Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Mexico, 27800-27802 [2021-10992]

Download as PDF 27800 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 98 / Monday, May 24, 2021 / Rules and Regulations categorical exclusion under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and its implementing regulations at 40 CFR part 1500, and in accordance with FAA Order 1050.1F, Environmental Impacts: Policies and Procedures, paragraph 5–6.5a, which categorically excludes from further environmental impact review rulemaking actions that designate or modify classes of airspace areas, airways, routes, and reporting points (see 14 CFR part 71, Designation of Class A, B, C, D, and E Airspace Areas; Air Traffic Service Routes; and Reporting Points). As such, this action is not expected to result in any potentially significant environmental impacts. In accordance with FAA Order 1050.1F, paragraph 5–2 regarding Extraordinary Circumstances, the FAA has reviewed this action for factors and circumstances in which a normally categorically excluded action may have a significant environmental impact requiring further analysis. The FAA has determined that no extraordinary circumstances exist that warrant preparation of an environmental assessment or environmental impact study. Airspace Designations and Reporting Points, dated July 21, 2020 and effective September 15, 2020, is amended as follows: List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 71 Airspace, Incorporation by reference, Navigation (air). Paragraph 6009 Colored Federal Airways. * * * * * * * * * [FR Doc. 2021–10898 Filed 5–21–21; 8:45 am] khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 4910–13–P Jkt 253001 * * * V–319 * * [Amended] From Yakutat, AK, via Johnstone Point, AK, INT Johnstone Point 291° and Anchorage, AK, 125° radials; Anchorage, AK; Sparrevohn, AK; Bethel, AK; Hooper Bay, AK. Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g); 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959–1963 Comp., p. 389. * § 71.1 * * * * * Paragraph 6011 United States Area Navigation Routes. * * * * 2. The incorporation by reference in 14 CFR 71.1 of FAA Order 7400.11E, ■ VOR/DME WP WP WP WP VOR/DME (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. 58°59′39.24″ 59°23′17.51″ 59°42′50.93″ 59°56′34.16″ 60°26′40.04″ 61°30′51.65″ * N, N, N, N, N, N, long. long. long. long. long. long. * (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. (Lat. * 55°03′37.47″ 55°48′26.84″ 56°34′32.58″ 56°51′33.87″ 58°11′57.57″ 59°00′21.35″ 59°30′38.99″ 60°15′29.17″ 60°28′51.43″ 61°10′04.32″ 61°10′22.97″ 61°08′13.91″ 61°05′54.89″ 60°52′41.05″ 60°47′05.41″ 60°26′40.04″ N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. long. 158°33′07.99″ 160°38′06.01″ 162°33′09.70″ 164°02′03.72″ 165°55′17.28″ 166°08′04.13″ W) W) W) W) W) W) * 131°34′42.24″ 133°08′58.14″ 134°52′46.97″ 135°33′04.72″ 137°31′12.45″ 138°48′10.27″ 139°38′53.26″ 144°42′18.77″ 146°35′57.61″ 149°57′36.51″ 151°14′08.30″ 154°15′45.68″ 155°38′04.49″ 160°28′33.09″ 161°49′27.59″ 165°55′17.28″ W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) W) Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ACTION: U.S. Customs and Border Protection SUMMARY: 19 CFR Chapter I Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Mexico Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 15:59 May 21, 2021 * 1. The authority citation for part 71 continues to read as follows: AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 * Paragraph 6010 (b) Alaskan VOR Federal Airways ■ * * * T–269 ANN to MKLUK [Amended] ANNETTE ISLAND, AK (ANN) VOR/DME TURTY, AK WP FIX FLIPS, AK BIORKA ISLAND, AK (BKA) VORTAC HAPIT, AK WP CENTA, AK WP YAKUTAT, AK (YAK) VOR/DME KATAT, AK WP JOHNSTONE POINT, AK (JOH) VOR/DME ANCHORAGE, AK (TED) VOR/DME WP YONEK, AK VEILL, AK WP SPARREVOHN, AK (SQA) VOR/DME VIDDA, AK WP BETHEL, AK (BET) VORTAC MKLUK, AK WP Issued in Washington, DC, on May 18, 2021. George Gonzalez, Acting Manager, Rules and Regulations Group. * [Removed] * PART 71—DESIGNATION OF CLASS A, B, C, D, AND E AIRSPACE AREAS; AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE ROUTES; AND REPORTING POINTS T–219 DLG to HPB [Amended] DILLINGHAM, AK (DLG) NACIP, AK ACATE, AK RUFVY, AK MKLUK, AK HOOPER BAY, AK (HPB) * R–50 The Amendment In consideration of the foregoing, the Federal Aviation Administration amends 14 CFR part 71 as follows: [Amended] * PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 This document announces the decision of the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border. Such travel will be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in this document. These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on May 22, 2021 and will remain in DATES: E:\FR\FM\24MYR1.SGM 24MYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 98 / Monday, May 24, 2021 / Rules and Regulations effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on June 21, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at 202–325–0840. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES On March 24, 2020, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United StatesMexico border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document.1 The document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID–19 pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 within the United States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Mexico posed a ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ DHS later published a series of notifications continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on May 21, 2021.2 DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID–19 pandemic. As of the week of May 10, 2021, there have been over 157 million confirmed cases globally, with over 3.2 million confirmed deaths.3 There have been over 32 million confirmed and probable 1 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). 2 See 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4967 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also published parallel notifications of its decisions to continue temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border to ‘‘essential travel.’’ See 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 2020). 3 WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID–19) Weekly Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/publications/m/ item/weekly-epidemiological-update-on-covid-1911-may-2021. VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:59 May 21, 2021 Jkt 253001 cases within the United States,4 over 1.2 million confirmed cases in Canada,5 and over 2.3 million confirmed cases in Mexico.6 Notice of Action Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID–19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Mexico poses an ongoing ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ U.S. and Mexican officials have mutually determined that non-essential travel between the United States and Mexico poses additional risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 and places the populace of both nations at increased risk of contracting the virus associated with COVID–19. Moreover, given the sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, returning to previous levels of travel between the two nations places the personnel staffing land ports of entry between the United States and Mexico, as well as the individuals traveling through these ports of entry, at increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with COVID–19. Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),7 I have 4 CDC, COVID Data Tracker (accessed May 14, 2021), https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/ #cases_casesper100klast7days. 5 WHO, COVID–19 Weekly Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021). 6 Id. On April 20, 2021, the Department of State issued Level 4 (Do Not Travel) Travel Advisories for Canada and Mexico due to COVID–19. See Department of State, Canada Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/ traveladvisories/traveladvisories/canada-traveladvisory.html (accessed May 6, 2021); Department of State, Mexico Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/travel advisories/traveladvisories/mexico-traveladvisory.html (last visited May 6, 2021). On April 2, 2021, the CDC issued similar travel notices for Canada and Mexico. See CDC, Travel Notice; COVID–19 in Canada (Apr. 2, 2021), https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronaviruscanada (accessed May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID–19 in Canada and advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico); CDC, Travel Notice: COVID–19 in Mexico (Apr. 2, 2021), https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirusmexico (accessed May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID–19 in Mexico and advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico). 7 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific threat to human life or national interests,’’ is authorized to ‘‘[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly to the national emergency or specific threat.’’ On March 1, 2003, certain functions of the Secretary of the PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 27801 determined that land ports of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border will continue to suspend normal operations and will only allow processing for entry into the United States of those travelers engaged in ‘‘essential travel,’’ as defined below. Given the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ below, this temporary alteration in land ports of entry operations should not interrupt legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical supply chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical materials reach individuals on both sides of the border. For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals along the United StatesMexico border shall be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ which includes, but is not limited to— • U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to the United States; • Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to receive medical treatment in the United States); • Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions; • Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must travel between the United States and Mexico in furtherance of such work); • Individuals traveling for emergency response and public health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders entering the United States to support Federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government efforts to respond to COVID–19 or other emergencies); • Individuals engaged in lawful crossborder trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United States and Mexico); • Individuals engaged in official government travel or diplomatic travel; Treasury were transferred to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ‘‘related to Customs revenue functions’’ were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep’t Order No. 100–16 (May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(2) provides that ‘‘[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary to respond to the specific threat.’’ Congress has vested in the Secretary of Homeland Security the ‘‘functions of all officers, employees, and organizational units of the Department,’’ including the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3). E:\FR\FM\24MYR1.SGM 24MYR1 27802 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 98 / Monday, May 24, 2021 / Rules and Regulations • Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United States; and • Individuals engaged in militaryrelated travel or operations. The following travel does not fall within the definition of ‘‘essential travel’’ for purposes of this Notification— • Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events). At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight rail, or sea travel between the United States and Mexico, but does apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat travel between the United States and Mexico. These restrictions are temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on June 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior to that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. DHS is working closely with counterparts in Mexico and Canada to identify appropriate public health conditions to safely ease restrictions as soon as possible to support U.S. border communities. The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic stability or social order, constitute ‘‘essential travel’’ under this Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United States not engaged in ‘‘essential travel.’’ Alejandro N. Mayorkas, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. [FR Doc. 2021–10992 Filed 5–21–21; 8:45 am] khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES BILLING CODE 9112–FP–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection 19 CFR Chapter I Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions. AGENCY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada border. Such travel will be limited to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in this document. DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on May 22, 2021 and will remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on June 21, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at 202–325–0840. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background On March 24, 2020, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of entry along the United StatesCanada border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document.1 The document described the developing circumstances regarding the COVID–19 pandemic and stated that, given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 within the United States and globally, DHS had determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada posed a ‘‘specific threat to human life or national interests.’’ DHS 1 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel,’’ as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020). VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:59 May 21, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 later published a series of notifications continuing such limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on May 21, 2021.2 DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID–19 pandemic. As of the week of May 10, 2021, there have been over 157 million confirmed cases globally, with over 3.2 million confirmed deaths.3 There have been over 32 million confirmed and probable cases within the United States,4 over 1.2 million confirmed cases in Canada,5 and over 2.3 million confirmed cases in Mexico.6 Notice of Action Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID–19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID–19 between the United States and Canada poses an ongoing ‘‘specific 2 See 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also published parallel notifications of its decisions to continue temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Mexico border to ‘‘essential travel.’’ See 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83433 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31057 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020). 3 WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID–19) Weekly Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/publications/m/ item/weekly-epidemiological-update-on-covid-19--11-may-2021. 4 CDC, COVID Data Tracker (accessed May 14, 2021), https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/ #cases_casesper100klast7days. 5 WHO, COVID–19 Weekly Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021). 6 Id. On April 20, 2021, the Department of State issued Level 4 (Do Not Travel) Travel Advisories for Canada and Mexico due to COVID–19. See Department of State, Canada Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/ traveladvisories/traveladvisories/canada-traveladvisory.html (accessed May 6, 2021); Department of State, Mexico Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/travel advisories/traveladvisories/mexico-traveladvisory.html (last visited May 6, 2021). On April 2, 2021, the CDC issued similar travel notices for Canada and Mexico. See CDC, Travel Notice; COVID–19 in Canada (Apr. 2, 2021), https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronaviruscanada (accessed May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID–19 in Canada and advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico); CDC, Travel Notice: COVID–19 in Mexico (Apr. 2, 2021), https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirusmexico (accessed May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID–19 in Mexico and advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico). E:\FR\FM\24MYR1.SGM 24MYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 98 (Monday, May 24, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 27800-27802]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-10992]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

19 CFR Chapter I


Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land 
Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Mexico

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland 
Security.

ACTION: Notification of continuation of temporary travel restrictions.

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SUMMARY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security (Secretary) to continue to temporarily limit the 
travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports 
of entry along the United States-Mexico border. Such travel will be 
limited to ``essential travel,'' as further defined in this document.

DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 12 a.m. Eastern Daylight 
Time (EDT) on May 22, 2021 and will remain in

[[Page 27801]]

effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on June 21, 2021.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephanie Watson, Office of Field 
Operations Coronavirus Coordination Cell, U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection (CBP) at 202-325-0840.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On March 24, 2020, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) 
published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of 
individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of entry 
along the United States-Mexico border to ``essential travel,'' as 
further defined in that document.\1\ The document described the 
developing circumstances regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and stated 
that, given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of the 
virus associated with COVID-19 within the United States and globally, 
DHS had determined that the risk of continued transmission and spread 
of the virus associated with COVID-19 between the United States and 
Mexico posed a ``specific threat to human life or national interests.'' 
DHS later published a series of notifications continuing such 
limitations on travel until 11:59 p.m. EDT on May 21, 2021.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 85 FR 16547 (Mar. 24, 2020). That same day, DHS also 
published notice of its decision to temporarily limit the travel of 
individuals from Canada into the United States at land ports of 
entry along the United States-Canada border to ``essential travel,'' 
as further defined in that document. 85 FR 16548 (Mar. 24, 2020).
    \2\ See 86 FR 21189 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 FR 14813 (Mar. 19, 
2021); 86 FR 10816 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4967 (Jan. 19, 2021); 85 
FR 83433 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74604 (Nov. 23, 2020); 85 FR 67275 
(Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59669 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 FR 51633 (Aug. 21, 
2020); 85 FR 44183 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37745 (June 24, 2020); 85 
FR 31057 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22353 (Apr. 22, 2020). DHS also 
published parallel notifications of its decisions to continue 
temporarily limiting the travel of individuals from Canada into the 
United States at land ports of entry along the United States-Canada 
border to ``essential travel.'' See 86 FR 21188 (Apr. 22, 2021); 86 
FR 14812 (Mar. 19, 2021); 86 FR 10815 (Feb. 23, 2021); 86 FR 4969 
(Jan. 19, 2021); 85 FR 83432 (Dec. 22, 2020); 85 FR 74603 (Nov. 23, 
2020); 85 FR 67276 (Oct. 22, 2020); 85 FR 59670 (Sept. 23, 2020); 85 
FR 51634 (Aug. 21, 2020); 85 FR 44185 (July 22, 2020); 85 FR 37744 
(June 24, 2020); 85 FR 31050 (May 22, 2020); 85 FR 22352 (Apr. 22, 
2020).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DHS continues to monitor and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. As 
of the week of May 10, 2021, there have been over 157 million confirmed 
cases globally, with over 3.2 million confirmed deaths.\3\ There have 
been over 32 million confirmed and probable cases within the United 
States,\4\ over 1.2 million confirmed cases in Canada,\5\ and over 2.3 
million confirmed cases in Mexico.\6\
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    \3\ WHO, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Weekly 
Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021), available at https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/weekly-epidemiological-update-on-covid-19-11-may-2021.
    \4\ CDC, COVID Data Tracker (accessed May 14, 2021), https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#cases_casesper100klast7days.
    \5\ WHO, COVID-19 Weekly Epidemiological Update (May 11, 2021).
    \6\ Id. On April 20, 2021, the Department of State issued Level 
4 (Do Not Travel) Travel Advisories for Canada and Mexico due to 
COVID-19. See Department of State, Canada Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 
2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/canada-travel-advisory.html (accessed May 6, 2021); 
Department of State, Mexico Travel Advisory (Apr. 20, 2021), https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/mexico-travel-advisory.html (last visited May 6, 
2021). On April 2, 2021, the CDC issued similar travel notices for 
Canada and Mexico. See CDC, Travel Notice; COVID-19 in Canada (Apr. 
2, 2021), https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirus-canada (accessed May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID-19 
in Canada and advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico); 
CDC, Travel Notice: COVID-19 in Mexico (Apr. 2, 2021), https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-4/coronavirus-mexico (accessed 
May 6, 2021) (noting a very high level of COVID-19 in Mexico and 
advising that travelers avoid all travel to Mexico).
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Notice of Action

    Given the outbreak and continued transmission and spread of COVID-
19 within the United States and globally, the Secretary has determined 
that the risk of continued transmission and spread of the virus 
associated with COVID-19 between the United States and Mexico poses an 
ongoing ``specific threat to human life or national interests.''
    U.S. and Mexican officials have mutually determined that non-
essential travel between the United States and Mexico poses additional 
risk of transmission and spread of the virus associated with COVID-19 
and places the populace of both nations at increased risk of 
contracting the virus associated with COVID-19. Moreover, given the 
sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus, returning to 
previous levels of travel between the two nations places the personnel 
staffing land ports of entry between the United States and Mexico, as 
well as the individuals traveling through these ports of entry, at 
increased risk of exposure to the virus associated with COVID-19. 
Accordingly, and consistent with the authority granted in 19 U.S.C. 
1318(b)(1)(C) and (b)(2),\7\ I have determined that land ports of entry 
along the U.S.-Mexico border will continue to suspend normal operations 
and will only allow processing for entry into the United States of 
those travelers engaged in ``essential travel,'' as defined below. 
Given the definition of ``essential travel'' below, this temporary 
alteration in land ports of entry operations should not interrupt 
legitimate trade between the two nations or disrupt critical supply 
chains that ensure food, fuel, medicine, and other critical materials 
reach individuals on both sides of the border.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding 
any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury, when 
necessary to respond to a national emergency declared under the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or to a specific 
threat to human life or national interests,'' is authorized to 
``[t]ake any . . . action that may be necessary to respond directly 
to the national emergency or specific threat.'' On March 1, 2003, 
certain functions of the Secretary of the Treasury were transferred 
to the Secretary of Homeland Security. See 6 U.S.C. 202(2), 203(1). 
Under 6 U.S.C. 212(a)(1), authorities ``related to Customs revenue 
functions'' were reserved to the Secretary of the Treasury. To the 
extent that any authority under section 1318(b)(1) was reserved to 
the Secretary of the Treasury, it has been delegated to the 
Secretary of Homeland Security. See Treas. Dep't Order No. 100-16 
(May 15, 2003), 68 FR 28322 (May 23, 2003). Additionally, 19 U.S.C. 
1318(b)(2) provides that ``[n]otwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, when 
necessary to respond to a specific threat to human life or national 
interests, is authorized to close temporarily any Customs office or 
port of entry or take any other lesser action that may be necessary 
to respond to the specific threat.'' Congress has vested in the 
Secretary of Homeland Security the ``functions of all officers, 
employees, and organizational units of the Department,'' including 
the Commissioner of CBP. 6 U.S.C. 112(a)(3).
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    For purposes of the temporary alteration in certain designated 
ports of entry operations authorized under 19 U.S.C. 1318(b)(1)(C) and 
(b)(2), travel through the land ports of entry and ferry terminals 
along the United States-Mexico border shall be limited to ``essential 
travel,'' which includes, but is not limited to--
     U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents returning to 
the United States;
     Individuals traveling for medical purposes (e.g., to 
receive medical treatment in the United States);
     Individuals traveling to attend educational institutions;
     Individuals traveling to work in the United States (e.g., 
individuals working in the farming or agriculture industry who must 
travel between the United States and Mexico in furtherance of such 
work);
     Individuals traveling for emergency response and public 
health purposes (e.g., government officials or emergency responders 
entering the United States to support Federal, state, local, tribal, or 
territorial government efforts to respond to COVID-19 or other 
emergencies);
     Individuals engaged in lawful cross-border trade (e.g., 
truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the United 
States and Mexico);
     Individuals engaged in official government travel or 
diplomatic travel;

[[Page 27802]]

     Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the spouses and 
children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces, returning to the United 
States; and
     Individuals engaged in military-related travel or 
operations.
    The following travel does not fall within the definition of 
``essential travel'' for purposes of this Notification--
     Individuals traveling for tourism purposes (e.g., 
sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events).
    At this time, this Notification does not apply to air, freight 
rail, or sea travel between the United States and Mexico, but does 
apply to passenger rail, passenger ferry travel, and pleasure boat 
travel between the United States and Mexico. These restrictions are 
temporary in nature and shall remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on 
June 21, 2021. This Notification may be amended or rescinded prior to 
that time, based on circumstances associated with the specific threat. 
DHS is working closely with counterparts in Mexico and Canada to 
identify appropriate public health conditions to safely ease 
restrictions as soon as possible to support U.S. border communities.
    The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is 
hereby directed to prepare and distribute appropriate guidance to CBP 
personnel on the continued implementation of the temporary measures set 
forth in this Notification. The CBP Commissioner may determine that 
other forms of travel, such as travel in furtherance of economic 
stability or social order, constitute ``essential travel'' under this 
Notification. Further, the CBP Commissioner may, on an individualized 
basis and for humanitarian reasons or for other purposes in the 
national interest, permit the processing of travelers to the United 
States not engaged in ``essential travel.''

Alejandro N. Mayorkas,
Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
[FR Doc. 2021-10992 Filed 5-21-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9112-FP-P