Notice of Action in the Section 301 Investigation of the United Kingdom's Digital Services Tax,

Download as PDF 30364 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 107 / Monday, June 7, 2021 / Notices HTSUS subheading 7019.90.50 7403.29.01 8418.10.00 9003.11.00 9005.10.00 9005.80.40 9005.80.60 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 9010.60.00 9012.10.00 9015.40.80 9015.80.20 ................. ................. ................. ................. 9027.50.80 ................. Product description Glass fibers (including glass wool), nesoi, and articles thereof, nesoi. Copper alloys (o/than copper-zinc, copper-tin alloys), unwrought nesoi. Combined refrigerator-freezers, fitted with separate external doors, electric or other. Frames and mountings, of plastics, for spectacles, goggles or the like. Binoculars. Optical telescopes, including monoculars. Monoculars and astronomical instruments other than binoculars and optical telescopes but not including instruments for radio-astronomy. Projection screens. Microscopes other than optical microscopes; diffraction apparatus. Photogrammetrical surveying instruments and appliances, other than electrical. Optical surveying, hydrographic, oceanographic, hydrological, meteorological or geophysical instruments and appliances, nesoi. Nonelectrical instruments and apparatus using optical radiations (ultraviolet, visible, infrared), nesoi. implementation of additional duties on products, contact traderemedy@cbp.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: [FR Doc. 2021–11856 Filed 6–4–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3290–F1–P I. Proceedings in the Investigation OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE [Docket Number USTR–2021–0007] Notice of Action in the Section 301 Investigation of the United Kingdom’s Digital Services Tax Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR). ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: On January 14, 2021, the U.S. Trade Representative announced a determination that the United Kingdom’s Digital Services Tax (DST) is unreasonable or discriminatory and burdens or restricts U.S. commerce. This notice announces the U.S. Trade Representative’s determination to take action in the form of additional duties of 25 percent on the products of the United Kingdom specified in Annex A to this notice. The U.S. Trade Representative has further determined to suspend application of the additional duties for a period of up to 180 days. DATES: June 2, 2021: The U.S. Trade Representative determined to take action in the form of additional duties of 25 percent on products of the United Kingdom specified in Annex A. November 29, 2021: The end of the 180-day suspension period for the additional duties. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions concerning the investigation, please contact Benjamin Allen, Thomas Au, or Patrick Childress, Assistant General Counsels at: (202) 395–9439, (202) 395–0380, and (202) 385–9531, respectively; Robert Tanner, Director, Services and Investment at (202) 395– 6125; or Michael Rogers, Director for Europe and the Middle East at (202) 395–2684. For specific questions on customs classification or khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Jun 04, 2021 Jkt 253001 The United Kingdom has adopted a DST that applies a two percent tax on the revenues of certain search engines, social media platforms and online marketplaces. The United Kingdom’s DST applies only to companies with digital services revenues exceeding £500 million and United Kingdom digital services revenues exceeding £25 million. On June 2, 2020, the U.S. Trade Representative initiated an investigation of the United Kingdom’s DST pursuant to section 302(b)(1)(A) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (Trade Act). See 85 FR 34709 (June 5, 2020) (notice of initiation). The notice of initiation solicited written comments on, inter alia, the following aspects of the United Kingdom’s DST: Discrimination against U.S. companies; retroactivity; and possibly unreasonable tax policy. With respect to tax policy, USTR solicited comments on, inter alia, whether the DST diverged from principles reflected in the U.S. and international tax systems including extraterritoriality; taxing revenue not income; and a purpose of penalizing particular technology companies for their commercial success. Interested persons filed over 380 written submissions in response. The public submissions are available on www.regulations.gov in docket number USTR–2020–0022. Under section 303 of the Trade Act, the U.S. Trade Representative requested consultations with the government of the United Kingdom regarding the issues involved in the investigation. Consultations were held on December 4, 2020. Based on information obtained during the investigation, USTR prepared a comprehensive report on the United Kingdom’s DST, which is posted on the USTR website at https://ustr.gov/issueareas/enforcement/section-301- PO 00000 Frm 00115 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 investigations/section-301digitalservices-taxes. The report includes a full description of the United Kingdom’s DST, and supports findings that the United Kingdom’s DST is unreasonable and discriminatory and burdens or restricts U.S commerce. On January 14, 2021, based on the information obtained during the investigation and the advice of the Section 301 Committee, the U.S. Trade Representative determined that the United Kingdom’s DST is unreasonable or discriminatory and burdens or restricts U.S. commerce, and therefore is actionable under sections 301(b) and 304(a) of the Trade Act. See 86 FR 6406 (January 21, 2021). On March 31, 2021, USTR issued a notice proposing that appropriate action would include additional ad valorem duties of up to 25 percent on products of the United Kingdom to be drawn from a list of 69 tariff subheadings of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) included in the annex to that notice. The March 31, 2021 notice requested comments on the proposed action as well as on other potential actions in the investigation. Witnesses provided testimony at public hearings on May 3 and May 6, 2021, and interested persons filed written comments. Transcripts from the hearings are available on the USTR website at: https://ustr.gov/issue-areas/ enforcement/section-301-investigations/ section-301-digital-services-taxes. The written public submissions are available at: https://comments.ustr.gov/s/ docket?docketNumber=USTR-20210007 and https://comments.ustr.gov/s/ docket?docketNumber=USTR-20210008. II. Determination of Action To Be Taken in the Investigation In accordance with section 301(b) of the Trade Act, the U.S. Trade Representative has determined that action is appropriate in this investigation. Section 301(b) provides E:\FR\FM\07JNN1.SGM 07JNN1 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 107 / Monday, June 7, 2021 / Notices that upon determining that the acts, policies, and practices under investigation are actionable and that action is appropriate, the U.S. Trade Representative shall take all appropriate and feasible action authorized under section 301(c) of the Trade Act, subject to the specific direction, if any, of the President regarding such action, and all other appropriate and feasible action within the power of the President that the President may direct the U.S. Trade Representative to take under section 301(b), to obtain the elimination of that act, policy, or practice. Section 304(a)(2)(B) provides that the U.S. Trade Representative shall make the determination of what action to take on or before the date that is 12 months after the date on which the investigation was initiated, or in this case, by June 2, 2021. Pursuant to sections 301(b) and (c) of the Trade Act, and in accordance with the advice of the Section 301 Committee, the U.S. Trade Representative has determined that appropriate action is the imposition of ad valorem duties of 25 percent on products of the United Kingdom specified in Annex A to this notice. Annex A contains a list of 67 tariff subheadings, with an estimated trade value for calendar year 2019 of approximately $887 million. In making this determination, the U.S. Trade Representative considered the public comments submitted in the investigation, as well as advice of advisory committees. In determining the level of trade covered by the additional duties, the U.S. Trade Representative considered the value of digital transactions covered by the United Kingdom’s DST and the amount of taxes assessed by the United Kingdom on U.S. companies. Estimates indicate that the value of the DST payable by U.S.-based company groups to the United Kingdom will be up to approximately $325 million per year. The level of trade covered by the action takes into account estimates of the amount of tariffs to be collected on goods of the United Kingdom and the estimates of the amount of taxes to be assessed by the United Kingdom. Section 305(a) of the Trade Act provides, in pertinent part, that the U.S. Trade Representative may delay implementation of the action to be taken for up to 180 days ‘‘if the Trade Representative determines . . . that a delay is necessary or desirable . . . to obtain . . . [a] satisfactory solution with respect to the acts, policies, or practices that are the subject of the action.’’ Pursuant to section 305(a), the U.S. Trade Representative has determined to VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:36 Jun 04, 2021 Jkt 253001 suspend the additional duties for up to 180 days (that is, up to November 29, 2021) to allow additional time for multilateral and bilateral discussions that could lead to a satisfactory resolution of this matter. In order to implement this determination, subchapter III of chapter 99 of the HTSUS is modified by Annex A of this notice. Annex A is an effective with respect to goods entered for consumption, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern standard time on November 29, 2021, which is 180 days after the determination of action. In the event the U.S. Trade Representative determines that the suspension of the additional duties should be for less than a period of 180 days, USTR will issue a subsequent notice amending the effective date. For informational purposes, Annex B contains a list of the tariff subheadings covered by the tariff action along with short product descriptions. In all cases, the formal language in Annex A governs the tariff treatment of products covered by the action. As specified in Annex A, products provided for in new HTSUS heading 9903.90.07 will be subject to an additional ad valorem duty of 25 percent. The additional duties provided for in the new HTSUS heading established by Annex A apply in addition to all other applicable duties, fees, exactions, and charges. Any product listed in Annex A, except any product that is eligible for admission under ‘domestic status’ as defined in 19 CFR 146.43, which is subject to the additional duty imposed by this determination, and is admitted into a U.S. foreign trade zone on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern standard time on November 29, 2021, only may be admitted as ‘privileged foreign status’ as defined in 19 CFR 146.41. Such products will be subject upon entry for consumption to any ad valorem rates of duty or quantitative limitations related to the classification under the applicable HTSUS subheading. The U.S. Trade Representative will continue to monitor the effect of the trade action, the progress of discussions in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and G20, the progress of discussions with the United Kingdom, and may adopt appropriate modifications. If a modification to the action may be appropriate, the U.S. Trade Representative will consider the PO 00000 Frm 00116 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 30365 comments received in response to the March 31, 2021 notice. Greta Peisch, General Counsel, Office of the United States Trade Representative. Annex A Effective with respect to goods entered for consumption, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern standard time on November 29, 2021, subchapter III of chapter 99 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) is modified: 1. By inserting the following new U.S. notes 28(a) and 28(b) to subchapter III of chapter 99 in numerical sequence: ‘‘28 (a) For the purposes of heading 9903.90.07, products of the United Kingdom, as specified in this note, shall be subject to additional duties as provided herein. All products of the United Kingdom that are classified in the subheadings enumerated in this note are subject to the additional duties imposed by heading 9903.90.07. The duties imposed by heading 9903.90.07 shall be in addition to the general duty rates provided for in the applicable provisions of the tariff schedule. Products of the United Kingdom that are classified in the subheadings enumerated in this note and that are eligible for temporary duty exemptions or reductions under subchapter II to chapter 99 shall be subject to the additional duties imposed by heading 9903.90.07, and any such duty exemption or reduction shall apply only to the permanent general rate prescribed in provisions of chapters 1 through 97 of the tariff schedule. The additional duties imposed by heading 9903.90.07 do not apply to goods for which entry is properly claimed under a provision of chapter 98 of the HTSUS, except for goods entered under subheadings 9802.00.40, 9802.00.50 and 9802.00.60 and heading 9802.00.80. For subheadings 9802.00.40, 9802.00.50 and 9802.00.60, the additional duties apply to the value of repairs, alterations or processing performed in the United Kingdom and as described in the applicable subheading. For heading 9802.00.80, the additional duties apply to the value of the article less the cost or value of such products of the United States, as described in heading 9802.00.80. Products of the United Kingdom that are provided for in heading 9903.90.07 and classified in one of the subheadings enumerated in note 28(b) to this subchapter shall continue to be subject to antidumping, countervailing or other duties (including duties imposed by E:\FR\FM\07JNN1.SGM 07JNN1 30366 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 107 / Monday, June 7, 2021 / Notices other provisions of subchapter III of this chapter and safeguard duties set forth in provisions of subchapter IV of this chapter), fees, exactions and charges that apply to such products, as well as to the additional duties imposed herein. (b) Heading 9903.90.07 shall apply to all products of the United Kingdom that are classified in the subheadings enumerated below: 3213.90.00 3303.00.10 3303.00.20 3303.00.30 3304.10.00 3304.20.00 3304.30.00 3304.91.00 3304.99.10 3304.99.50 3305.10.00 3305.20.00 3305.30.00 3305.90.00 3306.90.00 3307.10.10 3307.10.20 3307.30.10 3307.30.50 3307.49.00 3307.90.00 4201.00.60 6104.43.20 6201.12.20 6201.92.45 6202.12.20 6202.13.40 6202.92.90 6204.43.40 6204.44.40 6204.49.10 6205.20.20 6215.10.00 6403.59.30 6403.59.90 6403.91.30 6403.99.60 6404.20.40 6903.90.00 6907.23.90 6907.30.90 6910.90.00 7113.11.50 7113.19.29 7113.19.50 7116.20.50 7117.19.90 8415.82.01 8418.40.00 8418.50.00 8418.69.01 8532.24.00 9001.10.00 9401.71.00 9403.10.00 9403.20.00 9403.40.90 9403.60.80 9403.89.60 9503.00.00 9504.50.00 9504.90.40 9504.90.60 9504.90.90 9508.10.00 9508.90.00 9603.29.80’’. 2. by inserting the following new heading 9903.90.07 in numerical sequence, with the material in the new heading inserted in the columns of the HTSUS labeled ‘‘Heading/Subheading’’, ‘‘Article Description’’, and ‘‘Rates of Duty 1-General’’, respectively: Rates of duty Heading/subheading Article description 1 2 General ‘‘9903.90.07 ................... ‘‘Articles the product of the United Kingdom, as provided for in U.S. note 28(a) to this subchapter and as provided for in the subheadings enumerated in U.S. note 28(b) to this subchapter. Annex B Note: The product descriptions that are contained in this Annex are provided for informational purposes only, and are not intended to delimit in khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 3213.90.00 3303.00.10 3303.00.20 3303.00.30 3304.10.00 3304.20.00 3304.30.00 3304.91.00 3304.99.10 3304.99.50 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 3305.10.00 3305.20.00 3305.30.00 3305.90.00 3306.90.00 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 3307.10.10 ................. 3307.10.20 ................. 3307.30.10 ................. VerDate Sep<11>2014 The duty provided in the applicable subheading + 25%’’. any way the scope of the action. In all cases, the formal language in Annex A governs the tariff treatment of products covered by the action. Any questions regarding the scope of particular HTSUS HTSUS subheading Special subheadings should be referred to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. In the product descriptions, the abbreviation ‘‘nesoi’’ means ‘‘not elsewhere specified or included’’. Product description Artists’, students’ or signboard painters’ colors, in tablets, tubes, jars, bottles, pans or in similar packings, not in sets. Floral or flower waters, not containing alcohol. Perfumes and toilet waters, other than floral or flower waters, not containing alcohol. Perfumes and toilet waters, containing alcohol. Lip make-up preparations. Eye make-up preparations. Manicure or pedicure preparations. Beauty or make-up powders, whether or not compressed. Petroleum jelly put up for retail sale. Beauty or make-up preparations & preparations for the care of the skin, excl. medicaments but incl. sunscreen or sun tan preparations, nesoi. Shampoos. Preparations for permanent waving or straightening the hair. Hair lacquers. Preparations for use on the hair, nesoi. Preparations for oral or dental hygiene, including denture fixative pastes and powders, excluding dentifrices and yarn used to clean between the teeth (dental floss). Pre-shave, shaving or after-shave preparations, not containing alcohol. Pre-shave, shaving or after-shave preparations, containing alcohol. Bath salts, whether or not perfumed. 17:36 Jun 04, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00117 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\07JNN1.SGM 07JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 107 / Monday, June 7, 2021 / Notices HTSUS subheading 3307.30.50 3307.49.00 3307.90.00 4201.00.60 ................. ................. ................. ................. 6104.43.20 ................. 6201.12.20 ................. 6201.92.45 ................. 6202.12.20 ................. 6202.13.40 ................. 6202.92.90 ................. 6204.43.40 6204.44.40 6204.49.10 6205.20.20 6215.10.00 6403.59.30 6403.59.90 6403.91.30 6403.99.60 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 6404.20.40 ................. 6903.90.00 ................. 6907.23.90 ................. 6907.30.90 ................. 6910.90.00 ................. 7113.11.50 ................. 7113.19.29 ................. 7113.19.50 ................. 7116.20.50 ................. 7117.19.90 ................. 8415.82.01 8418.40.00 8418.50.00 8418.69.01 8532.24.00 9001.10.00 9401.71.00 9403.10.00 9403.20.00 9403.40.90 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 9403.60.80 9403.89.60 9503.00.00 9504.50.00 9504.90.40 9504.90.60 ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. ................. 9504.90.90 ................. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 9508.10.00 ................. 9508.90.00 ................. 9603.29.80 ................. Product description Bath preparations, other than bath salts. Preparations for perfuming or deodorizing rooms, including odoriferous preparations used during religious rites, nesoi. Depilatories and other perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations. Nesoi. Saddlery and harnesses for animals nesoi, (incl. traces, leads, knee pads, muzzles, saddle cloths and bags and the like), of any material. Women’s or girls’ dresses, knitted or crocheted, of synthetic fibers, nesoi. Men’s or boys’ overcoats, carcoats, capes, & similar coats of cotton, not knit or crocheted, not containing 15% or more by wt of down, etc. Men’s or boys’ anoraks, windbreakers & sim articles nesoi, not knit/crochet, cotton, not cont. 15% or more by wt of down, etc, o/than rec perf outwear. Women’s or girls’ overcoats, carcoats, etc, not knitted or crocheted, of cotton, not containing 15% or more by weight of down, etc. Women’s or girls’ overcoats, carcoats, capes, cloaks and similar articles, not knitted or crocheted, of man-made fibers, nesoi. Women’s/girls’ anoraks, windbreakers & similar articles, nt knit/crochet, cotton, nt cont. 15% or more by wt of down, etc, o/than rec perf outwear. Women’s or girls’ dresses, not knitted or crocheted, of synthetic fibers, nesoi. Women’s or girls’ dresses, not knitted or crocheted, of artificial fibers, nesoi. Women’s or girls’ dresses, not knitted or crocheted, containing 70% or more by weight of silk or silk waste. Men’s or boys’ shirts, not knitted or crocheted, of cotton, nesoi. Ties, bow ties and cravats, not knitted or crocheted, of silk or silk waste. Footwear w/outer soles and uppers of leather, not covering the ankle, welt, nesoi. Footwear w/outer soles and uppers of leather, not cov. ankle, n/welt, for persons other than men, youths and boys. Footwear w/outer soles of rubber/plastics/composition leather & uppers of leather, covering the ankle, welt. Footwear w/outer soles of rubber/plastics/comp. leather & uppers of leather, n/cov. ankle, n/welt, for men, youths and boys, nesoi. Footwear w/outer soles of leather/comp. leath., n/o 50% by wt. rub./plast. or rub./plast./text. & 10%+ by wt. rub./plast., val. o/$2.50/pr. Refractory ceramic goods (o/than of siliceous fossil meals or earths), nesoi. Glazed ceramic flags and paving, hearth, or wall tiles, o/t subheading 6907.30 and 6907.40, of a H2O absorp coeff by wt >10%, nesoi. Glazed ceramic mosaic cubes nesoi, o/t subheading 6907.40. Ceramic (o/than porcelain or china) sinks, washbasins, baths, bidets, water closet bowls, urinals & siml. sanitary fixtures. Silver articles of jewelry and parts thereof, nesoi, valued over $18 per dozen pieces or parts. Gold necklaces and neck chains (o/than of rope or mixed links). Precious metal (o/than silver) articles of jewelry and parts thereo, whether or not plated or clad with precious metal,nesoi. Precious stone articles,nesoi. Imitation jewelry (o/than toy jewelry valued not over 8 cents per piece & rope, curb, cable, chain, and similar articles produced in continuous lengths), of base metal (wheth. or n/plated w/prec.metal), nesoi. Air conditioning machines incorporating a refrigerating unit, nesoi. Freezers of the upright type, not exceeding 900 liters capacity, electric or other. Refrigerating or freezing display counters, cabinets, showcases and similar refrigerating or freezing furniture. Refrigerating or freezing equipment nesoi. Ceramic dielectric fixed capacitors, multilayer. Optical fibers, optical fiber bundles and cables, other than those of heading 8544. Seats nesoi, w/metal frame (o/than of heading 9402), upholstered. Furniture (o/than 9401 or 9402) of metal nesoi, of a kind used in offices. Furniture (o/than 9401 or 9402) of metal nesoi, o/than of a kind used in offices. Furniture (o/than 9401 or 9402) of wood (o/than bentwood) nesoi, of a kind used in the kitchen & not designed for motor vehicl. Use. Furniture (o/than 9401 or 9402) of wood (o/than bentwood) nesoi. Furniture (o/than 9401 or 9402) of materials nesoi. Toys, including riding toys o/than bicycles, puzzles, reduced scale models. Video game consoles and machines, other than those of heading 9504.30. Game machines (o/than coin- or token-operated) and parts and accessories thereof. Chess, checkers, backgammon, darts and o/table and parlor games played on boards of a special design and parts thereof; poker chips and dice. Articles nesoi for arcade, table or parlor games & parts & access.; automatic bowling alley equipment & parts and accessories thereof. Traveling circuses and traveling menageries; parts and accessories thereof. Merry-go-rounds, boat-swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements; traveling theaters; parts and accessories thereof. Shaving brushes, hair brushes, nail brushes, eyelash and other toilet brushes for use on the person (o/than tooth brushes), valued o/40 cents each. [FR Doc. 2021–11862 Filed 6–4–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3290–F1–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 30367 17:36 Jun 04, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00118 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\07JNN1.SGM 07JNN1

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