Guidance Clarifying Premium Tax Credit Unaffected by Suspension of Personal Exemption Deduction, 31710-31714 [2020-10069]

Download as PDF 31710 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 102 / Wednesday, May 27, 2020 / Proposed Rules plant construction. As a result, the petition argues that the design of accident mitigation systems may not be optimized for protecting public health and safety, and that the control room accident dose criterion has proven to be challenging to demonstrate with most plants having very little margin to meet the regulation. The petition proposes an alternative, voluntary rule that would allow licensees to adopt revised accident dose criteria that the petition asserts resolve the concerns identified above. IV. Conclusion The NRC has determined that the petition meets the threshold sufficiency requirements for docketing a petition for rulemaking under 10 CFR 2.803, ‘‘2.803 Petition for rulemaking—NRC action.’’ The NRC is examining the merits of the issues raised in PRM–50–121 to determine whether these issues should be considered in rulemaking. Dated this 12th day of May, 2020. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Annette L. Vietti-Cook, Secretary of the Commission. [FR Doc. 2020–10599 Filed 5–26–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7590–01–P FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 CFR Part 354 RIN 3064–AF31 Parent Companies of Industrial Banks and Industrial Loan Companies; Extension of Comment Period Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking: Extension of comment period. AGENCY: On March 31, 2020, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation published in the Federal Register a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) entitled ‘‘Parent Companies of Industrial Banks and Industrial Loan Companies’’ proposing a rule that would require certain conditions and commitments for each deposit insurance application approval, non-objection to a change in control notice, and merger application approval that would result in an insured industrial bank or industrial loan company becoming, after the effective date of any final rule, a subsidiary of a company that is not subject to consolidated supervision by the Federal Reserve Board. The proposed rule also would require that before any industrial bank or industrial loan company may jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 May 26, 2020 Jkt 250001 become a subsidiary of a company that is not subject to consolidated supervision by the Federal Reserve Board, such company and the industrial bank or industrial loan company must enter into one or more written agreements with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The NPR provided for a 60-day comment period, which would have closed on June 1, 2020. The FDIC has determined that an extension of the comment period until July 1, 2020, is appropriate. This action will allow interested parties additional time to analyze the proposal and prepare comments. DATES: The comment period for the NPR on parent companies of industrial banks and industrial loan companies published on March 31, 2020 (85 FR 17771), is extended from June 1, 2020, to July 1, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by RIN 3064–AF31, on the notice of proposed rulemaking using any of the following methods: • Agency website: https:// www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/federal. Follow the instructions for submitting comments on the agency website. • Email: comments@fdic.gov. Include RIN 3064–AF31 on the subject line of the message. • Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary, Attention: Comments, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 550 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20429. • Hand Delivery: Comments may be hand delivered to the guard station at the rear of the 550 17th Street building (located on F Street) on business days between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m. • Public Inspection: All comments received, including any personal information provided, will be posted generally without change to https:// www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/federal. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mark Flanigan, Senior Counsel, (202) 898–7426, mflanigan@fdic.gov; Catherine Topping, Counsel, (202) 898– 3975, ctopping@fdic.gov; Gregory Feder, Counsel, (202) 898–8724, gfeder@ fdic.gov; Joyce Raidle, Counsel, (202) 898–6763, jraidle@fdic.gov; Merritt Pardini, Counsel, (202) 898–6680, mpardini@fdic.gov, Legal Division; Don Hamm, Special Advisor, (202) 898– 3528, dhamm@fdic.gov; Scott Leifer, Senior Review Examiner, (508) 698– 0361, Extension 8027, sleifer@fdic.gov, Division of Risk Management Supervision. On March 31, 2020, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation published in the Federal SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Register 1 an NPR proposing a new rule, Part 354 of the FDIC’s Rules and Regulations, that would require certain conditions, commitments, and written agreements for each deposit insurance application approval, non-objection to a change in control notice, and merger application approval that would result in an insured industrial bank or industrial loan company becoming, after the effective date of any final rule, a subsidiary of a company that is not subject to consolidated supervision by the Federal Reserve Board. The NPR stated the comment period would close on June 1, 2020. An extension of the comment period will provide additional time for interested parties to prepare comments to address the matters raised in the NPR. Therefore, the FDIC is extending the comment period for the NPR on parent companies of industrial banks and industrial loan companies from June 1, 2020, to July 1, 2020. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Dated at Washington, DC, on May 22, 2020. Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary. [FR Doc. 2020–11446 Filed 5–22–20; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 6714–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG–124810–19] RIN 1545–BP76 Guidance Clarifying Premium Tax Credit Unaffected by Suspension of Personal Exemption Deduction Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: This document includes proposed regulations under sections 36B and 6011 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) that clarify that the reduction of the personal exemption deduction to zero for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2026, does not affect an individual taxpayer’s ability to claim the premium tax credit. These proposed regulations affect individuals who claim the premium tax credit. DATES: Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing must be received by July 27, 2020. Requests for a public hearing must be submitted SUMMARY: 1 85 FR 17771. E:\FR\FM\27MYP1.SGM 27MYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 102 / Wednesday, May 27, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS as prescribed in the ‘‘Comments and Requests for a Public Hearing’’ section. ADDRESSES: Commenters are strongly encouraged to submit public comments electronically. Submit electronic submissions via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http:// www.regulations.gov (indicate IRS and REG–124810–19) by following the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted to the Federal eRulemaking Portal, comments cannot be edited or withdrawn. The IRS expects to have limited personnel available to process public comments that are submitted on paper through mail. Until further notice, any comments submitted on paper will be considered to the extent practicable. The Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will publish for public availability any comment submitted electronically, and to the extent practicable on paper, to its public docket. Send paper submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG–124810–19), Room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the proposed regulations, call Suzanne Sinno at (202) 317–4718 (not a toll-free number); concerning submissions of comments and/or requests for a public hearing, call Regina Johnson at (202) 317–5177 (not a tollfree number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background This document contains proposed amendments to the Income Tax Regulations (26 CFR part 1) under sections 36B and 6011 of the Code. Section 151 of the Code generally allows a taxpayer to claim a personal exemption deduction, based on the exemption amount defined in section 151(d), for the taxpayer, the taxpayer’s spouse, and any dependents, as defined in section 152 of the Code. On December 22, 2017, section 151(d)(5) was added to the Code by section 11041 of Public Law 115–97, 131 Stat. 2054, 2082, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Section 151(d)(5)(A) provides that, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2026, the term ‘‘exemption amount’’ means zero. However, section 151(d)(5)(B) provides that the reduction of the exemption amount to zero is not taken into account in determining whether a deduction under section 151 is allowed or allowable to a taxpayer, or whether a taxpayer is entitled to a deduction VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 May 26, 2020 Jkt 250001 under section 151, for purposes of any other provision of the Code. The Conference Report states that this provision clarifies that the reduction of the personal exemption to zero ‘‘should not alter the operation of those provisions of the Code which refer to a taxpayer allowed a deduction . . . under section 151.’’ See H.R. Rep. No. 115–466 at 203 n.16 (Conf. Rep.) (2017). Beginning in 2014, under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Public Law 111–148 (124 Stat. 119 (2010)), and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, Public Law 111–152 (124 Stat. 1029 (2010)) (collectively, Affordable Care Act), eligible individuals who purchase coverage under a qualified health plan through a Health Insurance Exchange (Exchange) established under section 1311 of the Affordable Care Act may claim a premium tax credit under section 36B. Several rules relating to the premium tax credit apply based on whether a taxpayer properly claims or claimed a personal exemption deduction under section 151 for the taxpayer, the taxpayer’s spouse, and any dependents. These rules affect eligibility for the premium tax credit, computation of the premium tax credit, reconciliation of advance credit payments with the premium tax credit a taxpayer is allowed for the taxable year, and income tax return filing requirements related to the premium tax credit. Eligibility for, and Computation of, the Premium Tax Credit To be eligible for the premium tax credit, an individual must be an applicable taxpayer. Under section 36B(c)(1), an applicable taxpayer generally is a taxpayer whose household income for the taxable year is at least 100 percent but not more than 400 percent of the Federal poverty line for the taxpayer’s family size for the taxable year. A taxpayer’s family size is equal to the number of individuals in the taxpayer’s family. Section 1.36B–1(d) of the Income Tax Regulations provides that, for purposes of §§ 1.36B–1 through 1.36B–5, a taxpayer’s family means the individuals for whom a taxpayer properly claims a deduction for a personal exemption under section 151 for the taxable year. Section 1.36B– 2(b)(3) provides that an individual is not an applicable taxpayer if another taxpayer may claim a deduction under section 151 for the individual for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which the individual’s taxable year begins. Section 36B(c)(2) provides that the premium tax credit generally is not allowed for a month with respect to an PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 31711 individual if for that month the individual is eligible for minimum essential coverage other than coverage in the individual market. However, under a special eligibility rule in § 1.36B–2(c)(4)(i), an individual who may enroll in minimum essential coverage because of a relationship to another person eligible for the coverage but for whom the other eligible person does not claim a personal exemption deduction under section 151, is treated as eligible for minimum essential coverage under such coverage only for months that the related individual is enrolled in the coverage. Under section 36B(a), a taxpayer’s premium tax credit is equal to the premium assistance credit amount for the taxable year. Section 36B(b)(1) and § 1.36B–3(d) generally provide that the premium assistance credit amount is the sum of the premium assistance amounts for all coverage months in the taxable year for individuals in the taxpayer’s family, as defined in § 1.36B–1(d). Reconciliation of Advance Credit Payments With the Premium Tax Credit Under section 1412 of the Affordable Care Act, advance payments of the premium tax credit (advance credit payments) may be paid directly to qualified health plans on behalf of eligible individuals. The amount of advance credit payments made on behalf of a taxpayer in a taxable year is determined by a number of factors, including projections of the taxpayer’s household income and family size for the taxable year. Under § 1.36B–4, a taxpayer generally must reconcile all advance credit payments for coverage of any member of the taxpayer’s family with the amount of the premium tax credit allowed under section 36B. Section 1.36B–4(a)(1)(ii)(B)(1) and (2) provide specific allocation rules to reconcile advance credit payments when an individual is enrolled by one taxpayer but another taxpayer claims a personal exemption deduction for the individual. If advance credit payments are made for coverage of an individual for whom no taxpayer claims a personal exemption deduction, § 1.36B– 4(a)(1)(ii)(C) provides that the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange to the intention to claim a personal exemption deduction for the individual as part of the advance credit payment eligibility determination for coverage of the individual must reconcile the advance credit payments. Income Tax Return Filing Requirements Related to the Premium Tax Credit Section 6011 provides the general rules for filing a return. Section 1.6011– E:\FR\FM\27MYP1.SGM 27MYP1 31712 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 102 / Wednesday, May 27, 2020 / Proposed Rules 8 requires a taxpayer who receives the benefit of advance credit payments to file an income tax return for that taxable year to reconcile advance credit payments with the taxpayer’s premium tax credit. The regulation further provides that if advance credit payments are made for coverage of an individual for whom no taxpayer claims a personal exemption deduction, the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange to the intention to claim a personal exemption deduction for the individual as part of the advance credit payment eligibility determination for coverage of the individual must file a tax return and reconcile the advance credit payments. Taxpayers who are required to reconcile advance credit payments or who claim the premium tax credit must complete Form 8962, Premium Tax Credit (PTC), and file it with their tax return. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Notice 2018–84 On November 5, 2018, the Treasury Department and the IRS issued Notice 2018–84, 2018–45 I.R.B. 768, which provided interim guidance clarifying that the reduction of the personal exemption deduction to zero under section 151(d)(5) does not affect the ability of individual taxpayers to claim the premium tax credit. Specifically, the notice provides that (1) a taxpayer is considered to have claimed a personal exemption deduction for himself or herself for a taxable year if the taxpayer files an income tax return for the year and does not qualify as a dependent of another taxpayer under section 152 for the year; and (2) a taxpayer is considered to have claimed a personal exemption deduction for an individual other than the taxpayer if the taxpayer is allowed a personal exemption deduction for the individual, taking into account section 151(d)(5)(B), and lists the individual’s name and taxpayer identification number (TIN) on the Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, or Form 1040NR, U.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, the taxpayer files for the year. The notice states that until further guidance is issued, the interim guidance described in the notice applies. The notice also states that the Treasury Department and the IRS intend to amend the regulations under sections 36B and 6011 to clarify the application of section 151(d)(5). Explanation of Provisions The current regulations under section 36B provide that a taxpayer’s family means the individuals for whom the taxpayer claims a personal exemption deduction under section 151. For tax years prior to 2018, a taxpayer VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 May 26, 2020 Jkt 250001 determined the personal exemption deduction by putting the name and TIN of each individual in the taxpayer’s family on the taxpayer’s income tax return, multiplying the number of allowed exemptions by the exemption amount, and entering that amount on his or her income tax return. Under newly enacted section 151(d)(5), the personal exemption deduction is zero for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2026. Although the amount of the deduction for personal exemptions is reduced to zero for those years, taxpayers must include on their tax returns the names and TINs of individuals for whom they are allowed a personal exemption deduction (taking into account section 151(d)(5)(B)) in order to claim various tax benefits with respect to those individuals. These proposed regulations adopt the substance of the guidance in Notice 2018–84 by amending the regulations under sections 36B and 6011 to clarify that the reduction of the personal exemption deduction to zero under section 151(d)(5) does not affect the ability of individual taxpayers to claim the premium tax credit. Specifically, these proposed regulations amend the definition of family in § 1.36B–1(d) to provide that a taxpayer’s family means the taxpayer, including both spouses in the case of a joint return (except for individuals who qualify as a dependent of another taxpayer under section 152), and any other individual for whom the taxpayer is allowed a personal exemption deduction (taking into account section 152(d)(5)(B)) and whom the taxpayer properly reports on the taxpayer’s income tax return for the taxable year. The proposed regulations provide that an individual is reported on the taxpayer’s income tax return if the individual’s name and TIN are listed on the taxpayer’s Form 1040 series return. The definition of family and family size in proposed § 1.36B–1(d) will apply for purposes of §§ 1.36B–1 through 1.36B–5. Thus, the definition will apply to determine the computation of the premium tax credit under § 1.36B–3(d), which is based on the sum of the premium assistance amounts for all coverage months in the taxable year for individuals in the taxpayer’s family. In addition, the proposed regulations make conforming changes to the rules in § 1.36B–2 (relating to eligibility for, and computation of, the premium tax credit), § 1.36B–4 (relating to reconciliation of advance credit payments with the premium tax credit), and § 1.6011–8 (relating to the income tax return filing requirements for PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 taxpayers who receive the benefit of advance credit payments or claim the premium tax credit). These conforming changes delete references such as ‘‘claim a personal exemption deduction,’’ ‘‘claims a personal exemption deduction,’’ or ‘‘claimed as a personal exemption deduction’’ in the current regulations and replace them with other terms consistent with the definition of family in proposed § 1.36B–1(d). Proposed Applicability Date These regulations are proposed to apply to taxable years ending after the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register. In addition, taxpayers may rely on these proposed regulations for taxable years to which section 151(d)(5) applies ending on or before that date. See section 7805(b)(7). Special Analyses These proposed regulations are not subject to review under section 6(b) of Executive Order 12866 pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement (April 11, 2018) between the Treasury Department and the Office of Management and Budget regarding review of tax regulations. In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6), it is hereby certified that this proposed rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This certification is based on the fact that the proposed regulations affect individual taxpayers, not entities. Pursuant to section 7805(f), these proposed regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small business. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits and take certain other actions before issuing a final rule that includes any Federal mandate that may result in expenditures in any one year by a state, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million (updated annually for inflation). This rule does not include any Federal mandate that may result in expenditures by state, local, or tribal governments, or by the private sector in excess of that threshold. Executive Order 13132: Federalism Executive Order 13132 (entitled ‘‘Federalism’’) prohibits an agency from E:\FR\FM\27MYP1.SGM 27MYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 102 / Wednesday, May 27, 2020 / Proposed Rules publishing any rule that has federalism implications if the rule either imposes substantial, direct compliance costs on state and local governments, and is not required by statute, or preempts state law, unless the agency meets the consultation and funding requirements of section 6 of the Executive Order. This proposed rule does not have federalism implications and does not impose substantial direct compliance costs on state and local governments or preempt state law within the meaning of the Executive Order. Statement of Availability of IRS Documents * * * * * * * Par. 2. Section 1.36B–0 is amended by: ■ a. Revising the entries for § 1.36B–1(d) and (o); ■ b. Revising the entries for § 1.36B– 2(c)(4)(i) and (e); and ■ c. Revising the entries for § 1.36B– 4(a)(1)(ii)(B) and (C), and (c). The revisions read as follows: ■ Drafting Information jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by adding sectional authorities in numerical order to read in part as follows: ■ Sections 1.36B–0, 1.36B–1, 1.36B–2, and 1.36B–4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 36B(g). Section 1.6011–8 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6011. Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, consideration will be given to comments that are submitted timely to the IRS as prescribed in this preamble in the ADDRESSES section. The Treasury Department and the IRS request comments on all aspects of the proposed regulations. Any electronic comments submitted, and to the extent practicable any paper comments submitted, will be made available at www.regulations.gov or upon request. A public hearing will be scheduled if requested in writing by any person who timely submits electronic or written comments. Requests for a public hearing are also encouraged to be made electronically. If a public hearing is scheduled, notice of the date, time, and place for the hearing will be published in the Federal Register. Announcement 2020–4, 2020–17 IRB 1, provides that until further notice, public hearings conducted by the IRS will be held telephonically. Any telephonic hearing will be made accessible to people with disabilities. The principal author of these proposed regulations is Suzanne R. Sinno of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting). However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in the development of the regulations. Jkt 250001 PART 1—INCOME TAXES * § 1.36B–1 Premium tax credit definitions. * * * * * (d) Family and family size. (1) In general. (2) Special rule for tax years to which section 151(d)(5) applies. * * * * * (o) Applicability dates. § 1.36B–2 credit. Eligibility for premium tax * * * * * (c) * * * (4) * * * (i) Related individual. * * * * * (e) Applicability dates. § 1.36B–4 Reconciling the premium tax credit with advance credit payments. * * * * * (a) * * * (1) * * * (ii) * * * (B) Individuals enrolled by a taxpayer and claimed by another taxpayer. (C) Responsibility for advance credit payments for an individual not reported on any taxpayer’s return. * * * * * (c) Applicability dates. ■ Par. 3. Section 1.36B–1 is amended by ■ a. Redesignating the text of paragraph (d) as paragraph (d)(1); ■ b. Adding a paragraph heading to newly designated paragraph (d)(1); ■ c. Adding paragraph (d)(2); and PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Premium tax credit definitions. * Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows: * d. Revising paragraph (o). The additions and revision read as follows: ■ § 1.36B–1 Proposed Amendments to the Regulations Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * * Comments and Requests for a Public Hearing 16:25 May 26, 2020 Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. * The regulations, notices and other guidance cited in this preamble are published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin and are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office, Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS website at www.irs.gov. VerDate Sep<11>2014 List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1 31713 * * * * (d) Family and family size—(1) In general. * * * (2) Special rule for tax years to which section 151(d)(5) applies. For taxable years to which section 151(d)(5) applies, a taxpayer’s family means the taxpayer, including both spouses in the case of a joint return, except for individuals who qualify as a dependent of another taxpayer under section 152, and any other individual for whom the taxpayer is allowed a personal exemption deduction and whom the taxpayer properly reports on the taxpayer’s income tax return for the taxable year. For purposes of this paragraph (d)(2), an individual is reported on the taxpayer’s income tax return if the individual’s name and taxpayer identification number (TIN) are listed on the taxpayer’s Form 1040 series return. See § 601.602. * * * * * (o) Applicability dates. (1) Except for paragraphs (d)(2), (l), and (m) of this section, this section applies to taxable years ending after December 31, 2013. (2) Paragraph (d)(2) of this section applies to taxable years ending after [the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register]. (3) Paragraphs (l) and (m) of this section apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018. Paragraphs (l) and (m) of § 1.36B–1 as contained in 26 CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 2016, apply to taxable years ending after December 31, 2013, and beginning before January 1, 2019. ■ Par. 4. Section 1.36B–2 is amended by: ■ a. Revising paragraph (c)(4)(i); ■ b. Revising the heading for paragraph (e); and ■ c. Adding paragraph (e)(4). The addition and revisions read as follows: § 1.36B–2 credit. Eligibility for premium tax * * * * * (c) * * * (4) Special eligibility rules—(i) Related individual. An individual who may enroll in minimum essential coverage because of a relationship to another person eligible for the coverage, but is not included in the family, as defined in § 1.36B–1(d), of the other eligible person, is treated as eligible for such minimum essential coverage only E:\FR\FM\27MYP1.SGM 27MYP1 31714 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 102 / Wednesday, May 27, 2020 / Proposed Rules for months that the related individual is enrolled in the coverage. * * * * * (e) Applicability dates. * * * (4) Paragraph (c)(4)(i) of this section applies to taxable years ending after [the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register]. ■ Par. 5. Section 1.36B–4 is amended by: ■ a. Adding a sentence to the end of paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(B)(1); ■ b. Revising paragraphs (a)(1)(ii)(B)(2) and (a)(1)(ii)(C); and ■ c. Revising the heading to paragraph (c) and adding a sentence at the end of the paragraph. The additions and revisions read as follows: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS § 1.36B–4 Reconciling the premium tax credit with advance credit payments. (a) * * * (1) * * * (ii) * * * (B) Individual enrolled by a taxpayer and claimed by another taxpayer—(1) In general. * * * For taxable years to which section 151(d)(5) applies, the claiming taxpayer is the taxpayer who properly includes the shifting enrollee in his or her family for the taxable year. (2) Allocation percentage. The enrolling taxpayer and claiming taxpayer may agree on any allocation percentage between zero and one hundred percent. If the enrolling taxpayer and claiming taxpayer do not agree on an allocation percentage, the percentage is equal to the number of shifting enrollees properly included in the enrolling taxpayer’s family divided by the number of individuals enrolled by the enrolling taxpayer in the same qualified health plan as the shifting enrollee. * * * * * (C) Responsibility for advance credit payments for an individual not reported on any taxpayer’s return. If advance credit payments are made for coverage of an individual who is not included in any taxpayer’s family, as defined in § 1.36B–1(d), the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange to the intention to include such individual in the taxpayer’s family as part of the advance credit payment eligibility determination for coverage of the individual must reconcile the advance credit payments. * * * * * (c) Applicability dates. * * * The last sentence of paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(B)(1), paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(B)(2), and paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section apply to taxable years ending after [the date the Treasury decision adopting these VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:25 May 26, 2020 Jkt 250001 regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register]. ■ Par. 6. Section 1.6011–8 is amended by revising paragraphs (a) and (b) to read as follows: § 1.6011–8 Requirement of income tax return for taxpayers who claim the premium tax credit under section 36B. (a) Requirement of return. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (a), a taxpayer who receives the benefit of advance payments of the premium tax credit (advance credit payments) under section 36B must file an income tax return for that taxable year on or before the due date for the return (including extensions of time for filing) and reconcile the advance credit payments. However, if advance credit payments are made for coverage of an individual who is not included in any taxpayer’s family, as defined in § 1.36B– 1(d), the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange to the intention to include such individual in the taxpayer’s family as part of the advance credit payment eligibility determination for coverage of the individual must file a tax return and reconcile the advance credit payments. (b) Applicability dates—(1) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, paragraph (a) of this section applies for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2020. (2) Prior periods. Paragraph (a) of this section as contained in 26 CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 2016, applies to taxable years ending after December 31, 2013, and beginning before January 1, 2017. Paragraph (a) of this section as contained in 26 CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 2020, applies to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2016, and ending before December 31, 2020. Sunita Lough, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement. [FR Doc. 2020–10069 Filed 5–26–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4830–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 31 and 35 [REG–100320–20] RIN 1545–BP69 Income Tax Withholding on Certain Periodic Retirement and Annuity Payments Under Section 3405(a) Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 This document sets forth a proposed regulation that provides rules for Federal income tax withholding on certain periodic retirement and annuity payments to implement an amendment made by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This proposed regulation would affect payors of certain periodic payments, plan administrators that are required to withhold on such payments, and payees who receive such payments. DATES: Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing must be received by July 27, 2020. Requests for a public hearing must be submitted as prescribed in the ‘‘Comments and Requests for a Public Hearing’’ section. ADDRESSES: Commenters are strongly encouraged to submit public comments electronically. Submit electronic submissions via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov (indicate IRS and REG–100320–20) by following the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted to the Federal eRulemaking Portal, comments cannot be edited or withdrawn. The IRS expects to have limited personnel available to process public comments that are submitted on paper through mail. Until further notice, any comments submitted on paper will be considered to the extent practicable. The Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the IRS will publish for public availability any comment submitted electronically, and to the extent practicable on paper, to its public docket. Send paper submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG–100320–20), Room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the proposed regulation, Kara M. Soderstrom of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Employee Benefits, Exempt Organizations, and Employment Taxes) at (202) 317–5234; concerning submissions of comments and/or requests for a public hearing, Regina Johnson, (202) 317–5177 (not toll-free numbers). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background This document sets forth a proposed amendment to the Employment Tax Regulations (26 CFR parts 31 and 35) under section 3405 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). This proposed regulation would update certain provisions of § 35.3405–1T to conform to a change to section 3405(a)(4) made by section 11041(c)(2)(G) of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, Public Law 115–97, E:\FR\FM\27MYP1.SGM 27MYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 102 (Wednesday, May 27, 2020)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 31710-31714]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-10069]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Internal Revenue Service

26 CFR Part 1

[REG-124810-19]
RIN 1545-BP76


Guidance Clarifying Premium Tax Credit Unaffected by Suspension 
of Personal Exemption Deduction

AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: This document includes proposed regulations under sections 36B 
and 6011 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) that clarify that the 
reduction of the personal exemption deduction to zero for taxable years 
beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2026, does not 
affect an individual taxpayer's ability to claim the premium tax 
credit. These proposed regulations affect individuals who claim the 
premium tax credit.

DATES: Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing 
must be received by July 27, 2020. Requests for a public hearing must 
be submitted

[[Page 31711]]

as prescribed in the ``Comments and Requests for a Public Hearing'' 
section.

ADDRESSES: Commenters are strongly encouraged to submit public comments 
electronically. Submit electronic submissions via the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov (indicate IRS and REG-
124810-19) by following the online instructions for submitting 
comments. Once submitted to the Federal eRulemaking Portal, comments 
cannot be edited or withdrawn. The IRS expects to have limited 
personnel available to process public comments that are submitted on 
paper through mail. Until further notice, any comments submitted on 
paper will be considered to the extent practicable. The Department of 
the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the Internal Revenue Service 
(IRS) will publish for public availability any comment submitted 
electronically, and to the extent practicable on paper, to its public 
docket. Send paper submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-124810-19), Room 
5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, 
Washington, DC 20044.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the proposed regulations, 
call Suzanne Sinno at (202) 317-4718 (not a toll-free number); 
concerning submissions of comments and/or requests for a public 
hearing, call Regina Johnson at (202) 317-5177 (not a toll-free 
number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    This document contains proposed amendments to the Income Tax 
Regulations (26 CFR part 1) under sections 36B and 6011 of the Code.
    Section 151 of the Code generally allows a taxpayer to claim a 
personal exemption deduction, based on the exemption amount defined in 
section 151(d), for the taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and any 
dependents, as defined in section 152 of the Code. On December 22, 
2017, section 151(d)(5) was added to the Code by section 11041 of 
Public Law 115-97, 131 Stat. 2054, 2082, commonly referred to as the 
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Section 151(d)(5)(A) provides that, for 
taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 
2026, the term ``exemption amount'' means zero. However, section 
151(d)(5)(B) provides that the reduction of the exemption amount to 
zero is not taken into account in determining whether a deduction under 
section 151 is allowed or allowable to a taxpayer, or whether a 
taxpayer is entitled to a deduction under section 151, for purposes of 
any other provision of the Code. The Conference Report states that this 
provision clarifies that the reduction of the personal exemption to 
zero ``should not alter the operation of those provisions of the Code 
which refer to a taxpayer allowed a deduction . . . under section 
151.'' See H.R. Rep. No. 115-466 at 203 n.16 (Conf. Rep.) (2017).
    Beginning in 2014, under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care 
Act, Public Law 111-148 (124 Stat. 119 (2010)), and the Health Care and 
Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, Public Law 111-152 (124 Stat. 
1029 (2010)) (collectively, Affordable Care Act), eligible individuals 
who purchase coverage under a qualified health plan through a Health 
Insurance Exchange (Exchange) established under section 1311 of the 
Affordable Care Act may claim a premium tax credit under section 36B. 
Several rules relating to the premium tax credit apply based on whether 
a taxpayer properly claims or claimed a personal exemption deduction 
under section 151 for the taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and any 
dependents. These rules affect eligibility for the premium tax credit, 
computation of the premium tax credit, reconciliation of advance credit 
payments with the premium tax credit a taxpayer is allowed for the 
taxable year, and income tax return filing requirements related to the 
premium tax credit.

Eligibility for, and Computation of, the Premium Tax Credit

    To be eligible for the premium tax credit, an individual must be an 
applicable taxpayer. Under section 36B(c)(1), an applicable taxpayer 
generally is a taxpayer whose household income for the taxable year is 
at least 100 percent but not more than 400 percent of the Federal 
poverty line for the taxpayer's family size for the taxable year. A 
taxpayer's family size is equal to the number of individuals in the 
taxpayer's family. Section 1.36B-1(d) of the Income Tax Regulations 
provides that, for purposes of Sec. Sec.  1.36B-1 through 1.36B-5, a 
taxpayer's family means the individuals for whom a taxpayer properly 
claims a deduction for a personal exemption under section 151 for the 
taxable year. Section 1.36B-2(b)(3) provides that an individual is not 
an applicable taxpayer if another taxpayer may claim a deduction under 
section 151 for the individual for a taxable year beginning in the 
calendar year in which the individual's taxable year begins.
    Section 36B(c)(2) provides that the premium tax credit generally is 
not allowed for a month with respect to an individual if for that month 
the individual is eligible for minimum essential coverage other than 
coverage in the individual market. However, under a special eligibility 
rule in Sec.  1.36B-2(c)(4)(i), an individual who may enroll in minimum 
essential coverage because of a relationship to another person eligible 
for the coverage but for whom the other eligible person does not claim 
a personal exemption deduction under section 151, is treated as 
eligible for minimum essential coverage under such coverage only for 
months that the related individual is enrolled in the coverage.
    Under section 36B(a), a taxpayer's premium tax credit is equal to 
the premium assistance credit amount for the taxable year. Section 
36B(b)(1) and Sec.  1.36B-3(d) generally provide that the premium 
assistance credit amount is the sum of the premium assistance amounts 
for all coverage months in the taxable year for individuals in the 
taxpayer's family, as defined in Sec.  1.36B-1(d).

Reconciliation of Advance Credit Payments With the Premium Tax Credit

    Under section 1412 of the Affordable Care Act, advance payments of 
the premium tax credit (advance credit payments) may be paid directly 
to qualified health plans on behalf of eligible individuals. The amount 
of advance credit payments made on behalf of a taxpayer in a taxable 
year is determined by a number of factors, including projections of the 
taxpayer's household income and family size for the taxable year. Under 
Sec.  1.36B-4, a taxpayer generally must reconcile all advance credit 
payments for coverage of any member of the taxpayer's family with the 
amount of the premium tax credit allowed under section 36B.
    Section 1.36B-4(a)(1)(ii)(B)(1) and (2) provide specific allocation 
rules to reconcile advance credit payments when an individual is 
enrolled by one taxpayer but another taxpayer claims a personal 
exemption deduction for the individual. If advance credit payments are 
made for coverage of an individual for whom no taxpayer claims a 
personal exemption deduction, Sec.  1.36B-4(a)(1)(ii)(C) provides that 
the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange to the intention to claim a 
personal exemption deduction for the individual as part of the advance 
credit payment eligibility determination for coverage of the individual 
must reconcile the advance credit payments.

Income Tax Return Filing Requirements Related to the Premium Tax Credit

    Section 6011 provides the general rules for filing a return. 
Section 1.6011-

[[Page 31712]]

8 requires a taxpayer who receives the benefit of advance credit 
payments to file an income tax return for that taxable year to 
reconcile advance credit payments with the taxpayer's premium tax 
credit. The regulation further provides that if advance credit payments 
are made for coverage of an individual for whom no taxpayer claims a 
personal exemption deduction, the taxpayer who attested to the Exchange 
to the intention to claim a personal exemption deduction for the 
individual as part of the advance credit payment eligibility 
determination for coverage of the individual must file a tax return and 
reconcile the advance credit payments. Taxpayers who are required to 
reconcile advance credit payments or who claim the premium tax credit 
must complete Form 8962, Premium Tax Credit (PTC), and file it with 
their tax return.

Notice 2018-84

    On November 5, 2018, the Treasury Department and the IRS issued 
Notice 2018-84, 2018-45 I.R.B. 768, which provided interim guidance 
clarifying that the reduction of the personal exemption deduction to 
zero under section 151(d)(5) does not affect the ability of individual 
taxpayers to claim the premium tax credit. Specifically, the notice 
provides that (1) a taxpayer is considered to have claimed a personal 
exemption deduction for himself or herself for a taxable year if the 
taxpayer files an income tax return for the year and does not qualify 
as a dependent of another taxpayer under section 152 for the year; and 
(2) a taxpayer is considered to have claimed a personal exemption 
deduction for an individual other than the taxpayer if the taxpayer is 
allowed a personal exemption deduction for the individual, taking into 
account section 151(d)(5)(B), and lists the individual's name and 
taxpayer identification number (TIN) on the Form 1040, U.S. Individual 
Income Tax Return, or Form 1040NR, U.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax 
Return, the taxpayer files for the year. The notice states that until 
further guidance is issued, the interim guidance described in the 
notice applies. The notice also states that the Treasury Department and 
the IRS intend to amend the regulations under sections 36B and 6011 to 
clarify the application of section 151(d)(5).

Explanation of Provisions

    The current regulations under section 36B provide that a taxpayer's 
family means the individuals for whom the taxpayer claims a personal 
exemption deduction under section 151. For tax years prior to 2018, a 
taxpayer determined the personal exemption deduction by putting the 
name and TIN of each individual in the taxpayer's family on the 
taxpayer's income tax return, multiplying the number of allowed 
exemptions by the exemption amount, and entering that amount on his or 
her income tax return. Under newly enacted section 151(d)(5), the 
personal exemption deduction is zero for taxable years beginning after 
December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2026. Although the amount of 
the deduction for personal exemptions is reduced to zero for those 
years, taxpayers must include on their tax returns the names and TINs 
of individuals for whom they are allowed a personal exemption deduction 
(taking into account section 151(d)(5)(B)) in order to claim various 
tax benefits with respect to those individuals.
    These proposed regulations adopt the substance of the guidance in 
Notice 2018-84 by amending the regulations under sections 36B and 6011 
to clarify that the reduction of the personal exemption deduction to 
zero under section 151(d)(5) does not affect the ability of individual 
taxpayers to claim the premium tax credit. Specifically, these proposed 
regulations amend the definition of family in Sec.  1.36B-1(d) to 
provide that a taxpayer's family means the taxpayer, including both 
spouses in the case of a joint return (except for individuals who 
qualify as a dependent of another taxpayer under section 152), and any 
other individual for whom the taxpayer is allowed a personal exemption 
deduction (taking into account section 152(d)(5)(B)) and whom the 
taxpayer properly reports on the taxpayer's income tax return for the 
taxable year. The proposed regulations provide that an individual is 
reported on the taxpayer's income tax return if the individual's name 
and TIN are listed on the taxpayer's Form 1040 series return.
    The definition of family and family size in proposed Sec.  1.36B-
1(d) will apply for purposes of Sec. Sec.  1.36B-1 through 1.36B-5. 
Thus, the definition will apply to determine the computation of the 
premium tax credit under Sec.  1.36B-3(d), which is based on the sum of 
the premium assistance amounts for all coverage months in the taxable 
year for individuals in the taxpayer's family. In addition, the 
proposed regulations make conforming changes to the rules in Sec.  
1.36B-2 (relating to eligibility for, and computation of, the premium 
tax credit), Sec.  1.36B-4 (relating to reconciliation of advance 
credit payments with the premium tax credit), and Sec.  1.6011-8 
(relating to the income tax return filing requirements for taxpayers 
who receive the benefit of advance credit payments or claim the premium 
tax credit). These conforming changes delete references such as ``claim 
a personal exemption deduction,'' ``claims a personal exemption 
deduction,'' or ``claimed as a personal exemption deduction'' in the 
current regulations and replace them with other terms consistent with 
the definition of family in proposed Sec.  1.36B-1(d).

Proposed Applicability Date

    These regulations are proposed to apply to taxable years ending 
after the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as 
final regulations is published in the Federal Register. In addition, 
taxpayers may rely on these proposed regulations for taxable years to 
which section 151(d)(5) applies ending on or before that date. See 
section 7805(b)(7).

Special Analyses

    These proposed regulations are not subject to review under section 
6(b) of Executive Order 12866 pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement 
(April 11, 2018) between the Treasury Department and the Office of 
Management and Budget regarding review of tax regulations.
    In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 
6), it is hereby certified that this proposed rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
This certification is based on the fact that the proposed regulations 
affect individual taxpayers, not entities.
    Pursuant to section 7805(f), these proposed regulations have been 
submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business 
Administration for comment on their impact on small business.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) 
requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits and take 
certain other actions before issuing a final rule that includes any 
Federal mandate that may result in expenditures in any one year by a 
state, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private 
sector, of $100 million (updated annually for inflation). This rule 
does not include any Federal mandate that may result in expenditures by 
state, local, or tribal governments, or by the private sector in excess 
of that threshold.

Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    Executive Order 13132 (entitled ``Federalism'') prohibits an agency 
from

[[Page 31713]]

publishing any rule that has federalism implications if the rule either 
imposes substantial, direct compliance costs on state and local 
governments, and is not required by statute, or preempts state law, 
unless the agency meets the consultation and funding requirements of 
section 6 of the Executive Order. This proposed rule does not have 
federalism implications and does not impose substantial direct 
compliance costs on state and local governments or preempt state law 
within the meaning of the Executive Order.

Statement of Availability of IRS Documents

    The regulations, notices and other guidance cited in this preamble 
are published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin and are available from 
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office, 
Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS website at www.irs.gov.

Comments and Requests for a Public Hearing

    Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, 
consideration will be given to comments that are submitted timely to 
the IRS as prescribed in this preamble in the ADDRESSES section. The 
Treasury Department and the IRS request comments on all aspects of the 
proposed regulations. Any electronic comments submitted, and to the 
extent practicable any paper comments submitted, will be made available 
at www.regulations.gov or upon request.
    A public hearing will be scheduled if requested in writing by any 
person who timely submits electronic or written comments. Requests for 
a public hearing are also encouraged to be made electronically. If a 
public hearing is scheduled, notice of the date, time, and place for 
the hearing will be published in the Federal Register. Announcement 
2020-4, 2020-17 IRB 1, provides that until further notice, public 
hearings conducted by the IRS will be held telephonically. Any 
telephonic hearing will be made accessible to people with disabilities.

Drafting Information

    The principal author of these proposed regulations is Suzanne R. 
Sinno of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and 
Accounting). However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and 
the IRS participated in the development of the regulations.

List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1

    Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Proposed Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 1--INCOME TAXES

0
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by adding 
sectional authorities in numerical order to read in part as follows:

    Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *
* * * * *
    Sections 1.36B-0, 1.36B-1, 1.36B-2, and 1.36B-4 also issued 
under 26 U.S.C. 36B(g).
    Section 1.6011-8 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6011.
* * * * *
0
Par. 2. Section 1.36B-0 is amended by:
0
a. Revising the entries for Sec.  1.36B-1(d) and (o);
0
b. Revising the entries for Sec.  1.36B-2(c)(4)(i) and (e); and
0
c. Revising the entries for Sec.  1.36B-4(a)(1)(ii)(B) and (C), and 
(c).
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  1.36B-1  Premium tax credit definitions.

* * * * *
    (d) Family and family size.
    (1) In general.
    (2) Special rule for tax years to which section 151(d)(5) applies.
* * * * *
    (o) Applicability dates.


Sec.  1.36B-2   Eligibility for premium tax credit.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (4) * * *
    (i) Related individual.
* * * * *
    (e) Applicability dates.


Sec.  1.36B-4  Reconciling the premium tax credit with advance credit 
payments.

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (B) Individuals enrolled by a taxpayer and claimed by another 
taxpayer.
    (C) Responsibility for advance credit payments for an individual 
not reported on any taxpayer's return.
* * * * *
    (c) Applicability dates.
0
Par. 3. Section 1.36B-1 is amended by
0
a. Redesignating the text of paragraph (d) as paragraph (d)(1);
0
b. Adding a paragraph heading to newly designated paragraph (d)(1);
0
c. Adding paragraph (d)(2); and
0
d. Revising paragraph (o).
    The additions and revision read as follows:


Sec.  1.36B-1  Premium tax credit definitions.

* * * * *
    (d) Family and family size--(1) In general. * * *
    (2) Special rule for tax years to which section 151(d)(5) applies. 
For taxable years to which section 151(d)(5) applies, a taxpayer's 
family means the taxpayer, including both spouses in the case of a 
joint return, except for individuals who qualify as a dependent of 
another taxpayer under section 152, and any other individual for whom 
the taxpayer is allowed a personal exemption deduction and whom the 
taxpayer properly reports on the taxpayer's income tax return for the 
taxable year. For purposes of this paragraph (d)(2), an individual is 
reported on the taxpayer's income tax return if the individual's name 
and taxpayer identification number (TIN) are listed on the taxpayer's 
Form 1040 series return. See Sec.  601.602.
* * * * *
    (o) Applicability dates. (1) Except for paragraphs (d)(2), (l), and 
(m) of this section, this section applies to taxable years ending after 
December 31, 2013.
    (2) Paragraph (d)(2) of this section applies to taxable years 
ending after [the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations 
as final regulations is published in the Federal Register].
    (3) Paragraphs (l) and (m) of this section apply to taxable years 
beginning after December 31, 2018. Paragraphs (l) and (m) of Sec.  
1.36B-1 as contained in 26 CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 
2016, apply to taxable years ending after December 31, 2013, and 
beginning before January 1, 2019.
0
Par. 4. Section 1.36B-2 is amended by:
0
a. Revising paragraph (c)(4)(i);
0
b. Revising the heading for paragraph (e); and
0
c. Adding paragraph (e)(4).
    The addition and revisions read as follows:


Sec.  1.36B-2  Eligibility for premium tax credit.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (4) Special eligibility rules--(i) Related individual. An 
individual who may enroll in minimum essential coverage because of a 
relationship to another person eligible for the coverage, but is not 
included in the family, as defined in Sec.  1.36B-1(d), of the other 
eligible person, is treated as eligible for such minimum essential 
coverage only

[[Page 31714]]

for months that the related individual is enrolled in the coverage.
* * * * *
    (e) Applicability dates. * * *
    (4) Paragraph (c)(4)(i) of this section applies to taxable years 
ending after [the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations 
as final regulations is published in the Federal Register].
0
Par. 5. Section 1.36B-4 is amended by:
0
a. Adding a sentence to the end of paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(B)(1);
0
b. Revising paragraphs (a)(1)(ii)(B)(2) and (a)(1)(ii)(C); and
0
c. Revising the heading to paragraph (c) and adding a sentence at the 
end of the paragraph.
    The additions and revisions read as follows:


Sec.  1.36B-4   Reconciling the premium tax credit with advance credit 
payments.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (B) Individual enrolled by a taxpayer and claimed by another 
taxpayer--(1) In general. * * * For taxable years to which section 
151(d)(5) applies, the claiming taxpayer is the taxpayer who properly 
includes the shifting enrollee in his or her family for the taxable 
year.
    (2) Allocation percentage. The enrolling taxpayer and claiming 
taxpayer may agree on any allocation percentage between zero and one 
hundred percent. If the enrolling taxpayer and claiming taxpayer do not 
agree on an allocation percentage, the percentage is equal to the 
number of shifting enrollees properly included in the enrolling 
taxpayer's family divided by the number of individuals enrolled by the 
enrolling taxpayer in the same qualified health plan as the shifting 
enrollee.
* * * * *
    (C) Responsibility for advance credit payments for an individual 
not reported on any taxpayer's return. If advance credit payments are 
made for coverage of an individual who is not included in any 
taxpayer's family, as defined in Sec.  1.36B-1(d), the taxpayer who 
attested to the Exchange to the intention to include such individual in 
the taxpayer's family as part of the advance credit payment eligibility 
determination for coverage of the individual must reconcile the advance 
credit payments.
* * * * *
    (c) Applicability dates. * * * The last sentence of paragraph 
(a)(1)(ii)(B)(1), paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(B)(2), and paragraph 
(a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section apply to taxable years ending after [the 
date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final 
regulations is published in the Federal Register].
0
Par. 6. Section 1.6011-8 is amended by revising paragraphs (a) and (b) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  1.6011-8  Requirement of income tax return for taxpayers who 
claim the premium tax credit under section 36B.

    (a) Requirement of return. Except as otherwise provided in this 
paragraph (a), a taxpayer who receives the benefit of advance payments 
of the premium tax credit (advance credit payments) under section 36B 
must file an income tax return for that taxable year on or before the 
due date for the return (including extensions of time for filing) and 
reconcile the advance credit payments. However, if advance credit 
payments are made for coverage of an individual who is not included in 
any taxpayer's family, as defined in Sec.  1.36B-1(d), the taxpayer who 
attested to the Exchange to the intention to include such individual in 
the taxpayer's family as part of the advance credit payment eligibility 
determination for coverage of the individual must file a tax return and 
reconcile the advance credit payments.
    (b) Applicability dates--(1) In general. Except as provided in 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section, paragraph (a) of this section applies 
for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2020.
    (2) Prior periods. Paragraph (a) of this section as contained in 26 
CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 2016, applies to taxable 
years ending after December 31, 2013, and beginning before January 1, 
2017. Paragraph (a) of this section as contained in 26 CFR part 1 
edition revised as of April 1, 2020, applies to taxable years beginning 
after December 31, 2016, and ending before December 31, 2020.

Sunita Lough,
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
[FR Doc. 2020-10069 Filed 5-26-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4830-01-P