Pilots' Medical Certificate Validity Period, 48090-48113 [2021-17806]

Download as PDF 48090 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Paragraph 6005 Class E Airspace Areas Extending Upward From 700 Feet or More Above the Surface of the Earth. ‘‘Environmental Impacts: Policies and Procedures’’ prior to any FAA final regulatory action. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 71 Airspace, Incorporation by reference, Navigation (air). The Proposed Amendment Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me, the Federal Aviation Administration proposes to amend 14 CFR part 71 as follows: PART 71—DESIGNATION OF CLASS A, B, C, D, AND E AIRSPACE AREAS; AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE ROUTES; AND REPORTING POINTS 1. The authority citation for 14 CFR part 71 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g); 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959–1963 Comp., p. 389. 71.1 2. The incorporation by reference in 14 CFR 71.1 of FAA Order 7400.11E, Airspace Designations and Reporting Points, dated July 21, 2020, and effective September 15, 2020, is amended as follows: ■ Class D Airspace. * * * * lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 * * * * ASW OK E4 Ardmore, OK [Amended] Ardmore Municipal Airport, OK (Lat. 34°18′14″ N, long. 97°01′14″ W) Ardmore VORTAC (Lat. 34°12′42″ N, long. 97°10′06″ W) That airspace extending upward from the surface within 1.4 miles each side of the Ardmore VORTAC 050° radial extending from the 4.3-mile radius of Ardmore Municipal Airport to 7.4 miles southwest of the airport, and within 1 mile each side of the 315° bearing from Ardmore Municipal Airport extending from the 4.3-mile radius of the airport to 5.3 miles northwest of the airport. This Class E airspace area is effective during the specific dates and times established in advance by a Notice to Airmen. The effective date and time will thereafter be continuously published in the Chart Supplement. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 * * ASW OK E5 Ardmore, OK [Amended] Ardmore Municipal Airport, OK (Lat. 34°18′14″ N, long. 97°01′14″ W) Ardmore VORTAC (Lat. 34°12′42″ N, long. 97°10′06″ W) Ardmore Downtown Executive Airport, OK (Lat. 34°08′49″ N, long. 97°07′22″ W) That airspace extending upward from the 700 feet above the surface within a 6.8-mile radius of Ardmore Municipal Airport, and within 1.5 miles each side of the Ardmore VORTAC 050° radial extending from the 6.8mile radius of Ardmore Municipal Airport to 8.4 miles southwest of the airport, and within 1.1 miles each side of the 315° bearing from the Ardmore Municipal Airport extending from the 6.8-mile radius of the airport to 7 miles northwest of the airport, and within a 6.5-mile radius of Ardmore Downtown Executive Airport. BILLING CODE 4910–13–P 6004 Class E Airspace Areas Designated as an Extension to a Class D or Class E Surface Area. * * [FR Doc. 2021–18360 Filed 8–26–21; 8:45 am] ASW OK D Ardmore, OK [Amended] Ardmore Municipal Airport, OK (Lat. 34°18′14″ N, long. 97°01′14″ W) That airspace extending upward from the surface to and including 3,300 feet MSL within a 4.3-mile radius of Ardmore Municipal Airport. This Class D airspace area is effective during the specific dates and times established in advance by a Notice to Airmen. The effective date and time will thereafter be continuously published in the Chart Supplement. * * Issued in Fort Worth, Texas, on August 23, 2021. Martin A. Skinner, Acting Manager, Operations Support Group, ATO Central Service Center. [Amended] Paragraph 5000 * DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Parts 10, 11, and 15 [Docket No. USCG–2020–0069] RIN 1625–AC63 Pilots’ Medical Certificate Validity Period Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: The Coast Guard proposes to extend the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to first-class pilots and masters or mates serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. This proposed rule would reduce the frequency of medical certification application submissions to the Coast Guard. First-class pilots and masters and mates who serve as pilot on vessels of 1,600 gross registered tons or more would be required to submit the results of their annual physical examinations to the Coast Guard between medical certificate applications if: The mariner does not meet the physical ability requirements; the mariner has a condition that does not meet the medical, vision, or hearing requirements; the mariner is deemed ‘‘not recommended’’ by a medical SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 practitioner for a medical certificate; or upon request by the Coast Guard. The proposed rule will not compromise safety because it maintains the requirement for pilots to obtain annual physicals and because it provides the Coast Guard opportunity to review the medical examination of pilots who may become medically unqualified between medical certificate applications. DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast Guard on or before October 26, 2021. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG– 2020–0069 using the Federal Decision Making Portal at https:// www.regulations.gov. See the ‘‘Public Participation and Request for Comments’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further instructions on submitting comments. Collection of information. Submit comments on the collection of information discussed in section VI.D of this preamble both to the Coast Guard’s online docket and to the Office of Information and Regulatory (OIRA) in the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) using their website www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. Comments sent to OIRA on the collection of information must reach OMB on or before the comment due date listed on their website. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information about this document, call or email Eric Malzkuhn, Coast Guard; telephone 202–372–1425, email eric.f.malzkuhn@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Contents for Preamble I. Public Participation and Request for Comments II. Abbreviations III. Basis and Purpose IV. Background V. Discussion of Proposed Rule A. 46 CFR 10.301: Pilot Medical Certificate Period of Validity B. 46 CFR 11.709: Annual Physical Examination Requirements for Pilots of Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More C. 46 CFR 15.401: Employment and Service Restrictions Within the Pilot Credential D. 46 CFR 15.812, Table 1 to § 15.812(e)(1): Masters or Mates Serving as Pilot on Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More VI. Regulatory Analyses A. Regulatory Planning and Review B. Small Entities C. Assistance for Small Entities D. Collection of Information E. Federalism F. Unfunded Mandates G. Taking of Private Property H. Civil Justice Reform I. Protection of Children E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules J. Indian Tribal Governments K. Energy Effects L. Technical Standards M. Environment II. Abbreviations lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 I. Public Participation and Request for Comments The Coast Guard views public participation as essential to effective rulemaking, and will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. Your comment can help shape the outcome of this rulemaking. If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this rulemaking, indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. Submitting comments. We encourage you to submit comments through the Federal Decision Making Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. To do so, go to https://www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2020–0069 in the search box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, look for this document in the Search Results column, and click on it. Then click on the Comment option. If you cannot submit your material by using https:// www.regulations.gov, call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule for alternate instructions. Viewing material in docket. To view documents mentioned in this proposed rule as being available in the docket, find the docket as described in the previous paragraph, and then select ‘‘Supporting & Related Material’’ in the Document Type column. Public comments will also be placed in our online docket and can be viewed by following instructions on the https:// www.regulations.gov Frequently Asked Questions web page. We review all comments received, but we will only post comments that address the topic of the proposed rule. We may choose not to post off-topic, inappropriate, or duplicate comments that we receive. Personal information. We accept anonymous comments. Comments we post to https://www.regulations.gov will include any personal information you have provided. For more about privacy and submissions to the docket in response to this document, see DHS’s eRulemaking System of Records notice (85 FR 14226, March 11, 2020). Public meeting. We do not plan to hold a public meeting but we will consider doing so if we determine from public comments that a meeting would be helpful. We would issue a separate Federal Register notice to announce the date, time, and location of such a meeting. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security DOT Department of Transportation DUI Driving under the influence DWI Driving while intoxicated FCP First-class pilot FR Federal Register GRT Gross registered tons GS General service MMC Merchant Mariner Credential MMLD Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation MMD Merchant Mariner’s Document NMC National Maritime Center NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking OMB Office of Management and Budget REC Regional Examination Center § Section STCW Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended STCW Convention International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers SME Subject matter expert U.S.C. United States Code USPS United States Postal Service III. Basis and Purpose The purpose of this proposed rule is to extend the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to first-class pilots (FCPs) and masters or mates serving as pilot to 5 years, which would reduce the frequency that they must submit a medical certificate application to the Coast Guard. Reducing the frequency of medical certificate applications would reduce the administrative burden on the mariner submitting the application and on the Coast Guard when processing the application and issuing the medical certificate. This proposed rule would also amend the submission requirements for the results of the statutorily required annual physical examination for pilots serving on vessels greater than 1,600 gross register tons (GRT). The legal basis of this proposed rule is Title 46 of the United States Code (U.S.C.), Section 7101(c), which authorizes the Coast Guard to issue licenses to pilots who are found qualified as to physical fitness and Section 7101(c)’s other qualifications. Title 46 U.S.C. 7101(e)(2) further specifies that an individual may only be issued a license as pilot if they are found to be of sound health and have no physical limitations that would hinder or prevent them in the performance of a pilot’s duties. Section 7101(e)(3) also requires each pilot serving on vessels 1,600 GRT or greater to have a thorough physical examination each year while holding the license. The Secretary of the PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 48091 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has delegated these statutory authorities to the Coast Guard through DHS Delegation No. 00170.1(92)(e), Revision No. 01.2, which generally authorizes the Coast Guard to determine and establish the experience and professional qualifications required for the issuance of credentials. Additionally, 14 U.S.C. 102(3) grants the Coast Guard broad authority to promulgate and enforce regulations for the promotion of safety of life and property on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. IV. Background The Coast Guard issues Merchant Mariner Credentials (MMCs) and medical certificates to qualified mariners who meet the requirements in title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), subchapter B, parts 10 through 13. The requirements for medical certification are described in 46 CFR part 10, subpart C. Currently, as described in § 10.301, the medical certificate will be issued for various periods of time based upon the endorsements the mariner holds. For mariners employed or engaged on vessels to which the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW Convention) applies, the maximum validity period is 2 years. For mariners serving as FCP, or masters or mates serving as pilot under 46 CFR 15.812, the maximum validity period is 2 years. For all other mariners serving on national MMC endorsements, the maximum validity period of the medical certificate is 5 years. Mariners may not be employed in a position requiring an MMC unless they hold a valid medical certificate as described in § 15.401(c). Under the current requirements, FCPs and masters or mates who are serving as pilot on vessels of any tonnage must submit the results of a physical examination recorded on form CG– 719K, the ‘‘Application for Medical Certificate,’’ to the Coast Guard every 2 years in order to maintain a valid medical certificate. In accordance with § 11.709, FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more are required to have an annual physical examination that meets the medical and physical requirements described in part 10 subpart C. This annual physical examination requirement for pilots serving on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more has been in place since the enactment of the Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978 (Pub. L. 95–474) and is codified in 46 U.S.C. 7101(e)(3). The Port and Tanker Safety Act was implemented as E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 48092 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules a result of safety concerns related to increased port congestion and vessel traffic, increasing vessel size, and the unique physical and cognitive demands placed upon pilots in performing their duties. In 1985, the Coast Guard amended its regulations to require FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels greater than 1,600 GRT to undergo annual physical examinations and to provide copies of their most recent physical examination to the Coast Guard upon request (see Volume 50 of the Federal Register (FR) at page 26106). In 2006, the Coast Guard published a notice exercising its authority to require all FCPs on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, and other individuals serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, to submit their physical examination results annually (see 71 FR 56999, Sept. 28, 2006). In 2009, the regulations were amended to include the annual physical examination submission requirement described in the 2006 public notice (see 74 FR 11196, March 16, 2009). In 2014, the Coast Guard implemented a final rule titled, ‘‘Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, (STCW Convention) and Changes to National Endorsements’’ (see 78 FR 77796, December 24, 2013), which established the current 2-year maximum period of validity of mariner medical certificates for FCPs. That rule reinforced the requirement in 46 CFR 11.709 that pilots serving on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more must undergo annual physical examination, but it changed the submission requirement of the annual physical exam to every other year to coincide with the expiration of the medical certificate. In July 2017, the Coast Guard tasked the Merchant Mariner Personnel Advisory Committee, the Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee, and the Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee with identifying regulations, guidance, or information collections that that are outdated, ineffective, or exceed benefits and impose administrative burdens or costs on the maritime industry (see 82 FR 32511, 82 FR 32513, 82 FR 34909). These three advisory committees noted that they received comments regarding the maximum period of validity of medical certificates for FCPs and those serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more. Specifically, these comments indicated that pilots are limited to a 2-year maximum period of validity of their medical certificate when the validity period is 5 years for VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 all other national endorsements. The advisory committees concluded that the 2-year maximum period of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs posed a burden on mariners and suggested the Coast Guard extend the period of validity to 5 years. Additionally, in July 2018, the Coast Guard received a petition for rulemaking from the American Pilots’ Association requesting that we change the maximum period of validity of the medical certificate from 2 years to 5 years for FCPs and those authorized to serve as pilot. The petition for rulemaking and our response are available in the docket where indicated under the ADDRESSES portion of the preamble. V. Discussion of Proposed Rule This proposed rule would increase the current 2-year maximum period of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot to 5 years. Mariners serving as pilot would be required to submit the results of a physical examination, recorded on form CG–719K, the ‘‘Application for Medical Certificate,’’ every 5 years to the Coast Guard. The following provides a section-by-section discussion of the proposed changes. A. 46 CFR 10.301: Pilot Medical Certificate Period of Validity The Coast Guard proposes to amend 46 CFR 10.301, which contains the general requirements for the issuance of medical certificates to mariners meeting the medical and physical standards. We propose to extend the 2-year maximum period of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs and those serving as pilot by deleting current § 10.301(b)(2), which contains the 2-year maximum provision. This notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) also proposes to move current § 10.301(b)(4), without change, into its own paragraph. We would redesignate it as § 10.301(c) and redesignate current § 10.301(c) as § 10.301(d). The standard maximum periods of validity for medical certificates in § 10.301(b)(1) for all persons employed or engaged onboard vessels to which the STCW Convention applies will remain the same. With this proposed rule, the standard maximum periods of validity for medical certificates in § 10.301(b) for all other mariners will be 5 years (including FCPs and mariners serving as pilot). As a result, like all other mariners holding national endorsements, FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot would generally only have to submit a medical certificate application to the Coast Guard every 5 years. This proposed change would reduce the PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 administrative burden on the pilots and the Coast Guard. The time required for the medical certificate application and evaluation can be lengthy if the Coast Guard requests amplifying information to support the results of the physical examination. There may be correspondence between the mariner, the Coast Guard, and the mariner’s medical practitioner that results in additional time for a medical certificate application to be approved. It is possible that the extra time required for the Coast Guard to complete the evaluation of the medical certificate application can result in a lapse in validity of an FCP endorsement or the ability of a master or mate to serve as pilot. The proposed change may allow more time for the Coast Guard to evaluate applications without jeopardizing the pilot’s ability to serve under the authority of their endorsement. This proposed rule would not change the regulations on medical waivers, limitations, and restrictions in § 10.303 for not meeting the medical and physical requirements of § 10.302. If the medical or physical standards are not met, the Coast Guard may grant waivers with conditions, such as operational limitations or restrictions on the medical certificate. Certain conditions, such as a need for more frequent monitoring of the mariner’s medical condition, may result in the issuance of a time-limited medical certificate that would be valid for a shorter period than the maximum. Pilots holding a medical certificate with a 2-year validity period would be issued a 5-year maximum period of validity at their next medical certificate issuance, unless the certificate is time-limited due to a medical condition. The Coast Guard is proposing that the 5-year medical certificate period of validity would apply to all pilots, regardless of the tonnage of the vessel they are serving on. The Coast Guard believes that this increase in the validity period would not result in a risk that compromises maritime safety, given that the proposed rule does not relax the annual examination requirement for FCPs or masters and mates serving as pilot. Instead, it is expected that the rule will support greater transparency regarding a pilot’s medical fitness because it includes a new requirement that pilots must submit the results of their annual examination to the Coast Guard for review if the medical practitioner determines that they no longer meet the medical and physical standards of 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C. Mariners who serve as pilot on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT are currently E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 issued 2-year medical certificates and are required to submit the physical examination results with their application for a new medical certificate every 2 years. These mariners include pilots on less than 1,600 GRT and masters or mates who serve as pilots on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT. These mariners who serve exclusively as pilot on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT are not subject to the annual physical examination requirement in § 11.709 and would not be subject to the new submission requirements in § 11.709 of this proposed rule. Under this proposed rule, pilots, masters, and mates who serve as pilot on only vessels less than 1,600 GRT would be issued 5-year medical certificates and would submit the results of a physical exam to the Coast Guard every 5 years when applying for a new medical certificate. Even without an annual physical exam requirement, we believe allowing these mariners to have 5-year medical certificates like all other national endorsements does not pose a large risk to maritime safety by allowing them to pilot a vessel for the 5-year period. When masters or mates serve as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT, it is typically a small fraction of their duties. Prior to the ‘‘Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, and Changes to National Endorsements’’ final rule (78 FR 77796, Dec. 24, 2013), which took effect on March 24, 2014, this same group of mariners serving as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT were issued 5-year medical certificates. Masters and mates serving as pilots on vessels less than 1,600 GRT were not required to take an annual physical exam either before or after the rule mentioned above. The Coast Guard does not have data to determine whether there was a change in the number of marine incidents caused by medical issues in this group of pilots when their medical certificates were issued with 5-year validity periods. B. 46 CFR 11.709: Annual Physical Examination Requirements for Pilots of Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More Section 11.709 contains the requirements for pilots of vessels 1,600 GRT or more to undergo an annual physical examination. This section specifies when the annual physical examinations must be conducted, how the examination results are recorded, and how often the examination results are reported to the Coast Guard. To ensure consistency with 46 U.S.C. 7101(e)(3), we propose to clarify the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 applicability of this section by including masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, under § 15.812, in the introductory text of § 11.709(b). Adding these mariners to § 11.709(b) would provide additional clarity on the applicability of the annual physical examination requirements. Paragraph (b) of this section currently states that the examination results are to be reported to the Coast Guard every other year to coincide with the current 2-year maximum period of validity of medical certificates. Because this proposed rule would extend the pilot’s medical certificate to a 5-year maximum period of validity, we also propose to remove the every-other-year form CG– 719K submission requirement for pilots. This proposed rule would revise the section to state that the physical examination results must be submitted on form CG–719K to the Coast Guard every 5 years, in accordance with the medical certificate application requirements in §§ 10.301 and 10.304. In practice, pilots who meet the medical and physical standards in 46 CFR part 10 would generally be required to report the results of the annual examination to the Coast Guard only when applying for a medical certificate, every 5 years. The Coast Guard recognizes that when medical certificates remain valid for 5 years, as opposed to 2 years, there is a higher risk that someone could have a valid medical certificate for a significant time period after developing a disqualifying medical condition. In order to reduce the risk created by extending the validity period of the medical certificate, this proposed rule would require FCPs and masters or mates who serve as pilot on vessels that are 1,600 GRT or more to submit their annual physical examination results to the Coast Guard if any of the following circumstances occur: (1) The examining medical practitioner documents that the individual does not meet the physical ability requirements described in § 10.304(c); (2) the examining medical practitioner documents that the individual has a condition that does not meet the general medical exam requirements described in § 10.304(a), the vision requirements described in § 10.305, or the hearing requirements described in § 10.306; (3) the examining medical practitioner documents that the individual is not recommended for a medical certificate or needs further review by the Coast Guard; or (4) the Coast Guard requests the results. We propose requiring self-submission of the medical examination to the Coast Guard when these pilots do not meet the requirements for physical abilities, general medical examination, vision or PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 48093 hearing, or are not recommended for a medical certificate, so that the Coast Guard can further review the results of the medical exam. As part of the review, the Coast Guard may request additional information in the interest of mariner safety and full performance of the pilot’s duties. Service on vessels may be arduous and impose unique physical and medical demands on pilots. The submission requirements would support our statutory responsibility under 46 U.S.C. 7101 to ensure that pilots are physically and medically fit to pilot a vessel. The public safety risks associated with the medical and physical condition of pilots on vessels are important considerations for the safe operation of vessels and the safety and well-being of the crew. As stated in § 11.709(b), the pilot’s annual physical examination would continue to be recorded on form CG–719K, which documents physical ability, medical conditions, and hearing and vision requirements. Form CG–719K also documents whether a mariner is ‘‘not recommended,’’ which could prompt a submission under the proposed requirements in § 11.709(b)(1)–(3). The annual physical examination documentation and scope are unchanged and would remain the same under this proposed rule. Moreover, we propose to clarify that the Coast Guard can request the results of the physical examination as part of marine casualty investigations, where more frequent monitoring of a medical condition is specified in a waiver, and in other cases that prompt further review. As stated in § 11.701(d), the Coast Guard only issues FCP endorsements for tonnages of 1,600 GRT or more. Therefore, all FCPs serving under the authority of their FCP endorsement would continue to be required to undergo the statutorily required annual physical examinations and would be subject to the proposed submission requirements in § 11.709. However, as noted previously, masters and mates serving as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT would not be subject to the physical examination and proposed submission requirements in § 11.709. The Coast Guard does not have data to determine whether there was a change in the number of marine incidents caused by medical issues in masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT when the medical certificates were issued with 5-year validity periods. In § 11.709, we also propose to move the text specifying that each annual physical examination must meet the E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 48094 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules requirements in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C, and be recorded on form CG–719K, from existing paragraph (c) into paragraph (b). We are proposing to move this requirement into paragraph (b) so that all the information on the annual physical examination requirements are in the same paragraph. In conjunction with moving paragraph (c) into paragraph (b), this proposed rule would redesignate current § 11.709(d) as § 11.709(c), without change. This proposed rule would add a new paragraph 11.709(d) to clarify that masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more under § 15.812 may not serve on these vessels if they do not meet the annual physical examination and submission requirements specified in § 11.709(b). This new paragraph (d) would not change any of the current requirements or consequences for masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more but, rather, would reiterate the annual physical examination requirements for masters or mates serving as pilot already required in § 15.812. Masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more who fail to meet the physical examination requirements in § 11.709 may still operate under the authority of their master or mate endorsement, but would not be authorized to pilot a vessel of 1,600 GRT or more. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 C. 46 CFR 15.401: Employment and Service Restrictions Within the Pilot Credential This proposed rule also aligns the employment requirements in § 15.401 with the proposed 5-year maximum period of validity of medical certificates for FCPs or masters or mates serving as pilot so that it reflects the proposed change made in § 10.301(b). Section 15.401(c) states that a person may not employ an individual if that individual does not hold a valid medical certificate. This section currently lists the maximum validity period of the medical certificate as 2 years for FCPs and masters or mates serving as a pilot. This proposed rule would amend this section to say that all mariners (including pilots), where the STCW Convention does not apply, will be issued a 5-year medical certificate unless otherwise noted on the certificate. Additionally, throughout § 15.401, this proposed rule would remove obsolete terminology referring to VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 licenses, certificates of registry, and Merchant Mariner’s Documents (MMDs). The Coast Guard ceased issuing licenses, certificates of registry, and MMDs in 2009 when we transitioned to the streamlined MMC with the Consolidation of Merchant Mariner Qualification Credentials final rule (see 74 FR 11195, March 16, 2009). All mariners now hold an MMC. We also propose revising § 15.401(c)(1) by removing the outdated grandfathering clause, ‘‘[a]fter January 1, 2017’’, because the referenced date has passed and the section is now applicable to all medical certificates issued to individuals serving on vessels where the STCW Convention applies. D. 46 CFR 15.812, Table 1 to § 15.812(e)(1): Masters or Mates Serving as Pilot on Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More This proposed rule includes a correction to Table 1 to § 15.812(e)(1). Currently, § 15.812(b)(2) states the requirements for masters or mates to serve as pilot on vessels of not more than 1,600 GRT. There is no requirement in paragraph (b)(2) for these masters and mates serving on vessels less than 1,600 GRT to undergo an annual physical examination. This is consistent with § 11.709(a), which stipulates that the annual physical examination requirement only applies to individuals who pilot a vessel of 1,600 GRT or more. However, in Table 1 to § 15.812(e)(1), ‘‘Quick Reference Table for Federal Pilotage Requirements for U.S.-Inspected, Self-Propelled Vessels, Not Sailing on Register,’’ the requirement for a master or mate serving as pilot on vessels not more than 1,600 GRT to have an annual physical exam was added in error. This error was incorporated into the table with the implementation of the final rule, ‘‘Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, and Changes to National Endorsements’’ (78 FR 77796, Dec. 24, 2013), which took effect on March 24, 2014. We propose to remove the erroneous annual physical exam requirement in Table 1, under the third column, ‘‘Non-designated areas of pilotage waters (between the 3-mile limit and start of traditional pilotage routes).’’ This proposed removal of text would align the table with the corresponding regulatory text in section § 15.812(b)(2), as well as the applicability of the annual physical examination requirements in PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 § 11.709(a). This correction to the table would not change the requirements for these mariners, because the Coast Guard has not required masters or mates serving as a pilot on vessels with less than 1,600 GRT to complete an annual physical examination. VI. Regulatory Analyses We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes and Executive orders related to rulemaking. A summary of our analyses based on these statutes or Executive orders follows. A. Regulatory Planning and Review Executive Orders 12866 (‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review’’) and 13563 (‘‘Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review’’) direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has not designated this proposed rule a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed it. A regulatory analysis follows. Summary of Affected Population, Costs Savings, and Benefits This proposed rule would extend the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. This proposed rule would reduce the frequency of medical certification application submissions to the Coast Guard. First-class pilots and masters and mates who serve as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more would be required to submit the results of their annual physical examinations to the Coast Guard between medical certificate applications if: (1) The mariner does not meet the physical ability requirements; (2) the mariner has a condition that does not meet the medical, vision, or hearing requirements; (3) the mariner is deemed ‘‘not recommended’’ by a medical practitioner for a medical certificate; or (4) upon request by the Coast Guard. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 48095 TABLE 1—SUMMARY OF THE AFFECTED POPULATION, COST SAVINGS, AND BENEFITS FOR THIS PROPOSED RULE Category Summary Applicability ............................................................................................... Amend 46 CFR 10.301 and 15.401 to extend the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to FCPs, and masters or mates serving as pilot, from 2 years to 5 years. Amend 46 CFR 11.709 by modifying the medical certificate application submission requirement for FCPs from 2 years to 5 years, as well as masters and mates who serve as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more. There are currently 3,897 mariners who hold MMC endorsements as FCP as of June 1 each year from 2010 to 2020. This number does not include masters or mates who could serve as pilot. The affected population for this proposed rule is 95 percent of that population, or 3,702 mariners (net affected population). Fewer medical certificate applications would reduce NMC’s workload and generate cost savings to the government and to mariners. There could be unquantified benefits for some pilots due to a decrease in the likelihood of a lapse in medical certification from less frequent medical certificate application submissions. A lapse in medical certification can have significant costs for individual pilots and for employers, because pilots may not work under the authority of their credential without a valid medical certificate. Industry cost savings: $20,098 annualized and $146,847 over a 10year period of analysis. Government cost savings: $15,756 annualized and $110,664 over a 10-year period of analysis. Total cost savings to industry and government: $36,664 annualized and $257,511 over a 10-year period of analysis. Affected Population .................................................................................. Benefits ..................................................................................................... Cost savings (in $2020, 7% discount rate) * ............................................ * Totals may not sum due to rounding. Affected Population The Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation (MMLD) database is used by the Coast Guard’s National Maritime Center (NMC) to issue MMCs and maintain records of U.S. merchant mariners. Based on data obtained from the MMLD, we determined that a total of 3,897 mariners hold MMC endorsements as FCP. This proposed rule would not impact FCPs holding medical certificates issued with waivers requiring more frequent reporting of medical examination results to the Coast Guard. Based on MMLD data, this group currently consists of 195 mariners, which is 5 percent of the total affected population of 3,897 mariners. We reduced the total population (3,897 mariners) by this number (195) to obtain a net affected population of 3,702 mariners who would be impacted by this proposed rule. Additionally, we determined that there are 89,713 (74,827 + 14,886) mariners who hold an MMC endorsement as master or mate, without holding an FCP endorsement, who could serve as pilot. Because there is no requirement to report when a master or mate serves as pilot, we are unable to determine how many masters or mates are serving as pilot; therefore, we limited the affected population in this analysis to mariners holding FCP endorsements and holding medical certificates without time-limited medical waivers. Table 2 presents these populations. TABLE 2—SUMMARY OF POPULATION BY ENDORSEMENT Number of mariners Population Total number of mariners holding an MMC endorsement as FCP and holding a medical certificate with or without time-limited medical waivers (total potentially affected FCP population) ............................................................................................................ Those mariners holding an MMC endorsement as FCP and holding a medical certificate with time-limited medical waivers (unaffected FCP population due to waiver status resulting in no change in the period of validity of the medical certificate) ............... Those mariners holding an MMC endorsement as FCP and holding a medical certificate without time-limited medical waivers (affected FCP population due to change in the period of validity of the medical certificate) ......................................................... lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Costs and Cost Savings The proposed rule would reduce the frequency of mariner medical certificate applications to the Coast Guard, resulting in a cost savings to both mariners and the government. Industry cost savings would be the costs avoided by reducing the frequency with which FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot would have to apply for a medical certificate. Subsequently, fewer VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 applications would reduce the NMC’s workload, generating cost savings for the government. The total 10-year discounted cost savings of this proposed rule would be $257,511 and the annualized total cost savings would be approximately $36,664, both discounted at 7 percent. This includes the 10-year industry and government savings of $146,847 and $110,664 respectively, discounted at 7 percent. PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 3,897 195 3,702 Turnover Rate We did not factor mariner turnover into this analysis. ‘‘Mariner turnover’’ means the number or percentage of mariners leaving employment within a certain period of time, combined with the number or percentage of mariners obtaining employment within the same period of time. There are two reasons for not factoring in mariner turnover. First, the MMC serves as a certificate of E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 48096 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules mariner identity, service, and qualification. In order to serve under the authority of an endorsement on an MMC, a mariner must be physically and medically qualified for that endorsement, as evidenced by holding a valid medical certificate. Medical certification is not an endorsement of qualification on an MMC, but, instead, is a separate document certifying medical and physical fitness to serve in the capacity of an endorsement listed on the MMC. The second reason mariner turnover is not factored into this analysis is because the FCP endorsement represents a maritime qualification that can lead to permanent employment with a pilot association. This career path is highly competitive, due to the rigorous, time-consuming, and highly specialized training required. As presented in table 3, data from MMLD indicates that the number of mariners holding an FCP endorsement has declined at an annual average rate of 0.48 percent in the last 11 years. We did not include mariner turnover because the Coast Guard believes it would have had a negligible effect in assessing the costs or cost savings for this regulatory analysis. The Coast Guard requests public comment on mariner turnover and, in particular, the number or percentage of retirements by mariners regulated by this proposed rule. Depending on data received by public comment, we may reconsider our approach to considering mariner turnover for the final rule. Industry Cost Savings The proposed rule would amend current requirements so the results of the annual physical examinations for pilots serving on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more would be submitted to the Coast Guard on form CG–719K (medical certificate application) every 5 years instead of every 2 years, unless one of the four conditions noted previously, and listed in § 11.709(b), is applicable.1 Although mariners would still be required to complete an annual physical examination, the cost savings to industry would include the time savings of the affected population not having to submit an application for a merchant mariner medical certificate every 2 years, either by mail or in person, after the second year of the implementation of this proposed rule. Mariners may submit medical certificate applications either directly to the NMC via email or to a Regional Examination Center (REC) via email, fax, or mail. Additionally, applications may be submitted in person if submitted to a REC. Cost savings to industry would include the time saved by mariners by faxing, emailing, mailing, or delivering in-person the form CG–719K to the Coast Guard on a less frequent basis. According to data obtained from MMLD, 95 percent of medical certificates issued to FCPs, or 3,702 (0.95 × 3,897), are renewed every 2 years. The remaining 5 percent are renewed annually, for those pilots with time-limited certificates due to medical waivers. Since the merchant mariner medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot is only valid for 2 years under current regulations, half the total number of FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot are currently applying for a new medical certificate each year. Current data from MMLD indicates that 195 mariners from the affected population would not benefit directly under this proposed rule. This is the number of FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot who have been issued medical certificates with a waiver, which require more frequent reporting of the results of their annual physical examinations to the Coast Guard. These mariners would still be required to submit the form CG–719K to the Coast Guard on an annual basis. Growth Rate of Affected Population We analyzed the number of endorsed FCPs who would experience a reduction in burden from only needing to submit their medical certificate applications once every 5 years, after the second year of the implementation of this proposed rule, as opposed to once every 2 years under current regulations. We then analyzed the number of endorsed FCPs to estimate a population growth rate for mariners with MMCs who would become newly endorsed as FCPs. Using 11 years of data from MMLD, from 2010 to 2020,2 which is presented in table 3, we found that the number of endorsed FCPs is declining at an average rate of 0.48 percent per year. The highest number of endorsed FCPs was observed in 2017, while the lowest number of endorsed FCPs was observed in 2020. We used this estimated annual average decline of 0.48 percent as a constant when forecasting the endorsed FCP population for the next 10 years. This constant rate represents the average decline experienced by FCPs throughout a 10-year period of analysis. We applied this 0.48 percent rate of decline to both the affected population in current regulations (the baseline) and the affected population in this proposed rule to determine the number of medical certificate application submissions in a given year. Table 3 presents the MMLD data used to determine the estimated annual rate of decline for the endorsed FCP population. TABLE 3—SUMMARY OF ENDORSED FCPS Endorsed FCPs (a) lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Growth rate (%) (b) t = [(at-at-1)/at-1] × 100 ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................... 4,259 4,292 4,262 4,237 4,200 4,171 4,219 4,297 4,263 4,217 4,055 .................................................. 0.77 ¥0.70 ¥0.59 ¥0.87 ¥0.69 1.15 1.85 ¥0.79 ¥1.08 ¥3.84 Avg ................................................................................................................................................. Max ................................................................................................................................................ 4,225 4,297 ¥0.48 .................................................. 1 Pilots must still undergo annual physical examinations. However, those pilots who are not required to submit the results to the Coast Guard VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 during the 5 years would simply maintain personal copies. PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 2 Data for each year are complete because the data are captured and recorded each July. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 48097 TABLE 3—SUMMARY OF ENDORSED FCPS—Continued Endorsed FCPs (a) Year Min ................................................................................................................................................. Current Baseline Table 4 illustrates the following discussion of our baseline analysis. In order to calculate the cost savings of this rule, and to determine our baseline industry costs, we first estimated the number of endorsed FCPs who would be applying for a merchant mariner medical certificate in any given year for the next 10 years, excluding those with medical waivers. To obtain this number, we took the total number of endorsed FCPs holding a medical certificate with or without time-limited medical waivers, 3,897, as shown in table 2. We then subtracted the number of endorsed FCPs who submit medical certificate applications on an annual basis due to time-limited restrictions, 195. We obtained a population of 3,702 endorsed FCPs who will submit their medical certificate applications every 5 years under the proposed rule. We then divided this number (3,702) by 2, which is the application rate of FCPs who are issued medical certificates (1 application every 2 years) to obtain an annual estimate of 1,851 medical certificates issued (3,702 ÷ 2). However, the number of endorsed FCPs has decreased over time, at an average annual rate of 0.48 percent from 2011– 2020. We incorporated this average 4,055 Growth rate (%) (b) t = [(at-at-1)/at-1] × 100 .................................................. annual rate of decline in order to obtain the expected number of endorsed FCPs in a 10-year period of analysis. Column (d) t in table 4, ‘‘Current Regulation Medical Certificate Applications With Decline,’’ captures the affected population after applying the annual average rate of decline in column (b) and the application rate in column (c) t. The equation for column (d) t is represented as (d) t = (c) t + ([1 + (b)] t) for all t, where t denotes the period of time, and t is discrete and positive. Table 4 presents the number of medical certificate applications under the baseline analysis. BILLING CODE 9110–04–P Table 4. Baseline Analysis of FCPs Mariner Medical Certificate Applications (c), = (a) 7 2 (d) ,= (c),x ( [1 + (b)] ') for all t 10 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1.851 1.851 1,842 1,833 1,825 1,816 1,807 1,799 1,790 1,781 1.773 1.764 Total Average 18,511 1,851 18,030 1,803 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 I 3,702 -0.48% Proposed Regulation Table 5 illustrates the following discussion of our methodology for estimating the number of medical certificate applications for the affected VerDate Sep<11>2014 Current Regulation Medical Certificate Applications With Decline 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 population under this proposed rule. This is similar to the previously discussed ‘‘Current Baseline’’ section. The population and the estimated rate of decline are assumed to be identical PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 under both the baseline scenario and the proposed rule. The difference in the methodology for the proposed rule is reflected in the application frequency for FCPs. We calculated this by taking E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 EP27AU21.085</GPH> Year Current Regulation Medical Certificate Applications Not Population Growth Incorporating (a) (b) Growth 48098 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 the number of FCPs expected to submit a medical certificate application in a given year, incorporating the rate of decline, and assume that each eligible remaining FCP will only submit a medical certificate application at intervals of five years, starting in year 1. Column (e) t reflects this periodicity; FCPs who submit a medical certificate applications in year 1 would not have to submit a new medical certificate application until year 6. FCP’s who submit their medical certificate application in year 2 would not have to VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 submit their medical certificate application until year 7. After accounting for the yearly attrition projected for this analysis, values for column (e) t will be equivalent to values of column (d) t for t = 1,2,6,7, and 0 for any other period. This periodicity holds true for any given 10 year interval into the future. In contrast, column (f) t reflects the reduction in medical certificate applications under our proposed rule. For any given period t, the reduction in medical certificate applications is PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 calculated as the difference between FCPs who would otherwise submit a medical certificate application every other year under current regulations, column (d) t, and the number of FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical certificate application during years 3,4,5,8,9,10. Hence, column (f) t = 0 for t = 1,2,6,7, and column (f) t = (d) t ¥ (e) t for any other year. Finally, column (g) t reflects the number of FCPs lost to the industry on a given year due to the projected attrition. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Current Rule Medical Certificate Applications With Growth (d), = (c), x ( [1 + (b)] ') for all t 1,851 1,851 1.851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,851 1,842 1,833 1.825 1,816 1,807 1,799 1,790 1,781 1,773 1,764 Total 18,511 Average 1,851 Jkt 253001 Current Regulation Medical Certificate Applications Without Growth (c) ,=(a)+ 2 PO 00000 Year Growth (b) 3,702 -0.48% Frm 00054 Population (a) Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 New Regulation Medical Certificate Applications With Growth (e), = (d), for t=l,2,6,7, and (e) ,= 0 otherwise 1,842 1,833 Difference in Medical Certificate Applications (f) t = 0 for t=l,2,6,7, otherwise (f),=(d),-(e), - Population Change on a given year (g) t = d t - d t-1 - - 1 825 1,816 1 807 1,799 1,790 - - 1,781 1,773 1,764 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -8 18,030 7,264 10,766 -78 1,803 1,816 1,794 -9 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 BILLING CODE 9110–04–C VerDate Sep<11>2014 Table 5: Proposed Rule Analysis of FCPs Medical Certificate Applications 48099 EP27AU21.086</GPH> 48100 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Reduction in Merchant Mariner Medical Certificate Applications From Baseline to Proposed Rule As reflected in sum of column (f)t of table 5, we project an aggregate reduction in medical certificate applications of 10,766 over a 10 years horizon following the implementation of this rule. Under the proposed regulation, on average, FCPs would not have to submit 1,794 medical certificate applications in a given year. Medical Certificate Applications Submitted by Mail—Opportunity Cost of Time Table 6 illustrates the analysis of cost savings to industry as discussed in the following sections. We first determine the number of FCPs who would submit a medical certificate application via mail, previously estimated by the NMC at 15% of the affected population. The number of FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical application on a given year is reflected on column (f) t of table 5. Therefore, column (a) t of table 6 is the product of reduced FCPs × 15%. We then estimated the reduction in hours under the proposed rule. We first calculated the reduction in time-burden in a given year from FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical certificate application. The reduction in time-burden is calculated as the product of the average time per medical certificate application submitted by mail for evaluation, and the number of FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical certificate application in a given year. For the current collection of information approval for CG–719 MMC application forms, the approval estimates the total time required to fill out and submit the medical certificate application (CG– 719K) by mailing to be 18 minutes. Subject matter experts holding MMCs with experience submitting a medical certificate application estimate that, on average, 13 minutes is required to fill out the application and the remaining 5 minutes is required to mail the application. Based on this data, the Coast Guard estimates the time required to submit an application by mailing at 5 minutes, or 0.083 hours (5 ÷ 60). Column (f) t in table 6 is the product of (a) t and (b). In order to calculate the government cost savings from time saved by NMC employees having fewer medical certificate application to process, we used an estimated loaded hourly wage rate of $94.03.3 We derived 3A loaded hourly wage rate is what a company pays per hour to employ a person, not the hourly wage an employee receives. The loaded hourly wage rate includes the cost of non-wage benefits (health insurance, vacation, etc.). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 the estimated wage by using the Office of Personnel Management’s 2020 Salary Table for the locality adjusted general service (GS) pay scale for the Washington, DC metropolitan area. We estimated that the average hourly wage rate for a GS–13 employee is $56.57.4 To account for employee benefits, we used a load factor of 1.66, which we calculated from the Congressional Budget Office report, ‘‘Comparing the Compensation of Federal and PrivateSector Employees, 2011 to 2015,’’ 5 estimated as the ratio of a typical GS– 13 total compensation, $74.80, found in table 4, divided by the typical hourly wage of a GS–13 employee, $45.00, found in table 2; hence, $74.80 ÷ $45.00 = 1.66. An employee at the GS–13 pay grade is assumed to be equivalent to a person who holds a master’s degree. Therefore, we estimated the loaded wage rate of a GS–13 employee as the product of the wage rate and the load factor, $56.57 × 1.66 = $94.03. We recognize that many mariners holding FCP endorsements are compensated at higher wage rates than what is published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS); however, we used the BLS Occupational Series due to the lack of official records for FCP wages and salaries. The Coast Guard requests input from industry on FCP wages and whether our wage rate should be revised. In order to calculate the cost of time avoided by FCPs submitting fewer applications under the proposed rule, we used the loaded hourly wage rate per FCP, estimated at $64.90. We obtained the hourly wage rate of a mariner from the BLS, using Occupational Series 53– 5021, Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (May 2020), estimated at $43.14.6 To determine the load factor per FCP, we divided the BLS total compensation for the transportation and material moving series,7 $32.27, by the wages and salaries for the same series, which is $21.45. We estimated the load factor as 1.50, $32.27 ÷ $21.45 = 1.50. Therefore, we calculated the loaded hourly wage rate by multiplying the hourly wage rate by the loaded factor, $43.14 × 1.50 = $64.90. After determining the total reduction in time for FCPs not submitting medical 4 https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/payleave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/GS_ h.pdf. 5 https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115thcongress-2017-2018/reports/52637federalprivatepay.pdf. 6 https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/ oes535021.htm (see Mean Hourly Wage value, National estimates for this occupation box). 7 https://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/ ecec_03192020.pdf. Found in Table 2. PO 00000 Frm 00055 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 certificates in a given year, we estimated the aggregate cost of the time for all FCPs to submit their medical certificates applications to the Coast Guard. We estimated this amount by multiplying the loaded hourly wage-rate per each endorsed FCP, $64.90, by the total annual reduction in time burden. Therefore, the cost-time burden, column (g) t of table 6 is the product of column (d) and column (f) t. Shipping Costs Mariners may submit medical certificate applications either directly to the NMC or to a REC. Whether submitting to the NMC or a REC, applications can be submitted by email, fax, or mail. Additionally, if an application is submitted to a REC, this can be done in person. Using data from the NMC on the submission of medical certificate applications, we estimate that approximately 39 percent of medical certificate applications are submitted directly to the NMC. Of these applications, 89 percent are submitted by email, 6 percent are submitted by fax, and 5 percent are submitted by mail. The remaining 61 percent of medical certificate applications are submitted directly to RECs, where 52 percent of the applications are submitted by email, 1 percent are submitted by fax, 22 percent are submitted by mail, and 25 percent are submitted in person.8 Therefore, of the total medical certificate applications submitted to the Coast Guard (to both the NMC and RECs), approximately 66 percent are submitted via email, 3 percent are submitted via fax, 15 percent are submitted via mail, and 15 percent are submitted in person.9 We estimated the expected cost of mailing applications through the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) in any given year as the product of the total number of medical certificate applications that would be submitted under this proposed rule, the cost of mailing a letter to the Coast Guard through the USPS using a first-class letter postage stamp, 55 cents, and the percentage of endorsed FCPs expected to submit their medical certificate applications through the mail, approximately 15.4 percent. Thus, column (h) t of table 6 = (a) t × (c). Finally, the undiscounted industry cost savings, column (i) t as the sum of the cost-time burden, column (g) t, and the USPS cost, column (h) t. BILLING CODE 9110–04–P 8 Total may not add to 100 percent due to rounding. 9 Total may not add to 100 percent due to rounding. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 VerDate Sep<11>2014 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00056 Mailed Submission (a)/= Reduced FCPsx Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Reduction in Time Burden (hrs.) (t) t = (a) I X (b) Cost-Time Burden (g),=(d)x (f)i USPS Costs (h),=(a), X (c) - - - - - - 23 23 23 $1,517 $1,509 $1,502 $154 $154 $153 $1,671 $1,663 $1,655 $1,364 $1269 $1,180 $1,529 $1,478 $1,428 - - - - - - - 274 272 271 23 23 23 $1,481 $1474 $1,467 $151 $150 $149 $1,631 $1624 $1,616 $949 $883 $821 $1,288 $1.244 $1,202 Total 1,655 138 $8,950 $910 $9,860 $6,467 $8 169 Average 276 23 $1492 $152 $1,643 $1,078 $1 361 $921 $958 Year 15% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 - Avg. Time per form sub./hrs. (b) Cost Per Letter Mailed (1 oz) (c) FCP hourly wage (d) Total Apps Received (%) (e) 0.083 $0.55 $64.90 15% 280 279 278 - Annualization * Tola ls may nol add due lo rounding Undiscounted Industry Discounted Discounted Cost Savings 7% 3% (i) I= (g) t + (h), Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Table 6. Medical Applications Mailing Costs Estimates Over a 10-year Period of Analysis in $2020 48101 EP27AU21.087</GPH> 48102 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Medical Certificates Applications Submitted in Person—Opportunity Cost of Time Table 7 illustrates the analysis of cost savings to industry as discussed in the following sections. We first determine the number of FCPs who would submit a medical certificate application in person, previously estimated by NMC at 15% of the affected population. Therefore, the expected number of medical certificate applications submitted in person in a given year, column (a) t = Reduced FCPs × 15%. We assume that each eligible FCP will commute an average of 27.6 minutes in each direction 10 to submit their medical certificate application to an REC, for an average total commuting time of 55.2 minutes, column (c). We assume that FCPs who have a farther commute to the REC would submit the applications by mail or email. We also assume that FCPs will drive at an average speed of approximately 57 miles per hour (mph) based on the following calculation: From the Department of Transportation lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 10 https://www.census.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/2021/one-way-travel-time-to-workrises.html. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 (DOT) National Traffic Speeds Survey II, Overall Speed Estimates (in MPH) by Road Class (Free-Flow) by Year, we took the mean speed of the three road classes provided: Limited access (70.5 mph), major arterial (53.28 mph), and minor arterial (47.01 mph), to obtain an average speed of 56.93 mph [(70.5 + 53.28 + 47.01) ÷ 3].11 Considering the estimated average speed, we assume that 55.2 minutes of commuting time will be traveled in approximately 1 hour (55.2 minutes ÷ 57 miles per hour ≈ 0.97 hrs.), reflected in column (b). In order to calculate the opportunity cost of having to commute to submit a medical certificate application to an REC on a less frequent basis, we use GSA’s Privately Owned Vehicle (POV) Mileage Reimbursement Rates,12 which is used as a proxy for the wear and tear incurred while commuting to an REC. As of January 2021, the reimbursement rate is $0.56 per mile, column (d). We 11 Table 1. Overall Speed Estimates (in MPH) by Road Class (Free-Flow) by Year, Fact Sheet, Publication No. DOT HS 811 647, August 2012 https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/speedmgt/data_facts/. 12 https://www.gsa.gov/travel/plan-book/ transportation-airfare-pov-etc/privately-ownedvehicle-pov-mileage-reimbursement-rates. PO 00000 Frm 00057 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 then estimate the net reduction in timeburden hours if this proposed rule is implemented, reflected in column (e) t. The net reduction in time-burden is calculated as the product of the average time it would take FCPs to commute to and from an REC, column (b), and the number of FCPs that no longer have to submit a medical certificate on a given year, column (a) t. Hence, column (e) t = (a) t and (b). Next we estimate the net reduction in distance (miles avoided) by FCPs who no longer have to drive to submit a medical certificate application on a given year. The net reduction in distance (miles), column (f) t, is the product of the average miles avoided by FCP who would otherwise commute to and from an REC, column (c), and the aggregate time of commuting avoided by FCPs in hours. Finally, we estimate the undiscounted cost savings of FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical certificate application in person, column (g) t. This column is calculated as the product of GSA’s reimbursement rate, column (d), and the aggregate distance (miles) avoided by FCPs on a given year, column (e) t. Hence, column (g) t = (d) × (f) t. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 VerDate Sep<11>2014 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 In Person Frm 00058 Submission Year (a) 1= Reduced FCPsx Fmt 4702 15% Sfmt 4725 l 2 3 4 - Total Time Allotted for Driving to/from USCG Facilities hrs. (b) 1.000 Average Time Commuted per FCP (c) Reimbursement Rate per Mile Driven (d) Net Reduction in Time Burden (hrs.) (e) 1= (a) 1x (b) 55.2 $0.56 - Net Reduction in Time (minutes) (f) 1= (c) x (e) 1 Un discounted Industry Cost Savings (g) 1 = Discounted Discounted 7% 3% (d) X (f) t E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM - - - - - - - - 280 279 280 279 15,481 15,406 $7,933 $7,666 278 $7,077 $6,582 $6 122 $7.407 27AUP1 5 6 7 8 9 278 15 333 $8,669 $8,628 $8 586 - - - - - - 274 272 274 272 15 114 15 041 $8 464 $8 423 $4 926 $4 582 $6 681 $6 456 10 271 271 14,969 $8,383 $4,261 $6,238 1 655 276 1,655 91344 15 224 $51,152 $33,549 $42,380 $8 525 $5 592 $7.063 $4,777 $4,968 Total Averae:e Annualization 276 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Table 7. Opportunity Cost of Commute Avoided in Terms of Time and Reimbursement Impact 48103 EP27AU21.088</GPH> 48104 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Medical Certificate Applications Submitted in Person—Opportunity Cost of Time (Compensation) lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Table 8 illustrates an analysis similar to table 7, but in terms of the compensation that FCPs would have otherwise forgone in order to commute to an REC to submit a medical certificate application. Based on data provided from each REC, we determined that, on average, a mariner would require 25 minutes to arrive and enter a REC, considering security protocols, and exit the REC, column (c). It would require, on average, an additional 5 minutes of VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 wait time to be seen by the legal instruments examiner at the customer service counter, column (d), and an additional 1 minute for the examiner to verify that the medical certificate application is complete and filled out properly, column (e). The time burden for FCPs would be no different than for any other mariner. To quantify the savings associated to mariners not using a full hour of their time to commute to a REC, column (b), we use the FCP’s loaded hourly wage rate, estimated at $64.90, column (f). The undiscounted cost savings associated to FCPs who no longer have PO 00000 Frm 00059 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 to commute to submit a medical certificate application, column (g) t is calculated as the product of the number of reduced FCPs, column (a) t , the average commuting time to and from an REC, column (b), the average time to it takes an FCP to enter and exit an REC, column (c), the average time to it takes for an FCP to be seen by legal instruments examiner at the customer service counter, column (d), and the average time it takes for the examiner to verify that the medical certificate application is complete and filled out properly, column (e). Hence, (g) t = (a) t × [(b) + (c) + (d) + (e)] × (f). E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 VerDate Sep<11>2014 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00060 Fmt 4702 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Total Average Annualization - Avg. Time per form submission hrs. (e) FCP hourly wage (f) 0.017 $64.90 Undiscounted Industry Cost Savings Discounted 7% (g) t = (a) t X r (b) + (c) + (d) + (e)] X (f) Discounted 3% - - 280 279 278 - - - $27,605 $27,473 $27,341 $22,534 $20,959 $19,494 $25,263 $24 409 $23 585 - - - 274 272 271 - - - $26,951 $26,822 $26,693 $15,686 $14,589 $13,569 $21,275 $20 557 $19,862 1 655 $162 885 $106,831 $134,951 276 $27,147 $17,805 $22 492 $15,210 $15,820 1.000 0.417 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Year In Person Avg. Avg. Submission Commuting Time to (a) r= Time Enter and Reduced to/from Exit FCPsx RECs hrs. RECs 15% hrs. (c) (b) Avg. Time to be Seen by legal instruments examiner at the customer service counter (d) 0.083 48105 EP27AU21.089</GPH> 48106 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Total Cost Savings to Industry Using a 7-percent discount rate, we estimated the annualized cost savings for this proposed rule as $20,908 and the 10-year total as $146,847. We obtained this value by adding the yearly cost savings associated with the number of medical certificate applications not submitted in a given period (a) t and the number of medical certificate applications not delivered to the Coast Guard in a given period (b) t. We present these industry cost-savings amounts, discounted at 7 percent and 3 percent, in table 9. Table 9. Total Industry Cost Savings Year U ndiscounted Mail Submission (a), U ndiscounted In Person Submission (b) t U ndiscounted Industry Savings (c) , Discounted 7% Discounted 3% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 $1 671 $1 663 $1 655 $1 631 $1,624 $1,616 $36.274 $36.100 $35.928 $35.414 $35,245 $35,076 $37.945 $37.763 $37.583 $37.046 $36,868 $36,692 $30 975 $28 810 $26 796 $21 561 $20,054 $18,652 $34 725 $33 552 $32 419 $29 244 $28,256 $27,302 Total Averaee Annualization $9 860 $1,643 $214 037 $35,673 $223.897 $37,316 $146.847 $24,475 $20,908 $185 499 $30,917 $21,746 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Table 10 illustrates the following methodology to calculate the cost savings to the government. We first estimated the reduction in hours associated with the reduction in medical certificate application submission previously discussed. We estimated the reduction in hours as the product of the reduction in medical certificate applications and the estimated time it would take a GS–13 employee at the NMC to process an application for a mariner medical certificate. Using medical certificate application information records obtained from NMC medical evaluation VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 staff, we estimated that the time needed to evaluate a medical certificate application is approximately 10 minutes, or 0.166 hours (10 ÷ 60 = 0.166 hours). Using the loaded hourly wage rate of $94.03 for a GS–13 employee, we estimated that the government would save $15.98 ($94.03 × 0.17 hour) on each application it would no longer have to evaluate. The annual reduction in the number of medical certificate applications for the proposed rule is the product of the number of applications the government will no longer have to review and the hours saved by not having to review an additional medical application. Therefore, (d) t = (a) t × PO 00000 Frm 00061 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 0.166 hrs. On average, the government would save 299 hours annually under the proposed rule. Next, we estimated the total undiscounted government cost savings in a given year. We calculated this as the product of the estimated loaded hourly wage rate for a GS–13 employee, $94.03, and the yearly reduction in hours. This captures the difference in the medical certificate applications under current regulations and the proposed rule. On average, the government would save $18,444 annually under this proposed rule, discounted at 7 percent, as presented in table 10. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 EP27AU21.090</GPH> Government Cost Savings 48107 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Table 10. Government cost savings over a 10-year period of analysis in $2020 dollars using 7- and 3-percent discount rates 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Reductio n in Time Burden (hrs.) (d),=(a) X (C) Undiscounted Government Cost Savings (e), = (b) x (d), Discounted 7% Discounted 3% $94.03 0.17 - - - - L825 1,816 1,807 304 303 301 $28,595 $28,459 $28,322 $23342 $21,711 $20,193 $26,169 $25,285 $24,431 - - - - - 1,781 L773 L764 297 295 294 $27,918 $27,784 $27,651 $16,248 $15,113 $14,056 $22,038 $2L294 $20,575 - Total 10,766 1,794 $168,729 $110,664 $139,792 Avera2e 1,794 299 $28,121 $18,444 $23,299 $15,756 $16,388 Annualization Total Estimated Cost Savings of the Proposed Rule Over a 10-Year Period of Analysis lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Over a 10-year period of analysis, the total estimated cost savings of the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 proposed rule to mariners and the government is $257,511, discounted at 7 percent. The annualized cost savings are $36,664, also discounted at 7 percent. Table 11 presents the total cost savings of this proposed rule, which is the sum PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 of the undiscounted industry savings, and the undiscounted government savings. Therefore, the undiscounted total cost savings is the sum of the undiscounted industry savings and the undiscounted government savings. E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 EP27AU21.091</GPH> Year Wage rate of a GS-13 (b) Time per evalua tion/h r. (c) Reduction in Medical Certificate Applicatio (a), ns 48108 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total Average Un discounted Industry Cost Savings (a) t Un discounted Government Cost Savings (b) t Un discounted Total Cost Savings (c) 1 = (a)t + (b) t Discounted 7% Discounted 3% - - - - - $37,945 $37 763 $37,583 $28,595 $28.459 $28,322 $66,541 $66.222 $65,905 $54,317 $50 520 $46,989 $60,894 $58.837 $56,850 - - - - - $37 046 $36 868 $36,692 $27,918 $27.784 $27,651 $64,963 $64.652 $64,343 $37 809 $35 167 $32,709 $51,283 $49.551 $47,877 $223,897 $37,316 $168,729 $28,121 $392,626 $65,438 $257,511 $42,918 $325,292 $54,215 $36,664 $38,134 Annualization lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 BILLING CODE 9110–04–C Benefits There are quantifiable benefits to this proposed rule. However, they are the cost savings accounted for above, including savings to mariners from less frequent submissions of medical certificate applications. This would subsequently reduce the NMC’s workload and generate government cost savings. In addition, there are unquantifiable benefits for some FCPs because they would be less likely to have a lapse in a medical certification due to the less frequent submission requirement. The Coast Guard does not have data to quantify the savings this would produce for this small percentage of affected FCPs, but we are aware that it may happen. For these pilots, economic losses occur when a current medical certificate expires prior to the time that a new medical certificate is approved and issued. Such circumstances can occur if the mariner has a complex medical history that requires frequent or prolonged correspondence between the mariner’s medical practitioner and the NMC. This lapse in medical certification can have significant costs for both individual pilots and for employers, because pilots cannot work under the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 authority of their credential without a valid medical certificate. By establishing the proposed 5-year medical certificate for pilots, instead of the current 2-year medical certificate, the likelihood of such lapses would decrease, would ensure that they do not incur additional medical exam costs, and would also be a mitigating factor against a potential loss of income. Alternatives When analyzing alternatives, we considered two factors: the period of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs; and the requirement to submit physical examination results to the Coast Guard. Under current regulations, the period of validity of the medical certificate is 2 years for FCPs, and the submission of physical examination results is correspondingly every other year, unless the medical certificate contains a waiver requiring more frequent submission of the physical examination results. Alternative 1. The first alternative we considered in this analysis was retaining the status quo, under which FCPs would continue to apply for their medical certificates every other year. The status quo would also continue to require FCPs to report their physical PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 examination results every other year, unless their medical certificate contains a waiver requiring more frequent submission. As discussed previously, we estimated the opportunity cost of retaining the status quo at $36,664, annualized at 7 percent, or an undiscounted total of $257,511 over a 10-year period of analysis. We rejected this alternative. Although there would be no additional costs to mariners or the government, there would also be no cost savings. Alternative 2. The second alternative we considered was extending the maximum period of validity of medical certifications to 5 years without interim self-reporting requirements, which would require mariners to submit the results of their medical examination to the Coast Guard if they no longer meet the medical standards. FCPs would only submit the results of the physical examination every 5 years with a medical certificate application, unless their medical certificate contains a waiver and requires more frequent submission. We rejected this alternative. The Coast Guard finds the potential for increased risk from mariners with underlying health issues operating as FCPs, and not self-reporting medical or health conditions that may impact their E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 EP27AU21.092</GPH> Table 11. Total Estimated Costs Savings of NPRM over a 10-year Period of Analysis in $2020 Using 7- Percent and 3-Percent Discount Rates lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules piloting performance and maritime safety, unacceptable. We made this determination after considering the unique physical and cognitive demands placed on pilots in performing their duties, and maritime casualties that were directly related to a FCP’s physical ability to perform their duties. We considered casualties such as the 2003 Staten Island Ferry allision, which resulted in more than $8 million in damages and losses, and the 2007 Cosco Busan incident, which resulted in more than $70 million in environmental damages and other losses. Both casualties were directly attributed to the pilot’s inability to properly manage the vessel due to underlying medical conditions that were not reported to the Coast Guard within the 5 year medical certificate validity period. The risk that mariners can develop new medical conditions within the 5 year medical certificate validity period is mitigated by the proposed self-reporting requirements. As evidenced by these maritime accidents and potential for extraordinary damages to the public, the environment, and the maritime industry, any potential benefit derived from excluding the interim selfreporting requirement on behalf of FCPs is not a risk deemed acceptable by the Coast Guard. Alternative 3. The third alternative we considered was extending the maximum period of validity of the medical certificate to 5 years, and requiring FCPs to submit the results of their annual physical examinations to the Coast Guard between medical certificate applications if: (1) The mariner does not meet the physical ability requirements; (2) the mariner has a condition that does not meet the medical, vision, or hearing requirements; (3) the mariner is deemed ‘‘not recommended’’ by a medical practitioner for a medical certificate; or (4) upon request by the Coast Guard. With this third alternative, FCPs would apply for the medical certificates every 5 years and would only have to report the results of their medical examination between applications if any of the 4 conditions apply. This alternative mitigates the potential for increased safety risks identified under the second alternative, resulting from having mariners with underlying medical issues operating as FCPs. The potential for risk is increased when the Coast Guard does not have the opportunity to review the physical exams of mariners whose medical practitioners have diagnosed them with medical conditions that may impact their piloting performance. Therefore, the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 third alternative was chosen in this proposed rule. B. Small Entities Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601–612, we have considered whether this proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term ‘‘small entities’’ comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. This proposed rule would reduce the burden on industry by extending the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates for FCPs, and masters and mates serving as pilot, from 2 years to 5 years. Since the medical certificate is in the mariner’s name and not an entity’s, the affected mariners would receive the cost savings from this proposed rule. Hence, the changes in this proposed rule would affect individuals, not businesses or other small entities as defined by the Small Business Administration in 13 CFR 121.201. Therefore, the Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. If you think that your business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment to the docket at the address listed in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. In your comment, explain why you think it qualifies and how and to what degree this proposed rule would economically affect it. C. Assistance for Small Entities Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, Public Law 104– 121, we want to assist small entities in understanding this proposed rule so that they can better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If the proposed rule would affect your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact the person in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule. The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the Coast Guard. PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 48109 Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency’s responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1– 888–REG–FAIR (1–888–734–3247). D. Collection of Information The Coast Guard has determined that this proposed rule would call for a change to an existing collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501 3520. As defined in 5 CFR 1320.3(c), ‘‘collection of information’’ comprises reporting, recordkeeping, monitoring, posting, labeling, and other similar actions. The title and description of the information collections, a description of those who must collect the information, and an estimate of the total annual burden follow. The estimate covers the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing sources of data, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection. The information collection associated with this proposed rule is the currently approved collection OMB Control No. 1625–0040 (Application for Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC), Application for Merchant Mariner Medical Certificate, Applications for Merchant Mariner Medical Certificate for Entry Level Ratings, Small Vessel Sea Service Form, DOT/USCG Periodic Drug Testing Form, Disclosure Statement for Narcotics, DWI/DUI, and/or Other Convictions, Merchant Mariner Medical Certificates, Recognition of Foreign Certificate), which covers all information collected for merchant mariner credentialing. The proposed revisions to 46 CFR 10.301 and 15.401 would extend the maximum validity period of the mariner medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. The proposed change to the maximum validity period of the medical certificate for pilots would reduce the frequency and burden of response estimates of the current information collection request. Title: Application for Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC), Application for Medical Certificate, Application for Medical Certificate—Short Form, Small Vessel Sea Service (Optional) Form, DOT/USCG Periodic Drug Testing (Optional) Form, and Disclosure E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 48110 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules Statement for Narcotics, Driving while intoxicated (DWI)/Driving under the influence (DUI), and/or Other Convictions (Optional) Form. OMB Control Number: 1625–0040. Summary of the Collection of Information: The Coast Guard currently collects information from merchant mariners with their applications for MMCs and merchant mariner medical certificates. This collection includes the following information requests: Signature of applicant and supplementary material required to show that the mariner meets the mandatory requirements for the credential or medical certificate sought; proof of applicant passing all applicable vision, hearing, medical, and/or physical exams; negative chemical test for dangerous drugs; discharges or other documentary evidence of sea service indicating the name, tonnage, propulsion mode and power of the vessels, dates of service, capacity in which the applicant served, and on what waters; and disclosure documentation for narcotics, DWI/DUI, and/or other convictions. Need for Information: Title 46 United States Code (U.S.C.) Subtitle II, Part E, Title 46 Code of Federal Regulation CFR part 10, subpart B, and International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended and the STCW Code, including the STCW final rule (Docket No. USCG–2004–17914) published on December 24, 2013, require MMC and medical certificate applicants to apply at one of the Coast Guard’s 17 RECs located nationwide or any other location designated by the Coast Guard. MMCs are established for individuals who are required to hold a credential under Subtitle II. The Coast Guard has the responsibility of issuing MMCs and medical certificates to applicants found qualified as to age, character, and habits of life, experience, professional qualifications, and physical fitness. The instruments contained within OMB Control No. 1625–0040 serve as a means for the applicant to apply for an MMC and a medical certificate. Proposed Use of Information: The Coast Guard conducts this collection of information solely for the purposes of determining eligibility for issuance of an MMC or medical certificate, in accordance with applicable statutes and regulations. This evaluation is performed on occasion, meaning as submitted by the respondent when he or she applies for an MMC or medical certificate. In general, applicants for an MMC must submit the CG–719–B every 5 years for renewal or when seeking a VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 new endorsement or raise of grade, and applicants for a medical certificate must submit the CG–719K every 2 years or every 5 years, depending upon the type of credential or endorsements held and the applicant’s medical status. The Coast Guard evaluates the collected information to determine whether applicants are qualified to serve under the authority of the requested credential with respect to their medical fitness, their professional qualifications, and their safety and suitability. Description of the Respondents: All applicants for an MMC, whether original, renewal, duplicate, raise of grade, or a new endorsement on a previously issued MMC, are included in this collection. Applicants for medical certificates include mariners with MMC National, STCW, and pilot endorsements. The proposed change to the maximum validity period of the merchant mariner medical certificate from 2 years to 5 years applies only to FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot. Number of Respondents: This proposed rule would reduce the annual number of respondents by 7,324 over a 10-year period of analysis. As a result, the total annual respondents for this collection would change from 18,316 to 10,992. Frequency of Response: For FCP endorsements, the annual average reduction would be 1,794. The responses are annual and would result in a reduction in the number of medical certificate submissions of the form CG– 719–K from 54,800 to 44,034 (54,800 ¥ 10,766 = 44,034). Burden of Response: The total hourly burden per response was estimated at 18 minutes, or 0.30 hours. This proposed rule would reduce the aggregate burden of hours associated with the submission of the medical certification applications by extending the renewal period from every 2 years to every 5 years. Therefore, the total annual response time for submitting a new medical certificate would decrease by approximately 3,587 hours (138 hrs. via mail submissions + 1,654 hrs. in person submissions + 1,794 government hrs. review). However, the hourly burden per response would remain unchanged. Estimate of Total Annual Burden: The Coast Guard estimates that the total annual burden with the proposed change to the medical certificate validity period for FCPs would be 16,286 hours a year, which is a 154-hour reduction in burden from the current corresponding collection total of 16,440 hours. As required by 44 U.S.C. 3507(d), we will submit a copy of this proposed rule PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 to OMB for its review of the collection of information. We ask for public comment on the proposed collection of information to help us determine, among other things— • How useful the information is; • Whether the information can help us perform our functions better; • How we can improve the quality, usefulness, and clarity of the information; • Whether the information is readily available elsewhere; • How accurate our estimate is of the burden of collection; • How valid our methods are for determining the burden of collection; and • How we can minimize the burden of collection. If you submit comments on the collection of information, submit them to both the OMB and to the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES. You need not respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid control number from OMB. Before the Coast Guard could enforce the collection of information requirements in this proposed rule, OMB would need to approve the Coast Guard’s request to collect this information. E. Federalism A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 (Federalism) if it has a substantial direct effect on States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13132 and have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132. Our analysis follows. It is well settled that States may not regulate in categories reserved for regulation by the Coast Guard. It is also well settled that all of the categories covered in 46 U.S.C. 7101, and 8101 (personnel qualification and manning of vessels), as well as the reporting of casualties and any other category in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel’s obligations, are within the field foreclosed from regulation by the States. See the Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Locke, 529 U.S. 89, 120 S.Ct. 1135 (2000) (finding that the states are foreclosed from regulating tanker vessels). See also Ray v. Atlantic Richfield Co., 435 U.S. 151, 157 (1978) (state regulation is preempted where E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules ‘‘the scheme of federal regulation may be so pervasive as to make reasonable the inference that Congress left no room for the States to supplement it [or where] the Act of Congress may touch a field in which the federal interest is so dominant that the federal system will be assumed to preclude enforcement of state laws on the same subject.’’ (citations omitted)). Because this proposed rule involves the credentialing of mariners under 46 U.S.C. 7101, it relates to personnel qualifications and, as a result, is foreclosed from regulation by the States. Therefore, because the States may not regulate within these categories, this rule is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132. While it is well settled that States may not regulate in categories in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel’s obligations, the Coast Guard recognizes the key role that State and local governments may have in making regulatory determinations. Additionally, for rules with federalism implications and preemptive effect, Executive Order 13132 specifically directs agencies to consult with State and local governments during the rulemaking process. If you believe this proposed rule would have implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, please call or email the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION section of this preamble. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 F. Unfunded Mandates The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Although this proposed rule would not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this proposed rule elsewhere in this preamble. Reform), to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden. I. Protection of Children We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045 (Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks). This proposed rule is not an economically significant rule and would not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that might disproportionately affect children. J. Indian Tribal Governments This proposed rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments), because it would not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. K. Energy Effects We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211 (Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use). We have determined that it is not a ‘‘significant energy action’’ under that order because it is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866 and would not have any adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. G. Taking of Private Property This proposed rule would not cause a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630 (Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights). L. Technical Standards The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act, codified as a note to 15 U.S.C. 272, directs agencies to use voluntary consensus standards in their regulatory activities unless the agency provides Congress, through OMB, with an explanation of why using these standards would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation; test methods; sampling procedures; and related management systems practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. This proposed rule does not use technical standards. Therefore, we did not consider the use of voluntary consensus standards. H. Civil Justice Reform This proposed rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, (Civil Justice M. Environment We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland Security Management Directive 023–01, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 48111 Rev. 1, associated implementing instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have made a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. A preliminary Record of Environmental Consideration (REC) supporting this determination is available in the docket where indicated under the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. This proposed rule appears to meet the criteria for categorical exclusion (CATEX) under paragraphs L56 and L54 in Table 3–1 of U.S. Coast Guard Environmental Planning Implementing Procedures (April 2019), which is available in the docket at www.regulations.gov. Paragraph L56 pertains to regulations concerning the training, qualifying, licensing, and disciplining of maritime personnel. Paragraph L54 pertains to regulations which are editorial or procedural. This proposed rule involves amending the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates from 2 years to 5 years for FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more. Additionally, the proposed rule includes an extension of the annual physical examination submission requirement from every other year to every 5 years, as long as circumstances do not require more frequent submissions of annual physical examination results to ensure maritime and public safety. We seek any comments or information that may lead to the discovery of a significant environmental impact from this proposed rule. List of Subjects 46 CFR Part 10 Penalties, Personally identifiable information, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Seamen. 46 CFR Part 11 Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Schools, Seamen. 46 CFR Part 15 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Seamen, Vessels. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard proposes to amend 46 CFR parts 10, 11, and 15 as follows: E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 48112 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules PART 10—MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL 1. The authority citation for part 10 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 14 U.S.C. 503; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. chapter 73; 46 U.S.C. chapter 75; 46 U.S.C. 2104; 46 U.S.C. 7701, 8903, 8904, and 70105; Executive Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 00170.1, Revision No. 01.2. § 10.301 [Amended] 2. In § 10.301, remove paragraph (b)(2) and redesignate paragraphs (b)(3) and (b)(4) as paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(3), respectively. ■ PART 11—REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS 3. The authority citation for part 11 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 14 U.S.C. 503; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, and 2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. 7502, 7505, 7701, 8906, and 70105; Executive Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 00170.1, Revision No. 01.2. Section 11.107 is also issued under the authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507. 4. Amend § 11.709 by: a. Removing paragraph (c); b. Redesignating paragraph (d) as paragraph (c); ■ c. Adding paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(4); ■ d. Adding paragraph (d); and ■ e. Revising paragraph (b) introductory text. The revisions and additions read as follows: ■ ■ ■ § 11.709 Annual physical examination requirements. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * * 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 (b) Every person holding an MMC endorsement as first-class pilot, or a master or mate serving as a pilot under § 15.812, must have a thorough physical examination each year. This annual physical examination must be completed by the first day of the month following the anniversary of the individual’s most recently completed Coast Guard-required physical examination. Each annual physical examination must meet the requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C, and be recorded on the form CG–719K. Every five years, in accordance with the medical certificate requirements in 10.301(b), 10.302(a), and 10.304(d) of this chapter, the results of the most recent physical examination must be submitted to the Coast Guard. The results of the physical examination must also be submitted to the Coast Guard no later than 30 calendar days after completion of the physical examination in any of the following circumstances: (1) The examining medical practitioner documents that the individual does not meet the physical ability requirements as set forth in § 10.304(c); (2) the examining medical practitioner documents that the individual has a condition that does not meet the general medical exam requirements described in § 10.304(a), the vision requirements described in § 10.305, or the hearing requirements described in § 10.306; (3) the examining medical practitioner documents that the individual is not recommended for a medical certificate or needs further review by the Coast Guard as set forth in § 10.301(a); or (4) the Coast Guard requests the results. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00067 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 (d) A master or mate may not serve as a pilot on a vessel 1,600 GRT or more under § 15.812 if the person does not meet the physical examination requirements provided in paragraph (b) of this section. PART 15—MANNING REQUIREMENTS 5. The authority citation for part 15 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 3306, 3703, 8101, 8102, 8103, 8104, 8105, 8301, 8304, 8502, 8503, 8701, 8702, 8901, 8902, 8903, 8904, 8905(b), 8906 and 9102; sec. 617, Pub. L. 111–281, 124 Stat. 2905; and Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 00170.1, Revision No. 01.2. § 15.401 [Amended] 6. Amend § 15.401 by: ■ a. In paragraph (a), remove in the first sentence the words, ‘‘license, certificate of registry, Merchant Mariner’s Document (MMD),’’ and remove from the second sentence the words ‘‘license, certificate of registry, MMD, or’’; ■ b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the words ‘‘After January 1, 2017, two’’ and add, in its place the words, ‘‘Two’’; ■ c. Remove paragraph (c)(2) and redesignate paragraph (c)(3) as paragraph (c)(2); and ■ d. In paragraphs (d) and (e), remove wherever it appears the words ‘‘MMD or’’. ■ 7. In § 15.812, in Table 1 to § 15.812(e)(1), revise the second row, which starts with ‘‘Inspected selfpropelled vessels not more than 1,600 GRT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great Lakes’’, to read as follows: ■ § 15.812 * E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM * Pilots. * 27AUP1 * * 48113 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 164 / Friday, August 27, 2021 / Proposed Rules TABLE 1 TO § 15.812(e)(1)—QUICK REFERENCE TABLE FOR FEDERAL PILOTAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR U.S.-INSPECTED, SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS, NOT SAILING ON REGISTER * * Inspected self-propelled vessels not more than 1,600 GRT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great Lakes. * * * * * * Designated areas of pilotage waters (routes for which First-Class Pilot’s licenses or MMC officer endorsements are issued) Non-designated areas of pilotage waters (between the 3-mile line and the start of traditional pilotage routes) * * * First-Class Pilot, or Master or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she— 1. Is at least 21 years old; 2. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated; and 1 3. Has four roundtrips over the route.2 * * Master or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she— 1. Is at least 21 years old; and 2. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated.1 * * * * Dated: August 13, 2021. J.W. Mauger, Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy. * [FR Doc. 2021–17806 Filed 8–26–21; 8:45 am] lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with PROPOSALS1 BILLING CODE 9110–04–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 Aug 26, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00068 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 9990 E:\FR\FM\27AUP1.SGM 27AUP1 *

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 164 (Friday, August 27, 2021)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 48090-48113]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-17806]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Coast Guard

46 CFR Parts 10, 11, and 15

[Docket No. USCG-2020-0069]
RIN 1625-AC63


Pilots' Medical Certificate Validity Period

AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes to extend the maximum period of 
validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to first-class 
pilots and masters or mates serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. 
This proposed rule would reduce the frequency of medical certification 
application submissions to the Coast Guard. First-class pilots and 
masters and mates who serve as pilot on vessels of 1,600 gross 
registered tons or more would be required to submit the results of 
their annual physical examinations to the Coast Guard between medical 
certificate applications if: The mariner does not meet the physical 
ability requirements; the mariner has a condition that does not meet 
the medical, vision, or hearing requirements; the mariner is deemed 
``not recommended'' by a medical practitioner for a medical 
certificate; or upon request by the Coast Guard. The proposed rule will 
not compromise safety because it maintains the requirement for pilots 
to obtain annual physicals and because it provides the Coast Guard 
opportunity to review the medical examination of pilots who may become 
medically unqualified between medical certificate applications.

DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast 
Guard on or before October 26, 2021.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG-
2020-0069 using the Federal Decision Making Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. See the ``Public Participation and Request for 
Comments'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further 
instructions on submitting comments.
    Collection of information. Submit comments on the collection of 
information discussed in section VI.D of this preamble both to the 
Coast Guard's online docket and to the Office of Information and 
Regulatory (OIRA) in the White House Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) using their website www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. Comments 
sent to OIRA on the collection of information must reach OMB on or 
before the comment due date listed on their website.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information about this document, 
call or email Eric Malzkuhn, Coast Guard; telephone 202-372-1425, email 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents for Preamble

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments
II. Abbreviations
III. Basis and Purpose
IV. Background
V. Discussion of Proposed Rule
    A. 46 CFR 10.301: Pilot Medical Certificate Period of Validity
    B. 46 CFR 11.709: Annual Physical Examination Requirements for 
Pilots of Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More
    C. 46 CFR 15.401: Employment and Service Restrictions Within the 
Pilot Credential
    D. 46 CFR 15.812, Table 1 to Sec.  15.812(e)(1): Masters or 
Mates Serving as Pilot on Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More
VI. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Regulatory Planning and Review
    B. Small Entities
    C. Assistance for Small Entities
    D. Collection of Information
    E. Federalism
    F. Unfunded Mandates
    G. Taking of Private Property
    H. Civil Justice Reform
    I. Protection of Children

[[Page 48091]]

    J. Indian Tribal Governments
    K. Energy Effects
    L. Technical Standards
    M. Environment

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments

    The Coast Guard views public participation as essential to 
effective rulemaking, and will consider all comments and material 
received during the comment period. Your comment can help shape the 
outcome of this rulemaking. If you submit a comment, please include the 
docket number for this rulemaking, indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation.
    Submitting comments. We encourage you to submit comments through 
the Federal Decision Making Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. To 
do so, go to https://www.regulations.gov, type USCG-2020-0069 in the 
search box, and click ``Search.'' Next, look for this document in the 
Search Results column, and click on it. Then click on the Comment 
option. If you cannot submit your material by using https://www.regulations.gov, call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule for alternate 
instructions.
    Viewing material in docket. To view documents mentioned in this 
proposed rule as being available in the docket, find the docket as 
described in the previous paragraph, and then select ``Supporting & 
Related Material'' in the Document Type column. Public comments will 
also be placed in our online docket and can be viewed by following 
instructions on the https://www.regulations.gov Frequently Asked 
Questions web page. We review all comments received, but we will only 
post comments that address the topic of the proposed rule. We may 
choose not to post off-topic, inappropriate, or duplicate comments that 
we receive.
    Personal information. We accept anonymous comments. Comments we 
post to https://www.regulations.gov will include any personal 
information you have provided. For more about privacy and submissions 
to the docket in response to this document, see DHS's eRulemaking 
System of Records notice (85 FR 14226, March 11, 2020).
    Public meeting. We do not plan to hold a public meeting but we will 
consider doing so if we determine from public comments that a meeting 
would be helpful. We would issue a separate Federal Register notice to 
announce the date, time, and location of such a meeting.

II. Abbreviations

BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DOT Department of Transportation
DUI Driving under the influence
DWI Driving while intoxicated
FCP First-class pilot
FR Federal Register
GRT Gross registered tons
GS General service
MMC Merchant Mariner Credential
MMLD Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation
MMD Merchant Mariner's Document
NMC National Maritime Center
NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking
OMB Office of Management and Budget
REC Regional Examination Center
Sec.  Section
STCW Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping for 
Seafarers, 1978, as amended
STCW Convention International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers
SME Subject matter expert
U.S.C. United States Code
USPS United States Postal Service

III. Basis and Purpose

    The purpose of this proposed rule is to extend the maximum period 
of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates issued to first-
class pilots (FCPs) and masters or mates serving as pilot to 5 years, 
which would reduce the frequency that they must submit a medical 
certificate application to the Coast Guard. Reducing the frequency of 
medical certificate applications would reduce the administrative burden 
on the mariner submitting the application and on the Coast Guard when 
processing the application and issuing the medical certificate. This 
proposed rule would also amend the submission requirements for the 
results of the statutorily required annual physical examination for 
pilots serving on vessels greater than 1,600 gross register tons (GRT).
    The legal basis of this proposed rule is Title 46 of the United 
States Code (U.S.C.), Section 7101(c), which authorizes the Coast Guard 
to issue licenses to pilots who are found qualified as to physical 
fitness and Section 7101(c)'s other qualifications. Title 46 U.S.C. 
7101(e)(2) further specifies that an individual may only be issued a 
license as pilot if they are found to be of sound health and have no 
physical limitations that would hinder or prevent them in the 
performance of a pilot's duties. Section 7101(e)(3) also requires each 
pilot serving on vessels 1,600 GRT or greater to have a thorough 
physical examination each year while holding the license. The Secretary 
of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has delegated these 
statutory authorities to the Coast Guard through DHS Delegation No. 
00170.1(92)(e), Revision No. 01.2, which generally authorizes the Coast 
Guard to determine and establish the experience and professional 
qualifications required for the issuance of credentials. Additionally, 
14 U.S.C. 102(3) grants the Coast Guard broad authority to promulgate 
and enforce regulations for the promotion of safety of life and 
property on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

IV. Background

    The Coast Guard issues Merchant Mariner Credentials (MMCs) and 
medical certificates to qualified mariners who meet the requirements in 
title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), subchapter B, parts 
10 through 13. The requirements for medical certification are described 
in 46 CFR part 10, subpart C. Currently, as described in Sec.  10.301, 
the medical certificate will be issued for various periods of time 
based upon the endorsements the mariner holds. For mariners employed or 
engaged on vessels to which the International Convention on Standards 
of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW 
Convention) applies, the maximum validity period is 2 years. For 
mariners serving as FCP, or masters or mates serving as pilot under 46 
CFR 15.812, the maximum validity period is 2 years. For all other 
mariners serving on national MMC endorsements, the maximum validity 
period of the medical certificate is 5 years. Mariners may not be 
employed in a position requiring an MMC unless they hold a valid 
medical certificate as described in Sec.  15.401(c).
    Under the current requirements, FCPs and masters or mates who are 
serving as pilot on vessels of any tonnage must submit the results of a 
physical examination recorded on form CG-719K, the ``Application for 
Medical Certificate,'' to the Coast Guard every 2 years in order to 
maintain a valid medical certificate.
    In accordance with Sec.  11.709, FCPs and masters or mates serving 
as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more are required to have an annual 
physical examination that meets the medical and physical requirements 
described in part 10 subpart C. This annual physical examination 
requirement for pilots serving on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more has been 
in place since the enactment of the Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978 
(Pub. L. 95-474) and is codified in 46 U.S.C. 7101(e)(3). The Port and 
Tanker Safety Act was implemented as

[[Page 48092]]

a result of safety concerns related to increased port congestion and 
vessel traffic, increasing vessel size, and the unique physical and 
cognitive demands placed upon pilots in performing their duties.
    In 1985, the Coast Guard amended its regulations to require FCPs 
and masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels greater than 1,600 GRT 
to undergo annual physical examinations and to provide copies of their 
most recent physical examination to the Coast Guard upon request (see 
Volume 50 of the Federal Register (FR) at page 26106). In 2006, the 
Coast Guard published a notice exercising its authority to require all 
FCPs on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, and other individuals serving as 
pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, to submit their physical 
examination results annually (see 71 FR 56999, Sept. 28, 2006). In 
2009, the regulations were amended to include the annual physical 
examination submission requirement described in the 2006 public notice 
(see 74 FR 11196, March 16, 2009).
    In 2014, the Coast Guard implemented a final rule titled, 
``Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, (STCW Convention) and Changes to National Endorsements'' (see 78 
FR 77796, December 24, 2013), which established the current 2-year 
maximum period of validity of mariner medical certificates for FCPs. 
That rule reinforced the requirement in 46 CFR 11.709 that pilots 
serving on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more must undergo annual physical 
examination, but it changed the submission requirement of the annual 
physical exam to every other year to coincide with the expiration of 
the medical certificate.
    In July 2017, the Coast Guard tasked the Merchant Mariner Personnel 
Advisory Committee, the Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee, 
and the Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee with identifying 
regulations, guidance, or information collections that that are 
outdated, ineffective, or exceed benefits and impose administrative 
burdens or costs on the maritime industry (see 82 FR 32511, 82 FR 
32513, 82 FR 34909).
    These three advisory committees noted that they received comments 
regarding the maximum period of validity of medical certificates for 
FCPs and those serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more. 
Specifically, these comments indicated that pilots are limited to a 2-
year maximum period of validity of their medical certificate when the 
validity period is 5 years for all other national endorsements. The 
advisory committees concluded that the 2-year maximum period of 
validity of the medical certificate for FCPs posed a burden on mariners 
and suggested the Coast Guard extend the period of validity to 5 years. 
Additionally, in July 2018, the Coast Guard received a petition for 
rulemaking from the American Pilots' Association requesting that we 
change the maximum period of validity of the medical certificate from 2 
years to 5 years for FCPs and those authorized to serve as pilot. The 
petition for rulemaking and our response are available in the docket 
where indicated under the ADDRESSES portion of the preamble.

V. Discussion of Proposed Rule

    This proposed rule would increase the current 2-year maximum period 
of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates 
serving as pilot to 5 years. Mariners serving as pilot would be 
required to submit the results of a physical examination, recorded on 
form CG-719K, the ``Application for Medical Certificate,'' every 5 
years to the Coast Guard. The following provides a section-by-section 
discussion of the proposed changes.

A. 46 CFR 10.301: Pilot Medical Certificate Period of Validity

    The Coast Guard proposes to amend 46 CFR 10.301, which contains the 
general requirements for the issuance of medical certificates to 
mariners meeting the medical and physical standards. We propose to 
extend the 2-year maximum period of validity of the medical certificate 
for FCPs and those serving as pilot by deleting current Sec.  
10.301(b)(2), which contains the 2-year maximum provision. This notice 
of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) also proposes to move current Sec.  
10.301(b)(4), without change, into its own paragraph. We would 
redesignate it as Sec.  10.301(c) and redesignate current Sec.  
10.301(c) as Sec.  10.301(d).
    The standard maximum periods of validity for medical certificates 
in Sec.  10.301(b)(1) for all persons employed or engaged onboard 
vessels to which the STCW Convention applies will remain the same. With 
this proposed rule, the standard maximum periods of validity for 
medical certificates in Sec.  10.301(b) for all other mariners will be 
5 years (including FCPs and mariners serving as pilot). As a result, 
like all other mariners holding national endorsements, FCPs and masters 
or mates serving as pilot would generally only have to submit a medical 
certificate application to the Coast Guard every 5 years. This proposed 
change would reduce the administrative burden on the pilots and the 
Coast Guard.
    The time required for the medical certificate application and 
evaluation can be lengthy if the Coast Guard requests amplifying 
information to support the results of the physical examination. There 
may be correspondence between the mariner, the Coast Guard, and the 
mariner's medical practitioner that results in additional time for a 
medical certificate application to be approved. It is possible that the 
extra time required for the Coast Guard to complete the evaluation of 
the medical certificate application can result in a lapse in validity 
of an FCP endorsement or the ability of a master or mate to serve as 
pilot. The proposed change may allow more time for the Coast Guard to 
evaluate applications without jeopardizing the pilot's ability to serve 
under the authority of their endorsement.
    This proposed rule would not change the regulations on medical 
waivers, limitations, and restrictions in Sec.  10.303 for not meeting 
the medical and physical requirements of Sec.  10.302. If the medical 
or physical standards are not met, the Coast Guard may grant waivers 
with conditions, such as operational limitations or restrictions on the 
medical certificate. Certain conditions, such as a need for more 
frequent monitoring of the mariner's medical condition, may result in 
the issuance of a time-limited medical certificate that would be valid 
for a shorter period than the maximum. Pilots holding a medical 
certificate with a 2-year validity period would be issued a 5-year 
maximum period of validity at their next medical certificate issuance, 
unless the certificate is time-limited due to a medical condition.
    The Coast Guard is proposing that the 5-year medical certificate 
period of validity would apply to all pilots, regardless of the tonnage 
of the vessel they are serving on. The Coast Guard believes that this 
increase in the validity period would not result in a risk that 
compromises maritime safety, given that the proposed rule does not 
relax the annual examination requirement for FCPs or masters and mates 
serving as pilot. Instead, it is expected that the rule will support 
greater transparency regarding a pilot's medical fitness because it 
includes a new requirement that pilots must submit the results of their 
annual examination to the Coast Guard for review if the medical 
practitioner determines that they no longer meet the medical and 
physical standards of 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C.
    Mariners who serve as pilot on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT are 
currently

[[Page 48093]]

issued 2-year medical certificates and are required to submit the 
physical examination results with their application for a new medical 
certificate every 2 years. These mariners include pilots on less than 
1,600 GRT and masters or mates who serve as pilots on vessels of less 
than 1,600 GRT. These mariners who serve exclusively as pilot on 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT are not subject to the annual physical 
examination requirement in Sec.  11.709 and would not be subject to the 
new submission requirements in Sec.  11.709 of this proposed rule. 
Under this proposed rule, pilots, masters, and mates who serve as pilot 
on only vessels less than 1,600 GRT would be issued 5-year medical 
certificates and would submit the results of a physical exam to the 
Coast Guard every 5 years when applying for a new medical certificate.
    Even without an annual physical exam requirement, we believe 
allowing these mariners to have 5-year medical certificates like all 
other national endorsements does not pose a large risk to maritime 
safety by allowing them to pilot a vessel for the 5-year period. When 
masters or mates serve as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT, it is 
typically a small fraction of their duties. Prior to the 
``Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, and Changes to National Endorsements'' final rule (78 FR 77796, 
Dec. 24, 2013), which took effect on March 24, 2014, this same group of 
mariners serving as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT were issued 5-
year medical certificates. Masters and mates serving as pilots on 
vessels less than 1,600 GRT were not required to take an annual 
physical exam either before or after the rule mentioned above. The 
Coast Guard does not have data to determine whether there was a change 
in the number of marine incidents caused by medical issues in this 
group of pilots when their medical certificates were issued with 5-year 
validity periods.

B. 46 CFR 11.709: Annual Physical Examination Requirements for Pilots 
of Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More

    Section 11.709 contains the requirements for pilots of vessels 
1,600 GRT or more to undergo an annual physical examination. This 
section specifies when the annual physical examinations must be 
conducted, how the examination results are recorded, and how often the 
examination results are reported to the Coast Guard.
    To ensure consistency with 46 U.S.C. 7101(e)(3), we propose to 
clarify the applicability of this section by including masters or mates 
serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more, under Sec.  15.812, 
in the introductory text of Sec.  11.709(b). Adding these mariners to 
Sec.  11.709(b) would provide additional clarity on the applicability 
of the annual physical examination requirements.
    Paragraph (b) of this section currently states that the examination 
results are to be reported to the Coast Guard every other year to 
coincide with the current 2-year maximum period of validity of medical 
certificates. Because this proposed rule would extend the pilot's 
medical certificate to a 5-year maximum period of validity, we also 
propose to remove the every-other-year form CG-719K submission 
requirement for pilots. This proposed rule would revise the section to 
state that the physical examination results must be submitted on form 
CG-719K to the Coast Guard every 5 years, in accordance with the 
medical certificate application requirements in Sec. Sec.  10.301 and 
10.304. In practice, pilots who meet the medical and physical standards 
in 46 CFR part 10 would generally be required to report the results of 
the annual examination to the Coast Guard only when applying for a 
medical certificate, every 5 years.
    The Coast Guard recognizes that when medical certificates remain 
valid for 5 years, as opposed to 2 years, there is a higher risk that 
someone could have a valid medical certificate for a significant time 
period after developing a disqualifying medical condition. In order to 
reduce the risk created by extending the validity period of the medical 
certificate, this proposed rule would require FCPs and masters or mates 
who serve as pilot on vessels that are 1,600 GRT or more to submit 
their annual physical examination results to the Coast Guard if any of 
the following circumstances occur: (1) The examining medical 
practitioner documents that the individual does not meet the physical 
ability requirements described in Sec.  10.304(c); (2) the examining 
medical practitioner documents that the individual has a condition that 
does not meet the general medical exam requirements described in Sec.  
10.304(a), the vision requirements described in Sec.  10.305, or the 
hearing requirements described in Sec.  10.306; (3) the examining 
medical practitioner documents that the individual is not recommended 
for a medical certificate or needs further review by the Coast Guard; 
or (4) the Coast Guard requests the results.
    We propose requiring self-submission of the medical examination to 
the Coast Guard when these pilots do not meet the requirements for 
physical abilities, general medical examination, vision or hearing, or 
are not recommended for a medical certificate, so that the Coast Guard 
can further review the results of the medical exam. As part of the 
review, the Coast Guard may request additional information in the 
interest of mariner safety and full performance of the pilot's duties.
    Service on vessels may be arduous and impose unique physical and 
medical demands on pilots. The submission requirements would support 
our statutory responsibility under 46 U.S.C. 7101 to ensure that pilots 
are physically and medically fit to pilot a vessel. The public safety 
risks associated with the medical and physical condition of pilots on 
vessels are important considerations for the safe operation of vessels 
and the safety and well-being of the crew. As stated in Sec.  
11.709(b), the pilot's annual physical examination would continue to be 
recorded on form CG-719K, which documents physical ability, medical 
conditions, and hearing and vision requirements. Form CG-719K also 
documents whether a mariner is ``not recommended,'' which could prompt 
a submission under the proposed requirements in Sec.  11.709(b)(1)-(3). 
The annual physical examination documentation and scope are unchanged 
and would remain the same under this proposed rule.
    Moreover, we propose to clarify that the Coast Guard can request 
the results of the physical examination as part of marine casualty 
investigations, where more frequent monitoring of a medical condition 
is specified in a waiver, and in other cases that prompt further 
review.
    As stated in Sec.  11.701(d), the Coast Guard only issues FCP 
endorsements for tonnages of 1,600 GRT or more. Therefore, all FCPs 
serving under the authority of their FCP endorsement would continue to 
be required to undergo the statutorily required annual physical 
examinations and would be subject to the proposed submission 
requirements in Sec.  11.709. However, as noted previously, masters and 
mates serving as pilot on vessels less than 1,600 GRT would not be 
subject to the physical examination and proposed submission 
requirements in Sec.  11.709. The Coast Guard does not have data to 
determine whether there was a change in the number of marine incidents 
caused by medical issues in masters or mates serving as pilot on 
vessels less than 1,600 GRT when the medical certificates were issued 
with 5-year validity periods.
    In Sec.  11.709, we also propose to move the text specifying that 
each annual physical examination must meet the

[[Page 48094]]

requirements in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C, and be recorded on form CG-
719K, from existing paragraph (c) into paragraph (b). We are proposing 
to move this requirement into paragraph (b) so that all the information 
on the annual physical examination requirements are in the same 
paragraph.
    In conjunction with moving paragraph (c) into paragraph (b), this 
proposed rule would redesignate current Sec.  11.709(d) as Sec.  
11.709(c), without change.
    This proposed rule would add a new paragraph 11.709(d) to clarify 
that masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more 
under Sec.  15.812 may not serve on these vessels if they do not meet 
the annual physical examination and submission requirements specified 
in Sec.  11.709(b). This new paragraph (d) would not change any of the 
current requirements or consequences for masters or mates serving as 
pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more but, rather, would reiterate the 
annual physical examination requirements for masters or mates serving 
as pilot already required in Sec.  15.812. Masters or mates serving as 
pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more who fail to meet the physical 
examination requirements in Sec.  11.709 may still operate under the 
authority of their master or mate endorsement, but would not be 
authorized to pilot a vessel of 1,600 GRT or more.

C. 46 CFR 15.401: Employment and Service Restrictions Within the Pilot 
Credential

    This proposed rule also aligns the employment requirements in Sec.  
15.401 with the proposed 5-year maximum period of validity of medical 
certificates for FCPs or masters or mates serving as pilot so that it 
reflects the proposed change made in Sec.  10.301(b). Section 15.401(c) 
states that a person may not employ an individual if that individual 
does not hold a valid medical certificate. This section currently lists 
the maximum validity period of the medical certificate as 2 years for 
FCPs and masters or mates serving as a pilot. This proposed rule would 
amend this section to say that all mariners (including pilots), where 
the STCW Convention does not apply, will be issued a 5-year medical 
certificate unless otherwise noted on the certificate.
    Additionally, throughout Sec.  15.401, this proposed rule would 
remove obsolete terminology referring to licenses, certificates of 
registry, and Merchant Mariner's Documents (MMDs). The Coast Guard 
ceased issuing licenses, certificates of registry, and MMDs in 2009 
when we transitioned to the streamlined MMC with the Consolidation of 
Merchant Mariner Qualification Credentials final rule (see 74 FR 11195, 
March 16, 2009). All mariners now hold an MMC.
    We also propose revising Sec.  15.401(c)(1) by removing the 
outdated grandfathering clause, ``[a]fter January 1, 2017'', because 
the referenced date has passed and the section is now applicable to all 
medical certificates issued to individuals serving on vessels where the 
STCW Convention applies.

D. 46 CFR 15.812, Table 1 to Sec.  15.812(e)(1): Masters or Mates 
Serving as Pilot on Vessels of 1,600 GRT or More

    This proposed rule includes a correction to Table 1 to Sec.  
15.812(e)(1). Currently, Sec.  15.812(b)(2) states the requirements for 
masters or mates to serve as pilot on vessels of not more than 1,600 
GRT. There is no requirement in paragraph (b)(2) for these masters and 
mates serving on vessels less than 1,600 GRT to undergo an annual 
physical examination. This is consistent with Sec.  11.709(a), which 
stipulates that the annual physical examination requirement only 
applies to individuals who pilot a vessel of 1,600 GRT or more. 
However, in Table 1 to Sec.  15.812(e)(1), ``Quick Reference Table for 
Federal Pilotage Requirements for U.S.-Inspected, Self-Propelled 
Vessels, Not Sailing on Register,'' the requirement for a master or 
mate serving as pilot on vessels not more than 1,600 GRT to have an 
annual physical exam was added in error. This error was incorporated 
into the table with the implementation of the final rule, 
``Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, and Changes to National Endorsements'' (78 FR 77796, Dec. 24, 
2013), which took effect on March 24, 2014. We propose to remove the 
erroneous annual physical exam requirement in Table 1, under the third 
column, ``Non-designated areas of pilotage waters (between the 3-mile 
limit and start of traditional pilotage routes).'' This proposed 
removal of text would align the table with the corresponding regulatory 
text in section Sec.  15.812(b)(2), as well as the applicability of the 
annual physical examination requirements in Sec.  11.709(a). This 
correction to the table would not change the requirements for these 
mariners, because the Coast Guard has not required masters or mates 
serving as a pilot on vessels with less than 1,600 GRT to complete an 
annual physical examination.

VI. Regulatory Analyses

    We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes 
and Executive orders related to rulemaking. A summary of our analyses 
based on these statutes or Executive orders follows.

A. Regulatory Planning and Review

    Executive Orders 12866 (``Regulatory Planning and Review'') and 
13563 (``Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review'') direct agencies 
to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives 
and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that 
maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, 
public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). 
Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both 
costs and benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting 
flexibility.
    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has not designated this 
proposed rule a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed it. A 
regulatory analysis follows.
Summary of Affected Population, Costs Savings, and Benefits
    This proposed rule would extend the maximum period of validity of 
merchant mariner medical certificates issued to FCPs and masters or 
mates serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. This proposed rule 
would reduce the frequency of medical certification application 
submissions to the Coast Guard. First-class pilots and masters and 
mates who serve as pilot on vessels of 1,600 GRT or more would be 
required to submit the results of their annual physical examinations to 
the Coast Guard between medical certificate applications if: (1) The 
mariner does not meet the physical ability requirements; (2) the 
mariner has a condition that does not meet the medical, vision, or 
hearing requirements; (3) the mariner is deemed ``not recommended'' by 
a medical practitioner for a medical certificate; or (4) upon request 
by the Coast Guard.

[[Page 48095]]



 Table 1--Summary of the Affected Population, Cost Savings, and Benefits
                         for This Proposed Rule
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Category                             Summary
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Applicability..........................  Amend 46 CFR 10.301 and 15.401
                                          to extend the maximum period
                                          of validity of merchant
                                          mariner medical certificates
                                          issued to FCPs, and masters or
                                          mates serving as pilot, from 2
                                          years to 5 years.
                                         Amend 46 CFR 11.709 by
                                          modifying the medical
                                          certificate application
                                          submission requirement for
                                          FCPs from 2 years to 5 years,
                                          as well as masters and mates
                                          who serve as pilot on vessels
                                          of 1,600 GRT or more.
Affected Population....................  There are currently 3,897
                                          mariners who hold MMC
                                          endorsements as FCP as of June
                                          1 each year from 2010 to 2020.
                                          This number does not include
                                          masters or mates who could
                                          serve as pilot.
                                         The affected population for
                                          this proposed rule is 95
                                          percent of that population, or
                                          3,702 mariners (net affected
                                          population).
Benefits...............................  Fewer medical certificate
                                          applications would reduce
                                          NMC's workload and generate
                                          cost savings to the government
                                          and to mariners.
                                         There could be unquantified
                                          benefits for some pilots due
                                          to a decrease in the
                                          likelihood of a lapse in
                                          medical certification from
                                          less frequent medical
                                          certificate application
                                          submissions. A lapse in
                                          medical certification can have
                                          significant costs for
                                          individual pilots and for
                                          employers, because pilots may
                                          not work under the authority
                                          of their credential without a
                                          valid medical certificate.
Cost savings (in $2020, 7% discount      Industry cost savings: $20,098
 rate) *.                                 annualized and $146,847 over a
                                          10-year period of analysis.
                                         Government cost savings:
                                          $15,756 annualized and
                                          $110,664 over a 10-year period
                                          of analysis.
                                         Total cost savings to industry
                                          and government: $36,664
                                          annualized and $257,511 over a
                                          10-year period of analysis.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Totals may not sum due to rounding.

Affected Population
    The Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation (MMLD) database is 
used by the Coast Guard's National Maritime Center (NMC) to issue MMCs 
and maintain records of U.S. merchant mariners. Based on data obtained 
from the MMLD, we determined that a total of 3,897 mariners hold MMC 
endorsements as FCP. This proposed rule would not impact FCPs holding 
medical certificates issued with waivers requiring more frequent 
reporting of medical examination results to the Coast Guard. Based on 
MMLD data, this group currently consists of 195 mariners, which is 5 
percent of the total affected population of 3,897 mariners. We reduced 
the total population (3,897 mariners) by this number (195) to obtain a 
net affected population of 3,702 mariners who would be impacted by this 
proposed rule.
    Additionally, we determined that there are 89,713 (74,827 + 14,886) 
mariners who hold an MMC endorsement as master or mate, without holding 
an FCP endorsement, who could serve as pilot. Because there is no 
requirement to report when a master or mate serves as pilot, we are 
unable to determine how many masters or mates are serving as pilot; 
therefore, we limited the affected population in this analysis to 
mariners holding FCP endorsements and holding medical certificates 
without time-limited medical waivers. Table 2 presents these 
populations.

              Table 2--Summary of Population by Endorsement
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Number of
                       Population                            mariners
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total number of mariners holding an MMC endorsement as             3,897
 FCP and holding a medical certificate with or without
 time-limited medical waivers (total potentially
 affected FCP population)...............................
Those mariners holding an MMC endorsement as FCP and                 195
 holding a medical certificate with time-limited medical
 waivers (unaffected FCP population due to waiver status
 resulting in no change in the period of validity of the
 medical certificate)...................................
Those mariners holding an MMC endorsement as FCP and               3,702
 holding a medical certificate without time-limited
 medical waivers (affected FCP population due to change
 in the period of validity of the medical certificate)..
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Costs and Cost Savings
    The proposed rule would reduce the frequency of mariner medical 
certificate applications to the Coast Guard, resulting in a cost 
savings to both mariners and the government. Industry cost savings 
would be the costs avoided by reducing the frequency with which FCPs 
and masters or mates serving as pilot would have to apply for a medical 
certificate. Subsequently, fewer applications would reduce the NMC's 
workload, generating cost savings for the government. The total 10-year 
discounted cost savings of this proposed rule would be $257,511 and the 
annualized total cost savings would be approximately $36,664, both 
discounted at 7 percent. This includes the 10-year industry and 
government savings of $146,847 and $110,664 respectively, discounted at 
7 percent.
Turnover Rate
    We did not factor mariner turnover into this analysis. ``Mariner 
turnover'' means the number or percentage of mariners leaving 
employment within a certain period of time, combined with the number or 
percentage of mariners obtaining employment within the same period of 
time. There are two reasons for not factoring in mariner turnover. 
First, the MMC serves as a certificate of

[[Page 48096]]

mariner identity, service, and qualification. In order to serve under 
the authority of an endorsement on an MMC, a mariner must be physically 
and medically qualified for that endorsement, as evidenced by holding a 
valid medical certificate. Medical certification is not an endorsement 
of qualification on an MMC, but, instead, is a separate document 
certifying medical and physical fitness to serve in the capacity of an 
endorsement listed on the MMC.
    The second reason mariner turnover is not factored into this 
analysis is because the FCP endorsement represents a maritime 
qualification that can lead to permanent employment with a pilot 
association. This career path is highly competitive, due to the 
rigorous, time-consuming, and highly specialized training required. As 
presented in table 3, data from MMLD indicates that the number of 
mariners holding an FCP endorsement has declined at an annual average 
rate of 0.48 percent in the last 11 years. We did not include mariner 
turnover because the Coast Guard believes it would have had a 
negligible effect in assessing the costs or cost savings for this 
regulatory analysis. The Coast Guard requests public comment on mariner 
turnover and, in particular, the number or percentage of retirements by 
mariners regulated by this proposed rule. Depending on data received by 
public comment, we may reconsider our approach to considering mariner 
turnover for the final rule.
Industry Cost Savings
    The proposed rule would amend current requirements so the results 
of the annual physical examinations for pilots serving on vessels of 
1,600 GRT or more would be submitted to the Coast Guard on form CG-719K 
(medical certificate application) every 5 years instead of every 2 
years, unless one of the four conditions noted previously, and listed 
in Sec.  11.709(b), is applicable.\1\ Although mariners would still be 
required to complete an annual physical examination, the cost savings 
to industry would include the time savings of the affected population 
not having to submit an application for a merchant mariner medical 
certificate every 2 years, either by mail or in person, after the 
second year of the implementation of this proposed rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Pilots must still undergo annual physical examinations. 
However, those pilots who are not required to submit the results to 
the Coast Guard during the 5 years would simply maintain personal 
copies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Mariners may submit medical certificate applications either 
directly to the NMC via email or to a Regional Examination Center (REC) 
via email, fax, or mail. Additionally, applications may be submitted in 
person if submitted to a REC. Cost savings to industry would include 
the time saved by mariners by faxing, emailing, mailing, or delivering 
in-person the form CG-719K to the Coast Guard on a less frequent basis. 
According to data obtained from MMLD, 95 percent of medical 
certificates issued to FCPs, or 3,702 (0.95 x 3,897), are renewed every 
2 years. The remaining 5 percent are renewed annually, for those pilots 
with time-limited certificates due to medical waivers. Since the 
merchant mariner medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates 
serving as pilot is only valid for 2 years under current regulations, 
half the total number of FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot are 
currently applying for a new medical certificate each year.
    Current data from MMLD indicates that 195 mariners from the 
affected population would not benefit directly under this proposed 
rule. This is the number of FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot 
who have been issued medical certificates with a waiver, which require 
more frequent reporting of the results of their annual physical 
examinations to the Coast Guard. These mariners would still be required 
to submit the form CG-719K to the Coast Guard on an annual basis.
Growth Rate of Affected Population
    We analyzed the number of endorsed FCPs who would experience a 
reduction in burden from only needing to submit their medical 
certificate applications once every 5 years, after the second year of 
the implementation of this proposed rule, as opposed to once every 2 
years under current regulations. We then analyzed the number of 
endorsed FCPs to estimate a population growth rate for mariners with 
MMCs who would become newly endorsed as FCPs. Using 11 years of data 
from MMLD, from 2010 to 2020,\2\ which is presented in table 3, we 
found that the number of endorsed FCPs is declining at an average rate 
of 0.48 percent per year. The highest number of endorsed FCPs was 
observed in 2017, while the lowest number of endorsed FCPs was observed 
in 2020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ Data for each year are complete because the data are 
captured and recorded each July.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We used this estimated annual average decline of 0.48 percent as a 
constant when forecasting the endorsed FCP population for the next 10 
years. This constant rate represents the average decline experienced by 
FCPs throughout a 10-year period of analysis. We applied this 0.48 
percent rate of decline to both the affected population in current 
regulations (the baseline) and the affected population in this proposed 
rule to determine the number of medical certificate application 
submissions in a given year. Table 3 presents the MMLD data used to 
determine the estimated annual rate of decline for the endorsed FCP 
population.

                                        Table 3--Summary of Endorsed FCPs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    Growth rate (%) (b) t = [(at-
                               Year                                  Endorsed FCPs        at-1)/at-1] x 100
                                                                          (a)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2010..............................................................           4,259  ............................
2011..............................................................           4,292                          0.77
2012..............................................................           4,262                         -0.70
2013..............................................................           4,237                         -0.59
2014..............................................................           4,200                         -0.87
2015..............................................................           4,171                         -0.69
2016..............................................................           4,219                          1.15
2017..............................................................           4,297                          1.85
2018..............................................................           4,263                         -0.79
2019..............................................................           4,217                         -1.08
2020..............................................................           4,055                         -3.84
                                                                   ---------------------------------------------
Avg...............................................................           4,225                         -0.48
Max...............................................................           4,297  ............................

[[Page 48097]]

 
Min...............................................................           4,055  ............................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Current Baseline
    Table 4 illustrates the following discussion of our baseline 
analysis. In order to calculate the cost savings of this rule, and to 
determine our baseline industry costs, we first estimated the number of 
endorsed FCPs who would be applying for a merchant mariner medical 
certificate in any given year for the next 10 years, excluding those 
with medical waivers. To obtain this number, we took the total number 
of endorsed FCPs holding a medical certificate with or without time-
limited medical waivers, 3,897, as shown in table 2. We then subtracted 
the number of endorsed FCPs who submit medical certificate applications 
on an annual basis due to time-limited restrictions, 195. We obtained a 
population of 3,702 endorsed FCPs who will submit their medical 
certificate applications every 5 years under the proposed rule. We then 
divided this number (3,702) by 2, which is the application rate of FCPs 
who are issued medical certificates (1 application every 2 years) to 
obtain an annual estimate of 1,851 medical certificates issued (3,702 / 
2). However, the number of endorsed FCPs has decreased over time, at an 
average annual rate of 0.48 percent from 2011-2020. We incorporated 
this average annual rate of decline in order to obtain the expected 
number of endorsed FCPs in a 10-year period of analysis. Column (d) 
t in table 4, ``Current Regulation Medical Certificate 
Applications With Decline,'' captures the affected population after 
applying the annual average rate of decline in column (b) and the 
application rate in column (c) t. The equation for column 
(d) t is represented as (d) t = (c) t 
+ ([1 + (b)] \t\) for all t, where t denotes the period of time, and t 
is discrete and positive. Table 4 presents the number of medical 
certificate applications under the baseline analysis.
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.085

Proposed Regulation
    Table 5 illustrates the following discussion of our methodology for 
estimating the number of medical certificate applications for the 
affected population under this proposed rule. This is similar to the 
previously discussed ``Current Baseline'' section. The population and 
the estimated rate of decline are assumed to be identical under both 
the baseline scenario and the proposed rule. The difference in the 
methodology for the proposed rule is reflected in the application 
frequency for FCPs. We calculated this by taking

[[Page 48098]]

the number of FCPs expected to submit a medical certificate application 
in a given year, incorporating the rate of decline, and assume that 
each eligible remaining FCP will only submit a medical certificate 
application at intervals of five years, starting in year 1. Column (e) 
t reflects this periodicity; FCPs who submit a medical 
certificate applications in year 1 would not have to submit a new 
medical certificate application until year 6. FCP's who submit their 
medical certificate application in year 2 would not have to submit 
their medical certificate application until year 7. After accounting 
for the yearly attrition projected for this analysis, values for column 
(e) t will be equivalent to values of column (d) 
t for t = 1,2,6,7, and 0 for any other period. This 
periodicity holds true for any given 10 year interval into the future.
    In contrast, column (f) t reflects the reduction in 
medical certificate applications under our proposed rule. For any given 
period t, the reduction in medical certificate applications is 
calculated as the difference between FCPs who would otherwise submit a 
medical certificate application every other year under current 
regulations, column (d) t, and the number of FCPs who no 
longer have to submit a medical certificate application during years 
3,4,5,8,9,10. Hence, column (f) t = 0 for t = 1,2,6,7, and 
column (f) t = (d) t - (e) t for any 
other year. Finally, column (g) t reflects the number of 
FCPs lost to the industry on a given year due to the projected 
attrition.

[[Page 48099]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.086

BILLING CODE 9110-04-C

[[Page 48100]]

Reduction in Merchant Mariner Medical Certificate Applications From 
Baseline to Proposed Rule
    As reflected in sum of column (f)t of table 5, we 
project an aggregate reduction in medical certificate applications of 
10,766 over a 10 years horizon following the implementation of this 
rule. Under the proposed regulation, on average, FCPs would not have to 
submit 1,794 medical certificate applications in a given year.
Medical Certificate Applications Submitted by Mail--Opportunity Cost of 
Time
    Table 6 illustrates the analysis of cost savings to industry as 
discussed in the following sections. We first determine the number of 
FCPs who would submit a medical certificate application via mail, 
previously estimated by the NMC at 15% of the affected population. The 
number of FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical application on a 
given year is reflected on column (f) t of table 5. 
Therefore, column (a) t of table 6 is the product of reduced 
FCPs x 15%. We then estimated the reduction in hours under the proposed 
rule.
    We first calculated the reduction in time-burden in a given year 
from FCPs who no longer have to submit a medical certificate 
application. The reduction in time-burden is calculated as the product 
of the average time per medical certificate application submitted by 
mail for evaluation, and the number of FCPs who no longer have to 
submit a medical certificate application in a given year. For the 
current collection of information approval for CG-719 MMC application 
forms, the approval estimates the total time required to fill out and 
submit the medical certificate application (CG-719K) by mailing to be 
18 minutes. Subject matter experts holding MMCs with experience 
submitting a medical certificate application estimate that, on average, 
13 minutes is required to fill out the application and the remaining 5 
minutes is required to mail the application. Based on this data, the 
Coast Guard estimates the time required to submit an application by 
mailing at 5 minutes, or 0.083 hours (5 / 60). Column (f) t 
in table 6 is the product of (a) t and (b). In order to 
calculate the government cost savings from time saved by NMC employees 
having fewer medical certificate application to process, we used an 
estimated loaded hourly wage rate of $94.03.\3\ We derived the 
estimated wage by using the Office of Personnel Management's 2020 
Salary Table for the locality adjusted general service (GS) pay scale 
for the Washington, DC metropolitan area. We estimated that the average 
hourly wage rate for a GS-13 employee is $56.57.\4\ To account for 
employee benefits, we used a load factor of 1.66, which we calculated 
from the Congressional Budget Office report, ``Comparing the 
Compensation of Federal and Private-Sector Employees, 2011 to 2015,'' 
\5\ estimated as the ratio of a typical GS-13 total compensation, 
$74.80, found in table 4, divided by the typical hourly wage of a GS-13 
employee, $45.00, found in table 2; hence, $74.80 / $45.00 = 1.66. An 
employee at the GS-13 pay grade is assumed to be equivalent to a person 
who holds a master's degree. Therefore, we estimated the loaded wage 
rate of a GS-13 employee as the product of the wage rate and the load 
factor, $56.57 x 1.66 = $94.03.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ A loaded hourly wage rate is what a company pays per hour to 
employ a person, not the hourly wage an employee receives. The 
loaded hourly wage rate includes the cost of non-wage benefits 
(health insurance, vacation, etc.).
    \4\ https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/salary-tables/pdf/2020/GS_h.pdf.
    \5\ https://www.cbo.gov/system/files/115th-congress-2017-2018/reports/52637-federalprivatepay.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We recognize that many mariners holding FCP endorsements are 
compensated at higher wage rates than what is published by the Bureau 
of Labor Statistics (BLS); however, we used the BLS Occupational Series 
due to the lack of official records for FCP wages and salaries. The 
Coast Guard requests input from industry on FCP wages and whether our 
wage rate should be revised.
    In order to calculate the cost of time avoided by FCPs submitting 
fewer applications under the proposed rule, we used the loaded hourly 
wage rate per FCP, estimated at $64.90. We obtained the hourly wage 
rate of a mariner from the BLS, using Occupational Series 53-5021, 
Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (May 2020), estimated at 
$43.14.\6\ To determine the load factor per FCP, we divided the BLS 
total compensation for the transportation and material moving 
series,\7\ $32.27, by the wages and salaries for the same series, which 
is $21.45. We estimated the load factor as 1.50, $32.27 / $21.45 = 
1.50. Therefore, we calculated the loaded hourly wage rate by 
multiplying the hourly wage rate by the loaded factor, $43.14 x 1.50 = 
$64.90.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ https://www.bls.gov/oes/2020/may/oes535021.htm (see Mean 
Hourly Wage value, National estimates for this occupation box).
    \7\ https://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/ecec_03192020.pdf. 
Found in Table 2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    After determining the total reduction in time for FCPs not 
submitting medical certificates in a given year, we estimated the 
aggregate cost of the time for all FCPs to submit their medical 
certificates applications to the Coast Guard. We estimated this amount 
by multiplying the loaded hourly wage-rate per each endorsed FCP, 
$64.90, by the total annual reduction in time burden. Therefore, the 
cost-time burden, column (g) t of table 6 is the product of 
column (d) and column (f) t.
Shipping Costs
    Mariners may submit medical certificate applications either 
directly to the NMC or to a REC. Whether submitting to the NMC or a 
REC, applications can be submitted by email, fax, or mail. 
Additionally, if an application is submitted to a REC, this can be done 
in person.
    Using data from the NMC on the submission of medical certificate 
applications, we estimate that approximately 39 percent of medical 
certificate applications are submitted directly to the NMC. Of these 
applications, 89 percent are submitted by email, 6 percent are 
submitted by fax, and 5 percent are submitted by mail. The remaining 61 
percent of medical certificate applications are submitted directly to 
RECs, where 52 percent of the applications are submitted by email, 1 
percent are submitted by fax, 22 percent are submitted by mail, and 25 
percent are submitted in person.\8\ Therefore, of the total medical 
certificate applications submitted to the Coast Guard (to both the NMC 
and RECs), approximately 66 percent are submitted via email, 3 percent 
are submitted via fax, 15 percent are submitted via mail, and 15 
percent are submitted in person.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ Total may not add to 100 percent due to rounding.
    \9\ Total may not add to 100 percent due to rounding.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We estimated the expected cost of mailing applications through the 
U.S. Postal Service (USPS) in any given year as the product of the 
total number of medical certificate applications that would be 
submitted under this proposed rule, the cost of mailing a letter to the 
Coast Guard through the USPS using a first-class letter postage stamp, 
55 cents, and the percentage of endorsed FCPs expected to submit their 
medical certificate applications through the mail, approximately 15.4 
percent. Thus, column (h) t of table 6 = (a) t x 
(c). Finally, the undiscounted industry cost savings, column (i) 
t as the sum of the cost-time burden, column (g) 
t, and the USPS cost, column (h) t.
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P

[[Page 48101]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.087


[[Page 48102]]


Medical Certificates Applications Submitted in Person--Opportunity Cost 
of Time
    Table 7 illustrates the analysis of cost savings to industry as 
discussed in the following sections. We first determine the number of 
FCPs who would submit a medical certificate application in person, 
previously estimated by NMC at 15% of the affected population. 
Therefore, the expected number of medical certificate applications 
submitted in person in a given year, column (a) t = Reduced 
FCPs x 15%. We assume that each eligible FCP will commute an average of 
27.6 minutes in each direction \10\ to submit their medical certificate 
application to an REC, for an average total commuting time of 55.2 
minutes, column (c). We assume that FCPs who have a farther commute to 
the REC would submit the applications by mail or email. We also assume 
that FCPs will drive at an average speed of approximately 57 miles per 
hour (mph) based on the following calculation: From the Department of 
Transportation (DOT) National Traffic Speeds Survey II, Overall Speed 
Estimates (in MPH) by Road Class (Free-Flow) by Year, we took the mean 
speed of the three road classes provided: Limited access (70.5 mph), 
major arterial (53.28 mph), and minor arterial (47.01 mph), to obtain 
an average speed of 56.93 mph [(70.5 + 53.28 + 47.01) / 3].\11\ 
Considering the estimated average speed, we assume that 55.2 minutes of 
commuting time will be traveled in approximately 1 hour (55.2 minutes / 
57 miles per hour [ap] 0.97 hrs.), reflected in column (b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2021/one-way-travel-time-to-work-rises.html.
    \11\ Table 1. Overall Speed Estimates (in MPH) by Road Class 
(Free-Flow) by Year, Fact Sheet, Publication No. DOT HS 811 647, 
August 2012 https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/speedmgt/data_facts/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In order to calculate the opportunity cost of having to commute to 
submit a medical certificate application to an REC on a less frequent 
basis, we use GSA's Privately Owned Vehicle (POV) Mileage Reimbursement 
Rates,\12\ which is used as a proxy for the wear and tear incurred 
while commuting to an REC. As of January 2021, the reimbursement rate 
is $0.56 per mile, column (d). We then estimate the net reduction in 
time-burden hours if this proposed rule is implemented, reflected in 
column (e) t.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ https://www.gsa.gov/travel/plan-book/transportation-airfare-pov-etc/privately-owned-vehicle-pov-mileage-reimbursement-rates.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The net reduction in time-burden is calculated as the product of 
the average time it would take FCPs to commute to and from an REC, 
column (b), and the number of FCPs that no longer have to submit a 
medical certificate on a given year, column (a) t. Hence, 
column (e) t = (a) t and (b). Next we estimate 
the net reduction in distance (miles avoided) by FCPs who no longer 
have to drive to submit a medical certificate application on a given 
year. The net reduction in distance (miles), column (f) t, 
is the product of the average miles avoided by FCP who would otherwise 
commute to and from an REC, column (c), and the aggregate time of 
commuting avoided by FCPs in hours. Finally, we estimate the 
undiscounted cost savings of FCPs who no longer have to submit a 
medical certificate application in person, column (g) t. 
This column is calculated as the product of GSA's reimbursement rate, 
column (d), and the aggregate distance (miles) avoided by FCPs on a 
given year, column (e) t. Hence, column (g) t = 
(d) x (f) t.

[[Page 48103]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.088


[[Page 48104]]


Medical Certificate Applications Submitted in Person--Opportunity Cost 
of Time (Compensation)
    Table 8 illustrates an analysis similar to table 7, but in terms of 
the compensation that FCPs would have otherwise forgone in order to 
commute to an REC to submit a medical certificate application. Based on 
data provided from each REC, we determined that, on average, a mariner 
would require 25 minutes to arrive and enter a REC, considering 
security protocols, and exit the REC, column (c). It would require, on 
average, an additional 5 minutes of wait time to be seen by the legal 
instruments examiner at the customer service counter, column (d), and 
an additional 1 minute for the examiner to verify that the medical 
certificate application is complete and filled out properly, column 
(e). The time burden for FCPs would be no different than for any other 
mariner.
    To quantify the savings associated to mariners not using a full 
hour of their time to commute to a REC, column (b), we use the FCP's 
loaded hourly wage rate, estimated at $64.90, column (f). The 
undiscounted cost savings associated to FCPs who no longer have to 
commute to submit a medical certificate application, column (g) 
t is calculated as the product of the number of reduced 
FCPs, column (a) t , the average commuting time 
to and from an REC, column (b), the average time to it takes an FCP to 
enter and exit an REC, column (c), the average time to it takes for an 
FCP to be seen by legal instruments examiner at the customer service 
counter, column (d), and the average time it takes for the examiner to 
verify that the medical certificate application is complete and filled 
out properly, column (e). Hence, (g) t = (a) t x 
[(b) + (c) + (d) + (e)] x (f).

[[Page 48105]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.089


[[Page 48106]]


Total Cost Savings to Industry
    Using a 7-percent discount rate, we estimated the annualized cost 
savings for this proposed rule as $20,908 and the 10-year total as 
$146,847. We obtained this value by adding the yearly cost savings 
associated with the number of medical certificate applications not 
submitted in a given period (a) t and the number of medical certificate 
applications not delivered to the Coast Guard in a given period (b) t. 
We present these industry cost-savings amounts, discounted at 7 percent 
and 3 percent, in table 9.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.090

Government Cost Savings
    Table 10 illustrates the following methodology to calculate the 
cost savings to the government. We first estimated the reduction in 
hours associated with the reduction in medical certificate application 
submission previously discussed. We estimated the reduction in hours as 
the product of the reduction in medical certificate applications and 
the estimated time it would take a GS-13 employee at the NMC to process 
an application for a mariner medical certificate. Using medical 
certificate application information records obtained from NMC medical 
evaluation staff, we estimated that the time needed to evaluate a 
medical certificate application is approximately 10 minutes, or 0.166 
hours (10 / 60 = 0.166 hours).
    Using the loaded hourly wage rate of $94.03 for a GS-13 employee, 
we estimated that the government would save $15.98 ($94.03 x 0.17 hour) 
on each application it would no longer have to evaluate. The annual 
reduction in the number of medical certificate applications for the 
proposed rule is the product of the number of applications the 
government will no longer have to review and the hours saved by not 
having to review an additional medical application. Therefore, (d) 
t = (a) t x 0.166 hrs. On average, the government 
would save 299 hours annually under the proposed rule.
    Next, we estimated the total undiscounted government cost savings 
in a given year. We calculated this as the product of the estimated 
loaded hourly wage rate for a GS-13 employee, $94.03, and the yearly 
reduction in hours. This captures the difference in the medical 
certificate applications under current regulations and the proposed 
rule. On average, the government would save $18,444 annually under this 
proposed rule, discounted at 7 percent, as presented in table 10.

[[Page 48107]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.091

Total Estimated Cost Savings of the Proposed Rule Over a 10-Year Period 
of Analysis
    Over a 10-year period of analysis, the total estimated cost savings 
of the proposed rule to mariners and the government is $257,511, 
discounted at 7 percent. The annualized cost savings are $36,664, also 
discounted at 7 percent. Table 11 presents the total cost savings of 
this proposed rule, which is the sum of the undiscounted industry 
savings, and the undiscounted government savings. Therefore, the 
undiscounted total cost savings is the sum of the undiscounted industry 
savings and the undiscounted government savings.

[[Page 48108]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP27AU21.092

BILLING CODE 9110-04-C
Benefits
    There are quantifiable benefits to this proposed rule. However, 
they are the cost savings accounted for above, including savings to 
mariners from less frequent submissions of medical certificate 
applications. This would subsequently reduce the NMC's workload and 
generate government cost savings.
    In addition, there are unquantifiable benefits for some FCPs 
because they would be less likely to have a lapse in a medical 
certification due to the less frequent submission requirement. The 
Coast Guard does not have data to quantify the savings this would 
produce for this small percentage of affected FCPs, but we are aware 
that it may happen. For these pilots, economic losses occur when a 
current medical certificate expires prior to the time that a new 
medical certificate is approved and issued. Such circumstances can 
occur if the mariner has a complex medical history that requires 
frequent or prolonged correspondence between the mariner's medical 
practitioner and the NMC. This lapse in medical certification can have 
significant costs for both individual pilots and for employers, because 
pilots cannot work under the authority of their credential without a 
valid medical certificate. By establishing the proposed 5-year medical 
certificate for pilots, instead of the current 2-year medical 
certificate, the likelihood of such lapses would decrease, would ensure 
that they do not incur additional medical exam costs, and would also be 
a mitigating factor against a potential loss of income.
Alternatives
    When analyzing alternatives, we considered two factors: the period 
of validity of the medical certificate for FCPs; and the requirement to 
submit physical examination results to the Coast Guard. Under current 
regulations, the period of validity of the medical certificate is 2 
years for FCPs, and the submission of physical examination results is 
correspondingly every other year, unless the medical certificate 
contains a waiver requiring more frequent submission of the physical 
examination results.
    Alternative 1. The first alternative we considered in this analysis 
was retaining the status quo, under which FCPs would continue to apply 
for their medical certificates every other year. The status quo would 
also continue to require FCPs to report their physical examination 
results every other year, unless their medical certificate contains a 
waiver requiring more frequent submission. As discussed previously, we 
estimated the opportunity cost of retaining the status quo at $36,664, 
annualized at 7 percent, or an undiscounted total of $257,511 over a 
10-year period of analysis. We rejected this alternative. Although 
there would be no additional costs to mariners or the government, there 
would also be no cost savings.
    Alternative 2. The second alternative we considered was extending 
the maximum period of validity of medical certifications to 5 years 
without interim self-reporting requirements, which would require 
mariners to submit the results of their medical examination to the 
Coast Guard if they no longer meet the medical standards. FCPs would 
only submit the results of the physical examination every 5 years with 
a medical certificate application, unless their medical certificate 
contains a waiver and requires more frequent submission. We rejected 
this alternative. The Coast Guard finds the potential for increased 
risk from mariners with underlying health issues operating as FCPs, and 
not self-reporting medical or health conditions that may impact their

[[Page 48109]]

piloting performance and maritime safety, unacceptable. We made this 
determination after considering the unique physical and cognitive 
demands placed on pilots in performing their duties, and maritime 
casualties that were directly related to a FCP's physical ability to 
perform their duties. We considered casualties such as the 2003 Staten 
Island Ferry allision, which resulted in more than $8 million in 
damages and losses, and the 2007 Cosco Busan incident, which resulted 
in more than $70 million in environmental damages and other losses. 
Both casualties were directly attributed to the pilot's inability to 
properly manage the vessel due to underlying medical conditions that 
were not reported to the Coast Guard within the 5 year medical 
certificate validity period. The risk that mariners can develop new 
medical conditions within the 5 year medical certificate validity 
period is mitigated by the proposed self-reporting requirements. As 
evidenced by these maritime accidents and potential for extraordinary 
damages to the public, the environment, and the maritime industry, any 
potential benefit derived from excluding the interim self-reporting 
requirement on behalf of FCPs is not a risk deemed acceptable by the 
Coast Guard.
    Alternative 3. The third alternative we considered was extending 
the maximum period of validity of the medical certificate to 5 years, 
and requiring FCPs to submit the results of their annual physical 
examinations to the Coast Guard between medical certificate 
applications if: (1) The mariner does not meet the physical ability 
requirements; (2) the mariner has a condition that does not meet the 
medical, vision, or hearing requirements; (3) the mariner is deemed 
``not recommended'' by a medical practitioner for a medical 
certificate; or (4) upon request by the Coast Guard. With this third 
alternative, FCPs would apply for the medical certificates every 5 
years and would only have to report the results of their medical 
examination between applications if any of the 4 conditions apply. This 
alternative mitigates the potential for increased safety risks 
identified under the second alternative, resulting from having mariners 
with underlying medical issues operating as FCPs. The potential for 
risk is increased when the Coast Guard does not have the opportunity to 
review the physical exams of mariners whose medical practitioners have 
diagnosed them with medical conditions that may impact their piloting 
performance. Therefore, the third alternative was chosen in this 
proposed rule.

B. Small Entities

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601-612, we have 
considered whether this proposed rule would have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term ``small 
entities'' comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations 
that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their 
fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 
50,000.
    This proposed rule would reduce the burden on industry by extending 
the maximum period of validity of merchant mariner medical certificates 
for FCPs, and masters and mates serving as pilot, from 2 years to 5 
years. Since the medical certificate is in the mariner's name and not 
an entity's, the affected mariners would receive the cost savings from 
this proposed rule. Hence, the changes in this proposed rule would 
affect individuals, not businesses or other small entities as defined 
by the Small Business Administration in 13 CFR 121.201.
    Therefore, the Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that 
this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities. If you think that your business, 
organization, or governmental jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity 
and that this proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on 
it, please submit a comment to the docket at the address listed in the 
ADDRESSES section of this preamble. In your comment, explain why you 
think it qualifies and how and to what degree this proposed rule would 
economically affect it.

C. Assistance for Small Entities

    Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996, Public Law 104-121, we want to assist small 
entities in understanding this proposed rule so that they can better 
evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If the 
proposed rule would affect your small business, organization, or 
governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its 
provisions or options for compliance, please contact the person in the 
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this proposed rule. The 
Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or 
complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the Coast 
Guard.
    Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal 
employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal 
regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory 
Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory 
Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and 
rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to 
comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR 
(1-888-734-3247).

D. Collection of Information

    The Coast Guard has determined that this proposed rule would call 
for a change to an existing collection of information under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501 3520. As defined in 5 
CFR 1320.3(c), ``collection of information'' comprises reporting, 
recordkeeping, monitoring, posting, labeling, and other similar 
actions. The title and description of the information collections, a 
description of those who must collect the information, and an estimate 
of the total annual burden follow. The estimate covers the time for 
reviewing instructions, searching existing sources of data, gathering 
and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the 
collection.
    The information collection associated with this proposed rule is 
the currently approved collection OMB Control No. 1625-0040 
(Application for Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC), Application for 
Merchant Mariner Medical Certificate, Applications for Merchant Mariner 
Medical Certificate for Entry Level Ratings, Small Vessel Sea Service 
Form, DOT/USCG Periodic Drug Testing Form, Disclosure Statement for 
Narcotics, DWI/DUI, and/or Other Convictions, Merchant Mariner Medical 
Certificates, Recognition of Foreign Certificate), which covers all 
information collected for merchant mariner credentialing. The proposed 
revisions to 46 CFR 10.301 and 15.401 would extend the maximum validity 
period of the mariner medical certificate for FCPs and masters or mates 
serving as pilot from 2 years to 5 years. The proposed change to the 
maximum validity period of the medical certificate for pilots would 
reduce the frequency and burden of response estimates of the current 
information collection request.
    Title: Application for Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC), 
Application for Medical Certificate, Application for Medical 
Certificate--Short Form, Small Vessel Sea Service (Optional) Form, DOT/
USCG Periodic Drug Testing (Optional) Form, and Disclosure

[[Page 48110]]

Statement for Narcotics, Driving while intoxicated (DWI)/Driving under 
the influence (DUI), and/or Other Convictions (Optional) Form.
    OMB Control Number: 1625-0040.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: The Coast Guard currently 
collects information from merchant mariners with their applications for 
MMCs and merchant mariner medical certificates. This collection 
includes the following information requests: Signature of applicant and 
supplementary material required to show that the mariner meets the 
mandatory requirements for the credential or medical certificate 
sought; proof of applicant passing all applicable vision, hearing, 
medical, and/or physical exams; negative chemical test for dangerous 
drugs; discharges or other documentary evidence of sea service 
indicating the name, tonnage, propulsion mode and power of the vessels, 
dates of service, capacity in which the applicant served, and on what 
waters; and disclosure documentation for narcotics, DWI/DUI, and/or 
other convictions.
    Need for Information: Title 46 United States Code (U.S.C.) Subtitle 
II, Part E, Title 46 Code of Federal Regulation CFR part 10, subpart B, 
and International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification 
and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended and the STCW Code, 
including the STCW final rule (Docket No. USCG-2004-17914) published on 
December 24, 2013, require MMC and medical certificate applicants to 
apply at one of the Coast Guard's 17 RECs located nationwide or any 
other location designated by the Coast Guard. MMCs are established for 
individuals who are required to hold a credential under Subtitle II. 
The Coast Guard has the responsibility of issuing MMCs and medical 
certificates to applicants found qualified as to age, character, and 
habits of life, experience, professional qualifications, and physical 
fitness. The instruments contained within OMB Control No. 1625-0040 
serve as a means for the applicant to apply for an MMC and a medical 
certificate.
    Proposed Use of Information: The Coast Guard conducts this 
collection of information solely for the purposes of determining 
eligibility for issuance of an MMC or medical certificate, in 
accordance with applicable statutes and regulations. This evaluation is 
performed on occasion, meaning as submitted by the respondent when he 
or she applies for an MMC or medical certificate. In general, 
applicants for an MMC must submit the CG-719-B every 5 years for 
renewal or when seeking a new endorsement or raise of grade, and 
applicants for a medical certificate must submit the CG-719K every 2 
years or every 5 years, depending upon the type of credential or 
endorsements held and the applicant's medical status. The Coast Guard 
evaluates the collected information to determine whether applicants are 
qualified to serve under the authority of the requested credential with 
respect to their medical fitness, their professional qualifications, 
and their safety and suitability.
    Description of the Respondents: All applicants for an MMC, whether 
original, renewal, duplicate, raise of grade, or a new endorsement on a 
previously issued MMC, are included in this collection. Applicants for 
medical certificates include mariners with MMC National, STCW, and 
pilot endorsements. The proposed change to the maximum validity period 
of the merchant mariner medical certificate from 2 years to 5 years 
applies only to FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot.
    Number of Respondents: This proposed rule would reduce the annual 
number of respondents by 7,324 over a 10-year period of analysis. As a 
result, the total annual respondents for this collection would change 
from 18,316 to 10,992.
    Frequency of Response: For FCP endorsements, the annual average 
reduction would be 1,794. The responses are annual and would result in 
a reduction in the number of medical certificate submissions of the 
form CG-719-K from 54,800 to 44,034 (54,800 - 10,766 = 44,034).
    Burden of Response: The total hourly burden per response was 
estimated at 18 minutes, or 0.30 hours. This proposed rule would reduce 
the aggregate burden of hours associated with the submission of the 
medical certification applications by extending the renewal period from 
every 2 years to every 5 years. Therefore, the total annual response 
time for submitting a new medical certificate would decrease by 
approximately 3,587 hours (138 hrs. via mail submissions + 1,654 hrs. 
in person submissions + 1,794 government hrs. review). However, the 
hourly burden per response would remain unchanged.
    Estimate of Total Annual Burden: The Coast Guard estimates that the 
total annual burden with the proposed change to the medical certificate 
validity period for FCPs would be 16,286 hours a year, which is a 154-
hour reduction in burden from the current corresponding collection 
total of 16,440 hours.
    As required by 44 U.S.C. 3507(d), we will submit a copy of this 
proposed rule to OMB for its review of the collection of information. 
We ask for public comment on the proposed collection of information to 
help us determine, among other things--
     How useful the information is;
     Whether the information can help us perform our functions 
better;
     How we can improve the quality, usefulness, and clarity of 
the information;
     Whether the information is readily available elsewhere;
     How accurate our estimate is of the burden of collection;
     How valid our methods are for determining the burden of 
collection; and
     How we can minimize the burden of collection.
    If you submit comments on the collection of information, submit 
them to both the OMB and to the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES.
    You need not respond to a collection of information unless it 
displays a currently valid control number from OMB. Before the Coast 
Guard could enforce the collection of information requirements in this 
proposed rule, OMB would need to approve the Coast Guard's request to 
collect this information.

E. Federalism

    A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 
(Federalism) if it has a substantial direct effect on States, on the 
relationship between the national government and the States, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 
13132 and have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental 
federalism principles and preemption requirements described in 
Executive Order 13132. Our analysis follows.
    It is well settled that States may not regulate in categories 
reserved for regulation by the Coast Guard. It is also well settled 
that all of the categories covered in 46 U.S.C. 7101, and 8101 
(personnel qualification and manning of vessels), as well as the 
reporting of casualties and any other category in which Congress 
intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel's 
obligations, are within the field foreclosed from regulation by the 
States. See the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Locke, 529 
U.S. 89, 120 S.Ct. 1135 (2000) (finding that the states are foreclosed 
from regulating tanker vessels). See also Ray v. Atlantic Richfield 
Co., 435 U.S. 151, 157 (1978) (state regulation is preempted where

[[Page 48111]]

``the scheme of federal regulation may be so pervasive as to make 
reasonable the inference that Congress left no room for the States to 
supplement it [or where] the Act of Congress may touch a field in which 
the federal interest is so dominant that the federal system will be 
assumed to preclude enforcement of state laws on the same subject.'' 
(citations omitted)). Because this proposed rule involves the 
credentialing of mariners under 46 U.S.C. 7101, it relates to personnel 
qualifications and, as a result, is foreclosed from regulation by the 
States. Therefore, because the States may not regulate within these 
categories, this rule is consistent with the fundamental federalism 
principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 
13132.
    While it is well settled that States may not regulate in categories 
in which Congress intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a 
vessel's obligations, the Coast Guard recognizes the key role that 
State and local governments may have in making regulatory 
determinations. Additionally, for rules with federalism implications 
and preemptive effect, Executive Order 13132 specifically directs 
agencies to consult with State and local governments during the 
rulemaking process. If you believe this proposed rule would have 
implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, please call or 
email the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION section of this 
preamble.

F. Unfunded Mandates

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. Although this proposed rule would 
not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this 
proposed rule elsewhere in this preamble.

G. Taking of Private Property

    This proposed rule would not cause a taking of private property or 
otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630 
(Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected 
Property Rights).

H. Civil Justice Reform

    This proposed rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 
3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, (Civil Justice Reform), to minimize 
litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.

I. Protection of Children

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045 
(Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety 
Risks). This proposed rule is not an economically significant rule and 
would not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that 
might disproportionately affect children.

J. Indian Tribal Governments

    This proposed rule does not have tribal implications under 
Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal 
Governments), because it would not have a substantial direct effect on 
one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal 
Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.

K. Energy Effects

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211 
(Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use). We have determined that it is not a 
``significant energy action'' under that order because it is not a 
``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866 and would 
not have any adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of 
energy.

L. Technical Standards

    The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act, codified as a 
note to 15 U.S.C. 272, directs agencies to use voluntary consensus 
standards in their regulatory activities unless the agency provides 
Congress, through OMB, with an explanation of why using these standards 
would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. 
Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., 
specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation; test 
methods; sampling procedures; and related management systems practices) 
that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies.
    This proposed rule does not use technical standards. Therefore, we 
did not consider the use of voluntary consensus standards.

M. Environment

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland 
Security Management Directive 023-01, Rev. 1, associated implementing 
instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), 
which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have made 
a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of 
actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. A preliminary Record of Environmental 
Consideration (REC) supporting this determination is available in the 
docket where indicated under the ADDRESSES section of this preamble.
    This proposed rule appears to meet the criteria for categorical 
exclusion (CATEX) under paragraphs L56 and L54 in Table 3-1 of U.S. 
Coast Guard Environmental Planning Implementing Procedures (April 
2019), which is available in the docket at www.regulations.gov. 
Paragraph L56 pertains to regulations concerning the training, 
qualifying, licensing, and disciplining of maritime personnel. 
Paragraph L54 pertains to regulations which are editorial or 
procedural. This proposed rule involves amending the maximum period of 
validity of merchant mariner medical certificates from 2 years to 5 
years for FCPs and masters or mates serving as pilot on vessels of 
1,600 GRT or more. Additionally, the proposed rule includes an 
extension of the annual physical examination submission requirement 
from every other year to every 5 years, as long as circumstances do not 
require more frequent submissions of annual physical examination 
results to ensure maritime and public safety. We seek any comments or 
information that may lead to the discovery of a significant 
environmental impact from this proposed rule.

List of Subjects

46 CFR Part 10

    Penalties, Personally identifiable information, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Seamen.

46 CFR Part 11

    Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Schools, 
Seamen.

46 CFR Part 15

    Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Seamen, Vessels.

    For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard proposes 
to amend 46 CFR parts 10, 11, and 15 as follows:

[[Page 48112]]

PART 10--MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL

0
1. The authority citation for part 10 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  14 U.S.C. 503; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 
2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. chapter 73; 46 U.S.C. chapter 
75; 46 U.S.C. 2104; 46 U.S.C. 7701, 8903, 8904, and 70105; Executive 
Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 00170.1, 
Revision No. 01.2.


Sec.  10.301   [Amended]

0
2. In Sec.  10.301, remove paragraph (b)(2) and redesignate paragraphs 
(b)(3) and (b)(4) as paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(3), respectively.

PART 11--REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS

0
3. The authority citation for part 11 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  14 U.S.C. 503; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 
and 2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. 7502, 7505, 7701, 8906, 
and 70105; Executive Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 00170.1, Revision No. 01.2. Section 11.107 is also 
issued under the authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507.

0
4. Amend Sec.  11.709 by:
0
a. Removing paragraph (c);
0
b. Redesignating paragraph (d) as paragraph (c);
0
c. Adding paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(4);
0
d. Adding paragraph (d); and
0
e. Revising paragraph (b) introductory text.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  11.709  Annual physical examination requirements.

* * * * *
    (b) Every person holding an MMC endorsement as first-class pilot, 
or a master or mate serving as a pilot under Sec.  15.812, must have a 
thorough physical examination each year. This annual physical 
examination must be completed by the first day of the month following 
the anniversary of the individual's most recently completed Coast 
Guard-required physical examination. Each annual physical examination 
must meet the requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C, and 
be recorded on the form CG-719K. Every five years, in accordance with 
the medical certificate requirements in 10.301(b), 10.302(a), and 
10.304(d) of this chapter, the results of the most recent physical 
examination must be submitted to the Coast Guard. The results of the 
physical examination must also be submitted to the Coast Guard no later 
than 30 calendar days after completion of the physical examination in 
any of the following circumstances:
    (1) The examining medical practitioner documents that the 
individual does not meet the physical ability requirements as set forth 
in Sec.  10.304(c);
    (2) the examining medical practitioner documents that the 
individual has a condition that does not meet the general medical exam 
requirements described in Sec.  10.304(a), the vision requirements 
described in Sec.  10.305, or the hearing requirements described in 
Sec.  10.306;
    (3) the examining medical practitioner documents that the 
individual is not recommended for a medical certificate or needs 
further review by the Coast Guard as set forth in Sec.  10.301(a); or
    (4) the Coast Guard requests the results.
* * * * *
    (d) A master or mate may not serve as a pilot on a vessel 1,600 GRT 
or more under Sec.  15.812 if the person does not meet the physical 
examination requirements provided in paragraph (b) of this section.

PART 15--MANNING REQUIREMENTS

0
5. The authority citation for part 15 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 3306, 3703, 8101, 8102, 8103, 
8104, 8105, 8301, 8304, 8502, 8503, 8701, 8702, 8901, 8902, 8903, 
8904, 8905(b), 8906 and 9102; sec. 617, Pub. L. 111-281, 124 Stat. 
2905; and Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 00170.1, 
Revision No. 01.2.


Sec.  15.401   [Amended]

0
6. Amend Sec.  15.401 by:
0
a. In paragraph (a), remove in the first sentence the words, ``license, 
certificate of registry, Merchant Mariner's Document (MMD),'' and 
remove from the second sentence the words ``license, certificate of 
registry, MMD, or'';
0
b. In paragraph (c)(1), remove the words ``After January 1, 2017, two'' 
and add, in its place the words, ``Two'';
0
c. Remove paragraph (c)(2) and redesignate paragraph (c)(3) as 
paragraph (c)(2); and
0
d. In paragraphs (d) and (e), remove wherever it appears the words 
``MMD or''.
0
7. In Sec.  15.812, in Table 1 to Sec.  15.812(e)(1), revise the second 
row, which starts with ``Inspected self-propelled vessels not more than 
1,600 GRT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, 
or operating on the Great Lakes'', to read as follows:


Sec.  15.812   Pilots.

* * * * *

[[Page 48113]]



Table 1 to Sec.   15.812(e)(1)--Quick Reference Table for Federal Pilotage Requirements for U.S.-Inspected, Self-
                                   Propelled Vessels, Not Sailing on Register
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Designated areas of pilotage waters        Non-designated areas of
                                          (routes for which First-Class Pilot's     pilotage waters (between the
                                        licenses or MMC officer endorsements are    3-mile line and the start of
                                                         issued)                    traditional pilotage routes)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Inspected self-propelled vessels not   First-Class Pilot, or Master or Mate may    Master or Mate may serve as
 more than 1,600 GRT, authorized by     serve as pilot if he or she--               pilot if he or she--
 their COI to proceed beyond the       1. Is at least 21 years old;                1. Is at least 21 years old;
 Boundary Line, or operating on the    2. Maintains current knowledge of the        and
 Great Lakes.                           waters to be navigated; and \1\            2. Maintains current
                                       3. Has four roundtrips over the route.\2\    knowledge of the waters to
                                                                                    be navigated.\1\
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

    Dated: August 13, 2021.
J.W. Mauger,
Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Assistant Commandant for Prevention 
Policy.
[FR Doc. 2021-17806 Filed 8-26-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P