Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule, 34643-34646 [2020-11114]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 110 / Monday, June 8, 2020 / Rules and Regulations tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531–1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble. F. Environment We have analyzed this rule under Department of Homeland Security Directive 023–01, Rev. 1, associated implementing instructions, and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969(42 U.S.C. 4321–4370f), and have determined that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This rule involves a safety zone lasting only one hour on ten different days that would prohibit entry within 420 feet of a fireworks barge on Lake of the Ozarks at mile marker .5 on the main channel of Lake of the Ozarks near Bagnel Dam in Lake Ozark, MO. It is categorically excluded from further review under paragraph L60(a) of Appendix A, Table 1 of DHS Instruction Manual 023–01–001–01, Rev. 1. A Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket. For instructions on locating the docket, see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES G. Protest Activities The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are asked to call or email the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places or vessels. List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165 Harbors, Marine safety, Navigation (water), Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures, Waterways. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:41 Jun 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows: PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS 1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 46 U.S.C. 70034, 70051; 33 CFR 1.05–1, 6.04–1, 6.04–6, and 160.5; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1. 2. Add § 165.T08–0067 to read as follows: ■ § 165.T08–0067 Safety Zone; Lake of the Ozarks, Mile .5 on the Main Channel of the Lake of the Ozarks near Bagnel Dam, Lake Ozark, MO (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: Lake of the Ozarks, within a 420-foot radius around a fireworks barge located at mile marker .5 on the main channel of the Lake of the Ozarks near Bagnel Dam in Lake Ozark, MO. (b) Period of enforcement. This section is effective from 9:15 p.m. through 10:15 p.m. on May 23, June 20, June 27, July 4, July 11, July 18, July 25, August 1, August 8, and August 15, 2020. (c) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.23 of this part, persons and vessels are prohibited from entering the safety zone unless authorized by the Captain of the Port Sector Upper Mississippi River (COTP) or a designated representative. A designated representative is a commissioned, warrant, or petty officer of the U.S. Coast Guard assigned to units under the operational control of USCG Sector Upper Mississippi River. (2) Persons or vessels desiring to enter into or pass through the zone must request permission from the COTP or a designated representative. They may be contacted by telephone at 314–269– 2332. (3) If permission is granted, all persons and vessels shall comply with the instructions of the COTP or designated representative while navigating in the regulated area. (d) Informational broadcasts. The COTP or a designated representative will inform the public of the enforcement date and times for this safety zone, as well as any emergent safety concerns that may delay the enforcement of the zone through Local Notices to Mariners (LNM). Dated: May 15, 2020. S.A. Stoermer, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port Sector Upper Mississippi River. [FR Doc. 2020–10912 Filed 6–5–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 9110–04–P PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 34643 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers 33 CFR Parts 207 and 326 RIN 0710–AB13 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule AGENCY: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, DoD. ACTION: Final rule. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is issuing this final rule to adjust its civil monetary penalties (CMP) under the Rivers and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1922, the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the National Fishing Enhancement Act to account for inflation. DATES: This final rule is effective on June 8, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For the Navigation portion, please contact Mr. Paul Clouse at 202–761–4709 or by email at Paul.D.Clouse@usace.army.mil or for the CWA portion, Ms. Karen Mulligan at 202–761–4664 or by email at karen.mulligan@usace.army.mil or access the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Home Page at http:// www.usace.army.mil/Missions/ CivilWorks/RegulatoryProgramand Permits.aspx. SUMMARY: The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, Public Law 101–410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461, note), as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, Public Law 104–134, April 26, 1996, and further amended by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Inflation Adjustment Act), Public Law 114–74, November 2, 2015, required agencies to annually adjust the level of CMP for inflation to improve their effectiveness and maintain their deterrent effect. With this rule, the new statutory maximum penalty levels listed in Table 1 will apply to all statutory civil penalties assessed on or after the effective date of this rule. Table 1 shows the calculation of the 2020 annual inflation adjustment based on the guidance provided by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (see December 16, 2019, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, Subject: Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2020, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). The OMB provided to SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: E:\FR\FM\08JNR1.SGM 08JNR1 34644 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 110 / Monday, June 8, 2020 / Rules and Regulations agencies the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2020, based on the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI–U) for the month of October 2019, not seasonally adjusted, which is 1.01764. Agencies are to adjust ‘‘the maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and maximum civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment.’’ For 2020, agencies multiply each applicable penalty by the multiplier, 1.01764, and round to the nearest dollar. The multiplier should be applied to the most recent penalty amount, i.e., the one that includes the 2019 annual inflation adjustment. TABLE 1 Civil Monetary Penalty (CMP) amount established by law 2019 CMP amount in effect prior to this rulemaking Rivers and Harbors Act of 1922 (33 U.S.C. 555). CWA, 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A). CWA, 33 U.S.C. 1344(s)(4) ... $2,500 per violation ............... $5,732 per violation ............... 1.01764 $5,834 per violation. $10,000 per violation, with a maximum of $25,000. Maximum of $25,000 per day for each violation. Maximum of $10,000 per violation. $21,934 per violation, with a maximum of $54,833. Maximum of $54,833 per day for each violation. Maximum of $24,017 per violation. 1.01764 $22,321 per violation, with a maximum of $55,801. Maximum of $55,801 per day for each violation. Maximum of $24,441 per violation. National Fishing Enhancement Act, 33 U.S.C. 2104(e). Section 4 of the Inflation Adjustment Act directs federal agencies to publish annual penalty inflation adjustments. In accordance with Section 553 of the Administrative Procedures Act (APA), most rules are subject to notice and comment and are effective no earlier than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Section 4(b)(2) of the Inflation Adjustment Act further provides that each agency shall make the annual inflation adjustments ‘‘notwithstanding section 553’’ of the APA. According to the December 2019 OMB guidance issued to Federal agencies on the implementation of the 2020 annual adjustment, the phrase ‘‘notwithstanding section 553’’ means that ‘‘the public procedure the APA generally requires (i.e., notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay in effective date) is not required for agencies to issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment.’’ Consistent with the language of the Inflation Adjustment Act and OMB’s implementation guidance, this rule is not subject to notice and opportunity for public comment. This rule adjusts the value of current statutory civil penalties to reflect and keep pace with the levels originally set by Congress when the statutes were enacted, as required by the Inflation Adjustment Act. This rule will apply prospectively to penalty assessments beginning on the effective date of this final rule. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES 2020 Inflation adjustment multiplier Citation Regulatory Procedures Plain Language In compliance with the principles in the President’s Memorandum of June 1, 1998, regarding plain language, this preamble is written using plain language. The use of ‘‘we’’ in this notice VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:41 Jun 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 refers to the Corps and the use of ‘‘you’’ refers to the reader. We have also used the active voice, short sentences, and common everyday terms except for necessary technical terms. Executive Order 12866, ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review,’’ and Executive Order 13563, ‘‘Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review’’ This rule is not designated a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866 and OMB determined this rule to not be significant. Moreover, this final rule makes nondiscretionary adjustments to existing civil monetary penalties in accordance with the Inflation Adjustment Act and OMB guidance. The Corps, therefore, did not consider alternatives and does not have the flexibility to alter the adjustments of the civil monetary penalty amounts as provided in this rule. Public Law 96–511, ‘‘Paperwork Reduction Act’’ (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) The Department of Defense determined that provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104–13, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not apply to this rule because there are no new or revised recordkeeping or reporting requirements. This action merely increases the level of statutory civil penalties that could be imposed in the context of a federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case for violations of Corps-administered statutes and their implementing regulations. PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 1.01764 1.01764 CMP amount as of June 8, 2020 Executive Order 13771, ‘‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs’’ This rule has been deemed not significant under Executive Order 12866 and is, therefore, not subject to the requirements of Executive Order 13771, ‘‘Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.’’ Executive Order 13132, ‘‘Federalism’’ Executive Order 13132 establishes certain requirements that an agency must meet when it promulgates a rule that imposes substantial direct requirement costs on State and local governments, preempts State law, or otherwise has Federalism implications. This final rule will not have a substantial effect on State and local governments. Public Law 96–354, ‘‘Regulatory Flexibility Act’’ (5 U.S.C. Chapter 6) Because notice of proposed rulemaking and opportunity for comment are not required pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, or any other law, the analytical requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601, et seq.) are inapplicable. Therefore, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required and has not been prepared. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. Chapter 25) Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (2 U.S.C. 1532) requires agencies to assess anticipated costs and benefits before issuing any rule the mandates of which require spending in any year of $100 million in 1995 dollars, updated annually for inflation. In 2016, that threshold is approximately $146 million. This rule will not mandate any E:\FR\FM\08JNR1.SGM 08JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 110 / Monday, June 8, 2020 / Rules and Regulations requirements for State, local, or tribal governments, nor will it affect private sector costs. Public Law 104–113, ‘‘National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act’’ (15 U.S.C. Chapter 7) Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law 104– 113, (15 U.S.C. 272 note), directs us to use voluntary consensus standards in our regulatory activities, unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs us to provide Congress, through OMB, explanations when we decide not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards. This rule does not involve technical standards. Therefore, we did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES Executive Order 13045, ‘‘Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks’’ Executive Order 13045 applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be ‘‘economically significant’’ as defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that we have reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, we must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the rule on children, and explain why the regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives. This rule is not subject to this Executive Order because it is not economically significant as defined in Executive Order 12866. In addition, it does not concern an environmental or safety risk that we have reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. Executive Order 13175, ‘‘Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments’’ Executive Order 13175 requires agencies to develop an accountable process to ensure ‘‘meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.’’ The phrase ‘‘policies that have tribal implications’’ is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have ‘‘substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal government and VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:41 Jun 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes.’’ This rule does not have tribal implications. The rule imposes no new substantive obligations on tribal governments. Therefore, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule. Public Law 104–121, ‘‘Congressional Review Act’’ (5 U.S.C. Chapter 8) The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. We will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This rule is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Executive Order 12898, ‘‘Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations’’ Executive Order 12898 requires that, to the greatest extent practicable and permitted by law, each Federal agency must make achieving environmental justice part of its mission. Executive Order 12898 provides that each Federal agency conduct its programs, policies, and activities that substantially affect human health or the environment in a manner that ensures that such programs, policies, and activities do not have the effect of excluding persons (including populations) from participation in, denying persons (including populations) the benefits of, or subjecting persons (including populations) to discrimination under such programs, policies, and activities because of their race, color, or national origin. This rule merely adjusts civil penalties to account for inflation, and therefore, is not expected to negatively impact any community, and therefore is not expected to cause any disproportionately high and adverse impacts to minority or low-income communities. Executive Order 13211, ‘‘Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use’’ This rule is not a ‘‘significant energy action’’ as defined in Executive Order PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 34645 13211 because it is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. List of Subjects 33 CFR Part 207 Navigation (water), Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, and Waterways. 33 CFR Part 326 Administrative practice and procedure, Intergovernmental relations, Investigations, Law enforcement, Navigation (Water), Water pollution control, Waterways. Approved by: R.D. James, Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works). For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 33, chapter II of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: PART 207—NAVIGATION REGULATIONS 1. The authority citation for part 207 is revised to read as follows: ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1; 33 U.S.C. 555; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note. 2. Amend § 207.800 by revising paragraph (c)(2) to read as follows: ■ § 207.800 Collection of navigation statistics. * * * * * (c) * * * (2) In addition, any person or entity that fails to provide timely, accurate, and complete statements or reports required to be submitted by the regulation in this section may also be assessed a civil penalty of up to $5,834 per violation under 33 U.S.C. 555, as amended. * * * * * PART 326—ENFORCEMENT 1. The authority citation for part 326 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 33 U.S.C. 401 et seq.; 33 U.S.C. 1344; 33 U.S.C. 1413; 33 U.S.C. 2104; 33 U.S.C. 1319; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note. 2. Amend § 326.6 by revising paragraph (a)(1) to read as follows: ■ § 326.6 Class I administrative penalties. (a) * * * (1) This section sets forth procedures for initiation and administration of Class I administrative penalty orders under Section 309(g) of the Clean Water Act, judicially-imposed civil penalties under Section 404(s) of the Clean Water Act, and Section 205 of the National Fishing Enhancement Act. Under E:\FR\FM\08JNR1.SGM 08JNR1 34646 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 110 / Monday, June 8, 2020 / Rules and Regulations Section 309(g)(2)(A) of the Clean Water Act, Class I civil penalties may not exceed $22,321 per violation, except that the maximum amount of any Class I civil penalty shall not exceed $55,801. Under Section 404(s)(4) of the Clean Water Act, judicially-imposed civil penalties may not exceed $55,801 per day for each violation. Under Section 205(e) of the National Fishing Enhancement Act, penalties for violations of permits issued in accordance with that Act shall not exceed $24,441 for each violation. TABLE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1) Statutory civil monetary penalty amount for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, and are assessed on or after June 8, 2020 Environmental statute and U.S. code citation Clean Water Act (CWA), Section 309(g)(2)(A), 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) CWA, Section 404(s)(4), 33 U.S.C. 1344(s)(4) ........................................ National Fishing Enhancement Act, Section 205(e), 33 U.S.C. 2104(e) 40 CFR Part 174 is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566–1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305–5805. Please review the visitor instructions and additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets. [EPA–HQ–OPP–2019–0097; FRL–10008–72] FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: * * * * * [FR Doc. 2020–11114 Filed 6–5–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3720–58–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Bacillus thuringiensis Cry14Ab-1 Protein in Soybean; Exemption From the Requirement of a Tolerance Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the Bacillus thuringiensis Cry14Ab-1 protein (hereafter referred to as Cry14Ab-1) in or on soybean when used as a PlantIncorporated Protectant (PIP). BASF Corporation submitted a petition to EPA under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requesting an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. This regulation eliminates the need to establish a maximum permissible level for residues of Cry14Ab-1. DATES: This regulation is effective June 8, 2020. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before August 7, 2020, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA–HQ–OPP–2019–0097, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. The Public Reading Room SUMMARY: khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with RULES $22,321 per violation, with a maximum of $55,801. Maximum of $55,801 per day for each violation. Maximum of $24,441 per violation. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:41 Jun 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 Robert McNally, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001; main telephone number: (703) 305–7090; email address: BPPDFRNotices@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. General Information A. Does this action apply to me? You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. The following list of North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. Potentially affected entities may include: • Crop production (NAICS code 111). • Animal production (NAICS code 112). • Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311). • Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532). B. How can I get electronic access to other related information? You may access a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR part 180 through the Government Publishing Office’s e-CFR site at http:// www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?& c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_ 02.tpl. PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 C. How can I file an objection or hearing request? Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a, any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA–HQ– OPP–2019–0097 in the subject line on the first page of your submission. All objections and requests for a hearing must be in writing, and must be received by the Hearing Clerk on or before August 7, 2020. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of objections and hearing requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b). In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for inclusion in the public docket. Information not marked confidential pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing request, identified by docket ID number EPA–HQ–OPP– 2019–0097, by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. • Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/ DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460–0001. • Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the instructions at http:// www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html. Additional instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, E:\FR\FM\08JNR1.SGM 08JNR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 110 (Monday, June 8, 2020)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 34643-34646]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-11114]


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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers

33 CFR Parts 207 and 326

RIN 0710-AB13


Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule

AGENCY: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, DoD.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is issuing this final 
rule to adjust its civil monetary penalties (CMP) under the Rivers and 
Harbors Appropriation Act of 1922, the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the 
National Fishing Enhancement Act to account for inflation.

DATES: This final rule is effective on June 8, 2020.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For the Navigation portion, please 
contact Mr. Paul Clouse at 202-761-4709 or by email at 
[email protected] or for the CWA portion, Ms. Karen Mulligan 
at 202-761-4664 or by email at [email protected] or access 
the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Home Page at http://www.usace.army.mil/Missions/CivilWorks/RegulatoryProgramandPermits.aspx.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act of 1990, Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 
2461, note), as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, 
Public Law 104-134, April 26, 1996, and further amended by the Federal 
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 
(Inflation Adjustment Act), Public Law 114-74, November 2, 2015, 
required agencies to annually adjust the level of CMP for inflation to 
improve their effectiveness and maintain their deterrent effect.
    With this rule, the new statutory maximum penalty levels listed in 
Table 1 will apply to all statutory civil penalties assessed on or 
after the effective date of this rule. Table 1 shows the calculation of 
the 2020 annual inflation adjustment based on the guidance provided by 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (see December 16, 2019, 
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, 
Subject: Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2020, 
Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act 
Improvements Act of 2015). The OMB provided to

[[Page 34644]]

agencies the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2020, based on 
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the month 
of October 2019, not seasonally adjusted, which is 1.01764. Agencies 
are to adjust ``the maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of 
minimum and maximum civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each 
civil monetary penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment.'' For 2020, 
agencies multiply each applicable penalty by the multiplier, 1.01764, 
and round to the nearest dollar. The multiplier should be applied to 
the most recent penalty amount, i.e., the one that includes the 2019 
annual inflation adjustment.

                                                     Table 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Civil Monetary
                                      Penalty (CMP)      2019 CMP amount in  2020 Inflation    CMP amount as of
             Citation               amount established    effect prior to      adjustment        June 8, 2020
                                          by law          this rulemaking      multiplier
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rivers and Harbors Act of 1922     $2,500 per           $5,732 per                  1.01764  $5,834 per
 (33 U.S.C. 555).                   violation.           violation.                           violation.
CWA, 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A).....  $10,000 per          $21,934 per                 1.01764  $22,321 per
                                    violation, with a    violation, with a                    violation, with a
                                    maximum of $25,000.  maximum of $54,833.                  maximum of
                                                                                              $55,801.
CWA, 33 U.S.C. 1344(s)(4)........  Maximum of $25,000   Maximum of $54,833          1.01764  Maximum of $55,801
                                    per day for each     per day for each                     per day for each
                                    violation.           violation.                           violation.
National Fishing Enhancement Act,  Maximum of $10,000   Maximum of $24,017          1.01764  Maximum of $24,441
 33 U.S.C. 2104(e).                 per violation.       per violation.                       per violation.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 4 of the Inflation Adjustment Act directs federal agencies 
to publish annual penalty inflation adjustments. In accordance with 
Section 553 of the Administrative Procedures Act (APA), most rules are 
subject to notice and comment and are effective no earlier than 30 days 
after publication in the Federal Register. Section 4(b)(2) of the 
Inflation Adjustment Act further provides that each agency shall make 
the annual inflation adjustments ``notwithstanding section 553'' of the 
APA. According to the December 2019 OMB guidance issued to Federal 
agencies on the implementation of the 2020 annual adjustment, the 
phrase ``notwithstanding section 553'' means that ``the public 
procedure the APA generally requires (i.e., notice, an opportunity for 
comment, and a delay in effective date) is not required for agencies to 
issue regulations implementing the annual adjustment.'' Consistent with 
the language of the Inflation Adjustment Act and OMB's implementation 
guidance, this rule is not subject to notice and opportunity for public 
comment. This rule adjusts the value of current statutory civil 
penalties to reflect and keep pace with the levels originally set by 
Congress when the statutes were enacted, as required by the Inflation 
Adjustment Act. This rule will apply prospectively to penalty 
assessments beginning on the effective date of this final rule.

Regulatory Procedures

Plain Language

    In compliance with the principles in the President's Memorandum of 
June 1, 1998, regarding plain language, this preamble is written using 
plain language. The use of ``we'' in this notice refers to the Corps 
and the use of ``you'' refers to the reader. We have also used the 
active voice, short sentences, and common everyday terms except for 
necessary technical terms.

Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review,'' and 
Executive Order 13563, ``Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review''

    This rule is not designated a ``significant regulatory action'' 
under Executive Order 12866 and OMB determined this rule to not be 
significant. Moreover, this final rule makes nondiscretionary 
adjustments to existing civil monetary penalties in accordance with the 
Inflation Adjustment Act and OMB guidance. The Corps, therefore, did 
not consider alternatives and does not have the flexibility to alter 
the adjustments of the civil monetary penalty amounts as provided in 
this rule.

Public Law 96-511, ``Paperwork Reduction Act'' (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35)

    The Department of Defense determined that provisions of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 
35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not apply to 
this rule because there are no new or revised recordkeeping or 
reporting requirements. This action merely increases the level of 
statutory civil penalties that could be imposed in the context of a 
federal civil administrative enforcement action or civil judicial case 
for violations of Corps-administered statutes and their implementing 
regulations.

Executive Order 13771, ``Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory 
Costs''

    This rule has been deemed not significant under Executive Order 
12866 and is, therefore, not subject to the requirements of Executive 
Order 13771, ``Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs.''

Executive Order 13132, ``Federalism''

    Executive Order 13132 establishes certain requirements that an 
agency must meet when it promulgates a rule that imposes substantial 
direct requirement costs on State and local governments, preempts State 
law, or otherwise has Federalism implications. This final rule will not 
have a substantial effect on State and local governments.

Public Law 96-354, ``Regulatory Flexibility Act'' (5 U.S.C. Chapter 6)

    Because notice of proposed rulemaking and opportunity for comment 
are not required pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, or any other law, the 
analytical requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 
601, et seq.) are inapplicable. Therefore, a regulatory flexibility 
analysis is not required and has not been prepared.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. Chapter 25)

    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (2 
U.S.C. 1532) requires agencies to assess anticipated costs and benefits 
before issuing any rule the mandates of which require spending in any 
year of $100 million in 1995 dollars, updated annually for inflation. 
In 2016, that threshold is approximately $146 million. This rule will 
not mandate any

[[Page 34645]]

requirements for State, local, or tribal governments, nor will it 
affect private sector costs.

Public Law 104-113, ``National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act'' (15 U.S.C. Chapter 7)

    Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law 104-113, (15 U.S.C. 272 note), directs 
us to use voluntary consensus standards in our regulatory activities, 
unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise 
impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards 
(e.g., materials specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and 
business practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary 
consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs us to provide Congress, 
through OMB, explanations when we decide not to use available and 
applicable voluntary consensus standards. This rule does not involve 
technical standards. Therefore, we did not consider the use of any 
voluntary consensus standards.

Executive Order 13045, ``Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks''

    Executive Order 13045 applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined 
to be ``economically significant'' as defined under Executive Order 
12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that we 
have reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. 
If the regulatory action meets both criteria, we must evaluate the 
environmental health or safety effects of the rule on children, and 
explain why the regulation is preferable to other potentially effective 
and reasonably feasible alternatives. This rule is not subject to this 
Executive Order because it is not economically significant as defined 
in Executive Order 12866. In addition, it does not concern an 
environmental or safety risk that we have reason to believe may have a 
disproportionate effect on children.

Executive Order 13175, ``Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments''

    Executive Order 13175 requires agencies to develop an accountable 
process to ensure ``meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in 
the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.'' 
The phrase ``policies that have tribal implications'' is defined in the 
Executive Order to include regulations that have ``substantial direct 
effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the 
Federal government and the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of 
power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian 
tribes.'' This rule does not have tribal implications. The rule imposes 
no new substantive obligations on tribal governments. Therefore, 
Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.

Public Law 104-121, ``Congressional Review Act'' (5 U.S.C. Chapter 8)

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as amended by 
the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, 
generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency 
promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy 
of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller 
General of the United States. We will submit a report containing this 
rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House 
of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States. A 
major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in 
the Federal Register. This rule is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 
U.S.C. 804(2).

Executive Order 12898, ``Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations''

    Executive Order 12898 requires that, to the greatest extent 
practicable and permitted by law, each Federal agency must make 
achieving environmental justice part of its mission. Executive Order 
12898 provides that each Federal agency conduct its programs, policies, 
and activities that substantially affect human health or the 
environment in a manner that ensures that such programs, policies, and 
activities do not have the effect of excluding persons (including 
populations) from participation in, denying persons (including 
populations) the benefits of, or subjecting persons (including 
populations) to discrimination under such programs, policies, and 
activities because of their race, color, or national origin. This rule 
merely adjusts civil penalties to account for inflation, and therefore, 
is not expected to negatively impact any community, and therefore is 
not expected to cause any disproportionately high and adverse impacts 
to minority or low-income communities.

Executive Order 13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use''

    This rule is not a ``significant energy action'' as defined in 
Executive Order 13211 because it is not likely to have a significant 
adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy.

List of Subjects

33 CFR Part 207

    Navigation (water), Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, and Waterways.

33 CFR Part 326

    Administrative practice and procedure, Intergovernmental relations, 
Investigations, Law enforcement, Navigation (Water), Water pollution 
control, Waterways.

    Approved by:
R.D. James,
Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works).
    For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 33, chapter II of 
the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 207--NAVIGATION REGULATIONS

0
1. The authority citation for part 207 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1; 33 U.S.C. 555; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note.

0
2. Amend Sec.  [thinsp]207.800 by revising paragraph (c)(2) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  207.800   Collection of navigation statistics.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (2) In addition, any person or entity that fails to provide timely, 
accurate, and complete statements or reports required to be submitted 
by the regulation in this section may also be assessed a civil penalty 
of up to $5,834 per violation under 33 U.S.C. 555, as amended.
* * * * *

PART 326--ENFORCEMENT

0
1. The authority citation for part 326 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 401 et seq.; 33 U.S.C. 1344; 33 U.S.C. 
1413; 33 U.S.C. 2104; 33 U.S.C. 1319; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note.

0
2. Amend Sec.  326.6 by revising paragraph (a)(1) to read as follows:


Sec.  326.6   Class I administrative penalties.

    (a) * * *
    (1) This section sets forth procedures for initiation and 
administration of Class I administrative penalty orders under Section 
309(g) of the Clean Water Act, judicially-imposed civil penalties under 
Section 404(s) of the Clean Water Act, and Section 205 of the National 
Fishing Enhancement Act. Under

[[Page 34646]]

Section 309(g)(2)(A) of the Clean Water Act, Class I civil penalties 
may not exceed $22,321 per violation, except that the maximum amount of 
any Class I civil penalty shall not exceed $55,801. Under Section 
404(s)(4) of the Clean Water Act, judicially-imposed civil penalties 
may not exceed $55,801 per day for each violation. Under Section 205(e) 
of the National Fishing Enhancement Act, penalties for violations of 
permits issued in accordance with that Act shall not exceed $24,441 for 
each violation.

                       Table 1 to Paragraph (a)(1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Statutory civil monetary
                                          penalty amount for violations
  Environmental statute and U.S. code    that occurred after November 2,
                citation                   2015, and are assessed on or
                                                after June 8, 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clean Water Act (CWA), Section           $22,321 per violation, with a
 309(g)(2)(A), 33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A).   maximum of $55,801.
CWA, Section 404(s)(4), 33 U.S.C.        Maximum of $55,801 per day for
 1344(s)(4).                              each violation.
National Fishing Enhancement Act,        Maximum of $24,441 per
 Section 205(e), 33 U.S.C. 2104(e).       violation.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2020-11114 Filed 6-5-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3720-58-P