Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes, 31046-31049 [2020-11034]

Download as PDF 31046 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 100 / Friday, May 22, 2020 / Rules and Regulations and nuts of the tail rotor hub body with new bolts, washers, and nuts in accordance with the instructions of Airbus Helicopters Emergency Alert Service Bulletin 05A020, Revision 1, dated November 8, 2019. Thereafter, repeat the replacement of the bolts, washers, and nuts at intervals not to exceed 1,000 hours TIS. Figure 3 to paragraph (j) - Initial Replacement ofBolts, Washers and Nuts Accumulated Hours TIS on the bolts since first installation on a helicopter Compliance Time Less than 9,000 hours TIS Within 1,000 hours TIS since the initial inspection required by paragraph (h) of this AD was done, without exceeding 9,000 hours TIS on the bolts since first installation on a helicopter 9,000 or more hours TIS, or hours TIS unknown Within 15 hours TIS or 7 days, whichever occurs first after the effective date of this AD (l) Credit for Previous Actions This paragraph provides credit for actions required by paragraphs (h) through (j) of this AD, if those actions were performed before the effective date of this AD using Airbus Helicopters Emergency Alert Service Bulletin 05A020, Revision 0, dated October 29, 2019. (m) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft Standards Branch, FAA, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Send your proposal to: Manager, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft Standards Branch, FAA, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone 817–222–5110; email 9ASW-FTW-AMOC-Requests@faa.gov. (2) For operations conducted under a 14 CFR part 119 operating certificate or under 14 CFR part 91, subpart K, notify your principal inspector or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office or certificate holding district office, before operating any aircraft complying with this AD through an AMOC. (n) Related Information The subject of this AD is addressed in European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019–0272R1, dated November 18, 2019. This EASA AD may be found in the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2020–0455. paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) Airbus Helicopters Emergency Alert Service Bulletin 05A020, Revision 1, dated November 8, 2019. (ii) [Reserved] (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Airbus Helicopters, 2701 N Forum Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75052; telephone 972–641–0000 or 800–232–0323; fax 972–641–3775; or at https:// www.airbus.com/helicopters/services/ technical-support.html. (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N–321, Fort Worth, TX 76177. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fedreg.legal@nara.gov, or go to: https:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued on May 18, 2020. Gaetano A. Sciortino, Deputy Director for Strategic Initiatives, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2020–11082 Filed 5–21–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P (o) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 May 21, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2020–0096; Product Identifier 2019–NM–211–AD; Amendment 39–19913; AD 2020–10–10] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: The FAA is superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2016–07– 28, which applied to all The Boeing Company Model DC–9–81 (MD–81), DC–9–82 (MD–82), DC–9–83 (MD–83), and DC–9–87 (MD–87) airplanes, and Model MD–88 airplanes. AD 2016–07– 28 required repetitive eddy current high frequency (ETHF) inspections for any cracking in the left and right side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack was found. This AD continues to require repetitive ETHF inspections for any cracking in the left and right side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack is found. This AD also requires expanding the inspection area to include adjacent stringers with similar stress levels and to perform repetitive inspections with increased sensitivity for crack detection. This AD was prompted by a report of a crack at a certain stringer not addressed by AD 2016–07–28, and cracks at certain other SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\22MYR1.SGM 22MYR1 ER22MY20.002</GPH> (k) Parts Installation Limitation As of the effective date of this AD, it is allowed to install on any helicopter an affected part, provided it is a serviceable part, as defined in paragraph (g) of this AD. Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 100 / Friday, May 22, 2020 / Rules and Regulations stringers and associated end fittings, and skins in the center wing fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings addressed by AD 2016–07–28. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: This AD is effective June 26, 2020. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of June 26, 2020. ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110–SK57, Seal Beach, CA 90740–5600; telephone 562–797–1717; internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Airworthiness Products Section, Operational Safety Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. It is also available on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2020–0096. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2020– 0096; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, any comments received, and other information. The address for Docket Operations is U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mohit Garg, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO Branch, 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712–4137; phone: 562–627–5264; fax: 562–627– 5210; email: mohit.garg@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion The FAA issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 to supersede AD 2016–07–28, Amendment 39–18473 (81 FR 21253, April 11, 2016) (‘‘AD 2016–07–28’’). AD 2016–07–28 applied to all The Boeing Company Model DC–9–81 (MD–81), DC–9–82 (MD–82), DC–9–83 (MD–83), and DC–9–87 (MD–87) airplanes, and Model MD–88 airplanes. The NPRM VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 May 21, 2020 Jkt 250001 published in the Federal Register on February 13, 2020 (85 FR 8209). The NPRM was prompted by a report of a crack at stringer S–13 which was not addressed by AD 2016–07–28, and by reports of cracks at stringers S–15, S–16, or S–17 and associated end fittings, and skins in the center wing fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings, which were addressed by AD 2016–07– 28. The NPRM proposed to continue to require repetitive ETHF inspections for any cracking in the left and right side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack is found. The NPRM also proposed to require expanding the inspection type and area to include repetitive eddy current low frequency (ETLF) inspections of the left and right side fastener holes and the forward and aft skins at certain locations for any cracking. The FAA is issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking in the center wing lower skin. Such cracking could cause structural failure of the wings. Comments The FAA gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. The following represents the comment received on the NPRM and the FAA’s response to that comment. Request To Clarify Actions Since AD 2016–07–28 Was Issued Boeing requested a correction in the ‘‘Actions Since AD 2016–07–28 Was Issued’’ section of the NPRM. Boeing stated that the wording in the section suggests that there have been crack reports for other stringers not addressed in AD 2016–07–28 beyond the single crack report for stringer S–13, and that these additional reports are the reason for expanding the inspection area. Boeing reiterated that AD 2016–07–28 addresses stringers S–15, S–16, and S– 17, and, with the exception of the single crack report for stringer S–13, the scope of stringers reported cracked since the issuance of AD 2016–07–28 has not increased. Boeing contends that the reason for the new ruling is to expand the inspection area to include adjacent stringers with similar stress levels and to perform a new inspection with increased crack detection, as stated in the NPRM. Boeing stated that the first sentence in the ‘‘Actions Since AD 2016–07–28 Was Issued’’ section of the NPRM should read, ‘‘Since the FAA issued AD 2016–07–28, a single occurrence of cracking has been found in stringer S–13, which is the only area not addressed by AD 2016–07–28.’’ The FAA agrees that the description in the NPRM is inaccurate. Since that PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31047 section of the preamble does not reappear in the final rule, the requested change to the final rule is not necessary. However, the FAA has changed the SUMMARY and Discussion section of the preamble, and paragraph (e) of this AD, to reflect that this AD was prompted by the single crack report at stringer S–13, and that stringer S–13 was not covered by AD 2016–07–28. Conclusion The FAA reviewed the relevant data, considered the comment received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this AD with the changes described previously, and minor editorial changes. The FAA has determined that these minor changes: • Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM for addressing the unsafe condition; and • Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM. The FAA also determined that these changes will not increase the economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 The FAA reviewed Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80–57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019. This service information describes procedures for a general visual inspection (GVI) for existing repairs; repetitive ETLF inspections of the left and right side fastener holes common to stringers 11 through 22 and the forward and aft skins for any crack; repetitive ETHF inspections of the lower skin at stringers 18 through 20 for any crack; an ETHF inspection of the left side and right side center wing lower skin for any crack; and applicable on-condition actions. On-condition actions include repair and an internal GVI for any cracks in stringers 11 through 22 between Xcw=0.0 and Xcw=20.0. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. Costs of Compliance The FAA estimates that this AD affects 288 airplanes of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD: E:\FR\FM\22MYR1.SGM 22MYR1 31048 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 100 / Friday, May 22, 2020 / Rules and Regulations ESTIMATED COSTS FOR REQUIRED ACTIONS Action Inspection (retained actions from AD 2016-07-28). Expanded inspection (new action). Labor cost 14 work-hours × $85 per hour = $1,190 per inspection cycle. Up to 48 work-hours × $85 per hour = Up to $4,080 per inspection cycle. The FAA has received no definitive data that would enable the agency to provide cost estimates for the oncondition actions specified in this AD. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings The FAA has determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 16:08 May 21, 2020 Jkt 250001 Cost per product $0 0 $342,720 per inspection cycle. Up to $4,080 per inspection cycle. Up to $1,175,040 per inspection cycle. Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2016–07–28, Amendment 39–18473 (81 FR 21253, April 11, 2016), and adding the following new AD: ■ 2020–10–10 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39–19913; Docket No. FAA–2020–0096; Product Identifier 2019–NM–211–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD is effective June 26, 2020. (b) Affected ADs This AD replaces AD 2016–07–28, Amendment 39–18473 (81 FR 21253, April 11, 2016) (‘‘AD 2016–07–28’’). (c) Applicability This AD applies to all The Boeing Company Model DC–9–81 (MD–81), DC–9– 82 (MD–82), DC–9–83 (MD–83), and DC–9– 87 (MD–87) airplanes, and Model MD–88 airplanes, certificated in any category. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 57, Wings. (e) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by a report of a crack at a certain stringer not addressed by AD 2016–07–28, and cracks at certain other stringers and associated end fittings, and skins in the center wing fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings addressed by AD 2016–07–28. The FAA is issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking in the center wing lower skin. Such cracking could cause structural failure of the wings. Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Cost on U.S. operators $1,190 per inspection cycle ... (f) Compliance Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. VerDate Sep<11>2014 Parts cost Sfmt 4700 (g) Required Actions Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: At the applicable times specified in paragraph 1.E., ‘‘Compliance,’’ of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80–57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019, do all applicable actions identified as ‘‘RC’’ (required for compliance) in, and in accordance with, the Accomplishment Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80–57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019. Note 1 to paragraph (g) of this AD: Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80–57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019, refers to Drawing SN09570007 for certain inspection sequences. If the pages of Drawing SN09570007 are illegible, guidance can be found in Boeing Multi Operator Message MOM–MOM–19–0549–01B, dated October 4, 2019. (h) Exception to Service Information Specifications Where Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80–57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019, specifies contacting Boeing for repair instructions or for alternative inspections: This AD requires doing the repair, or doing the alternative inspections and applicable oncondition actions before further flight using a method approved in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (i) of this AD. (i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Los Angeles ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-LAACO-AMOC-Requests@faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. (3) An AMOC that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used for any repair, modification, or alteration required by this AD if it is approved by The Boeing Company Organization Designation Authorization (ODA) that has been authorized by the Manager, Los Angeles ACO Branch, FAA, to make those findings. To be approved, the repair method, modification deviation, or E:\FR\FM\22MYR1.SGM 22MYR1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 100 / Friday, May 22, 2020 / Rules and Regulations alteration deviation must meet the certification basis of the airplane, and the approval must specifically refer to this AD. (4) AMOCs approved previously for AD 2016–07–28 are not approved as AMOCs for this AD. (5) For service information that contains steps that are labeled as Required for Compliance (RC), the provisions of paragraphs (i)(5)(i) and (ii) of this AD apply. (i) The steps labeled as RC, including substeps under an RC step and any figures identified in an RC step, must be done to comply with the AD. If a step or substep is labeled ‘‘RC Exempt,’’ then the RC requirement is removed from that step or substep. An AMOC is required for any deviations to RC steps, including substeps and identified figures. (ii) Steps not labeled as RC may be deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the operator’s maintenance or inspection program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the RC steps, including substeps and identified figures, can still be done as specified, and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy condition. Issued on May 14, 2020. Gaetano A. Sciortino, Deputy Director for Strategic Initiatives, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2020–11034 Filed 5–21–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA–2020–0023; Airspace Docket No. 19–ANM–7] RIN 2120–AA66 Establishment of Class E Airspace; Harlowton, MT Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This action establishes Class (j) Related Information E airspace at Wheatland County at Harlowton Airport, Harlowton, MT. (1) For more information about this AD, Two areas are established to contain contact Mohit Garg, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO arriving and departing IFR aircraft Branch, 3960 Paramount Boulevard, operating to/from the airport. The first Lakewood, CA 90712–4137; phone: 562–627– area extends upward from 700 feet 5264; fax: 562–627–5210; email: mohit.garg@ above the surface and the second area faa.gov. extends upward from 1,200 feet above (2) Service information identified in this the surface. AD that is not incorporated by reference is DATES : Effective 0901 UTC, July 16, available at the addresses specified in 2020. The Director of the Federal paragraphs (k)(3) and (4) of this AD. Register approves this incorporation by (k) Material Incorporated by Reference reference action under Title 1, Code of (1) The Director of the Federal Register Federal Regulations part 51, subject to approved the incorporation by reference the annual revision of FAA Order (IBR) of the service information listed in this 7400.11 and publication of conforming paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR amendments. part 51. ADDRESSES: FAA Order 7400.11D, (2) You must use this service information Airspace Designations and Reporting as applicable to do the actions required by Points, and subsequent amendments can this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. be viewed online at https:// (i) Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80– www.faa.gov//air_traffic/publications/. 57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019. (ii) [Reserved] For further information, you can contact (3) For service information identified in the Airspace Policy Group, Federal this AD, contact Boeing Commercial Aviation Administration, 800 Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data Independence Avenue SW, Washington, Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., DC 20591; telephone: (202) 267–8783. MC 110 SK57, Seal Beach, CA 90740–5600; The Order is also available for telephone 562–797–1717; internet https:// inspection at the National Archives and www.myboeingfleet.com. Records Administration (NARA). For (4) You may view this service information information on the availability of FAA at the FAA, Airworthiness Products Section, Operational Safety Branch, 2200 South 216th Order 7400.11D at NARA, email fedreg.legal@nara.gov or go to https:// St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. ibr-locations.html. (5) You may view this service information FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: that is incorporated by reference at the Matthew Van Der Wal, Federal Aviation National Archives and Records Administration, Western Service Center, Administration (NARA). For information on Operations Support Group, 2200 S the availability of this material at NARA, email fedreg.legal@nara.gov, or go to: https:// 216th Street, Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone (206) 231–3695. www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrSUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: locations.html. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 May 21, 2020 Jkt 250001 SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 31049 Authority for This Rulemaking The FAA’s authority to issue rules regarding aviation safety is found in Title 49 of the United States Code. Subtitle I, Section 106 describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the agency’s authority. This rulemaking is promulgated under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart I, Section 40103. Under that section, the FAA is charged with prescribing regulations to assign the use of airspace necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft and the efficient use of airspace. This regulation is within the scope of that authority as it establishes Class E airspace at Wheatland County at Harlowton Airport, Harlowton, MT, to ensure the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. History The FAA published a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register (85 FR 10625; February 25, 2020) for Docket No. FAA–2020–0023 to establish Class E airspace at Wheatland County at Harlowton Airport, Harlowton, MT. Interested parties were invited to participate in this rulemaking effort by submitting written comments on the proposal to the FAA. One comment was received. The comment was not germane to the proposed airspace action for the airport. Class E5 airspace designations are published in paragraph 6005 of FAA Order 7400.11D, dated August 8, 2019, and effective September 15, 2019, which is incorporated by reference in 14 CFR 71.1. The Class E airspace designation listed in this document will be published subsequently in the Order. Availability and Summary of Documents for Incorporation by Reference This document amends FAA Order 7400.11D, Airspace Designations and Reporting Points, dated August 8, 2019, and effective September 15, 2019. FAA Order 7400.11D is publicly available as listed in the ADDRESSES section of this document. FAA Order 7400.11D lists Class A, B, C, D, and E airspace areas, air traffic service routes, and reporting points. The Rule This amendment to Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 71 establishes Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet or more above the surface at Wheatland County at Harlowton Airport, Harlowton, MT. Two airspace areas are established to E:\FR\FM\22MYR1.SGM 22MYR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 100 (Friday, May 22, 2020)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 31046-31049]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-11034]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2020-0096; Product Identifier 2019-NM-211-AD; Amendment 
39-19913; AD 2020-10-10]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA is superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2016-07-
28, which applied to all The Boeing Company Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-
9-82 (MD-82), DC-9-83 (MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes, and Model 
MD-88 airplanes. AD 2016-07-28 required repetitive eddy current high 
frequency (ETHF) inspections for any cracking in the left and right 
side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack was found. This AD 
continues to require repetitive ETHF inspections for any cracking in 
the left and right side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack 
is found. This AD also requires expanding the inspection area to 
include adjacent stringers with similar stress levels and to perform 
repetitive inspections with increased sensitivity for crack detection. 
This AD was prompted by a report of a crack at a certain stringer not 
addressed by AD 2016-07-28, and cracks at certain other

[[Page 31047]]

stringers and associated end fittings, and skins in the center wing 
fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings addressed by AD 
2016-07-28. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition 
on these products.

DATES: This AD is effective June 26, 2020.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of June 26, 
2020.

ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this final rule, 
contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data 
Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110-SK57, Seal Beach, CA 
90740-5600; telephone 562-797-1717; internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com. You may view this service information at the 
FAA, Airworthiness Products Section, Operational Safety Branch, 2200 
South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of 
this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195. It is also available on 
the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and 
locating Docket No. FAA-2020-0096.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2020-
0096; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains 
this final rule, any comments received, and other information. The 
address for Docket Operations is U.S. Department of Transportation, 
Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 
New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mohit Garg, Aerospace Engineer, 
Airframe Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO Branch, 3960 Paramount 
Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137; phone: 562-627-5264; fax: 562-627-
5210; email: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Discussion

    The FAA issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 
CFR part 39 to supersede AD 2016-07-28, Amendment 39-18473 (81 FR 
21253, April 11, 2016) (``AD 2016-07-28''). AD 2016-07-28 applied to 
all The Boeing Company Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-9-82 (MD-82), DC-9-83 
(MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes, and Model MD-88 airplanes. The 
NPRM published in the Federal Register on February 13, 2020 (85 FR 
8209). The NPRM was prompted by a report of a crack at stringer S-13 
which was not addressed by AD 2016-07-28, and by reports of cracks at 
stringers S-15, S-16, or S-17 and associated end fittings, and skins in 
the center wing fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings, 
which were addressed by AD 2016-07-28. The NPRM proposed to continue to 
require repetitive ETHF inspections for any cracking in the left and 
right side center wing lower skin, and repair if any crack is found. 
The NPRM also proposed to require expanding the inspection type and 
area to include repetitive eddy current low frequency (ETLF) 
inspections of the left and right side fastener holes and the forward 
and aft skins at certain locations for any cracking. The FAA is issuing 
this AD to detect and correct cracking in the center wing lower skin. 
Such cracking could cause structural failure of the wings.

Comments

    The FAA gave the public the opportunity to participate in 
developing this AD. The following represents the comment received on 
the NPRM and the FAA's response to that comment.

Request To Clarify Actions Since AD 2016-07-28 Was Issued

    Boeing requested a correction in the ``Actions Since AD 2016-07-28 
Was Issued'' section of the NPRM. Boeing stated that the wording in the 
section suggests that there have been crack reports for other stringers 
not addressed in AD 2016-07-28 beyond the single crack report for 
stringer S-13, and that these additional reports are the reason for 
expanding the inspection area. Boeing reiterated that AD 2016-07-28 
addresses stringers S-15, S-16, and S-17, and, with the exception of 
the single crack report for stringer S-13, the scope of stringers 
reported cracked since the issuance of AD 2016-07-28 has not increased.
    Boeing contends that the reason for the new ruling is to expand the 
inspection area to include adjacent stringers with similar stress 
levels and to perform a new inspection with increased crack detection, 
as stated in the NPRM. Boeing stated that the first sentence in the 
``Actions Since AD 2016-07-28 Was Issued'' section of the NPRM should 
read, ``Since the FAA issued AD 2016-07-28, a single occurrence of 
cracking has been found in stringer S-13, which is the only area not 
addressed by AD 2016-07-28.''
    The FAA agrees that the description in the NPRM is inaccurate. 
Since that section of the preamble does not reappear in the final rule, 
the requested change to the final rule is not necessary. However, the 
FAA has changed the SUMMARY and Discussion section of the preamble, and 
paragraph (e) of this AD, to reflect that this AD was prompted by the 
single crack report at stringer S-13, and that stringer S-13 was not 
covered by AD 2016-07-28.

Conclusion

    The FAA reviewed the relevant data, considered the comment 
received, and determined that air safety and the public interest 
require adopting this AD with the changes described previously, and 
minor editorial changes. The FAA has determined that these minor 
changes:
     Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the 
NPRM for addressing the unsafe condition; and
     Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was 
already proposed in the NPRM.
    The FAA also determined that these changes will not increase the 
economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of this AD.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

    The FAA reviewed Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-57A244, 
Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019. This service information describes 
procedures for a general visual inspection (GVI) for existing repairs; 
repetitive ETLF inspections of the left and right side fastener holes 
common to stringers 11 through 22 and the forward and aft skins for any 
crack; repetitive ETHF inspections of the lower skin at stringers 18 
through 20 for any crack; an ETHF inspection of the left side and right 
side center wing lower skin for any crack; and applicable on-condition 
actions. On-condition actions include repair and an internal GVI for 
any cracks in stringers 11 through 22 between Xcw=0.0 and Xcw=20.0. 
This service information is reasonably available because the interested 
parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by 
the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Costs of Compliance

    The FAA estimates that this AD affects 288 airplanes of U.S. 
registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD:

[[Page 31048]]



                                      Estimated Costs for Required Actions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                 Cost on U.S.
              Action                    Labor cost        Parts cost      Cost per product        operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspection (retained actions from  14 work-hours x $85              $0  $1,190 per           $342,720 per
 AD 2016[dash]07[dash]28).          per hour = $1,190                    inspection cycle.    inspection cycle.
                                    per inspection
                                    cycle.
Expanded inspection (new action).  Up to 48 work-hours               0  Up to $4,080 per     Up to $1,175,040
                                    x $85 per hour =                     inspection cycle.    per inspection
                                    Up to $4,080 per                                          cycle.
                                    inspection cycle.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The FAA has received no definitive data that would enable the 
agency to provide cost estimates for the on-condition actions specified 
in this AD.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    The FAA has determined that this AD will not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a 
substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between 
the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 
2016-07-28, Amendment 39-18473 (81 FR 21253, April 11, 2016), and 
adding the following new AD:

2020-10-10 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39-19913; Docket No. FAA-
2020-0096; Product Identifier 2019-NM-211-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD is effective June 26, 2020.

(b) Affected ADs

    This AD replaces AD 2016-07-28, Amendment 39-18473 (81 FR 21253, 
April 11, 2016) (``AD 2016-07-28'').

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to all The Boeing Company Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), 
DC-9-82 (MD-82), DC-9-83 (MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes, and 
Model MD-88 airplanes, certificated in any category.

(d) Subject

    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 57, Wings.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by a report of a crack at a certain 
stringer not addressed by AD 2016-07-28, and cracks at certain other 
stringers and associated end fittings, and skins in the center wing 
fuel tank where the stringers meet the end fittings addressed by AD 
2016-07-28. The FAA is issuing this AD to detect and correct 
cracking in the center wing lower skin. Such cracking could cause 
structural failure of the wings.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Required Actions

    Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: At the 
applicable times specified in paragraph 1.E., ``Compliance,'' of 
Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-57A244, Revision 1, dated October 
1, 2019, do all applicable actions identified as ``RC'' (required 
for compliance) in, and in accordance with, the Accomplishment 
Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-57A244, Revision 
1, dated October 1, 2019.

    Note 1 to paragraph (g) of this AD:  Boeing Alert Service 
Bulletin MD80-57A244, Revision 1, dated October 1, 2019, refers to 
Drawing SN09570007 for certain inspection sequences. If the pages of 
Drawing SN09570007 are illegible, guidance can be found in Boeing 
Multi Operator Message MOM-MOM-19-0549-01B, dated October 4, 2019.

(h) Exception to Service Information Specifications

    Where Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-57A244, Revision 1, 
dated October 1, 2019, specifies contacting Boeing for repair 
instructions or for alternative inspections: This AD requires doing 
the repair, or doing the alternative inspections and applicable on-
condition actions before further flight using a method approved in 
accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (i) of this 
AD.

(i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Los Angeles ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority 
to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures 
found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your 
request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards 
District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to 
the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of 
the person identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. Information 
may be emailed to: [email protected].
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.
    (3) An AMOC that provides an acceptable level of safety may be 
used for any repair, modification, or alteration required by this AD 
if it is approved by The Boeing Company Organization Designation 
Authorization (ODA) that has been authorized by the Manager, Los 
Angeles ACO Branch, FAA, to make those findings. To be approved, the 
repair method, modification deviation, or

[[Page 31049]]

alteration deviation must meet the certification basis of the 
airplane, and the approval must specifically refer to this AD.
    (4) AMOCs approved previously for AD 2016-07-28 are not approved 
as AMOCs for this AD.
    (5) For service information that contains steps that are labeled 
as Required for Compliance (RC), the provisions of paragraphs 
(i)(5)(i) and (ii) of this AD apply.
    (i) The steps labeled as RC, including substeps under an RC step 
and any figures identified in an RC step, must be done to comply 
with the AD. If a step or substep is labeled ``RC Exempt,'' then the 
RC requirement is removed from that step or substep. An AMOC is 
required for any deviations to RC steps, including substeps and 
identified figures.
    (ii) Steps not labeled as RC may be deviated from using accepted 
methods in accordance with the operator's maintenance or inspection 
program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the RC 
steps, including substeps and identified figures, can still be done 
as specified, and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy 
condition.

(j) Related Information

    (1) For more information about this AD, contact Mohit Garg, 
Aerospace Engineer, Airframe Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO Branch, 
3960 Paramount Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137; phone: 562-627-
5264; fax: 562-627-5210; email: [email protected].
    (2) Service information identified in this AD that is not 
incorporated by reference is available at the addresses specified in 
paragraphs (k)(3) and (4) of this AD.

(k) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-57A244, Revision 1, dated 
October 1, 2019.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) For service information identified in this AD, contact 
Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data Services 
(C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110 SK57, Seal Beach, CA 90740-
5600; telephone 562-797-1717; internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com.
    (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, 
Airworthiness Products Section, Operational Safety Branch, 2200 
South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability 
of this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195.
    (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, email [email protected], or go to: https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued on May 14, 2020.
Gaetano A. Sciortino,
Deputy Director for Strategic Initiatives, Compliance & Airworthiness 
Division, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2020-11034 Filed 5-21-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P