Airworthiness Directives; Leonardo S.p.a. Helicopters, 30664-30667 [2020-10752]

Download as PDF 30664 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 98 / Wednesday, May 20, 2020 / Proposed Rules TABLE E.5—EXCLUSIONS FROM ADJUSTMENTS TO THE INITIAL BASE ASSESSMENT RATE Adjustment Calculation Exclusion Unsecured debt adjustment .............................. The unsecured debt adjustment shall be determined as the sum of the initial base assessment rate plus 40 basis points; that sum shall be multiplied by the ratio of an insured depository institution’s long-term unsecured debt to its assessment base. The amount of the reduction in the assessment rate due to the adjustment is equal to the dollar amount of the adjustment divided by the amount of the assessment base. An insured depository institution shall pay a 50 basis point adjustment on the amount of unsecured debt it holds that was issued by another insured depository institution to the extent that such debt exceeds 3 percent of the institution’s Tier 1 capital. This amount is divided by the institution’s assessment base. The amount of long-term unsecured debt issued by another insured depository institution shall be calculated using the same valuation methodology used to calculate the amount of such debt for reporting on the asset side of the balance sheets. The brokered deposit adjustment shall be determined by multiplying 25 basis points by the ratio of the difference between an insured depository institution’s brokered deposits and 10 percent of its domestic deposits to its assessment base. Exclude the quarterly average amount of assets purchased under MMLF and quarterly average amount of loans pledged to the PPPLF. Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). • Hand Delivery: Deliver to the ‘‘Mail’’ address between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Depository institution debt adjustment .............. Brokered deposit adjustment ............................. IV. Mitigating the Effects on the Assessment Base Attributable to the Paycheck Protection Program Lending Facility and the Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility. Total Assessment Amount Due = Total Assessment Amount LESS: (SUM (Quarterly average amount of assets pledged to the PPPLF and quarterly average amount of assets purchased under the MMLF) * Total Base Assessment Rate) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. By order of the Board of Directors. Dated at Washington, DC, on May 12, 2020. Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary. [FR Doc. 2020–10454 Filed 5–18–20; 2:30 pm] BILLING CODE 6714–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2020–0503; Product Identifier 2018–SW–006–AD] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Leonardo S.p.a. Helicopters Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:54 May 19, 2020 Jkt 250001 ACTION: The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Leonardo S.p.a. (Leonardo) Model AW189 helicopters. This proposed AD would require various repetitive inspections of the main rotor (MR) damper. This proposed AD is prompted by reports of in-service MR damper failures and the development of an improved MR damper. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to loss of the lead-lag damping function of the MR blade, possibly resulting in damage to adjacent critical rotor components and subsequent loss control of the helicopter. The actions of this proposed AD are intended to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by July 20, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may send comments by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Docket: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for sending your comments electronically. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: Send comments to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590–0001. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Exclude the quarterly average amount of assets purchased under MMLF and quarterly average amount of loans pledged to the PPPLF outstanding. Exclude the quarterly average amount of assets purchased under MMLF and quarterly average amount of loans pledged to the PPPLF outstanding. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2020– 0503; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the European Aviation Safety Agency (now European Union Aviation Safety Agency) (EASA) AD, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. For service information identified in this proposed rule, contact Leonardo S.p.A. Helicopters, Emanuele Bufano, Head of Airworthiness, Viale G.Agusta 520, 21017 C.Costa di Samarate (Va) Italy; telephone +39–0331–225074; fax +39–0331–229046; or at https:// www.leonardocompany.com/en/home. You may view the referenced service information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Room 6N–321, Fort Worth, TX 76177. E:\FR\FM\20MYP1.SGM 20MYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 98 / Wednesday, May 20, 2020 / Proposed Rules Matt Fuller, Senior Aviation Safety Engineer, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft Standards Branch, FAA, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone 817–222–5110; email matthew.fuller@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Comments Invited The FAA invites you to participate in this rulemaking by submitting written comments, data, or views. The FAA also invites comments relating to the economic, environmental, energy, or federalism impacts that might result from adopting the proposals in this document. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the proposal, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. To ensure the docket does not contain duplicate comments, commenters should send only one copy of written comments, or if comments are filed electronically, commenters should submit only one time. The FAA will file in the docket all comments received, as well as a report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel concerning this proposed rulemaking. Before acting on this proposal, the FAA will consider all comments received on or before the closing date for comments. The FAA will consider comments filed after the comment period has closed if it is possible to do so without incurring expense or delay. The FAA may change this proposal in light of the comments received. Discussion EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD No. 2016– 0145R1, dated January 17, 2018 (EASA AD 2016–0145R1), to correct an unsafe condition for Leonardo S.p.A. Model AW189 helicopters with MR damper part number (P/N) 4F6220V00251 installed. EASA advises that a MR damper failed, which resulted in complete seizure of the body end lug and an in-flight disconnection of the damper. EASA states that a combination of factors may have contributed to the MR damper disconnection, and that this condition could result in loss of the lead-lag damping function of the MR blade, damage to adjacent critical rotor components, and subsequent reduced control of the helicopter. The contributing factors include cracks, slippage marks, damaged broach ring teeth, and loss of torque. According to EASA, the AW189 MR damper is a similar design to the MR dampers installed on Model AW139 VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:54 May 19, 2020 Jkt 250001 helicopters, where multiple MR damper failures have been reported involving the body end lug, the eye end lug, and the rod end. To correct this condition, EASA issued a series of superseded and revised ADs to require repetitive inspections of certain MR dampers, and similar corrective actions as those for Model AW139 helicopters. EASA AD 2016–0145R1 requires various one-time and repetitive inspections of the MR damper, a torque check of the damper body end, and replacing any MR damper with a crack or that fails the torque check. EASA AD 2016–0145R1 also allows installation of a new MR damper, P/N 8G6220V00151, as an optional terminating action for the repetitive inspections. FAA’s Determination These helicopters have been approved by EASA and are approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to the FAA’s bilateral agreement with the European Union, EASA has notified the FAA about the unsafe condition described in its AD. The FAA is proposing this AD after evaluating all known relevant information and determining that an unsafe condition is likely to exist or develop on other helicopters of the same type designs. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51 The FAA reviewed Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189–080, Revision A, dated July 15, 2016, which contains procedures for visual and dye penetrant inspections of the MR damper for cracks and for verifying the torque of the damper body ends. The FAA also reviewed Leonardo Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin No. 189–102, Revision A, dated December 21, 2017, which contains procedures for installing an MR damper with reduced torque values and specifies replacing MR damper P/N 4F6220V00251 with new MR damper P/N 8G6220V00151. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. Other Related Service Information The FAA reviewed Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189–069, dated February 12, 2016, which contains procedures for installing a special washer on the MR damper rod end, modifying the installation torque of the MR damper, and inspecting the rod end bearings. PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 30665 Proposed AD Requirements This proposed AD would require compliance with certain procedures described in the manufacturer’s service bulletins. For helicopters with a MR damper P/N 4F6220V00251, this proposed AD would require: • Within 10 hours time-in-service (TIS), reducing the installation torque of the nuts on the bolts attaching the MR damper to the MR hub; • Within 30 hours TIS or before a MR damper body end accumulates 500 hours TIS since first installation on a helicopter, whichever occurs later, and, thereafter at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS, replacing the affected MR damper; • Before the MR damper accumulates 300 hours TIS since new or overhaul, dye penetrant or eddy current inspecting the rod end and body end of each MR damper for a crack, and thereafter, before the first flight of each day, visually inspecting the rod end and body end of each MR damper for a crack. If there is a crack, this proposed AD would require replacing the MR damper; • Within 30 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not exceeding 10 hours TIS for MR dampers that have accumulated less than 300 hours TIS since new or overhaul or within 5 hours TIS and therefore before the first flight of each day for MR dampers that have accumulated 300 or more hours TIS since new or overhaul, inspecting each rod end and body end bearing for rotation, and replacing the rod end or MR damper as applicable if there is any rotation; • For certain serial-numbered MR dampers, within 30 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not exceeding 20 hours TIS, inspecting the lag damper broached ring nut for damage, correct engagement, and alignment. If there is damage on the ring nut, incorrect engagement, or mis-alignment, this proposed AD would require removing the rod end and broached ring nut from service. These repetitive inspections would terminate after the MR damper has accumulated 600 hours TIS; • Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not exceeding 100 hours TIS, inspecting the bearing friction torque of each MR damper body end and rod end, and replacing the MR damper if the torque value exceeds 30.0 Nm (265.5 lb in); • Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not exceeding 100 hours TIS, inspecting the MR damper antirotation block for wear and replacing the anti-rotation block if there is wear beyond acceptable limits; E:\FR\FM\20MYP1.SGM 20MYP1 30666 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 98 / Wednesday, May 20, 2020 / Proposed Rules • Within 50 hours TIS, replacing each special washer P/N 3G6220A05051 with special washer P/N 3G6220A05052; • For certain MR dampers, within 50 hours TIS, inspecting the broached ring for damage and alignment, removing the broached ring from service if there is damage, and replacing the broached ring if the rod end and broached ring cannot be aligned; and • Prior to installation on any helicopter, inspecting certain serialnumbered MR dampers for correct torque of the broached ring. Differences Between This Proposed AD and the EASA AD The EASA AD requires contacting the manufacturer under certain conditions, while this proposed AD would not. Costs of Compliance The FAA estimates that this AD would affect 3 helicopters of U.S. Registry. The FAA estimates that operators may incur the following costs in order to comply with this AD. Labor costs are estimated at $85 per workhour. Adjusting the tightening torque would require about 10 work-hours, for an estimated cost of $850 per helicopter and $2,550 for the U.S. fleet. Replacing an MR damper would require about 2 work-hours, and parts would cost about $18,000, for an estimated cost of $18,170 per MR damper. Performing a dye penetrant or eddy current inspection of the MR damper would require about 8 work-hours, for an estimated cost of $680 per helicopter and $2,040 for the U.S. fleet. Visually inspecting the rod ends and body ends would require about 0.5 hour, for an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and $129 for the U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle. Inspecting the rod ends and body ends for bearing rotation would require about 0.5 hour, for an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and $129 for the U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle. Inspecting the broached ring nut would require about 0.5 hour, for an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and $129 for the U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle. Inspecting for bearing friction would require about 2 hours, for an estimated cost of $170 per helicopter and $510 for the U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle. Inspecting the broached ring teeth for proper alignment and applying torque would require about 8 work-hours, for an estimated cost of $680 per helicopter and $2,040 for the U.S. fleet. Replacing a rod end would require about 3 work-hours and parts would VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:54 May 19, 2020 Jkt 250001 cost about $500, for a cost an estimated cost of $755 per rod end. Replacing a broached ring would require about 3 work-hours and parts would cost about $100, for an estimated cost of $355, per broached ring. Replacing a broached ring nut would require about 3 work-hours and parts would cost about $125, for an estimated cost of $380 per broached ring nut. Replacing an anti-rotation block would require about 3 work-hours and parts would cost about $50, for a cost an estimated cost of $305 per anti-rotation block. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements. Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. Regulatory Findings The FAA determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed, I certify this proposed regulation: 1. Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866; 2. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 The Proposed Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ Leonardo S.p.a: Docket No. FAA–2020–0503; Product Identifier 2018–SW–006–AD. (a) Applicability This AD applies to Leonardo S.p.A. Model AW189 helicopters, certificated in any category, with a main rotor (MR) damper part number (P/N) 4F6220V00251 installed. (b) Unsafe Condition This AD defines the unsafe condition as a crack in an MR damper, which if not detected and corrected, could lead to loss of the lead-lag damping function of the MR blade, resulting in damage of the MR damper, detachment of the MR damper in-flight, and subsequent loss of control of the helicopter. (c) Comments Due Date The FAA must receive comments by July 20, 2020. (d) Compliance You are responsible for performing each action required by this AD within the specified compliance time unless it has already been accomplished prior to that time. (e) Required Actions (1) Within 10 hours time-in-service (TIS), reduce the torque of the nut on the bolt attaching each MR damper to the MR hub by following paragraphs 4 through 7 of the Accomplishment Instructions, Part I, of Leonardo Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin No. 189–102, Revision A, dated December 21, 2017 (ASB 189–102). (2) Within 30 hours TIS or before the MR damper body end (body end) accumulates 500 hours TIS, whichever occurs later, and thereafter at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS, replace the MR damper. (3) Within 30 hours TIS, before the MR damper accumulates 300 hours TIS, or within 300 hours TIS since the last overhaul, whichever occurs later, dye penetrant inspect using a 5X power magnifying glass or eddy current inspect each MR damper rod end (rod end) and body end for a crack in the areas depicted in Figure 2 of Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189–080, Revision A, dated July 15, 2016 (BT 189–080). (i) If there is a crack on the body end, before further flight, replace the MR damper. (ii) If there is a crack on the rod end, before further flight, replace the rod end and, within 300 hours TIS, dye penetrant or eddy current E:\FR\FM\20MYP1.SGM 20MYP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 98 / Wednesday, May 20, 2020 / Proposed Rules inspect the rod end for a crack as described in paragraph (e)(3) of this AD. (iii) If there are no cracks, before further flight, mark the rod end and body end with a dot of black polyurethane paint as shown in Figure 13 of BT 189–080. (iv) Thereafter, before the first flight of each day, using a mirror and a magnifying glass visually inspect each rod end and body end for a crack in the areas shown in Figure 14 of BT 189–080. If there is a crack in the rod end, before further flight, replace the rod end. If there is a crack on the body end, before further flight, replace the MR damper. (4) Within the compliance times listed in paragraphs (e)(4)(i) and (ii) of this AD, inspect each rod end bearing and body end for bearing rotation in the damper seat. An example of rotation (misaligned slippage marks) is shown in Figure 4 of BT 189–080. If there is any bearing rotation in the rod end, before further flight, replace the rod end. If there is any bearing rotation in the body end, before further flight, replace the MR damper. (i) For MR dampers that have accumulated less than 300 hours TIS since new or since the last overhaul, within 30 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not to exceed 10 hours TIS. (ii) For MR dampers that have accumulated 300 or more hours TIS since new or since the last overhaul, within 5 hours TIS and thereafter before the first flight of each day. (5) For helicopters with an MR damper with a serial number (S/N) MCR0001 through MCR0154 and MCR0174 through MCR0195, within 30 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not to exceed 20 hours TIS until the MR damper has accumulated 600 hours TIS, visually inspect each MR damper broached ring nut for broken teeth, proper engagement, and alignment as depicted in Figure 5 and shown in Figures 6, 7, and 8 of BT 189–080. If there is a broken tooth, improper engagement, or misalignment of the broached ring nut, before further flight, remove from service the rod end and broached ring nut. (6) Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not to exceed 100 hours TIS: (i) Rotate the body end around the damper axis to put it near the middle position and determine the bearing friction torque value of the body end, using as a reference Figure 11 of BT 189–080. Note 1 to Paragraph (e)(6)(i) of this AD: Applying too much force while rotating the body end around the damper axis may cause damage. (A) If the torque value of the body end is more than 30.0 Nm (265.5 in lb), before further flight, replace the MR damper. (B) If the torque value of the body end is 30.0 Nm (265.5 in lb) or less, determine the bearing friction torque value of each rod end, using as a reference Figure 11 of BT 189–080. If the torque value of the rod end is more than 30.0 Nm (265.5 in lb), before further flight, replace the rod end. (ii) Inspect each MR damper anti-rotation block for wear by following paragraphs 4.3 through 4.3.6 of the Compliance Instructions, Part VI, of BT 189–080. If there is wear, before further flight, replace the MR damper anti-rotation block. (7) Within 50 hours TIS: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:54 May 19, 2020 Jkt 250001 30667 (i) On each MR damper, replace special washer P/N 3G6220A05051 with special washer P/N 3G6220A05052. (ii) For helicopters with an MR damper with a S/N MCR0001 through MCR0041, MCR0043, MCR0045 through MCR0151, MCR0153 through MCR0157, MCR0159 through MCR 0179, and MCR0185 through MCR0370; and for MR dampers with a rod end P/N M006–01H004–045 or P/N M006– 01H004–053 installed, do the following: (A) Inspect each broached ring for wear, bent teeth, missing teeth, and stripped threads. Pay particular attention to the four pins that engage the piston grooves. If there is any wear or damage to the broached ring, before further flight, remove from service the broached ring. An example of an acceptable broached ring is shown in Figure 4, Annex A, of BT 189–080. (B) Align each rod end and broached ring by applying a torque of 60 Nm (531 in lb) to 80 Nm (708 in lb). If the rod end and broached ring cannot be aligned, before further flight, replace the broached ring. (8) Except for MR dampers with a S/N MCR0042, MCR0044, MCR0152, MCR0158, and MCR0180 through MCR0184, do not install an MR damper P/N 4F6220V00251 on any helicopter unless the MR damper has passed the requirements in paragraph (e)(7)(ii) of this AD. Viale G.Agusta 520, 21017 C.Costa di Samarate (Va) Italy; telephone +39–0331– 225074; fax +39–0331–229046; or at https:// www.leonardocompany.com/en/home. You may view the referenced service information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Room 6N–321, Fort Worth, TX 76177. (2) The subject of this AD is addressed in European Aviation Safety Agency (now European Union Aviation Safety Agency) (EASA) AD No. 2016–0145R1, dated January 17, 2018. You may view the EASA AD on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov in the AD Docket. (f) Credit for Previous Actions (1) Actions accomplished before the effective date of this AD in accordance with the Compliance Instructions, Part II, of Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189– 069, dated February 12, 2016 (BT 189–069), are considered acceptable for compliance with the corresponding actions in paragraph (e)(7)(i) of this AD. (2) Actions accomplished before the effective date of this AD in accordance with the Compliance Instructions, Part III, of BT 189–069, are considered acceptable for compliance with the corresponding actions in paragraph (e)(7)(ii) of this AD. 29 CFR Part 1695 (g) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, Safety Management Section, FAA, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Send your proposal to: Matt Fuller, Senior Aviation Safety Engineer, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft Standards Branch, FAA, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone 817–222–5110; email 9-ASW-FTW-AMOC-Requests@faa.gov. (2) For operations conducted under a 14 CFR part 119 operating certificate or under 14 CFR part 91, subpart K, the FAA suggests that you notify your principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office or certificate holding district office before operating any aircraft complying with this AD through an AMOC. (h) Additional Information (1) Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189–069, dated February 12, 2016, which is not incorporated by reference, contains additional information about the subject of this AD. For service information identified in this AD, contact Leonardo S.p.A. Helicopters, Emanuele Bufano, Head of Airworthiness, PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 (i) Subject Joint Aircraft Service Component (JASC) Code: 6200, Main Rotor System. Issued on May 14, 2020. Lance T. Gant, Director, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2020–10752 Filed 5–19–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION RIN 3046–AB18 Procedural Regulations for Issuing Guidance Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) proposes to amend its procedural regulations to establish rules for issuing guidance. These rules make guidance documents readily available to the public, ensure that guidance will be treated as non-binding, require a notice and public comment period for significant guidance, and establish a public petition process for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of guidance. DATES: Comments must be received on or before June 19, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods— please use only one method: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions on the website for submitting comments. • Mail: Comments may be submitted by mail to Bernadette B. Wilson, Executive Officer, Executive Secretariat, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 131 M Street NE, Washington, DC 20507. Instructions: All comments received must include the agency name or Regulatory Information Number (RIN) SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\20MYP1.SGM 20MYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 98 (Wednesday, May 20, 2020)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 30664-30667]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-10752]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2020-0503; Product Identifier 2018-SW-006-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Leonardo S.p.a. Helicopters

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

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SUMMARY: The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) 
for certain Leonardo S.p.a. (Leonardo) Model AW189 helicopters. This 
proposed AD would require various repetitive inspections of the main 
rotor (MR) damper. This proposed AD is prompted by reports of in-
service MR damper failures and the development of an improved MR 
damper. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to loss of the 
lead-lag damping function of the MR blade, possibly resulting in damage 
to adjacent critical rotor components and subsequent loss control of 
the helicopter. The actions of this proposed AD are intended to address 
the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by July 20, 
2020.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Docket: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for sending your 
comments electronically.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: Send comments to the U.S. Department of 
Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to the ``Mail'' address between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2020-
0503; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains 
this proposed AD, the European Aviation Safety Agency (now European 
Union Aviation Safety Agency) (EASA) AD, any comments received, and 
other information. The street address for Docket Operations is listed 
above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after 
receipt.
    For service information identified in this proposed rule, contact 
Leonardo S.p.A. Helicopters, Emanuele Bufano, Head of Airworthiness, 
Viale G.Agusta 520, 21017 C.Costa di Samarate (Va) Italy; telephone 
+39-0331-225074; fax +39-0331-229046; or at https://www.leonardocompany.com/en/home. You may view the referenced service 
information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest 
Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Room 6N-321, Fort Worth, TX 76177.

[[Page 30665]]


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Matt Fuller, Senior Aviation Safety 
Engineer, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft Standards Branch, FAA, 
10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone 817-222-5110; 
email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    The FAA invites you to participate in this rulemaking by submitting 
written comments, data, or views. The FAA also invites comments 
relating to the economic, environmental, energy, or federalism impacts 
that might result from adopting the proposals in this document. The 
most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the proposal, 
explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting 
data. To ensure the docket does not contain duplicate comments, 
commenters should send only one copy of written comments, or if 
comments are filed electronically, commenters should submit only one 
time.
    The FAA will file in the docket all comments received, as well as a 
report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel 
concerning this proposed rulemaking. Before acting on this proposal, 
the FAA will consider all comments received on or before the closing 
date for comments. The FAA will consider comments filed after the 
comment period has closed if it is possible to do so without incurring 
expense or delay. The FAA may change this proposal in light of the 
comments received.

Discussion

    EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the 
European Union, has issued EASA AD No. 2016-0145R1, dated January 17, 
2018 (EASA AD 2016-0145R1), to correct an unsafe condition for Leonardo 
S.p.A. Model AW189 helicopters with MR damper part number (P/N) 
4F6220V00251 installed. EASA advises that a MR damper failed, which 
resulted in complete seizure of the body end lug and an in-flight 
disconnection of the damper. EASA states that a combination of factors 
may have contributed to the MR damper disconnection, and that this 
condition could result in loss of the lead-lag damping function of the 
MR blade, damage to adjacent critical rotor components, and subsequent 
reduced control of the helicopter. The contributing factors include 
cracks, slippage marks, damaged broach ring teeth, and loss of torque.
    According to EASA, the AW189 MR damper is a similar design to the 
MR dampers installed on Model AW139 helicopters, where multiple MR 
damper failures have been reported involving the body end lug, the eye 
end lug, and the rod end. To correct this condition, EASA issued a 
series of superseded and revised ADs to require repetitive inspections 
of certain MR dampers, and similar corrective actions as those for 
Model AW139 helicopters. EASA AD 2016-0145R1 requires various one-time 
and repetitive inspections of the MR damper, a torque check of the 
damper body end, and replacing any MR damper with a crack or that fails 
the torque check. EASA AD 2016-0145R1 also allows installation of a new 
MR damper, P/N 8G6220V00151, as an optional terminating action for the 
repetitive inspections.

FAA's Determination

    These helicopters have been approved by EASA and are approved for 
operation in the United States. Pursuant to the FAA's bilateral 
agreement with the European Union, EASA has notified the FAA about the 
unsafe condition described in its AD. The FAA is proposing this AD 
after evaluating all known relevant information and determining that an 
unsafe condition is likely to exist or develop on other helicopters of 
the same type designs.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

    The FAA reviewed Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189-080, 
Revision A, dated July 15, 2016, which contains procedures for visual 
and dye penetrant inspections of the MR damper for cracks and for 
verifying the torque of the damper body ends.
    The FAA also reviewed Leonardo Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin 
No. 189-102, Revision A, dated December 21, 2017, which contains 
procedures for installing an MR damper with reduced torque values and 
specifies replacing MR damper P/N 4F6220V00251 with new MR damper P/N 
8G6220V00151.
    This service information is reasonably available because the 
interested parties have access to it through their normal course of 
business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Other Related Service Information

    The FAA reviewed Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189-069, dated 
February 12, 2016, which contains procedures for installing a special 
washer on the MR damper rod end, modifying the installation torque of 
the MR damper, and inspecting the rod end bearings.

Proposed AD Requirements

    This proposed AD would require compliance with certain procedures 
described in the manufacturer's service bulletins. For helicopters with 
a MR damper P/N 4F6220V00251, this proposed AD would require:
     Within 10 hours time-in-service (TIS), reducing the 
installation torque of the nuts on the bolts attaching the MR damper to 
the MR hub;
     Within 30 hours TIS or before a MR damper body end 
accumulates 500 hours TIS since first installation on a helicopter, 
whichever occurs later, and, thereafter at intervals not to exceed 500 
hours TIS, replacing the affected MR damper;
     Before the MR damper accumulates 300 hours TIS since new 
or overhaul, dye penetrant or eddy current inspecting the rod end and 
body end of each MR damper for a crack, and thereafter, before the 
first flight of each day, visually inspecting the rod end and body end 
of each MR damper for a crack. If there is a crack, this proposed AD 
would require replacing the MR damper;
     Within 30 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not 
exceeding 10 hours TIS for MR dampers that have accumulated less than 
300 hours TIS since new or overhaul or within 5 hours TIS and therefore 
before the first flight of each day for MR dampers that have 
accumulated 300 or more hours TIS since new or overhaul, inspecting 
each rod end and body end bearing for rotation, and replacing the rod 
end or MR damper as applicable if there is any rotation;
     For certain serial-numbered MR dampers, within 30 hours 
TIS and thereafter at intervals not exceeding 20 hours TIS, inspecting 
the lag damper broached ring nut for damage, correct engagement, and 
alignment. If there is damage on the ring nut, incorrect engagement, or 
mis-alignment, this proposed AD would require removing the rod end and 
broached ring nut from service. These repetitive inspections would 
terminate after the MR damper has accumulated 600 hours TIS;
     Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not 
exceeding 100 hours TIS, inspecting the bearing friction torque of each 
MR damper body end and rod end, and replacing the MR damper if the 
torque value exceeds 30.0 Nm (265.5 lb in);
     Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not 
exceeding 100 hours TIS, inspecting the MR damper anti-rotation block 
for wear and replacing the anti-rotation block if there is wear beyond 
acceptable limits;

[[Page 30666]]

     Within 50 hours TIS, replacing each special washer P/N 
3G6220A05051 with special washer P/N 3G6220A05052;
     For certain MR dampers, within 50 hours TIS, inspecting 
the broached ring for damage and alignment, removing the broached ring 
from service if there is damage, and replacing the broached ring if the 
rod end and broached ring cannot be aligned; and
     Prior to installation on any helicopter, inspecting 
certain serial-numbered MR dampers for correct torque of the broached 
ring.

Differences Between This Proposed AD and the EASA AD

    The EASA AD requires contacting the manufacturer under certain 
conditions, while this proposed AD would not.

Costs of Compliance

    The FAA estimates that this AD would affect 3 helicopters of U.S. 
Registry. The FAA estimates that operators may incur the following 
costs in order to comply with this AD. Labor costs are estimated at $85 
per work-hour.
    Adjusting the tightening torque would require about 10 work-hours, 
for an estimated cost of $850 per helicopter and $2,550 for the U.S. 
fleet.
    Replacing an MR damper would require about 2 work-hours, and parts 
would cost about $18,000, for an estimated cost of $18,170 per MR 
damper.
    Performing a dye penetrant or eddy current inspection of the MR 
damper would require about 8 work-hours, for an estimated cost of $680 
per helicopter and $2,040 for the U.S. fleet.
    Visually inspecting the rod ends and body ends would require about 
0.5 hour, for an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and $129 for the 
U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle.
    Inspecting the rod ends and body ends for bearing rotation would 
require about 0.5 hour, for an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and 
$129 for the U.S. fleet, per inspection cycle.
    Inspecting the broached ring nut would require about 0.5 hour, for 
an estimated cost of $43 per helicopter and $129 for the U.S. fleet, 
per inspection cycle.
    Inspecting for bearing friction would require about 2 hours, for an 
estimated cost of $170 per helicopter and $510 for the U.S. fleet, per 
inspection cycle.
    Inspecting the broached ring teeth for proper alignment and 
applying torque would require about 8 work-hours, for an estimated cost 
of $680 per helicopter and $2,040 for the U.S. fleet.
    Replacing a rod end would require about 3 work-hours and parts 
would cost about $500, for a cost an estimated cost of $755 per rod 
end.
    Replacing a broached ring would require about 3 work-hours and 
parts would cost about $100, for an estimated cost of $355, per 
broached ring.
    Replacing a broached ring nut would require about 3 work-hours and 
parts would cost about $125, for an estimated cost of $380 per broached 
ring nut.
    Replacing an anti-rotation block would require about 3 work-hours 
and parts would cost about $50, for a cost an estimated cost of $305 
per anti-rotation block.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements. 
Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight 
of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for 
practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary 
for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that 
authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to 
exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    The FAA determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed, I certify this proposed regulation:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 
12866;
    2. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

Leonardo S.p.a: Docket No. FAA-2020-0503; Product Identifier 2018-
SW-006-AD.

(a) Applicability

    This AD applies to Leonardo S.p.A. Model AW189 helicopters, 
certificated in any category, with a main rotor (MR) damper part 
number (P/N) 4F6220V00251 installed.

(b) Unsafe Condition

    This AD defines the unsafe condition as a crack in an MR damper, 
which if not detected and corrected, could lead to loss of the lead-
lag damping function of the MR blade, resulting in damage of the MR 
damper, detachment of the MR damper in-flight, and subsequent loss 
of control of the helicopter.

(c) Comments Due Date

    The FAA must receive comments by July 20, 2020.

(d) Compliance

    You are responsible for performing each action required by this 
AD within the specified compliance time unless it has already been 
accomplished prior to that time.

(e) Required Actions

    (1) Within 10 hours time-in-service (TIS), reduce the torque of 
the nut on the bolt attaching each MR damper to the MR hub by 
following paragraphs 4 through 7 of the Accomplishment Instructions, 
Part I, of Leonardo Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin No. 189-102, 
Revision A, dated December 21, 2017 (ASB 189-102).
    (2) Within 30 hours TIS or before the MR damper body end (body 
end) accumulates 500 hours TIS, whichever occurs later, and 
thereafter at intervals not to exceed 500 hours TIS, replace the MR 
damper.
    (3) Within 30 hours TIS, before the MR damper accumulates 300 
hours TIS, or within 300 hours TIS since the last overhaul, 
whichever occurs later, dye penetrant inspect using a 5X power 
magnifying glass or eddy current inspect each MR damper rod end (rod 
end) and body end for a crack in the areas depicted in Figure 2 of 
Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189-080, Revision A, dated July 
15, 2016 (BT 189-080).
    (i) If there is a crack on the body end, before further flight, 
replace the MR damper.
    (ii) If there is a crack on the rod end, before further flight, 
replace the rod end and, within 300 hours TIS, dye penetrant or eddy 
current

[[Page 30667]]

inspect the rod end for a crack as described in paragraph (e)(3) of 
this AD.
    (iii) If there are no cracks, before further flight, mark the 
rod end and body end with a dot of black polyurethane paint as shown 
in Figure 13 of BT 189-080.
    (iv) Thereafter, before the first flight of each day, using a 
mirror and a magnifying glass visually inspect each rod end and body 
end for a crack in the areas shown in Figure 14 of BT 189-080. If 
there is a crack in the rod end, before further flight, replace the 
rod end. If there is a crack on the body end, before further flight, 
replace the MR damper.
    (4) Within the compliance times listed in paragraphs (e)(4)(i) 
and (ii) of this AD, inspect each rod end bearing and body end for 
bearing rotation in the damper seat. An example of rotation 
(misaligned slippage marks) is shown in Figure 4 of BT 189-080. If 
there is any bearing rotation in the rod end, before further flight, 
replace the rod end. If there is any bearing rotation in the body 
end, before further flight, replace the MR damper.
    (i) For MR dampers that have accumulated less than 300 hours TIS 
since new or since the last overhaul, within 30 hours TIS and 
thereafter at intervals not to exceed 10 hours TIS.
    (ii) For MR dampers that have accumulated 300 or more hours TIS 
since new or since the last overhaul, within 5 hours TIS and 
thereafter before the first flight of each day.
    (5) For helicopters with an MR damper with a serial number (S/N) 
MCR0001 through MCR0154 and MCR0174 through MCR0195, within 30 hours 
TIS and thereafter at intervals not to exceed 20 hours TIS until the 
MR damper has accumulated 600 hours TIS, visually inspect each MR 
damper broached ring nut for broken teeth, proper engagement, and 
alignment as depicted in Figure 5 and shown in Figures 6, 7, and 8 
of BT 189-080. If there is a broken tooth, improper engagement, or 
misalignment of the broached ring nut, before further flight, remove 
from service the rod end and broached ring nut.
    (6) Within 50 hours TIS and thereafter at intervals not to 
exceed 100 hours TIS:
    (i) Rotate the body end around the damper axis to put it near 
the middle position and determine the bearing friction torque value 
of the body end, using as a reference Figure 11 of BT 189-080.

    Note 1 to Paragraph (e)(6)(i) of this AD: Applying too much 
force while rotating the body end around the damper axis may cause 
damage.

    (A) If the torque value of the body end is more than 30.0 Nm 
(265.5 in lb), before further flight, replace the MR damper.
    (B) If the torque value of the body end is 30.0 Nm (265.5 in lb) 
or less, determine the bearing friction torque value of each rod 
end, using as a reference Figure 11 of BT 189-080. If the torque 
value of the rod end is more than 30.0 Nm (265.5 in lb), before 
further flight, replace the rod end.
    (ii) Inspect each MR damper anti-rotation block for wear by 
following paragraphs 4.3 through 4.3.6 of the Compliance 
Instructions, Part VI, of BT 189-080. If there is wear, before 
further flight, replace the MR damper anti-rotation block.
    (7) Within 50 hours TIS:
    (i) On each MR damper, replace special washer P/N 3G6220A05051 
with special washer P/N 3G6220A05052.
    (ii) For helicopters with an MR damper with a S/N MCR0001 
through MCR0041, MCR0043, MCR0045 through MCR0151, MCR0153 through 
MCR0157, MCR0159 through MCR 0179, and MCR0185 through MCR0370; and 
for MR dampers with a rod end P/N M006-01H004-045 or P/N M006-
01H004-053 installed, do the following:
    (A) Inspect each broached ring for wear, bent teeth, missing 
teeth, and stripped threads. Pay particular attention to the four 
pins that engage the piston grooves. If there is any wear or damage 
to the broached ring, before further flight, remove from service the 
broached ring. An example of an acceptable broached ring is shown in 
Figure 4, Annex A, of BT 189-080.
    (B) Align each rod end and broached ring by applying a torque of 
60 Nm (531 in lb) to 80 Nm (708 in lb). If the rod end and broached 
ring cannot be aligned, before further flight, replace the broached 
ring.
    (8) Except for MR dampers with a S/N MCR0042, MCR0044, MCR0152, 
MCR0158, and MCR0180 through MCR0184, do not install an MR damper P/
N 4F6220V00251 on any helicopter unless the MR damper has passed the 
requirements in paragraph (e)(7)(ii) of this AD.

(f) Credit for Previous Actions

    (1) Actions accomplished before the effective date of this AD in 
accordance with the Compliance Instructions, Part II, of 
Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189-069, dated February 12, 2016 
(BT 189-069), are considered acceptable for compliance with the 
corresponding actions in paragraph (e)(7)(i) of this AD.
    (2) Actions accomplished before the effective date of this AD in 
accordance with the Compliance Instructions, Part III, of BT 189-
069, are considered acceptable for compliance with the corresponding 
actions in paragraph (e)(7)(ii) of this AD.

(g) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Safety Management Section, FAA, may approve 
AMOCs for this AD. Send your proposal to: Matt Fuller, Senior 
Aviation Safety Engineer, Safety Management Section, Rotorcraft 
Standards Branch, FAA, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy, Fort Worth, TX 76177; 
telephone 817-222-5110; email [email protected].
    (2) For operations conducted under a 14 CFR part 119 operating 
certificate or under 14 CFR part 91, subpart K, the FAA suggests 
that you notify your principal inspector, or lacking a principal 
inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office 
or certificate holding district office before operating any aircraft 
complying with this AD through an AMOC.

(h) Additional Information

    (1) Finmeccanica Bollettino Tecnico No. 189-069, dated February 
12, 2016, which is not incorporated by reference, contains 
additional information about the subject of this AD. For service 
information identified in this AD, contact Leonardo S.p.A. 
Helicopters, Emanuele Bufano, Head of Airworthiness, Viale G.Agusta 
520, 21017 C.Costa di Samarate (Va) Italy; telephone +39-0331-
225074; fax +39-0331-229046; or at https://www.leonardocompany.com/en/home. You may view the referenced service information at the FAA, 
Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood 
Pkwy, Room 6N-321, Fort Worth, TX 76177.
    (2) The subject of this AD is addressed in European Aviation 
Safety Agency (now European Union Aviation Safety Agency) (EASA) AD 
No. 2016-0145R1, dated January 17, 2018. You may view the EASA AD on 
the internet at https://www.regulations.gov in the AD Docket.

(i) Subject

    Joint Aircraft Service Component (JASC) Code: 6200, Main Rotor 
System.

    Issued on May 14, 2020.
Lance T. Gant,
Director, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2020-10752 Filed 5-19-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P