shell originating either from spaces below the freeboard deck or from within enclosed superstructures and equivalent deckhouses on the freeboard deck as defined in § 42.13–15(i) of subchapter E (Load Lines) of this chapter, must be fitted with efficient and accessible means for preventing water from passing inboard. Normally each separate discharge must have one automatic nonreturn valve with a positive means of closing it from a position above the freeboard deck. Where, however, the vertical upward distance from the summer load line to the inboard end of the discharge pipe through which flooding can take place exceeds 0.01L, the discharge may have two automatic nonreturn valves without positive means of closing, provided that the inboard valve is always accessible for examination under service conditions. Where that vertical distance exceeds 0.02L a single automatic nonreturn valve without positive means of closing is acceptable. In an installation where the two automatic nonreturn valves are used, the inboard valve must be above the tropical load line. The means for operating the positive action valve must be readily accessible and provided with an indicator showing whether the valve is open or closed. A notice must be posted at the operating station to the effect that the valve must not be closed except as required in an emergency. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (d)(1) Sea inlets and discharges, such as used in closed systems required for the operation of main and auxiliary machinery, as in pump connections or scoop injection heat exchanger connections, need not meet the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section but instead must be fitted with a shutoff valve located as near the shell plating as practicable, and may be locally controlled if the valve is located in a manned machinery space. These controls must be readily accessible above the floor plates. Manned machinery spaces include the main machinery space and are either attended by the crew or are automated in accordance with part 62 of this subchapter to be comparable to an attended space. * * * * * (e) * * * (2) Seachests and other hull fittings must be as short as possible and located so as to minimize the possibility of being blocked or obstructed. * * * * * (f) Valves required by this section and piping system components outboard of such required valves must be of a steel, bronze, or ductile cast iron specification listed in table 1 to § 56.60–1. Lead or other heat sensitive materials having a melting point of 1,700 °F. or less must not be used in such service where the deterioration of the piping system in the event of fire would give rise to danger of flooding. Brittle materials such as cast iron must not be used in such service. Where nonmetallic materials are used in a piping system, and shell closures are required by this section, a positive closure metallic valve is required (see also § 56.60–25). * * * * * (h) Where deck drains, soil lines, and sanitary drains discharge through the shell in way of cargo tanks on tank vessels, the valves required by this section must be located outside the cargo tanks. These valves must meet the material requirements of paragraph (f) of this section. The piping led through such tanks must be fitted with expansion bends where required, and must be of steel pipe having a wall thickness of not less than Schedule 60, except that the use of suitable corrosionresistant material of lesser thickness will be given special consideration by the Commandant. All pipe joints within the tanks must be welded. Soil lines and sanitary drains which pass through cargo tanks must be provided with nonreturn valves with positive means of closing or other suitable means for preventing the entrance of gases into living quarters. PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (i) Sea valves must not be held open or closed with locks. § 56.50–96 [Amended] 182. Amend § 56.50–96 as follows: a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 56.50–97 [Amended] 183. In § 56.50–97, reserve paragraph (b). ■ 184. Amend § 56.50–103 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (b); ■ b. In paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (g); and ■ d. In paragraphs (h), (i) and (k), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.50–103 Fixed oxygen-acetylene distribution piping. * * * * * (b) The distribution piping must include a means, located as close to the supply cylinders as possible, of regulating the discharge pressure from the supply cylinders. * * * * * (g) Pipe joints on the low-pressure side of the regulators must be welded. * * * * * ■ 185. Amend § 56.50–105 as follows: ■ a. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (a); ■ b. Revise paragraph (a)(1); ■ c. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. In paragraph (a)(3): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 56.85–10’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.85–10(c)’’; ■ e. In paragraph (a)(4), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ f. In paragraph (a)(5), remove the text ‘‘Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center,’’ and add, in its place, the words ‘‘Marine Safety Center’’; ■ g. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (b); ■ h. In paragraphs (b)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ i. In paragraph (b)(3): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 56.85–10’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.85–10(c)’’; E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules j. In paragraph (b)(4), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ k. Revise paragraph (b)(6); ■ l. Redesignate table 56.50–105 as table 2 to § 56.50–105 and revise newly redesignated table 2 to § 56.50–105; and ■ m. Designate the concluding note as note 1 to table 2 to § 56.50–105 and revise the newly designated note 1 to table 2 to § 56.50–105. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.50–105 Low-temperature piping. (a) Class I–L. Piping systems designated to operate at temperatures below 0 °F. and pressures above 150 psig must be of Class I–L. Exceptions to this rule may be found in the individual requirements for specific commodities in subchapters D, I, and O of this chapter. The following requirements for Class I–L piping systems must be satisfied: (1) Materials. All materials used in low temperature piping systems must be selected from among those specifications listed in table 2 to § 56.50–105 and must satisfy all of the requirements of the specifications, except that: (i) The minimum service temperature as defined in § 54.25–10(a)(2) of this subchapter must not be colder than that shown in table 2 to § 56.50–105; and (ii) The material must be tested for low temperature toughness per ASTM E23 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01–2), Figure 4. The toughness testing requirements of subpart 54.05 of this subchapter must be satisfied for each particular product form. Charpy Vnotch tests must be conducted at temperatures not warmer than 10 °F. below the minimum service temperature of the design, except that for service temperatures of ¥320 °F. and below, the impact test may be conducted at the service temperature. The minimum average energy must not be less than that shown in table 2 to § 56.50–105. In the case of steels conforming to the specifications of table § 54.25–20(a) of this subchapter the minimum lateral expansion must not be less than that required in § 54.25–20 of this subchapter. The minimum energy permitted for a single specimen and the minimum subsize energies must be those obtained by multiplying the average energy shown in table 2 to § 56.50–105 by the applicable fraction shown in table 1 to § 56.50–105(a)(1)(ii). TABLE 1 TO § 56.50–105(a)(1)(II)— CHARPY V-NOTCH ENERGY MULTIPLYING FACTORS Charpy Vnotch specimen size 1 Factor for minimum energy, average of 3 specimens 1 Factor for minimum energy single specimen 1 1 5/6 2/3 1/2 2/3 5/9 4/9 1/3 10×10 mm 10×7.5 mm 10×5.0 mm 10×2.5 mm 57959 (iii) Steels differing in chemical composition, mechanical properties or heat treatments from those specified may be specially approved by the Marine Safety Center. Similarly, aluminum alloys and other materials not covered in table 2 to § 56.50–105 may be specifically approved by the Marine Safety Center. * * * * * (b) Class II–L. Piping systems designed to operate at temperatures below 0 °F. and pressures not higher than 150 psig must be of Class II–L. Exceptions to this rule may be found in the individual requirements for specific commodities in subchapter D (Tank Vessels) and subchapter I (Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels), both of this chapter. The following requirements for Class II–L piping systems must be satisfied: * * * * * (6) All other requirements contained in this part for Class II piping are applicable to Class II–L systems, except that § 56.70–15(b)(3)(iv) does not apply. 1 Straight line interpolation for intermediate values is permitted. TABLE 2 TO § 56.50–105—ACCEPTABLE MATERIALS AND TOUGHNESS TEST CRITERIA 2 ASTM specification3 Product form Pipe ...................................................... jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Tube (carbon and low alloy steels) ...... A333/A333M and A334/A334M. Grade4 Minimum service temperature 1 ............................ 3 ............................ 4 (A333 only) ........ ¥30 °F ................. ¥150 °F ............... ¥100 °F ............... 20 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. 6 ............................ 7 ............................ 8 ............................ ¥30 °F ................. ¥100 °F ............... ¥320 °F ............... Minimum avg Charpy V notch energy Pipe (Austenitic stainless steel) ........... A312/A312M ......... All grades .............. No limit ................. Wrought welding fittings (carbon and low alloy steels). A420/A420M ......... WPL1 .................... ¥30 °F ................. 20 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. Refer to § 54.25–20 of this subchapter. Austenitic stainless steel piping need be impact tested only when toughness tests are specified in subpart 54.25 of this subchapter for plating of the same alloy designation. When such toughness tests are required, the minimum average energy is 25 ft. lb. 20 ft. lb. A350/A350M1 ....... WPL3 .................... WPL4 .................... LF1 ........................ ¥150 °F ............... ¥100 °F ............... ¥30 °F ................. 25 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. 20 ft. lb. LF2 ........................ LF3 ........................ LF4 ........................ ¥30 °F ................. ¥150 °F ............... ¥100 °F ............... 20 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. Forged or rolled flanges, forged fittings, valves and pressure parts (carbon and low alloy steels). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57960 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE 2 TO § 56.50–105—ACCEPTABLE MATERIALS AND TOUGHNESS TEST CRITERIA 2—Continued Product form ASTM specification3 Grade4 Minimum service temperature Minimum avg Charpy V notch energy Forged or rolled flanges, forged fittings, valves and pressure parts (high alloy steels). F1155 ................... Austenitic grades only (304, 304H, 304L, 310, 316, 316H, 316L, 321, 321H, 347, 347H, 348, 348H). No limit ................. Forged flanges, fittings, and valves (9% nickel). Castings for valves and pressure parts (carbon and low alloy steels). A522/A522M ......... 9% Ni .................... ¥320 °F ............... A352/A352M 1 ....... LCB ....................... ¥30 °F ................. These products need be impact tested only when toughness tests are specified in subpart 54.25 of this subchapter for plating of the same alloy designation. When such toughness tests are required, the minimum average energy is 25 ft. lb. Refer to § 54.25–20 of this subchapter. 20 ft. lb. LC1 ....................... LC2 ....................... LC3 ....................... Austenitic grades CF3, CF3A, CF8, CF8A, CF3M, CF8M, CF8C, CK20 only. L7, L9, L10, L43 ... B8D, B8T, B8F, B8M. 2B8, B8C .............. ¥50 °F ................. ¥100 °F ............... ¥150 °F ............... No limit, except ¥325 °F for grades CF8C and CK20. 4 ............................ 8T, 8F ................... 8, 8C ..................... ¥150 °F ............... ¥325 °F ............... No limit ................. Castings for valves and pressure parts (high alloy steel). F1155 ................... Bolting ................................................... F1155 ................... Nuts, bolting ......................................... F1155 ................... ¥150 °F ............... ¥325 °F ............... No limit ................. 20 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. 25 ft. lb. No toughness testing required except for service temperatures colder than ¥425 °F for grades CF3, CF3A, CF8, CF8A, CF3M, and CF8M. 25 ft. lb. average must be attained in these tests. 20 ft. lb. No test required. No test required, except for service temperatures colder than ¥425 °F. In such case the minimum average energy is 25 ft. lb. 20 ft. lb. No test required. Same requirement as comparable grades (B8, B8C) of bolting listed above. 1 Quench and temper heat treatment may be permitted when specifically authorized by the Commandant. In those cases the minimum average Charpy V-notch energy must be specially designated by the Commandant. 2 Other material specifications for product forms acceptable under part 54 for use at low temperatures may also be used for piping systems provided the applicable toughness requirements of this table 2 to § 56.50–105 are also met. 3 Any repair method must be acceptable to the Commandant (CG–ENG), and welding repairs as well as fabrication welding must be in accordance with part 57 of this chapter. 4 The acceptability of several alloys for low temperature service is not intended to suggest acceptable resistance to marine corrosion. The selection of alloys for any particular shipboard location must take corrosion resistance into account and be approved by the Marine Safety Center. Note 1 to table 2 to § 56.50–105: The ASTM standards listed in table 2 to § 56.50–105 are incorporated by reference, see § 56.01–2. § 56.50–110 [Amended] 186. In § 56.50–110(b), remove the words ‘‘which is’’. ■ 187. Revise § 56.60–1 to read as follows: ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.60–1 Acceptable materials and specifications (replaces 123 and Table 126.1 in ASME B31.1). (a)(1) The material requirements in this subpart must be followed in lieu of those in 123 in ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). (2) Materials used in piping systems must be selected from the specifications that appear in table 1 to § 56.60–1 of this section or table § 56.60–2, ASTM F1155 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 2), or they may be selected from the material specifications of Sections I or VIII of the ASME BPVC (both incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) if not prohibited by a regulation of this subchapter. Table 1 to § 56.60–1(a) contains only pipe, tubing, and fitting specifications. Determination of acceptability of plate, forgings, bolting, nuts, and castings may be made by reference to the ASME BPVC as previously described. Additionally, accepted materials for use as piping system components appear in table § 56.60–2. Materials conforming to specifications not described in this subparagraph must receive the specific approval of the Marine Safety Center. Materials listed in Table 126.1 of ASME B31.1 are not accepted unless specifically permitted by this paragraph. (b) Components made in accordance with the commercial standards listed in Table 56.60–1(b) of this section and PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 made of materials complying with paragraph (a) this section may be used in piping systems within the limitations of the standards and within any further limitations specified in this subchapter. Note 1 to § 56.60–1: Table 1 to § 56.60–1 replaces Table 126.1 in ASME B31.1 and sets forth specifications of pipes, tubing, and fittings intended for use in piping-systems. The first column lists acceptable standards from ASTM (all incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2); the second lists those from ASME (all incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). The Coast Guard will consider use of alternative pipes, tubing, and fittings when it receives certification of their mechanical properties. Without this certification it will restrict use of such alternatives to piping-systems inside heat exchangers that ensure containment of the material inside pressure shells. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57961 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE 1 TO § 56.60–1—ADOPTED SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS ASTM standards ASME standards Pipe, seamless: F1155 Carbon steel ........................................................ F1155 Ferritic alloy steel ................................................ A376/A376M Austenitic alloys ........................................ Pipe, seamless and welded: A53/A53M ....................................................................... A312/A312M Austenitic steel (welded with no filler metal). A333/A333M Low temperature steel pipe ...................... Pipe, welded: F1155 Electric-Fusion welded Arc-welded steel ............. A135/A135M ERW pipe .................................................. F1155 Electric-fusion welded arc-welded steel pipe ...... A358/A358M Electric fusion welded pipe, high temperature, austenitic. Pipe, forged and bored: A358/A358M Ferritic alloy ............................................... Tube, seamless: F1155 Seamless Cold-drawn Low Carbon steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes. F1155 Seamless Carbon steel boiler tubes ................... A210/A210M Medium carbon boiler tubes ..................... F1155 Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler tubes. Tube, seamless and welded: A268/A268M Seamless and ERW ferritic stainless tubing. A334/A334M Seamless and welded carbon and alloysteel tubes for low-temperature service. Tube, welded: F1155 ERW Carbon steel and carbon manganese boiler tubes. F1155 ERW Carbon steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes. F1155 Welded austenitic boiler and heat exchanger tubes. Wrought fittings (factory made): F1155 Carbon steel and alloy steel for moderate and high temperature service. A403/A403M Austenitic alloys ........................................ A420/A420M Low temperature carbon and steel alloy .. Castings,12 iron: A47/A47M Malleable iron ................................................ Notes B31.1. B31.1. B31.1 ..................................................................................... (1). B31.1 ..................................................................................... B31.1, B31.3 ......................................................................... (2 3 4). (1 4). Sec. VIII of the BPVC, B31.3 ................................................ (5). See footnote 7 ...................................................................... B31.1 ..................................................................................... B31.1 ..................................................................................... B31.1 ..................................................................................... (7). (3). (8). (1 4 9). B31.1. UCS23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC ............................................. (10). PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC ................................................. PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC. PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC ................................................. (10). (1). PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC ................................................. (4). UCS23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC ............................................. (4 5). PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC ................................................. (10 Grade A) (4). UCS27, Sec. VIII of the BPVC. A126 Gray iron ................................................................ A197/A197M Malleable iron ............................................ F1155 Ferritic Ductile iron .............................................. F1155 Ductile iron castings ............................................ PG23.1, Sec. I of the BPVC ................................................. (1 4). Conforms to applicable American National Standards (B16.11). ......do .................................................................................... ......do .................................................................................... (11). Conform to applicable American National Standards or refer to UCI–23 or UCD–23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC. ......do .................................................................................... ......do .................................................................................... UCD–23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC ........................................... See footnote 18 .................................................................... (13). (11). (11). (13). (13). (13). (18). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Nonferrous Materials 14 Pipe, seamless: B42 Copper ..................................................................... B43 Red brass ................................................................ B241/B241M Aluminum alloy .......................................... Pipe and tube, seamless: B161 Nickel ..................................................................... B165 Nickel-copper ......................................................... B167 Ni-Cr-Fe ................................................................. B315 Copper-silicon ........................................................ Tube, seamless: B68/B68M Copper .......................................................... B75/B75M Copper .......................................................... F1155 Seamless Copper water tube .............................. B111/B111M Copper and copper alloy .......................... B210/B210M Aluminum alloy, drawn .............................. B234 Aluminum alloy, drawn .......................................... B280 Copper tube for refrigeration service .................... Welding fittings: B361 Wrought aluminum welding fittings ....................... UNF23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC .............................................. ......do. ......do. (15). ......do. ......do. ......do. ......do. See footnote 16 .................................................................... UNF23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC .............................................. See footnote 16 .................................................................... UNF23, Sec. VIII of the BPVC. ......do. ......do. See footnote 16 .................................................................... (15 16 17). (15). (15 16). (15 16). Must meet ASME Standards. Note 1 to table 1 to § 56.60–1: When using 104.1.2 in ASME B31.1 to compute wall thickness, the stress shown here must be applied as though taken from the stress tables. An additional factor of 0.8 may be required by § 56.07–10(c) and (e). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00067 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57962 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules 1 For austenitic materials where two sets of stresses appear, use the lower values. F (Furnace welded, using open hearth, basic oxygen, or electric furnace only) limited to Class II applications with a maximum service temperature of 450 °F. Type E (ERW grade) limited to maximum service temperature of 650 °F, or less. 3 Electric resistance welded pipe or tubing of this specification may be used to a maximum design pressure of 350 psig. 4 Refer to limitations on use of welded grades given in § 56.60–2(b). 5 Use generally considered for Classes I–L and II–L applications. For Class I–L service only, the seamless grade is permitted. For other service refer to footnote 4 and to § 56.50–105. 6 Furnace lap or furnace butt grades only. Limited to Class II applications only where the maximum service temperature is 450 °F, or less. 7 Limited to Class II applications only where maximum service temperature is 300 °F or less for straight seam, and 200 °F or less for spiral seam. 8 Limited to Class II applications where the maximum service temperature is 300 °F or less for straight seam and 200 °F or less for spiral seam. 9 For Class I applications only the Class I Grade of the specification may be used. 10 When used in piping systems, a certificate must be furnished by the manufacturer certifying the mechanical properties at room temperature. Without this certification, use is limited to applications within heat exchangers. 11 Hydrostatic testing of these fittings is not required but all fittings must be capable of withstanding a hydrostatic test of 11/2 times the design pressure. 12 Other acceptable iron castings are in UCI–23 and UCD–23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. (See also §§ 56.60–10 and 56.60–15.) Acceptable castings of materials other than cast iron may be found in Sections I or VIII of the ASME BPVC. 13 Acceptable when complying with ANSI standards. Ductile iron is acceptable for temperatures not exceeding 650 °F. For pressure temperature limitations refer to UCD–3 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. Other grades of cast iron are acceptable for temperatures not exceeding 450 °F. For pressure temperature limitations refer to UCI–3 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. 14 For limitations in use refer to §§ 56.10–5(c) and 56.60–20. 15 Copper pipe must not be used for hot oil systems except for short flexible connections at burners. Copper pipe must be annealed before installation in Class I piping systems. See also §§ 56.10–5(c) and 56.60–20. 16 The stress values must be taken from UNF23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for B75 annealed and light drawn temper as appropriate. 17 B68 is acceptable if provided with a mill hydrostatic or eddy current test. 18 Limited to pipe fittings and valves. See 46 CFR 56.60–15(d) for additional information. 2 Type TABLE 2 TO § 56.60–1—ADOPTED STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO PIPING SYSTEMS [Replaces Table 126.1] American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International 1 ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME ASME B1.1 .................................................................. B1.20.1 ............................................................. B1.20.3 ............................................................. B16.1 ................................................................ B16.3 ................................................................ B16.4 ................................................................ B16.5 ................................................................ B16.11 .............................................................. B16.14 .............................................................. B16.15 .............................................................. B16.20 .............................................................. B16.21 .............................................................. B16.23 .............................................................. B16.25 .............................................................. B16.29 .............................................................. B16.34 .............................................................. B18.2.1 ............................................................. ASME B18.2.2 ............................................................. ASME ASME ASME ASME B31.1 ................................................................ B31.3 ................................................................ B36.10M ........................................................... B36.19M ........................................................... Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form). Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch). Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch). Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes 25, 125, 250. Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 150 and 300. Gray Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250. Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS 1⁄2 Through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard.3 Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded. Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts with Pipe Threads. Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250. Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed. Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges. Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings: DWV.4 Buttwelding Ends. Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings-DWV.4 Valves—Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End.3 Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch Series). Nuts for General Applications: Machine Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Coupling Nuts (Inch Series). Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. Stainless Steel Pipe. ASTM International (ASTM) 1 ASTM F1006 ................................................................ ASTM F1007 ................................................................ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ASTM F1020 ................................................................ ASTM F1120 ................................................................ ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM F1123 F1139 F1155 F1172 F1173 ................................................................ ................................................................ ................................................................ ................................................................ ................................................................ ASTM F1199 ................................................................ ASTM F1200 ................................................................ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Standard Specification for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications.4 Standard Specification for Pipeline Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application. Standard Specification for Line-Blind Valves for Marine Applications. Standard Specification for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping Applications.4 Standard Specification for Non-Metallic Expansion Joints. Standard Specification for Steam Traps and Drains. Standard Practice for Selection and Application of Piping System Materials Standard Specification for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type. Standard Specification for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe and Fittings to be Used for Marine Applications. Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperature and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150 Degrees F Maximum). Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 Degrees F). Frm 00068 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57963 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE 2 TO § 56.60–1—ADOPTED STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO PIPING SYSTEMS—Continued [Replaces Table 126.1] ASTM F1201 ................................................................ Standard Specification for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 Degrees F. Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association Inc.1 Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, 2015. Fluid Controls Institute Inc. (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01–2) FCI 69–1 ...................................................................... Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps. Manufacturers’ Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.1 MSS SP–6 ................................................................... MSS MSS MSS MSS MSS SP–9 ................................................................... SP–25 ................................................................. SP–45 ................................................................. SP–51 ................................................................. SP–53 ................................................................. MSS SP–55 ................................................................. MSS SP–58 ................................................................. MSS SP–61 ................................................................. 4 Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings. Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges. Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions. Bypass and Drain Connections. Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and Cast Flanged Fittings.4 Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and Other Piping Components—Magnetic Particle Examination Method. Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and Other Piping Components—Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities. Pipe Hangers and Supports—Materials, Design Manufacture, Selection, Application, and Installation. Pressure Testing of Valves. 1 All standards incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2. addition, for bronze valves, adequacy of body shell thickness must be satisfactory to the Marine Safety Center. Refer to § 56.60–10 of this part for cast-iron valves. 3 Mill or manufacturer’s certification is not required, except where a needed portion of the required marking is deleted because of size or is absent because of age of existing stocks. 4 Because this standard offers the option of several materials, some of which are not generally acceptable to the Coast Guard, compliance with the standard does not necessarily indicate compliance with these rules. The marking on the component or the manufacturer or mill certificate must indicate the specification or grade of the materials as necessary to fully identify the materials. The materials must comply with the requirements in this subchapter governing the particular application. 2 In 188. Amend § 56.60–2 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘Table 56.60–1(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 56.60–1’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c)(1)(ii): ■ i. remove the text ‘‘A 376’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘A376’’; ■ ■ ii. remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ iii. remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c)(2): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘A–376’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘A376’’; and ■ ii. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ e. Redesignate table 56.60–2(a) as table § 56.60–2; and ■ f. Revise newly redesignated table § 56.60–2. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 56.60–2 * * Limitations on materials. * * * TABLE § 56.60–2—ADOPTED SPECIFICATIONS NOT LISTED IN THE ASME BPVC ASTM specifications Source of allowable stress Notes Ferrous Materials 1 Bar stock: A276 (Grades 304–A, 304L–A, 310–A, 316–A, 316L–A, 321–A, 347–A, and 348–A). A575 and A576 (Grades 1010–1030) ............................ See footnote 4 ...................................................................... (4). See footnote 2 ...................................................................... (2 3). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Nonferrous Materials Bar stock: B16 (soft and half hard tempers) .................................... B21 (alloys A, B, and C) ................................................. B124: Alloy 377 .................................................................. Alloy 464 .................................................................. Alloy 655 .................................................................. Alloy 642 .................................................................. Alloy 630 .................................................................. Alloy 485 .................................................................. Forgings: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00069 See footnote 5 ...................................................................... See footnote 7 ...................................................................... (5 6). (7). See See See See See See (5 8). (7 9). (10). (6 11). (6 12). (7 9). footnotes 5 and 8 .......................................................... footnote 7 ...................................................................... footnote 10 .................................................................... footnote 11 .................................................................... footnote 12 .................................................................... footnote 7 ...................................................................... Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57964 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE § 56.60–2—ADOPTED SPECIFICATIONS NOT LISTED IN THE ASME BPVC—Continued ASTM specifications Source of allowable stress Notes B283 (forging brass) ....................................................... Castings: B26 .................................................................................. B85 .................................................................................. See footnotes 5 and 8 .......................................................... (5 8). See footnotes 5, 13, and 14 ................................................. See footnotes 5, 13, and 14 ................................................. (5 (5 13 14). 13 14). Note 1 to Table 1 to 56.60–2: Table § 56.60–2 is a listing of adopted bar stock and nonferrous forging and casting specifications not listed in the ASME BPVC. Particular attention should be given to the supplementary testing requirements and service limitations contained in the footnotes. All ASTM standards referred to in table § 56.60–2 and its footnotes are incorporated by reference (see § 56.01–2). 1 For limitations in use refer to § 56.60–5. 2 Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UCS23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) for ASME SA–675 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01–2) material of equivalent tensile strength. 3 Physical testing must be performed as for material manufactured to ASME SA–675, except that the bend test is not required. 4 Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UCS23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for the corresponding SA–182 material. 5 Limited to air and hydraulic service with a maximum design temperature of 150 °F. The material must not be used for saltwater service or other fluids that may cause dezincification or stress corrosion cracking. 6 An ammonia vapor test, in accordance with ASTM B858 must be performed on a representative model of each finished product design. 7 Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UNF23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for SB–171, naval brass. 8 An ammonia vapor test, in accordance with ASTM B858, must be performed on a representative model for each finished product design. Tension tests must be performed to determine tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Minimum values must be those listed in Table 3 of ASTM B283. 9 Physical testing, including mercurous nitrate test, must be performed as for material manufactured to ASTM B21. 10 Physical testing must be performed as for material manufactured to ASTM B96. Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UNF23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for SB–96 and must be limited to a maximum allowable temperature of 212 °F. 11 Physical testing must be performed as for material manufactured to ASTM B171, alloy D. Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UNF23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for SB–171, aluminum bronze D. 12 Physical testing must be performed as for material manufactured to ASTM B171, alloy E. Allowable stresses must be the same as those listed in UNF23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for SB–171, aluminum bronze, alloy E. 13 Tension tests must be performed to determine tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Minimum values must be those listed in Table X–2 of ASTM B85. 14 Those alloys with a maximum copper content of 0.6 percent or less must be acceptable under this specification. Cast aluminum must not be welded or brazed. § 56.60–3 [Amended] 189. Amend § 56.60–3 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘salt water’’ and add, in their place, the word ‘‘saltwater’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 190. Amend § 56.60–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘775 °F (412 °C)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘800 °F (427 °C)’’; ■ b. Redesignate paragraph (d) as paragraph (c); and ■ c. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (c). The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 56.60–5 Steel (High temperature applications). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (c) The design temperature of a piping system employing one or more of the materials listed in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section must not exceed the lowest graphitization temperature specified for materials used. ■ 191. Amend § 56.60–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ c. Revise the first sentence of paragraph (c). The revisions read as follows: § 56.60–10 Cast iron and malleable iron. (a) The low ductility of cast iron and malleable iron should be recognized and VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 the use of these metals where shock loading may occur should be avoided. Cast iron and malleable iron components must not be used at temperatures above 450 °F. Cast iron and malleable iron fittings conforming to the specifications of table 1 to § 56.60–1 may be used at the pressure limits of the applicable standards at temperatures not exceeding 450 °F. Valves of either of these materials may be used if they conform to the standards for class 125 and class 250 flanges and flanged fittings in ASME B16.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). * * * * * (c) Malleable iron and cast iron valves and fittings, designed and marked for Class 300 refrigeration service, may be used for such service up to a pressure limitation of 300 psi. * * * ■ 192. Amend § 56.60–15 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a) and the introductory text to paragraph (b); and ■ b. In paragraph (b)(2), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. The revision reads as follows: § 56.60–15 Ductile iron. (a) Ductile cast iron components made of material conforming to ASTM F1155 (incorporated by reference, see § 56.01– 2) may be used within the service restrictions and pressure-temperature PO 00000 Frm 00070 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 limitations of UCD–3 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). (b) Ductile iron castings conforming to ASTM F1155 may be used in hydraulic systems at pressures in excess of 7500 kilopascals (1000 pounds psig), provided the following: * * * * * ■ 193. Amend § 56.60–20 as follows: ■ a. Designate the Note immediately following paragraph (a) as Note 1 to paragraph (a); ■ b. Revise paragraph (c); and ■ c. In paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘Table 56.60–2(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.60–2’’. The revision reads as follows: § 56.60–20 Nonferrous materials. * * * * * (c) A suitable thread compound must be used in threaded joints in aluminum pipe to prevent seizing. Pipe in the annealed temper should not be threaded. * * * * * ■ 194. Amend § 56.60–25 as follows: ■ a. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. Remove the subject heading from paragraph (b); and ■ c. Revise paragraphs (c) and (d). The revisions read as follows: § 56.60–25 Nonmetallic materials. * * E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM * 19OCP2 * * Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (c) Plastic valves, fittings, and flanges must be designed, fabricated, tested, and installed to satisfy the requirements for plastic pipe contained in this section. (d) Requests to use nonmetallic materials other than those specified in this section must be submitted to the Commandant for consideration. ■ 195. Revise § 56.65–1 to read as follows: § 56.65–1 135). General (modifies 127 through The requirements for fabrication, assembly and erection in subparts 56.70 through 56.90 must apply in lieu of 127 through 135 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). Those paragraphs reproduced are so noted. ■ 196. Revise 56.70–1 to read as follows: § 56.70–1 General. The following generally applies to all types of welding processes. Alternatives must be approved by the Marine Safety Center. ■ 197. Revise 56.70–5 to read as follows: § 56.70–5 Material. (a) Filler metal. All filler metal, including consumable insert material, must comply with the requirements of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) and 46 CFR 57.02–5. (b) Backing rings. Backing rings must comply with section 127.2.2. of ASME B31.1. ■ 198. Amend § 56.70–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise the subject headings to paragraphs (a) and (a)(1); ■ b. In paragraph (a)(1)(ii), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ c. In paragraphs (a)(1)(iii) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. In paragraph (a)(3), remove the text ‘‘within existing commercial tolerances on diameters, wall thicknesses, and out of roundness’’; ■ e. In paragraph (a)(4), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ f. Revise paragraph (b). The revisions read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.70–10 Preparation (modifies 127.3). (a) Butt welds—(1) End preparation. * * * * * (b) Fillet welds. Piping components that are to be joined utilizing fillet welds must be prepared in accordance with applicable provisions and requirements of this section. For typical details, see Figures 127.4.4A and 127.4.4C of ASME B31.1 (incorporated VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 by reference; see § 56.01–2) and § 56.30– 10(b). See § 56.30–5(d) for additional requirements. ■ 199. Amend § 56.70–15 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a)(1); ■ b. Remove paragraph (a)(2) and redesignate paragraph (a)(3) as paragraph (a)(2); ■ c. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (a)(2) and paragraph (b)(2); ■ d. In the introductory text to paragraph (b)(3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. Revise paragraph (b)(4); ■ f. In paragraph (b)(5), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ g. Revise the first sentence of paragraphs (b)(6)(i) and paragraph (b)(6)(ii); ■ h. In the introductory text to paragraph (b)(8), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ i. Revise paragraphs (b)(8)(ii) and (iii), and (c), the sixth sentence of paragraph (d)(3), paragraph (d)(4), the subject heading to paragraph (e), and paragraph (e)(1); ■ j. In paragraph (f)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ k. Revise paragraph (g)(1); ■ l. In paragraph (g)(2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ m. Redesignate figure 56.70–15(g) as figure § 56.70–15(g)(3); ■ n. In paragraphs (g)(4), (5), and (6), and (h), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ o. Redesignate table 56.70–15 as table § 56.70–15. The revisions read as follows: § 56.70–15 Procedure (modifies 127.4). (a) * * * (1) Qualification of welders and welding procedures is required and must comply with the requirements of part 57 of this subchapter. (2) Sections must be welded insofar as possible in the fabricating shop. Welding must not be done in severe weather conditions. Prior to welding Class I piping or low temperature piping, the fabricator must request a marine inspector to visit his plant to examine his fabricating equipment and to witness the qualification tests required by part 57 of this subchapter. One test specimen must be prepared for each process and welding position to be employed in the fabrication. (b) * * * (2) Girth butt welds in Class I, I–L, and II–L piping systems must be double PO 00000 Frm 00071 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57965 welded butt joints or equivalent single welded butt joints for pipe diameters exceeding three-fourth inch nominal pipe size. The use of a single welded butt joint employing a backing ring (note restrictions in paragraph (b)(3)(iv) of this section) on the inside of the pipe is an acceptable equivalent for Class I and Class II–L applications, but not permitted for Class I–L applications. Single welded butt joints employing either an inert gas for first pass backup or a consumable insert ring may be considered the equivalent of a double welded butt joint for all classes of piping and is preferable for Class I–L and II–L systems where double butt welds cannot be used. A first pass inert gas backup is intended to mean that the inside of the pipe is purged with inert gas and that the root is welded with the inert gas metal arc (mig) or inert gas tungsten arc (tig) processes. For single welded joints, where possible, the inside of the joint must be examined visually to assure full penetration. Radiographic examination of at least 20 percent of single welded joints to check for penetration is required for all Class I and Class I–L systems regardless of size following the requirements of § 56.95–10. Ultrasonic testing may be utilized in lieu of radiographic examination if the procedures are approved. * * * * * (4) Tack welds that become part of the finished weld must be made by a qualified welder. Tack welds which have cracked must be removed. * * * * * (6) * * * (i) The condition of finished welds must be suitable for radiographic and other nondestructive examinations when required by § 56.95–10. * * * (ii) Reinforcements are permitted in accordance with table § 56.70–15. * * * * * (8) * * * (ii) Any slag inclusion or porosity greater than specified as acceptable in PW–51 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). (iii) Undercuts in the external surfaces of butt welds more than 1⁄32-inch deep. * * * * * (c) Longitudinal butt welds. Longitudinal butt welds in piping components not made in accordance with the standards and specifications listed in § 56.60–1 must meet the requirements of paragraph 127.4.3 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). (d) * * * E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57966 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (3) * * * The fillet weld must be deposited in a minimum of two passes, unless specifically approved otherwise. * * * (4) Sleeve and socket type joints may be used in Class II piping systems without restriction as to size of pipe or tubing joined. The fillet welds must be deposited in a minimum of two passes, unless specifically approved otherwise. Requirements for joints employing socket weld and slip-on flanges are in § 56.30–10. (e) Seal welds. (1) Where seal welding of threaded joints is performed, threads must be entirely covered by the seal weld. * * * * * (g) * * * (1) Figures 127.4.8A, B, and C of ASME B31.1 show typical details of branch connections with and without added reinforcement. See also figure § 56.70–15(g)(3) for additional pipe connections. * * * * * ■ 200. Revise § 56.70–20 to read as follows: § 56.70–20 Qualification, general. (a) Qualification of welding procedures and welders is required, and must comply with the requirements of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) as modified by part 57 of this subchapter. (b) Each butt-welded joint of Class I of Class I–L piping must be marked with the welder’s identification symbol. Dies must not be used to mark the pipe where the pressure exceeds 600 pounds psi or the temperature exceeds 750 °F. or in Class I–L systems. ■ 201. Amend § 56.75–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading; ■ b. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘meet and’’; and ■ c. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: § 56.75–5 Filler metal (modifies 128.2). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) The brazing material used must have a shearing strength of at least 10,000 psig. The maximum allowable working pressure for brazing piping must be determined by this part. * * * * * ■ 202. Revise § 56.75–10 to read as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 56.75–10 Joint clearance. § 56.80–5 The clearance between surfaces to be joined must be no larger than is necessary to allow complete capillary distribution of the brazing alloy or solder. Bending (modifies 129). 203. Amend § 56.75–15 as follows: a. In the section heading, remove the word ‘‘Heating’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Heating.’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 204. Amend § 56.75–20 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: Pipe may be bent by any hot or cold method and to any radius that will result in a bend surface free of cracks, as determined by a method of inspection specified in the design, and substantially free of buckles. Such bends must meet the design requirements of 102.4.5 and 104.2.1 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). This does not prohibit the use of bends designed as creased or corrugated. If doubt exists as to the wall thickness being adequate, Class I piping having diameters exceeding 4 inches must be nondestructively examined by the use of ultrasonics or other acceptable method. The nondestructive method must be employed where the design temperature exceeds 750 °F. § 56.75–20 § 56.80–15 § 56.75–15 [Amended] ■ ■ Brazing qualification. (a) The qualification of the performance of brazers and brazing operators must be in accordance with the requirements of Part C, Section IX of the ASME Code (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) and part 57 of this subchapter. * * * * * § 56.75–25 [Amended] 205. Amend § 56.75–25 as follows: a. In paragraph (b), remove the second sentence; and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 206. Amend § 56.75–30 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b)(1); and ■ c. In paragraphs (b)(2) and (c)(1) and (2), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 56.75–30 Pipe joining details. * * * * * (b) * * * (1) Copper-alloy brazing may be employed to join pipe, valves, and fittings. Circumferential joints may be either of the butt or socket type. Where butt joints are employed, the included angle must be not less than 90° where the wall thickness is threesixteenths of an inch or greater. The annular clearance of socket joints must be held to small clearances. * * * * * ■ 207. Revise § 56.80–5 to read as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00072 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 [Amended] 208. Amend § 56.80–15 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. In paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 209. Revise § 56.85–10 to read as follows: ■ § 56.85–10 Preheating. (a) The minimum preheat temperatures listed in table § 56.85– 10(c) for P-number materials groupings are mandatory minimum pre-heat temperatures. Preheat is required for Class I, I–L, I–N, II–N and II–L piping when the ambient temperature is below 50 °F. Table 131.4.1 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2) is considered equivalent to table § 56.85–10(c). (b) During the welding of dissimilar materials, the minimum preheat temperature may not be lower than either the highest temperature listed in table § 56.85–10(c) for any of the materials to be welded or the temperature established in the qualified welding procedure. (c) The preheat temperature must be checked by other suitable methods to ensure that the required preheat temperature is obtained before, and uniformly maintained during the welding. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57967 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE § 56.85–10(c)—PREHEAT AND POSTHEAT TREATMENT OF WELDS Preheat required Postheat treatment requirement, other than for dissimilar metal welds ASME Sec IX (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2) Nos. Minimum wall (inch) P–1 ......................... All ........................... 50 (for 0.30% C Over 3⁄4 in .............. maximum or less). P–1 ......................... All ........................... ......do ..................... P–3 ......................... All walls .................. 175 (for over 0.30% C) and wall thickness over 1 in. 175 ......................... P–4 ......................... Up to 3⁄4 in inclusive. 300 ......................... Over 1⁄2 in or over 4 in. NPS or. Over 3⁄4 in .............. 400 ......................... Up to ⁄ in inclusive. 300 ......................... Over 0.15% C maximum. Over 1⁄2 in or over 4 in. nom. size or. Over 3⁄4 in .............. 400 ......................... Up to 3⁄4 inclusive .. 300 ......................... Over 3⁄4 in .............. 400 ......................... P–6 ......................... All walls .................. 300 ......................... Over 0.15% C maximum. All walls .................. P–8 ......................... ......do ..................... None required ........ ......do ..................... P–5 (less than 5% Cr.). P–5 (5% Cr and higher). 34 Minimum temperature (°F) Minimum wall and other (inch) Over 1⁄2 in .............. Over 0.15% C maximum. All walls .................. Time cycle Temperature (°F) (inch) Hour per inch of wall Minimum time within range (hour) 1,100 to 1,200 (minimum) (maximum). ......do ..................... 1 1 1 1 1,200 to 1,350 (minimum) (maximum). 1,330 to 1,400 (minimum) (maximum). ................................ 1 1 1 1 ........................ ........................ 1,300 to 1,425 (minimum) (maximum). ................................ 1 1 ........................ ........................ ......do ..................... 1 2 ................................ ........................ ........................ 1,400 to 1,500 (minimum) (maximum). None required ........ 1 2 ........................ ........................ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Note 1 to table § 56.85–10(c): Wall thickness of a butt weld is defined as the thicker of the two abutting ends after end preparation including I.D. machining. Note 2 to table § 56.85–10(c): The thickness of socket, fillet, and seal welds is defined as the throat thicknesses for pressure and non-pressure retaining welds. Note 3 to table § 56.85–10(c): For P–1, the 0.30% C. max applies to specified ladle analysis. Note 4 to table § 56.85–10(c): For P–7, P–9A, P–9B, P–10C and other materials not listed the Preheat and Postheat Treatment is to be in accordance with the qualified procedure. (d)(1) Preheat temperatures must be checked by use of temperature indicating crayons, thermocouple pyrometers, or other suitable method. (2) For inert gas tungsten arc root pass welding, a lower preheat than specified in table § 56.85–10(c) may be used in accordance with the qualified procedure. (3) Heating rate for furnace, gas, electric resistance, and other surface heating methods must not exceed: (i) 600 °F per hour for thicknesses 2 inches and under. (ii) 600 °F per hour divided by 1⁄2 the thickness in inches for thickness over 2 inches. (4) Heating route for induction heating must not exceed: (i) 600 °F per hour for thickness less than 11⁄2 inches (60 and 400 cycles). (ii) 500 °F per hour when using 60 cycles and 400 °F per hour when using 400 cycles for thicknesses 11⁄2 inches and over. (5) When local heating is used, the weld must be allowed to cool slowly VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 from the postheat treatment temperature. When furnace cooling is used, the pipe sections must be cooled in the furnace to 1000 °F and may then be cooled further in still air. (6) Welding on P–3, P–4, and P–5 with 3% Cr max. may be interrupted only if— (i) At least 3⁄8 inch thickness of weld is deposited or 25 percent of welding groove is filled, whichever is greater; (ii) The weld is allowed to cool slowly to room temperature; and (iii) The required preheat is resumed before welding is continued. (7) Welding on P–6 is subject to a 600 °F maximum interpass temperature. (8) When attaching welding carbon steel non-pressure parts to steel pressure parts and the throat thickness of the fillet or partial or full penetration weld is 1⁄2 in. or less, postheat treatment of the fillet weld is not required for Class I and II piping if preheat to a minimum temperature of 175 °F is applied when the thickness of the pressure part exceeds 3⁄4 in. PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (9) The maximum postheat treatment temperature listed in table § 56.85–10(c) for each P number is a recommended maximum temperature. (10) Postheat treatment temperatures must be checked by use of thermocouple pyrometers or other suitable means. (11) When postheat treatment by annealing or normalizing is used, the postheat treatment temperatures must be in accordance with the qualified welding procedure. (12) (i) Local postheat treatment of butt welded joints must be performed on a circumferential band of the pipe. The minimum width of this band, centered on the weld, must be the width of the weld plus 2 inches. (ii) Local postheat treatment of welded branch connections must be performed by heating a circumferential band of the pipe to which the branch is welded. The width of the heated band must extend at least 1 inch beyond the weld joining the branch. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57968 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (13) For Class I–L and II–L piping systems, relief from postweld heat treatment may not be dependent upon wall thickness. See also §§ 56.50– 105(a)(3) and 56.50–105(b)(3). ■ 210. Amend § 56.85–15 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the words ‘‘as is often the case when making branch connections’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘(such as branch connections)’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 56.85–10’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.85–10(c)’’; ■ b. In the introductory text to paragraph (b): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 56.85–10’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.85–10(c)’’; ■ c. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the words ‘‘High pressure salt’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Salt’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 56.85–10’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.85–10(c)’’; and ■ e. Revise paragraph (d). The revision reads as follows: § 56.85–15 * * * * (d) Heating a fabricated assembly as a complete unit is usually desirable; however, the size or shape of the unit or the adverse effect of a desired treatment on one or more components are involved may dictate alternative procedures. * * * * * ■ 211. Revise § 56.90–1 to read as follows: General. The assembly of the various piping components, whether done in a shop or as field erection, must be done so that the completely erected piping conforms with the requirements of the regulations in this subchapter. ■ 212. Amend § 56.90–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 56.90–5 Bolting procedure. (a) All flanged joints must be fitted up so that the gasket contact faces bear uniformly on the gasket and then must be made up with relatively uniform bolt stress. * * * * * ■ 213. Revise § 56.90–10 to read as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Threaded piping (modifies (a) Any compound used in threaded joints must be suitable for the service conditions and must not react unfavorably with either the service fluid or the piping materials. (b) Threaded joints which are to be seal welded must be made up without any thread compound. ■ 214. Amend § 56.95–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: § 56.95–1 General (replaces 136). * * * * * (b) Prior to initial operation, a piping installation must be inspected to assure compliance with the engineering design, and with the material, fabrication, assembly and test requirements of ASME B31.1, as modified by this subchapter. This inspection is the responsibility of the owner or operator and may be performed with an engineering organization employed by the owner, together with the marine inspector. § 56.95–5 Postheat treatment. * § 56.90–1 § 56.90–10 135.5). [Amended] 215. In § 56.95–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 216. Revise § 56.95–10 to read as follows: ■ § 56.95–10 required. Type and extent of examination (a) General. The types and extent of nondestructive examinations required for piping must be in accordance with this section and Table 136.4 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). In addition, a visual examination must be made. (1) 100 percent radiography is required for all Class I, I–L, and II–L piping with wall thickness equal to or greater than 10 mm (.393 in.). Note 1 to paragraph (a)(1): Throughout this this section, where for some reason, such as joint configuration, radiography is not applicable, another approved examination may be utilized. (2) Nondestructive examination is required for all Class II piping equal to or greater than 18 inches nominal diameter regardless of wall thickness. Any test method acceptable to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection may be used. (3) Nondestructive examinations of other piping systems are required only when deemed necessary by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI). PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 (b) Visual examination. Visual examination consists of observation by the marine inspector either before, during, or after manufacture, fabrication, assembly or test. All welds, pipe and piping components must comply with the limitations on imperfections specified in the product specification or with the limitations on imperfections specified in § 56.70– 15(b)(7) and (8), and (c), as applicable. (c) Nondestructive types of examinations—(1) 100 Percent radiography. Where 100 percent radiography is required, each weld in the piping must be completely radiographed. If a butt weld is examined by radiography, for either random or 100 percent radiography, the method used must be as follows: (i) X-ray or gamma ray method of radiography may be used. The selection of the method must be dependent upon its adaptability to the work being radiographed. The procedure to be followed must be as indicated in PW– 51 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01– 2). (ii) If a piping component or a weld other than a butt weld is radiographed, the method used must be in accordance with UW–51 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 56.01–2). (2) Random radiography. Where random radiography is required, one or more welds may be completely or partially radiographed. Random radiography is desirable in field welding, where conditions such as position, temperatures, and cleanliness are not as controlled as in shop welding. It may be employed whenever an Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection questions a pipe weld not otherwise required to be tested. The standards of acceptance are the same as for 100 percent radiography. (3) Ultrasonic. Where 100 percent ultrasonic testing is specified, the entire surface of the weld being inspected must be covered using careful methods to be sure that a true representation of the actual conditions is obtained. The procedures to be used must be submitted to the Commandant for approval. (4) Liquid penetrant. Where liquid penetrant examination is required, the entire surface of the weld being examined must be covered. The examination must be performed in accordance with appendix VIII to Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. The following standards of acceptance must be met: (i) All linear discontinuities and aligned penetrant indications revealed by the test must be removed. Aligned E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules penetrant indications are those in which the average of the center-to-center distances between any one indication and the two adjacent indications in any straight line is less than three-sixteenths inch. All other discontinuities revealed on the surface need not be removed unless the discontinuities are also revealed by radiography, in which case the pertinent radiographic specification applies. (ii) [Reserved] (5) Magnetic particle. Where magnetic particle testing is required, the entire surface of the weld being examined must be covered. The testing must be performed in accordance with Appendix VI to Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. The following standards of acceptance are required for welds. All linear discontinuities and aligned indications revealed by the test must be removed. Aligned indications are those in which the average of the center-tocenter distances between any one indication and the two adjacent indications in any straight line is less than three-sixteenths inch. All other revealed discontinuities need not be removed unless the discontinuities are also revealed by radiography, in which case the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section must be met. ■ 217. Amend § 56.97–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ b. Revise the introductory text of paragraph (b); ■ c. Redesignate footnote 1 to paragraph (b)(2)(i) as Note 1 to paragraph (b)(2)(i); ■ d. Revise paragraph (b)(2)(ii); ■ e. Designate the Note as Note 1 to paragraph (b)(3); and ■ f. Remove paragraph (b)(4). The revisions read as follows: § 56.97–1 General (replaces 137). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) Leak tightness. It is mandatory that the piping constructed demonstrates leak tightness. Except where otherwise permitted, this requirement must be met by a hydrostatic leak test prior to initial operations. Where a hydrostatic test is not practicable, a pneumatic test (§ 56.97–35) or initial service leak test (§ 56.97–38) may be substituted if approved by the Commandant. * * * * * (2) * * * (ii) Piping systems are to be used in services where traces of water cannot be tolerated and, whenever possible, the piping subassemblies or system have been previously hydrostatically tested to the pressure required in § 56.97–30(e). * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 56.97–5 [Amended] § 56.97–25 Preparation for testing (modifies 137.2). * * * * * (b) Addition of temporary supports. Piping systems designed for vapor or gas may be provided with additional temporary supports, if necessary. (c) Restraint or isolation of expansion joints. Expansion joints must be provided with temporary restraint, if required for the additional pressure load under test. (d) Isolation of equipment not subjected to pressure test. Equipment that is not to be subjected to the pressure test must be isolated by a blank flange or equivalent means. * * * * * [Amended] 220. Amend § 56.97–35 as follows: a. In the section heading, remove the word ‘‘replaces’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘modifies’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b)(1), add the words ‘‘nor toxic’’ after the word ‘‘flammable’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (b)(2), remove the text ‘‘upon review of the metallurgical aspects of the piping materials with respect to its brittle fracture properties’’. ■ 221. Amend § 56.97–38 by revising the section heading and paragraph (a) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 56.97–38 Initial service leak test (modifies 137.7). (a) An initial service leak test and inspection is acceptable when other types of test are not practical or when leak tightness is conveniently demonstrable due to the nature of the service. One example is piping where shut-off valves are not available for isolating a line. Others may be systems for service water, condensate, plant and instrument air, etc., where checking out of pumps and compressors afford ample opportunity for leak tightness inspection prior to full-scale operation. * * * * * § 56.97–40 [Amended] 222. Amend § 56.97–40 as follows: a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a) and paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 4701 b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the text ‘‘, but not less than 500 pounds per square inch’’; ■ c. Remove paragraph (a)(3) and redesignate paragraphs (a)(4) through (10) as paragraphs (a)(3) through (9); ■ e. In newly redesignated paragraph (a)(6), remove the text ‘‘, but not less than 150 pounds per square inch’’; and ■ f. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 218. In § 56.97–5(b), remove the text ‘‘Table 56.60–1(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 2 to § 56.60–1’’. ■ 219. Amend § 56.97–25 as follows: ■ a. Revise the section heading; and ■ b. Revise paragraphs (b), (c), and (d). The revisions read as follows: ■ § 56.97–35 57969 Sfmt 4702 PART 57—WELDING AND BRAZING 223. The authority citation for part 57 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703, E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; 49 CFR 1.46. 224. Amend § 57.01–1 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: ■ § 57.01–1 tests. Qualifications and production (a) (Replaces QW 100 and QB 100.) The regulations in this part apply to the qualification of welding procedures, welders, and brazers, and to production tests for all types of manual and machine arc and gas welding and brazing processes. * * * * * ■ 225. Revise § 57.02–1 to read as follows: § 57.02–1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and make the material available to the public. All approved material is on file at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil. The material is also available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@ nara.gov, or go to: www.archives.gov/ federal-register/fr/ibr-locations.html. (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications (2019), (‘‘Section E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57970 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules IX of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 57.02–2, 57.02–3, 57.02–4, 57.03– 1, 57.04–1, 57.05–1, 57.06–1, 57.06–4. (2) [Reserved] ■ 226. Revise § 57.02–2 to read as follows: § 57.02–2 Adoption of Section IX of the ASME BPVC. (a) The qualifications for all types of welders and brazers, the qualification of welding procedures, and the production tests for all types of manual and machine arc and gas welding and brazing processes used in fabricating power boilers, heating boilers, pressure vessels and piping must be in accordance with Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02–1), as limited, modified, or replaced by specific requirements in this part. For general information table § 57.02–2(a) lists the various paragraphs in Section IX of the ASME BPVC which are limited, modified, or replaced by regulations in this part. TABLE § 57.02–2(a)—LIMITATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS TO THE ADOPTION OF SECTION IX OF THE ASME BPVC Paragraphs in Section IX of the ASME BPVC, and disposition Unit of this part QW–100 replaced by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–103 replaced by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–201 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–202 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–202.1 modified by ...................................................................................................................................... QW–210 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–211 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–253 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–254 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–255 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–305 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QW–451 modified by ......................................................................................................................................... QB–100 replaced by .......................................................................................................................................... QB–103 replaced by .......................................................................................................................................... QB–201 modified by .......................................................................................................................................... QB–202 modified by .......................................................................................................................................... QB–305 modified by .......................................................................................................................................... jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 (b) References to the ASME Code, like paragraph QW–131.1 indicate: Q=Section IX, Welding and Brazing Qualifications, ASME BPVC. W=Part containing requirements for welding procedure, welder, and welding operator qualifications. 131=Major division within the part. 131.1=Specific subparagraph within the part. (c) When a paragraph or a section of the regulations in this part relates to material in Section IX of the ASME BPVC, the relationship with the code will be shown immediately following the heading of the section or at the beginning of the paragraph as follows: (1) (Modifies Qll.) This indicates that the material in Qll is generally applicable but is being altered, amplified or augmented. (2) (Replaces Qll.) This indicates that Qll does not apply. (3) (Reproduces Qll.) This indicates that Qll is being identically reproduced for convenience, not for emphasis. § 57.02–3 [Amended] 227. Amend § 57.02–3 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘, provided the fabricator’s tests have been certified by an authorized Code inspector as defined in paragraphs PG– 91, N–612, HG–515.2, or UG–91 of the ASME Code; and ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 b. Reserve paragraph (b). 228. Amend § 57.02–4 as follows: a. Revise paragraph (a); and b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ § 57.02–4 Fabricator’s responsibility. (a) (Replaces QW 103 and QB 103). Each manufacturer or contractor is responsible for the welding and brazing done by his organization and must conduct tests required in this part to qualify the welding and brazing procedures used and the performance of welders and brazers who apply these procedures. The manufacturer must bear the expense of conducting the tests. Each manufacturer must maintain a record of the test results obtained in welding and brazing procedure and welder and brazer performance qualifications. These required records, together with identification data, must be maintained by the manufacturer or contractor on the recommended forms illustrated in Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02–1), or on any other form acceptable to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. Upon request, duplicate forms must be furnished by the manufacturer or contractor to the marine inspector. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57.01–1(a). 57.02–3(a). 57.03–1(a). 57.04–1. 57.03–1(b). 57.04–1. 57.02–4. 57.03–1(g). 57.03–1(g). 57.03–1(g). 57.01–1(b). 57.03–1(b) and 57.04–1. 57.01–1(a). 57.02–3(a). 57.03–1(a). 57.04–1. 57.01–1(b). 229. Amend § 57.03–1 as follows: a. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (a)(1); ■ b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the text ‘‘section IX of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IX of the ASME BPVC’’; ■ c. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the word ‘‘Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘BPVC’’; ■ d. In paragraph (b)(4), remove the text ‘‘table 57.03–1(b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 57.03–1(b)’’; and ■ e. Redesignate table 57.03–1(b) as table § 57.03–1(b). The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 57.03–1 General requirements. (a) * * * (1) * * * Suggested forms showing the information which is required in the welding or brazing procedure specification are in Form QW 482 and Form QB 482 of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02–1). * * * * * ■ 230. Revise § 57.04–1 to read as follows: § 57.04–1 Test specimen requirements and definition of ranges (modifies QW 202, QW 210, QW 451, and QB 202). The type and number of specimens that must be tested to qualify an automatic, semiautomatic, or manual procedure specification must be in E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules accordance with QW 202, QW 210, or QB 202 of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02– 1) as applicable, except as supplemented by §§ 57.03–1(b) and 57.03–1(d). § 57.05–1 [Amended] 231. Amend § 57.05–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘section IX of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02–1)’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 57.05–2 [Amended] [Amended] 233. Amend § 57.05–3 as follows: a. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.05–3(a) and (b)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figures 1 and 2 to § 57.05–3’’; ■ b. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ c. Redesignate figure 57.05–3(a) as figure 1 to § 57.05–3 and figure 57.05– 3(b) as figure 2 to 57.05–3. ■ ■ § 57.05–5 [Amended] 234. In § 57.05–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 235. Amend § 57.06–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a) and (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (c). The revision reads as follows: ■ § 57.06–1 Production test plate requirements. * * * * (c) Test plates are not required for heating boilers or Class III pressure vessels. Test plates are not required for main power boilers or pressure vessels constructed of P–1 material as listed in QW/QB 422 of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02–1) whose welded joints are fully radiographed as required by part 52 or 54 of this subchapter as applicable except when toughness tests are required in accordance with § 57.06–5. When toughness tests are required all prescribed production tests must be performed. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * § 57.06–2 [Amended] 236. In § 57.06–2, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 237. Amend § 57.06–3 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 § 57.06–3 Method of performing production testing. * 232. In § 57.05–2, reserve paragraph (b). ■ § 57.05–3 ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06–3’’ and add, in its place ‘‘figure § 57.06– 3(d)’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (d); ■ d. Redesignate figure 57.06–3 as figure § 57.06–3(d); and ■ e. In paragraph (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ Jkt 256001 * * * * (d) In the case of vessels having no longitudinal welded joints, at least one set of test plates must be welded for each vessel, using the circumferential joint process, procedure and technique, except that the provisions of § 57.06– 2(a) also apply for Classes I and I–L vessels, and that the provisions of § 57.06–2(a) and (c) also apply for Classes II and II–L vessels. * * * * * ■ 238. Amend § 57.06–4 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ d. In paragraph (d): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figures 57.06– 4(d)(1) and 57.06–4(d)(2)’’ and add, in its place, ‘‘figures 1 and 2 to § 57.06– 4(d)’’; ■ e. Redesignate figure 57.06–4(d)(1) as figure 1 to § 57.06–4(d) and figure 57.06–4(d)(2) as figure 2 to § 57.06–4(d); ■ f. In paragraphs (e) and the introductory text to (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ g. In paragraph (f)(1): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06– 4(f)(1)(i)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure 3 to § 57.06–4(f)’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06– 4(f)(1)(ii)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure 4 to § 57.06–4(f)’’; ■ h. In paragraph (f)(2): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06– 4(f)(2)’’ and add, in its place, ‘‘figure 5 to § 57.06–4(f)’’; ■ i. Redesignate Figure 57.06–4(f)(1)(i) as Figure 3 to § 57.06–4(f)(2), Figure PO 00000 Frm 00077 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57971 57.06–4(f)(1)(ii) as Figure 4 to § 57.06– 4(f)(2), and Figure 57.06–4(f)(2) as Figure 5 to § 57.06–4(f)(2); ■ j. In paragraph (g): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06– 4(g)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure 6 to § 57.06–4(g)’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘Figure 57.06– 4(f)(1)(ii)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘figure 4 to § 57.06–4(f)’’; ■ k. Revise paragraph (h); and ■ l. In paragraph (i), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: § 57.06–4 Production testing specimen requirements. * * * * * (b) The test plates must be so supported that the warping due to welding does not throw the finished test plate out of line by an angle of over 5°. * * * * * (h) The guided-bend specimen must be bent with the side of the weld in tension, its width must be equal to the full thickness of the plate and its thickness, after machining, must be 0.350 inch to 0.380 inch to permit bending in a jig having the contour of the standard jig as shown in Figure QW 466.1, QW 466.2, or QW 466.3 of Section IX of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 57.02– 1). The specimen must withstand being bent cold to the full capacity of the jig without developing any crack exceeding one-eighth inch in any direction. Where the plate thickness exceeds two inches, the specimen must be cut in two so that each portion does not exceed 2 inches in width. Each such portion must be tested and must meet the requirements. * * * * * § 57.06–5 [Amended] 239. In § 57.06–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ PART 58—MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS 240. The authority citation for part 58 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. § 58.01–5 [Amended] 241. In § 58.01–5: a. Remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57972 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 58.01–10 [Amended] 242. In § 58.01–10 (b), remove the text ‘‘D 93’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘D93’’. ■ 243. Revise § 58.01–20 to read as follows: ■ § 58.01–20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all rotating machinery capable of injuring personnel must be provided with adequate covers or guards. § 58.01–30 [Amended] 244. In § 58.01–30, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 245. Revise § 58.01–50 to read as follows: ■ § 58.01–50 Machinery space, noise. Each machinery space must be designed to minimize the exposure of personnel to noise in accordance with IMO Resolution MSC.337(91) (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03– 1). § 58.01–55 [Amended] 246. Amend § 58.01–55 as follows: a. Redesignate paragraphs (e)(i) and (ii) as (e)(1) and (2); and ■ b. In newly redesignated paragraph (e)(1), remove the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’. ■ 247. Revise § 58.03–1 to read as follows: ■ ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 58.03–1 Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (a) American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC), 613 Third Street, Suite 10, Annapolis, MD 21403, (410) 990–4466, www.abycinc.org. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (1) P–1–14, Installation of Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines, July 2009 (reaffirmed July 2014) (‘‘ABYC P–1’’); IBR approved for § 58.10–5. (2) [Reserved] (b) American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), 1701 City Plaza Drive, Spring, TX 77389, 281–877–5800, www.eagle.org. (1) Rules for Building and Classing Marine Vessels, Part 4 Vessel Systems and Machinery, 2020 (’’ABS Marine Vessel Rules’’); IBR approved for §§ 58.01–5, 58.05–1, 58.10–15, 58.20–5, 58.25–5. (2) [Reserved] (c) American Petroleum Institute (API), 200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001–5571, 202–682– 8000, www.api.org. (1) API RP 14C, Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production Facilities, 8th Edition (‘‘API RP 14C’’); IBR approved for § 58.60–9. (2) API STD 53, Well Control Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells, 5th Edition, December 2018 (‘‘API STD 53’’); IBR approved for § 58.60–7. (d) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 58.30–15. (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019) (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 58.30–15. (3) ASME B31.3, Process Piping, January 31, 2017 (‘‘ASME B31.3’’); IBR approved for § 58.60–7. (4) ASME B31.5–2016, Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer Components, June 29, 2016 (‘‘ASME B31.5’’); IBR approved for §§ 58.20–5, 58.20–20. (e) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959, 877–909–2786, www.astm.org. (1) ASTM A193/A193M–19, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High-Temperature Service or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications, November 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM A193’’); IBR approved for § 58.30–15. (2) ASTM B96/B96M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels, April 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM B96’’); IBR approved for § 58.50–5. (3) ASTM B122/B122M–16, Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin PO 00000 Frm 00078 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar, April 1, 2016 (‘‘ASTM B122’’); IBR approved for § 58.50–5. (4) ASTM B127–19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS NO4400) Plate, Sheet, and Strip. November 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B127’’); IBR approved for §§ 58.50–5, 58.50–10. (5) ASTM B152/B152M–19, Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar, October 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM B152’’); IBR approved for § 58.50–5. (6) ASTM B209–14, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate, November 1, 2014 (‘‘ASTM B209’’); IBR approved for § 58.50–5, 58.50–10. (7) ASTM D92–18, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester, July 1, 2018 (‘‘ASTM D92’’); IBR approved for § 58.30–10. (8) ASTM D93–19, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by PenskyMartens Closed Cup Tester, November 1, 2019 (‘‘ASTM D93’’); 58.01–10. (9) ASTM D323–15a, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), June 1, 2015 (‘‘ASTM D323’’); IBR approved for § 58.16–5. (f) International Maritime Organization (IMO), Publications Section, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, www.imo.org/. (1) A.467(XII), Guidelines for Acceptance of Non-Duplicated Rudder Actuators for Tankers, Chemical Tankers and Gas Carriers of 10,000 Tons Gross Tonnage and Above But Less Than 100,000 Tonnes Deadweight, 1981 (‘‘IMO A.467(XII)’’); IBR approved for § 58.25–60. (2) Resolution MSC.337(91), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, 2012 (‘‘IMO Resolution MSC.337(91)’’); IBR approved for § 58.01–50. (3) The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS); IBR approved for § 58.25–10. (g) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169, 617–770– 3000, www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 2020 (‘‘NFPA 302’’); IBR approved for § 58.10–5. (2) [Reserved] (h) SAE International (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096, 724–776–4841, www.sae.org. (1) SAE J429 MAY2014, Mechanical and Material Requirements for E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Externally Threaded Fasteners May 1, 2014 (‘‘SAE J429’’); IBR approved for § 58.30–15. (2) SAE J1928 JUN2018, Devices Providing Backfire Flame Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications, June 1, 2018 (‘‘SAE J1928’’); IBR approved for § 58.10–5. ■ 248. Amend § 58.05–1 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: § 58.05–1 Material, design and construction. * * * * * (b) When main and auxiliary machinery is to be installed without classification society review, the builder must submit to the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, such drawings and particulars of the installation as are required by the ABS Marine Vessel Rules for similar installations on classed vessels. § 58.05–5 [Amended] 249. Amend § 58.05–5 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 58.10–5 [Amended] 250. Amend § 58.10–5 as follows: a. In paragraphs (a) and (b)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Designate the note following paragraph (b)(1) as note 1 to paragraph (b)(1); ■ c. In paragraph (b)(3)(i): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘J–1928’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘J1928’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘or UL 1111 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 58.03–1)’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ d. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ e. In the introductory text to paragraph (d)(1): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘part 1, section 23’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Chapter 6’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ f. In paragraph (d)(1)(i), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ g. Reserve paragraph (d)(2). jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 58.10–10 [Amended] 251. In § 58.10–10(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’. ■ 252. Amend § 58.10–15 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraphs (b), (c)(1) through (3), (e), the introductory text of paragraphs (f)(1) and (2), paragraph (f)(3), the introductory text of paragraph (g), and paragraph (h), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 58.10–15 Gas turbine installations. (a) Standards. The design, construction, workmanship and tests of gas turbines and their associated machinery shall be at least equivalent to the standards of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03–1). * * * * * ■ 253. Revise § 58.16–1(c) to read as follows: § 58.16–1 Scope. * * * * * (c) Except as provided by § 58.16– 7(b), all component parts of the system, except cylinders, appliances, and lowpressure tubing, must be designed to withstand a pressure of 500 pounds per square inch without failure. ■ 254. Revise § 58.16–5 to read as follows: § 58.16–5 Definition. For the purpose of this subpart the term ‘‘liquefied petroleum gas’’ means any liquefied flammable gas which is composed predominantly of hydrocarbons or mixtures of hydrocarbons, such as propane, propylene, butane, butylene, or butadiene, and which has a Reid vapor pressure exceeding 40 pounds per square inch absolute at 100 °F as determined by ASTM D323 (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03– 1). ■ 255. Revise § 58.16–7(b) to read as follows: § 58.16–7 Use of liquefied petroleum gas. tested, listed and labeled by an acceptable laboratory, such as: (i) The American Gas Association Testing Laboratories. (ii) Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. (2) Continuous-burning pilot flames are prohibited for use on gas appliances when installed below the weather deck. (3) Printed instructions for proper installation, operation, and maintenance of each gas-consuming appliance must be furnished by the manufacturer. (b) Cylinders. (1) Cylinders in which liquefied petroleum gas is stored and handled must be constructed, tested, marked, maintained, and retested in accordance with 49 CFR part 178. (2) All liquefied petroleum gas cylinders in service must bear a test date marking indicating that they have been retested in accordance with the regulations of the Department of Transportation. (3) Regardless of the date of the previous test, a cylinder must be rejected for further service when it leaks; when it is weakened appreciably by corrosion, denting, bulging or other evidence of rough usage; when it has lost more than 5 percent of its tare weight; or when it has been involved in a fire. (c) Safety-relief devices. All required safety-relief devices must be accepted as to type, size, pressure setting, and location by the Commandant (CG–ENG) as being in accordance with 49 CFR part 178. (d) Valves, regulators, and vaporizers. All component parts of the system, other than cylinders and low-pressure distribution tubing between regulators and appliances, must be tested and approved by and bear the label of the Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., or other recognized testing laboratory. (e) Plan approval. Drawings in triplicate, showing the location and installation of all piping, gas-consuming appliances, cylinders, and other component parts of the system must be submitted for approval. * * * * (b) Cooking equipment using liquefied petroleum gas on vessels of less than 100 gross tons that carry passengers for hire must meet the requirements of 46 CFR 25.45–2 or 46 CFR part 184, as applicable. * * * * * ■ 256. Revise § 58.16–10 to read as follows: § 58.16–15 § 58.16–10 § 58.16–16 * Approvals. (a) Gas appliances. (1) All gas-consuming appliances used for cooking and heating must be PO 00000 Frm 00079 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57973 [Amended] 257. In § 58.16–15, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 258. Amend § 58.16–16 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraphs (b) and (c). The revision reads as follows: ■ Reducing regulators. * * * * * (b) The low-pressure side of all regulators must be protected against E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57974 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules excessive pressure by means of a suitable relief valve which must be integral with the regulator. The relief valve must be set to start to discharge at a pressure not less than two times and not more than three times the delivery pressure. (c) All reducing regulators must be fitted with a pressure gage located on the high-pressure side of the regulator. ■ 259. Amend § 58.16–17 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.16–17 Piping and fittings. * * * * * (b) All high-pressure tubing between the cylinders and the regulators must have a minimum wall thickness of 0.049 inch. All low-pressure tubing between the regulator and appliances must have a minimum wall thickness of 0.032 inch. * * * * * ■ 260. Amend § 58.16–18 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (a)(2); and ■ c. In paragraphs (a)(3) through (5), (b)(2), (c), and (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.16–30 Operating instructions. * * * * * (k) Report any presence of gas odor. ■ 265. Revise § 58.16–35 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.16–35 Markings. (a) The outside of the cylinder enclosure housing liquefied petroleum gas cylinders, valves and regulators must be marked as follows: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Keep Open Fires Away. * * * * * § 58.20–1 [Amended] 266. In § 58.20–1(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘do’’. ■ 267. Amend § 58.20–5 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: ■ § 58.20–5 Design. 261. In § 58.16–19, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. (a) Refrigeration machinery may be accepted for installation provided the design, material, and fabrication comply with the applicable requirements of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03–1). The minimum pressures for design of all components must be those listed for piping in Table 501.2.4 of ASME B31.5 (incorporated by reference; see § 58.03– 1). In no case may pressure components be designed for a pressure less than that for which the safety devices of the system are set. Pressure vessels must be designed in accordance with part 54 of this subchapter. * * * * * ■ 268. Amend § 58.20–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: § 58.16–20 § 58.20–10 § 58.16–18 Installation. (a) * * * (2) Cylinders, regulating and safety devices must be securely fastened and supported within the metal enclosure. The cylinders and high-pressure equipment must be so mounted as to be readily accessible and capable of easy removal for refilling and inspection. The stowage of high-pressure equipment in the housing must be such that the cylinder valves can be readily operated and the pressure gage dial is easily visible. Where possible cylinders must be mounted in an upright position. * * * * * § 58.16–19 [Amended] ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ 264. Amend § 58.16–30 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a) through (g), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (k). The revision reads as follows: ■ [Amended] 262. In § 58.16–20, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 58.16–25 ■ [Amended] 263. Amend § 58.16–25 as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Pressure relieving devices. * * * * * (b) Relief valves fitted on the highpressure side may discharge to the lowpressure side before relieving to atmosphere. When relieving to atmosphere, a relief valve must be fitted PO 00000 Frm 00080 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 in the atmospheric discharge connection from the receivers and condensers. The relief valve from the receivers may relieve to the condenser, which in turn may relieve either to the low side or to atmosphere. It must be set to relieve at a pressure not greater than the maximum allowable working pressure. A rupture disk may be fitted in series with the relief valve, provided the bursting pressure of the rupture disk is not in excess of the relief valve set pressure. Where a rupture disk is fitted on the downstream side of the relief valve, the relief valve must be of the type not affected by back pressure. ■ 269. Amend § 58.20–15 as follows: ■ a. Revise the first sentence of paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.20–15 Installation of refrigerating machinery. (a) Where refrigerating machines are installed in which anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant, such machines must be located in a well-ventilated, isolated compartment, preferably on the deck, but in no case is it permissible to install such machines in the engineroom space unless the arrangement is such as to eliminate any hazard from gas escaping to the engineroom. * * * * * * * * ■ 270. Amend § 58.20–20 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraph (b); and ■ c. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.20–20 Refrigeration piping. * * * * * (b) Piping systems must be designed in accordance with ASME B31.5 (incorporated by reference; see § 58.03– 1). Piping used for cargo reliquefaction systems must also comply with the applicable requirements found in low temperature piping, § 56.50–105 of this subchapter. * * * * * ■ 271. Amend § 58.20–25 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: § 58.20–25 Tests. * * * * * (b) No pneumatic tests in refrigeration systems aboard ships must be made at E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules pressures exceeding the design pressure of the part of the system being tested. Pneumatic tests may be made with the refrigerant in the system or if the refrigerant has been removed, oilpumped dry nitrogen or bone-dry carbon dioxide with a detectable amount of the refrigerant added, should be used as a testing medium. (Carbon dioxide should not be used to leak test an ammonia system.) In no case should air, oxygen, any flammable gas or any flammable mixture of gases be used for testing. ■ 272. Amend § 58.25–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Revise the definition for ‘‘Auxiliary steering gear’’; ■ ii. Add a definition for ‘‘Control system’’; ■ iii. In the definition for ‘‘Power actuating system’’, redesignate paragraphs (1) through (3) as paragraphs (i) through (iii); and ■ iv. In the definition for ‘‘Steering-gear power’’, revise the definition heading and introductory text and redesignate paragraphs (1) through (3) as paragraphs (i) through (iii); and ■ b. In paragraph (d): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revisions and addition read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 58.25–5 General. (a) * * * Auxiliary steering gear means the equipment, other than any part of the main steering gear, necessary to steer the vessel in case of failure of the main steering gear, not including a tiller, quadrant, or other component serving the same purpose. Control system means the equipment by which orders for rudder movement are transmitted from the pilothouse to the steering-gear power units. A control system for steering gear includes, but is not limited to, one or more— (i) Transmitters; (ii) Receivers; (iii) Feedback devices; (iv) Hydraulic servo-control pumps, with associated motors and motor controllers; (v) Differential units, hunting gear, and similar devices; (vi) All gearing, piping, shafting, cables, circuitry, and ancillary devices for controlling the output of power units; and (vii) Means of bringing steering-gear power units into operation. * * * * * Steering-gear power unit means: * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 273. Amend § 58.25–10 as follows: a. Redesignate paragraphs (a) through (f) as paragraphs (b) through (g); ■ b. Add new paragraph (a); ■ c. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (b); ■ d. In newly redesignated paragraph (c)(3) remove the text ‘‘(b)(2)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(c)(2)’’; ■ e. In newly redesignated paragraph (d)(3), remove the text ‘‘(c)(2)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(d)(2)’’; ■ f. In newly redesignated paragraphs (f)(1) and (2), remove the text ‘‘(b)(2)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(c)(2)’’; ■ g. In newly redesignated paragraph (f)(4), remove the text ‘‘(e)(3)’’ \and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(f)(3)’’; ■ h. Designate the note as note 1 to paragraph (f)(4); and ■ i. In newly redesignated paragraph (g), remove the text ‘‘(e)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(f)’’. The addition and revision read as follows: ■ ■ § 58.25–10 gear. Main and auxiliary steering § 58.25–20 [Amended] 274. Amend § 58.25–20 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘of this part’’; ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘in accordance with § 56.07–10(b) of this subchapter’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the text ‘‘that complies with § 56.50–90 of this subchapter’’. ■ ■ § 58.25–25 [Amended] 275. Amend § 58.25–25 as follows: a. Remove paragraph (a); b. Redesignate paragraphs (b) through (d) as paragraphs (a) through (c); ■ c. Remove paragraph (e) and the Note following paragraph (e); and ■ d. Redesignate paragraph (f) as paragraph (d). ■ ■ ■ § 58.25–40 [Amended] 276. Remove the note immediately following paragraph (a)(3). ■ PO 00000 Frm 00081 277. Revise § 58.25–60 to read as follows: ■ § 58.25–60 Non-duplicated hydraulic rudder actuators. Non-duplicated hydraulic rudder actuators may be installed in the steering gear control systems on vessels of less than 100,000 deadweight tons. These actuators must meet IMO A.467(XII) (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03–1) and be acceptable to the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center. § 58.25–65 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 [Amended] 278. In § 58.25–65, amend the introductory text to paragraph (a), by inserting the word ‘‘main’’ between the word ‘‘vessel’s’’ and the word ‘‘service’’. ■ § 58.25–70 [Amended] 279. Amend § 58.25–70(h)(1) by removing the text ‘‘; and’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘.’’. ■ 280. Revise § 58.25–75 to read as follows: ■ § 58.25–75 (a) Vessels accepted by a recognized classification society as meeting class Rules for steering gear, and SOLAS Chapter II–1, Regulations 29 and 30 (incorporated by reference; see § 58.03– 1) are considered to meet the requirements of this Subpart. (b) Power-operated main and auxiliary steering gear must be separate and independent systems. Other arrangements of steering gear will be acceptable if the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, determines that they are equivalent to the requirements of, this subpart. * * * * * 57975 Materials. Materials used for the mechanical or hydraulic transmission of power to the rudder stock must have an elongation of at least 15% in 5 centimeters (2 inches). § 58.25–85 [Amended] 281. Amend § 58.25–85 as follows: a. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ‘‘not more than 45 seconds’’; ■ b. In paragraph (c)(2)(ii), remove the second and third sentences; ■ c. In paragraph (d)(2), remove the text ‘‘not more than 45 seconds’’; and ■ d. Remove paragraph (g) and the note immediately following paragraph (g). ■ 282. Amend § 58.30–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (a) and paragraph (a)(4); ■ b. In paragraph (a)(5), remove the words ‘‘main or’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (a)(10), remove the second sentence. The revisions read as follows: ■ ■ § 58.30–1 Scope. (a) This subpart contains requirements for fluid power transmission and control systems and appurtenances. Except as otherwise provided for in this section, these requirements are applicable to fluid power and control systems where installed for the following equipment: * * * * * (4) Automatic propulsion boiler control systems. * * * * * § 58.30–5 [Amended] 283. Amend § 58.30–5 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘and should also consider the rate of ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57976 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules pressure rise caused by hydraulic shock’’; and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 284. Amend § 58.30–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (b): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘D 92’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘D92’’; ■ b. In paragraphs (c) and (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ c. Revise paragraph (e). The revision reads as follows: § 58.30–10 Hydraulic fluid. * * * * * (e) The recommendations of the system component manufacturers must be considered in the selection and use of hydraulic fluid. ■ 285. Amend § 58.30–15 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (b); ■ b. In paragraph (c): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR 58.03–1’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘§ 58.03–1’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘A 193’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘A193’’; ■ c. Revise paragraph (d); and ■ d. In paragraphs (e) and (f), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: § 58.30–15 Pipe, tubing, valves, fittings, pumps, and motors. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 * * * * * (b) Materials used in the manufacture of tubing, pipes, valves, flanges, and fittings must be selected from those specifications that appear in table 1 to § 56.60–1 or table § 56.60–2; or they may be selected from the material specifications of Section I or Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (both incorporated by reference; see § 58.03– 1). Materials designated by other specifications must be evaluated on the basis of physical and chemical properties. To assure these properties, the specifications must specify and require such physical and chemical testing as considered necessary by the Commandant. All tubing and pipe materials must be suitable for handling the hydraulic fluid used and must be of such chemical and physical properties as to remain ductile at the lowest operating temperature. * * * * * (d) The maximum allowable working pressure and minimum thickness must VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 be calculated as required by § 56.07– 10(e) of this subchapter. * * * * * § 58.30–20 [Amended] 286. In § 58.30–20, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 287. Amend § 58.30–25 as follows: ■ a. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 58.30–25 Accumulators. (a) * * * Accumulators must meet the applicable requirements in part 54 of this subchapter. * * * * * § 58.30–30 [Amended] 288. In § 58.30–30, amend paragraphs (d) and (e) by removing the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 289. Amend § 58.30–35 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a), (b), and (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (d). The revision reads as follows: ■ § 58.30–35 Testing. * * * * * (d) Fluid power and control systems must be purged with an inert gas or with the working fluid and all trapped air bled from the system prior to any shipboard testing. * * * * * § 58.30–40 [Amended] 290. Amend § 58.30–40 as follows: a. Remove paragraph (a)(5) and redesignate paragraph (a)(6) as (a)(5); and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 58.30–50 [Amended] 291. In § 58.30–50, reserve paragraph (b). ■ 292. Amend § 58.50–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (b); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 58.50–1 General requirements. * * * * * (b) Passenger vessels exceeding 100 gross tons constructed on or after July 1, 1935, and all emergency systems converted on or after July 1, 1935, must use fuel which has a flashpoint exceeding 110 °F. for internal PO 00000 Frm 00082 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 combustion engine units. Such vessels must carry a sufficient quantity of fuel to supply the emergency electrical system. Refer to § 112.05–5 of subchapter J (Electrical Engineering), of this chapter. * * * * * ■ 293. Amend § 58.50–5 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the text ‘‘Table 1 to § 58.50–5(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 58.50– 5(a)(4)’’; ■ b. Redesignate table 1 to § 58.50–5(a) as table 1 to § 58.50–5(a)(4); ■ c. In newly redesignated table 1 to § 58.50–5(a)(4): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘B 209’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B209’’; ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘B 127’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B127’’; ■ iv. Remove the text ‘‘B 122 and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B122’’; ■ v. Remove the text ‘‘B 152’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B152’’; and ■ vi. Remove the text ‘‘B 96’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B96’’; ■ d. Revise paragraph (a)(6); and ■ e. In § 58.50–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 58.50–5 Gasoline fuel tanks. (a) * * * (6) Fittings. Nozzles, flanges, or other fittings for pipe connections must be welded or brazed to the tank. The tank openings in way of pipe connections must be properly reinforced where necessary. Where fuel level gages are used, the flange to which gage fittings are attached must be welded or brazed to the tank. Tubular gage glasses or trycocks must not be fitted to the tanks. * * * * * § 58.50–10 [Amended] 294. Amend § 58.50–10 as follows: a. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the text ‘‘Table 1 to § 58.50–10(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 58.50– 10(a)(3)’’; ■ b. Redesignate table 1 to § 58.50–10(a) as table 1 to § 58.50–10(a)(3); ■ c. In newly redesignated table 1 to § 58.50–10(a)(3): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘B 209’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B209’’; and ■ iii. Remove the text ‘‘B 127’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘B127’’; and ■ d. In § 58.50–10, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 295. Revise § 58.50–15(a) to read as follows: ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules § 58.50–15 Alternate material for construction of independent fuel tanks. (a) Materials other than those specifically listed in table 1 to 58.50– 5(a)(4) and in table 1 to 58.50–10(a)(3) may be used for fuel tank construction only if the tank design meets material and testing requirements approved by the Commandant (CG–ENG). Approved testing may be accomplished by any acceptable laboratory, or may be done by the fabricator if witnessed by a marine inspector. * * * * * ■ 296. Revise § 58.60–7 to read as follows: § 58.60–7 Industrial systems: Piping. The piping for industrial systems under this subpart must meet ASME B31.3 (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03–1), except that blow out preventor control systems must also meet API STD 53 (incorporated by reference, see § 58.03–1). § 59.01–5 [Amended] 298. Revise § 59.01–2 to read as follows: 299. Amend § 59.01–5 as follows: a. In paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (e): ■ i. Remove the words ‘‘Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘BPVC’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 300. Amend § 59.10–1 by revising paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) to read as follows: § 59.01–2 § 59.10–1 ■ ■ PART 59—REPAIRS TO BOILERS, PRESSURE VESSELS AND APPURTENANCES 297. The authority citation for part 59 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 227; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers, 2019 (‘‘Section I of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 59.10–5. (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VII, Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers, 2019 (‘‘Section VII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 59.01–5. (3) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019), (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 59.10–5, 59.10–10. (4) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications (2019), (‘‘Section IX of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for § 59.10–5. Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 Scope. * * * * * (b) No repairs by welding must be made except temporary emergency repairs without prior approval of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. Emergency repairs must be replaced with permanent repairs meeting the requirements of this subchapter when the vessel returns to a port in which an Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, is located. (c) Repair welding of power boilers, not meeting the requirements of subpart 52.05 of this subchapter, is prohibited. * * * * * (d) Only welded repairs as specified in this subchapter are permitted on boilers and pressure vessels. The welding repairs allowed by this subpart apply only to boilers and pressure vessels fabricated of carbon steel. Welding repairs to boilers and pressure vessels fabricated of alloy steel will be given special consideration by the Commandant. Such other method of repairs by means of welding not covered in this subchapter must be referred to the Commandant. ■ 301. Amend § 59.10–5 as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00083 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57977 a. In paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘plain, circular, or Adamson ring or similar type’’; ■ b. In paragraph (f), remove the words ‘‘and is approved by the Commandant’’; ■ c. In paragraph (g), remove the words ‘‘if the repair is approved’’; ■ d. Revise paragraphs (h), (i), (j), and (k); and ■ e. In paragraph (l), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revisions read as follows: ■ § 59.10–5 Cracks. * * * * * (h) All cracks permitted to be repaired under this subpart must be excavated to sound metal by grinding, flame or arc gouging or chipping out the defective metal to form a clean welding groove. Either a V groove or U groove wherein complete penetration of the weld metal is secured may be used. After excavation is completed and prior to welding, the excavated area must be examined by magnetic particle, dye penetrant, or other acceptable test method. When the reverse side of the weld is accessible the root of the weld must be chipped or ground out to insure a clean surface of the originally deposited metal and the resultant groove welded to obtain a sound weld having complete penetration. When the weld cannot be back chipped because the reverse side is inaccessible, a backing strip or other approved means of assuring full penetration must be employed. (i) During welding of cracks a preheat must be maintained by controlled temperatures. The degree of preheat must be determined by the rules listed in accordance with the materials Pnumber groupings of PW–38, Section I of the ASME BPVC, appendix R, Section VIII of the ASME BPVC, and Appendix D, Section IX of the ASME BPVC (all incorporated by reference; see § 59.01– 2). For thicknesses exceeding threefourths inch, suitable U grooves should be employed. A welding sequence must be used so as to equalize welding stresses. (j) Postweld heat treatment of repaired cracks must be performed in accordance with the rules specified in PW–39, Section I of the ASME BPVC and UW– 40, Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for boilers and pressure vessels respectively. (k) Welded repairs of cracks must be nondestructively tested in accordance with the rules specified in PW–40, Section I of the ASME BPVC, and UW– 51, Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57978 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules boilers and pressure vessels respectively. * * * * * ■ 302. Amend § 59.10–10 as follows: ■ a. In paragraphs (a)(1), (2), and (3), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraphs (d), (e), and (f). The revisions read as follows: § 59.10–10 Corroded surfaces. * * * * (d) Where stayed sheets have corroded to a depth not exceeding 40 percent of their original thickness, they may be reinforced or built up by welding. Where the staybolts are fitted with riveted heads, the staybolts in the reinforced area must be renewed, but where the staybolts are fitted with nuts, the nuts may be removed and after reinforcing has been applied, collars may be welded around the staybolts in lieu of the nuts. Such reinforced areas must not exceed 400 square inches nor more than 30 inches in one direction. Two such areas in any one plate may be reinforced: Provided, that the distance between the reinforced surfaces is not less than 30 inches. (e) When the corroded portion of a staybolted surface exceeds 400 square inches, it is permissible to make repairs by cutting out the defective portion and replacing it with a new plate, the edges of the new plate to be welded in position. In such cases, new staybolts must be fitted, and where welding is performed through a line of staybolts, welded collars must be used to attach the staybolts. (f) Eroded seams of welded pressure vessels may be repaired by rewelding the wasted portion. The wasted section of the seam must be excavated sufficiently by grinding, flame or arc gouging or chipping to ensure proper weld penetration. Rewelded seams must be nondestructively tested in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference, see § 59.01–2). [Amended] 303. In § 59.10–15, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 304. Amend § 59.10–20 as follows: ■ a. Revise the first two sentences of paragraph (a); and ■ b. Remove the last sentence of paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 ■ § 59.10–20 sheets. Patches in shells and tube (a) Unreinforced openings in the shells or drums of boilers or pressure VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 59.10–25 [Amended] 305. In § 59.10–25, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 306. Revise § 59.10–30 to read as follows: ■ * § 59.10–15 vessels may be closed by the use of a patch or plate inside the drum or shell and sealed against leakage by welding. Such plates must have a diameter of at least 2 inches larger than the diameter of the hole and must have a thickness equal to the thickness of the plate to which it is attached. * * * * * * * * § 59.10–30 Seal welding. Where leaks occur in riveted joints or connections, they must be carefully investigated to determine the cause. Such leaks may be made tight by seal welding the edge, if accepted by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. ■ 307. Amend § 59.10–35 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraphs (b), (c), and (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: § 59.10–35 heads. Wrapper plates and back * * * * * (a) Wrapper plates or back heads must be cut between two rows of staybolts or on a line of staybolts where the thickness is approximately the same as the original construction. If welding is employed on a line of staybolts, the staybolts must be fitted with a welded collar. * * * * * ■ 308. Amend § 59.15–1 as follows: ■ a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ b. Revise paragraphs (a)(1) and (2); ■ c. Remove the last sentence of paragraph (b); ■ d. In paragraph (c), remove the text ‘‘and the length of the distorted area is not more than three corrugations, or, if the maximum distortion does not exceed three-fourths inch for a length greater than three corrugations of distorted area’’; ■ e. In paragraph (d), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ f. Revise paragraph (e); and ■ g. Redesignate figure 59.15–1 as figure § 59.15–1. The revisions read as follows: § 59.15–1 Furnace repairs. (a) * * * (1) The furnace must be forced back to a true circular shape, and the Officer PO 00000 Frm 00084 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 in Charge, Marine Inspection, may require strongbacks or other acceptable means of support to hold the furnace; or, (2) The furnace must be adequately stayed as determined by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. * * * * * (e) Furnace crowns which have become distorted, not in excess of the limitations provided in paragraph (c) of this section, may be repaired by forcing back the distorted section to as nearly a true circle as possible and reinforcing the same by means of a ring, arc- or gaswelded to the distorted corrugation as shown in figure § 59.15–1, the welding to be done by welders and welding processors qualified in accordance with part 57 of this subchapter. * * * * * § 59.15–5 [Amended] 309. In § 59.15–5(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 59.15–10 [Amended] 310. Amend § 59.15–10 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘shall be the duty of the chief engineer in charge’’ and add, in their place, the words ‘‘is the duty of the chief engineer’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ ■ § 59.20–1 [Amended] 311. In § 59.20–1, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ PART 61—PERIODIC TESTS AND INSPECTIONS 312. The authority citation for part 61 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 2103, 3306, 3307, 3703; sec. 617, Pub. L. 111–281, 124 Stat. 2905; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. § 61.01–1 [Amended] 313. In § 61.01–1, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 314. Revise § 61.03–1 to read as follows: ■ § 61.03–1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (b) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959, 877–909–2786, www.astm.org. (1) ASTM D665–19, Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water (‘‘ASTM D665’’); IBR approved for § 61.20–17. (2) [Reserved] § 61.05–1 [Amended] 315. In § 61.05–1, remove the text ‘‘part 52’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘part 52 of this subchapter.’’ ■ 316. Amend § 61.05–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 61.05–5 Preparation of boilers for inspection and test. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 (a) For internal inspection, manhole and handhold plates, and washout plugs must be removed as required by the marine inspector and the furnace and combustion chambers must be thoroughly cooled and cleaned. * * * * * ■ 317. Amend § 61.05–10 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a); ■ b. In paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; ■ c. Revise paragraphs (f) and (g); and ■ d. Redesignate table 61.05–10 as table § 61.05–10. The revisions read as follows: § 61.05–10 Boilers in service. 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 § 61.05–15 [Amended] 318. Amend § 61.05–15 as follows: a. Remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘Table 61.05–10’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 61.05–10’’. ■ ■ § 61.05–20 [Amended] 319. In § 61.05–20, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ 320. Amend § 61.10–5 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (g); and ■ b. In paragraph (h)(3), remove the text ‘‘(Mobile Offshore Drilling Units),’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(Mobile Offshore Drilling Units), all of this chapter,’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ § 61.10–5 Pressure vessels in service. * (a) Each boiler, including superheater, reheater, economizer, auxiliary boiler, low-pressure heating boiler, and unfired steam boiler, must be available for examination by the marine inspector at intervals specified by table § 61.05–10, and more often if necessary, to VerDate Sep<11>2014 determine that the complete unit is in a safe and satisfactory condition. * * * * * (f) The marine inspector may require any boiler to be drilled or gaged to determine actual thickness any time its safety is in doubt. At the first inspection for certification after a firetube or flue boiler has been installed for 10 years, it must be gaged to determine the extent of deterioration. Thickness will be measured at or near the waterline, at the bottom and at such other places deemed necessary by the marine inspector. Examination may be by drilling or a nondestructive means acceptable to the marine inspector. Prior to the use of a nondestructive method of examination, the user must demonstrate to the marine inspector that results having an accuracy within plus or minus 5 percent are consistently obtainable. (g) If the thickness is found to be less than the original thickness upon which the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) was based, the MAWP must be recalculated. The thickness of the thinnest measured portion must be used in this calculation. Either the design formulas given in this subchapter or the ones in effect when the boiler was contracted for or built may normally be used in this recalculation. In no case will an increase in the pressure allowed be made. * * * * * Jkt 256001 * * * * (g) Bulk storage tanks. (1) Each bulk storage tank containing refrigerated liquefied CO2 for use aboard a vessel as a fire-extinguishing agent must be subjected to a hydrostatic test of 1.5 times the maximum allowable working pressure in the 10th year of the PO 00000 Frm 00085 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57979 installation and at 10-year intervals thereafter. After the test, the tank should be drained and an internal examination made. Parts of the jacket and lagging designated by the marine inspector must be removed at the time of the test so the marine inspector may determine the condition of the tank. (2) In lieu of the requirements contained in paragraph (g)(1) of this section, in the 10th year of installation and at 10-year intervals thereafter, each bulk storage tank containing refrigerated liquefied CO2 for use aboard a vessel as a fire-extinguishing agent which contains a manhole or means to enter, may undergo an internal examination by a marine inspector. Bulk storage tanks which have been satisfactorily examined internally by a marine inspector and in which no defects have been found which impair the safety of the pressure vessel will not require a hydrostatic test. When a defect is found during the internal examination that, in the judgment of the marine inspector, may affect the safety of the pressure vessel, the pressure vessel must be hydrostatically tested at a pressure of 1.5 times the maximum allowable working pressure, unless alternative means, acceptable to the Officer In Charge, Marine Inspection, are used to ensure the safe operation of the pressure vessel. * * * * * § 61.15–1 [Amended] 321. In § 61.15–1, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.15–5 [Amended] 322. In § 61.15–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.15–10 [Amended] 323. In § 61.15–10(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.15–15 [Amended] 324. Amend § 61.15–15 as follows: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ § 61.20–1 [Amended] 325. In § 61.20–1(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.20–3 [Amended] 326. In § 61.20–3, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57980 § 61.20–5 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules [Amended] 327. In § 61.20–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.20–17 [Amended] 328. Amend § 61.20–17 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘D 665’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘D665’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘5 year’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘5year’’. ■ ■ § 61.20–23 [Amended] 329. In § 61.10–23(c), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.30–5 [Amended] 330. In § 61.30–5, remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 61.30–20 [Amended] 331. In § 61.30–20, redesignate the note following § 61.30–20 as note 1 to § 61.30–20. ■ § 61.35–3 [Amended] § 62.10–1 332. In § 61.35–3, reserve paragraph (b). ■ § 61.40–1 [Amended] 333. In § 61.40–1(b), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. PART 62—VITAL SYSTEM AUTOMATION 334. The authority citation for part 62 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703, 8105; sec. 617, Pub. L. 111–281, 124 Stat. 2905; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. [Amended] 335. In § 62.01–3, reserve paragraph (b). ■ § 62.01–5 [Amended] jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 [Amended] 339. In § 62.15–1, reserve paragraph (b). ■ 336. In § 62.01–5(d), remove the text ‘‘paragraph 62.50–20(a)(3)(ii)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘paragraph (a)(3)(ii)’’. ■ 337. Revise § 62.05–1 to read as follows: VerDate Sep<11>2014 338. Amend § 62.10–1 as follows: a. Redesignate the introductory text of paragraph (a) as the introductory text of § 62.10–1; ■ b. In the definition of ‘‘Failsafe’’, remove the text ‘‘Table 62.10–1(a)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 62.10–1’’; ■ c. Redesignate table 62.10–1(a) as table 1 to § 62.10–1; ■ d. In newly redesignated table 1 to § 62.10–1, remove the text ‘‘56.50– 60(d)’’ and add, in its place, ‘‘56.50– 60(d) of this subchapter’’; and ■ e. In the definition of ‘‘Vital system or equipment’’, remove the text ‘‘58.01– 35’’ and add, in its place, ‘‘58.01–35 of this subchapter’’. § 62.15–1 ■ § 62.05–1 [Amended] ■ ■ ■ § 62.01–3 public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (b) American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), 1701 City Plaza Drive, Spring, TX 77389; 1–281–877–6000; www.eagle.org. (1) Rules for Building and Classing Marine Vessels, Part 4 Vessel Systems and Machinery (2020) (‘‘ABS Marine Vessel Rules’’); IBR approved for §§ 62.25–30, 62.35–5, 62.35–35, 62.35– 40, 62.35–50, 62.50–30. (2) [Reserved] § 62.20–1 [Amended] 340. In § 62.20–1, reserve paragraph (b). ■ § 62.20–5 [Amended] 341. In § 62.20–5(a), remove the word ‘‘shall’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘must’’. ■ § 62.25–15 [Amended] 342. Amend § 62.25–15 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Add the word ‘‘and’’ between the word ‘‘safety’’ and the word ‘‘trip’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘Table 62.35–50’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 62.35–50’’; and ■ ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00086 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 b. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (a) as note 1 to paragraph (a). ■ § 62.25–20 [Amended] 343. Amend § 62.25–20 as follows: a. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (b)(1) as note 1 to paragraph (b)(1); ■ b. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (b)(3) as note 2 to paragraph (b)(3); ■ c. In newly designated note 2 to paragraph (b)(3), remove the text ‘‘Table 62.35–50 and subparts 58.01, 56.50, and 112.45’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 62.35–50 and subparts 58.01, 56.50, and 112.45 of this chapter’’; ■ d. In paragraph (b)(5), remove the text ‘‘Table 62.35–50’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 62.35–50’’; ■ e. In paragraph (d)(1)(ii), remove the text ‘‘Halon 1301/’’; and ■ f. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (d)(4) as note 3 to paragraph (d)(4). ■ 344. Revise § 62.25–25(d) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 62.25–25 devices. Programmable systems and * * * * * (d) All required manuals, records, and instructions for automatic or remote control or monitoring systems shall be readily available aboard the vessel. ■ 345. Revise § 62.25–30 to read as follows: § 62.25–30 Environmental design standards. (a) All automation must be suitable for the marine environment and must be designed and constructed to operate indefinitely under the following conditions: (1) Ship motion and vibration described in Table 1 of section 4–9–9 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (incorporated by reference; see § 62.05– 1); note that inclination requirements for fire and flooding safety systems are described in 46 CFR 112.05–5(c). (2) Ambient air temperatures described in Table 1 of part 4–9–9/3 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules. (3) Electrical voltage and frequency tolerances described in Table 1 of part 4–9–9 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules. (4) Relative humidity of 0 to 95% at 45 °C. (5) Hydraulic and pneumatic pressure variations described in Table 1 of part 4–9–9 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules. Note 1 to paragraph (A): Considerations should include normal dynamic conditions that might exceed these values, such as switching, valve closure, power supply transfer, starting, and shutdown. E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57981 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules (b) Low voltage electronics must be designed with due consideration for static discharge, electromagnetic interference, voltage transients, fungal growth, and contact corrosion. § 62.35–1 [Amended] (2) On vessels propelled by steam turbines, the navigation bridge primary control system must include safety alarms for high and low boiler water levels and low steam pressure. * * * * * 346. In § 62.35–1(a), remove the text ‘‘Table 62.35–50’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 62.35–50’’. ■ 347. Amend § 62.35–5 as follows: ■ a. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (a) as note 1 to paragraph (a); ■ b. Revise paragraph (c)(2); ■ c. Remove the last sentence of paragraph (c)(3); and ■ d. In paragraph (d): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘4–9–2/5.11 of the ABS Steel’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘4–9–2/13.11 of the ABS Marine’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revision reads as follow: § 62.35–10 § 62.35–5 systems. § 62.35–35 Starting systems for internalcombustion engines. ■ * Remote propulsion-control * * (c) * * * * [Amended] 348. In § 62.35–10(b), remove the text ‘‘to the extent required for the associated equipment by § 56.50–50 and § 56.50–95 of this chapter’’. ■ § 62.35–15 [Amended] 349. Amend § 62.35–15 as follows: a. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the words ‘‘low pressure’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘low-pressure’’; and ■ b. Reserve paragraph (b). ■ ■ § 62.35–20 [Amended] 350. In § 62.35–20, remove the note immediately following paragraph (d)(1). ■ 351. Revise § 62.35–35 to read as follows: ■ The starting systems for propulsion engines and for prime movers of ships’ * service generators required to start automatically must meet sections 4–6– 5/9.5 and 4–8–2/11.11 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (incorporated by reference; see § 62.05–1). § 62.35–40 [Amended] 352. Amend § 62.35–40 as follows: a. In paragraph (b)(2), remove the text ‘‘CG–521’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘(CG–ENG)’ and ■ b. In paragraph (c): ■ i. Remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ 353. Revise § 62.35–50 to read as follows: ■ ■ § 62.35–50 Tabulated monitoring and safety control requirements for specific systems. The minimum instrumentation, alarms, and safety controls required for specific types of systems are listed in table § 62.35–50. The provisions in this section pertain to table 62.35–50. TABLE § 62.35–50—MINIMUM SYSTEM MONITORING AND SAFETY CONTROL REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC SYSTEMS [Note 1] Service Instrumentation Alarm Safety control Main (Propulsion) boiler ....... (1) ........................................ Burner seating .................... Trial for ignition ................... (1) ........................................ ............................................. Status .................................. (1) ........................................ Failure ................................. Failure ................................. ............................................. Burner auto trip ................... ......do .................................. Manual trip .......................... (a). (b). (b). (b). Low fire interlock ................ Program control interlock ... (2) ........................................ Status. Status. (2) ........................................ (2) ........................................ Manual trip .......................... (c), (d). (1) ........................................ ............................................. Auto safety trip override. Starting power .................... Location in control .............. Shaft speed/direction/pitch Clutch fluid .......................... (4) ........................................ Stern tube oil tank level ...... Line shaft bearing ............... (1) ........................................ ............................................. ............................................. Pressure (voltage) .............. Status .................................. (3) ........................................ Pressure ............................. (4) ........................................ ............................................. Temperature ....................... Forced lubrication Pressure Pressure ............................. Temperature ....................... (1) ........................................ Failure ................................. Activated ............................. Low ..................................... Override .............................. (3) ........................................ Low. (4) ........................................ Low. High. Low. High, Low ............................ High .................................... Manual trip .......................... ......do. ................................. (c), (d). Limit .................................... ............................................. (3). (a). (c). (4) ........................................ (f). Main (Propulsion steam) turbine. Main propulsion, diesel ........ Main propulsion, remote control. Main propulsion, electric ...... Main propulsion, shafting ..... jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 See also paragraph System Main propulsion, controllable pitch propeller. Hydraulic oil ........................ Generators ........................... Ship service ........................ (5) ........................................ Starting pressure/voltage .... Emergency .......................... Turbogenerator ................... (6) ........................................ (5) ........................................ (5). Low. Tripped. (6) ........................................ (5) ........................................ Diesel .................................. (5) ........................................ (5) ........................................ ............................................. (7) ........................................ Jacking/turning gear ........... (8) ........................................ Remote/auto fill level .......... Run ..................................... (7) ........................................ Engaged ............................. (8) ........................................ ............................................. Trip ...................................... (7) ........................................ ............................................. (8). High .................................... Hi. press. leakage level ...... Pump remote control .......... Pump auto control .............. Level ................................... ............................................. ............................................. Run. Run ..................................... ............................................. Open/closed. High. Auxiliary boiler ..................... Gas turbine .......................... Engines and turbines ........... Fuel oil ................................. Bilge ..................................... Machinery space Class 3 (power-operated) watertight doors. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 PO 00000 Frm 00087 Fmt 4701 (6). (5). Manual trip. (5) ........................................ Manual trip. ............................................. (7) ........................................ ............................................. Auto trip or overflow arrangement. Excessive operations. High/location. Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 (d). (k). (d). (g). 57982 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE § 62.35–50—MINIMUM SYSTEM MONITORING AND SAFETY CONTROL REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC SYSTEMS— Continued [Note 1] Service Instrumentation Alarm Safety control Fire detection ....................... Fire main .............................. Personnel ............................. General, control and alarm systems. Machinery spaces ............... ............................................. Deadman ............................ Power supply ...................... System function .................. Console air conditioning ..... Built in test equipment ........ Sequential interlock ............ Safety control ...................... ............................................. ............................................. Pressure ............................. ............................................. Available (pressure) ............ ............................................. ............................................. Active. Activated. ............................................. Status .................................. Space on fire ...................... Low. Fail to acknowledge ............ Failure (low). Failure ................................. Failure. ............................................. (h). ............................................. ........................................ ............................................. (i). Auto trip/limit ....................... (j). Redundant auxiliary, system, power supply. 1 See 2 See 3 See 4 See 5 See 6 See 7 See 8 See jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 See also paragraph System Activated ............................. Auto transfer. (j). the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (incorporated by reference; see § 62.05–1) Part 4–9–6, tables 1A, 1B, and 5A. ABS Marine Vessel Rules Part 4–9–6, table 2. § 113.37 of this chapter. ABS Marine Vessel Rules Part 4–9–6, tables 4A and 4B and subparts 111.33 and 111.35 of this chapter. ABS Marine Vessel Rules Part 4–9–6, table 6. subparts 112.45 and 112.50 of this chapter. ABS Marine Vessel Rules Part 4–9–6, Tables 6 for auxiliary gas turbines and 3 for propulsion gas turbines; and 46 CFR 58.10–15(f). ABS Marine Vessel Rules Part 4–9–6, tables 5A and 6. (a) Safety limit controls must be provided in navigating bridge primary propulsion control systems. See § 62.35–5(c). (b) Safety trip controls and alarms must be provided for all main boilers, regardless of mode of operation. See § 62.35–20(a). (c) Loss of forced lubrication safety trip controls must be provided for main propulsion turbines and main propulsion diesel engines. (d) Override of overspeed and loss of forced lubrication pressure safety trip controls must not be provided for main propulsion or generator steam or gas turbines, or diesel engines. See § 62.35– 5(e)(2). (e) Transfer interlocks must be provided for main propulsion systems capable of remote and local control. (f) Semiconductor controlled rectifiers must have current limit controls. (g) Interlocks must be provided to prevent the starting of engines or turbines while the jacking or turning gear, if installed, is engaged. See § 62.25–5(a). (h) Main and remote control stations, including the navigational bridge, must provide visual and audible alarms in the event of a fire in the main machinery space. (i) Minimally attended and periodically unattended machinery plants must be provided with a personnel alarm that annunciates on the bridge if not acknowledged by the watch engineer. See § 62.50–20(b)(1). (j) All automatic controls and alarms must be failsafe to the least critical consequence for the particular system. See § 62.30–1. (k) The operating or tripped status of vital auxiliary boilers must be indicated at the ECC. See part 63. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 § 62.50–1 [Amended] § 62.50–20 [Amended] 355. Amend § 62.50–20 as follows: a. Designate the note preceding paragraph (a) as note 1 to § 62.50–20; ■ b. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (a)(4) as note 2 to paragraph (a)(4); ■ c. Remove the note immediately following paragraph (c); ■ d. In paragraph (e)(2), remove the words ‘‘of this chapter’’ and add, in their place, the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’; ■ e. In paragraph (e)(3), remove the words ‘‘are required’’ and add, in their place, the words ‘‘are installed’’; ■ f. In paragraph (e)(4): ■ i. Remove the words ‘‘of this chapter’’ and add, in their place, the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘56.50–50(f)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘56.50–50(f) of this subchapter’’; ■ g. In paragraph (g)(2), remove the text ‘‘§ 111.12–11(g) and § 111.30–1’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘§§ 111.12– 11(g) and 111.30–1 of this subchapter’’; and ■ h. In paragraph (h)(3), remove the last sentence. ■ 356. Amend § 62.50–30 as follows: ■ a. Designate the note preceding paragraph (a) as note 1 to § 62.50–30 ■ b. In paragraph (a), remove the words ‘‘of this part’’; ■ c. In paragraph (c): ■ ■ PO 00000 Frm 00088 Fmt 4701 i. Remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; ■ d. In paragraph (d), remove the words ‘‘and continuously’’; ■ e. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (h); ■ f. In paragraph (h)(4), remove the text ‘‘56.50–60(d)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘56.50–60(d) of this subchapter’’; ■ g. In paragraph (i), remove the words ‘‘high pressure’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘high-pressure’’; and ■ h. In paragraph (k), remove the word ‘‘Steel’’ and add, in its place, the word ‘‘Marine’’. The revision reads as follows: ■ 354. Amend § 62.50–1 as follows: a. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (b)(5) as note 1 to paragraph (b)(5); and ■ b. In paragraph (c), by removing the words ‘‘immediately replaced or repaired’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘replaced or repaired,’’. ■ ■ Sfmt 4702 § 62.50–30 Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. * * * * * (h) Fire control station. A control station for fire protection of the machinery spaces must be provided outside the machinery spaces. At least one access to this station must be independent of category A machinery spaces, and any boundary shared with these spaces must have an A–60 fire classification as defined in § 72.05 of this chapter. The number of control and monitoring cables and piping for the station that adjoin or penetrate the boundaries of a category A machinery space, uptakes, or casings must be minimized. The fire control station must include— * * * * * PART 63—AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS 357. The authority citation for part 63 continues to read as follows: ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 358. Amend § 63.01–3 as follows: a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ‘‘Table 54.01–5(A) of this chapter’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5 of this chapter’’; and ■ b. Revise paragraph (b). The revision reads as follows: ■ ■ § 63.01–3 Scope and applicability. * * * * * (b) Automatic boilers having heat input ratings of 12,500,000 Btu/hr. (3.66 megawatts) and above must meet the requirements of part 52 of this chapter. Their control systems must meet the requirements of part 62 of this chapter. ■ 359. Revise § 63.05–1 to read as follows: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 63.05–1 Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–ENG), Attn: Office of Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593–7509 phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. (a) American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 1899 L Street NW, 11th Floor, Washington, DC, 202–293–8020, www.ansi.org. (1) ANSI Z21.22–2015 Relief valves for hot water systems, 2nd Edition, January 1, 2015 (‘‘ANSI Z21.22’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–3. (2) [Reserved] (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME CSD–1–2018, Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, October 12, 2018 (2018) (‘‘ASME CSD–1’’); IBR approved for §§ 63.10–1, 63.15–1, 63.20–1. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (2) [Reserved] (c) ASTM International (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959, www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F1323–2014, Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators, November 1, 2014 (2001) (‘‘ASTM F1323’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (2) [Reserved] (d) International Maritime Organization (IMO), Publications Section, 4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR United Kingdom, www.imo.org. (1) Resolution MEPC.76(40), Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators (Sep. 25, 1997) (‘‘IMO MEPC.76(40)’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (2) Resolution MEPC.244(66), 2014 Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators (Apr. 14, 2014) (‘‘IMO MEPC.244(66)’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (3) The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78), Annexes I, II, III, and V (1978) (‘‘IMO MARPOL 73/78’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (e) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, CH–1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland, www.iso.org. (1) ISO 9096:2017(E), Stationary source emissions—Manual determination of mass concentration of particulate matter, 3rd Edition, September 1, 2017 (‘‘ISO 9096’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (2) ISO 10396, Stationary source emissions—Sampling for the automated determination of gas emission concentrations for permanentlyinstalled monitoring systems, Second edition, Feb. 1, 2007 (‘‘ISO 10396’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (3) ISO 13617:2019(E), Ships and Marine Technology-Shipboard Incinerators—Requirements, 3rd Edition. Aug. 1, 2019 (‘‘ISO 13617’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–9. (f) Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc. (UL), 12 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709–3995, www.ul.com. (1) UL 174, UL Standard for Safety Household Electric Storage Tank Water Heaters, 11th Edition, April 29, 2004 (‘‘UL 174’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–3. (2) UL 296, UL Standard for Safety Oil Burners, 11th Edition, February 24, 2017 (‘‘UL 296’’); IBR approved for § 63.15–5. (3) UL 343, UL Standard for Safety Pumps for Oil-Burning Appliances, 9th Edition, Dec. 17, 2008 (‘‘UL 343’’); IBR approved for § 63.15–3. (4) UL 1453, UL Standard for Safety Electric Booster and Commercial PO 00000 Frm 00089 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 57983 Storage Tank Water Heaters, 6th Edition, March 29, 2016 (‘‘UL 1453’’); IBR approved for § 63.25–3. ■ 360. Amend § 63.10–1 as follows: ■ a. Revise the introductory text to § 63.10–1; and ■ b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. The revision reads as follows: § 63.10–1 Test procedures and certification report. Two copies of the items listed below must be provided, if submitted in printed format, to the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, U.S. Coast Guard, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20593. Alternatively, one copy may be transmitted by email to the Commanding Officer (MSC), at msc@ uscg.mil. Information for submitting documents electronically can be found at www.uscg.mil/HQ/MSC. * * * * * § 63.15–1 [Amended] 361. Amend § 63.15–1 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘§ 54.01–5, Table 54.01–5(A) of this chapter’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5 of this subchapter’’; and ■ b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ ■ § 63.15–3 [Amended] 362. Amend § 63.15–3 as follows: a. Designate the note immediately following paragraph (b) as note 1 to paragraph (b); ■ b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ‘‘of this chapter’’ wherever they appear and add, in their place, the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’; ■ c. In paragraph (d), remove the text ‘‘§ 56.04–2, Table 56.04–2 of this chapter’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 56.04–2 of this subchapter’’; and ■ d. In paragraph (e), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’. ■ ■ § 63.15–7 [Amended] 363. In § 63.15–7(d), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR 62.35–50, Table 62.35–50’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table § 62.25– 50 of this subchapter’’. ■ § 63.25–3 [Amended] 364. Amend § 63.25–3 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): i. Remove the text ‘‘ANSI/AGA’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘ANSI’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘46 CFR 63.05–1’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ‘‘§ 63.05–1’’; ■ ■ ■ E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2 57984 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / Proposed Rules b. In paragraphs (b) and (h), remove the words ‘‘of this chapter’’ wherever they appear and add, in their place, the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’; and ■ c. In paragraph (j), remove the text ‘‘46 CFR part 52 or part 53’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘part 52 or part 53 of this subchapter’’. ■ § 63.25–7 [Amended] 365. Amend § 63.25–7(a) as follows: a. Remove the words ‘‘of this chapter’’ wherever they appear and add, in their place, the words ‘‘of this subchapter’’; and ■ b. Remove the text ‘‘§ 54.01–5, Table 54.01–5(A)’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 54.01–5’’. ■ 366. Amend § 63.25–9 as follows: ■ a. Revise paragraph (a), the introductory text to paragraph (b), and paragraph (b)(3); ■ b. In paragraphs (c)(1) and (f)(6) and (7), and remove the text ‘‘46 CFR’’ wherever it appears and add, in its place, the symbol ‘‘§ ’’; and ■ c. Add paragraph (g). The revisions and addition read as follows: ■ ■ jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with PROPOSALS2 § 63.25–9 Incinerators. (a) General. (1) Incinerators installed on or after March 26, 1998, must meet the requirements of IMO MEPC.76(40) (incorporated by reference; see § 63.05– 1). Incinerators in compliance with ISO 13617 (incorporated by reference; see § 63.05–1), are considered to meet IMO MEPC.76(40). Incinerators in compliance with both ASTM F1323 (incorporated by reference; see § 63.05– 1) and Annexes A1–A3 of IMO MEPC.76(40) are considered to meet IMO MEPC.76(40). (2) An application for type approval of shipboard incinerators must be sent to the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, U.S. Coast Guard, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20593, or it may be transmitted by email to the Commanding Officer (MSC), at msc@ uscg.mil. (b) Testing. Before type approval is granted, the manufacturer must submit evidence that tests have been conducted by an independent third party acceptable to the Commandant (CG– ENG). Testing may be conducted at the manufacturer’s facility. The independent third party must: * * * * * (3) Have documented proof of the qualifications to perform the inspections and tests required by this section; and * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:25 Oct 18, 2021 Jkt 256001 (g) Incinerators designed and tested to meet the requirements of IMO MEPC.244(66) (incorporated by reference; see § 63.05–1) are considered equivalent to the requirements of this section and may receive U.S. Coast Guard type approval. PART 64—MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND CARGO HANDLING SYSTEMS 367. The authority citation for part 64 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; 49 U.S.C. App. 1804; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. ■ 368. Revise § 64.2 to read as follows: § 64.2 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG–DCO–D), Attn: Deputy for Operations Policy and Capabilities, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7318, 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593– 7318, phone (202) 372–1375, email typeapproval@uscg.mil, and is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@ nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/ federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016–5990, 800–843– 2763, www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Pressure Vessels, 1989, with Addenda issued December 31, 1989 (‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’); IBR approved for §§ 64.5, 64.11, 64.13, 64.21, 64.25, 64.31. (2) [Reserved] § 64.5 [Amended] 369. In § 64.5(d), remove the text ‘‘the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’. ■ PO 00000 Frm 00090 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 9990 § 64.11 [Amended] 370. In § 64.11(a), remove the text ‘‘the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’. ■ § 64.13 [Amended] 371. Amend § 64.13 as follows: a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’; and ■ b. In footnote 1 to paragraph (b), remove the text ‘‘the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC’’. ■ ■ § 64.21 [Amended] 372. In § 64.21, remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’. ■ § 64.25 [Amended] 373. In § 64.25(b), remove the text ‘‘the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’. ■ § 64.31 [Amended] 374. In § 64.31, remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’. ■ § 64.63 [Amended] 375. Amend § 64.63 as follows: a. In paragraph (a): ■ i. Remove the text ‘‘Table 1’’ and add, in their place, the text ‘‘table 1 to § 64.63’’; and ■ ii. Remove the text ‘‘section VIII of the ASME Code’’ and add, in its place, the text ‘‘Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see § 64.2)’’; and ■ b. Redesignate table 1 as table 1 to § 64.63z. ■ ■ Dated: July 13, 2021. J.W. Mauger, Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy. [FR Doc. 2021–15664 Filed 10–18–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P E:\FR\FM\19OCP2.SGM 19OCP2

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 199 (Tuesday, October 19, 2021)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 57896-57984]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-15664]



[[Page 57895]]

Vol. 86

Tuesday,

No. 199

October 19, 2021

Part II





Department of Homeland Security





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Coast Guard





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46 CFR Parts 50, 52, 53, et al.





Updates to Marine Engineering Standards; Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 86 , No. 199 / Tuesday, October 19, 2021 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 57896]]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Coast Guard

46 CFR Parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64

[Docket No. USCG-2020-0634]
RIN 1625-AC72


Updates to Marine Engineering Standards

AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes to incorporate by reference updated 
marine engineering standards and eliminate outdated or unnecessarily 
prescriptive regulations in Title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
(CFR) subchapter F. This proposed rule is part of a continuing effort 
for regulatory reform that increases compliance options for the 
regulated public while providing a cost savings to the regulated public 
and the U.S. government.

DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast 
Guard on or before December 20, 2021.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG-
2020-0634 using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. See the ``Public Participation and Request for 
Comments'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further 
instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For further information about this 
document call or email Thane Gilman, Systems Engineering Division (CG-
ENG-3), 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20593. 
Phone (202) 372-1383, Email: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents for Preamble

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments
II. Abbreviations
III. Background, Basis, and Purpose
IV. Discussion of Proposed Rule
    A. General Discussion
    B. Standards Incorporated by Reference
    C. Standards Previously Approved for Incorporation by Reference
    D. Section by Section Analysis of Proposed Changes to the 
Regulatory Text
V. Incorporation by Reference
VI. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Regulatory Planning and Review
    B. Small Entities
    C. Assistance for Small Entities
    D. Collection of Information
    E. Federalism
    F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    G. Taking of Private Property
    H. Civil Justice Reform
    I. Protection of Children
    J. Indian Tribal Governments
    K. Energy Effects
    L. Technical Standards
    M. Environment

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments

    The Coast Guard views public participation as essential to 
effective rulemaking, and will consider all comments and material 
received during the comment period. Your comment can help shape the 
outcome of this rulemaking. If you submit a comment, please include the 
docket number for this rulemaking, indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation.
    We encourage you to submit comments through the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal at www.regulations.gov. If you cannot submit your material by 
using www.regulations.gov, call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule for alternate 
instructions. Documents mentioned in this proposed rule, and all public 
comments, will be available in our online docket at 
www.regulations.gov, and can be viewed by following that website's 
instructions. Additionally, if you visit the online docket and sign up 
for email alerts, you will be notified when comments are posted or if a 
final rule is published.
    We accept anonymous comments. All comments received will be posted 
without change to https://www.regulations.gov and will include any 
personal information you have provided. For more about privacy and 
submissions in response to this document, see the Department of 
Homeland Security's (DHS) eRulemaking System of Records notice (85 FR 
14226, March 11, 2020).
    We do not plan to hold a public meeting but we will consider doing 
so if public comments indicate that a meeting would be helpful. We 
would issue a separate Federal Register notice to announce the date, 
time, and location of such a meeting.

II. Abbreviations

ABYC American Boat and Yacht Council
ABS American Bureau of Shipping
ANSI American National Standards Institute
API American Petroleum Institute
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM ASTM International
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BPVC Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CG-5PS United States Coast Guard Commercial Regulations and 
Standards Directorate
CGA Compressed Gas Association
DHS Department of Homeland Security
FR Federal Register
GPO Government Publishing Office
GS General Service
IBR Incorporation by Reference
IMO International Maritime Organization
ISO International Organization for Standardization
MISLE Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement
MSC Marine Safety Center
MSS Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fitting 
Industry, Inc.
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
OFR Office of the Federal Register
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OPM Office of Personnel Management
PV Pressure Vessel
RA Regulatory Analysis
RFA The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980
Sec.  Section
SAE SAE International
SBA Small Business Administration
SOLAS International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea
UL Underwriters Laboratories
U.S.C. United States Code

III. Background, Basis, and Purpose

    This notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) incorporates by reference 
updated marine engineering standards in Title 46 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) subchapter F, including standards for boilers, 
pressure vessels, auxiliary machinery, piping, valves, and fittings, 
for various types of vessels; adds a limited number of alternative 
standards; and eliminates outdated or unnecessarily prescriptive 
regulations.
    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) directs, via OMB Circular 
A-119, that federal agencies use industry-based voluntary consensus 
standards in lieu of government-unique requirements where appropriate. 
The Coast Guard actively participates in the development of industry 
standards of safety for marine equipment at the International Maritime 
Organization (IMO), the International Organization for Standardization 
(ISO), ASTM International (ASTM), American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers (ASME), and other standards-setting bodies that belong to the 
American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Recently published 
editions of these standards provide necessary updates to materials, 
testing practices, and technologies, enhancing safety and compliance.

[[Page 57897]]

    The United States Coast Guard has statutory authority to promulgate 
regulations under Title 43, United States Code (U.S.C.), section 
1333(d); and Title 46 U.S.C. 3306 and 3703, and the Department of 
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1, which delegates authority 
under these statutes to the Commandant of the Coast Guard. 43 U.S.C. 
1333(d) grants the Secretary the authority to promulgate and enforce 
regulations with respect to lights and other warning devices, safety 
equipment, and other matters relating to the promotion of safety of 
life and property on artificial islands, installations, and other 
devices. 46 U.S.C. 3306(a)(1) authorizes the Secretary to prescribe 
regulations for the design, construction, alteration, repair, and 
operation of vessels subject to inspection, including equipment, 
appliances, propulsion machinery, auxiliary machinery, boilers, unfired 
pressure vessels, piping, and electric installations. Additionally, 46 
U.S.C. 3703(a) grants the Secretary authority to regulate tank vessels 
regarding the construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, operation, 
and equipping of vessels that may be necessary for increased protection 
against hazards to life and property, for navigation and vessel safety, 
and for enhanced protection of the marine environment.

IV. Discussion of Proposed Rule

A. General Discussion

    In general, the proposed rule would make the following changes:
    1. Corrections--we would amend several sections to correct 
inadvertent errors or deletions. We would also remove material that is 
obsolete or superfluous to an efficient and effective marine safety 
regulatory scheme, and update contact information for Coast Guard 
offices and standards organizations.
    2. Stylistic Revisions--we would revise the language of some 
sections, primarily for greater clarity. This includes revising 
sentences containing the word ``shall'' to use ``must'' or another 
grammatically equivalent word or phrase in accordance with plain 
language guidelines, and standardizing terms that were variously 
presented as compound words, hyphenated constructions, or multi-word 
phrases using the format preferred by the Government Publishing Office 
(GPO).
    3. Updated cross references--we would update cross references to 
reflect the relocation, within the CFR, of pertinent provisions. We 
would also standardize designations for tables, figures, notes, and 
formulas using the format preferred by the Office of the Federal 
Register (OFR).
    4. Updated industry standards--we would update cross-references to 
industry standards by adding new references, replacing references to 
superseded standards or editions, and by conforming text accordingly. 
We incorporate these updated standards because they reflect the latest 
available technologies, practices, and procedures that are recommended 
by consensus bodies, ship classification societies and other maritime 
organizations with experience in the industry. As the baseline upon 
which other standards, rules, and equivalency requests are evaluated, 
it is important that subchapter F incorporate up-to-date references. 
The class rules of the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), in 
particular, are incorporated by reference in multiple locations within 
subchapter F and 46 CFR Chapter I. It is important to note that while 
these rules set the regulatory baseline or standard for specific 
engineering systems and equipment, the Coast Guard has also authorized 
classification societies in accordance with 46 CFR part 8. These 
authorized classification societies are listed on the Coast Guard 
website \1\ and have been delegated the authority to perform certain 
functions and certifications using their respective class rules for 
vessels enrolled in the Alternate Compliance Program. For vessels not 
enrolled in the Alternate Compliance Program, the class rules of an 
authorized classification society may be proposed as an alternative to 
the ABS class rules incorporated by reference for engineering systems 
and equipment. The following table indicates the sections we propose to 
amend, and why.
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 BILLING CODE 9110-04-C

B. Standards Incorporated by Reference To Be Updated or Added

    Following this paragraph, we include an alphabetical list of the 
standards we propose to update or add, each with a listing of the 
sections in which they appear in Title 46 of the CFR. For each standard 
listed, we describe the topics covered by the standard, the proposed 
changes to the standard, any difference between the older edition of 
standards currently included within the CFR via incorporation by 
reference (IBR) and the edition proposed for adoption, and a list of 
subparts or sections that reference the standard.
     American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) standard ABS Rules for 
Building and Classing Marine Vessels, 2020, Part 4, Vessel Systems and 
Machinery. This standard updates the 2003 standard, incorporated by 
reference in Sec. Sec.  58.01-5, 58.05-1, 58.10-15, 58.20-5, 58.25-5, 
62.25-30, 62.35-5, 62.35-35, 62.35-40, 62.35-50, and 62.50-30. In 2020, 
ABS changed the name of the Steel Vessel Rules to Marine Vessel Rules. 
All parts and sections contain the same information along with updates 
to reflect the current technologies for commercial vessels.
     American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC) standard ABYC P-1-
14, Installation of Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary 
Engines (2009 standard reaffirmed 2014). This standard updates the 1973 
standard, incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.10-5. It contains the 
rules and guidance for the safe installation and operation of exhaust 
systems for propulsion and auxiliary engines. Updates to the standard 
are editorial (non-substantive) in nature.
     ANSI Z21.22-2015, Relief valves for hot water supply 
systems. This standard updates the 1986 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  63.25-3. This standard establishes requirements for 
relief valves for hot water systems. It has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological developments, to address administrative 
requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the 
standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard.
     API Recommended Practice 14C, Analysis, Design, 
Installation, and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production 
Facilities, Eighth Edition, February 2017. This standard updates the 
1986 edition, incorporated by reference in Sec.  58.60-9. The updates 
made to the standard are editorial in nature.
     API STD 53, Well Control Equipment Systems for Drilling 
Wells, fifth edition. This standard replaces API Recommended Practice 
53 (API RP 53), the second edition of which is currently incorporated 
by reference at Sec.  58.60-7. API STD 53 promotes best safety 
practices for the oil and gas industry during drilling operations, 
principally focusing on blowout prevention.
     API STD 607, Fire Test for Quarter-turn Valves and Valves 
Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats, seventh edition (2016). This standard 
replaces the fourth edition of API STD 607 (1993), incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.20-15. This standard specifies fire type-testing 
of valves that contain nonmetallic materials and pressure-containing 
capabilities after the fire test.
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for 
Construction of Power Boilers (2019 edition). The 2001 edition is 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  52.01-2, 52.01-5, 
52.01-50, 52.01-95, 52.01-100, 52.01-105, 52.01-110, 52.01-115, 52.01-
120, 52.01-135, 52.01-140, 52.01-145, 52.05-1, 52.05-15, 52.05-20, 
52.05-30, 52.05-45, 52.15-1, 52.15-5, 52.20-1, 52.20-25, 52.25-3, 
52.25-5, 52.25-7, 52.25-10, 56.15-1, 56.20-1, 56.60-1, 56.70-15, 56.95-
10, 58.30-15, and 59.10-5. By means of this rule, we propose to remove 
the references at Sec. Sec.  56.20-1 and 56.70-15. This portion of the 
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) provides rules for 
construction of power boilers, electric

[[Page 57903]]

boilers, miniature boilers, and high temperature water boilers to be 
used in stationary service and includes power boilers used in 
locomotive, portable, and traction service. Every two years, the code 
is revised to accommodate technological developments, to address 
administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to 
clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally-accepted 
authoritative standard for design and construction of boilers. 
Incorporating the latest edition simplifies regulatory compliance and 
ensures the latest industry practices based on changes in technology 
are addressed and the highest possible level of safety is required. The 
2019 standard updates the code by developing a new non-mandatory 
appendix for fabrication of dissimilar metal welds for creep strength 
enhanced ferritic steel to austenitic materials, rewriting section PW-
38, incorporating non-mandatory appendix A-100, including detailed 
rules for preheating and inter-pass temperatures and interruption of 
welding and preheat, and adding a new figure for code jurisdictional 
limits for piping for fire-tube boilers.
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV, Rules 
for Construction of Heating Boilers (2019 edition). The 2004 edition is 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  53.01-3, 53.01-5, 
53.01-10, 53.05-1, 53.05-2, 53.05-3, 53.05-5, 53.10-1, 53.10-3, 53.10-
10, 53.10-15, and 53.12-1. This code contains requirements, specific 
prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance for construction of heating 
boilers. It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological 
developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate 
interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the code. It is the 
internationally accepted authoritative standard for design and 
construction of heating boilers. Incorporating the latest editions 
ensures compliance with current industry practices. The 2019 code 
updates Section IV by adding stress values to Table HF-30001 and adding 
language to various parts to allow for electronic signatures.
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VII, 
Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers (2019 edition). 
The 2001 edition is currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  
59.01-2. This code contains requirements, specific prohibitions, and 
non-mandatory guidance for construction of power boilers. It has been 
regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address 
administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to 
clarify the intent of the code. It is the internationally accepted 
authoritative standard for operating, maintaining, examining, and care 
of power boilers. Incorporating the latest editions ensures compliance 
with current industry practices. The changes made to the standard are 
structural and stylistic. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section 
VIII, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019 edition). The 
1998 edition is currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  
54.01-2, 54.01-5, 54.01-15, 54.01-18, 54.01-25, 54.01-30, 54.01-35, 
54.03-1, 54.05-1, 54.10-1, 54.10-3, 54.10-5, 54.10-10, 54.10-15, 54.15-
1, 54.15-5, 54.15-10, 54.15-13, 54.20-1, 54.20-3, 54.25-1, 54.25-3, 
54.25-8, 54.25-10, 54.25-15, 54.25-20, 54.30-3, 54.30-5, 54.30-10, 
56.15-1, 56.20-1, 56.25-5, 56.30-10, 56.30-30, 56.60-1, 56.60-2, 56.60-
15, 56.95-10, 58.30-15, 59.10-5, and 59.10-10. By means of this rule, 
we propose to remove the references at Sec. Sec.  54.01-15, 56.20-1, 
and 56.30-30. The 1989 edition is also incorporated by reference at 
Sec. Sec.  64.5, 64.11, 64.13, 64.21, 64.25, and 64.31, and reference 
is made to the use of a constant from the 1974 edition in a calculation 
at Sec.  64.63. However, these earlier editions would remain unchanged 
within the CFR, as part 64 is applicable only to marine portable tanks 
for which the Coast Guard's Marine Safety Center (MSC) received an 
application on or before May 1, 1991. This code contains requirements, 
specific prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance for construction of 
pressure vessels. It has been regularly revised to accommodate 
technological developments, to address administrative requirements, to 
incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the code. It 
is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for design and 
construction of heating boilers. Incorporating the latest editions 
ensures compliance with current industry practices. The 2019 edition 
allows for additional design methods from Div. 2 to be used in Div. 1 
by creating new appendix 46. Revisions were also made for clarity.
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding, 
Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications (2019 edition). This standard 
updates the 1989 edition currently incorporated at Sec. Sec.  56.70-5, 
56.70-20, 56.75-2, 57.01-1, 57.01-1,57.02-2, 57.02-3, 57.02-4, 57.03-1, 
57.04-1, 57.05-1, 57.06-1, 57.06-3, 57.06-4, and 59.10-5. By means of 
this rule, we propose to newly incorporate this standard at Sec.  
56.85-10 and to remove the references at Sec. Sec.  57.01-1, 57.02-3, 
and 57.06-3. This standard establishes the qualifications of welders, 
welding operators, brazers, and brazing operators and the procedures 
employed in welding or brazing, and has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological developments, address administrative 
requirements, incorporate interpretations, and clarify the intent of 
the code. It is the internationally accepted authoritative standard for 
pressure vessels.
     ASME B1.1-2003 (reaffirmed 2008), Unified Inch Screw 
Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form). This standard updates the 1982 
edition, incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.25-20 and 56.60-1, 
and specifies the thread form, series, class, allowance, tolerance, and 
designation for unified screw threads. The revision changes some of the 
values in tables provided in the standard. These changes in value were 
the result of the application of consistent eight decimal and round 
rules established in ASME B1.30-1992.
     ASME B1.20.1-2013, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch). 
This standard updates the 1983 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-1, and covers the dimensions and gauging of pipe threads. 
The revisions to the standard include editorial changes, changes in 
calculations and figures, and clarification of figures.
     ASME B1.20.3-1976, Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch), January 1, 
1976, reaffirmed 2013 (``ASME B1.20.3''), IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-
1. We are updating the reaffirmation date of this standard to conform 
with its most recent reaffirmation. This document primarily provides 
specific dimensions for tapered pipe threads of various common sizes, 
and has not changed substantially.
     ASME B16.1-2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged 
Fittings, Classes 25, 125, and 250. This standard updates the 1998 
standard for these fittings as incorporated by reference in Sec. Sec.  
56.60-1 and 56.60-10. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, markings, 
and materials for Classes 25, 125, and 250 gray iron pipe flanges and 
flanged fittings. Updates include editorial changes, revisions and 
corrections to the 1998 edition.
     ASME B16.3-2016, Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 
150 and 300. This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1, and covers pressure-temperature ratings, 
dimensions, markings, and materials for Classes 150 and 300 malleable 
iron threaded fittings. Updates to the standard are editorial in 
nature, with changes made to update verbiage and readings.
     ASME B16.4-2016, Gray Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 
and 250.

[[Page 57904]]

This standard updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-1. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, markings, 
materials, dimensions, and tolerances for Classes 125 and 250 gray iron 
threaded fittings. The updates to this standard include metric system 
units and revisions to the text concerning dimensions and tolerance.
     ASME B16.5-2017, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, NPS 
\1/2\ through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard. This standard updates the 
2003 edition incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.25-20, 
56.30.10, and 56.60-1. It covers pressure-temperature ratings, 
materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, testing, and methods of 
designing openings for pipe flanges and flanged fittings. The updates 
made to this standard include updating materials and requirements for 
forgings.
     ASME B16.11-2016, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and 
Threaded. This standard updates the 2001 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  56.30-5 and 56.60-1. It covers pressure-
temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, and 
testing for forged fittings. Updates to the standard include the 
addition of another type of fitting, format and reference revisions, 
and marking requirements.
     ASME B16.14-2013, Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and 
Locknuts with Pipe Threads. This standard updates the 1991 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers pressure-
temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking, 
testing, and threading for various threaded ferrous pipe fittings. The 
updates to this standard were mostly editorial and conforming in 
nature, with revisions to section 8 requiring threads and gauging 
practices to conform to ASME B1.20.1 and other B16 standards.
     ASME B16.15-2013, Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, 
Classes 125 and 250. This standard updates the 1985 edition that is 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
pressure-temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, 
marking, testing, and threading requirements for Classes 125 and 250 of 
cast copper alloy fittings. The standard was updated in 2004, and 2011, 
and the 2013 edition revises section 7, requiring threading and gauging 
practices be identical to ASME B1.20.1 and other B16 standards.
     ASME B16.20-2012, Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-
Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed. This standard updates the 1998 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
materials, dimensions, tolerances, and markings for metal ring-joint 
gaskets, spiral-wound metal gaskets, metal-jacketed gaskets, and 
grooved metal gaskets with covering layers. The updates to the standard 
include minor revisions to the material requirements for spiral-wound 
gaskets, along with tables and figures.
     ASME B16.21-2016, Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe 
Flanges. This standard updates the 2005 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers types, sizes, materials, and 
dimensions for gaskets used with flanges. The 2016 edition primarily 
expands the scope of the standard to include values greater than size 
12 NPS.
     ASME B16.23-2016, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage 
Fittings: DWV. This standard updates the 2002 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers materials, dimensions, 
tolerances, and markings for cast copper alloy solder joint drainage 
fittings, designed for use in drain, waste, and vent systems. The 
updates in the 2016 edition are editorial in nature, with updates to 
verbiage and readings.
     ASME B16.25-2012, Buttwelding Ends. This standard updates 
the 2003 edition incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.30-5, 
56.60-1, and 56.70-10. It covers the preparation of buttwelding ends of 
piping components to be joined into a piping system by welding and 
includes requirements for welding bevels, for external and internal 
shaping of heavy-wall components, and for preparation of internal ends 
(including dimensions and tolerances). The updates to the standard are 
editorial in nature, and include updated reference and tables.
     ASME B16.29-2012, Wrought Copper Alloy Solder-Joint 
Drainage Fittings-DWV. This standard updates the 2007 edition currently 
incorporated at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard covers the materials, 
marking, sizes, and dimensions for wrought copper and copper alloy 
solder-joint drainage fittings, and was updated editorially in 2012.
     ASME B16.34-2017, Valves--Flanged, Threaded, and Welding 
End. This standard updates the 1996 edition currently incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  56.20-1 and 56.60-1, though we propose to 
remove the reference at Sec.  56.20-1 through this rule. This standard 
applies to new construction and covers pressure-temperature ratings, 
dimensions, tolerances, materials, testing and marking for flanged, 
threaded, and welding end valves. The standard updates the materials 
manufactured list to include valves up to NPS 60 and changes were made 
to allowable materials.
     ASME B18.2.1-2012, Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head 
Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch 
Series). This standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  56.25-20 and 56.60-1. It covers the dimensional 
requirements for nine product types of inch series bolts and screws 
recognized as American National Standard. The 2012 standard provides 
significant revisions to illustrations in tables 6, 7 and 8 which 
provided the wrong dimensions for several figures.
     ASME B18.2.2-2015, Nuts for General Applications: Machine 
Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Couplings Nuts (Inch Series). 
This standard updates the 1987 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec. Sec.  56.25-20 and 56.60-1. It covers complete general and 
dimensional data for various types of inch series hex and square nuts.
     ASME B31.1-2016, Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure 
Piping, B31. This standard updates the 2001 edition currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.01-3, 56.01-5, 56.07-5, 
56.07-10, 56.10-1, 56.10-5, 56.15-1, 56.15-5, 56.20-1, 56.25-7, 56.30-
1, 56.30-5, 56.30-10, 56.30-20, 56.35-1, 56.50-1, 56.50-15, 56.50-40, 
56.50-65, 56.50-70, 56.50-97, 56.60-1, 56.65-1, 56.70-10, 56.70-15, 
56.80-5, 56.80-15, 56.95-1, 56.95-10, and 56.97-1. By means of this 
rule, we propose to add a new reference at Sec.  56.70-5 and remove the 
existing references at Sec. Sec.  56.15-5, 56.20-1, 56.30-10, 56.50-15, 
and 56.50-65. This standard prescribes requirements for the design, 
materials, fabrication, inspection, operation, and maintenance of 
piping systems. The updates to the standard were numerous, with many 
revisions to nomenclature and additions to stress test values for 
several items in various tables.
     ASME B31.3-2018, Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure 
Piping, B31. This standard updates the 1987 edition currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.60-7, and would also be adopted 
for Sec.  56.60-1. ASME B31.3 is the industry standard for low 
temperature piping. It is a more appropriate reference for low 
temperature piping than ASME B31.1, which is the current main reference 
document for Part 56. A specific standard for low temperature piping is 
needed due to the increase in liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a ship 
fuel. LNG is cryogenic, necessitating the use of very specific 
materials.
     ASME B31.5-2016, Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer 
Components, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31. This standard updates 
the 1987 edition, incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.20-5 and 58.20-
20. It prescribes requirements

[[Page 57905]]

for the materials, design, fabrication, assembly, test and inspection 
of refrigerant, heat transfer components, and secondary cooling piping 
for very low temperatures. The changes in the standards are editorial 
in nature.
     ASME B36.10M-2015, Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. 
This standard updates the 2004 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec. Sec.  56.07-5, 56.30-20, and 56.60-1. This standard covers the 
standardization of dimensions of welded and seamless wrought steel pipe 
for high or low temperatures and pressure. The 2015 edition updates the 
standard with editorial changes and revisions.
     ASME CSD-1-2018, Controls and Safety Devices for 
Automatically Fired Boilers. This standard updates the 2004 edition 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  63.10-1, 63.15-1, and 
63.20-1. This standard establishes requirements for the assembly, 
installation, maintenance, and operation of controls and safety devices 
on automatically operated boilers. It has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological developments, to address administrative 
requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent 
of the standard. It is the internationally accepted authoritative 
standard on controls and safety devices for pressure vessels.
     ASME SA-675-2021, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, 
Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties. This 
standard replaces the 1998 edition currently incorporated at Sec.  
56.60-2. The standard is identical to ASTM A675 in that it covers 
special quality carbon steel bars and bar size shapes to specific 
mechanical properties, most importantly tensile strength. The current 
standard has minor technical differences from the 1998 edition, such as 
minor changes to maximum carbon content of certain steel grades.
     ASTM A20/A20M-19, Standard Specification for General 
Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels. The 1997 edition is 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  54.05-10 and 54.25-
10. This standard provides a group of common requirements that apply to 
rolled steel plates used for pressure vessels. It has been regularly 
updated to address advancements in steel plate chemical compositions, 
manufacturing processes, and material testing.
     ASTM A36/A36M-14, Standard Specification for Carbon 
Structural Steel. This standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated 
by reference at Sec.  56.30-10. This standard covers ``carbon steel 
shapes, plates, and bars of structural quality for use in rivet, 
bolted, or welded construction . . .for general purposes.'' The updates 
to the standard include updates to material construction limits for 
plate products greater than 15 inches.
     ASTM A47A47M-99 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification 
for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings. This standard updates the 1995 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard, 
which covers ferritic malleable castings for general engineering usage 
at temperatures from normal ambient to approximately 400[deg]C (750 
[deg]F), is routinely updated to reflect updates in technology and 
practices.
     ASTM A53/A53M-12, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, 
Black and Hot Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless. This standard 
updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.10-
5 and 56.60-1. It covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped 
galvanized steel pipes and is updated to reflect changes in material 
composition for copper content of a type of pipe, as well as some 
editorial changes.
     ASTM A126-04, Standard Specification for Gray Iron 
Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings (Reapproved 2014). This 
standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  
56.60-1. It covers three classes of gray iron for castings intended for 
use as valve pressure retaining parts, pipe fittings, and flanges and 
is updated to reflect changes in material testing.
     ASTM A135/A135M-19, Standard Specification for Electric-
Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe. This standard updates the 1997 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers two grades of 
electric-resistance-welded steel pipe in NPS 2 to NPS 30 wall 
thickness. The standard has been updated to reflect changes in material 
testing and some editorial changes.
     ASTM A193/A193M-19, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel 
and Stainless Steel Bolting for High-Temperature Service or High 
Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications. This updates 
the 1998 standard incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.30-15. This 
standard covers alloy and stainless steel bolting materials and 
components for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high 
temperature or high-pressure service. The updates to this standard are 
editorial in nature with minor technical changes and changes in 
material testing and grading.
     ASTM A197/A197M-00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard 
Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron. This standard updates the 1992 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers malleable 
irons for castings made by the cupola process. The standard has been 
updated to reflect changes in material testing, as well as with some 
editorial changes.
     ASTM A203/A203M-17, Standard Specification for Pressure 
Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel. The 1997 edition is currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  54.05-20. This standard covers 
nickel-alloy steel plates intended for pressure vessels. It has been 
revised twice since 1997 to update the chemical composition 
requirements of nickel-alloy steel and to eliminate prescriptive 
``current practice'' thickness limits. Instead, thickness is only 
limited by the capacity of the composition to meet specified mechanical 
properties.
     ASTM A210/A210M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes. This standard updates 
the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
minimum-wall-thickness, seamless medium-carbon steel, boiler flues, 
including safe ends, arch and stay tubes, and superheater tubes and is 
updated to reflect changes in material testing and grading, as well as 
some editorial changes.
     ASTM A268/A268M-10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard 
Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic 
Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service. This standard updates the 
1996 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
minimum-wall-thickness, stainless steel tubing for general corrosion-
resisting and high-temperature service. The updated standard reflects 
changes in material testing and grading, as well as some editorial 
changes.
     ASTM A276/A276M-17, Standard Specification for Stainless 
Steel Bars and Shapes. This standard updates the 1998 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It covers hot-finished or 
cold-finished bars except bars for forging. The updated standard 
reflects changes in material testing and grading, as well as some 
editorial changes.
     ASTM A312/A312M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless, 
Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes. This 
standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec. Sec.  56.50-105 and 56.60-1. The standard covers overs seamless, 
straight-seam welded, and heavily cold worked welded austenitic 
stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general 
corrosive service. The standard is updated to reflect changes in 
material testing and grading, as well as some editorial changes.

[[Page 57906]]

     ASTM A333/A333M-16, Standard Specification for Seamless 
and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other 
Applications with Required Notch Toughness. This standard updates the 
1994 edition incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.50-105 and 
56.60-1. It covers nominal (average) wall seamless and welded carbon 
and alloy steel pipe intended for use at low temperatures and in other 
applications requiring notch toughness and is updated to reflect 
editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A334/A334M-04a (Reapproved 2016), Standard 
Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for 
Low-Temperature Service. This standard updates the 1994 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.50-105 and 56.60-1. It 
covers nominal (average) wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy 
steel tubes intended for use at low temperatures and in other 
applications requiring notch toughness and is updated to reflect 
editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A350/A350M-17, Standard Specification for Carbon and 
Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping 
Components. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.50-105. This standard covers several grades of 
carbon and low-alloy steel forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged 
fittings and valves intended primarily for low-temperature service and 
requiring notch toughness testing. The standard is updated to reflect 
editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A352/A352M-17, Standard Specification for Steel 
Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, 
Suitable for Low-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1998 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.50-105. This standard 
covers steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, and other 
pressure-containing parts. The standard is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A358/A358M-15, Standard Specification for Electric-
Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for High-
Temperature Service and General Applications. The standard updates the 
1992 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard 
covers the grades of alloy and stainless steel piping suitable for 
corrosive or high-temperature service. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM A370-19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for 
Mechanical Testing of Steel Products. The 1997 edition is currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  54.25-20. This standard covers 
procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of steels, 
stainless steels, and related alloys. It has been revised almost 
annually since 1997 to address advancements in testing technology and 
practices.
     ASTM A376/A376M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. The standard 
updates the 1998 edition incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.60-
1 and 56.60-2. This standard covers grades of hydrogen and nitrogen for 
seamless austenitic steel pipes made for high-temperature service. The 
standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes 
in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A403/A403M-16, Standard Specification for Wrought 
Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings. The standard updates the 
1998 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard 
covers wrought stainless steel fittings for pressure piping 
applications. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as 
well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A420/A420M-16, Standard Specification for Piping 
Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature 
Service. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  56.50-105 and 56.60-1. This standard covers 
fittings for use in pressure piping and pressure vessel service at low 
temperatures. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as 
well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A522/A522M-14, Standard Specification for Forged or 
Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts 
for Low-Temperature Service. The standard updates the 1995 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.50-105. This standard covers 8 or 
9% nickel-alloy steel forged or rolled flanges, fittings, valves, and 
parts intended for use in welded pressure vessels for low-temperature 
service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well 
as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM A575-96 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for 
Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades. The standard updates 
the 1996 (reapproved in 2007) edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-2. This standard covers hot-wrought merchant quality steel 
bars produced to a chemical composition. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM A576-17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, 
Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality. The standard updates the 1990 
edition (reapproved in 2012) incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-
2. This standard covers hot-wrought special quality steel bars. The 
standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions and corrections.
     ASTM B16/B16M-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines. 
The standard updates the 1992 edition incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-2. This standard establishes the requirements for free-
cutting brass rod, bar, wire and shapes of any specified cross section 
produced from copper alloy suitable for high speed screw matching 
applications and moderate thread rolling. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material composition, 
grading, and testing.
     ASTM B21/B21M-20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass 
Rod, Bar, and Shapes. The standard updates the 1996 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It establishes the 
requirements for naval brass rod, bar, and shapes produced from copper 
alloy, including dimensions, workmanship and appearance, testing 
methods, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM B26/B26-M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-
Alloy Sand Castings. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated 
by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It covers specifications aluminum-alloy 
sand castings used in general purpose applications, including 
dimensions, workmanship and appearance, testing methods, and 
performance requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B42-20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Pipe, Standard Sizes. The standard updates the 1996 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard covers the 
requirements for seamless copper pipe in all nominal or standard pipe 
sizes, both regular and extra-strong, suitable for use in plumbing, 
boiler feed lines, and for similar purposes. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM B43-15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass

[[Page 57907]]

Pipe, Standard Sizes. The standard updates the 1996 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard covers grades 
of hydrogen and nitrogen for seamless austenitic steel pipes made for 
high-temperature service. The standard is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B68/B68M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Copper Tube, Bright Annealed. The standard updates the 1995 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard covers the 
requirements for bright annealed seamless copper tube suitable for use 
in refrigeration, oil lines, and gasoline lines, where tubing with an 
interior surface free from scale and dirt is required. This standard 
was also updated in 2011. The standard is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B75/B75M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Copper Tube. The standard updates the 1997 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard establishes the requirements 
for seamless round, rectangular, and square copper tube suitable for 
general engineering applications. This standard was also updated in 
2011. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as 
changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B85/B85M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-
Alloy Die Castings. The standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated 
by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It covers aluminum alloy die castings 
for use in general purpose applications, including dimensions, 
workmanship and appearance, testing methods, and performance 
requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as 
well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B96/B96M-16, Standard Specification for Copper-
Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes 
and Pressure Vessels. The standard updates the 1993 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.60-2 and 58.50-5. This 
standard establishes requirements for copper-silicon alloy plate, 
sheet, strip, and rolled bar for drawing, forming, stamping, bonding, 
and general engineering applications. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM B111/B111M-18a, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock. The standard 
updates the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It 
establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of 
copper and various copper alloys, including testing methods, material 
and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. 
The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions in the tables 
provided in the standard.
     ASTM B122/B122M-16, Standard Specification for Copper-
Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-
Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar. This updates the 1998 
standard incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.50-5. This standard 
establishes the requirements for copper-nickel-tin alloy, copper-
nickel-zinc alloy (nickel silver), and copper-nickel alloy plate, 
sheet, strip, and rolled bar, including testing methods, material and 
manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The 
updates to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical 
changes, or changes in material testing and grading.
     ASTM B124/B124M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes. The standard updates the 
1996 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It establishes 
the requirements for copper and copper alloy rod, bar, and shapes 
intended for hot forging, including testing methods, material and 
manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The 
standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes 
in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B127-19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper 
Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip. This updates the 1993 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  58.50-5 and 58.50-10. This 
standard covers the requirements for rolled nickel-copper alloy plate, 
sheet, and strip including testing methods, material and manufacture, 
mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The updates to 
this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or 
changes in material testing and grading.
     ASTM B152/B152M-19, Standard Specification for Copper 
Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar. This updates the 1997 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.50-5. This standard covers the 
requirements for copper sheet, strip, plate, and rolled bar, including 
testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and 
performance requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in 
nature with minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and 
grading.
     ASTM B161-05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for 
Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1993 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the requirements 
for nickel and low-carbon nickel in the form of cold-worked seamless 
pipe and tubes, including testing methods, material and manufacture, 
mechanical properties, and performance requirements. The standard is 
updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material 
grading and testing.
     ASTM B165-19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper 
Alloy Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1993 edition 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the requirements 
for nickel-copper alloy in the form of cold-worked seamless pipe and 
tubes, including testing methods, material and manufacture, mechanical 
properties, and performance requirements. The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM B167-18, Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-
Aluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, 
N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-
Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-Iron-Chromium-
Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper 
Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 
1997 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. The standard 
covers cold-worked annealed, hot worked, annealed, and hot-finished 
seamless pipe and tube intended for general corrosion resistant and 
heat resistant applications. The standard is updated to reflect 
editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B171/B171M-18, Standard Specification for Copper-
Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat 
Exchangers. The standard updates the 1995 edition incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-2. It covers the requirements for copper-alloy 
plate, sheet, and circles cut from plate and sheet for pressure 
vessels, condensers, and heat exchangers, including testing methods, 
material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance 
requirements. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as 
well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B209-14, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate. This updates the 1996 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  58.50-5 and 58.50-10. This 
standard covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy flat sheet, coiled sheet, 
and plate, including testing methods,

[[Page 57908]]

material and manufacture, mechanical properties, and performance 
requirements. The updates to this standard are editorial in nature with 
minor technical changes, or changes in material testing and grading.
     ASTM B210/B210M-19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum 
and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes. The standard updates the 1995 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers aluminum 
and aluminum-alloy drawn seamless tubes in straight lengths and coils 
for general purpose and pressure application in alloys. The standard is 
updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material 
grading and testing.
     ASTM B234-17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, 
Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers. This standard updates the 1995 
standard incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
aluminum-alloy drawn seamless round tube in straight lengths for use in 
surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The standard is 
updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material 
grading and testing.
     ASTM B241/B241M-16, Standard Specification for Aluminum 
and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube. The 
standard updates the 1996 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  
56.60-1. It covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy seamless pipe intended 
for pressure applications, and outlines the standard sizes and tempers 
necessary. The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as 
well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM B280-18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service. The standard 
updates the 1997 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. 
This standard establishes the requirements for seamless copper tube 
intended for use in the connection, repairs, or alterations of air 
conditioning or refrigeration units in the field. The standard is 
updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material 
grading and testing.
     ASTM B283/B283M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed). The standard updates the 1996 
edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. This standard 
establishes the requirements for copper and copper alloy die forgings 
produced by the hot pressing method. The standard is updated to reflect 
editorial revisions as well as changes in chemical compositions and 
material grading and testing.
     ASTM B315-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Alloy Pipe and Tube. The standard updates the 1993 edition incorporated 
by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard establishes the 
requirements for seamless copper alloy tube intended for general 
engineering purposes. The standard is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions.
     ASTM B361-16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made 
Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings. The standard 
updates the 1995 edition, incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. 
It covers factory-made wrought aluminum and aluminum-alloy welding 
fittings (butt-welding or socket-end parts). The standard is updated to 
reflect editorial revisions as well as changes in material grading and 
testing.
     ASTM B858-06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for 
Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion 
Cracking in Copper Alloys. The standard updates the 1995 edition, 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-2. This test method describes 
a procedure to determine the presence of residual stress in wrought 
copper alloy products that may lead to stress corrosion cracking. The 
standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as changes 
in material testing.
     ASTM D92-18, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire 
Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester. This updates the 1997 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.30-10. The standard describes the 
determination of the flash point and fire point of petroleum products 
by manual or automated Cleveland open cup apparatus. The updates to 
this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or 
changes in material testing and grading.
     ASTM D93-19, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by 
Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester. This updates the 1997 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.01-10. These test methods cover 
the determination of the flash point of petroleum products in the 
temperature range from 40 [deg]C to 370 [deg]C by manual or automated 
Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus. The updates to this standard are 
editorial in nature with minor technical changes, or changes in 
material testing and grading.
     ASTM D323-15a, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of 
Petroleum Products (Reid Method). This updates the 1994 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.16-5. This standard covers test 
method procedures for the determination of vapor pressure of gasoline, 
volatile crude oil, and other volatile petroleum products. The updates 
to this standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, 
or changes in material testing and grading.
     ASTM D665-19, Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing 
Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water. This 
standard updates the standard from 1998, incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  61.20-17. It covers test methods evaluating the ability of 
inhibited mineral oils, particularly steam-turbine oils, to aid in rust 
prevention of ferrous parts. The edits to this standard are editorial 
in nature.
     ASTM E23-18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact 
Testing of Metallic Materials. The standard updates the 1996 edition, 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  54.05-5 and 56.50-105. This 
test method describes notched-bar impact testing of metallic materials. 
The standard is updated to reflect editorial revisions as well as 
changes in material testing.
     ASTM E208-19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-
Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of 
Ferritic Steels. The standard updates the 1995 edition, currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  54.05-5. This standard describes 
methods of determining nil-ductile transition (NDT) of ferritic steels. 
It has been revised three times since 1995 to address advancements in 
testing methods.
     ASTM F1006-86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications. The 
standard updates the 1986 edition (reapproved in 2008), incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the minimum requirements for the 
pressure-temperature rating, testing, and making of pressure-containing 
vessels for entrainment separators and is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM F1007-18, Standard Specification for Pipeline 
Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application. This 
standard updates the 1986 edition (reapproved in 2007), incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the design, manufacturing, and 
testing of packed slip tube expansion joints used in pipelines for 
thermal growth and contraction and is updated to reflect editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM F1020-86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Line-Blind Valves for Marine Applications.

[[Page 57909]]

This standard reapproves the 1986 edition (reapproved last in 2011), 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It provides the minimum 
requirements for design fabrication, pressure rating, and testing for 
line-blind valves.
     ASTM F1120-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping 
Applications. This standard reapproves the 1987 edition (reapproved 
last in 2010), incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It 
establishes the requirements for design, manufacture, inspection, and 
testing of circular metallic bellows-type expansion joints for piping 
applications.
     ASTM F1123-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Non-Metallic Expansion Joints. This standard reapproves the 1987 
edition (reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at Sec.  
56.60-1. It provides the minimum requirements for construction, 
materials, performance, and dimensional requirements of arch-type non-
metallic expansion joints.
     ASTM F1139-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Steam Traps and Drains. This standard reapproves the 1988 edition 
(reapproved last in 2010), incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. 
This standard provides the minimum requirements for the design, 
fabrication, pressure rating, marking, and testing of steam traps and 
drains.
     ASTM F1155-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for 
Selection and Application of Piping System Materials. ASTM F1155 
already specifies a list of acceptable material and design standards 
for many shipboard systems. This standard is currently not incorporated 
by reference in 46 CFR part 56, and would be incorporated by reference 
in Sec. Sec.  56.50-60, 56.50-105, 56.60-1, and 56.60-15. Incorporating 
F1155 would enable the removal of the following standards from Part 56:
    [cir] ASME B16.9, Factory-Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings.
    [cir] ASME B16.10, Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of 
Valves.
    [cir] ASME B16.18, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure 
Fittings.
    [cir] ASME B16.22, Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder-Joint 
Pressure Fittings.
    [cir] ASME B16.24, Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges, Flanged 
Fittings, and Valves Classes 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500, and 2500.
    [cir] ASME B16.42, Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings 
Classes 150 and 300.
    [cir] ASTM A106/A106M, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon 
Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service.
    [cir] ASTM A139/A139M, Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion 
(Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over).
    [cir] ASTM A182/A182M, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 
Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for 
High-Temperature Service.
    [cir] ASTM A192/A192M, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon 
Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service.
    [cir] ASTM A194/A194M, Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy 
Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or 
Both.
    [cir] ASTM A213/A213M, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic 
and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger 
Tubes.
    [cir] ASTM A214/A214M, Standard Specification for Electric-
Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes.
    [cir] ASTM A234/A234M, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings 
of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High 
Temperature Service.
    [cir] ASTM A249/A249M, Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic 
Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes.
    [cir] ASTM A307, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and 
Studs, 60,000 PSI Tensile Strength.
    [cir] ASTM A320/A320M, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and 
Stainless Steel Bolting for Low-Temperature Service.
    [cir] ASTM A335/A335M, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic 
Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service.
    [cir] ASTM A351/A351M, Standard Specification for Castings, 
Austenitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts.
    [cir] ASTM A395/A395M, Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile 
Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures.
    [cir] ASTM A536, Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings.
    [cir] ASTM B88, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water 
Tube.
    [cir] ASTM F682, Standard Specification for Wrought Carbon Steel 
Sleeve-Type Pipe Couplings.
    [cir] MSS SP-44, Steel Pipe Line Flanges.
    [cir] MSS SP-67, Butterfly Valves.
    [cir] MSS SP-72, Ball Valves with Flanged or Butt-Welding Ends for 
General Service.
    [cir] MSS SP-83, Class 3000 and 6000 Pipe Unions, Socket Welding 
and Threaded (Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Stainless Steels, and Nickel 
Alloys).
     ASTM F1172-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type. This 
standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It provides the minimum 
requirements for the design, fabrication, pressure rating, marking, 
calibration and testing for fuel oil measurement meters of the 
volumetric, positive displacement type. Editorial corrections were made 
in the 2015 standard.
     ASTM F1173-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe Systems to be Used for Marine 
Applications. This standard reapproves the 1995 edition (reapproved 
last in 2010), incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers 
reinforced thermosetting resin pipe systems with nominal pipe sizes 1 
through 48 in. (25 through 1200 mm). The update reflects editorial 
revisions as well as changes in material grading and testing.
     ASTM F1199-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line 
Strainers (150 psig and 150 [deg]F Maximum). This standard reapproves 
the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010) incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the minimum requirements for the design, 
fabrication, rating, marking, and testing of cast and welded pipe line 
strainers.
     ASTM F1200-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification 
for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 
[deg]F). This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 
2010), incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It covers the 
minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, rating, marking, and 
testing of welded pipe line strainers.
     ASTM F1201-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification 
for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 [deg]F. 
This standard reapproves the 1988 edition (reapproved last in 2010), 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It provides the minimum 
requirements for pressure-retaining components of fluid conditioner 
fittings. It addresses the pressure-retaining component design, 
fabrication, rating, marking, and testing.
     ASTM F1323-14, Standard Specification for Shipboard 
Incinerators. This standard updates the 2001 standard currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  63.25-9. It establishes requirements 
for design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning, and 
testing of shipboard incinerators and has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological

[[Page 57910]]

developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate 
interpretations, and to clarify the intent of the standard.
     ASTM F1387-19, Standard Specification for Performance of 
Piping and Tubing Mechanically Attached Fittings. This standard updates 
the 1993 edition currently incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.30-25. 
The standard covers performance characteristics required for 
mechanically attached fillings used in piping and tubing systems. The 
changes made to the standard include updates to references, deleting 
cancelled United States Military Specifications and Standards, 
corrections to notes and tables, and clarifications on required 
testing.
     ASTM F1476-07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification 
for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping 
Applications. This standard reapproves the 2007 edition, which updated 
the 1995 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.30-35. The 
specification provides the performance characteristics and 
qualification tests required for gasketed mechanical couplings, 
including grooved-type mechanical couplings for grooved end pipe. The 
changes made to the standard in 2007 were editorial in nature, and with 
some changes to material testing and grading.
     ASTM F1548-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings 
Used in Piping Applications. This standard reapproves the 2001 edition, 
which updated the 1994 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  
56.30-35. It defines classification, materials, test requirements, 
inspection certification, marking and packing of fittings for use with 
gasketed mechanical couplings. The changes made to the standard in 1999 
were editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing and 
grading.
     Compressed Gas Association (CGA) standard CGA S-1.2-2009, 
Pressure Relief Device Standards--Part 2--Portable Containers for 
Compressed Gases. The 1979 edition is currently incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  54.15-10. This standard covers the recommended 
minimum requirements for pressure relief devices used on portable 
containers for compressed gases that comply with regulations of the 
U.S. Department of Transportation or the corresponding regulations of 
Transport Canada. It has been revised at least five times since 1979 to 
address advancements in technology and changes in U.S. and Canadian 
regulations.
     Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers 
Association, Tenth Edition (2015). This edition replaces the 1980 
edition currently incorporated in Sec.  56.60-1. This standard 
specifies the design and manufacturing requirements for expansion 
joints, including metallic bellows type, used in piping systems to 
accommodate pipe movements due to temperature expansion/contraction, 
and slight misalignments in joined piping sections.
     Fluid Controls Institute Inc. (FCI), FCI 69-1, Pressure 
Rating Standard for Steam Traps, 2017. The 2017 edition replaces the 
edition currently incorporated at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard covers 
the minimum design, fabrication, pressure rating and marking of 
pressure-containing housings for steam traps. Revisions to this 
document consist mainly of editorial changes and modifications to 
definitions.
     International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea 
(SOLAS), 1974 as amended. This standard is not currently codified 
within 46 CFR part 56 or part 58, though its applicability to passenger 
vessels on international voyages is mentioned in Sec.  56.50-50(c)(2). 
However, the CFR codifies language taken directly from SOLAS in a 
number of places in Titles 33 and 46 CFR. Incorporating specific SOLAS 
regulations by reference, in Sec.  56.50-50 for bilge systems and Sec.  
58.25-10 for steering gear, would allow for an alternative to the 
prescriptive technical requirements of the CFR. SOLAS is an 
international maritime treaty that sets minimum safety standards in the 
construction, equipment, and operation of merchant ships. This requires 
no updates, merely the adoption of a standard already in place in 
practice.
     IMO Resolution MEPC.244(66), Standard Specification for 
Shipboard Incinerators, 2014. This document is proposed for addition as 
an alternate method of compliance to the requirements for shipboard 
incinerators in Sec.  63.25-9. IMO MEPC.244(66) is the IMO's updated 
standard for shipboard incinerator design, defining the engineering 
requirements and environmental air emissions limits for ship 
incinerators.
     IMO Resolution MSC.337(91), Code on Noise Levels on Board 
Ships, 2012. This document replaces the older IMO Resolution 
A.468(XII), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, incorporated by 
reference in Sec.  58.01-50. The Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships is 
intended to provide standards to prevent and mitigate the occurrence of 
hazardous noise levels on board ships, and to provide standards for an 
acceptable working and living environment for seafarers. The 2012 Code 
on Noise Levels on Board Ships reflects technology improvements and 
mandatory requirements not included in the older IMO Resolution, and is 
intended to provide the basis for a design standard.
     ISO 9096:2017(E), Stationary source emissions--Manual 
determination of mass concentration of particulate matter. This 
standard updates the 2003 edition currently incorporated by reference 
at Sec.  63.25-9. This standard establishes methods for measurement of 
particulate matter concentration in waste gases. It has been regularly 
revised to accommodate technological developments, to address 
administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to 
clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted 
standard.
     ISO 13617:2019(E), Ships and marine technology--Shipboard 
incinerators--Requirements. This standard updates the 2001 edition 
currently incorporated by reference at Sec.  63.25-9. This standard 
establishes design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning 
and testing of incinerators. It has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological developments, to address administrative 
requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the 
standard intent. It is the internationally accepted standard.
     ISO 15540:2016(E), Ships and marine technology--Fire 
resistance of non-metallic hose assemblies and non-metallic 
compensators--Test methods. This standard replaces the 1999 edition 
currently incorporated in Sec.  56.60-25. It specifies the 
temperatures, duration, and pressure testing associated with fire tests 
used to qualify nonmetallic hose for use in ship piping systems.
     Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and 
Fitting Industry, Inc. (MSS) standard MSS SP-6-2017, Standard Finishes 
for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves 
and Fittings. This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  56.25-10 and 56.60-1. This standard pertains to 
the finish of gasket contact faces of pipe flanges and connecting-end 
flanges of valves and fittings. The changes made to the standard were 
largely editorial in nature; however there are also some changes to 
definitions and material limitations.
     MSS SP-9-2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron, and Steel 
Flanges. This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It applies to the spot facing for U.S. 
customary bolting of pipe flanges in

[[Page 57911]]

bronze, gray iron, ductile iron, or settle. The changes made to the 
standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material 
testing, design and grading.
     MSS SP-25 (ANSI/MSS SP-25-2018), Standard Marking System 
for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions. The 1998 edition is currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  54.01-25, while the 2001 edition is 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  56.15-1, 56.20-5, and 56.60-1. 
This standard provides a marking system for new valves, fittings, 
flanges, and unions used in piping connections that include (but are 
not limited to) flanged, soldered, brazed, threaded, or welded joints. 
Markings are used for product identification and to assist in proper 
application. The standard has been revised three times since 1998 to 
address changes in industry practices.
     MSS SP-51-2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges 
and Cast Flanged Fittings. This standard updates the 2003 edition, 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. This standard establishes 
the design dimensions, tolerances, and pressure-temperature ratings for 
flanged steel fittings for both Metric and Imperial units.
     MSS SP-53-2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and 
Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components--
Magnetic Particle Examination Method. This standard updates the 1995 
edition, incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. It provides 
methods and acceptance standards for magnetic particle examination of 
ferritic steel valves, flanges, fittings, and other piping components 
by use of dry magnetic powder or wet magnetic particles. The changes 
made to the standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to 
material testing, design and grading.
     MSS SP-55 (ANSI/MSS-SP-55-2011), Quality Standard for 
Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and Other Piping 
Components--Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities. 
This standard updates the 2001 edition, incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  56.60-1. The document describes common irregularities found in 
the castings of steel pipe fittings and flanges, as well as acceptable 
criteria for evaluating irregularities. The changes made to the 
standard are editorial in nature, with some changes to material 
testing, design and grading.
     MSS SP-58 (ANSI/MSS SP-58-2009), Pipe Hangers and 
Supports--Materials, Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and 
Installation. This standard updates the 1993 edition, incorporated by 
reference at Sec.  56.60-1. MSS-SP-58 specifies the design criteria and 
minimum strength requirements for hangars used to mount piping systems 
to ship bulkheads and decks. The changes made to the standard are 
editorial in nature, with some changes to material testing, design and 
grading.
     MSS SP-61-2019, Pressure Testing of Valves. This standard 
updates the 2003 edition incorporated by reference at Sec.  56.60-1. 
The document provides standardized technical requirements and 
acceptance criteria for the pressure testing of valves.
     National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standard NFPA 
302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 
2020 Edition. This standard provides the minimum requirements on boats 
for the prevention of fire and explosion, mitigation of carbon monoxide 
hazards, and life safety in case of fire. It updates the 1989 standard 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.10-5. The updates to this 
standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, and 
changes in material testing and grading.
     SAE International (SAE) standard SAE J429 MAY2014, 
Mechanical and Material Requirements for Externally Threaded Fasteners. 
This standard updates the 1989 standard incorporated by reference at 
Sec.  58.30-15. It covers the mechanical and material requirements for 
inch-series steel bolts, screws, studs, screws for screw-and-washer 
assemblies, and U-bolts.The updates to this standard are editorial in 
nature with minor technical changes, and changes in material testing 
and grading.
     SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fittings for Marine 
Applications. This standard updates the 1996 edition currently 
incorporated in Sec.  53.01-10. It covers the materials, design, and 
testing requirements for fittings used with flexible hose assemblies 
for use in ship piping systems. The updates to this document are 
primarily editorial in nature with no substantive change to technical 
requirements.
     SAE J1928 JUN2018, Devices Providing Backfire Flame 
Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications. This standard 
updates the 1989 standard incorporated by reference at Sec.  58.10-5. 
It covers the minimum requirements for design, construction, and 
testing of devices to prevent the propagation of backfire flame from a 
gasoline engine to the surrounding atmosphere. The updates to this 
standard are editorial in nature with minor technical changes, and 
changes in material testing and grading.
     SAE J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine 
Applications. This standard updates the 1997 edition currently 
incorporated in Sec.  56.60-25. It defines the design and testing 
requirements, including fire tests, for non-metallic flexible hose 
assemblies used in shipboard piping systems. Changes to this standard 
are administrative in nature, including updated testing frequency and 
record retention requirements.
     Underwriters Laboratories (UL) standard UL 174, Standard 
for Safety, Household Electric Storage Tank Water Heaters, Eleventh 
Edition, 2004 (reapproved in 2016). The 1996 edition is currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec. Sec.  53.01-10 and 63.25-3. This 
standard contains requirements and non-mandatory guidance for household 
electric storage tank water heaters. It has been regularly revised to 
accommodate technological developments, to address administrative 
requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to clarify the intent 
of the standard. Incorporating the latest edition ensures compliance 
with current industry practices.
     UL 296, UL Standard for Safety Oil Burners, 11th Edition 
(``2017 UL 296''). This standard updates the 1993 edition currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  63.15-5. This standard establishes 
requirements for oil burners intended for firing appliances and devices 
such as boilers, central, floor, wall, and special furnaces, storage 
tank water, air, and direct-fired air heater units. It has been 
regularly revised to accommodate technological developments, to address 
administrative requirements, to incorporate interpretations, and to 
clarify the standard intent. It is the internationally accepted 
standard.
     UL 343, UL Standard for Safety Pumps for Oil-Burning 
Appliances, 2008. This standard updates the 1997 edition currently 
incorporated by reference at Sec.  63.15-3. This standard establishes 
requirements for pumps intended for use as part of oil-burning 
appliances or installed in fuel-oil piping systems serving equipment. 
It has been regularly revised to accommodate technological 
developments, to address administrative requirements, to incorporate 
interpretations, and to clarify the standard intent. It is the 
internationally accepted standard.
     UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and 
Commercial Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, 2016. This 
standard would replace the 1995 standard, currently incorporated by 
reference at Sec. Sec.  53.01-10 and 63.25-3. This standard contains 
requirements for electric booster water heaters, electric commercial 
storage tank water heaters, and remote control assemblies for such 
heaters, rated 600 volts or less, that are over 120 gallons

[[Page 57912]]

(454 L) in capacity, rated over 12 kilowatts, or are equipped with one 
or more temperature regulating controls permitting water temperature of 
more than 85[deg]C (185 [deg]F). The 2016 edition provides minor 
technical changes and has been edited for clarity.

C. Standards Previously Approved for Incorporation by Reference

    The following standards were previously approved for incorporation 
by reference and are included in the proposed regulatory text because 
either the current format of the reference does not comply with current 
OFR requirements or the proposed text is a revision that includes an 
existing reference to the standard. We do not propose to change the 
existing IBR approval.
     ASME B36.19M-2004 Stainless Steel Pipe, October 25, 2004 
(``ASME B36.19M''), IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.07-5 and 56.60-1.
     IMO A.467(XII), Guidelines for Acceptance of Non-
Duplicated Rudder Actuators for Tankers, Chemical Tankers and Gas 
Carriers of 10,000 Tons Gross Tonnage and Above But Less Than 100,000 
Tonnes Deadweight, 1981 (``IMO A.467(XII)''), IBR approved for Sec.  
58.25-60.
     IMO Resolution A.753(18) Guidelines for the Application of 
Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted on 4 November 1993 (``IMO Resolution 
A.753(18)''), IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-25.
     IMO Resolution MEPC.76(40), Standard Specification for 
Shipboard Incinerators (Sep. 25, 1997) (``IMO MEPC.76(40)''), IBR 
approved for Sec.  63.25-9.
     IMO Resolution MSC.313(88), Amendments to the Guidelines 
for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted 26 November 2010 
(``IMO Resolution MSC.313(88)''), IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-25.
     The International Convention for the Prevention of 
Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78), Annexes I, II, III, and V (1978) 
(``IMO MARPOL 73/78''), IBR approved for Sec.  63.25-9.
     ISO 10396, Stationary source emissions--Sampling for the 
automated determination of gas emission concentrations for permanently-
installed monitoring systems, Second edition (Feb. 1, 2007) (``ISO 
10396''), IBR approved for Sec.  63.25-9.
     MSS SP-45-2003, Bypass and Drain Connections, 2003 (``MSS 
SP-45''), IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.20-20 and 56.60-1.

D. Section by Section Analysis of Proposed Changes to the Regulatory 
Text

    In addition to updating existing standards incorporated by 
reference, adding new standards, and removing obsolete standards, we 
propose to modify technical regulatory text in the following sections 
of Subchapter F. For the convenience of the reader, the list below 
excludes purely stylistic revisions and corrections of drafting errors.
Part 50--General Provisions
Section 50.05-5 Existing Boilers, Pressure Vessels or Piping Systems
    Modifying paragraph (b) to eliminate redundant text and more 
clearly describe the requirements for recalculating the maximum 
allowable working pressure.
Section 50.05-20 Steam-Propelled Motor Boats
    Replacing the words ``motor boats'' with the more current and 
universally used ``vessels''.
Section 50.10-23 Marine Safety Center
    Modifying the contact information for the MSC and the details for 
electronically submitting documents.
Section 50.20-5 Procedures for Submittal of Plans
    Modifying the procedures for submitting plans to the Coast Guard by 
eliminating the requirements in paragraph (b) for plans to be submitted 
in triplicate, since most plans are electronically submitted, and by 
deleting unnecessary detail in paragraph (c).
Section 50.20-10 Number of Copies of Plans Required
    Deleting this section. Submittal of plans is adequately addressed 
in Sec.  50.20-5.
Section 50.20-15 Previously Approved Plans
    Deleting the unnecessary text ``(including work accomplished under 
a different contract)'' in paragraph (a).
Section 50.20-30 Alternative Materials or Methods of Construction
    Modifying paragraph (a) to include the word ``materials'' and 
deleting paragraph (b). These changes improve the clarity of the 
section.
Section 50.25-1 General
    Deleting paragraph (e) as unnecessary because nonmetallic flexible 
hoses, including those intended for hydraulic service, are adequately 
addressed in Sec.  56.60-25.
Section 50.25-7 Testing of Products Required To Be Certified in 
Presence of Marine Inspector
    Deleting paragraphs (c) and (d) as unnecessary. When specific 
testing conditions are required, they are specified in the applicable 
standards or regulations.
Part 52--Power Boilers
    Replacing the words ``boiler pressure vessel code'' with ``BPVC'' 
throughout all of part 52, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate 
acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code.
Section 52.01-52.25 Power Boilers
    Modifying various paragraphs to delete text already addressed in 
ASME BPVC.
Section 52.01-3 Definitions
    Deleting definitions listed in this section but not currently used 
in Part 52 and not needed going forward, as there is no need to define 
a term if it is not used later in the regulatory text. Deleted terms 
include: High temperature water boiler, packaged boiler, Fired steam 
boiler, Hybrid boiler, Shell, Heads, Dished heads, Stayed heads, Water 
wall, Header, Domes, Steam chimneys, Corrugated furnace, Plain furnace, 
Combustion chamber, Separate combustion chamber, Common combustion 
chamber, Crown or top plate, Curved bottom plate, Combustion chamber 
tube sheet, Combustion chamber back sheet, Seamless tube, Electric 
resistance welded tube, Stay tube, Tube sheet, Ligament, Longitudinal 
ligament, Circumferential ligament, Diagonal ligament, Stays and 
supports, Solid screw staybolt, Welded collar, Hollow screw staybolt, 
Flexible staybolt, Sling stay, Crowfoot, Crowfoot stay, Diagonal stay, 
Gusset stay, Dog stay, Girder, Structural stiffeners, Reinforcement, 
Pressure loaded pilot actuated safety valve, Spring loaded pilot 
actuated safety valve, Spring loaded pilot valve, Relief valve, Safety 
relief valve, Conventional safety relief valve, Balanced safety relief 
valve, Internal spring safety relief valve, Power actuated relief 
valve, Breaking pin device, Shear pin device, Frangible disk device, 
Bursting disk device, Feed valve, Salinometer cocks, Expanding, 
Beading, Bell mouthing, Telltale hole, Openings, Pressure, Absolute 
pressure, Internal pressure, and External pressure. And, deleting 
Figure 52.01-3--Acceptable Types of Boiler Stays. Figure 52.01-3 is not 
necessary, as the ASME BPVC

[[Page 57913]]

adequately defines the requirements for boiler stayed surfaces.
Section 52.01-50 Fusible Plugs (Modifies A-19 Through A-21)
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Section 52.01-55 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Section 52.01-90 Materials
    Deleting this section. Materials for boiler design are adequately 
addressed by the ASME BPVC.
Section 52.01-105 Piping, Valves, and Fittings
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Section 52.01-110 Water-Level Indicators, Water Columns, Gauge-Glass 
Connections, Gauge Cocks, and Pressure Gauges
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Section 52.01-130 Installation
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Section 52.25-3 Feedwater Heaters (Modifies PFH-1)
    Modifying various paragraphs in this section to delete references 
and text already addressed by the ASME BPVC or that are otherwise 
outdated.
Part 53--Heating Boilers
    Replacing the words ``boiler pressure vessel code'' with ``BPVC'' 
throughout part 53, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym 
for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code.
Section 53.01-10 Service Restrictions and Exceptions (Replaces HG-101)
    Modifying paragraph (d) to remove exact temperature requirements 
and retaining a temperature range that would benefit industry.
    Modifying paragraph (e)(1) to provide correct citation for the ASME 
BPVC stamping and provide cites to the IBR.
Part 54--Pressure Vessels
    Replacing the words ``boiler pressure vessel code'' with ``BPVC'' 
throughout all of part 54, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate 
acronym for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code.
Section 54.01-1 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraphs (b), (d), and (e) to update the addresses for 
the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the Compressed Gas 
Association (CGA), and the Manufacturers Standardization Society of the 
Valve and Fittings Industry (MSS), respectively.
Section 54.01-15 Exemptions From Shop Inspection Plan Approval 
(Modifies U-1(c)(2))
    Deleting paragraph (a)(3)(i) because this section deals with 
internal pressure and the reference cited deals with external pressure.
Section 54.01-18 Plan Approval
    Editing paragraph (a) to provide reference to new proposed 
paragraph (c).
    Adding paragraph (c) to identify which plans for Class I, II, and 
II pressure vessels are not required to be submitted for approval.
Section 54.10-3 Marine Inspectors (Replaces UG-90 and UG-91, and 
Modifies UG-92 Through UG-103)
    Editing the section heading to make it easier to find the 
regulation requiring stamping of the Coast Guard Symbol. The 
requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol on pressure vessels is 
often misunderstood.
    Modifying paragraph (b) to identify when shop inspection is 
required. Part 54 refers to shop inspection of pressure vessels under 
construction in several locations, but the term is not used here.
    Adding new paragraph (c), redesignating existing paragraph (c) as 
new paragraph (d), and removing the requirement for stamping with the 
Coast Guard Symbol. The requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol 
on pressure vessels is often misunderstood. By applying the symbol, the 
marine inspector is documenting that the pressure vessel meets Coast 
Guard requirements for pressure vessels on ships. Adding a paragraph 
clarifies which pressure vessels do not require stamping.
Section 54.10-20 Marking and Stamping
    Modifying paragraph (a)(2) to clarify numbering requirements. The 
requirement for Coast Guard numbering of pressure vessels is often 
misunderstood. Numbering is only required when the Coast Guard has 
inspected the pressure vessel during construction (shop inspection).
Part 56--Piping Systems and Appurtenances
Section 56.07-5 Definitions
    Clarifying the definition for ``piping schedule'' and deleting the 
definition for ``plate flange,'' as it does not require a definition.
Section 56.07-10 Design Conditions and Criteria (Modifies 101-104.7)
    Modifying paragraph (b) by deleting the last sentence within the 
parentheses. It is not necessary to refer to definitions in part 52 for 
this paragraph.
    Modifying paragraph (d) by deleting text that was inadvertently 
repeated.
    Modifying paragraph (e) by removing references to specific 
paragraphs and instead referring to the entire subpart.
Section 56.15-1 Pipe Joint Fittings
    Removing text in paragraph (c)(2) that is already adequately 
addressed by the incorporated ASME industry standard.
Section 56.15-5 Fluid-Conditioner Fittings
    Deleting text in paragraph (c), nonstandard fluid conditioner 
fittings, that is already adequately addressed by paragraph (b); 
generally, fluid conditioner fittings must meet the requirements of 
this section regardless of whether they are `standard' or 
`nonstandard', and must be appropriate for the fluid contained, and the 
temperature and pressure of the system. In addition, with advancements 
in manufacturing, there is no need to reference part 54 (pressure 
vessels), for fluid conditioner fittings in current paragraphs (c) and 
(d).
Section 56.20-1 General
    Removing text that is redundant and that can be adequately replaced 
by the incorporated ASME standard.
Section 56.20-9 Valve Construction
    Modifying paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), and (g) to reflect 
advancements in valve design technology and to remove text adequately 
addressed already by the incorporated ASME standard.
Section 56.20-15 Valves Employing Resilient Material
    Deleting text that is no longer required and simplifying text to 
reflect current policy employed by the MSC to evaluate these types of 
valves. Overall, these valves are not required anywhere on ships, and 
this section only

[[Page 57914]]

delineates the requirements for when they are installed.
Section 56.25-10 Flange Facings
    Removing paragraph (b) as no longer necessary.
Section 56.25-20 Bolting
    Removing unnecessary text in paragraphs (b) and (c).
Section 56.30-5 Welded Joints
    Removing text in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2) and (c)(3) as adequately 
addressed already by the incorporated ASME standard.
Section 56.30-10 Flanged Joints
    Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated 
standards in part 56.
Section 56.30-20 Treaded Joints
    Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated 
standards in part 56.
Section 56.30-30 Brazed Joints
    Removing text adequately addressed already by the incorporated 
standards in part 56.
Section 56.30-40 Flexible Pipe Couplings of the Compression or Slip-On 
Type
    Removing text in paragraphs (b) and (c) that is no longer necessary 
or is otherwise adequately addressed already by the incorporated 
standards in part 56.
Section 56.35-10 Nonmetallic Expansion Joints
    Removing the reference to part 50, as the appropriate standards are 
listed already in this part.
Section 56.35-15 Metallic Expansion Joints
    Removing the reference to part 50, as the appropriate standards are 
listed already in this part.
Section 56.50-1 General
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (d), (g), and (i) that is 
unclear or outdated and no longer necessary.
Section 56.50-15 Steam and Exhaust Piping
    Deleting text in paragraphs (b), (c), (f), (g), (j), and (k) that 
is unclear or outdated and no longer necessary.
Section 56.50-20 Pressure Relief Piping
    Deleting text not necessary to the intent of the regulation.
Section 56.50-25 Safety and Relief Valve Escape Piping
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (c), and (d) that is outdated or 
redundant.
Section 56.50-30 Boiler Feed Piping
    Deleting text in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) that is outdated or 
unclear and no longer necessary.
Section 56.50-35 Condensate Pumps
    Deleting text that is outdated and no longer necessary.
Section 56.50-40 Blowoff Piping
    Deleting text in paragraphs (b) and (d) that is outdated or 
redundant and no longer necessary.
Section 56.50-45 Circulating Pumps
    Deleting text in paragraph (d) that is outdated or unclear.
Section 56.50-50 Bilge and Ballast Piping
    Modifying paragraph (a) to consider ships that meet SOLAS 
requirements for bilge systems as equivalent to this section.
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (f), (h), (j), and 
(k) that is outdated.
Section 56.50-55 Bilge Pumps
    Modifying paragraph (c) to add a pump capacity alternative formula.
Section 56.50-57 Bilge Piping and Pumps, Alternative Requirements
    Deleting this entire section as outdated, as it contains cross-
references to sections already removed from the CFR (Sec. Sec.  171.075 
and 171.082).
Section 56.50-60 Systems Containing Oil
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (m), 
and (n) that is outdated, or unclear.
Section 56.50-65 Burner Fuel-Oil Service Systems
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is 
outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by standards 
incorporated in this part.
Section 56.50-70 Gasoline Fuel Systems
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e), and 
(g) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by 
incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.50-75 Diesel Fuel Systems
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is 
outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated 
standards in this part.
Section 56.50-80 Lubricating-Oil Systems
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (d), and (h) that is 
outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated 
standards in this part.
Section 56.50-85 Tank-Vent Piping
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is 
outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated 
standards in this part.
Section 56.50-90 Sounding Devices
    Deleting or modifying text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), and 
(e) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by 
incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.50-95 Overboard Discharges and Shell Connections
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (h), and 
(i) that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed already by 
incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.50-105 Low-Temperature Piping
    Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or 
adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.60-1 Acceptable Materials and Specifications
    Adding ASTM F1155 as a reference in paragraph (a) for material 
standards applicable to certain marine engineering piping systems.
Section 56.60-5 Steel
    Modifying paragraph (a) to align the CFR with the temperature 
requirements of the incorporated ASME standard.
Section 56.70-5 Material
    Deleting text in paragraph (b) that is outdated, and aligning text 
with incorporated ASME standard.
Section 56.70-10 Preparation
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a) and (b) that is outdated, unclear, 
or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.70-15 Procedure
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), and (g) that is 
outdated, unclear, unenforceable, or adequately addressed already by 
incorporated standards in this part.

[[Page 57915]]

Section 56.80-5 Bending (Modifies 129)
    Deleting text that is outdated, unclear, or adequately addressed 
already by incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.85-15 Postheat Treatment
    Deleting text in paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) that is outdated, 
unclear, or adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in 
this part.
Section 56.90-5 Bolting Procedure
    Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or 
adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part.
Section 56.90-10 Threaded Piping
    Deleting paragraph (c) as outdated and unnecessary.
Section 56.95-1 General
    Modifying paragraph (b) for clarity.
Section 56.97-1 General
    Modifying paragraph (b) for clarity.
Section 56.97-25 Preparation for Testing
    Modifying paragraphs (b) and (d) for clarity.
Section 56.97-38 Initial Service Leak Test
    Modifying paragraph (a) for clarity.
Section 56.97-40 Installation Tests
    Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is outdated, unclear, or 
adequately addressed already by incorporated standards in this part.
Part 57--Welding and Brazing
    Replacing the words ``boiler pressure vessel code'' with ``BPVC'' 
throughout part 57, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym 
for the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code.
Section 57.01-1 Qualifications and Production Tests
    Modifying the text in paragraph (a) to reflect updates in section 
numbering of the BPVC.
Section 57.02-1 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraph (a) to update the address for the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
    Amending table 57.02-1(a) to reflect updates in the section number 
of the BPVC.
Section 57.02-2 Adoption of Section IX of the ASME Code
    Modifying paragraph (a) to update and clarify the information 
provided in the section.
    Modifying paragraph (a)(1) to delete unnecessary references to 
parts of the subchapter that have been removed.
Section 57.02-3 Performance Qualifications Issued by Other Agencies
    Deleting references to ASME BPVC paragraphs PG-91, N-612, HG-515.2 
and UG-91 in paragraph (a) as unnecessary.
Section 57.03-1 Procedure Qualifications--General Requirements
    Updating paragraph (a)(1) to reflect changes in the standard.
Section 57.06-1 Production Test Plate Requirements
    Updating paragraph (c) to reflect current name of the section of 
the code.
Part 58--Main and Auxiliary Machinery and Related Systems
Section 58.01-20 Machinery Guards
    Updating paragraph for clarity.
Section 58.01-50 Machinery Space, Noise
    Updating incorporated reference to reflect updated IMO Resolution 
(Noise Code).
Section 58.05-1 Material, Design and Construction
    Updating the reference from ABS Steel Vessel Rules to ABS Marine 
Vessel Rules.
Section 58.16-5 Definition
    Updating paragraph for clarity and to correct grammar.
Section 58.16-7 Use of Liquefied Petroleum Gas
    Updating incorrect CFR reference.
Section 58.16-10 Approvals
    Deleting the requirement in paragraph (a) that gas-consuming 
appliances be ``of a type approved'' by the Commandant. The requirement 
that the Commandant specifically ``approve'' all types of gas-consuming 
appliances is not necessary, given that appliances must already be 
tested and listed by third party laboratories and meet the additional 
requirements of Subpart 58.16.
    Changing the word ``approved'' to ``accepted'' in paragraph (c). 
Because this paragraph refers to another government agency's 
requirements for safety-relief devices, and shipboard appliance 
installations are reviewed case by case, ``acceptance'' allows for more 
flexibility than ``approval'' when evaluating the overall installation 
for compliance.
Section 58.16-30 Operating Instructions
    Updating paragraph (k) for clarity.
Section 58.16-35 Markings
    Deleting text in paragraph (a) that is redundant with paragraphs 
(b) and (c) of same section.
Section 58.25-5 General
    Making an editorial correction to ensure ``control system'' is a 
separate definition from ``auxiliary steering gear''.
Section 58.25-10 Main and Auxiliary Steering Gear
    Adding SOLAS regulations plus class rules as an equivalent 
standard.
Section 58.25-20 Piping for Steering Gear
    Eliminating redundant references to part 56 of this chapter.
Section 58.25-25 Indicating and Alarm Systems
    Deleting requirements in current paragraph (e) that are redundant 
with other paragraphs in same section.
Section 58.25-40 Arrangement of the Steering Gear Compartment
    Deleting this section as unnecessary.
Section 58.25-60 Non-Duplicated Hydraulic Rudder Actuators
    Amending this section for clarity.
Section 58.25-75 Materials
    Deleting paragraph (b) of this section as unnecessary.
Section 58.25-85 Special Requirements for Tank Vessels
    Deleting certain text in paragraph (c)(1) and (2) of this section 
as unenforceable.
    Deleting paragraph (g), because this paragraph is applicable only 
to tank vessels of 40,000 gross tons or more constructed before 1984. 
Virtually all of those vessels have been phased out of service due to 
the pollution prevention requirements in 33 CFR 157 for ``double 
hulls'' on tank vessels.
Section 58.30-1 Scope
    Deleting certain text in paragraph (a) as not applicable.
Section 58.30-15 Pipe, Tubing, Valves, Fittings, Pumps, and Motors
    Deleting certain text in paragraphs (b) and (d) as redundant, given 
the incorporation of industry standards.
Section 58.30-25 Accumulators
    Deleting certain text in paragraphs (a) and (c) for clarity.

[[Page 57916]]

Section 58.50-1 General Requirements
    Modifying text to remove allowance for gasoline as a fuel for 
vessels constructed before 1935.
Part 59--Repairs to Boilers, Pressure Vessels and Appurtenances
Section 59.10-1 Scope
    Modifying paragraphs (b) and (c) to eliminate unnecessary 
requirements and to provide clarity for welding repairs.
Section 59.10-5 Cracks
    Modifying paragraphs (d) and (h) to eliminate unnecessary 
requirements and to provide clarity for repair of cracks in boiler and 
pressure vessels.
Section 59.10-20 Patches in Shells and Tube Sheets
    Removing text in paragraphs (a) and (b) to provide clarity.
Section 59.15-1 Furnace Repairs
    Modifying paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (e) to eliminate unnecessary 
requirements and to provide clarity for furnace repairs.
Part 61--Periodic Tests and Inspections
Section 61.03-1 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraph (b) to update the name and address of ASTM 
International.
Section 61.05-10 Boilers in Service
    Eliminating unnecessary and outdated text regarding boiler 
inspections from paragraphs (a) and (f).
Section 61.10-5 Pressure Vessels in Service
    Modifying paragraph (g) to provide inspection compliance options, 
in lieu of the hydrostatic test currently required by this paragraph, 
for bulk storage tanks containing refrigerated liquefied CO2 
for use aboard a vessel as a fire-extinguishing agent. The inspection 
options consist of performing a hydrostatic test or having the option 
of an internal inspection. This is further explained in the regulatory 
language.
Part 62--Vital System Automation
Section 62.05-1 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraph (b) to update the address for the American 
Bureau of Shipping (ABS).
Section 62.35-50 Tabulated Monitoring and Safety Control Requirements 
for Specific Systems
    Deleting the requirements for main propulsion boiler supply casing 
and uptakes, burner flames, control power, and burner valves in Table 
62.35-50. These components are required to comply with the same 
requirements in Section 4-9-6 of the ABS Marine Vessel Rules (2020), 
which is proposed to be referenced in this table.
    Modifying the requirements for ship service generators in Table 
62.35-50. Currently, compliance with the ABS Steel Vessel Rules for 
propulsion boilers and propulsion diesel engines is required. The 
requirements for auxiliary generators in Section 4-9-6 of the ABS 
Marine Vessel Rules (2020) are referenced instead because this section 
of the ABS Rules is more directly applicable to generators.
    Deleting the requirements for generators to comply with Sec. Sec.  
111.12-1 (b) and (c), and parenthetical items 6 and 7 in Table 62.35-
50.
Section 62.50-30 Additional Requirements for Periodically Unattended 
Machinery Plants
    Revisions are made to paragraphs (c), (d), (h), and (k) to reflect 
correct verbiage and to provide clarity.
Part 63--Automatic Auxiliary Boilers
Section 63.01-3 Scope and Applicability
    Amending paragraph (b) to remove language regarding electric 
cooking equipment, electric air heaters, and electric oil immersion 
heaters. The requirements for these electric appliances are covered in 
46 CFR Subchapter J Part 111 of the CFR and do not belong in Part 63 
for Automatic Auxiliary Boilers.
Section 63.05-1 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraphs (b) and (c) to update the name and address for 
the ANSI and ASME, respectively.
Section 63.10-1 Test Procedures and Certification Report
    Updating address and options for item submittals.
Section 63.25-9 Incinerators
    Modifying paragraph (a) to update address and options for 
application for type approval of shipboard incinerators.
    Modifying paragraph (b) to clarify and update requirements for 
testing prior to granting type approval.
    Adding IMO MEPC.244(66) as an accepted design standard for 
incinerators.
Part 64--Marine Portable Tanks and Cargo Handling Systems
    Replacing the words ``ASME Code'' with ``ASME BPVC'' throughout 
part 64, as BPVC is recognized as the appropriate acronym for the ASME 
Boiler Pressure Vessel Code.
Section 64.2 Incorporation by Reference
    Modifying paragraph (b) to update the address for the ASME.

V. Incorporation by Reference

    Material proposed for incorporation by reference appears in 46 CFR 
parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64 and is 
summarized in section IV.B of this preamble. For information about how 
to view this material, see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. 
Copies of the material are also available from the sources listed in 46 
CFR parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, and 64. Before 
publishing a binding rule, we will submit this material to the Director 
of the Federal Register for approval of the incorporation by reference.

VI. Regulatory Analyses

    We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes 
and Executive Orders related to rulemaking. A summary of our analyses 
based on these statutes or Executive Orders follows.

A. Regulatory Planning and Review

    Executive Orders 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review) and 13563 
(Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review) direct agencies to assess 
the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying costs and 
benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility.
    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has not designated this 
proposed rule a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed it.
    The Coast Guard proposes to update subchapter F of Title 46 of the 
CFR. This proposed rule would align the standards on U.S.-flagged 
vessels of vessel types of subchapter F with current industry practices 
to ensure that regulatory standards are current, and the changes would 
harmonize regulatory requirements with current industry standards. The 
majority of the updates simply would incorporate by reference the more 
recent versions of the same standards with little or no substantive

[[Page 57917]]

change. In some cases, the more recent editions reflect more modern 
technologies, terminology, and practices. The updates also would 
correct regulatory language and remove redundant and outdated 
references. The Coast Guard believes there are no additional costs 
associated with this proposed rule. The Coast Guard estimates this rule 
will save the regulated public and federal government approximately 
$9.787 million over the 10-year period of analysis at 7% in 2020 
dollars.
    The following regulatory analysis (RA) provides an evaluation of 
the economic impacts associated with this proposed rule. Table 2 
provides a summary of the proposed rule's costs and benefits.

             Table 2--Summary of the Proposed Rule's Impacts
------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Category                             Summary
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Affected Population..................  Vessel owners and operators,
                                        shipyards, builders and
                                        manufacturers of vessels and
                                        vessel components, the Coast
                                        Guard (Marine Safety Center
                                        (MSC) and United States Coast
                                        Guard Commercial Regulations and
                                        Standards Directorate (CG-5PS)).
                                        Class societies and vessel
                                        insurers may have some interest.
Costs................................  None. The proposed rule would not
                                        increase costs of compliance for
                                        the regulated public or the
                                        Coast Guard because no
                                        additional requirements are
                                        being proposed.
Cost Savings (7-percent discount       $9.787 million (10-year
 rate).                                 discounted cost savings),
                                        annualized cost savings: $1.385
                                        million in 2020 dollars.
Unquantified Benefits................  Clarity of regulatory intent
                                        through stylistic changes and
                                        corrections, harmonization of
                                        regulatory requirements with
                                        current industry standards,
                                        better utilization of Coast
                                        Guard human resources,
                                        compliance with Presidential
                                        Regulatory Reform Initiative
                                        (March 4, 1995).\2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This proposed rule has two main goals. First, the Coast Guard 
intends it to update design standards that appear in the CFR by 
incorporating by reference more recent industry standards. Second, the 
proposed rule would provide clarity and simplify regulatory compliance 
for industry by removing obsolete regulations and revising current 
regulatory text, including the correction of errors.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The proposed rule would continue the Coast Guard's response 
to the Presidential Regulatory Reform Imitative of March 4, 1995, 
and directives including Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 that are 
intended to improve regulation and the regulatory process. The 
provisions of this proposed rule would remove outdated regulations, 
revise current regulatory text, and incorporate by reference more 
recent national and international industry standards into the CFR. 
The Coast Guard recognizes the significant technological advances 
technology and equipment which is used or carried on vessels. As a 
result, this proposed rule would encourage the use of newer 
equipment and promote adherence to modern standards in the industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Affected Population
    The Coast Guard analyzed this rulemaking to determine the affected 
population and how the proposed rule would impact vessel owners and 
manufacturers.\3\ The proposed revisions affect a variety of vessel 
owners and operators; including those owning cargo vessels, passenger 
vessels, nautical school vessels, tank vessels, and tank barges. Some 
potentially impacted vessel owners and operators include nonprofits and 
Tribal/State/local government entities.\4\ Because the proposal impacts 
only new vessels or those undergoing major conversions, the Coast Guard 
estimates that fewer than 200 vessels would be impacted annually.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Class societies and vessel insurers may have interest in the 
rule. However, no actions are required by them directly or 
indirectly as a result of the rule.
    \4\ Public vessels are excluded.
    \5\ Based on input from Coast Guard subject matter experts in 
the Directorate of Commercial Regulations and Standards who are 
tasked with relevant duties.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    An estimated 16,148 vessels owned by 6,437 owners and operators 
would be impacted potentially, but the vessel owners and operators 
would be impacted directly only if they procured a new vessel or 
engaged in a major conversion of an existing vessel under conditions as 
specified in the proposal. Large self-propelled vessels, which are 
covered by more provisions of Subchapter F than smaller vessels and 
barges, would be more likely to be impacted. The following table 
details those vessels potentially impacted by the proposed rule.

 Table 3--U.S.-Flagged Vessel Population Subject to 46 CFR Subchapter F
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Subchapter F vessel category          Subchapter          Population
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Freight Ship....................  I.....................           1,563
Industrial Vessel...............  I.....................           3,748
In-service--Inspected...........  I.....................               2
Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit     I-A...................             110
 (MODU).
Offshore Supply Vessel (OSV)....  L.....................           1,354
Oil Recovery....................  I.....................             556
Passenger (Inspected) (>= 100     H.....................             132
 gross tons).
Passenger Barge (Inspected).....  I.....................             217
School Ships and Research Ships.  R and U...............             141
Tank Barge......................  O-I...................           7,945
Tank Ship.......................  D.....................             380
                                 ---------------------------------------
    Total.......................  ......................          16,148
------------------------------------------------------------------------
U.S.-flagged vessels (subchapter
 F only) (as of April 24, 2020).
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: These data are based on Coast Guard data found in the Marine
  Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) database.


[[Page 57918]]

    The proposed rule also would impact businesses involved in vessel 
manufacturing. There are approximately 1,022 shipyards and 
manufacturers of vessels or vessel components in the affected 
population; however, vessel manufacturers are believed to already be in 
voluntary compliance with the proposed changes. In addition, the 
proposal would impact the Coast Guard and its staff in the MSC and CG-
5PS. An estimated six civilian engineers and six uniformed personnel 
potentially would be impacted.
Summary of Changes
    Generally, the Coast Guard proposes to update codified references 
to standards incorporated by reference in subchapter F with their more 
recent editions. These more recent standards would provide more clarity 
and specificity than the outdated standards they would be replacing. 
More specifically, the Coast Guard segments the effect of the proposed 
changes into three categories: (1) Editorial changes to the CFR; (2) 
technical updates to standards incorporated by reference; and (3) 
compliance alternatives to standards incorporated by reference. Based 
on data from industry, the Coast Guard assumes industry already uses 
the more recent standards referenced in the proposal. Table 4 
summarizes the regulatory changes.
    First, for the proposed changes to update standards incorporated by 
reference, this proposed rule would make editorial changes to 
subchapter F that include such items as the removal of outdated 
terminology and the consolidation of text. These proposed changes would 
include 46 CFR parts 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63 and 64. 
The Coast Guard expects these changes would have no costs, cost 
savings, or benefits.
    Second, this proposed rule updates standards incorporated by 
reference throughout subchapter F. Because no resources are required, 
and because they have been adopted voluntarily already by 
manufacturers, the Coast Guard expects these changes would have no 
cost.
    Third, this proposed rule would amend the regulatory text in 46 CFR 
58.10-5(d)(1) and 61.10-5(g) that impacts compliance alternatives for 
vessel owners and operators. The changes reflect the proposed addition 
of a compliance alternative and the proposed removal of a compliance 
alternative. This proposed change results from the discontinuation of a 
standard incorporated by reference that is the basis of the compliance 
alternative. (Please see the preamble in the proposed changes to ``Part 
61--Periodic Tests and Inspections,'' and further detailed in the Cost 
Savings portion of this RA.) These proposed changes provide regulatory 
flexibility for the regulated public. No additional cost would be 
incurred, and the addition of a compliance alternative may save money. 
The proposed rule's replacement of a compliance alternative would offer 
an option which has lower costs associated with it. This would be a 
cost savings for vessel owners if they choose to use this compliance 
alternative.
    The proposed rule would create consistency between Coast Guard 
regulations and national and international standards through 
incorporation by reference, provide options with alternative standards, 
eliminate obsolete standards, and clarify the existing requirements 
through the changes proposed in 46 CFR subchapter F. Table 4 lists 
these proposed changes by type of change. Readers may consult the 
preamble of this NPRM for a general summary of the proposed changes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ Please refer to the preamble and Table 1 for a complete 
accounting of affected paragraphs, including redesignations.
    \7\ This list is not exhaustive. Please see Table 1 for the full 
list.
    \8\ Please see Table 1 for complete list.
    \9\ The proposed change would give operators the option of 
undergoing an internal inspection every 10 years as opposed to 
requiring a hydrostatic test every 10 years.
    \10\ UL 1111 has been withdrawn and no longer exists; therefore, 
it can no longer be included as an option for regulation compliance.

                       Table 4--Regulatory Changes of the Proposed Rule by Type of Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Affected sections in 46 CFR 6       Cost impact (cost, cost
           Category               Description                                         savings, and benefits)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Editorial Changes............  General           Sec.  Sec.   50.05-5(b), 50.05-  No cost or cost savings. These
                                editorial         20, 50.05-20(a), 50.10-23,       include removal of outdated
                                changes.          50.20-5(b), 50.20-5(c), 50.20-   or redundant terminology,
                                                  10(a), 50.20-15(a), 58.16-       correction of missing words,
                                                  30(k) \7\.                       and consolidation and
                                                                                   clarification of text.
                               Editorial         Sec.  Sec.   54.01-18(a), 54.10- No cost or cost savings. No
                                changes for       3,54.10-3(b), 54.10-3(c),        change in technical content.
                                regulatory        54.10-20(a)(2).                  This is a clarification of
                                clarification.                                     the regulations.
                               Editorial         Sec.  Sec.   50.05-5(b), 62.35-  No cost or cost savings. These
                                changes with      50, 62.35-50, 63.01-3 (b),       provisions would remove
                                deletions.        58.10-5(d)(1).                   obsolete standards and
                                                                                   outdated terminology.
                               Updated           Sec.  Sec.   52.01-1(b); 53.01-  No cost or cost savings.
                                standards to      1(b)(1); 53.01-1(b)(2); 53.01-   Incorporating the current
                                newer editions.   1(c)(1); 54.01-1(b)(1); 54.01-   edition simplifies regulatory
                                                  1(c)(1), 54.01-1(c)(2); 54.01-   compliance and ensures that
                                                  1(c)(3), 54.01-1(c)(2),          the latest industry practices
                                                  1(c)(3), 1(c)(4), 1(c)(5), -     based on changes in
                                                  1(d)(1), -1(e)(1) \8\.           technology are addressed and
                                                                                   the highest possible level of
                                                                                   safety is required.
Technical Changes............  Standards with    Sec.  Sec.   53.01-1(c)(1), -    No cost or cost savings. The
                                technological     1(c )(2), -20, -1(b)(1), -1(c    proposed change would
                                changes.          )(1), -1(d)(1), -1(d)(2), -1(e   simplify regulatory
                                                  )(2).                            compliance.
Regulatory Flexibility         Newly proposed    Sec.  Sec.   56.50, 61.10-       No cost, but potential cost
 (Compliance Alternatives).     compliance        5(g),\9\ 63.25.                  savings. The change would
                                alternatives.                                      offer flexibility for
                                                                                   regulatory compliance which
                                                                                   ultimately could save money
                                                                                   for the vessel owner.
                               Removal of        Sec.  Sec.   56.50, 58.10-       No cost or cost savings. The
                                compliance        5(d)(1) \10\.                    proposed change simplifies
                                alternatives.                                      regulatory text to remove
                                                                                   reference to a no longer
                                                                                   existing IBR document and, by
                                                                                   default, its availability as
                                                                                   a compliance alternative.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: The Coast Guard may list the same citation of the CFR multiple times because it is proposing numerous
  changes to the same paragraph. These changes may include clarifications, deletions, or insertions of text.

Data Input for Calculations
    This RA uses multiple data sources. To estimate the duration of 
tasks, the Coast Guard used previous OMB-approved collections of 
information. These collections of information were previously vetted 
publicly and provide guidance on estimates of tasks such as 
communicating information and education. The RA also uses estimates 
from Coast Guard subject matter experts.

[[Page 57919]]

    To calculate wage rates, the Coast Guard used two publicly 
available sources for wage data: the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of 
Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Employment Statistics and the 
Commandant Instruction entitled ``Reimbursable Standard Rates'' 
(commonly called Commandant Instruction U).\11\ For positions outside 
the Coast Guard, the Coast Guard used publicly available data of the 
BLS Occupational Compensation Survey to estimate wage rates for 
positions that would be impacted by the proposed rule. For Coast Guard 
positions, the Coast Guard used publicly available and publicly vetted 
information found in Commandant Instruction U and the U.S. Office of 
Personnel Management pay chart for the Washington, DC locality pay area 
for 2020 \12\ to estimate the wage data.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ The Instruction is dated February 27, 2020, is numbered 
COMDTINST 7310.1U and commonly is called Commandant Instruction U. 
Enclosure 2 lists the relevant data; please see in-government wage 
data. The file is available at https://media.defense.gov/2020/Mar/04/2002258826/-1/-1/0/CI_7310_1U.PDF. This page was accessed on 
March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed on March 11, 2020. 
Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded wage rates.
    \12\ https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/DCB.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    From the wage data obtained in the previous step, the Coast Guard 
used a loaded labor rate \13\ to estimate the actual cost of labor to 
employers. The load factor (or benefits multipliers) for the regulated 
public and Coast Guard civilian workers was obtained using BLS data. To 
account for an employee's non-wage benefits, the Coast Guard applied a 
load factor to the unloaded mean hourly wage rate; data of the BLS's 
``Employer Cost for Employee Compensation'' database were used for the 
regulated public's wages.\14\ The Coast Guard determined the load 
factor to be about 1.49, rounded. For Coast Guard civilian positions, 
the load factor was determined to be approximately 1.75, rounded.\15\ 
For Coast Guard uniformed positions, the Coast Guard used data that 
already had applied the load factor, so such an adjustment was not 
necessary.\16\ These figures were used to estimate the reasonable and 
customary average labor cost to employers. Table 5 displays the labor 
categories, the source of the wage rates, the total compensation, the 
wage rates, and the calculated load factor. We estimated the load 
factor for the applicable occupation category by dividing the total 
compensation by the hourly wage rate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ A loaded hourly wage rate is what a company pays per hour 
to employ a person, not the hourly wage an employee receives. The 
loaded hourly wage rate includes the cost of non-wage benefits 
(health insurance, vacation, etc.).
    \14\ To estimate the load factor, the Coast Guard used publicly 
available BLS data (https://www.bls.gov/data/). To recreate these 
calculations, go to the ``Databases, Tables & Calculators'' page, 
select the multi-screen data search feature for ``Employer Costs for 
Employee Compensation'' under ``Pay & Benefits.'' (Alternatively, a 
direct link can also be found at https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/dsrv?cm.) For total compensation, in the search field select 
``Private industry workers,'' then ``Total compensation,'' 
``Transportation and material moving occupations,'' ``All workers,'' 
``All workers,'' ``United States (National),'' ``Cost of 
compensation (Cost per hour worked),'' and ``Not Seasonally 
Adjusted.'' For wages and salaries, perform the same steps except 
select ``Wages and salaries'' on the second screen. The series IDs 
for total compensation and wages and salaries are CMU2010000520000D 
and CMU2020000520000D, respectively. Using fourth quarter data for 
2020, the Coast Guard divided the value for total compensation, 
$31.76, by wages and salaries, $21.35, to estimate a load factor of 
approximately 1.49 (rounded to the nearest tenth). Unrounded figures 
were used in calculations.
    \15\ Based on data from the Congressional Budget Office (https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115th-congress-2017-2018/reports/52637-federalprivatepay.pdf). The report provided estimates for total 
compensation for Federal workers at this educational level to be 
$51.90 per hour with wages of $29.70 per hour, in 2015 dollars. The 
estimated load factor comports with later data as reported by BLS 
(see further for details). Unrounded figures were used in 
calculations.
    \16\ See Commandant Instruction U (COMDTINST 7310.1U, February 
27, 2020). Enclosure 2 lists the relevant data; please see in-
government wage data. The file is available at https://media.defense.gov/2020/Mar/04/2002258826/-1/-1/0/CI_7310_1U.PDF. 
This page was accessed on March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed 
on March 11, 2020. Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded 
wage rates.

                                     Table 5--Loaded Wage Factor Calculation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       Total         Wage and       Loaded wage
          Occupation category                Data source(s)        compensation      salaries         factor
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All Workers, Transportation and Moving  BLS Employer Costs for            $31.76          $21.35       \17\ 1.49
 Materials.                              Employee Compensation,
                                         All workers in
                                         Transportation and
                                         Materials Moving
                                         Occupations.
Federal workers, Professional Degree    Congressional Budget               51.90           29.70            1.75
 or Doctorate.                           Office Report
                                         ``Comparing the
                                         Compensation of Federal
                                         and Private Sector
                                         Employees, 2011 to
                                         2015'' dated April 2017
                                         \18\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Coast Guard assumed a constant wage rate and a constant 
duration for tasks for the period of annualization.\19\ Likewise, the 
estimates are based on 2020 dollars. Table 6 presents the estimated 
hourly loaded wage rates for the proposed rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ Rounded from 1.4875878.
    \18\ https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115th-congress-2017-2018/reports/52637-federalprivatepay.pdf. This page was last viewed on 
November 17, 2020. The load factor is found by taking the quotient 
of compensation to benefits as found on Table 2 and 3 of the report. 
Coast Guard used the figures for Federal workers with professional 
degree or doctorate. To verify the accuracy of this load factor 
estimate, the Coast Guard compared it with findings from an analysis 
of BLS total compensation and wage data. The load factor comports 
with the data analysis of BLS Employer Costs for Employee 
Compensation, All workers in Public Administration. The load factor 
was obtained from https://www.bls.gov/web/ecec/ececqrtn.pdf using 
Table 8 for public administration workers (4th Quarter 2020 data). 
The Coast Guard divided the value for total compensation, $51.54 by 
wages and salaries, or $29.54, to obtain a load factor of 
approximately 1.74 (rounded to the nearest tenth). Unrounded figures 
were used in calculations.
    \19\ Some tasks may take less time in the future due to 
technological advances. However, the Coast Guard has assumed no 
change in duration of tasks over the period of annualization.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Using the BLS ``Occupational and Employment Statistics'' database 
and May 2019 wage estimates, the unloaded mean hourly wage rate for 
marine engineers and naval architects (occupational code 17-2121) is 
$47.88.\20\ The Coast Guard multiplied $47.88 by the load factor of 
1.49 to obtain a loaded mean hourly wage rate of about $71.23 for this 
occupation. The hourly rate for a manager (occupational code 11-3051) 
\21\ of $56.82 was estimated to be $84.52 after the load factor 
application.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ See https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/oes172121.htm.
    \21\ See https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/oes113051.htm.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For all provisions related to the Government, the Coast Guard used

[[Page 57920]]

publicly available data as found in Commandant Instruction U \22\ to 
estimate wage rates for Coast Guard employees. Labor costs attributed 
to the Government are estimated for Coast Guard civilian and uniformed 
engineers and supervisors of CG-5PS and the MSC. Hourly loaded labor 
costs for civilians are estimated \23\ for a GS-14 engineer at $115.51 
and for a GS-15 engineering supervisor at $135.87. For uniformed 
engineers, the Coast Guard used an average of $91 \24\ for engineers at 
the O-3 (Lieutenant) and O-4 level (Lieutenant Commander) because both 
would work on the task. The wage rate for a uniformed supervisory 
engineer is estimated to be $111 for an O-5 (Commander). These figures 
represent a wage rate with a fully-loaded labor factor of 1.85 for 
uniformed Coast Guard positions.\25\ Table 6 presents a summary of the 
data used.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \22\ Commandant Instruction U. Enclosure 2 (https://media.defense.gov/2020/Mar/04/2002258826/-1/-1/0/CI_7310_1U.PDF). 
This page was accessed on March 11, 2020. This page was last viewed 
on March 11, 2020. Commandant Instruction U provides fully loaded 
wage rates.
    \23\ The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Office of 
Policy, Data and Oversight, 2020 GS Pay Tables (midpoint for each 
pay grade and the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington locality pay area). 
Please see https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/DCB.pdf. The data were viewed 
last on November 18, 2020.
    \24\ As found in Commandant Instruction U, the Coast Guard used 
data for the O-3 officer and O-4 officer, taking the average to 
estimate the wage rate for a uniformed engineer to work on the task. 
Both grade levels would work on the task so the Coast Guard used an 
average for this position.
    \25\ The loaded wage and derived load factor for uniformed 
positions was based on the Coast Guard's analysis of compensation 
and benefits of Coast Guard enlisted and commissioned personnel 
based on data found in https://www.dfas.mil/militarymembers/payentitlements/Pay-Tables.html and Commandant Instruction U. Data 
were posted on Dec. 30, 2019 and last updated January 27, 2020. This 
page was viewed last on February 20, 2020.

                                     Table 6--Loaded Hourly Wage Calculation
                                                    [$2020] *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Loaded hourly
               Category                   Mean hourly wage data     Mean hourly     Load factor   wage  (a x b =
                                              source(s) 26           wage  (a)          (b)             c)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Engineer..............................  Marine Engineer and               $47.88            1.49          $71.23
                                         Naval Architect (17-
                                         2121) \27\.
Supervisory Engineer..................  Engineering Managers (11-          56.82            1.49           84.52
                                         3051) \28\.
Coast Guard Civilian Engineer (GS-14).  U.S. Office of Personnel           66.10            1.75          115.51
                                         Management (OPM) 2020
                                         General Service (GS)
                                         Pay Tables \29\.
Coast Guard Civilian Supervisor (GS-    OPM 2020 GS Pay Tables..           77.75            1.75          135.87
 15).
Coast Guard uniformed engineer (O-3)..  Commandant Instruction U  ..............  ..............              84
                                         \30\ and 2020 Military
                                         Active & Reserve
                                         Component Pay Tables
                                         \31\.
Coast Guard uniformed engineer (O-4)..  Commandant Instruction U  ..............  ..............              98
                                         and 2020 Military
                                         Active & Reserve
                                         Component Pay Tables.
Average Uniformed Engineer in MSC.....  As calculated by the      ..............  ..............              91
                                         average of the hourly
                                         wage rates of O-3 and O-
                                         4 uniformed engineers.
Coast Guard Officer (O-5).............  Commandant Instruction U  ..............  ..............             111
                                         and 2020 Military
                                         Active & Reserve
                                         Component Pay Tables.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Figures have been rounded to the nearest hundredth. Unrounded figures were used in calculations.

Costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ To calculate the loaded wages, the Coast Guard used the 
Occupational Code 17-2121 (Marine Engineer and Naval Architect) for 
engineers, Occupational Code 11-3051 for supervisory engineers.
    \27\ https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/oes172121.htm. The data 
were last accessed on May 25, 2021.
    \28\ https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/oes113051.htm. The data 
were last viewed on May 25, 2021.
    \29\ The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Office of 
Policy, Data and Oversight provides pay data for Federal employees. 
These data were obtained from the 2020 GS Pay Tables using midpoint 
for each pay grade and the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington locality 
pay area. Please see https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/DCB.pdf. The data were 
viewed last on November 18, 2020.
    \30\ See Commandant Instruction U Enclosure 2. This estimate 
previously was used in past Coast Guard rulemakings including the 
proposed and final rules for Tankers--Automatic Pilot Systems in 
Waters Subject to 33 CFR parts 166 and 167 (USCG-2015-0926, RIN 
1625-AC27). It also was used in the proposed rule for Revision of 
Crane Regulation Standards for Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, 
Offshore Supply Vessels, and Floating Outer Continental Shelf 
Facilities (RIN 1625-AB78, USCG-2011-0992) as found on https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2013/05/13/2013-11132/revision-of-crane-regulation-standards-for-mobile-offshore-drilling-units-modus-offshore-supply. See Federal Register, May 13, 2013 (78 FR 27913). 
No public comments were received on this estimate.
    \31\ Data of Commandant Instruction U comports with data on pay 
tables after application of load factor. Based on Coast Guard 
research the load factor for military positions is approximately 
1.85. This estimate was vetted in previous Coast Guard rulemakings 
as noted. Please see https://www.dfas.mil/militarymembers/payentitlements/Pay-Tables.html. See the hyperlink at the top of the 
page. The table provides monthly income which may be converted to 
hourly rates by dividing by 176 (22 days per month times 8 hours 
daily) then multiply by the military load factor.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Coast Guard estimates there are no costs associated with this 
proposed rule. The proposed rule does not require actions of 
manufacturers or vessel owners and operators. The proposal is not 
retroactive, and existing vessels are not required to be retrofitted.
    This proposed rule would not require owners and operators to 
acquire any standards incorporated by reference; they would not need 
the standard in hand to be in compliance. Owners and operators only 
would need to look for evidence from manufacturers that vessels meet or 
exceed the standard before purchase; such evidence could be found in a 
contract for purchase or repair of a vessel or in product documentation 
such as a user guide or warranty information. For these reasons, the 
Coast Guard has not included a cost for the procurement of the newer 
standards for vessel owners.
    The Coast Guard estimates that the regulated public (manufacturers) 
are currently in voluntary compliance with the requirements proposed by 
the rule based on manufacturer participation in the development of 
industry standards. When industry standards are promulgated, they 
undergo a process of review and comment by the industry. Input from 
manufacturers is key to developing new standards that consider the 
engineering capabilities of manufacturers. After the review and comment 
process, the newer standard is voted upon at the various governing 
bodies' committee meetings, and manufacturers are among those voting. 
For this reason, the Coast Guard

[[Page 57921]]

believes manufacturers are aware and knowledgeable about the newer 
standards. Given this, we further assume they already would own copies 
of the standards. For this reason, the Coast Guard has not computed a 
cost for them to procure the standards incorporated by reference. The 
Coast Guard requests public comment on our assumption of voluntary 
compliance with the proposed rule.
    Manufacturers already have been producing equipment to meet the 
standard and typically will begin to make manufacturing modifications 
even before such changes are adopted formally. Therefore, the Coast 
Guard does not anticipate that there would be costs to retrofit 
manufacturing equipment to be in compliance with the proposed rule. For 
previous similar rulemakings, no manufacturer commented that it would 
experience incremental costs of production to comply with newer 
editions of standards incorporated by reference.\32\ For these reasons, 
the Coast Guard has not included a cost for these provisions. However, 
the Coast Guard acknowledges that there is a non-zero probability that 
some manufacturer may need to purchase a newer standard. The estimated 
incremental cost to do so varies according to which standard is 
needed.\33\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ A similar rulemaking is the proposed rule Revision of Crane 
Regulation Standards for Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Offshore 
Supply Vessels, and Floating Outer Continental Shelf Facilities 
(Docket Number: USCG-2011-0992). Please see https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2013/05/13/2013-11132/revision-of-crane-regulation-standards-for-mobile-offshore-drilling-units-modus-offshore-supply (78 FR 27913).
    \33\ The cost to acquire an IBR standard would be estimated by 
the equation (0.25 hour x supv wage rate + 0.5 hour x admin 
assistant wage rate + cost of IBR + shipping cost). This is based on 
the publicly vetted cost estimation found in the regulatory analysis 
for the proposed rule Revision of Crane Regulation Standards for 
Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Offshore Supply Vessels, and 
Floating Outer Continental Shelf Facilities (Docket Number: USCG-
2011-0992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cost Savings to the Regulated Public
    The proposal would result in cost savings to the regulated public 
and the Coast Guard from a reduction in labor for processing 
equivalency tests and no longer requiring labor to have education on 
the older standards incorporated by reference. The Coast Guard expects 
this proposed rule would generate cost savings for owners and operators 
who no longer would need to request a waiver of subchapter F regulatory 
requirements, known as an equivalency test request, from the MSC.
    Generally, the reason an owner or operator makes an equivalency 
request is to seek a determination from the Coast Guard on whether an 
edition of an industry standard not codified in the CFR is sufficient 
for use. To draft an equivalency request, an owner or operator would 
have material prepared by its engineering staff or by a contracted 
engineering firm.\34\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \34\ If the owner or operator does not have staff sufficiently 
skilled to prepare the material, he or she may contract the services 
of an engineering design firm for the labor of a marine engineer or 
naval architect. The Coast Guard did not attempt to estimate the 
additional labor needed to engage contracted labor since it is 
unknown how many or even if an owner or operator would need outside 
labor to perform this task. Public comment is solicited on this.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Based on MSC and CG-5PS data, the Coast Guard receives 
approximately 200 equivalency requests annually. The Coast Guard 
estimates it takes a marine engineer or naval architect employed by a 
vessel owner approximately 40 hours of time to develop an equivalency 
request and submit it to the Coast Guard for review. An estimated 0.5 
hour would be used by a supervisor engineer to approve the work. The 
request for an equivalency test is sent via email to the MSC. Given 
that the submittal is via email, the Coast Guard has not estimated 
postage costs.
    In addition, the regulated public would realize cost savings from 
the avoided cost of education for maintaining situational awareness on 
the existing standards incorporated by reference which the proposal 
would eliminate. The Coast Guard estimates that 0.5 hour is spent 
annually by engineers on education necessary to familiarize or re-
familiarize themselves with these standards. The Coast Guard believes 
that, as industry standards evolve and advance, older editions may not 
be readily accessible, even if they are incorporated by reference into 
the CFR. As such, we expect that engineers will find the older 
standards and read them on occasion to maintain an awareness of how 
these standards are different from current industry standards.
    In 2020, the Small Business Administration (SBA) published a rule 
where it determined that roughly 2,500 small disadvantaged businesses 
would save 0.5 hours each by no longer having to read 16 outdated 
regulations that SBA was removing through the rulemaking project.\35\ 
Given that this proposed rule relates to a similar subject matter--time 
saved from the removal of outdated or redundant regulations--the Coast 
Guard assumes a similar duration would be saved by industry employees. 
This 0.5 hour is a savings to vessel owners and operators and to 
manufacturers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \35\ The SBA rule is entitled Regulatory Reform Initiative: 
Small Disadvantaged Businesses, (Document Number: SBA 2020-08619) 
which was published on May 8, 2020. See https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/05/08/2020-08619/regulatory-reform-initiative-small-disadvantaged-businesses (85 FR 27290).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cost Savings to the Coast Guard
    The Coast Guard also would experience cost savings as a result of 
the proposed rule. When the Coast Guard receives an equivalency request 
from a vessel owner or operator, a Coast Guard engineering staff member 
at the MSC must review the request to provide a determination on 
whether the proposed standard(s) is equivalent to the existing 
standard(s) found in subchapter F. The Coast Guard MSC engineer needs 
approximately 32 hours to review an equivalency request, followed by 
0.5 hours of supervisor review. In a small percentage of more complex 
cases, the MSC works with CG-5PS engineering staff to complete the 
equivalency review. Following review, MSC emails a decision back to the 
owner or operator. The Coast Guard estimates it reviews 200 equivalency 
requests annually. To calculate the costs avoided by Coast Guard no 
longer processing equivalency requests, we multiplied the number of 
annual equivalency requests by the sum of the duration of initial 
review, review, and supervisor review multiplied by the loaded wage 
rates of the respective Coast Guard personnel performing the review 
(200 equivalency requests x (1 hour x average wage rate for uniformed 
engineer + 32 hours x wage rate for civilian engineer + 0.5 hours x 
wage rate for civilian engineering supervisor)).
    In addition, the Coast Guard would save labor costs annually, since 
staff would no longer need to maintain an awareness of the older 
versions of standards that are incorporated by reference. The proposal 
eliminates and replaces them with newer standards. The Coast Guard 
estimates that 0.5 hour annually is spent on education on the older 
standards by an employee tasked with working on equivalency requests. 
In the aforementioned SBA proposed rule, the agency claimed that about 
760 Federal contracting officers per year would save 0.5 hours from no 
longer reading outdated standards that were being removed by the rule. 
We therefore estimate 0.5 hours of education is similarly needed for 
Coast Guard personnel to maintain awareness and knowledge of older 
standards. This applies to six civilian engineers and six uniformed 
engineers who work on equivalency requests. To calculate the costs 
avoided by Coast Guard personnel no longer requiring education on 
outdated standards, we multiply 0.5 hours by the hourly wage rates of 
the

[[Page 57922]]

Coast Guard personnel (0.5 hours (6 uniformed engineers x average wage 
rate for uniformed engineer + 6 civilian engineers x wage rate for 
civilian engineer)).
    Table 7 presents the estimated cost savings of the proposed rule to 
the regulated public and to the Coast Guard.

                                   Table 7--Estimated Cost Savings of Proposal
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             CFR citation                        Task                 Calculation              Cost savings
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Cost Savings to Regulated Public (Vessel Owners and Operators)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.  Sec.   50.20-5(b), 10(a); 58.05- Fewer copies required    Too small and            Nonzero
 1(b); 63.10-1.                         for submittal.           unseverable to be
                                                                 calculated separately.
54.01-18(a), 54.10-3, 54.10-3(c),\36\  Avoided questions or     Untracked by the Coast   Nonzero
 54.10-20(a)(2),\37\ 54.10-3,\38\       performance of           Guard and unreported
 54.10-3(c) \39\.                       unrequired tasks due     by regulated public.
                                        to misunderstanding of
                                        rules.
61.10-5(g)...........................  Owner/Operator may       Saves cost of lagging    Nonzero
                                        select method            and its installation
                                        (internal inspection     and the cost
                                        vs hydrostatic test)     difference between
                                        to comply \40\.          internal inspections
                                                                 versus hydrostatic
                                                                 tests. Untracked by
                                                                 the Coast Guard and
                                                                 unreported by
                                                                 regulated public.
Multiple.............................  Avoided preparation and  200 requests x (40       $578,258
                                        submittal of             hours x $71.23/hour
                                        equivalency request.     engineer + 0.5 hour
                                                                 $84.52/hour
                                                                 engineering
                                                                 supervisor).
Multiple.............................  Avoided cost of          200 engineers x 0.5      7,123
                                        education.               hour x $71.23/hour
                                                                 engineer.
                                                                                        ------------------------
    Subtotal Cost Savings for          .......................  .......................  585,381
     Regulated Public (Vessel Owner/
     Operators).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Cost Savings to Regulated Public (Manufacturers)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Multiple.............................  Avoided cost of          1,022 manufacturers x    36,396
                                        education.               0.5 hour x $71.23/hour
                                                                 engineer.
                                                                                        ------------------------
    Subtotal Cost Savings for          .......................  .......................  36,396
     Regulated Public (Manufacturers).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Annual Cost Savings for        .......................  .......................  621,777
         Regulated Public.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Cost Savings for the Federal Government (Coast Guard)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Multiple.............................  Avoided processing of    200 requests x (1 hour   771,055
                                        equivalency request.     x $91/hour uniformed
                                                                 engineer + 32 hours x
                                                                 $115.51/hour civilian
                                                                 engineer + 0.5 hour x
                                                                 $135.87/hour civilian
                                                                 engineering
                                                                 supervisor).
Multiple.............................  Avoided cost of          0.5 hour x ($115.51/     620
                                        education.               hour civilian engineer
                                                                 x 6 count civilian
                                                                 engineers + $91/hour x
                                                                 6 uniformed engineers).
                                                                                        ------------------------
    Subtotal for Government..........  .......................  .......................  771,675
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Annual Total for Regulated     .......................  .......................  1,393,452
         Public and Government.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Totals may not sum due to independent rounding. Undiscounted costs appear in the table. Figures have been
  rounded to the nearest hundredth. Unrounded figures were used in calculations.

    Table 8 summarizes the cost savings per year of the proposed rule 
for the regulated public and the Federal Government
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \36\ Existing regulations have been misunderstood as to whether 
a pressure vessel (PV) requires or does not require plan review by 
the Coast Guard. This proposed change clarifies regulatory intent 
and would preclude inquiries to the Coast Guard.
    \37\ The requirement for Coast Guard numbering of PVs is 
misunderstood often. The proposed change clarifies that Coast Guard 
numbering is required only when the Coast Guard has inspected the PV 
during construction (shop inspection).
    \38\ The requirement for use of the Coast Guard Symbol on PVs 
(Sec.  54.10-3) often is misunderstood. This section has been edited 
to assist readers in finding rules requiring stamping of the Coast 
guard Symbol.
    \39\ This section has been clarified by adding a section clearly 
identifying which PVs do not require stamping.
    \40\ The proposed change would give operators the option of 
undergoing an internal inspection every 10 years as opposed to 
requiring a hydrostatic test every 10 years.

[[Page 57923]]



                                                                   Table 8--Total Estimated Cost Savings of the Proposed Rule
                                                              [10-Year period of analysis, 7- and 3-percent discount rates (2020)]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                Regulated public                         Federal government                               Total
                               Year                                -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         7%            3%          Undisc.         7%            3%          Undisc.         7%            3%          Undisc.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.................................................................      $581,100      $603,667      $621,777      $721,191      $749,199      $771,675    $1,302,291    $1,352,866    $1,393,452
2.................................................................       543,084       586,084       621,777       674,011       727,378       771,675     1,217,095     1,313,462     1,393,452
3.................................................................       507,555       569,014       621,777       629,917       706,192       771,675     1,137,472     1,275,206     1,393,452
4.................................................................       474,351       552,441       621,777       588,707       685,623       771,675     1,063,058     1,238,064     1,393,452
5.................................................................       443,318       536,350       621,777       550,193       665,653       771,675       993,512     1,202,004     1,393,452
6.................................................................       414,316       520,728       621,777       514,200       646,266       771,675       928,516     1,166,994     1,393,452
7.................................................................       387,211       505,562       621,777       480,560       627,442       771,675       867,772     1,133,004     1,393,452
8.................................................................       361,880       490,837       621,777       449,122       609,167       771,675       811,002     1,100,004     1,393,452
9.................................................................       338,206       476,540       621,777       419,740       591,425       771,675       757,945     1,067,965     1,393,452
10................................................................       316,080       462,660       621,777       392,280       574,199       771,675       708,360     1,036,859     1,393,452
10-Year...........................................................     4,367,102     5,303,884     6,217,770     5,419,921     6,582,543     7,716,748     9,787,023    11,886,427    13,934,519
Ann...............................................................       621,777       621,777           N/A       771,675       771,675           N/A     1,393,452     1,393,452           N/A
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Totals may not sum due to independent rounding.

    The Coast Guard estimates an annualized cost savings to industry of 
$0.622 million (with a 7-percent discount rate) and an annualized cost 
savings to Government of $0.772 million (with a 7-percent discount 
rate) for a total annualized cost savings of $1.393 million in 2020 
dollars.
Cost Savings
    The proposed rule amends existing regulations in 46 CFR subchapter 
F. The proposed amendments would eliminate confusion caused by outdated 
and conflicting rules on marine engineering safety of various vessel 
components and systems and give the maritime industry clear 
instructions on how to comply with regulations. Moreover, this proposed 
rule would amend existing regulations to reflect current national and 
international standards. The proposed rule also would result in cost 
savings to the regulated public and the Federal Government, as noted 
further.
    Several of the proposed rule's changes have no cost effects (please 
see Table 4). These editorial changes, such as the removal of outdated 
terminology and the consolidation of text, would not result in cost 
savings but would clarify regulations, as noted earlier. Also, by 
incorporating the newer standards, the proposed changes would provide 
clarity and specificity. For these changes, the Coast Guard expects 
them to have no direct cost savings because they are unseverable from 
the cost savings noted previously.
    The compliance alternatives would remove overly prescriptive 
requirements, simplify regulatory compliance, and provide regulatory 
flexibility for industry. The proposal would add a compliance 
alternative to hydrostatic tests, thereby allowing the regulated public 
to perform an internal inspection in lieu of the hydrostatic test. The 
proposed inclusion of this compliance alternative would save a given 
vessel owner labor and material. In order to comply with the existing 
requirement for hydrostatic tests, the vessel owner must remove 
existing lagging around the unit, then replace it once the test is 
completed. The proposed compliance alternative would involve less labor 
and would not necessitate the removal and replacement of lagging as the 
existing requirements do. The Coast Guard has not estimated a cost for 
this alternative, because it is unknown how many vessel owners would 
choose to pursue the alternative. Because equipment sizes vary, the 
amount of labor and material needed to comply now and under the 
alternative is also unknown.\41\ The Coast Guard invites public comment 
on this issue.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \41\ This information would be needed to ascertain the existing 
cost of compliance; the Coast Guard could then estimate the cost 
savings of the proposed new compliance alternative.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Alternatives Considered
    Within the Coast Guard's development of this proposed rule, 
significant alternatives to the regulatory component(s) were considered 
to determine if any alternative could accomplish the stated objectives 
of applicable statutes and could minimize any significant economic 
impact of the rule on small entities beyond the proposed rule. Among 
these alternatives were the following:
Alternative 1: Take No Action
    The Coast Guard could have chosen not to pursue the rulemaking. 
Taking no action would cause no incremental costs to regulated entities 
nor to the Coast Guard. However, in doing nothing, the Coast Guard 
would have no mechanism to update regulations to reflect current 
practices and improve their relevance to the public. There would be 
neither an increase nor decrease in benefits to regulated entities due 
to the alternative. The proposed rule has been estimated to produce 
quantifiable cost savings to the Coast Guard and the regulated public, 
which would not be possible under the alternative of no action.
    The standards currently incorporated by reference are outdated. To 
keep them codified would, in theory, maintain existing safety levels. 
However, because they are so outdated, they are sparsely available. 
Compliance with them may become problematic in the future due to lack 
of availability. The older editions of the standards do not contain 
guidance for several current industry practices. Maintaining the 
regulations with the existing standards incorporated by reference would 
not allow for cost savings as the proposal would do.
    The goal of this proposed rule is to streamline requirements, to 
clarify existing rules and to increase enforcement effectiveness. The 
no-action alternative would result in no additional costs and maintain 
current levels of public safety. Similarly, the proposed rule is 
anticipated to have cost savings opportunities; \42\ and these savings 
would not accrue to the public if current regulations were not amended. 
The proposed rule also is being promulgated to provide clarity on 
regulatory intentions; a no-action choice would not permit this 
clarification to be given to the public. This alternative would result 
in no benefits as there would be no changes to current practice; 
therefore, the Coast Guard rejected this alternative.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ The proposed adoption of the newer editions would mean that 
some outdated requirements of the earlier editions are no longer 
required or are converted to recommendations rather than 
requirements. The newer editions also include some flexibility in 
requirements and recommendations based on the given circumstances. 
The reader may consult the appendix for a detailed analysis of the 
changes between the editions.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 57924]]

Alternative 2: Delay the Effective Date
    The Coast Guard could have delayed the effective date. Delayed 
effective dates are used to aid in compliance implementation, 
particularly when the labor costs or capital costs are considerable. 
The compliance costs for the proposal are zero as noted earlier, and a 
delayed effective date would delay the cost savings opportunities to 
all parties. For these reasons, the Coast Guard rejected this 
alternative.
Alternative 3. Exempt Small Entities
    The Coast Guard could have exempted small entities from some or all 
of the proposed rule's provisions. In principle, an exemption would 
save small entities time and money to comply with regulations. 
Exemptions for small entities often are used when costs of compliance, 
such as capital costs, are high. However, there are no costs of 
compliance for this proposed rule. For this alternative, an exemption 
may cause the cost savings opportunities of the rulemaking to be 
precluded for small entities and, thereby, the total value of the 
rule's cost savings would decline accordingly.
    The proposal would implement requirements for business practices in 
which the majority (if not all) of small businesses now engage. An 
exemption for small business entities from the rulemaking would have 
little effective and practical impact on small business entities. There 
is a high level of voluntary compliance and limited applicability for 
the affected population. The costs of compliance are zero and the rule 
is applicable only if an actionable event occurs (for example, if a new 
vessel is procured or an existing vessel undergoes a major conversion). 
For these reasons, the Coast Guard did not pursue an exemption for 
small entities.

B. Small Entities

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601-612, and 
Executive Order 13272 (Consideration of Small Entities in Agency 
Rulemaking) requires a review of proposed and final rules to assess 
their impacts on small entities. An agency must prepare an initial 
regulatory flexibility analysis unless it determines and certifies that 
a rule, if promulgated, would not have a significant impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.
    Under the RFA, we have considered whether this proposed rule would 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities. The term ``small entities'' \43\ comprises small businesses, 
not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated 
and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions 
with populations of less than 50,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \43\ The Regulatory Flexibility Act considers the term ``small 
entity'' as having the same meaning as the terms ``small business,'' 
``small organization'' and ``small governmental jurisdiction.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Based on our analysis, this proposed rule would affect vessel 
owners and operators, manufacturers and class societies. While the 
proposed rule excludes public vessels,\44\ there exists considerable 
diversity in the types of vessel owners that may be impacted by the 
proposal. Some vessel owners potentially impacted by this proposed rule 
include Tribal, State, and local governments as well as nonprofits 
including colleges and universities, museums, and science foundations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \44\ 42 U.S. Code 6939d(c)(1) provides, ``The term `public 
vessel' means a vessel owned or bareboat chartered and operated by 
the United States or by a foreign nation, except when the vessel is 
engaged in commerce.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The MISLE database maintained by the Coast Guard contains detailed 
information on the U.S. maritime industry, including vessel and major 
equipment specific information, and MISLE data suggest that the 
potentially affected population contains thousands of vessels for 
thousands of vessel owners and operators. While there exists no exact 
figure of the population of U.S.-flagged vessels and their owners and 
operators, and the Coast Guard does not maintain a registry of all 
vessels, many vessels are documented and therefore there is a record of 
the owner. For these reasons, the Coast Guard was able to estimate the 
number of vessel owners and operators impacted by the proposed 
rulemaking based on the MISLE dataset of U.S.-flagged vessels. The 
Coast Guard used this dataset of vessels, refined to eliminate 
duplicate managing owner names, to create a dataset of unique owner 
names to serve as a proxy for the number of vessel owners in the 
affected population.
    The SBA uses either revenue level or employment size to establish 
small entity size categories.\45\ For that reason, the Coast Guard 
reviewed publicly available information to determine revenue and 
employment estimates. These sources included but were not limited to 
www.manta.com, www.dnb.com, and the corporate websites of several 
businesses. The reader should note that the Coast Guard used data for 
the governing body of a corporate entity. In other words, for affected 
business entities that were subsidiaries of another company; the 
employment size and revenue level of the parent company was compared to 
the small business size standard for the North American Industry 
Classification System (NAICS) code of the parent company.\46\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ The SBA threshold for a small entity is either the maximum 
number of employees or the maximum revenue level (or population size 
for a State/local government). Size standards may be found in 13 CFR 
121.201.
    \46\ The NAICS codes for the parent company may differ for its 
subsidiaries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Coast Guard used a random sample to estimate the number of 
small entities that are manufacturers and managing owners.\47\ The 
Coast Guard was able to find data on approximately 92 percent of the 
sampled managing owner businesses and 88.6 percent of manufacturers 
impacted by the rule. 48 49 Publicly available data were 
used to obtain company-specific information such as annual revenues and 
number of employees.\50\ Any company for which the Coast Guard did not 
find data was considered small.\51\ Using the SBA's ``Table of Size 
Standards'' and the NAICS codes listed in the table, the Coast Guard 
found that 21.35 percent of governmental entities that were managing 
owners of vessels are small entities.\52\ For nonprofits, 84.48 percent 
were small entities.\53\ For the remaining companies owning vessels in 
the affected population, the Coast Guard found that 85.85 percent were 
small entities. For manufacturers, the Coast Guard estimates that 62.03 
percent of companies were small entities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \47\ Separate samples were performed for managing owners that 
are governmental entities or nonprofits.
    \48\ The Coast Guard used a sample size of 190 (alpha = 0.10, 
confidence interval of 90%).
    \49\ We found data on 81 percent of nonprofits that were 
managing owners and data for all governmental entities that were 
managing owners.
    \50\ www.dnb.com and www.charitynavigator.org (for nonprofits).
    \51\ https://www.sba.gov/document/support--table-size-standards.
    \52\ The following NAICS codes were found for most sampled 
owners (excluding governmental entities and nonprofits): 441222 Boat 
Dealers; 237990 Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction; 
325110 Petrochemical Manufacturing; 336611 Ship Building and 
Repairing; 483111 Deep Sea Freight Transportation, 454310 Fuel 
Dealers, 237310 Hwy, Street, and Bridge Construction; 483211 Inland 
Water Freight Transportation; and 488330 Navigational Services to 
Shipping. This list is not exclusive.
    \53\ The most commonly found NAICS codes for nonprofits in the 
sample were 813410 Civic and Social Organizations; 611710 
Educational Support Services; 813312 Environment, Conservation and 
Wildlife Organizations; and 712110 Museums. This list is not 
exclusive.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Cost savings are incurred only under conditions as specified in the 
proposal. The cost saving for each vessel owner or operator would be 
approximately $2,923 per entity, which is less than 1 percent

[[Page 57925]]

of revenue for 72.48 percent of small entity managing owners. These 
cost savings are incurred only if the regulated entity experienced 
tasks as noted in the proposed rule. For most vessel owners and 
operators, there would be no cost nor cost savings from the proposed 
rule.
    Therefore, the Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that 
this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.
    If you think that your business, organization, or governmental 
jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this rule would have 
a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment to docket 
at the address in the ADDRESSES section. In your comment, explain why 
you think it qualifies and how and to what degree this rule would 
affect it economically.

C. Assistance for Small Entities

    Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996, Public Law 104-121, we want to assist small 
entities in understanding this proposed rule so that they can better 
evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If the 
proposed rule would affect your small business, organization, or 
governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its 
provisions or options for compliance, please call or email the person 
in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule. 
The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question 
or complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the 
Coast Guard.
    Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal 
employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal 
regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory 
Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory 
Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and 
rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to 
comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR 
(1-888-734-3247).

D. Collection of Information

    This proposed rule would not require a modification of an existing 
collection of information (Plan Approval and Records for Marine 
Engineering Systems--Title 46 CFR Subchapter F OMB Control Number: 
1625-0097) and would not call for new collection of information under 
the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501-3520. As 
defined in 5 CFR 1320.3(c), ``collection of information'' comprises 
reporting, recordkeeping, monitoring, posting, labeling, and other 
similar actions.

E. Federalism

    A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 
(Federalism) if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on 
the relationship between the national government and the States, or on 
the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels 
of government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive 
Order 13132 and determined that it is consistent with the fundamental 
federalism principles and preemption requirements described in 
Executive Order 13132. Our analysis follows.
    It is well settled that States may not regulate in categories 
reserved by Congress for regulation by the Coast Guard. It is also well 
settled that all of the categories regulated under 46 U.S.C. 3306 and 
3703, as well as any other category in which Congress intended the 
Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel's obligations, are within 
the field foreclosed from regulation by the States. See the Supreme 
Court's decision in United States v. Locke and Intertanko v. Locke, 529 
U.S. 89, 120 S.Ct. 1135 (2000). This proposed rulemaking updates the 
references to incorporated standards in 46 CFR Subchapter F, which is 
authorized under 43 U.S.C. 1333, 46 U.S.C. 3306, and 46 U.S.C. 3703. 
Therefore, because the States may not regulate within these categories, 
this rule is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and 
preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132.
    While it is well settled that States may not regulate in categories 
in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a 
vessel's obligations, the Coast Guard recognizes the key role that 
State and local governments may have in making regulatory 
determinations. Additionally, for rules with federalism implications 
and preemptive effect, Executive Order 13132 specifically directs 
agencies to consult with State and local governments during the 
rulemaking process. If you believe this proposed rule has implications 
for federalism under Executive Order 13132, please contact the person 
listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION section of this preamble.

F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. Although this proposed rule would 
not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this 
proposed rule elsewhere in this preamble.

G. Taking of Private Property

    This proposed rule would not cause a taking of private property or 
otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630 
(Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected 
Property Rights).

H. Civil Justice Reform

    This proposed rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 
3(b) (2) of Executive Order 12988, (Civil Justice Reform), to minimize 
litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.

I. Protection of Children

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045 
(Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety 
Risks). This proposed rule is not an economically significant rule and 
would not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that 
might disproportionately affect children.

J. Indian Tribal Governments

    This proposed rule does not have Tribal implications under 
Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal 
Governments), because it would not have a substantial direct effect on 
one or more Tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal 
Government and Tribal governments, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities between the Federal Government and Tribal governments.

K. Energy Effects

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211 
(Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use). We have determined that it is not a 
``significant energy action'' under that order because it is not a 
``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866 and is 
not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, 
distribution, or use of energy.

[[Page 57926]]

L. Technical Standards

    The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act, codified as a 
note to 15 U.S.C. 272, directs agencies to use voluntary consensus 
standards in their regulatory activities unless the agency provides 
Congress, through OMB, with an explanation of why using these standards 
would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. 
Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (such as for 
specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation; test 
methods; sampling procedures; and related management systems practices) 
that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies.
    This proposed rule uses the following voluntary standards:
     ABS Rules for Building and Classing Marine Vessels, 2020, 
Part 4, Vessel Systems and Machinery.
     ABYC P-1-14, Installation of Exhaust Systems for 
Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines (2009 standard reaffirmed 2014).
     ANSI Z21.22-2015, Relief valves for hot water supply 
systems.
     API Recommended Practice 14C, Analysis, Design, 
Installation, and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production 
Facilities, Eighth Edition, February 2017.
     API STD 53 Well Control Equipment Systems for Drilling 
Wells, 5th Edition (``API STD 53'').
     API STD 607, Fire Test for Quarter-turn Valves and Valves 
Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats, seventh edition (2016).
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for 
Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section I of the ASME BPVC'').
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV, Rules 
for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section IV of the ASME 
BPVC'').
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VII, 
Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers (2019 edition).
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Rules 
for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section VIII of the ASME 
BPVC'').
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Rules 
for Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section IX of the ASME 
BPVC'').
     ASME B1.1-2003 (reaffirmed 2008), Unified Inch Screw 
Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form).
     ASME B1.20.1-2013, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch).
     ASME B1.20.3-1976 (Reaffirmed 2013), Dryseal Pipe Threads 
(Inch).
     ASME B16.1-2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged 
Fittings, Classes 25, 125, and 250.
     ASME B16.3-2016, Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 
150 and 300.
     ASME B16.4-2016, Gray Iron Threaded Fittings Classes 125 
and 250.
     ASME B16.5-2017, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS \1/
2\ through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard.
     ASME B16.11-2016, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and 
Threaded.
     ASME B16.14-2013, Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and 
Locknuts with Pipe Threads.
     ASME B16.15-2013, Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, 
Classes 125 and 250.
     ASME B16.20-2012, Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-
Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed.
     ASME B16.21-2016, Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe 
Flanges.
     ASME B16.23-2016, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage 
Fittings: DWV.
     ASME B16.25-2012, Buttwelding Ends.
     ASME B16.29-2012, Wrought Copper Alloy Solder-Joint 
Drainage Fittings-DWV.
     ASME B16.34-2017, Valves--Flanged, Threaded, and Welding 
End.
     ASME B18.2.1-2012, Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head 
Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch 
Series).
     ASME B18.2.2-2015, Nuts for General Applications: Machine 
Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Couplings Nuts (Inch Series).
     ASME B31.1-2016, Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure 
Piping, B31.
     ASME B31.3-2018, Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure 
Piping, B31.
     ASME B31.5-2016, Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer 
Components, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31.
     ASME B36.10M-2015, Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe.
     ASME CSD-1-2018, Controls and Safety Devices for 
Automatically Fired Boilers.
     ASME SA-675-2021, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, 
Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties.
     ASTM A20/A20M-19, Standard Specification for General 
Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels (``ASTM A20/A20M'').
     ASTM A36/A36M-14, Standard Specification for Carbon 
Structural Steel.
     ASTM A47A47M-99 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification 
for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings.
     ASTM A53/A53M-12, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, 
Black and Hot Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless.
     ASTM A126-04 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for 
Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings.
     ASTM A135/A135M-19, Standard Specification for Electric-
Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe.
     ASTM A193/A193M-19, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel 
and Stainless Steel Bolting for High-Temperature Service or High 
Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications.
     ASTM A197-00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Cupola Malleable Iron.
     ASTM A203/A203M-17, Standard Specification for Pressure 
Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel (``ASTM A203/A203M'').
     ASTM A210/A210M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes.
     ASTM A268/A268M-10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard 
Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic 
Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service.
     ASTM A276/A276M-17, Standard Specification for Stainless 
Steel Bars and Shapes.
     ASTM A312/A312M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless, 
Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes.
     ASTM A333/A333M-16, Standard Specification for Seamless 
and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other 
Applications with Required Notch Toughness.
     ASTM A334/A334M-04a, Standard Specification for Seamless 
and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service.
     ASTM A350/A350M-17, Standard Specification for Carbon and 
Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping 
Components.
     ASTM A352/A352M-17, Standard Specification for Steel 
Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, 
Suitable for Low-Temperature Service.
     ASTM A358/A358M-15, Standard Specification for Electric-
Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for High-
Temperature Service and General Applications.
     ASTM A370-19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for 
Mechanical Testing of Steel Products (``ASTM A370'').
     ASTM A376/A376M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Austenitic

[[Page 57927]]

Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service.
     ASTM A403/A403M-16, Standard Specification for Wrought 
Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings.
     ASTM A420/A420M-16, Standard Specification for Piping 
Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature 
Service.
     ASTM A522/A522M-14, Standard Specification for Forged or 
Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts 
for Low-Temperature Service.
     ASTM A575-96 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for 
Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades.
     ASTM A576-17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, 
Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality.
     ASTM B16/B16M-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines.
     ASTM B21/B21M-20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass 
Rod, Bar, and Shapes.
     ASTM B26/B26M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-
Alloy Sand Castings.
     ASTM B42-20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Pipe, Standard Sizes.
     ASTM B43-15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass 
Pipe, Standard Sizes.
     ASTM B68/B68M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Copper Tube, Bright Annealed.
     ASTM B75/B75M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Copper Tube.
     ASTM B85/B85M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-
Alloy Die Castings.
     ASTM B96/B96M-16, Standard Specification for Copper-
Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes 
and Pressure Vessels.
     ASTM B111/B111M-18a, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock.
     ASTM B122/B122M-16, Standard Specification for Copper-
Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-
Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar.
     ASTM B124/B124M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes.
     ASTM B127-19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper 
Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip.
     ASTM B152/B152M-19, Standard Specification for Copper 
Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar.
     ASTM B161-05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for 
Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube.
     ASTM B165-19, Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper 
Alloy Seamless Pipe and Tube.
     ASTM B167-18, Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-
Aluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, 
N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-
Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-Iron-Chromium-
Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper 
Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube.
     ASTM B171/B171M-18, Standard Specification for Copper-
Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat 
Exchangers.
     ASTM B209-14, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate.
     ASTM B210/B210M-19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum 
and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes.
     ASTM B234-17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, 
Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers.
     ASTM B241/B241M-16, Standard Specification for Aluminum 
and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube.
     ASTM B280-18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service.
     ASTM B283/B283M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed).
     ASTM B315-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Alloy Pipe and Tube.
     ASTM B361-16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made 
Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings.
     ASTM B858-06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for 
Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion 
Cracking in Copper Alloys.
     ASTM D92-18, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire 
Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester.
     ASTM D93-19, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by 
Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester.
     ASTM D323-15a, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of 
Petroleum Products (Reid Method).
     ASTM D665-19, Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing 
Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water.
     ASTM E23-18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact 
Testing of Metallic Materials.
     ASTM E208-19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-
Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of 
Ferritic Steels (``ASTM E208'').
     ASTM F1006-86 (reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications.
     ASTM F1007-18, Standard Specification for Pipeline 
Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application.
     ASTM F1020-86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Line-Blind Valves for Marine Applications.
     ASTM F1120-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping 
Applications.
     ASTM F1123-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Non-Metallic Expansion Joints.
     ASTM F1139-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Steam Traps and Drains.
     ASTM F1155-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for 
Selection and Application of Piping System Materials.
     ASTM F1172-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type.
     ASTM F1173-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe Systems to be Used for Marine 
Applications.
     ASTM F1199-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line 
Strainers (150 psig and 150 [deg]F Maximum).
     ASTM F1200-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification 
for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 
[deg]F).
     ASTM F1201-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification 
for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 [deg]F.
     ASTM F1323-14, Standard Specification for Shipboard 
Incinerators (``ASTM F 1323'').
     ASTM F1387-19, Standard Specification for Performance of 
Piping and Tubing Mechanically Attached Fittings.
     ASTM F1476-07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification 
for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping 
Applications.
     ASTM F1548-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification 
for the Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical 
Couplings Used in Piping Applications.

[[Page 57928]]

     CGA S-1.2-2009, Pressure Relief Device Standards--Part 2--
Portable Containers for Compressed Gases.
     Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers 
Association, Tenth Edition (2015).
     FCI 69-1, Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps, 2017.
     International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 
as amended (SOLAS).
     IMO Resolution MEPC.244(66), Standard Specification for 
Shipboard Incinerators, 2014.
     IMO Resolution MSC.337(91), Code on Noise Levels on Board 
Ships.
     ISO 9096:2017(E), Stationary source emissions--Manual 
determination of mass concentration of particulate matter.
     ISO 13617:2019(E), Ships and marine technology-Shipboard 
incinerators--Requirements (``ISO 13617'').
     ISO 15540:2016(E), Ships and marine technology--Fire 
resistance of non-metallic hose assemblies and non-metallic 
compensators--Test methods.
     MSS SP-6-2017, Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe 
Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings.
     MSS SP-9-2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron, and Steel 
Flanges.
     MSS SP-25 (ANSI/MSS SP-25-2018), Standard Marking System 
for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions.
     MSS SP-51-2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges 
and Cast Flanged Fittings.
     MSS SP-53-2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and 
Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components-
Magnetic Particle Examination Method.
     MSS SP-55 (ANSI/MSS SP-55-2011), Quality Standard for 
Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings and Other Piping 
Components-Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities.
     MSS SP-58 (ANSI/MSS SP-58-2009), Pipe Hangers and 
Supports-Materials, Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and 
Installation.
     MSS SP-61-2019, Pressure Testing of Valves.
     NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and 
Commercial Motor Craft, 2020 Edition.
     SAE J429 MAY2014, Mechanical and Material Requirements for 
Externally Threaded Fasteners.
     SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fittings for Marine 
Applications.
     SAE J1928 JUN2018, Devices Providing Backfire Flame 
Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications.
     SAE J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine 
Applications.
     UL 174, Standard for Safety, Household Electric Storage 
Tank Water Heaters, Eleventh Edition, April 29, 2004 (reapproved in 
2016) (``UL 174'').
     UL 296, Standard for Safety, Oil Burners, Eleventh 
Edition, February 24, 2017 (``UL 296'').
     UL 343, Standard for Safety, Pumps for Oil-Burning 
Appliances, Ninth Edition, December 17, 2008 (``UL 343'').
     UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and 
Commercial Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, March 29, 2016 
(``UL 1453'').
    The proposed sections that reference these standards and the 
locations where these standards are available are listed in Sec. Sec.  
52.01-1, 53.01-1, 54.01-1, 56.01-2, 57.02-1, 58.03-1, 59.01-2, 61.03-1, 
62.05-1, and 63.05-1.
    If you disagree with our analysis of these voluntary consensus 
standards or are aware of voluntary consensus standards that might 
apply but are not listed, please send a comment explaining your 
disagreement or identifying additional standards to the docket using 
one of the methods listed in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble.

M. Environment

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland 
Security Management Directive 023-01, Rev. 1, associated implementing 
instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), 
which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have made 
a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of 
actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. A preliminary Record of Environmental 
Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket. 
For instructions on locating the docket, see the ADDRESSES section of 
this preamble. This proposed rule would be categorically excluded under 
paragraphs L54, L57 and L58 of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction 
Manual 023-01, Rev. 1.\54\ Paragraph L54 pertains to regulations which 
are editorial and procedural; paragraph L57 pertains to regulations 
concerning manning, documentation, admeasurement, inspection, and 
equipping of vessels; and paragraph L58 pertains to regulations 
concerning equipment approval and carriage requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \54\ https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/DHS_Instruction%20Manual%20023-01-001-01%20Rev%2001_508%20Admin%20Rev.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This proposed action involves amending rules relating to standards 
for marine engineering details for various types of vessels, including 
incorporation of national and international safety standards by 
reference. This proposed rule is part of the Coast Guard's ongoing 
regulatory reform efforts to increase compliance options for the 
regulated public while providing cost savings to the public and U.S. 
Government, and also would promote the Coast Guard's marine safety 
mission. We seek any comments or information that may lead to the 
discovery of a significant environmental impact from this proposed 
rule.

List of Subjects

46 CFR Part 50

    Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels.

46 CFR Parts 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 64

    Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Vessels.

46 CFR Part 63

    Incorporation by reference, Vessels.

Title 46--Shipping

PART 50--GENERAL PROVISIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 50 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 
FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1; Section 50.01-20 also issued under the 
authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507.


Sec.  50.01-10  [Amended]

0
2. In Sec.  50.01-10(b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.05-1  [Amended]

0
3. Amend Sec.  50.05-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall''; and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``shall be'' and add, in their 
place, the word ``are''.
0
4. Amend Sec.  50.05-5 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (b); and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  50.05-5  Existing boilers, pressure vessels or piping systems.

* * * * *

[[Page 57929]]

    (b) For the purpose of recalculating the maximum allowable working 
pressure of boilers, pressure vessels, or piping which have 
deteriorated in service, the applicable design formulas in effect at 
the time it was contracted for or built must be used.
* * * * *


Sec.  50.05-10  [Amended]

0
5. In Sec.  50.05-10(a), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.05-15  [Amended]

0
6. Amend Sec.  50.05-15 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'';
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the words ``shall be'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``are''.
0
7. Amend Sec.  50.05-20 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  50.05-20  Steam-propelled vessels.

    (a) The requirements covering design of the propelling engine, 
boiler, and the auxiliary machinery, and the inspection thereof on all 
vessels which are more than 40 feet in length and which are propelled 
by machinery driven by steam must be in accordance with the applicable 
provisions of this subchapter.
* * * * *


Sec.  50.10-20   [Amended]

0
8. In Sec.  50.10-20, remove the text ``SE.'' and add, in its place, 
the text ``SE''.
0
9. Revise Sec.  50.10-23 to read as follows:


Sec.  50.10-23  Marine Safety Center.

    The term Marine Safety Center refers to the Commanding Officer, 
Marine Safety Center, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7430, 2703 Martin Luther 
King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593-7430 for mail. Send mail in a 
printed or electronic format. Information for submitting the documents 
electronically can be found at https://www.uscg.mil/HQ/MSC.


Sec.  50.10-25  [Amended]

0
10. Amend Sec.  50.10-25 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``Figure 50.10-25(b)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``figure Sec.  50.10-25(b)''; and
0
b. Redesignate figure 50.10-25(b) as figure Sec.  50.10-25(b).


Sec.  50.10-30  [Amended]

0
11. Amend Sec.  50.10-30 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ``table 50.10-30'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table Sec.  50.10-30''; and
0
c. Redesignate table 50.10-30 as table Sec.  50.10-30.


Sec.  50.20-1  [Amended]

0
12. In Sec.  50.20-1(b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.20-5  [Amended]

0
13. Amend Sec.  50.20-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (b), remove the words ``in triplicate''; and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the last sentence.


Sec.  50.20-10  [Removed and Reserved]

0
14. Remove and reserve Sec.  50.20-10.


Sec.  50.20-15  [Amended]

0
15. Amend Sec.  50-20-15 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``(including work accomplished 
under a different contract) shall not be'' and add, in its place, the 
words ``is not''; and
0
b. Reserve paragraph (b).


Sec.  50.20-25  [Amended]

0
16. In Sec.  50.20-25, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
17. Revise Sec.  50.20-30 to read as follows:


Sec.  50.20-30  Alternative materials or methods of construction.

    When new materials, alternative procedures, designs, or methods of 
construction are submitted for approval and for which no regulations 
have been provided, the Commandant will act regarding the approval or 
disapproval thereof.


Sec.  50.20-35  [Amended]

0
18. In Sec.  50.20-35, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.25-1  [Amended]

0
19. Amend Sec.  50.25-1 as follows:
0
a. Remove paragraph (e) and redesignate paragraph (f) as paragraph (e); 
and
0
b. In redesignated paragraph (e), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in 
its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.25-3   [Amended]

0
20. In Sec.  50.25-3, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.25-5  [Amended]

0
21. In Sec.  50.25-5, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
22. Amend Sec.  50.25-7 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (c); and
0
c. Remove paragraph (d).
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  50.25-7  Testing of products required to be certified in presence 
of marine inspector.

* * * * *
    (c) Unless otherwise authorized, required tests and inspections 
described in applicable specifications must be made at the place of 
manufacture prior to shipment.


Sec.  50.30-1   [Amended]

0
23. Amend Sec.  50.30-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``tables 54.01-5(a) and 54.01-
5(b)'' and add, in its place, the text ``tables 1 and 2 to Sec.  54.01-
5''.


Sec.  50.30-10  [Amended]

0
24. In Sec.  50.30-10, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.30-15   [Amended]

0
25. In Sec.  50.30-15, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  50.30-20   [Amended]

0
26. In Sec.  50.30-20, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.

PART 52--POWER BOILERS

0
27. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3307, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 
3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1.

0
28. Revise Sec.  52.01-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-1  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in 
the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. 
All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard 
Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG-ENG), Attn: Office of Design and 
Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther 
King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington,

[[Page 57930]]

DC 20593-7509, phone (202) 372-1375, email [email protected], and 
is available from the sources listed elsewhere in this section. It is 
also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, email [email protected] or go to 
www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990, 800-843-2763, www.asme.org.
    (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for 
Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section I of the ASME BPVC''); 
IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  52.01-2, 52.01-3, 52.01-5, 52.01-50, 52.01-
95, 52.01-100, 52.01-105, 52.01-110, 52.01-115, 52.01-120, 52.01-135, 
52.01-140, 52.01-145, 52.05-1, 52.05-15, 52.05-20, 52.05-30, 52.05-45, 
52.15-1, 52.15-5, 52.20-1, 52.20-25, 52.25-3, 52.25-5, 52.25-7, 52.25-
10.
    (2) [Reserved]
* * * * *
0
29. Amend Sec.  52.01-2 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading and paragraphs (a) and (b); and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``material in section I of the 
ASME Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section I of the ASME 
BPVC''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-2  Adoption of Section I of the ASME BPVC.

    (a) Main power boilers and auxiliary boilers must be designed, 
constructed, inspected, tested, and stamped in accordance with Section 
I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1), as 
limited, modified, or replaced by specific requirements in this part. 
The appendices to Section I of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be 
followed when the requirements in Section I make them mandatory. For 
general information, table Sec.  52.01-1(a) lists the various 
paragraphs in Section I of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, or 
replaced by regulations in this part.

 Table Sec.   52.01-1(a)--Limitations and Modifications in the Adoption
                      of Section I of the ASME BPVC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Paragraphs in section I, ASME BPVC and
                disposition                       Unit of this part
------------------------------------------------------------------------
PG-1 replaced by..........................                    54.01-5(a)
PG-16 through PG-31 modified by...........                      52.01-95
PG-32 through PG-39 modified by...........                     52.01-100
PG-42 through PG-55 modified by...........                     52.01-100
PG-58 and PG-59 modified by...............                     52.01-105
PG-60 modified by.........................                     52.01-110
PG-61 modified by.........................          52.01-115 (56.50-30)
PG-67 through PG-73 modified by...........                     52.01-120
PG-90 through PG-100 modified by..........          52.01-135 (52.01-95)
PG-91 modified by.........................                  52.01-135(b)
PG-99 modified by.........................                  52.01-135(c)
PG-100 modified by........................                   52.01-95(e)
PG-104 through PG-113 modified by.........                  52.01-140(a)
PG-112 and PG-113 modified by.............                     52.01-145
PW-1 through PW-54 modified by............                       52.05-1
PW-10 modified by.........................                      52.05-15
PW-11.1 modified by.......................                      52.05-20
PW-16 modified by.........................                      52.05-30
PW-41 modified by.........................            52.05-20, 52.05-45
PWT-1 through PWT-15 modified by..........                       52.15-1
PWT-9 modified by.........................                       52.15-5
PWT-9.2 replaced by.......................                    52.15-5(b)
PWT-11 modified by........................                       52.15-5
PWT-11.3 replaced by......................                    52.15-5(b)
PFT-1 through PFT-49 modified by..........                       52.20-1
PFT-44 modified by........................                      52.20-17
PFT-46. modified by.......................                      52.20-25
PFH-1 modified by.........................                       52.25-3
PMB-1 through PMB-21 modified by..........                       52.25-5
PEB-1 through PEB-19 modified by..........                       52.25-7
PVG-1 through PVG-12 modified by..........                      52.25-10
A-19 through A-21 modified by.............                      52.01-50
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Note 1 to table 52.01-1(a): The references to specific provisions 
in the ASME BPVC are coded. The first letter ``P'' refers to section I, 
while the letter ``A'' refers to the appendix to section I. The letter 
or letters following ``P'' refer to a specific subsection of section I. 
The number following the letter or letters refers to the paragraph so 
numbered in the text.
    (b) References to the ASME BPVC, such as paragraph PG-1, indicate:
    P=Section I, Power Boilers.
    G=Subsection--General Requirements.
    1=Paragraph 1.
* * * * *
0
30. Revise Sec.  52.01-3 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-3.  Definition of terms used in this part.

    For primary definitions associated with power boiler design, see 
Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-
1).
    (a) Types of boilers--(1) Main power boiler. A main power boiler is 
a steam boiler used for generating steam for main propulsion.
    (2) Auxiliary or donkey boiler. An auxiliary or donkey boiler is a 
steam boiler used for general purposes other than main propulsion.
    (3) Watertube boiler. A watertube boiler is a steam boiler in which 
the boiler tubes contain water and steam. The heat is applied to the 
outside surface of the tubes.

[[Page 57931]]

    (4) Internally fired firetube boiler (scotch boiler). An internally 
fired firetube boiler is a steam boiler containing furnaces, one or 
more combustion chambers and tubes or flues, which are surrounded by 
water and through which the products of combustion pass from the 
furnace to the uptake.
    (5) Externally fired firetube or flue boiler (horizontal return 
tubular). An externally fired firetube or flue boiler is a steam 
boiler, part of the outer shell of which is exposed to fire or to the 
products of combustion, and containing flues through which such 
products pass from the furnace to the uptake.
    (6) Unfired steam boiler. A pressure vessel in which steam is 
generated by means other than fuel combustion is classed as an unfired 
steam boiler. (See Sec.  54.01-10 of this subchapter.)
    (b) Parts of boilers-- (1) Superheater. A superheater is an 
appliance, normally consisting of tube rows, for the purpose of 
increasing the temperature of steam above the saturation temperature.
    (2) Economizer. An economizer is a feed-water heater usually 
located in the uptake or casing of a boiler to absorb heat from the 
waste gases.
    (3) Furnace. A furnace is a firebox or a large flue in which the 
fuel is burned.
    (4) Flues. Flues are cylindrical shells made of seamless or welded 
tubing, or with a riveted longitudinal joint, the ends being attached 
by riveting or welding. Their purpose is to provide additional heating 
surface and to form a path for the products of combustion.
    (5) Tubes. Tubes are cylindrical shells of comparatively small 
diameter constituting the main part of the heating surface of a boiler 
or superheater.
    (c) Pressure relief devices. For boilers, pressure vessels, and 
pressure piping, a pressure relief device is designed to open to 
prevent a rise of internal pressure in excess of a specified value due 
to emergency or abnormal conditions. It may be a pressure relief valve 
or a nonreclosing pressure relief device.
    (1) Pressure relief valve. A pressure relief valve is a pressure 
relief device which is designed to reclose and prevent the further flow 
of fluid after normal conditions have been restored.
    (i) Safety valve. A safety valve is a pressure relief valve 
actuated by inlet static pressure and characterized by rapid opening or 
pop action. Examples of types used on boilers include:
    (A) Spring-loaded safety valve. A spring-loaded safety valve is a 
safety valve fitted with a spring which normally holds the valve disk 
in a closed position against the seat and allows it to open or close at 
predetermined pressures. Spring-loaded safety valves are characterized 
by pop action.
    (ii) Pilot operated pressure relief valve. A pilot operated 
pressure relief valve is a pressure relief valve in which the major 
relieving device is combined with and is controlled by a self-actuated 
auxiliary pressure relief pilot valve.
    (iii) Temperature actuated pressure relief valve. A temperature 
actuated pressure relief valve is a dual-function relief device 
designed to protect against both excessive pressure and temperature.
    (2) Nonreclosing pressure relief device. A nonreclosing pressure 
relief device is a pressure relief device not designed to reclose after 
operation.
    (i) Rupture disk device. A rupture disk device is a device actuated 
by inlet static pressure and designed to function by the bursting of a 
pressure retaining disk.
    (ii) Explosion rupture disk device. An explosion rupture disk 
device is a rupture disk device designed for use at high rates of 
pressure rise.
    (iii) Fusible plug device. A fusible plug device is a device 
designed to function by the yielding or melting of a plug of suitable 
melting temperature.
    (3) Vacuum relief valve. A vacuum relief valve is a valve designed 
to admit fluid or gas to prevent an excessive internal vacuum.
    (d) Other boiler attachments--(1) Mountings. Mountings are nozzle 
connections, distance pieces, valves, or fittings attached directly to 
the boiler.
    (2) Main steam stop valve. A main steam stop valve is a valve 
usually connected directly to the boiler for the purpose of shutting 
off the steam to/from the main steam line.
    (3) Auxiliary steam stop valve. An auxiliary steam stop valve is a 
valve usually connected directly to the boiler for the purpose of 
shutting off the steam to/from the auxiliary lines.
    (4) Manifold. A manifold is a fitting with two or more branches 
having valves either attached by bolting or integral with the fitting.
    (5) Blowoff valve. A blowoff valve is a valve connected directly to 
the boiler for the purpose of blowing out water, scum or sediment.
    (6) Dry pipe. A dry pipe is a perforated or slotted pipe placed in 
the highest part of the steam space of a boiler to prevent priming 
(water carryover).
    (7) Water column. A water column is a fitting or tube equipped with 
a water glass attached to a boiler for the purpose of indicating the 
water level.
    (8) Test cocks. Test cocks are small valves on a boiler for 
indicating the water level or water sampling.
    (9) Fusible plugs. Fusible plugs are plugs made with a bronze 
casing and a tin filling which melts at a temperature of 445[deg] to 
450 [deg]F. They are intended to melt in the event of low water level.
    (e) Boiler fabrication--(1) Repair. Repair is the restoration of 
any damaged or impaired part to an effective and safe condition.
    (2) Alteration. Alteration is a structural modification to or 
departure from an approved design or existing construction.
    (3) Access or inspection openings. Access or inspection openings 
are holes cut in the shells or heads of boilers or boiler pressure 
parts for the purpose of inspection and cleaning.
    (f) Gage (or gauge) pressure. Gage pressure is the difference 
between the pressure at the point being measured and the ambient 
pressure for the gage. It is measured in units such as pounds per 
square inch gage (p.s.i.g.).
    (g) Maximum allowable working pressure. For a definition of maximum 
allowable working pressure, see PG-21 of Section I of the ASME BPVC.
0
31. Amend Sec.  52.01-5 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the text ``section I of the ASME Code'' 
and add, in its place, the text ``Section I of the ASME BPVC''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  52.01-5  Plans

    (a) Manufacturers intending to fabricate boilers to be installed on 
vessels must submit detailed plans as required by subpart 50.20 of this 
subchapter. The plans, including design calculations, must be certified 
by a registered professional engineer as meeting the design 
requirements in this part and in Section I of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1).
* * * * *


Sec.  52.01-35   [Amended]

0
32. Amend Sec.  52.01-35 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(a)'' and add, in 
its place the text ``table 1 to Sec.  54.01-5''; and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.


Sec.  52.01-40  [Amended]

0
33. In Sec.  52.01-40, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
34. Revise Sec.  52.01-50 to read as follows:

[[Page 57932]]

Sec.  52.01-50  Fusible plugs (modifies A-19 through A-21).

    (a) Fusible plugs must comply with the requirements of A19 and A20 
of section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
52.01-1) and be stamped on the casing with the name of the 
manufacturer, and on the water end of the fusible metal ``ASME Std.'' 
Fusible plugs are not permitted where the maximum steam temperature to 
which they are exposed exceeds 218 [deg]C (425 [deg]F).
    (b)(1) Fusible plugs must be cleaned and will be examined by the 
marine inspector at each inspection for certification, periodic 
inspection, or if the boiler is opened for repair or inspection. If in 
the marine inspector's opinion the condition of any plug is 
satisfactory, it may be continued in use.
    (2) When fusible plugs are renewed at other than the inspection for 
certification and no marine inspector is in attendance, the Chief 
Engineer must report the renewal to the Officer in Charge, Marine 
Inspection. This report must contain the following information:
    (i) Name and official number of vessel.
    (ii) Date of renewal of fusible plugs.
    (iii) Number and location of fusible plugs renewed in each boiler.
    (iv) Manufacturer and rating of each plug.
    (v) Reason for renewal.
0
35. Amend Sec.  52.01-55 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-55  Maximum allowable working pressure.

    (a) The piping system, machinery, and appurtenances must meet the 
requirements of this subchapter for the boiler maximum allowable 
working pressure. Only the Commandant may grant an increase in 
pressure.
* * * * *


Sec.  52.01-90  [Removed and Reserved]

0
36. Remove and reserve Sec.  52.01-90.
0
37. Amend Sec.  52.01-95 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b)(2);
0
d. In paragraphs (b)(3) and (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``temperature'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``temperatures''; and
0
f. Revise paragraphs (e) and (f).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-95  Design (modifies PG-16 through PG-31 and PG-100).

    (a) Requirements. Boilers required to be designed to this part must 
meet the requirements of PG-16 through PG-31 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted 
otherwise in this section.
    (b) * * *
    (2) Controls must be provided to ensure that the maximum 
temperature at the superheater outlets does not exceed the allowable 
temperature limit of the material used in the superheater outlet, in 
the steam piping, and in the associated machinery under all operating 
conditions. Visible and audible alarms indicating excessive superheat 
must be provided in any installation in which the superheater outlet 
temperature exceeds 454 [deg]C (850 [deg]F). The setting of the 
excessive superheat alarms must not exceed the maximum allowable 
temperature of the superheater outlet, which may be limited by the 
boiler design, the main steam piping design, or the temperature limits 
of other equipment subjected to the temperature of the steam.
* * * * *
    (e) Stresses. (Modifies PG-22.) The stresses due to hydrostatic 
head must be taken into account in determining the minimum thickness of 
the shell or head of any boiler pressure part unless noted otherwise. 
Additional stresses, imposed by effects other than internal pressure or 
static head, which increase the average stress over substantial 
sections of the shell or head by more than 10 percent of the allowable 
stress, must be taken into account. These effects include the weight of 
the vessel and its contents, method of support, impact loads, 
superimposed loads, localized stresses due to the reactions of 
supports, stresses due to temperature gradients and dynamic effects.
    (f) Cylindrical components under internal pressure. (Modifies PG-
27.) The minimum required thickness and maximum allowable working 
pressure of boiler piping, tubes, drums and headers must be as required 
by the formula in PG-27 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except that 
threaded boiler tubes are not permitted.
0
38. Amend Sec.  52.01-100 by revising paragraphs (a) and (b) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  52.01-100  Openings and compensation (modifies PG-32 through PG-
39, PG-42 through PG-55).

    (a) The rules for openings and compensation must be as indicated in 
PG-32 through PG-55 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
section.
    (b) (Modifies PG-39.) Pipe and nozzle necks must be attached to 
vessel walls as indicated in PG-39 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except 
that threaded connections must not be used under any of the following 
conditions:
* * * * *
0
39. Amend Sec.  52.01-105 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``section I of the ASME Boiler and 
Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section I of 
the ASME BPVC'';
0
c. In paragraph (d), remove the subject heading;
0
d. In paragraphs (d)(1) and (2), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. In paragraph (e), remove the subject heading; and
0
f. Revise paragraphs (e)(1) and (f).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-105  Piping, valves and fittings (modifies PG-58 and PG-
159).

    (a) Boiler external piping within the jurisdiction of the ASME BPVC 
must be as indicated in PG-58 and PG-59 of Section I of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted 
otherwise in this section. Piping outside the jurisdiction of the ASME 
BPVC must meet the appropriate requirements of part 56 of this 
subchapter.
* * * * *
    (e) * * * (1) Firetube and drum type boilers must be fitted with a 
surface and a bottom blowoff valve or cock attached directly to the 
boiler or to a short distance piece. The bottom blowoff valve must be 
attached to the lowest part of the boiler or fitted with an internal 
pipe leading to the lowest point inside the boiler. Boilers equipped 
with a continuous blowdown valve on the steam drum are not required to 
be fitted with an additional surface blowoff connection.
* * * * *
    (f) Where dry pipes are used, they must be provided with drains at 
each end to prevent an accumulation of water.
0
40. Amend Sec.  52.01-110 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b)(1);
0
b. In paragraphs (b)(2)through (4), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraphs (c) and (d);
0
d. Remove and reserve paragraph (e)(2) and remove paragraph (f);

[[Page 57933]]

0
e. Redesignate paragraphs (g) and (h) as paragraphs (f) and (g), 
respectively; and
0
f. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (f).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-110  Water-level indicators, water columns, gauge-glass 
connections, gauge cocks, and pressure gauges (modifies PG-60).

    (a) Boiler water level devices. Boiler water level devices must be 
as indicated in PG-60 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
section.
* * * * *
    (b) * * * (1) Each boiler, except those of the forced circulation 
type with no fixed water line and steam line, must have two independent 
means of indicating the water level in the boiler connected directly to 
the head or shell. One must be a gage lighted by the emergency 
electrical system (See subpart 112.15 of subchapter J (Electrical 
Engineering) of this chapter). The secondary indicator may consist of a 
gage glass, or other acceptable device. Where the allowance pressure 
exceeds 1724 kPa (250 psi), gage glasses must be of the flat type 
instead of the common tubular type.
* * * * *
    (c) Water columns. (Modifies PG-60.2.) The use of water columns is 
generally limited to firetube boilers. Water column installations must 
minimize the effect of ship motion on water level indication. Water 
columns must be fitted directly to the heads or shells of boilers or 
drums, or if necessary, connected thereto by a distance piece both at 
the top and bottom of the water columns. Shutoff valves used in the 
pipe connections between the boiler and water column must be locked or 
sealed open. Water column piping must not be fitted inside the uptake, 
the smoke box, or the casing. Water columns must be fitted with 
suitable drains. Cast iron fittings are not permitted.
    (d) Gage glass connections. (Modifies PG-60.3.) Gage glasses and 
gage cocks must be connected directly to the head or shell of a boiler 
as indicated in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
* * * * *
    (f) Salinometer cocks. In vessels operating in salt water, each 
boiler shall be equipped with a salinometer cock or valve. They must 
not be attached to the water gage or water column.
* * * * *


Sec.  52.01-115  [Amended]

0
41. Amend Sec.  52.01-115 as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section I of the ASME BPVC''; 
and
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''.
0
42. Amend Sec.  52.01-120 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(1):
0
i. Remove the text ``section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text ``Section I 
of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  '';
0
b. In paragraph (a)(2)(i), remove the text ``section I of the ASME 
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Section I of the ASME BPVC'';
0
c. In paragraph (a)(3), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
d. Revise paragraphs (a)(4) though (6) and (a)(8);
0
e. In paragraph (a)(9), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''; and
0
f. Revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), (c), and (d).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-120  Safety valve and safety relief valves (modifies PG-67 
through PG-73).

    (a) * * *
    (4) (Modifies PG-70.) The total rated relieving capacity of drum 
and superheater safety valves as certified by the valve manufacturer 
must not be less than the maximum generating capacity of the boiler 
which must be determined and certified by the boiler manufacturer. This 
capacity shall be in compliance with PG-70 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC.
    (5) In the event the maximum steam generating capacity of the 
boiler is increased by any means, the relieving capacity of the safety 
valves must be checked by an inspector, and, if necessary, valves of 
increased relieving capacity must be installed.
    (6) (Modifies PG-67.) Drum safety valves must be set to relieve at 
a pressure not in excess of that allowed by the Certificate of 
Inspection. Where for any reason this is lower than the pressure for 
which the boiler was originally designed and the revised safety valve 
capacity cannot be recomputed and certified by the valve manufacturer, 
one of the tests described in PG-69 of section I of the ASME BPVC must 
be conducted in the presence of the Inspector to insure that the 
relieving capacity is sufficient at the lower pressure.
* * * * *
    (8) Lever or weighted safety valves now installed may be continued 
in use and may be repaired, but when repairs are not possible, lever or 
weighted safety valves must be replaced by valves conforming to the 
requirements of this section.
* * * * *
    (b)(1) (Modifies PG-68.) Superheater safety valves must be as 
indicated in PG-68 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted 
otherwise in this paragraph.
    (2) The setting of the superheater safety valve must not exceed the 
design pressure of the superheater outlet flange or the main steam 
piping beyond the superheater. To prevent damage to the superheater, 
the drum safety valve must be set at a pressure not less than that of 
the superheater safety valve setting plus 5 pounds, plus the pressure 
drop through the superheater and associated piping, including the 
desuperheater if fitted. See also Sec.  52.01-95(b)(1).
* * * * *
    (c)(1) (Modifies PG-71.) Safety valves must be installed as 
indicated in PG-71 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted 
otherwise in this paragraph (c).
    (2) The final setting of boiler safety valves must be checked and 
adjusted under steam pressure and, if possible, while the boiler is on 
line and at operating temperatures, to the satisfaction of a marine 
inspector who, upon acceptance, must seal the valves. This regulation 
applies to both drum and superheater safety valves of all boilers.
    (3) The safety valve body drains required by PG-71 of Section I of 
the ASME BPVC must be run as directly as possible from the body of each 
safety valve, or the drain from each safety valve may be led to an 
independent header common only to boiler safety valve drains. No valves 
of any type may be installed in the leakoff from drains or drain 
headers and they must be led to suitable locations to avoid hazard to 
personnel.
    (d)(1) (Modifies PG-72.) The operation of safety valves must be as 
indicated in PG-72 of Section I of the ASME BPVC except as noted in 
paragraph (d)(2) of this section.
    (2) (Modifies PG-73.) The lifting device required by PG-73.1.3 of 
Section I of the ASME BPVC must be fitted with suitable relieving gear 
so arranged that the controls may be operated from the fireroom or 
engineroom floor.
0
43. Amend Sec.  52.01-130 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a), (b)(1) and (2), remove the word ``shall'' 
wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Remove paragraph (b)(3);

[[Page 57934]]

0
c. Redesignate paragraphs (b)(4) through (6) as paragraphs (b)(3) 
through (5), respectively;
0
d. In newly redesignated paragraph (b)(3), remove the word ``shall'' 
wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. Revise newly redesignated paragraphs (b)(4) and (5); and
0
f. In paragraph (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-130  Installation.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (4) The distance between a boiler and a compartment containing fuel 
oil must not be less than 24 inches.
    (5) All oil-burning boilers must be provided with oiltight drip 
pans under the burners to prevent oil draining into the bilges.
* * * * *
0
44. Revise Sec.  52.01-135 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-135  Inspection and tests (modifies PG-90 through PG-100).

    (a) Requirements. Inspection and test of boilers and boiler 
pressure parts must be as indicated in PG-90 through PG-100 of Section 
I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) 
except as noted otherwise in this section.
    (b) Inspection personnel. The inspections required by PG-90 through 
PG-100 of Section I of the ASME BPVC must be performed by the 
``Authorized Inspector'' as defined in PG-91 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC. The Authorized Inspector must hold a valid commission issued by 
the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. After 
installation, boilers will be inspected for compliance with this part 
by the ``Marine Inspector'' as defined in Sec.  50.10-15 of this 
subchapter.
    (c) Hydrostatic test (Modifies PG-99). Each new boiler must be 
hydrostatically tested after installation to 11-2 times the maximum 
allowable working pressure as indicated in PG-99 of Section I of the 
ASME BPVC. Before the boilers are insulated, accessible parts of the 
boiler must be emptied, opened, and all interior surfaces must be 
examined by the marine inspector to ascertain that no defects have 
occurred due to the hydrostatic test.
    (d) Operating tests. In addition to hydrostatic tests prescribed in 
paragraph (c) of this section, automatically controlled propulsion and 
auxiliary boilers must be subjected to operating tests as specified in 
Sec. Sec.  61.30-20, 61.35-1, 61.35-3, 62.30-10, 63.15-9, 63.25-3, and 
63.25-5 of this chapter, as appropriate, or as directed by the Officer 
in Charge, Marine Inspection, for propulsion boilers. These tests are 
to be performed after final installation.
0
45. Amend Sec.  52.01-140 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b)(1)(ii), remove the words ``Code Symbol'' and add, 
in its place, the word ``symbol''; and
0
c. Revise paragraphs (b)(3), (c), and (d).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-140  Certification by stamping (modifies PG-104 through PG-
113).

    (a) All boilers built in accordance with this part must be stamped 
with the appropriate ASME symbol as required by PG-104 through PG-113 
of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
52.01-1).
    (b) * * *
    (3) Heating boilers built to Section I of the ASME BPVC, as 
permitted by Sec.  53.01-10(e) of this subchapter, do not require Coast 
Guard stamping but must receive full ASME stamping including the 
appropriate code symbol.
    (c) The data must be legibly stamped and must not be obliterated 
during the life of the boiler. In the event that the portion of the 
boiler upon which the data is stamped is to be insulated or otherwise 
covered, a metal nameplate as described in PG-106.6 of Section I of the 
ASME BPVC must be furnished and mounted. The nameplate is to be 
maintained in a legible condition so that the data may be easily read.
    (d) Safety valves must be stamped as indicated in PG-110 of the 
ASME BPVC.
0
46. Revise Sec.  52.01-145 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.01-145  Manufacturer's data report forms (modifies PG-112 and 
PG-113).

    The manufacturer's data report forms required by PG-112 and PG-113 
of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
52.01-1) must be made available to the marine inspector for review. The 
Authorized Inspector's National Board commission number must be 
included on the manufacturers' data report forms.
0
47. Revise Sec.  52.05-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.05-1  General (modifies PW-1 through PW-54).

    Boilers and component parts, including piping, that are fabricated 
by welding must be as indicated in PW-1 through PW-54 of Section I of 
the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as 
noted otherwise in this subpart.
0
48. Revise Sec.  52.05-15 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.05-15  Heat treatment (modifies PW-10).

    Vessels and vessel parts must be preheated and postweld heat 
treated in accordance with PW-38 and PW-39 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) (reproduces PW-10). 
This includes boiler parts made of pipe material, even though they may 
be nondestructively examined under Sec.  52.05-20.
0
49. Revise Sec.  52.05-20 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.05-20  Radiographic and ultrasonic examination (modifies PW-11 
and PW-41.1).

    Radiographic and ultrasonic examination of welded joints must be as 
described in PW-11 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1). Parts of boilers, fabricated of pipe 
material such as drums, shells, downcomers, risers, cross pipes, 
headers, and tubes containing only circumferentially welded butt 
joints, must be nondestructively examined as required by Sec.  56.95-10 
of this subchapter.
0
50. Revise Sec.  52.05-30 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.05-30  Minimum requirements for attachment welds (modifies PW-
16).

    (a) The location and minimum size of attachment welds for nozzles 
and other connections must be as required by PW-16 of Section I of the 
ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as 
noted otherwise in this section.
    (b) When nozzles or couplings are attached to boilers, as shown in 
Figure PW-16 (a) and (c) of Section I of the ASME BPVC, and are welded 
from one side only, backing strips must be used unless it can be 
determined visually or by nondestructive test methods that complete 
penetration has been obtained.
    (c) When attachments as shown in Figure PW-16 (y) and (z) of 
Section I of the ASME BPVC are employed they must be limited to 2-inch 
pipe size for pressure exceeding 150 pounds per square inch.
0
51. Amend Sec.  52.05-45 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text, ``section I of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Vessel Code'', and add, in its place, the text, ``Section 
I of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
c. Revise paragraph (c).
    The revisions read as follows:

[[Page 57935]]

Sec.  52.05-45  Circumferential joints in pipes, tubes and headers 
(modifies PW-41).

    (a) Circumferential welded joints of pipes, tubes and headers must 
be as required by PW-41 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
section.
* * * * *
    (c) (Modifies PW-41.5) Butt welded connections must be provided 
whenever radiography is required by Sec.  56.95-10 of this subchapter 
for the piping system in which the connection is to be made. When 
radiography is not required, welded socket or sleeve type joints 
meeting the requirements of PW-41.5 of Section I of the ASME BPVC may 
be provided.
0
52. Revise Sec.  52.15-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.15-1  General (modifies PWT-1 through PWT-15).

    Watertube boilers and parts thereof must be as indicated in PWT-1 
through PWT-15 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
subpart.
0
53. Revise Sec.  52.15-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.15-5  Tube connections (modifies PWT-9 and PWT-11).

    (a) Tubes, pipe and nipples must be attached to sheets, heads, 
headers, and fittings as indicated in PWT-11 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted 
otherwise in this section.
    (b) (Replaces PWT-9.2 and PWT-11.3.) Threaded boiler tubes are not 
permitted as described by PWT-9.2 and PWT-11.3 of Section I of the ASME 
BPVC.
    (c) In welded wall construction employing stub and welded wall 
panels that are field welded, 10 percent of the field welds must be 
checked using any acceptable nondestructive test method.
    (d) Nondestructive testing of the butt welded joints must meet the 
requirements of Sec.  56.95-10 of this subchapter.
0
54. Revise Sec.  52.20-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.20-1  General (modifies PFT-1 through PFT-49).

    Firetube boilers and parts thereof must be as indicated in PFT-1 
through PFT-49 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
subpart.
0
55. Revise Sec.  52.20-17 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.20-17  Opening between boiler and safety valve (modifies PFT-
44).

    Discharge pipes must be installed in accordance with the 
requirements of Sec.  52.01-105.
0
56. Revise Sec.  52.20-25 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.20-25  Setting (modifies PFT-46).

    (a) The method of supporting firetube boilers must be as indicated 
in PFT-46 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  52.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this section.
    (b) The foundations must meet the requirements of Sec.  52.01-130.


Sec.  52.25-1   [Amended]

0
57. In Sec.  52.25-1, remove the text ``table 54.01-5(a)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 1 to Sec.  54.01-5''.
0
58. Revise Sec.  52.25-3 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.25-3  Feedwater heaters (modifies PFH-1).

    Feedwater heaters must meet the requirements in PFH-1 of Section I 
of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1).
0
59. Revise Sec.  52.25-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.25-5  Miniature boilers (modifies PMB-1 through PMB-21).

    Miniature boilers must meet the requirements in PMB-1 through PMB-
21 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
52.01-1).
0
60. Revise Sec.  52.25-7 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.25-7  Electric boilers (modifies PEB-1 through PEB-19).

    Electric boilers required to comply with this part must meet the 
requirements in PEB-1 through PEB-19 except PEB-3 of Section I of the 
ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  52.01-1).
0
61. Revise Sec.  52.25-10 to read as follows:


Sec.  52.25-10  Organic fluid vaporizer generators (modifies PVG-1 
through PVG-12).

    (a) Organic fluid vaporizers must meet the requirements of PVG-1 
through PVG-12 of Section I of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  52.01-1).
    (b) The Commandant must approve the application and end use of 
organic fluid vaporizer generators.


Sec.  52.25-15  [Amended]

0
62. In Sec.  52.25-15(a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.

PART 53--HEATING BOILERS

0
63. The authority citation for part 53 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 
1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 
0170.1.

0
64. Revise Sec.  53.01-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  53.01-1  Incorporation by reference.

    Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with 
the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 
552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in 
the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. 
All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard 
Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG-ENG), Attn: Office of Design and 
Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther 
King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593-7509, phone (202) 372-1375, 
email [email protected], and is available from the sources listed 
elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, email [email protected] 
or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (a) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990, 800-843-2763, www.asme.org.
    (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for 
Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section I of the ASME BPVC''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  53.01-10.
    (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV, Rules for 
Construction of Heating Boilers (2019) (``Section IV of the ASME 
BPVC''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  53.01-3, 53.01-5, 53.01-10, 53.05-
1, 53.05-2, 53.05-3, 53.05-5, 53.10-1, 53.10-3, 53.10-10, 53.10-15, 
53.12-1.
    (b) Underwriters Laboratories Inc., 333 Pfingston Road, Northbrook, 
IL 60062-2096; www.ul.com.
    (1) UL 174, Standard for Safety, Household Electric Storage Tank 
Water Heaters, Eleventh Edition, April 29, 2004 (reapproved in 2016) 
(''UL 174''); IBR approved for Sec.  53.01-10.
    (2) UL 1453, Standard for Safety, Electric Booster and Commercial 
Storage Tank Water Heaters, Sixth Edition, March 29, 2016 (``UL 
1453''); IBR approved for Sec.  53.01-10.
0
65. Amend Sec.  53.01-3 as follows:

[[Page 57936]]

0
a. Revise the section heading and paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the words ``Boiler and Pressure Code'' 
wherever they appear and add, in their place, the text ``BPVC''; and
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``section IV of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section IV of the 
ASME BPVC''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  53.01-3  Adoption of Section IV of the ASME BPVC.

    (a) Heating boilers must be designed, constructed, inspected, 
tested, and stamped in accordance with Section IV of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1) as limited, modified, or 
replaced by specific requirements in this part. The provisions in the 
appendices to Section IV of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be 
followed when the requirements in Section IV make them mandatory. For 
general information, table Sec.  53.01-3(a) lists the various 
paragraphs in Section IV of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, 
or replaced by regulations in this part.

 Table Sec.   53.01-3(a)--Limitations and Modifications in the Adoption
                     of Section IV of the ASME BPVC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Paragraphs in Section IV of the ASME BPVC and        Unit of this
                       disposition                             part
------------------------------------------------------------------------
HG-100 modified by......................................      53.01-5(b)
HG-101 replaced by......................................        53.01-10
HG-400 modified by......................................         53.05-1
HG-400.2 modified by....................................         53.05-2
HG-401 modified by......................................         53.05-1
HG-401.2 modified by....................................         53.05-3
HG-500 through HG-540 modified by.......................         53.10-3
HG-600 through HG-640 modified by.......................         53.12-1
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Note 1 to table Sec.  53.01-3(a): The references to specific 
provisions in Section IV of the ASME BPVC are coded. The first letter, 
such as ``H,'' refers to Section IV. The second letter, such as ``G,'' 
refers to a part or subpart in Section IV. The number following the 
letters refers to the paragraph so numbered in the text of the part or 
subpart in Section IV.
* * * * *
0
66. Revise Sec.  53.01-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  53.01-5  Scope (modifies HG-100).

    (a) The regulations in this part apply to steam heating boilers, 
hot water boilers (which include hot water heating boilers and hot 
water supply boilers), and to appurtenances thereto. The requirements 
in this part must be used in conjunction with section IV of the ASME 
BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1). Table 1 to Sec.  
54.01-5 of this subchapter gives a breakdown by parts in this 
subchapter of the regulations governing various types of pressure 
vessels and boilers.
    (b) (Modifies HG-100.) The requirements of part HG of section IV of 
the ASME BPVC must be used except as noted otherwise in this part.
0
67. Amend Sec.  53.01-10 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the words ``46 CFR'' and add, in their 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
d. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ``shall not be'' and add, in 
their place, the words ``are not''; and
0
e. Revise paragraph (d), the introductory text to paragraph (e), and 
paragraph (e)(1).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  53.01-10  Service restrictions and exceptions (replaces HG-101).

    (a) General. The service restrictions and exceptions must be as 
indicated in this section in lieu of the requirements of HG-101 of 
Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
53.01-1).
* * * * *
    (d) Exhaust gas boilers. Exhaust gas type boilers must be 
restricted to a working pressure equal to or less than 103 kPa gage (15 
psig) and an operating temperature equal to or less than 454 [deg]C 
(850 [deg]F). The design temperature of parts exposed to the exhaust 
gas must be the maximum temperature that could normally be produced by 
the source of exhaust gas. This temperature must be verified by testing 
or by the manufacturer of the engine or other equipment producing the 
exhaust.
    (e) ASME BPVC Section I. Heating boilers whose operating conditions 
are within the service restrictions of paragraph (b)(1) of this section 
may be constructed in accordance with Section I of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1). In addition, these 
heating boilers must:
    (1) Be stamped with the appropriate ASME symbol in accordance with 
Section I of the ASME BPVC;
* * * * *


Sec.  53.05-1  [Amended]

0
68. Amend Sec.  53.05-1(a) as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section IV of the ASME BPVC''; 
and
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''.


Sec.  53.05-2   [Amended]

0
69. Amend Sec.  53.05-2(a) as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section IV of the ASME BPVC''; 
and
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''.


Sec.  53.05-3  [Amended]

0
70. Amend Sec.  53.05-3 as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section IV of the ASME BPVC''; 
and
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''.


Sec.  53.05-5   [Amended]

0
71. Amend Sec.  53.05-5 as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section IV of the ASME BPVC''; 
and
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''.
0
72. Revise Sec.  53.10-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  53.10-1   General

    The tests, inspection, stamping, and reporting of heating boilers 
must be as indicated in article 5, part HG of Section IV of the ASME 
BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1) except as noted 
otherwise in this subpart.
0
73. Amend Sec.  53.10-3 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  53.10-3   Inspection and tests (modifies HG-500 through HG-540).

    (a) The inspections required by HG-500 through HG-540 must be 
performed by the ``Authorized Inspector'' as defined in HG-515 of 
Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
53.01-1). The Authorized Inspector must hold a valid commission issued 
by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. After 
installation, heating boilers must be inspected for compliance with 
this part by a marine inspector.
* * * * *
0
74. Revise Sec.  53.10-10 to read as follows:


Sec.  53.10-10  Certification by stamping.

    Stamping of heating boilers must be as indicated in HG-530 of 
Section IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
53.01-1).
0
75. Revise Sec.  53.10-15 to read as follows:

[[Page 57937]]

Sec.  53.10-15  Manufacturer's data report forms.

    The manufacturer's data report forms required by HG-520 of Section 
IV of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1) must 
be made available to the marine inspector for review. The Authorized 
Inspector's National Board commission number must be included on the 
manufacturer's data report forms.
0
76. Amend Sec.  53.12-1 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  53.12-1   General (modifies HG-600 through HG-640).

    (a) The instruments, fittings and controls for heating boilers must 
be as indicated in HG-600 through HG-640 of Section IV of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  53.01-1) except as noted 
otherwise in this section.
* * * * *

PART 54--PRESSURE VESSELS

0
77. The authority citation for part 54 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1509; 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; 
E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of 
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

0
78. Revise Sec.  54.01-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.01-1  Incorporation by reference.

    Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with 
the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 
552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in 
the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. 
All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard 
Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG-ENG), Attn: Office of Design and 
Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther 
King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593-7509, phone (202) 372-1375, 
email [email protected], and is available from the sources listed 
elsewhere in this section. It is also available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, email [email protected] 
or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (a) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990, 800-843-2763, www.asme.org.
    (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 
Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019) (``Section VIII of 
the ASME BPVC''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  54.01-2, 54.01-5, 54.01-
18, 54.01-25, 54.01-30, 54.01-35, 54.03-1, 54.05-1, 54.10-1, 54.10-3, 
54.10-5, 54.10-10, 54.10-15, 54.15-1, 54.15-5, 54.15-10, 54.15-13, 
54.20-1, 54.20-3, 54.25-1, 54.25-3, 54.25-8, 54.25-10, 54.25-15, 54.25-
20, 54.30-3, 54.30-5, 54.30-10.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (b) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West 
Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, www.astm.org.
    (1) ASTM A20/A20M-19, Standard Specification for General 
Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels, December 4, 2019 
(``ASTM A20/A20M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  54.05-10, 54.25-10.
    (2) ASTM A203/A203M-17, Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel 
Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel, November 1, 2017 (``ASTM A203/A203M''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  54.05-20.
    (3) ASTM A370-19, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for 
Mechanical Testing of Steel Products, July 1, 2019 (``ASTM A370''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  54.25-20.
    (4) ASTM E23-18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact 
Testing of Metallic Materials, June 1, 2018 (``ASTM E23''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  54.05-5, and
    (5) ASTM E208-19, Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight 
Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic 
Steel, October 1, 2019 (``ASTM E208''); IBR approved for Sec.  54.05-5.
    (c) Compressed Gas Association (CGA), 14501 George Carter Way, 
Chantilly, VA 20151, www.cganet.com.
    (1) CGA S-1.2-2009, Pressure Relief Device Standards--Part 2--
Portable Containers for Compressed Gases, Ninth Edition, January 1, 
2009 (``CGA S-1.2''); IBR approved for Sec.  54.15-10.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (d) Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings 
Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street NE, Vienna, VA 22180-4602; 703-
281-6613; www.msshq.org.
    (1) ANSI/MSS SP-25-2018, Standard Marking System for Valves, 
Fittings, Flanges and Unions, March, 2018 (``MSS SP-25''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  54.01-25.
    (2) [Reserved]
0
79. Amend Sec.  54.01-2 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading and paragraphs (a) and (b); and
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.01-2  Adoption of Division 1 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC.

    (a) Pressure vessels must be designed, constructed, and inspected 
in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  54.01-1), as limited, modified, or replaced by 
specific requirements in this part. The provisions in the appendices to 
Section VIII of the ASME BPVC are adopted and must be followed when the 
requirements in Section VIII make them mandatory. For general 
information, table Sec.  54.01-2(a) lists the various paragraphs in 
Section VIII of the ASME BPVC that are limited, modified, or replaced 
by regulations in this part.

 Table Sec.   54.01-2(a)--Limitations and Modifications in the Adoption
                    of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Paragraphs in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and
                   disposition                       Unit of this part
------------------------------------------------------------------------
U-1 and U-2 modified by.........................  54.01-5 through 54.01-
                                                   15.
U-1(c) replaced by..............................  54.01-5.
U-1(d) replaced by..............................  54.01-5(a) and 54.01-
                                                   15.
U-1(g) modified by..............................  54.01-10.
U-1(c)(2) modified by...........................  54.01-15.
UG-11 modified by...............................  54.01-25.
UG-22 modified by...............................  54.01-30.
UG-25 modified by...............................  54.01-35.
UG-28 modified by...............................  54.01-40.
UG-84 replaced by...............................  54.05-1.

[[Page 57938]]

 
UG-90 and UG-91 replaced by.....................  54.10-3.
UG-92 through UG-103 modified by................  54.10-1 through 54.10-
                                                   15.
UG-98 reproduced by.............................  54.10-5.
UG-115 through UG-120 modified by...............  54.10-1.
UG-116, except (j), replaced by.................  54.10-20(a).
UG-116(j) replaced by...........................  54.10-20(b).
UG-117 replaced by..............................  54.10-20(c).
UG-118 replaced by..............................  54.10-20(a).
UG-119 modified by..............................  54.10-20(d).
UG-120 modified by..............................  54.10-25.
UG-125 through UG-137 modified by...............  54.15-1 through 54.15-
                                                   15.
UW-1 through UW-65 modified by..................  54.20-1.
UW-2(a) replaced by.............................  54.01-5(b) and 54.20-
                                                   2.
UW-2(b) replaced by.............................  54.01-5(b) and 54.20-
                                                   2.
UW-9, UW-11(a), UW-13, and UW-16 modified by....  54.20-3.
UW-11(a) modified by............................  54.25-8.
UW-26, UW-27, UW-28, UW-29, UW-47, and UW-48      54.20-5.
 modified by.
UB-1 modified by................................  54.23-1
UB-2 modified by................................  52.01-95(d) and 56.30-
                                                   30(b)(1).
UCS-6 modified by...............................  54.25-3.
UCS-56 modified by..............................  54.25-7.
UCS-57, UNF-57, UHA-33, and UHT-57 modified by..  54.25-8.
UCS-65 through UCS-67 replaced by...............  54.25-10.
UHA-23(b) and UHA-51 modified by................  54.25-15.
UHT-5(c), UHT-6, and UHT-23 modified by.........  54.25-20.
UHT-82 modified by..............................  54.25-20 and 54.25-25.
Appendix 3 modified by..........................  54.15-3.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Note 1 to table Sec.  54.01-2(a): The references to specific 
provisions in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC are coded. The first 
letter, such as ``U,'' refers to Division 1 of Section VIII. The second 
letter, such as ``G,'' refers to a subsection within Section VIII. The 
number refers to the paragraph within the subsection.
    (b) References to the ASME BPVC, such as paragraph UG-125, 
indicate:
    U = Division 1 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC.
    G = Part containing general requirements.
    125 = Paragraph within part.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.01-5   [Amended]

0
80. Amend Sec.  54.01-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(a)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 1 to Sec.  54.01-5'';
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5'';
0
c. In paragraph (c)(3):
0
i. Remove the text ``division 1, of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel 
Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Division 1, of the ASME 
BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  '';
0
d. In paragraph (d)(5), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, 
in its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5'';
0
e. In paragraph (e), remove the text ``section VIII, division 1, of the 
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII, Division 1, of the ASME BPVC'';
0
f. Redesignate table 54.01-5(a) as table 1 to Sec.  54.01-5 and table 
54.01-5(b) as table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5; and
0
g. In newly redesignated table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5:
0
i. Remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, in its place, the text 
``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5'';
0
ii. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
iii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' wherever it appears and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  ''.


Sec.  54.01-10   [Amended]

0
81. In Sec.  54.01-10, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
82. Amend Sec.  54.01-15 by revising the section heading and paragraphs 
(a)(2) and (3)(i) to read as follows:


Sec.  54.01-15   Exemptions from shop inspection and plan approval 
(modifies U-1(c)(2)).

    (a) * * *
    (2) (i) Hot water supply storage tanks heated by steam or any other 
indirect means when none of the following limitations is exceeded:
    (A) A heat input of 58 kW (200,000 B.t.u. per hour);
    (B) A water temperature of 93 [deg]C (200 [deg]F);
    (C) A nominal water-containing capacity of 454 liters (120 
gallons); or
    (D) A pressure of 689 kPa (100 psig).
    (ii) The exemption of any tank under paragraph (a)(2) of this 
section requires that it must be fitted with a safety relief valve of 
at least 1-inch diameter, set to relieve below the maximum allowable 
working pressure of the tank.
    (3)(i) Vessels having an internal operating pressure not exceeding 
103 kPa (15 psig) with no limitation on size.
* * * * *
0
83. Amend Sec.  54.01-18 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
c. In paragraph (b)(5):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of section VIII of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''; and
0
d. Add paragraph (c).
    The revision and addition read as follows:

[[Page 57939]]

Sec.  54.01-18  Plan approval.

    (a) Manufacturers intending to fabricate pressure vessels, heat 
exchangers, evaporators, and similar appurtenances, covered by the 
regulations in this part must submit detailed plans in accordance with 
subpart 50.20 of this subchapter except as provided in paragraph (c) 
below.
* * * * *
    (c) Plans for Class I, II, and III pressure vessels with the ASME 
``U'' stamp that do not contain hazardous materials are not required to 
be submitted for approval (see Sec.  54.01-5(e)).
0
84. Amend Sec.  54.01-25 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must''; 
and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.01-25  Miscellaneous pressure components (modifies UG-11).

    (a) Pressure components for pressure vessels must be as required by 
UG-11 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  54.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this section.
* * * * *
0
85. Amend Sec.  54.01-30 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a); and
0
b. In the introductory text to paragraph (b), remove the words 
``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, 
in their place, the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.01-30  Loadings (modifies UG-22).

    (a) The loadings for pressure vessels must be as required by UG-22 
of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
54.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this section.
* * * * *
0
86. Amend Sec.  54.01-35 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
c. In paragraph (b)(4), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME 
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC'';
0
d. In paragraph (c), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
e. Designate the note following paragraph (d) as paragraph (e) and 
revise newly designated paragraph (e).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.01-35  Corrosion (modifies UG-25).

    (a) Vessels or portions of vessels subject to corrosion must be as 
required by UG-25 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
section.
* * * * *
    (e) No applied linings except as provided in part UCL of Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC are acceptable.


Sec.  54.01-40   [Amended]

0
87. In Sec.  54.01-40(b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
0
88. Revise Sec.  54.03-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.03-1  Scope.

    The pressure vessels for low temperature operation must be as 
required by Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; 
see Sec.  54.01-1) as modified by this subpart.
0
89. Revise Sec.  54.05-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.05-1  Scope (replaces UG-84).

    The toughness tests of materials used in pressure vessels must be 
as required by this subpart in lieu of requirements in UG-84 of Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1).


Sec.  54.05-3   [Amended]

0
90. Amend Sec.  54.05-3 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word 
``shall''; and
0
b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
0
91. Amend Sec.  54.05-5 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b);
0
b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
c. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ``shall be'' and add, in their 
place, the word ``are''; and
0
d. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.05-5  Toughness test specimens.

    (a) Charpy V-notch impact tests. Where required, Charpy V-notch 
tests must be conducted in accordance with ASTM E23 (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  54.01-1), using the Type A specimen shown in ASTM 
E23--Figure 4. Special attention is drawn to the fact that the Charpy 
Keyhole and U-notch specimens are not acceptable substitutes for the 
Charpy V-notch specimen and must not be used to qualify materials 
within the scope of this subpart. Each set of Charpy impact tests must 
consist of three specimens. For materials \1/2\-inch thick or less, the 
largest possible Charpy specimens for that thickness must be cut 
centered at the material's mid-thickness. For materials thicker than 
\1/2\-inch, full size Charpy specimens must be cut centered at a 
location as near as practicable to a point midway between the 
material's surface and half-thickness. Except where otherwise 
specified, transversely oriented specimens must be used. When 
longitudinal specimens are used, the required energy values may not be 
less than 1.5 times the values required for transversely oriented 
specimens. In all cases the notch must be cut normal to the material's 
surface. Test specimens must be taken at least one ``t'' from any heat 
treated edge (where ``t'' is the material's nominal thickness).
    (b) Drop weight tests. Where required, drop weight tests must be 
conducted for no-break performance in accordance with ASTM E208 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  54.01-1). For material 
thicknesses between \1/2\-inch and \5/8\-inch, the ASTM E208 specimen 
P-3, machined to \1/2\-inch thickness, must be used with a stop 
distance of 0.090-inch. In preparing weld specimens for dropweight 
testing, weld reinforcement must be ground flush, the hard facing bead 
centered on and transverse to the weld, and the notch centered on and 
parallel to the weld axis.
* * * * *
0
92. Amend Sec.  54.05-10 as follows:
0
a. Revise the second sentence of paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraphs (b)(1), (3), (4), and (c)(2), remove the word 
``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise, paragraph (c)(3);
0
d. In paragraphs (c)(4) and (d)(1), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. Reserve paragraph (d)(2);
0
f. In paragraphs (e)(1) and (3), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
g. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (f).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.05-10  Certification of material toughness tests.

    (a) * * * Impact specimens must be taken as outlined in section 12 
of ASTM A20/A20M (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  54.01-1). * * *
* * * * *
    (c) * * *

[[Page 57940]]

    (3) One set of Charpy impact specimens or two drop-weight 
specimens, as applicable, must be cut from each such test block and 
these specimens will represent all forgings (up to 5 short tons) that 
are from the same heat of material and given the same heat-treatment as 
the test block, and the thickness of which does not differ from that of 
the test block by more than plus or minus 50 percent of 1\1/2\ inches, 
whichever is less, except that forged flanges and tube sheets thicker 
than 5\1/2\ inches may be qualified from a 4-inch test block.
* * * * *
    (f) * * * For such parts too small to impact test, the Commandant 
will determine toughness qualifications based on material, chemical, 
and mechanical properties.


Sec.  54.05-15   [Amended]

0
93. Amend Sec.  54.05-15 as follows:
0
a. Remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``figure 54.05-15(a)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``figure Sec.  54.05-15(a)'';
0
c. Redesignate figure 54.05-15(a) as figure Sec.  54.05-15(a); and
0
d. Reserve paragraph (b).
0
94. Amend Sec.  54.05-16 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a) and (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (d); and
0
c. In paragraph (e), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.05-16  Production toughness testing.

* * * * *
    (d) The test plates and any other test material from which 
toughness test specimens are cut must be given the same heat-treatment 
as the production material they represent. Test specimens representing 
other material than the weld toughness test plates should preferably be 
cut from a part of the vessel material but may be cut from like 
material that has been heat-treated within the temperature range 
specified by the producer in treating the actual vessel material.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.05-17   [Amended]

0
95. In Sec.  54.05-17, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.05-20   [Amended]

0
96. Amend Sec.  54.05-20 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``table 54.05-20(a)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table Sec.  54.05-20(a)''; and
0
ii. Redesignate table 54.05-20(a) as Sec.  54.05-20(a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``ASTM A 203'' and add, in its 
place, the text ``ASTM A203/A203M''.
0
97. Amend Sec.  54.05-30 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  54.05-30  Allowable stress values at low temperatures.

* * * * *
    (b) The use of such allowable stress values must be specially 
approved by the Coast Guard for each application. Further information 
may be obtained by writing to the Commandant (CG-ENG), Attn: Office of 
Design and Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 
Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593.
* * * * *
0
98. Revise Sec.  54.10-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.10-1  Scope (modifies UG-90 through UG-103 and UG-115 through 
UG-120).

    The inspection, tests, stamping, and reports for pressure vessels 
must be as required by paragraphs UG-90 through UG-103 and UG-115 
through UG-120 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) except as noted otherwise in this 
subpart.
0
99. Amend Sec.  54.10-3 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading;
0
b. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``will'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b);
0
d. Redesignate paragraph (c) as paragraph (d); and
0
e. Add paragraph (c).
    The revisions and addition read as follows:


Sec.  54.10-3  Marine inspectors and Coast Guard Symbol stamping 
(replaces UG-90 and UG-91, and modifies UG-92 through UG-103).

* * * * *
    (b) All pressure vessels not exempted under provisions of Sec.  
54.01-15 must be subject to shop inspection by a marine inspector 
referring to procedures outlined in UG-92 through UG-103 of Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) 
and Sec. Sec.  50.30-10, 50.30-15, and 50.30-20 of this subchapter. The 
marine inspector will then stamp the vessel with the Coast Guard 
Symbol.
    (c) Pressure vessels exempted under provisions of Sec.  54.01-15, 
except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, are not required 
to be stamped with the Coast Guard Symbol.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.10-5  [Amended]

0
100. Amend Sec.  54.10-5 as follows:
0
a. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC'';
0
b. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' wherever it appears and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
c. Designate the note following paragraph (c) as note 1 to Sec.  54.10-
5;
0
d. In newly designated note 1 to Sec.  54.10-5, remove the text ``Table 
54.10-5'' and add, in its place, the text ``Table to Sec.  54.10-5'';
0
e. Designate the table following note 1 to Sec.  54.10-5 as table Sec.  
54.10-5; and
0
f. Caption newly designated table Sec.  54.10-5 as ``Pressure Vessel 
Design, Testing and Relief Valve Characteristics''.
0
101. Amend Sec.  54.10-10 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (b);
0
c. In paragraphs (c) and (d), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
d. Revise paragraph (e); and
0
e. In paragraph (f), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.10-10   Standard hydrostatic test (modifies UG-99).

* * * * *
    (b) The hydrostatic-test pressure must be at least one and three-
tenths (1.30) times the maximum allowable working pressure stamped on 
the pressure vessel, multiplied by the ratio of the stress value ``S'' 
at the test temperature to the stress value ``S'' at the design 
temperature for the materials of which the pressure vessel is 
constructed. The values for ``S'' must be taken from tables UCS 23, UNF 
23, UHA 23, or UHT 23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  54.01-1). The value of ``S'' at test temperature 
must be that taken for the material of the tabulated value of 
temperature closest to the test temperature. The value of ``S'' at 
design temperature must be as interpolated from the appropriate table. 
No ratio less than one must be used. The stress resulting from the 
hydrostatic test must not exceed 90 percent of the yield stress of the 
material at the test temperature. External loadings which will exist in 
supporting structure during the hydrostatic test should be

[[Page 57941]]

considered. The design must consider the combined stress during 
hydrostatic testing due to pressure and the support reactions. This 
stress must not exceed 90 percent of the yield stress of the material 
at the test temperature. In addition the adequacy of the supporting 
structure during hydrostatic testing should be considered in the 
design.
* * * * *
    (e) Vessels requiring stress relieving must be stress relieved 
after any welding repairs have been made. (See UW-40 of Section VIII of 
the ASME BPVC.)
* * * * *
0
102. Amend Sec.  54.10-15 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ``shall be'' and add, in their 
place, the word ``is'';
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (c); and
0
d. In paragraphs (d) through (g), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.10-15  Pneumatic test (modifies UG-100).

* * * * *
    (c) Except for enameled vessels, for which the pneumatic test 
pressure must be at least equal to, but need not exceed, the maximum 
allowable working pressure to be marked on the vessel, the pneumatic 
test pressure must be at least equal to one and one-tenth (1.10) times 
the maximum allowable working pressure to be stamped on the vessel 
multiplied by the lowest ratio (for the materials of which the vessel 
is constructed) of the stress value ``S'' for the test temperature of 
the vessel to the stress value ``S'' for the design temperature (see 
UG-21 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  54.01-1)). In no case must the pneumatic test pressure exceed one 
and one-tenth (1.10) times the basis for calculated test pressure as 
defined in UA-60(e) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.10-20   [Amended]

0
103. Amend Sec.  54.10-20 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(2), add the text ``(only applicable to pressure 
vessels inspected as required by Sec.  54.10-3(b))'' after the word 
``subchapter'';
0
b. In paragraphs (b) and (c) remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Reserve paragraph (c)(2); and
0
d. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.10-25   [Amended]

0
104. In Sec.  54.10-25, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.15-1   [Amended]

0
105. Amend Sec.  54.15-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Code'' 
and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1)''; and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.15-5  [Amended]

0
106. Amend Sec.  54.15-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the 
ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''; and
0
b. In paragraphs (b) through (f) and (h) through (l), remove the word 
``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
107. Amend Sec.  54.15-10 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a), (b), and (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (e);
0
c. In paragraph (g) and the introductory text to (h), remove the word 
``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
d. In paragraph (h)(1), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
e. In paragraph (h)(2), remove the text ``section VIII of section VIII 
of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
f. In paragraph (h)(3), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME 
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' wherever it appears and add, in its 
place, the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.15-10  Safety and relief valves (modifies UG-126).

* * * * *
    (e) If the design of a safety or relief valve is such that liquid 
can collect on the discharge side of the disk, the valve must be 
equipped with a drain at the lowest point where liquid can collect (for 
installation, see UG-134 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated 
by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1).
* * * * *


Sec.  54.15-13  [Amended]

0
108. Amend Sec.  54.15-13 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the 
ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''; and
0
b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.15-15   [Amended]

0
109. In Sec.  54.15-15, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.15-25   [Amended]

0
110. Amend Sec.  54.15-25 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a) and (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``Figure 54.15-25(c)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``figure Sec.  54.15-25(c)'';
0
c. Designate the figure immediately following paragraph (c) as figure 
Sec.  54.15-25(c);
0
d. Caption newly designated figure Sec.  54.15-25(c) as ``Surface Area 
of Grouped Vertical Tanks'';
0
e. Redesignate table 54.15-25(c) as table Sec.  54.15-25(c).
0
f. Redesignate paragraph (c-1) as paragraph (c)(1);
0
g. In newly redesignated paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ``(CG-
ENG)..'' and add, in its place, the text ``(CG-ENG).'';
0
h. Reserve paragraph (c)(2); and
0
i. In paragraphs (d) and (e), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
111. Amend Sec.  54.20-1 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  54.20-1  Scope (modifies UW-1 through UW-65).

    (a) Pressure vessels and vessel parts that are fabricated by 
welding must be as required by paragraphs UW-1 through UW-65 of Section 
VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) 
except as noted otherwise in this subchapter.
* * * * *
0
112. Amend Sec.  54.20-3 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (b);
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its

[[Page 57942]]

place, the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC'';
0
d. Revise paragraph (d); and
0
e. In paragraph (e):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must''; 
and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.20-3  Design (modifies UW-9, UW-11(a), UW-13, and UW-16).

* * * * *
    (b) Welding subject to UW-11(a) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) must be modified as 
described in Sec.  54.25-8 for radiographic examination.
* * * * *
    (d) Attachment welds for nozzles and other connections must be in 
accordance with UW-16 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC. When nozzles or 
connections are made to pressure vessels, as shown in Figure UW-16.1 
(a) and (c) of the ASME BPVC, and are welded from one side only, 
backing strips must be used unless it can be determined visually that a 
full penetration weld has been achieved.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.20-5  [Amended]

0
113. In Sec.  54.20-5(a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.23-1   [Amended]

0
114. Amend Sec.  54.23-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
b. Reserve paragraph (b).
0
115. Revise Sec.  54.25-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.25-1   Scope.

    The pressure vessels for low temperature operation must be as 
required by Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; 
see Sec.  54.01-1) as modified by this subpart.
0
116. Revise Sec.  54.25-3 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.25-3   Steel plates (modifies UCS-6).

    The steels listed in UCS-6(b) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) will be allowed only in 
Class III pressure vessels (see table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5(b)).


Sec.  54.25-7  [Amended]

0
117. Amend Sec.  54.25-7 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5''; and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
0
118. Amend Sec.  54.25-8 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 54.01-5(b)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-5''; and
0
b. Revise paragraph (b).
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.25-8  Radiography (modifies UW-11(a), UCS-57, UNF-57, UHA-33, 
and UHT-57).

* * * * *
    (b) Class II-L vessels must be spot radiographed. The exemption 
provided in UW-11(c) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) does not apply. (Refer to table 2 to 
54.01-5 for applicable requirements.)
* * * * *
0
119. Amend Sec.  54.25-10 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading;
0
b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (b), and paragraph (b)(1);
0
d. Redesignate table 54.25-10(b)(1) as table 1 to Sec.  54.25-10(b)(1) 
and designate the table immediately before paragraph (b)(2) as table 2 
to Sec.  54.25-10(b)(1);
0
e. In paragraphs (b)(2):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 54.25-10(b)(2)'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the text ``table 3 to Sec.  54.25-10(b)(2)'';
0
f. Redesignate table 54.25-10(b)(2) as table 3 to Sec.  54.25-10(b)(2);
0
g. In paragraphs (b)(3) through (5), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
h. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler 
and Pressure Vessel Code'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, 
the text ``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.25-10  Low temperature operation--ferritic steels (replaces 
UCS-65 through UCS-67).

* * * * *
    (b) Specifications. Materials used in the construction of vessels 
to operate below 0 [deg]F. (but not below the designated minimum 
service temperature) must conform to a specification given in table 
UCS-23 in Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  54.01-1) and the following additional requirements:
    Note 1 to paragraph (b) introductory text: For high alloy steels 
refer to Sec.  54.25-15. For heat treated steels refer to Sec.  54.25-
20.
    (1)(i) For minimum service temperatures not lower than -67 [deg]F., 
ferritic steels must be made with fine grain practice and must have an 
austenitic grain size of 5 or finer, and must be normalized. 
Consideration will be given to other heat treatments; refer to Sec.  
57.03-1(d) of this subchapter. Plate for pressure vessel applications 
must conform to the requirements of ASTM A20/A20M (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  54.01-1). It may be produced by the open hearth, 
basic oxygen or electric furnace process and must conform to the 
requirements of table 1 to Sec.  54.25-10(b)(1). (Other alloying 
elements may only be present in trace amounts.)
    (ii) Mechanical properties must be within the following limits:
(A) Ultimate strength:
    --58,000 \1\-85,000 \1\ p.s.i.
(B) Yield strength:
    --Minimum 35,000 p.s.i.
    --Maximum 80 percent of ultimate.
(C) Elongation minimum:
    --20 percent in 8 inches, or
    --24 percent in 2 inches, or
    --22 percent in 5.65 [radic]A, where ``A'' is the test specimen 
cross sectional area.
* * * * *
0
120. Revise Sec.  54.25-15 to read as follows:


Sec.  54.25-15  Low temperature operation--high alloy steels (modifies 
UHA-23(b) and UHA-51).

    (a) Toughness tests for the materials listed in UHA-51(a) in 
Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
54.01-1) for service temperatures below -425 [deg]F., UHA-51(b)(1) 
through (5) for service temperatures below 0 [deg]F., and UHA-51(c) for 
all service temperatures, must be performed in accordance with the 
requirements of subpart 54.05. These requirements are also applicable 
to nonpressure vessel type, low temperature tanks and associated 
secondary barriers, as defined in Sec.  38.05-4 in subchapter D (Tank 
Vessels) of this chapter. Such tests are required regardless of the 
vessel's design stress. Service temperature is defined in Sec.  54.25-
10(a)(2).
    (b) Materials for pressure vessels with service temperatures below 
-320 [deg]F. must be of the stabilized or low carbon (less than 0.10 
percent) austenitic stainless steel type, produced according to the 
applicable specifications of table UHA-23 of Section VIII of the ASME 
BPVC. These materials and their weldments must be tested for toughness 
according to the requirements of subpart 54.05 except that the Charpy 
V-notch

[[Page 57943]]

testing acceptance criteria will be in accordance with UHT-6(a)(4) and 
(5) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC.
    (c) Except as permitted by Sec.  54.05-30, the allowable stress 
values used in the design of low temperature pressure vessels may not 
exceed those given in table UHA-23 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC for 
temperatures of -20 [deg]F. to 100 [deg]F.
0
121. Amend Sec.  54.25-20 as follows:
0
a. Revise the section heading;
0
b. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 54.25-20(a)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table Sec.  54.25-20(a)'';
0
c. Redesignate table 54.25-20(a) as Sec.  54.25-20(a)
0
d. Revise paragraph (b);
0
e. Designate the figure following paragraph (b) as Figure Sec.  54.25-
20(b);
0
f. In paragraph (c):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the 
ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 54.25-20(a)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table Sec.  54.25-20(a)''; and
0
g. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  54.25-20  Low temperature operation--ferritic steels with 
properties enhanced by heat treatment (modifies UHT-5(c), UHT-6, UHT-
23, and UHT-82).

* * * * *
    (b) The materials permitted under paragraph (a) of this section 
must be tested for toughness in accordance with the requirements of 
UHT-6 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  54.01-1) except that tests must be conducted at the temperature 
specified in Sec.  54.05-6 in lieu of that in UHT-5(c) of Section VIII 
of the ASME BPVC. Lateral expansion in a broken Charpy V-notch specimen 
is illustrated in Figure 54.25-20(b) and must be measured in accordance 
with the procedure outlined in ASTM A370 (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  54.01-1).
* * * * *
0
122. Amend Sec.  54.30-3 by revising paragraph (c) to read as follows:


Sec.  54.30-3   Introduction.

* * * * *
    (c) The weld joint efficiencies as listed in table UW-12 of Section 
VIII of the BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  54.01-1) apply 
except that a minimum of spot radiography will be required. UW-12(c) of 
Section VIII of the ASME BPVC that permits omitting all radiography 
does not apply. Spot examination must follow UW-52 of Section VIII of 
the ASME BPVC and, in addition, these vessels will be required to have 
radiographic examination of intersecting circumferential and 
longitudinal joints for a distance of at least 20 times the plate 
thickness from the junction. See Sec.  54.25-8 on spot radiography.
* * * * *
0
123. Amend Sec.  54.30-5 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 
54.01-5(b)'' and add, in its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  54.01-
5'';
0
b. In paragraph (a)(1):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the 
ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec. '';
0
c. In paragraph (a)(4), remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME 
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC'';
0
d. Revise paragraph (a)(6); and
0
e. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  54.30-5  Limitations and requirements.

    (a) * * *
    (6) The categories A and B joints are type one as described in 
table UW-12 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC and all categories C and D 
joints are full penetration welds. See UW-3 of the ASME BPVC for 
definition of categories.
* * * * *


Sec.  54.30-10   [Amended]

0
124. Amend Sec.  54.30-10 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' 
and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (a)(1):
0
i. Remove the text ``section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text ``Section VIII of the 
ASME BPVC''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''; and
0
c. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.


Sec.  54.30-15  [Amended]

0
125. In Sec.  54.30-15, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.

PART 56--PIPING SYSTEMS AND APPURTENANCES

0
126. The authority citation for part 56 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1321(j), 1509; 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 
3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; E.O. 
12777, 56 FR 54757, 3 CFR, 1991 Comp., p. 351; Department of 
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.


Sec.  56.01-1   [Amended]

0
127. In Sec.  56.01-1(b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
0
128. Revise Sec.  56.01-2 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.01-2  Incorporation by reference.

    Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with 
the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 
552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a document in 
the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. 
All approved material is available for inspection at the Coast Guard 
Headquarters. Contact Commandant (CG-ENG), Attn: Office of Design and 
Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703 Martin Luther 
King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20593-7509, phone (202) 372-1375, 
email [email protected], and is available from the sources listed 
elsewhere in this section. The material is also available for 
inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 
For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email 
[email protected] or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (a) American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L Street NW, 
Washington, DC 20005-4070, www.api.org.
    (1) API Standard 607, Fire Test for Quarter-turn Valves and Valves 
Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats, Seventh Edition, June 2016 (``API 
607''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.20-15.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (b) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Two Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990, 800-843-2763, www.asme.org.
    (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for 
Construction of Power Boilers (2019) (``Section I of the ASME BPVC''); 
IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.15-1, 56.60-1, 56.70-15, 56.95-10.
    (2) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 
Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels (2019) (``Section VIII of 
the ASME BPVC''); IBR

[[Page 57944]]

approved for Sec. Sec.  56.15-156.25-5, 56.30-10, 56.60-1, 56.60-2, 
56.60-15, 56.95-10.
    (3) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding and 
Brazing Qualifications (2019) (``Section IX of the ASME BPVC''); IBR 
approved for Sec. Sec.  56.70-5, 56.70-20, 56.75-20, 56.85-10.
    (4) ASME B1.1-2003, Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread 
Form), September 30, 2004, reaffirmed 2008 (``ASME B1.1''); IBR 
approved for Sec. Sec.  56.25-20, 56.60-1.
    (5) ASME B1.20.1-2013, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch), 
November 15, 2013 (``ASME B1.20.1''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (6) ASME B1.20.3-1976, Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch), January 1, 
1976, reaffirmed 2013, (``ASME B1.20.3''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (7) ASME B16.1-2015, Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, 
Classes 25, 125, and 250, December 28, 2015 (``ASME B16.1''); IBR 
approved for Sec. Sec.  56.60-1, 56.60-10.
    (8) ASME B16.3-2016, Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 150 
and 300, November 30, 2016 (``ASME B16.3''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (9) ASME B16.4-2016, Gray Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 
250, November 11, 2016 (``ASME B16.4''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-
1.
    (10) ASME B16.5-2017, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, NPS \1/2\ 
Through NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard, November 20, 2017, (``ASME 
B16.5''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.25-20, 56.30-10, 56.60-1.
    (11) ASME B16.11-2016, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and 
Threaded, January 1, 2016 (``ASME B16.11''); IBR approved for 
Sec. Sec.  56.30-5, 56.60-1.
    (12) ASME B16.14-2013, Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts 
with Pipe Threads, November 15, 2013 (``ASME B16.14''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (13) ASME B16.15-2013, Cast Copper Alloy Threaded Fittings, Classes 
125 and 250, December 6, 2013 (``ASME B16.15''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (14) ASME B16.20-2012, Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, Ring-
Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed, January 1, 2012 (``ASME B16.20''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (15) ASME B16.21-2016, Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, 
December 9, 2016 (``ASME B16.21''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (16) ASME B16.23-2016, Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage 
Fittings: DWV, January 1, 2016 (``ASME B16.23''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-1.
    (17) ASME B16.25-2012, Buttwelding Ends, January 1, 2012 (``ASME 
B16.25''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.30-5, 56.60-1, 56.70-10.
    (18) ASME B16.29-2012, Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy 
Solder-Joint Drainage Fittings--DWV, September 26, 2012 (``ASME 
B16.29''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (19) ASME B16.34-2017, Valves--Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End, 
August 23, 2017 (``ASME B16.34''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (20) ASME B18.2.1-2012, Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head 
Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch 
Series), 2012 (``ASME B18.2.1''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.25-20, 
56.60-1.
    (21) ASME B18.2.2-2015, Nuts for General Applications: Machine 
Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex Flange, and Coupling Nuts (Inch Series), 
November 30, 2015 (``ASME B18.2.2''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  
56.25-20, 56.60-1.
    (22) ASME B31.1-2016, Power Piping, ASME Code for Pressure Piping, 
June 30, 2016 (``ASME B31.1''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.01-3, 
56.01-5, 56.07-5, 56.07-10, 56.10-1, 56.10-5, 56.15-1, 56.25-7, 56.30-
1, 56.30-5, 56.30-20, 56.35-1, 56.50-1, 56.50-40, 56.50-70, 56.50-97, 
56.60-1, 56.65-1, 56.70-5, 56.70-10, 56.70-15, 56.80-5, 56.80-15, 
56.85-10, 56.95-1, 56.95-10, 56.97-1.
    (23) ASME B31.3-2018, Process Piping, ASME Code for Pressure 
Piping, August 30, 2019 (``ASME B31.3''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-
1.
    (24) ASME B36.10M-2015 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe, 
August 31, 2015 (``ASME B36.10M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.07-
5, 56.30-20, 56.60-1.
    (25) ASME B36.19M-2004 Stainless Steel Pipe, October 25, 2004 
(``ASME B36.19M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.07-5, 56.60-1.
    (26) ASME SA-675, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, 
Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties, May 1, 2014 
(``ASTM SA-675''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (c) ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West 
Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, www.astm.org.
    (1) ASTM A36/A36M-14, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural 
Steel, December 1, 2014 (``ASTM A36/A36M''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.30-10.
    (2) ASTM A47/A47M-99 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for 
Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings, April 1, 2014, (``ASTM A47/A47M''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  56.30-10, 56.60-1.
    (3) ASTM A53/A53M-12, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black 
and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless, March 1, 2012 (``ASTM 
A53/A53M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.10-5, 56.60-1.
    (4) ASTM A126-04 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Specification for Gray 
Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings, April 1, 2014 
(``ASTM A126''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (5) ASTM A135/A135M-19, Standard Specification for Electric-
Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe, May 1, 2019 (``ASTM A135/A135M''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (6) ASTM A197/A197M-00 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification 
for Cupola Malleable Iron, November 1, 2015 (``ASTM A197/A197M''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (7) ASTM A210/A210M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-
Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes, May 1, 2019 (``ASTM A210/
A210M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (8) ASTM A268/A268M-10 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification 
for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing 
for General Service, September 1, 2016 (``ASTM A268/A268M''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (9) ASTM A276/A276M-17, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel 
Bars and Shapes, March 15, 2017 (``ASTM A276/A276M''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-2.
    (10) ASTM A312/A312M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless, 
Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes, March 
15, 2017 (``ASTM A312/A312M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.50-105, 
56.60-1.
    (11) ASTM A333/A333M-16, Standard Specification for Seamless and 
Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications 
with Required Notch Toughness, March 1, 2016 (``ASTM A333/A333M''); IBR 
approved for Sec. Sec.  56.50-105, 56.60-1.
    (12) ASTM A334/A334M-04a, Standard Specification for Seamless and 
Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service, May 1, 
2004 (``ASTM A334/A334M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.50-105, 
56.60-1.
    (13) ASTM A350/A350M-17, Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-
Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping 
Components, September 1, 2017 (``ASTM A350/A350M''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.50-105.
    (14) ASTM A352/A352M-17, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, 
Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for 
Low-Temperature Service, November 1, 2017 (``ASTM A352/A352M''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.50-105.
    (15) ASTM A358/A358M-15, Standard Specification for Electric-

[[Page 57945]]

Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for High-
Temperature Service and General Applications, September 1, 2015 (``ASTM 
A358/A358M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (16) ASTM A376/A376M-17, Standard Specification for Seamless 
Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service, September 1, 2017 
(``ASTM A376/A376M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.60-1, 56.60-2.
    (17) ASTM A403/A403M-16, Standard Specification for Wrought 
Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings, May 1, 2016 (``ASTM A403/
A403M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (18) ASTM A420/A420M-16, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings 
of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service, 
May 1, 2016 (``ASTM A420/A420M''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.50-
105, 56.60-1.
    (19) ASTM A522/A522M-14, Standard Specification for Forged or 
Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts 
for Low-Temperature Service, October 1, 2014 (``ASTM A522/A522M'') IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.50-105.
    (20) ASTM A575-96 (Reapproved 2013),\e1\ Standard Specification for 
Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades, July 2013 (``ASTM 
A575''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (21) ASTM A576-17, Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, 
Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, November 1, 2017 (``ASTM A576''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (22) ASTM B16/B16M-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines May 
1, 2015 (``ASTM B16/B16M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (23) ASTM B21/B21M-20, Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, 
Bar, and Shapes, April 1, 2020 (``ASTM B21/B21M''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-2.
    (24) ASTM B26/B26M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 
Sand Castings, May 15, 2018 (``ASTM B26/B26M''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-2.
    (25) ASTM B42-20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, 
Standard Sizes, April 1, 2020 (``ASTM B42''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (26) ASTM B43-15, Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass 
Pipe, Standard Sizes, October 1, 2015 (``ASTM B43''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-1.
    (27) ASTM B68/B68M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Tube, Bright Annealed, April 1, 2019 (``ASTM B68/B68M''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (28) ASTM B75/B75M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper 
Tube, April 1, 2019 (``ASTM B75/B75M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-
1.
    (29) ASTM B85/B85M-18, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 
Die Castings, May 1, 2018 (``ASTM B85/B85M''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-2.
    (30) ASTM B96/B96M-16, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon 
Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and 
Pressure Vessels, April 1, 2016 (``ASTM B96/B96M''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-2.
    (31) ASTM B111/B111M-18a, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock, October 1, 
2018 (``ASTM B111/B111M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (32) ASTM B124/B124M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes, March 15, 2018 (``ASTM B124/
B124M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (33) ASTM B161-05 (Reapproved 2019), Standard Specification for 
Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube, April 1, 2019) (``ASTM B161''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (34) ASTM B165-19, Standard Specification of Nickel-Copper Alloy 
Seamless Pipe and Tube, November 1, 2019 (``ASTM B165''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (35) ASTM B167-18, Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-
Aluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, 
N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-
Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-Iron-Chromium-
Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper 
Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube, December 1, 2018 (``ASTM 
B167''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (36) ASTM B171/B171M-18, Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy 
Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers, 
October 1, 2018 (``ASTM B171/B171M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (37) ASTM B210-19a, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes, November 1, 2019 (``ASTM B210''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (38) ASTM B234-17, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Surface Condensers, 
Evaporators, and Heat Exchangers, October 1, 2017 (``ASTM B234''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (39) ASTM B241/B241M-16, Standard Specification for Aluminum and 
Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube, February 1, 
2016 (``ASTM B241/B241M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (40) ASTM B280-18, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube 
for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service, March 1, 2018 
(``ASTM B280''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (41) ASTM B283/B283M-18, Standard Specification for Copper and 
Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed), March 1, 2018 (``ASTM B283/
B283M''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (42) ASTM B315-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy 
Pipe and Tube, April 1, 2019 (``ASTM B315''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (43) ASTM B361-16, Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought 
Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings, May 1, 2016 (``ASTM 
B361''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (44) ASTM B858-06 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Test Method for 
Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion 
Cracking in Copper Alloys, March 1, 2018 (``ASTM B858''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-2.
    (45) ASTM E23-18, Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact 
Testing of Metallic Materials, June 1, 2018 (``ASTM E23''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.50-105.
    (46) ASTM F1006-86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for 
Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications, September 
1, 2018 (``ASTM F1006''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (47) ASTM F1007-18, Standard Specification for Pipeline Expansion 
Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application, May 1, 2018 
(``ASTM F1007''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (48) ASTM F1020-86 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for 
Line-Blind Valves for Marine Applications, March 1, 2018 (``ASTM 
F1020''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (49) ASTM F1120-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping 
Applications, May 1, 2015 (``ASTM F1120''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (50) ASTM F1123-87 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Non-Metallic Expansion Joints, May 1, 2015 (``ASTM F1123''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (51) ASTM F1139-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Steam Traps and Drains, May 1, 2015) (``ASTM F1139''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-1.
    (52) ASTM F1155-10 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Practice for 
Selection

[[Page 57946]]

and Application of Piping System Materials, May 1, 2015 (``ASTM 
F1155''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.50-60, 56.50-105, 56.60-1, 
56.60-15.
    (53) ASTM F1172-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type, May 1, 
2015 (``ASTM F1172''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (54) ASTM F1173-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for 
Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe and Fittings to be Used for Marine 
Applications, March 1, 2018 (``ASTM F1173''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1.
    (55) ASTM F1199-88 (Reapproved 2015), Standard Specification for 
Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers 
(150 psig and 150 [deg]F Maximum), May 1, 2015 (``ASTM F1199''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (56) ASTM F1200-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for 
Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150 
[deg]F), September 1, 2016 (``ASTM F1200''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-1
    (57) ASTM F1201-88 (Reapproved 2016), Standard Specification for 
Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications above 0 [deg]F, 
September 1, 2016 (``ASTM F1201''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (58) ASTM F1387-19, Standard Specification for Performance of 
Mechanically Attached Fittings, September 15, 2019 (``ASTM F1387''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  56.30-25.
    (59) ASTM F1476-07 (Reapproved 2013), Standard Specification for 
Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping 
Applications, October 1, 2013 (``ASTM F1476''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.30-35.
    (60) ASTM F1548-01 (Reapproved 2018), Standard Specification for 
the Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings 
Used in Piping Applications, March 1, 2018 (``ASTM F1548''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.30-35.
    (d) Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association Inc. (EJMA), 25 North 
Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591, www.ejma.org/.
    (1) Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, 
10th Edition, July 1, 2015; IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (e) Fluid Controls Institute Inc. (FCI), 1300 Sumner Avenue, 
Cleveland, Ohio 44115, www.fluidcontrolsinstitute.org.
    (1) FCI 69-1 Pressure Rating Standard for Steam Traps, January 1, 
2017 (``FCI 69-1''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (f) International Maritime Organization (IMO Publications Section), 
4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, +44 (0) 20 7735 
7611, www.imo.org.
    (1) Resolution A.753(18) Guidelines for the Application of Plastic 
Pipes on Ships, adopted on 4 November 1993 (``IMO Resolution 
A.753(18)''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-25.
    (2) Resolution MSC.313(88), Amendments to the Guidelines for the 
Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships, adopted 26 November 2010 (``IMO 
Resolution MSC.313(88)''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-25.
    (3) The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 
1974, as amended (SOLAS); IBR approved for Sec.  56.50-50.
    (g) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case 
Postal 56, CH-1211 Geneva 20 Switzerland, www.iso.org.
    (1) ISO 15540:2016(E) Ships and Marine Technology--Fire resistance 
of non-metallic hose assemblies and non-metallic compensators--Test 
methods, 2nd Edition, July 15, 2016 (``ISO 15540''); IBR approved for 
Sec.  56.60-25.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (h) Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings 
Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street NE, Vienna, VA 22180-4601, 
www.msshq.org.
    (1) MSS SP-6-2017, Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe 
Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings, January 2017 
(``MSS SP-6''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.25-10, 56.60-1.
    (2) MSS SP-9-2013, Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges, 
January 1, 2013 (``MSS SP-9''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (3) ANSI/MSS SP-25-2018, Standard Marking System for Valves, 
Fittings, Flanges and Unions, March 2018 (``MSS SP-25''); IBR approved 
for Sec. Sec.  56.15-1, 56.20-5, 56.60-1.
    (4) MSS SP-45-2003, Bypass and Drain Connections, 2003 (``MSS SP-
45''); IBR approved for Sec. Sec.  56.20-20, 56.60-1.
    (5) MSS SP-51-2012, Class 150LW Corrosion Resistant Flanges and 
Cast Flanged Fittings, January 1, 2012 (``MSS SP-51''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (6) MSS SP-53-2012, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and 
Forgings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components--
Magnetic Particle Examination Method, January 2012 (``MSS SP-53''); IBR 
approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (7) ANSI/MSS SP-55-2011, Quality Standard for Steel Castings for 
Valves, Flanges, Fittings and Other Piping Components--Visual Method 
for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities, October 2011 (``MSS SP-55''); 
IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (8) ANSI/MSS SP-58-2009, Pipe Hangers and Supports--Materials, 
Design, Manufacture, Selection, Application, and Installation, 2009 
(``MSS SP-58''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (9) MSS SP-61-2019, Pressure Testing of Valves, December 2019 
(``MSS SP-61''); IBR approved for Sec.  56.60-1.
    (i) SAE International (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 
15096, 724-776-4841, www.sae.org.
    (1) SAE J1475 JUN2014, Hydraulic Hose Fitting for Marine 
Applications, June 1, 2014 (``SAE J1475''); IBR approved for Sec.  
56.60-25.
    (2) J1942 MAR2019, Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine 
Applications, Reaffirmed March 1, 2019 (``SAE J1942''); IBR approved 
for Sec.  56.60-25.


Sec.  56.01-5   [Amended]

0
129. Amend Sec.  56.01-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  
''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 56.01-5(a)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table Sec.  56.01-5(a)'';
0
b. Redesignate table 56.01-5(a) as table Sec.  56.01-5(a);
0
c. Redesignate paragraph (viii)(b) as paragraph (b); and
0
d. In paragraph (c):
0
i. Remove the text ``of this chapter''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''.
0
130. Amend Sec.  56.01-10 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraph (b);
0
c. In the introductory text to paragraphs (c)(1) and (2), paragraph 
(d)(1), and the introductory text to paragraphs (d)(2) and (3); remove 
the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word 
``must'';
0
d. Redesignate paragraph (d-1), (e) and (f) as paragraphs (e), (f), and 
(g); and
0
e. In newly redesignated paragraph (f), remove the word ``shall'' and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.01-10  Plan approval.

* * * * *
    (b) Piping materials and appliances, such as pipe, tubing, 
fittings, flanges, and valves, except safety relief valves covered in 
part 162 of subchapter Q (Specifications) of this chapter, are not 
required to be specifically approved by

[[Page 57947]]

the Commandant, but must comply with the applicable requirements for 
materials, construction, markings, and testing. These materials and 
appliances must be certified as described in part 50 of this 
subchapter. Drawings listing material specifications and showing 
details of welded joints for pressure-containing appurtenances of 
welded construction must be submitted in accordance with paragraph (a) 
of this section.
* * * * *
0
131. Amend Sec.  56.04-1 as follows:
0
a. Revise introductory text to Sec.  56.04-1,; and
0
b. Redesignate table 56.04-1 as table Sec.  56.04-1.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.04-1  Scope.

    Piping is classified as shown in table Sec.  56.04-1.
* * * * *


Sec.  56.04-2   [Amended]

0
132. Amend Sec.  56.04-2 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to Sec.  56.04-2, remove the text ``table 
56.04-2'' and add, in its place, the text ``table Sec.  56.04-2''; and
0
b. Redesignate table 56.04-2 as table Sec.  56.04-2.
0
133. Amend Sec.  56.07-5 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the text ``46 
CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
b. Reserve paragraph (a)(1);
0
c. Revise paragraph (c); and
0
d. Remove paragraph (g).
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.07-5  Definitions (modifies 100.2).

* * * * *
    (c) Schedule. The word Schedule when used in this part generally 
relates to the wall thickness of piping, and refers to specific values 
as given in ASME B36.10M and B36.19M (both incorporated by reference; 
see Sec.  56.01-2).
* * * * *
0
134. Amend Sec.  56.07-10 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b)(1);
0
d. In paragraphs (b)(2) and (3), and (c), remove the word ``shall'' 
wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. Revise paragraph (d);
0
f. In paragraph (e)(1), remove the text ``tables 56.60-1 and'' and add, 
in its place, the text ``tables 1 and 2 to Sec.  56.60-1 and table 
Sec.  '';
0
g. Revise paragraphs (e)(2) and (3); and
0
h. In paragraph (f)(1), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.07-10  Design conditions and criteria (modifies 101-104.7).

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) Every system which may be exposed to pressures higher than the 
system's maximum allowable working pressure must be safeguarded by 
appropriate relief devices. Relief valves are required at pump 
discharges except for centrifugal pumps so designed and applied that a 
pressure in excess of the maximum allowable working pressure for the 
system cannot be developed.
* * * * *
    (d) Ratings for pressure and temperature (modifies 102.2). The 
material in 102.2 of ASME B31.1 applies, with the following exceptions:
    (1) The details of components not having specific ratings as 
described in 102.2.2 of ASME B31.1 must be furnished to the Marine 
Safety Center for approval.
    (2) Boiler blowoff piping must be designed in accordance with Sec.  
56.50-40 of this part.
    (e) * * *
    (2) Allowable stress values, as found in the ASME BPVC, which are 
restricted in application by footnote or are italicized must not be 
used. Where multiple stresses are listed for a material, the lowest 
value of the listing must be used unless otherwise approved by the 
Commandant. In all cases the temperature is understood to be the actual 
temperature of the component.
    (3) Where the operator desires to use a material not listed, 
permission must be obtained from the Commandant. Requirements for 
testing found in Sec.  56.97 may affect design and should be 
considered. Special design limitations may be found for specific 
systems. Refer to subpart 56.50 for specific requirements.
* * * * *


Sec.  56.10-1   [Amended]

0
135. Amend Sec.  56.10-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, 
the symbol ``Sec.  ''.
0
136. Amend Sec.  56.10-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must''; 
and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 56.60-1(a)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``table 1 to Sec.  56.60-1'';
0
b. Revise paragraphs (b) and (c)(1) and (2);
0
c. In paragraph (c)(3), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
d. Revise paragraph (c)(4); and
0
e. In paragraph (c)(5), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.10-5  Pipe.

* * * * *
    (b) Ferrous pipe. ASTM A53/A53M (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec.  56.01-2) furnace welded pipe must not be used for combustible or 
flammable liquids within machinery spaces. (See Sec. Sec.  30.10-15 and 
30.10-22 of this chapter for definitions of combustible and flammable 
liquids.)
* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (1) Copper and brass pipe for water and steam service may be used 
for design pressures up to 250 psig and for design temperatures to 406 
[deg]F.
    (2) Copper and brass pipe for air may be used in accordance with 
the allowable stresses of the materials found from table 1 to Sec.  
56.60-1.
* * * * *
    (4) Copper tubing may be used for instrument service up to 1,000 
psig per square inch.
* * * * *
0
137. Amend Sec.  56.15-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), add the words ``meeting the standards specified in 
this part and'' after the word ``fittings'';
0
b. In paragraph (b):
0
i. Remove the text ``tables 56.60-1(a) and 56.60-1(b)'' and add, in its 
place, the text ``tables 1 and 2 to Sec.  56.60-1''; and
0
ii. Remove the words ``pounds per square inch gage'' and add, in their 
place, the text ``psig'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (c)(2);
0
d. In paragraph (c)(4)(ii)(B), remove the text ``section VIII of the 
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Section VIII of the ASME BPVC''; and
0
e. In paragraph (e), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, 
the symbol ``Sec.  ''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.15-1  Pipe joining fittings.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (2) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined by--
    (i) Calculations comparable to those of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by 
reference;

[[Page 57948]]

see Sec.  56.01-2) or Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  56.01-2);
    (ii) Subjecting a representative model to a proof test or 
experimental stress analysis described in paragraph A-22 of Section I 
of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2); or
    (iii) Other means specifically accepted by the Marine Safety 
Center.
* * * * *
0
138. Revise Sec.  56.15-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.15-5  Fluid-conditioner fittings.

    (a) Fluid-conditioner fittings meeting the standards of this part 
and certified in accordance with subpart 50.25 of this subchapter are 
acceptable for use in piping systems.
    (b) Fluid-conditioner fittings made in accordance with the 
applicable standards listed in table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1 of this part 
and of materials complying with subpart 56.60 of this part, may be used 
within the material, size, fluid, pressure, and temperature limitations 
of those standards and within any further limitations specified in this 
subchapter.
    (c) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined in 
accordance with Sec.  56.15-1(c) of this part.
    (d) If welded, nonstandard fluid-conditioner fittings must be 
welded in accordance with subpart 56.70 of this part and part 57 of 
this chapter or by other processes specifically approved by the Marine 
Safety Center.
    (e) Heat exchangers having headers and tubes, and brazed boiler 
steam air heaters, are not considered fluid-conditioner fittings and 
must meet the requirements in part 54 of this chapter regardless of 
size. For brazed boiler steam air heaters, see also Sec.  56.30-
30(b)(1) of this part.


Sec.  56.15-10   [Amended]

0
139. Amend Sec.  56.15-10 as follows:
0
a. Remove paragraph (a);
0
b. Redesignate paragraphs (b) and (c) as paragraphs (a) and (b); and
0
c. In newly redesignated paragraph (a), remove the text ``table 56.60-
1(b)'' and add, in its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1''.
0
140. Amend Sec.  56.20-1 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ``pressure-containing'';
0
b. Revise paragraphs (c)(2) and (3); and
0
c. Remove paragraph (d).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.20-1  General.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (2) The maximum allowable working pressure may be determined by 
Sec.  56.15-1(c)(2) of this part.
    (3) Valves must be tested in accordance with the requirements of 
the applicable incorporated standard or Sec.  56.97 of this part.
* * * * *
0
141. Revise Sec.  56.20-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.20-5  Marking (modifies 107.2).

    Each valve marking must be in accordance with MSS SP-25 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2).


Sec.  56.20-7   [Amended]

0
142. In Sec.  56.20-7, reserve paragraph (b).
0
143. Revise Sec.  56.20-9 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.20-9  Valve construction.

    (a) Each valve must close with a right-hand (clockwise) motion of 
the handwheel or operating lever as seen by one facing the end of the 
valve stem. Each nonrising-stem valve, lever-operated valve, or other 
valve where, because of design, the position of the disc or closure 
mechanism is not obvious must be fitted with an indicator to show 
whether the valve is opened or closed. No such indicator is required 
for any valve located in a tank or similar inaccessible space when 
indicators are available at accessible sites. The operating levers of 
quarter-turn valves must be parallel to the fluid flow when open and 
perpendicular to the fluid flow when closed.
    (b) Valves of Class I piping systems having diameters exceeding 2 
inches must have bolted, pressure seal, or breech lock bonnets and 
flanged or welding ends. Socket type welding ends must meet Sec.  
56.30-5(c) and Sec.  56.30-10(b)(4). For diameters not exceeding 2 
inches, screwed union bonnet or bolted bonnet, or bonnetless valves 
which prevent the stem from screwing out of the body may be employed. 
Outside screw and yoke design must be used for valves 3 inches and 
larger for pressures above 600 psig. Cast iron valves with screwed-in 
or screwed-over bonnets are prohibited. Union bonnet type cast iron 
valves must have the bonnet ring made of steel, bronze, or malleable 
iron.
    (c) Valves must be designed for the maximum pressure to which they 
may be subjected, but in no case must the design pressure be less than 
50 psig. The use of wafer type resilient seated valves is subject to 
the requirements of Sec.  56.20-15.
    (d) Disks or disk faces, seats, stems and other wearing parts of 
valves must be made of material possessing corrosion and heat-resisting 
qualities suitable for the service conditions to which they may be 
subjected.
    (e) Plug cocks must be constructed with satisfactory and positive 
means of preventing the plug from becoming loosened or removed from the 
body when the plug is operated.
    (f) Cocks must be marked in a straight line with the body to 
indicate whether they are open or closed.
0
144. Revise Sec.  56.20-15 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.20-15  Valves employing resilient material.

    (a) A valve in which the closure is accomplished by resilient 
nonmetallic material instead of a metal to metal seat must comply with 
the design, material, construction and testing for valves specified in 
this section.
    (b) Valves employing resilient material are divided into three 
categories: Positive shutoff, Category A, and Category B, and must be 
tested and used as follows:
    (1) Positive shutoff valves. The closed valve must pass less than 
10 ml/hr (0.34 fluid oz/hr) of liquid, or less than 3 l/hr (0.11 cubic 
ft/hr) of gas per inch nominal pipe size through the line at full rated 
pressure after being subjected to the fire test requirements of API 607 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2). Packing material must 
be fire resistant. Piping subject to internal head pressure from a tank 
containing oil must be fitted with positive shutoff valves located at 
the tank in accordance with Sec.  56.50-60(d). Positive shutoff valves 
may be used in any location in lieu of a Category A or Category B 
valve.
    (2) Category A valves. Category A valves may be used in any 
location except where positive shutoff valves are required by Sec.  
56.50-60(d). To be qualified as a Category A valve, the valve must meet 
the fire test and leakage requirements of API 607.
    (i) Category A valves are required at vital piping system 
manifolds;
    (ii) Category A valves must be used in isolation valves in cross-
connects between two piping systems, at least one of which is a vital 
system, where failure of the valve in a fire would prevent the vital 
system(s) from functioning as designed, and
    (iii) Category A valves must be used for valves providing closure 
for any opening in the shell of the vessel.
    (3) Category B valves. The closed valve will not provide effective 
closure of the line or will permit appreciable leakage from the valve 
after the resilient material is damaged or destroyed. Category B valves 
are not required to be

[[Page 57949]]

tested and may be used in any location except where a Category A or 
positive shutoff valve is required.
    (c) Resiliently seated valves previously accepted by the Commandant 
or the Marine Safety Center may continue to be used within the service 
restrictions of their acceptance.


Sec.  56.20-20  [Amended]

0
145. Amend Sec.  56.20-20 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must''; 
and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  ''; and
0
b. Remove paragraph (c).
0
146. Revise Sec.  56.25-5 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.25-5  Flanges.

    Each flange must conform to the design requirements of either the 
applicable standards of table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1, or of those of 
Appendix 2 of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by reference; 
see Sec.  56.01-2). Plate flanges must meet the requirements of Sec.  
56.30-10(b)(5). Flanges may be integral or may be attached to pipe by 
threading, welding, brazing, or other means within the applicable 
standards specified in table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1.
0
147. Revise Sec.  56.25-10 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.25-10  Flange facings.

    Flange facings must be in accordance with the applicable standards 
listed in table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1 and MSS SP-6 (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  56.01-2).


Sec.  56.25-15  [Amended]

0
148. Amend Sec.  56.25-15 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``table 56.60-1(b) of this part'' 
and add, in its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1''; and
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``pounds per square inch'' and 
add, in their place, the text ``psig''.
0
149. Amend Sec.  56.25-20 as follows:
0
a. In the introductory text to paragraph (a), remove the subject 
heading;
0
b. Revise paragraphs (a)(1), (b), (c), and (d); and
0
c. In paragraph (e), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.25-20  Bolting.

    (a) * * *
    (1) Bolts, studs, nuts, and washers must comply with applicable 
standards and specifications listed in Sec.  56.60-1. Bolting must be 
in accordance with ASME B16.5 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
56.01-2).
* * * * *
    (b) Carbon steel bolts or bolt studs may be used if operating 
pressure does not exceed 300 psig and the operating temperature does 
not exceed 400 [deg]F. Carbon steel bolts must have heavy hexagon heads 
in accordance with ASME B18.2.1 (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  
56.01-2) and must have heavy semifinished hexagonal nuts in accordance 
with ASME B18.2.2 (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  56.01-2).
    (c) Alloy steel stud bolts must be threaded full length and use 
heavy semifinished hexagonal nuts in accordance with ASME B18.2.2.
    (d) Alloy bolts or studs and nuts are to be threaded in accordance 
with ASME B1.1 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2), Class 2A 
external threads, and Class 2B internal threads (8-thread series 8UN 
for one inch and larger).
* * * * *


Sec.  56.30-3   [Amended]

0
150. In Sec.  56.30-3, remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
0
151. Amend Sec.  56.30-5 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
c. Revise paragraph (c);
0
d. In paragraph (d), remove the first sentence; and
0
e. In paragraph (e), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.30-5  Welded joints.

* * * * *
    (c) Socket welds (Modifies 127.3.3A.). (1) Each socket weld must 
conform to ASME B16.11 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2), 
to applicable standards listed in table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1, and to 
Figure 127.4.4C in ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
56.01-2) as modified by Sec.  56.30-10(b)(4).
    (2) Restrictions on the use of socket welds appear in Sec.  56.70-
15(d)(3) for Class I service and in Sec.  56.50-105 for low temperature 
service. See Sec.  56.70-15(d)(4) for Class II service.
* * * * *
0
152. Amend Sec.  56.30-10 as follows:
0
a. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (b);
0
b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the text ``Figure 56.30-10(b)'' and add, 
in its place, the text ``Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b)''; and ii. Remove the 
text ``46 CFR 56.30-20, table '' and add, in its place, the text 
``table Sec. '';
0
c. Revise paragraphs (b)(2) through (7);
0
d. In paragraph (b)(8):
0
i. Revise the subject heading;
0
ii. Remove the text ``Figure 56.30-10(b)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``figure Sec.  56.30-10(b)''; and
0
iii. remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec. '';
0
e. In paragraph (b)(9):
0
i. Revise the subject heading; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``Figure 56.30-10(b)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``figure Sec.  56.30-10(b)'';
0
f. Revise paragraphs (b)(10) through (12);
0
g. In paragraph (b)(13),
0
i. Revise the subject heading; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``Figure 56.30-10(b)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``figure Sec.  56.30-10(b)'';
0
h. Revise paragraph (b)(14);
0
i. In paragraph (b)(13):
0
i. Revise the subject heading;
0
ii. Remove the text ``Figure 56.30-10(b)'' and add, in its place, the 
text ``figure Sec.  56.30-10(b)''; and
0
j. Designate the figure immediately following paragraph (b) as figure 
Sec.  56.30-10(b) and redesignate note to Figure 56.30-10(b) as note 1 
to figure Sec.  56.30-10(b).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.30-10  Flanged joints (modifies 104.5.1(a)).

* * * * *
    (b) Flanges may be attached by any method shown in figure Sec.  
56.30-10(b) or by any means approved by the Marine Safety Center. 
Pressure temperature ratings of the appropriate ASME standard must not 
be exceeded.
    (1) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 1.* * *
    (2) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 2. ASME B16.5 (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  56.01-2) Class 150 and Class 300 low-hubbed 
flanges with screw threads, plus the addition of a strength fillet weld 
of the size as shown, may be used in Class I systems not exceeding 750 
[deg]F or 4 NPS, in Class II systems, and in Class II-L systems not 
exceeding 1 NPS. If 100 percent radiography is required by Sec.  56.95-
10 threaded flanges are not permitted and buttwelding flanges must be 
provided.
    (3) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 3. Slip-on flanges meeting 
ASME B16.5 may be used in piping systems of Class

[[Page 57950]]

I, Class II, or Class II-L not to exceed the service pressure-
temperature ratings, and not to exceed 4-inch Nominal Pipe Size (NPS) 
in systems of Class I and Class II-L. If 100 percent radiography is 
required by Sec.  56.95-10, slip-on flanges are not permitted and butt-
welding flanges are required. Restrictions on the use of slip-on 
flanges appear in Sec.  56.50-105 for low-temperature piping systems.
    (4) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 4. ASME B16.5 socket welding 
flanges may be used in Class I or II-L systems not exceeding 3 NPS for 
class 600 and lower class flanges and 21/2NPS for class 900 and class 
1500 flanges within the service pressure-temperature ratings of the 
standard. Whenever full radiography is required by Sec.  56.95-10 
socket welding flanges are not permitted and a butt weld type 
connection must be provided. For Class II piping, socket welding 
flanges may be used without diameter limitation. Restrictions on socket 
welds appear in Sec.  56.50-105 for low temperature piping systems.
    (5) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 5. Flanges fabricated from 
steel plate meeting the requirements of part 54 of this chapter may be 
used for Class II piping for pressures not exceeding 150 psig per 
square inch and temperatures not exceeding 450 [deg]F. Plate material 
listed in UCS-6(b) of Section VIII of the ASME BPVC (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  56.01-2) may not be used in this application, 
except that material meeting ASTM A36/A36M (incorporated by reference; 
see Sec.  56.01-2) may be used. The fabricated flanges must conform at 
least to the ASME B16.5 class 150 flange dimensions.
    (6) Figure Sec.  56.30-10 (b), Method 6. Steel plate flanges 
meeting the material and construction requirements listed in paragraph 
(b)(5) of this section may be used for Class II piping for pressures 
not exceeding 150 psig or temperatures not exceeding 650 [deg]F. The 
flange must be attached to the pipe as shown by figure Sec.  56.30-
10(b), Method 6.
    (7) Figure Sec.  56.30-10 (b), Method 7. Lap joint flanges (Van 
Stone) may be used for Class I and Class II piping. The ends of the 
pipe must be heated from 1,650[deg] to 1,900 [deg]F based on the size 
of the pipe. Extra thickness of metal built up in the end of the pipe 
must be machined to restore the pipe to its original diameter. The 
width of the lap flange must be at least three times the thickness of 
the pipe wall and the end of the pipe must be properly stress relieved 
after the flanging operation is completed. Manufacturers desiring to 
produce this type of joint must demonstrate to a marine inspector that 
they have the proper equipment and personnel to produce an acceptable 
joint.
    (8) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 8.* * *
    (9) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 9.* * *
    (10) Figure Sec.  56.30-10 (b), Method 10. Flanges may be attached 
by shrinking the flange on to the end of the pipe and flaring the end 
of the pipe to an angle of not less than 20[deg]. A fillet weld of the 
size shown by figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 10, must be used to 
attach the hub to the pipe. This flange is limited to a pressure of 300 
psig and a temperature not exceeding of 500 [deg]F.
    (11) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 11. The flange of the type 
described and illustrated by figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 10, 
except with the fillet weld omitted, may be used for Class II piping 
not exceeding 150 psig and temperatures not exceeding 450 [deg]F.
    (12) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 12. High-hub bronze flanges 
may be used for temperatures not exceeding 425 [deg]F. A preinserted 
ring of silver brazing alloy having a melting point not less than 1,000 
[deg]F must be inserted into the groove. A suitable flux must be 
applied to the surfaces to be joined to produce a satisfactory joint.
    (13) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 13.* * *
    (14) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 14. Flanges may be attached 
to nonferrous pipe by inserting the pipe in the flange and flanging the 
end of the pipe into the recess machined in the face of the flange to 
receive it. The pipe must be securely brazed to the wall of the flange.
    (15) Figure Sec.  56.30-10(b), Method 15.* * *
* * * * *
0
153. Amend Sec.  56.30-20 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (b):
0
i. Remove the text ``Reproduces'' and add, in its place, the text 
``Modifies''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR 56.60-1, table 56.60-1(b)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1'';
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the text ``table 56.30-20(c)'' and add, in 
its place, the text ``table Sec.  56.30-20(c)'';
0
c. Redesignate table 56.30-20(c) as table Sec.  56.30-20(c);
0
d. In note 2 to newly redesignated table Sec.  56.30-20(c) remove the 
text ``when commercially available components such as pumps, valves and 
strainers may only be obtained with threaded connections''; and
0
e. Revise paragraph (d).
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.30-20  Threaded joints.

* * * * *
    (d) No pipe with a wall thickness less than that of standard weight 
of ASME B36.10M (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  56.01-2) steel 
pipe may be threaded. For restrictions on the use of pipe in steam 
service more than 250 psig or water service over 100 psig and 200 
[deg]F (938C), see part 104.1.2(c)(1) of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  56.01-2).


Sec.  56.30-25  [Amended]

0
154. Amend Sec.  56.30-25 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``F 1387'' and add, in its place, the text 
``F1387''; and
0
ii. Remove the words ``as long as they are maintained in good 
condition''; and
0
b. In paragraph (d), remove the words ``or reducing the wall 
thickness''.


Sec.  56.30-27   [Amended]

0
155. Amend Sec.  56.30-27 by removing the words ``in marine 
installations''.
0
156. Amend Sec.  56.30-30 by revising paragraphs (a) and (b)(1) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  56.30-30   Brazed joints.

    (a) General (refer also to subpart 56.75). The minimum socket depth 
must be sufficient for the intended service. Brazing alloy must either 
be end-fed into the socket or must be provided in the form of a 
preinserted ring in a groove in the socket. The brazing alloy must be 
sufficient to fill completely the annular clearance between the socket 
and the pipe or tube.
    (b) * * *(1) Brazed socket-type joints must not be used on systems 
containing flammable or combustible fluids in areas where fire hazards 
are involved or where the service temperature exceeds 425 [deg]F. 
Higher temperature service must be approved by the Commandant.
* * * * *


Sec.  56.30-35  [Amended]

0
157. Amend Sec.  56.30-35 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the text ``F 1476'' and add, in its place, the text 
``F1476'';
0
ii. Remove the text ``F 1548'' and add, in its place, the text 
``F1548''; and
0
iii, Remove the words ``as long as they are maintained in good 
condition'';b. In paragraph (b)(1), remove the words ``disable the 
vessel'' and add, in their place, the word ``occur''; and
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``do not provide positive 
protection against creep and''.
0
158. Amend Sec.  56.30-40 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (b);
0
b. Remove paragraph (c);
0
c. Redesignate paragraphs (d) through (h) as paragraphs (c) through 
(g);
0
d. In newly redesignated paragraph (c), remove the word ``shall'' 
wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';

[[Page 57951]]

0
e. In newly redesignated paragraph (d), remove the text ``table 56.60-
1(b) of this part'' and add, in its place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  
56.60-1'';
0
f. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (e); and
0
g. In newly redesignated paragraphs (f) and (g), remove the word 
``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.30-40  Flexible pipe couplings of the compression or slip-on 
type.

* * * * *
    (b) Positive means must also be provided to prevent the coupling 
from ``creeping'' on the pipe and uncovering the joint. Bite type 
devices are not generally accepted for this purpose. Machined grooves 
or centering pins are considered positive means.
* * * * *
    (e) Flexible couplings must not be used in cargo holds or in any 
other space where leakage, undetected flooding, or impingement of 
liquid on vital equipment may occur, or in tanks where the liquid 
conveyed in the piping system is not compatible with the liquid in the 
tank.
* * * * *
0
159. Amend Sec.  56.35-1 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a); and
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the text ``46 CFR'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the symbol ``Sec.  ''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.35-1  Pipe stress calculations (replaces 119.7).

    (a) A summary of the results of pipe stress calculations for the 
main and auxiliary steam piping where the design temperatures exceed 
800 [deg]F must be submitted for approval. Calculations must be made in 
accordance with a method of stress analysis acceptable to the Marine 
Safety Center to determine the forces at all terminal connections, 
anchor and junction points, as well as the resultant bending stress, 
longitudinal pressure stress, torsional stress, and combined expansion 
stress at all such points. The location of the maximum combined stress 
must be indicated in each run of pipe between anchor points.
* * * * *


Sec.  56.35-10  [Amended]

0
160. Amend Sec.  56.35-10 as follows:
0
a. Remove paragraph (a);
0
b. Redesignate paragraph (b) as paragraph (a) and reserve new paragraph 
(b); and
0
c. In newly redesignated paragraph (a):
0
i. Remove the word ``piping''; and
0
ii. Remove the text ``table 56.60-1(b) of this part'' and add, in its 
place, the text ``table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1''.
0
161. Revise Sec.  56.35-15 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.35-15   [Amended]

    Metallic expansion joints must conform to the standards listed in 
table 2 to Sec.  56.60-1 and may be used within their specified 
pressure and temperature rating.
0
162. Revise Sec.  56.50-1 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-1  General (replaces 122).

    The requirements in this subpart for piping systems apply instead 
of those in Section 122 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  56.01-2). The following installation requirements are applicable 
to all systems:
    (a) Where pipes and scuppers are carried through watertight or 
oiltight bulkheads, decks or tank tops, or are carried through fire 
control bulkheads and decks, the integrity of the structure must be 
maintained. Lead or other heat sensitive materials must not be used in 
piping systems in bulkhead or deck penetrations where fire would impair 
the integrity of the penetration. (For nonmetallic or plastic pipe 
installations, see Sec.  56.60-25(a).) Openings in structure through 
which pipes pass must be reinforced where necessary. Metallic materials 
having a melting point of 1,700 [deg]F or less are considered heat 
sensitive and if used must be suitably insulated.
    (b)(1) Pipes piercing the collision bulkhead must be fitted with 
valves operable from above the bulkhead deck and the valve must be 
fitted inside the forepeak tank adjacent to the collision bulkhead. The 
pipe penetrating the collision bulkhead must be welded to the bulkhead 
on both sides. The valve body must be of steel or ductile cast iron.
    (2) Passenger vessels must not have the collision bulkhead pierced 
below the margin line by more than one pipe conveying liquids in the 
forepeak tank.
    (c) Valves and cocks not forming part of a piping system are not 
permitted in watertight subdivision bulkheads. However, sluice valves 
or gates in oiltight bulkheads of tankships may be used if approved by 
the Marine Safety Center.
    (d) Piping must generally not be run over switchboards, and must be 
installed as far away from other electrical equipment as practicable. 
When such leads are necessary, provision must be made to prevent 
leakage from damaging the equipment.
    (e) Stuffing boxes must not be used on deep tank bulkheads, double 
bottoms or in any position where they cannot be easily examined. This 
requirement does not apply to ore carriers operating on the Great Lakes 
or cargo lines of oil tankers.
    (f) Piping systems must be installed so that under no condition 
will the operation of safety or relief valves be impaired.
    (g)(1) Power actuated valves may be used if approved for the system 
by the Marine Safety Center. All power actuated valves must have a 
backup manual means of operation.
    (2)(i) Remote valve controls must be fitted with nameplates 
describing the applicable system.
    (ii) Remote valve controls must be accessible under normal service 
conditions.
    (iii) Remote valve controls, except reach rods, must be fitted with 
indicators that show whether the valves they control are open or 
closed. Valve position indicating systems must be independent of valve 
control systems.
    (iv) Valve reach rods must be adequately protected.
    (v) Solid reach rods must be used in tanks containing liquids, 
except that reach rods of constructed of extra-heavy pipe may be 
considered acceptable by the OCMI.
    (3) Air-operated remote control valves must be provided with self-
indicating lines at the control boards that indicate the desired valve 
positions, such as open or closed.
    (h) Suitable drains must be provided at low points of piping 
systems.
    (i) Valves and cocks must be easily accessible. Valves attached to 
the shell of the vessel or to sea chests located below deck plating 
must be operable from above the deckplates.
    (j) When welded fabrication is employed, a sufficient number of 
detachable joints must be provided to facilitate maintenance of 
machinery.
    (k) Piping systems used where the fluid temperature exceeds 150 
[deg]F must be suitably insulated as necessary to preclude injury to 
personnel.
    (l) Where pipes are run through dry cargo spaces they must be 
protected from mechanical injury by a suitable enclosure or other 
means.
0
163. Amend Sec.  56.50-10 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-10  Special gauge requirements.

* * * * *
    (b) Fuel oil service and transfer, fire, cargo and boiler feed 
pumps must be provided with a discharge pressure gage. Additional 
information pertaining to fire pumps is in Sec.  34.10-5 of

[[Page 57952]]

subchapter D (Tank Vessels), Sec.  76.10-5 of subchapter H (Passenger 
Vessels), Sec.  95.10-5 of subchapter I (Cargo and Miscellaneous 
Vessels), and Sec.  108.417 of subchapter IA (Mobile Offshore Drilling 
Units), all of this chapter.
0
164. Amend Sec.  56.50-15 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraphs (b) and (c);
0
c. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
d. Revise paragraphs (f), (g), (h)(2) and (3), and (i);
0
e. In paragraph (j), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
f. Revise paragraph (k).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-15  Steam and exhaust piping.

* * * * *
    (b) Main superheater outlet piping systems, desuperheated piping 
systems, and other auxiliary superheated piping systems led directly 
from the boiler superheater must be designed for a pressure not less 
than the pressure at which the superheater safety valve is set. In the 
case of a superheated safety valve which is drum pilot actuated, the 
design pressure of such piping systems must not be less than the 
pressure setting of the actuator valve on the drum. Valves and fittings 
must be selected for the above systems from the accepted standards in 
table 1 to 56.60-1, using the pressure-temperature rating in the 
standard.
    (c) Steam stop valves in sizes exceeding 6 inches must be fitted 
with bypasses.
* * * * *
    (f) The auxiliary steam piping of each vessel equipped with more 
than one boiler must be so arranged that steam for the whistle and 
vital auxiliary systems may be supplied from any power boiler.
    (g) Steam and engine exhaust pipes must not be led through coal 
bunkers or dry cargo spaces.
    (h) * * *
    (2) The pressure in steam heating systems must not exceed 150 psig, 
and the steam pressure for accommodation and public space heating must 
not exceed 45 psig.
    (3) Steam lines must be suitably located and shielded to minimize 
hazards to any personnel within the space.
* * * * *
    (i) Where the exhaust side of machinery is not designed for the 
full inlet pressure, the exhaust side must be protected from over 
pressure by one of the following means:
    (1) A relief valve in the exhaust side with appropriate set 
pressure and sufficient capacity to prevent the exhaust side from 
overpressure.
    (2) A sentinel valve or other warning device fitted on the exhaust 
side, together with a trip device, which will close the inlet valve.
* * * * *
    (k) Means must be provided for draining every steam pipe in which 
water hammer might occur.
0
165. Amend Sec.  56.50-20 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a);
0
b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``specifically provided for in 
other regulations or as''.
    The revision reads as follows:


Sec.  56.50-20  Pressure relief piping.

    (a) General. There must be no intervening stop valves between the 
pressure vessel or piping system being protected and its protective 
device or devices, except as authorized by the Marine Safety Center.
* * * * *
0
166. Revise Sec.  56.50-25 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-25  Safety and relief valve escape piping.

    (a) Escape piping from safety valves must have an area of not less 
than that of the combined areas of the outlets of all valves 
discharging thereto and must be led as near vertically as practicable 
to the atmosphere.
    (b) Expansion joints or flexible pipe connections must be fitted in 
escape piping. The piping must be adequately supported so that no 
stress is transmitted to the safety valve body.
    (c) Safety or relief valve discharges, when permitted to terminate 
in the machinery space, must be led below the floorplates or to a 
remote position.
    (d) The back pressure effect of the escape piping on the operation 
of the relief device must be considered.
0
167. Amend Sec.  56.50-30 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraphs (a)(3) and (4), and (b), the subject heading to 
paragraph (c), and paragraphs (c)(1) and (2);
0
c. In the introductory text to paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' 
and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
d. Revise paragraphs (d)(1) and (2);
0
e. In paragraph (d)(3) and the introductory text to paragraph (e), 
remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
f. Revise paragraph (e)(1);
0
g. In paragraph (e)(2), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
h. Revise paragraph (f).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-30  Boiler feed piping.

    (a) * * *
    (3) Feed discharge piping from the pump up to, but not including 
the required stop and stop-check valves, must be designed for either 
the feed pump relief valve setting or the shutoff head of the pump if a 
relief valve is not fitted. (Refer to Sec.  56.07-10(b) for specific 
requirements.) Feed piping from the boiler, to and including the 
required stop and stop-check valves (see paragraph (b) of this 
section), must have a design pressure which exceeds the maximum 
allowable working pressure of the boiler by either 25 percent or 225 
psig, whichever is less. The value of allowable stress for design 
purposes must be selected as described in Sec.  56.07-10(e) at a 
temperature not below that for saturated steam at the maximum allowable 
working pressure of the boiler.
    (4) Feed pumps for water tube boilers must have freshwater 
connections only.
    (b) Feed valves. (1) Stop and stop-check valves must be fitted in 
the main feed line and must be attached as closely as possible to drum 
inlets or to the economizer inlet.
    (2) Auxiliary feed lines must be fitted with stop valves and stop-
check valves.
    (3) Boilers fitted with economizers must have a check valve fitted 
in the economizer discharge and located as close as possible to the 
drum feed inlet nozzle.
    (c) Feed water regulators and heaters. (1) Where feed water 
regulators or feed water heaters are installed, an alternate means of 
operation with these devices bypassed must be provided.
    (2) All feed water regulators installed in a unit feed system must 
be fitted with an external bypass.
* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (1) Vessels having a feed pump attached to the main propulsion unit 
must be provided with at least one independently driven feed pump. Each 
of these pumps must be used exclusively for feed purposes and must be 
capable of supplying the operating boilers at their normal capacity. In 
addition, a second independently driven pump, capable of supplying such 
boilers at 75 percent of their normal capacity, must be provided.

[[Page 57953]]

    (2) If two independently driven pumps are provided, each capable of 
supplying the boilers at their normal required operating capacity, and 
neither pump is used for other purposes, the third or emergency feed 
pump is not required.
* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (1) The unit feed system may be used on vessels having two or more 
boilers. When the unit feed system is employed each boiler must have 
its own independently driven main feed pump capable of supplying the 
boiler at its normal operating capacity. In addition, there must be an 
auxiliary independent feed pump of the same capacity that can be 
operated in place of and in conjunction with the main feed pump. In 
vessels with three or more boilers, not more than two boilers may be 
served by any one auxiliary pump. The auxiliary pump may be so 
interconnected that any pump can feed any boiler.
* * * * *
    (f) Feedwater. The feedwater must be introduced into a boiler as 
required by Sec.  52.01-105(d) of this subchapter.
0
168. Revise Sec.  56.50-35 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-35  Condensate pumps.

    Two means must be provided for discharging the condensate from the 
main condenser, one of which must be independent of the main propelling 
machinery.
0
169. Amend Sec.  56.50-40 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its 
place, the symbol ``Sec.  '';
0
b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b);
0
d. In paragraph (c), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must''; and
0
e. Revise paragraph (d).
    The revisions read as follow:


Sec.  56.50-40  Blowoff piping (replaces 122.1.4).

* * * * *
    (b) Blowoff must be designed for not less than 125 percent of the 
maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler, or the maximum 
allowable working pressure of the boiler plus 225 psig, whichever is 
less. The value of allowable stress for design purposes must be 
selected as described in Sec.  56.07-10(e) at a temperature not below 
that of saturated steam at the maximum allowable working pressure of 
the boiler.
* * * * *
    (d) Globe valves must not be used for blowoff service.


Sec.  56.50-45   [Amended]

0
170. Amend Sec.  56.50-45 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a) and (b), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
b. Remove paragraph (d).
0
171. Amend Sec.  56.50-50 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a), (b), and (c)(1);
0
b. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the text ``SOLAS II-1/21'' and add the 
text ``SOLAS Chapter II-1, Regulation 35-1'' in its place;
0
c. Revise paragraph (c)(3)(iii);
0
d. In paragraph (c)(3)(iv), remove the words ``for both manual 
operation and repair'';
0
e. In paragraph (c)(3)(vi), remove the text ``(O/B/O)'';
0
f. Revise the introductory text to paragraph (d);
0
g. Designate the formula immediately following paragraph (d)(1) as 
Formula 1 to 56.50-50(d) and the formula immediately following 
paragraph (d)(2) as Formula 2 to 56.50-50(d), so that they appear 
immediately following the introductory text to paragraph (d);
0
h. Revise paragraph (d)(1);
0
i. In paragraph (d)(2), remove the text ``For branch suctions to cargo 
and machinery spaces:'' and add, in its place, the text ``The following 
``where'' clause applies to Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50-50(d):'';
0
j. Designate Notes 1 through 6 as Note 1 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 2 to 
paragraph (d)(2), Note 3 to paragraph (d)(2), Note 4 to paragraph 
(d)(2), Note 5 to paragraph (d)(2),and Note 6 to paragraph (d)(2), 
respectively.
0
k. In paragraph (d)(3), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
l. In paragraphs (d)(4):
0
i. Remove the text ``Formulas (1) and (2) of this paragraph'' and add, 
in its place, the text ``Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50-50(d)''; and
0
ii. Remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
m. In paragraph (d)(5), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears 
and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
n. In paragraph (e), remove the text ``Formula (2) in paragraph (d)'' 
and add, in its place, the text ``Formula 2 to 56.50-50(d)'';
0
o. Revise paragraphs (f)(1) and (2);
0
p. In paragraph (f)(4), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
q. Revise paragraph (g);
0
r. In paragraph (h), remove the text ``Except as allowed by paragraph 
(c)(4)(vii) of this section, piping for draining a cargo hold or 
machinery space must be separate from piping used for filling or 
emptying any tank where water or oil is carried.'';
0
s. In paragraph (i), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
t. Revise paragraphs (j) and (k);
0
u. In paragraphs (l) and (m), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
v. Designate the concluding Note as Note 7 to Sec.  56.50-50.
    The additions and revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-50  Bilge and ballast piping.

    (a)(1) The requirements of SOLAS Chapter II-1 regulation 35-1 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  56.01-2) for passenger and cargo 
ships are considered equivalent to this section.
    (2) All vessels except unmanned barges must be provided with a 
satisfactory bilge pumping plant capable of pumping from and draining 
any watertight compartment except for ballast, oil and water tanks. The 
bilge pumping system must be capable of operation under all practicable 
conditions after a casualty whether the ship is upright or listed.
    (3) Arrangements must be made whereby water in the compartments 
will drain to the suction pipes. Where piping is led through the 
forepeak, see Sec.  56.50-1(b).
    (4) Where the vessel is to carry flammable liquids with a 
flashpoint below 23 [deg]C (74 [deg]F) in enclosed cargo spaces, the 
bilge-pumping system must be designed to ensure against inadvertent 
pumping of such liquids through machinery spaces.
    (5) For vessels constructed on or after June 9, 1995, and on an 
international voyage, arrangements must meet the requirements of SOLAS 
Chapter II-1 regulation 35-1 to drain the enclosed cargo spaces on 
either the bulkhead deck of a passenger vessel or the freeboard deck of 
a cargo vessel.
    (b) Passenger vessels must have provision made to prevent the 
compartment served by any bilge suction piping from being flooded in 
the event the pipe is severed or otherwise damaged by collision or 
grounding in any other compartment. Where the piping is located within 
one-fifth of the beam of the side of the vessel or is in a duct keel, a 
nonreturn valve must be fitted to the end of the pipe in the 
compartment which it serves.
    (c)(1) Each bilge suction must lead from a manifold unless 
otherwise approved by the Marine Safety Center.

[[Page 57954]]

As far as practicable, each manifold must be in, or capable of remote 
operation from, the same space as the bilge pump. In either case, the 
manifold must be capable of being locally controlled from the 
floorplates. As far as practicable, each overboard-discharge valve for 
a bilge system must comply with the requirements governing location and 
accessibility for suction manifolds. Except as otherwise permitted by 
paragraph (c)(4) of this section for a vessel employing a common-rail 
bilge system, each bilge-manifold valve controlling a bilge suction 
from any compartment must be of the stop-check type.
* * * * *
    (3) * * *
    (iii) The stop valve or the stop-check valve is power-driven, is 
capable of remote operation from the space where the pump is, and is 
capable of manual operation.
* * * * *
    (d) The internal diameter of bilge suction pipes including 
strainers must be determined by Formulas 1 and 2 to 56.50-50(d), except 
that the nearest commercial size not more than one-fourth inch under 
the required diameter may be used. * * *
    (1) For suctions to each main bilge pump, use Formula 1 to 56.50-
50(d). For branch suctions to cargo and machinery spaces, use Formula 2 
to 56.50-50(d).
* * * * *
    (f) * * *
    (1) On passenger vessels propelled by steam and operating on an 
international voyage or on ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes routes, the 
main circulating pump is to be fitted with a direct bilge suction for 
the machinery space. The diameter of such suctions must not be less 
than two-thirds the diameter of the main sea injection. Other 
independent power pumps in the machinery space may be approved by the 
Commandant if the main circulating pump is not suitable.
    (2) On passenger vessels propelled by internal combustion engines 
and operating on an international voyage or on ocean, coastwise, or 
Great Lakes routes, the largest available pump in the engine room is to 
be fitted with the direct bilge suction in the machinery space. The 
area of the suction pipe is to be equal to the full suction inlet of 
the pump.
* * * * *
    (g) Each individual bilge suction must be fitted with a suitable 
strainer having an open area of not less than three times that of the 
suction pipe. In addition a mud box or basket strainer must be fitted 
in an accessible position between the bilge suction manifold and the 
pump.
* * * * *
    (j) When dry cargo is to be carried in deep tanks, arrangement must 
be made for blanking-off the oil and ballast lines. The bilge suctions 
must be blanked-off when oil or ballast is carried.
    (k) Where bilge and ballast piping is led through tanks, except 
ballast piping in ballast tanks, means must be provided to minimize the 
risk of flooding of other spaces due to pipe failure. In this regard, 
such piping may be in a watertight pipe tunnel, or the piping may be of 
Schedule 80 pipe wall thickness, fitted with expansion bends, with all 
joints welded. Alternative designs may be approved by the Marine Safety 
Center. Where a pipe tunnel is installed, the watertight integrity of 
the bulkheads must be maintained. No valve or fitting may be located 
within the tunnel if the pipe tunnel is not of sufficient size to 
afford access.
* * * * *
0
172. Amend Sec.  56.50-55 as follows:
0
a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the text ``table 56.50-55(a)'' and add, 
in its place, the text ``table Sec.  56.50-55(a)'';
0
b. Reserve paragraph (a)(2);
0
c. Redesignate table 56.50-55(a) as table Sec.  56.50-55(a) and revise 
note 5 to newly redesignated table Sec.  56.50-55(a);
0
d. Revise paragraphs (b)(1) and (2), and (c);
0
e. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
f. In paragraph (e)(1), remove the words ``submitted for 
consideration'' and add, in their place, the word ``considered'';
0
g. Revise paragraph (e)(2);
0
h. In paragraph (e)(3), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
i. In paragraph (e)(4), remove the last sentence; and
0
j. In paragraph (f), remove the words ``fitted with necessary 
connections to the bilge pumping'' and add, their place, the words 
``connected to the bilge''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-55  Bilge pumps.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *
    \5\ Vessels operating on lakes (including Great Lakes), bays, 
sounds, or rivers where steam is available, or where a suitable water 
supply is available from a power-driven pump, may substitute siphons or 
eductors for one of the required power-driven pumps, provided a siphon 
or eductor is permanently installed in each hold or compartment.
    (b) * * *
    (1) Ocean going sailing vessels and barges must be provided with 
pumps connected to the bilge main as required in table Sec.  56.50-
55(b)(1).

                 Table Sec.   56.50-55(b)(1)--Bilge Pumps Required for Nonself-Propelled Vessels
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Type of vessel               Waters navigated          Power pumps \1\              Hand pumps
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sailing............................  Ocean and coastwise...  Two......................  \(2)\
Manned barges......................  ......do..............  Two......................  \(2)\
Manned barges......................  Other than ocean and    \(3)\....................  \(3)\
                                      coastwise.
Unmanned barges....................  All waters............  \(3)\....................  \(3)\
Mobile offshore drilling units.....  All waters............  Two......................  None.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Where power is available, independent power bilge pumps must be installed as required and must be connected
  to the bilge main.
\2\ Efficient hand pumps connected to the bilge main may be substituted for the power pumps. Where there is no
  common bilge main, one hand pump will be required for each compartment.
\3\ Suitable hand or power pumps or siphons, portable or fixed, carried either on board the barge or on the
  towing vessel must be provided.

    (2) The pumps and source of power for oceangoing sailing vessels 
and barges must be located above the bulkhead deck or at the highest 
convenient accessible level.
* * * * *
    (c) Capacity of independent power bilge pump. (1) Each power bilge 
pump must develop a suction velocity of not less than 400 feet per 
minute and a corresponding capacity based on the size of bilge main 
piping required by Sec.  56.50-50(d)(1).
    (2) Alternatively, the minimum pump capacity, Q, in m\3\/hr may be 
based on the following formula:


[[Page 57955]]


Q = 5.75d\2\/1000, where d = diameter of the main bilge suction piping, 
in mm.

    (3) For vessels of less than 65 feet in length not engaged on 
international voyages, the pump must have a minimum capacity of 25 
gallons per minute and need not meet the velocity requirement of this 
paragraph.
* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (2) For non-self-propelled vessels requiring two bilge pumps, these 
pumps, insofar as practicable, must be located in separate watertight 
machinery spaces. When the location of bilge pumps in separate 
watertight compartments is not possible, the Marine Safety Center will 
consider alternate arrangements.
* * * * *


Sec.  56.50-57  [Removed and Reserved]

0
173. Remove and reserve Sec.  56.50-57.
0
174. Amend Sec.  56.50-60 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b)(1);
0
b. In paragraph (b)(2), remove the text ``As far as practicable, no'' 
and add, in its place, the word ``No'';
0
c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``low pressure'';
0
d. In paragraph (d)(1):
0
i. Remove the text ``A 395'' and add, in its place, the text ``F1155''; 
and
0
ii. Remove the text ``46 CFR'' and add, in its place, the symbol 
``Sec.  '';
0
e. Revise paragraphs (d)(1)(i), (d)(2) and (3)(i) and (ii);
0
f. In paragraph (d)(3)(iii), remove the words ``actuators shall'' and 
add, in their place ``power actuators must'';
0
g. Revise paragraph (d)(3)(iv);
0
h. In paragraph (d)(4), remove the words ``operating rods'' and add, in 
their place, the word ``operation'';
0
i. In paragraph (f), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its place, 
the word ``must'';
0
j. In paragraph (j), remove the word ``well'';
0
k. Revise paragraphs (m)(1) and (2) and the introductory text to 
paragraph (n);
0
l. In paragraph (n)(1), remove the word ``Complying'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``Comply''; and
0
m. Revise paragraph (n)(2).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-60  Systems containing oil.

    (a)(1) Oil-piping systems for cargo or fuel oil must be separate 
from other piping systems as far as practicable, and positive means 
must be provided to prevent interconnection in service.
    (2) Fuel oil and cargo oil systems may be combined if the cargo oil 
systems contain only Grade E oils.
    (3) Oil pumps must have no discharge connections to fire mains, 
boiler feed systems, or condensers.
    (b) * * *
    (1) Each drain from a heating coil as well as each drain from an 
oil heater must run to an inspection tank or other suitable oil 
detector.
* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) In the special case of a deep tank in any shaft tunnel, piping 
tunnel, or similar space, one or more valves must be fitted on the 
tank. In the event of fire, the flow of oil from the tank may be 
stopped by means of an additional valve on the piping outside the 
tunnel or similar space. Any such additional valve installed inside a 
machinery space must be capable of being operated from outside this 
space.
* * * * *
    (2) If valves are installed on the inside of the tank, they may be 
made of cast iron and arranged for remote control only. Additional 
valves for local control must be located in the space where the system 
exits from the tank or adjacent tanks. Valves for local control outside 
the tanks must meet paragraph (d)(1) of this section.
    (3) * * *
    (i) Valve actuators must be capable of closing the valves under all 
conditions, except during physical interruption of the power system 
(for example, from cable breakage or tube rupture). Fluid power 
actuated valves, other than those opened against spring pressure, must 
be provided with an energy storage system which is protected, as far as 
practicable, from fire and mechanical damage. The energy storage system 
must be used for no other purpose and must have sufficient capacity to 
cycle all connected valves from the initial valve position to the 
opposite position and return. The cross connection of this system to an 
alternate power supply will be given special consideration by the 
Marine Safety Center.
    (ii) The valve must have a local power actuator to both open and 
close the valve, unless local manual opening operation will not prevent 
remote closing of the valve.
* * * * *
    (iv) The valve must be provided with a means of emergency manual 
operation to both open and close the valve regardless of the status of 
the power operating system. Such manual operation may interfere with 
the power operation, and if so, must be protected by means of covers, 
locking devices, or other suitable means. Instructions and warnings 
regarding the emergency system must be conspicuously posted at the 
valve.
* * * * *
    (m) * * *
    (1) Comply with Sec.  56.50-80; and
    (2) In a machinery space, meet the applicable requirements of 
Sec. Sec.  56.50-60, 56.50-85, 56.50-90, and 58.01-55(f) of this 
subchapter. No arrangement need comply with Sec.  56.50-90 (c)(1) and 
(c)(3) if the sounding pipe is fitted with an effective means of 
closure, such as a threaded cap or plug or other means acceptable to 
the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
    (n) Each arrangement for the storage, distribution, and use of any 
oil employed in a fluid power, control, or heating system must--
* * * * *
    (2) Where means of ignition are present, meet the applicable 
requirements of Sec. Sec.  56.50-85(a)(11), 56.50-90 (c) and (d), and 
58.01-55(f) of this subchapter. Each pipe and its valves and fittings 
must be of steel or other approved material, except that the use of 
flexible piping or hose is permitted in accordance with Sec. Sec.  
56.35-10, 56.35-15, and 56.60-25(c).
0
175. Revise Sec.  56.50-65 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-65  Burner fuel-oil service systems.

    (a) All discharge piping from the fuel oil service pumps to burners 
must be seamless steel with a thickness of at least Schedule 80. Short 
lengths of steel, or annealed copper nickel, nickel copper, or copper 
pipe and tubing may be used between the fuel oil burner front header 
manifold and the atomizer head to provide flexibility. All material 
used must meet the requirements of subpart 56.60. The use of non-
metallic materials is prohibited. Flexible metallic tubing may be used 
when approved by the Marine Safety Center. Tubing fittings must be of 
the flared type except that flareless fittings of the nonbite type may 
be used when the tubing is steel, nickel copper or copper nickel.
    (b)(1) All vessels having oil fired boilers must have at least two 
fuel service pumps, each of sufficient capacity to supply all the 
boilers at full power, and arranged so that one may be overhauled while 
the other is in service. If installed, fuel oil heaters must be so 
arranged that any heater may be overhauled while the other is in 
service. Suction and discharge strainers must be capable of being 
cleaned without interrupting the oil supply.
    (2) All auxiliary boilers, except those furnishing steam for vital 
equipment and fire extinguishing purposes, may be equipped with a 
single fuel oil service

[[Page 57956]]

pump. Such pumps need not be fitted with discharge strainers.
    (3) Strainers must be located so as to preclude the possibility of 
spraying oil on the burner or boiler casing, or be provided with spray 
shields. Coamings, drip pans, etc., must be fitted under fuel oil 
service pumps, heaters, etc., where necessary to prevent oil drainage 
to the bilge.
    (4) Boilers burning fuel oils of low viscosity need not be equipped 
with fuel oil heaters.
    (c) Piping between service pumps and burners must be located so as 
to be readily observable, and all bolted flange joints must be provided 
with a spray shield to deflect spray in case of a leak. Fuel pump or 
heater relief valves must discharge back to the settling tank or the 
suction side of the pump. The return line from the burners must be so 
arranged that the suction piping cannot be subjected to discharge 
pressure.
    (d) If threaded-bonnet valves are employed, they must be of the 
union-bonnet type capable of being packed under pressure.
    (e) Unions must not be used for pipe diameters of 1 inch and above.
    (f) Boiler header valves of the quick closing type must be 
installed in the fuel supply lines as close to the boiler front header 
as practicable. The location is to be accessible to the operator or 
remotely controlled.
    (g) Bushings and street ells are not permitted in fuel oil 
discharge piping.
    (h) Each fuel-oil service pump must be equipped with controls as 
required by Sec.  58.01-25 of this subchapter.
0
176. Revise Sec.  56.50-70 to read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-70   Gasoline fuel systems.

    (a) Material. (1) Fuel supply piping to the engines must be of 
seamless drawn annealed copper pipe or tubing, nickel copper, or copper 
nickel pipe or tubing meeting the requirements of subpart 56.60.
    (2) Thicknesses of tubing walls must not be less than the larger of 
that shown in table Sec.  56.50-70(a) or that required by Sec.  56.07-
10(e) and 104.1.2 of ASME B31.1 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
56.01-2).
    (3) Tubing fittings must be of nonferrous drawn or forged metal and 
of the flared type except that the flareless fittings of the nonbite 
type may be used when the tubing system is of nickel copper or copper 
nickel. Tubing must be cut square and flared by suitable tools. Tube 
ends must be annealed before flaring. Pipe fittings must be of 
nonferrous material. Pipe thread joints must be made tight with a 
suitable compound.
    (4) Valves for fuel lines must be of nonferrous material of the 
union bonnet type with ground seats except that cocks may be used if 
they are the solid bottom type with tapered plugs and union bonnets.

             Table Sec.   56.50-70(a)--Tubing Wall Thickness
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Thickness
       Outside diameter of tubing in inches        ---------------------
                                                      B.W.G.      Inch
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1/8\, \3/16\, \1/4\..............................        #21      0.032
\5/16\, \3/8\.....................................        #20       .035
\7/16\, \1/2\.....................................        #19       .042
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Installation. (1) All fuel pipes, pipe connections, and 
accessories must be readily accessible, protected against mechanical 
injury, and effectively secured against excessive movement and 
vibration by the use of soft nonferrous metal liners or straps. Where 
passing through steel decks or bulkheads, fuel lines must be protected 
by close fitting ferrules or stuffing boxes. Refer to Sec.  56.30-25 
for tubing joint installations.
    (2) A short length of suitable metallic or nonmetallic flexible 
tubing or hose, or a loop of annealed copper tubing, must be installed 
in the fuel-supply line at or near the engine to prevent damage by 
vibration.
    (i) If nonmetallic flexible hose is used, it must meet the 
requirements of Sec.  56.60-25(b) for fuel service.
    (ii) Flexible hose connections should maintain metallic contact 
(continuity) between the sections of the fuel-supply lines; however, if 
they do not, the fuel tank must be grounded.
    (c) Shutoff valves. Shutoff valves of a suitable type must be 
installed in the fuel supply lines, one as close to the tank as 
practicable. Where fuel tanks are installed below the weather deck, 
arrangements must be provided for operating all shutoff valves at the 
tanks from outside the compartments in which they are located. The 
operating gear for the shutoff valves at the tanks must be accessible 
and suitably marked.
    (d) Strainers. A suitable twin strainer must be fitted in the fuel 
supply line in the engine compartment. A drip pan must be fitted under 
the strainer.
    (e) Outlets and drains. Outlets in fuel lines for drawing gasoline 
for any purpose are prohibited. However, openings fitted with threaded 
plug or cap can be used for cleaning purposes.
    (f) Fuel suction connections. All fuel suction and return lines 
must enter the top of the fuel tanks and connections must be fitted 
into spuds. Such lines must extend nearly to the bottom of the tank.
    (g) Filling and sounding pipes. Filling and sounding pipes must be 
so arranged that vapors or overflow when filling cannot escape to the 
inside of the vessel and will discharge overboard. Such pipes must 
terminate on the weather deck clear of any coamings and must be fitted 
with suitable shutoff valves. A corrosion-resistant flame screen of 
must be fitted in the throat of the filling pipe. Sounding pipes must 
be kept closed at all times except during sounding.
    (h) Vent pipes. Each tank must be fitted with a vent, the cross-
sectional area of which must not be less than that of the filling pipe. 
The vent pipes must terminate at least 2 feet above the weather deck 
and not less than 3 feet from any opening into living quarters or other 
below-deck space. The ends of vent pipes must terminate with U-bends 
and be fitted with flame screens or flame arresters. The flame screens 
must consist of a single screen of corrosion resistant wire of at least 
30 by 30 mesh.
    (i) Gasoline tanks. For requirements pertaining to independent 
gasoline fuel tanks see subpart 58.50 of this subchapter.
    (j) Fuel pump shutdown. Each fuel pump must comply with Sec.  
58.01-25 of this subchapter.
0
177. Amend Sec.  56.50-75 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a)(1);
0
b. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b)(1);
0
d. In paragraphs (b)(2)through (4), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
e. Revise paragraph (b)(6); and
0
f. In paragraph (b)(7), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-75  Diesel fuel systems.

    (a) * * *
    (1) The diesel fuel system must comply with Sec. Sec.  56.50-60, 
56.50-85, and 56.50-90. The fuel supply piping to engines must be of 
seamless steel, annealed seamless copper or brass pipe or tubing, or of 
nickel copper or copper nickel alloy meeting the requirements of 
subpart 56.60 for materials and Sec.  56.50-70(a)(2) for thickness. 
Fuel oil service pumps must comply with Sec.  58.01-25 of this 
subchapter.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) Materials. Fuel supply piping must be of copper, nickel copper, 
copper nickel or other materials having a minimum wall thickness of 
0.035 inch.
* * * * *

[[Page 57957]]

    (6) Filling pipe. Tank filling pipes on vessels less than 100 gross 
tons and tank barges must terminate on an open deck and must be fitted 
with suitable shutoff valves, deck plugs, or caps.
* * * * *
0
178. Amend Sec.  56.50-80 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b);
0
b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``on steam driven machinery 
shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (d);
0
d. In paragraphs (e), (f) and (g), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
e. Revise paragraph (h).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-80  Lubricating-oil systems.

    (a) The lubricating oil system must be designed to function 
satisfactorily when the vessel has a permanent 15[deg] list and a 
permanent 5[deg] trim. See Sec.  58.01-40 of this subchapter for 
operational requirements for propulsion and vital machinery at vessel 
angles of inclination.
    (b) When pressure or gravity-forced lubrication is employed for the 
main propelling machinery, an independent auxiliary lubricating pump 
must be provided.
* * * * *
    (d) For internal combustion engine installations, the requirements 
of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section do not apply to vessels in 
river and harbor service, nor to any vessel below 300 gross tons. For 
internal combustion engines, two separate means are to be provided for 
circulating coolant. One of those means must be independently driven 
and may consist of a connection from a pump of adequate size normally 
used for other purposes utilizing the required coolant. Oil filters 
must be provided on all internal combustion engine installations. On 
main propulsion engines fitted with full-flow type filters, the 
arrangement must be such that the filters may be cleaned without 
interrupting the oil supply except that such an arrangement is not 
required on vessels having more than one main propulsion engine.
* * * * *
    (h) Sight-flow glasses may be used in lubricating-oil systems 
provided they can withstand exposure to a flame at a temperature of 927 
[deg]C (1700 [deg]F) for one hour, without appreciable leakage.
* * * * *
0
179. Amend Sec.  56.50-85 as follows:
0
a. In paragraphs (a)(1) and (2), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
b. Revise paragraphs (a)(3) and (6);
0
c. In the introductory text to paragraph (a)(7), remove the word 
``shall'' and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
d. Revise paragraph (a)(7)(i);
0
e. Remove paragraph (a)(7)(ii) and redesignate paragraph (a)(7)(iii) as 
paragraph (a)(7)(ii);
0
f. In paragraph (a)(9), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
g. Revise paragraphs (a)(10) and (a)(11)(ii);
0
h. Remove paragraph (a)(12) and redesignate paragraph (a)(13) as 
paragraph (a)(12);
0
i. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (a)(12); and
0
j Revise paragraph (b).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-85   Tank-vent piping.

    (a) * * *
    (3) Vent pipes for fuel oil tanks must, wherever possible, have a 
slope of no less than 30[deg].
* * * * *
    (6) Vents extending above the freeboard deck or superstructure deck 
from fuel oil and other tanks must be at least Schedule 40 in wall 
thickness. Except for barges in inland service and for Great Lakes 
vessels, the height from the deck to any point where water may gain 
access through the vent to below deck must be at least 30 inches (760 
mm) on the freeboard deck and 17\1/2\ inches (450 mm) on the 
superstructure deck. On Great Lakes vessels, the height from the deck 
to any point where water may gain access through the vent to below deck 
must be at least 30 inches (760 mm) on the freeboard deck, 24 inches 
(610 mm) on the raised quarterdeck, and 12 inches (305 mm) on other 
superstructure decks. Where the height of vents may interfere with the 
working of the vessel, a lower height may be approved by the Marine 
Safety Center provided the vent cap is properly protected from 
mechanical damage. For barges in inland service, the vents must extend 
at least six inches above the deck.
    (7) * * *
    (i) A ball check valve where the ball float, normally in the open 
position, will float up and close under the action of a submerging 
wave. The valve must be designed so that the effective clear discharge 
area through the valve with the float in the open position is not less 
than the inlet area of the vent pipe to which the valve is connected; 
or
* * * * *
    (10) The diameter of each vent pipe must not be less than 1\1/2\ 
inches nominal pipe size for freshwater tanks, 2 inches nominal pipe 
size for water ballast tanks, and 2\1/2\ inches nominal pipe size for 
fuel oil tanks.
    (11) * * *
    (ii) Provision must be made to guard against liquids rising in the 
venting system to a height that would exceed the design head of a cargo 
tank or fuel-oil tank. It may be made by high-level alarms or overflow-
control systems or other, equivalent means.
* * * * *
    (12) Vents from freshwater or water ballast tanks must not be 
connected to a common header with vents from oil or oily ballast tanks.
    (b) Unless permitted by the Marine Safety Center, tank vents must 
remain within the watertight subdivision boundaries in which the tanks 
they vent are located. All tank vents which penetrate watertight 
subdivision bulkheads must terminate above the weather deck.
0
180. Amend Sec.  56.50-90 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraphs (a) and (b);
0
b. In the introductory text to paragraph (c), remove the third 
sentence;
0
c. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the text ``In addition to the sounding 
pipe, the'' and add, in its place, the word ``The'';
0
d. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ``The pipe terminates in a 
place remote from ignition hazards unless precautions'' and add, in 
their place, the word ``Precautions'';
0
e. Revise paragraph (c)(3);
0
f. In the introductory text to paragraph (d), remove the text ``On each 
vessel constructed on or after June 9, 1995, other'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``Other''; and
0
g. Revise paragraph (e).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-90  Sounding devices.

    (a) Each tank must be provided with a suitable means of determining 
liquid level. Except for a main cargo tank on a tank vessel, each 
integral hull tank and compartment must be fitted with a sounding pipe 
or other level indicating device acceptable to the Marine Safety 
Center.
    (b) Where sounding pipes terminate below the freeboard deck on 
cargo vessels, they shall be fitted with gate valves. On passenger 
vessels, where sounding pipes terminate below the bulkhead deck, they 
must be fitted with gate valves.
    (c) * * *
    (3) The end of the pipe is fitted with a self-closing blanking 
device.
* * * * *
    (e) The upper ends of sounding pipes must be closed by a screw cap 
or plug.
* * * * *

[[Page 57958]]

0
181. Amend Sec.  56.50-95 as follows:
0
a. Revise paragraph (a)(1);
0
b. In paragraphs (a)(2) and (3), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it 
appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
c. Revise paragraph (b)(2);
0
d. In paragraph (b)(3), remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
0
e. Remove paragraph (b)(4);
0
f. Revise paragraph (d)(1);
0
g. In paragraphs (d)(2) and (e)(1), remove the word ``shall'' wherever 
it appears and add, in its place, the word ``must'';
0
h. Revise paragraphs (e)(2) and (f);
0
i. In paragraph (g), remove the word ``shall'' wherever it appears and 
add, in its place, the word ``must''; and
0
j. Revise paragraphs (h) and (i).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  56.50-95  Overboard discharges and shell connections.

    (a)(1) All inlets and discharges led through the vessel's side must 
be fitted with efficient and accessible means, located as close to the 
hull penetrations as is practicable.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Discharges led through the shell o