Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR, 65871-65872 [2020-22921]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 201 / Friday, October 16, 2020 / Notices California Berkeley, 119 California Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720–1500, telephone (510) 672–5388, email t.torma@ berkeley.edu. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. The human remains were removed from Marin County, CA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the University of California Berkeley professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES History and Description of the Remains In November 1938, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from a shell mound near the Point Reyes Coast Guard Station in Marin County, CA, by Lloyd Travis Jr., a well-known biologist. The human remains were put in the collection of Milton Hildebrand, a graduate student at the University of California Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology in the 1940’s. When Hildebrand went to the University of California Davis to teach in the Zoology Department, he created his own teaching collection for comparative anatomy. In the 1980’s, after he retired, Hildebrand gave his collection to the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Determinations Made by the University of California Berkeley Officials of the University of California Berkeley have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:59 Oct 15, 2020 Jkt 253001 Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Dr. Thomas Torma, NAGPRA Liaison, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, University of California Berkeley, 119 California Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720–1500, telephone (510) 672–5388, email t.torma@berkeley.edu, by November 16, 2020. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the Federated Tribes of Graton Rancheria, California may proceed. The University of California Berkeley is responsible for notifying the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California that this notice has been published. Dated: September 28, 2020. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2020–22919 Filed 10–15–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0030911; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Portland Art Museum, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, has determined that the cultural items listed in this notice meet the definition of objects of cultural patrimony. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request to the Portland Art Museum. If no additional claimants come forward, transfer of control of the cultural items to the lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request with SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00084 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 65871 information in support of the claim to the Portland Art Museum at the address in this notice by November 16, 2020. ADDRESSES: Kathleen Ash-Milby, Curator of Native American Art, Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 276–4294, email kathleen.ashmilby@pam.org and Donald Urquhart, Director of Collections and Special Exhibitions, Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 276–4354, email donald.urquhart@pam.org. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR, that meet the definition of objects of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. History and Description of the Cultural Items Between 1921 and 1944, Axel Rasmussen, Superintendent of Schools first in Wrangell, AK, and later in Skagway, AK, collected Native American art and cultural items primarily from the Tlingit communities he served and from dealers in the region. After his death in 1945, his collection was transferred to art dealer Earl Stendahl in California. This collection was purchased by the Portland Art Museum in 1948. In 2002, the nine cultural items listed in this notice were claimed by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the Naanya.aayi clan and the Wrangell Cooperative Association. The cultural items belonged to the Naanya.aayi clan and were kept in their clan house (known as the ‘‘Shakes House’’) under the custody of the hereditary clan leader, Chief Shakes, over multiple generations. The last Chief Shakes, Chief Shakes VII (aka Charlie Jones, died 1944), was installed in 1940. The cultural items have ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural importance that is central to the Tlingit clan structure. They are necessary for the renewal and continued practice of Tlingit religious ceremonies, rituals, and traditions of E:\FR\FM\16OCN1.SGM 16OCN1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 65872 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 201 / Friday, October 16, 2020 / Notices their clans and clan leaders. Ownership of the cultural items is shown by clan crests displayed on eight of the cultural items: The mudshark crest on catalog numbers 48.3.419; 48.3.568; 48.3.569; 48.3.715, and the killer whale crest on catalog numbers 48.3.553; 48.422 a, b; 48.3.528; 48.3.544. As they are collectively owned by the Naanya.aayi clan, these cultural items cannot be alienated by any one individual. The nine cultural items are described as follows: Items 1–3: X’a´tgu S’aaxw/Mudshark Hat (catalog number 48.3.419); X’a´tgu Kooda´s’/Mudshark shirt (catalog number 48.3.715); Ditlein X’oow/Killer whale Stranded on a Rock, Robe (catalog number 48.3.553). According to Portland Art Museum records, in 1930, Rasmussen obtained the hat and shirt from a family member of Chief Shakes VI who died in 1915, and in 1934, he obtained the robe from another family member in Wrangell. According to oral traditional information presented by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes, these items were removed by Wrangell police after the death of Mrs. Kunk. Item 4: Keet S’aaxw/Killer whale Hat (catalog number 48.3.422 A, B). According to museum records, on April 23, 1934, Rasmussen obtained the hat from a family member of Chief Shakes VI. Item 5: Keet kuwool/Killer whale With a Hole (catalog number 48.3.528). According to museum records, this wooden fin was first obtained by Andrew Wanamaker in 1933, and subsequently sold to Rasmussen. Item 6: Keet Naaxein/Killer whale Flotilla Chilkat Robe (catalog number 48.3.544). Museum records indicate that in 1936, Rasmussen obtained the robe from Esther Johnson Orcutt. Photographic evidence of clan ownership is provided by a 1913 photograph in the collections of the Anchorage Museum of History and Art entitled ‘‘Coonk Shakes, Nephew of a Great Chief of Wrangell,’’ in which the robe appears next to other clan property, and a 1900 photograph showing the clan house panel from which the robe design was adopted. Item 7: X’a´tgu Kooda´s’/Mudshark Shirt (catalog number 48.3.568). Museum records indicate that in 1934, Rasmussen obtained the shirt from William James, of Wrangell. According to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes, Mr. James was the son of L’axdujeek, a ‘‘tribal’’ sister of Charlie Jones, aka Chief Shakes VII, and was not from the Naanya.aayi clan. Item 8: X’a´tgu Kooda´s’/Mudshark Shirt with dentalia shell (catalog VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:59 Oct 15, 2020 Jkt 253001 number 48.3.569). Museum records indicate that in 1931, Rasmussen obtained the shirt from Charlie Jones, of Wrangell, AK. The 1931 sale occurred before Jones was installed as Chief Shakes (in 1940). Item 9: Geet Shakee.at/Storm Headdress (catalog number 48.3.435). According to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes, this headdress was captured from the Tsimshian during a battle near the mouth of the Stikine River. Imbued with the words of ‘‘spirit songs,’’ it was worn by the ixt’ (shaman) in ceremonial dance. Photographs from ca.1890 and 1913 show the headdress in the clan house together with other clan property. Museum records indicate that in 1931, Charlie Jones sold the headdress to Rasmussen. Association that this notice has been published. Determinations Made by the Portland Art Museum: SUMMARY: Officials of the Portland Art Museum have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the nine cultural items described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the objects of cultural patrimony and the Naanya.aayi clan, a constituent of the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes. Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request with information in support of the claim to Kathleen Ash-Milby, Curator of Native American Art, Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 276–4294, email kathleen.ash-milby@pam.org and Donald Urquhart, Director of Collections and Special Exhibitions, Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 276–4354, email donald.urquhart@ pam.org, by November 16, 2020. After that date, if no additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the objects of cultural patrimony to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes may proceed. The Portland Art Museum is responsible for notifying the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes and the Wrangell Cooperative PO 00000 Frm 00085 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Dated: September 16, 2020. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2020–22921 Filed 10–15–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0030988; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The University of California Berkeley has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and present-day Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request to the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, University of California Berkeley. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, University of California Berkeley November 16, 2020. ADDRESSES: Dr. Thomas Torma, NAGPRA Liaison, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, University of California Berkeley, 119 California Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720–1500, telephone (510) 672–5388, email t.torma@ berkeley.edu. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the E:\FR\FM\16OCN1.SGM 16OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 201 (Friday, October 16, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 65871-65872]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-22921]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-NPS0030911; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Portland Art 
Museum, Portland, OR

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Portland Art Museum, in consultation with the appropriate 
Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, has determined that the 
cultural items listed in this notice meet the definition of objects of 
cultural patrimony. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian 
Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice 
that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request 
to the Portland Art Museum. If no additional claimants come forward, 
transfer of control of the cultural items to the lineal descendants, 
Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice 
may proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
claim these cultural items should submit a written request with 
information in support of the claim to the Portland Art Museum at the 
address in this notice by November 16, 2020.

ADDRESSES: Kathleen Ash-Milby, Curator of Native American Art, Portland 
Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 
276-4294, email [email protected] and Donald Urquhart, 
Director of Collections and Special Exhibitions, Portland Art Museum, 
1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone (503) 276-4354, 
email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items under the 
control of the Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR, that meet the 
definition of objects of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Items

    Between 1921 and 1944, Axel Rasmussen, Superintendent of Schools 
first in Wrangell, AK, and later in Skagway, AK, collected Native 
American art and cultural items primarily from the Tlingit communities 
he served and from dealers in the region. After his death in 1945, his 
collection was transferred to art dealer Earl Stendahl in California. 
This collection was purchased by the Portland Art Museum in 1948.
    In 2002, the nine cultural items listed in this notice were claimed 
by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf 
of the Naanya.aayi clan and the Wrangell Cooperative Association. The 
cultural items belonged to the Naanya.aayi clan and were kept in their 
clan house (known as the ``Shakes House'') under the custody of the 
hereditary clan leader, Chief Shakes, over multiple generations. The 
last Chief Shakes, Chief Shakes VII (aka Charlie Jones, died 1944), was 
installed in 1940. The cultural items have ongoing historical, 
traditional, and cultural importance that is central to the Tlingit 
clan structure. They are necessary for the renewal and continued 
practice of Tlingit religious ceremonies, rituals, and traditions of

[[Page 65872]]

their clans and clan leaders. Ownership of the cultural items is shown 
by clan crests displayed on eight of the cultural items: The mudshark 
crest on catalog numbers 48.3.419; 48.3.568; 48.3.569; 48.3.715, and 
the killer whale crest on catalog numbers 48.3.553; 48.422 a, b; 
48.3.528; 48.3.544. As they are collectively owned by the Naanya.aayi 
clan, these cultural items cannot be alienated by any one individual.
    The nine cultural items are described as follows:
    Items 1-3: X'[aacute]tgu S'aaxw/Mudshark Hat (catalog number 
48.3.419); X'[aacute]tgu Kood[aacute]s'/Mudshark shirt (catalog number 
48.3.715); Ditlein X'oow/Killer whale Stranded on a Rock, Robe (catalog 
number 48.3.553). According to Portland Art Museum records, in 1930, 
Rasmussen obtained the hat and shirt from a family member of Chief 
Shakes VI who died in 1915, and in 1934, he obtained the robe from 
another family member in Wrangell. According to oral traditional 
information presented by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida 
Indian Tribes, these items were removed by Wrangell police after the 
death of Mrs. Kunk.
    Item 4: Keet S'aaxw/Killer whale Hat (catalog number 48.3.422 A, 
B). According to museum records, on April 23, 1934, Rasmussen obtained 
the hat from a family member of Chief Shakes VI.
    Item 5: Keet kuwool/Killer whale With a Hole (catalog number 
48.3.528). According to museum records, this wooden fin was first 
obtained by Andrew Wanamaker in 1933, and subsequently sold to 
Rasmussen.
    Item 6: Keet Naaxein/Killer whale Flotilla Chilkat Robe (catalog 
number 48.3.544). Museum records indicate that in 1936, Rasmussen 
obtained the robe from Esther Johnson Orcutt. Photographic evidence of 
clan ownership is provided by a 1913 photograph in the collections of 
the Anchorage Museum of History and Art entitled ``Coonk Shakes, Nephew 
of a Great Chief of Wrangell,'' in which the robe appears next to other 
clan property, and a 1900 photograph showing the clan house panel from 
which the robe design was adopted.
    Item 7: X'[aacute]tgu Kood[aacute]s'/Mudshark Shirt (catalog number 
48.3.568). Museum records indicate that in 1934, Rasmussen obtained the 
shirt from William James, of Wrangell. According to the Central Council 
of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes, Mr. James was the son of 
L'axdujeek, a ``tribal'' sister of Charlie Jones, aka Chief Shakes VII, 
and was not from the Naanya.aayi clan.
    Item 8: X'[aacute]tgu Kood[aacute]s'/Mudshark Shirt with dentalia 
shell (catalog number 48.3.569). Museum records indicate that in 1931, 
Rasmussen obtained the shirt from Charlie Jones, of Wrangell, AK. The 
1931 sale occurred before Jones was installed as Chief Shakes (in 
1940).
    Item 9: Geet Shakee.at/Storm Headdress (catalog number 48.3.435). 
According to the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes, 
this headdress was captured from the Tsimshian during a battle near the 
mouth of the Stikine River. Imbued with the words of ``spirit songs,'' 
it was worn by the ixt' (shaman) in ceremonial dance. Photographs from 
ca.1890 and 1913 show the headdress in the clan house together with 
other clan property. Museum records indicate that in 1931, Charlie 
Jones sold the headdress to Rasmussen.

Determinations Made by the Portland Art Museum:

    Officials of the Portland Art Museum have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the nine cultural items 
described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural 
importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, 
rather than property owned by an individual.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the objects 
of cultural patrimony and the Naanya.aayi clan, a constituent of the 
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to claim 
these cultural items should submit a written request with information 
in support of the claim to Kathleen Ash-Milby, Curator of Native 
American Art, Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 
97205, telephone (503) 276-4294, email [email protected] and 
Donald Urquhart, Director of Collections and Special Exhibitions, 
Portland Art Museum, 1219 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR 97205, telephone 
(503) 276-4354, email [email protected], by November 16, 2020. 
After that date, if no additional claimants have come forward, transfer 
of control of the objects of cultural patrimony to the Central Council 
of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes may proceed.
    The Portland Art Museum is responsible for notifying the Central 
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes and the Wrangell 
Cooperative Association that this notice has been published.

    Dated: September 16, 2020.
Melanie O'Brien,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2020-22921 Filed 10-15-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-52-P