Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada, 46964-46966 [2021-18060]

Download as PDF 46964 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 160 / Monday, August 23, 2021 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES Notice of Action Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID–19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Mexico poses an ongoing ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ In March 2020, U.S. and Mexican officials mutually determined that nonessential travel between the United States and Mexico posed additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 and placed the populace of both nations at increased risk of contracting the virus associated with COVID–19. Given the sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, coupled with risks posed by new variants, nonessential travel to the United States places the personnel staffing land ports of entry between the United States and Mexico, as well as the individuals traveling through these ports of entry, at increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with COVID–19. Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),9 I have determined that land ports of entry epidemiological-summary-covid-19cases.html#VOC (accessed Aug., 16, 2021). See Government of Mexico, Ministry of Health, COVID– 19 National General Information, https:// datos.covid-19.conacyt.mx/#DOView (accessed Aug. 16, 2021); Mexican Consortium of Genomic Surveillance (CoViGen-Mex), Reportes, http:// mexcov2.ibt.unam.mx:8080/COVID-TRACKER/ (accessed Aug. 16, 2021). 9 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific threat to human life or national interests,’’ is authorized to ‘‘[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly to the national emergency or specific threat.’’ On March 1, 2003, certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ‘‘related to Customs revenue functions’’ were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep’t Order No. 100–16 (May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(2) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary to respond to the specific threat.’’ Congress has vested in the Secretary of Homeland Security the ‘‘functions of all officers, employees, and organizational units of the Department,’’ including the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Aug 20, 2021 Jkt 253001 along the U.S.-Mexico border will continue to suspend normal operations and will only allow processing for entry into the United States of those travelers engaged in ‘‘essential travel,’’ as defined below. Given the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ below, this temporary alteration in land ports of entry operations should not interrupt legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical supply chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical materials reach individuals on both sides of the border. For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals along the United StatesMexico border shall be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ which includes, but is not limited to— • U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to the United States; • Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to receive medical treatment in the United States); • Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions; • Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must travel between the United States and Mexico in furtherance of such work); • Individuals traveling for emergency response and public health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders entering the United States to support federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government efforts to respond to COVID–19 or other emergencies); • Individuals engaged in lawful crossborder trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United States and Mexico); • Individuals engaged in official government travel or diplomatic travel; • Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United States; and • Individuals engaged in militaryrelated travel or operations. The following travel does not fall within the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ for purposes of this Notification— • Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events). At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight rail, or sea travel between the United States and Mexico, but does apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat travel between the United States and Mexico. These restrictions are PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on September 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior to that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. In coordination with public health and medical experts, DHS continues working closely with its partners across the United States and internationally to determine how to safely and sustainably resume normal travel. The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic stability or social order, constitute ‘‘essential travel’’ under this Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United States not engaged in ‘‘essential travel.’’ Alejandro N. Mayorkas, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. [FR Doc. 2021–18061 Filed 8–20–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9112–FP–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection 19 CFR Chapter I Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions. AGENCY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border. Such travel will be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in this document. DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on August 22, 2021, and will remain in SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\23AUR1.SGM 23AUR1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 160 / Monday, August 23, 2021 / Rules and Regulations effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on September 21, 2021, unless amended or rescinded prior to that time. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at 202–325–0840. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES Background On March 24, 2020, DHS published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United StatesCanada border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document.1 The document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID–19 pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 within the United States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada posed a ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ DHS later published a series of notifications continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on August 21, 2021.2 DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID–19 pandemic. As of the week of August 5, 2021, there have been over 200 million confirmed cases globally, with over 4 million confirmed deaths.3 There have been 1 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020). 2 See 86 FR 38556 (July 22, 2021); 86 FR 32764 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27802 (May 24, 2021); 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also published parallel notifications of its decisions to continue temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel.’’ See 86 FR 38554 (July 22, 2021); 86 FR 32766 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27800 (May 24, 2021); 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020). 3 WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID–19) Weekly Epidemiological Update (June 8, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/emergencies/ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Aug 20, 2021 Jkt 253001 over 36.1 million confirmed and probable cases within the United States,4 over 1.4 million confirmed cases in Canada,5 and over 2.9 million confirmed cases in Mexico.6 DHS also notes that the Delta variant is driving an increase in cases, hospitalizations, and deaths in the United States.7 Canada and Mexico are also seeing increased case counts and deaths.8 Notice of Action Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID–19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada poses an ongoing ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ In March 2020, U.S. and Canadian officials mutually determined that nonessential travel between the United States and Canada posed additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 and placed the populace of both nations at increased risk of contracting the virus associated with COVID–19. Given the sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, coupled with risks posed by new variants, nonessential travel to the United States places the personnel staffing land ports of entry between the United States and Canada, as well as the individuals traveling through these ports of entry, at increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with COVID–19. Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed Aug. 11, 2021). 4 CDC, COVID Data Tracker: United States COVID–19 Cases, Deaths, and Laboratory Testing (NAATs) by State, Territory, and Jurisdiction, https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#cases_ casesper100klast7days (accessed Aug. 11, 2021). 5 WHO, Situation by Region, Country, Territory & Area, available at https://covid19.who.int/table (accessed Aug. 11, 2021). 6 Id. 7 See CDC, Delta Variant: What We Know About the Science, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ 2019-ncov/variants/delta-variant.html (accessed Aug. 16, 2021). 8 See Government of Canada, Coronavirus Disease (COVID–19) For Health Professionals, https:// health-infobase.canada.ca/covid-19/ epidemiological-summary-covid-19cases.html#VOC (accessed Aug., 16, 2021). See Government of Mexico, Ministry of Health, COVID– 19 National General Information, https:// datos.covid-19.conacyt.mx/#DOView (accessed Aug. 16, 2021); Mexican Consortium of Genomic Surveillance (CoViGen-Mex), Reportes, http:// mexcov2.ibt.unam.mx:8080/COVID–TRACKER/ (accessed Aug. 16, 2021). PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 46965 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),9 I have determined that land ports of entry along the U.S.-Canada border will continue to suspend normal operations and will only allow processing for entry into the United States of those travelers engaged in ‘‘essential travel,’’ as defined below. Given the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ below, this temporary alteration in land ports of entry operations should not interrupt legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical supply chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical materials reach individuals on both sides of the border. For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals along the United StatesCanada border shall be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ which includes, but is not limited to— • U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to the United States; • Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to receive medical treatment in the United States); • Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions; • Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must travel between the United States and Canada in furtherance of such work); • Individuals traveling for emergency response and public health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders entering the United States to 9 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific threat to human life or national interests,’’ is authorized to ‘‘[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly to the national emergency or specific threat.’’ On March 1, 2003, certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ‘‘related to Customs revenue functions’’ were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep’t Order No. 100–16 (May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(2) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary to respond to the specific threat.’’ Congress has vested in the Secretary of Homeland Security the ‘‘functions of all officers, employees, and organizational units of the Department,’’ including the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3). E:\FR\FM\23AUR1.SGM 23AUR1 46966 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 160 / Monday, August 23, 2021 / Rules and Regulations support federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government efforts to respond to COVID–19 or other emergencies); • Individuals engaged in lawful crossborder trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United States and Canada); • Individuals engaged in official government travel or diplomatic travel; • Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United States; and • Individuals engaged in militaryrelated travel or operations. The following travel does not fall within the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ for purposes of this Notification— • Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events). At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight rail, or sea travel between the United States and Canada, but does apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat travel between the United States and Canada. These restrictions are temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on September 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior to that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. In coordination with public health and medical experts, DHS continues working closely with its partners across the United States and internationally to determine how to safely and sustainably resume normal travel. The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic stability or social order, constitute ‘‘essential travel’’ under this Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United States not engaged in ‘‘essential travel.’’ Alejandro N. Mayorkas, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. [FR Doc. 2021–18060 Filed 8–20–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9112–FP–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 [Docket No. USCG–2020–0647] RIN 1625–AA09 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; New Jersey Intracoastal Waterway, Point Pleasant, NJ Coast Guard, DHS. Final rule. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard is changing the regulation that governs the Route 88 (Veterans Memorial) Bridge and Route 13 (Lovelandtown) Bridge across the NJICW at Point Pleasant Canal, mile 3.0 and 3.9, respectively at Point Pleasant, NJ. The final rule allows the drawbridges to be maintained in the closed position overnight. DATES: The rule is effective September 22, 2021. ADDRESSES: To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http:// www.regulations.gov, type USCG–2020– 0647. In the ‘‘SEARCH’’ box and click ‘‘SEARCH.’’ Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rulemaking. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this proposed rule, call or email Mr. Mickey Sanders, Bridge Administration Branch, Fifth SUMMARY: I. Table of Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register OMB Office of Management and Budget NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Advance, Supplemental) § Section U.S.C. United States Code NJICW New Jersey Intracoastal Waterway II. Background, Purpose and Legal Basis On March 26, 2021, we published a noticed of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Drawbridge Operation Regulation; New Jersey Intracoastal Waterway, Point Pleasant, NJ in the Federal Register (86 FR 16153). We received no comments on this rule. The Route 88 (Veterans Memorial) Bridge across the NJICW at Point Pleasant Canal, mile 3.0, at Point Pleasant, NJ, has a vertical clearance of 10 feet above mean high water in the closed-tonavigation position. The bridge currently operates under 33 CFR 117.5. The Route 13 (Lovelandtown) Bridge across the NJICW at Point Pleasant Canal, mile 3.9, at Point Pleasant, NJ, has a vertical clearance of 30 feet above mean high water in the closed-tonavigation position. The bridge currently operates under 33 CFR 117.5. The Point Pleasant Canal is used predominately by recreational vessels and pleasure craft. The three-year average number of bridge openings, maximum number of bridge openings, and bridge openings between 11 p.m. to 7 a.m., by month and overall for August 2017, through August 2020, as drawn from the data contained in the bridge tender logs, is presented below. There is a monthly average of two bridge openings for each bridge, from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m., from August 2017 to August 2020. Average openings Month jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES District, U.S. Coast Guard, telephone (757) 398–6587, email Mickey.D.Sanders2@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: January ............................................................................................................................................ February ........................................................................................................................................... March ............................................................................................................................................... April .................................................................................................................................................. May .................................................................................................................................................. June ................................................................................................................................................. July ................................................................................................................................................... August .............................................................................................................................................. September ....................................................................................................................................... October ............................................................................................................................................ November ........................................................................................................................................ December ........................................................................................................................................ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Aug 20, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\23AUR1.SGM 4 2 7 24 51 74 125 101 63 51 29 16 23AUR1 Maximum openings 14 7 21 72 154 223 376 407 190 155 89 49 Average openings 11 p.m.–7 a.m. 0 0 0 2 6 18 20 20 8 6 7 1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 160 (Monday, August 23, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 46964-46966]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-18060]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

19 CFR Chapter I


Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land 
Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland 
Security.

ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the 
travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports 
of entry along the United States-Canada border. Such travel will be 
limited to ``essential travel,'' as further defined in this document.

DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight 
Time (EDT) on August 22, 2021, and will remain in

[[Page 46965]]

effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on September 21, 2021, unless amended or 
rescinded prior to that time.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field 
Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection (CBP) at 202-325-0840.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On March 24, 2020, DHS published notice of its decision to 
temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United 
States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border to 
``essential travel,'' as further defined in that document.\1\ The 
document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID-19 
pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission 
and spread of the virus associated with COVID-19 within the United 
States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued 
transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID-19 between 
the United States and Canada posed a ``specific threat to human life or 
national interests.'' DHS later published a series of notifications 
continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on August 
21, 2021.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also 
published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of 
individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of 
entry along the United States-Mexico border to ``essential travel,'' 
as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020).
    \2\ See 86 FR 38556 (July 22, 2021); 86 FR 32764 (June 23, 
2021); 86 FR 27802 (May 24, 2021); 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 
FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 
(Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 
2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 
FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 
(June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 
2020). DHS also published parallel notifications of its decisions to 
continue temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Mexico 
into the United States at land ports of entry along the United 
States-Mexico border to ``essential travel.'' See 86 FR 38554 (July 
22, 2021); 86 FR 32766 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27800 (May 24, 2021); 
86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 
10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 (Dec. 
22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 2020); 
85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 
44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 (May 
22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. As 
of the week of August 5, 2021, there have been over 200 million 
confirmed cases globally, with over 4 million confirmed deaths.\3\ 
There have been over 36.1 million confirmed and probable cases within 
the United States,\4\ over 1.4 million confirmed cases in Canada,\5\ 
and over 2.9 million confirmed cases in Mexico.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Weekly 
Epidemiological Update (June 8, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed Aug. 11, 2021).
    \4\ CDC, COVID Data Tracker: United States COVID-19 Cases, 
Deaths, and Laboratory Testing (NAATs) by State, Territory, and 
Jurisdiction, https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#cases_casesper100klast7days (accessed Aug. 11, 2021).
    \5\ WHO, Situation by Region, Country, Territory & Area, 
available at https://covid19.who.int/table (accessed Aug. 11, 2021).
    \6\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DHS also notes that the Delta variant is driving an increase in 
cases, hospitalizations, and deaths in the United States.\7\ Canada and 
Mexico are also seeing increased case counts and deaths.\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See CDC, Delta Variant: What We Know About the Science, 
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/variants/delta-variant.html (accessed Aug. 16, 2021).
    \8\ See Government of Canada, Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) For 
Health Professionals, https://health-infobase.canada.ca/covid-19/epidemiological-summary-covid-19-cases.html#VOC (accessed Aug., 16, 
2021). See Government of Mexico, Ministry of Health, COVID-19 
National General Information, https://datos.covid-19.conacyt.mx/#DOView (accessed Aug. 16, 2021); Mexican Consortium of Genomic 
Surveillance (CoViGen-Mex), Reportes, http://
mexcov2.ibt.unam.mx:8080/COVID-TRACKER/ (accessed Aug. 16, 2021).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notice of Action

    Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID-
19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined 
that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus 
associated with COVID-19 between the United States and Canada poses an 
ongoing ``specific threat to human life or national interests.''
    In March 2020, U.S. and Canadian officials mutually determined that 
non-essential travel between the United States and Canada posed 
additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with 
COVID-19 and placed the populace of both nations at increased risk of 
contracting the virus associated with COVID-19. Given the sustained 
human-to-human transmission of the virus, coupled with risks posed by 
new variants, non-essential travel to the United States places the 
personnel staffing land ports of entry between the United States and 
Canada, as well as the individuals traveling through these ports of 
entry, at increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with 
COVID-19. Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 
U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),\9\ I have determined that land ports 
of entry along the U.S.-Canada border will continue to suspend normal 
operations and will only allow processing for entry into the United 
States of those travelers engaged in ``essential travel,'' as defined 
below. Given the definition of ``essential travel'' below, this 
temporary alteration in land ports of entry operations should not 
interrupt legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical 
supply chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical 
materials reach individuals on both sides of the border.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding 
any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when 
necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific 
threat to human life or national interests,'' is authorized to 
``[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly 
to the national emergency or specific threat.'' On March 1, 2003, 
certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred 
to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). 
Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ``related to Customs revenue 
functions'' were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the 
extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to 
the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the 
Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep't Order No. 100-16 
(May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 
1318(b)(2) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when 
necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national 
interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or 
port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary 
to respond to the specific threat.'' Congress has vested in the 
Secretary of Homeland Security the ``functions of all officers, 
employees, and organizational units of the Department,'' including 
the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated 
ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and 
(b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals 
along the United States-Canada border shall be limited to ``essential 
travel,'' which includes, but is not limited to--
     U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to 
the United States;
     Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to 
receive medical treatment in the United States);
     Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions;
     Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., 
individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must 
travel between the United States and Canada in furtherance of such 
work);
     Individuals traveling for emergency response and public 
health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders 
entering the United States to

[[Page 46966]]

support federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government 
efforts to respond to COVID-19 or other emergencies);
     Individuals engaged in lawful cross-border trade (e.g., 
truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United 
States and Canada);
     Individuals engaged in official government travel or 
diplomatic travel;
     Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and 
children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United 
States; and
     Individuals engaged in military-related travel or 
operations.
    The following travel does not fall within the definition of 
``essential travel'' for purposes of this Notification--
     Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., 
sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events).
    At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight 
rail, or sea travel between the United States and Canada, but does 
apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat 
travel between the United States and Canada. These restrictions are 
temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on 
September 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior 
to that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific 
threat. In coordination with public health and medical experts, DHS 
continues working closely with its partners across the United States 
and internationally to determine how to safely and sustainably resume 
normal travel.
    The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is 
hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP 
personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set 
forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that 
other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic 
stability or social order, constitute ``essential travel'' under this 
Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized 
basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the 
national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United 
States not engaged in ``essential travel.''

Alejandro N. Mayorkas,
Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
[FR Doc. 2021-18060 Filed 8-20-21; 8:45 am]
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