Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada, 38556-38557 [2021-15573]

Download as PDF 38556 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 138 / Thursday, July 22, 2021 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection 19 CFR Chapter I Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions. AGENCY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border. Such travel will be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in this document. DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on July 22, 2021 and will remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on August 21, 2021, unless amended or rescinded prior to that time. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at 202–325–0840. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 Background On March 24, 2020, DHS published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United StatesCanada border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document.1 The document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID–19 pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 within the United States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada posed a ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ DHS 1 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020). VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Jul 21, 2021 Jkt 253001 later published a series of notifications continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on July 21, 2021.2 DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID–19 pandemic. As of the week of July 12, 2021, there have been over 186 million confirmed cases globally, with over 4 million confirmed deaths.3 There have been over 33.7 million confirmed and probable cases within the United States,4 over 1.4 million confirmed cases in Canada,5 and over 2.6 million confirmed cases in Mexico.6 DHS also notes positive developments in recent weeks. CDC reports that, as of July 15, over 336 million vaccine doses have been administered in the United States and over 59% of adults in the United States are fully vaccinated.7 On June 7, 2021, CDC moved Canada and Mexico from COVID–19 Level 4 (Very High) to Level 3 (High) in recognition of conditions that, while still requiring significant safeguards, are improving.8 2 See 86 FR 32764 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27802 (May 24, 2021); 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also published parallel notifications of its decisions to continue temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel.’’ See 86 FR 32766 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27800 (May 24, 2021); 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020). 3 WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID–19) Weekly Epidemiological Update (June 8, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/emergencies/ diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed July 15, 2021). 4 CDC, COVID Data Tracker: United States COVID–19 Cases, Deaths, and Laboratory Testing (NAATs) by State, Territory, and Jurisdiction, https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#cases_ casesper100klast7days (accessed July 15, 2021). 5 WHO, Situation by Region, Country, Territory & Area, available at https://covid19.who.int/table (accessed July 15, 2021). 6 Id. 7 See CDC, COVID Data Tracker: COVID–19 Vaccinations in the United States, https:// covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#vaccinations (accessed July 15, 2021). 8 See CDC, Travel Notice; COVID–19 in Canada (June 7, 2021), https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/ notices/covid-4/coronavirus-canada (accessed June 10, 2021); CDC, Travel Notice: COVID–19 in Mexico (June 7, 2021), https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/ notices/covid-4/coronavirus-mexico (accessed June 10, 2021). In addition, on June 8, 2021, the Department of State moved Canada and Mexico from Level 4 (Do Not Travel) to Level 3 (Reconsider Travel). See Department of State, Canada Travel Advisory (June 8, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/ PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Notice of Action Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID–19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada poses an ongoing ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ U.S. and Canadian officials have mutually determined that non-essential travel between the United States and Canada currently poses additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 and places the populace of both nations at increased risk of contracting the virus associated with COVID–19. Moreover, given the sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, coupled with risks posed by new variants, returning to previous levels of travel between the two nations places the personnel staffing land ports of entry between the United States and Canada, as well as the individuals traveling through these ports of entry, at increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with COVID–19. Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),9 I have determined that land ports of entry along the U.S.-Canada border will continue to suspend normal operations and will only allow processing for entry content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/ canada-travel-advisory.html (accessed June 10, 2021); Department of State, Mexico Travel Advisory (June 8, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/ travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/mexicotravel-advisory.html (accessed June 10, 2021). 9 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific threat to human life or national interests,’’ is authorized to ‘‘[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly to the national emergency or specific threat.’’ On March 1, 2003, certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ‘‘related to Customs revenue functions’’ were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep’t Order No. 100–16 (May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(2) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary to respond to the specific threat.’’ Congress has vested in the Secretary of Homeland Security the ‘‘functions of all officers, employees, and organizational units of the Department,’’ including the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3). E:\FR\FM\22JYR1.SGM 22JYR1 lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with RULES1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 138 / Thursday, July 22, 2021 / Rules and Regulations into the United States of those travelers engaged in ‘‘essential travel,’’ as defined below. Given the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ below, this temporary alteration in land ports of entry operations should not interrupt legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical supply chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical materials reach individuals on both sides of the border. For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals along the United StatesCanada border shall be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ which includes, but is not limited to— • U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to the United States; • Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to receive medical treatment in the United States); • Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions; • Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must travel between the United States and Canada in furtherance of such work); • Individuals traveling for emergency response and public health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders entering the United States to support federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government efforts to respond to COVID–19 or other emergencies); • Individuals engaged in lawful crossborder trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United States and Canada); • Individuals engaged in official government travel or diplomatic travel; • Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United States; and • Individuals engaged in militaryrelated travel or operations. The following travel does not fall within the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ for purposes of this Notification— • Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events). At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight rail, or sea travel between the United States and Canada, but does apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat travel between the United States and Canada. These restrictions are temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on August 21, 2021. This Notification may be VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:56 Jul 21, 2021 Jkt 253001 amended or rescinded prior to that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. Meanwhile, as part of an integrated U.S. government effort and guided by the objective analysis and recommendations of public health and medical experts, DHS is working closely with counterparts in Mexico and Canada to identify conditions under which restrictions may be eased safely and sustainably. The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic stability or social order, constitute ‘‘essential travel’’ under this Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United States not engaged in ‘‘essential travel.’’ Alejandro N. Mayorkas, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. [FR Doc. 2021–15573 Filed 7–21–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9112–FP–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Ocean Energy Management 30 CFR Part 550 [Docket No.: BOEM 2021–0028] RIN 1010–AE08 Maximum Daily Civil Penalty Amounts for Violations of the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This final rule amends the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) regulations that set maximum daily civil penalty (MDCP) amounts for violations of the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act (FOGRMA). The amended BOEM regulations will cross-reference regulations of the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR) that also set MDCP amounts for FOGRMA violations. This crossreference will ensure consistency between BOEM’s FOGRMA MDCP amounts and ONRR’s FOGRMA MDCP amounts. It will also ensure consistent SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 38557 compliance with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Inflation Adjustment Act) and related Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, while reducing unnecessary duplication of effort and costs to BOEM. DATES: This rule is effective on July 22, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Deanna Meyer-Pietruszka, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Chief, Office of Policy, Regulation and Analysis, at deanna.meyer-pietruszka@ boem.gov or by mail to 1849 C Street NW, Mail Stop 5238, Washington, DC 20240 or by calling (202) 208–6352. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background and Legal Authority The Inflation Adjustment Act, Public Law 114–74, sec. 701 (codified at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), became law on November 2, 2015. It required Federal agencies to adjust the level of civil monetary penalties imposed under each agency’s regulations with an initial ‘‘catch-up’’ adjustment through rulemaking, if warranted, and then to make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. Agencies were required to publish the initial annual inflation adjustments in the Federal Register no later than January 15, 2017, and are required to publish annual adjustments no later than January 15th of each subsequent year. The purpose of these inflation adjustments is to maintain the deterrent effect of civil penalties and to further the policy goals of the underlying statutes that authorize the penalties. BOEM has authority to impose civil penalties for violations of FOGRMA under 30 U.S.C. 1719 and delegations of authority by the Secretary of the Interior. BOEM’s regulations implementing its authority to impose penalties under FOGRMA are found at 30 CFR 550.1450–.1477. Specifically, BOEM may impose civil penalties under FOGRMA—after providing notice of noncompliance (NONC) and an opportunity to correct the violation—for noncompliance with any applicable statute, regulation, order, or lease term relating to any Federal oil or gas lease. See 30 CFR 550.1451. BOEM may also impose penalties under FOGRMA, without providing prior notice or an opportunity to correct the violation, for the knowing or willful preparation, maintenance, or submission of false, inaccurate, or misleading written information. See id. at 550.1460. Sections 550.1453 and 550.1460 of BOEM’s existing regulations specify the MDCP amounts, as prescribed by E:\FR\FM\22JYR1.SGM 22JYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 138 (Thursday, July 22, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 38556-38557]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-15573]



[[Page 38556]]

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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

19 CFR Chapter I


Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land 
Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland 
Security.

ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the 
travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports 
of entry along the United States-Canada border. Such travel will be 
limited to ``essential travel,'' as further defined in this document.

DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight 
Time (EDT) on July 22, 2021 and will remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. 
EDT on August 21, 2021, unless amended or rescinded prior to that time.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field 
Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection (CBP) at 202-325-0840.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On March 24, 2020, DHS published notice of its decision to 
temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United 
States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border to 
``essential travel,'' as further defined in that document.\1\ The 
document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID-19 
pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission 
and spread of the virus associated with COVID-19 within the United 
States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued 
transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID-19 between 
the United States and Canada posed a ``specific threat to human life or 
national interests.'' DHS later published a series of notifications 
continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on July 21, 
2021.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also 
published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of 
individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of 
entry along the United States-Mexico border to ``essential travel,'' 
as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020).
    \2\ See 86 FR 32764 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27802 (May 24, 2021); 
86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 
10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 
22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 
85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 
44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 
22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also published parallel 
notifications of its decisions to continue temporarily limiting the 
travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land 
ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ``essential 
travel.'' See 86 FR 32766 (June 23, 2021); 86 FR 27800 (May 24, 
2021); 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 
FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 
(Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 
2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 
FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 
(May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. As 
of the week of July 12, 2021, there have been over 186 million 
confirmed cases globally, with over 4 million confirmed deaths.\3\ 
There have been over 33.7 million confirmed and probable cases within 
the United States,\4\ over 1.4 million confirmed cases in Canada,\5\ 
and over 2.6 million confirmed cases in Mexico.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Weekly 
Epidemiological Update (June 8, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed July 15, 2021).
    \4\ CDC, COVID Data Tracker: United States COVID-19 Cases, 
Deaths, and Laboratory Testing (NAATs) by State, Territory, and 
Jurisdiction, https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#cases_casesper100klast7days (accessed July 15, 2021).
    \5\ WHO, Situation by Region, Country, Territory & Area, 
available at https://covid19.who.int/table (accessed July 15, 2021).
    \6\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DHS also notes positive developments in recent weeks. CDC reports 
that, as of July 15, over 336 million vaccine doses have been 
administered in the United States and over 59% of adults in the United 
States are fully vaccinated.\7\ On June 7, 2021, CDC moved Canada and 
Mexico from COVID-19 Level 4 (Very High) to Level 3 (High) in 
recognition of conditions that, while still requiring significant 
safeguards, are improving.\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See CDC, COVID Data Tracker: COVID-19 Vaccinations in the 
United States, https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#vaccinations (accessed July 15, 2021).
    \8\ See CDC, Travel Notice; COVID-19 in Canada (June 7, 2021), 
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirus-canada 
(accessed June 10, 2021); CDC, Travel Notice: COVID-19 in Mexico 
(June 7, 2021), https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirus-mexico (accessed June 10, 2021). In addition, on June 8, 
2021, the Department of State moved Canada and Mexico from Level 4 
(Do Not Travel) to Level 3 (Reconsider Travel). See Department of 
State, Canada Travel Advisory (June 8, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/canada-travel-advisory.html (accessed June 10, 
2021); Department of State, Mexico Travel Advisory (June 8, 2021), 
https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/mexico-travel-advisory.html (accessed June 10, 
2021).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notice of Action

    Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID-
19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined 
that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus 
associated with COVID-19 between the United States and Canada poses an 
ongoing ``specific threat to human life or national interests.''
    U.S. and Canadian officials have mutually determined that non-
essential travel between the United States and Canada currently poses 
additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with 
COVID-19 and places the populace of both nations at increased risk of 
contracting the virus associated with COVID-19. Moreover, given the 
sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, coupled with risks 
posed by new variants, returning to previous levels of travel between 
the two nations places the personnel staffing land ports of entry 
between the United States and Canada, as well as the individuals 
traveling through these ports of entry, at increased risk of exposure 
to the virus associated with COVID-19. Accordingly, and consistent with 
the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),\9\ I have 
determined that land ports of entry along the U.S.-Canada border will 
continue to suspend normal operations and will only allow processing 
for entry

[[Page 38557]]

into the United States of those travelers engaged in ``essential 
travel,'' as defined below. Given the definition of ``essential 
travel'' below, this temporary alteration in land ports of entry 
operations should not interrupt legitimate trade between the two 
nations or disrupt critical supply chains that ensure food, fuel, 
medicine, and other critical materials reach individuals on both sides 
of the border.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding 
any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when 
necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific 
threat to human life or national interests,'' is authorized to 
``[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly 
to the national emergency or specific threat.'' On March 1, 2003, 
certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred 
to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). 
Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ``related to Customs revenue 
functions'' were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the 
extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to 
the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the 
Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep't Order No. 100-16 
(May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 
1318(b)(2) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when 
necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national 
interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or 
port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary 
to respond to the specific threat.'' Congress has vested in the 
Secretary of Homeland Security the ``functions of all officers, 
employees, and organizational units of the Department,'' including 
the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated 
ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and 
(b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals 
along the United States-Canada border shall be limited to ``essential 
travel,'' which includes, but is not limited to--
     U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to 
the United States;
     Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to 
receive medical treatment in the United States);
     Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions;
     Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., 
individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must 
travel between the United States and Canada in furtherance of such 
work);
     Individuals traveling for emergency response and public 
health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders 
entering the United States to support federal, state, local, tribal, or 
territorial government efforts to respond to COVID-19 or other 
emergencies);
     Individuals engaged in lawful cross-border trade (e.g., 
truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United 
States and Canada);
     Individuals engaged in official government travel or 
diplomatic travel;
     Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and 
children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United 
States; and
     Individuals engaged in military-related travel or 
operations.
    The following travel does not fall within the definition of 
``essential travel'' for purposes of this Notification--
     Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., 
sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events).
    At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight 
rail, or sea travel between the United States and Canada, but does 
apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat 
travel between the United States and Canada. These restrictions are 
temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on 
August 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior to 
that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. 
Meanwhile, as part of an integrated U.S. government effort and guided 
by the objective analysis and recommendations of public health and 
medical experts, DHS is working closely with counterparts in Mexico and 
Canada to identify conditions under which restrictions may be eased 
safely and sustainably.
    The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is 
hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP 
personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set 
forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that 
other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic 
stability or social order, constitute ``essential travel'' under this 
Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized 
basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the 
national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United 
States not engaged in ``essential travel.''

Alejandro N. Mayorkas,
Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
[FR Doc. 2021-15573 Filed 7-21-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9112-FP-P