Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 42484-42486 [2020-15155]

Download as PDF 42484 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 135 / Tuesday, July 14, 2020 / Notices and objectives of 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b). Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2020–15156 Filed 7–13–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION I. Public Participation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0009), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009. Click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. [Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0009] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from six individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before August 13, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0009 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:58 Jul 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12– 140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 366–9317 or (202) 366– 9826 before visiting Docket Operations. PO 00000 Frm 00139 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.transportation.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the FMCSRs for a 2year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The six individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in § 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures E:\FR\FM\14JYN1.SGM 14JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 135 / Tuesday, July 14, 2020 / Notices established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of § 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively.1 The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven, and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, 1 A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/ pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:58 Jul 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Heath G. Brown Mr. Brown, 41, has had a macular scar in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/60, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2020, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Mr. Brown has sufficient vision to perform the driving task required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Brown reported that he has driven straight trucks for 18 years, accumulating 9,000 miles and tractortrailer combinations for 18 years, accumulating 1.35 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Frederick V. Hanks Mr. Hanks, 65, has complete loss of vision in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In our opinion, Mr. Hanks has sufficient vision to continue driving a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Hanks reported that he has driven straight trucks for 33 years, accumulating 3.3 million miles, and buses for 6 years, accumulating 22,500 miles. He holds a Class BM CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. David T. Lembke Mr. Lembke, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/150, and in his left eye 20/25. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, I believe he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Lembke reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 5 years, accumulating 595,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Wisconsin. His driving record for the last 3 years PO 00000 Frm 00140 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 42485 shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. David W. McVicar Mr. McVicar, 55, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/25, and in his left eye, 20/60. Following an examination in 2020 his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, Mr. McVicar has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. McVicar reported that he has driven tractortrailer combinations for 17 years, accumulating 2.7 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Illinois. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Anthony M. Millard Mr. Millard, 38, has a corneal scar in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2000. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, light perception only. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I believe that in my medical opinion Anthony has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Millard reported that he has driven straight trucks for 2 years, accumulating 30,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 14 years, accumulating 308,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Nebraska. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Paul B. Overman Mr. Overman, 65, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2011. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 15, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Paul’s vision in unchanged, therefore he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Overman reported that he has driven straight trucks for 27 years, accumulating 701,190 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 27 years, accumulating 701,190 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Washington. His driving record for the last 3 years shows one crash and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before E:\FR\FM\14JYN1.SGM 14JYN1 42486 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 135 / Tuesday, July 14, 2020 / Notices the close of business on the closing date indicated under the DATES section of the notice. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2020–15155 Filed 7–13–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA–2020–0027–N–12] Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of information collection; request for comment. AGENCY: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) and its implementing regulations, this notice announces that FRA is forwarding the Information Collection Requests (ICRs) abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. These ICRs describe the information collections and their expected burdens. On April 15, 2020, FRA published a notice providing a 60-day period for public comment on the ICRs. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before August 13, 2020. ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed ICRs should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. Find the particular ICR by selecting ‘‘Currently under 30-day Review—Open for Public Comments’’ or by using the search function. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Hodan Wells, Information Collection Clearance Officer, Office of Railroad Safety, Regulatory Analysis Division, Federal Railroad Administration, telephone (202) 493–0440, email: Hodan.wells@dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501–3520, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, require Federal agencies to issue two notices seeking public comment on information collection activities before OMB may approve paperwork packages. See 44 U.S.C. 3506, 3507; 5 CFR 1320.8 through 1320.12. On April 15, 2020, FRA published a 60-day notice in the Federal Register soliciting comment on the ICRs for which it is now seeking SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:58 Jul 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 OMB approval. See 85 FR 21066. FRA received no comments in response to this notice. Before OMB decides whether to approve these proposed collections of information, it must provide 30 days for public comment. Federal law requires OMB to approve or disapprove paperwork packages between 30 and 60 days after the 30-day notice is published. 44 U.S.C. 3507(b)–(c); 5 CFR 1320.12(d); see also 60 FR 44978, 44983, Aug. 29, 1995. OMB believes the 30-day notice informs the regulated community to file relevant comments and affords the agency adequate time to digest public comments before it renders a decision. 60 FR 44983, Aug. 29, 1995. Therefore, respondents should submit their respective comments to OMB within 30 days of publication to best ensure having their full effect. Comments are invited on the following ICRs regarding: (1) Whether the information collection activities are necessary for FRA to properly execute its functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FRA’s estimates of the burden of the information collection activities, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used to determine the estimates; (3) ways for FRA to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information being collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of information collection activities on the public, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. The summaries below describe the ICRs that FRA will submit for OMB clearance as the PRA requires: Title: Passenger Train Emergency Preparedness. OMB Control Number: 2130–0545. Abstract: Under 49 CFR part 239, FRA requires railroads to meet minimum Federal standards for the preparation, adoption, and implementation of emergency preparedness plans connected with the operation of passenger trains, including freight railroads hosting passenger rail service operations. The information collected is necessary for compliance with the regulation. Type of Request: Extension with change (revised estimates) of a currently approved collection. Affected Public: Businesses. Form(s): N/A. Respondent Universe: 34 railroads. Frequency of Submission: On occasion. Total Estimated Annual Responses: 1,556. PO 00000 Frm 00141 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Total Estimated Annual Burden: 350 hours. Total Estimated Annual Burden Hour Dollar Cost Equivalent: $26,592. Title: Critical Incident Stress Plans. OMB Control Number: 2130–0602. Abstract: Under 49 CFR part 272, Class I, intercity passenger, and commuter railroads are required to develop, and submit to FRA for approval, critical incident stress plans that provide for appropriate support services to be offered to their employees who are affected by a critical incident as defined in 49 CFR 272.9. FRA uses the information collected to ensure the minimum standards of part 272 are met. Type of Request: Extension with change (revised estimates) of a currently approved collection. Affected Public: Businesses/Rail Labor Unions. Form(s): N/A. Respondent Universe: 41 railroads. Frequency of Submission: On occasion. Total Estimated Annual Responses: 5,064. Total Estimated Annual Burden: 467 hours. Total Estimated Annual Burden Hour Dollar Cost Equivalent: $35,522. Under 44 U.S.C. 3507(a) and 5 CFR 1320.5(b) and 1320.8(b)(3)(vi), FRA informs all interested parties that it may not conduct or sponsor, and a respondent is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. (Authority: 44 U.S.C. 3501–3520) Brett A. Jortland, Deputy Chief Counsel. [FR Doc. 2020–15148 Filed 7–13–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–06–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [U.S. DOT Docket No. NHTSA–2020–0024] Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for Comments; National Survey of Drowsy Driving Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice and request for public comment on a proposed new collection of information. AGENCY: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) invites SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\14JYN1.SGM 14JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 135 (Tuesday, July 14, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 42484-42486]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-15155]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0009]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from six individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before August 13, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0009 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Operations, (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0009), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009. Click on the ``Comment Now!'' button and type 
your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether 
you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a 
third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0009 and choose the document to review. If you do 
not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by 
visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of 
the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 
366-9317 or (202) 366-9826 before visiting Docket Operations.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.transportation.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such 
exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, 
or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such 
exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at 
the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the 
FMCSRs for a 2-year period to align with the maximum duration of a 
driver's medical certification.
    The six individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in Sec.  391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) 
in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at 
least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability 
to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard 
red, green, and amber.
    On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was 
established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the 
statutes governing exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation 
Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 
107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the 
procedures

[[Page 42485]]

established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon 
application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 
Sec.  391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision 
deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is 
especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several 
research studies designed to correlate past and future driving 
performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the 
best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record 
of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found 
at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively.\1\ The fact that experienced 
monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver 
program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the 
same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are 
also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will 
continue to operate safely.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA 
final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and 
available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven, and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is 
the number of single convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years 
of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with 
their experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Heath G. Brown

    Mr. Brown, 41, has had a macular scar in his right eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/60, and in his left 
eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2020, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``In my opinion, Mr. Brown has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving task required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Brown 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 18 years, accumulating 
9,000 miles and tractor-trailer combinations for 18 years, accumulating 
1.35 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His 
driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions 
for moving violations in a CMV.

Frederick V. Hanks

    Mr. Hanks, 65, has complete loss of vision in his left eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/
20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination 
in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In our opinion, Mr. Hanks has 
sufficient vision to continue driving a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Hanks 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 33 years, accumulating 
3.3 million miles, and buses for 6 years, accumulating 22,500 miles. He 
holds a Class BM CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last 3 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

David T. Lembke

    Mr. Lembke, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The 
visual acuity in his right eye is 20/150, and in his left eye 20/25. 
Following an examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion, I believe he has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Lembke 
reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 5 years, 
accumulating 595,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from 
Wisconsin. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and 
no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

David W. McVicar

    Mr. McVicar, 55, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/25, and in his left eye, 20/
60. Following an examination in 2020 his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion, Mr. McVicar has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. McVicar 
reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 17 years, 
accumulating 2.7 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Illinois. 
His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Anthony M. Millard

    Mr. Millard, 38, has a corneal scar in his left eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 2000. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/
20, and in his left eye, light perception only. Following an 
examination in 2020, his optometrist stated, ``I believe that in my 
medical opinion Anthony has sufficient vision to perform the driving 
tasks to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Millard reported that he 
has driven straight trucks for 2 years, accumulating 30,000 miles, and 
tractor-trailer combinations for 14 years, accumulating 308,000 miles. 
He holds a Class A CDL from Nebraska. His driving record for the last 3 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

Paul B. Overman

    Mr. Overman, 65, has a prosthetic left eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2011. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/15, and in 
his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2020, 
his optometrist stated, ``Paul's vision in unchanged, therefore he has 
sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Overman reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 27 years, accumulating 701,190 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for 27 years, accumulating 701,190 miles. He holds a Class 
A CDL from Washington. His driving record for the last 3 years shows 
one crash and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before

[[Page 42486]]

the close of business on the closing date indicated under the DATES 
section of the notice.

Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2020-15155 Filed 7-13-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P