Anchorage Grounds; Cape Fear River Approach, North Carolina, 45936-45939 [2021-17291]

Download as PDF 45936 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 156 / Tuesday, August 17, 2021 / Proposed Rules Document August 2016 .................................... RG 8.10, ‘‘Operating Philosophy for Maintaining Occupational and Public Radiation Exposures As Low As Is Reasonably Achievable,’’ Rev. 2. RG 8.8, ‘‘Information Relevant to Ensuring that Occupational Radiation Exposures at Nuclear Power Stations Will Be as Low as Is Reasonably Achievable,’’ Rev. 3. NUREG–2161, ‘‘Consequence Study of a Beyond-Design-Basis Earthquake Affecting the Spent Fuel Pool for a U.S. Mark I Boiling Water Reactor’’. UNSCEAR, ‘‘Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation, Annex B: Epidemiological studies of cancer risk due to low-dose-rate radiation from environmental sources’’. RG 8.29, ‘‘Instruction Concerning Risks from Occupational Radiation Exposure’’ Rev. 1. June 1978 ....................................... September 2014 .............................. 2017 ................................................ 1996 ................................................ VI. Conclusion The NRC reviewed the petitioners’ requests, as well as public comments received on the petitions. For the reasons cited in this document, the NRC is denying the three PRMs, specifically PRM–20–28, PRM–20–29, and PRM–20– 30, in their entirety. Given the current state of scientific knowledge, the NRC has determined that the LNT model continues to be an appropriate basis for its radiation protection regulatory framework. Thus, the NRC’s current radiation protection regulations provide for the adequate protection of human health and safety, and as such, changes to 10 CFR part 20 are not warranted at this time. Dated: August 11, 2021. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Annette L. Vietti-Cook, Secretary of the Commission. improve navigation and public safety by accommodating recent and anticipated future growth in cargo vessel traffic and vessel size that call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the Port of Wilmington, NC. We invite your comments on this proposed rulemaking. DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast Guard on or before October 18, 2021. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG– 2020–0216 using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https:// www.regulations.gov. See the ‘‘Public Participation and Request for Comments’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further instructions on submitting comments. If you have questions about this proposed rulemaking, call or email Marine Science Technician Chief (MSTC) Joshua O’Rourke, Sector North Carolina, U.S. Coast Guard; telephone (910) 772– 2227, email Joshua.P.Orourke@uscg.mil; or Mr. Jerry Barnes, Waterways Management Branch, Fifth Coast Guard District, U.S. Coast Guard; telephone (757) 398–6230, email Jerry.R.Barnes@ uscg.mil. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: [FR Doc. 2021–17475 Filed 8–16–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7590–01–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 110 [Docket Number USCG–2020–0216] SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: RIN 1625–AA01 I. Table of Abbreviations Anchorage Grounds; Cape Fear River Approach, North Carolina Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security (DHS). ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS ADAMS accession No. or Federal Register citation Date The Coast Guard is proposing to amend the anchorage regulations for Lockwoods Folly Inlet, NC, and adjacent waters, by establishing a new offshore anchorage and relocating and amending the existing explosives anchorage. The purpose of this proposed rule is to SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:34 Aug 16, 2021 Jkt 253001 BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NM Nautical Miles U.S.C. United States Code II. Background, Purpose, and Legal Basis On May 8, 2020, the Coast Guard published a notice of inquiry in the Federal Register (85 FR 27343) to solicit public comments on whether we should initiate a rulemaking to establish an PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 ML16105A136. ML003739549. ML14255A365. N/A. ML003739438. anchorage ground offshore in the approaches to the Cape Fear River, NC, and to increase the size and relocate the existing Lockwoods Folly Inlet explosives anchorage. We received two comment letters in response, both endorsing a rulemaking to amend the anchorage regulations as described. The Coast Guard is now moving forward with this proposed rulemaking. The Cape Fear River supports a diverse marine transportation system which includes Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point, North Carolina State Port of Wilmington, and several oil terminals and bulk-handling facilities for cement, asphalt products, molasses, liquid chemicals, sulfur, fertilizers and liquid sugar. Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point is a Department of Defense facility that stores and ships ammunition, dangerous cargo and explosives for United States forces worldwide. A federal navigation project provides for a channel 44 feet deep from the ocean to a point just south of Southport, NC, and 42 feet to the Lower Anchorage Basin and Turning Basin at Wilmington, NC. In support of continued port growth and growth in both size and volume of vessel traffic, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is considering the need for major channel depth, width, and alignment changes. These include deepening the existing federal navigation channel to the Port of Wilmington, extending the ocean entrance channel farther offshore, and widening channels in the Cape Fear River where needed. At the same time, the demand for offshore wind energy is increasing. Plummeting costs, technological advancements, increasing demand and great economic potential have combined to make offshore wind a promising avenue for adding to a diversified national energy portfolio. In 2018, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) developed and sought feedback on a Proposed Path Forward for Future E:\FR\FM\17AUP1.SGM 17AUP1 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 156 / Tuesday, August 17, 2021 / Proposed Rules Offshore Renewable Energy Leasing on the Atlantic OCS (83 FR 14881, April 6, 2018). Offshore the Carolinas, BOEM has identified several wind energy lease and call areas and intends to work with the states of North Carolina and South Carolina using a regional model to plan and analyze these areas for potential future offshore wind leases. Traditionally, vessels awaiting entrance and pilotage to the Cape Fear River anchor outside the traffic separation scheme west of the sea buoy (Cape Fear River Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy CF). The Coast Guard has concerns that as wind energy areas are developed and electrical export cables installed, vessel traffic may be displaced or funneled into smaller areas, and areas traditionally used for anchoring may be impacted or lost. Establishing an adequate and dedicated offshore anchorage will preserve areas traditionally used for anchoring and alleviate potential hazardous conditions of vessels anchoring in the common approaches to the Cape Fear River. On January 18, 1969, regulations for the Lockwoods Folly Inlet (33 CFR 110.170) explosives anchorage were published (34 FR 839) outlining the area as an anchorage reserved for the exclusive use of vessels carrying explosives. The anchorage is located within 3 nautical miles (NM) from shore and in water with charted depths between 32 and 37 feet. The Coast Guard is concerned that the anchorage does not meet the current needs of safe navigation due to the increased size and drafts of vessels that call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the Port of Wilmington, and a better location is possible in the interest of navigation and public safety. The purpose of this proposed rule is to accommodate recent and anticipated future growth in cargo vessel traffic and vessel size that call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the Port of Wilmington, improve navigation and public safety, and to preserve areas traditionally used for anchoring. The legal basis and authorities for this notice of proposed rulemaking are found in 46 U.S.C.70006, 33 CFR 1.05– 1, DHS Delegation No. 0170.1, which collectively authorize the Coast Guard to propose, establish, and define regulatory anchorage grounds. III. Discussion of Proposed Rule This proposed rule would formally establish an anchorage ground, Anchorage A, approximately 8 NM southwest of the Oak Island Light, west of the pilot boarding area, in an area traditionally used by cargo ships for anchoring in the approaches to the Cape VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:34 Aug 16, 2021 Jkt 253001 Fear River, NC. This location is near existing traffic lanes and in naturally deep water with charted depths between 40 and 52 feet. This proposed rule also includes regulations intended to govern anchoring practices and provide the Captain of the Port additional controls over vessel choosing to anchor offshore. This proposed rule would also increase the size and relocate Lockwoods Folly Inlet explosives anchorage to adjacent Anchorage A on its western boundary; and rename it Anchorage B. Anchorage B would be approximately 5 NM further offshore than the existing anchorage and increase separation distances between vessels laden with explosives and the public. The use of Anchorage B would be expanded to include vessels carrying or handling dangerous cargo or cargoes of a particular hazard in addition to vessels carrying explosives; its use would be required for vessels carrying such cargoes; and vessels anchored with such cargoes would be required to display a visible red flag or light. The specific coordinates for these proposed anchorage gounds are included in the proposed regulatory text at the end of this document. You may find an illustration of the anchorages in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES. Additionally, the anchorage ground is available for viewing on the MidAtlantic Ocean Data Portal at http:// portal.midatlanticocean.org/visualize/. See ‘‘USCG Proposed Areas and Studies’’ under the ‘‘Maritime’’ portion of the Data Layers section. IV. Regulatory Analyses We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes and Executive Orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our analyses based on a number of these statutes and Executive orders, and we discuss First Amendment rights of protestors. A. Regulatory Planning and Review Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits. Executive Order 13771 directs agencies to control regulatory costs through a budgeting process. This NPRM has not been designated a ‘‘significant regulatory action,’’ under Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the NPRM has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This regulatory action determination is based on the size, location, and historical vessel traffic data pertaining to the anchorage locations. The PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 45937 regulation would designate and preserve an approximately 22 square mile deep water area traditionally used by cargo ships for anchoring near existing traffic lanes. It would also relocate the existing explosives anchorage approximately 5 NM further offshore increasing separation distances between vessels laden with explosives and the public, and expand its size from approximately 5 to 7 square miles. This regulatory action provides commercial vessel anchorage needs while enhancing the navigation safety, environmental stewardship and public safety. B. Impact on Small Entities The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, 5 U.S.C. 601–612, as amended, requires Federal agencies to consider the potential impact of regulations on small entities during rulemaking. The term ‘‘small entities’’ comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. While some owners or operators of vessels intending to use the anchorages may be small entities, for the reasons stated in section IV.A above, this proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on any vessel owner or operator. The towns and communities along the Cape Fear River approaches have an economy based on tourism and numerous small entities and businesses. The establishment of Anchorage A and Anchorage B will increase controls over vessels that currently anchor in the general vicinity and increase the distance between anchored vessels and the shore and beaches, lessening impacts these small entities may currently experience. If you think that your business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this rule would have a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment (see ADDRESSES) explaining why you think it qualifies and how and to what degree this rule would economically affect it. Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104–121), we want to assist small entities in understanding this proposed rule. If the rule would affect your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please call or email the E:\FR\FM\17AUP1.SGM 17AUP1 45938 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 156 / Tuesday, August 17, 2021 / Proposed Rules person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the Coast Guard. C. Collection of Information This proposed rule would not call for a new collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501–3520). khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS D. Federalism and Indian Tribal Governments A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 (Federalism), if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under that Order and have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132. Also, this proposed rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments) because it would not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. If you believe this proposed rule has implications for federalism or Indian tribes, please call or email the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531–1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Though this proposed rule would not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble. F. Environment We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland Security Directive 023–01, Rev. 1, associated implementing instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:34 Aug 16, 2021 Jkt 253001 guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have made a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This proposed rule involves establishing an anchorage ground, Anchorage A, in an area traditionally used by cargo ships for anchoring in the approaches to the Cape Fear River, NC; and increasing the size of and relocating the Lockwoods Folly Inlet explosives anchorage to an area adjacent to Anchorage A (on its western boundary), expanding its use, and renaming it Anchorage B. Normally such actions are categorically excluded from further review under paragraph L59 of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction Manual 023–01–001–01, Rev. 1. A preliminary Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket. For instructions on locating the docket, see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. We seek any comments or information that may lead to the discovery of a significant environmental impact from this proposed rule. G. Protest Activities The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are asked to call or email the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places, or vessels. V. Public Participation and Request for Comments We view public participation as essential to effective rulemaking, and will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. Your comment can help shape the outcome of this rulemaking. If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this rulemaking, indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. We encourage you to submit comments through the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https:// www.regulations.gov. If your material cannot be submitted using https:// www.regulations.gov, call or email the person in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this document for alternate instructions. We accept anonymous comments. Comments we post to https:// PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 www.regulations.gov will include any personal information you have provided. For more about privacy and submissions in response to this document, see DHS’s eRulemaking System of Records notice (85 FR 14226, March 11, 2020). Documents mentioned in this NPRM as being available in the docket, and public comments, will be in our online docket at https:// www.regulations.gov and can be viewed by following that website’s instructions. We review all comments received, but we will only post comments that address the topic of the proposed rule. We may choose not to post off-topic, inappropriate, or duplicate comments that we receive. If you go to the online docket and sign up for email alerts, you will be notified when comments are posted or a final rule is published. List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 110 Anchorage grounds. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard is proposing to amend 33 CFR part 110 as follows: PART 110—ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS 1. The authority citation for part 110 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 70006, 2071; 46 U.S.C. 70034; 33 CFR 1.05–1; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. ■ 2. Revise § 110.170 to read as follows: § 110.170 Cape Fear, NC. (a) The anchorage grounds. All coordinates in this section are based on the World Geodetic System (WGS 84). (1) Anchorage A. The waters bound by a line connecting the following points: TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1) Latitude 33°47′59.09″ 33°47′59.09″ 33°46′01.22″ 33°46′01.22″ N N N N Longitude 78°14′58.67″ 78°06′24.74″ 78°06′24.74″ 78°14′58.67″ W W W W (2) Anchorage B. Explosives Anchorage: The waters bound by a line connecting the following points: TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(2) Latitude 33°47′59.09″ 33°47′59.09″ 33°46′01.22″ 33°46′01.22″ N N N N Longitude 78°17′49.00″ 78°14′58.67″ 78°14′58.67″ 78°17′49.00″ (b) Definitions. As used in this section— E:\FR\FM\17AUP1.SGM 17AUP1 W W W W khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 156 / Tuesday, August 17, 2021 / Proposed Rules Cargoes of particular hazard means ‘‘cargo of particular hazard’’ as defined in § 126.3 of this chapter. Class 1 (explosive) materials means Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4 explosives, as defined in 49 CFR 173.50. Dangerous cargo means ‘‘certain dangerous cargo’’ as defined in § 160.204 of this chapter. U.S. naval vessel means any vessel owner, operated, chartered, or leased by the U.S. Navy; and any vessel under the operational control of the U.S. Navy or Combatant Command. (c) General regulations. (1) Vessels in the Atlantic Ocean near Cape Fear River Inlet awaiting berthing space within the Port of Wilmington shall only anchor within the anchorage grounds hereby defined and established, except in cases of emergency. (2) Vessels anchoring under circumstances of emergency outside the anchorage areas shall be shifted to new positions within the anchorage grounds immediately after the emergency ceases. (3) Vessels may anchor anywhere within the anchorage grounds provided such anchoring does not interfere with the operations of any other vessel at anchorage; except a vessel may not anchor within 1,500 yards of a vessel carrying or handling dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials. Vessels shall lie at anchor with as short of a chain or cable as conditions permit. (4) Prior to entering the anchorage grounds, all vessels must notify the Coast Guard Captain of the Port Sector North Carolina (COTP) via VHF–FM channel 16. (5) No vessel may anchor within the anchorage grounds for more than 72 hours without the prior approval of the COTP. To obtain this approval, contact the COTP via VHF–FM channel 16. (6) The COTP may close the anchorage grounds and direct vessels to depart the anchorage during periods of severe weather or at other times as deemed necessary in the interest of port safety or security. (7) The COTP may prescribe specific conditions for vessels anchoring within the anchorage grounds, including but not limited to, the number and location of anchors, scope of chain, readiness of engineering plant and equipment, usage of tugs, and requirements for maintaining communications guards on selected radio frequencies. (d) Regulations for vessels handling or carrying dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials. This paragraph applies to every vessel, except U.S. naval vessels, handling or carrying dangerous cargoes, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:34 Aug 16, 2021 Jkt 253001 cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials. (1) Unless otherwise directed by the Captain of the Port, each commercial vessel handling or carrying dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials must be anchored within Anchorage B. (2) Vessels requiring the use of Anchorage B must display by day a red flag (Bravo flag) in a prominent location and by night a fixed red light. In lieu of a fixed red light, by night a red flag may be illuminated by spotlight. Dated: August 2, 2021. Laura M. Dickey, Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Commander, Fifth Coast Guard District. [FR Doc. 2021–17291 Filed 8–16–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R01–OAR–2020–0562; FRL–8855–01– R1] Air Plan Approval; Rhode Island; Infrastructure State Implementation Plan Requirements for the 2015 Ozone Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Rhode Island. This revision addresses the infrastructure requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) for the 2015 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). This proposed action includes all elements of these infrastructure requirements except for portions of the ‘‘Good Neighbor’’ or ‘‘transport’’ provisions, which will be addressed in a future action. The infrastructure requirements are designed to ensure that the structural components of each state’s air quality management program are adequate to meet the state’s responsibilities under the CAA. This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act. DATES: Written comments must be received on or before September 16, 2021. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R01– OAR–2020–0562 at https:// www.regulations.gov, or via email to simcox.alison@epa.gov. For comments submitted at Regulations.gov, follow the online instructions for submitting SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 45939 comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. For either manner of submission, the EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. For the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit https://www.epa.gov/dockets/ commenting-epa-dockets. Publicly available docket materials are available at https://www.regulations.gov or at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Region 1 Regional Office, Air and Radiation Division, 5 Post Office Square—Suite 100, Boston, MA. EPA requests that, if at all possible, you contact the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office’s official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding legal holidays and facility closures due to COVID–19. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alison C. Simcox, Air Quality Branch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Region 1, 5 Post Office Square— Suite 100, (Mail code 05–2), Boston, MA 02109—3912, tel. (617) 918–1684, email simcox.alison@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ or ‘‘our’’ is used, we mean EPA. Table of Contents I. Background and Purpose A. What is the scope of this rulemaking? B. What guidance did EPA use to evaluate Rhode Island’s infrastructure SIP? II. EPA’s Evaluation of Rhode Island’s Infrastructure SIP A. Section 110(a)(2)(A)—Emission Limits and Other Control Measures B. Section 110(a)(2)(B)—Ambient Air Quality Monitoring/Data System C. Section 110(a)(2)(C)—Program for Enforcement of Control Measures and for Construction or Modification of Stationary Sources E:\FR\FM\17AUP1.SGM 17AUP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 156 (Tuesday, August 17, 2021)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 45936-45939]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-17291]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Coast Guard

33 CFR Part 110

[Docket Number USCG-2020-0216]
RIN 1625-AA01


Anchorage Grounds; Cape Fear River Approach, North Carolina

AGENCY: Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is proposing to amend the anchorage 
regulations for Lockwoods Folly Inlet, NC, and adjacent waters, by 
establishing a new offshore anchorage and relocating and amending the 
existing explosives anchorage. The purpose of this proposed rule is to 
improve navigation and public safety by accommodating recent and 
anticipated future growth in cargo vessel traffic and vessel size that 
call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the Port of Wilmington, 
NC. We invite your comments on this proposed rulemaking.

DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast 
Guard on or before October 18, 2021.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG-
2020-0216 using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. See the ``Public Participation and Request for 
Comments'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further 
instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions about this 
proposed rulemaking, call or email Marine Science Technician Chief 
(MSTC) Joshua O'Rourke, Sector North Carolina, U.S. Coast Guard; 
telephone (910) 772-2227, email [email protected]; or Mr. Jerry 
Barnes, Waterways Management Branch, Fifth Coast Guard District, U.S. 
Coast Guard; telephone (757) 398-6230, email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Table of Abbreviations

BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
DHS Department of Homeland Security
FR Federal Register
NM Nautical Miles
U.S.C. United States Code

II. Background, Purpose, and Legal Basis

    On May 8, 2020, the Coast Guard published a notice of inquiry in 
the Federal Register (85 FR 27343) to solicit public comments on 
whether we should initiate a rulemaking to establish an anchorage 
ground offshore in the approaches to the Cape Fear River, NC, and to 
increase the size and relocate the existing Lockwoods Folly Inlet 
explosives anchorage. We received two comment letters in response, both 
endorsing a rulemaking to amend the anchorage regulations as described. 
The Coast Guard is now moving forward with this proposed rulemaking.
    The Cape Fear River supports a diverse marine transportation system 
which includes Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point, North Carolina 
State Port of Wilmington, and several oil terminals and bulk-handling 
facilities for cement, asphalt products, molasses, liquid chemicals, 
sulfur, fertilizers and liquid sugar. Military Ocean Terminal Sunny 
Point is a Department of Defense facility that stores and ships 
ammunition, dangerous cargo and explosives for United States forces 
worldwide. A federal navigation project provides for a channel 44 feet 
deep from the ocean to a point just south of Southport, NC, and 42 feet 
to the Lower Anchorage Basin and Turning Basin at Wilmington, NC. In 
support of continued port growth and growth in both size and volume of 
vessel traffic, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is considering the 
need for major channel depth, width, and alignment changes. These 
include deepening the existing federal navigation channel to the Port 
of Wilmington, extending the ocean entrance channel farther offshore, 
and widening channels in the Cape Fear River where needed.
    At the same time, the demand for offshore wind energy is 
increasing. Plummeting costs, technological advancements, increasing 
demand and great economic potential have combined to make offshore wind 
a promising avenue for adding to a diversified national energy 
portfolio. In 2018, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) 
developed and sought feedback on a Proposed Path Forward for Future

[[Page 45937]]

Offshore Renewable Energy Leasing on the Atlantic OCS (83 FR 14881, 
April 6, 2018). Offshore the Carolinas, BOEM has identified several 
wind energy lease and call areas and intends to work with the states of 
North Carolina and South Carolina using a regional model to plan and 
analyze these areas for potential future offshore wind leases.
    Traditionally, vessels awaiting entrance and pilotage to the Cape 
Fear River anchor outside the traffic separation scheme west of the sea 
buoy (Cape Fear River Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy CF). The Coast 
Guard has concerns that as wind energy areas are developed and 
electrical export cables installed, vessel traffic may be displaced or 
funneled into smaller areas, and areas traditionally used for anchoring 
may be impacted or lost. Establishing an adequate and dedicated 
offshore anchorage will preserve areas traditionally used for anchoring 
and alleviate potential hazardous conditions of vessels anchoring in 
the common approaches to the Cape Fear River.
    On January 18, 1969, regulations for the Lockwoods Folly Inlet (33 
CFR 110.170) explosives anchorage were published (34 FR 839) outlining 
the area as an anchorage reserved for the exclusive use of vessels 
carrying explosives. The anchorage is located within 3 nautical miles 
(NM) from shore and in water with charted depths between 32 and 37 
feet. The Coast Guard is concerned that the anchorage does not meet the 
current needs of safe navigation due to the increased size and drafts 
of vessels that call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the 
Port of Wilmington, and a better location is possible in the interest 
of navigation and public safety.
    The purpose of this proposed rule is to accommodate recent and 
anticipated future growth in cargo vessel traffic and vessel size that 
call on Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point and the Port of Wilmington, 
improve navigation and public safety, and to preserve areas 
traditionally used for anchoring.
    The legal basis and authorities for this notice of proposed 
rulemaking are found in 46 U.S.C.70006, 33 CFR 1.05-1, DHS Delegation 
No. 0170.1, which collectively authorize the Coast Guard to propose, 
establish, and define regulatory anchorage grounds.

III. Discussion of Proposed Rule

    This proposed rule would formally establish an anchorage ground, 
Anchorage A, approximately 8 NM southwest of the Oak Island Light, west 
of the pilot boarding area, in an area traditionally used by cargo 
ships for anchoring in the approaches to the Cape Fear River, NC. This 
location is near existing traffic lanes and in naturally deep water 
with charted depths between 40 and 52 feet. This proposed rule also 
includes regulations intended to govern anchoring practices and provide 
the Captain of the Port additional controls over vessel choosing to 
anchor offshore. This proposed rule would also increase the size and 
relocate Lockwoods Folly Inlet explosives anchorage to adjacent 
Anchorage A on its western boundary; and rename it Anchorage B. 
Anchorage B would be approximately 5 NM further offshore than the 
existing anchorage and increase separation distances between vessels 
laden with explosives and the public. The use of Anchorage B would be 
expanded to include vessels carrying or handling dangerous cargo or 
cargoes of a particular hazard in addition to vessels carrying 
explosives; its use would be required for vessels carrying such 
cargoes; and vessels anchored with such cargoes would be required to 
display a visible red flag or light. The specific coordinates for these 
proposed anchorage gounds are included in the proposed regulatory text 
at the end of this document.
    You may find an illustration of the anchorages in the docket where 
indicated under ADDRESSES. Additionally, the anchorage ground is 
available for viewing on the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal at http://portal.midatlanticocean.org/visualize/. See ``USCG Proposed Areas and 
Studies'' under the ``Maritime'' portion of the Data Layers section.

IV. Regulatory Analyses

    We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes 
and Executive Orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our 
analyses based on a number of these statutes and Executive orders, and 
we discuss First Amendment rights of protestors.

A. Regulatory Planning and Review

    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits. Executive Order 13771 directs agencies to control 
regulatory costs through a budgeting process. This NPRM has not been 
designated a ``significant regulatory action,'' under Executive Order 
12866. Accordingly, the NPRM has not been reviewed by the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB).
    This regulatory action determination is based on the size, 
location, and historical vessel traffic data pertaining to the 
anchorage locations. The regulation would designate and preserve an 
approximately 22 square mile deep water area traditionally used by 
cargo ships for anchoring near existing traffic lanes. It would also 
relocate the existing explosives anchorage approximately 5 NM further 
offshore increasing separation distances between vessels laden with 
explosives and the public, and expand its size from approximately 5 to 
7 square miles. This regulatory action provides commercial vessel 
anchorage needs while enhancing the navigation safety, environmental 
stewardship and public safety.

B. Impact on Small Entities

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, 5 U.S.C. 601-612, as 
amended, requires Federal agencies to consider the potential impact of 
regulations on small entities during rulemaking. The term ``small 
entities'' comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations 
that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their 
fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 
50,000. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this 
proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.
    While some owners or operators of vessels intending to use the 
anchorages may be small entities, for the reasons stated in section 
IV.A above, this proposed rule would not have a significant economic 
impact on any vessel owner or operator. The towns and communities along 
the Cape Fear River approaches have an economy based on tourism and 
numerous small entities and businesses. The establishment of Anchorage 
A and Anchorage B will increase controls over vessels that currently 
anchor in the general vicinity and increase the distance between 
anchored vessels and the shore and beaches, lessening impacts these 
small entities may currently experience.
    If you think that your business, organization, or governmental 
jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this rule would have 
a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment (see 
ADDRESSES) explaining why you think it qualifies and how and to what 
degree this rule would economically affect it.
    Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we want to assist small 
entities in understanding this proposed rule. If the rule would affect 
your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you 
have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, 
please call or email the

[[Page 45938]]

person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section. The Coast 
Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or 
complain about this proposed rule or any policy or action of the Coast 
Guard.

C. Collection of Information

    This proposed rule would not call for a new collection of 
information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-
3520).

D. Federalism and Indian Tribal Governments

    A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132 
(Federalism), if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on 
the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on 
the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels 
of government. We have analyzed this proposed rule under that Order and 
have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism 
principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 
13132.
    Also, this proposed rule does not have tribal implications under 
Executive Order 13175 (Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal 
Governments) because it would not have a substantial direct effect on 
one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal 
Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. If 
you believe this proposed rule has implications for federalism or 
Indian tribes, please call or email the person listed in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. Though this proposed rule would not 
result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule 
elsewhere in this preamble.

F. Environment

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland 
Security Directive 023-01, Rev. 1, associated implementing 
instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), 
which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have made 
a preliminary determination that this action is one of a category of 
actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant 
effect on the human environment. This proposed rule involves 
establishing an anchorage ground, Anchorage A, in an area traditionally 
used by cargo ships for anchoring in the approaches to the Cape Fear 
River, NC; and increasing the size of and relocating the Lockwoods 
Folly Inlet explosives anchorage to an area adjacent to Anchorage A (on 
its western boundary), expanding its use, and renaming it Anchorage B. 
Normally such actions are categorically excluded from further review 
under paragraph L59 of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction Manual 
023-01-001-01, Rev. 1. A preliminary Record of Environmental 
Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket. 
For instructions on locating the docket, see the ADDRESSES section of 
this preamble. We seek any comments or information that may lead to the 
discovery of a significant environmental impact from this proposed 
rule.

G. Protest Activities

    The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. 
Protesters are asked to call or email the person listed in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so 
that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or 
security of people, places, or vessels.

V. Public Participation and Request for Comments

    We view public participation as essential to effective rulemaking, 
and will consider all comments and material received during the comment 
period. Your comment can help shape the outcome of this rulemaking. If 
you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
rulemaking, indicate the specific section of this document to which 
each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or 
recommendation.
    We encourage you to submit comments through the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. If your material cannot be 
submitted using https://www.regulations.gov, call or email the person 
in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this document for 
alternate instructions.
    We accept anonymous comments. Comments we post to https://www.regulations.gov will include any personal information you have 
provided. For more about privacy and submissions in response to this 
document, see DHS's eRulemaking System of Records notice (85 FR 14226, 
March 11, 2020). Documents mentioned in this NPRM as being available in 
the docket, and public comments, will be in our online docket at 
https://www.regulations.gov and can be viewed by following that 
website's instructions. We review all comments received, but we will 
only post comments that address the topic of the proposed rule. We may 
choose not to post off-topic, inappropriate, or duplicate comments that 
we receive. If you go to the online docket and sign up for email 
alerts, you will be notified when comments are posted or a final rule 
is published.

List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 110

    Anchorage grounds.

    For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard is 
proposing to amend 33 CFR part 110 as follows:

PART 110--ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 110 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 46 U.S.C. 70006, 2071; 46 U.S.C. 70034; 33 CFR 1.05-
1; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

0
2. Revise Sec.  110.170 to read as follows:


Sec.  110.170  Cape Fear, NC.

    (a) The anchorage grounds. All coordinates in this section are 
based on the World Geodetic System (WGS 84).
    (1) Anchorage A. The waters bound by a line connecting the 
following points:

                       Table 1 to Paragraph (a)(1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Latitude                            Longitude
------------------------------------------------------------------------
33[deg]47'59.09'' N                  78[deg]14'58.67'' W
33[deg]47'59.09'' N                  78[deg]06'24.74'' W
33[deg]46'01.22'' N                  78[deg]06'24.74'' W
33[deg]46'01.22'' N                  78[deg]14'58.67'' W
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Anchorage B. Explosives Anchorage: The waters bound by a line 
connecting the following points:

                       Table 1 to Paragraph (a)(2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Latitude                            Longitude
------------------------------------------------------------------------
33[deg]47'59.09'' N                  78[deg]17'49.00'' W
33[deg]47'59.09'' N                  78[deg]14'58.67'' W
33[deg]46'01.22'' N                  78[deg]14'58.67'' W
33[deg]46'01.22'' N                  78[deg]17'49.00'' W
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Definitions. As used in this section--

[[Page 45939]]

    Cargoes of particular hazard means ``cargo of particular hazard'' 
as defined in Sec.  126.3 of this chapter.
    Class 1 (explosive) materials means Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4 
explosives, as defined in 49 CFR 173.50.
    Dangerous cargo means ``certain dangerous cargo'' as defined in 
Sec.  160.204 of this chapter.
    U.S. naval vessel means any vessel owner, operated, chartered, or 
leased by the U.S. Navy; and any vessel under the operational control 
of the U.S. Navy or Combatant Command.
    (c) General regulations. (1) Vessels in the Atlantic Ocean near 
Cape Fear River Inlet awaiting berthing space within the Port of 
Wilmington shall only anchor within the anchorage grounds hereby 
defined and established, except in cases of emergency.
    (2) Vessels anchoring under circumstances of emergency outside the 
anchorage areas shall be shifted to new positions within the anchorage 
grounds immediately after the emergency ceases.
    (3) Vessels may anchor anywhere within the anchorage grounds 
provided such anchoring does not interfere with the operations of any 
other vessel at anchorage; except a vessel may not anchor within 1,500 
yards of a vessel carrying or handling dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a 
particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials. Vessels shall lie 
at anchor with as short of a chain or cable as conditions permit.
    (4) Prior to entering the anchorage grounds, all vessels must 
notify the Coast Guard Captain of the Port Sector North Carolina (COTP) 
via VHF-FM channel 16.
    (5) No vessel may anchor within the anchorage grounds for more than 
72 hours without the prior approval of the COTP. To obtain this 
approval, contact the COTP via VHF-FM channel 16.
    (6) The COTP may close the anchorage grounds and direct vessels to 
depart the anchorage during periods of severe weather or at other times 
as deemed necessary in the interest of port safety or security.
    (7) The COTP may prescribe specific conditions for vessels 
anchoring within the anchorage grounds, including but not limited to, 
the number and location of anchors, scope of chain, readiness of 
engineering plant and equipment, usage of tugs, and requirements for 
maintaining communications guards on selected radio frequencies.
    (d) Regulations for vessels handling or carrying dangerous cargoes, 
cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials. This 
paragraph applies to every vessel, except U.S. naval vessels, handling 
or carrying dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a particular hazard, or Class 
1 (explosive) materials.
    (1) Unless otherwise directed by the Captain of the Port, each 
commercial vessel handling or carrying dangerous cargoes, cargoes of a 
particular hazard, or Class 1 (explosive) materials must be anchored 
within Anchorage B.
    (2) Vessels requiring the use of Anchorage B must display by day a 
red flag (Bravo flag) in a prominent location and by night a fixed red 
light. In lieu of a fixed red light, by night a red flag may be 
illuminated by spotlight.

    Dated: August 2, 2021.
Laura M. Dickey,
Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Commander, Fifth Coast Guard District.
[FR Doc. 2021-17291 Filed 8-16-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P