Designation of Croatia for the Visa Waiver Program, 54029-54031 [2021-21136]

Download as PDF 54029 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 86, No. 187 Thursday, September 30, 2021 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 8 CFR Part 217 RIN 1601–AA94 Designation of Croatia for the Visa Waiver Program Office of the Secretary; Department of Homeland Security (DHS). ACTION: Final rule; technical amendment. AGENCY: Eligible citizens, nationals, and passport holders from designated Visa Waiver Program countries may apply for admission to the United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant noncitizens for a period of ninety days or less for business or pleasure without first obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are otherwise eligible for admission under applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. On September 28, 2021, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, designated Croatia as a country that is eligible to participate in the Visa Waiver Program. Accordingly, this rule updates the list of countries designated for participation in the Visa Waiver Program by adding Croatia. SUMMARY: This final rule is effective on December 1, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Eric Peters, Department of Homeland Security, Visa Waiver Program Office, (202) 790–5207. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DATES: 1 All LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 I. Background A. The Visa Waiver Program Pursuant to section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1187, the Secretary of Homeland Security (the Secretary), in consultation with the Secretary of State, may designate certain countries as Visa VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:35 Sep 29, 2021 Waiver Program (VWP) countries 1 if certain requirements are met. Those requirements include: (1) A U.S. Government determination that the country meets the applicable statutory requirement with respect to nonimmigrant visitor visa refusals for nationals of the country; (2) a U.S. Government determination that the country extends or agrees to extend reciprocal privileges to citizens and nationals of the United States; (3) an official certification that it issues machine-readable, electronic passports that comply with internationally accepted standards; (4) a U.S. Government determination that the country’s designation would not negatively affect U.S. law enforcement and security interests; (5) an agreement with the United States to report, or make available through other designated means, to the U.S. Government information about the theft or loss of passports; (6) a U.S. Government determination that the government accepts for repatriation any citizen, former citizen, or national not later than three weeks after the issuance of a final executable order of removal; and (7) an agreement with the United States to share information regarding whether citizens or nationals of the country represent a threat to the security or welfare of the United States or its citizens. The Immigration and National Act (INA) also sets forth requirements for continued eligibility and, where appropriate, probation and/or termination of program countries. Prior to this final rule, the designated countries in the VWP were Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Jkt 253001 references to ‘‘country’’ or ‘‘countries’’ in the laws authorizing the Visa Waiver Program are read to include Taiwan. See Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, Public Law 96–8, section 4(b)(1) (codified at 22 U.S.C. 3303(b)(1)) (providing that ‘‘[w]henever the laws of the United States refer or relate to foreign countries, nations, states, governments, or similar entities, such terms shall include and such laws shall apply with respect to Taiwan’’). This is consistent with the United States’ one-China policy, under which the United States has maintained unofficial relations with Taiwan since 1979. PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,2 and the United Kingdom.3 See 8 CFR 217.2(a). Citizens and eligible nationals of VWP countries may apply for admission to the United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant visitors for a period of ninety days or less for business or pleasure without first obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are otherwise eligible for admission under applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. To travel to the United States under the VWP, any person who is not a citizen or national of the United States (hereinafter a ‘‘noncitizen’’) must satisfy the following: (1) Be seeking admission as a nonimmigrant visitor for business or pleasure for ninety days or less; (2) be a national of a program country; (3) present a machine-readable, electronic passport issued by a designated VWP participant country to the air or vessel carrier before departure; (4) execute the required immigration forms; (5) if arriving by air or sea, arrive on an authorized carrier; (6) not represent a threat to the welfare, health, safety, or security of the United States; (7) have not violated U.S. immigration law during any previous admission under the VWP; (8) possess a round-trip ticket, unless exempted by statute or federal regulation; (9) the identity of the noncitizen has been checked to uncover any grounds on which the noncitizen may be inadmissible to the United States, and no such ground has been found; (10) certain aircraft operators, as provided by statute and regulation, must electronically transmit information about the noncitizen passenger; (11) obtain an approved travel authorization via the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA). For 2 Taiwan refers only to individuals who have unrestricted right of permanent abode on Taiwan and are in possession of an electronic passport bearing a personal identification (household registration) number. 3 The United Kingdom refers only to British citizens who have the unrestricted right of permanent abode in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man); it does not refer to British overseas citizens, British dependent territories’ citizens, or citizens of British Commonwealth countries. E:\FR\FM\30SER1.SGM 30SER1 54030 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Rules and Regulations more information about the ESTA, please see 8 CFR 217.5 (regulation effective July 8, 2015), 80 FR 32267 (June 8, 2015), 75 FR 47701 (Aug. 9, 2010); (12) has not been present, at any time on or after March 1, 2011 in Iraq, Syria, countries designated by the Secretary of State, or countries designated by the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, during the period of those countries’ designations, in accordance with 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12)(D), subject to statutorily delineated exemptions or a waiver authorized by the Secretary; and (13) waive the right to review or appeal a decision regarding admissibility or to contest, other than on the basis of an application for asylum, any action for removal. See sections 217(a) and 217(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)–(b); see also 8 CFR part 217. B. Designation of Croatia The Department of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Department of State, has evaluated Croatia for VWP designation to ensure that it meets the requirements set forth in section 217 of the INA, as amended by section 711 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, Public Law 110–53. The Secretary has determined that Croatia has satisfied the statutory requirements for initial VWP designation; therefore, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, has designated Croatia as a program country.4 This final rule adds Croatia to the list of countries authorized to participate in the VWP. Accordingly, beginning December 1, 2021, eligible citizens and nationals of Croatia may apply for admission to the United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant visitors for business or pleasure for a period of ninety days or less without first obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are otherwise eligible for admission under applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 II. Statutory And Regulatory Requirements A. Administrative Procedure Act Under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553(b)), an agency may waive the normal notice and comment requirements if it finds, for good cause, that they are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. The final rule merely lists a 4 The Secretary of State nominated Croatia for participation in the VWP on August 2, 2021. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:35 Sep 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 country that the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, has designated as a VWP eligible country in accordance with section 217(c) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(c). This amendment is a technical change to merely update the list of VWP countries. Therefore, notice and comment for this rule is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest because the rule has no substantive impact, is technical in nature, and relates only to management, organization, procedure, and practice. This final rule is also excluded from the rulemaking provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553 as a foreign affairs function of the United States because it advances the President’s foreign policy goals and directly involves relationships between the United States and its noncitizen visitors. Accordingly, DHS is not required to provide public notice and an opportunity to comment before implementing the requirements under this final rule. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 603(b)), as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement and Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), requires an agency to prepare and make available to the public, a regulatory flexibility analysis that describes the effect of a proposed rule on small entities (i.e., small businesses, small organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions) when the agency is required ‘‘to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for any proposed rule.’’ Because this rule is being issued as a final rule, on the grounds set forth above, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required under the RFA. DHS has considered the impact of this rule on small entities and has determined that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The individual noncitizens 5 to whom this rule applies are not small entities as that term is defined in 5 U.S.C. 601(6). Accordingly, there is no change expected in any process as a result of this rule that would have a direct effect, either positive or negative, on a small entity. C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more 5 As used in this final rule, the term ‘‘noncitizen’’ means any person not a citizen or national of the United States. See 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(3). PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. D. Executive Order 12866 This amendment does not meet the criteria for a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as specified in Executive Order 12866. E. Executive Order 13132 The rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, DHS has determined that this final rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. F. Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform This rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988. G. Paperwork Reduction Act The Department of Homeland Security is modifying the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number 1651–0111, Arrival and Departure Record, to allow eligible Croatia passport holders to use an ESTA to apply for authorization to travel under the VWP prior to departing for the United States. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) uses the information to assist in determining if an applicant is eligible for travel under the VWP. The Department is requesting emergency processing of this change to 1651–0111 as the information is essential to the mission of the agency and is needed prior to the expiration of time periods established under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA). Because of the designation of Croatia for participation in the VWP, the Department is requesting OMB approval of this information collection in accordance with the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3507). The addition of Croatia to the VWP will result in an estimated annual increase to information collection 1651– 0111 of 30,000 responses and 7,500 burden hours. The total burden hours for ESTA, including Croatia, is as follows: Estimated annual reporting burden: 3,750,000 hours. E:\FR\FM\30SER1.SGM 30SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Rules and Regulations Estimated number of respondents: 15,000,000 respondents. Estimated average annual burden per respondent: 15 minutes. RIN 3150–AK63 Air carriers, Aliens, Maritime carriers, Passports and visas. Amendments to the Regulations For the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS amends part 217 of title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (8 CFR part 217), as set forth below. PART 217—VISA WAIVER PROGRAM Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1187; 8 CFR part 2. 2. In § 217.2(a), the definition of ‘‘Designated country’’ is revised to read as follows: ■ Eligibility. LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 (a) * * * Designated country refers to Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom refers only to British citizens who have the unrestricted right of permanent abode in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man); it does not refer to British overseas citizens, British dependent territories’ citizens, or citizens of British Commonwealth countries. Taiwan refers only to individuals who have unrestricted right of permanent abode on Taiwan and are in possession of an electronic passport bearing a personal identification (household registration) number. * * * * * [FR Doc. 2021–21136 Filed 9–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–9M–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:35 Sep 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 List of Approved Spent Fuel Storage Casks: NAC International NAC–UMS® Universal Storage System, Certificate of Compliance No. 1015, Amendment No. 8 Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Direct final rule; confirmation of effective date. AGENCY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is confirming the effective date of October 19, 2021, for the direct final rule that was published in the Federal Register on August 5, 2021. This direct final rule amended the NAC International NAC–UMS® Universal Storage System listing in the ‘‘List of approved spent fuel storage casks’’ to include Amendment No. 8 to Certificate of Compliance No. 1015. Amendment No. 8 revises the certificate of compliance to add the storage of damaged boiling-water reactor spent fuel, including higher enrichment and higher burnup spent fuel; change the allowable fuel burnup range; expand the boiling-water reactor class 5 fuel inventory that could be stored in the cask; and revise definitions in the technical specifications. DATES: The effective date of October 19, 2021, for the direct final rule published August 5, 2021 (86 FR 42681), is confirmed. ADDRESSES: Please refer to Docket ID NRC–2021–0052 when contacting the NRC about the availability of information for this action. You may obtain publicly-available information related to this action by any of the following methods: • Federal Rulemaking Website: Go to https://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC–2021–0052. Address questions about NRC dockets to Dawn Forder; telephone: 301–415–3407; email: Dawn.Forder@nrc.gov. For technical questions, contact the individuals listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this document. • NRC’s Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS): You may obtain publiclyavailable documents online in the ADAMS Public Documents collection at https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/ adams.html. To begin the search, select ‘‘Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.’’ For SUMMARY: 1. The authority citation for part 217 continues to read as follows: ■ Alejandro N. Mayorkas, Secretary. 10 CFR Part 72 [NRC–2021–0052] List of Subjects in 8 CFR Part 217 § 217.2 NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 54031 problems with ADAMS, please contact the NRC’s Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff at 1–800–397–4209, 301– 415–4737, or by email to pdr.resource@ nrc.gov. The proposed amendment to the certificate of compliance, the proposed changes to the technical specifications, and the preliminary safety evaluation report are available in ADAMS under Package Accession No. ML20358A254. The final amendment to the certificate of compliance, the final changes to the technical specifications, and the final safety evaluation report are available in ADAMS under Package Accession No. ML21253A235. • Attention: The PDR, where you may examine and order copies of public documents, is currently closed. You may submit your request to the PDR via email at pdr.resource@nrc.gov or call 1– 800–397–4209 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. (EST), Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Firth, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001; telephone: 301–415– 6628, email: James.Firth@nrc.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August 5, 2021 (86 FR 42681), the NRC published a direct final rule amending its regulations in part 72 of title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations for the NAC International NAC–UMS® Universal Storage System listing in the ‘‘List of approved spent fuel storage casks’’ to include Amendment No. 8 to Certificate of Compliance No. 1015. Amendment No. 8 revises the certificate of compliance to add the storage of damaged boiling-water reactor spent fuel, including higher enrichment and higher burnup spent fuel; change the allowable fuel burnup range; expand the boiling-water reactor class 5 fuel inventory that could be stored in the cask; and revise definitions in the technical specifications. In the direct final rule, the NRC stated that if no significant adverse comments were received, the direct final rule would become effective on October 19, 2021. The NRC did not receive any comments on the direct final rule. Therefore, this direct final rule will become effective as scheduled. Dated: September 23, 2021. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Cindy K. Bladey, Chief, Regulatory Analysis and Rulemaking Support Branch, Division of Rulemaking, Environmental, and Financial Support, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards. [FR Doc. 2021–21063 Filed 9–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7590–01–P E:\FR\FM\30SER1.SGM 30SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 187 (Thursday, September 30, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 54029-54031]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-21136]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 54029]]



DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

8 CFR Part 217

RIN 1601-AA94


Designation of Croatia for the Visa Waiver Program

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary; Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

ACTION: Final rule; technical amendment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Eligible citizens, nationals, and passport holders from 
designated Visa Waiver Program countries may apply for admission to the 
United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant noncitizens for a 
period of ninety days or less for business or pleasure without first 
obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are otherwise 
eligible for admission under applicable statutory and regulatory 
requirements. On September 28, 2021, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, designated 
Croatia as a country that is eligible to participate in the Visa Waiver 
Program. Accordingly, this rule updates the list of countries 
designated for participation in the Visa Waiver Program by adding 
Croatia.

DATES: This final rule is effective on December 1, 2021.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Eric Peters, Department of Homeland 
Security, Visa Waiver Program Office, (202) 790-5207.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

A. The Visa Waiver Program

    Pursuant to section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(INA), 8 U.S.C. 1187, the Secretary of Homeland Security (the 
Secretary), in consultation with the Secretary of State, may designate 
certain countries as Visa Waiver Program (VWP) countries \1\ if certain 
requirements are met. Those requirements include: (1) A U.S. Government 
determination that the country meets the applicable statutory 
requirement with respect to nonimmigrant visitor visa refusals for 
nationals of the country; (2) a U.S. Government determination that the 
country extends or agrees to extend reciprocal privileges to citizens 
and nationals of the United States; (3) an official certification that 
it issues machine-readable, electronic passports that comply with 
internationally accepted standards; (4) a U.S. Government determination 
that the country's designation would not negatively affect U.S. law 
enforcement and security interests; (5) an agreement with the United 
States to report, or make available through other designated means, to 
the U.S. Government information about the theft or loss of passports; 
(6) a U.S. Government determination that the government accepts for 
repatriation any citizen, former citizen, or national not later than 
three weeks after the issuance of a final executable order of removal; 
and (7) an agreement with the United States to share information 
regarding whether citizens or nationals of the country represent a 
threat to the security or welfare of the United States or its citizens.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ All references to ``country'' or ``countries'' in the laws 
authorizing the Visa Waiver Program are read to include Taiwan. See 
Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, Public Law 96-8, section 4(b)(1) 
(codified at 22 U.S.C. 3303(b)(1)) (providing that ``[w]henever the 
laws of the United States refer or relate to foreign countries, 
nations, states, governments, or similar entities, such terms shall 
include and such laws shall apply with respect to Taiwan''). This is 
consistent with the United States' one-China policy, under which the 
United States has maintained unofficial relations with Taiwan since 
1979.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Immigration and National Act (INA) also sets forth requirements 
for continued eligibility and, where appropriate, probation and/or 
termination of program countries.
    Prior to this final rule, the designated countries in the VWP were 
Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Chile, Czech Republic, 
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, 
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, 
Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, 
Republic of Korea, San Marino, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, 
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,\2\ and the United Kingdom.\3\ See 8 
CFR 217.2(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ Taiwan refers only to individuals who have unrestricted 
right of permanent abode on Taiwan and are in possession of an 
electronic passport bearing a personal identification (household 
registration) number.
    \3\ The United Kingdom refers only to British citizens who have 
the unrestricted right of permanent abode in the United Kingdom 
(England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands, 
and the Isle of Man); it does not refer to British overseas 
citizens, British dependent territories' citizens, or citizens of 
British Commonwealth countries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Citizens and eligible nationals of VWP countries may apply for 
admission to the United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant 
visitors for a period of ninety days or less for business or pleasure 
without first obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are 
otherwise eligible for admission under applicable statutory and 
regulatory requirements. To travel to the United States under the VWP, 
any person who is not a citizen or national of the United States 
(hereinafter a ``noncitizen'') must satisfy the following:
    (1) Be seeking admission as a nonimmigrant visitor for business or 
pleasure for ninety days or less;
    (2) be a national of a program country;
    (3) present a machine-readable, electronic passport issued by a 
designated VWP participant country to the air or vessel carrier before 
departure;
    (4) execute the required immigration forms;
    (5) if arriving by air or sea, arrive on an authorized carrier;
    (6) not represent a threat to the welfare, health, safety, or 
security of the United States;
    (7) have not violated U.S. immigration law during any previous 
admission under the VWP;
    (8) possess a round-trip ticket, unless exempted by statute or 
federal regulation;
    (9) the identity of the noncitizen has been checked to uncover any 
grounds on which the noncitizen may be inadmissible to the United 
States, and no such ground has been found;
    (10) certain aircraft operators, as provided by statute and 
regulation, must electronically transmit information about the 
noncitizen passenger;
    (11) obtain an approved travel authorization via the Electronic 
System for Travel Authorization (ESTA). For

[[Page 54030]]

more information about the ESTA, please see 8 CFR 217.5 (regulation 
effective July 8, 2015), 80 FR 32267 (June 8, 2015), 75 FR 47701 (Aug. 
9, 2010);
    (12) has not been present, at any time on or after March 1, 2011 in 
Iraq, Syria, countries designated by the Secretary of State, or 
countries designated by the Secretary of the Department of Homeland 
Security, during the period of those countries' designations, in 
accordance with 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12)(D), subject to statutorily 
delineated exemptions or a waiver authorized by the Secretary; and
    (13) waive the right to review or appeal a decision regarding 
admissibility or to contest, other than on the basis of an application 
for asylum, any action for removal. See sections 217(a) and 217(b) of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)-(b); see 
also 8 CFR part 217.

B. Designation of Croatia

    The Department of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
Department of State, has evaluated Croatia for VWP designation to 
ensure that it meets the requirements set forth in section 217 of the 
INA, as amended by section 711 of the Implementing Recommendations of 
the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, Public Law 110-53. The Secretary has 
determined that Croatia has satisfied the statutory requirements for 
initial VWP designation; therefore, the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Secretary of State, has designated Croatia as a program country.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ The Secretary of State nominated Croatia for participation 
in the VWP on August 2, 2021.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This final rule adds Croatia to the list of countries authorized to 
participate in the VWP. Accordingly, beginning December 1, 2021, 
eligible citizens and nationals of Croatia may apply for admission to 
the United States at U.S. ports of entry as nonimmigrant visitors for 
business or pleasure for a period of ninety days or less without first 
obtaining a nonimmigrant visa, provided that they are otherwise 
eligible for admission under applicable statutory and regulatory 
requirements.

II. Statutory And Regulatory Requirements

A. Administrative Procedure Act

    Under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553(b)), an agency 
may waive the normal notice and comment requirements if it finds, for 
good cause, that they are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to 
the public interest. The final rule merely lists a country that the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State, has designated as a VWP eligible country in accordance with 
section 217(c) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(c). This amendment is a 
technical change to merely update the list of VWP countries. Therefore, 
notice and comment for this rule is unnecessary and contrary to the 
public interest because the rule has no substantive impact, is 
technical in nature, and relates only to management, organization, 
procedure, and practice.
    This final rule is also excluded from the rulemaking provisions of 
5 U.S.C. 553 as a foreign affairs function of the United States because 
it advances the President's foreign policy goals and directly involves 
relationships between the United States and its noncitizen visitors. 
Accordingly, DHS is not required to provide public notice and an 
opportunity to comment before implementing the requirements under this 
final rule.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 603(b)), as amended 
by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement and Fairness Act of 1996 
(SBREFA), requires an agency to prepare and make available to the 
public, a regulatory flexibility analysis that describes the effect of 
a proposed rule on small entities (i.e., small businesses, small 
organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions) when the agency is 
required ``to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for any 
proposed rule.'' Because this rule is being issued as a final rule, on 
the grounds set forth above, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not 
required under the RFA.
    DHS has considered the impact of this rule on small entities and 
has determined that this rule will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities. The individual 
noncitizens \5\ to whom this rule applies are not small entities as 
that term is defined in 5 U.S.C. 601(6). Accordingly, there is no 
change expected in any process as a result of this rule that would have 
a direct effect, either positive or negative, on a small entity.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ As used in this final rule, the term ``noncitizen'' means 
any person not a citizen or national of the United States. See 8 
U.S.C. 1101(a)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and 
tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 
million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed 
necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 
1995.

D. Executive Order 12866

    This amendment does not meet the criteria for a ``significant 
regulatory action'' as specified in Executive Order 12866.

E. Executive Order 13132

    The rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on 
the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on 
the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels 
of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive 
Order 13132, DHS has determined that this final rule does not have 
sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a 
federalism summary impact statement.

F. Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform

    This rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) 
and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

G. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Department of Homeland Security is modifying the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number 1651-0111, Arrival and 
Departure Record, to allow eligible Croatia passport holders to use an 
ESTA to apply for authorization to travel under the VWP prior to 
departing for the United States. U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
(CBP) uses the information to assist in determining if an applicant is 
eligible for travel under the VWP. The Department is requesting 
emergency processing of this change to 1651-0111 as the information is 
essential to the mission of the agency and is needed prior to the 
expiration of time periods established under the Paperwork Reduction 
Act of 1995 (PRA). Because of the designation of Croatia for 
participation in the VWP, the Department is requesting OMB approval of 
this information collection in accordance with the PRA (44 U.S.C. 
3507).
    The addition of Croatia to the VWP will result in an estimated 
annual increase to information collection 1651-0111 of 30,000 responses 
and 7,500 burden hours. The total burden hours for ESTA, including 
Croatia, is as follows:
    Estimated annual reporting burden: 3,750,000 hours.

[[Page 54031]]

    Estimated number of respondents: 15,000,000 respondents.
    Estimated average annual burden per respondent: 15 minutes.

List of Subjects in 8 CFR Part 217

    Air carriers, Aliens, Maritime carriers, Passports and visas.

Amendments to the Regulations

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS amends part 217 of 
title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (8 CFR part 217), as set 
forth below.

PART 217--VISA WAIVER PROGRAM

0
1. The authority citation for part 217 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1187; 8 CFR part 2.

0
2. In Sec.  217.2(a), the definition of ``Designated country'' is 
revised to read as follows:


Sec.  217.2  Eligibility.

    (a) * * *
    Designated country refers to Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, 
Brunei, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, 
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, 
Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the 
Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, 
San Marino, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, 
Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom refers 
only to British citizens who have the unrestricted right of permanent 
abode in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern 
Ireland, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man); it does not refer 
to British overseas citizens, British dependent territories' citizens, 
or citizens of British Commonwealth countries. Taiwan refers only to 
individuals who have unrestricted right of permanent abode on Taiwan 
and are in possession of an electronic passport bearing a personal 
identification (household registration) number.
* * * * *

Alejandro N. Mayorkas,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2021-21136 Filed 9-29-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9110-9M-P