Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 54621-54623 [2020-19359]

Download as PDF 54621 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 171 / Wednesday, September 2, 2020 / Notices Original product exclusions Note 20 subdivision Corresponding extension of product exclusions Chapter 99 heading 20(fff)(31) ...................................................... 20(uu)(6) ....................................................... 20(uu)(7) ....................................................... 20(uu)(9) ....................................................... 20(uu)(11) ..................................................... 20(uu)(12) ..................................................... 20(uu)(14) ..................................................... 20(uu)(15) ..................................................... 20(uu)(16) ..................................................... 20(uu)(17) ..................................................... 20(ddd)(20) ................................................... 20(ddd)(21) ................................................... 20(ddd)(25) ................................................... 20(ddd)(26) ................................................... 20(ddd)(27) ................................................... 20(ddd)(28) ................................................... 20(ww)(12) .................................................... 20(zz)(7) ....................................................... 20(fff)(48) ...................................................... 20(bbb)(19) ................................................... 20(uu)(19) ..................................................... 20(ddd)(33) ................................................... 20(bbb)(23) ................................................... 20(bbb)(24) ................................................... 20(bbb)(26) ................................................... 20(ddd)(35) ................................................... 20(ddd)(36) ................................................... 20(ddd)(37) ................................................... 20(ddd)(38) ................................................... 20(ddd)(39) ................................................... 20(ddd)(40) ................................................... 20(ddd)(41) ................................................... 20(ddd)(42) ................................................... 20(ddd)(44) ................................................... 20(bbb)(29) ................................................... 20(ddd)(46) ................................................... 20(ddd)(47) ................................................... 20(ddd)(48) ................................................... 20(ddd)(49) ................................................... 20(fff)(56) ...................................................... 20(ddd)(51) ................................................... 20(fff)(59) ...................................................... 20(bbb)(33) ................................................... 20(ddd)(53) ................................................... 20(ddd)(57) ................................................... 20(ddd)(59) ................................................... [FR Doc. 2020–19419 Filed 9–1–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3290–F0–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0011] jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES FMCSA announces receipt of applications from five individuals for an 17:33 Sep 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0011 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0011. Follow ADDRESSES: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. PO 00000 Frm 00090 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Chapter 99 heading ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... Comments must be received on or before October 2, 2020. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 20(jjj)(42) 20(jjj)(43) 20(jjj)(44) 20(jjj)(45) 20(jjj)(46) 20(jjj)(47) 20(jjj)(48) 20(jjj)(49) 20(jjj)(50) 20(jjj)(51) 20(jjj)(52) 20(jjj)(53) 20(jjj)(54) 20(jjj)(55) 20(jjj)(56) 20(jjj)(57) 20(jjj)(58) 20(jjj)(59) 20(jjj)(60) 20(jjj)(61) 20(jjj)(62) 20(jjj)(63) 20(jjj)(64) 20(jjj)(65) 20(jjj)(66) 20(jjj)(67) 20(jjj)(68) 20(jjj)(69) 20(jjj)(70) 20(jjj)(71) 20(jjj)(72) 20(jjj)(73) 20(jjj)(74) 20(jjj)(75) 20(jjj)(76) 20(jjj)(77) 20(jjj)(78) 20(jjj)(79) 20(jjj)(80) 20(jjj)(81) 20(jjj)(82) 20(jjj)(83) 20(jjj)(84) 20(jjj)(85) 20(jjj)(86) 20(jjj)(87) DATES: Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision SUMMARY: 9903.88.53 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.42 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.44 9903.88.47 9903.88.53 9903.88.49 9903.88.42 9903.88.51 9903.88.49 9903.88.49 9903.88.49 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.49 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.53 9903.88.51 9903.88.53 9903.88.49 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 9903.88.51 Note 20 subdivision 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 9903.88.57 the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical E:\FR\FM\02SEN1.SGM 02SEN1 54622 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 171 / Wednesday, September 2, 2020 / Notices Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0011), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket? D=FMCSA-2020-0011. Click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket? D=FMCSA-2020-0011 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting Docket Operations in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:33 Sep 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 except Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 366–9317 or (202) 366–9826 before visiting Docket Operations. C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.transportation.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the FMCSRs for a 2year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The five individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in § 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act PO 00000 Frm 00091 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 for the 21st Century, Public Law 105– 178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of § 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively.1 The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An 1 A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/ pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf. E:\FR\FM\02SEN1.SGM 02SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 171 / Wednesday, September 2, 2020 / Notices Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Tanner L. Batey Mr. Batey, 21, has had glaucoma in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is counting fingers, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘I certify that this patient has sufficient vision to perform all required driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Batey reported that he has driven straight trucks for 6 years, accumulating 60,000 miles and tractortrailer combinations for 5 years, accumulating 185,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Montana. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Martin G. Burley, Jr. Mr. Burley, 57, has had chorioretinal scarring in his right eye due to myopia for five years. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/70, and in his left eye, 20/25. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘He has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Burley reported that he has driven straight trucks for 11 years, accumulating 221,000 miles and tractortrailer combinations for 1 year, accumulating 210,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Idaho. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Mr. Casillas Lucio, 36, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my professional opinion, vision wise, patient is stable and able to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Lucio reported that he has driven straight trucks for 3 years, accumulating 56,016 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from California. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no 17:33 Sep 01, 2020 Franz E. Fehr Mr. Fehr, 29, has had amblyopia in his right eye since 2006. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Based on my findings Franz Fehr has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Fehr reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 4 years, accumulating 580,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Texas. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Jonathan D. Steen Mr. Steen, 39, has macular scarring in his right eye due to an infection in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/125, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, Mr. Jonathan Steen has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Steen reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 20 years, accumulating 3 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Minnesota. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated under the DATES section of the notice. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2020–19359 Filed 9–1–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P Fernando Casillas Lucio VerDate Sep<11>2014 crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Jkt 250001 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0009] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00092 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 54623 FMCSA announces its decision to exempt six individuals from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. They are unable to meet the vision requirement in one eye for various reasons. The exemptions enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: The exemptions were applicable on August 14, 2020. The exemptions expire on August 14, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Public Participation A. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket? D=FMCSA-2020-0009 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting Docket Operations in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 366–9317 or (202) 366–9826 before visiting Docket Operations. B. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.transportation.gov/privacy. II. Background On July 14, 2020, FMCSA published a notice announcing receipt of applications from six individuals requesting an exemption from vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) E:\FR\FM\02SEN1.SGM 02SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 171 (Wednesday, September 2, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 54621-54623]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-19359]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0011]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), 
Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from five individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before October 2, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0011 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0011. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical

[[Page 54622]]

Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Operations, (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0011), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0011. Click on the ``Comment Now!'' button and type 
your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether 
you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a 
third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0011 and choose the document to review. If you do 
not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by 
visiting Docket Operations in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the 
DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 
366-9317 or (202) 366-9826 before visiting Docket Operations.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.transportation.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such 
exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, 
or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such 
exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at 
the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the 
FMCSRs for a 2-year period to align with the maximum duration of a 
driver's medical certification.
    The five individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in Sec.  391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) 
in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at 
least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability 
to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard 
red, green, and amber.
    On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was 
established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the 
statutes governing exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation 
Equity Act for the 21st Century, Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 
(June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures 
established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon 
application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 
Sec.  391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision 
deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is 
especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several 
research studies designed to correlate past and future driving 
performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the 
best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record 
of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found 
at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively.\1\ The fact that experienced 
monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver 
program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the 
same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are 
also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will 
continue to operate safely.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA 
final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and 
available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An

[[Page 54623]]

Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' 
Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 
California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of 
Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both 
concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single 
convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years of data, comparing the 
experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with their experiences in 
the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Tanner L. Batey

    Mr. Batey, 21, has had glaucoma in his right eye since birth. The 
visual acuity in his right eye is counting fingers, and in his left 
eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``I certify that this patient has sufficient vision to perform 
all required driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' 
Mr. Batey reported that he has driven straight trucks for 6 years, 
accumulating 60,000 miles and tractor-trailer combinations for 5 years, 
accumulating 185,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Montana. His 
driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions 
for moving violations in a CMV.

Martin G. Burley, Jr.

    Mr. Burley, 57, has had chorioretinal scarring in his right eye due 
to myopia for five years. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/70, 
and in his left eye, 20/25. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``He has sufficient vision to perform the driving 
tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Burley reported 
that he has driven straight trucks for 11 years, accumulating 221,000 
miles and tractor-trailer combinations for 1 year, accumulating 210,000 
miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Idaho. His driving record for the 
last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations 
in a CMV.

Fernando Casillas Lucio

    Mr. Casillas Lucio, 36, has had amblyopia in his left eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left 
eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, 
``In my professional opinion, vision wise, patient is stable and able 
to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Lucio reported that he has 
driven straight trucks for 3 years, accumulating 56,016 miles. He holds 
a Class B CDL from California. His driving record for the last 3 years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Franz E. Fehr

    Mr. Fehr, 29, has had amblyopia in his right eye since 2006. The 
visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/20. 
Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``Based on my 
findings Franz Fehr has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks 
required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Fehr reported that he 
has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 4 years, accumulating 
580,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Texas. His driving record 
for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Jonathan D. Steen

    Mr. Steen, 39, has macular scarring in his right eye due to an 
infection in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/125, 
and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2020, his 
optometrist stated, ``In my medical opinion, Mr. Jonathan Steen has 
sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Steen reported that he has driven tractor-
trailer combinations for 20 years, accumulating 3 million miles. He 
holds a Class A CDL from Minnesota. His driving record for the last 3 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated 
under the DATES section of the notice.

Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2020-19359 Filed 9-1-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P