Request for Comment on the Draft Prospectus of the Fifth National Climate Assessment, 41567-41569 [2020-14904]

Download as PDF jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 133 / Friday, July 10, 2020 / Notices a comprehensive interagency seafood trade strategy. On behalf of the Seafood Trade Task Force co-chairs, NOAA requests written input from interested parties on how best to achieve the objectives of the Seafood Trade Task Force as described in the Executive Order, including improving access to foreign markets for U.S. seafood exports through trade policy and negotiations; resolving technical barriers to U.S. seafood exports; and otherwise supporting fair market access for U.S. seafood products. In addition, interested parties are requested to respond to the questions listed below in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section as appropriate. The public input provided in response to this request for information (RFI) will inform the Seafood Trade Task Force as it works with Federal agencies and other stakeholders to develop recommendations to USTR in the preparation of a comprehensive interagency seafood trade strategy. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before August 1, 2020. ADDRESSES: Responses should be submitted via email to SeafoodTrade.Strategy@noaa.gov. Include ‘‘RFI Response: Interagency Seafood Trade Task Force’’ in the subject line of the message. Instructions: Response to this RFI is voluntary. Respondents need not comment on all listed objectives. For all submissions, clearly indicate which objective is being addressed. Email attachments will be accepted in plain text, Microsoft Word, or Adobe PDF formats only. Each individual or institution is requested to submit only one response. The Department of Commerce may post responses to this RFI, without change, on a Federal website. NOAA, therefore, requests that no business proprietary information, copyrighted information, or personally identifiable information be submitted in response to this RFI. Please note that the U.S. Government will not pay for response preparation, or for the use of any information contained in the response. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Andrew Lawler, Andrew.Lawler@ noaa.gov, 202–689–4590. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On May 7, 2020, the President signed a new Executive Order promoting American seafood competitiveness and economic growth. Specifically, the Executive Order calls for the expansion of sustainable U.S. seafood production through: More efficient and predictable aquaculture permitting; cutting-edge VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Jul 09, 2020 Jkt 250001 research and development; regulatory reform to maximize commercial fishing; and enforcement of common-sense restrictions on seafood imports that do not meet American standards. As outlined in Section 11 of the Executive Order, the Secretary of Commerce is establishing a Seafood Trade Task Force to be co-chaired by the Secretary of Commerce and the U.S. Trade Representative (Co-Chairs), or their designees. In addition to the CoChairs, the Seafood Trade Task Force will include the following members, or their designees: The Secretary of State; the Secretary of the Interior; the Secretary of Agriculture; the Secretary of Homeland Security; the Director of the Office of Management and Budget; the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy; the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy; the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers; the Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade; the Commissioner of Food and Drugs; the Administrator of NOAA; and the heads of such other agencies and offices as the Co-Chairs may designate. The Seafood Trade Task Force will provide recommendations to USTR in the preparation of a comprehensive interagency seafood trade strategy by identifying opportunities to improve access to foreign markets for U.S. seafood products through trade policy and negotiations, resolve technical barriers to U.S. seafood exports, and otherwise support fair market access for U.S. seafood products. USTR will then submit a comprehensive interagency seafood trade strategy to the President, through the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, within 90 days of the receiving the recommendations from the Seafood Trade Task Force. Questions To Inform Recommendations for the Development of the Comprehensive Interagency Seafood Trade Strategy Through this RFI, NOAA seeks written public input on how the Administration can best achieve the Seafood Trade Task Force objectives, including but not limited to, responses to the following questions to inform the Task Force recommendations on the development of a comprehensive interagency seafood trade strategy: 1. Which seafood products (to include fish, shellfish, and processed fish and seafood products) are you currently exporting? Please provide the Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) codes for these products. PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 41567 2. To which countries or other trading partners are you currently exporting? 3. Are there countries or other trading partners to which you are planning to export, or to which you would like to export? Please specify. 4. Are there issues in the markets you currently export to that limit your exports or unnecessarily increase the costs for your exports? Please specify. 5. Are there issues in other markets that have prevented you from exporting? Please specify. 6. Are there other issues that affect the competitiveness of your product in foreign markets? Please specify. 7. Are there barriers that prevent the export of your product to certain markets? Please specify. Dated: July 7, 2020. Chris Oliver, Assistant Administrator for Fisheries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [FR Doc. 2020–14938 Filed 7–9–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Request for Comment on the Draft Prospectus of the Fifth National Climate Assessment National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), Department of Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice of request for public comment on the Fifth National Climate Assessment. AGENCY: With this notice, the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) seeks public comment on the proposed themes and framework of the Fifth National Climate Assessment (NCA5) as indicated by the draft prospectus presented here. Based on input received from this notice, USGCRP will develop an annotated outline, which will be released for public comment at a later date. A call for author nominations and technical inputs will also be posted in one or more subsequent Federal Register Notices. In addition to the proposed themes and framework, this Federal Register Notice requests public comment on ways to make the assessment information accessible and useful to multiple audiences; specific types of detailed information on regional scales that would be most useful to stakeholders; how to best SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\10JYN1.SGM 10JYN1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 41568 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 133 / Friday, July 10, 2020 / Notices describe risks and impacts, as well as potential opportunities to reduce those risks and impacts on sectors of the economy and natural and social systems; new approaches to topics addressed in previous assessments; overarching themes that NCA5 should consider addressing; and other relevant topics. DATES: Comments must be submitted to the web address specified below and received by August 10, 2020. ADDRESSES: Comments from the public will be accepted electronically via http://www.globalchange.gov/notices. Instructions for submitting comments are available on the website. Submitters may enter text or upload files in response to this notice. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chris Avery, (202) 419–3474, cavery@ usgcrp.gov, U.S. Global Change Research Program. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: USGCRP is mandated under the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to conduct a quadrennial National Climate Assessment (NCA). The most recent, NCA4, was completed in 2018 and delivered in two volumes: The Climate Science Special Report (CSSR, science2017.globalchange.gov) and Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States (NCA4, nca2018.globalchange.gov). In addition to the two volumes of NCA4, other recent assessments by the U.S. Government will inform NCA5, including the Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2, carbon2018.globalchange.gov); the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States (health2016.globalchange.gov); and Climate Change, Global Food Security, and the U.S. Food System (www.usda.gov/oce/climate_change/ FoodSecurity.htm). NCA5 development will be transparent and inclusive, offering opportunities for public participation throughout the process. The production and review processes are designed to result in a report that is authoritative, timely, relevant, and policy-neutral; valued by authors and users; accessible to the widest possible audience; and fully compliant with the GCRA. Background information, additional details, and instructions for submitting comments can be found at http:// www.globalchange.gov/notices. Responses to this Request for Comment can be entered via this website. Note: The following is intended to be a high-level description of the proposed themes and framework of NCA5. Subsequent Federal Register Notices will provide VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Jul 09, 2020 Jkt 250001 additional details on the structure and content of the report and opportunities for the public to review and give feedback on the same. Overarching Themes for NCA5 NCA5 will be GCRA compliant and will include a number of overarching themes and perspectives that respond to needs and gaps identified by NCA4. The following is a list of proposed themes for NCA5: Æ Identification of advancements or improvements, relative to NCA4, in scientific understanding of humaninduced and natural processes of global change and the resulting implications for the United States. Æ Identification of vulnerable populations for climate-related risks and potential impacts, a theme highlighted in multiple previous assessments. Æ Characterization of scientific uncertainties associated with key findings. Æ Characterization of current and future risks associated with global change with quantifiable metrics, such as indicators, where possible, and with the needs of multiple audiences in mind. Æ Emphasis on (1) near-term trends and projections that can inform adaptation needs; (2) long-term projections that are more scenario dependent; and (3) in some cases, timeframes past 2100, to be consistent with the GCRA and to indicate anticipated legacy effects of the human influence on the climate and oceans. We seek comments on these proposed overarching themes, as well as suggestions for potential additional overarching themes. Proposed Framework for NCA5 What follows is a proposed high-level framework intended to guide the scope and content for NCA5. Public comments are sought on all aspects of this proposed framework. The proposed framework is presented here in five parts: (1) Introduction and context for NCA5; (2) foundational physical and biological science; (3) human health and welfare, societal, and environmental areas that are vulnerable to a changing climate; (4) regional and, where possible, sub-regional analyses within the United States; and (5) information needed to inform climate change adaptation, increased resiliency, and risk reduction. This framework presents the anticipated scope and content of NCA5; it is not an indicator of the final structure of the report. PO 00000 Frm 00054 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 1. Introduction and Context for NCA5 This content will describe the following: Æ Context for NCA5 as noted above, including the NCA’s relationship to complementary domestic and international assessment efforts. Æ Advancements in science since NCA4, and discussion of the scientific confidence and uncertainty associated with these findings, as well as any new approaches or differences in scope relative to NCA4. This information will include any special assessments completed or in progress post-NCA4, in particular those under the auspices of USGCRP. Æ Changing global and national conditions that influence (1) drivers of climate change, namely the activities that lead to emissions and atmospheric buildup of greenhouse gas concentrations; and (2) factors that affect resiliency and vulnerability, such as demographic and land-use changes, behavioral changes, advances in technology, and economic development. Æ The geographic scope (see Part 4) and the temporal scope (i.e., historic to the next 25 to 100 years). Æ Risks to interconnected natural, built, and social systems, which are increasingly vulnerable to cascading impacts of global change that are often difficult to predict. For example, extreme weather and climate-related impacts on one system can result in increased risks or failures in other critical systems, including water resources, food production and distribution, energy and transportation, and international trade. However, with proper design and implementation, increased connectivity may have salutary impacts on resiliency to, response to, and recovery from extreme weather and climate-related impacts. Æ Terms and their definitions used to describe confidence and uncertainty levels associated with key statements and findings (and accompanying traceable accounts), which may be similar to those used in NCA4. We seek public comment on the proposed introductory and contextual material described above for NCA5. 2. Foundational Physical and Biological Science NCA5 will assess the state of scientific evidence regarding the physical and biological drivers of global change, with an emphasis on advances in knowledge since NCA4. This section will include the following: Æ Observations of changes in climaterelated phenomena such as atmospheric composition, radiative forcing, E:\FR\FM\10JYN1.SGM 10JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 133 / Friday, July 10, 2020 / Notices temperature, precipitation, climate variability, large-scale climate modes (e.g., El Nin˜o events), drought, floods and associated hydrologic events (e.g., streamflow, snowpack), sea-level rise and other physical ocean changes, biogeochemistry of land and marine systems, ocean acidification, extreme storms (e.g., hurricanes), atmospheric rivers, polar changes (including permafrost and land-ice dynamics), icesheet dynamics, and attribution of physical and biophysical processes to human activities. Where appropriate, descriptions of observed changes specific to the United States at national and subnational scales. Æ Future projections of changes in Earth system processes based on modeling results of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). Treatment of future scenarios, and associated risks and impacts as described below, will emphasize the most recent literature (i.e., CMIP6), with CMIP5 and other future scenarios included as determined by the available literature. We seek public comment on the proposed physical and biological science framing described above for NCA5. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 3. Human Health and Welfare, Societal, and Environmental Vulnerabilities to a Changing Climate The GCRA of 1990 requires that the NCA analyze ‘‘the effects of global change on the natural environment, agriculture, energy production and use, land and water resources, transportation, human health and welfare, human social systems, and biological diversity.’’ NCA5 will provide national-level overviews of observed and potential effects and projected trends under a range of emissions scenarios in these key areas of concern for people and the environment, with supporting regional information, as described under Part 4. To better understand global change, non-climatic trends (e.g., population changes) will be briefly discussed in order to set a broader context within which the effects of climate change can be understood. Current and future risks, impacts, (including differential impacts), and benefits will be identified in each of these topic areas, using quantifiable metrics, such as indicators, where possible. The impact of extreme events in each area will be addressed where possible. In addition, potential adaptive measures to minimize risks will be described for each area, to the extent these are identified in the published literature. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Jul 09, 2020 Jkt 250001 In addition to coverage of these mandated topics, the following additional specific areas are proposed for inclusion in NCA5: Land cover and land use change; forests; ecosystems and ecosystem services; coasts; oceans and marine resources; built environment; urban systems; air quality; effects on tribal and indigenous communities; economics; and international effects, in particular those that may raise environmental, humanitarian, trade, or security issues for the United States. We seek public comment on the proposed areas of focus for NCA5 as described above and welcome input on other topics that should be considered for inclusion. 4. Regional Analyses Within the United States This section will describe regionallevel perspectives for each of the areas identified in Part 3, allowing for discussion of topics of interest to each region. The proposed regional analyses for NCA5 will follow the model developed for NCA4, which included the following regions of the United States: Northeast, Southeast, U.S. Caribbean, Midwest, Northern Great Plains, Southern Great Plains, Northwest, Southwest, Alaska, and Hawai’i and U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands (see nca2018.globalchange.gov/ chapter/front-matter-guide/#fig-1). Areas of focus will vary across regions based on the availability of research and the regional identification of needs. As appropriate and where available, the perspectives described in Part 4 will also highlight state-level information, as well as urban and rural case studies to showcase climate trends, potential risks, and resiliency planning with local specificity. We seek public comment on the proposed regional breakout for NCA5, the level of detail to be provided at regional scales, sectors or topics to focus on within particular regions, and overarching themes that should inform the regional analyses of NCA5. 5. Information Needed To Support Climate Change Adaptation, Increased Resiliency, and Risk Reduction Part 5 will identify needs and opportunities for adaptive measures and resiliency planning in the face of observed and projected changes in climate. NCA5 is not a policy document, and therefore will not evaluate policy measures, actions, instruments, or mechanisms to deliver or incentivize either adaptation or mitigation responses at any level of government. Rather, the intention of NCA5 is to inform the Nation, and different regions PO 00000 Frm 00055 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 41569 within the Nation, about near-term adaptation and resiliency needs over the next few decades that are likely to persist regardless of emissions pathway. Adaptation and resiliency needs and opportunities will be drawn from relevant information from Parts 2, 3, and 4 as outlined above, including evidence of successful measures, and discussed in the context of literature described below. Review of the following is proposed for inclusion in Part 5: Æ Recent literature on economic impacts across sectors, regions, and levels of warming. Æ Recent literature on the potential for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation through natural and technological solutions. Æ Recent literature describing case studies (see Part 4), where relevant. Links to U.S. government decisionsupport tools (e.g., the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit, toolkit.climate.gov) will also be included here, where relevant. We seek public comment on the proposed framing of information needed to support climate change adaptation, increased resiliency, and risk reduction described above for NCA5. Finally, various appendices are planned to provide additional background, context, and detail on the inputs to NCA5. Topics currently planned for inclusion include report process details, legal mandates and requirements, tools and technical inputs, and frequently asked questions. Suggestions for other appendix topics are requested. We seek public comment on all aspects of the anticipated scope and content of this framework for NCA5, as described above. Responses: Response to this Request for Comment is voluntary. Respondents need not reply to all questions or topics. Responses may be used by the U.S. Government for program planning on a non-attribution basis. NOAA therefore requests that no business proprietary information or copyrighted information be submitted in response to this Request for Comment. Please note that the U.S. Government will not pay for response preparation, or for the use of any information contained in the response. Dated: July 7, 2020. David Holst, Director Chief Financial Officer/CAO, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [FR Doc. 2020–14904 Filed 7–9–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P E:\FR\FM\10JYN1.SGM 10JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 133 (Friday, July 10, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 41567-41569]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-14904]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


Request for Comment on the Draft Prospectus of the Fifth National 
Climate Assessment

AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Office 
of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), Department of Commerce 
(DOC).

ACTION: Notice of request for public comment on the Fifth National 
Climate Assessment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: With this notice, the U.S. Global Change Research Program 
(USGCRP) seeks public comment on the proposed themes and framework of 
the Fifth National Climate Assessment (NCA5) as indicated by the draft 
prospectus presented here. Based on input received from this notice, 
USGCRP will develop an annotated outline, which will be released for 
public comment at a later date. A call for author nominations and 
technical inputs will also be posted in one or more subsequent Federal 
Register Notices. In addition to the proposed themes and framework, 
this Federal Register Notice requests public comment on ways to make 
the assessment information accessible and useful to multiple audiences; 
specific types of detailed information on regional scales that would be 
most useful to stakeholders; how to best

[[Page 41568]]

describe risks and impacts, as well as potential opportunities to 
reduce those risks and impacts on sectors of the economy and natural 
and social systems; new approaches to topics addressed in previous 
assessments; overarching themes that NCA5 should consider addressing; 
and other relevant topics.

DATES: Comments must be submitted to the web address specified below 
and received by August 10, 2020.

ADDRESSES: Comments from the public will be accepted electronically via 
http://www.globalchange.gov/notices. Instructions for submitting 
comments are available on the website. Submitters may enter text or 
upload files in response to this notice.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chris Avery, (202) 419-3474, 
[email protected], U.S. Global Change Research Program.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: USGCRP is mandated under the Global Change 
Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to conduct a quadrennial National Climate 
Assessment (NCA). The most recent, NCA4, was completed in 2018 and 
delivered in two volumes: The Climate Science Special Report (CSSR, 
science2017.globalchange.gov) and Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the 
United States (NCA4, nca2018.globalchange.gov).
    In addition to the two volumes of NCA4, other recent assessments by 
the U.S. Government will inform NCA5, including the Second State of the 
Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2, carbon2018.globalchange.gov); the Impacts 
of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States 
(health2016.globalchange.gov); and Climate Change, Global Food 
Security, and the U.S. Food System (www.usda.gov/oce/climate_change/FoodSecurity.htm).
    NCA5 development will be transparent and inclusive, offering 
opportunities for public participation throughout the process. The 
production and review processes are designed to result in a report that 
is authoritative, timely, relevant, and policy-neutral; valued by 
authors and users; accessible to the widest possible audience; and 
fully compliant with the GCRA.
    Background information, additional details, and instructions for 
submitting comments can be found at http://www.globalchange.gov/notices. Responses to this Request for Comment can be entered via this 
website.

    Note:  The following is intended to be a high-level description 
of the proposed themes and framework of NCA5. Subsequent Federal 
Register Notices will provide additional details on the structure 
and content of the report and opportunities for the public to review 
and give feedback on the same.

Overarching Themes for NCA5

    NCA5 will be GCRA compliant and will include a number of 
overarching themes and perspectives that respond to needs and gaps 
identified by NCA4. The following is a list of proposed themes for 
NCA5:
    [cir] Identification of advancements or improvements, relative to 
NCA4, in scientific understanding of human-induced and natural 
processes of global change and the resulting implications for the 
United States.
    [cir] Identification of vulnerable populations for climate-related 
risks and potential impacts, a theme highlighted in multiple previous 
assessments.
    [cir] Characterization of scientific uncertainties associated with 
key findings.
    [cir] Characterization of current and future risks associated with 
global change with quantifiable metrics, such as indicators, where 
possible, and with the needs of multiple audiences in mind.
    [cir] Emphasis on (1) near-term trends and projections that can 
inform adaptation needs; (2) long-term projections that are more 
scenario dependent; and (3) in some cases, timeframes past 2100, to be 
consistent with the GCRA and to indicate anticipated legacy effects of 
the human influence on the climate and oceans.
    We seek comments on these proposed overarching themes, as well as 
suggestions for potential additional overarching themes.

Proposed Framework for NCA5

    What follows is a proposed high-level framework intended to guide 
the scope and content for NCA5. Public comments are sought on all 
aspects of this proposed framework. The proposed framework is presented 
here in five parts: (1) Introduction and context for NCA5; (2) 
foundational physical and biological science; (3) human health and 
welfare, societal, and environmental areas that are vulnerable to a 
changing climate; (4) regional and, where possible, sub-regional 
analyses within the United States; and (5) information needed to inform 
climate change adaptation, increased resiliency, and risk reduction.
    This framework presents the anticipated scope and content of NCA5; 
it is not an indicator of the final structure of the report.

1. Introduction and Context for NCA5

    This content will describe the following:
    [cir] Context for NCA5 as noted above, including the NCA's 
relationship to complementary domestic and international assessment 
efforts.
    [cir] Advancements in science since NCA4, and discussion of the 
scientific confidence and uncertainty associated with these findings, 
as well as any new approaches or differences in scope relative to NCA4. 
This information will include any special assessments completed or in 
progress post-NCA4, in particular those under the auspices of USGCRP.
    [cir] Changing global and national conditions that influence (1) 
drivers of climate change, namely the activities that lead to emissions 
and atmospheric buildup of greenhouse gas concentrations; and (2) 
factors that affect resiliency and vulnerability, such as demographic 
and land-use changes, behavioral changes, advances in technology, and 
economic development.
    [cir] The geographic scope (see Part 4) and the temporal scope 
(i.e., historic to the next 25 to 100 years).
    [cir] Risks to interconnected natural, built, and social systems, 
which are increasingly vulnerable to cascading impacts of global change 
that are often difficult to predict. For example, extreme weather and 
climate-related impacts on one system can result in increased risks or 
failures in other critical systems, including water resources, food 
production and distribution, energy and transportation, and 
international trade. However, with proper design and implementation, 
increased connectivity may have salutary impacts on resiliency to, 
response to, and recovery from extreme weather and climate-related 
impacts.
    [cir] Terms and their definitions used to describe confidence and 
uncertainty levels associated with key statements and findings (and 
accompanying traceable accounts), which may be similar to those used in 
NCA4.
    We seek public comment on the proposed introductory and contextual 
material described above for NCA5.

2. Foundational Physical and Biological Science

    NCA5 will assess the state of scientific evidence regarding the 
physical and biological drivers of global change, with an emphasis on 
advances in knowledge since NCA4. This section will include the 
following:
    [cir] Observations of changes in climate-related phenomena such as 
atmospheric composition, radiative forcing,

[[Page 41569]]

temperature, precipitation, climate variability, large-scale climate 
modes (e.g., El Ni[ntilde]o events), drought, floods and associated 
hydrologic events (e.g., streamflow, snowpack), sea-level rise and 
other physical ocean changes, biogeochemistry of land and marine 
systems, ocean acidification, extreme storms (e.g., hurricanes), 
atmospheric rivers, polar changes (including permafrost and land-ice 
dynamics), ice-sheet dynamics, and attribution of physical and 
biophysical processes to human activities. Where appropriate, 
descriptions of observed changes specific to the United States at 
national and subnational scales.
    [cir] Future projections of changes in Earth system processes based 
on modeling results of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 
(CMIP). Treatment of future scenarios, and associated risks and impacts 
as described below, will emphasize the most recent literature (i.e., 
CMIP6), with CMIP5 and other future scenarios included as determined by 
the available literature.
    We seek public comment on the proposed physical and biological 
science framing described above for NCA5.

3. Human Health and Welfare, Societal, and Environmental 
Vulnerabilities to a Changing Climate

    The GCRA of 1990 requires that the NCA analyze ``the effects of 
global change on the natural environment, agriculture, energy 
production and use, land and water resources, transportation, human 
health and welfare, human social systems, and biological diversity.'' 
NCA5 will provide national-level overviews of observed and potential 
effects and projected trends under a range of emissions scenarios in 
these key areas of concern for people and the environment, with 
supporting regional information, as described under Part 4.
    To better understand global change, non-climatic trends (e.g., 
population changes) will be briefly discussed in order to set a broader 
context within which the effects of climate change can be understood. 
Current and future risks, impacts, (including differential impacts), 
and benefits will be identified in each of these topic areas, using 
quantifiable metrics, such as indicators, where possible. The impact of 
extreme events in each area will be addressed where possible. In 
addition, potential adaptive measures to minimize risks will be 
described for each area, to the extent these are identified in the 
published literature.
    In addition to coverage of these mandated topics, the following 
additional specific areas are proposed for inclusion in NCA5: Land 
cover and land use change; forests; ecosystems and ecosystem services; 
coasts; oceans and marine resources; built environment; urban systems; 
air quality; effects on tribal and indigenous communities; economics; 
and international effects, in particular those that may raise 
environmental, humanitarian, trade, or security issues for the United 
States.
    We seek public comment on the proposed areas of focus for NCA5 as 
described above and welcome input on other topics that should be 
considered for inclusion.

4. Regional Analyses Within the United States

    This section will describe regional-level perspectives for each of 
the areas identified in Part 3, allowing for discussion of topics of 
interest to each region.
    The proposed regional analyses for NCA5 will follow the model 
developed for NCA4, which included the following regions of the United 
States: Northeast, Southeast, U.S. Caribbean, Midwest, Northern Great 
Plains, Southern Great Plains, Northwest, Southwest, Alaska, and 
Hawai'i and U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands (see 
nca2018.globalchange.gov/chapter/front-matter-guide/#fig-1). Areas of 
focus will vary across regions based on the availability of research 
and the regional identification of needs.
    As appropriate and where available, the perspectives described in 
Part 4 will also highlight state-level information, as well as urban 
and rural case studies to showcase climate trends, potential risks, and 
resiliency planning with local specificity.
    We seek public comment on the proposed regional breakout for NCA5, 
the level of detail to be provided at regional scales, sectors or 
topics to focus on within particular regions, and overarching themes 
that should inform the regional analyses of NCA5.

5. Information Needed To Support Climate Change Adaptation, Increased 
Resiliency, and Risk Reduction

    Part 5 will identify needs and opportunities for adaptive measures 
and resiliency planning in the face of observed and projected changes 
in climate. NCA5 is not a policy document, and therefore will not 
evaluate policy measures, actions, instruments, or mechanisms to 
deliver or incentivize either adaptation or mitigation responses at any 
level of government. Rather, the intention of NCA5 is to inform the 
Nation, and different regions within the Nation, about near-term 
adaptation and resiliency needs over the next few decades that are 
likely to persist regardless of emissions pathway. Adaptation and 
resiliency needs and opportunities will be drawn from relevant 
information from Parts 2, 3, and 4 as outlined above, including 
evidence of successful measures, and discussed in the context of 
literature described below.
    Review of the following is proposed for inclusion in Part 5:
    [cir] Recent literature on economic impacts across sectors, 
regions, and levels of warming.
    [cir] Recent literature on the potential for greenhouse gas 
emissions mitigation through natural and technological solutions.
    [cir] Recent literature describing case studies (see Part 4), where 
relevant.
    Links to U.S. government decision-support tools (e.g., the U.S. 
Climate Resilience Toolkit, toolkit.climate.gov) will also be included 
here, where relevant.
    We seek public comment on the proposed framing of information 
needed to support climate change adaptation, increased resiliency, and 
risk reduction described above for NCA5.
    Finally, various appendices are planned to provide additional 
background, context, and detail on the inputs to NCA5. Topics currently 
planned for inclusion include report process details, legal mandates 
and requirements, tools and technical inputs, and frequently asked 
questions. Suggestions for other appendix topics are requested.
    We seek public comment on all aspects of the anticipated scope and 
content of this framework for NCA5, as described above.
    Responses: Response to this Request for Comment is voluntary. 
Respondents need not reply to all questions or topics. Responses may be 
used by the U.S. Government for program planning on a non-attribution 
basis. NOAA therefore requests that no business proprietary information 
or copyrighted information be submitted in response to this Request for 
Comment. Please note that the U.S. Government will not pay for response 
preparation, or for the use of any information contained in the 
response.

    Dated: July 7, 2020.
David Holst,
Director Chief Financial Officer/CAO, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Research, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
[FR Doc. 2020-14904 Filed 7-9-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE P