Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Miscellaneous Petitions To Reduce Regulatory Burdens, 75680-75717 [2020-23712]

Download as PDF 75680 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 178, 179, and 180 [Docket No. PHMSA–2017–0120 (HM–219C)] RIN 2137–AF33 Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Miscellaneous Petitions To Reduce Regulatory Burdens Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) is amending the Hazardous Materials Regulations in response to 24 petitions for rulemaking submitted by the regulated community between February 2015 and March 2018. This final rule updates, clarifies, or provides relief from various regulatory requirements without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA also, as of the effective date of this final rule, withdraws its September 28, 2017 enforcement discretion regarding the phase-out of mobile refrigeration systems. DATES: Effective date: This rule is effective December 28, 2020. Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this final rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of December 28, 2020. Delayed compliance date: Except as provided by the compliance timelines set forth in this final rule in connection with petitions for rulemaking P–1646, P–1691 and P–1692, compliance with the amendments adopted in this final rule is required beginning November 26, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Andrews at (202) 366–8553 in the Office of Hazardous Materials Safety, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590–0001. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Abbreviations and Terms AAR Association of American Railroads ACC American Chemistry Council ADR European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road AESC Association of Energy Service Companies VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 AFSL American Fireworks Standards Laboratory APA American Pyrotechnics Association ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME BPVC ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATCCRP Advanced Tank Car Collaborative Research Program CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CFR Code of Federal Regulations Chemours The Chemours Company CI The Chlorine Institute CGA Compressed Gas Association COSTHA Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles CPC Casualty Prevention Circular CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission DGAC Dangerous Goods Advisory Council DOT Department of Transportation EC European Community EPA Environmental Protection Agency EU European Union GIS Gentry Investigative Service GTTC Global Transport Tank Consultants HMR Hazardous Materials Regulations HMT Hazardous Materials Table (49 CFR 172.101) IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IBC Intermediate Bulk Container ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO Technical Instructions ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods IIAR International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration IMDG Code International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code IME Institute of Makers of Explosives IVODGA International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association JPG Jet Perforating Gun MAWP Maximum Allowable Working Pressure MTC UN Manual of Tests and Criteria NBIC National Board Inspection Code NFA National Fireworks Association NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking OMB Office of Management and Budget PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PIH Poison-by-Inhalation Hazard PRD Pressure Relief Device PSI Pounds per Square Inch PSIG Pounds per Square Inch Gauge RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RFI Request for Information RIA Regulatory Impact Analysis RID European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail RIPA Reusable Industrial Packaging Association RSI Railway Supply Institute SBA Small Business Administration SFX Stage FX TC Transport Canada TCC AAR Tank Car Committee TFI The Fertilizer Institute TDG Transport of Dangerous Goods TPED Transportable Pressure Equipment Directive PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 UN United Nations UN Model Regulations United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Model Regulations Unified Agenda Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions Table of Contents I. Background II. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51 III. NPRM: Publication and Public Comments; Executive Order 13924 IV. Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments V. Section-by-Section Review VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures C. Executive Order 13771 D. Executive Order 13132 E. Executive Order 13175 F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Procedures and Policies G. Paperwork Reduction Act H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN) I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act J. Environmental Assessment K. Privacy Act L. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis M. Executive Order 13211 N. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act List of Subjects I. Background The Administrative Procedure Act 1 requires Federal agencies to give interested persons the right to petition an agency to issue, amend, or repeal a rule. The Department of Transportation (DOT) and PHMSA implementing regulations at 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 5.13(c) and 106.95, respectively, allow persons to ask PHMSA to add, revise, or delete a regulation by filing a petition for rulemaking containing adequate support for the requested action. This final rule revises the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR 2) in response to petitions for rulemaking submitted by shippers, carriers, manufacturers, and industry representatives. These revisions update, clarify, or provide relief from various regulatory requirements without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA discusses the petitions and revisions in detail in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble to this final rule. In this final rule, PHMSA is: • Revising § 173.31 to prohibit the use of tank cars with shells or heads constructed of non-normalized steel in 15 U.S.C. 553 et seq. CFR parts 171–180. 2 49 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations the transportation of poison-byinhalation hazard (PIH) materials by rail after December 31, 2020. • Harmonizing availability of limited quantity shipping exceptions for more than 100 entries for corrosive materials in the Hazardous Materials Table (HMT, § 172.101). • Revising § 172.302(b)(2) to allow a minimum height of 12 mm (0.47 inches) for a proper shipping name marked on a portable tank with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons). • Revising § 173.28(c)(1)(i) to allow for regulatory flexibility for cleaning metal drums for reuse and clarifying the existing cleaning standard. • Revising § 173.5b to allow for the continued use of portable and mobile refrigerator systems placed into service prior to 1991 that are rated to a minimum service pressure of 250 pounds per square inch (psig). • Incorporating by reference updated editions of multiple Compressed Gas Association (CGA) publications into § 171.7. • Removing the reference to special provision 103 in § 172.101 from Column (7) for four HMT entries. • Removing the words ‘‘manufactured before September 1, 1995’’ from § 180.417(a)(3) to allow for an alternative report for cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995. • Revising the basis weight tolerance provided in § 178.521 from ±5 percent to ±10 percent from the nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test report for paper shipping sacks. • Revising § 173.308(d)(3) to harmonize with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code by removing the requirement for a closed transport container to have the warning mark ‘‘WARNING—MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR—KEEP IGNITION SOURCES AWAY WHEN OPENING’’ when transporting lighters. • Revising §§ 173.244(a)(2) and 173.314(c) to make the ‘‘interim’’ rail tank car specifications the ‘‘final’’ specifications for the transportation of PIH materials. • Revising § 173.31 to prohibit the use of certain rail tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials after December 31, 2027. • Allowing all waste materials to be managed in accordance with the lab pack exception and associated paragraphs in § 173.12 irrespective of whether they meet the definition of a hazardous waste per Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations implementing the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).3 • Incorporating by reference the 2017 edition of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) Sections II (Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), and IX into § 171.7. • Revising §§ 171.23, 173.302, and 173.304 to permit the import of filled pimarked foreign pressure receptacles for intermediate storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export as well as the import of certain pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for filling, intermediate storage, and export. • Revising § 172.101(c) to clarify that the word ‘‘stabilized’’ must be included as part of the proper shipping name when stabilization is required for transportation. • Revising § 171.7(r) to update the address of the Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME) and to incorporate by reference the Association of Energy Service Companies (AESC)/IME Jet Perforating Gun (JPG) Standard, also known as the ‘‘Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications,’’ Ver. 02, dated September 1, 2017. • Incorporating by reference the January 1, 2018, edition of the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Standard 87–1 A, B, C, ‘‘Standard for Construction and Approval for Transportation of Fireworks, Novelties, and Theatrical Pyrotechnics,’’ replacing the December 1, 2001 edition into § 171.7. PHMSA discusses the petitions and revisions in detail in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble to this final rule. PHMSA also, as of the effective date of this final rule, withdraws its September 28, 2017, enforcement discretion regarding the phase-out of mobile refrigeration systems. II. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51 The European Union (EU) standards, the APA standards, and the AESC/IME standards are free and accessible to the public on the internet, with access provided through the parent organization websites. The CGA and ASME references are available for interested parties to purchase in either print or electronic editions through the parent organization websites. The specific standards are discussed in greater detail in the section-by-section review (see § 171.7). III. NPRM: Publication and Public Comments: Executive Order 13924 On August 14, 2019, PHMSA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register titled, ‘‘Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Miscellaneous Petitions to Reduce Regulatory Burdens’’ 4 under Docket No. PHMSA–2017–0120 (HM– 219C). The NPRM proposed revisions to the HMR in response to 24 petitions for rulemaking submitted to PHMSA by various stakeholders. PHMSA discusses these petitions and revisions in detail in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble to this final rule. The comment period for the NPRM closed on October 15, 2019. PHMSA received a total of 49 sets of comments from 48 separate entities, 6 of which had submitted petitions that were the basis for HMR amendments proposed in the NPRM. There were no late-filed comments. An alphabetical list of the persons, companies, and associations that submitted comments to the HM– 219C NPRM may be found in the below table: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Commenter name Docket No. American Fireworks Standards Laboratory (AFSL) ............................................................................................... American Chemistry Council (ACC), the Chlorine Institute (CI), and The Fertilizer Institute (TFI) ....................... American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) ............................................................................................................ American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) ............................................................................................................ Association of American Railroads (AAR) .............................................................................................................. Anthony Munoz ....................................................................................................................................................... Charles Wald .......................................................................................................................................................... Chemours Company (Chemours) .......................................................................................................................... Compressed Gas Association (CGA) ..................................................................................................................... 3 42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 4 84 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 PHMSA–2017–0120–0050. PHMSA–2017–0120–0034. PHMSA–2017–0120–0045. PHMSA–2017–0120–0053. PHMSA–2017–0120–0028. PHMSA–2017–0120–0016. PHMSA–2017–0120–0014. PHMSA–2017–0120–0055. PHMSA–2017–0120–0008. FR 41556 (Aug. 14, 2019). Frm 00003 75681 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75682 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Commenter name Docket No. Council on the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA) ................................................................. Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks, LLC .............................................................................................................................. Daniel Butt .............................................................................................................................................................. David Carlson ......................................................................................................................................................... Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC) ........................................................................................................ Dow Chemical Company ........................................................................................................................................ Fireworks by Grucci, Inc. ........................................................................................................................................ Fireworks Over America ......................................................................................................................................... Galaxy Fireworks, Inc. ............................................................................................................................................ Garrett’s Fireworks ................................................................................................................................................. Gentry Investigative Service, LLC (GIS) ................................................................................................................ Global Transport Tank Consultants (GTTC) .......................................................................................................... ICON Pyrotechnics International ............................................................................................................................ Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME) ................................................................................................................. International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association (IVODGA) ........................................................... Inter-Oriental Fireworks (HK) LTD ......................................................................................................................... Jake’s Fireworks ..................................................................................................................................................... Huang Johnson ...................................................................................................................................................... Matson .................................................................................................................................................................... Matthew Jones ....................................................................................................................................................... National Fireworks Association (NFA) .................................................................................................................... NextFX .................................................................................................................................................................... NJP Engineering LLC ............................................................................................................................................. Owen Compliance Services ................................................................................................................................... Precocious Pyrotechnics ........................................................................................................................................ Pyrotechnics Guild International, Inc. ..................................................................................................................... Pyrotechnics Guild International, Inc. ..................................................................................................................... Rebecca Thomas ................................................................................................................................................... ResPyro—Kent Orwoll/VP Manufacturing .............................................................................................................. ResPyro—Steve Comen/CEO ................................................................................................................................ Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA) ............................................................................................... Santore and Sons ................................................................................................................................................... Stage FX (SFX)/Lyle Salmi .................................................................................................................................... StageFX/Dennis Slicer ........................................................................................................................................... Ultratec Special Effects—John Thomas ................................................................................................................. Ultratec Special Effects—Otis Hart ........................................................................................................................ Veolia ES Technical Solutions, LLC ...................................................................................................................... Western Enterprises Inc. ........................................................................................................................................ Winco Fireworks International ................................................................................................................................ Yienger Fireworks ................................................................................................................................................... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 The comments submitted to this docket may be accessed via the docket file numbers listed in the above table, as well as at http://www.regulations.gov. PHMSA developed this final rule in consideration of the comments received to the public docket. Following the closing of the comment period, Executive Order (E.O.) 13924, ‘‘Regulatory Relief to Support Economic Recovery,’’ 5 directed Federal agencies to respond to the economic harm caused by the novel coronavirus by reviewing their regulations and rescinding or modifying those regulations to reduce regulatory burdens and thereby promote economic growth. E.O. 13924 at § 4. PHMSA understands the cost savings expected from this final rule to be consistent with E.O. 13924’s mandate. IV. Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments Based on an assessment of the 24 petitions and the comments received, 5 85 FR 31353 (May 22, 2020). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PHMSA is amending the HMR as detailed in this section. 1. Phase-Out of Non-Normalized Tank Cars Used To Transport PIH Materials In its petition (P–1646), the Association of American Railroads (AAR) requests that PHMSA consider an amendment to § 173.31 to codify a prohibition on the use of rail tank cars with shells or heads constructed of nonnormalized steel for transportation of PIH materials.6 In P–1646, AAR claims that the continued use of pressurized tank cars constructed from nonnormalized steel for rail transportation of PIH materials poses an unnecessary 6 PHMSA notes that petition P–1646 (codifying an industry phase-out of legacy tank cars with nonnormalized steel for PIH service by December 31, 2020) is related to two other AAR petitions addressed in this final rule: P–1691 (re-designating the ‘‘interim’’ HM–246 standard for PIH tank cars as a ‘‘permanent’’ standard), and P–1692 (codifying an industry phase-out of legacy tank cars not built to the HM–246 standard for PIH service by December 31, 2027). See Sections IV.13 (Finalization of the HM–246 Tank Car Standard) and IV.14 (Phase-out of Non-HM–246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars). PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 PHMSA–2017–0120–0018. PHMSA–2017–0120–0049. PHMSA–2017–0120–0039. PHMSA–2017–0120–0012. PHMSA–2017–0120–0042. PHMSA–2017–0120–0037. PHMSA–2017–0120–0040. PHMSA–2017–0120–0027. PHMSA–2017–0120–0026. PHMSA–2017–0120–0031. PHMSA–2017–0120–0010. PHMSA–2017–0120–0007. PHMSA–2017–0120–0035. PHMSA–2017–0120–0011. PHMSA–2017–0120–0017. PHMSA–2017–0120–0051. PHMSA–2017–0120–0036. PHMSA–2017–0120–0020. PHMSA–2017–0120–0013. PHMSA–2017–0120–0054. PHMSA–2017–0120–0047. PHMSA–2017–0120–0023. PHMSA–2017–0120–0009. PHMSA–2017–0120–0015. PHMSA–2017–0120–0046. PHMSA–2017–0120–0038. PHMSA–2017–0120–0041. PHMSA–2017–0120–0033. PHMSA–2017–0120–0025. PHMSA–2017–0120–0021. PHMSA–2017–0120–0052. PHMSA–2017–0120–0032. PHMSA–2017–0120–0024. PHMSA–2017–0120–0029. PHMSA–2017–0120–0044. PHMSA–2017–0120–0048. PHMSA–2017–0120–0006. PHMSA–2017–0120–0019. PHMSA–2017–0120–0043. PHMSA–2017–0120–0030. risk to the public because at lower temperatures non-normalized steel is susceptible to brittle fractures, which are far more likely to result in a catastrophic failure and instantaneous release of a tank car’s entire contents than ductile fractures. AAR notes that while a slow release of contents generally has time to dissipate in the atmosphere, an instantaneous release from a catastrophic failure creates a concentrated toxic cloud with potential catastrophic consequences for the nearby population. PHMSA agrees with AAR’s safety rationale for its recommendation of a regulatory prohibition on the use of rail tank cars with shells or heads constructed of non-normalized steel for transportation of PIH materials. Further, PHMSA expects that a regulatory phaseout of these rail tank cars would reinforce the voluntary phase-out of legacy PIH tank cars pursuant to current industry efforts. In 2008, PHMSA considered mandating a 5-year phaseout of non-normalized steel tank cars in E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations PIH service.7 However, in 2009, based in part on statements from owners that they were voluntarily phasing out such tank cars, PHMSA declined to require the phase-out but did require that owners prioritize replacement of the non-normalized steel tank cars from their PIH fleets.8 Those voluntary efforts have been memorialized in interchange rules issued by AAR requiring compliance with design standards or operating conditions as a condition of shipping hazardous materials by rail. On April 7, 2017, AAR adopted an interchange rule in Casualty Prevention Circular (CPC)-1325 9 that implemented a phase-out of these non-normalized (legacy) steel tank cars in PIH service by July 1, 2019. On July 27, 2018, AAR revised CPC–1325 and re-issued it as CPC–1336, but retained the phase-out deadline for the non-normalized steel tank cars,10 effective July 1, 2019. Because AAR has already adopted a phase-out schedule, there are no additional costs associated with PHMSA implementing a December 31, 2020, date as a regulatory deadline. A more detailed discussion of this economic analysis can be found in the accompanying Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA). PHMSA received comments from AAR, the Chemours Company (Chemours), and a joint comment from the American Chemistry Council (ACC), the Chlorine Institute (CI), and The Fertilizer Institute (TFI) in support of the proposal to amend the HMR to include a regulatory phase-out of the use of pressurized tank cars constructed from non-normalized steel for rail transportation of PIH materials. These associations represent major stakeholders impacted by this change, including the shippers who own or lease the tank cars, and may bear the cost of implementing any phase-out, and the railroads who must transport the freight under their obligations as common carriers. PHMSA’s actions to align the HMR with industry’s voluntary phase-out the use of non-normalized (legacy) steel tank cars in PIH service in 7 See 73 FR 17817 (April 1, 2008). FR 1770 (Jan. 13, 2009). 9 CPCs are documents issued by AAR to its members outlining requirements for the transportation of hazardous materials by rail. 10 A piece of rail equipment, such as a tank car, that does not meet AAR interchange standards is effectively prohibited from movement on the U.S., Canadian, and Mexican freight rail system. The AAR Tank Car Committee (TCC) initially developed a phase-out schedule for non-normalized tank cars in 2008 under AAR CPC–1187, which prohibited the use of non-normalized tank cars after December 31, 2018. Prior to adoption of the final AAR interchange phase-out requirements in CPC–1325, AAR TCC solicited comments to amend CPC–1187 via CPC–1324. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 8 74 VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 this final rule provide both shippers and carriers with regulatory certainty on the transportation of PIH materials by rail. This regulatory certainty makes transportation cost known to industry and, more importantly, locks-in within the HMR safety benefits from the transportation of PIH materials by rail achieved by industry’s voluntary efforts to phasing-out the use of tank cars with shells or heads constructed of nonnormalized steel. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 173.31 to provide for a regulatory phase-out non-normalized steel rail tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials by December 31, 2020. 2. Limited Quantity Shipments of Hydrogen Peroxide In its petition (P–1658), Steris requests that PHMSA revise Column (8A) of the HMT to make available the limited quantity packaging exceptions at § 173.152 for ‘‘UN2014, Hydrogen peroxide aqueous solution.’’ Steris notes that the United Nations (UN) Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Model Regulations (Model Regulations) authorize shipment of limited quantities of UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide). Steris contends that this amendment would provide economic and logistical consistency in global transportation and facilitate commerce for domestic companies without adversely impacting safety. PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM. The HMR at subpart D of part 173 provides, among other provisions, exceptions for some classes of hazardous materials when shipped under certain limited quantity thresholds. However, while other international standards and regulations, such as the UN Model Regulations, provide for the transport of UN2014 in limited quantities (up to 60 percent concentration), UN2014 is not authorized a limited quantity exception within the HMR as currently written. PHMSA has considered the operational experience in international transportation of UN2014 pursuant to the UN Model Regulations as well as in the domestic transport of materials of the same hazard class in limited quantities as allowed by current HMR exceptions and concluded that a limited quantity exception should be extended to UN2014 as well. PHMSA is unaware of any characteristics of UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide) making it uniquely unsuitable for limited quantity shipment when other hazardous materials assigned the same hazard class can be shipped in limited quantities. Consequently, PHMSA expects that PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75683 expanding the applicability of the limited quantity exception to this material will not adversely affect safety—particularly as other HMR requirements would still apply to assure safe shipment of limited quantities of UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide). PHMSA expects cost savings to be achieved from this amendment to the HMR, as extension of the limited quantity exceptions to apply to another material will reduce regulatory burdens on regulated entities. However, since limited quantity shipments within the United States have not been authorized for UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide) previously, there is inadequate domestic data available to quantify the specific cost savings that would result from this change. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Column (8A) of the HMT for ‘‘UN2014, Hydrogen peroxide aqueous solution’’ to allow limited quantity packaging for this material by referencing the exception in § 173.152. 3. Markings on Portable Tanks In his petition (P–1666), William J. Briner requests that PHMSA revise § 172.302(b)(2) of the HMR consistent with section 5.3.2.0.2 of the IMDG Code to allow a minimum height of 12 mm (0.47 inches) for proper shipping name markings on portable tanks with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons). The petitioner contends that the revision would provide regulatory flexibility for the size of markings on portable tanks without adversely impacting safety. PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM. As currently codified in the HMR, § 172.302(b)(2) requires markings on portable tanks with capacity less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons) to have a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and a height of at least 25 mm (1 inch). Through its technical review of this petition, PHMSA determined that harmonizing the height of this marking with that in the IMDG Code (12 mm) would not cause a reduction in hazard communication and, therefore, would not have a negative effect on safety. PHMSA expects that harmonizing this requirement with international standards would provide cost savings and efficiencies in transportation; however, PHMSA is unable to quantify these potential cost savings as there is no cost data on the savings gained from using smaller markings and the number of stakeholders affected. A more detailed discussion of the economic E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75684 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 172.302(b)(2) to allow a minimum height of 12 mm (0.47 inches) for proper shipping name markings on portable tanks with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons). 4. Reconditioning of Metal Drums In its petition (P–1670), the Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA) requests that PHMSA revise § 173.28(c)(1)(i) to require that labels be substantially removed, rather than completely removed, during the reconditioning of metal drums. RIPA states that a strict reading of the current HMR requirement asks for an impossible standard, as the full removal of coatings and labels (including their adhesive residues) is practically impossible. RIPA justifies this request by noting that current cleaning and surface preparation processes have been utilized for decades and, from its standpoint, have never been considered a safety issue. In the NPRM, PHMSA responded to P–1670 by proposing to allow tightly adhering paint, mill scale, and rust to remain on no more than 10 percent of the surface area of a drum being reconditioned. While supportive of revising this section, RIPA notes in its comments to the NPRM that the proposed revision fails to achieve PHMSA’s goal of allowing some coating residue to remain on steel drums provided safety is not compromised. RIPA contends it is technically impossible to meet a requirement that entails the removal of 90 percent of ‘‘tightly adhering paint . . .’’ from the entire surface area of every steel drum and contends that the limit of 10 percent surface area for exterior coatings is arbitrary and will be difficult to enforce. Lastly, RIPA notes that mill scale does not appear on metal used to manufacture or recondition steel drums and should be removed from the proposed revisions to § 173.28(c)(1)(i). Therefore, in its comments to the NPRM, RIPA suggests that § 173.28(c)(1)(i) be revised to read, ‘‘Cleaning to base material of construction, with all former contents, internal and external corrosion removed, and any external coatings and labels sufficiently removed to expose any metal deterioration which adversely affects transportation safety.’’ RIPA contends this will establish a workable safety standard based upon adequate removal of surface coating materials to expose evidence of metal deterioration. PHMSA received no other comments on this proposed change to the HMR. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 After further consideration, PHMSA agrees that identifying a specific numeric threshold for sufficient removal of coatings and labels to expose deterioration is impracticable and expects that the language RIPA suggests in its comments to the NPRM will appropriately address the issue by ensuring external coatings and labels are sufficiently removed to expose metal deterioration that could adversely impact transportation safety. Furthermore, PHMSA expects cost savings to be achieved through this amendment, as it provides for a partial relaxation of the requirements in the HMR; however, PHMSA is unable to quantify these potential cost savings because it does not have data on the cost differences between ‘‘removed’’ and ‘‘substantially removed’’ or the number of persons affected. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 173.28(c)(1)(i) to read, ‘‘Cleaning to base material of construction, with all former contents, internal and external corrosion removed, and any external coatings and labels sufficiently removed to expose any metal deterioration that adversely affects transportation safety.’’ 5. Limited Quantity Harmonization In its petition (P–1676), URS Corporation requests that PHMSA revise Column (8A) of the HMT to extend exceptions allowing for shipment of limited quantities of 45 additional hazardous materials. URS Corporation noted that the absence from the HMR of limited quantity exceptions for those materials is inconsistent with provisions under various international standards authorizing limited quantity shipment of the same materials. URS Corporation contends that this inconsistency between domestic and international standards regarding the limited quantity exception for these 45 proper shipping names causes confusion regarding the pertinent regulatory requirements with importing hazardous materials shipments into the United States that had been prepared as limited quantity shipments under international regulations. As noted in the NPRM, PHMSA conducted a technical review of the petition and identified a total of 114 entries in the HMT—including the 45 listed in URS Corporation’s petition— that are not in alignment with the UN Model Regulations permitting limited quantity shipment of hazardous materials. In addition, PHMSA determined that HMR treatment of 64 of those 114 entries also diverged from the PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods (ICAO Technical Instructions) permitting limited quantity shipment of hazardous materials. Further, in reviewing the HMR, PHMSA determined that these hazardous materials currently without limited quantity exceptions are of the same hazard classes as materials for which the HMR already contains an exception allowing limited quantity shipment. PHMSA expects that expanding the applicability of the limited quantity exception to these additional materials would not adversely affect safety. PHMSA is unaware of any characteristics of the hazardous materials at issue that makes them uniquely unsuitable for limited quantity shipment when the HMR authorizes other hazardous materials assigned the same hazard class to be shipped in limited quantities. Consequently, PHMSA expects that expanding the applicability of the limited quantity exception to other materials that are within the same hazard class will not adversely affect safety—particularly as other HMR requirements would still apply to assure safe shipment of limited quantities of those materials. By way of example, limited quantities of these hazardous materials will still need to display a conspicuous marking indicating they are limited quantity shipments pursuant to § 172.315, and will still need to be packaged in accordance with other requirements in 49 CFR part 173. The operational experience of safe transportation of limited quantities of these materials pursuant to UN Model Regulations provides additional evidence that extension of the HMR’s limited quantity exceptions to those materials will not adversely affect safety. Furthermore, PHMSA expects cost savings to be achieved through this amendment, as it provides exceptions to the requirements in the HMR that impose compliance burdens on regulated entities; however, due to a lack of domestic data on these types of shipments, PHMSA is unable to quantify the specific cost savings that would result from this change. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. The Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA) and International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association (IVODGA) submitted comments to the NPRM in support of this proposed revision, while also noting that PHMSA overlooked one listing in the HMT for harmonization. The commenters explain that the HMT E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations listing for ‘‘UN3170, Aluminum smelting by-products or Aluminum remelting by-products’’ includes a change in Column (8A) from ‘‘None’’ to ‘‘151’’ for Packing Group (PG) II but failed to revise the PG III entry. PHMSA acknowledges that this was an oversight and is revising the language in the HMT to include ‘‘UN3170, Aluminum smelting by-products or Aluminum remelting by-products’’ PG III materials in this final rule. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Column (8A) (exceptions) of the HMT consistent with the UN Model Regulations to allow an additional 114 hazardous materials entries to be shipped as limited quantities under the HMR. The complete list of hazardous materials affected by this provision is in the amendments to the HMT at the end of this final rule. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 6. Mobile Refrigeration Units put into service before June 1, 1991, or if the MAWP is a result of upgrading components. As described in the RIA, although PHMSA describes the nature of cost savings associated with adoption of this petition, PHMSA was unable to estimate the cost savings with sufficient accuracy to quantify them due to data uncertainties. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 173.5b to allow the continued use of certain portable and mobile refrigerator systems that meet the 250 psig service pressure specification by removing the prohibition on use of refrigeration systems placed into service before June 1, 1991. Further, PHMSA, as of the effective date of this final rule, withdraws its September 28, 2017, enforcement discretion regarding the phase-out of mobile refrigeration systems because it will no longer be necessary. In its petition (P–1677), the International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration (IIAR) requests that PHMSA revise § 173.5b to allow the continued use of mobile refrigeration units (which are commonly used by the U.S. produce industry) that were placed into service prior to 1991, provided they are tested to a service pressure of 250 psig. PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM. As currently written, § 173.5b(b)(6) of the HMR requires that mobile refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 1991 be phased-out by October 1, 2017; however, PHMSA issued an enforcement discretion memorandum 11 on September 28, 2017, permitting the continued use of mobile refrigeration units that are tested to a service pressure of 250 psig. In its technical review conducted in connection with the Enforcement Discretion Memorandum, PHMSA determined there is no reduction in safety by authorizing the continued use of mobile refrigeration units that are tested to a service pressure of 250 psig because the purpose of § 173.5b is to eliminate the use of systems with a maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of 150 psig. PHMSA consequently incorporated that conservatism within the Enforcement Discretion Memorandum in the proposed HMR amendments set forth in the NPRM. The proposed amendment would allow the system to be used if its components are designed for a MAWP of 250 psig regardless of whether it was PHMSA received multiple petitions to update CGA standards currently incorporated by reference in § 171.7 of the HMR. These petitions include: • Petition P–1679. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by reference CGA C–6.3, ‘‘Standard for Visual Inspection of Low Pressure Aluminum Alloy Cylinders, 2013, Third Edition’’ 12 into § 171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the First Edition of this standard published in 1991. This publication is an industry standard governing periodic inspection of aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with service pressures of 500 psi (3450 kPa) or less. Notable changes from the previous edition consist of updating HMR citations and changing the characterization of the document from a ‘‘guideline’’ to a ‘‘standard.’’ • Petition P–1680. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by reference CGA S–7, ‘‘Method for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices for Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, 2013, Fifth Edition’’ into § 171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the Fourth Edition of this standard published in 2005. This industry standard governs methods for selecting pressure relief devices (PRDs) for compressed gas mixtures packaged in cylinders having water capacities of 1000 lb (454 kg) or less. Notable changes from the previous edition of this document includes revising reference temperatures, changing the 11 Enforcement Discretion Memorandum for Mobile Refrigeration Units—https:// www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-20160085-0004. 12 The previous edition of this document was titled, ‘‘Guidelines for Visual Inspection and Requalification of Low Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 1991, First Edition.’’ VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 7. Incorporation by Reference of CGA Standards PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75685 characterization of this document from a ‘‘publication’’ to a ‘‘standard,’’ and expanding its scope to address PRDs for five additional gases. • Petitions P–1684 and P–1693. In two separate petitions, Worthington Cylinders and CGA request that PHMSA incorporate by reference CGA C–11, ‘‘Practices for Inspection of Compressed Gas Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, 2013, Fifth Edition’’ into § 171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the Third Edition of this standard published in 2001. These petitions also request revisions to § 178.35(b) and (c) to refer to CGA C–11. This updated publication outlines best practices for inspection of cylinders consistent with industry practice and clarifies the parameters of inspector actions when inspecting compressed gas cylinders. • Petition P–1694. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by reference CGA C–6.1–2013, ‘‘Standards for Visual Inspection of High Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders’’ into § 171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the Fourth Edition of this standard published in 2002. This standard was developed for the visual inspection of aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with service pressures of 1800 psi (12410 kPa) or greater. Notable changes from the previous edition of this publication include new guidelines for the use of ultrasonic inspection (UE), and incorporation by reference of another CGA publication (CGA Safety Bulletin 22 Aluminum Cylinders— Guidelines for Heat Exposure) for use with aluminum cylinders. PHMSA evaluated the recommended CGA standards as part of its technical review of these petitions. In each instance, PHMSA compared the two editions—the edition currently incorporated by reference in the HMR and the update edition proposed to be incorporated by the petitioner—for any changes or substantial revisions. PHMSA found only non-substantial revisions during that review and determined that they would not result in a reduction in safety. Moreover, insofar as the revisions in the updated CGA standards reflect lessons learned from operational experience and best practices developed since the earlier standards were placed in effect, incorporation of those updated standards could promote safety. There were no quantifiable cost savings identified, as these revisions to the CGA standards incorporated by reference are primarily technical in nature and are not expected to have a material effect on the cost of business. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75686 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 PHMSA received comments from CGA, COSTHA, and Gentry Investigative Service (GIS) in support of this proposal. However, in its comment, GIS notes that there are newer editions of the CGA publications and suggests that these editions should be incorporated as part of this final rule. Although PHMSA acknowledges that newer editions have been recently developed, PHMSA declines to incorporate by reference in this rulemaking newer editions of CGA documents. PHMSA has yet to evaluate those more recent editions, which were not proposed in the HM–219C NPRM. PHMSA, however, encourages industry to petition PHMSA to include any newer edition of incorporated-byreference publications as desired and supported by technical analysis within those petitions. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is updating CGA standards incorporated by reference in § 171.7 of the HMR as proposed in the NPRM. 8. Special Provision for Explosives In its petition (P–1681), IME requests that PHMSA remove special provision 103 from § 172.102 and from Column (7) of the HMT for the following entries: ‘‘UN0361, Detonator assemblies, nonelectric, for blasting’’; ‘‘UN0365, Detonators for ammunition’’; ‘‘UN0255, Detonators, electric, for blasting’’; and ‘‘UN0267, Detonators, non-electric, for blasting.’’ IME explains that this change would harmonize the HMR with the UN Model Regulations, and would enhance continuity when transporting these materials domestically and internationally. PHMSA proposed these changes in the NPRM and PHMSA received comments in support from IME, Owen Compliance Services, and COSTHA. Special provision 103 restricts classification of detonators as Division 1.4B if they are shipped in packages containing more than 25 grams of net explosive mass that could be involved in a limited propagation explosion. However, the UN Model Regulations contain no quantified mass restriction for the same materials: rather, they require only that detonators must pass the tests prescribed by the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (MTC)—in this case, the UN Test Series 6 requirements—to be classified as Division 1.4B. The UN MTC contains the criteria, test methods, and procedures used for the classification of dangerous goods (i.e., hazardous materials) per the provisions of UN Model Regulations to ensure an appropriate level of safety, and demonstrate whether exposure of the VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 material to fire or explosion during shipment conditions will result in a mass detonation of the material. Only those detonators that successfully pass tests prescribed for Division 1.4B may be classed in this hazardous materials category. PHMSA agrees that the removal of special provision 103 would harmonize with the international regulations and would have no negative impact on safety. Special provision 103 is outdated, as the HMR has since aligned its classification methodologies with the UN performance-based classification method to improve harmonization with the internationally-accepted system for the classification of explosives. Finally, the operational experience of safe transportation of these materials pursuant to UN Model Regulations provides further evidence that the amendments to the HMR as proposed will not adversely affect safety— particularly as other HMR requirements would still apply to assure safe shipment. However, since special provision 103 is no longer widely used, PHMSA does not expect there would be any quantifiable cost savings. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is removing the references to special provision 103 from four entries in Column (7) (Special provisions) of the HMT, and removing special provision 103 from § 172.102 altogether. 9. Safety Devices In its petition (P–1683), the Ford Motor Company requests that PHMSA remove the word ‘‘None’’ from Column (8A) of the HMT for the proper shipping name ‘‘UN0503, Safety Devices, pyrotechnic’’ and replace it with ‘‘166,’’ which would allow for the packaging exceptions currently authorized for other safety devices in § 173.166. PHMSA proposed this revision in the HM–219C NPRM. PHMSA separately published a notice of request for information (RFI) in the Federal Register soliciting information and data from stakeholders regarding the classification, testing, and conditions for transportation relevant to the potential classification of safety devices.13 To 13 85 FR 35368 (June 9, 2020). PHMSA has continued to see advancements in technologies for articles containing hazardous materials; those advancements have been the subject of requests for approvals or special permits for transportation as safety devices (UN0503 and UN3268). As such, PHMSA is, in the RFI, requesting information or data from stakeholders regarding the classification, testing, and conditions for transportation of these devices requesting an approval to be classified as safety devices. PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 ensure a more fulsome safety analysis of the HMR amendments requested in P– 1683, PHMSA is not adopting the amendments proposed in the NPRM at this time and may instead consider them in a future rulemaking that could be informed by the information and data received in response to the RFI. 10. Alternative Reports for Cargo Tanks In its petition (P–1685), Polar Service Systems requests that PHMSA revise § 180.417(a)(3) to remove the words ‘‘manufactured before September 1, 1995,’’ thereby allowing an alternative report in lieu of obtaining the manufacturers certificate of compliance for cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995. The petitioner notes that there is no provision to allow for the use of alternative reports when a certificate of compliance is unavailable for cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995,14 and explains that some cargo tank manufacturers have gone out of business in the past 25 years, making it impossible for a tank owner to obtain a missing certificate of compliance from these manufacturers. Therefore, these alternative reports would replace a missing certificate of compliance for cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995. PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM. PHMSA’s technical review of the petition determined there are challenges in maintaining the required documentation for cargo tanks and cargo tank motor vehicles when cargo tank manufacturers are no longer in business. This is true irrespective of the timeframe set forth in § 180.417. Further, PHMSA does not expect there would be a reduction in safety in allowing alternative reports for cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995, because the testing and recordkeeping requirements that PHMSA would demand in those alternative reports provide much of the same information that would be in a manufacturer’s certificate. Further, PHMSA’s experience administering the alternative reporting requirement under existing HMR provisions demonstrates that extension of this compliance flexibility to additional cargo tanks would not adversely affect safety. Similarly, this amendment is not expected to result in any material cost to industry; rather, cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995, with useful life remaining would not be forced out of service, thereby saving regulated entities the cost of replacement. A more detailed 14 See E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 59 FR 1786 (Jan. 12, 1994). 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising the language in § 180.417(a)(3) to allow for alternative reports when a manufacturer’s certificate is not available regardless of the date of manufacture of the cargo tank. 11. Weight Tolerances for Paper Shipping Sacks In its petition (P–1688), the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Association requests that PHMSA amend § 178.521 to revise the basis weight tolerances for liners and mediums used in the manufacture of multi-wall shipping sacks from ±5 percent to ±10 percent from the nominal basis weight reported to PHMSA in the initial design qualification test. The petitioner explains that multi-wall sacks are manufactured on the same or technically equivalent machines that manufacture the liners for fiberboard boxes and further notes that PHMSA revised the basis weight tolerances from ±5 percent to ±10 percent for fiberboard boxes in the HM–219A final rule.15 PHMSA notes that the petitioner is correct in that the paper used to manufacture multi-wall shipping sacks is made on the same or similar machines as those used to make fiberboard boxes. Given the technical data presented in the petition, which included linerboard drop and dynamic compression tests, PHMSA concluded that a small reduction (or a nearly infinite increase) in basis weight of the paper used in manufacturing fiberboard boxes would not affect the safety of the packaging, and PHMSA expects that multi-wall shipping sacks—made of similar materials and manufactured on the same or technically equivalent machines—will behave similarly such that there will be no adverse impact to safety. Furthermore, PHMSA estimates the total potential annualized cost savings to the industry of between $20,000 and $200,000. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. PHMSA received one comment from David Carlson in support of this proposal. However, in addition to his support, Mr. Carlson requested that PHMSA extend a similar provision to 11G packagings in this final rule. PHMSA notes that 11G packagings were not discussed in the NPRM, and while there may be merits to this proposed revision, PHMSA has not conducted a technical analysis of that proposal and is not adopting it at this time. PHMSA 15 83 FR 55792 (Nov. 7, 2018). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 would like to allow further stakeholder engagement and opportunity to comment on any proposed changes before making this specific determination. The commenter is encouraged to petition PHMSA with supporting data to include 11G packagings in a future rulemaking. Therefore, based on its technical analysis showing no negative impact on safety, PHMSA is amending § 178.521 to revise the nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test report from ±5 percent to ±10 percent. 12. Markings on Closed Transport Containers In its petition (P–1690), Matson requests that PHMSA amend § 173.308(d)(3) to remove the requirement for a warning to be placed on the access door of a closed transport vehicle or a closed freight container when lighters are transported by vessel. Matson explains that the IMDG Code does not require a similar warning, thereby noting inconsistencies between the HMR and the international requirements that could cause confusion regarding the pertinent requirements governing international shipments. PHMSA received one comment from IVODGA in support of this proposal. The petitioner is correct in that the current HMR requirement is inconsistent with the IMDG Code. The IMDG Code does not require this additional marking and has not experienced an appreciable adverse safety impact. PHMSA is, further, unaware of a compelling safety justification for requiring the marking— particularly as other HMR hazard communication requirements (such as transport documents and container placards) would remain operative even if the amendment is adopted. In addition, the amendment would improve the internal consistency of the HMR, which does not impose the same restriction on other packages containing a Division 2.1 flammable gas as it does packages composed of lighters containing Division 2.1 flammable gasses. Furthermore, while PHMSA was unable to quantify any specific cost savings associated with this amendment, no costs are anticipated. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, based on its technical analysis, PHMSA is amending § 173.308(d)(3) to remove the requirement for vessel transport of a closed transport vehicle or freight container to display the warning mark ‘‘WARNING—MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR— PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75687 KEEP IGNITION SOURCES AWAY WHEN OPENING’’ on the access door. 13. Finalization of the HM–246 Tank Car Standard In a joint petition (P–1691), AAR, CI, ACC, TFI, and the Railway Supply Institute (RSI) request that PHMSA revise §§ 173.314(c) and 173.244(a)(2) of the HMR to convert ‘‘interim’’ rail tank car specifications to ‘‘final’’ tank car specifications. The interim tank car specifications were issued as part of the HM–246 final rule titled, ‘‘Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Tank Car Transportation of Hazardous Materials’’ 16 to be used for rail tank cars transporting PIH materials until PHMSA issued a permanent standard. The petitioners note that the PIH tank cars built in compliance with the HM–246 interim specifications have performed well and with no noteworthy safety concerns. The HM–246 final rule prescribed enhanced safety measures for PIH materials transported in rail tank cars. These safety measures include stronger tanks made from normalized steel and capable of withstanding higher tank test pressures, fittings, tank head-puncture resistance protection, and thermal protection for some commodities. The HM–246 final rule was the result of industry consensus that an updated regulatory standard was necessary to improve accident survivability, even as research continued to develop a longterm PIH tank car specification. Following publication of the HM–246 final rule and adoption of the interim specifications, the Advanced Tank Car Collaborative Research Program (ATCCRP) 17 suggested the HM–246 interim specifications provide significant safety improvements over legacy designs and noted a scarcity of other feasible options beyond the interim specifications. In addition, conclusions from various ATCCRP projects provide scientific support to make the interim specifications permanent. Conclusions resulting from these safety research efforts, as reported by ATCCRP, include: • The interim specifications provide significant improvement in accident 16 74 FR 1769 (Jan. 13, 2009). ATCCRP coordinates research efforts to enhance the safety and security of rail tank car shipments of toxic-by-inhalation hazard (TIH) materials. It is a joint effort comprised of shippers of tank cars carrying TIH materials (represented by ACC, CI, and TFI); railroads that transport hazardous materials (represented by AAR); and rail tank car builders and lessors (represented by RSI). For more information, see https:// tankcarresourcecenter.com/wp-cojntent/uploads/ 2017/11/ATCCRP-Research-Background-2016.pdf. 17 The E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 75688 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations survivability over the legacy designs (i.e., legacy specifications); and • No design feature or material was identified that would provide a significantly greater level of improvement, or would be a reasonable alternative (from an economic or manufacturability standpoint) that should be required industry-wide. PHMSA received comments to the HM–219C NPRM from AAR, The Dow Chemical Company, Chemours, and a joint comment from ACC, CI, and TFI in support of this proposal. These commenters noted that by redesignating the HM–246 specifications as permanent, PHMSA will provide regulatory certainty to the stakeholder community that an ‘‘interim’’ standard cannot. In its comment, AAR recommended that PHMSA coordinate with Transport Canada (TC) to assign a unique designator when translating the interim tank car specifications into permanent tank car specifications. PHMSA agrees with AAR and collaborated with TC during the final rule drafting stage to assign a unique designator to denote those permanent tank car specifications. This unique identifier will help ensure that tank cars used to transport PIH materials built to the permanent specifications can more easily move between the United States and Canada without encountering delays. PHMSA’s technical review of this petition determined that the HM–246 compliant rail tank cars have an established safety record with no major incidents attributed to the tank car design. As explained by ATCCRP and discussed at greater length in Section IV.14. (Phase-out of Non-HM–246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars), the HM–246 interim specifications represent a substantial safety improvement over legacy tank cars in PIH service. This amendment is not expected to result in any new material costs to industry. Any costs associated with phasing out legacy tank cars result from the decision by AAR to utilize interchange agreements to mandate retirement of these cars from PIH service by the date (December 31, 2027) specified in CPC–1336; this final rule would align the HMR with those industry efforts. A more detailed discussion of this economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is amending §§ 173.314(c) and 173.244(a)(2) of the HMR to make the HM–246 rail tank car specifications permanent for the transportation of PIH materials and is assigning the unique identifier of ‘‘DOT–105H600W’’ for HM–246 tank cars transporting PIH materials by rail. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 14. Phase-Out of Non-HM–246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars In its petition (P–1692), AAR requests that PHMSA amend § 173.31 to adopt a 6-year phase-out for PIH rail tank cars that do not meet the interim HM–246 specifications as implemented in the HM–246 final rule published on January 13, 2009. Specifically, AAR argues that collaborative research undertaken by industry and government partners (through ATCCRP) has confirmed that HM–246 specification cars have the highest accident survivability rate over other designs and are the most feasible available technology to transport PIH materials. In 2006, after several major PIH rail tank car accidents, AAR began to release a series of CPCs that mandated the use of a safer design for tank cars that transport PIH materials. On March 31, 2008, AAR published CPC–1187, which implemented design specifications for tank cars used in PIH service and included a 10-year phase-out schedule for tank cars that did not meet the CPC– 1187 specifications. According to CPC– 1187, non-compliant tank cars would not be accepted for interchange after December 31, 2018. PHMSA published an NPRM 18 proposing revisions to the HMR to improve the crashworthiness protection of rail tank cars designed to transport PIH materials on April 1, 2008 and later issued a final rule establishing the interim HM–246 specifications in January 13, 2009. The interim HM–246 specifications effectively adopted AAR’s CPC–1187 tank car specifications for the transportation of PIH materials until further research could be completed on enhanced tank car specifications. In the HM–246 NPRM, PHMSA considered adopting a phase-out of tank cars that did not meet the proposed interim specifications. However, PHMSA did not codify a phase-out timeline in the final rule, stating ‘‘[a]lthough PHMSA continues to expect that an accelerated phase-out of these cars is justified, PHMSA recognizes the voluntary efforts already underway by many fleet owners to phase out these cars, in many cases on schedules more aggressive than the five-year deadline proposed in the NPRM.’’ 19 Instead, the HM–246 final rule adopted the interim tank car specifications; subsequently, AAR suspended CPC–1187 until new tank car specifications could be finalized and suspended the December 2018 retirement deadline for noncompliant tank cars. As discussed in the previous subsection (‘‘Finalization of the HM–246 18 73 19 74 PO 00000 FR 17817 (Apr. 1, 2008). FR at 1777–78. Frm 00010 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Tank Car Standard’’), research conducted under the ATCCRP has since demonstrated that the HM–246 interim tank car specifications provide significant improvements in survivability and there is no reason to expect a different design would provide a significantly greater level of improvement. However, despite initial indications in 2009 that voluntary efforts would result in an accelerated phase-out of those tank cars in PIH service that failed to comply with the HM–246 interim specifications, the industry had not adopted a voluntary phase-out schedule as of December 2016 that would eliminate such tank cars from PIH service. On December 16, 2016, AAR submitted its petition (P–1692) requesting that PHMSA adopt a 6-year phase-out for PIH rail tank cars that do not meet the interim specifications as implemented in the HM–246 final rule published on January 13, 2009. AAR argued that collaborative research undertaken by industry and government partners (through ATCCRP) over the last 7 years had confirmed that HM–246 specification cars have the highest accident survivability rate over other designs and are the most feasible technology to transport PIH materials. Before PHMSA completed its review of P–1692, AAR adopted CPC–1325 in April 2017, which implemented a mandatory phase-out by July 1, 2023, of any tank car in PIH service that does not comply with the HM–246 interim specifications. Prior to AAR’s adoption of CPC–1325, TFI commented to the P– 1692 docket 20 that it opposed implementation of the July 1, 2023, phase-out schedule. TFI contended that DOT has sole authority over hazardous materials packaging and that because AAR’s adoption of the phase-out schedule was done without performing an economic analysis, it was impossible to estimate the full extent of its potential costs or benefits. Similar comments were relayed to PHMSA by a group of shipper associations during a January 13, 2017 meeting.21 AAR met with PHMSA and the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) on August 1, 2017, during which AAR suggested its phase-out schedule did not conflict with DOT regulations and that the phase-out schedule was intended to remove an older, less-safe 20 Docket No. PHMSA–2016–0165, available at www.regulations.gov. 21 Attendees included representatives from TFI, ACC, CI, and API. Meeting Notes from the Listening Session for Petitions P–1678 and P–1692, available at https://www.regulations.gov/ document?D=PHMSA-2016-0165-0007. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 car design from PIH service.22 PHMSA later notified AAR on December 7, 2017, that it was accepting P–1692 and would conduct a ‘‘safety and policy review that will aid in determining whether the HMR should mandate a phase-out period and, if so, what period would ensure safety and protect the public interest.’’ 23 On July 27, 2018, AAR revised CPC– 1325 and re-issued it as CPC–1336, extending the phase-out schedule for non-HM–246 compliant tank cars from 6 years (July 1, 2023) to 10 years (December 31, 2027). On August 15, 2018, the railroads (represented by AAR) and a group of leading PIH material shippers (represented by ACC, CI, and TFI) submitted a joint comment to P–1692 proposing a phase-out date of December 31, 2027, for all non-HM–246 specification rail tank cars. The December 31, 2027, phase-out date is in lieu of the 6-year timeline requested in AAR’s original petition. The joint commenters met with PHMSA on September 6, 2018, and urged PHMSA to act quickly in completing a rulemaking that would adopt the petition’s proposed 10-year phase-out timeline.24 The joint commenters contend that codifying the phase-out in the HMR would improve safety and increase market certainty. PHMSA in the NPRM proposed revision of the HMR to adopt the joint commenters’ December 31, 2027 deadline. PHMSA received no adverse comments in response to that NPRM proposal. PHMSA received comments in support of this proposal from AAR, the Dow Chemical Company, Chemours, and a joint comment by ACC, CI, and TFI. PHMSA expects the phase-out of legacy rail tank cars for PIH service will have a positive impact on safety because they would be replaced with more robust tank cars for use in the transportation of PIH materials and because regulatory certainty could foster market certainty. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed a phase-out deadline of December 31, 2027; however, the phaseout will go into effect under mandatory railroad interchange rules regardless of whether PHMSA adopts this date into regulation. As a result, there is no cost associated with PHMSA promulgating this date as a regulatory deadline for the 22 AAR Presentation on Tank Car Phase Out and TCC Authority from August 1, 2017, available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA2016-0165-0011. 23 P–1692 Acceptance Letter, available at https:// www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-20160165-0012. 24 Meeting Summary, available at https:// www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-20160165-0014. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 phase-out. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. As such, PHMSA is codifying the phase-out of all non-HM–246 rail tank cars for use in the transportation of PIH materials. PHMSA’s actions in this final rule provide both shippers and carriers with regulatory certainty on the transportation of PIH materials by rail. This regulatory certainty makes transportation cost predictable to industry and—more importantly—locksin safety benefits associated with industry’s movement to phase-out nonHM–246 tank cars in the transportation of PIH materials by rail. Therefore, PHMSA is revising § 173.31 to phase-out all non-HM–246 rail tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials by December 31, 2027, to align with the agreed upon phase-out dates between AAR and leading PIH material shippers. 15. Allow Non-RCRA Waste To Use Lab Pack Exception In its petition (P–1695), Veolia requests that PHMSA amend § 171.8 by adding a definition of ‘‘waste material’’ to allow for all waste material to be managed in accordance with the lab packs exception and associated paragraphs in § 173.12, regardless of whether it meets the definition of a ‘‘hazardous waste’’ in EPA regulations implementing RCRA at 40 CFR 261.3. The ‘‘lab pack exception’’ for waste under § 173.12(b) provides for exceptions from some HMR packaging requirements (such as those pertaining to chemical constituent marking and specification packaging requirements for combination packages) to facilitate transportation for disposal of certain waste materials when shipped in packages satisfying packaging requirements identified in that section. The petitioner notes that PHMSA has stated in a letter of interpretation (16– 0099) 25 that this exception only applies to ‘‘hazardous wastes’’ as defined by EPA’s regulations implementing RCRA; amendment of the HMR to make the lab pack exception in § 173.12 more broadly available to ‘‘waste materials’’ would provide regulatory relief in the disposal and recovery of hazardous materials. PHMSA received comments from Veolia and COSTHA in support of this proposal. PHMSA’s technical review of the petition supports the petitioner’s interpretation. Neither the regulatory text nor the preamble of the December 25 PHMSA Letter of Interpretation, Reference No. 16–0099, available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/ regulations/title49/interp/16-0099. PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75689 21, 1990 final rule codifying § 173.12(b) indicate the lab pack exception is limited to ‘‘hazardous wastes’’ as that term is defined under the EPA’s RCRA regulations.26 PHMSA expects that making all waste material eligible for the lab pack exception would not lead to a reduction in safety because waste materials present no greater hazard than materials defined as a hazardous waste according to the EPA’s RCRA regulations. Further, insofar as the lab pack exception would make it easier for regulated entities without sophisticated compliance programs, or limited storage space, to dispose of waste consistent with the HMR, the final rule could improve safety. In addition, there are no costs expected based on this revision. Extension of the lab pack exception offers additional flexibility for transporting waste materials; it does not increase compliance costs or changes to how waste material is handled. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is adding a definition of ‘‘waste material’’ to allow for all waste material to be managed in accordance with the lab packs exception and associated paragraphs in § 173.12. 16. Incorporation of ASME Code Sections II, V, VIII, and IX In its petition (P–1700), Trinity Containers requests that PHMSA incorporate by reference the 2017 edition of the ASME BPVC Sections II (Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), and IX into § 171.7(g)(1) of the HMR. The ASME BPVC is a consensus industry standard for the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. Significant revisions to the relevant portions of the ASME BPVC introduced in the 2017 edition include the following: • ASME BPVC Section II, Part A: Incorporation of 25 new American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and 7 new international specifications authorized in connection within ferrous material within ASMEcompliant boilers and pressure vessels; • ASME BPVC Section II, Part B: Incorporation of 10 new ASTM specifications authorized for use in connection with non-ferrous material within ASME-compliant boilers and pressure vessels; • ASME BPVC Section V: Incorporation of 19 new ASTM specifications providing for ASMEcompliant methodologies in conducting non-destructive examination of boilers 26 See E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 55 FR 52402, 52423 (Dec. 21, 1990). 25NOR3 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 75690 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations and pressure vessels, as well as revisions of existing standards pertaining to acoustic emissions testing and block calibration; • ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division 1: Revision of existing specifications for the construction of pressure vessels to expand coverage of openings and quickaction/actuation closures, clarify guidelines on performance of manual and automated ultrasonic testing, and provide new procedural pathways for manufacturers to obtain ASME certifications; and • ASME BPVC Section IX: Revision of existing specifications for welding, brazing and fusing qualifications to expand acceptable testing methods and clarify welder personnel qualification requirements. The petitioner contends that without regulatory amendment, ASME certificate holders would be obliged to comply with obsolete industry standards for manufacturing cargo tanks, non-specification tanks, and implements of husbandry to the ASME BPVC referenced in § 171.7(g)(1). PHMSA received comments on this proposal from Global Transport Tank Consultants (GTTC), GIS, and NJP Engineering. GTTC requests that PHMSA clarify which sections are being updated and whether the updated ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division 1 ‘‘Design Margin’’ would be applicable to any of the cargo tank packaging ‘‘designed’’ to the requirements of ASME BVCP Section VIII, Division 1. In addition, GTTC asks if it was PHMSA’s intention to require the repair of ASME ‘‘marked’’ packaging to meet the requirements of the 1992 edition of the National Board Inspection Code (NBIC) currently incorporated by reference in to HMR. GTTC and GIS request that PHMSA incorporate the 2019 editions of the ASME BPVC and the NBIC since they are currently available. NJP Engineering supports the HMR amendments proposed in the NPRM but requests correction of an alleged oversight by PHMSA in incorporating the 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC.27 NJP Engineering notes that the ASME BPVC standard contains a requirement for a 6 percent knuckle radius on torispherical heads that is the subject of exception in three places (see §§ 178.346–1(d)(8), 178.347–1(d)(8), and 178.348(e)(2)(viii)) within the HMR. These HMR exceptions reference standard ASME BPVC standard UG– 32(e) and were added to the HMR in response to the incorporation of the previous 1998 edition of the ASME BPVC. However, prior to the 27 See 81 FR 25613 (Apr. 29, 2016). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 incorporation of the 2015 edition, ASME removed paragraph (b) from UG– 32, resulting in the re-designation of the former UG–32(e) as UG–32(d). NJP Engineering seeks clarification that it was PHMSA’s intention to retain those exceptions and recommends that ‘‘UG– 32(e)’’ be replaced with ‘‘UG–32(d)’’ accordingly. In this final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the 2017 editions of the ASME BPVC Section II, Part A (Ferrous Materials Specifications); Section II, Part B (Nonferrous Material Specifications); Section V (Nondestructive Examination); Section VIII, Division 1 (Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels Division); and Section IX (Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications). PHMSA’s technical review of P–1700 determined that the HMR’s incorporation by reference of the obsolete 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC could induce confusion among stakeholders about the controlling edition of the ASME BPVC. PHMSA agrees with the petitioner that adopting the updated edition would help ensure that the HMR remains consistent with the best practices used by the industry. The design margin(s) in the HMR for DOT specification cargo tanks remain as currently authorized; 28 this rulemaking does not authorize the ‘‘design margin’’ described in the 2017 edition of the ASME BPVC Sections II (Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), and IX into the HMR for DOT specification cargo tanks, even as it would apply to specification portable tanks. This distinction was clarified in a letter of interpretation (17– 0083 29) published in response to PHMSA’s incorporation by reference of the 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC Section VIII Division. This rulemaking did not consider incorporating the updated NBIC; however, the 2017 edition is under review currently as part of the HM–241 30 rulemaking. The 1992 edition of the NBIC currently incorporated by reference into the HMR will remain in effect for the repair of ASME packagings manufactured in accordance with the HMR. PHMSA will retain the exceptions in §§ 178.346– 1(d)(8), 178.347–1(d)(8), and 28 The ASME design margin does not apply to DOT specification cargo tanks because of the structural integrity sections in part 178, which specify alternative design margins. In contrast, the ASME design margin applies to portable tanks as the HMR contains no exception allowing the use of an alternative design margin. 29 PHMSA Letter of Interpretation Reference No. 17–0083, available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/ regulations/title49/interp/17-0083. 30 See Spring 2020 Unified Agenda at https:// www.reginfo.gov/public/do/ eAgendaViewRule?pubId=202004&RIN=2137-AE58. PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 178.348(e)(2)(viii), and agrees that ‘‘UG– 32(e)’’ should be replaced with ‘‘UG– 32(d)’’ provisions. PHMSA is making an additional editorial change to the HMR to update the references to UG–32 as recommended by NJP Engineering. PHMSA expects that the cost-savings associated with P–1700 would be modest. A more detailed discussion of this economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. 17. Import of Foreign Pi-Marked Cylinders In its petition (P–1701), CGA requests that PHMSA modify §§ 171.23, 173.302, and 173.304 to permit the transportation of filled pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles in compliance with applicable requirements of the European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) and EU Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council. The HMR currently allows pimarked cylinders (which are filled and shipped within the EU and marked with a pi (p) symbol to denote compliance with the ADR and EU Directive 2010/ 35/EU) to be imported through use of special permits. The petitioner requests revisions to the HMR authorizing without the need for a special permit, the (1) import, intermediate storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export, as well as (2) import of empty pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for filling, intermediate storage, and export. Entegris provided comments to the P–1701 docket 31 and requested additional revisions to §§ 171.23(a) and 173.302(a)(2) to allow shipment of adsorbed gasses within those pi-marked cylinders that were the subject of CGA’s petition for rulemaking. The changes to § 171.23(a)(3) requested by Entegris are intended to allow for domestic sourcing as well as the import of empty pimarked pressure receptacles for filling and export. PHMSA’s technical review did not find evidence to suggest there would be any adverse safety impacts resulting from those HMR amendments. The shipping of pi-marked cylinders within the United States has been allowed for many years through special permits— with at least 3,000 shipments occurring since the special permits were first issued; there is also extensive operational experience in the safe international shipment of pi-marked cylinders. Although there is limited market data on the current export of pimarked cylinders pursuant to special permit, PHMSA expects that adopting 31 https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=PHMSA-2017-0026. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 these amendments would not result in a change to the number of pi-marked cylinders that are transported or the risk profile of their transportation. Nonetheless, cost savings are expected to be minimal, resulting primarily from the potential time savings for industry and government due to the elimination of the need for a special permit. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. PHMSA received comments from CGA and Chemours in support of this proposal. COSTHA notes that the 2017 edition of the ADR is being referenced in § 171.7 of the NPRM. COSTHA also notes that as of September 2019, the most current edition of the ADR is the 2019 edition that became effective July 1, 2019. PHMSA will consider updating this reference in a future rulemaking, as it has yet to conduct a technical evaluation of the 2019 edition of the ADR. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying §§ 171.23, 173.302, and 173.304 to permit the import of filled pimarked foreign pressure receptacles for storage incidental to movement, transport to point of use, discharge, and export. PHMSA is also permitting the transportation of pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for export, including filling and storage incidental to movement. In addition, PHMSA is revising §§ 171.23(a) and 173.302(a)(2) to ensure that the authorization for pimarked cylinders is applicable to adsorbed gas packages. Finally, to align with similar ADR provisions and increase shipper and carrier awareness of the requirements for pi-marked cylinders, PHMSA is requiring a notation on the shipping paper following the basic description of the hazardous material to certify compliance with the pi-marked cylinder requirements. PHMSA is updating § 171.7 to include the ADR and EU Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council into the HMR. 18. Placement of the Word ‘‘Stabilized’’ in Shipping Description In its petition (P–1706), Evonik requests that PHMSA revise how the word ‘‘stabilized’’ should appear when providing the shipping name for a hazardous material to maintain consistency with the IMDG Code. The HMR does not allow the word ‘‘stabilized’’ to appear as part of the proper shipping name, whereas the IMDG Code requires it, when stabilization is required prior to transportation. The petitioner claims that this causes needless discrepancies VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 with the IMDG Code in connection with international shipments. PHMSA received comments from the Dow Chemical Company, Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC), and IVODGA supporting this proposal. PHMSA’s technical review confirmed inconsistency between the HMR and the IMDG Code and revealed that hazardous materials that have some instability but that are not specifically identified or classified as self-reactive substances or organic peroxides cannot be shipped in compliance with both the IMDG Code and the HMR as currently written. In addition, PHMSA determined that requiring the use of the word ‘‘stabilized’’ when stabilization is required by § 173.21(f) would not result in any reduction in safety, but would instead increase safety by indicating that a material has been stabilized in preparing it for transportation. Although this amendment may incur costs for manufacturers and shippers related to training and compliance, costs are expected to be negligible because affected entities that engage in international commerce are already aware of the requirement under the IMDG Code. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 172.101(c) to clarify that the word ‘‘stabilized’’ must be included as part of the proper shipping name when the HMR requires stabilization before transportation. 19. Incorporation by Reference of an AESC/IME Standard In its petition (P–1710), IME requests that PHMSA update § 171.7(r) to update IME’s corporate address and incorporate by reference the AESC/IME JPG Standard, also called the ‘‘Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications,’’ Version 02, dated September 1, 2017. IME also proposes that PHMSA include a new § 173.67 codifying PHMSA’s current practice excepting JPGs conforming to the AESC/IME JPG Standard from the exhaustive testing generally required pursuant to § 173.56 to receive an EX number authorizing transportation of a new explosive.32 JPGs use shaped explosive charges to produce a high-pressure jet penetrating the liner or casing of a wellbore to 32 PHMSA’s use of the 2008 version of the AESC/ IME JPG Standard in its § 173.56 reviews is an informal practice and not a regulatory requirement. See Correspondence from Theodore L. Willke (PHMSA) to Lon Santis (IME) (Nov. 19, 2008), http://www.ocsresponds.com/ref/AESC-IMEPerf GunApproval(2008.11.19).pdf. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75691 enhance production of oil and gas wells. The petitioners note that the initial version of the AESC/IME JPG Standard has been used by PHMSA since 2008. Entities seeking PHMSA’s assignment of an EX number for a JPG product submit applications demonstrating conformity with one of 13 standard design templates within the AESC/IME JPG Standard, thereby avoiding having to submit their product for explosive laboratory testing normally required under § 173.56. IME submits that the HMR amendments identified in its petition would codify existing PHMSA practices for review of JPG products under § 173.56. PHMSA received no adverse comments on the petition or the proposals in the NPRM. PHMSA expects that adoption of the petition as proposed in the NPRM will not have an adverse effect on safety. PHMSA has relied on AESC/IME’s JPG Standard to expedite its review of applications since 2008; PHMSA is unaware any significant operational or testing experience indicating that historical practice is unsafe. Further, the most recent version of the AESC/IME JPG Standard is potentially more conservative than the current standard, as it would narrow the universe of JPG product designs (from 13 to 8) eligible for expedited review to only those 1.1D products without a detonator. Furthermore, the economic analysis suggests potential annualized cost savings of approximately $360,000 for manufacturers of JPGs that would avail themselves of the newly-codified regulations incorporating the updated AESC/IME JPG Standard to avoid the need for explosives laboratory testing. Additional cost savings are expected for both manufacturers and PHMSA due to reduced labor requirements for processing applications for EX approvals. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is updating IME’s address in § 171.7(r), incorporating the updated AESC/IME JPG Standard into a new § 171.7(r)(3) of the HMR, and adding a new § 173.67 codifying existing practice allowing AESC/IME JPG Standard-compliant products access to expedited PHMSA review under § 173.56. 20. Incorporation by Reference of an Updated APA Standard 87–1 In its petition (P–1711), the APA requests that PHMSA incorporate by reference the 2018 edition of APA Standard 87–1, ‘‘Standard for Construction and Approval for Transportation of Fireworks, Novelties, E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75692 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations and Theatrical Pyrotechnics’’ 33 to replace the outdated reference to the 2001 edition of this standard, noting advances in product safety and design in the fireworks industry over the last 15 years. Significant changes from the previous edition of APA Standard 87–1 include the following: • Re-organizing Standard 87–1 into three parts: APA Standard 87–1A (consumer fireworks), APA Standard 87–1B (display fireworks), and APA Standard 87–1C (entertainment and technical industry fireworks, otherwise referred to as articles pyrotechnics). • Updating the product descriptions throughout each of those parts to accommodate new types and configurations popularized since the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87–1. The petitioner contends that because the classification system in the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87–1 does not reflect new product types and configurations (e.g., combination devices containing multiple tubes, and combinations of effects previously limited to single tubes), those new products are not eligible pursuant to §§ 173.64 and 173.65 for expedited PHMSA review and approval.34 The petitioner submits that incorporation by reference of the updated version of APA Standard 87–1 would relieve administrative burdens on industry by facilitating expedited PHMSA review and approval of fireworks products and provide regulatory certainty regarding compliance with the HMR. PHMSA received numerous comments to the NPRM regarding this petition, and to address each issue, PHMSA broke them out into the following sub-sections for detailed discussion. General Comments: Support jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 PHMSA received comments in support of this proposal from Charles Ward; Huang Johnson; Western Enterprises Inc.; ResPyro (Steve Comen); StageFX (Lyle Salmi); Galaxy Fireworks, Inc.; ResPyro (Kent Orwoll); NextFX; Fireworks Over America; Dennis Slicer; Santore and Sons; Pyrotechnics Guild International (Paul Smith); Garrett’s 33 APA Standard 87–1 is a consensus industry standard in which fireworks classifications are assigned based upon the weight and type of chemical composition for each type of device, including specific permissible and restricted chemicals. 34 Sections 173.64 and 173.65 permit fireworks manufactured in compliance with APA Standard 87–1 to be classified and approved on an expedited basis, as each application for a new fireworks product would otherwise have to provide productspecific testing required under § 173.56 to obtain an EX number from PHMSA authorizing their transportation. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 Fireworks; ICON Pyrotechnics Internationals; American Fireworks Standards Laboratory (AFSL); InterOriental Fireworks LTD; APA; APA Rebuttal to National Fireworks Association (NFA); and Matthew Jones. These commenters generally supported incorporating the updated APA Standard 87–1, noting that it will add numerous new devices, expand the permitted chemical list, and is directed toward hazard classification for transportation. The commenters add that the updated APA Standard 87–1 provides defined criteria that will relieve the burden of submitting new fireworks designs to a third-party test lab for classification and will reduce the regulatory burden on industry, including manufacturers and small business importers, who often have to spend their time helping their foreign manufacturers obtain EX approvals. General Comment: Opposed PHMSA received comments opposing incorporation of APA Standard 87–1A from Yienger Fireworks, NFA, and Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks. NFA and Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks explain that while many of the proposed revisions to APA Standards 87–1A, B, and C would clarify the requirements applicable to fireworks devices, there are certain revisions in APA Standard 87–1A that will not reduce regulatory burdens and do not relate to improving transportation safety. These commenters further contend that APA Standard 87– 1A would conflict with the regulatory regime of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) governing the safety of fireworks from a consumer-use standpoint. Instead, PHMSA’s incorporation of APA Standard 87–1 pertains to its distinguishable jurisdictional responsibility over regulation of packaging and transportation of fireworks and other hazardous materials. PHMSA-imposed restrictions on packaging and shipment of hazardous materials for transportation that give rise to incidental effects on the way those materials are marketed to consumers are, therefore, not duplicative or conflicting regulations. In addition, PHMSA notes that the APA 87–1 standards were developed with the resources of the APA, which welcomed broad input and participation from the fireworks industry. APA allowed organizations, including the NFA, to participate in that process as an organization. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Comments Regarding Section 2.4: Break/Burst Charge Limits PHMSA received several comments on section 2.4 of APA Standard 87–1A, which outlines the general requirements that must be met for construction and design of consumer firework devices and novelties. Jake’s Fireworks, NFA, Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks, Ultratec Special Effects and the APA provided comments specifically on the break/ burst charge limits outlined in this section of APA Standard 87–1A: • Jake’s Fireworks contends that APA Standard 87–1A’s limitation on metals in the composition of a break/burst charges was rejected by the CPSC commissioners, alleging that in doing so, the CPSC rejected metal composition as a factor in the safety of break/burst charges. • Ultratec Special Effects states that some of the weight limit increases for devices per tube in APA Standard 87– 1A will allow for a break/burst charge of 42.5 grams, which is more than enough to produce a salute device. It also claims that if these devices were subject to UN Series 6 testing, they would likely be classified as 1.3G or 1.1G devices, further adding that reports and airburst reports should always be subject to UN Series 6 testing since these devices are highly energetic and should be scrutinized for proper construction and packing techniques to ensure safe transportation. Ultratec Special Effects adds that many of these devices are currently unregulated due to older issued EX numbers that have vague specifications and no specified part numbers. • NFA asserts that adoption of the language for break/burst charges in APA Standard 87–1A will not reduce regulatory burdens and will create conflict and confusion between agency regulations instead, further claiming that it is unrelated to safe transportation of hazardous materials in commerce. • Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks alleges that APA Standards 87–1A and C should have identical break/burst charge limits for the same fireworks. By way of example, Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks notes that for the same firework—‘‘UN0336, Fireworks, 1.4G’’— each of APA Standard 87–1A and Standard 87–1C impose two different break/burst composition restrictions. Under APA Standard 87–1A, this material is limited to less than 149 microns (100 mesh) metals in the break/ burst charges, but APA Standard 87–1C states that aluminum particles greater than 53 microns in diameter must not exceed 10 percent by weight of the break/burst charge. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations APA Standard 87–1A’s restrictions on metal size and chemical composition within break/burst charges for consumer fireworks are not new regulatory requirements; rather, they have been in place since the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87–1 currently incorporated into § 171.7, as metal size and chemical composition directly impact hazard classification. For this reason, PHMSA is not persuaded by the commenters’ arguments that APA Standard 87–1A’s limitations on break/burst device metal composition are unnecessary; rather, PHMSA understands those metal size limitations to be essential to safe transportation of consumer fireworks whose chemical structure and metal composition makes them inherently more dangerous than fireworks with different constituents. Further, even if the CPSC may not have had reservations about whether an adequate technical basis to conclude that the precise metal composition limits at issue in its rulemaking would ensure consumer product safety, PHMSA is satisfied, based on its experience regulating transportation of hazardous materials (an activity that involves a different risk profile than use of fireworks by individual consumers) that the approach taken in APA Standard 87–1 and 87–1A is appropriate for its transportation regulatory oversight activities. PHMSA notes that none of the commenters on the NPRM provided technical or operational data supporting a contrary conclusion. In addition, Ultratec Special Effects’ assertion that APA Standard 87–1A will allow for an increased break/burst charge of 42.5 grams, and therefore allow salute device access to the expedited review processes under §§ 173.64 and 173.65, is incorrect. A device containing a burst charge weight of 42.5 grams would not comply with either the existing APA Standard 87–1 nor the updated APA Standard 87–1A. The only weight increases in the updated APA Standard 87–1A pertain to fountain devices, which do not contain burst/break charges; the break/burst charge weight limit of 15 grams for aerial shells did not change. Devices with break/burst charges exceeding 15 grams would have to be submitted to a DOT-approved test laboratory pursuant to § 173.56, where the device would be subjected to the UN Series 6 testing and subsequently reviewed by PHMSA. Further, although PHMSA acknowledges that the HMR allows the use of the default UN classification testing (including UN Series 6 testing) instead of reliance on compliance with APA Standard 87–1A, PHMSA is not convinced that UN Series 6 testing is VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 necessarily superior to APA Standard 87–1A’s approach of limiting the metal particle sizes and chemical composition. Indeed, insofar as both APA Standards (87–1 and 87–1A) as well as the UN Model Regulations classify fireworks with an eye toward limiting the amount of flash powder compositions that can be present in fireworks, they do so by different approaches: APA Standard 87–1 and the updated 87–1A do so by way of adjusting chemical composition and metal particle sizes to control flash powder compositions, while the UN Model Regulations rely on the use of a flash powder test to determine the presence of flash powder compositions. Based on its long experience regulating safe transportation of fireworks, PHMSA is satisfied that both the APA Standard (87 and 87–1A) and UN approaches are appropriate. PHMSA notes that none of the commenters on the NPRM provided technical or operational data supporting a contrary conclusion. PHMSA is aware of the different limits on metal size permitted under APA Standards 87–1A and C for the same UN0336, 1.4G firework. As explained above, PHMSA understands metal size to be an important factor in classifying fireworks to ensure their safe transportation. But metal size is not necessarily the only component that should be considered in the classification of fireworks under the HMR. Indeed, the differences between APA Standards 87–1A and C with respect to the same fireworks reflect the common-sense proposition that other characteristics of fireworks can influence their classification for regulation of their transportation—and that those transportation-relevant characteristics often derive from (or incidentally effect) the end uses of the fireworks. As explained by APA in supplemental comments submitted in response to Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks et al., the chemical composition and design of articles pyrotechnics governed by APA Standard 87–1C are much more energetic than the consumer fireworks governed by APA Standard 87–1A— hence, the difference in authorized metal sizes despite the same 1.4G classification. PHMSA understands the different metal size limits for consumer applications (APA Standard 87–1A) and articles pyrotechnics applications (APA Standard 87–1C) to be appropriate. Comments Regarding Reloadable Aerial Shell Kits PHMSA received comments from Jake’s Fireworks, NFA, and Crazy Debbie’s Fireworks, on sections 2.4 and 3.2.5.1 of APA Standard 87–1A PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75693 pertaining to reloadable aerial shell kits. These commenters do not view those requirements (for fully assembled tubes, inner packaging and a base) as being related to the risk of harm in the transportation of these products, instead claiming they relate to the kits’ packaging and design as it interfaces with the consumer, which they allege is subject to the jurisdiction of the CPSC and distinct from transportation safety regulated by PHMSA. NFA further claims adoption of this portion of the proposed language under section 3.2.5.1 will not reduce regulatory burdens, may create conflict and confusion between CPSC and PHMSA regulations, and eliminate a currently-allowed industry practice prior to an item being offered for retail sale. However, APA submitted supplemental comments noting that NFA, et al. were not criticizing the NPRM so much as existing HMR requirements as elaborated by PHMSA safety guidance 35 on reloadable aerial shell kits. APA further explained that the transportation of completed kits with inner packaging significantly increases safety in the event of an incident occurring during transportation: If a trailer load or shipping container of reloadable shells did not have the separation provided by inner packaging required under APA Standard 87–1A, the product could behave as a 1.3G explosive and pose far more serious transportation risks than a 1.4G incident. PHMSA agrees with APA that Standard 87–1A’s requirement for reloadable aerial shell kits to contain fully assembled tube and be packaged in an inner packaging with base is not a new regulatory requirement: Those elements are in the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87–1, in addition to the PHMSA guidance identified above. PHMSA further agrees with APA that the requirements for inner packagings and bases for reloadable aerial shell kits in APA Standard 87–1A are important contributors to the safe shipment of aerial shell kits. Indeed, PHMSA’s technical review regarding P–1710 included research yielding a preliminary conclusion that reloadable aerial shell kits can be shipped in bulk safely as 1.4G explosives. Comments Regarding Appendices PHMSA received comments from Jake’s Fireworks and the NFA on ‘‘Appendix VI: General Requirements 35 https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/sites/ phmsa.dot.gov/files/docs/approvals-and-permits/ hazmat/energetic-materials-approvals/18296/safety guidancefortheclassificationofanaerialshellkit.pdf. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75694 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Pertaining to the Consumer Product Safety Commission.’’ The commenters note that the requirements in Appendix VI do not relate to matters of transportation safety, but rather concern consumer safety issues which are within the jurisdiction of the CPSC. PHMSA agrees with the commenters that Appendix VI of APA Standard 87– 1A is within the jurisdiction of CPSC, and will therefore not incorporate it by reference in this final rule. Nor will PHMSA incorporate by reference any of Appendices II–V of APA Standard 87– 1A, Appendices II–IV of APA Standard 87–1B, and Appendices II–IV of APA Standard 87–1C, as PHMSA has not conducted a technical evaluation of those Appendices. Conclusion Regarding Incorporation by Reference of Updated APA Standard Based on PHMSA’s technical analysis and the comments received on the NPRM, PHMSA will in this final rule incorporate by reference the updated APA Standards 87–1A, B, and C, with their respective Appendix I Permitted and Restricted Chemicals lists. Other Appendices of APA Standard 87–1A (Appendices II–VI), APA Standard 87– 1B (Appendices II–IV), and APA Standard 87–1C (Appendices II–IV) will not be incorporated by reference. PHMSA expects the updated APA Standards 87–1A, B, and C will provide clarity to the fireworks industry, while maintaining the composition restrictions for classification that are needed to ensure the safe transportation of fireworks. Furthermore, PHMSA’s decision to incorporate by reference the updated APA Standard 87–1 is based on its review of the requirements for consumer fireworks in APA Standard 87–1A, display fireworks in APA Standard 87–1B, and professional fireworks (classed as articles pyrotechnics) in APA Standard 87–1C. These standards add numerous new devices, expand the permitted chemical list, and are directed toward hazard classification for transportation. PHMSA is also clarifying that in incorporating Appendix I of each of APA Standards 87–1A, B, and C, it will adopt a onepercent manufacturing tolerance for the application of the chemical constituent limits in updated APA Standard 87–1. This would mean that for individual chemical constituents, an increase or decrease of one-percent of that material’s share of the composition compared to the limits set forth in the updated APA Standard will be permitted for chemicals (other than red phosphorous and silver fulminate). PHMSA expects its incorporation of the updated APA Standard 87–1 will VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 provide cost savings to the fireworks industry by streamlining the EX approval process for many types of pyrotechnic devices. The EX approval processes within the updated APA Standard 87–1 will relieve the burden of submitting new fireworks designs to a third-party test lab for classification—a compliance cost often borne by distributors and small business importers, who often must contract to assist foreign manufacturing sources in obtaining EX approvals for their manufactured products. In addition, PHMSA expects that the incorporation of the revised APA standards will provide opportunities for the fireworks industry to work with the Department of Defense in developing incendiary type devices for training exercises. PHMSA estimates that adoption of this petition would provide an annualized cost savings of approximately $270,000 to industry through expediting the approval process to reduce explosives lab testing requirements. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA. V. Section-by-Section Review Below is a section-by-section description of the amendments in this final rule. 1. Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D sets forth the guidelines PHMSA uses (as of October 2, 2013) in making initial baseline determinations for civil penalties. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating the references to APA Standard 87–1 to reflect the new edition of this standard. 2. Section 107.402 Section 107.402 outlines how to apply for designation as a certification agency. PHMSA is updating the references to the APA Standard 87–1 to reflect the new edition of this standard in § 107.402(d). 3. Section 171.7 Section 171.7 lists all standards incorporated by reference into the HMR that are not specifically set forth in the regulations. In this final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the following publications by the APA, ASME, CGA, EU, and AESC/IME: • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, 2017, into § 171.23. The ADR is the European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road within the EU. • Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Council, June 16, 2010, into § 171.23. The aim of Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on Transportable Pressure Equipment (2010 TPED) is to promote the free movement of transportable pressure equipment (TPE) within the European Community (EC). It provides for a legal structure whereby TPE can be manufactured and sold and used throughout the EC. • CGA C–6.1, Standards for Visual Inspection of High Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 2002, Fourth Edition, into §§ 180.205 and 180.209. This publication has been prepared as a guide for the visual inspection of aluminum compressed gas cylinders with service pressures of 1800 psig or greater. It is general in nature and does not cover all circumstances for each individual cylinder type or lading. • CGA C–6.3, Guidelines for Visual Inspection and Requalification of Low Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 2013, Third Edition, into §§ 180.205 and 180.209. This publication has been prepared as a guide for the periodic inspection of aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with service pressures of 500 psi or less. This publication is general in nature and will not cover all circumstances for each individual cylinder type or lading. • CGA C–11, Recommended Practices for Inspection of Compressed Gas Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, 2013, Fifth Edition, into § 178.35. The purpose of this publication is to promote safety by outlining inspection requirements of DOT and UN pressure vessels as interpreted and practiced by manufacturers and inspectors. • CGA S–7, Method for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices for Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, 2013, Fifth Edition, into § 173.301. This method is applicable to the determination of the PRD to use with compressed gas mixtures in cylinders. This method is limited to those compressed gas mixtures with known flammability, toxicity, state, and corrosively. • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME BPVC), 2017 Edition, July 1, 2017 (as follows), into §§ 172.102; 173.3; 173.5b; 173.24b; 173.306; 173.315; 173.318; 173.420; 178.255–1; 178.255–2; 178.255–14; 178.255–15; 178.273; 178.274; 178.276; 178.277; 178.320; 178.337–1; 178.337–2; 178.337–3; 178.337–4; 178.337–6; 178.337–16; 178.337–18; 178.338–1; 178.338–2; 178.338–3; 178.338–4; 178.338–5; 178.338–6; 178.338–13; 178.338–16; 178.338–18; 178.338–19; 178.345–1; 178.345–2; 178.345–3; 178.345–4; 178.345–7; 178.345–14; E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations 178.345–15; 178.346–1; 178.347–1; 178.348–1; 179.400–3; and 180.407. The ASME BPVC is a standard that regulates the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. The document is written and maintained by volunteers chosen for their technical expertise. • AESC/IME JPG Standard, Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications, Ver. 02, dated September 1, 2017, into § 173.67. The AESC/IME JPG Standard was developed by IME, AESC, and PHMSA to provide an efficient and economical mechanism to obtain explosives approvals of JPGs in compliance with the HMR. Applications that are prepared and submitted using the standard are processed by PHMSA with minimal delay and without the need for expensive and time-consuming testing. • APA Standards: 87–1A Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval and Transportation of Consumer Fireworks, January 1, 2018 edition into §§ 107.402(d), 173.59, 173.64, 173.65, and Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D (Guidelines for Civil Penalties); 87–1B Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval, and Transportation of Display Fireworks, January 1, 2018 edition into § 173.64 and Appendix C to Part 107, Subpart D (Guidelines for Civil Penalties); and 87–1C Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval, and Transportation of Entertainment Industry and Technical (EI&T) Pyrotechnics, January 1, 2018 edition version into § 173.64 and Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D (Guidelines for Civil Penalties). APA Standard 87–1A, B, and C is a consensus standard in which fireworks classifications are assigned based upon the weight and type of chemical composition contained for each specific type of device, including specific permissible and restricted chemicals. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 4. Section 171.8 Section 171.8 defines terms generally used throughout the HMR that have broad or multi-modal applicability. PHMSA is adding a definition for ‘‘waste material’’ to allow wastes that do not meet the EPA/RCRA definition of hazardous waste to be managed in accordance with the lab pack exception and associated paragraphs in § 171.23. 5. Section 171.23 Section 171.23 covers the requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, TC Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations, or the International Atomic VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 Energy Agency (IAEA) Regulations. PHMSA is revising § 171.23(a)(3) to allow for the use of pressure vessels and pressure receptacles that are marked with a pi mark in accordance with the European Directive 2010/35/EU on TPED and that comply with the requirements of Packing Instruction P200, P208 and 6.2 of ADR concerning PRD use, test period, filling ratios, test pressure, maximum working pressure, and material compatibility for the lading contained or gas being filled. This revision allows for import, intermediate storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export of pi-marked cylinders. Note that since the publication of the NPRM, PHMSA has made minor editorial revisions to this section such as revising § 171.23(a)(3) to refer to 6.2.2. of the ADR instead of 6.2. PHMSA also removed the word ‘‘import’’ from § 171.23(a)(3)(i) and ‘‘export’’ from § 171.23(a)(3)(ii). 6. Section 172.101 The HMT is contained in § 172.101. The HMT lists alphabetically, by proper shipping name, those materials that have been designated hazardous materials for transportation purpose. It provides information used on shipping papers, package marking, and labeling, as well as other pertinent shipping information for hazardous materials. In this final rule, PHMSA is removing references to special provision 103 from Column (7) of the HMT for the following four explosive entries: ‘‘UN0361, Detonator assemblies, non-electric, for blasting’’; ‘‘UN0365, Detonators for ammunition’’; ‘‘UN0255, Detonators, electric, for blasting’’; and ‘‘UN0267, Detonators, non-electric, for blasting.’’ PHMSA is also revising more than 100 entries to harmonize the limited quantity exceptions in Column (8A) with the ICAO Technical Instructions and the UN Model Regulations. 7. Section 172.102 Section 172.102 lists special provisions applicable to the transportation of specific hazardous materials. Special provisions contain packaging requirements, prohibitions, and exceptions applicable to particular quantities or forms of hazardous materials. Consistent with the § 172.101 Column (7) revisions to ‘‘UN0361, Detonator assemblies, non-electric, for blasting’’; ‘‘UN0365, Detonators for ammunition’’; ‘‘UN0255, Detonators, electric, for blasting’’; and ‘‘UN0267, Detonators, non-electric, for blasting,’’ PHMSA is removing special provision 103 as it would no longer apply to any HMT entry. PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75695 8. Section 172.302 Section 172.302 describes the general marking requirements for bulk packagings. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the minimum size of the marking requirement on certain portable tanks in § 172.302(b)(2). This revision requires a minimum marking of 12 mm (0.47 inch) in height as applicable to portable tanks with capacities less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons). 9. Section 173.5b Section 173.5b authorizes the transportation by highway of residual amounts of Division 2.2 refrigerant gases or anhydrous ammonia contained in non-specification pressure vessels that are components of refrigeration systems. PHMSA is revising paragraph (b) to indefinitely allow the use of refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 1991 under specified conditions. 10. Section 173.28 Section 173.28 outlines the requirements for the reuse, reconditioning, and re-manufacture of packagings. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying language in § 173.28(c)(1)(i) to clarify requirements for reconditioning metal drums and to allow for the sufficient removal of external coatings to ensure there is no adverse effect on transportation safety. 11. Section 173.31 Section 173.31 outlines the requirements for shipping hazardous materials in tank cars. In this final rule, PHMSA is prohibiting the use of tank cars that were manufactured using nonnormalized steel for head or shell construction for the transportation of PIH materials after December 31, 2020. Furthermore, PHMSA is phasing out all non-HM–246 compliant tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials by December 31, 2027. 12. Section 173.56 Section 173.56 outlines the definitions and procedures for the classification and approval of a new explosive. In this final rule, PHMSA is adding a reference to the new § 173.67, which would apply to exceptions for Division 1.1 JPGs. 13. Section 173.59 Section 173.59 outlines the description of terms for explosives. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA documents in the definition of consumer fireworks. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75696 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations 14. Section 173.64 Section 173.64 outlines the exceptions for Division 1.3 and 1.4 fireworks. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA documents in § 173.64(a)(1) and (3). 15. Section 173.65 Section 173.65 outlines the exceptions for Division 1.4G consumer fireworks. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA documents in § 173.65(a)(1), (a)(3)(i), and (a)(4)(iv). 16. Section 173.67 In this final rule, PHMSA is adding a new § 173.67 to outline exceptions for Division 1.1 JPGs. 17. Section 173.151 Section 173.151 outlines exceptions for Class 4 materials. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the limited quantities provisions in this section to present limited quantities in appropriate SI units in liters in addition to kilograms. 18. Section 173.244 Section 173.244 outlines the requirements for bulk packaging for certain pyrophoric liquids, dangerous when wet (Division 4.3) materials, and poisonous liquids with inhalation hazards (Division 6.1). In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying the list of authorized tank car specifications in the table of PIH materials (§ 173.244(a)(2)) by replacing the delimiter ‘‘I’’ with ‘‘W’’ to reflect the change of the interim tank car standard to a permanent standard. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 19. Section 173.302 Section 173.302 outlines the requirements for the filling of cylinders with nonliquefied (permanent) compressed gases or adsorbed gases. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 173.302(a)(1) to refer to exceptions in § 171.23(a)(3) for the importation of pimarked cylinders. PHMSA is also revising § 173.302(a)(2) to make adsorbed gases eligible for the exceptions provided in § 171.23(a)(3). deleting § 173.308(d)(3), which requires a closed transport vehicle or closed freight container being transported by vessel to contain the marking, ‘‘WARNING—MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR— KEEP IGNITION SOURCES AWAY WHEN OPENING.’’ 22. Section 173.314 Section 173.314 outlines the requirements for transporting compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying the table in § 173.314(c), which lists the authorized tank car specifications for specific compressed gases. The changes replace the last specification delimiter ‘‘J’’ with ‘‘H’’ and ‘‘I’’ with ‘‘W’’ to reflect the change of the interim HM–246 tank car specification standard for PIH materials to a permanent standard. 23. Section 178.35 Section 178.35 prescribes the manufacturing and testing specifications for cylinders used for the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying § 178.35(b) and (c) to clarify inspection requirements as stipulated in CGA C– 11. This includes revision to the inspector duties as consistent with CGA C–11. 24. Section 178.521 Section 178.521 prescribes the requirements for paper bags used as non-bulk packagings for hazardous materials. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 178.521(b)(4) to allow for a weight tolerance of ±10 percent from the nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test report instead of ±5 percent. 20. Section 173.304 Section 173.304 outlines the requirements for the filling of cylinders with liquefied compressed gases. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising § 173.304(a) to refer to exceptions in § 171.23(a)(3) for the importation of pimarked cylinders. 25. Section 179.22 Section 179.22 specifies additional marking requirements for tank cars. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying § 179.22(e) to provide for new markings for tank cars manufactured after March 16, 2009, to meet the requirements of §§ 173.244(a)(2) or (3) or 173.314(c) or (d) to reflect the change of the interim tank car standard to a permanent standard. PHMSA is replacing ‘‘I’’ with ‘‘W’’ for cars manufactured before the effective date of this final rule and specifying that tank cars manufactured after the effective date will be marked with ‘‘W’’ following the test pressure and with a delimiter of ‘‘H.’’ 21. Section 173.308 Section 173.308 outlines the requirements for the shipment of lighters. In this final rule, PHMSA is 26. Section 180.209 Section 180.209 specifies requirements for requalification of specification cylinders. In this final VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 rule, PHMSA is modifying § 180.209(l)(2) to reference § 171.23(a)(5) in lieu of paragraph (4). 27. Section 180.213 Section 180.213 specifies requirements for requalification markings. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying § 180.213(d)(2) to reference § 171.23(a)(5) in lieu of paragraph (4). 28. Section 180.417 Section 180.417 prescribes the reporting and record retention requirements pertaining to cargo tanks. Currently, §§ 180.417(a)(3)(i) and (ii) allow the use of alternative reports when a manufacturer’s certificate and related papers are not available for DOT specification cargo tanks that were manufactured before September 1, 1995. In this final rule, PHMSA is removing the provision that limits use of alternative reports to those DOT specification cargo tanks ‘‘manufactured before September 1, 1995’’ from § 180.417(a)(3). VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking This rulemaking is published under the authority of Federal hazardous materials transportation law 36 (Federal hazmat law.). Section 5103(b) of the Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to ‘‘prescribe regulations for the safe transportation, including security, of hazardous materials in intrastate, interstate, and foreign commerce.’’ The Secretary’s authority regarding hazardous materials safety is delegated to PHMSA at 49 CFR 1.97. This rulemaking amends several sections of the HMR in response to petitions for rulemaking received from the regulated community. B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures This final rule is not considered a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of E.O. 12866, ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review’’ 37 and, therefore, was not formally reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This rulemaking is also not considered a significant rulemaking under the DOT regulations governing rulemaking procedures at 49 CFR part 5, subpart B. E.O. 12866 requires agencies to regulate in the ‘‘most cost-effective manner,’’ to make a ‘‘reasoned determination that the benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs,’’ and to develop 36 49 37 58 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM U.S.C. 5101 et seq. FR 51735 (Oct. 4, 1993). 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations regulations that ‘‘impose the least burden on society.’’ Similarly, DOT regulations at § 5.5(f)–(g) require that regulations issued by PHMSA and other DOT Operating Administrations ‘‘should be designed to minimize burdens and reduce barriers to market entry whenever possible, consistent with the effective promotion of safety’’ and should generally ‘‘not be issued unless their benefits are expected to exceed their costs.’’ In addition, E.O. 12866 and DOT implementing regulations at 49 CFR 5.5(i) require PHMSA to provide a meaningful opportunity for public participation, which also reinforces requirements for notice and comment under the Administrative Procedure Act. Therefore, in the NPRM, PHMSA sought public comment on its proposed revisions to the HMR, the preliminary cost and cost savings analyses in the Preliminary RIA, as well as any information that could assist in quantifying the benefits of this rulemaking. Those comments are addressed in this final rule, and additional discussion about the economic impacts of the final rule are provided within the RIA posted in the docket. In this final rule, PHMSA is introducing amendments to the HMR responding to 24 petitions that have been submitted by stakeholders. Overall, this rulemaking maintains the continued safe transportation of 75697 hazardous materials while producing a net cost savings. PHMSA estimates a present value of quantified net cost savings of approximately $0.72 million annualized at a 7 percent discount rate over a perpetual time horizon. These estimates do not include non-monetized and qualitative cost/cost savings discussed in the RIA. PHMSA’s cost/cost savings analysis relies on the monetization of impacts for three petitions included in this rulemaking. The following table presents a summary of the three petitions that would have monetized impacts upon codification and contribute to PHMSA’s estimation of quantified net cost savings. TABLE 1—SUMMARY OF COST/COST SAVINGS OF PETITIONS FOR REGULATORY REFORM Monetized costs/(cost savings) by petition Annualized cost savings (millions) Petition topic P–1688 ..................... P–1710 ..................... P–1711 ..................... Weight Tolerances for Paper Shipping Sacks ................................................................. Incorporation of an Institute of Makers of Explosives Standard ...................................... Incorporation of American Pyrotechnics Association Standard ....................................... $1.30 5.10 3.90 $0.09 0.36 0.27 Total .................. ........................................................................................................................................... 10.30 0.72 In addition to those three items, this rulemaking amends the HMR in response to other petitions that are either (1) cost neutral or (2) deregulatory in nature in that they provide relief from unnecessary requirements or provide additional flexibility, but which have not been monetized due to information gaps preventing quantification of cost savings. Furthermore, PHMSA’s actions in this final rule provide regulatory certainty to industry and allow efficient movement of hazardous materials resulting in increased economic activity. PHMSA’s findings are described in further detail in the RIA posted in the docket. C. Executive Order 13771 This final rule is a deregulatory action under E.O. 13771, ‘‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.’’ 38 Details on the estimated cost savings of this final rule can be found in the RIA posted in the docket. D. Executive Order 13132 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Total cost savings (millions) Petition # This rulemaking was analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in E.O. 13132, ‘‘Federalism’’, 39 and the presidential memorandum (‘‘Preemption’’) that was 38 82 39 64 FR 9339 (Jan. 30, 2017). FR 43255 (Aug. 10, 1999). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 published in the Federal Register. 40 E.O. 13132 requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that may have ‘‘substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.’’ This rulemaking may preempt State, local, and Tribal requirements, but does not propose any regulation that has substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the national government and the States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, the consultation and funding requirements of E.O. 13132 do not apply. The Federal hazmat law contains an express preemption provision, 49 U.S.C. 5125(b), that preempts State, local, and Indian Tribal requirements on the following subjects: (1) The designation, description, and classification of hazardous materials; (2) The packing, repacking, handling, labeling, marking, and placarding of hazardous materials; (3) The preparation, execution, and use of shipping documents related to 40 74 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 FR 24693 (May 22, 2009). Frm 00019 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 hazardous materials and requirements related to the number, contents, and placement of those documents; (4) The written notification, recording, and reporting of the unintentional release in transportation of hazardous material; and (5) The design, manufacture, fabrication, marking, maintenance, recondition, repair, or testing of a packaging or container represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material. This final rule addresses covered certain of the subject items above and preempts State, local, and Indian Tribe requirements concerning those subjects unless the non-Federal requirements are ‘‘substantively the same’’ as the Federal requirements. PHMSA received no comments on the NPRM regarding the effect of the adoption of the specific proposals on State, local or tribal governments. E. Executive Order 13175 This rulemaking was analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in E.O. 13175, ‘‘Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments’’ 41 and DOT Order 5301.1, ‘‘Department of 41 65 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM FR 67249 (Nov. 6, 2000). 25NOR3 75698 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Transportation Policies, Programs, and Procedures Affecting American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Tribes.’’ E.O. 13175 requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input from Tribal government representatives in the development of rules that significantly or uniquely affect Tribal communities by imposing ‘‘substantial direct compliance costs’’ or ‘‘substantial direct effects’’ on such communities or the relationship and distribution of power between the Federal Government and Tribes. PHMSA assessed the impact of the rulemaking on Indian Tribal communities and determined that it would not significantly or uniquely affect Tribal communities or Indian Tribal governments. Therefore, the funding and consultation requirements of E.O. 13175 do not apply. Further, PHMSA did not receive comments on the Tribal implications of the rulemaking. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Procedures and Policies The Regulatory Flexibility Act 42 requires agencies to consider whether their rulemakings will have a ‘‘significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities’’ to include small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations under 50,000. This rulemaking has been developed in accordance with E.O. 13272, ‘‘Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency Rulemaking,’’ 43 and DOT implementing regulations at 49 CFR 5.13(f) to ensure compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act requirements regarding evaluation of potential impacts of draft rules on small entities. 1. Need for and objectives of the final rule. This final rule amends miscellaneous provisions in the HMR in response to 24 petitions for rulemaking. While maintaining safety, this final rule would amend certain requirements that are overly burdensome and provide clarity and flexibility where requested by the regulated community. The changes are generally intended to provide relief to shippers, carriers, and packaging manufacturers, including small entities. 2. Significant issues raised by the public comments, a statement of the assessment by PHMSA regarding such issues, and a statement of any changes made in the proposed rule as a result of such comments. PHMSA did not receive any public comments suggesting that the proposed amendments would have a significant impact on small entities. Please refer to Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) above and the RIA for PHMSA’s responses to comments submitted in the rulemaking docket. 3. PHMSA’s response to any comments of the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Association (SBA). PHMSA received no comments filed by the SBA in response to the NPRM, Firm size category NAICS Industry title 322220 ................................... 322220 ................................... 322220 ................................... Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing ... Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing ... Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing ... Depending on the industrial sector, the SBA defines small entities either by a revenue threshold or by the number of employees. As identified in the accompanying RIA, the entities affected by the adoption of petition P–1688 are in North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) code 322220—Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Products Manufacturing. Firms in this NAICS sector manufacture a wide range of products, of which only a small subset are shipping sacks or shipping sack feed stock. Data are not available that would enable PHMSA to 42 65 FR 67249 (Nov. 6, 2000). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 identify how many firms within the larger NAICS manufacture both shipping sacks and feed stock for shipping sacks, much less identify the number of small entities. Neither can PHMSA estimate the revenues for those small entities with any degree of certainty. As noted in the RIA, the highend cost savings estimate is roughly $160,000 in cost savings per year. PHMSA does not believe these modest cost savings, spread among all affected manufacturers, would rise to the level of a significant impact for affected small entities. 43 67 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 and therefore has introduced no changes to this final rule in response. 4. An estimate of the number of small entities to which the rule will apply or an explanation of why no such estimate is available. This final rule affects numerous small entities across a wide range of industries. However, quantified impacts on entities, large or small, could only be assessed for a few of the changes incorporated in this final rule due to data limitations. These impacts are explained, discussed and assessed in the accompanying RIA. For the purposes of identifying affected small entities, PHMSA focused on the industries for which quantified impacts could be estimated. PHMSA assumes that any change that did not draw comment from the industry and could not be quantified is unlikely to have a significant economic or other impact on small entities. PHMSA therefore limits the discussion here to the three items for which impacts could be quantified: (1) The adoption of petition P–1688 adopting a wider range of basis weight for the paper stock used to manufacture UN specification paper sacks; (2) P– 1710 adopting a new AESC/IME standard for JPGs; and (3) P–1711 incorporating by reference an updated APA Standard 87–1 pertaining to fireworks. The table below presents the U.S. Census Bureau Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUBS) revenue data for each relevant NAICS Code that could be affected by incorporating P–1688. Total < 500 500+ Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 575 511 64 Total firm revenue in category ($1,000s) 20,836,474 7,225,805 13,610,669 The second industry to consider is associated with petition P–1710 and affects manufacturers of JPGs. As described in the RIA, there are five NAICS sectors that manufacture, operate or contract JPG services. These sectors include: • NAICS Code 325920, Explosives Manufacturing • NAICS Code 213111, Drilling Oil and Gas Wells • NAICS Code 213112, Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations FR 53461 (Aug. 16, 2002). Frm 00020 Number of firms in category E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations • NAICS Code 333132, Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing • NAICS Code 423830, Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 The RIA quantifies impacts related to elimination of testing requirements. The entities most directly impacted by this elimination are manufacturers of JPGs. While the firms involved in drilling wells, and equipment wholesalers, and support activities for oil and gas operations may use JPGs they are unlikely to manufacture them. PHMSA therefore uses NAICS codes 325920 and 333132 to identify the entities most likely to be affected by the cost savings associated with the changes associated with adoption of this petition. The small business size threshold for NAICS 325920—Explosives Manufacturing—is fewer than 750 employees. For NAICS 333132 the threshold for a small business is fewer than 1,250 employees. Given the size threshold for NAICS 333132—Oil and Gas Field Machinery Industry title 325920 ................................... 325920 ................................... 325920 ................................... Explosives Manufacturing ....................................................... Explosives Manufacturing ....................................................... Explosives Manufacturing ....................................................... NAICS Industry title 333132 ................................... 333132 ................................... 333132 ................................... Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing The other NAICS under consideration (Explosives Manufacturing) has a threshold of 750 employees. 15 of the 52 firms in this sector have more than 500 employees. Again, it appears likely that the larger firms are clustered nearer the 500-employee threshold and hence would qualify as small businesses given a threshold of 750 employees. Both industrial sectors manufacture a wide range of products: Explosives range from munitions, to fireworks, demolitions explosives, etc. JPGs make up a small fraction of the product output for these firms. Similarly, there is a wide range of drilling and other equipment manufactured for oil and gas exploration, of which JPGs make up a small fraction. Given the nature of the data available from the Census Bureau or other sources, PHMSA is unable to identify the number of firms in either of these broader industrial sectors that manufacture JPGs, much less those that would qualify as small entities. Nor could PHMSA identify revenues for small entities for use in making a significance determination with any degree of certainty. Although PHMSA cannot determine the number of JPG manufacturers or their revenues with any degree of specificity, PHMSA does VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 Frm 00021 Fmt 4701 Total < 500 500+ Firm size category not believe that the cost savings would amount to a significant impact on small entities, as estimated cost savings would be $360,000 split among all manufacturers of JPGs. PHMSA concludes by evaluating the last provision of this final rule for which it has quantified the economic impacts: That element responding to petition P– 1711 by incorporating an updated edition of APA Standard 87–1 by reference. This provision is the only element of the NPRM that drew adverse comments. These adverse comments are addressed above in the preamble. To summarize PHMSA’s response, the items that drew the most concern appear to be unchanged from the existing regulatory requirements. Insofar as that is the case, the negative consequences for small entities alleged by the comments on the NPRM do not result from adoption of the updated APA Standard 87–1. PHMSA did quantify some cost savings related to testing fireworks associated with adoption of the updated APA Standard 87–1. These cost savings result from reducing UN series 5 and 6 testing requirements for certain classes of fireworks. As described in the RIA, PHMSA estimated that this change may PO 00000 and Equipment Manufacturing, and looking at the Census Bureau SUBS tables, for this NAICS, it seems likely that virtually all firms in this industry qualify as small businesses. The average number of employees per firm with 500 employees or more is essentially 500 employees, indicating that even the largest firms in this industry are not much larger than 500 employees. Given that the threshold is more than double 500 employees, it seems reasonable to assume that essentially all firms in this industry fall under the SBA threshold. Firm size category NAICS Sfmt 4700 75699 Total < 500 500+ Number of firms in category 52 37 15 Number of firms in category 502 456 46 Total firm revenue in category ($1,000s) 2,382,540 560,068 1,822,472 Total firm revenue in category ($1,000s) 12,526,389 4,285,830 8,240,559 reduce testing costs by roughly $270,000 per year. Such a reduction in costs would be to the benefit of the fireworks industry, and PHMSA does not interpret these cost savings to be significant. As described in the RIA, virtually all consumer fireworks, and roughly 75 percent of display fireworks, are manufactured in China. The RIA describes the U.S. fireworks industry as having about $1.2 billion in revenue, of which consumer fireworks revenues account for about $885 million and display fireworks account for the remaining $353 million. Fireworks manufacturers fall into a miscellaneous NAICS code—NAICS 325998—All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing. Fireworks manufacturing makes up a small fraction of the economic activity in this industry, which has a total revenue of roughly $22 billion according to the Census Bureau SUBS data. The SBA size threshold for this industry is 500 employees: Firms with fewer than 500 employees are defined as small entities and those with 500 or more employees are not defined as small entities. The table below presents the relevant SUBS data for this NAICS code. E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75700 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Industry title 325998 ................................... All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing. All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing. All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing. 325998 ................................... 325998 ................................... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Firm size category NAICS As with other sectors assessed in this section, PHMSA cannot estimate the number of entities within the broader NAICS category that manufacture fireworks. The NAICS category in question contains firms that manufacture a wide range of products, only one small subset of which are fireworks. Given the lack of data with more detailed specificity, PHMSA cannot identify firms that manufacture fireworks, much less identify small entities that manufacture fireworks, or estimate revenue for those small entities. Given the relatively modest estimate of $270,000 in annual cost savings, and that those savings would be split among multiple firms, PHMSA does not expect the impacts to be significant. 5. A description of the projected reporting, recordkeeping and other compliance requirements of the rule, including an estimate of the classes of small entities which will be subject to the requirement and the type of professional skills necessary for preparation of the report or record. There are no reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the ‘‘Paperwork Reduction Act’’ associated with this final rule. 6. Alternative proposals for small entities. The Regulatory Flexibility Act directs agencies to establish exceptions and differing compliance standards for small entities, where it is possible to do so and still meet the objectives of the applicable regulatory statutes. To the extent that PHMSA received adverse comments, they were not targeted at alleviating burdens on small entities. While PHMSA may consider guidance to the extent that it is necessary to help clarify responsibilities for small entities, PHMSA does not expect that establishing exceptions to the HMR amendments in this final rule or alternative requirements for small entities to address potential concerns about the impact on small entities would accomplish the safety objectives of Federal hazmat law. Moreover, many of the HMR amendments introduced in this final rule—insofar as they relate to VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 Number of firms in category Total firm revenue in category ($1,000s) Total 1,064 21,932,497 < 500 974 8,690,809 500+ 90 13,241,688 or incorporate by reference technical specifications or industry standards—do not accommodate different regulatory approaches based on whether the entity is small entity or not. Further, as explained at length in Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of this final rule, the HMR amendments introduced in this final rule are generally deregulatory in nature and intended to provide reduce regulatory burdens on small entities and other members of the regulated community. 7. Conclusion. The changes in this final rule are generally intended to provide relief to shippers, carriers, and packaging manufactures and testers, including small entities. As discussed above, a shortage of pertinent data prevents PHMSA from quantifying economic impacts on small entities potentially affected by most of the HMR amendments introduced in this final rule. However, PHMSA has developed estimates for the numbers of small businesses that may be affected by the HMR revisions introduced in this final rule for which PHMSA has provided quantified cost benefits. For those HMR amendments, PHMSA has compared cost savings impacts to average small entity annual revenue and in none of those cases does an impact rise to even 1 percent of average small entity revenue, and in all cases the impacts reduce costs for the entities affected. Therefore, PHMSA determines that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) 45 requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits, and other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, local, or Tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more annually, adjusted for inflation. A Federal mandate is defined, in part, as a regulation that imposes an enforceable duty upon State, local, or Tribal governments or would reduce or eliminate the amount of authorization of appropriation for Federal financial assistance that would be provided to State, local, or Tribal governments for the purpose of complying with a previous Federal mandate. This final rule does not impose unfunded mandates under the UMRA. It does not result in costs of $100 million or more, adjusted for inflation, to either State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector in any one year, and is the least burdensome alternative that achieves the objective of the rule. G. Paperwork Reduction Act J. Environmental Assessment PHMSA has analyzed this final rule in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.44 This final rule does not impose new information collection requirements. PHMSA did not receive any comments regarding information collection activities under this final rule. H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN) A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions (Unified Agenda). The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. The RIN contained in the heading of this final rule can be used to cross-reference this action with the Unified Agenda. I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) 46 requires Federal agencies to consider the consequences of major Federal actions and prepare a detailed statement on actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) 45 2 44 44 PO 00000 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. Frm 00022 Fmt 4701 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. U.S.C. 4321 et seq. 46 42 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations implementing regulations (40 CFR part 1500–1508) require Federal agencies to conduct an environmental review considering (1) the need for the action, (2) a description of the action and alternatives, (3) probable environmental impacts of the action and alternatives, and (4) comments from the public and the agencies and persons consulted during the consideration process. DOT Order 5610.1C, ‘‘Procedures for Considering Environmental Impacts,’’ establishes departmental procedures for evaluation of environmental impacts under NEPA and its implementing regulations. PHMSA has completed its NEPA analysis. Based on the environmental assessment herein, PHMSA determined that an environmental impact statement is not required for this final rule because the HMR amendments introduced will not result in a significant environmental impact requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement. PHMSA notes that it received no comments from the public on the NEPA analysis within the NPRM. 1. Need for the Action PHMSA is amending the HMR in response to petitions for rulemaking submitted by the regulated community to update, clarify, or provide relief from miscellaneous regulatory requirements. PHMSA expects that the HMR revisions in this final rule will provide cost benefits to the regulated community without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA has provided a brief summary of each of those HMR revisions, including their impact on safety, in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of this final rule. 2. Alternatives In this rulemaking, PHMSA considered the following alternatives: Alternative 1: No Action The No Action Alternative would not proceed with a rulemaking on any of the previously-accepted petitions for rulemaking submitted by stakeholders. In the No Action Alternative, current HMR provisions would remain in effect. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Alternative 2: Amend the HMR as Provided in This Final Rule The Final Rule Alternative would adopt the HMR amendments set forth in this final rule. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 3. Environmental Impacts Hazardous materials are substances that may pose a threat to public safety or the environment during transportation because of their physical, chemical, or nuclear properties. Under the HMR, hazardous materials are transported by aircraft, vessel, rail, and highway. The HMR embodies a risk management approach that is prevention-oriented and focused on identifying a safety hazard and reducing the probability and quantity of a hazardous material release. The potential for environmental damage or contamination exists when packages of hazardous materials are involved in accidents or en route incidents resulting from cargo shifts, valve failures, package failures, loading, unloading, collisions, handling problems, or deliberate sabotage. The release of hazardous materials can cause the loss of ecological resources (e.g., wildlife habitats) and the contamination of air, aquatic environments, and soil. Contamination of soil can lead to the contamination of ground water. Compliance with the HMR substantially reduces the possibility of accidental release of hazardous materials, thereby minimizing the potential a significant impact on public health and the environment. Alternative 1: No Action If PHMSA were to select the No Action Alternative, current regulations would remain in place. However, efficiencies gained through harmonization of HMR provisions with international (UN, ICAO, IMDG, and EU) and consensus standards (AAR, APA, ASME, CGA, IME) for domestic U.S. industry would not be realized, thereby foregoing cost and safety benefits identified in Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of this final rule. Consistency between HMR requirements and international regulations and updated industry standards can promote the safety of international hazardous materials transportation through a better understanding of HMR requirements, an increased level of industry compliance, and fewer disruptions in transport of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their points of destination. Each of those consequences promote protection of human health and the environment; they also result in decreased compliance costs for regulated entities. PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75701 Nor, moreover, would the No Action Alternative provide meaningful safety benefits in declining to adopt HMR revisions in this final rule affording regulated entities greater flexibility in complying with HMR requirements. As explained in greater detail in Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) PHMSA does not expect those flexibility-affording HMR amendments in the final rule (including, but not limited to, extension of regulatory exceptions to additional commodities; relaxation of labelling requirements or cleaning requirements) to adversely affect safety. Further, the regulatory flexibilities foregone in the No Action Alternative do not exist in isolation: Rather, they are each backstopped by the robust, proven safety framework provided by other HMR requirements governing the transportation of hazardous materials. Alternative 2: Go Forward With the Proposed Amendments to the HMR in This Final Rule PHMSA selected the Final Rule Alternative as the preferred alternative. The Final Rule Alternative updates, clarifies, or provides relief from a variety of HMR regulatory requirements. As explained at greater length in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of this final rule and the above discussion of the No Action Alternative, PHMSA expects the Final Rule Alternative will realize cost benefits from providing greater compliance flexibility for regulated entities without adversely affecting safety. Further, PHMSA expects cost and safety benefits from harmonizing HMR requirements with international and domestic U.S. industry standards can also promote safety, thereby minimizing the risk of environmental impacts from the release of hazardous materials to the environment during shipment. For example, the Final Rule Alternative’s regulatory phase out of legacy-specification PIH tank cars consistent with industry (AAR) consensus standards and contractual practices (e.g., interchange rules) permanently locks-in the safety benefits associated with a more robust tank car design for transporting PIH material. The table below summarizes the anticipated environmental impacts from each of the elements of the final rule alternative: E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75702 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations SUMMARY OF PROBABLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS BY AMENDMENTS Proposed amendment(s) to HMR (lettered as above herein) Type of amendment(s) A. Phase-Out of Non-Normalized Tank Cars Used to Transport PIH material ... B. Limited Quantity Shipments of Hydrogen Peroxide ........................................ C. Markings on Portable Tanks ............................................................................ D. Reconditioning of Metal Drums ....................................................................... E. Limited Quantity Harmonization ....................................................................... F. Mobile Refrigeration Units ................................................................................ G. Incorporation by Reference of CGA Standards .............................................. H. Special Provision for Explosives ..................................................................... I. Cargo Tank Reports .......................................................................................... J. Weight Tolerances for Paper Shipping Sacks ................................................. K. Markings on Closed Transport Containers ...................................................... L. Finalization of the HM–246 Tank Car Standard .............................................. M. Phase-out of non-HM–246 Tank Cars ............................................................ O. Allow Non-RCRA Waste to Use Lab Pack Exception .................................... P. Incorporation of ASME Code Sections II, V, VIII, and IX ................................ Q. Import of Foreign Pi-Marked Cylinders ........................................................... R. Placement of the word ‘‘stabilized’’ in shipping description ............................ S. Incorporation of an IME Standard ................................................................... T. Incorporation of APA Standard ........................................................................ Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility—Harmonization Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility—Harmonization Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Standard Incorporation ........................ Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Harmonization ..................................... Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Standard Incorporation ........................ Regulatory Flexibility—Harmonization Regulatory Flexibility ........................... Standard Incorporation ........................ Standard Incorporation ........................ 4. Agencies consulted PHMSA expects this final rule would affect hazardous materials shippers and carriers by highway, rail, vessel, and aircraft, as well as package manufacturers and testers. PHMSA sought therefore sought comment from the following Federal Agencies and modal partners: • Federal Aviation Administration • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration • Federal Railroad Administration • U.S. Coast Guard PHMSA did not receive any adverse comments on the amendments in this final rule from these or any other Federal Agencies. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 5. Conclusion PHMSA finds that no significant environmental impacts will result from this final rule. The revisions in the final rule are intended to update, clarify, or provide relief from certain existing HMR requirements by eliminating unnecessary regulatory requirements; aligning HMR requirements with international and industry standards; and introducing editorial clarifications to make HMR requirements easier to understand. PHMSA does not expect those HMR revisions to adversely impact safety, much less cause a significant environmental impact under NEPA. K. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to http:// VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at http://www.dot.gov/privacy. L. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis Under E.O. 13609, ‘‘Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation,’’ 47 agencies must consider whether the impacts associated with significant variations between domestic and international regulatory approaches are unnecessary or may impair the ability of American business to export and compete internationally. In meeting shared challenges involving health, safety, labor, security, environmental, and other issues, international regulatory cooperation can identify approaches that are at least as protective as those that are or would be adopted in the absence of such cooperation. International regulatory cooperation can also reduce, eliminate, or prevent unnecessary differences in regulatory requirements. Similarly, the Trade Agreements Act of 1979,48 as amended by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act,49 prohibits Federal agencies from establishing any standards or engaging in related activities that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States. For purposes of these requirements, Federal agencies may participate in the establishment of international standards, so long as the standards have a legitimate domestic objective, such as providing for safety, and do not operate to exclude imports 47 77 FR 26413 (May 4, 2012). Law 96–39. 49 Public Law 103–465. Environmental impact(s) anticipated No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse adverse that meet this objective. The statute also requires consideration of international standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards. PHMSA participates in the establishment of international standards to protect the safety of the American public. PHMSA has assessed the effects of the rulemaking to ensure that it does not cause unnecessary obstacles to foreign trade. As explained in greater detail in Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble to this final rule, several of the HMR amendments introduced in this rulemaking better align U.S. requirements for transportation of hazardous materials with international (e.g., UN, IMDG) standards. Further, insofar as those and other HMR amendments in this final rule are expected to reduce regulatory burdens, improve the clarity of HMR provisions, and afford regulated entities greater flexibility in satisfying HMR requirements, PHMSA expects the final rule to make a positive contribution to U.S. domestic and international trade. Accordingly, this final rule is consistent with E.O. 13609 and PHMSA’s obligations under the Trade Agreement Act, as amended. M. Executive Order 13211 E.O. 13211, ‘‘Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use’’ 50 requires Federal agencies to prepare a Statement of Energy Effects for any ‘‘significant energy action.’’ Under E.O. 13211, a ‘‘significant energy action’’ is defined as any action by an agency 48 Public PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. impacts. 50 66 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM FR 28355 (May 22, 2001). 25NOR3 75703 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations (normally published in the Federal Register) that promulgates, or is expected to lead to the promulgation of, a final rule or regulation (including a notice of inquiry, ANPRM, and NPRM) that: (1)(i) Is a significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866 or any successor order, and (ii) is likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy; or (2) is designated by the Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs as a significant energy action. This final rule is not significant energy action as contemplated by E.O. 13211. It is neither a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under E.O. 12866, nor expected to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution or use of energy in the United States. The Administrator of OIRA has not designated the final rule as a significant energy action. N. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 51 directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards in their regulatory activities unless doing so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., specification of materials, test methods, or performance requirements) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. This final rule incorporates updates to multiple voluntary consensus standards which are listed in § 171.7. See Section II, ‘‘Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51’’ for availability. List of Subjects 49 CFR Part 107 Administrative practice and procedure, Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Packaging and containers, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 49 CFR Part 171 Exports, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, Imports, Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 49 CFR Part 172 Education, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, Incorporation by reference, Labeling, Markings, Packaging and containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 49 CFR Part 173 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Packaging and containers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Uranium. 49 CFR Part 178 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 49 CFR Part 179 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Railroad safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 49 CFR Part 180 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Railroad safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. In consideration of the foregoing, PHMSA amends 49 CFR chapter I as follows: PART 107—HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM PROCEDURES 1. The authority citation for part 107 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101–410, Section 4; Pub. L. 104–121, Sections 212–213; Pub. L. 104–134, Section 31001; Pub. L. 114–74, Section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97; 33 U.S.C. 1321. 2. In Appendix A to subpart D of part 107, in the List of Frequently Cited Violations, under ‘‘Offeror Requirements—Specific hazardous materials’’ revise sections B.1 through 7 to read as follows: ■ Appendix A to Subpart D of Part 107— Guidelines for Civil Penalties * Violation description jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * * * * * * Offeror Requirements—Specific hazardous materials 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 * Baseline assessment * * * ..................................... 172.320 ....................... $1,000. 173.54, 173.56(b) ........ ..................................... $5,000. * ..................................... ..................................... 173.54, 173.56(b) ........ $7,500. $12,500 and up. ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... 173.54(c). .................... ..................................... ..................................... $3,000. $4,000. $6,000. U.S.C. 272 note. VerDate Sep<11>2014 * Section or cite * * * * * B. Class 1—Explosives: 1. Failure to mark the package with the EX number for each substance contained in the package or, alternatively, indicate the EX number for each substance in association with the description on the shipping description. 2. Offering an unapproved explosive for transportation: a. Division 1.4 fireworks meeting the chemistry requirements of APA 87–1A or 87– 1C. b. Division 1.3 fireworks meeting the chemistry requirements of APA 87–1B .............. c. All other explosives (including forbidden) .................................................................. 3. Offering an unapproved explosive for transportation that minimally deviates from an approved design in a manner that does not impact safety: a. Division 1.4 ................................................................................................................ b. Division 1.3 ................................................................................................................ c. All other explosives .................................................................................................... 4. Offering a leaking or damaged package of explosives for transportation: a. Division 1.3 and 1.4 ................................................................................................... b. All other explosives .................................................................................................... 51 15 * E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 $12,500. $16,500. 75704 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Violation description Section or cite 5. Offering a Class 1 material that is fitted with its own means of ignition or initiation, without providing protection from accidental actuation. 6. Packaging explosives in the same outer packaging with other materials ........................ 7. Transporting a detonator on the same vehicle as incompatible materials using the approved method listed in 177.835(g)(3) without meeting the requirements of IME Standard 22. * * * * * * * * 3. In § 107.402, revise paragraph (d) introductory text to read as follows: ■ § 107.402 Application for designation as a certification agency. * * * * * (d) Fireworks Certification Agency. Prior to reviewing, and certifying Division 1.4G consumer fireworks (UN0336) for compliance with the APA 87–1A, excluding appendices II through VI, (IBR, see § 171.7 of this chapter) as specified in part 173 of this chapter, a person must apply to, and be approved by, the Associate Administrator to act as a Fireworks Certification Agency. * * * * * PART 171—GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS 4. The authority citation for part 171 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101–410, Section 4; Pub. L. 104–134, Section 31001; Pub. L. 114–74, Section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97. 5. In § 171.7; a. Revise paragraphs (f), (g), and (n)(4), (6), (9), and (20); ■ b. Add paragraph (p); ■ c. Revise paragraph (r) introductory text; and ■ d. Add paragraphs (r)(3) and (dd)(4). The revisions and additions read as follows: ■ ■ § 171.7 Reference material. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * * * * * (f) American Pyrotechnics Association (APA), P.O. Box 30438, Bethesda, MD 20824, (301) 907–8181, www.americanpyro.com. (1) APA 87–1A: Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval and Transportation of Consumer Fireworks, final draft January 1, 2018 (excluding appendices II through VI), into §§ 107.402(d); 173.59; 173.64; and 173.65. (2) APA 87–1B: Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval, and Transportation of Display Fireworks, final draft January 1, 2018 (excluding appendices II through IV), into § 173.64. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 * Note 1 to paragraph (g)(1): The requirement for a 6% knuckle radius on torispherical heads are excepted. (2) ASME B31.4–2012, Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids and Slurries, November 12, 2012, into § 173.5a. * * * * * (n) * * * (4) CGA C–6.1—2013, Standards for Visual Inspection of High Pressure PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4701 173.60(b)(5) ................ $15,000. 173.61 ......................... 177.835(g)(3) .............. $9,300. $10,000. * (3) APA 87–1C: Standard for the Construction, Classification, Approval, and Transportation of Entertainment Industry and Technical (EI&T) Pyrotechnics, final draft January 1, 2018 (excluding appendices II through IV), into § 173.64. (g) The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 150 Clove Road, Little Falls, NJ 07424–2139, telephone: 1–800–843–2763, http:// www.asme.org. (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME Code), 2017 Edition, July 1, 2017 (as follows), into §§ 172.102; 173.3; 173.5b; 173.24b; 173.306; 173.315; 173.318; 173.420; 178.255–1; 178.255–2; 178.255–14; 178.255–15; 178.273; 178.274; 178.276; 178.277; 178.320; 178.337–1; 178.337–2; 178.337–3; 178.337–4; 178.337–6; 178.337–16; 178.337–18; 178.338–1; 178.338–2; 178.338–3; 178.338–4; 178.338–5; 178.338–6; 178.338–13; 178.338–16; 178.338–18; 178.338–19; 178.345–1; 178.345–2; 178.345–3; 178.345–4; 178.345–7; 178.345–14; 178.345–15; 178.346–1; 178.347–1; 178.348–1; 179.400–3; 180.407: (i) ASME BPVC.II.A–2017 (vols. 1 and 2), Section II—Materials—Part A— Ferrous Materials Specifications. (ii) ASME BPVC.II.B–2017, Section II—Materials—Part B—Nonferrous Material Specifications. (iii) ASME BPVC.V–2017, Section V— Nondestructive Examination. (iv) ASME BPVC.VIII.1–2017, Section VIII—Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels Division 1. (v) ASME BPVC.IX–2017, Section IX—Qualification Standard for Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Procedures; Welders; Brazers; and Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Operators. Sfmt 4700 Baseline assessment * * Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, Sixth Edition, copyright 2013 (corrected 4/14/2015), into §§ 180.205; 180.209. * * * * * (6) CGA C–6.3—2013, Standard for Visual Inspection of Low Pressure Aluminum Alloy Compressed Gas Cylinders, Third Edition, copyright 2013, into §§ 180.205; 180.209. * * * * * (9) CGA C–11—2013, Practices for Inspection of Compressed Gas Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, Fifth Edition, copyright 2013, into § 178.35. * * * * * (20) CGA S–7—2013, Standard for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices for Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, Fifth Edition, copyright 2013, into § 173.301. * * * * * (p) European Union. Rue de la Loi/ Wetstraat, 175B–1048 Bruxelles/Brussel Belgique/Belgie¨], https://europa.eu/ european-union/documentspublications_en. (1) Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, ‘‘on transportable pressure equipment and repealing Council Directives 76/767/EEC, 84/525/EEC, 84/ 526/EEC, 84/527/EEC and 1999/36/EC’’, June 16, 2010, into § 171.23. (2) [Reserved]. * * * * * (r) Institute of Makers of Explosives, 1212 New York Ave NW, #650, Washington, DC 20005. * * * * * (3) AESC/IME JPG Standard, Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications, Ver. 02, dated September 1, 2017, into § 173.67. * * * * * (dd) * * * (4) ECE/TRANS/257 (Vol.I), European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, copyright 2016, into § 171.23. * * * * * ■ 6. In § 171.8, add a definition for ‘‘waste material’’ in alphabetical order to read as follows: E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations § 171.8 Definitions and abbreviations. * * * * * Waste material means, for the purposes of lab pack requirements in § 173.12 of this subchapter, all hazardous materials which are destined for disposal or recovery, and not so limited to only those defined as a hazardous waste in this section. * * * * * ■ 7. In § 171.23, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows: § 171.23 Requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, Transport Canada TDG Regulations, or the IAEA Regulations. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * * * * * (a) Conditions and requirements for cylinders and pressure receptacles—(1) Applicability. Except as provided in this paragraph (a), a filled cylinder (pressure receptacle) manufactured to other than a DOT specification or a UN standard in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, a DOT exemption or special permit cylinder, a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC cylinder authorized under § 171.12, or a cylinder used as a fire extinguisher in conformance with § 173.309(a) of this subchapter, may not be transported to, from, or within the United States. (2) Conditions. Cylinders (including UN pressure receptacles) transported to, from, or within the United States must conform to the applicable requirements of this subchapter. Unless otherwise excepted in this subchapter, a cylinder must not be transported unless— (i) The cylinder is manufactured, inspected and tested in accordance with a DOT specification or a UN standard prescribed in part 178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification set out in the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see § 171.7), except that cylinders not conforming to these requirements must meet the requirements in paragraph (a)(3), (4), or (5) of this section; (ii) The cylinder is equipped with a pressure relief device in accordance with § 173.301(f) of this subchapter and conforms to the applicable requirements in part 173 of this subchapter for the hazardous material involved; (iii) The openings on an aluminum cylinder in oxygen service conform to the requirements of this paragraph, except when the cylinder is used for aircraft parts or used aboard an aircraft in accordance with the applicable airworthiness requirements and operating regulations. An aluminum DOT specification cylinder must have an opening configured with straight (parallel) threads. A UN pressure receptacle may have straight (parallel) VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 or tapered threads provided the UN pressure receptacle is marked with the thread type, e.g. ‘‘17E, 25E, 18P, or 25P’’ and fitted with the properly marked valve; and (iv) A UN pressure receptacle is marked with ‘‘USA’’ as a country of approval in conformance with §§ 178.69 and 178.70 of this subchapter, or ‘‘CAN’’ for Canada. (3) Pi-marked pressure receptacles. Pressure receptacles that are marked with a pi mark in accordance with the European Directive 2010/35/EU (IBR, see § 171.7) on transportable pressure equipment (TPED) and that comply with the requirements of Packing Instruction P200 or P208 and 6.2 of ECE/TRANS/ 257 (Vol. I), the Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) (IBR, see § 171.7) concerning pressure relief device use, test period, filling ratios, test pressure, maximum working pressure, and material compatibility for the lading contained or gas being filled, are authorized as follows: (i) Filled pressure receptacles imported for intermediate storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export without further filling; and (ii) Pressure receptacles imported or domestically sourced for the purpose of filling, intermediate storage, and export. (iii) The bill of lading or other shipping paper must identify the cylinder and include the following certification: ‘‘This cylinder (These cylinders) conform(s) to the requirements for pi-marked cylinders found in 171.23(a)(3).’’ (4) Importation of cylinders for discharge within a single port area. Except as provided in § 171.23(a)(3), a cylinder manufactured to other than a DOT specification or UN standard in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification cylinder set out in the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see § 171.7), and certified as being in conformance with the transportation regulations of another country may be authorized, upon written request to and approval by the Associate Administrator, for transportation within a single port area, provided— (i) The cylinder is transported in a closed freight container; (ii) The cylinder is certified by the importer to provide a level of safety at least equivalent to that required by the regulations in this subchapter for a comparable DOT, TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification or UN cylinder; and (iii) The cylinder is not refilled for export unless in compliance with paragraph (a)(5) of this section. PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75705 (5) Filling of cylinders for export or for use on board a vessel. A cylinder not manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, or a cylinder manufactured to other than a UN standard, DOT specification, exemption or special permit, or other than a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification, may be filled with a gas in the United States and offered for transportation and transported for export or alternatively, for use on board a vessel, if the following conditions are met: (i) The cylinder has been requalified and marked with the month and year of requalification in accordance with subpart C of part 180 of this subchapter, or has been requalified as authorized by the Associate Administrator; (ii) In addition to other requirements of this subchapter, the maximum filling density, service pressure, and pressure relief device for each cylinder conform to the requirements of this part for the gas involved; and (iii) The bill of lading or other shipping paper identifies the cylinder and includes the following certification: ‘‘This cylinder has (These cylinders have) been qualified, as required, and filled in accordance with the DOT requirements for export.’’ (6) Cylinders not equipped with pressure relief devices. A DOT specification or a UN cylinder manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter and otherwise conforms to the requirements of part 173 of this subchapter for the gas involved, except that the cylinder is not equipped with a pressure relief device may be filled with a gas and offered for transportation and transported for export if the following conditions are met: (i) Each DOT specification cylinder or UN pressure receptacle must be plainly and durably marked ‘‘For Export Only’’; (ii) The shipping paper must carry the following certification: ‘‘This cylinder has (These cylinders have) been retested and refilled in accordance with the DOT requirements for export.’’; and (iii) The emergency response information provided with the shipment and available from the emergency response telephone contact person must indicate that the pressure receptacles are not fitted with pressure relief devices and provide appropriate guidance for exposure to fire. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75706 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations ■ 8. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows: * ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 1.97. Symbols Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names Hazard class or division Identification Nos. PG § 172.101 Purpose and use of the hazardous materials table. * * * * (c) * * * (17) Unless it is already included in the proper shipping name in the Label codes Special provisions (§ 172.102) Exceptions (1) Hazardous Materials Table (8) (9) (10) Packaging (§ 173.***) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) Vessel stowage Non-bulk Bulk Passenger aircraft/rail Cargo aircraft only Location Other (10B) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8A) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) ............... 6.1 ........ ............... UN1545 ......... II ..... ............... 6.1, 3 .... ...................... 387, A3, A7, IB2, T7, TP2. .................. 153 .......... .................. 202 .......... .................. 243 .......... ...................... Forbidden .... ...................... 60 L ............. ............... D ........... 4.3 ........ * UN3170 II ..... * 4.3 ........ * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 242 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ B ........... 13, 85, 103, 148 III .... 4.3 ........ 151 .......... 213 .......... 241 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... B ........... 13, 85, 103, 148 I ...... * 8, 3 ....... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * 0.5L .............. * 2.5L .............. A ........... 52 II ..... 8, 3 ....... 154 .......... 201 .......... 243 .......... 1L ................. 30L ............... A ........... 52 * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. B ........... 95, 102 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. C ........... 40, 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. D ........... 40, 44, 53, 58, 89, 100, 141 * 154 .......... * 213 .......... None ........ * 25 kg ............ * 230 kg .......... A ........... 52 * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... * 151 .......... * 223 .......... None ........ * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... D ........... 12, 25, 40, 127 * 153 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 100 kg .......... * 200 kg .......... C ........... 52, 53, 70 * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... 151 .......... 213 .......... 240 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... A ........... * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ A ........... 13, 74, 91, 147, 148 * 152 .......... * 229 .......... None ........ * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... D ........... 53, 56, 58 * * Amine, liquid, corrosive, flammable, n.o.s. or Polyamines, liquid, corrosive, flammable, n.o.s. 8 ........... * * UN2734 3 ........... * UN1111 II ..... * 3 ........... 8 ........... * UN1730 II ..... * 8 ........... 8 ........... * UN1732 II ..... * 8, 6.1 .... 8 ........... * UN3028 ......... * 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN1312 III .... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN2956 III .... * 4.1 ........ 6.1 ........ * UN2716 III .... * 6.1 ........ Calcium resinate ......... 4.1 ........ * UN1313 III .... * 4.1 ........ Calcium resinate, fused. 4.1 ........ UN1314 III .... 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN2717 III .... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN2000 III .... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN1333 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 5.1 ........ * UN2626 II ..... * 5.1 ........ Amyl mercaptan .......... * Antimony pentachloride, liquid. * Antimony pentafluoride * Batteries, dry, containing potassium hydroxide solid, electric storage. * Borneol ........................ * 5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6trinitro-m-xylene or Musk xylene. * 1,4-Butynediol ............. * * Camphor, synthetic ..... * Celluloid, in block, rods, rolls, sheets, tubes, etc., except scrap. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 § 172.101 [REVISE] ..................... Allyl isothiocyanate, stabilized. Aluminum smelting byproducts or Aluminum remelting byproducts. G ........ § 172.101 Table, the qualifying word ‘‘stabilized’’ may be added in association with the proper shipping name, as appropriate, where without stabilization the substance would be forbidden for transportation according to § 173.21(f) of this subchapter. * * * * * 9. In § 172.101, add paragraph (c)(17) and amend the Hazardous Materials Table to revise entries under ‘‘[REVISE]’’ to read as follows: PART 172—HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, AND TRAINING REQUIREMENTS * Cerium, slabs, ingots, or rods. * Chloric acid aqueous solution, with not more than 10 percent chloric acid. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 128, B115, IB7, IP2, IP21, T3, TP33, W31, W40. 128, B115, IB8, IP21, T1, TP33, W31. A3, A6, N34, T14, TP2, TP27. IB2, T11, TP2, TP27. A3, A6, IB2, T4, TP1. B2, IB2, T7, TP2. A3, A6, A7, A10, IB2, N3, N36, T7, TP2. 237 ............... A1, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. 159 ............... A1, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. A1, A19, IB6, T1, TP33. A1, A19, IB4, T1, TP33. A1, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. 420 ............... IB8, IP2, IP4, N34, W100. IB2, T4, TP1, W31. Frm 00028 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 25, 40 75707 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Symbols Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names (1) Hazard class or division (2) (5) (6) 1-Chloropropane ......... 3 ........... * UN1278 II ..... * 3 ........... Chromium trioxide, anhydrous. 5.1 ........ UN1463 II ..... 5.1, 6.1, 8. 8 ........... * UN2920 I ...... * 8, 3 ....... II ..... 8, 3 ....... A6, B10, T14, TP2, TP27. B2, IB2, T11, TP2, TP27. I ...... * 8, 5.1 .... II ..... 8, 5.1 .... * * Corrosive liquids, oxidizing, n.o.s. 8 ........... * Corrosive solids, flammable, n.o.s. 8 ........... * Corrosive solids, oxidizing, n.o.s. 8 ........... * G ........ G ........ Corrosive solids, water-reactive, n.o.s. 8 ........... Corrosive liquids, oxidizing, n.o.s. 8 ........... * G ........ G ........ Corrosive solids, oxidizing, n.o.s. 8 ........... Corrosive solids, selfheating, n.o.s. 8 ........... * G ........ Corrosive solids, water-reactive, n.o.s. 8 ........... * Cyanuric chloride ........ VerDate Sep<11>2014 Other (10A) (10B) (8A) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 60 L ............. E ........... 152 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 5 kg .............. 25 kg ............ A ........... 66, 90 * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * 0.5 L ............ * 2.5 L ............ C ........... 25, 40 154 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 30 L ............. C ........... 25, 40 A6, A7 .......... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 2.5 L ............ C ........... 89 A6, A7, IB2 ... 154 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 30 L ............. C ........... 89 IB6, T6, TP33 * None ........ * 211 .......... 242 .......... * 1 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ B ........... 12, 25 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ B ........... 12, 25 IB2, IP8, N34, T7, TP2. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, TP33, W31. I ...... * 8, 4.1 .... II ..... 8, 4.1 .... I ...... * 8, 5.1 .... T6, TP33 ...... * None ........ * 211 .......... 242 .......... * 1 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ C ........... II ..... 8, 5.1 .... 154, IB6, IP2, T3, TP33. 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ C ........... I ...... * 8, 4.3 .... * None ........ * 211 .......... 243 .......... * 1 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ D ........... 13, 148 II ..... 8, 4.3 .... 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ D ........... 13, 148 IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, TP33. I ...... 8, 5.1 .... IB4, IP1, T6, TP33. IB6, IP2, T3, TP33, W100. A6, A7 .......... None ........ 201 .......... 243 .......... Forbidden .... 2.5 L ............ C ........... 89 II ..... 8, 5.1 .... A6, A7, IB2 ... 154 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 30 L ............. C ........... 89 I ...... * 8, 5.1 .... T6, TP33 ...... * None ........ * 211 .......... 242 .......... * 1 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ C ........... II ..... 8, 5.1 .... 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ C ........... I ...... 8, 4.2 .... II ..... 8, 4.2 .... I ...... * 8, 4.3 .... II ..... 8, 4.3 .... 154, IB6, IP2, T3, TP33. T6, TP33 ...... IB6, IP2, T3, TP33. IB4, IP1, T6, TP33. IB6, IP2, T3, TP33, W100. None ........ 211 .......... 243 .......... 1 kg .............. 25 kg ............ C ........... 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ C ........... * None ........ * 211 .......... 243 .......... * 1 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ D ........... 13, 148 154 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ D ........... 13,148 * None ........ * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ A ........... 12, 25, 40, 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 40, 52 * 151 .......... * 212 .......... None ........ * Forbidden .... * 50 kg ............ A ........... 74 4.1 ........ II ..... 4.1, 6.1 1.4B ...... * UN0361 ......... * 1.4B ...... 148 ............... * 63(f), 63(g) * 62 ............ None ........ * Forbidden .... * 75 kg ............ 05 ......... 25 1.4B ...... * UN0255 ......... * 1.4B ...... 148 ............... * 63(f), 63(g) * 62 ............ None ........ * Forbidden .... * 75 kg ............ 05 ......... 25 1.4B ...... * UN0365 ......... * 1.4B ...... ...................... * None ........ * 62 ............ None ........ * Forbidden .... * 75 kg ............ 05 ......... 25 1.4B ...... * UN0267 ......... * 1.4B ...... ...................... * 63(f), 63(g) * 62 ............ None ........ * Forbidden .... * 75 kg ............ 05 ......... 25 3 ........... * UN2375 II ..... * 3 ........... * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. E ........... 52 8 ........... * UN2686 II ..... * 8, 3 ....... * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 52 8 ........... * UN2685 II ..... * 8, 3 ....... * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 52 8 ........... * UN2751 II ..... * 8 ........... * 154 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ D ........... 12, 25, 40, 53, 58 * Diethylthiophosphoryl chloride. Location * UN1868 * N,NDiethylethylenediamine. * UN3096 Cargo aircraft only * 8, 3 ....... * 2-Diethylaminoethanol UN3095 (7) Passenger aircraft/rail II ..... * Diethyl sulfide .............. * UN3084 Bulk * UN2357 * Detonators, non-electric, for blasting. UN3093 Non-bulk 8 ........... * Detonators for ammunition. * UN3096 Exceptions * 8 ........... * Detonators, electric, for blasting. * UN3084 (10) Vessel stowage II ..... * Detonator assemblies, non-electric, for blasting. * UN2921 (9) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) * UN2670 * Decaborane ................. * UN3093 (8) Packaging (§ 173.***) 8 ........... * Cyclohexylamine ......... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Label codes (4) Corrosive liquids, flammable, n.o.s. G ........ PG Special provisions (§ 172.102) (3) * G ........ Identification Nos. 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, TP33. IB2, T7, TP2 * PO 00000 A19, A20, IB6, IP2, T3, TP33, W31. IB2, T7, TP1, TP13. B2, IB2, T7, TP2. IB2, T7, TP2 B2, IB2, T7, TP2. Frm 00029 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75708 Symbols Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names (1) Hazard class or division (2) Label codes (8) (9) (10) Packaging (§ 173.***) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) Vessel stowage Exceptions Non-bulk Bulk Passenger aircraft/rail Cargo aircraft only Location Other (8A) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) (10B) * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 40, 53, 58 * ............... 154 .......... .................. 202 .......... * ............... 243 .......... ...................... 1 L ............... * ................... 30 L ............. ............... A ........... * 52 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... D ........... 40 * 100 kg .......... D ........... (4) (5) (6) Difluorophosphoric acid, anhydrous. 8 ........... * UN1768 II ..... * 8 ........... * ................................... Di-n-butylamine ........... ............... 8 ........... * ............ UN2248 ......... II ..... * ............ 8, 3 ....... A6, A7, B2, IB2, N5, N34, T8, TP2. ...................... IB2, T7, TP2 6.1 ........ * UN1603 II ..... * 6.1, 3 .... IB2, T7, TP2 * 153 .......... * 202 .......... 4.1 ........ * UN1353 III .... * 4.1 ........ A1, IB8, IP3 .. * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ 4.1 ........ * UN1324 III .... * 4.1 ........ ...................... * 151 .......... * 183 .......... None ........ * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... D ........... 28 4.1 ........ * UN2623 III .... * 4.1 ........ A1, A19 ........ * 151 .......... * 213 .......... None ........ * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... 52 4.1 ........ * UN3097 II ..... 4.1, 5.1 131 ............... * 151 .......... * 214 .......... 214 .......... * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... E ........... 40 III .... 4.1, 5.1 131, T1, TP33. 151 .......... 214 .......... 214 .......... Forbidden .... Forbidden .... D ........... 40 II ..... * 4.1, 8 .... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 242 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ D ........... 40 III .... 4.1, 8 .... 151 .......... 213 .......... 242 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... D ........... 40 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 162 .......... 240 .......... * 20 kg ............ * 20 kg ............ B ........... 25 * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 241 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ E ........... 74 * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. B ........... * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 53, 58 52 * Ethyl bromoacetate ..... * Fibers or Fabrics impregnated with weakly nitrated nitrocellulose, n.o.s. * Films, nitrocellulose base, gelatine coated (except scrap). * Firelighters, solid with flammable liquid. * Flammable solid, oxidizing, n.o.s. * Flammable solids, cor- 4.1 ........ rosive, organic, n.o.s. * Fluorophosphoric acid anhydrous. * 8 ........... 8 ........... * UN1778 II ..... * 8 ........... 8 ........... * UN2803 III .... * 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN1326 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 3 ........... * UN2458 II ..... * 3 ........... 8 ........... * UN1782 II ..... * 8 ........... 8 ........... * UN1783 II ..... * 8 ........... IB2, T7, TP2 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... III .... 8 ........... IB3, T4, TP1 154 .......... 203 .......... 241 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. A ........... I ...... * 8, 6.1 .... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 2.5 L ............ D ........... 40, 52 II ..... 8, 6.1 .... 154 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... Forbidden .... 30 L ............. D ........... 40, 52 III .... 8, 6.1 .... 154 .......... 203 .......... 241 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. D ........... 40, 52 II ..... * 5.1, 8 .... * 152 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 5 L ............... D ........... 25, 66, 75. * Hexadienes ................. * Hexafluorophosphoric acid. * Hexamethylenediamine solution. * Hydrazine aqueous solution, with more than 37% hydrazine, by mass. 8 ........... * Hydrogen peroxide and peroxyacetic acid mixtures, stabilized with acids, water, and not more than 5 percent peroxyacetic acid. VerDate Sep<11>2014 A1, IB6, IP2, T3, TP33. A1, IB6, T1, TP33. II ..... * Hafnium powder, wetted with not less than 25 percent water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced, particle size less than 840 microns. * * UN1776 * Gallium ........................ * UN2925 (7) 8 ........... * Fluorosilicic acid .......... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 PG Special provisions (§ 172.102) (3) * G ........ Identification Nos. 5.1 ........ 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 * UN2030 * UN3149 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 A6, A7, B2, IB2, N3, N34, T8, TP2. A6, A7, B2, B15, IB2, N3, N34, T8, TP2. T1, TP33 ...... A6, A19, A20, IB6, IP2, N34, T3, TP33, W31, W40. IB2, T4, TP1 A6, A7, B2, IB2, N3, N34, T8, TP2. B16, B53, T10, TP2, TP13. B16, B53, IB2, T7, TP2, TP13. B16, B53, IB3, T4, TP1. 145, A2, A3, A6, B53, IB2, IP5, T7, TP2, TP6, TP24. Frm 00030 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Symbols Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names Hazard class or division Identification Nos. PG Label codes Special provisions (§ 172.102) Exceptions (1) (9) (10) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) Vessel stowage Non-bulk Bulk Passenger aircraft/rail Cargo aircraft only Location Other (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8A) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) 5.1 ........ UN2014 II ..... 5.1, 8 .... 12, A60, B53, B80, B81, B85, IB2, IP5, T7, TP2, TP6, TP24, TP37. 152 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... Forbidden .... Forbidden .... D ........... 25, 66, 75 5.1 ........ UN2014 II ..... 5.1, 8 .... A2, A3, A6, B53, IB2, IP5, T7, TP2, TP6, TP24, TP37. 152 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... D ........... 25, 66, 75 8 ........... * UN1740 II ..... * 8 ........... * 154 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ A ........... 25, 40, 52, 53, 58 III .... 8 ........... 154 .......... 213 .......... 240 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... A ........... 25, 40, 52 * 154 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * Forbidden .... * 50 kg ............ D ........... 40, 53, 58, 66, 74 * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ B ........... 34. 151 .......... 213 .......... 240 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... B ........... 34 * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 60 L ............. B ........... 40, 95, 102 150 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 220 L ........... A ........... 40, 95, 102 * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. E. * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. E ........... * 154 .......... * 158 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. D ........... 40. 53. 58 * 154 .......... * 158 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. D ........... 40, 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 158 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. D ........... 53, 58, 66, 74, 89, 90 * * Iodine monochloride, solid. 8 ........... * UN1792 II ..... * 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN2989 II ..... * 4.1 ........ III .... 4.1 ........ II ..... * 3, 6.1 .... III .... 3, 6.1 .... * Lead phosphite, dibasic. * Mercaptans, liquid, flammable, toxic, n.o.s. or Mercaptan mixtures, liquid, flammable, toxic, n.o.s. 3 ........... * * UN1228 IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, N34, T3, TP33. IB8, IP3, N3, N34, T1, TP33. B6, IB8, IP2, IP4, N41, T7, TP2. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, TP33. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. IB2, T11, TP2, TP27. A6, B1, IB3, T7, TP1, TP28. (10B) 3 ........... * UN2460 II ..... * 3 ........... 3 ........... * UN1234 II ..... * 3 ........... 8 ........... * UN1826 II ..... * 8 ........... * 8 ........... Nitrating acid mixtures with not more than 50 percent nitric acid. * UN1796 II ..... * 8 ........... * Nitric acid other than 8 ........... red fuming, with at least 65 percent, but not more than 70 percent nitric acid. Nitric acid other than 8 ........... red fuming, with more than 20 percent and less than 65 percent nitric acid. Nitric acid other than 8 ........... red fuming with not more than 20 percent nitric acid. * UN2031 II ..... * 8, 5.1 .... UN2031 II ..... 8 ........... A6, A212, B2, B47, B53, IB2, IP15, T8, TP2. 154 .......... 158 .......... 242 .......... Forbidden .... 30 L ............. D ........... 44, 66, 53, 58, 74, 89, 90 UN2031 II ..... 8 ........... A6, B2, B47, B53, IB2, T8, TP2. 154 .......... 158 .......... 242 .......... 1 L ............... 30 L ............. D ........... 53, 58 2.2 ........ * UN2422 ......... * 2.2 ........ ...................... * 306 .......... * 304 .......... 314, 315 .. * 75 kg ............ * 150 kg .......... A. 2.2 ........ UN1976 ......... 2.2 ........ T50 ............... 306 .......... 304 .......... 314, 315 .. 75 kg ............ 150 kg .......... A. 2.2 ........ UN2424 ......... 2.2 ........ T50 ............... 306 .......... 304 .......... 314, 315 .. 75 kg ............ 150 kg .......... A. 4.3 ........ * UN3398 I ...... * 4.3 ........ * None ........ * 201 .......... 244 .......... * Forbidden .... * 1 L ............... D ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 II ..... 4.3 ........ 151 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... D ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 2-Methyl-2-butene ....... * Methylal ....................... * Nitrating acid mixtures spent with not more than 50 percent nitric acid. * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 (8) Packaging (§ 173.***) Hydrogen, peroxide, aqueous solutions with more than 40 percent but not more than 60 percent hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary). Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solutions with not less than 20 percent but not more than 40 percent hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary). Hydrogendifluoride, solid, n.o.s. Octafluorobut-2-ene or Refrigerant gas R 1318. Octafluorocyclobutane, or Refrigerant gas RC 318. Octafluoropropane or Refrigerant gas R 218. * G ........ 75709 Organometallic substance, liquid, waterreactive. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 IB2, IP8, T7, TP1. IB2, IP8, T7, TP2. A7, B2, IB2, T8, TP2. A7, B2, IB2, T8, TP2, TP13. A6, B2, B47, B53, IB2, IP15, T8, TP2. T13, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. IB1, IP2, T7, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. Frm 00031 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75710 Symbols Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names Hazard class or division Identification Nos. PG Special provisions (§ 172.102) Label codes Exceptions (1) G ........ (2) (3) Organometallic substance, liquid, waterreactive, flammable. (4) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) 203 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. E ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 I ...... 4.3, 3 .... None ........ 201 .......... 244 .......... Forbidden .... 1 L ............... D ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 II ..... 4.3, 3 .... 151 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... D ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 III .... 4.3, 3 .... 151 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. E ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 I ...... 4.3, 4.2 * None ........ * 211 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 15 kg ............ E ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 II ..... 4.3, 4.2 151 .......... 212 .......... 242 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ E ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 III .... 4.3, 4.2 151 .......... 213 .......... 241 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... E ........... 13, 40, 52, 148 I ...... * 5.1, 8 .... 62, A6 ........... * None ........ * 201 .......... 244 .......... * Forbidden .... * 2.5 L ............ D ........... II ..... 5.1, 8 .... 62, IB1 .......... 152 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... B ........... III .... 5.1, 8 .... 62, IB2 .......... 152 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 2.5 L ............ 30 L ............. B ........... 13, 56, 58, 138 13, 56, 58, 138 13, 56, 58, 138 * UN3121 I ...... 5.1, 4.3 62 ................. * None ........ * 214 .......... 214 .......... * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... ............... 13, 148 8 ........... UN1802 II ..... II ..... 5.1, 4.3 8, 5.1 .... 62 ................. IB2, N41, T7, TP2. 152 .......... 154 .......... 214 .......... 202 .......... 214 .......... 243 .......... Forbidden .... Forbidden .... Forbidden .... 30 L ............. ............... C ........... 13, 148 53, 58, 66 5.1 ........ * UN1483 II ..... * 5.1 ........ * 152 .......... * 212 .......... 242 .......... * 5 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ C ........... 13, 52, 66, 75, 148 III .... 5.1 ........ 152 .......... 213 .......... 240 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... C ........... 13, 52, 66, 75, 148 * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ B ........... 13, 74, 147, 148 * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 243 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... 74 * 154 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * Forbidden .... * 50 kg ............ C ........... 12, 25, 40, 53, 58 * 154 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * Forbidden .... * 50 kg ............ C ........... 151 .......... 212 .......... 240 .......... 15 kg ............ 50 kg ............ B ........... 40, 44, 53, 58, 89, 100, 141 74 154 .......... 202 .......... 242 .......... Forbidden .... 30 L ............. C ........... 40, 53, 58 * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ B ........... 13, 74, 147, 148 * 150 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 60 L ............. E ........... 40 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. A ........... 40, 52 * * UN3397 * UN3098 * N40, T9, TP7, TP33, TP36, TP47, W31. IB4, T3, TP33, TP36, TP47, W31. IB6, T1, TP33, TP36, TP47, W31. * * UN1339 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN1338 III .... * 4.1 ........ 8 ........... * UN1939 II ..... * 8 ........... Phosphorus pentachloride. 8 ........... * UN1806 II ..... * 8 ........... Phosphorus sesquisulfide, free from yellow or white phosphorus. Phosphorus tribromide 4.1 ........ UN1341 II ..... 4.1 ........ 8 ........... UN1808 II ..... 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN1343 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 3 ........... * UN2404 II ..... * 3, 6.1 .... 8 ........... * UN2258 II ..... * 8, 3 ....... * Phosphorus, amorphous. * Phosphorus oxybromide. * * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 UN3399 4.1 ........ Phosphorus heptasulfide, free from yellow or white phosphorus. Phosphorus trisulfide, free from yellow or white phosphorus. * Propionitrile ................. * 1,2-Propylenediamine VerDate Sep<11>2014 Other (8A) * Peroxides, inorganic, n.o.s. Location 151 .......... 5.1 ........ Perchloric acid with not more than 50 percent acid by mass. Cargo aircraft only (7) 5.1 ........ Oxidizing solid, water reactive, n.o.s. Passenger aircraft/rail IB2, IP4, T7, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. T13, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. IB1, IP2, T7, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. IB2, IP4, T7, TP2, TP7, TP36, TP47, W31. * G ........ Bulk (6) 4.3 ........ Oxidizing liquid, corrosive, n.o.s. Non-bulk 4.3 ........ * G ........ (10) Vessel stowage (5) 4.3 ........ Organometallic substance, solid, waterreactive, self-heating. (9) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) III .... * G ........ (8) Packaging (§ 173.***) 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 A7, A20, IB6, IP2, N34, T3, TP33, W100. A7, A20, B134, IB8, IP21, N34, T1, TP33, W100. A20, IB4, N34, T3, TP33, W31. A1, A19, B1, B9, B26, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. B8, IB8, IP2, IP4, N41, N43, T3, TP33. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, N34, T3, TP33. A20, IB4, N34, T3, TP33, W31. A3, A6, A7, B2, B25, IB2, N34, N43, T7, TP2. A20, IB4, N34, T3, TP33, W31. IB2, T7, TP1, TP13. A3, A6, IB2, N34, T7, TP2. Frm 00032 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 (10B) 75711 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Symbols Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names (1) Hazard class or division (2) (3) (4) 3 ........... * UN1282 4.1 ........ * UN1346 8 ........... II ..... * 3 ........... III .... * 4.1 ........ * UN1906 II ..... * 8 ........... 5.1 ........ * UN1496 II ..... * 5.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN1350 III .... * 4.1 ........ 8 ........... * UN1832 II ..... * 8 ........... Tetrafluoromethane or 2.2 ........ Refrigerant gas R 14. UN1982 ......... 2.2 ........ 3 ........... 8 ........... * UN2056 UN1837 II ..... II ..... * 3 ........... 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN1871 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN1352 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ UN2878 III .... 4.1 ........ 6.1 ........ * UN3123 I ...... 6.1, 4.3 II ..... 6.1, 4.3 * Silicon powder, amorphous. * Sludge, acid ................ * Sodium chlorite ........... * Sulfur ........................... * Sulfuric acid, spent ..... * Tetrahydrofuran ........... Thiophosphoryl chloride. * Titanium hydride ......... * Titanium powder, wetted with not less than 25 percent water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced, particle size less than 840 microns. Titanium sponge granules or Titanium sponge powders. * Toxic liquids, water-reactive, n.o.s. * G ........ Toxins, extracted from living sources, liquid, n.o.s. 6.1 ........ * UN3172 G ........ Toxins, extracted from living sources, solid, n.o.s. 6.1 ........ UN3462 * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 G ........ Toxins, extracted from living sources, solid, n.o.s. 6.1 ........ * Triallylamine ................ Water-reactive liquid, corrosive, n.o.s. VerDate Sep<11>2014 * UN3462 (10) Vessel stowage Passenger aircraft/rail Cargo aircraft only Location Other (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) (10B) * 60 L ............. Non-bulk Bulk (8A) (8B) * 202 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... B ........... 21, 100 * 151 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... 74 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. C ........... 14, 53, 58 * 152 .......... * 212 .......... 242 .......... * 5 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ A ........... 56, 58 * 151 .......... * None ........ 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... 25, 74 * 154 .......... * 202 .......... 242 .......... * Forbidden .... * 30 L ............. C ........... 14, 53, 58 306 .......... 302 .......... None ........ 75 kg ............ 150 kg .......... A ........... * 150 .......... 154 .......... * 202 .......... 202 .......... 242 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... Forbidden .... * 60 L ............. 30 L ............. B ........... C ........... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 241 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ E ........... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ E ........... 74 151 .......... 213 .......... 240 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... D ........... 13, 74, 147, 148 A4 ................. * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 1 L ............... E ........... 13,40, 148 IB2 ................ 153 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... E ........... 13, 40, 148 I ...... * 6.1 ........ 141 ............... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * 1 L ............... * 30 L ............. B ........... 40 II ..... III .... I ...... 6.1 ........ 6.1 ........ 6.1 ........ 141, IB2 ........ 141, IB3 ........ 141, IB7, IP1, T6, TP33. 153 .......... 153 .......... None ........ 202 .......... 203 .......... 211 .......... 243 .......... 241 .......... 243 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. 5 kg .............. 60 L ............. 220 L ........... 50 kg ............ B ........... B ........... B ........... 40 40 II ..... 6.1 ........ 153 .......... 212 .......... 243 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... B ........... III .... 6.1 ........ 141, IB8, IP2, IP4, T3 TP33. 141, IB8, IP3, T1 TP33. 153 .......... 213 .......... 241 .......... 100 kg .......... 200 kg .......... A ........... I ...... * 6.1 ........ * None ........ * 211 .......... 243 .......... * 5 kg .............. * 50 kg ............ B ........... II ..... 6.1 ........ 153 .......... 212 .......... 243 .......... 25 kg ............ 100 kg .......... B ........... III .... 6.1 ........ 153 .......... 213 .......... 241 .......... 100 kg .......... 200 kg .......... A ........... * 150 .......... * 203 .......... 242 .......... * 5 L ............... * 60 L ............. A ........... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * 1 L ............... D ........... 13, 148 151 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... E ........... 13, 85, 148 151 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. E ........... 13, 148 IB2, T4, TP2 A1, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. A3, A7, B2, IB2, N34, T8, TP2, TP28. A9, IB8, IP2, IP4, N34, T3, TP33. 30, B120, IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. A3, A7, B2, B83, B84, IB2, N34, T8, TP2. ...................... IB2, T4, TP1 A3, A7, B2, B8, B25, IB2, N34, T7, TP2. A19, A20, IB4, N34, T3, TP33, W31, W40. A19, A20, IB6, IP2, N34, T3, TP33, W31, W40. A1, B134, IB8, IP21, T1, TP33, W100. * III .... * 3, 8 ....... 4.3 ........ * UN3129 I ...... * 4.3, 8 .... II ..... 4.3, 8 .... III .... 4.3, 8 .... Jkt 253001 (9) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) * 150 .......... * UN2610 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 (8) Packaging (§ 173.***) Exceptions (7) 3 ........... * G ........ Label codes (6) Pyridine ....................... G ........ PG Special provisions (§ 172.102) (5) * I ......... Identification Nos. PO 00000 141, IB7, IP1, T6, TP33. 141, IB8, IP2, IP4, T3 TP33. 141, IB8, IP3, T1 TP33. B1, IB3, T4, TP1. T14, TP2, TP7, TP13. IB1, T11, TP2, TP7. IB2, T7, TP2, TP7. Frm 00033 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 40, 53, 58 G 40, 52 75712 Symbols Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names Hazard class or division Identification Nos. Special provisions (§ 172.102) Label codes PG Exceptions (1) G ........ G ........ (2) Water-reactive liquid, n.o.s. Water-reactive liquid, toxic, n.o.s. (6) (7) (8A) (8B) (8C) (9A) (9B) (10A) None ........ 201 .......... 244 .......... Forbidden .... 1 L ............... E ........... 13, 40, 148 II ..... 4.3 ........ 151 .......... 202 .......... 243 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... E ........... 13, 40, 148 III .... 4.3 ........ 151 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. E ........... 13, 40, 148 I ...... 4.3, 6.1 T13, TP2, TP7, TP41, W31. IB1, T7, TP2, TP7, W31. IB2, T7, TP2, TP7, W31. A4 ................. None ........ 201 .......... 243 .......... Forbidden .... 1 L ............... D ........... 13, 148 II ..... III .... 4.3, 6.1 4.3, 6.1 IB1 ................ IB2 ................ 151 .......... 151 .......... 202 .......... 203 .......... 243 .......... 242 .......... 1 L ............... 5 L ............... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. E ........... E ........... 13, 85, 148 13, 85, 148 II ..... 4.3, 5.1 ...................... * 151 .......... * 214 .......... 214 .......... * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... E ........... 13, 40, 148 III .... 4.3, 5.1 ...................... 151 .......... 214 .......... 214 .......... Forbidden .... Forbidden .... E ........... 13, 40, 148 * 152 .......... * 212 .......... 242 .......... * 5 kg .............. * 25 kg ............ E ........... * 154 .......... * 213 .......... 240 .......... * 25 kg ............ * 100 kg .......... A ........... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 240 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ E ........... * 151 .......... * 212 .......... 241 .......... * 15 kg ............ * 50 kg ............ E ........... UN3130 * UN3133 * 5.1 ........ * UN1512 II ..... * 5.1 ........ 8 ........... * UN2331 III .... * 8 ........... 4.1 ........ * UN1437 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 4.1 ........ * UN1358 II ..... * 4.1 ........ 3 ........... * UN1308 I ...... * 3 ........... ...................... * None ........ * 201 .......... 243 .......... * Forbidden .... * Forbidden .... B ........... II ..... III .... 3 ........... 3 ........... IB2 ................ B1, IB2 ......... 150 .......... 150 .......... 202 .......... 203 .......... 242 .......... 242 .......... 5 L ............... 60 L ............. 60 L ............. 220 L ........... B ........... B ........... * * § 172.102 * A19, A20, IB4, N34, T3, TP33, W31, W40. A19, A20, IB6, IP2, N34, T3, TP33, W31, W40. * * 13. In § 173.5b, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows: § 173.5b Portable and mobile refrigeration systems. * § 172.302 General marking requirements for bulk packagings. * * * * * (b) * * * (2) Have a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and a height of at least 12 mm (0.47 inch) for portable tanks with capacities of less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons) and a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and a height of 25 mm (one inch) for IBCs; and * * * * * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 IB8, IP3, T1, TP33. ■ 10. In § 172.102, amend paragraph (c)(1) by removing special provision 103. ■ 11. In § 172.302, revise paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows: ■ PART 173—SHIPPERS—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS 12. The authority citation for part 173 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 1.97. 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 IB8, IP4, T3, TP33. * [Amended] VerDate Sep<11>2014 Other 4.3 ........ * Zirconium suspended in a liquid. Location (5) * Zirconium powder, wetted with not less than 25 percent water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced, particle size less than 840 microns. Cargo aircraft only I ...... * Zirconium hydride ....... Passenger aircraft/rail Bulk (4) * Zinc chloride, anhydrous. Non-bulk UN3148 4.3 ........ Zinc ammonium nitrite (10) Vessel stowage (3) 4.3 ........ Water-reactive, solid, oxidizing, n.o.s. (9) Quantity limitations (see §§ 173.27 and 175.75) 4.3 ........ * G ........ (8) Packaging (§ 173.***) Jkt 253001 * * * * (b) Refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 1991. (1) For refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 1991, each pressure vessel and associated piping must be rated at a MAWP of not less than 250 psig. During transportation, pressure in the components that are part of the evaporating line may not exceed 150 psig. (2) Each pressure vessel and associated piping that is part of the evaporating line must be marked ‘‘LOW SIDE’’ in a permanent and clearly visible manner. The evaporating line must have a pressure gauge with corresponding temperature markings mounted in a manner that is easily readable when standing on the ground. The gauge must be permanently marked or tagged ‘‘SATURATION GAUGE.’’ (3) Each pressure vessel and associated piping containing liquid PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 * (10B) 53, 58 13, 74, 147, 148 * anhydrous ammonia must be isolated using appropriate means from piping and components marked ‘‘LOW SIDE.’’ (4) Prior to transportation, each pressure vessel and associated piping must be relieved of enough gaseous lading to ensure that the MAWP is not exceeded at transport temperatures up to 54 °C (130 °F). * * * * * 14. In § 173.28, revise paragraph (c)(1)(i) to read as follows: ■ § 173.28 Reuse, reconditioning and remanufacture of packagings. * * * * * (c) * * * (1) * * * (i) Cleaning to base material of construction, with all former contents, internal and external corrosion removed, and any external coatings and labels sufficiently removed to expose any metal deterioration that adversely affects transportation safety; * * * * * E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations 15. In § 173.31, add paragraph (a)(6)(v) and revise paragraph (e) to read as follows: ■ § 173.31 Use of tank cars. * * * * * (a) * * * (6) * * * (v) When a tank car delimiter is a ‘‘H’’, offerors may not use a tank car with any other delimiter. * * * * * (e) Special requirements for poisonous by inhalation (PIH) material—(1) Interior heater coils. Tank cars used for PIH material may not have interior heater coils. (2) Tank car specifications. A tank car used for a PIH material must have a tank test pressure of 20.7 Bar (300 psig) or greater, head protection, and a metal jacket (e.g., DOT 105S300W), except that— (i) A higher test pressure is required if otherwise specified in this subchapter; and (ii) Each tank car constructed on or after March 16, 2009, and used for the transportation of PIH materials must meet the applicable authorized tank car specifications and standards listed in §§ 173.244(a)(2) or (3) and 173.314(c) or (d). (iii) A tank car owner retiring or otherwise removing a tank car from service transporting PIH material, other than because of damage to the car, must retire or remove cars constructed of nonnormalized steel in the head or shell before removing any car in service transporting PIH materials constructed of normalized steel meeting the applicable DOT specification. (3) Phase-out of non-normalized steel tank cars. After December 31, 2020, tank cars manufactured with non-normalized steel for head or shell construction may not be used for the transportation of PIH material. (4) Phase-out of legacy tank cars. After December 31, 2027, tank cars not meeting the requirements of §§ 173.244(a)(2) or (3) and 173.314(c) or (d) may not be used for the transportation of PIH material. * * * * * ■ 16. In § 173.56, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as follows: § 173.56 New explosives—definition and procedures for classification and approval. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * * * * * (b) Examination, classification and approval. Except as provided in §§ 173.64, 173.65, and 173.67, no person may offer a new explosive for transportation unless that person has specified to the examining agency the ranges of composition of ingredients VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 and compounds, showing the intended manufacturing tolerances in the composition of substances or design of articles which will be allowed in that material or device, and unless it has been examined, classed and approved as follows: * * * * * ■ 17. In § 173.59, revise the definition of ‘‘consumer firework’’ to read as follows: § 173.59 Description of terms for explosives. * * * * * Consumer firework. Any finished firework device that is in a form intended for use by the public that complies with any limits and requirements of the APA Standard 87– 1A (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter) and the construction, performance, chemical composition, and labeling requirements codified by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission in 16 CFR parts 1500 and 1507. A consumer firework does not include firework devices, kits or components banned by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission in 16 CFR 1500.17(a)(8). * * * * * ■ 18. In § 173.64, revise paragraphs (a)(1) and (3) to read as follows: § 173.64 Exceptions for Division 1.3 and 1.4 fireworks. (a) * * * (1) The fireworks are manufactured in accordance with the applicable requirements in APA 87–1A, 87–1B, and 87–1C (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter); * * * * * (3) The manufacturer applies in writing to the Associate Administrator following the applicable requirements in APA 87–1A, 87–1B, and 87–1C and is notified in writing by the Associate Administrator that the fireworks have been classed, approved, and assigned an EX number. Each application must be complete and include all relevant background data and copies of all applicable drawings, test results, and any other pertinent information on each device for which approval is being requested. The manufacturer must sign the application and certify that the device for which approval is requested conforms to the appropriate APA Standard, that the descriptions and technical information contained in the application are complete and accurate, and with respect to APA 87–1A that no duplicate application has been submitted to a fireworks certification agency. If the application is denied, the manufacturer will be notified in writing PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 75713 of the reasons for the denial. The Associate Administrator may require that the fireworks be examined by an agency listed in § 173.56(b)(1) of this part. * * * * * ■ 19. In § 173.65, revise paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(3)(i), and (a)(4)(iv) to read as follows: § 173.65 Exceptions for Division 1.4G consumer fireworks. (a) * * * (1) The fireworks are manufactured in accordance with the applicable requirements in APA 87–1A (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter); * * * * * (3) * * * (i) Certified that it complies with APA 87–1A, and meets the requirements of this section; and * * * * * (4) * * * (iv) Signed certification declaring that the device for which certification is requested conforms to the APA 87–1A, that the descriptions and technical information contained in the application are complete and accurate, and that no duplicate applications have been submitted to PHMSA. If the application is denied, the Fireworks Certification Agency must notify the manufacturer in writing of the reasons for the denial. As detailed in the DOTapproval issued to the Fireworks Certification Agency, following the issuance of a denial from a Fireworks Certification Agency, a manufacturer may seek reconsideration from the Fireworks Certification Agency, or may appeal the reconsideration decision of the Fireworks Certification Agency to the PHMSA Administrator. * * * * * ■ 20. Add § 173.67 to subpart C to read as follows: § 173.67 Exceptions for Division 1.1 jet perforating guns. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of § 173.56(b), Division 1.1 jet perforating guns may be classed and approved by the Associate Administrator without prior examination and offered for transportation if the following conditions are met: (1) The jet perforating guns are manufactured in accordance with the applicable requirements in AESC/IME JPG Standard (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter); (2) The jet perforating gun must be of a type described in the AESC/IME JPG Standard; (3) The applicant applies in writing to the Associate Administrator following E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75714 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations the applicable requirements in the AESC/IME JPG Standard, and is notified in writing by the Associate Administrator that the jet perforating gun has been classed, approved, and assigned an EX number. Each application must be complete and include all relevant background data, the applicable drawings, and any other pertinent information as described in the AESC/IME JPG Standard on each jet perforating gun for which approval is being requested. The manufacturer must sign the application and certify that the jet perforating gun for which approval is requested conforms to the AESC/IME JPG Standard and that the descriptions and technical information contained in the application are complete and accurate. If the application is denied, the applicant will be notified in writing of the reasons for the denial. The Associate Administrator may require that the jet perforating gun be examined as provided under § 173.56(b)(1). (b) [Reserved] ■ 21. In § 173.151, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) to read as follow: § 173.151 Exceptions for Class 4 * * * * * (b) * * * (1) * * * (i) For flammable solids in Packing Group II, inner packagings not over 1.0 kg (2.2 pounds) or 1 L (0.3 gallon) net capacity each, packed in a strong outer packaging. (ii) For flammable solids in Packing Group III, inner packagings not over 5.0 kg (11 pounds) or 5.0 L (1.3 gallon) net capacity each, packed in a strong outer packaging. * * * * * 22. In § 173.244, revise the table in paragraph (a)(2) to read as follows: ■ § 173.244 Bulk packaging for certain pyrophoric liquids (Division 4.2), dangerous when wet (Division 4.3) materials, and poisonous liquids with inhalation hazards (Division 6.1). * * * (a) * * * (2) * * * * * TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(2) Authorized tank car specification Proper shipping name Acetone cyanohydrin, stabilized (Note 1) ....................................................................................... Acrolein (Note 1) ............................................................................................................................. Allyl Alcohol ..................................................................................................................................... Bromine ........................................................................................................................................... Chloropicrin ..................................................................................................................................... Chlorosulfonic acid .......................................................................................................................... Dimethyl sulfate ............................................................................................................................... Ethyl chloroformate ......................................................................................................................... Hexachlorocyclopentadiene ............................................................................................................ Hydrocyanic acid, aqueous solution or Hydrogen cyanide, aqueous solution with not more than 20% hydrogen cyanide (Note 2). Hydrogen cyanide, stabilized (Note 2) ............................................................................................ Hydrogen fluoride, anhydrous ......................................................................................................... Poison inhalation hazard, Zone A materials not specifically identified in this table ....................... Poison inhalation hazard, Zone B materials not specifically identified in this table ....................... Phosphorus trichloride .................................................................................................................... Sulfur trioxide, stabilized ................................................................................................................. Sulfuric acid, fuming ........................................................................................................................ Titanium tetrachloride ...................................................................................................................... 105H500W, 105H600W 105H500W, 105H500W 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H600W 105H500W, 105H600W 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 105H500W, 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W 112H500W Note 1 to table 1 to paragraph (a)(2): Each tank car must have a reclosing pressure relief device having a start-to-discharge pressure of 10.34 Bar (150 psig). Restenciling to a lower test pressure is not authorized. Note 2 to table 1 to paragraph (a)(2): Each tank car must have a reclosing pressure relief device having a start-to-discharge pressure of 15.51 Bar (225 psig). Restenciling to a lower test pressure is not authorized. * * * * * 23. In § 173.302, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows: ■ jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 § 173.302 Filling of cylinders with nonliquefied (permanent) compressed gases or adsorbed gases. (a) General requirements. (1) Except as provided in § 171.23(a)(3) of this subchapter, a cylinder filled with a nonliquefied compressed gas (except gas in solution) must be offered for transportation in accordance with the requirements of this section and § 173.301 of this subpart. In addition, a DOT specification cylinder must meet the requirements in §§ 173.301a, 173.302a, and 173.305 of the subpart, as applicable. UN pressure receptacles must meet the requirements in §§ 173.301b and 173.302b of this subpart, as applicable. Where more than VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 one section applies to a cylinder, the most restrictive requirements must be followed. (2) Adsorbed gas. Except as provided in § 171.23(a)(3) of this subchapter, a cylinder filled with an adsorbed gas must be offered for transportation in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, and §§ 173.301, and 173.302c of this subpart. UN cylinders must meet the requirements in §§ 173.301b and 173.302b of this subpart, as applicable. Where more than one section applies to a cylinder, the most restrictive requirements must be followed. * * * * * 24. In § 173.304, revise paragraph (a) introductory text to read as follows: ■ PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 § 173.304 Filling of cylinders with liquefied compressed gases. (a) General requirements. Except as provided in § 171.23(a)(3) of this subchapter, a cylinder filled with a liquefied compressed gas (except gas in solution) must be offered for transportation in accordance with the requirements of this section and the general requirements in § 173.301 of this subpart. In addition, a DOT specification cylinder must meet the requirement in §§ 173.301a, 173.304a, and 173.305 of this subpart, as applicable. UN pressure receptacles must be shipped in accordance with the requirements in §§ 173.301b and 173.304b of this subpart, as applicable. * * * * * ■ 25. In § 173.308, revise paragraph (d) to read as follows: E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations § 173.308 Lighters. * * * * * (d) Shipping paper and marking requirements. (1) In addition to the requirements of subpart C of part 172, shipping papers must be annotated with the lighter design test report identifier (see paragraph (b)(4)(i)(C) of this section) traceable to the test report assigned to the lighters or, if applicable, the previously issued approval number (i.e., T* * *), in association with the basic description. (2) In addition to the requirements of subpart D of part 172, a lighter design test report identifier (see paragraph (b)(4)(i)(C) of this section) or, if applicable, the previously issued approval number (i.e., T* * *), must be 75715 marked on a package containing lighters. * * * * * ■ 26. In § 173.314, amend paragraph (c) by revising the table to read as follows: § 173.314 Compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars. * * * (c) * * * * * TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (c) Proper shipping name Outage and filling limits (see note 1) Authorized tank car class (see note 11) Ammonia, anhydrous, or ammonia solutions >50 percent ammonia ........... Notes 2, 10 ......... 105, 112, 114, 120 ............ Chlorine trifluoride ......................................................................................... Chlorine pentafluoride ................................................................................... Dimethyl ether ............................................................................................... Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 4 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 5 ................. Note 6 ................. 125 ...................... Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Dimethylamine, anhydrous ............................................................................ Dinitrogen tetroxide, inhibited ........................................................................ Division 2.1 materials not specifically identified in this table ........................ Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Notes 9, 10 ......... Division 2.2 materials not specifically identified in this table ........................ Note 3 ................. Division 2.3 Zone A materials not specifically identified in this table ........... Division 2.3 Zone B materials not specifically identified in this table ........... None ................... Note 3 ................. Division 2.3 Zone C materials not specifically identified in this table ........... Note 3 ................. Division 2.3 Zone D materials not specifically identified in this table ........... Note 3 ................. Ethylamine ..................................................................................................... Note 3 ................. Helium, compressed ...................................................................................... Hydrogen ....................................................................................................... Hydrogen chloride, refrigerated liquid ........................................................... Note 4 ................. Note 4 ................. Note 7 ................. 106 .................................... 105, 109, 112, 114, 120 .... 107 .................................... 105, 106 ............................ 105 .................................... 105 .................................... 106 .................................... 106, 110 ............................ 106, 110 ............................ 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 105, 106, 112 .................... 105, 106, 112 .................... 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 105, 106, 109, 110, 112, 114, 120. See § 173.245. .................. 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 105, 106, 109, 110, 112, 114, 120. 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 107 .................................... 107 .................................... 105 .................................... Hydrogen sulfide ............................................................................................ Note 3 ................. Hydrogen sulfide, liquefied ............................................................................ Methyl bromide .............................................................................................. Methyl chloride .............................................................................................. Methyl mercaptan .......................................................................................... Methylamine, anhydrous ............................................................................... Nitrogen, compressed ................................................................................... Nitrosyl chloride ............................................................................................. 68 ........................ Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 3 ................. Note 4 ................. 124 ...................... 110 ...................... Note 5 ................. Note 4 ................. Note 3 ................. 125 ...................... 120 ...................... Note 8 ................. Ammonia solutions with >35 percent, but ≤50 percent ammonia by mass .. Argon, compressed ....................................................................................... Boron trichloride ............................................................................................ Carbon dioxide, refrigerated liquid ................................................................ Chlorine ......................................................................................................... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 Nitrous oxide, refrigerated liquid ................................................................... Oxygen, compressed ..................................................................................... Phosgene ....................................................................................................... Sulfur dioxide, liquefied ................................................................................. Sulfuryl fluoride .............................................................................................. Vinyl fluoride, stabilized ................................................................................. 105, 106, 110, 112, 114, 120. 106 .................................... 105, 106 ............................ 105, 106, 112 .................... 105, 106 ............................ 105, 106, 112 .................... 107 .................................... 105 .................................... 106 .................................... 105 .................................... 107 .................................... 106 .................................... 105, 106, 110 .................... 105 .................................... 105 .................................... Authorized tank car specification (see note 12) 105H500W, 112H500W 105H600W 105H500W 105H600W 105H600W 105H500W 105H500W, 112H500H 105H600W, 112H600W 105H600W 105H500W 105H500W 105H500W 105H500W Notes to table 1 to paragraph (c): 1. The percent filling density for liquefied gases is hereby defined as the percent ratio of the mass of gas in the tank to the mass of water that the tank will hold. For determining the water capacity of the tank in kilograms, the mass of 1 L of water at 15.5 °C in air is 1 kg. (the mass of one gallon of water at 60 °F in air is 8.32828 pounds). 2. The liquefied gas must be loaded so that the outage is at least two percent of the total capacity of the tank at the reference temperature of 46 °C (115 °F) for a noninsulated tank; 43 °C (110 °F) for a tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/ per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential; and 41 °C (105 °F) for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential. 3. The requirements of § 173.24b(a) apply. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 75716 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations 4. The gas pressure at 54.44 °C (130 °F.) in any non-insulated tank car may not exceed 7⁄10 of the marked test pressure, except that a tank may be charged with helium to a pressure 10 percent in excess of the marked maximum gas pressure at 54.44 °C (130 °F.) of each tank. 5. The liquid portion of the gas at ¥17.77 °C (0 °F.) must not completely fill the tank. 6. The maximum permitted filling density is 125 percent. The quantity of chlorine loaded into a single unit-tank car may not be loaded in excess of the normal lading weights nor in excess of 81.65 Mg (90 tons). 7. 89 percent maximum to 80.1 percent minimum at a test pressure of 6.2 Bar (90 psig). 8. 59.6 percent maximum to 53.6 percent minimum at a test pressure of 7.2 Bar (105 psig). 9. For a liquefied petroleum gas, the liquefied gas must be loaded so that the outage is at least one percent of the total capacity of the tank at the reference temperature of 46 °C (115 °F) for a noninsulated tank; 43 °C (110 °F) for a tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential; and 41 °C (105 °F) for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential. 10. For liquefied petroleum gas and anhydrous ammonia, during the months of November through March (winter), the following reference temperatures may be used: 38 °C (100 °F) for a noninsulated tank; 32 °C (90 °F) for a tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential; and 29 °C (85 °F) for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket and insulation that provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 °C (60 °F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential. The winter reference temperatures may only be used for a tank car shipped directly to a consumer for unloading and not stored in transit. The offeror of the tank must inform each customer that the tank car was filled based on winter reference temperatures. The tank must be unloaded as soon as possible after March in order to retain the specified outage and to prevent a release of hazardous material which might occur due to the tank car becoming liquid full at higher temperatures. 11. For materials poisonous by inhalation, the single unit tank car tanks authorized are only those cars approved by the Tank Car Committee for transportation of the specified material and built prior to March 16, 2009. 12. Except as provided by paragraph (d) of this section, for materials poisonous by inhalation, fusion-welded tank car tanks built on or after March 16, 2009 used for the transportation of the PIH materials noted, must meet the applicable authorized tank car specification and must be equipped with a head shield as prescribed in § 179.16(c)(1). * * * * * PART 178—SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS 27. The authority citation for part 178 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97. 28. In § 178.35, revise paragraphs (b)(2) and (c) as follows: ■ § 178.35 General requirements for specification cylinders. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * * * * * (b) * * * (2) For DOT Specifications 3B, 3BN, 3E, 4B, 4BA, 4B240ET, 4AA480, 4L, 8, 8AL, 4BW, 4E, 4D (with a water capacity less than 1,100 cubic inches) and Specification 39 (with a marked service pressure 900 psig or lower), and manufactured within the United States, a competent inspector of the manufacturer. (c) Duties of inspector. The inspector shall determine that each cylinder made is in conformance with the applicable specification. Inspections shall conform to CGA C–11 (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter) except as otherwise specified in the applicable specification. (1) Seamless cylinders. Seamless cylinders shall be inspected in accordance with Section 5 of CGA C–11. For cylinders made by the billetpiercing process, billets must be inspected and shown to be free from piping (laminations), cracks, excessive segregation and other injurious defects after parting or, when applicable, after nick and cold break. (2) Welded cylinders. Welded cylinders shall be inspected in accordance with Section 6 of CGA C–11. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 Note: The recommended locations for test specimens are depicted in Figures 1 through 5 in appendix A to subpart C of part 178. (3) Non-refillable cylinders. Nonrefillable cylinders shall be inspected in accordance with Section 7 of CGA C–11 (4) Inspector’s report. The inspector shall prepare a report containing, at a minimum, the applicable information listed in CGA C–11. Any additional information or markings that are required by the applicable specification must be shown on the test report. The signature of the inspector on the reports certifies that the processes of manufacture and heat treatment of cylinders were observed and found satisfactory. The inspector must furnish the completed test reports required by this subpart to the maker of the cylinder and, upon request, to the purchaser. The test report must be retained by the inspector for 15 years from the original test date of the cylinder. * * * * * ■ 29. In § 178.521, revise paragraph (b)(4) as follows: § 178.521 Standards for paper bags. * * * * * (b) * * * (4) UN5M1 and UN5M2 multi-wall paper bags that have paper wall basis weights that vary by not more than plus or minus 10 percent from the nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test report. PART 179—SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS. 30. The authority citation for part 179 continues to read as follows: ■ PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97. 31. In § 179.22, revise paragraph (e) as follows: ■ § 179.22 Marking. * * * * * (e) Each tank car manufactured after March 16, 2009, and before December 28, 2020, to meet the requirements of §§ 173.244(a)(2) or (3) or 173.314(c) or (d) that is marked with the letter ‘‘I’’ in the specification marking, following the test pressure, shall be re-marked with the letter ‘‘W’’ with a delimeter of letter ‘‘H’’ at the tank car’s next qualification. (Example: DOT 105J600I would be remarked as 105H600W.) Each new tank car manufactured after December 28, 2020 shall be marked with the letter ‘‘W’’ following the test pressure and with a delimiter of ‘‘H’’. (Example: 105H600W). PART 180—CONTINUING QUALIFICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PACKAGINGS 32. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97. 33. In § 180.209, revise paragraph (l)(2) to read as follows: ■ § 180.209 Requirements for requalification of specification cylinders. * * * * * (l) * * * (2) It is offered for transportation in conformance with the requirements of §§ 171.12(a)(4) or 171.23(a)(5) of this subchapter. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / Rules and Regulations 34. In § 180.213, revise paragraph (d)(2) to read as follows: subchapter may not be marked with a RIN. * * * * * ■ § 180.213 Requalification markings. * * * * (d) * * * (2) Exception: A cylinder subject to the requirements of § 171.23(a)(5) of this jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES3 * VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:55 Nov 24, 2020 Jkt 253001 * 75717 (3) DOT Specification cargo tanks. * * * * § 180.417 Reporting and record retention requirements. Issued in Washington, DC, on October 21, 2020, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.97. Howard R. Elliott, Administrator, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. * [FR Doc. 2020–23712 Filed 11–24–20; 8:45 am] 35. In § 180.417, revise the paragraph (a)(3) subject heading to read as follows: ■ * * (a) * * * PO 00000 Frm 00039 * * BILLING CODE 4910–60–P Fmt 4701 Sfmt 9990 E:\FR\FM\25NOR3.SGM 25NOR3

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 228 (Wednesday, November 25, 2020)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 75680-75717]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-23712]



[[Page 75679]]

Vol. 85

Wednesday,

No. 228

November 25, 2020

Part III





Department of Transportation





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Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration





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49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, et al.





Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Miscellaneous Petitions To Reduce 
Regulatory Burdens; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 85 , No. 228 / Wednesday, November 25, 2020 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 75680]]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 178, 179, and 180

[Docket No. PHMSA-2017-0120 (HM-219C)]
RIN 2137-AF33


Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Miscellaneous Petitions To 
Reduce Regulatory Burdens

AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 
(PHMSA) is amending the Hazardous Materials Regulations in response to 
24 petitions for rulemaking submitted by the regulated community 
between February 2015 and March 2018. This final rule updates, 
clarifies, or provides relief from various regulatory requirements 
without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA also, as of the effective 
date of this final rule, withdraws its September 28, 2017 enforcement 
discretion regarding the phase-out of mobile refrigeration systems.

DATES: Effective date: This rule is effective December 28, 2020.
    Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of 
certain publications listed in this final rule is approved by the 
Director of the Federal Register as of December 28, 2020.
    Delayed compliance date: Except as provided by the compliance 
timelines set forth in this final rule in connection with petitions for 
rulemaking P-1646, P-1691 and P-1692, compliance with the amendments 
adopted in this final rule is required beginning November 26, 2021.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Andrews at (202) 366-8553 in 
the Office of Hazardous Materials Safety, Pipeline and Hazardous 
Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590-0001.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Abbreviations and Terms

AAR Association of American Railroads
ACC American Chemistry Council
ADR European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of 
Dangerous Goods by Road
AESC Association of Energy Service Companies
AFSL American Fireworks Standards Laboratory
APA American Pyrotechnics Association
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME BPVC ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
ATCCRP Advanced Tank Car Collaborative Research Program
CEQ Council on Environmental Quality
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
Chemours The Chemours Company
CI The Chlorine Institute
CGA Compressed Gas Association
COSTHA Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles
CPC Casualty Prevention Circular
CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission
DGAC Dangerous Goods Advisory Council
DOT Department of Transportation
EC European Community
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EU European Union
GIS Gentry Investigative Service
GTTC Global Transport Tank Consultants
HMR Hazardous Materials Regulations
HMT Hazardous Materials Table (49 CFR 172.101)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IBC Intermediate Bulk Container
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICAO Technical Instructions ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe 
Transport of Dangerous Goods
IIAR International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration
IMDG Code International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IME Institute of Makers of Explosives
IVODGA International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association
JPG Jet Perforating Gun
MAWP Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
MTC UN Manual of Tests and Criteria
NBIC National Board Inspection Code
NFA National Fireworks Association
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
OMB Office of Management and Budget
PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
PIH Poison-by-Inhalation Hazard
PRD Pressure Relief Device
PSI Pounds per Square Inch
PSIG Pounds per Square Inch Gauge
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RFI Request for Information
RIA Regulatory Impact Analysis
RID European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of 
Dangerous Goods by Rail
RIPA Reusable Industrial Packaging Association
RSI Railway Supply Institute
SBA Small Business Administration
SFX Stage FX
TC Transport Canada
TCC AAR Tank Car Committee
TFI The Fertilizer Institute
TDG Transport of Dangerous Goods
TPED Transportable Pressure Equipment Directive
UN United Nations
UN Model Regulations United Nations Recommendations on the Transport 
of Dangerous Goods: Model Regulations
Unified Agenda Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory 
Actions

Table of Contents

I. Background
II. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51
III. NPRM: Publication and Public Comments; Executive Order 13924
IV. Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments
V. Section-by-Section Review
VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices
    A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking
    B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and 
Procedures
    C. Executive Order 13771
    D. Executive Order 13132
    E. Executive Order 13175
    F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT 
Procedures and Policies
    G. Paperwork Reduction Act
    H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)
    I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    J. Environmental Assessment
    K. Privacy Act
    L. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis
    M. Executive Order 13211
    N. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
List of Subjects

I. Background

    The Administrative Procedure Act \1\ requires Federal agencies to 
give interested persons the right to petition an agency to issue, 
amend, or repeal a rule. The Department of Transportation (DOT) and 
PHMSA implementing regulations at 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 
5.13(c) and 106.95, respectively, allow persons to ask PHMSA to add, 
revise, or delete a regulation by filing a petition for rulemaking 
containing adequate support for the requested action.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 5 U.S.C. 553 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This final rule revises the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR 
\2\) in response to petitions for rulemaking submitted by shippers, 
carriers, manufacturers, and industry representatives. These revisions 
update, clarify, or provide relief from various regulatory requirements 
without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA discusses the petitions and 
revisions in detail in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and 
Applicable Comments) of the preamble to this final rule. In this final 
rule, PHMSA is:
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    \2\ 49 CFR parts 171-180.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Revising Sec.  173.31 to prohibit the use of tank cars 
with shells or heads constructed of non-normalized steel in

[[Page 75681]]

the transportation of poison-by-inhalation hazard (PIH) materials by 
rail after December 31, 2020.
     Harmonizing availability of limited quantity shipping 
exceptions for more than 100 entries for corrosive materials in the 
Hazardous Materials Table (HMT, Sec.  172.101).
     Revising Sec.  172.302(b)(2) to allow a minimum height of 
12 mm (0.47 inches) for a proper shipping name marked on a portable 
tank with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons).
     Revising Sec.  173.28(c)(1)(i) to allow for regulatory 
flexibility for cleaning metal drums for reuse and clarifying the 
existing cleaning standard.
     Revising Sec.  173.5b to allow for the continued use of 
portable and mobile refrigerator systems placed into service prior to 
1991 that are rated to a minimum service pressure of 250 pounds per 
square inch (psig).
     Incorporating by reference updated editions of multiple 
Compressed Gas Association (CGA) publications into Sec.  171.7.
     Removing the reference to special provision 103 in Sec.  
172.101 from Column (7) for four HMT entries.
     Removing the words ``manufactured before September 1, 
1995'' from Sec.  180.417(a)(3) to allow for an alternative report for 
cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995.
     Revising the basis weight tolerance provided in Sec.  
178.521 from 5 percent to 10 percent from the 
nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test 
report for paper shipping sacks.
     Revising Sec.  173.308(d)(3) to harmonize with the 
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code by removing the 
requirement for a closed transport container to have the warning mark 
``WARNING--MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR--KEEP IGNITION 
SOURCES AWAY WHEN OPENING'' when transporting lighters.
     Revising Sec. Sec.  173.244(a)(2) and 173.314(c) to make 
the ``interim'' rail tank car specifications the ``final'' 
specifications for the transportation of PIH materials.
     Revising Sec.  173.31 to prohibit the use of certain rail 
tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials after December 31, 
2027.
     Allowing all waste materials to be managed in accordance 
with the lab pack exception and associated paragraphs in Sec.  173.12 
irrespective of whether they meet the definition of a hazardous waste 
per Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations implementing the 
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).\3\
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    \3\ 42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.
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     Incorporating by reference the 2017 edition of the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure 
Vessel Code (BPVC) Sections II (Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), 
and IX into Sec.  171.7.
     Revising Sec. Sec.  171.23, 173.302, and 173.304 to permit 
the import of filled pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for 
intermediate storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export 
as well as the import of certain pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles 
for filling, intermediate storage, and export.
     Revising Sec.  172.101(c) to clarify that the word 
``stabilized'' must be included as part of the proper shipping name 
when stabilization is required for transportation.
     Revising Sec.  171.7(r) to update the address of the 
Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME) and to incorporate by reference 
the Association of Energy Service Companies (AESC)/IME Jet Perforating 
Gun (JPG) Standard, also known as the ``Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval 
of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun 
Specifications,'' Ver. 02, dated September 1, 2017.
     Incorporating by reference the January 1, 2018, edition of 
the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Standard 87-1 A, B, C, 
``Standard for Construction and Approval for Transportation of 
Fireworks, Novelties, and Theatrical Pyrotechnics,'' replacing the 
December 1, 2001 edition into Sec.  171.7.
    PHMSA discusses the petitions and revisions in detail in Section IV 
(Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble to 
this final rule. PHMSA also, as of the effective date of this final 
rule, withdraws its September 28, 2017, enforcement discretion 
regarding the phase-out of mobile refrigeration systems.

II. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51

    The European Union (EU) standards, the APA standards, and the AESC/
IME standards are free and accessible to the public on the internet, 
with access provided through the parent organization websites. The CGA 
and ASME references are available for interested parties to purchase in 
either print or electronic editions through the parent organization 
websites. The specific standards are discussed in greater detail in the 
section-by-section review (see Sec.  171.7).

III. NPRM: Publication and Public Comments: Executive Order 13924

    On August 14, 2019, PHMSA published a notice of proposed rulemaking 
(NPRM) in the Federal Register titled, ``Hazardous Materials: Adoption 
of Miscellaneous Petitions to Reduce Regulatory Burdens'' \4\ under 
Docket No. PHMSA-2017-0120 (HM-219C). The NPRM proposed revisions to 
the HMR in response to 24 petitions for rulemaking submitted to PHMSA 
by various stakeholders. PHMSA discusses these petitions and revisions 
in detail in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable 
Comments) of the preamble to this final rule.
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    \4\ 84 FR 41556 (Aug. 14, 2019).
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    The comment period for the NPRM closed on October 15, 2019. PHMSA 
received a total of 49 sets of comments from 48 separate entities, 6 of 
which had submitted petitions that were the basis for HMR amendments 
proposed in the NPRM. There were no late-filed comments. An 
alphabetical list of the persons, companies, and associations that 
submitted comments to the HM-219C NPRM may be found in the below table:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Commenter name                                             Docket No.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
American Fireworks Standards Laboratory (AFSL)..........  PHMSA-2017-0120-0050.
American Chemistry Council (ACC), the Chlorine Institute  PHMSA-2017-0120-0034.
 (CI), and The Fertilizer Institute (TFI).
American Pyrotechnics Association (APA).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0045.
American Pyrotechnics Association (APA).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0053.
Association of American Railroads (AAR).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0028.
Anthony Munoz...........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0016.
Charles Wald............................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0014.
Chemours Company (Chemours).............................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0055.
Compressed Gas Association (CGA)........................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0008.

[[Page 75682]]

 
Council on the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles  PHMSA-2017-0120-0018.
 (COSTHA).
Crazy Debbie's Fireworks, LLC...........................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0049.
Daniel Butt.............................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0039.
David Carlson...........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0012.
Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0042.
Dow Chemical Company....................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0037.
Fireworks by Grucci, Inc................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0040.
Fireworks Over America..................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0027.
Galaxy Fireworks, Inc...................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0026.
Garrett's Fireworks.....................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0031.
Gentry Investigative Service, LLC (GIS).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0010.
Global Transport Tank Consultants (GTTC)................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0007.
ICON Pyrotechnics International.........................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0035.
Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME).................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0011.
International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods            PHMSA-2017-0120-0017.
 Association (IVODGA).
Inter-Oriental Fireworks (HK) LTD.......................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0051.
Jake's Fireworks........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0036.
Huang Johnson...........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0020.
Matson..................................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0013.
Matthew Jones...........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0054.
National Fireworks Association (NFA)....................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0047.
NextFX..................................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0023.
NJP Engineering LLC.....................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0009.
Owen Compliance Services................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0015.
Precocious Pyrotechnics.................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0046.
Pyrotechnics Guild International, Inc...................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0038.
Pyrotechnics Guild International, Inc...................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0041.
Rebecca Thomas..........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0033.
ResPyro--Kent Orwoll/VP Manufacturing...................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0025.
ResPyro--Steve Comen/CEO................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0021.
Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA)........  PHMSA-2017-0120-0052.
Santore and Sons........................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0032.
Stage FX (SFX)/Lyle Salmi...............................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0024.
StageFX/Dennis Slicer...................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0029.
Ultratec Special Effects--John Thomas...................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0044.
Ultratec Special Effects--Otis Hart.....................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0048.
Veolia ES Technical Solutions, LLC......................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0006.
Western Enterprises Inc.................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0019.
Winco Fireworks International...........................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0043.
Yienger Fireworks.......................................  PHMSA-2017-0120-0030.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The comments submitted to this docket may be accessed via the 
docket file numbers listed in the above table, as well as at http://www.regulations.gov. PHMSA developed this final rule in consideration 
of the comments received to the public docket.
    Following the closing of the comment period, Executive Order (E.O.) 
13924, ``Regulatory Relief to Support Economic Recovery,'' \5\ directed 
Federal agencies to respond to the economic harm caused by the novel 
coronavirus by reviewing their regulations and rescinding or modifying 
those regulations to reduce regulatory burdens and thereby promote 
economic growth. E.O. 13924 at Sec.  4. PHMSA understands the cost 
savings expected from this final rule to be consistent with E.O. 
13924's mandate.
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    \5\ 85 FR 31353 (May 22, 2020).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

IV. Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments

    Based on an assessment of the 24 petitions and the comments 
received, PHMSA is amending the HMR as detailed in this section.

1. Phase-Out of Non-Normalized Tank Cars Used To Transport PIH 
Materials

    In its petition (P-1646), the Association of American Railroads 
(AAR) requests that PHMSA consider an amendment to Sec.  173.31 to 
codify a prohibition on the use of rail tank cars with shells or heads 
constructed of non-normalized steel for transportation of PIH 
materials.\6\ In P-1646, AAR claims that the continued use of 
pressurized tank cars constructed from non-normalized steel for rail 
transportation of PIH materials poses an unnecessary risk to the public 
because at lower temperatures non-normalized steel is susceptible to 
brittle fractures, which are far more likely to result in a 
catastrophic failure and instantaneous release of a tank car's entire 
contents than ductile fractures. AAR notes that while a slow release of 
contents generally has time to dissipate in the atmosphere, an 
instantaneous release from a catastrophic failure creates a 
concentrated toxic cloud with potential catastrophic consequences for 
the nearby population.
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    \6\ PHMSA notes that petition P-1646 (codifying an industry 
phase-out of legacy tank cars with non-normalized steel for PIH 
service by December 31, 2020) is related to two other AAR petitions 
addressed in this final rule: P-1691 (re-designating the ``interim'' 
HM-246 standard for PIH tank cars as a ``permanent'' standard), and 
P-1692 (codifying an industry phase-out of legacy tank cars not 
built to the HM-246 standard for PIH service by December 31, 2027). 
See Sections IV.13 (Finalization of the HM-246 Tank Car Standard) 
and IV.14 (Phase-out of Non-HM-246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars).
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    PHMSA agrees with AAR's safety rationale for its recommendation of 
a regulatory prohibition on the use of rail tank cars with shells or 
heads constructed of non-normalized steel for transportation of PIH 
materials. Further, PHMSA expects that a regulatory phase-out of these 
rail tank cars would reinforce the voluntary phase-out of legacy PIH 
tank cars pursuant to current industry efforts. In 2008, PHMSA 
considered mandating a 5-year phase-out of non-normalized steel tank 
cars in

[[Page 75683]]

PIH service.\7\ However, in 2009, based in part on statements from 
owners that they were voluntarily phasing out such tank cars, PHMSA 
declined to require the phase-out but did require that owners 
prioritize replacement of the non-normalized steel tank cars from their 
PIH fleets.\8\ Those voluntary efforts have been memorialized in 
interchange rules issued by AAR requiring compliance with design 
standards or operating conditions as a condition of shipping hazardous 
materials by rail. On April 7, 2017, AAR adopted an interchange rule in 
Casualty Prevention Circular (CPC)-1325 \9\ that implemented a phase-
out of these non-normalized (legacy) steel tank cars in PIH service by 
July 1, 2019. On July 27, 2018, AAR revised CPC-1325 and re-issued it 
as CPC-1336, but retained the phase-out deadline for the non-normalized 
steel tank cars,\10\ effective July 1, 2019. Because AAR has already 
adopted a phase-out schedule, there are no additional costs associated 
with PHMSA implementing a December 31, 2020, date as a regulatory 
deadline. A more detailed discussion of this economic analysis can be 
found in the accompanying Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See 73 FR 17817 (April 1, 2008).
    \8\ 74 FR 1770 (Jan. 13, 2009).
    \9\ CPCs are documents issued by AAR to its members outlining 
requirements for the transportation of hazardous materials by rail.
    \10\ A piece of rail equipment, such as a tank car, that does 
not meet AAR interchange standards is effectively prohibited from 
movement on the U.S., Canadian, and Mexican freight rail system. The 
AAR Tank Car Committee (TCC) initially developed a phase-out 
schedule for non-normalized tank cars in 2008 under AAR CPC-1187, 
which prohibited the use of non-normalized tank cars after December 
31, 2018. Prior to adoption of the final AAR interchange phase-out 
requirements in CPC-1325, AAR TCC solicited comments to amend CPC-
1187 via CPC-1324.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA received comments from AAR, the Chemours Company (Chemours), 
and a joint comment from the American Chemistry Council (ACC), the 
Chlorine Institute (CI), and The Fertilizer Institute (TFI) in support 
of the proposal to amend the HMR to include a regulatory phase-out of 
the use of pressurized tank cars constructed from non-normalized steel 
for rail transportation of PIH materials. These associations represent 
major stakeholders impacted by this change, including the shippers who 
own or lease the tank cars, and may bear the cost of implementing any 
phase-out, and the railroads who must transport the freight under their 
obligations as common carriers. PHMSA's actions to align the HMR with 
industry's voluntary phase-out the use of non-normalized (legacy) steel 
tank cars in PIH service in this final rule provide both shippers and 
carriers with regulatory certainty on the transportation of PIH 
materials by rail. This regulatory certainty makes transportation cost 
known to industry and, more importantly, locks-in within the HMR safety 
benefits from the transportation of PIH materials by rail achieved by 
industry's voluntary efforts to phasing-out the use of tank cars with 
shells or heads constructed of non-normalized steel.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Sec.  173.31 to 
provide for a regulatory phase-out non-normalized steel rail tank cars 
for the transportation of PIH materials by December 31, 2020.

2. Limited Quantity Shipments of Hydrogen Peroxide

    In its petition (P-1658), Steris requests that PHMSA revise Column 
(8A) of the HMT to make available the limited quantity packaging 
exceptions at Sec.  173.152 for ``UN2014, Hydrogen peroxide aqueous 
solution.'' Steris notes that the United Nations (UN) Recommendations 
on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Model Regulations (Model 
Regulations) authorize shipment of limited quantities of UN2014 
(Hydrogen peroxide). Steris contends that this amendment would provide 
economic and logistical consistency in global transportation and 
facilitate commerce for domestic companies without adversely impacting 
safety. PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the 
NPRM.
    The HMR at subpart D of part 173 provides, among other provisions, 
exceptions for some classes of hazardous materials when shipped under 
certain limited quantity thresholds. However, while other international 
standards and regulations, such as the UN Model Regulations, provide 
for the transport of UN2014 in limited quantities (up to 60 percent 
concentration), UN2014 is not authorized a limited quantity exception 
within the HMR as currently written. PHMSA has considered the 
operational experience in international transportation of UN2014 
pursuant to the UN Model Regulations as well as in the domestic 
transport of materials of the same hazard class in limited quantities 
as allowed by current HMR exceptions and concluded that a limited 
quantity exception should be extended to UN2014 as well. PHMSA is 
unaware of any characteristics of UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide) making it 
uniquely unsuitable for limited quantity shipment when other hazardous 
materials assigned the same hazard class can be shipped in limited 
quantities. Consequently, PHMSA expects that expanding the 
applicability of the limited quantity exception to this material will 
not adversely affect safety--particularly as other HMR requirements 
would still apply to assure safe shipment of limited quantities of 
UN2014 (Hydrogen peroxide). PHMSA expects cost savings to be achieved 
from this amendment to the HMR, as extension of the limited quantity 
exceptions to apply to another material will reduce regulatory burdens 
on regulated entities. However, since limited quantity shipments within 
the United States have not been authorized for UN2014 (Hydrogen 
peroxide) previously, there is inadequate domestic data available to 
quantify the specific cost savings that would result from this change. 
A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the 
accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Column (8A) of the 
HMT for ``UN2014, Hydrogen peroxide aqueous solution'' to allow limited 
quantity packaging for this material by referencing the exception in 
Sec.  173.152.

3. Markings on Portable Tanks

    In his petition (P-1666), William J. Briner requests that PHMSA 
revise Sec.  172.302(b)(2) of the HMR consistent with section 5.3.2.0.2 
of the IMDG Code to allow a minimum height of 12 mm (0.47 inches) for 
proper shipping name markings on portable tanks with a capacity of less 
than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons). The petitioner contends that the revision 
would provide regulatory flexibility for the size of markings on 
portable tanks without adversely impacting safety. PHMSA received no 
comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM.
    As currently codified in the HMR, Sec.  172.302(b)(2) requires 
markings on portable tanks with capacity less than 3,785 L (1,000 
gallons) to have a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and a height of 
at least 25 mm (1 inch). Through its technical review of this petition, 
PHMSA determined that harmonizing the height of this marking with that 
in the IMDG Code (12 mm) would not cause a reduction in hazard 
communication and, therefore, would not have a negative effect on 
safety. PHMSA expects that harmonizing this requirement with 
international standards would provide cost savings and efficiencies in 
transportation; however, PHMSA is unable to quantify these potential 
cost savings as there is no cost data on the savings gained from using 
smaller markings and the number of stakeholders affected. A more 
detailed discussion of the economic

[[Page 75684]]

analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Sec.  
172.302(b)(2) to allow a minimum height of 12 mm (0.47 inches) for 
proper shipping name markings on portable tanks with a capacity of less 
than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons).

4. Reconditioning of Metal Drums

    In its petition (P-1670), the Reusable Industrial Packaging 
Association (RIPA) requests that PHMSA revise Sec.  173.28(c)(1)(i) to 
require that labels be substantially removed, rather than completely 
removed, during the reconditioning of metal drums. RIPA states that a 
strict reading of the current HMR requirement asks for an impossible 
standard, as the full removal of coatings and labels (including their 
adhesive residues) is practically impossible. RIPA justifies this 
request by noting that current cleaning and surface preparation 
processes have been utilized for decades and, from its standpoint, have 
never been considered a safety issue.
    In the NPRM, PHMSA responded to P-1670 by proposing to allow 
tightly adhering paint, mill scale, and rust to remain on no more than 
10 percent of the surface area of a drum being reconditioned. While 
supportive of revising this section, RIPA notes in its comments to the 
NPRM that the proposed revision fails to achieve PHMSA's goal of 
allowing some coating residue to remain on steel drums provided safety 
is not compromised. RIPA contends it is technically impossible to meet 
a requirement that entails the removal of 90 percent of ``tightly 
adhering paint . . .'' from the entire surface area of every steel drum 
and contends that the limit of 10 percent surface area for exterior 
coatings is arbitrary and will be difficult to enforce. Lastly, RIPA 
notes that mill scale does not appear on metal used to manufacture or 
recondition steel drums and should be removed from the proposed 
revisions to Sec.  173.28(c)(1)(i). Therefore, in its comments to the 
NPRM, RIPA suggests that Sec.  173.28(c)(1)(i) be revised to read, 
``Cleaning to base material of construction, with all former contents, 
internal and external corrosion removed, and any external coatings and 
labels sufficiently removed to expose any metal deterioration which 
adversely affects transportation safety.'' RIPA contends this will 
establish a workable safety standard based upon adequate removal of 
surface coating materials to expose evidence of metal deterioration. 
PHMSA received no other comments on this proposed change to the HMR.
    After further consideration, PHMSA agrees that identifying a 
specific numeric threshold for sufficient removal of coatings and 
labels to expose deterioration is impracticable and expects that the 
language RIPA suggests in its comments to the NPRM will appropriately 
address the issue by ensuring external coatings and labels are 
sufficiently removed to expose metal deterioration that could adversely 
impact transportation safety. Furthermore, PHMSA expects cost savings 
to be achieved through this amendment, as it provides for a partial 
relaxation of the requirements in the HMR; however, PHMSA is unable to 
quantify these potential cost savings because it does not have data on 
the cost differences between ``removed'' and ``substantially removed'' 
or the number of persons affected. A more detailed discussion of the 
economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Sec.  
173.28(c)(1)(i) to read, ``Cleaning to base material of construction, 
with all former contents, internal and external corrosion removed, and 
any external coatings and labels sufficiently removed to expose any 
metal deterioration that adversely affects transportation safety.''

5. Limited Quantity Harmonization

    In its petition (P-1676), URS Corporation requests that PHMSA 
revise Column (8A) of the HMT to extend exceptions allowing for 
shipment of limited quantities of 45 additional hazardous materials. 
URS Corporation noted that the absence from the HMR of limited quantity 
exceptions for those materials is inconsistent with provisions under 
various international standards authorizing limited quantity shipment 
of the same materials. URS Corporation contends that this inconsistency 
between domestic and international standards regarding the limited 
quantity exception for these 45 proper shipping names causes confusion 
regarding the pertinent regulatory requirements with importing 
hazardous materials shipments into the United States that had been 
prepared as limited quantity shipments under international regulations.
    As noted in the NPRM, PHMSA conducted a technical review of the 
petition and identified a total of 114 entries in the HMT--including 
the 45 listed in URS Corporation's petition--that are not in alignment 
with the UN Model Regulations permitting limited quantity shipment of 
hazardous materials. In addition, PHMSA determined that HMR treatment 
of 64 of those 114 entries also diverged from the International Civil 
Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of 
Dangerous Goods (ICAO Technical Instructions) permitting limited 
quantity shipment of hazardous materials. Further, in reviewing the 
HMR, PHMSA determined that these hazardous materials currently without 
limited quantity exceptions are of the same hazard classes as materials 
for which the HMR already contains an exception allowing limited 
quantity shipment.
    PHMSA expects that expanding the applicability of the limited 
quantity exception to these additional materials would not adversely 
affect safety. PHMSA is unaware of any characteristics of the hazardous 
materials at issue that makes them uniquely unsuitable for limited 
quantity shipment when the HMR authorizes other hazardous materials 
assigned the same hazard class to be shipped in limited quantities. 
Consequently, PHMSA expects that expanding the applicability of the 
limited quantity exception to other materials that are within the same 
hazard class will not adversely affect safety--particularly as other 
HMR requirements would still apply to assure safe shipment of limited 
quantities of those materials. By way of example, limited quantities of 
these hazardous materials will still need to display a conspicuous 
marking indicating they are limited quantity shipments pursuant to 
Sec.  172.315, and will still need to be packaged in accordance with 
other requirements in 49 CFR part 173. The operational experience of 
safe transportation of limited quantities of these materials pursuant 
to UN Model Regulations provides additional evidence that extension of 
the HMR's limited quantity exceptions to those materials will not 
adversely affect safety. Furthermore, PHMSA expects cost savings to be 
achieved through this amendment, as it provides exceptions to the 
requirements in the HMR that impose compliance burdens on regulated 
entities; however, due to a lack of domestic data on these types of 
shipments, PHMSA is unable to quantify the specific cost savings that 
would result from this change. A more detailed discussion of the 
economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA.
    The Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA) 
and International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association (IVODGA) 
submitted comments to the NPRM in support of this proposed revision, 
while also noting that PHMSA overlooked one listing in the HMT for 
harmonization. The commenters explain that the HMT

[[Page 75685]]

listing for ``UN3170, Aluminum smelting by-products or Aluminum 
remelting by-products'' includes a change in Column (8A) from ``None'' 
to ``151'' for Packing Group (PG) II but failed to revise the PG III 
entry. PHMSA acknowledges that this was an oversight and is revising 
the language in the HMT to include ``UN3170, Aluminum smelting by-
products or Aluminum remelting by-products'' PG III materials in this 
final rule.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Column (8A) 
(exceptions) of the HMT consistent with the UN Model Regulations to 
allow an additional 114 hazardous materials entries to be shipped as 
limited quantities under the HMR. The complete list of hazardous 
materials affected by this provision is in the amendments to the HMT at 
the end of this final rule.

6. Mobile Refrigeration Units

    In its petition (P-1677), the International Institute of Ammonia 
Refrigeration (IIAR) requests that PHMSA revise Sec.  173.5b to allow 
the continued use of mobile refrigeration units (which are commonly 
used by the U.S. produce industry) that were placed into service prior 
to 1991, provided they are tested to a service pressure of 250 psig. 
PHMSA received no comments on this proposed revision in the NPRM.
    As currently written, Sec.  173.5b(b)(6) of the HMR requires that 
mobile refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 1991 
be phased-out by October 1, 2017; however, PHMSA issued an enforcement 
discretion memorandum \11\ on September 28, 2017, permitting the 
continued use of mobile refrigeration units that are tested to a 
service pressure of 250 psig. In its technical review conducted in 
connection with the Enforcement Discretion Memorandum, PHMSA determined 
there is no reduction in safety by authorizing the continued use of 
mobile refrigeration units that are tested to a service pressure of 250 
psig because the purpose of Sec.  173.5b is to eliminate the use of 
systems with a maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of 150 psig. 
PHMSA consequently incorporated that conservatism within the 
Enforcement Discretion Memorandum in the proposed HMR amendments set 
forth in the NPRM. The proposed amendment would allow the system to be 
used if its components are designed for a MAWP of 250 psig regardless 
of whether it was put into service before June 1, 1991, or if the MAWP 
is a result of upgrading components.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ Enforcement Discretion Memorandum for Mobile Refrigeration 
Units--https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2016-0085-0004.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As described in the RIA, although PHMSA describes the nature of 
cost savings associated with adoption of this petition, PHMSA was 
unable to estimate the cost savings with sufficient accuracy to 
quantify them due to data uncertainties. Therefore, in this final rule, 
PHMSA is revising Sec.  173.5b to allow the continued use of certain 
portable and mobile refrigerator systems that meet the 250 psig service 
pressure specification by removing the prohibition on use of 
refrigeration systems placed into service before June 1, 1991. Further, 
PHMSA, as of the effective date of this final rule, withdraws its 
September 28, 2017, enforcement discretion regarding the phase-out of 
mobile refrigeration systems because it will no longer be necessary.

7. Incorporation by Reference of CGA Standards

    PHMSA received multiple petitions to update CGA standards currently 
incorporated by reference in Sec.  171.7 of the HMR. These petitions 
include:
     Petition P-1679. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by 
reference CGA C-6.3, ``Standard for Visual Inspection of Low Pressure 
Aluminum Alloy Cylinders, 2013, Third Edition'' \12\ into Sec.  171.7 
to replace the outdated reference to the First Edition of this standard 
published in 1991. This publication is an industry standard governing 
periodic inspection of aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with 
service pressures of 500 psi (3450 kPa) or less. Notable changes from 
the previous edition consist of updating HMR citations and changing the 
characterization of the document from a ``guideline'' to a 
``standard.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ The previous edition of this document was titled, 
``Guidelines for Visual Inspection and Requalification of Low 
Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 1991, First Edition.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Petition P-1680. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by 
reference CGA S-7, ``Method for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices for 
Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, 2013, Fifth Edition'' into Sec.  
171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the Fourth Edition of this 
standard published in 2005. This industry standard governs methods for 
selecting pressure relief devices (PRDs) for compressed gas mixtures 
packaged in cylinders having water capacities of 1000 lb (454 kg) or 
less. Notable changes from the previous edition of this document 
includes revising reference temperatures, changing the characterization 
of this document from a ``publication'' to a ``standard,'' and 
expanding its scope to address PRDs for five additional gases.
     Petitions P-1684 and P-1693. In two separate petitions, 
Worthington Cylinders and CGA request that PHMSA incorporate by 
reference CGA C-11, ``Practices for Inspection of Compressed Gas 
Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, 2013, Fifth Edition'' into Sec.  
171.7 to replace the outdated reference to the Third Edition of this 
standard published in 2001. These petitions also request revisions to 
Sec.  178.35(b) and (c) to refer to CGA C-11. This updated publication 
outlines best practices for inspection of cylinders consistent with 
industry practice and clarifies the parameters of inspector actions 
when inspecting compressed gas cylinders.
     Petition P-1694. CGA requests that PHMSA incorporate by 
reference CGA C-6.1-2013, ``Standards for Visual Inspection of High 
Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders'' into Sec.  171.7 to 
replace the outdated reference to the Fourth Edition of this standard 
published in 2002. This standard was developed for the visual 
inspection of aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with service 
pressures of 1800 psi (12410 kPa) or greater. Notable changes from the 
previous edition of this publication include new guidelines for the use 
of ultrasonic inspection (UE), and incorporation by reference of 
another CGA publication (CGA Safety Bulletin 22 Aluminum Cylinders--
Guidelines for Heat Exposure) for use with aluminum cylinders.
    PHMSA evaluated the recommended CGA standards as part of its 
technical review of these petitions. In each instance, PHMSA compared 
the two editions--the edition currently incorporated by reference in 
the HMR and the update edition proposed to be incorporated by the 
petitioner--for any changes or substantial revisions. PHMSA found only 
non-substantial revisions during that review and determined that they 
would not result in a reduction in safety. Moreover, insofar as the 
revisions in the updated CGA standards reflect lessons learned from 
operational experience and best practices developed since the earlier 
standards were placed in effect, incorporation of those updated 
standards could promote safety. There were no quantifiable cost savings 
identified, as these revisions to the CGA standards incorporated by 
reference are primarily technical in nature and are not expected to 
have a material effect on the cost of business. A more detailed 
discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying 
RIA.

[[Page 75686]]

    PHMSA received comments from CGA, COSTHA, and Gentry Investigative 
Service (GIS) in support of this proposal. However, in its comment, GIS 
notes that there are newer editions of the CGA publications and 
suggests that these editions should be incorporated as part of this 
final rule. Although PHMSA acknowledges that newer editions have been 
recently developed, PHMSA declines to incorporate by reference in this 
rulemaking newer editions of CGA documents. PHMSA has yet to evaluate 
those more recent editions, which were not proposed in the HM-219C 
NPRM. PHMSA, however, encourages industry to petition PHMSA to include 
any newer edition of incorporated-by-reference publications as desired 
and supported by technical analysis within those petitions.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is updating CGA standards 
incorporated by reference in Sec.  171.7 of the HMR as proposed in the 
NPRM.

8. Special Provision for Explosives

    In its petition (P-1681), IME requests that PHMSA remove special 
provision 103 from Sec.  172.102 and from Column (7) of the HMT for the 
following entries: ``UN0361, Detonator assemblies, non-electric, for 
blasting''; ``UN0365, Detonators for ammunition''; ``UN0255, 
Detonators, electric, for blasting''; and ``UN0267, Detonators, non-
electric, for blasting.'' IME explains that this change would harmonize 
the HMR with the UN Model Regulations, and would enhance continuity 
when transporting these materials domestically and internationally. 
PHMSA proposed these changes in the NPRM and PHMSA received comments in 
support from IME, Owen Compliance Services, and COSTHA.
    Special provision 103 restricts classification of detonators as 
Division 1.4B if they are shipped in packages containing more than 25 
grams of net explosive mass that could be involved in a limited 
propagation explosion. However, the UN Model Regulations contain no 
quantified mass restriction for the same materials: rather, they 
require only that detonators must pass the tests prescribed by the UN 
Manual of Tests and Criteria (MTC)--in this case, the UN Test Series 6 
requirements--to be classified as Division 1.4B. The UN MTC contains 
the criteria, test methods, and procedures used for the classification 
of dangerous goods (i.e., hazardous materials) per the provisions of UN 
Model Regulations to ensure an appropriate level of safety, and 
demonstrate whether exposure of the material to fire or explosion 
during shipment conditions will result in a mass detonation of the 
material. Only those detonators that successfully pass tests prescribed 
for Division 1.4B may be classed in this hazardous materials category.
    PHMSA agrees that the removal of special provision 103 would 
harmonize with the international regulations and would have no negative 
impact on safety. Special provision 103 is outdated, as the HMR has 
since aligned its classification methodologies with the UN performance-
based classification method to improve harmonization with the 
internationally-accepted system for the classification of explosives. 
Finally, the operational experience of safe transportation of these 
materials pursuant to UN Model Regulations provides further evidence 
that the amendments to the HMR as proposed will not adversely affect 
safety--particularly as other HMR requirements would still apply to 
assure safe shipment. However, since special provision 103 is no longer 
widely used, PHMSA does not expect there would be any quantifiable cost 
savings. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be 
found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is removing the references to 
special provision 103 from four entries in Column (7) (Special 
provisions) of the HMT, and removing special provision 103 from Sec.  
172.102 altogether.

9. Safety Devices

    In its petition (P-1683), the Ford Motor Company requests that 
PHMSA remove the word ``None'' from Column (8A) of the HMT for the 
proper shipping name ``UN0503, Safety Devices, pyrotechnic'' and 
replace it with ``166,'' which would allow for the packaging exceptions 
currently authorized for other safety devices in Sec.  173.166.
    PHMSA proposed this revision in the HM-219C NPRM. PHMSA separately 
published a notice of request for information (RFI) in the Federal 
Register soliciting information and data from stakeholders regarding 
the classification, testing, and conditions for transportation relevant 
to the potential classification of safety devices.\13\ To ensure a more 
fulsome safety analysis of the HMR amendments requested in P-1683, 
PHMSA is not adopting the amendments proposed in the NPRM at this time 
and may instead consider them in a future rulemaking that could be 
informed by the information and data received in response to the RFI.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ 85 FR 35368 (June 9, 2020). PHMSA has continued to see 
advancements in technologies for articles containing hazardous 
materials; those advancements have been the subject of requests for 
approvals or special permits for transportation as safety devices 
(UN0503 and UN3268). As such, PHMSA is, in the RFI, requesting 
information or data from stakeholders regarding the classification, 
testing, and conditions for transportation of these devices 
requesting an approval to be classified as safety devices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

10. Alternative Reports for Cargo Tanks

    In its petition (P-1685), Polar Service Systems requests that PHMSA 
revise Sec.  180.417(a)(3) to remove the words ``manufactured before 
September 1, 1995,'' thereby allowing an alternative report in lieu of 
obtaining the manufacturers certificate of compliance for cargo tanks 
manufactured after September 1, 1995. The petitioner notes that there 
is no provision to allow for the use of alternative reports when a 
certificate of compliance is unavailable for cargo tanks manufactured 
after September 1, 1995,\14\ and explains that some cargo tank 
manufacturers have gone out of business in the past 25 years, making it 
impossible for a tank owner to obtain a missing certificate of 
compliance from these manufacturers. Therefore, these alternative 
reports would replace a missing certificate of compliance for cargo 
tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995. PHMSA received no comments 
on this proposed revision in the NPRM.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ See 59 FR 1786 (Jan. 12, 1994).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA's technical review of the petition determined there are 
challenges in maintaining the required documentation for cargo tanks 
and cargo tank motor vehicles when cargo tank manufacturers are no 
longer in business. This is true irrespective of the timeframe set 
forth in Sec.  180.417. Further, PHMSA does not expect there would be a 
reduction in safety in allowing alternative reports for cargo tanks 
manufactured after September 1, 1995, because the testing and 
recordkeeping requirements that PHMSA would demand in those alternative 
reports provide much of the same information that would be in a 
manufacturer's certificate. Further, PHMSA's experience administering 
the alternative reporting requirement under existing HMR provisions 
demonstrates that extension of this compliance flexibility to 
additional cargo tanks would not adversely affect safety. Similarly, 
this amendment is not expected to result in any material cost to 
industry; rather, cargo tanks manufactured after September 1, 1995, 
with useful life remaining would not be forced out of service, thereby 
saving regulated entities the cost of replacement. A more detailed

[[Page 75687]]

discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying 
RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising the language in 
Sec.  180.417(a)(3) to allow for alternative reports when a 
manufacturer's certificate is not available regardless of the date of 
manufacture of the cargo tank.

11. Weight Tolerances for Paper Shipping Sacks

    In its petition (P-1688), the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers 
Association requests that PHMSA amend Sec.  178.521 to revise the basis 
weight tolerances for liners and mediums used in the manufacture of 
multi-wall shipping sacks from 5 percent to 10 
percent from the nominal basis weight reported to PHMSA in the initial 
design qualification test. The petitioner explains that multi-wall 
sacks are manufactured on the same or technically equivalent machines 
that manufacture the liners for fiberboard boxes and further notes that 
PHMSA revised the basis weight tolerances from 5 percent to 
10 percent for fiberboard boxes in the HM-219A final 
rule.\15\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ 83 FR 55792 (Nov. 7, 2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA notes that the petitioner is correct in that the paper used 
to manufacture multi-wall shipping sacks is made on the same or similar 
machines as those used to make fiberboard boxes. Given the technical 
data presented in the petition, which included linerboard drop and 
dynamic compression tests, PHMSA concluded that a small reduction (or a 
nearly infinite increase) in basis weight of the paper used in 
manufacturing fiberboard boxes would not affect the safety of the 
packaging, and PHMSA expects that multi-wall shipping sacks--made of 
similar materials and manufactured on the same or technically 
equivalent machines--will behave similarly such that there will be no 
adverse impact to safety. Furthermore, PHMSA estimates the total 
potential annualized cost savings to the industry of between $20,000 
and $200,000. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can 
be found in the accompanying RIA.
    PHMSA received one comment from David Carlson in support of this 
proposal. However, in addition to his support, Mr. Carlson requested 
that PHMSA extend a similar provision to 11G packagings in this final 
rule. PHMSA notes that 11G packagings were not discussed in the NPRM, 
and while there may be merits to this proposed revision, PHMSA has not 
conducted a technical analysis of that proposal and is not adopting it 
at this time. PHMSA would like to allow further stakeholder engagement 
and opportunity to comment on any proposed changes before making this 
specific determination. The commenter is encouraged to petition PHMSA 
with supporting data to include 11G packagings in a future rulemaking.
    Therefore, based on its technical analysis showing no negative 
impact on safety, PHMSA is amending Sec.  178.521 to revise the nominal 
basis weight reported in the initial design qualification test report 
from 5 percent to 10 percent.

12. Markings on Closed Transport Containers

    In its petition (P-1690), Matson requests that PHMSA amend Sec.  
173.308(d)(3) to remove the requirement for a warning to be placed on 
the access door of a closed transport vehicle or a closed freight 
container when lighters are transported by vessel. Matson explains that 
the IMDG Code does not require a similar warning, thereby noting 
inconsistencies between the HMR and the international requirements that 
could cause confusion regarding the pertinent requirements governing 
international shipments. PHMSA received one comment from IVODGA in 
support of this proposal. The petitioner is correct in that the current 
HMR requirement is inconsistent with the IMDG Code. The IMDG Code does 
not require this additional marking and has not experienced an 
appreciable adverse safety impact. PHMSA is, further, unaware of a 
compelling safety justification for requiring the marking--particularly 
as other HMR hazard communication requirements (such as transport 
documents and container placards) would remain operative even if the 
amendment is adopted. In addition, the amendment would improve the 
internal consistency of the HMR, which does not impose the same 
restriction on other packages containing a Division 2.1 flammable gas 
as it does packages composed of lighters containing Division 2.1 
flammable gasses. Furthermore, while PHMSA was unable to quantify any 
specific cost savings associated with this amendment, no costs are 
anticipated. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be 
found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, based on its technical analysis, PHMSA is amending Sec.  
173.308(d)(3) to remove the requirement for vessel transport of a 
closed transport vehicle or freight container to display the warning 
mark ``WARNING--MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR--KEEP IGNITION 
SOURCES AWAY WHEN OPENING'' on the access door.

13. Finalization of the HM-246 Tank Car Standard

    In a joint petition (P-1691), AAR, CI, ACC, TFI, and the Railway 
Supply Institute (RSI) request that PHMSA revise Sec. Sec.  173.314(c) 
and 173.244(a)(2) of the HMR to convert ``interim'' rail tank car 
specifications to ``final'' tank car specifications. The interim tank 
car specifications were issued as part of the HM-246 final rule titled, 
``Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Tank Car 
Transportation of Hazardous Materials'' \16\ to be used for rail tank 
cars transporting PIH materials until PHMSA issued a permanent 
standard. The petitioners note that the PIH tank cars built in 
compliance with the HM-246 interim specifications have performed well 
and with no noteworthy safety concerns.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ 74 FR 1769 (Jan. 13, 2009).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The HM-246 final rule prescribed enhanced safety measures for PIH 
materials transported in rail tank cars. These safety measures include 
stronger tanks made from normalized steel and capable of withstanding 
higher tank test pressures, fittings, tank head-puncture resistance 
protection, and thermal protection for some commodities. The HM-246 
final rule was the result of industry consensus that an updated 
regulatory standard was necessary to improve accident survivability, 
even as research continued to develop a long-term PIH tank car 
specification. Following publication of the HM-246 final rule and 
adoption of the interim specifications, the Advanced Tank Car 
Collaborative Research Program (ATCCRP) \17\ suggested the HM-246 
interim specifications provide significant safety improvements over 
legacy designs and noted a scarcity of other feasible options beyond 
the interim specifications. In addition, conclusions from various 
ATCCRP projects provide scientific support to make the interim 
specifications permanent. Conclusions resulting from these safety 
research efforts, as reported by ATCCRP, include:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ The ATCCRP coordinates research efforts to enhance the 
safety and security of rail tank car shipments of toxic-by-
inhalation hazard (TIH) materials. It is a joint effort comprised of 
shippers of tank cars carrying TIH materials (represented by ACC, 
CI, and TFI); railroads that transport hazardous materials 
(represented by AAR); and rail tank car builders and lessors 
(represented by RSI). For more information, see https://tankcarresourcecenter.com/wp-cojntent/uploads/2017/11/ATCCRP-Research-Background-2016.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     The interim specifications provide significant improvement 
in accident

[[Page 75688]]

survivability over the legacy designs (i.e., legacy specifications); 
and
     No design feature or material was identified that would 
provide a significantly greater level of improvement, or would be a 
reasonable alternative (from an economic or manufacturability 
standpoint) that should be required industry-wide.
    PHMSA received comments to the HM-219C NPRM from AAR, The Dow 
Chemical Company, Chemours, and a joint comment from ACC, CI, and TFI 
in support of this proposal. These commenters noted that by re-
designating the HM-246 specifications as permanent, PHMSA will provide 
regulatory certainty to the stakeholder community that an ``interim'' 
standard cannot. In its comment, AAR recommended that PHMSA coordinate 
with Transport Canada (TC) to assign a unique designator when 
translating the interim tank car specifications into permanent tank car 
specifications. PHMSA agrees with AAR and collaborated with TC during 
the final rule drafting stage to assign a unique designator to denote 
those permanent tank car specifications. This unique identifier will 
help ensure that tank cars used to transport PIH materials built to the 
permanent specifications can more easily move between the United States 
and Canada without encountering delays.
    PHMSA's technical review of this petition determined that the HM-
246 compliant rail tank cars have an established safety record with no 
major incidents attributed to the tank car design. As explained by 
ATCCRP and discussed at greater length in Section IV.14. (Phase-out of 
Non-HM-246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars), the HM-246 interim specifications 
represent a substantial safety improvement over legacy tank cars in PIH 
service. This amendment is not expected to result in any new material 
costs to industry. Any costs associated with phasing out legacy tank 
cars result from the decision by AAR to utilize interchange agreements 
to mandate retirement of these cars from PIH service by the date 
(December 31, 2027) specified in CPC-1336; this final rule would align 
the HMR with those industry efforts. A more detailed discussion of this 
economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is amending Sec. Sec.  
173.314(c) and 173.244(a)(2) of the HMR to make the HM-246 rail tank 
car specifications permanent for the transportation of PIH materials 
and is assigning the unique identifier of ``DOT-105H600W'' for HM-246 
tank cars transporting PIH materials by rail.

14. Phase-Out of Non-HM-246 Compliant Rail Tank Cars

    In its petition (P-1692), AAR requests that PHMSA amend Sec.  
173.31 to adopt a 6-year phase-out for PIH rail tank cars that do not 
meet the interim HM-246 specifications as implemented in the HM-246 
final rule published on January 13, 2009. Specifically, AAR argues that 
collaborative research undertaken by industry and government partners 
(through ATCCRP) has confirmed that HM-246 specification cars have the 
highest accident survivability rate over other designs and are the most 
feasible available technology to transport PIH materials.
    In 2006, after several major PIH rail tank car accidents, AAR began 
to release a series of CPCs that mandated the use of a safer design for 
tank cars that transport PIH materials. On March 31, 2008, AAR 
published CPC-1187, which implemented design specifications for tank 
cars used in PIH service and included a 10-year phase-out schedule for 
tank cars that did not meet the CPC-1187 specifications. According to 
CPC-1187, non-compliant tank cars would not be accepted for interchange 
after December 31, 2018. PHMSA published an NPRM \18\ proposing 
revisions to the HMR to improve the crashworthiness protection of rail 
tank cars designed to transport PIH materials on April 1, 2008 and 
later issued a final rule establishing the interim HM-246 
specifications in January 13, 2009. The interim HM-246 specifications 
effectively adopted AAR's CPC-1187 tank car specifications for the 
transportation of PIH materials until further research could be 
completed on enhanced tank car specifications.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ 73 FR 17817 (Apr. 1, 2008).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the HM-246 NPRM, PHMSA considered adopting a phase-out of tank 
cars that did not meet the proposed interim specifications. However, 
PHMSA did not codify a phase-out timeline in the final rule, stating 
``[a]lthough PHMSA continues to expect that an accelerated phase-out of 
these cars is justified, PHMSA recognizes the voluntary efforts already 
underway by many fleet owners to phase out these cars, in many cases on 
schedules more aggressive than the five-year deadline proposed in the 
NPRM.'' \19\ Instead, the HM-246 final rule adopted the interim tank 
car specifications; subsequently, AAR suspended CPC-1187 until new tank 
car specifications could be finalized and suspended the December 2018 
retirement deadline for non-compliant tank cars.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ 74 FR at 1777-78.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed in the previous sub-section (``Finalization of the HM-
246 Tank Car Standard''), research conducted under the ATCCRP has since 
demonstrated that the HM-246 interim tank car specifications provide 
significant improvements in survivability and there is no reason to 
expect a different design would provide a significantly greater level 
of improvement. However, despite initial indications in 2009 that 
voluntary efforts would result in an accelerated phase-out of those 
tank cars in PIH service that failed to comply with the HM-246 interim 
specifications, the industry had not adopted a voluntary phase-out 
schedule as of December 2016 that would eliminate such tank cars from 
PIH service.
    On December 16, 2016, AAR submitted its petition (P-1692) 
requesting that PHMSA adopt a 6-year phase-out for PIH rail tank cars 
that do not meet the interim specifications as implemented in the HM-
246 final rule published on January 13, 2009. AAR argued that 
collaborative research undertaken by industry and government partners 
(through ATCCRP) over the last 7 years had confirmed that HM-246 
specification cars have the highest accident survivability rate over 
other designs and are the most feasible technology to transport PIH 
materials.
    Before PHMSA completed its review of P-1692, AAR adopted CPC-1325 
in April 2017, which implemented a mandatory phase-out by July 1, 2023, 
of any tank car in PIH service that does not comply with the HM-246 
interim specifications. Prior to AAR's adoption of CPC-1325, TFI 
commented to the P-1692 docket \20\ that it opposed implementation of 
the July 1, 2023, phase-out schedule. TFI contended that DOT has sole 
authority over hazardous materials packaging and that because AAR's 
adoption of the phase-out schedule was done without performing an 
economic analysis, it was impossible to estimate the full extent of its 
potential costs or benefits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ Docket No. PHMSA-2016-0165, available at 
www.regulations.gov.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Similar comments were relayed to PHMSA by a group of shipper 
associations during a January 13, 2017 meeting.\21\ AAR met with PHMSA 
and the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) on August 1, 2017, during 
which AAR suggested its phase-out schedule did not conflict with DOT 
regulations and that the phase-out schedule was intended to remove an 
older, less-safe

[[Page 75689]]

car design from PIH service.\22\ PHMSA later notified AAR on December 
7, 2017, that it was accepting P-1692 and would conduct a ``safety and 
policy review that will aid in determining whether the HMR should 
mandate a phase-out period and, if so, what period would ensure safety 
and protect the public interest.'' \23\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ Attendees included representatives from TFI, ACC, CI, and 
API. Meeting Notes from the Listening Session for Petitions P-1678 
and P-1692, available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2016-0165-0007.
    \22\ AAR Presentation on Tank Car Phase Out and TCC Authority 
from August 1, 2017, available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2016-0165-0011.
    \23\ P-1692 Acceptance Letter, available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2016-0165-0012.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On July 27, 2018, AAR revised CPC-1325 and re-issued it as CPC-
1336, extending the phase-out schedule for non-HM-246 compliant tank 
cars from 6 years (July 1, 2023) to 10 years (December 31, 2027). On 
August 15, 2018, the railroads (represented by AAR) and a group of 
leading PIH material shippers (represented by ACC, CI, and TFI) 
submitted a joint comment to P-1692 proposing a phase-out date of 
December 31, 2027, for all non-HM-246 specification rail tank cars. The 
December 31, 2027, phase-out date is in lieu of the 6-year timeline 
requested in AAR's original petition. The joint commenters met with 
PHMSA on September 6, 2018, and urged PHMSA to act quickly in 
completing a rulemaking that would adopt the petition's proposed 10-
year phase-out timeline.\24\ The joint commenters contend that 
codifying the phase-out in the HMR would improve safety and increase 
market certainty. PHMSA in the NPRM proposed revision of the HMR to 
adopt the joint commenters' December 31, 2027 deadline. PHMSA received 
no adverse comments in response to that NPRM proposal. PHMSA received 
comments in support of this proposal from AAR, the Dow Chemical 
Company, Chemours, and a joint comment by ACC, CI, and TFI.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \24\ Meeting Summary, available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2016-0165-0014.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA expects the phase-out of legacy rail tank cars for PIH 
service will have a positive impact on safety because they would be 
replaced with more robust tank cars for use in the transportation of 
PIH materials and because regulatory certainty could foster market 
certainty. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed a phase-out deadline of December 
31, 2027; however, the phase-out will go into effect under mandatory 
railroad interchange rules regardless of whether PHMSA adopts this date 
into regulation. As a result, there is no cost associated with PHMSA 
promulgating this date as a regulatory deadline for the phase-out. A 
more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the 
accompanying RIA.
    As such, PHMSA is codifying the phase-out of all non-HM-246 rail 
tank cars for use in the transportation of PIH materials. PHMSA's 
actions in this final rule provide both shippers and carriers with 
regulatory certainty on the transportation of PIH materials by rail. 
This regulatory certainty makes transportation cost predictable to 
industry and--more importantly--locks-in safety benefits associated 
with industry's movement to phase-out non-HM-246 tank cars in the 
transportation of PIH materials by rail.
    Therefore, PHMSA is revising Sec.  173.31 to phase-out all non-HM-
246 rail tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials by December 
31, 2027, to align with the agreed upon phase-out dates between AAR and 
leading PIH material shippers.

15. Allow Non-RCRA Waste To Use Lab Pack Exception

    In its petition (P-1695), Veolia requests that PHMSA amend Sec.  
171.8 by adding a definition of ``waste material'' to allow for all 
waste material to be managed in accordance with the lab packs exception 
and associated paragraphs in Sec.  173.12, regardless of whether it 
meets the definition of a ``hazardous waste'' in EPA regulations 
implementing RCRA at 40 CFR 261.3. The ``lab pack exception'' for waste 
under Sec.  173.12(b) provides for exceptions from some HMR packaging 
requirements (such as those pertaining to chemical constituent marking 
and specification packaging requirements for combination packages) to 
facilitate transportation for disposal of certain waste materials when 
shipped in packages satisfying packaging requirements identified in 
that section. The petitioner notes that PHMSA has stated in a letter of 
interpretation (16-0099) \25\ that this exception only applies to 
``hazardous wastes'' as defined by EPA's regulations implementing RCRA; 
amendment of the HMR to make the lab pack exception in Sec.  173.12 
more broadly available to ``waste materials'' would provide regulatory 
relief in the disposal and recovery of hazardous materials. PHMSA 
received comments from Veolia and COSTHA in support of this proposal.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ PHMSA Letter of Interpretation, Reference No. 16-0099, 
available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/regulations/title49/interp/16-0099.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA's technical review of the petition supports the petitioner's 
interpretation. Neither the regulatory text nor the preamble of the 
December 21, 1990 final rule codifying Sec.  173.12(b) indicate the lab 
pack exception is limited to ``hazardous wastes'' as that term is 
defined under the EPA's RCRA regulations.\26\ PHMSA expects that making 
all waste material eligible for the lab pack exception would not lead 
to a reduction in safety because waste materials present no greater 
hazard than materials defined as a hazardous waste according to the 
EPA's RCRA regulations. Further, insofar as the lab pack exception 
would make it easier for regulated entities without sophisticated 
compliance programs, or limited storage space, to dispose of waste 
consistent with the HMR, the final rule could improve safety. In 
addition, there are no costs expected based on this revision. Extension 
of the lab pack exception offers additional flexibility for 
transporting waste materials; it does not increase compliance costs or 
changes to how waste material is handled. A more detailed discussion of 
the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying RIA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ See 55 FR 52402, 52423 (Dec. 21, 1990).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is adding a definition of 
``waste material'' to allow for all waste material to be managed in 
accordance with the lab packs exception and associated paragraphs in 
Sec.  173.12.

16. Incorporation of ASME Code Sections II, V, VIII, and IX

    In its petition (P-1700), Trinity Containers requests that PHMSA 
incorporate by reference the 2017 edition of the ASME BPVC Sections II 
(Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), and IX into Sec.  171.7(g)(1) of 
the HMR. The ASME BPVC is a consensus industry standard for the design 
and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. Significant revisions 
to the relevant portions of the ASME BPVC introduced in the 2017 
edition include the following:
     ASME BPVC Section II, Part A: Incorporation of 25 new 
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and 7 new 
international specifications authorized in connection within ferrous 
material within ASME-compliant boilers and pressure vessels;
     ASME BPVC Section II, Part B: Incorporation of 10 new ASTM 
specifications authorized for use in connection with non-ferrous 
material within ASME-compliant boilers and pressure vessels;
     ASME BPVC Section V: Incorporation of 19 new ASTM 
specifications providing for ASME-compliant methodologies in conducting 
non-destructive examination of boilers

[[Page 75690]]

and pressure vessels, as well as revisions of existing standards 
pertaining to acoustic emissions testing and block calibration;
     ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division 1: Revision of existing 
specifications for the construction of pressure vessels to expand 
coverage of openings and quick-action/actuation closures, clarify 
guidelines on performance of manual and automated ultrasonic testing, 
and provide new procedural pathways for manufacturers to obtain ASME 
certifications; and
     ASME BPVC Section IX: Revision of existing specifications 
for welding, brazing and fusing qualifications to expand acceptable 
testing methods and clarify welder personnel qualification 
requirements.
    The petitioner contends that without regulatory amendment, ASME 
certificate holders would be obliged to comply with obsolete industry 
standards for manufacturing cargo tanks, non-specification tanks, and 
implements of husbandry to the ASME BPVC referenced in Sec.  
171.7(g)(1).
    PHMSA received comments on this proposal from Global Transport Tank 
Consultants (GTTC), GIS, and NJP Engineering. GTTC requests that PHMSA 
clarify which sections are being updated and whether the updated ASME 
BPVC Section VIII, Division 1 ``Design Margin'' would be applicable to 
any of the cargo tank packaging ``designed'' to the requirements of 
ASME BVCP Section VIII, Division 1. In addition, GTTC asks if it was 
PHMSA's intention to require the repair of ASME ``marked'' packaging to 
meet the requirements of the 1992 edition of the National Board 
Inspection Code (NBIC) currently incorporated by reference in to HMR. 
GTTC and GIS request that PHMSA incorporate the 2019 editions of the 
ASME BPVC and the NBIC since they are currently available.
    NJP Engineering supports the HMR amendments proposed in the NPRM 
but requests correction of an alleged oversight by PHMSA in 
incorporating the 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC.\27\ NJP Engineering 
notes that the ASME BPVC standard contains a requirement for a 6 
percent knuckle radius on torispherical heads that is the subject of 
exception in three places (see Sec. Sec.  178.346-1(d)(8), 178.347-
1(d)(8), and 178.348(e)(2)(viii)) within the HMR. These HMR exceptions 
reference standard ASME BPVC standard UG-32(e) and were added to the 
HMR in response to the incorporation of the previous 1998 edition of 
the ASME BPVC. However, prior to the incorporation of the 2015 edition, 
ASME removed paragraph (b) from UG-32, resulting in the re-designation 
of the former UG-32(e) as UG-32(d). NJP Engineering seeks clarification 
that it was PHMSA's intention to retain those exceptions and recommends 
that ``UG-32(e)'' be replaced with ``UG-32(d)'' accordingly.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \27\ See 81 FR 25613 (Apr. 29, 2016).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the 2017 
editions of the ASME BPVC Section II, Part A (Ferrous Materials 
Specifications); Section II, Part B (Nonferrous Material 
Specifications); Section V (Nondestructive Examination); Section VIII, 
Division 1 (Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels Division); and 
Section IX (Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications). PHMSA's 
technical review of P-1700 determined that the HMR's incorporation by 
reference of the obsolete 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC could induce 
confusion among stakeholders about the controlling edition of the ASME 
BPVC. PHMSA agrees with the petitioner that adopting the updated 
edition would help ensure that the HMR remains consistent with the best 
practices used by the industry.
    The design margin(s) in the HMR for DOT specification cargo tanks 
remain as currently authorized; \28\ this rulemaking does not authorize 
the ``design margin'' described in the 2017 edition of the ASME BPVC 
Sections II (Parts A and B), V, VIII (Division 1), and IX into the HMR 
for DOT specification cargo tanks, even as it would apply to 
specification portable tanks. This distinction was clarified in a 
letter of interpretation (17-0083 \29\) published in response to 
PHMSA's incorporation by reference of the 2015 edition of the ASME BPVC 
Section VIII Division. This rulemaking did not consider incorporating 
the updated NBIC; however, the 2017 edition is under review currently 
as part of the HM-241 \30\ rulemaking. The 1992 edition of the NBIC 
currently incorporated by reference into the HMR will remain in effect 
for the repair of ASME packagings manufactured in accordance with the 
HMR. PHMSA will retain the exceptions in Sec. Sec.  178.346-1(d)(8), 
178.347-1(d)(8), and 178.348(e)(2)(viii), and agrees that ``UG-32(e)'' 
should be replaced with ``UG-32(d)'' provisions. PHMSA is making an 
additional editorial change to the HMR to update the references to UG-
32 as recommended by NJP Engineering. PHMSA expects that the cost-
savings associated with P-1700 would be modest. A more detailed 
discussion of this economic analysis can be found in the accompanying 
RIA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \28\ The ASME design margin does not apply to DOT specification 
cargo tanks because of the structural integrity sections in part 
178, which specify alternative design margins. In contrast, the ASME 
design margin applies to portable tanks as the HMR contains no 
exception allowing the use of an alternative design margin.
    \29\ PHMSA Letter of Interpretation Reference No. 17-0083, 
available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/regulations/title49/interp/17-0083.
    \30\ See Spring 2020 Unified Agenda at https://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/eAgendaViewRule?pubId=202004&RIN=2137-AE58.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

17. Import of Foreign Pi-Marked Cylinders

    In its petition (P-1701), CGA requests that PHMSA modify Sec. Sec.  
171.23, 173.302, and 173.304 to permit the transportation of filled pi-
marked foreign pressure receptacles in compliance with applicable 
requirements of the European Agreement Concerning the International 
Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) and EU Directive 2010/35/EU 
of the European Parliament and of the Council. The HMR currently allows 
pi-marked cylinders (which are filled and shipped within the EU and 
marked with a pi ([pi]) symbol to denote compliance with the ADR and EU 
Directive 2010/35/EU) to be imported through use of special permits. 
The petitioner requests revisions to the HMR authorizing without the 
need for a special permit, the (1) import, intermediate storage, 
transport to point of use, discharge, and export, as well as (2) import 
of empty pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for filling, 
intermediate storage, and export. Entegris provided comments to the P-
1701 docket \31\ and requested additional revisions to Sec. Sec.  
171.23(a) and 173.302(a)(2) to allow shipment of adsorbed gasses within 
those pi-marked cylinders that were the subject of CGA's petition for 
rulemaking. The changes to Sec.  171.23(a)(3) requested by Entegris are 
intended to allow for domestic sourcing as well as the import of empty 
pi-marked pressure receptacles for filling and export.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=PHMSA-2017-0026.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA's technical review did not find evidence to suggest there 
would be any adverse safety impacts resulting from those HMR 
amendments. The shipping of pi-marked cylinders within the United 
States has been allowed for many years through special permits--with at 
least 3,000 shipments occurring since the special permits were first 
issued; there is also extensive operational experience in the safe 
international shipment of pi-marked cylinders. Although there is 
limited market data on the current export of pi-marked cylinders 
pursuant to special permit, PHMSA expects that adopting

[[Page 75691]]

these amendments would not result in a change to the number of pi-
marked cylinders that are transported or the risk profile of their 
transportation. Nonetheless, cost savings are expected to be minimal, 
resulting primarily from the potential time savings for industry and 
government due to the elimination of the need for a special permit. A 
more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the 
accompanying RIA.
    PHMSA received comments from CGA and Chemours in support of this 
proposal. COSTHA notes that the 2017 edition of the ADR is being 
referenced in Sec.  171.7 of the NPRM. COSTHA also notes that as of 
September 2019, the most current edition of the ADR is the 2019 edition 
that became effective July 1, 2019. PHMSA will consider updating this 
reference in a future rulemaking, as it has yet to conduct a technical 
evaluation of the 2019 edition of the ADR.
    In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying Sec. Sec.  171.23, 173.302, 
and 173.304 to permit the import of filled pi-marked foreign pressure 
receptacles for storage incidental to movement, transport to point of 
use, discharge, and export. PHMSA is also permitting the transportation 
of pi-marked foreign pressure receptacles for export, including filling 
and storage incidental to movement. In addition, PHMSA is revising 
Sec. Sec.  171.23(a) and 173.302(a)(2) to ensure that the authorization 
for pi-marked cylinders is applicable to adsorbed gas packages. 
Finally, to align with similar ADR provisions and increase shipper and 
carrier awareness of the requirements for pi-marked cylinders, PHMSA is 
requiring a notation on the shipping paper following the basic 
description of the hazardous material to certify compliance with the 
pi-marked cylinder requirements. PHMSA is updating Sec.  171.7 to 
include the ADR and EU Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament 
and of the Council into the HMR.

18. Placement of the Word ``Stabilized'' in Shipping Description

    In its petition (P-1706), Evonik requests that PHMSA revise how the 
word ``stabilized'' should appear when providing the shipping name for 
a hazardous material to maintain consistency with the IMDG Code. The 
HMR does not allow the word ``stabilized'' to appear as part of the 
proper shipping name, whereas the IMDG Code requires it, when 
stabilization is required prior to transportation. The petitioner 
claims that this causes needless discrepancies with the IMDG Code in 
connection with international shipments. PHMSA received comments from 
the Dow Chemical Company, Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC), and 
IVODGA supporting this proposal.
    PHMSA's technical review confirmed inconsistency between the HMR 
and the IMDG Code and revealed that hazardous materials that have some 
instability but that are not specifically identified or classified as 
self-reactive substances or organic peroxides cannot be shipped in 
compliance with both the IMDG Code and the HMR as currently written. In 
addition, PHMSA determined that requiring the use of the word 
``stabilized'' when stabilization is required by Sec.  173.21(f) would 
not result in any reduction in safety, but would instead increase 
safety by indicating that a material has been stabilized in preparing 
it for transportation. Although this amendment may incur costs for 
manufacturers and shippers related to training and compliance, costs 
are expected to be negligible because affected entities that engage in 
international commerce are already aware of the requirement under the 
IMDG Code. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be 
found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising Sec.  172.101(c) 
to clarify that the word ``stabilized'' must be included as part of the 
proper shipping name when the HMR requires stabilization before 
transportation.

19. Incorporation by Reference of an AESC/IME Standard

    In its petition (P-1710), IME requests that PHMSA update Sec.  
171.7(r) to update IME's corporate address and incorporate by reference 
the AESC/IME JPG Standard, also called the ``Guide to Obtaining DOT 
Approval of Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun 
Specifications,'' Version 02, dated September 1, 2017. IME also 
proposes that PHMSA include a new Sec.  173.67 codifying PHMSA's 
current practice excepting JPGs conforming to the AESC/IME JPG Standard 
from the exhaustive testing generally required pursuant to Sec.  173.56 
to receive an EX number authorizing transportation of a new 
explosive.\32\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ PHMSA's use of the 2008 version of the AESC/IME JPG 
Standard in its Sec.  173.56 reviews is an informal practice and not 
a regulatory requirement. See Correspondence from Theodore L. Willke 
(PHMSA) to Lon Santis (IME) (Nov. 19, 2008), http://www.ocsresponds.com/ref/AESC-IMEPerfGunApproval(2008.11.19).pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    JPGs use shaped explosive charges to produce a high-pressure jet 
penetrating the liner or casing of a wellbore to enhance production of 
oil and gas wells. The petitioners note that the initial version of the 
AESC/IME JPG Standard has been used by PHMSA since 2008. Entities 
seeking PHMSA's assignment of an EX number for a JPG product submit 
applications demonstrating conformity with one of 13 standard design 
templates within the AESC/IME JPG Standard, thereby avoiding having to 
submit their product for explosive laboratory testing normally required 
under Sec.  173.56. IME submits that the HMR amendments identified in 
its petition would codify existing PHMSA practices for review of JPG 
products under Sec.  173.56. PHMSA received no adverse comments on the 
petition or the proposals in the NPRM.
    PHMSA expects that adoption of the petition as proposed in the NPRM 
will not have an adverse effect on safety. PHMSA has relied on AESC/
IME's JPG Standard to expedite its review of applications since 2008; 
PHMSA is unaware any significant operational or testing experience 
indicating that historical practice is unsafe. Further, the most recent 
version of the AESC/IME JPG Standard is potentially more conservative 
than the current standard, as it would narrow the universe of JPG 
product designs (from 13 to 8) eligible for expedited review to only 
those 1.1D products without a detonator. Furthermore, the economic 
analysis suggests potential annualized cost savings of approximately 
$360,000 for manufacturers of JPGs that would avail themselves of the 
newly-codified regulations incorporating the updated AESC/IME JPG 
Standard to avoid the need for explosives laboratory testing. 
Additional cost savings are expected for both manufacturers and PHMSA 
due to reduced labor requirements for processing applications for EX 
approvals. A more detailed discussion of the economic analysis can be 
found in the accompanying RIA.
    Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is updating IME's address in 
Sec.  171.7(r), incorporating the updated AESC/IME JPG Standard into a 
new Sec.  171.7(r)(3) of the HMR, and adding a new Sec.  173.67 
codifying existing practice allowing AESC/IME JPG Standard-compliant 
products access to expedited PHMSA review under Sec.  173.56.

20. Incorporation by Reference of an Updated APA Standard 87-1

    In its petition (P-1711), the APA requests that PHMSA incorporate 
by reference the 2018 edition of APA Standard 87-1, ``Standard for 
Construction and Approval for Transportation of Fireworks, Novelties,

[[Page 75692]]

and Theatrical Pyrotechnics'' \33\ to replace the outdated reference to 
the 2001 edition of this standard, noting advances in product safety 
and design in the fireworks industry over the last 15 years. 
Significant changes from the previous edition of APA Standard 87-1 
include the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ APA Standard 87-1 is a consensus industry standard in which 
fireworks classifications are assigned based upon the weight and 
type of chemical composition for each type of device, including 
specific permissible and restricted chemicals.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Re-organizing Standard 87-1 into three parts: APA Standard 
87-1A (consumer fireworks), APA Standard 87-1B (display fireworks), and 
APA Standard 87-1C (entertainment and technical industry fireworks, 
otherwise referred to as articles pyrotechnics).
     Updating the product descriptions throughout each of those 
parts to accommodate new types and configurations popularized since the 
2001 edition of APA Standard 87-1.
    The petitioner contends that because the classification system in 
the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87-1 does not reflect new product 
types and configurations (e.g., combination devices containing multiple 
tubes, and combinations of effects previously limited to single tubes), 
those new products are not eligible pursuant to Sec. Sec.  173.64 and 
173.65 for expedited PHMSA review and approval.\34\ The petitioner 
submits that incorporation by reference of the updated version of APA 
Standard 87-1 would relieve administrative burdens on industry by 
facilitating expedited PHMSA review and approval of fireworks products 
and provide regulatory certainty regarding compliance with the HMR.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \34\ Sections 173.64 and 173.65 permit fireworks manufactured in 
compliance with APA Standard 87-1 to be classified and approved on 
an expedited basis, as each application for a new fireworks product 
would otherwise have to provide product-specific testing required 
under Sec.  173.56 to obtain an EX number from PHMSA authorizing 
their transportation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA received numerous comments to the NPRM regarding this 
petition, and to address each issue, PHMSA broke them out into the 
following sub-sections for detailed discussion.
General Comments: Support
    PHMSA received comments in support of this proposal from Charles 
Ward; Huang Johnson; Western Enterprises Inc.; ResPyro (Steve Comen); 
StageFX (Lyle Salmi); Galaxy Fireworks, Inc.; ResPyro (Kent Orwoll); 
NextFX; Fireworks Over America; Dennis Slicer; Santore and Sons; 
Pyrotechnics Guild International (Paul Smith); Garrett's Fireworks; 
ICON Pyrotechnics Internationals; American Fireworks Standards 
Laboratory (AFSL); Inter-Oriental Fireworks LTD; APA; APA Rebuttal to 
National Fireworks Association (NFA); and Matthew Jones. These 
commenters generally supported incorporating the updated APA Standard 
87-1, noting that it will add numerous new devices, expand the 
permitted chemical list, and is directed toward hazard classification 
for transportation. The commenters add that the updated APA Standard 
87-1 provides defined criteria that will relieve the burden of 
submitting new fireworks designs to a third-party test lab for 
classification and will reduce the regulatory burden on industry, 
including manufacturers and small business importers, who often have to 
spend their time helping their foreign manufacturers obtain EX 
approvals.
General Comment: Opposed
    PHMSA received comments opposing incorporation of APA Standard 87-
1A from Yienger Fireworks, NFA, and Crazy Debbie's Fireworks. NFA and 
Crazy Debbie's Fireworks explain that while many of the proposed 
revisions to APA Standards 87-1A, B, and C would clarify the 
requirements applicable to fireworks devices, there are certain 
revisions in APA Standard 87-1A that will not reduce regulatory burdens 
and do not relate to improving transportation safety. These commenters 
further contend that APA Standard 87-1A would conflict with the 
regulatory regime of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) 
governing the safety of fireworks from a consumer-use standpoint.
    Instead, PHMSA's incorporation of APA Standard 87-1 pertains to its 
distinguishable jurisdictional responsibility over regulation of 
packaging and transportation of fireworks and other hazardous 
materials. PHMSA-imposed restrictions on packaging and shipment of 
hazardous materials for transportation that give rise to incidental 
effects on the way those materials are marketed to consumers are, 
therefore, not duplicative or conflicting regulations. In addition, 
PHMSA notes that the APA 87-1 standards were developed with the 
resources of the APA, which welcomed broad input and participation from 
the fireworks industry. APA allowed organizations, including the NFA, 
to participate in that process as an organization.
Comments Regarding Section 2.4: Break/Burst Charge Limits
    PHMSA received several comments on section 2.4 of APA Standard 87-
1A, which outlines the general requirements that must be met for 
construction and design of consumer firework devices and novelties. 
Jake's Fireworks, NFA, Crazy Debbie's Fireworks, Ultratec Special 
Effects and the APA provided comments specifically on the break/burst 
charge limits outlined in this section of APA Standard 87-1A:
     Jake's Fireworks contends that APA Standard 87-1A's 
limitation on metals in the composition of a break/burst charges was 
rejected by the CPSC commissioners, alleging that in doing so, the CPSC 
rejected metal composition as a factor in the safety of break/burst 
charges.
     Ultratec Special Effects states that some of the weight 
limit increases for devices per tube in APA Standard 87-1A will allow 
for a break/burst charge of 42.5 grams, which is more than enough to 
produce a salute device. It also claims that if these devices were 
subject to UN Series 6 testing, they would likely be classified as 1.3G 
or 1.1G devices, further adding that reports and airburst reports 
should always be subject to UN Series 6 testing since these devices are 
highly energetic and should be scrutinized for proper construction and 
packing techniques to ensure safe transportation. Ultratec Special 
Effects adds that many of these devices are currently unregulated due 
to older issued EX numbers that have vague specifications and no 
specified part numbers.
     NFA asserts that adoption of the language for break/burst 
charges in APA Standard 87-1A will not reduce regulatory burdens and 
will create conflict and confusion between agency regulations instead, 
further claiming that it is unrelated to safe transportation of 
hazardous materials in commerce.
     Crazy Debbie's Fireworks alleges that APA Standards 87-1A 
and C should have identical break/burst charge limits for the same 
fireworks. By way of example, Crazy Debbie's Fireworks notes that for 
the same firework--``UN0336, Fireworks, 1.4G''--each of APA Standard 
87-1A and Standard 87-1C impose two different break/burst composition 
restrictions. Under APA Standard 87-1A, this material is limited to 
less than 149 microns (100 mesh) metals in the break/burst charges, but 
APA Standard 87-1C states that aluminum particles greater than 53 
microns in diameter must not exceed 10 percent by weight of the break/
burst charge.

[[Page 75693]]

    APA Standard 87-1A's restrictions on metal size and chemical 
composition within break/burst charges for consumer fireworks are not 
new regulatory requirements; rather, they have been in place since the 
2001 edition of APA Standard 87-1 currently incorporated into Sec.  
171.7, as metal size and chemical composition directly impact hazard 
classification. For this reason, PHMSA is not persuaded by the 
commenters' arguments that APA Standard 87-1A's limitations on break/
burst device metal composition are unnecessary; rather, PHMSA 
understands those metal size limitations to be essential to safe 
transportation of consumer fireworks whose chemical structure and metal 
composition makes them inherently more dangerous than fireworks with 
different constituents. Further, even if the CPSC may not have had 
reservations about whether an adequate technical basis to conclude that 
the precise metal composition limits at issue in its rulemaking would 
ensure consumer product safety, PHMSA is satisfied, based on its 
experience regulating transportation of hazardous materials (an 
activity that involves a different risk profile than use of fireworks 
by individual consumers) that the approach taken in APA Standard 87-1 
and 87-1A is appropriate for its transportation regulatory oversight 
activities. PHMSA notes that none of the commenters on the NPRM 
provided technical or operational data supporting a contrary 
conclusion.
    In addition, Ultratec Special Effects' assertion that APA Standard 
87-1A will allow for an increased break/burst charge of 42.5 grams, and 
therefore allow salute device access to the expedited review processes 
under Sec. Sec.  173.64 and 173.65, is incorrect. A device containing a 
burst charge weight of 42.5 grams would not comply with either the 
existing APA Standard 87-1 nor the updated APA Standard 87-1A. The only 
weight increases in the updated APA Standard 87-1A pertain to fountain 
devices, which do not contain burst/break charges; the break/burst 
charge weight limit of 15 grams for aerial shells did not change. 
Devices with break/burst charges exceeding 15 grams would have to be 
submitted to a DOT-approved test laboratory pursuant to Sec.  173.56, 
where the device would be subjected to the UN Series 6 testing and 
subsequently reviewed by PHMSA.
    Further, although PHMSA acknowledges that the HMR allows the use of 
the default UN classification testing (including UN Series 6 testing) 
instead of reliance on compliance with APA Standard 87-1A, PHMSA is not 
convinced that UN Series 6 testing is necessarily superior to APA 
Standard 87-1A's approach of limiting the metal particle sizes and 
chemical composition. Indeed, insofar as both APA Standards (87-1 and 
87-1A) as well as the UN Model Regulations classify fireworks with an 
eye toward limiting the amount of flash powder compositions that can be 
present in fireworks, they do so by different approaches: APA Standard 
87-1 and the updated 87-1A do so by way of adjusting chemical 
composition and metal particle sizes to control flash powder 
compositions, while the UN Model Regulations rely on the use of a flash 
powder test to determine the presence of flash powder compositions. 
Based on its long experience regulating safe transportation of 
fireworks, PHMSA is satisfied that both the APA Standard (87 and 87-1A) 
and UN approaches are appropriate. PHMSA notes that none of the 
commenters on the NPRM provided technical or operational data 
supporting a contrary conclusion.
    PHMSA is aware of the different limits on metal size permitted 
under APA Standards 87-1A and C for the same UN0336, 1.4G firework. As 
explained above, PHMSA understands metal size to be an important factor 
in classifying fireworks to ensure their safe transportation. But metal 
size is not necessarily the only component that should be considered in 
the classification of fireworks under the HMR. Indeed, the differences 
between APA Standards 87-1A and C with respect to the same fireworks 
reflect the common-sense proposition that other characteristics of 
fireworks can influence their classification for regulation of their 
transportation--and that those transportation-relevant characteristics 
often derive from (or incidentally effect) the end uses of the 
fireworks. As explained by APA in supplemental comments submitted in 
response to Crazy Debbie's Fireworks et al., the chemical composition 
and design of articles pyrotechnics governed by APA Standard 87-1C are 
much more energetic than the consumer fireworks governed by APA 
Standard 87-1A--hence, the difference in authorized metal sizes despite 
the same 1.4G classification. PHMSA understands the different metal 
size limits for consumer applications (APA Standard 87-1A) and articles 
pyrotechnics applications (APA Standard 87-1C) to be appropriate.
Comments Regarding Reloadable Aerial Shell Kits
    PHMSA received comments from Jake's Fireworks, NFA, and Crazy 
Debbie's Fireworks, on sections 2.4 and 3.2.5.1 of APA Standard 87-1A 
pertaining to reloadable aerial shell kits. These commenters do not 
view those requirements (for fully assembled tubes, inner packaging and 
a base) as being related to the risk of harm in the transportation of 
these products, instead claiming they relate to the kits' packaging and 
design as it interfaces with the consumer, which they allege is subject 
to the jurisdiction of the CPSC and distinct from transportation safety 
regulated by PHMSA. NFA further claims adoption of this portion of the 
proposed language under section 3.2.5.1 will not reduce regulatory 
burdens, may create conflict and confusion between CPSC and PHMSA 
regulations, and eliminate a currently-allowed industry practice prior 
to an item being offered for retail sale.
    However, APA submitted supplemental comments noting that NFA, et 
al. were not criticizing the NPRM so much as existing HMR requirements 
as elaborated by PHMSA safety guidance \35\ on reloadable aerial shell 
kits. APA further explained that the transportation of completed kits 
with inner packaging significantly increases safety in the event of an 
incident occurring during transportation: If a trailer load or shipping 
container of reloadable shells did not have the separation provided by 
inner packaging required under APA Standard 87-1A, the product could 
behave as a 1.3G explosive and pose far more serious transportation 
risks than a 1.4G incident.
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    \35\ https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/sites/phmsa.dot.gov/files/docs/approvals-and-permits/hazmat/energetic-materials-approvals/18296/safetyguidancefortheclassificationofanaerialshellkit.pdf.
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    PHMSA agrees with APA that Standard 87-1A's requirement for 
reloadable aerial shell kits to contain fully assembled tube and be 
packaged in an inner packaging with base is not a new regulatory 
requirement: Those elements are in the 2001 edition of APA Standard 87-
1, in addition to the PHMSA guidance identified above. PHMSA further 
agrees with APA that the requirements for inner packagings and bases 
for reloadable aerial shell kits in APA Standard 87-1A are important 
contributors to the safe shipment of aerial shell kits. Indeed, PHMSA's 
technical review regarding P-1710 included research yielding a 
preliminary conclusion that reloadable aerial shell kits can be shipped 
in bulk safely as 1.4G explosives.
Comments Regarding Appendices
    PHMSA received comments from Jake's Fireworks and the NFA on 
``Appendix VI: General Requirements

[[Page 75694]]

Pertaining to the Consumer Product Safety Commission.'' The commenters 
note that the requirements in Appendix VI do not relate to matters of 
transportation safety, but rather concern consumer safety issues which 
are within the jurisdiction of the CPSC.
    PHMSA agrees with the commenters that Appendix VI of APA Standard 
87-1A is within the jurisdiction of CPSC, and will therefore not 
incorporate it by reference in this final rule. Nor will PHMSA 
incorporate by reference any of Appendices II-V of APA Standard 87-1A, 
Appendices II-IV of APA Standard 87-1B, and Appendices II-IV of APA 
Standard 87-1C, as PHMSA has not conducted a technical evaluation of 
those Appendices.
Conclusion Regarding Incorporation by Reference of Updated APA Standard
    Based on PHMSA's technical analysis and the comments received on 
the NPRM, PHMSA will in this final rule incorporate by reference the 
updated APA Standards 87-1A, B, and C, with their respective Appendix I 
Permitted and Restricted Chemicals lists. Other Appendices of APA 
Standard 87-1A (Appendices II-VI), APA Standard 87-1B (Appendices II-
IV), and APA Standard 87-1C (Appendices II-IV) will not be incorporated 
by reference. PHMSA expects the updated APA Standards 87-1A, B, and C 
will provide clarity to the fireworks industry, while maintaining the 
composition restrictions for classification that are needed to ensure 
the safe transportation of fireworks. Furthermore, PHMSA's decision to 
incorporate by reference the updated APA Standard 87-1 is based on its 
review of the requirements for consumer fireworks in APA Standard 87-
1A, display fireworks in APA Standard 87-1B, and professional fireworks 
(classed as articles pyrotechnics) in APA Standard 87-1C. These 
standards add numerous new devices, expand the permitted chemical list, 
and are directed toward hazard classification for transportation. PHMSA 
is also clarifying that in incorporating Appendix I of each of APA 
Standards 87-1A, B, and C, it will adopt a one-percent manufacturing 
tolerance for the application of the chemical constituent limits in 
updated APA Standard 87-1. This would mean that for individual chemical 
constituents, an increase or decrease of one-percent of that material's 
share of the composition compared to the limits set forth in the 
updated APA Standard will be permitted for chemicals (other than red 
phosphorous and silver fulminate).
    PHMSA expects its incorporation of the updated APA Standard 87-1 
will provide cost savings to the fireworks industry by streamlining the 
EX approval process for many types of pyrotechnic devices. The EX 
approval processes within the updated APA Standard 87-1 will relieve 
the burden of submitting new fireworks designs to a third-party test 
lab for classification--a compliance cost often borne by distributors 
and small business importers, who often must contract to assist foreign 
manufacturing sources in obtaining EX approvals for their manufactured 
products. In addition, PHMSA expects that the incorporation of the 
revised APA standards will provide opportunities for the fireworks 
industry to work with the Department of Defense in developing 
incendiary type devices for training exercises. PHMSA estimates that 
adoption of this petition would provide an annualized cost savings of 
approximately $270,000 to industry through expediting the approval 
process to reduce explosives lab testing requirements. A more detailed 
discussion of the economic analysis can be found in the accompanying 
RIA.

V. Section-by-Section Review

    Below is a section-by-section description of the amendments in this 
final rule.

1. Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D

    Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D sets forth the guidelines PHMSA 
uses (as of October 2, 2013) in making initial baseline determinations 
for civil penalties. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating the 
references to APA Standard 87-1 to reflect the new edition of this 
standard.

2. Section 107.402

    Section 107.402 outlines how to apply for designation as a 
certification agency. PHMSA is updating the references to the APA 
Standard 87-1 to reflect the new edition of this standard in Sec.  
107.402(d).

3. Section 171.7

    Section 171.7 lists all standards incorporated by reference into 
the HMR that are not specifically set forth in the regulations. In this 
final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the following 
publications by the APA, ASME, CGA, EU, and AESC/IME:
     European Agreement concerning the International Carriage 
of Dangerous Goods by Road, 2017, into Sec.  171.23. The ADR is the 
European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous 
goods by road within the EU.
     Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the 
Council, June 16, 2010, into Sec.  171.23. The aim of Directive 2010/
35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on Transportable 
Pressure Equipment (2010 TPED) is to promote the free movement of 
transportable pressure equipment (TPE) within the European Community 
(EC). It provides for a legal structure whereby TPE can be manufactured 
and sold and used throughout the EC.
     CGA C-6.1, Standards for Visual Inspection of High 
Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 2002, Fourth Edition, into 
Sec. Sec.  180.205 and 180.209. This publication has been prepared as a 
guide for the visual inspection of aluminum compressed gas cylinders 
with service pressures of 1800 psig or greater. It is general in nature 
and does not cover all circumstances for each individual cylinder type 
or lading.
     CGA C-6.3, Guidelines for Visual Inspection and 
Requalification of Low Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, 
2013, Third Edition, into Sec. Sec.  180.205 and 180.209. This 
publication has been prepared as a guide for the periodic inspection of 
aluminum alloy compressed gas cylinders with service pressures of 500 
psi or less. This publication is general in nature and will not cover 
all circumstances for each individual cylinder type or lading.
     CGA C-11, Recommended Practices for Inspection of 
Compressed Gas Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, 2013, Fifth Edition, 
into Sec.  178.35. The purpose of this publication is to promote safety 
by outlining inspection requirements of DOT and UN pressure vessels as 
interpreted and practiced by manufacturers and inspectors.
     CGA S-7, Method for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices for 
Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, 2013, Fifth Edition, into Sec.  
173.301. This method is applicable to the determination of the PRD to 
use with compressed gas mixtures in cylinders. This method is limited 
to those compressed gas mixtures with known flammability, toxicity, 
state, and corrosively.
     ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME BPVC), 2017 
Edition, July 1, 2017 (as follows), into Sec. Sec.  172.102; 173.3; 
173.5b; 173.24b; 173.306; 173.315; 173.318; 173.420; 178.255-1; 
178.255-2; 178.255-14; 178.255-15; 178.273; 178.274; 178.276; 178.277; 
178.320; 178.337-1; 178.337-2; 178.337-3; 178.337-4; 178.337-6; 
178.337-16; 178.337-18; 178.338-1; 178.338-2; 178.338-3; 178.338-4; 
178.338-5; 178.338-6; 178.338-13; 178.338-16; 178.338-18; 178.338-19; 
178.345-1; 178.345-2; 178.345-3; 178.345-4; 178.345-7; 178.345-14;

[[Page 75695]]

178.345-15; 178.346-1; 178.347-1; 178.348-1; 179.400-3; and 180.407. 
The ASME BPVC is a standard that regulates the design and construction 
of boilers and pressure vessels. The document is written and maintained 
by volunteers chosen for their technical expertise.
     AESC/IME JPG Standard, Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of 
Jet Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications, 
Ver. 02, dated September 1, 2017, into Sec.  173.67. The AESC/IME JPG 
Standard was developed by IME, AESC, and PHMSA to provide an efficient 
and economical mechanism to obtain explosives approvals of JPGs in 
compliance with the HMR. Applications that are prepared and submitted 
using the standard are processed by PHMSA with minimal delay and 
without the need for expensive and time-consuming testing.
     APA Standards: 87-1A Standard for the Construction, 
Classification, Approval and Transportation of Consumer Fireworks, 
January 1, 2018 edition into Sec. Sec.  107.402(d), 173.59, 173.64, 
173.65, and Appendix A to Part 107, Subpart D (Guidelines for Civil 
Penalties); 87-1B Standard for the Construction, Classification, 
Approval, and Transportation of Display Fireworks, January 1, 2018 
edition into Sec.  173.64 and Appendix C to Part 107, Subpart D 
(Guidelines for Civil Penalties); and 87-1C Standard for the 
Construction, Classification, Approval, and Transportation of 
Entertainment Industry and Technical (EI&T) Pyrotechnics, January 1, 
2018 edition version into Sec.  173.64 and Appendix A to Part 107, 
Subpart D (Guidelines for Civil Penalties). APA Standard 87-1A, B, and 
C is a consensus standard in which fireworks classifications are 
assigned based upon the weight and type of chemical composition 
contained for each specific type of device, including specific 
permissible and restricted chemicals.

4. Section 171.8

    Section 171.8 defines terms generally used throughout the HMR that 
have broad or multi-modal applicability. PHMSA is adding a definition 
for ``waste material'' to allow wastes that do not meet the EPA/RCRA 
definition of hazardous waste to be managed in accordance with the lab 
pack exception and associated paragraphs in Sec.  171.23.

5. Section 171.23

    Section 171.23 covers the requirements for specific materials and 
packagings transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG 
Code, TC Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations, or the 
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Regulations. PHMSA is 
revising Sec.  171.23(a)(3) to allow for the use of pressure vessels 
and pressure receptacles that are marked with a pi mark in accordance 
with the European Directive 2010/35/EU on TPED and that comply with the 
requirements of Packing Instruction P200, P208 and 6.2 of ADR 
concerning PRD use, test period, filling ratios, test pressure, maximum 
working pressure, and material compatibility for the lading contained 
or gas being filled. This revision allows for import, intermediate 
storage, transport to point of use, discharge, and export of pi-marked 
cylinders. Note that since the publication of the NPRM, PHMSA has made 
minor editorial revisions to this section such as revising Sec.  
171.23(a)(3) to refer to 6.2.2. of the ADR instead of 6.2. PHMSA also 
removed the word ``import'' from Sec.  171.23(a)(3)(i) and ``export'' 
from Sec.  171.23(a)(3)(ii).

6. Section 172.101

    The HMT is contained in Sec.  172.101. The HMT lists 
alphabetically, by proper shipping name, those materials that have been 
designated hazardous materials for transportation purpose. It provides 
information used on shipping papers, package marking, and labeling, as 
well as other pertinent shipping information for hazardous materials. 
In this final rule, PHMSA is removing references to special provision 
103 from Column (7) of the HMT for the following four explosive 
entries: ``UN0361, Detonator assemblies, non-electric, for blasting''; 
``UN0365, Detonators for ammunition''; ``UN0255, Detonators, electric, 
for blasting''; and ``UN0267, Detonators, non-electric, for blasting.'' 
PHMSA is also revising more than 100 entries to harmonize the limited 
quantity exceptions in Column (8A) with the ICAO Technical Instructions 
and the UN Model Regulations.

7. Section 172.102

    Section 172.102 lists special provisions applicable to the 
transportation of specific hazardous materials. Special provisions 
contain packaging requirements, prohibitions, and exceptions applicable 
to particular quantities or forms of hazardous materials. Consistent 
with the Sec.  172.101 Column (7) revisions to ``UN0361, Detonator 
assemblies, non-electric, for blasting''; ``UN0365, Detonators for 
ammunition''; ``UN0255, Detonators, electric, for blasting''; and 
``UN0267, Detonators, non-electric, for blasting,'' PHMSA is removing 
special provision 103 as it would no longer apply to any HMT entry.

8. Section 172.302

    Section 172.302 describes the general marking requirements for bulk 
packagings. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the minimum size of 
the marking requirement on certain portable tanks in Sec.  
172.302(b)(2). This revision requires a minimum marking of 12 mm (0.47 
inch) in height as applicable to portable tanks with capacities less 
than 3,785 L (1,000 gallons).

9. Section 173.5b

    Section 173.5b authorizes the transportation by highway of residual 
amounts of Division 2.2 refrigerant gases or anhydrous ammonia 
contained in non-specification pressure vessels that are components of 
refrigeration systems. PHMSA is revising paragraph (b) to indefinitely 
allow the use of refrigeration systems placed into service prior to 
June 1, 1991 under specified conditions.

10. Section 173.28

    Section 173.28 outlines the requirements for the reuse, 
reconditioning, and re-manufacture of packagings. In this final rule, 
PHMSA is modifying language in Sec.  173.28(c)(1)(i) to clarify 
requirements for reconditioning metal drums and to allow for the 
sufficient removal of external coatings to ensure there is no adverse 
effect on transportation safety.

11. Section 173.31

    Section 173.31 outlines the requirements for shipping hazardous 
materials in tank cars. In this final rule, PHMSA is prohibiting the 
use of tank cars that were manufactured using non-normalized steel for 
head or shell construction for the transportation of PIH materials 
after December 31, 2020. Furthermore, PHMSA is phasing out all non-HM-
246 compliant tank cars for the transportation of PIH materials by 
December 31, 2027.

12. Section 173.56

    Section 173.56 outlines the definitions and procedures for the 
classification and approval of a new explosive. In this final rule, 
PHMSA is adding a reference to the new Sec.  173.67, which would apply 
to exceptions for Division 1.1 JPGs.

13. Section 173.59

    Section 173.59 outlines the description of terms for explosives. In 
this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA documents in 
the definition of consumer fireworks.

[[Page 75696]]

14. Section 173.64

    Section 173.64 outlines the exceptions for Division 1.3 and 1.4 
fireworks. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA 
documents in Sec.  173.64(a)(1) and (3).

15. Section 173.65

    Section 173.65 outlines the exceptions for Division 1.4G consumer 
fireworks. In this final rule, PHMSA is updating a reference to the APA 
documents in Sec.  173.65(a)(1), (a)(3)(i), and (a)(4)(iv).

16. Section 173.67

    In this final rule, PHMSA is adding a new Sec.  173.67 to outline 
exceptions for Division 1.1 JPGs.

17. Section 173.151

    Section 173.151 outlines exceptions for Class 4 materials. In this 
final rule, PHMSA is revising the limited quantities provisions in this 
section to present limited quantities in appropriate SI units in liters 
in addition to kilograms.

18. Section 173.244

    Section 173.244 outlines the requirements for bulk packaging for 
certain pyrophoric liquids, dangerous when wet (Division 4.3) 
materials, and poisonous liquids with inhalation hazards (Division 
6.1). In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying the list of authorized 
tank car specifications in the table of PIH materials (Sec.  
173.244(a)(2)) by replacing the delimiter ``I'' with ``W'' to reflect 
the change of the interim tank car standard to a permanent standard.

19. Section 173.302

    Section 173.302 outlines the requirements for the filling of 
cylinders with nonliquefied (permanent) compressed gases or adsorbed 
gases. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising Sec.  173.302(a)(1) to 
refer to exceptions in Sec.  171.23(a)(3) for the importation of pi-
marked cylinders. PHMSA is also revising Sec.  173.302(a)(2) to make 
adsorbed gases eligible for the exceptions provided in Sec.  
171.23(a)(3).

20. Section 173.304

    Section 173.304 outlines the requirements for the filling of 
cylinders with liquefied compressed gases. In this final rule, PHMSA is 
revising Sec.  173.304(a) to refer to exceptions in Sec.  171.23(a)(3) 
for the importation of pi-marked cylinders.

21. Section 173.308

    Section 173.308 outlines the requirements for the shipment of 
lighters. In this final rule, PHMSA is deleting Sec.  173.308(d)(3), 
which requires a closed transport vehicle or closed freight container 
being transported by vessel to contain the marking, ``WARNING--MAY 
CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR--KEEP IGNITION SOURCES AWAY WHEN 
OPENING.''

22. Section 173.314

    Section 173.314 outlines the requirements for transporting 
compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars. In this final 
rule, PHMSA is modifying the table in Sec.  173.314(c), which lists the 
authorized tank car specifications for specific compressed gases. The 
changes replace the last specification delimiter ``J'' with ``H'' and 
``I'' with ``W'' to reflect the change of the interim HM-246 tank car 
specification standard for PIH materials to a permanent standard.

23. Section 178.35

    Section 178.35 prescribes the manufacturing and testing 
specifications for cylinders used for the transportation of hazardous 
materials in commerce. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying Sec.  
178.35(b) and (c) to clarify inspection requirements as stipulated in 
CGA C-11. This includes revision to the inspector duties as consistent 
with CGA C-11.

24. Section 178.521

    Section 178.521 prescribes the requirements for paper bags used as 
non-bulk packagings for hazardous materials. In this final rule, PHMSA 
is revising Sec.  178.521(b)(4) to allow for a weight tolerance of 
10 percent from the nominal basis weight reported in the 
initial design qualification test report instead of 5 
percent.

25. Section 179.22

    Section 179.22 specifies additional marking requirements for tank 
cars. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying Sec.  179.22(e) to provide 
for new markings for tank cars manufactured after March 16, 2009, to 
meet the requirements of Sec. Sec.  173.244(a)(2) or (3) or 173.314(c) 
or (d) to reflect the change of the interim tank car standard to a 
permanent standard. PHMSA is replacing ``I'' with ``W'' for cars 
manufactured before the effective date of this final rule and 
specifying that tank cars manufactured after the effective date will be 
marked with ``W'' following the test pressure and with a delimiter of 
``H.''

26. Section 180.209

    Section 180.209 specifies requirements for requalification of 
specification cylinders. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying Sec.  
180.209(l)(2) to reference Sec.  171.23(a)(5) in lieu of paragraph (4).

27. Section 180.213

    Section 180.213 specifies requirements for requalification 
markings. In this final rule, PHMSA is modifying Sec.  180.213(d)(2) to 
reference Sec.  171.23(a)(5) in lieu of paragraph (4).

28. Section 180.417

    Section 180.417 prescribes the reporting and record retention 
requirements pertaining to cargo tanks. Currently, Sec. Sec.  
180.417(a)(3)(i) and (ii) allow the use of alternative reports when a 
manufacturer's certificate and related papers are not available for DOT 
specification cargo tanks that were manufactured before September 1, 
1995. In this final rule, PHMSA is removing the provision that limits 
use of alternative reports to those DOT specification cargo tanks 
``manufactured before September 1, 1995'' from Sec.  180.417(a)(3).

VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking

    This rulemaking is published under the authority of Federal 
hazardous materials transportation law \36\ (Federal hazmat law.). 
Section 5103(b) of the Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary of 
Transportation to ``prescribe regulations for the safe transportation, 
including security, of hazardous materials in intrastate, interstate, 
and foreign commerce.'' The Secretary's authority regarding hazardous 
materials safety is delegated to PHMSA at 49 CFR 1.97. This rulemaking 
amends several sections of the HMR in response to petitions for 
rulemaking received from the regulated community.
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    \36\ 49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.
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B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

    This final rule is not considered a significant regulatory action 
under section 3(f) of E.O. 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review'' 
\37\ and, therefore, was not formally reviewed by the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB). This rulemaking is also not considered a 
significant rulemaking under the DOT regulations governing rulemaking 
procedures at 49 CFR part 5, subpart B. E.O. 12866 requires agencies to 
regulate in the ``most cost-effective manner,'' to make a ``reasoned 
determination that the benefits of the intended regulation justify its 
costs,'' and to develop

[[Page 75697]]

regulations that ``impose the least burden on society.'' Similarly, DOT 
regulations at Sec.  5.5(f)-(g) require that regulations issued by 
PHMSA and other DOT Operating Administrations ``should be designed to 
minimize burdens and reduce barriers to market entry whenever possible, 
consistent with the effective promotion of safety'' and should 
generally ``not be issued unless their benefits are expected to exceed 
their costs.''
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    \37\ 58 FR 51735 (Oct. 4, 1993).
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    In addition, E.O. 12866 and DOT implementing regulations at 49 CFR 
5.5(i) require PHMSA to provide a meaningful opportunity for public 
participation, which also reinforces requirements for notice and 
comment under the Administrative Procedure Act. Therefore, in the NPRM, 
PHMSA sought public comment on its proposed revisions to the HMR, the 
preliminary cost and cost savings analyses in the Preliminary RIA, as 
well as any information that could assist in quantifying the benefits 
of this rulemaking. Those comments are addressed in this final rule, 
and additional discussion about the economic impacts of the final rule 
are provided within the RIA posted in the docket.
    In this final rule, PHMSA is introducing amendments to the HMR 
responding to 24 petitions that have been submitted by stakeholders. 
Overall, this rulemaking maintains the continued safe transportation of 
hazardous materials while producing a net cost savings. PHMSA estimates 
a present value of quantified net cost savings of approximately $0.72 
million annualized at a 7 percent discount rate over a perpetual time 
horizon. These estimates do not include non-monetized and qualitative 
cost/cost savings discussed in the RIA.
    PHMSA's cost/cost savings analysis relies on the monetization of 
impacts for three petitions included in this rulemaking. The following 
table presents a summary of the three petitions that would have 
monetized impacts upon codification and contribute to PHMSA's 
estimation of quantified net cost savings.

                    Table 1--Summary of Cost/Cost Savings of Petitions for Regulatory Reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Monetized costs/(cost savings) by petition
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    Total cost      Annualized
                 Petition #                             Petition topic                savings      cost savings
                                                                                    (millions)      (millions)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
P-1688.....................................  Weight Tolerances for Paper                   $1.30           $0.09
                                              Shipping Sacks.
P-1710.....................................  Incorporation of an Institute of               5.10            0.36
                                              Makers of Explosives Standard.
P-1711.....................................  Incorporation of American                      3.90            0.27
                                              Pyrotechnics Association Standard.
                                                                                 -------------------------------
    Total..................................  ...................................           10.30            0.72
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition to those three items, this rulemaking amends the HMR in 
response to other petitions that are either (1) cost neutral or (2) 
deregulatory in nature in that they provide relief from unnecessary 
requirements or provide additional flexibility, but which have not been 
monetized due to information gaps preventing quantification of cost 
savings. Furthermore, PHMSA's actions in this final rule provide 
regulatory certainty to industry and allow efficient movement of 
hazardous materials resulting in increased economic activity.
    PHMSA's findings are described in further detail in the RIA posted 
in the docket.

C. Executive Order 13771

    This final rule is a deregulatory action under E.O. 13771, 
``Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.'' \38\ Details 
on the estimated cost savings of this final rule can be found in the 
RIA posted in the docket.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \38\ 82 FR 9339 (Jan. 30, 2017).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. Executive Order 13132

    This rulemaking was analyzed in accordance with the principles and 
criteria contained in E.O. 13132, ``Federalism'', \39\ and the 
presidential memorandum (``Preemption'') that was published in the 
Federal Register. \40\ E.O. 13132 requires agencies to assure 
meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the 
development of regulatory policies that may have ``substantial direct 
effects on the States, on the relationship between the national 
government and the States, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government.'' This 
rulemaking may preempt State, local, and Tribal requirements, but does 
not propose any regulation that has substantial direct effects on the 
States, the relationship between the national government and the 
States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government. Therefore, the consultation and funding 
requirements of E.O. 13132 do not apply.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \39\ 64 FR 43255 (Aug. 10, 1999).
    \40\ 74 FR 24693 (May 22, 2009).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Federal hazmat law contains an express preemption provision, 49 
U.S.C. 5125(b), that preempts State, local, and Indian Tribal 
requirements on the following subjects:
    (1) The designation, description, and classification of hazardous 
materials;
    (2) The packing, repacking, handling, labeling, marking, and 
placarding of hazardous materials;
    (3) The preparation, execution, and use of shipping documents 
related to hazardous materials and requirements related to the number, 
contents, and placement of those documents;
    (4) The written notification, recording, and reporting of the 
unintentional release in transportation of hazardous material; and
    (5) The design, manufacture, fabrication, marking, maintenance, 
recondition, repair, or testing of a packaging or container 
represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use in 
transporting hazardous material.
    This final rule addresses covered certain of the subject items 
above and preempts State, local, and Indian Tribe requirements 
concerning those subjects unless the non-Federal requirements are 
``substantively the same'' as the Federal requirements. PHMSA received 
no comments on the NPRM regarding the effect of the adoption of the 
specific proposals on State, local or tribal governments.

E. Executive Order 13175

    This rulemaking was analyzed in accordance with the principles and 
criteria contained in E.O. 13175, ``Consultation and Coordination with 
Indian Tribal Governments'' \41\ and DOT Order 5301.1, ``Department of

[[Page 75698]]

Transportation Policies, Programs, and Procedures Affecting American 
Indians, Alaska Natives, and Tribes.'' E.O. 13175 requires agencies to 
assure meaningful and timely input from Tribal government 
representatives in the development of rules that significantly or 
uniquely affect Tribal communities by imposing ``substantial direct 
compliance costs'' or ``substantial direct effects'' on such 
communities or the relationship and distribution of power between the 
Federal Government and Tribes. PHMSA assessed the impact of the 
rulemaking on Indian Tribal communities and determined that it would 
not significantly or uniquely affect Tribal communities or Indian 
Tribal governments. Therefore, the funding and consultation 
requirements of E.O. 13175 do not apply. Further, PHMSA did not receive 
comments on the Tribal implications of the rulemaking.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \41\ 65 FR 67249 (Nov. 6, 2000).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT 
Procedures and Policies

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act \42\ requires agencies to consider 
whether their rulemakings will have a ``significant economic impact on 
a substantial number of small entities'' to include small businesses, 
not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated 
and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions 
with populations under 50,000. This rulemaking has been developed in 
accordance with E.O. 13272, ``Proper Consideration of Small Entities in 
Agency Rulemaking,'' \43\ and DOT implementing regulations at 49 CFR 
5.13(f) to ensure compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act 
requirements regarding evaluation of potential impacts of draft rules 
on small entities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ 65 FR 67249 (Nov. 6, 2000).
    \43\ 67 FR 53461 (Aug. 16, 2002).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1. Need for and objectives of the final rule.
    This final rule amends miscellaneous provisions in the HMR in 
response to 24 petitions for rulemaking. While maintaining safety, this 
final rule would amend certain requirements that are overly burdensome 
and provide clarity and flexibility where requested by the regulated 
community. The changes are generally intended to provide relief to 
shippers, carriers, and packaging manufacturers, including small 
entities.
    2. Significant issues raised by the public comments, a statement of 
the assessment by PHMSA regarding such issues, and a statement of any 
changes made in the proposed rule as a result of such comments.
    PHMSA did not receive any public comments suggesting that the 
proposed amendments would have a significant impact on small entities. 
Please refer to Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable 
Comments) above and the RIA for PHMSA's responses to comments submitted 
in the rulemaking docket.
    3. PHMSA's response to any comments of the Chief Counsel for 
Advocacy of the Small Business Association (SBA).
    PHMSA received no comments filed by the SBA in response to the 
NPRM, and therefore has introduced no changes to this final rule in 
response.
    4. An estimate of the number of small entities to which the rule 
will apply or an explanation of why no such estimate is available.
    This final rule affects numerous small entities across a wide range 
of industries. However, quantified impacts on entities, large or small, 
could only be assessed for a few of the changes incorporated in this 
final rule due to data limitations. These impacts are explained, 
discussed and assessed in the accompanying RIA. For the purposes of 
identifying affected small entities, PHMSA focused on the industries 
for which quantified impacts could be estimated. PHMSA assumes that any 
change that did not draw comment from the industry and could not be 
quantified is unlikely to have a significant economic or other impact 
on small entities. PHMSA therefore limits the discussion here to the 
three items for which impacts could be quantified: (1) The adoption of 
petition P-1688 adopting a wider range of basis weight for the paper 
stock used to manufacture UN specification paper sacks; (2) P-1710 
adopting a new AESC/IME standard for JPGs; and (3) P-1711 incorporating 
by reference an updated APA Standard 87-1 pertaining to fireworks.
    The table below presents the U.S. Census Bureau Statistics of U.S. 
Businesses (SUBS) revenue data for each relevant NAICS Code that could 
be affected by incorporating P-1688.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Total firm
                                                                     Firm size       Number of      revenue in
                 NAICS                       Industry title          category        firms in        category
                                                                                     category        ($1,000s)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
322220................................  Paper Bag and Coated and           Total             575      20,836,474
                                         Treated Paper
                                         Manufacturing.
322220................................  Paper Bag and Coated and           < 500             511       7,225,805
                                         Treated Paper
                                         Manufacturing.
322220................................  Paper Bag and Coated and            500+              64      13,610,669
                                         Treated Paper
                                         Manufacturing.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Depending on the industrial sector, the SBA defines small entities 
either by a revenue threshold or by the number of employees. As 
identified in the accompanying RIA, the entities affected by the 
adoption of petition P-1688 are in North American Industrial 
Classification System (NAICS) code 322220--Paper Bag and Coated and 
Treated Paper Products Manufacturing. Firms in this NAICS sector 
manufacture a wide range of products, of which only a small subset are 
shipping sacks or shipping sack feed stock. Data are not available that 
would enable PHMSA to identify how many firms within the larger NAICS 
manufacture both shipping sacks and feed stock for shipping sacks, much 
less identify the number of small entities. Neither can PHMSA estimate 
the revenues for those small entities with any degree of certainty. As 
noted in the RIA, the high-end cost savings estimate is roughly 
$160,000 in cost savings per year. PHMSA does not believe these modest 
cost savings, spread among all affected manufacturers, would rise to 
the level of a significant impact for affected small entities.
    The second industry to consider is associated with petition P-1710 
and affects manufacturers of JPGs. As described in the RIA, there are 
five NAICS sectors that manufacture, operate or contract JPG services. 
These sectors include:
 NAICS Code 325920, Explosives Manufacturing
 NAICS Code 213111, Drilling Oil and Gas Wells
 NAICS Code 213112, Support Activities for Oil and Gas 
Operations

[[Page 75699]]

 NAICS Code 333132, Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment 
Manufacturing
 NAICS Code 423830, Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant 
Wholesalers

    The RIA quantifies impacts related to elimination of testing 
requirements. The entities most directly impacted by this elimination 
are manufacturers of JPGs. While the firms involved in drilling wells, 
and equipment wholesalers, and support activities for oil and gas 
operations may use JPGs they are unlikely to manufacture them. PHMSA 
therefore uses NAICS codes 325920 and 333132 to identify the entities 
most likely to be affected by the cost savings associated with the 
changes associated with adoption of this petition. The small business 
size threshold for NAICS 325920--Explosives Manufacturing--is fewer 
than 750 employees. For NAICS 333132 the threshold for a small business 
is fewer than 1,250 employees. Given the size threshold for NAICS 
333132--Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing, and 
looking at the Census Bureau SUBS tables, for this NAICS, it seems 
likely that virtually all firms in this industry qualify as small 
businesses. The average number of employees per firm with 500 employees 
or more is essentially 500 employees, indicating that even the largest 
firms in this industry are not much larger than 500 employees. Given 
that the threshold is more than double 500 employees, it seems 
reasonable to assume that essentially all firms in this industry fall 
under the SBA threshold.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Total firm
                                                                     Firm size       Number of      revenue in
                 NAICS                       Industry title          category        firms in        category
                                                                                     category        ($1,000s)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
325920................................  Explosives Manufacturing           Total              52       2,382,540
325920................................  Explosives Manufacturing           < 500              37         560,068
325920................................  Explosives Manufacturing            500+              15       1,822,472
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Total firm
                                                                     Firm size       Number of      revenue in
                 NAICS                       Industry title          category        firms in        category
                                                                                     category        ($1,000s)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
333132................................  Oil and Gas Field                  Total             502      12,526,389
                                         Machinery and Equipment
                                         Manufacturing.
333132................................  Oil and Gas Field                  < 500             456       4,285,830
                                         Machinery and Equipment
                                         Manufacturing.
333132................................  Oil and Gas Field                   500+              46       8,240,559
                                         Machinery and Equipment
                                         Manufacturing.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The other NAICS under consideration (Explosives Manufacturing) has 
a threshold of 750 employees. 15 of the 52 firms in this sector have 
more than 500 employees. Again, it appears likely that the larger firms 
are clustered nearer the 500-employee threshold and hence would qualify 
as small businesses given a threshold of 750 employees.
    Both industrial sectors manufacture a wide range of products: 
Explosives range from munitions, to fireworks, demolitions explosives, 
etc. JPGs make up a small fraction of the product output for these 
firms. Similarly, there is a wide range of drilling and other equipment 
manufactured for oil and gas exploration, of which JPGs make up a small 
fraction. Given the nature of the data available from the Census Bureau 
or other sources, PHMSA is unable to identify the number of firms in 
either of these broader industrial sectors that manufacture JPGs, much 
less those that would qualify as small entities. Nor could PHMSA 
identify revenues for small entities for use in making a significance 
determination with any degree of certainty. Although PHMSA cannot 
determine the number of JPG manufacturers or their revenues with any 
degree of specificity, PHMSA does not believe that the cost savings 
would amount to a significant impact on small entities, as estimated 
cost savings would be $360,000 split among all manufacturers of JPGs.
    PHMSA concludes by evaluating the last provision of this final rule 
for which it has quantified the economic impacts: That element 
responding to petition P-1711 by incorporating an updated edition of 
APA Standard 87-1 by reference. This provision is the only element of 
the NPRM that drew adverse comments. These adverse comments are 
addressed above in the preamble. To summarize PHMSA's response, the 
items that drew the most concern appear to be unchanged from the 
existing regulatory requirements. Insofar as that is the case, the 
negative consequences for small entities alleged by the comments on the 
NPRM do not result from adoption of the updated APA Standard 87-1.
    PHMSA did quantify some cost savings related to testing fireworks 
associated with adoption of the updated APA Standard 87-1. These cost 
savings result from reducing UN series 5 and 6 testing requirements for 
certain classes of fireworks. As described in the RIA, PHMSA estimated 
that this change may reduce testing costs by roughly $270,000 per year. 
Such a reduction in costs would be to the benefit of the fireworks 
industry, and PHMSA does not interpret these cost savings to be 
significant.
    As described in the RIA, virtually all consumer fireworks, and 
roughly 75 percent of display fireworks, are manufactured in China. The 
RIA describes the U.S. fireworks industry as having about $1.2 billion 
in revenue, of which consumer fireworks revenues account for about $885 
million and display fireworks account for the remaining $353 million.
    Fireworks manufacturers fall into a miscellaneous NAICS code--NAICS 
325998--All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation 
Manufacturing. Fireworks manufacturing makes up a small fraction of the 
economic activity in this industry, which has a total revenue of 
roughly $22 billion according to the Census Bureau SUBS data. The SBA 
size threshold for this industry is 500 employees: Firms with fewer 
than 500 employees are defined as small entities and those with 500 or 
more employees are not defined as small entities. The table below 
presents the relevant SUBS data for this NAICS code.

[[Page 75700]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Total firm
                                                                     Firm size       Number of      revenue in
                 NAICS                       Industry title          category        firms in        category
                                                                                     category        ($1,000s)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
325998................................  All Other Miscellaneous            Total           1,064      21,932,497
                                         Chemical Product and
                                         Preparation
                                         Manufacturing.
325998................................  All Other Miscellaneous            < 500             974       8,690,809
                                         Chemical Product and
                                         Preparation
                                         Manufacturing.
325998................................  All Other Miscellaneous             500+              90      13,241,688
                                         Chemical Product and
                                         Preparation
                                         Manufacturing.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As with other sectors assessed in this section, PHMSA cannot 
estimate the number of entities within the broader NAICS category that 
manufacture fireworks. The NAICS category in question contains firms 
that manufacture a wide range of products, only one small subset of 
which are fireworks. Given the lack of data with more detailed 
specificity, PHMSA cannot identify firms that manufacture fireworks, 
much less identify small entities that manufacture fireworks, or 
estimate revenue for those small entities. Given the relatively modest 
estimate of $270,000 in annual cost savings, and that those savings 
would be split among multiple firms, PHMSA does not expect the impacts 
to be significant.
    5. A description of the projected reporting, recordkeeping and 
other compliance requirements of the rule, including an estimate of the 
classes of small entities which will be subject to the requirement and 
the type of professional skills necessary for preparation of the report 
or record.
    There are no reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the 
``Paperwork Reduction Act'' associated with this final rule.
    6. Alternative proposals for small entities.
    The Regulatory Flexibility Act directs agencies to establish 
exceptions and differing compliance standards for small entities, where 
it is possible to do so and still meet the objectives of the applicable 
regulatory statutes.
    To the extent that PHMSA received adverse comments, they were not 
targeted at alleviating burdens on small entities. While PHMSA may 
consider guidance to the extent that it is necessary to help clarify 
responsibilities for small entities, PHMSA does not expect that 
establishing exceptions to the HMR amendments in this final rule or 
alternative requirements for small entities to address potential 
concerns about the impact on small entities would accomplish the safety 
objectives of Federal hazmat law. Moreover, many of the HMR amendments 
introduced in this final rule--insofar as they relate to or incorporate 
by reference technical specifications or industry standards--do not 
accommodate different regulatory approaches based on whether the entity 
is small entity or not. Further, as explained at length in Section IV. 
(Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of this final rule, 
the HMR amendments introduced in this final rule are generally 
deregulatory in nature and intended to provide reduce regulatory 
burdens on small entities and other members of the regulated community.
    7. Conclusion.
    The changes in this final rule are generally intended to provide 
relief to shippers, carriers, and packaging manufactures and testers, 
including small entities. As discussed above, a shortage of pertinent 
data prevents PHMSA from quantifying economic impacts on small entities 
potentially affected by most of the HMR amendments introduced in this 
final rule. However, PHMSA has developed estimates for the numbers of 
small businesses that may be affected by the HMR revisions introduced 
in this final rule for which PHMSA has provided quantified cost 
benefits. For those HMR amendments, PHMSA has compared cost savings 
impacts to average small entity annual revenue and in none of those 
cases does an impact rise to even 1 percent of average small entity 
revenue, and in all cases the impacts reduce costs for the entities 
affected. Therefore, PHMSA determines that this final rule will not 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.

G. Paperwork Reduction Act

    PHMSA has analyzed this final rule in accordance with the Paperwork 
Reduction Act of 1995.\44\ This final rule does not impose new 
information collection requirements. PHMSA did not receive any comments 
regarding information collection activities under this final rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \44\ 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

    A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory 
action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and 
Deregulatory Actions (Unified Agenda). The Regulatory Information 
Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of 
each year. The RIN contained in the heading of this final rule can be 
used to cross-reference this action with the Unified Agenda.

I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) \45\ requires agencies to 
prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits, and other effects 
of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to 
result in the expenditure by State, local, or Tribal governments, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more 
annually, adjusted for inflation. A Federal mandate is defined, in 
part, as a regulation that imposes an enforceable duty upon State, 
local, or Tribal governments or would reduce or eliminate the amount of 
authorization of appropriation for Federal financial assistance that 
would be provided to State, local, or Tribal governments for the 
purpose of complying with a previous Federal mandate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ 2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This final rule does not impose unfunded mandates under the UMRA. 
It does not result in costs of $100 million or more, adjusted for 
inflation, to either State, local, or tribal governments, in the 
aggregate, or to the private sector in any one year, and is the least 
burdensome alternative that achieves the objective of the rule.

J. Environmental Assessment

    The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) \46\ requires 
Federal agencies to consider the consequences of major Federal actions 
and prepare a detailed statement on actions significantly affecting the 
quality of the human environment. The Council on Environmental Quality 
(CEQ)

[[Page 75701]]

implementing regulations (40 CFR part 1500-1508) require Federal 
agencies to conduct an environmental review considering (1) the need 
for the action, (2) a description of the action and alternatives, (3) 
probable environmental impacts of the action and alternatives, and (4) 
comments from the public and the agencies and persons consulted during 
the consideration process. DOT Order 5610.1C, ``Procedures for 
Considering Environmental Impacts,'' establishes departmental 
procedures for evaluation of environmental impacts under NEPA and its 
implementing regulations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \46\ 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA has completed its NEPA analysis. Based on the environmental 
assessment herein, PHMSA determined that an environmental impact 
statement is not required for this final rule because the HMR 
amendments introduced will not result in a significant environmental 
impact requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement. 
PHMSA notes that it received no comments from the public on the NEPA 
analysis within the NPRM.
1. Need for the Action
    PHMSA is amending the HMR in response to petitions for rulemaking 
submitted by the regulated community to update, clarify, or provide 
relief from miscellaneous regulatory requirements. PHMSA expects that 
the HMR revisions in this final rule will provide cost benefits to the 
regulated community without adversely affecting safety. PHMSA has 
provided a brief summary of each of those HMR revisions, including 
their impact on safety, in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and 
Applicable Comments) of this final rule.
2. Alternatives
    In this rulemaking, PHMSA considered the following alternatives:
Alternative 1: No Action
    The No Action Alternative would not proceed with a rulemaking on 
any of the previously-accepted petitions for rulemaking submitted by 
stakeholders. In the No Action Alternative, current HMR provisions 
would remain in effect.
Alternative 2: Amend the HMR as Provided in This Final Rule
    The Final Rule Alternative would adopt the HMR amendments set forth 
in this final rule.
3. Environmental Impacts
    Hazardous materials are substances that may pose a threat to public 
safety or the environment during transportation because of their 
physical, chemical, or nuclear properties. Under the HMR, hazardous 
materials are transported by aircraft, vessel, rail, and highway. The 
HMR embodies a risk management approach that is prevention-oriented and 
focused on identifying a safety hazard and reducing the probability and 
quantity of a hazardous material release. The potential for 
environmental damage or contamination exists when packages of hazardous 
materials are involved in accidents or en route incidents resulting 
from cargo shifts, valve failures, package failures, loading, 
unloading, collisions, handling problems, or deliberate sabotage. The 
release of hazardous materials can cause the loss of ecological 
resources (e.g., wildlife habitats) and the contamination of air, 
aquatic environments, and soil. Contamination of soil can lead to the 
contamination of ground water. Compliance with the HMR substantially 
reduces the possibility of accidental release of hazardous materials, 
thereby minimizing the potential a significant impact on public health 
and the environment.
Alternative 1: No Action
    If PHMSA were to select the No Action Alternative, current 
regulations would remain in place. However, efficiencies gained through 
harmonization of HMR provisions with international (UN, ICAO, IMDG, and 
EU) and consensus standards (AAR, APA, ASME, CGA, IME) for domestic 
U.S. industry would not be realized, thereby foregoing cost and safety 
benefits identified in Section IV. (Discussion of Amendments and 
Applicable Comments) of this final rule. Consistency between HMR 
requirements and international regulations and updated industry 
standards can promote the safety of international hazardous materials 
transportation through a better understanding of HMR requirements, an 
increased level of industry compliance, and fewer disruptions in 
transport of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their 
points of destination. Each of those consequences promote protection of 
human health and the environment; they also result in decreased 
compliance costs for regulated entities.
    Nor, moreover, would the No Action Alternative provide meaningful 
safety benefits in declining to adopt HMR revisions in this final rule 
affording regulated entities greater flexibility in complying with HMR 
requirements. As explained in greater detail in Section IV. (Discussion 
of Amendments and Applicable Comments) PHMSA does not expect those 
flexibility-affording HMR amendments in the final rule (including, but 
not limited to, extension of regulatory exceptions to additional 
commodities; relaxation of labelling requirements or cleaning 
requirements) to adversely affect safety. Further, the regulatory 
flexibilities foregone in the No Action Alternative do not exist in 
isolation: Rather, they are each backstopped by the robust, proven 
safety framework provided by other HMR requirements governing the 
transportation of hazardous materials.
Alternative 2: Go Forward With the Proposed Amendments to the HMR in 
This Final Rule
    PHMSA selected the Final Rule Alternative as the preferred 
alternative. The Final Rule Alternative updates, clarifies, or provides 
relief from a variety of HMR regulatory requirements. As explained at 
greater length in Section IV (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable 
Comments) of this final rule and the above discussion of the No Action 
Alternative, PHMSA expects the Final Rule Alternative will realize cost 
benefits from providing greater compliance flexibility for regulated 
entities without adversely affecting safety. Further, PHMSA expects 
cost and safety benefits from harmonizing HMR requirements with 
international and domestic U.S. industry standards can also promote 
safety, thereby minimizing the risk of environmental impacts from the 
release of hazardous materials to the environment during shipment. For 
example, the Final Rule Alternative's regulatory phase out of legacy-
specification PIH tank cars consistent with industry (AAR) consensus 
standards and contractual practices (e.g., interchange rules) 
permanently locks-in the safety benefits associated with a more robust 
tank car design for transporting PIH material.
    The table below summarizes the anticipated environmental impacts 
from each of the elements of the final rule alternative:

[[Page 75702]]



                             Summary of Probable Environmental Impacts by Amendments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Proposed amendment(s) to HMR  (lettered as above                                     Environmental  impact(s)
                      herein)                              Type of amendment(s)               anticipated
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. Phase-Out of Non-Normalized Tank Cars Used to     Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
 Transport PIH material.
B. Limited Quantity Shipments of Hydrogen Peroxide.  Regulatory Flexibility--         No adverse impacts.
                                                      Harmonization.
C. Markings on Portable Tanks......................  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
D. Reconditioning of Metal Drums...................  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
E. Limited Quantity Harmonization..................  Regulatory Flexibility--         No adverse impacts.
                                                      Harmonization.
F. Mobile Refrigeration Units......................  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
G. Incorporation by Reference of CGA Standards.....  Standard Incorporation.........  No adverse impacts.
H. Special Provision for Explosives................  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
I. Cargo Tank Reports..............................  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
J. Weight Tolerances for Paper Shipping Sacks......  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
K. Markings on Closed Transport Containers.........  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
L. Finalization of the HM-246 Tank Car Standard....  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
M. Phase-out of non-HM-246 Tank Cars...............  Harmonization..................  No adverse impacts.
O. Allow Non-RCRA Waste to Use Lab Pack Exception..  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
P. Incorporation of ASME Code Sections II, V, VIII,  Standard Incorporation.........  No adverse impacts.
 and IX.
Q. Import of Foreign Pi-Marked Cylinders...........  Regulatory Flexibility--         No adverse impacts.
                                                      Harmonization.
R. Placement of the word ``stabilized'' in shipping  Regulatory Flexibility.........  No adverse impacts.
 description.
S. Incorporation of an IME Standard................  Standard Incorporation.........  No adverse impacts.
T. Incorporation of APA Standard...................  Standard Incorporation.........  No adverse impacts.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. Agencies consulted
    PHMSA expects this final rule would affect hazardous materials 
shippers and carriers by highway, rail, vessel, and aircraft, as well 
as package manufacturers and testers. PHMSA sought therefore sought 
comment from the following Federal Agencies and modal partners:

 Federal Aviation Administration
 Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
 Federal Railroad Administration
 U.S. Coast Guard

    PHMSA did not receive any adverse comments on the amendments in 
this final rule from these or any other Federal Agencies.
5. Conclusion
    PHMSA finds that no significant environmental impacts will result 
from this final rule. The revisions in the final rule are intended to 
update, clarify, or provide relief from certain existing HMR 
requirements by eliminating unnecessary regulatory requirements; 
aligning HMR requirements with international and industry standards; 
and introducing editorial clarifications to make HMR requirements 
easier to understand. PHMSA does not expect those HMR revisions to 
adversely impact safety, much less cause a significant environmental 
impact under NEPA.

K. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to http://www.regulations.gov, as described in the 
system of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
http://www.dot.gov/privacy.

L. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis

    Under E.O. 13609, ``Promoting International Regulatory 
Cooperation,'' \47\ agencies must consider whether the impacts 
associated with significant variations between domestic and 
international regulatory approaches are unnecessary or may impair the 
ability of American business to export and compete internationally. In 
meeting shared challenges involving health, safety, labor, security, 
environmental, and other issues, international regulatory cooperation 
can identify approaches that are at least as protective as those that 
are or would be adopted in the absence of such cooperation. 
International regulatory cooperation can also reduce, eliminate, or 
prevent unnecessary differences in regulatory requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \47\ 77 FR 26413 (May 4, 2012).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Similarly, the Trade Agreements Act of 1979,\48\ as amended by the 
Uruguay Round Agreements Act,\49\ prohibits Federal agencies from 
establishing any standards or engaging in related activities that 
create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United 
States. For purposes of these requirements, Federal agencies may 
participate in the establishment of international standards, so long as 
the standards have a legitimate domestic objective, such as providing 
for safety, and do not operate to exclude imports that meet this 
objective. The statute also requires consideration of international 
standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. 
standards.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \48\ Public Law 96-39.
    \49\ Public Law 103-465.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PHMSA participates in the establishment of international standards 
to protect the safety of the American public. PHMSA has assessed the 
effects of the rulemaking to ensure that it does not cause unnecessary 
obstacles to foreign trade. As explained in greater detail in Section 
IV. (Discussion of Amendments and Applicable Comments) of the preamble 
to this final rule, several of the HMR amendments introduced in this 
rulemaking better align U.S. requirements for transportation of 
hazardous materials with international (e.g., UN, IMDG) standards. 
Further, insofar as those and other HMR amendments in this final rule 
are expected to reduce regulatory burdens, improve the clarity of HMR 
provisions, and afford regulated entities greater flexibility in 
satisfying HMR requirements, PHMSA expects the final rule to make a 
positive contribution to U.S. domestic and international trade. 
Accordingly, this final rule is consistent with E.O. 13609 and PHMSA's 
obligations under the Trade Agreement Act, as amended.

M. Executive Order 13211

    E.O. 13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly 
Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' \50\ requires Federal 
agencies to prepare a Statement of Energy Effects for any ``significant 
energy action.'' Under E.O. 13211, a ``significant energy action'' is 
defined as any action by an agency

[[Page 75703]]

(normally published in the Federal Register) that promulgates, or is 
expected to lead to the promulgation of, a final rule or regulation 
(including a notice of inquiry, ANPRM, and NPRM) that: (1)(i) Is a 
significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866 or any successor order, 
and (ii) is likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, 
distribution, or use of energy; or (2) is designated by the 
Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs as a 
significant energy action.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \50\ 66 FR 28355 (May 22, 2001).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This final rule is not significant energy action as contemplated by 
E.O. 13211. It is neither a ``significant regulatory action'' under 
E.O. 12866, nor expected to have a significant adverse effect on the 
supply, distribution or use of energy in the United States. The 
Administrator of OIRA has not designated the final rule as a 
significant energy action.

N. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 \51\ 
directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards in their 
regulatory activities unless doing so would be inconsistent with 
applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards 
are technical standards (e.g., specification of materials, test 
methods, or performance requirements) that are developed or adopted by 
voluntary consensus standards bodies. This final rule incorporates 
updates to multiple voluntary consensus standards which are listed in 
Sec.  171.7. See Section II, ``Incorporation by Reference Discussion 
Under 1 CFR part 51'' for availability.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \51\ 15 U.S.C. 272 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

List of Subjects

49 CFR Part 107

    Administrative practice and procedure, Hazardous materials 
transportation, Incorporation by reference, Packaging and containers, 
Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

49 CFR Part 171

    Exports, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, 
Imports, Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

49 CFR Part 172

    Education, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, 
Incorporation by reference, Labeling, Markings, Packaging and 
containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

49 CFR Part 173

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, 
Packaging and containers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Uranium.

49 CFR Part 178

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, 
Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

49 CFR Part 179

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, 
Railroad safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

49 CFR Part 180

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, 
Motor carriers, Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, 
Railroad safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    In consideration of the foregoing, PHMSA amends 49 CFR chapter I as 
follows:

PART 107--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM PROCEDURES

0
1. The authority citation for part 107 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410, Section 
4; Pub. L. 104-121, Sections 212-213; Pub. L. 104-134, Section 
31001; Pub. L. 114-74, Section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 
and 1.97; 33 U.S.C. 1321.


0
2. In Appendix A to subpart D of part 107, in the List of Frequently 
Cited Violations, under ``Offeror Requirements--Specific hazardous 
materials'' revise sections B.1 through 7 to read as follows:

Appendix A to Subpart D of Part 107--Guidelines for Civil Penalties

* * * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Violation description                         Section or cite            Baseline assessment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  * * * * * * *
                               Offeror Requirements--Specific hazardous materials
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
B. Class 1--Explosives:                                ............................  ...........................
    1. Failure to mark the package with the EX number  172.320.....................  $1,000.
     for each substance contained in the package or,
     alternatively, indicate the EX number for each
     substance in association with the description on
     the shipping description.
    2. Offering an unapproved explosive for            173.54, 173.56(b)...........  ...........................
     transportation:
        a. Division 1.4 fireworks meeting the          ............................  $5,000.
         chemistry requirements of APA 87-1A or 87-1C.
        b. Division 1.3 fireworks meeting the          ............................  $7,500.
         chemistry requirements of APA 87-1B.
        c. All other explosives (including forbidden)  ............................  $12,500 and up.
    3. Offering an unapproved explosive for            173.54, 173.56(b)...........  ...........................
     transportation that minimally deviates from an
     approved design in a manner that does not impact
     safety:
        a. Division 1.4..............................  ............................  $3,000.
        b. Division 1.3..............................  ............................  $4,000.
        c. All other explosives......................  ............................  $6,000.
    4. Offering a leaking or damaged package of        173.54(c)...................  ...........................
     explosives for transportation:
        a. Division 1.3 and 1.4......................  ............................  $12,500.
        b. All other explosives......................  ............................  $16,500.

[[Page 75704]]

 
    5. Offering a Class 1 material that is fitted      173.60(b)(5)................  $15,000.
     with its own means of ignition or initiation,
     without providing protection from accidental
     actuation.
    6. Packaging explosives in the same outer          173.61......................  $9,300.
     packaging with other materials.
    7. Transporting a detonator on the same vehicle    177.835(g)(3)...............  $10,000.
     as incompatible materials using the approved
     method listed in 177.835(g)(3) without meeting
     the requirements of IME Standard 22.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

0
3. In Sec.  107.402, revise paragraph (d) introductory text to read as 
follows:


Sec.  107.402   Application for designation as a certification agency.

* * * * *
    (d) Fireworks Certification Agency. Prior to reviewing, and 
certifying Division 1.4G consumer fireworks (UN0336) for compliance 
with the APA 87-1A, excluding appendices II through VI, (IBR, see Sec.  
171.7 of this chapter) as specified in part 173 of this chapter, a 
person must apply to, and be approved by, the Associate Administrator 
to act as a Fireworks Certification Agency.
* * * * *

PART 171--GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

0
4. The authority citation for part 171 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410, Section 
4; Pub. L. 104-134, Section 31001; Pub. L. 114-74, Section 4 (28 
U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.


0
5. In Sec.  171.7;
0
a. Revise paragraphs (f), (g), and (n)(4), (6), (9), and (20);
0
b. Add paragraph (p);
0
c. Revise paragraph (r) introductory text; and
0
d. Add paragraphs (r)(3) and (dd)(4).
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  171.7   Reference material.

* * * * *
    (f) American Pyrotechnics Association (APA), P.O. Box 30438, 
Bethesda, MD 20824, (301) 907-8181, www.americanpyro.com.
    (1) APA 87-1A: Standard for the Construction, Classification, 
Approval and Transportation of Consumer Fireworks, final draft January 
1, 2018 (excluding appendices II through VI), into Sec. Sec.  
107.402(d); 173.59; 173.64; and 173.65.
    (2) APA 87-1B: Standard for the Construction, Classification, 
Approval, and Transportation of Display Fireworks, final draft January 
1, 2018 (excluding appendices II through IV), into Sec.  173.64.
    (3) APA 87-1C: Standard for the Construction, Classification, 
Approval, and Transportation of Entertainment Industry and Technical 
(EI&T) Pyrotechnics, final draft January 1, 2018 (excluding appendices 
II through IV), into Sec.  173.64.
    (g) The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 150 Clove 
Road, Little Falls, NJ 07424-2139, telephone: 1-800-843-2763, http://www.asme.org.
    (1) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME Code), 2017 Edition, 
July 1, 2017 (as follows), into Sec. Sec.  172.102; 173.3; 173.5b; 
173.24b; 173.306; 173.315; 173.318; 173.420; 178.255-1; 178.255-2; 
178.255-14; 178.255-15; 178.273; 178.274; 178.276; 178.277; 178.320; 
178.337-1; 178.337-2; 178.337-3; 178.337-4; 178.337-6; 178.337-16; 
178.337-18; 178.338-1; 178.338-2; 178.338-3; 178.338-4; 178.338-5; 
178.338-6; 178.338-13; 178.338-16; 178.338-18; 178.338-19; 178.345-1; 
178.345-2; 178.345-3; 178.345-4; 178.345-7; 178.345-14; 178.345-15; 
178.346-1; 178.347-1; 178.348-1; 179.400-3; 180.407:
    (i) ASME BPVC.II.A-2017 (vols. 1 and 2), Section II--Materials--
Part A--Ferrous Materials Specifications.
    (ii) ASME BPVC.II.B-2017, Section II--Materials--Part B--Nonferrous 
Material Specifications.
    (iii) ASME BPVC.V-2017, Section V--Nondestructive Examination.
    (iv) ASME BPVC.VIII.1-2017, Section VIII--Rules for Construction of 
Pressure Vessels Division 1.
    (v) ASME BPVC.IX-2017, Section IX--Qualification Standard for 
Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Procedures; Welders; Brazers; and Welding, 
Brazing, and Fusing Operators.

    Note 1 to paragraph (g)(1): The requirement for a 6% knuckle 
radius on torispherical heads are excepted.

    (2) ASME B31.4-2012, Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids 
and Slurries, November 12, 2012, into Sec.  173.5a.
* * * * *
    (n) * * *
    (4) CGA C-6.1--2013, Standards for Visual Inspection of High 
Pressure Aluminum Compressed Gas Cylinders, Sixth Edition, copyright 
2013 (corrected 4/14/2015), into Sec. Sec.  180.205; 180.209.
* * * * *
    (6) CGA C-6.3--2013, Standard for Visual Inspection of Low Pressure 
Aluminum Alloy Compressed Gas Cylinders, Third Edition, copyright 2013, 
into Sec. Sec.  180.205; 180.209.
* * * * *
    (9) CGA C-11--2013, Practices for Inspection of Compressed Gas 
Cylinders at Time of Manufacture, Fifth Edition, copyright 2013, into 
Sec.  178.35.
* * * * *
    (20) CGA S-7--2013, Standard for Selecting Pressure Relief Devices 
for Compressed Gas Mixtures in Cylinders, Fifth Edition, copyright 
2013, into Sec.  173.301.
* * * * *
    (p) European Union. Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat, 175B-1048 Bruxelles/
Brussel Belgique/Belgi[euml]], https://europa.eu/european-union/documents-publications_en.
    (1) Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the 
Council, ``on transportable pressure equipment and repealing Council 
Directives 76/767/EEC, 84/525/EEC, 84/526/EEC, 84/527/EEC and 1999/36/
EC'', June 16, 2010, into Sec.  171.23.
    (2) [Reserved].
* * * * *
    (r) Institute of Makers of Explosives, 1212 New York Ave NW, #650, 
Washington, DC 20005.
* * * * *
    (3) AESC/IME JPG Standard, Guide to Obtaining DOT Approval of Jet 
Perforating Guns using AESC/IME Perforating Gun Specifications, Ver. 
02, dated September 1, 2017, into Sec.  173.67.
* * * * *
    (dd) * * *
    (4) ECE/TRANS/257 (Vol.I), European Agreement concerning the 
International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, copyright 2016, into 
Sec.  171.23.
* * * * *

0
6. In Sec.  171.8, add a definition for ``waste material'' in 
alphabetical order to read as follows:

[[Page 75705]]

Sec.  171.8   Definitions and abbreviations.

* * * * *
    Waste material means, for the purposes of lab pack requirements in 
Sec.  173.12 of this subchapter, all hazardous materials which are 
destined for disposal or recovery, and not so limited to only those 
defined as a hazardous waste in this section.
* * * * *

0
7. In Sec.  171.23, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  171.23   Requirements for specific materials and packagings 
transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, Transport 
Canada TDG Regulations, or the IAEA Regulations.

* * * * *
    (a) Conditions and requirements for cylinders and pressure 
receptacles--(1) Applicability. Except as provided in this paragraph 
(a), a filled cylinder (pressure receptacle) manufactured to other than 
a DOT specification or a UN standard in accordance with part 178 of 
this subchapter, a DOT exemption or special permit cylinder, a TC, CTC, 
CRC, or BTC cylinder authorized under Sec.  171.12, or a cylinder used 
as a fire extinguisher in conformance with Sec.  173.309(a) of this 
subchapter, may not be transported to, from, or within the United 
States.
    (2) Conditions. Cylinders (including UN pressure receptacles) 
transported to, from, or within the United States must conform to the 
applicable requirements of this subchapter. Unless otherwise excepted 
in this subchapter, a cylinder must not be transported unless--
    (i) The cylinder is manufactured, inspected and tested in 
accordance with a DOT specification or a UN standard prescribed in part 
178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification set out 
in the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see Sec.  171.7), except 
that cylinders not conforming to these requirements must meet the 
requirements in paragraph (a)(3), (4), or (5) of this section;
    (ii) The cylinder is equipped with a pressure relief device in 
accordance with Sec.  173.301(f) of this subchapter and conforms to the 
applicable requirements in part 173 of this subchapter for the 
hazardous material involved;
    (iii) The openings on an aluminum cylinder in oxygen service 
conform to the requirements of this paragraph, except when the cylinder 
is used for aircraft parts or used aboard an aircraft in accordance 
with the applicable airworthiness requirements and operating 
regulations. An aluminum DOT specification cylinder must have an 
opening configured with straight (parallel) threads. A UN pressure 
receptacle may have straight (parallel) or tapered threads provided the 
UN pressure receptacle is marked with the thread type, e.g. ``17E, 25E, 
18P, or 25P'' and fitted with the properly marked valve; and
    (iv) A UN pressure receptacle is marked with ``USA'' as a country 
of approval in conformance with Sec. Sec.  178.69 and 178.70 of this 
subchapter, or ``CAN'' for Canada.
    (3) Pi-marked pressure receptacles. Pressure receptacles that are 
marked with a pi mark in accordance with the European Directive 2010/
35/EU (IBR, see Sec.  171.7) on transportable pressure equipment (TPED) 
and that comply with the requirements of Packing Instruction P200 or 
P208 and 6.2 of ECE/TRANS/257 (Vol. I), the Agreement Concerning the 
International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) (IBR, see Sec.  
171.7) concerning pressure relief device use, test period, filling 
ratios, test pressure, maximum working pressure, and material 
compatibility for the lading contained or gas being filled, are 
authorized as follows:
    (i) Filled pressure receptacles imported for intermediate storage, 
transport to point of use, discharge, and export without further 
filling; and
    (ii) Pressure receptacles imported or domestically sourced for the 
purpose of filling, intermediate storage, and export.
    (iii) The bill of lading or other shipping paper must identify the 
cylinder and include the following certification: ``This cylinder 
(These cylinders) conform(s) to the requirements for pi-marked 
cylinders found in 171.23(a)(3).''
    (4) Importation of cylinders for discharge within a single port 
area. Except as provided in Sec.  171.23(a)(3), a cylinder manufactured 
to other than a DOT specification or UN standard in accordance with 
part 178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification 
cylinder set out in the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see 
Sec.  171.7), and certified as being in conformance with the 
transportation regulations of another country may be authorized, upon 
written request to and approval by the Associate Administrator, for 
transportation within a single port area, provided--
    (i) The cylinder is transported in a closed freight container;
    (ii) The cylinder is certified by the importer to provide a level 
of safety at least equivalent to that required by the regulations in 
this subchapter for a comparable DOT, TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC 
specification or UN cylinder; and
    (iii) The cylinder is not refilled for export unless in compliance 
with paragraph (a)(5) of this section.
    (5) Filling of cylinders for export or for use on board a vessel. A 
cylinder not manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance 
with part 178 of this subchapter, or a cylinder manufactured to other 
than a UN standard, DOT specification, exemption or special permit, or 
other than a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification, may be filled with a 
gas in the United States and offered for transportation and transported 
for export or alternatively, for use on board a vessel, if the 
following conditions are met:
    (i) The cylinder has been requalified and marked with the month and 
year of requalification in accordance with subpart C of part 180 of 
this subchapter, or has been requalified as authorized by the Associate 
Administrator;
    (ii) In addition to other requirements of this subchapter, the 
maximum filling density, service pressure, and pressure relief device 
for each cylinder conform to the requirements of this part for the gas 
involved; and
    (iii) The bill of lading or other shipping paper identifies the 
cylinder and includes the following certification: ``This cylinder has 
(These cylinders have) been qualified, as required, and filled in 
accordance with the DOT requirements for export.''
    (6) Cylinders not equipped with pressure relief devices. A DOT 
specification or a UN cylinder manufactured, inspected, tested and 
marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter and otherwise 
conforms to the requirements of part 173 of this subchapter for the gas 
involved, except that the cylinder is not equipped with a pressure 
relief device may be filled with a gas and offered for transportation 
and transported for export if the following conditions are met:
    (i) Each DOT specification cylinder or UN pressure receptacle must 
be plainly and durably marked ``For Export Only'';
    (ii) The shipping paper must carry the following certification: 
``This cylinder has (These cylinders have) been retested and refilled 
in accordance with the DOT requirements for export.''; and
    (iii) The emergency response information provided with the shipment 
and available from the emergency response telephone contact person must 
indicate that the pressure receptacles are not fitted with pressure 
relief devices and provide appropriate guidance for exposure to fire.
* * * * *

[[Page 75706]]

PART 172--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS 
MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, AND 
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS

0
8. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 
1.97.


0
9. In Sec.  172.101, add paragraph (c)(17) and amend the Hazardous 
Materials Table to revise entries under ``[REVISE]'' to read as 
follows:


Sec.  172.101   Purpose and use of the hazardous materials table.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (17) Unless it is already included in the proper shipping name in 
the Sec.  172.101 Table, the qualifying word ``stabilized'' may be 
added in association with the proper shipping name, as appropriate, 
where without stabilization the substance would be forbidden for 
transportation according to Sec.  173.21(f) of this subchapter.
* * * * *


Sec.  172.101  Hazardous Materials Table

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                          (8)                             (9)                      (10)
                                                                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Hazardous                                                                  Packaging  (Sec.   173.***)     Quantity limitations  (see      Vessel stowage
                                   materials       Hazard    Identi-                         Special     ------------------------------------   Sec.  Sec.   173.27 and  -----------------------
           Symbols               descriptions     class or   fication    PG      Label      provisions                                                  175.75)
                                  and proper      division     Nos.              codes        (Sec.                                          ----------------------------
                                shipping names                                               172.102)     Exceptions   Non-bulk      Bulk       Passenger                 Location      Other
                                                                                                                                                aircraft/    Cargo air-
                                                                                                                                                  rail       craft only
(1)                            (2).............  (3)......  (4)......  (5)...  (6).....  (7)............  (8A)......  (8B)......  (8C)......  (9A)........  (9B)........  (10A)...  (10B)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               [REVISE]........  .........  .........  ......  ........  ...............  ..........  ..........  ..........  ............  ............  ........  ............
                               Allyl             6.1......  UN1545...  II....  6.1, 3..  387, A3, A7,     153.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  60 L........  D.......  25, 40
                                isothiocyanate,                                           IB2, T7, TP2.
                                stabilized.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Aluminum          4.3......  UN3170...  II....  4.3.....  128, B115, IB7,  151.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  13, 85, 103,
                                smelting by-                                              IP2, IP21, T3,                                                                             148
                                products or                                               TP33, W31, W40.
                                Aluminum
                                remelting by-
                                products.
                                                                       III...  4.3.....  128, B115, IB8,  151.......  213.......  241.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  B.......  13, 85, 103,
                                                                                          IP21, T1,                                                                                  148
                                                                                          TP33, W31.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Amine, liquid,    8........  UN2734...  I.....  8, 3....  A3, A6, N34,     None......  201.......  243.......  0.5L........  2.5L........  A.......  52
                                corrosive,                                                T14, TP2, TP27.
                                flammable,
                                n.o.s. or
                                Polyamines,
                                liquid,
                                corrosive,
                                flammable,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 3....  IB2, T11, TP2,   154.......  201.......  243.......  1L..........  30L.........  A.......  52
                                                                                          TP27.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Amyl mercaptan..  3........  UN1111...  II....  3.......  A3, A6, IB2,     150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  95, 102
                                                                                          T4, TP1.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Antimony          8........  UN1730...  II....  8.......  B2, IB2, T7,     154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  C.......  40, 53, 58
                                pentachloride,                                            TP2.
                                liquid.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Antimony          8........  UN1732...  II....  8, 6.1..  A3, A6, A7,      154.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  40, 44, 53,
                                pentafluoride.                                            A10, IB2, N3,                                                                              58, 89,
                                                                                          N36, T7, TP2.                                                                              100, 141
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Batteries, dry,   8........  UN3028...  ......  8.......  237............  154.......  213.......  None......  25 kg.......  230 kg......  A.......  52
                                containing
                                potassium
                                hydroxide
                                solid, electric
                                storage.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Borneol.........  4.1......  UN1312...  III...  4.1.....  A1, IB8, IP3,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  ............
                                                                                          T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               5-tert-Butyl-     4.1......  UN2956...  III...  4.1.....  159............  151.......  223.......  None......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  D.......  12, 25, 40,
                                2,4,6-trinitro-                                                                                                                                      127
                                m-xylene or
                                Musk xylene.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               1,4-Butynediol..  6.1......  UN2716...  III...  6.1.....  A1, IB8, IP3,    153.......  213.......  240.......  100 kg......  200 kg......  C.......  52, 53, 70
                                                                                          T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Calcium resinate  4.1......  UN1313...  III...  4.1.....  A1, A19, IB6,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  ............
                                                                                          T1, TP33.
                               Calcium           4.1......  UN1314...  III...  4.1.....  A1, A19, IB4,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  ............
                                resinate, fused.                                          T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Camphor,          4.1......  UN2717...  III...  4.1.....  A1, IB8, IP3,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  ............
                                synthetic.                                                T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Celluloid, in     4.1......  UN2000...  III...  4.1.....  420............  151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  ............
                                block, rods,
                                rolls, sheets,
                                tubes, etc.,
                                except scrap.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Cerium, slabs,    4.1......  UN1333...  II....  4.1.....  IB8, IP2, IP4,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  A.......  13, 74, 91,
                                ingots, or rods.                                          N34, W100.                                                                                 147, 148
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Chloric acid      5.1......  UN2626...  II....  5.1.....  IB2, T4, TP1,    152.......  229.......  None......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  D.......  53, 56, 58
                                aqueous                                                   W31.
                                solution, with
                                not more than
                                10 percent
                                chloric acid.
 

[[Page 75707]]

 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               1-Chloropropane.  3........  UN1278...  II....  3.......  IB2, IP8, N34,   150.......  202.......  242.......  Forbidden...  60 L........  E.......  ............
                                                                                          T7, TP2.
                               Chromium          5.1......  UN1463...  II....  5.1,      IB8, IP2, IP4,   152.......  212.......  242.......  5 kg........  25 kg.......  A.......  66, 90
                                trioxide,                                       6.1, 8.   T3, TP33, W31.
                                anhydrous.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Corrosive         8........  UN2920...  I.....  8, 3....  A6, B10, T14,    None......  201.......  243.......  0.5 L.......  2.5 L.......  C.......  25, 40
                                liquids,                                                  TP2, TP27.
                                flammable,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 3....  B2, IB2, T11,    154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  C.......  25, 40
                                                                                          TP2, TP27.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3093...  I.....  8, 5.1..  A6, A7.........  None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  2.5 L.......  C.......  89
                                liquids,
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 5.1..  A6, A7, IB2....  154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  C.......  89
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Corrosive         8........  UN2921...  I.....  8, 4.1..  IB6, T6, TP33..  None......  211.......  242.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  B.......  12, 25
                                solids,
                                flammable,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 4.1..  IB8, IP2, IP4,   154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  12, 25
                                                                                          T3, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3084...  I.....  8, 5.1..  T6, TP33.......  None......  211.......  242.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                solids,
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 5.1..  154, IB6, IP2,   154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                                                                          T3, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3096...  I.....  8, 4.3..  IB4, IP1, T6,    None......  211.......  243.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  D.......  13, 148
                                solids, water-                                            TP33.
                                reactive, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 4.3..  IB6, IP2, T3,    154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  D.......  13, 148
                                                                                          TP33, W100.
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3093...  I.....  8, 5.1..  A6, A7.........  None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  2.5 L.......  C.......  89
                                liquids,
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 5.1..  A6, A7, IB2....  154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  C.......  89
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3084...  I.....  8, 5.1..  T6, TP33.......  None......  211.......  242.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                solids,
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 5.1..  154, IB6, IP2,   154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                                                                          T3, TP33.
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3095...  I.....  8, 4.2..  T6, TP33.......  None......  211.......  243.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                solids, self-
                                heating, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 4.2..  IB6, IP2, T3,    154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  C.......  ............
                                                                                          TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Corrosive         8........  UN3096...  I.....  8, 4.3..  IB4, IP1, T6,    None......  211.......  243.......  1 kg........  25 kg.......  D.......  13, 148
                                solids, water-                                            TP33.
                                reactive, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  8, 4.3..  IB6, IP2, T3,    154.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  D.......  13,148
                                                                                          TP33, W100.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Cyanuric          8........  UN2670...  II....  8.......  IB8, IP2, IP4,   None......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  A.......  12, 25, 40,
                                chloride.                                                 T3, TP33.                                                                                  53, 58
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Cyclohexylamine.  8........  UN2357...  II....  8, 3....  IB2, T7, TP2...  154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  40, 52
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Decaborane......  4.1......  UN1868...  II....  4.1, 6.1  A19, A20, IB6,   151.......  212.......  None......  Forbidden...  50 kg.......  A.......  74
                                                                                          IP2, T3, TP33,
                                                                                          W31.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Detonator         1.4B.....  UN0361...  ......  1.4B....  148............  63(f),      62........  None......  Forbidden...  75 kg.......  05......  25
                                assemblies, non-                                                           63(g).
                                electric, for
                                blasting.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Detonators,       1.4B.....  UN0255...  ......  1.4B....  148............  63(f),      62........  None......  Forbidden...  75 kg.......  05......  25
                                electric, for                                                              63(g).
                                blasting.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Detonators for    1.4B.....  UN0365...  ......  1.4B....  ...............  None......  62........  None......  Forbidden...  75 kg.......  05......  25
                                ammunition.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Detonators, non-  1.4B.....  UN0267...  ......  1.4B....  ...............  63(f),      62........  None......  Forbidden...  75 kg.......  05......  25
                                electric, for                                                              63(g).
                                blasting.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Diethyl sulfide.  3........  UN2375...  II....  3.......  IB2, T7, TP1,    150.......  202.......  243.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  52
                                                                                          TP13.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               2-                8........  UN2686...  II....  8, 3....  B2, IB2, T7,     154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  52
                                Diethylaminoeth                                           TP2.
                                anol.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               N,N-              8........  UN2685...  II....  8, 3....  IB2, T7, TP2...  154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  52
                                Diethylethylene
                                diamine.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Diethylthiophosp  8........  UN2751...  II....  8.......  B2, IB2, T7,     154.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  D.......  12, 25, 40,
                                horyl chloride.                                           TP2.                                                                                       53, 58

[[Page 75708]]

 
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Difluorophosphor  8........  UN1768...  II....  8.......  A6, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  40, 53, 58
                                ic acid,                                                  IB2, N5, N34,
                                anhydrous.                                                T8, TP2.
                               *...............  .........  *........  ......  *.......  ...............  *.........  ..........  *.........  ............  *...........  ........  *
                               Di-n-butylamine.  8........  UN2248...  II....  8, 3....  IB2, T7, TP2...  154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  52
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Ethyl             6.1......  UN1603...  II....  6.1, 3..  IB2, T7, TP2...  153.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  D.......  40
                                bromoacetate.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Fibers or         4.1......  UN1353...  III...  4.1.....  A1, IB8, IP3...  151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  D.......  ............
                                Fabrics
                                impregnated
                                with weakly
                                nitrated
                                nitrocellulose,
                                n.o.s.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Films,            4.1......  UN1324...  III...  4.1.....  ...............  151.......  183.......  None......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  D.......  28
                                nitrocellulose
                                base, gelatine
                                coated (except
                                scrap).
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Firelighters,     4.1......  UN2623...  III...  4.1.....  A1, A19........  151.......  213.......  None......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  52
                                solid with
                                flammable
                                liquid.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Flammable solid,  4.1......  UN3097...  II....  4.1, 5.1  131............  151.......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  E.......  40
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       III...  4.1, 5.1  131, T1, TP33..  151.......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  D.......  40
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Flammable         4.1......  UN2925...  II....  4.1, 8..  A1, IB6, IP2,    151.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  D.......  40
                                solids,                                                   T3, TP33.
                                corrosive,
                                organic, n.o.s.
                                                                       III...  4.1, 8..  A1, IB6, T1,     151.......  213.......  242.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  D.......  40
                                                                                          TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Fluorophosphoric  8........  UN1776...  II....  8.......  A6, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  53, 58
                                acid anhydrous.                                           IB2, N3, N34,
                                                                                          T8, TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Fluorosilicic     8........  UN1778...  II....  8.......  A6, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  53, 58
                                acid.                                                     B15, IB2, N3,
                                                                                          N34, T8, TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Gallium.........  8........  UN2803...  III...  8.......  T1, TP33.......  154.......  162.......  240.......  20 kg.......  20 kg.......  B.......  25
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hafnium powder,   4.1......  UN1326...  II....  4.1.....  A6, A19, A20,    151.......  212.......  241.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  74
                                wetted with not                                           IB6, IP2, N34,
                                less than 25                                              T3, TP33, W31,
                                percent water                                             W40.
                                (a visible
                                excess of water
                                must be
                                present) (a)
                                mechanically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 53
                                microns; (b)
                                chemically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 840
                                microns.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hexadienes......  3........  UN2458...  II....  3.......  IB2, T4, TP1...  150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  ............
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hexafluorophosph  8........  UN1782...  II....  8.......  A6, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  53, 58
                                oric acid.                                                IB2, N3, N34,
                                                                                          T8, TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hexamethylenedia  8........  UN1783...  II....  8.......  IB2, T7, TP2...  154.......  202.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  52
                                mine solution.
                                                                       III...  8.......  IB3, T4, TP1...  154.......  203.......  241.......  5 L.........  60 L........  A.......  ............
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hydrazine         8........  UN2030...  I.....  8, 6.1..  B16, B53, T10,   None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  2.5 L.......  D.......  40, 52
                                aqueous                                                   TP2, TP13.
                                solution, with
                                more than 37%
                                hydrazine, by
                                mass.
                                                                       II....  8, 6.1..  B16, B53, IB2,   154.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  40, 52
                                                                                          T7, TP2, TP13.
                                                                       III...  8, 6.1..  B16, B53, IB3,   154.......  203.......  241.......  5 L.........  60 L........  D.......  40, 52
                                                                                          T4, TP1.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hydrogen          5.1......  UN3149...  II....  5.1, 8..  145, A2, A3,     152.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  D.......  25, 66, 75.
                                peroxide and                                              A6, B53, IB2,
                                peroxyacetic                                              IP5, T7, TP2,
                                acid mixtures,                                            TP6, TP24.
                                stabilized with
                                acids, water,
                                and not more
                                than 5 percent
                                peroxyacetic
                                acid.

[[Page 75709]]

 
                               Hydrogen,         5.1......  UN2014...  II....  5.1, 8..  12, A60, B53,    152.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  D.......  25, 66, 75
                                peroxide,                                                 B80, B81, B85,
                                aqueous                                                   IB2, IP5, T7,
                                solutions with                                            TP2, TP6,
                                more than 40                                              TP24, TP37.
                                percent but not
                                more than 60
                                percent
                                hydrogen
                                peroxide
                                (stabilized as
                                necessary).
                               Hydrogen          5.1......  UN2014...  II....  5.1, 8..  A2, A3, A6,      152.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  D.......  25, 66, 75
                                peroxide,                                                 B53, IB2, IP5,
                                aqueous                                                   T7, TP2, TP6,
                                solutions with                                            TP24, TP37.
                                not less than
                                20 percent but
                                not more than
                                40 percent
                                hydrogen
                                peroxide
                                (stabilized as
                                necessary).
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Hydrogendifluori  8........  UN1740...  II....  8.......  IB8, IP2, IP4,   154.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  A.......  25, 40, 52,
                                de, solid,                                                N3, N34, T3,                                                                               53, 58
                                n.o.s.                                                    TP33.
                                                                       III...  8.......  IB8, IP3, N3,    154.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  25, 40, 52
                                                                                          N34, T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Iodine            8........  UN1792...  II....  8.......  B6, IB8, IP2,    154.......  212.......  240.......  Forbidden...  50 kg.......  D.......  40, 53, 58,
                                monochloride,                                             IP4, N41, T7,                                                                              66, 74
                                solid.                                                    TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Lead phosphite,   4.1......  UN2989...  II....  4.1.....  IB8, IP2, IP4,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  34.
                                dibasic.                                                  T3, TP33.
                                                                       III...  4.1.....  IB8, IP3, T1,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  B.......  34
                                                                                          TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Mercaptans,       3........  UN1228...  II....  3, 6.1..  IB2, T11, TP2,   150.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  60 L........  B.......  40, 95, 102
                                liquid,                                                   TP27.
                                flammable,
                                toxic, n.o.s.
                                or Mercaptan
                                mixtures,
                                liquid,
                                flammable,
                                toxic, n.o.s.
                                                                       III...  3, 6.1..  A6, B1, IB3,     150.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  220 L.......  A.......  40, 95, 102
                                                                                          T7, TP1, TP28.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               2-Methyl-2-       3........  UN2460...  II....  3.......  IB2, IP8, T7,    150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......
                                butene.                                                   TP1.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Methylal........  3........  UN1234...  II....  3.......  IB2, IP8, T7,    150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  ............
                                                                                          TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Nitrating acid    8........  UN1826...  II....  8.......  A7, B2, IB2,     154.......  158.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  40. 53. 58
                                mixtures spent                                            T8, TP2.
                                with not more
                                than 50 percent
                                nitric acid.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Nitrating acid    8........  UN1796...  II....  8.......  A7, B2, IB2,     154.......  158.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  40, 53, 58
                                mixtures with                                             T8, TP2, TP13.
                                not more than
                                50 percent
                                nitric acid.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Nitric acid       8........  UN2031...  II....  8, 5.1..  A6, B2, B47,     154.......  158.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  53, 58, 66,
                                other than red                                            B53, IB2,                                                                                  74, 89, 90
                                fuming, with at                                           IP15, T8, TP2.
                                least 65
                                percent, but
                                not more than
                                70 percent
                                nitric acid.
                               Nitric acid       8........  UN2031...  II....  8.......  A6, A212, B2,    154.......  158.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  D.......  44, 66, 53,
                                other than red                                            B47, B53, IB2,                                                                             58, 74, 89,
                                fuming, with                                              IP15, T8, TP2.                                                                             90
                                more than 20
                                percent and
                                less than 65
                                percent nitric
                                acid.
                               Nitric acid       8........  UN2031...  II....  8.......  A6, B2, B47,     154.......  158.......  242.......  1 L.........  30 L........  D.......  53, 58
                                other than red                                            B53, IB2, T8,
                                fuming with not                                           TP2.
                                more than 20
                                percent nitric
                                acid.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Octafluorobut-2-  2.2......  UN2422...  ......  2.2.....  ...............  306.......  304.......  314, 315..  75 kg.......  150 kg......  A.......
                                ene or
                                Refrigerant gas
                                R 1318.
                               Octafluorocyclob  2.2......  UN1976...  ......  2.2.....  T50............  306.......  304.......  314, 315..  75 kg.......  150 kg......  A.......
                                utane, or
                                Refrigerant gas
                                RC 318.
                               Octafluoropropan  2.2......  UN2424...  ......  2.2.....  T50............  306.......  304.......  314, 315..  75 kg.......  150 kg......  A.......
                                e or
                                Refrigerant gas
                                R 218.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Organometallic    4.3......  UN3398...  I.....  4.3.....  T13, TP2, TP7,   None......  201.......  244.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  D.......  13, 40, 52,
                                substance,                                                TP36, TP47,                                                                                148
                                liquid, water-                                            W31.
                                reactive.
                                                                       II....  4.3.....  IB1, IP2, T7,    151.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  D.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP2, TP7,                                                                                  148
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,
                                                                                          W31.

[[Page 75710]]

 
                                                                       III...  4.3.....  IB2, IP4, T7,    151.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP2, TP7,                                                                                  148
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,
                                                                                          W31.
G............................  Organometallic    4.3......  UN3399...  I.....  4.3, 3..  T13, TP2, TP7,   None......  201.......  244.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  D.......  13, 40, 52,
                                substance,                                                TP36, TP47,                                                                                148
                                liquid, water-                                            W31.
                                reactive,
                                flammable.
                                                                       II....  4.3, 3..  IB1, IP2, T7,    151.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  D.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP2, TP7,                                                                                  148
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,
                                                                                          W31.
                                                                       III...  4.3, 3..  IB2, IP4, T7,    151.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP2, TP7,                                                                                  148
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,
                                                                                          W31.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Organometallic    4.3......  UN3397...  I.....  4.3, 4.2  N40, T9, TP7,    None......  211.......  242.......  Forbidden...  15 kg.......  E.......  13, 40, 52,
                                substance,                                                TP33, TP36,                                                                                148
                                solid, water-                                             TP47, W31.
                                reactive, self-
                                heating.
                                                                       II....  4.3, 4.2  IB4, T3, TP33,   151.......  212.......  242.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,                                                                                148
                                                                                          W31.
                                                                       III...  4.3, 4.2  IB6, T1, TP33,   151.......  213.......  241.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  E.......  13, 40, 52,
                                                                                          TP36, TP47,                                                                                148
                                                                                          W31.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Oxidizing         5.1......  UN3098...  I.....  5.1, 8..  62, A6.........  None......  201.......  244.......  Forbidden...  2.5 L.......  D.......  13, 56, 58,
                                liquid,                                                                                                                                              138
                                corrosive,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  5.1, 8..  62, IB1........  152.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  B.......  13, 56, 58,
                                                                                                                                                                                     138
                                                                       III...  5.1, 8..  62, IB2........  152.......  203.......  242.......  2.5 L.......  30 L........  B.......  13, 56, 58,
                                                                                                                                                                                     138
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Oxidizing solid,  5.1......  UN3121...  I.....  5.1, 4.3  62.............  None......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  ........  13, 148
                                water reactive,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  5.1, 4.3  62.............  152.......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  ........  13, 148
                               Perchloric acid   8........  UN1802...  II....  8, 5.1..  IB2, N41, T7,    154.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  C.......  53, 58, 66
                                with not more                                             TP2.
                                than 50 percent
                                acid by mass.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Peroxides,        5.1......  UN1483...  II....  5.1.....  A7, A20, IB6,    152.......  212.......  242.......  5 kg........  25 kg.......  C.......  13, 52, 66,
                                inorganic,                                                IP2, N34, T3,                                                                              75, 148
                                n.o.s.                                                    TP33, W100.
                                                                       III...  5.1.....  A7, A20, B134,   152.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  C.......  13, 52, 66,
                                                                                          IB8, IP21,                                                                                 75, 148
                                                                                          N34, T1, TP33,
                                                                                          W100.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Phosphorus        4.1......  UN1339...  II....  4.1.....  A20, IB4, N34,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  13, 74, 147,
                                heptasulfide,                                             T3, TP33, W31.                                                                             148
                                free from
                                yellow or white
                                phosphorus.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Phosphorus,       4.1......  UN1338...  III...  4.1.....  A1, A19, B1,     151.......  213.......  243.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  74
                                amorphous.                                                B9, B26, IB8,
                                                                                          IP3, T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Phosphorus        8........  UN1939...  II....  8.......  B8, IB8, IP2,    154.......  212.......  240.......  Forbidden...  50 kg.......  C.......  12, 25, 40,
                                oxybromide.                                               IP4, N41, N43,                                                                             53, 58
                                                                                          T3, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Phosphorus        8........  UN1806...  II....  8.......  A7, IB8, IP2,    154.......  212.......  240.......  Forbidden...  50 kg.......  C.......  40, 44, 53,
                                pentachloride.                                            IP4, N34, T3,                                                                              58, 89,
                                                                                          TP33.                                                                                      100, 141
                               Phosphorus        4.1......  UN1341...  II....  4.1.....  A20, IB4, N34,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  74
                                sesquisulfide,                                            T3, TP33, W31.
                                free from
                                yellow or white
                                phosphorus.
                               Phosphorus        8........  UN1808...  II....  8.......  A3, A6, A7, B2,  154.......  202.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  C.......  40, 53, 58
                                tribromide.                                               B25, IB2, N34,
                                                                                          N43, T7, TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Phosphorus        4.1......  UN1343...  II....  4.1.....  A20, IB4, N34,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  B.......  13, 74, 147,
                                trisulfide,                                               T3, TP33, W31.                                                                             148
                                free from
                                yellow or white
                                phosphorus.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Propionitrile...  3........  UN2404...  II....  3, 6.1..  IB2, T7, TP1,    150.......  202.......  243.......  Forbidden...  60 L........  E.......  40
                                                                                          TP13.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               1,2-              8........  UN2258...  II....  8, 3....  A3, A6, IB2,     154.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  A.......  40, 52
                                Propylenediamin                                           N34, T7, TP2.
                                e.
 

[[Page 75711]]

 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Pyridine........  3........  UN1282...  II....  3.......  IB2, T4, TP2...  150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  21, 100
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Silicon powder,   4.1......  UN1346...  III...  4.1.....  A1, IB8, IP3,    151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  74
                                amorphous.                                                T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Sludge, acid....  8........  UN1906...  II....  8.......  A3, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  C.......  14, 53, 58
                                                                                          IB2, N34, T8,
                                                                                          TP2, TP28.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Sodium chlorite.  5.1......  UN1496...  II....  5.1.....  A9, IB8, IP2,    152.......  212.......  242.......  5 kg........  25 kg.......  A.......  56, 58
                                                                                          IP4, N34, T3,
                                                                                          TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
I............................  Sulfur..........  4.1......  UN1350...  III...  4.1.....  30, B120, IB8,   151.......  None......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  25, 74
                                                                                          IP3, T1, TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Sulfuric acid,    8........  UN1832...  II....  8.......  A3, A7, B2,      154.......  202.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  C.......  14, 53, 58
                                spent.                                                    B83, B84, IB2,
                                                                                          N34, T8, TP2.
                               Tetrafluorometha  2.2......  UN1982...  ......  2.2.....  ...............  306.......  302.......  None......  75 kg.......  150 kg......  A.......  ............
                                ne or
                                Refrigerant gas
                                R 14.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Tetrahydrofuran.  3........  UN2056...  II....  3.......  IB2, T4, TP1...  150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  ............
                               Thiophosphoryl    8........  UN1837...  II....  8.......  A3, A7, B2, B8,  154.......  202.......  242.......  Forbidden...  30 L........  C.......  40, 53, 58
                                chloride.                                                 B25, IB2, N34,
                                                                                          T7, TP2.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Titanium hydride  4.1......  UN1871...  II....  4.1.....  A19, A20, IB4,   151.......  212.......  241.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  ............
                                                                                          N34, T3, TP33,
                                                                                          W31, W40.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Titanium powder,  4.1......  UN1352...  II....  4.1.....  A19, A20, IB6,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  74
                                wetted with not                                           IP2, N34, T3,
                                less than 25                                              TP33, W31, W40.
                                percent water
                                (a visible
                                excess of water
                                must be
                                present) (a)
                                mechanically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 53
                                microns; (b)
                                chemically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 840
                                microns.
                               Titanium sponge   4.1......  UN2878...  III...  4.1.....  A1, B134, IB8,   151.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  D.......  13, 74, 147,
                                granules or                                               IP21, T1,                                                                                  148
                                Titanium sponge                                           TP33, W100.
                                powders.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Toxic liquids,    6.1......  UN3123...  I.....  6.1, 4.3  A4.............  None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  E.......  13,40, 148
                                water-reactive,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  6.1, 4.3  IB2............  153.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  E.......  13, 40, 148
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Toxins,           6.1......  UN3172...  I.....  6.1.....  141............  None......  201.......  243.......  1 L.........  30 L........  B.......  40
                                extracted from
                                living sources,
                                liquid, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  6.1.....  141, IB2.......  153.......  202.......  243.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  40
                                                                       III...  6.1.....  141, IB3.......  153.......  203.......  241.......  60 L........  220 L.......  B.......  40
G............................  Toxins,           6.1......  UN3462...  I.....  6.1.....  141, IB7, IP1,   None......  211.......  243.......  5 kg........  50 kg.......  B.......  ............
                                extracted from                                            T6, TP33.
                                living sources,
                                solid, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  6.1.....  141, IB8, IP2,   153.......  212.......  243.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  B.......  ............
                                                                                          IP4, T3 TP33.
                                                                       III...  6.1.....  141, IB8, IP3,   153.......  213.......  241.......  100 kg......  200 kg......  A.......  ............
                                                                                          T1 TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Toxins,           6.1......  UN3462...  I.....  6.1.....  141, IB7, IP1,   None......  211.......  243.......  5 kg........  50 kg.......  B.......  G
                                extracted from                                            T6, TP33.
                                living sources,
                                solid, n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  6.1.....  141, IB8, IP2,   153.......  212.......  243.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  B.......  ............
                                                                                          IP4, T3 TP33.
                                                                       III...  6.1.....  141, IB8, IP3,   153.......  213.......  241.......  100 kg......  200 kg......  A.......  ............
                                                                                          T1 TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Triallylamine...  3........  UN2610...  III...  3, 8....  B1, IB3, T4,     150.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  A.......  40, 52
                                                                                          TP1.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Water-reactive    4.3......  UN3129...  I.....  4.3, 8..  T14, TP2, TP7,   None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  D.......  13, 148
                                liquid,                                                   TP13.
                                corrosive,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  4.3, 8..  IB1, T11, TP2,   151.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  E.......  13, 85, 148
                                                                                          TP7.
                                                                       III...  4.3, 8..  IB2, T7, TP2,    151.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  13, 148
                                                                                          TP7.

[[Page 75712]]

 
G............................  Water-reactive    4.3......  UN3148...  I.....  4.3.....  T13, TP2, TP7,   None......  201.......  244.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  E.......  13, 40, 148
                                liquid, n.o.s.                                            TP41, W31.
                                                                       II....  4.3.....  IB1, T7, TP2,    151.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  E.......  13, 40, 148
                                                                                          TP7, W31.
                                                                       III...  4.3.....  IB2, T7, TP2,    151.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  13, 40, 148
                                                                                          TP7, W31.
G............................  Water-reactive    4.3......  UN3130...  I.....  4.3, 6.1  A4.............  None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  1 L.........  D.......  13, 148
                                liquid, toxic,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       II....  4.3, 6.1  IB1............  151.......  202.......  243.......  1 L.........  5 L.........  E.......  13, 85, 148
                                                                       III...  4.3, 6.1  IB2............  151.......  203.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  E.......  13, 85, 148
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
G............................  Water-reactive,   4.3......  UN3133...  II....  4.3, 5.1  ...............  151.......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  E.......  13, 40, 148
                                solid,
                                oxidizing,
                                n.o.s.
                                                                       III...  4.3, 5.1  ...............  151.......  214.......  214.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  E.......  13, 40, 148
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Zinc ammonium     5.1......  UN1512...  II....  5.1.....  IB8, IP4, T3,    152.......  212.......  242.......  5 kg........  25 kg.......  E.......  ............
                                nitrite.                                                  TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Zinc chloride,    8........  UN2331...  III...  8.......  IB8, IP3, T1,    154.......  213.......  240.......  25 kg.......  100 kg......  A.......  53, 58
                                anhydrous.                                                TP33.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Zirconium         4.1......  UN1437...  II....  4.1.....  A19, A20, IB4,   151.......  212.......  240.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  ............
                                hydride.                                                  N34, T3, TP33,
                                                                                          W31, W40.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Zirconium         4.1......  UN1358...  II....  4.1.....  A19, A20, IB6,   151.......  212.......  241.......  15 kg.......  50 kg.......  E.......  13, 74, 147,
                                powder, wetted                                            IP2, N34, T3,                                                                              148
                                with not less                                             TP33, W31, W40.
                                than 25 percent
                                water (a
                                visible excess
                                of water must
                                be present) (a)
                                mechanically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 53
                                microns; (b)
                                chemically
                                produced,
                                particle size
                                less than 840
                                microns.
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
                               Zirconium         3........  UN1308...  I.....  3.......  ...............  None......  201.......  243.......  Forbidden...  Forbidden...  B.......  ............
                                suspended in a
                                liquid.
                                                                       II....  3.......  IB2............  150.......  202.......  242.......  5 L.........  60 L........  B.......  ............
                                                                       III...  3.......  B1, IB2........  150.......  203.......  242.......  60 L........  220 L.......  B.......  ............
 
                                                                                          * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sec.  172.102   [Amended]

0
10. In Sec.  172.102, amend paragraph (c)(1) by removing special 
provision 103.

0
11. In Sec.  172.302, revise paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  172.302   General marking requirements for bulk packagings.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Have a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and a height of at 
least 12 mm (0.47 inch) for portable tanks with capacities of less than 
3,785 L (1,000 gallons) and a width of at least 4.0 mm (0.16 inch) and 
a height of 25 mm (one inch) for IBCs; and
* * * * *

PART 173--SHIPPERS--GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND 
PACKAGINGS

0
12. The authority citation for part 173 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 
1.97.


0
13. In Sec.  173.5b, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  173.5b   Portable and mobile refrigeration systems.

* * * * *
    (b) Refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 1, 
1991. (1) For refrigeration systems placed into service prior to June 
1, 1991, each pressure vessel and associated piping must be rated at a 
MAWP of not less than 250 psig. During transportation, pressure in the 
components that are part of the evaporating line may not exceed 150 
psig.
    (2) Each pressure vessel and associated piping that is part of the 
evaporating line must be marked ``LOW SIDE'' in a permanent and clearly 
visible manner. The evaporating line must have a pressure gauge with 
corresponding temperature markings mounted in a manner that is easily 
readable when standing on the ground. The gauge must be permanently 
marked or tagged ``SATURATION GAUGE.''
    (3) Each pressure vessel and associated piping containing liquid 
anhydrous ammonia must be isolated using appropriate means from piping 
and components marked ``LOW SIDE.''
    (4) Prior to transportation, each pressure vessel and associated 
piping must be relieved of enough gaseous lading to ensure that the 
MAWP is not exceeded at transport temperatures up to 54 [deg]C (130 
[deg]F).
* * * * *

0
14. In Sec.  173.28, revise paragraph (c)(1)(i) to read as follows:


Sec.  173.28   Reuse, reconditioning and remanufacture of packagings.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) Cleaning to base material of construction, with all former 
contents, internal and external corrosion removed, and any external 
coatings and labels sufficiently removed to expose any metal 
deterioration that adversely affects transportation safety;
* * * * *

[[Page 75713]]


0
15. In Sec.  173.31, add paragraph (a)(6)(v) and revise paragraph (e) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  173.31   Use of tank cars.

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (6) * * *
    (v) When a tank car delimiter is a ``H'', offerors may not use a 
tank car with any other delimiter.
* * * * *
    (e) Special requirements for poisonous by inhalation (PIH) 
material--(1) Interior heater coils. Tank cars used for PIH material 
may not have interior heater coils.
    (2) Tank car specifications. A tank car used for a PIH material 
must have a tank test pressure of 20.7 Bar (300 psig) or greater, head 
protection, and a metal jacket (e.g., DOT 105S300W), except that--
    (i) A higher test pressure is required if otherwise specified in 
this subchapter; and
    (ii) Each tank car constructed on or after March 16, 2009, and used 
for the transportation of PIH materials must meet the applicable 
authorized tank car specifications and standards listed in Sec. Sec.  
173.244(a)(2) or (3) and 173.314(c) or (d).
    (iii) A tank car owner retiring or otherwise removing a tank car 
from service transporting PIH material, other than because of damage to 
the car, must retire or remove cars constructed of non-normalized steel 
in the head or shell before removing any car in service transporting 
PIH materials constructed of normalized steel meeting the applicable 
DOT specification.
    (3) Phase-out of non-normalized steel tank cars. After December 31, 
2020, tank cars manufactured with non-normalized steel for head or 
shell construction may not be used for the transportation of PIH 
material.
    (4) Phase-out of legacy tank cars. After December 31, 2027, tank 
cars not meeting the requirements of Sec. Sec.  173.244(a)(2) or (3) 
and 173.314(c) or (d) may not be used for the transportation of PIH 
material.
* * * * *

0
16. In Sec.  173.56, revise paragraph (b) introductory text to read as 
follows:


Sec.  173.56   New explosives--definition and procedures for 
classification and approval.

* * * * *
    (b) Examination, classification and approval. Except as provided in 
Sec. Sec.  173.64, 173.65, and 173.67, no person may offer a new 
explosive for transportation unless that person has specified to the 
examining agency the ranges of composition of ingredients and 
compounds, showing the intended manufacturing tolerances in the 
composition of substances or design of articles which will be allowed 
in that material or device, and unless it has been examined, classed 
and approved as follows:
* * * * *

0
17. In Sec.  173.59, revise the definition of ``consumer firework'' to 
read as follows:


Sec.  173.59   Description of terms for explosives.

* * * * *
    Consumer firework. Any finished firework device that is in a form 
intended for use by the public that complies with any limits and 
requirements of the APA Standard 87-1A (IBR, see Sec.  171.7 of this 
subchapter) and the construction, performance, chemical composition, 
and labeling requirements codified by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety 
Commission in 16 CFR parts 1500 and 1507. A consumer firework does not 
include firework devices, kits or components banned by the U.S. 
Consumer Product Safety Commission in 16 CFR 1500.17(a)(8).
* * * * *

0
18. In Sec.  173.64, revise paragraphs (a)(1) and (3) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  173.64   Exceptions for Division 1.3 and 1.4 fireworks.

    (a) * * *
    (1) The fireworks are manufactured in accordance with the 
applicable requirements in APA 87-1A, 87-1B, and 87-1C (IBR, see Sec.  
171.7 of this subchapter);
* * * * *
    (3) The manufacturer applies in writing to the Associate 
Administrator following the applicable requirements in APA 87-1A, 87-
1B, and 87-1C and is notified in writing by the Associate Administrator 
that the fireworks have been classed, approved, and assigned an EX 
number. Each application must be complete and include all relevant 
background data and copies of all applicable drawings, test results, 
and any other pertinent information on each device for which approval 
is being requested. The manufacturer must sign the application and 
certify that the device for which approval is requested conforms to the 
appropriate APA Standard, that the descriptions and technical 
information contained in the application are complete and accurate, and 
with respect to APA 87-1A that no duplicate application has been 
submitted to a fireworks certification agency. If the application is 
denied, the manufacturer will be notified in writing of the reasons for 
the denial. The Associate Administrator may require that the fireworks 
be examined by an agency listed in Sec.  173.56(b)(1) of this part.
* * * * *

0
19. In Sec.  173.65, revise paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(3)(i), and 
(a)(4)(iv) to read as follows:


Sec.  173.65   Exceptions for Division 1.4G consumer fireworks.

    (a) * * *
    (1) The fireworks are manufactured in accordance with the 
applicable requirements in APA 87-1A (IBR, see Sec.  171.7 of this 
subchapter);
* * * * *
    (3) * * *
    (i) Certified that it complies with APA 87-1A, and meets the 
requirements of this section; and
* * * * *
    (4) * * *
    (iv) Signed certification declaring that the device for which 
certification is requested conforms to the APA 87-1A, that the 
descriptions and technical information contained in the application are 
complete and accurate, and that no duplicate applications have been 
submitted to PHMSA. If the application is denied, the Fireworks 
Certification Agency must notify the manufacturer in writing of the 
reasons for the denial. As detailed in the DOT-approval issued to the 
Fireworks Certification Agency, following the issuance of a denial from 
a Fireworks Certification Agency, a manufacturer may seek 
reconsideration from the Fireworks Certification Agency, or may appeal 
the reconsideration decision of the Fireworks Certification Agency to 
the PHMSA Administrator.
* * * * *

0
20. Add Sec.  173.67 to subpart C to read as follows:


Sec.  173.67   Exceptions for Division 1.1 jet perforating guns.

    (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of Sec.  173.56(b), Division 
1.1 jet perforating guns may be classed and approved by the Associate 
Administrator without prior examination and offered for transportation 
if the following conditions are met:
    (1) The jet perforating guns are manufactured in accordance with 
the applicable requirements in AESC/IME JPG Standard (IBR, see Sec.  
171.7 of this subchapter);
    (2) The jet perforating gun must be of a type described in the 
AESC/IME JPG Standard;
    (3) The applicant applies in writing to the Associate Administrator 
following

[[Page 75714]]

the applicable requirements in the AESC/IME JPG Standard, and is 
notified in writing by the Associate Administrator that the jet 
perforating gun has been classed, approved, and assigned an EX number. 
Each application must be complete and include all relevant background 
data, the applicable drawings, and any other pertinent information as 
described in the AESC/IME JPG Standard on each jet perforating gun for 
which approval is being requested. The manufacturer must sign the 
application and certify that the jet perforating gun for which approval 
is requested conforms to the AESC/IME JPG Standard and that the 
descriptions and technical information contained in the application are 
complete and accurate. If the application is denied, the applicant will 
be notified in writing of the reasons for the denial. The Associate 
Administrator may require that the jet perforating gun be examined as 
provided under Sec.  173.56(b)(1).
    (b) [Reserved]

0
21. In Sec.  173.151, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) to read as 
follow:


Sec.  173.151   Exceptions for Class 4

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) For flammable solids in Packing Group II, inner packagings not 
over 1.0 kg (2.2 pounds) or 1 L (0.3 gallon) net capacity each, packed 
in a strong outer packaging.
    (ii) For flammable solids in Packing Group III, inner packagings 
not over 5.0 kg (11 pounds) or 5.0 L (1.3 gallon) net capacity each, 
packed in a strong outer packaging.
* * * * *

0
22. In Sec.  173.244, revise the table in paragraph (a)(2) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  173.244   Bulk packaging for certain pyrophoric liquids (Division 
4.2), dangerous when wet (Division 4.3) materials, and poisonous 
liquids with inhalation hazards (Division 6.1).

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (2) * * *

                       Table 1 to Paragraph (a)(2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Authorized tank car
             Proper shipping name                    specification
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetone cyanohydrin, stabilized (Note 1).....  105H500W, 112H500W
Acrolein (Note 1)............................  105H600W
Allyl Alcohol................................  105H500W, 112H500W
Bromine......................................  105H500W
Chloropicrin.................................  105H500W, 112H500W
Chlorosulfonic acid..........................  105H500W, 112H500W
Dimethyl sulfate.............................  105H500W, 112H500W
Ethyl chloroformate..........................  105H500W, 112H500W
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene....................  105H500W, 112H500W
Hydrocyanic acid, aqueous solution or          105H500W, 112H500W
 Hydrogen cyanide, aqueous solution with not
 more than 20% hydrogen cyanide (Note 2).
Hydrogen cyanide, stabilized (Note 2)........  105H600W
Hydrogen fluoride, anhydrous.................  105H500W, 112H500W
Poison inhalation hazard, Zone A materials     105H600W
 not specifically identified in this table.
Poison inhalation hazard, Zone B materials     105H500W, 112H500W
 not specifically identified in this table.
Phosphorus trichloride.......................  105H500W, 112H500W
Sulfur trioxide, stabilized..................  105H500W, 112H500W
Sulfuric acid, fuming........................  105H500W, 112H500W
Titanium tetrachloride.......................  105H500W, 112H500W
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note 1 to table 1 to paragraph (a)(2): Each tank car must have a
  reclosing pressure relief device having a start-to-discharge pressure
  of 10.34 Bar (150 psig). Restenciling to a lower test pressure is not
  authorized.
Note 2 to table 1 to paragraph (a)(2): Each tank car must have a
  reclosing pressure relief device having a start-to-discharge pressure
  of 15.51 Bar (225 psig). Restenciling to a lower test pressure is not
  authorized.

* * * * *
0
23. In Sec.  173.302, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  173.302   Filling of cylinders with non-liquefied (permanent) 
compressed gases or adsorbed gases.

    (a) General requirements. (1) Except as provided in Sec.  
171.23(a)(3) of this subchapter, a cylinder filled with a non-liquefied 
compressed gas (except gas in solution) must be offered for 
transportation in accordance with the requirements of this section and 
Sec.  173.301 of this subpart. In addition, a DOT specification 
cylinder must meet the requirements in Sec. Sec.  173.301a, 173.302a, 
and 173.305 of the subpart, as applicable. UN pressure receptacles must 
meet the requirements in Sec. Sec.  173.301b and 173.302b of this 
subpart, as applicable. Where more than one section applies to a 
cylinder, the most restrictive requirements must be followed.
    (2) Adsorbed gas. Except as provided in Sec.  171.23(a)(3) of this 
subchapter, a cylinder filled with an adsorbed gas must be offered for 
transportation in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (d) of 
this section, and Sec. Sec.  173.301, and 173.302c of this subpart. UN 
cylinders must meet the requirements in Sec. Sec.  173.301b and 
173.302b of this subpart, as applicable. Where more than one section 
applies to a cylinder, the most restrictive requirements must be 
followed.
* * * * *

0
24. In Sec.  173.304, revise paragraph (a) introductory text to read as 
follows:


Sec.  173.304   Filling of cylinders with liquefied compressed gases.

    (a) General requirements. Except as provided in Sec.  171.23(a)(3) 
of this subchapter, a cylinder filled with a liquefied compressed gas 
(except gas in solution) must be offered for transportation in 
accordance with the requirements of this section and the general 
requirements in Sec.  173.301 of this subpart. In addition, a DOT 
specification cylinder must meet the requirement in Sec. Sec.  
173.301a, 173.304a, and 173.305 of this subpart, as applicable. UN 
pressure receptacles must be shipped in accordance with the 
requirements in Sec. Sec.  173.301b and 173.304b of this subpart, as 
applicable.
* * * * *

0
25. In Sec.  173.308, revise paragraph (d) to read as follows:

[[Page 75715]]

Sec.  173.308   Lighters.

* * * * *
    (d) Shipping paper and marking requirements. (1) In addition to the 
requirements of subpart C of part 172, shipping papers must be 
annotated with the lighter design test report identifier (see paragraph 
(b)(4)(i)(C) of this section) traceable to the test report assigned to 
the lighters or, if applicable, the previously issued approval number 
(i.e., T* * *), in association with the basic description.
    (2) In addition to the requirements of subpart D of part 172, a 
lighter design test report identifier (see paragraph (b)(4)(i)(C) of 
this section) or, if applicable, the previously issued approval number 
(i.e., T* * *), must be marked on a package containing lighters.
* * * * *

0
26. In Sec.  173.314, amend paragraph (c) by revising the table to read 
as follows:


Sec.  173.314   Compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *

                                            Table 1 to Paragraph (c)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                             Authorized tank car
             Proper shipping name                Outage and filling    Authorized tank car   specification (see
                                                 limits (see note 1)   class (see note 11)        note 12)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ammonia, anhydrous, or ammonia solutions >50    Notes 2, 10.........  105, 112, 114, 120..  105H500W, 112H500W
 percent ammonia.
                                                Note 3..............  106.................  ....................
Ammonia solutions with >35 percent, but <=50    Note 3..............  105, 109, 112, 114,   ....................
 percent ammonia by mass.                                              120.
Argon, compressed.............................  Note 4..............  107.................  ....................
Boron trichloride.............................  Note 3..............  105, 106............  ....................
Carbon dioxide, refrigerated liquid...........  Note 5..............  105.................  ....................
Chlorine......................................  Note 6..............  105.................  105H600W
                                                125.................  106.................  ....................
Chlorine trifluoride..........................  Note 3..............  106, 110............  ....................
Chlorine pentafluoride........................  Note 3..............  106, 110............  ....................
Dimethyl ether................................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 110, 112,   ....................
                                                                       114, 120.
Dimethylamine, anhydrous......................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 112.......  ....................
Dinitrogen tetroxide, inhibited...............  Note 3..............  105, 106, 112.......  105H500W
Division 2.1 materials not specifically         Notes 9, 10.........  105, 106, 110, 112,   ....................
 identified in this table.                                             114, 120.
Division 2.2 materials not specifically         Note 3..............  105, 106, 109, 110,   ....................
 identified in this table.                                             112, 114, 120.
Division 2.3 Zone A materials not specifically  None................  See Sec.   173.245..  105H600W
 identified in this table.
Division 2.3 Zone B materials not specifically  Note 3..............  105, 106, 110, 112,   105H600W
 identified in this table.                                             114, 120.
Division 2.3 Zone C materials not specifically  Note 3..............  105, 106, 110, 112,   105H500W
 identified in this table.                                             114, 120.
Division 2.3 Zone D materials not specifically  Note 3..............  105, 106, 109, 110,   105H500W, 112H500H
 identified in this table.                                             112, 114, 120.
Ethylamine....................................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 110, 112,   ....................
                                                                       114, 120.
Helium, compressed............................  Note 4..............  107.................  ....................
Hydrogen......................................  Note 4..............  107.................  ....................
Hydrogen chloride, refrigerated liquid........  Note 7..............  105.................  105H600W, 112H600W
Hydrogen sulfide..............................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 110, 112,   105H600W
                                                                       114, 120.
Hydrogen sulfide, liquefied...................  68..................  106.................  ....................
Methyl bromide................................  Note 3..............  105, 106............  105H500W
Methyl chloride...............................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 112.......  ....................
Methyl mercaptan..............................  Note 3..............  105, 106............  105H500W
Methylamine, anhydrous........................  Note 3..............  105, 106, 112.......  ....................
Nitrogen, compressed..........................  Note 4..............  107.................  ....................
Nitrosyl chloride.............................  124.................  105.................  105H500W
                                                110.................  106.................  ....................
Nitrous oxide, refrigerated liquid............  Note 5..............  105.................  ....................
Oxygen, compressed............................  Note 4..............  107.................  ....................
Phosgene......................................  Note 3..............  106.................  ....................
Sulfur dioxide, liquefied.....................  125.................  105, 106, 110.......  105H500W
Sulfuryl fluoride.............................  120.................  105.................  ....................
Vinyl fluoride, stabilized....................  Note 8..............  105.................  ....................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes to table 1 to paragraph (c): 1. The percent filling density for liquefied gases is hereby defined as the
  percent ratio of the mass of gas in the tank to the mass of water that the tank will hold. For determining the
  water capacity of the tank in kilograms, the mass of 1 L of water at 15.5 [deg]C in air is 1 kg. (the mass of
  one gallon of water at 60 [deg]F in air is 8.32828 pounds).
2. The liquefied gas must be loaded so that the outage is at least two percent of the total capacity of the tank
  at the reference temperature of 46 [deg]C (115 [deg]F) for a noninsulated tank; 43 [deg]C (110 [deg]F) for a
  tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall thermal
  conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour per square meter per degree
  Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential; and 41 [deg]C (105 [deg]F)
  for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall
  thermal conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour per square meter per
  degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential.
3. The requirements of Sec.   173.24b(a) apply.

[[Page 75716]]

 
4. The gas pressure at 54.44 [deg]C (130 [deg]F.) in any non-insulated tank car may not exceed \7/10\ of the
  marked test pressure, except that a tank may be charged with helium to a pressure 10 percent in excess of the
  marked maximum gas pressure at 54.44 [deg]C (130 [deg]F.) of each tank.
5. The liquid portion of the gas at -17.77 [deg]C (0 [deg]F.) must not completely fill the tank.
6. The maximum permitted filling density is 125 percent. The quantity of chlorine loaded into a single unit-tank
  car may not be loaded in excess of the normal lading weights nor in excess of 81.65 Mg (90 tons).
7. 89 percent maximum to 80.1 percent minimum at a test pressure of 6.2 Bar (90 psig).
8. 59.6 percent maximum to 53.6 percent minimum at a test pressure of 7.2 Bar (105 psig).
9. For a liquefied petroleum gas, the liquefied gas must be loaded so that the outage is at least one percent of
  the total capacity of the tank at the reference temperature of 46 [deg]C (115 [deg]F) for a noninsulated tank;
  43 [deg]C (110 [deg]F) for a tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that
  provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour
  per square meter per degree Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential;
  and 41 [deg]C (105 [deg]F) for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket that
  provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour
  per square meter per degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature
  differential.
10. For liquefied petroleum gas and anhydrous ammonia, during the months of November through March (winter), the
  following reference temperatures may be used: 38 [deg]C (100 [deg]F) for a noninsulated tank; 32 [deg]C (90
  [deg]F) for a tank having a thermal protection system incorporating a metal jacket that provides an overall
  thermal conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 10.22 kilojoules per hour per square meter per
  degree Celsius (0.5 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature differential; and 29 [deg]C (85
  [deg]F) for an insulated tank having an insulation system incorporating a metal jacket and insulation that
  provides an overall thermal conductance at 15.5 [deg]C (60 [deg]F) of no more than 1.5333 kilojoules per hour
  per square meter per degree Celsius (0.075 Btu per hour/per square foot/per degree F) temperature
  differential. The winter reference temperatures may only be used for a tank car shipped directly to a consumer
  for unloading and not stored in transit. The offeror of the tank must inform each customer that the tank car
  was filled based on winter reference temperatures. The tank must be unloaded as soon as possible after March
  in order to retain the specified outage and to prevent a release of hazardous material which might occur due
  to the tank car becoming liquid full at higher temperatures.
11. For materials poisonous by inhalation, the single unit tank car tanks authorized are only those cars
  approved by the Tank Car Committee for transportation of the specified material and built prior to March 16,
  2009.
12. Except as provided by paragraph (d) of this section, for materials poisonous by inhalation, fusion-welded
  tank car tanks built on or after March 16, 2009 used for the transportation of the PIH materials noted, must
  meet the applicable authorized tank car specification and must be equipped with a head shield as prescribed in
  Sec.   179.16(c)(1).

* * * * *

PART 178--SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS

0
27. The authority citation for part 178 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.


0
28. In Sec.  178.35, revise paragraphs (b)(2) and (c) as follows:


Sec.  178.35   General requirements for specification cylinders.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) For DOT Specifications 3B, 3BN, 3E, 4B, 4BA, 4B240ET, 4AA480, 
4L, 8, 8AL, 4BW, 4E, 4D (with a water capacity less than 1,100 cubic 
inches) and Specification 39 (with a marked service pressure 900 psig 
or lower), and manufactured within the United States, a competent 
inspector of the manufacturer.
    (c) Duties of inspector. The inspector shall determine that each 
cylinder made is in conformance with the applicable specification. 
Inspections shall conform to CGA C-11 (IBR, see Sec.  171.7 of this 
subchapter) except as otherwise specified in the applicable 
specification.
    (1) Seamless cylinders. Seamless cylinders shall be inspected in 
accordance with Section 5 of CGA C-11. For cylinders made by the 
billet-piercing process, billets must be inspected and shown to be free 
from piping (laminations), cracks, excessive segregation and other 
injurious defects after parting or, when applicable, after nick and 
cold break.
    (2) Welded cylinders. Welded cylinders shall be inspected in 
accordance with Section 6 of CGA C-11. Note: The recommended locations 
for test specimens are depicted in Figures 1 through 5 in appendix A to 
subpart C of part 178.
    (3) Non-refillable cylinders. Non-refillable cylinders shall be 
inspected in accordance with Section 7 of CGA C-11
    (4) Inspector's report. The inspector shall prepare a report 
containing, at a minimum, the applicable information listed in CGA C-
11. Any additional information or markings that are required by the 
applicable specification must be shown on the test report. The 
signature of the inspector on the reports certifies that the processes 
of manufacture and heat treatment of cylinders were observed and found 
satisfactory. The inspector must furnish the completed test reports 
required by this subpart to the maker of the cylinder and, upon 
request, to the purchaser. The test report must be retained by the 
inspector for 15 years from the original test date of the cylinder.
* * * * *

0
29. In Sec.  178.521, revise paragraph (b)(4) as follows:


Sec.  178.521   Standards for paper bags.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (4) UN5M1 and UN5M2 multi-wall paper bags that have paper wall 
basis weights that vary by not more than plus or minus 10 percent from 
the nominal basis weight reported in the initial design qualification 
test report.

PART 179--SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS.

0
30. The authority citation for part 179 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.


0
31. In Sec.  179.22, revise paragraph (e) as follows:


Sec.  179.22   Marking.

* * * * *
    (e) Each tank car manufactured after March 16, 2009, and before 
December 28, 2020, to meet the requirements of Sec. Sec.  173.244(a)(2) 
or (3) or 173.314(c) or (d) that is marked with the letter ``I'' in the 
specification marking, following the test pressure, shall be re-marked 
with the letter ``W'' with a delimeter of letter ``H'' at the tank 
car's next qualification. (Example: DOT 105J600I would be re-marked as 
105H600W.) Each new tank car manufactured after December 28, 2020 shall 
be marked with the letter ``W'' following the test pressure and with a 
delimiter of ``H''. (Example: 105H600W).

PART 180--CONTINUING QUALIFICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PACKAGINGS

0
32. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.


0
33. In Sec.  180.209, revise paragraph (l)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  180.209   Requirements for requalification of specification 
cylinders.

* * * * *
    (l) * * *
    (2) It is offered for transportation in conformance with the 
requirements of Sec. Sec.  171.12(a)(4) or 171.23(a)(5) of this 
subchapter.
* * * * *

[[Page 75717]]


0
34. In Sec.  180.213, revise paragraph (d)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  180.213   Requalification markings.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (2) Exception: A cylinder subject to the requirements of Sec.  
171.23(a)(5) of this subchapter may not be marked with a RIN.
* * * * *

0
35. In Sec.  180.417, revise the paragraph (a)(3) subject heading to 
read as follows:


Sec.  180.417   Reporting and record retention requirements.

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (3) DOT Specification cargo tanks.
* * * * *

    Issued in Washington, DC, on October 21, 2020, under authority 
delegated in 49 CFR 1.97.
Howard R. Elliott,
Administrator, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.
[FR Doc. 2020-23712 Filed 11-24-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-60-P