Migratory Bird Hunting; Proposed Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2020-21 Season, 18532-18548 [2020-06797]

Download as PDF 18532 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules entities; (2) the clarification, consolidation, or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements under the rule for small entities; (3) the use of performance, rather than design, standards; and (4) an exemption from coverage of the rule, or any part thereof, for small entities. 32. The NPRM seeks comment on whether to eliminate or modify a current requirement that cable operators maintain records in their online public inspection file, specifically the cable operator interests in video programming recordkeeping requirement. Eliminating or modifying this obligation would reduce the overall public inspection file burden on cable operators. There could also be an impact on small independent video programmers to the extent any programmers relied on the public file in question for information that is not easily available elsewhere. The NPRM seeks comment on eliminating or modifying this public file requirement, including any comments that might oppose eliminating or modifying this requirement. F. Federal Rules That May Duplicate, Overlap, or Conflict With the Proposed Rule 33. None. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 76 Cable Television, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Federal Communications Commission. Cecilia Sigmund, Federal Register Liaison Officer. Proposed Rules For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 part 76 as follows: PART 76—MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE 1. The authority citation for part 76 continues to read as follows: ■ jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Authority: 47 U.S.C. 151, 152, 153, 154, 301, 302, 302a, 303, 303a, 307, 308, 309, 312, 315, 317, 325, 339, 340, 341, 503, 521, 522, 531, 532, 534, 535, 536, 537, 543, 544, 544a, 545, 548, 549, 552, 554, 556, 558, 560, 561, 571, 572, 573. § 76.504 ■ [Amended] 2. Amend § 76.504 by removing Note 2. § 76.1700 [Amended] 3. Amend § 76.1700 by removing and reserving paragraph (a)(7). ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 § 76.1710 ■ [Removed and reserved] 4. Remove and reserve § 76.1710. [FR Doc. 2020–06631 Filed 4–1–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6712–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 20 [Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2019–0004; FF09M21200–201–FXMB1231099BPP0] RIN 1018–BD89 Migratory Bird Hunting; Proposed Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2020–21 Season Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (hereinafter, Service or we) proposes special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2020–21 migratory bird hunting season. DATES: Written Comments: You must submit comments on the proposed regulations by May 4, 2020. Information Collection Requirements: If you wish to comment on the information collection requirements in this proposed rule, please send your comments and suggestions on this information collection by June 1, 2020 to: Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), Falls Church, VA 22041–3803 (mail); or Info_ Coll@fws.gov (email). ADDRESSES: Written Comments: You may submit comments on the proposals by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments on Docket No. FWS–HQ–MB–2019– 0004. • U.S. mail or hand delivery: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS–HQ– MB–2019–0004, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N); 5275 Leesburg Pike; Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. We will post all comments on http:// www.regulations.gov. This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us (see Public Comments, below, for more information). SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Information Collection Requirements: Send your comments and suggestions on the information collection requirements to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), Falls Church, VA 22041–3803 (mail); or Info_ Coll@fws.gov (email). Please reference OMB Control Number 1018–0171 in the subject line of your comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jerome Ford, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, (202) 208–1050. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Process for the Annual Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations As part of the Department of the Interior’s retrospective regulatory review, we developed a schedule for migratory game bird hunting regulations that is more efficient and provides hunting season dates much earlier than was possible under the old process. Under the new process, we develop proposed hunting season frameworks for a given year in the fall of the prior year. We then finalize those frameworks a few months later, thereby enabling the State agencies to select and publish their season dates in early summer. We provided a detailed overview of the new process in the August 3, 2017, Federal Register (82 FR 36308). Special Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations for Indian Tribes We developed the guidelines for establishing special migratory bird hunting regulations for Indian Tribes in response to tribal requests for recognition of their reserved hunting rights and, for some Tribes, recognition of their authority to regulate hunting by both tribal and nontribal hunters on their reservations. The guidelines include possibilities for: (1) On-reservation hunting by both tribal and nontribal hunters, with hunting by nontribal hunters on some reservations to take place within Federal frameworks but on dates different from those selected by the surrounding State(s); (2) On-reservation hunting by tribal members only, outside of the usual Federal frameworks for season dates and length, and for daily bag and possession limits; and (3) Off-reservation hunting by tribal members on ceded lands, outside of usual framework dates and season length, with some added flexibility in daily bag and possession limits. In all cases, the regulations established under the guidelines must E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules be consistent with the March 10 to September 1 closed season mandated by the 1916 Convention between the United States and Great Britain (for Canada) for the Protection of Migratory Birds (Treaty). The guidelines apply to those Tribes having recognized reserved hunting rights on Federal Indian reservations (including off-reservation trust lands) and on ceded lands. They also apply to establishing migratory bird hunting regulations for nontribal hunters on all lands within the exterior boundaries of reservations where Tribes have full wildlife management authority over such hunting or where the Tribes and affected States otherwise have reached agreement over hunting by nontribal hunters on lands owned by non-Indians within the reservation. Tribes usually have the authority to regulate migratory bird hunting by nonmembers on Indian-owned reservation lands, subject to Service approval. The question of jurisdiction is more complex on reservations that include lands owned by non-Indians, especially when the surrounding States have established or intend to establish regulations governing hunting by nonIndians on these lands. In such cases, we encourage the Tribes and States to reach agreement on regulations that would apply throughout the reservations. When appropriate, we will consult with a Tribe and State with the aim of facilitating an accord. We also will consult jointly with tribal and State officials in the affected States where Tribes wish to establish special hunting regulations for tribal members on ceded lands. Because of past questions regarding interpretation of what events trigger the consultation process, as well as who initiates it, we provide the following clarification. We routinely provide copies of Federal Register publications pertaining to migratory bird management to all State Directors, Tribes, and other interested parties. It is the responsibility of the States, Tribes, and others to notify us of any concern regarding any feature(s) of any regulations. When we receive such notification, we will initiate consultation. Our guidelines provide for the continued harvest of waterfowl and other migratory game birds by tribal members on reservations where such harvest has been a customary practice. We do not oppose this harvest, provided it does not take place during the closed season defined by the Treaty, and does not adversely affect the status of the migratory bird resource. Before developing the guidelines, we reviewed available information on the current status of migratory bird populations, VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 reviewed the current status of migratory bird hunting on Federal Indian reservations, and evaluated the potential impact of such guidelines on migratory birds. We concluded that the impact of migratory bird harvest by tribal members hunting on their reservations is minimal. One area of interest in Indian migratory bird hunting regulations relates to hunting seasons for nontribal hunters on dates that are within Federal frameworks, but which are different from those established by the State(s) where the reservation is located. A large influx of nontribal hunters onto a reservation at a time when the season is closed in the surrounding State(s) could result in adverse population impacts on one or more migratory bird species. The guidelines make this unlikely, and we may modify regulations or establish experimental special hunts, after evaluation of information obtained by the Tribes. We conclude the guidelines provide appropriate opportunity to accommodate the reserved hunting rights and management authority of Indian Tribes while ensuring that the migratory bird resource receives necessary protection. The conservation of this important international resource is paramount. Further, the guidelines should not be viewed as inflexible. In this regard, we note that they have been employed successfully since 1985. We conclude they have been tested adequately, and, therefore, we made them final beginning with the 1988–89 hunting season (53 FR 31612, August 18, 1988). We should stress here, however, that use of the guidelines is not mandatory, and no action is required if a Tribe wishes to observe the hunting regulations established by the State(s) in which the reservation is located. Regulations Schedule for 2020 On October 15, 2019, we published a proposal to amend title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at part 20 (84 FR 55120). The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. This document is the second in a series of proposed and final rules for migratory game bird hunting regulations. Major steps in the 2020–21 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were illustrated in the diagram at the end of the October 15, 2019, proposed rule. For PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18533 this regulatory cycle, we have combined elements of the document that is described in the diagram as Supplemental Proposals with the document that is described as Proposed Season Frameworks. On October 8–9, 2019, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants, at which the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory game birds and developed recommendations for the 2020–21 regulations for these species. On March 19, 2020, we published in the Federal Register (85 FR 15870) the proposed frameworks for the 2020–21 season migratory bird hunting regulations. Population Status and Harvest Each year we publish various species status reports that provide detailed information on the status and harvest of migratory game birds, including information on the methodologies and results. These reports are available at the address indicated under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT or from our website at https://www.fws.gov/ birds/surveys-and-data/reports-andpublications/population-status.php. We used the following annual reports published in August 2019 in the development of proposed frameworks for the migratory bird hunting regulations: Adaptive Harvest Management, 2020 Hunting Season; American Woodcock Population Status, 2019; Band-tailed Pigeon Population Status, 2019; Migratory Bird Hunting Activity and Harvest During the 2017– 18 and 2018–19 Hunting Seasons; Mourning Dove Population Status, 2019; Status and Harvests of Sandhill Cranes, Mid-continent, Rocky Mountain, Lower Colorado River Valley and Eastern Populations, 2019; and Waterfowl Population Status, 2019. Our long-term objectives continue to include providing opportunities to harvest portions of certain migratory game bird populations and to limit harvests to levels compatible with each population’s ability to maintain healthy, viable numbers. Having taken into account the zones of temperature and the distribution, abundance, economic value, breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of migratory birds, we believe that the proposed hunting seasons provided for herein are compatible with the current status of migratory bird populations and longterm population goals. Additionally, we are obligated to, and do, give serious consideration to all information we receive during the public comment period. E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18534 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules Hunting Season Proposals From Indian Tribes and Organizations For the 2020–21 hunting season, we received requests from 26 Tribes and Indian organizations. In this proposed rule, we respond to these 26 requests and also evaluate anticipated requests for 6 Tribes from whom we usually hear but from whom we have not yet received proposals. We actively solicit regulatory proposals from other tribal groups that are interested in working cooperatively for the benefit of waterfowl and other migratory game birds. We encourage Tribes to work with us to develop agreements for management of migratory bird resources on tribal lands. The proposed frameworks for flyway regulations were published in the Federal Register on March 19, 2020 (85 FR 15870). As previously discussed, no action is required by Tribes wishing to observe migratory bird hunting regulations established by the State(s) where they are located. The proposed regulations for the 32 Tribes that meet the established criteria or have recently proposed seasons are shown below. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS (a) Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian Reservation, Pablo, Montana (Tribal and Nontribal Hunters) For the past several years, the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the State of Montana have entered into cooperative agreements for the regulation of hunting on the Flathead Indian Reservation. The State and the Tribes are currently operating under a cooperative agreement signed in 1990, which addresses fishing and hunting management and regulation issues of mutual concern. This agreement enables all hunters to utilize waterfowl hunting opportunities on the reservation. As in the past, tribal regulations for nontribal hunters would be at least as restrictive as those established for the Pacific Flyway portion of Montana. Goose, duck, and coot season dates would also be at least as restrictive as those established for the Pacific Flyway portion of Montana. Shooting hours for waterfowl hunting on the Flathead Reservation are sunrise to sunset. Steel shot or other federally approved nontoxic shots are the only legal shotgun loads on the reservation for waterfowl or other game birds. For tribal members, the Tribe proposes outside frameworks for ducks and geese of September 1, 2020, through March 9, 2021. Daily bag and possession limits were not proposed for tribal members. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 The requested season dates and bag limits are similar to past regulations. Harvest levels are not expected to change significantly. Standardized check station data from the 1993–94 and 1994–95 hunting seasons indicated no significant changes in harvest levels and that the large majority of the harvest is by nontribal hunters. We propose to approve the Tribes’ request for special migratory bird regulations for the 2020–21 hunting season. (b) Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Cloquet, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only) Since 1996, the Service and the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians have cooperated to establish special migratory bird hunting regulations for tribal members. The Fond du Lac’s proposal covers land set apart for the band under the Treaties of 1837 and 1854 in northeastern and eastcentral Minnesota and the Band’s Reservation near Duluth. The band’s proposal for 2020–21 is essentially the same as that approved last year. The proposed 2020–21 waterfowl hunting season regulations for Fond du Lac are as follows: Ducks A. 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 18 ducks, including no more than 12 mallards (only 3 of which may be hens), 9 black ducks, 9 scaup, 9 wood ducks, 9 redheads, 9 pintails, and 9 canvasbacks. B. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (only 2 of which may be hens), 6 black ducks, 6 scaup, 6 redheads, 6 pintails, 6 wood ducks, and 6 canvasbacks. Mergansers A. 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 15 mergansers, including no more than 6 hooded mergansers. B. Reservation: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 4 hooded mergansers. Canada Geese: All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese. PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Sandhill Cranes: 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories Only Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: Two sandhill cranes. A crane carcass tag is required prior to hunting. Tundra and Trumpeter Swans: Reservation Only Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: Two swans. Swan carcass tags are required prior to hunting. Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules): All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the aggregate. Sora and Virginia Rails: All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the aggregate. Common Snipe: All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe. Woodcock: All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock. Mourning Dove: All Areas Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves. The following general conditions apply: 1. While hunting waterfowl, a tribal member must carry on his/her person a valid Ceded Territory License. 2. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before sunrise to onehalf hour after sunset. 3. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the provisions of Chapter 10 of the Model Off-Reservation Code. Except as modified by the Service rules adopted in response to this proposal, these amended regulations parallel Federal requirements in 50 CFR part 20 as to hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting. 4. Band members in each zone will comply with State regulations providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules 5. There are no possession limits for migratory birds. For purposes of enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession or custody of band members on ceded lands will be considered to have been taken on those lands unless tagged by a tribal or State conservation warden as having been taken on-reservation. All migratory birds that fall on reservation lands will not count as part of any off-reservation bag or possession limit. The band anticipates harvest will be fewer than 500 ducks and geese, and fewer than 10 sandhill cranes. We propose to approve the request for special migratory bird hunting regulations for the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS (c) Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Suttons Bay, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) In the 1995–96 migratory bird seasons, the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians and the Service first cooperated to establish special regulations for waterfowl. The Grand Traverse Band is a self-governing, federally recognized Tribe located on the west arm of Grand Traverse Bay in Leelanau County, Michigan. The Grand Traverse Band is a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved special regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty’s signatory Tribes on ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986–87 hunting season. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribe requests that the tribal member duck season run from September 1, 2020, through January 20, 2021. A daily bag limit of 35 would include no more than 8 pintail, 4 canvasback, 5 hooded merganser, 8 black ducks, 10 wood ducks, 8 redheads, and 20 mallards (only 10 of which may be hens). For Canada and snow geese, the Tribe proposes a September 1, 2020, through February 15, 2021, season. For whitefronted geese and brant, the Tribe proposes a September 20 through December 30, 2020, season. The daily bag limit for Canada and snow geese would be 15, and the daily bag limit for white-fronted geese, including brant, would be 5 birds. We further note that, based on available data (of major goose migration routes), it is unlikely that any Canada geese from the Southern James Bay Population will be harvested by the Tribe. For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed five birds. For mourning doves, snipe, and rails, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 25 mourning dove, 10 snipe, and 10 rail. For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 2 birds and a season limit of 10 birds. For snipe and rails, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 10 birds per species. Shooting hours would be from onehalf hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would apply. The Tribe proposes to monitor harvest closely through game bag checks, patrols, and mail surveys. Harvest surveys from the 2013–14 hunting season indicated that approximately 30 tribal hunters harvested an estimated 100 ducks and 45 Canada geese. We propose to approve the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting proposal. (d) Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah, Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only) Since 1985, various bands of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians have exercised judicially recognized, off-reservation hunting rights for migratory birds in Wisconsin. The specific regulations were established by the Service in consultation with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC), an intertribal agency exercising delegated natural resource management and regulatory authority from its member Tribes in portions of Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota. Beginning in 1986, a Tribal season on ceded lands in the western portion of the Michigan Upper Peninsula was developed in coordination with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. We have approved 18535 regulations for Tribal members in both Michigan and Wisconsin since the 1986–87 hunting season. In 1987, GLIFWC requested, and we approved, regulations to permit Tribal members to hunt on ceded lands in Minnesota, as well as in Michigan and Wisconsin. The States of Michigan and Wisconsin originally concurred with the regulations, although both Wisconsin and Michigan have raised various concerns over the years. Minnesota did not concur with the original regulations, stressing that the State would not recognize Chippewa Indian hunting rights in Minnesota’s treaty area until a court with jurisdiction over the State acknowledges and defines the extent of these rights. In 1999, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the existence of the tribes’ treaty reserved rights in Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band, 199 S. Ct. 1187 (1999). We acknowledge all of the States’ concerns, but point out that the U.S. Government has recognized the Indian treaty reserved rights, and that acceptable hunting regulations have been successfully implemented in Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Consequently, in view of the above, we have approved regulations since the 1987–88 hunting season on ceded lands in all three States. In fact, this recognition of the principle of treaty reserved rights for band members to hunt and fish was pivotal in our decision to approve a 1991–92 season for the 1836 ceded area in Michigan. Since then, in the 2007 Consent Decree, the 1836 Treaty Tribes and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment established courtapproved regulations pertaining to offreservation hunting rights for migratory birds. For 2020, GLIFWC proposes offreservation special migratory bird hunting regulations on behalf of the member Tribes of the Voigt Intertribal Task Force of GLIFWC (for the 1837 and 1842 Treaty areas in Wisconsin and Michigan), the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and the six Wisconsin Bands (for the 1837 Treaty area in Minnesota), and the Bay Mills Indian Community (for the 1836 Treaty area in Michigan). Member Tribes of the Task Force are as follows: Wisconsin Minnesota Michigan Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians. Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians.. Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians ...... Lac Vieux Desert Band of Chippewa Indians Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. Frm 00065 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18536 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules Wisconsin Minnesota Michigan jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians ......... St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin ........................ Sokaogon Chippewa Community (Mole Lake Band) ....... This year, GLIFWC proposes to continue certain experimental regulatory changes approved during the 2017–18 season but first implemented in 2018 (83 FR 5037, February 5, 2018). First, in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas, GLIFWC allows up to 50 Tribal hunters to use electronic calls for any open season under a limited and experimental design under a special Tribal permit. In addition to obtaining a special permit, the Tribal hunter is required to complete and submit a hunt diary for each hunt where electronic calls were used. Second, GLIFWC allows the take of migratory birds (primarily waterfowl) with the use of hand-held nets, hand-held snares, and/ or capture of birds by hand in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas. This use of nets, snares, or hand-capture includes the take of birds at night. Both the use of electronic calls and the use of nets, snares, or hand-capture are considered 3-year experimental seasons. We propose to approve the continuation of all these experimental proposals again this year. For more specific discussion on these regulatory changes, we refer the reader to the August 27, 2017, and February 5, 2018, rules (82 FR 39716 and 83 FR 5037). Under GLIFWC’s proposed 2020–21 regulations, GLIFWC expects total ceded territory harvest to be approximately 2,000 to 3,000 ducks, 400 to 600 geese, 50 sandhill cranes, and 30 swans, which is roughly similar to anticipated levels in the previous year. Recent GLIFWC harvest surveys (1996–98, 2001, 2004, 2007–08, 2011, 2012, and 2015) indicate that tribal offreservation waterfowl harvest has averaged fewer than 1,100 ducks and 250 geese annually. In the latest survey year for which we have specific results (2018), an estimated 197 hunters hunted a total of 1,480 days and harvested 1,980 ducks (1.4 ducks per day) and 495 geese. The greatest number of ducks reported harvested in a single day was 12, while the highest number of geese reported taken on a single outing was 17. Mallards, wood ducks, and bluewinged teal composed about the greatest percentage of the duck harvest. Thirtyone sandhill cranes were reported harvested in 2018. Nine trumpeter swans were harvested in the 2019–20 season. The Tribe is proposing the threshold level of trumpeter swan VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 harvest which would trigger emergency closure of the swan season from 10 to 20. About 92 percent of the estimated hunting days took place in Wisconsin, with the remainder occurring in Michigan. As in past years, most hunting took place in or near counties with reservations. The proposed 2020–21 waterfowl hunting season regulations apply to all treaty areas (except where noted) for GLIFWC as follows: Ducks Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 50 ducks in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Area; 30 ducks in the 1836 Treaty Area. Mergansers Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers. Geese Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. In addition, any portion of the ceded territory that is open to State-licensed hunters for goose hunting outside of these dates will also be open concurrently for tribal members. Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese in aggregate. Other Migratory Birds A. Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules): Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens (common gallinules), singly or in the aggregate. B. Sora and Virginia Rails: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20, singly, or in the aggregate, 25. C. Common Snipe: Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 16 common snipe. D. Woodcock: Season Dates: Begin September 4 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock. E. Mourning Dove: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories only. Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 29, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 15 mourning doves. F. Sandhill Cranes: PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 5 cranes and no seasonal bag limit in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty areas; 3 crane and no seasonal bag limit in the 1836 Treaty area. G. Swans: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories only. Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. Daily Bag Limit: 5 swans. All harvested swans must be registered by presenting the fully-feathered carcass to a tribal registration station or GLIFWC warden. If the total number of trumpeter swans harvested reaches 20, the swan season will be closed by emergency tribal rule. General Conditions A. All tribal members will be required to obtain a valid tribal waterfowl hunting permit. B. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the model ceded territory conservation codes approved by Federal courts in the Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin (Voigt) and Mille Lacs Band v. State of Minnesota cases. Chapter 10 in each of these model codes regulates ceded territory migratory bird hunting. Both versions of Chapter 10 parallel Federal requirements as to hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting. They also automatically incorporate by reference the Federal migratory bird regulations adopted in response to this proposal. C. Particular regulations of note include: 1. Nontoxic shot will be required for all waterfowl hunting by tribal members. 2. Tribal members in each zone will comply with tribal regulations providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in parallel State regulations. 3. There are no possession limits, with the exception of 2 swans (in the aggregate) and 25 rails (in the aggregate). For purposes of enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession and custody of tribal members on ceded lands will be considered to have been taken on those lands unless tagged by a E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules tribal or State conservation warden as taken on reservation lands. All migratory birds that fall on reservation lands will not count as part of any offreservation bag or possession limit. 4. The baiting restrictions included in the respective section 10.05(2)(h) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be amended to include language which parallels that in place for nontribal members as published at 64 FR 29799, June 3, 1999. 5. There are no shell limit restrictions. 6. Hunting hours are from 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 minutes after sunset, except that, within the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories, hunters may use non-mechanical nets or snares that are operated by hand to take those birds subject to an open hunting season at any time (see #8 below for further information). Hunters shall also be permitted to capture, without the aid of other devices (i.e., by hand) and immediately kill birds subject to an open season, regardless of the time of day. 7. An experimental application of electronic calls will be implemented in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories. Up to 50 tribal hunters will be allowed to use electronic calls. Individuals using these devices will be required to obtain a special permit; they will be required to complete a hunt diary for each hunt where electronic calls are used; and they will be required to submit the hunt diary to the Commission within 2 weeks of the end of the season in order to be eligible to obtain a permit for the following year. Required information will include the date, time, and location of the hunt; number of hunters; the number of each species harvested per hunting event; if other hunters were in the area, any interactions with other hunters; and other information deemed appropriate. Diary results will be summarized and documented in a Commission report, which will be submitted to the Service. Barring unforeseen results, this experimental application would be replicated for 3 years (through the 2020–21 season), after which a full evaluation would be completed. 8. Within the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories, tribal members will be allowed to use non-mechanical, handoperated nets (i.e., throw/cast nets or hand-held nets typically used to land fish) and hand-operated snares, and may chase and capture migratory birds without the aid of hunting devices (i.e., by hand). At this time, non-attended nets or snares shall not be authorized under this regulation. Tribal members using nets or snares to take migratory birds, or taking birds by hand, will be VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 required to obtain a special permit; they will be required to complete a hunt diary for each hunt where these methods are used; and they will be required to submit the hunt diary to the Commission within 2 weeks of the end of the season in order to be eligible to obtain a permit to net migratory birds for the following year. Required information will include the date, time, and location of the hunt; number of hunters; the number of each species harvested per hunting event; and other information deemed appropriate. Diary results will be summarized and documented in a Commission report, which will be submitted to the Service. Barring unforeseen results, this experimental application would be replicated for 3 years (through the 2020– 21 season), after which a full evaluation would be completed. We propose to approve the above GLIFWC regulations for the 2020–21 hunting season. (e) Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Jicarilla Indian Reservation, Dulce, New Mexico (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters) The Jicarilla Apache Tribe has had special migratory bird hunting regulations for tribal members and nonmembers since the 1986–87 hunting season. The Tribe owns all lands on the reservation and has recognized full wildlife management authority. In general, the proposed seasons would be more conservative than allowed by the Federal frameworks of last season and by States in the Pacific Flyway. The Tribe proposes a 2020–21 waterfowl and Canada goose season beginning October 3, 2020, and a closing date of November 30, 2020. Daily bag and possession limits for waterfowl would be the same as Pacific Flyway States. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit for Canada geese of two. Other regulations specific to the Pacific Flyway guidelines for New Mexico would be in effect. During the Jicarilla Game and Fish Department’s 2017–18 season, estimated duck harvest was 82. The species composition included mainly mallards, gadwall, and bufflehead. The estimated harvest of geese was six birds. The proposed regulations are essentially the same as were established last year. The Tribe anticipates the maximum 2020–21 waterfowl harvest would be around 200 ducks and 20 geese. We propose to approve the Tribe’s requested 2020–21 hunting seasons. PO 00000 Frm 00067 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18537 (f) Kalispel Tribe, Kalispel Reservation, Usk, Washington (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters) The Kalispel Reservation was established by Executive Order in 1914, and currently comprises approximately 4,600 acres. The Tribe owns all Reservation land and has full management authority. The Kalispel Tribe has a fully developed wildlife program with hunting and fishing codes. The Tribe enjoys excellent wildlife management relations with the State. The Tribe and the State have an operational memorandum of understanding with emphasis on fisheries but also for wildlife. We have yet to hear from the Kalispel Tribe. The nontribal member seasons described below would pertain to a 176acre waterfowl management unit and 800 acres of reservation land with a guide for waterfowl hunting. The Tribe is utilizing this opportunity to rehabilitate an area that needs protection because of past land use practices, as well as to provide additional waterfowl hunting in the area. Beginning in 1996, the requested regulations also included a proposal for Kalispel-member-only migratory bird hunting on Kalispel-ceded lands within Washington, Montana, and Idaho. The Kalispel Tribe usually proposes tribal and nontribal member waterfowl seasons. The Tribe usually requests that both duck and goose seasons open at the earliest possible date and close on the latest date under Federal frameworks. For nontribal hunters on Tribally managed lands, the Tribe usually requests the seasons open at the earliest possible date and remain open, for the maximum amount of open days. The Tribe usually requests a season for ducks run September 21–22 and September 28–29, 2020, and from October 1, 2020, to January 8, 2021. In that period, nontribal hunters would be allowed to hunt approximately 107 days. Hunters should obtain further information on specific hunt days from the Kalispel Tribe. For nontribal hunters on Tribally managed lands, the Tribe also usually requests a season for geese run September 21–22 and September 28–29, 2020, and from October 1, 2020, to January 8, 2021. Total number of days should not exceed 107. Nontribal hunters should obtain further information on specific hunt days from the Tribe. Daily bag and possession limits would be the same as those for the State of Washington. The Tribe reports past nontribal harvest of 1.5 ducks per day. Under the proposal, the Tribe expects harvest to be E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18538 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules similar to last year, that is, fewer than 100 geese and 200 ducks. All other State and Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20, such as use of nontoxic shot and possession of a signed migratory bird hunting and conservation stamp, would be required. For tribal members on Kalispel-ceded lands, the Kalispel Tribe usually proposes season dates for ducks of October 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021, and for geese of September 10, 2020, through January 31, 2021. Daily bag and possession limits would parallel those in the Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20. The Tribe reports that there was no tribal harvest. Under the proposal, the Tribe expects harvest to be fewer than 200 birds for the season with fewer than 100 geese. Tribal members would be required to possess a signed Federal migratory bird stamp and a tribal ceded lands permit. We propose to approve the Kalispel Tribe regulations, upon receipt of their proposal and if these dates conform to Federal flyway frameworks for the Pacific Flyway. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS (g) Klamath Tribe, Chiloquin, Oregon (Tribal Members Only) The Klamath Tribe currently has no reservation, per se. However, the Klamath Tribe has reserved hunting, fishing, and gathering rights within its former reservation boundary. This area of former reservation, granted to the Klamaths by the Treaty of 1864, is over 1 million acres. Tribal natural resource management authority is derived from the Treaty of 1864, and carried out cooperatively under the judicially enforced Consent Decree of 1981. The parties to this Consent Decree are the Federal Government, the State of Oregon, and the Klamath Tribe. The Klamath Indian Game Commission sets the seasons. The tribal biological staff and tribal regulatory enforcement officers monitor tribal harvest by frequent bag checks and hunter interviews. For the 2020–21 seasons, the Tribe requests proposed season dates of October 5, 2020, through January 31, 2021. Daily bag limits would be 9 for ducks, 9 for geese, and 9 for coot, with possession limits twice the daily bag limit. Shooting hours would be one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Steel shot is required. Based on the number of birds produced in the Klamath Basin, this year’s harvest would be similar to last year’s. Information on tribal harvest suggests that more than 70 percent of VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 the annual goose harvest is local birds produced in the Klamath Basin. We propose to approve those 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (h) Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Cass Lake, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only) The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe is a federally recognized Tribe located in Cass Lake, Minnesota. The reservation employs conservation officers to enforce conservation regulations. The Service and the Tribe have cooperatively established migratory bird hunting regulations since 2000. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribe requests a duck season starting on September 12 and ending December 31, 2020, and a goose season to run from September 12 through December 31, 2020. Daily bag limits for ducks would be 10, including no more than 5 pintail, 5 canvasback, and 5 black ducks. Daily bag limits for geese would be 10. Possession limits would be twice the daily bag limit. Shooting hours are onehalf hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. The annual harvest by tribal members on the Leech Lake Reservation is estimated at 250 to 500 birds. We propose to approve the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe’s requested 2020– 21 special migratory bird hunting season. (i) Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) The Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI) is a self-governing, federally recognized Tribe located in Manistee, Michigan, and a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved special regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty’s signatory Tribes on ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986–87 hunting season. Ceded lands are located in Lake, Mason, Manistee, and Wexford Counties. The Band proposes regulations to govern the hunting of migratory birds by Tribal members within the 1836 Ceded Territory as well as on the Band’s Reservation. LRBOI proposes a duck and merganser season from September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. A daily bag limit of 12 ducks would include no more than 2 pintail, 2 canvasback, 3 black ducks, 3 wood ducks, 3 redheads, 6 mallards (only 2 of which may be a hen), 1 bufflehead, and 1 hooded merganser. Possession limits would be twice the daily bag limit. For coots and gallinules, the Tribe proposes a September 14, 2020, through January 31, 2021, season. Daily bag PO 00000 Frm 00068 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 limits would be five coot and five gallinule. For white-fronted geese, ross geese, snow geese, and brant, the Tribe proposes a September 7 through December 9, 2020, season. Daily bag limits would be five geese. For Canada geese only, the Tribe proposes a September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021, season with a daily bag limit of five. The possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit. For snipe, woodcock, rails, and mourning doves, the Tribe proposes a September 1 to November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 10 common snipe, 5 woodcock, 10 rails, and 10 mourning doves. Possession limits for all species would be twice the daily bag limit. For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a September 1, through December 31, 2020, season with a daily bag limit of five. The possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit. The Tribe monitors harvest through mail surveys. General conditions are as follows: A. All tribal members will be required to obtain a valid tribal resource card and 2020–21 hunting license. B. Except as modified by the Service rules adopted in response to this proposal, these amended regulations parallel all Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20. Shooting hours will be from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. C. Particular regulations of note include: (1) Nontoxic shot will be required for all waterfowl hunting by tribal members. (2) Tribal members in each zone will comply with tribal regulations providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in parallel State regulations. D. Tribal members hunting in Michigan will comply with tribal codes that contain provisions parallel to Michigan law regarding duck blinds and decoys. We plan to approve Little River Band of Ottawa Indians’ 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting seasons. (j) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Petoskey, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians (LTBB) is a selfgoverning, federally recognized Tribe located in Petoskey, Michigan, and a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved special regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty’s E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules signatory Tribes on ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986–87 hunting season. For the 2020–21 season, the LTBB proposes regulations similar to those of other Tribes in the 1836 treaty area. The LTBB proposes the regulations to govern the hunting of migratory birds by tribal members on the LTBB reservation and within the 1836 Treaty Ceded Territory. The tribal member duck and merganser season would run from September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. A daily bag limit of 20 ducks and 10 mergansers would include no more than 5 hen mallards, 5 pintail, 5 canvasback, 5 scaup, 5 hooded merganser, 5 black ducks, 5 wood ducks, and 5 redheads. For Canada geese, the LTBB proposes a September 1, 2020, through February 8, 2021, season. The daily bag limit for Canada geese would be 20 birds. We further note that, based on available data (of major goose migration routes), it is unlikely that any Canada geese from the Southern James Bay Population would be harvested by the LTBB. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. For woodcock, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 1, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 10 birds. For snipe, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 15 birds. For mourning doves, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 15 birds. For Virginia and sora rails, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 20 birds per species. For coots and gallinules, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 20 birds per species. The possession limit will not exceed 2 days’ bag limit for all birds. The LTBB also proposes a sandhill crane season to begin September 1 and end December 1, 2020. The daily bag limit will not exceed two birds. The possession limit will not exceed two times the bag limit. All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would apply. Harvest surveys from the 2016–17 hunting season indicated that approximately 8 hunters harvested 10 different waterfowl species. No sandhill cranes were reported harvested during the 2016–17 season. The LTBB proposes to monitor harvest closely through game bag checks, patrols, and mail surveys. In particular, the LTBB proposes monitoring the harvest of Southern James Bay Canada geese and sandhill VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 cranes to assess any impacts of tribal hunting on the population. We propose to approve the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians’ requested 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (k) Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Reservation, Lower Brule, South Dakota (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters) The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe first established tribal migratory bird hunting regulations for the Lower Brule Reservation in 1994. The Lower Brule Reservation is about 214,000 acres in size and is located on and adjacent to the Missouri River, south of Pierre. Land ownership on the reservation is mixed, and until recently, the Lower Brule Tribe had full management authority over fish and wildlife via a memorandum of agreement (MOA) with the State of South Dakota. The MOA provided the Tribe jurisdiction over fish and wildlife on reservation lands, including deeded and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-taken lands. For the 2020– 21 season, the two parties have come to an agreement that provides the public a clear understanding of the Lower Brule Sioux Wildlife Department license requirements and hunting season regulations. The Lower Brule Reservation waterfowl season is open to tribal and nontribal hunters. For the 2020–21 migratory bird hunting season, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe proposes a nontribal member duck, merganser, and coot season length of 97 days, or the maximum number of days allowed by Federal frameworks in the High Plains Management Unit for this season. The Tribe proposes a duck season from October 3, 2020, through January 7, 2021. The daily bag limit would be six birds or the maximum number that Federal regulations allow, including no more than two hen mallard and five mallards total, two pintail, two redhead, two canvasback, three wood duck, three scaup, and one mottled duck. Two bonus blue-winged teal are allowed during October 3–18, 2020. The daily bag limit for mergansers would be five, only two of which could be a hooded merganser. The daily bag limit for coots would be 15. Possession limits would be three times the daily bag limits. The Tribe’s proposed nontribalmember Canada goose season would run from October 24, 2020, through February 7, 2021 (107-day season length), with a daily bag limit of six Canada geese. The Tribe’s proposed nontribal member white-fronted goose season would run from October 24, 2020, through January 19, 2021, with daily bag and possession limits PO 00000 Frm 00069 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18539 concurrent with Federal regulations. The Tribe’s proposed nontribal-member light goose season would run from October 24, 2020, through February 7, 2021, and February 8 through March 10, 2021. The light goose daily bag limit would be 20 or the maximum number that Federal regulations allow with no possession limits. The Tribe proposes a dove season for non-Tribal members from September 1 through November 29, 2020. The dove daily bag limit would be 15. For tribal members, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe proposes a duck, merganser, and coot season from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit would be six ducks, including no more than two hen mallard and five mallards total, one pintail, two redheads, two canvasback, three wood ducks, three scaup, two bonus teal during the first 16 days of the season, and one mottled duck or the maximum number that Federal regulations allow. The daily bag limit for mergansers would be five, only two of which could be hooded mergansers. The daily bag limit for coots would be 15. Possession limits would be three times the daily bag limits. The Tribe’s proposed Canada goose season for tribal members would run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021, with a daily bag limit of six Canada geese. The Tribe’s proposed white-fronted goose tribal season would run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021, with a daily bag limit of two white-fronted geese or the maximum number that Federal regulations allow. The Tribe’s proposed light goose tribal season would run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021. A conservation order will also occur March 10, through May 1, 2021. The light goose daily bag limit would be 20 or the maximum number that Federal regulations allow, with no possession limits. The Tribe proposes a dove season for Tribal members from September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The dove daily bag limit would be 15. In the 2018 season, nontribal members harvested 430 geese and 743 ducks. In the 2018 season, duck harvest species composition was primarily mallard (70 percent), green-winged teal (6 percent), and gadwall (5 percent). Tribal members harvested approximately 58 ducks and 115 geese in 2018. The Tribe anticipates a duck and goose harvest similar to those of the previous years. All basic Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20, including the use of nontoxic shot, Migratory Bird Hunting and E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18540 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Conservation Stamps, etc., would be observed by the Tribe’s proposed regulations. In addition, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe has an official Conservation Code that was established by Tribal Council Resolution in June 1982 and updated in 1996. We plan to approve the Tribe’s requested regulations for the Lower Brule Reservation if the nontribal members seasons’ dates fall within final Federal flyway frameworks. (l) Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Port Angeles, Washington (Tribal Members Only) Since 1996, the Service and the Point No Point Treaty Tribes, of which Lower Elwha was one, have cooperated to establish special regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Tribes are now acting independently, and it is our understanding that the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe would like to establish migratory bird hunting regulations for tribal members for the 2020–21 season. The Tribe has a reservation on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State and is a successor to the signatories of the Treaty of Point No Point of 1855. For the 2020–21 season, we have yet to hear from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe. The Tribe usually requests special migratory bird hunting regulations for ducks (including mergansers), geese, coots, band-tailed pigeons, snipe, and mourning doves. The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe usually requests a duck and coot season from September 13 to January 4. The daily bag limit will be seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, and two redheads. The daily bag and possession limit on harlequin duck will be one per season. The coot daily bag limit will be 25. The possession limit will be twice the daily bag limit, except as noted above. For geese, the Tribe usually requests a season from September 13 to January 4. The daily bag limit will be four, including no more than three light geese. The season on Aleutian Canada geese will be closed. For brant, the Tribe usually proposes to close the season. For mourning doves, band-tailed pigeon, and snipe, the Tribe usually requests a season from September 1 to January 11, with a daily bag limit of 10, 2, and 8, respectively. The possession limit will be twice the daily bag limit. All Tribal hunters authorized to hunt migratory birds are required to obtain a tribal hunting permit from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Hunting hours would be from onehalf hour before sunrise to sunset. Only VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use or possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl. The Tribe typically anticipates harvest to be fewer than 10 birds. Tribal reservation police and Tribal fisheries enforcement officers have the authority to enforce these migratory bird hunting regulations. The Service proposes to approve the special migratory bird hunting regulations for the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, upon receipt of their proposal. (m) Lummi Nation Tribal Community, Bellingham, Washington (Tribal Members Only) This year, the Service and the Lummi Nation Tribal Community began cooperating to establish special regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Lummi Nation Tribal Community is a federally recognized Indian Tribe. The Lummi Reservation is situated to the west of Bellingham and to the south of Ferndale, Washington, and was established by the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribal Community requests to establish a migratory bird hunting season on all areas that are open and unclaimed and consistent with the meaning of the treaty. The Tribe proposes their duck (including mergansers and coot) and goose seasons run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit on ducks is 20. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. For geese, the daily bag limit is 10. The season on brant runs from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit is five. The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 15. The Tribe proposes the mourning dove season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for mourning dove is 15. The Tribe proposes the band-tailed pigeon season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for bandtailed pigeon is three. The Lummi Nation Tribal Community requests possession limits to be twice the daily bag limits, except coot is three times the daily bag limit. The Community anticipates that the regulations will result in the harvest of approximately 600 ducks and 200 geese. The Lummi utilize a report card and permit system to monitor harvest and will implement steps to limit harvest where conservation is needed. All tribal regulations will be enforced by tribal fish and game officers. PO 00000 Frm 00070 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 We propose to approve these 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (n) Makah Indian Tribe, Neah Bay, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Makah Indian Tribe and the Service have been cooperating to establish special regulations for migratory game birds on the Makah Reservation and traditional hunting land off the Makah Reservation since the 2001–02 hunting season. Lands off the Makah Reservation are those contained within the boundaries of the State of Washington Game Management Units 601–603. The Makah Indian Tribe proposes a duck and coot hunting season from September 26, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The daily bag limit is seven ducks, including no more than seven mallards (only two hen mallard), two canvasback, one pintail, three scaup, and two redhead. The daily bag limit for coots is 25. The Tribe has a year-round closure on wood ducks and harlequin ducks. Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. For geese, the Tribe proposes that the season open on September 26, 2020, and close January 31, 2021. For brant, the Tribe proposes that the season open on December 19, 2020, and close January 24, 2021. The daily bag limit for geese is four and two brant (when open). The Tribe notes that there is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese. For band-tailed pigeons, the Tribe proposes that the season open September 15 and close December 31, 2020. The daily bag limit for band-tailed pigeons is two. The Tribe anticipates that harvest under this regulation will be relatively low since there are no known dedicated waterfowl hunters and any harvest of waterfowl or band-tailed pigeons is usually incidental to hunting for other species, such as deer, elk, and bear. The Tribe expects fewer than 50 ducks and 10 geese to be harvested during the 2020–21 migratory bird hunting season. All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would apply. The following restrictions are also proposed by the Tribe: (1) As per Makah Ordinance 44, only shotguns may be used to hunt any species of waterfowl. Additionally, shotguns must not be discharged within 0.25 mile of an occupied area. (2) Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Makah tribal members and must carry their Indian Treaty Fishing and Hunting Identification Card while hunting. No tags or permits are required to hunt waterfowl. E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS (3) The Cape Flattery area is open to waterfowl hunting, except in designated wilderness areas, or within 1 mile of Cape Flattery Trail, or in any area that is closed to hunting by another ordinance or regulation. (4) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of waterfowl is prohibited. (5) Steel or bismuth shot only for waterfowl is allowed; the use of lead shot is prohibited. (6) The use of dogs is permitted to hunt waterfowl. The Service proposes to approve the Makah Indian Tribe’s requested 2020– 21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (o) Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, Auburn, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Muckleshoot Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe with reserved hunting rights under the Treaty of Medicine Creek 1854 and Treaty of Point Elliott 1855. Hunting occurs within the treaty areas as well as on lands traditionally hunted by the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe. The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe proposes a duck and coot hunting season from September 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit is seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallard, two canvasback, two pintail, three scaup, two redhead, two scoter, two long-tailed duck, and two goldeneye. The daily bag limit for coots is 25. The Tribe has a limit on harlequin ducks of one per season. For geese, the Tribe proposes that the season open on September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit for geese is 4 Canada geese, 6 light geese, 10 white-fronted geese, and 2 brant. The Tribe notes that there is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese. For band-tailed pigeons, mourning dove, and snipe, the Tribe proposes that the season open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The daily bag limits are 2, 15, and 8, respectively. The Tribe anticipates that harvest under this regulation will be relatively low since no known harvest has occurred over the past 20 years, and there are no known dedicated waterfowl or other migratory bird hunters. Harvest will be for personal cultural and subsistence purposes. We anticipate fewer than 100 ducks and 100 geese may be harvested. All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would apply. The following restrictions are also proposed by the Tribe: (1) Hunting can occur on reservation and off reservation on lands where the VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 Tribe has treaty-reserved hunting rights, or has documented traditional use. (2) Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half after sunset. (3) Hunters must be eligible enrolled Muckleshoot Tribal members and must carry their Tribal identification while hunting. (4) Tribal members hunting migratory birds must also have a combined Migratory Bird Hunting Permit and Harvest Report Card. (5) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of waterfowl is prohibited. (6) Hunting for migratory birds is with shotgun only. Only steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use or possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl. The Service proposes to approve the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (p) Navajo Nation, Navajo Indian Reservation, Window Rock, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters) Since 1985, we have established uniform migratory bird hunting regulations for tribal members and nonmembers on the Navajo Indian Reservation (in parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah). The Navajo Nation owns almost all lands on the reservation and has full wildlife management authority. For the 2020–21 season, the Navajo Nation requests the earliest opening dates and longest duck, merganser, Canada goose, and coot seasons, and the same daily bag and possession limits allowed to Pacific Flyway States under final Federal frameworks for tribal and nontribal members. For both mourning dove and bandtailed pigeons, the Navajo Nation usually proposes seasons of September 1–30, 2020, with daily bag limits of 10 and 5, respectively. Possession limits would be twice the daily bag limits. The Nation requires tribal members and nonmembers to comply with all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 pertaining to shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each waterfowl hunter age 16 or older must carry on his/her person a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp), which must be signed in ink across the face. Special regulations established by the Navajo Nation also apply on the reservation. The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of fewer than 500 mourning doves; fewer PO 00000 Frm 00071 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18541 than 10 band-tailed pigeons; fewer than 1,000 ducks, coots, and mergansers; and fewer than 1,000 Canada geese for the 2020–21 season. The Tribe measures harvest by mail survey forms. Through the established Navajo Nation Code, titles 17 and 18, and 23 U.S.C. 1165, the Tribe will take action to close the season, reduce bag limits, or take other appropriate actions if the harvest is detrimental to the migratory bird resource. We propose to approve the Navajo Nation’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (q) Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Oneida, Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only) Since 1991–92, the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin and the Service have cooperated to establish uniform regulations for migratory bird hunting by tribal and nontribal hunters within the original Oneida Reservation boundaries. Since 1985, the Oneida Tribe’s Conservation Department has enforced the Tribe’s hunting regulations within those original reservation limits. The Oneida Tribe also has a good working relationship with the State of Wisconsin, and the majority of the seasons and limits are the same for the Tribe and Wisconsin. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribe submitted a proposal requesting special migratory bird hunting regulations. For ducks, the Tribe’s proposal describes the general outside dates as being September 12 through December 6, 2020. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit of six birds, which could include no more than six mallards (three hen mallards), six wood ducks, one redhead, two pintails, and one hooded merganser. For geese, the Tribe requests a season between September 1 and December 31, 2020, with a daily bag limit of five Canada geese. If a quota of 500 geese is attained before the season concludes, the Tribe will recommend closing the season early. For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 and November 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of two and four, respectively. For mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 and November 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 20, respectively. The Tribe proposes shooting hours be one-half hour before sunrise to 15 minutes after sunset. Nontribal hunters hunting on the Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must comply with all State of Wisconsin E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18542 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS regulations, including shooting hours of one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, season dates, and daily bag limits. Tribal members and nontribal hunters hunting on the Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, with the following exceptions: Oneida members would be exempt from the purchase of the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp); and shotgun capacity is not limited to three shells. The Service proposes to approve the 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations for the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin. (r) Point No Point Treaty Council Tribes, Kingston, Washington (Tribal Members Only) We are establishing uniform migratory bird hunting regulations for tribal members on behalf of the Point No Point Treaty Council Tribes, consisting of the Port Gamble S’Klallam and Jamestown S’Klallam Tribes. The two tribes have reservations and ceded areas in northwestern Washington State and are the successors to the signatories of the Treaty of Point No Point of 1855. These proposed regulations would apply to tribal members both on and off reservations within the Point No Point Treaty Areas; however, the Port Gamble S’Klallam and Jamestown S’Klallam Tribal season dates differ only where indicated below. For the 2020–21 season, we have yet to hear from the Point No Point Treaty Council for either the Jamestown S’Klallam or Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribes. For ducks, the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021, and coots would open September 7, 2020, and close February 2, 2021. The Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribes duck and coot seasons would usually open from September 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit would be seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one canvasback, one pintail, two redhead, and four scoters. The daily bag limit for coots would be seven. The daily bag limit and possession limit on harlequin ducks would be one per season. The daily possession limits are double the daily bag limits except where noted. For geese, the Point No Point Treaty Council usually proposes the season open on September 7, 2020, and close March 10, 2021, for the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe, and open on September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021, for the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe. The daily bag limits for Canada geese, light VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 geese, and white-fronted geese would be 5, 3, and 10, respectively. The Council notes that there is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese. For brant, the Council usually proposes the season open on November 9, 2020, and close January 31, 2021, for the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe, and open on January 11 and close January 26, 2021, for the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe. The daily bag limit for brant would be two. For band-tailed pigeons, the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 7, 2020, and close January 20, 2021. The daily bag limit for band-tailed pigeons would be two. For snipe, the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 7, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe would be eight. For mourning dove, the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 1, 2020, and close January 31, 2021. The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe would usually open September 7, 2020, and close January 20, 2021. The daily bag limit for mourning dove would be 10. The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of fewer than 100 birds for the 2020–21 season. The tribal fish and wildlife enforcement officers have the authority to enforce these tribal regulations. We propose to approve the Point No Point Treaty Council Tribe’s upon receipt of their 2020–21 special migratory bird season proposal. (s) Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) The Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa Indians is a federally recognized, selfgoverning Indian Tribe, located on the Isabella Reservation lands bound by Saginaw Bay in Isabella and Arenac Counties, Michigan. For ducks, mergansers, and common snipe, the Tribe proposes outside dates as September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit of 20 ducks, which could include no more than 5 each of the following: Hen mallards, wood duck, black duck, pintail, red head, scaup, and canvasback. The merganser daily bag limit is 10, with no more than 5 hooded mergansers and 16 for common snipe. For geese, coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail, the Tribe requests a season from September 1, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The daily bag limit for geese is 20, in the aggregate. The daily bag limit for PO 00000 Frm 00072 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail is 20 in the aggregate. For woodcock and mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1, 2020, and January 31, 2021, with daily bag limits of 10 and 25, respectively. For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1, 2020, and January 31, 2021, with a daily bag limit of one. All Saginaw Tribe members exercising hunting treaty rights are required to comply with Tribal Ordinance 11. Hunting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, including the use of only nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl. The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations for the Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa Indians. (t) Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe, Darrington, Washington (Tribal Members Only) We have yet to hear from the SaukSuiattle Indian Tribe (SSIT), but it is our understanding that the SSIT will request a 2020–21 hunting season on all open and unclaimed lands under the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855. The Tribe’s reservation is located in Darrington, Washington, just west of the North Cascade Mountain range in Skagit County on the Sauk and Suiattle Rivers. The Tribe owns and manages all the land on the reservation and some lands surrounding or near the reservation in Skagit and Snohomish Counties. All of the lands that are Tribal or Reservation lands are closed for non-Tribal hunting, unless opened by an SSIT Special Regulation. The Tribe usually proposes special migratory bird hunting regulations for ducks, geese, brant, and coot with outside dates of September 1 through January 31. The Tribe usually proposes a daily bag limit of 10 ducks, 5 geese, 5 brant, and 25 coot. Hunting hours would be from onehalf hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, including the use of only nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl. The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations for the SaukSuiattle Indian Tribe, upon receipt of their proposal. E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules (u) Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan (Tribal Members Only) jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians is a federally recognized, self-governing Indian Tribe, distributed throughout the eastern Upper Peninsula and northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan. The Tribe has retained the right to hunt, fish, trap, and gather on the lands ceded in the Treaty of Washington (1836). The Tribe proposes special migratory bird hunting regulations. For ducks, mergansers, and common snipe, the Tribe proposes outside dates as September 15 through December 31, 2020. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit of 20 ducks, which could include no more than 10 mallards (5 hen mallards), 5 wood duck, 5 black duck, and 5 canvasbacks. The merganser daily bag limit is 10 in the aggregate and 16 for common snipe. For geese, teal, coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail, the Tribe requests a season from September 1 to December 31, 2020. The daily bag limit for geese is 20 in the aggregate. The daily bag limit for coot, teal, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail is 20 in the aggregate. For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a season between September 2 and December 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 20, respectively. For mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 and November 14, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 20, respectively. In 2018, the total estimated waterfowl hunters were 4,183, who harvested approximately 1,520 ducks. All Sault Ste. Marie Tribe members exercising hunting treaty rights within the 1836 Ceded Territory are required to submit annual harvest reports including date of harvest, number and species harvested, and location of harvest. Hunting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, including the use of only nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl. The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations for the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians. (v) Shoshone–Bannock Tribes, Fort Hall Indian Reservation, Fort Hall, Idaho (Nontribal Hunters) Almost all of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation is tribally owned. The Tribes claim full wildlife management authority throughout the reservation, but the Idaho Fish and Game VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 Department has disputed tribal jurisdiction, especially for hunting by nontribal members on reservation lands owned by non-Indians. As a compromise, since 1985, we have established the same waterfowl hunting regulations on the reservation and in a surrounding off-reservation State zone. The regulations were requested by the Tribes and provided for different season dates than in the remainder of the State. We agreed to the season dates because they would provide additional protection to mallards and pintails. The State of Idaho concurred with the zoning arrangement. We have no objection to the State’s use of this zone again in the 2020–21 hunting season, provided the duck and goose hunting season dates are the same as on the reservation. In a proposal for the 2020–21 hunting season, the Shoshone–Bannock Tribes request a continuous duck (including mergansers and coots) season, with the maximum number of days and the same daily bag and possession limits permitted for Pacific Flyway States under the final Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose a duck and coot season with, if the same number of hunting days is permitted as last year, an opening date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of January 19, 2021. The Tribes anticipate harvest will be about 7,500 ducks. The Tribes also request a continuous goose season with the maximum number of days and the same daily bag and possession limits permitted in Idaho under Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose that, if the same number of hunting days is permitted as in previous years, the season would have an opening date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of January 19, 2021. The Tribes anticipate harvest will be about 5,000 geese. The Tribes request a common snipe season with the maximum number of days and the same daily bag and possession limits permitted in Idaho under Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose that, if the same number of hunting days is permitted as in previous years, the season would have an opening date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of January 19, 2021. Nontribal hunters must comply with all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 pertaining to shooting hours, use of steel shot, and manner of taking. Special regulations established by the Shoshone–Bannock Tribes also apply on the reservation. We note that the requested regulations are nearly identical to those of last year, and we propose to approve them for the 2020–21 hunting season if the seasons’ PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18543 dates fall within the final Federal flyway frameworks (applies to nontribal hunters only). (w) Skokomish Tribe, Shelton, Washington (Tribal Members Only) Since 1996, the Service and the Point No Point Treaty Tribes, of which the Skokomish Tribe was one, have cooperated to establish special regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Tribes have been acting independently since 2005. The Tribe has a reservation on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State and is a successor to the signatories of the Treaty of Point No Point of 1855. The Skokomish Tribe requests a duck and coot season from September 16, 2020, to February 28, 2021. The daily bag limit is seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, and two redheads. The daily bag and possession limit on harlequin duck is one per season. The coot daily bag limit is 25. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit, except as noted above. For geese, the Tribe requests a season from September 16, 2020, to February 28, 2021. The daily bag limit is four, including no more than three light geese. The season on Aleutian Canada geese is closed. For brant, the Tribe proposes a season from November 1, 2020, to February 15, 2021, with a daily bag limit of two. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. For mourning doves, band-tailed pigeon, and snipe, the Tribe requests a season from September 16, 2020, to February 28, 2021, with a daily bag limit of 10, 2, and 8, respectively. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. All Tribal hunters authorized to hunt migratory birds are required to obtain a tribal hunting permit from the Skokomish Tribe pursuant to tribal law. Hunting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. Only steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use or possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl. The Tribe anticipates harvest to be fewer than 150 birds. The Skokomish Public Safety Office enforcement officers have the authority to enforce these migratory bird hunting regulations. We propose to approve the Skokomish Tribe’s 2020–21 migratory bird hunting season. E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 18544 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules (x) Spokane Tribe of Indians, Spokane Indian Reservation, Wellpinit, Washington (Tribal Members Only) (y) Squaxin Island Tribe, Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Spokane Tribe of Indians wishes to establish waterfowl seasons on their reservation for its membership to access as an additional resource. An established waterfowl season on the reservation will allow access to a resource for members to continue practicing a subsistence lifestyle. The Spokane Indian Reservation is located in northeastern Washington State. The reservation comprises approximately 157,000 acres. The boundaries of the Reservation are the Columbia River to the west, the Spokane River to the south (now Lake Roosevelt), Tshimikn Creek to the east, and the 48th Parallel as the north boundary. Tribal membership comprises approximately 2,300 enrolled Spokane Tribal Members. These proposed regulations would allow Tribal Members, spouses of Spokane Tribal Members, and firstgeneration descendants of a Spokane Tribal Member with a tribal permit and Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp an opportunity to utilize the reservation and ceded lands for waterfowl hunting. These regulations would also benefit tribal membership through access to this resource throughout Spokane Tribal ceded lands in eastern Washington. By Spokane Tribal Referendum, spouses of Spokane Tribal Members and children of Spokane Tribal Members not enrolled are allowed to harvest game animals within the Spokane Indian Reservation with the issuance of hunting permits. The Tribe requests to establish duck seasons that would run from September 2, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The tribe is requesting the daily bag limit for ducks to be consistent with final Federal frameworks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. The Tribe proposes a season on geese starting September 2, 2020, and ending on January 31, 2021. The Tribe is requesting the daily bag limit for geese to be consistent with final Federal frameworks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. Based on the quantity of requests the Spokane Tribe of Indians has received, the Tribe anticipates harvest levels for the 2020–21 season for both ducks and geese to be fewer than 100 total birds, with goose harvest at fewer than 50. Hunter success will be monitored through mandatory harvest reports returned within 30 days of the season closure. We propose to approve the Spokane Tribe’s requested 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. The Squaxin Island Tribe of Washington and the Service have cooperated since 1995, to establish special tribal migratory bird hunting regulations. These special regulations apply to tribal members on the Squaxin Island Reservation, located in western Washington near Olympia, and all lands within the traditional hunting grounds of the Squaxin Island Tribe. For the 2020–21 season, we have yet to hear from the Squaxin Island Tribe. The Tribe usually requests to establish duck and coot seasons that would run from September 1 through January 15. The daily bag limit for ducks would be five per day and could include only one canvasback. The season on harlequin ducks is closed. For coots, the daily bag limit is 25. For snipe, the Tribe usually proposes that the season start on September 15 and end on January 15. The daily bag limit for snipe would be eight. For band-tailed pigeon, the Tribe usually proposes that the season start on September 1 and end on December 31. The daily bag limit would be five. The possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit. The Tribe usually proposes a season on geese starting September 15 and ending on January 15. The daily bag limit for geese would be four, including no more than two snow geese. The season on Aleutian and cackling Canada geese would be closed. For brant, the Tribe usually proposes that the season start on September 1 and end on December 31. The daily bag limit for brant would be two. The possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit. We propose to approve the Tribe’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations, upon receipt of their proposal. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 (z) Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians, Arlington, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians and the Service have cooperated to establish special regulations for migratory game birds since 2001. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribe requests regulations to hunt all open and unclaimed lands under the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855, including their main hunting grounds around Camano Island, Skagit Flats, and Port Susan to the border of the Tulalip Tribes Reservation. Ceded lands are located in Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, and Kings Counties, and a portion of Pierce County, Washington. The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians is a PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 federally recognized Tribe and reserves the Treaty Right to hunt (U.S. v. Washington). The Tribe proposes their duck (including mergansers and coot) and goose seasons run from October 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit on ducks (including sea ducks and mergansers) is 10 including no more than seven mallards, 3 pintail, 3 redhead, 3 scaup, and 3 canvasback. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. For geese, the daily bag limit is 6 Canada geese, 12 white-fronted geese, and 8 light geese. The season on brant is closed. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limits. The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from October 1, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 10. Possession limit is two times the daily bag limit. The Tribe proposes the swan season run from October 1, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The bag limit for swan is two per season. Harvest is regulated by a punch card system. Tribal members hunting on lands under this proposal will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, which will be enforced by the Stillaguamish Tribal law enforcement. Tribal members are required to use steel shot or a nontoxic shot as required by Federal regulations. The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of 200 ducks, 100 geese, 50 mergansers, 100 coots, and 100 snipe. Anticipated harvest needs include subsistence and ceremonial needs. Certain species may be closed to hunting for conservation purposes, and consideration for the needs of certain species will be addressed. The Service proposes to approve the Stillaguamish Tribe’s request for 2020– 21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (aa) Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, LaConner, Washington (Tribal Members Only) In 1996, the Service and the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community began cooperating to establish special regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community is a federally recognized Indian Tribe consisting of the Swinomish, Lower Skagit, Samish, and Kikialous. The Swinomish Reservation was established by the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855, and lies in the Puget Sound area north of Seattle, Washington. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribal Community requests to establish a migratory bird hunting season on all E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS areas that are open and unclaimed and consistent with the meaning of the treaty. The Tribe proposes their duck (including mergansers and coot) and goose seasons run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit on ducks is 20. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. For geese, the daily bag limit is 10. The season on brant runs from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit is five. The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 15. The Tribe proposes the mourning dove season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for mourning dove is 15. The Tribe proposes the band-tailed pigeon season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for bandtailed pigeon is three. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community requests possession limits to be twice the daily bag limits, except coot is three times the daily bag limit. The Community anticipates that the regulations will result in the harvest of approximately 600 ducks and 200 geese. The Swinomish utilize a report card and permit system to monitor harvest and will implement steps to limit harvest where conservation is needed. All tribal regulations will be enforced by tribal fish and game officers. We propose to approve these 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (dd) The Tulalip Tribes of Washington, Tulalip Indian Reservation, Marysville, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Tulalip Tribes are the successors in interest to the Tribes and bands signatory to the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855. The Tulalip Tribes’ government is located on the Tulalip Indian Reservation just north of the City of Everett in Snohomish County, Washington. The Tribes or individual tribal members own all of the land on the reservation, and they have full wildlife management authority. All lands within the boundaries of the Tulalip Tribes Reservation are closed to nonmember hunting unless opened by Tulalip Tribal regulations. For ducks, mergansers, coot, and snipe, the Tribe proposes seasons for tribal members from September 1, 2020, through February 28, 2021. Daily bag and possession limits would be 15 and 30 ducks, respectively, except that for blue-winged teal, canvasback, harlequin, pintail, and wood duck, the bag and possession limits would be the same as those established in accordance with final Federal frameworks. For coot, daily bag and possession limits are 25 VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 and 75, respectively, and for snipe 8 and 24, respectively. Ceremonial hunting may be authorized by the Department of Natural Resources at any time upon application of a qualified tribal member. Such a hunt must have a bag limit designed to limit harvest only to those birds necessary to provide for the ceremony. For geese, tribal members propose a season from September 1, 2020, through February 28, 2021. The goose daily bag and possession limits would be 10 and 30, respectively, except that the bag limits for cackling Canada geese and dusky Canada geese would be those established in accordance with final Federal frameworks. The daily bag and possession limits for black brant is 5 and 10, respectively. All hunters on Tulalip Tribal lands are required to adhere to shooting hour regulations set at one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, special tribal permit requirements, and a number of other tribal regulations enforced by the Tribe. Each nontribal hunter 16 years of age and older hunting pursuant to Tulalip Tribes’ Ordinance No. 67 must possess a valid Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp and a valid State of Washington Migratory Waterfowl Stamp. Each hunter must validate stamps by signing across the face. Although the season length requested by the Tulalip Tribes appears to be quite liberal, harvest information indicates a total take by tribal and nontribal hunters of fewer than 1,000 ducks and 500 geese annually. We propose to approve the Tulalip Tribe’s request for 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (cc) Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, Sedro Woolley, Washington (Tribal Members Only) The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe and the Service have cooperated to establish special regulations for migratory game birds since 2001. The Tribe has jurisdiction over lands within Skagit, Island, and Whatcom Counties, Washington. The Tribe issues tribal hunters a harvest report card that will be shared with the State of Washington. For the 2020–21 season, the Tribe requests a duck season starting October 1, 2020, and ending February 28, 2021. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit of 15 with a possession limit of 20. The Tribe requests a coot season starting October 1, 2020, and ending February 15, 2021. The coot daily bag limit is 20 with a possession limit of 30. The Tribe proposes a goose season from October 1, 2020, to February 28, 2021, with a daily bag limit of 7 geese PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18545 and a possession limit of 10. For brant, the Tribe proposes a season from November 1 to 10, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of two. The Tribe proposes a mourning dove season between September 1 and December 31, 2020, with a daily bag limit of 12 and possession limit of 15. The anticipated migratory bird harvest under this proposal would be 100 ducks, 5 geese, 2 brant, and 10 coots. Tribal members must have the tribal identification and tribal harvest report card on their person to hunt. Tribal members hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, except shooting hours would be 15 minutes before official sunrise to 15 minutes after official sunset. We propose to approve the Tribe’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (dd) Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, Aquinnah, Massachusetts (Tribal Members Only) The Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head is a federally recognized Tribe located on the island of Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts. The Tribe has approximately 560 acres of land, which it manages for wildlife through its natural resources department. The Tribe also enforces its own wildlife laws and regulations through the natural resources department. We have yet to hear from the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head. The Tribe usually proposes a duck season of October 8 through February 16. The Tribe usually proposes a daily bag limit of eight birds, which could include no more than four hen mallards, four mottled ducks, one fulvous whistling duck, four mergansers, three scaup, two hooded mergansers, three wood ducks, one canvasback, two redheads, two pintail, and four of all other species not listed. The season for harlequin ducks is usually closed. The Tribe usually proposes a teal (green-winged and blue) season of October 8 through February 16. A daily bag limit of 10 teal would be in addition to the daily bag limit for ducks. For sea ducks, the Tribe usually proposes a season between October 1 and February 16, with a daily bag limit of seven, which could include no more than one hen eider and four of any one species unless otherwise noted above. For Canada geese, the Tribe usually requests a season between September 3 and 15 and between October 22 and February 16, with a daily bag limit of eight Canada geese. For snow geese, the tribe usually requests a season between E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18546 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS September 3 and 13, and between November 19 and February 16, with a daily bag limit of 15 snow geese. For woodcock, the Tribe usually proposes a season between October 8 and November 24, with a daily bag limit of three. For sora and Virginia rails, the Tribe usually requests a season of September 3 through November 3, with a daily bag limit of 5 sora and 10 Virginia rails. For snipe, the Tribe usually requests a season of September 3 through December 8, with a daily bag limit of eight. Prior to 2012, the Tribe had 22 registered tribal hunters and estimates harvest to be no more than 15 geese, 25 mallards, 25 teal, 50 black ducks, and 50 of all other species combined. Tribal members hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20. The Tribe requires hunters to register with the Harvest Information Program. We propose to approve the Tribe’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations, upon receipt of their proposal. (ee) White Earth Band of Ojibwe, White Earth, Minnesota (Tribal Members Only) The White Earth Band of Ojibwe is a federally recognized tribe located in northwest Minnesota and encompasses all of Mahnomen County and parts of Becker and Clearwater Counties. The reservation employs conservation officers to enforce migratory bird regulations. The Tribe and the Service first cooperated to establish special tribal regulations in 1999. The White Earth Band of Ojibwe requests a duck season to start September 12 and end December 13, 2020. For ducks, they request a daily bag limit of 10, including no more than 2 hen mallards, 2 pintail, and 2 canvasback. For mergansers, the Tribe proposes the season to start September 12 and end December 13, 2020. The merganser daily bag limit would be five, with no more than two hooded mergansers. For geese, the Tribe proposes an early season from September 1 through 25, 2020, and a late season from September 26 through December 13, 2020. The early season daily bag limit is 10 geese, and the late season daily bag limit is 5 geese. For coots, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 30, 2020, season with daily bag limits of 20 coots. For snipe, woodcock, rail, and mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 30, 2020, season with daily bag limits of 10, 10, 25, and 25, respectively. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 one-half hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. Based on past harvest surveys, the Tribe anticipates harvest of 1,000 to 2,000 Canada geese and 1,000 to 1,500 ducks. The White Earth Reservation Tribal Council employs four full-time conservation officers to enforce migratory bird regulations. We propose to approve the Tribe’s 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. (ff) White Mountain Apache Tribe, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, Whiteriver, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters) The White Mountain Apache Tribe owns all reservation lands, and the Tribe has recognized full wildlife management authority. The hunting zone for waterfowl is restricted and is described as: The length of the Black River west of the Bonito Creek and Black River confluence and the entire length of the Salt River forming the southern boundary of the reservation; the White River, extending from the Canyon Day Stockman Station to the Salt River; and all stock ponds located within Wildlife Management Units 4, 5, 6, and 7. Tanks located below the Mogollon Rim, within Wildlife Management Units 2 and 3, will be open to waterfowl hunting during the 2020–21 season. The length of the Black River east of the Black River/Bonito Creek confluence is closed to waterfowl hunting. All other waters of the reservation would be closed to waterfowl hunting for the 2020–21 season. For nontribal and tribal hunters, the Tribe proposes a continuous duck, coot, merganser, gallinule, and moorhen hunting season, with an opening date of October 17, 2020, and a closing date of January 24, 2021. The Tribe proposes a daily duck (including mergansers) bag limit of seven, which may include no more than two redheads, two pintail, three scaup, seven mallards (including no more than two hen mallards), and two canvasback. The daily bag limit for coots, gallinules, and moorhens would be 25, singly or in the aggregate. For geese, the Tribe proposes a season from October 17, 2020, through January 24, 2021. Hunting would be limited to Canada geese, and the daily bag limit would be three. Season dates for band-tailed pigeons and mourning doves would start September 1 and end September 15, 2020, in Wildlife Management Unit 10 and all areas south of Y–70 and Y–10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, only. Proposed daily bag limits for band- PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 tailed pigeons and mourning doves would be 3 and 10, respectively. Possession limits for the above species are twice the daily bag limits. Shooting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. There would be no open season for sandhill cranes, rails, and snipe on the White Mountain Apache lands under this proposal. A number of special regulations apply to tribal and nontribal hunters, which may be obtained from the White Mountain Apache Tribe Game and Fish Department. We plan to approve the White Mountain Apache Tribe’s requested 2020–21 special migratory bird hunting regulations. Public Comments The Department of the Interior’s policy is, whenever possible, to afford the public an opportunity to participate in the rulemaking process. Accordingly, we invite interested persons to submit written comments, suggestions, or recommendations regarding the proposed regulations. Before promulgating final migratory game bird hunting regulations, we will consider all comments we receive. These comments, and any additional information we receive, may lead to final regulations that differ from these proposals. You may submit your comments and materials concerning this proposed rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. We will not accept comments sent by email or fax. We will not consider hand-delivered comments that we do not receive, or mailed comments that are not postmarked, by the date specified in DATES. We will post all comments in their entirety—including your personal identifying information—on http:// www.regulations.gov. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting documentation we used in preparing this proposed rule, will be available for public inspection on http://www.regulations.gov, or by appointment, during normal business hours, at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules Management, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. We will consider, but possibly may not respond in detail to, each comment. As in the past, we will summarize all comments we receive during the comment period and respond to them after the closing date in the preamble of a final rule. Required Determinations Based on our most current data, we are affirming our required determinations made in the October 15 proposed rule; for descriptions of our actions to ensure compliance with the following statutes and Executive Orders, see our October 15, 2019, proposed rule (84 FR 55120): • National Environmental Policy Act Consideration; • Endangered Species Act Consideration; • Regulatory Flexibility Act; • Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act; • Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; • Executive Orders 12630, 12866, 12988, 13132, 13175, 13211, 13563, and 13771. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Paperwork Reduction Act This proposed rule contains existing and new information collections. All information collections require approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. The OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection requirements associated with migratory bird surveys and the procedures for establishing annual migratory bird hunting seasons under the following OMB control numbers: • 1018–0019, ‘‘North American Woodcock Singing Ground Survey’’ (expires 6/30/2021). • 1018–0023, ‘‘Migratory Bird Surveys, 50 CFR 20.20’’ (expires 8/31/ 2020—includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program, Migratory Bird Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and Parts Collection Survey). • 1018–0171, ‘‘Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons, 50 CFR part 20’’ (expires 06/ 30/2021). In accordance with the PRA and 5 CFR 1320.8(d)(1), we provide the general public and other Federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on our proposal to renew OMB control number 1018–0171. This helps us assess the impact of our VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 information collection requirements and minimize the public’s reporting burden. It also helps the public understand our information collection requirements and provide the requested data in the desired format. Migratory game birds are those bird species so designated in conventions between the United States and several foreign nations for the protection and management of these birds. Under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703–712), the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to determine when ‘‘hunting, taking, capture, killing, possession, sale, purchase, shipment, transportation, carriage, or export of any * * * bird, or any part, nest, or egg’’ of migratory game birds can take place, and to adopt regulations for this purpose. These regulations are written after giving due regard to ‘‘the zones of temperature and to the distribution, abundance, economic value, breeding habits, and times and lines of migratory flight of such birds’’ and are updated annually (16 U.S.C. 704(a)). This responsibility has been delegated to the Service as the lead Federal agency for managing and conserving migratory birds in the United States. However, migratory game bird management is a cooperative effort of State, Tribal, and Federal governments. Migratory game bird hunting seasons provide opportunities for recreation and sustenance; aid Federal, State, and tribal governments in the management of migratory game birds; and permit harvests at levels compatible with migratory game bird population status and habitat conditions. The Service develops migratory game bird hunting regulations by establishing the frameworks, or outside limits, for season lengths, bag limits, and areas for migratory game bird hunting. Acknowledging regional differences in hunting conditions, the Service has administratively divided the Nation into four Flyways for the primary purpose of managing migratory game birds. Each Flyway (Atlantic, Mississippi, Central, and Pacific) has a Flyway Council, a formal organization generally composed of one member from each State and Province in that Flyway. The Flyway Councils, established through the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, also assist in researching and providing migratory game bird management information for Federal, State, and Provincial governments, as well as private conservation entities and the general public. We request the following information to establish annual migratory bird hunting seasons: PO 00000 Frm 00077 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 18547 (1) Information Requested to Establish Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons: (A) Tribes that wish to use the guidelines to establish special hunting regulations for the annual migratory game bird hunting season are required to submit a proposal that includes: (i) The requested migratory game bird hunting season dates and other details regarding the proposed regulations; (ii) Harvest anticipated under the proposed regulations; and (iii) Tribal capabilities to enforce migratory game bird hunting regulations. (B) State and U.S. territory governments that wish to establish annual migratory game bird hunting seasons are required to provide the requested dates and other details for hunting seasons in their respective States or Territories. (2) Reports: The following reports are requested from the States and are submitted either annually or every 3 years as explained in the following text. (A) Reports from Experimental Hunting Seasons and Season Structure Changes: Atlantic Flyway Council: • Delaware—Experimental tundra swan season (yearly updates and final report) • Florida—Experimental teal-only season (yearly updates and final report) Mississippi Flyway Council: • Alabama—Experimental sandhill crane season (yearly updates and final report) Central Flyway Council: • Nebraska—Experimental teal season (yearly updates and final report) • New Mexico—Experimental sandhill crane season in Estancia Valley (yearly updates and final report) • Wyoming—Split (3–way) season for Canada geese (final report only) Pacific Flyway Council: • California—Zones and split season for white-fronted geese (final report only) (B) Additional State-specific Annual Reports: State-specific: • Arizona—Sandhill crane racial composition of the harvest conducted at 3-year intervals • North Carolina and Virginia— Tundra swan harvest and hunter participation data • Montana (Central Flyway portion), North Dakota, and South Dakota— Tundra swan harvest and hunter participation data (yearly) • Montana (Pacific Flyway portion)— Swan harvest-monitoring program to measure species composition (yearly) • Montana (Pacific Flyway portion), Utah, and Nevada—Swan harvest- E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1 18548 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 64 / Thursday, April 2, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS monitoring program to measure the species composition and report detailing swan harvest, hunter participation, reporting compliance, and monitoring of swan populations in designated hunt areas (yearly) Reports and monitoring are used for a variety of reasons. Some are used to monitor species composition of the harvest for those areas where species intermingling can confound harvest management and potential overharvest of one species can be a management concern. Others are used to determine overall harvest for those species and/or areas that are not sampled well by our overall harvest surveys due to either the limited nature/area of the hunt or season or where the harvest needs to be closely monitored. Experimental season reports are used to determine whether the experimental season is achieving its intended goals and objectives, without causing unintended harm to other species and ultimately whether the experimental season should proceed to operational status. Most experimental seasons are 3-year trials with yearly reports and a final report. Most of the other reports and monitoring are conducted either annually or at 3-year intervals. Title: Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons, 50 CFR part 20. OMB Control Number: 1018–0171. Service Form Number: None. Type of Request: Extension of a currently approved collection. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:28 Apr 01, 2020 Jkt 250001 Description of Respondents: State and Tribal governments. Respondent’s Obligation: Required to obtain or retain a benefit. Frequency of Collection: Annually. Estimated Number of Annual Respondents: 82 (from 52 State governments and Territories and 30 Tribal governments). Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 99 (includes State and Tribal governments and additional reports from States). Average Completion Time per Response: Varies from 4 hours to 650 hours, depending on the activity. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 9,878. Estimated Annual Non-hour Burden Cost: None. As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burdens, and in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.8(d)(1), we invite the public and other Federal agencies to comment on any aspect of this proposed information collection, including: (1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether or not the information will have practical utility; (2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and PO 00000 Frm 00078 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 9990 (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of response. Send your comments and suggestions on this information collection by the date indicated under Information Collection Requirements in DATES to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), Falls Church, VA 22041–3803 (mail); or Info_ Coll@fws.gov (email). Please reference OMB Control Number 1018–0171 in the subject line of your comments. List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20 Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife. Authority The rules that eventually will be promulgated for the 2020–21 hunting season are authorized under 16 U.S.C. 703–712 and 16 U.S.C. 742 a–j. George Wallace, Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. [FR Doc. 2020–06797 Filed 4–1–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P E:\FR\FM\02APP1.SGM 02APP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 64 (Thursday, April 2, 2020)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 18532-18548]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-06797]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 20

[Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2019-0004; FF09M21200-201-FXMB1231099BPP0]
RIN 1018-BD89


Migratory Bird Hunting; Proposed Migratory Bird Hunting 
Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for 
the 2020-21 Season

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (hereinafter, Service or 
we) proposes special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain 
Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and 
ceded lands for the 2020-21 migratory bird hunting season.

DATES: Written Comments: You must submit comments on the proposed 
regulations by May 4, 2020.
    Information Collection Requirements: If you wish to comment on the 
information collection requirements in this proposed rule, please send 
your comments and suggestions on this information collection by June 1, 
2020 to: Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Fish 
and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), Falls 
Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); or [email protected] (email).

ADDRESSES: Written Comments: You may submit comments on the proposals 
by one of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments on Docket No. FWS-HQ-
MB-2019-0004.
     U.S. mail or hand delivery: Public Comments Processing, 
Attn: FWS-HQ-MB-2019-0004, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; MS: PRB/
PERMA (JAO/1N); 5275 Leesburg Pike; Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.
    We will post all comments on http://www.regulations.gov. This 
generally means that we will post any personal information you provide 
us (see Public Comments, below, for more information).
    Information Collection Requirements: Send your comments and 
suggestions on the information collection requirements to the Service 
Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), Falls Church, VA 
22041-3803 (mail); or [email protected] (email). Please reference OMB 
Control Number 1018-0171 in the subject line of your comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jerome Ford, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Department of the Interior, (202) 208-1050.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Process for the Annual Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations

    As part of the Department of the Interior's retrospective 
regulatory review, we developed a schedule for migratory game bird 
hunting regulations that is more efficient and provides hunting season 
dates much earlier than was possible under the old process. Under the 
new process, we develop proposed hunting season frameworks for a given 
year in the fall of the prior year. We then finalize those frameworks a 
few months later, thereby enabling the State agencies to select and 
publish their season dates in early summer. We provided a detailed 
overview of the new process in the August 3, 2017, Federal Register (82 
FR 36308).

Special Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations for Indian Tribes

    We developed the guidelines for establishing special migratory bird 
hunting regulations for Indian Tribes in response to tribal requests 
for recognition of their reserved hunting rights and, for some Tribes, 
recognition of their authority to regulate hunting by both tribal and 
nontribal hunters on their reservations. The guidelines include 
possibilities for:
    (1) On-reservation hunting by both tribal and nontribal hunters, 
with hunting by nontribal hunters on some reservations to take place 
within Federal frameworks but on dates different from those selected by 
the surrounding State(s);
    (2) On-reservation hunting by tribal members only, outside of the 
usual Federal frameworks for season dates and length, and for daily bag 
and possession limits; and
    (3) Off-reservation hunting by tribal members on ceded lands, 
outside of usual framework dates and season length, with some added 
flexibility in daily bag and possession limits.
    In all cases, the regulations established under the guidelines must

[[Page 18533]]

be consistent with the March 10 to September 1 closed season mandated 
by the 1916 Convention between the United States and Great Britain (for 
Canada) for the Protection of Migratory Birds (Treaty). The guidelines 
apply to those Tribes having recognized reserved hunting rights on 
Federal Indian reservations (including off-reservation trust lands) and 
on ceded lands. They also apply to establishing migratory bird hunting 
regulations for nontribal hunters on all lands within the exterior 
boundaries of reservations where Tribes have full wildlife management 
authority over such hunting or where the Tribes and affected States 
otherwise have reached agreement over hunting by nontribal hunters on 
lands owned by non-Indians within the reservation.
    Tribes usually have the authority to regulate migratory bird 
hunting by nonmembers on Indian-owned reservation lands, subject to 
Service approval. The question of jurisdiction is more complex on 
reservations that include lands owned by non-Indians, especially when 
the surrounding States have established or intend to establish 
regulations governing hunting by non-Indians on these lands. In such 
cases, we encourage the Tribes and States to reach agreement on 
regulations that would apply throughout the reservations. When 
appropriate, we will consult with a Tribe and State with the aim of 
facilitating an accord. We also will consult jointly with tribal and 
State officials in the affected States where Tribes wish to establish 
special hunting regulations for tribal members on ceded lands. Because 
of past questions regarding interpretation of what events trigger the 
consultation process, as well as who initiates it, we provide the 
following clarification.
    We routinely provide copies of Federal Register publications 
pertaining to migratory bird management to all State Directors, Tribes, 
and other interested parties. It is the responsibility of the States, 
Tribes, and others to notify us of any concern regarding any feature(s) 
of any regulations. When we receive such notification, we will initiate 
consultation.
    Our guidelines provide for the continued harvest of waterfowl and 
other migratory game birds by tribal members on reservations where such 
harvest has been a customary practice. We do not oppose this harvest, 
provided it does not take place during the closed season defined by the 
Treaty, and does not adversely affect the status of the migratory bird 
resource. Before developing the guidelines, we reviewed available 
information on the current status of migratory bird populations, 
reviewed the current status of migratory bird hunting on Federal Indian 
reservations, and evaluated the potential impact of such guidelines on 
migratory birds. We concluded that the impact of migratory bird harvest 
by tribal members hunting on their reservations is minimal.
    One area of interest in Indian migratory bird hunting regulations 
relates to hunting seasons for nontribal hunters on dates that are 
within Federal frameworks, but which are different from those 
established by the State(s) where the reservation is located. A large 
influx of nontribal hunters onto a reservation at a time when the 
season is closed in the surrounding State(s) could result in adverse 
population impacts on one or more migratory bird species. The 
guidelines make this unlikely, and we may modify regulations or 
establish experimental special hunts, after evaluation of information 
obtained by the Tribes.
    We conclude the guidelines provide appropriate opportunity to 
accommodate the reserved hunting rights and management authority of 
Indian Tribes while ensuring that the migratory bird resource receives 
necessary protection. The conservation of this important international 
resource is paramount. Further, the guidelines should not be viewed as 
inflexible. In this regard, we note that they have been employed 
successfully since 1985. We conclude they have been tested adequately, 
and, therefore, we made them final beginning with the 1988-89 hunting 
season (53 FR 31612, August 18, 1988). We should stress here, however, 
that use of the guidelines is not mandatory, and no action is required 
if a Tribe wishes to observe the hunting regulations established by the 
State(s) in which the reservation is located.

Regulations Schedule for 2020

    On October 15, 2019, we published a proposal to amend title 50 of 
the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at part 20 (84 FR 55120). The 
proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird 
hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of 
seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds 
under Sec. Sec.  20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart 
K. This document is the second in a series of proposed and final rules 
for migratory game bird hunting regulations. Major steps in the 2020-21 
regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register 
notifications were illustrated in the diagram at the end of the October 
15, 2019, proposed rule. For this regulatory cycle, we have combined 
elements of the document that is described in the diagram as 
Supplemental Proposals with the document that is described as Proposed 
Season Frameworks.
    On October 8-9, 2019, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council 
Consultants, at which the participants reviewed information on the 
current status of migratory game birds and developed recommendations 
for the 2020-21 regulations for these species.
    On March 19, 2020, we published in the Federal Register (85 FR 
15870) the proposed frameworks for the 2020-21 season migratory bird 
hunting regulations.

Population Status and Harvest

    Each year we publish various species status reports that provide 
detailed information on the status and harvest of migratory game birds, 
including information on the methodologies and results. These reports 
are available at the address indicated under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 
CONTACT or from our website at https://www.fws.gov/birds/surveys-and-data/reports-and-publications/population-status.php.
    We used the following annual reports published in August 2019 in 
the development of proposed frameworks for the migratory bird hunting 
regulations: Adaptive Harvest Management, 2020 Hunting Season; American 
Woodcock Population Status, 2019; Band-tailed Pigeon Population Status, 
2019; Migratory Bird Hunting Activity and Harvest During the 2017-18 
and 2018-19 Hunting Seasons; Mourning Dove Population Status, 2019; 
Status and Harvests of Sandhill Cranes, Mid-continent, Rocky Mountain, 
Lower Colorado River Valley and Eastern Populations, 2019; and 
Waterfowl Population Status, 2019.
    Our long-term objectives continue to include providing 
opportunities to harvest portions of certain migratory game bird 
populations and to limit harvests to levels compatible with each 
population's ability to maintain healthy, viable numbers. Having taken 
into account the zones of temperature and the distribution, abundance, 
economic value, breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of 
migratory birds, we believe that the proposed hunting seasons provided 
for herein are compatible with the current status of migratory bird 
populations and long-term population goals. Additionally, we are 
obligated to, and do, give serious consideration to all information we 
receive during the public comment period.

[[Page 18534]]

Hunting Season Proposals From Indian Tribes and Organizations

    For the 2020-21 hunting season, we received requests from 26 Tribes 
and Indian organizations. In this proposed rule, we respond to these 26 
requests and also evaluate anticipated requests for 6 Tribes from whom 
we usually hear but from whom we have not yet received proposals. We 
actively solicit regulatory proposals from other tribal groups that are 
interested in working cooperatively for the benefit of waterfowl and 
other migratory game birds. We encourage Tribes to work with us to 
develop agreements for management of migratory bird resources on tribal 
lands.
    The proposed frameworks for flyway regulations were published in 
the Federal Register on March 19, 2020 (85 FR 15870). As previously 
discussed, no action is required by Tribes wishing to observe migratory 
bird hunting regulations established by the State(s) where they are 
located. The proposed regulations for the 32 Tribes that meet the 
established criteria or have recently proposed seasons are shown below.

(a) Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian 
Reservation, Pablo, Montana (Tribal and Nontribal Hunters)

    For the past several years, the Confederated Salish and Kootenai 
Tribes and the State of Montana have entered into cooperative 
agreements for the regulation of hunting on the Flathead Indian 
Reservation. The State and the Tribes are currently operating under a 
cooperative agreement signed in 1990, which addresses fishing and 
hunting management and regulation issues of mutual concern. This 
agreement enables all hunters to utilize waterfowl hunting 
opportunities on the reservation.
    As in the past, tribal regulations for nontribal hunters would be 
at least as restrictive as those established for the Pacific Flyway 
portion of Montana. Goose, duck, and coot season dates would also be at 
least as restrictive as those established for the Pacific Flyway 
portion of Montana. Shooting hours for waterfowl hunting on the 
Flathead Reservation are sunrise to sunset. Steel shot or other 
federally approved nontoxic shots are the only legal shotgun loads on 
the reservation for waterfowl or other game birds.
    For tribal members, the Tribe proposes outside frameworks for ducks 
and geese of September 1, 2020, through March 9, 2021. Daily bag and 
possession limits were not proposed for tribal members.
    The requested season dates and bag limits are similar to past 
regulations. Harvest levels are not expected to change significantly. 
Standardized check station data from the 1993-94 and 1994-95 hunting 
seasons indicated no significant changes in harvest levels and that the 
large majority of the harvest is by nontribal hunters.
    We propose to approve the Tribes' request for special migratory 
bird regulations for the 2020-21 hunting season.

(b) Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Cloquet, 
Minnesota (Tribal Members Only)

    Since 1996, the Service and the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians have cooperated to establish special migratory bird 
hunting regulations for tribal members. The Fond du Lac's proposal 
covers land set apart for the band under the Treaties of 1837 and 1854 
in northeastern and east-central Minnesota and the Band's Reservation 
near Duluth.
    The band's proposal for 2020-21 is essentially the same as that 
approved last year. The proposed 2020-21 waterfowl hunting season 
regulations for Fond du Lac are as follows:
Ducks
    A. 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 18 ducks, including no more than 12 mallards (only 
3 of which may be hens), 9 black ducks, 9 scaup, 9 wood ducks, 9 
redheads, 9 pintails, and 9 canvasbacks.
    B. Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (only 
2 of which may be hens), 6 black ducks, 6 scaup, 6 redheads, 6 
pintails, 6 wood ducks, and 6 canvasbacks.
    Mergansers
    A. 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 15 mergansers, including no more than 6 hooded 
mergansers.
    B. Reservation:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 4 hooded 
mergansers.
Canada Geese: All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese.
Sandhill Cranes: 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories Only
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: Two sandhill cranes. A crane carcass tag is 
required prior to hunting.
Tundra and Trumpeter Swans: Reservation Only
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: Two swans. Swan carcass tags are required prior to 
hunting.
Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules): All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the 
aggregate.
Sora and Virginia Rails: All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the 
aggregate.
Common Snipe: All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe.
Woodcock: All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock.
Mourning Dove: All Areas
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves.
    The following general conditions apply:
    1. While hunting waterfowl, a tribal member must carry on his/her 
person a valid Ceded Territory License.
    2. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before 
sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
    3. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to 
comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the 
provisions of Chapter 10 of the Model Off-Reservation Code. Except as 
modified by the Service rules adopted in response to this proposal, 
these amended regulations parallel Federal requirements in 50 CFR part 
20 as to hunting methods, transportation, sale, exportation, and other 
conditions generally applicable to migratory bird hunting.
    4. Band members in each zone will comply with State regulations 
providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas.

[[Page 18535]]

    5. There are no possession limits for migratory birds. For purposes 
of enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession or 
custody of band members on ceded lands will be considered to have been 
taken on those lands unless tagged by a tribal or State conservation 
warden as having been taken on-reservation. All migratory birds that 
fall on reservation lands will not count as part of any off-reservation 
bag or possession limit.
    The band anticipates harvest will be fewer than 500 ducks and 
geese, and fewer than 10 sandhill cranes.
    We propose to approve the request for special migratory bird 
hunting regulations for the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa 
Indians.

(c) Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Suttons Bay, 
Michigan (Tribal Members Only)

    In the 1995-96 migratory bird seasons, the Grand Traverse Band of 
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians and the Service first cooperated to 
establish special regulations for waterfowl. The Grand Traverse Band is 
a self-governing, federally recognized Tribe located on the west arm of 
Grand Traverse Bay in Leelanau County, Michigan. The Grand Traverse 
Band is a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved 
special regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty's signatory 
Tribes on ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986-87 hunting season.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribe requests that the tribal member 
duck season run from September 1, 2020, through January 20, 2021. A 
daily bag limit of 35 would include no more than 8 pintail, 4 
canvasback, 5 hooded merganser, 8 black ducks, 10 wood ducks, 8 
redheads, and 20 mallards (only 10 of which may be hens).
    For Canada and snow geese, the Tribe proposes a September 1, 2020, 
through February 15, 2021, season. For white-fronted geese and brant, 
the Tribe proposes a September 20 through December 30, 2020, season. 
The daily bag limit for Canada and snow geese would be 15, and the 
daily bag limit for white-fronted geese, including brant, would be 5 
birds. We further note that, based on available data (of major goose 
migration routes), it is unlikely that any Canada geese from the 
Southern James Bay Population will be harvested by the Tribe.
    For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 14, 
2020, season. The daily bag limit will not exceed five birds. For 
mourning doves, snipe, and rails, the Tribe proposes a September 1 
through November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 25 
mourning dove, 10 snipe, and 10 rail.
    For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through 
November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 2 birds and a 
season limit of 10 birds.
    For snipe and rails, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through 
November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would be 10 birds per 
species.
    Shooting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-
half hour after sunset. All other Federal regulations contained in 50 
CFR part 20 would apply. The Tribe proposes to monitor harvest closely 
through game bag checks, patrols, and mail surveys. Harvest surveys 
from the 2013-14 hunting season indicated that approximately 30 tribal 
hunters harvested an estimated 100 ducks and 45 Canada geese.
    We propose to approve the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and 
Chippewa Indians 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting proposal.

(d) Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah, Wisconsin 
(Tribal Members Only)

    Since 1985, various bands of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa 
Indians have exercised judicially recognized, off-reservation hunting 
rights for migratory birds in Wisconsin. The specific regulations were 
established by the Service in consultation with the Wisconsin 
Department of Natural Resources and the Great Lakes Indian Fish and 
Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC), an intertribal agency exercising 
delegated natural resource management and regulatory authority from its 
member Tribes in portions of Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota. 
Beginning in 1986, a Tribal season on ceded lands in the western 
portion of the Michigan Upper Peninsula was developed in coordination 
with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. We have approved 
regulations for Tribal members in both Michigan and Wisconsin since the 
1986-87 hunting season. In 1987, GLIFWC requested, and we approved, 
regulations to permit Tribal members to hunt on ceded lands in 
Minnesota, as well as in Michigan and Wisconsin. The States of Michigan 
and Wisconsin originally concurred with the regulations, although both 
Wisconsin and Michigan have raised various concerns over the years. 
Minnesota did not concur with the original regulations, stressing that 
the State would not recognize Chippewa Indian hunting rights in 
Minnesota's treaty area until a court with jurisdiction over the State 
acknowledges and defines the extent of these rights. In 1999, the U.S. 
Supreme Court upheld the existence of the tribes' treaty reserved 
rights in Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band, 199 S. Ct. 1187 (1999).
    We acknowledge all of the States' concerns, but point out that the 
U.S. Government has recognized the Indian treaty reserved rights, and 
that acceptable hunting regulations have been successfully implemented 
in Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Consequently, in view of the 
above, we have approved regulations since the 1987-88 hunting season on 
ceded lands in all three States. In fact, this recognition of the 
principle of treaty reserved rights for band members to hunt and fish 
was pivotal in our decision to approve a 1991-92 season for the 1836 
ceded area in Michigan. Since then, in the 2007 Consent Decree, the 
1836 Treaty Tribes and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and 
Environment established court-approved regulations pertaining to off-
reservation hunting rights for migratory birds.
    For 2020, GLIFWC proposes off-reservation special migratory bird 
hunting regulations on behalf of the member Tribes of the Voigt 
Intertribal Task Force of GLIFWC (for the 1837 and 1842 Treaty areas in 
Wisconsin and Michigan), the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and the six 
Wisconsin Bands (for the 1837 Treaty area in Minnesota), and the Bay 
Mills Indian Community (for the 1836 Treaty area in Michigan). Member 
Tribes of the Task Force are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Wisconsin                  Minnesota           Michigan
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bad River Band of the Lake        Mille Lacs Band of  Lac Vieux Desert
 Superior Tribe of Chippewa        Chippewa Indians.   Band of Chippewa
 Indians.                                              Indians
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake  Fond du Lac Band    Keweenaw Bay
 Superior Chippewa Indians.        of Lake Superior    Indian Community.
                                   Chippewa Indians.
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake
 Superior Chippewa Indians..

[[Page 18536]]

 
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior
 Chippewa Indians.
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of
 Wisconsin.
Sokaogon Chippewa Community
 (Mole Lake Band).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This year, GLIFWC proposes to continue certain experimental 
regulatory changes approved during the 2017-18 season but first 
implemented in 2018 (83 FR 5037, February 5, 2018). First, in the 1837 
and 1842 Treaty Areas, GLIFWC allows up to 50 Tribal hunters to use 
electronic calls for any open season under a limited and experimental 
design under a special Tribal permit. In addition to obtaining a 
special permit, the Tribal hunter is required to complete and submit a 
hunt diary for each hunt where electronic calls were used. Second, 
GLIFWC allows the take of migratory birds (primarily waterfowl) with 
the use of hand-held nets, hand-held snares, and/or capture of birds by 
hand in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Areas. This use of nets, snares, or 
hand-capture includes the take of birds at night. Both the use of 
electronic calls and the use of nets, snares, or hand-capture are 
considered 3-year experimental seasons. We propose to approve the 
continuation of all these experimental proposals again this year. For 
more specific discussion on these regulatory changes, we refer the 
reader to the August 27, 2017, and February 5, 2018, rules (82 FR 39716 
and 83 FR 5037).
    Under GLIFWC's proposed 2020-21 regulations, GLIFWC expects total 
ceded territory harvest to be approximately 2,000 to 3,000 ducks, 400 
to 600 geese, 50 sandhill cranes, and 30 swans, which is roughly 
similar to anticipated levels in the previous year.
    Recent GLIFWC harvest surveys (1996-98, 2001, 2004, 2007-08, 2011, 
2012, and 2015) indicate that tribal off-reservation waterfowl harvest 
has averaged fewer than 1,100 ducks and 250 geese annually. In the 
latest survey year for which we have specific results (2018), an 
estimated 197 hunters hunted a total of 1,480 days and harvested 1,980 
ducks (1.4 ducks per day) and 495 geese. The greatest number of ducks 
reported harvested in a single day was 12, while the highest number of 
geese reported taken on a single outing was 17. Mallards, wood ducks, 
and blue-winged teal composed about the greatest percentage of the duck 
harvest. Thirty-one sandhill cranes were reported harvested in 2018. 
Nine trumpeter swans were harvested in the 2019-20 season. The Tribe is 
proposing the threshold level of trumpeter swan harvest which would 
trigger emergency closure of the swan season from 10 to 20. About 92 
percent of the estimated hunting days took place in Wisconsin, with the 
remainder occurring in Michigan. As in past years, most hunting took 
place in or near counties with reservations.
    The proposed 2020-21 waterfowl hunting season regulations apply to 
all treaty areas (except where noted) for GLIFWC as follows:
Ducks
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 50 ducks in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Area; 30 
ducks in the 1836 Treaty Area.
Mergansers
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers.
Geese
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020. In 
addition, any portion of the ceded territory that is open to State-
licensed hunters for goose hunting outside of these dates will also be 
open concurrently for tribal members.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese in aggregate.
Other Migratory Birds
    A. Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules):
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens (common gallinules), 
singly or in the aggregate.
    B. Sora and Virginia Rails:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20, singly, or in the aggregate, 
25.
    C. Common Snipe:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 16 common snipe.
    D. Woodcock:
    Season Dates: Begin September 4 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.
    E. Mourning Dove: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories only.
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 29, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 15 mourning doves.
    F. Sandhill Cranes:
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 5 cranes and no seasonal bag limit in the 1837 and 
1842 Treaty areas; 3 crane and no seasonal bag limit in the 1836 Treaty 
area.
    G. Swans: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories only.
    Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2020.
    Daily Bag Limit: 5 swans. All harvested swans must be registered by 
presenting the fully-feathered carcass to a tribal registration station 
or GLIFWC warden. If the total number of trumpeter swans harvested 
reaches 20, the swan season will be closed by emergency tribal rule.
General Conditions
    A. All tribal members will be required to obtain a valid tribal 
waterfowl hunting permit.
    B. Except as otherwise noted, tribal members will be required to 
comply with tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the 
model ceded territory conservation codes approved by Federal courts in 
the Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin (Voigt) and Mille Lacs 
Band v. State of Minnesota cases. Chapter 10 in each of these model 
codes regulates ceded territory migratory bird hunting. Both versions 
of Chapter 10 parallel Federal requirements as to hunting methods, 
transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally 
applicable to migratory bird hunting. They also automatically 
incorporate by reference the Federal migratory bird regulations adopted 
in response to this proposal.
    C. Particular regulations of note include:
    1. Nontoxic shot will be required for all waterfowl hunting by 
tribal members.
    2. Tribal members in each zone will comply with tribal regulations 
providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These 
regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in 
parallel State regulations.
    3. There are no possession limits, with the exception of 2 swans 
(in the aggregate) and 25 rails (in the aggregate). For purposes of 
enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession and custody 
of tribal members on ceded lands will be considered to have been taken 
on those lands unless tagged by a

[[Page 18537]]

tribal or State conservation warden as taken on reservation lands. All 
migratory birds that fall on reservation lands will not count as part 
of any off-reservation bag or possession limit.
    4. The baiting restrictions included in the respective section 
10.05(2)(h) of the model ceded territory conservation codes will be 
amended to include language which parallels that in place for nontribal 
members as published at 64 FR 29799, June 3, 1999.
    5. There are no shell limit restrictions.
    6. Hunting hours are from 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 minutes 
after sunset, except that, within the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories, 
hunters may use non-mechanical nets or snares that are operated by hand 
to take those birds subject to an open hunting season at any time (see 
#8 below for further information). Hunters shall also be permitted to 
capture, without the aid of other devices (i.e., by hand) and 
immediately kill birds subject to an open season, regardless of the 
time of day.
    7. An experimental application of electronic calls will be 
implemented in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories. Up to 50 tribal 
hunters will be allowed to use electronic calls. Individuals using 
these devices will be required to obtain a special permit; they will be 
required to complete a hunt diary for each hunt where electronic calls 
are used; and they will be required to submit the hunt diary to the 
Commission within 2 weeks of the end of the season in order to be 
eligible to obtain a permit for the following year. Required 
information will include the date, time, and location of the hunt; 
number of hunters; the number of each species harvested per hunting 
event; if other hunters were in the area, any interactions with other 
hunters; and other information deemed appropriate. Diary results will 
be summarized and documented in a Commission report, which will be 
submitted to the Service. Barring unforeseen results, this experimental 
application would be replicated for 3 years (through the 2020-21 
season), after which a full evaluation would be completed.
    8. Within the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories, tribal members will 
be allowed to use non-mechanical, hand-operated nets (i.e., throw/cast 
nets or hand-held nets typically used to land fish) and hand-operated 
snares, and may chase and capture migratory birds without the aid of 
hunting devices (i.e., by hand). At this time, non-attended nets or 
snares shall not be authorized under this regulation. Tribal members 
using nets or snares to take migratory birds, or taking birds by hand, 
will be required to obtain a special permit; they will be required to 
complete a hunt diary for each hunt where these methods are used; and 
they will be required to submit the hunt diary to the Commission within 
2 weeks of the end of the season in order to be eligible to obtain a 
permit to net migratory birds for the following year. Required 
information will include the date, time, and location of the hunt; 
number of hunters; the number of each species harvested per hunting 
event; and other information deemed appropriate. Diary results will be 
summarized and documented in a Commission report, which will be 
submitted to the Service. Barring unforeseen results, this experimental 
application would be replicated for 3 years (through the 2020-21 
season), after which a full evaluation would be completed.
    We propose to approve the above GLIFWC regulations for the 2020-21 
hunting season.

(e) Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Jicarilla Indian Reservation, Dulce, New 
Mexico (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters)

    The Jicarilla Apache Tribe has had special migratory bird hunting 
regulations for tribal members and nonmembers since the 1986-87 hunting 
season. The Tribe owns all lands on the reservation and has recognized 
full wildlife management authority. In general, the proposed seasons 
would be more conservative than allowed by the Federal frameworks of 
last season and by States in the Pacific Flyway.
    The Tribe proposes a 2020-21 waterfowl and Canada goose season 
beginning October 3, 2020, and a closing date of November 30, 2020. 
Daily bag and possession limits for waterfowl would be the same as 
Pacific Flyway States. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit for Canada 
geese of two. Other regulations specific to the Pacific Flyway 
guidelines for New Mexico would be in effect.
    During the Jicarilla Game and Fish Department's 2017-18 season, 
estimated duck harvest was 82. The species composition included mainly 
mallards, gadwall, and bufflehead. The estimated harvest of geese was 
six birds.
    The proposed regulations are essentially the same as were 
established last year. The Tribe anticipates the maximum 2020-21 
waterfowl harvest would be around 200 ducks and 20 geese.
    We propose to approve the Tribe's requested 2020-21 hunting 
seasons.

(f) Kalispel Tribe, Kalispel Reservation, Usk, Washington (Tribal 
Members and Nontribal Hunters)

    The Kalispel Reservation was established by Executive Order in 
1914, and currently comprises approximately 4,600 acres. The Tribe owns 
all Reservation land and has full management authority. The Kalispel 
Tribe has a fully developed wildlife program with hunting and fishing 
codes. The Tribe enjoys excellent wildlife management relations with 
the State. The Tribe and the State have an operational memorandum of 
understanding with emphasis on fisheries but also for wildlife.
    We have yet to hear from the Kalispel Tribe. The nontribal member 
seasons described below would pertain to a 176-acre waterfowl 
management unit and 800 acres of reservation land with a guide for 
waterfowl hunting. The Tribe is utilizing this opportunity to 
rehabilitate an area that needs protection because of past land use 
practices, as well as to provide additional waterfowl hunting in the 
area. Beginning in 1996, the requested regulations also included a 
proposal for Kalispel-member-only migratory bird hunting on Kalispel-
ceded lands within Washington, Montana, and Idaho.
    The Kalispel Tribe usually proposes tribal and nontribal member 
waterfowl seasons. The Tribe usually requests that both duck and goose 
seasons open at the earliest possible date and close on the latest date 
under Federal frameworks.
    For nontribal hunters on Tribally managed lands, the Tribe usually 
requests the seasons open at the earliest possible date and remain 
open, for the maximum amount of open days. The Tribe usually requests a 
season for ducks run September 21-22 and September 28-29, 2020, and 
from October 1, 2020, to January 8, 2021. In that period, nontribal 
hunters would be allowed to hunt approximately 107 days. Hunters should 
obtain further information on specific hunt days from the Kalispel 
Tribe.
    For nontribal hunters on Tribally managed lands, the Tribe also 
usually requests a season for geese run September 21-22 and September 
28-29, 2020, and from October 1, 2020, to January 8, 2021. Total number 
of days should not exceed 107. Nontribal hunters should obtain further 
information on specific hunt days from the Tribe. Daily bag and 
possession limits would be the same as those for the State of 
Washington.
    The Tribe reports past nontribal harvest of 1.5 ducks per day. 
Under the proposal, the Tribe expects harvest to be

[[Page 18538]]

similar to last year, that is, fewer than 100 geese and 200 ducks.
    All other State and Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 
20, such as use of nontoxic shot and possession of a signed migratory 
bird hunting and conservation stamp, would be required.
    For tribal members on Kalispel-ceded lands, the Kalispel Tribe 
usually proposes season dates for ducks of October 1, 2020, through 
January 31, 2021, and for geese of September 10, 2020, through January 
31, 2021. Daily bag and possession limits would parallel those in the 
Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20.
    The Tribe reports that there was no tribal harvest. Under the 
proposal, the Tribe expects harvest to be fewer than 200 birds for the 
season with fewer than 100 geese. Tribal members would be required to 
possess a signed Federal migratory bird stamp and a tribal ceded lands 
permit.
    We propose to approve the Kalispel Tribe regulations, upon receipt 
of their proposal and if these dates conform to Federal flyway 
frameworks for the Pacific Flyway.

(g) Klamath Tribe, Chiloquin, Oregon (Tribal Members Only)

    The Klamath Tribe currently has no reservation, per se. However, 
the Klamath Tribe has reserved hunting, fishing, and gathering rights 
within its former reservation boundary. This area of former 
reservation, granted to the Klamaths by the Treaty of 1864, is over 1 
million acres. Tribal natural resource management authority is derived 
from the Treaty of 1864, and carried out cooperatively under the 
judicially enforced Consent Decree of 1981. The parties to this Consent 
Decree are the Federal Government, the State of Oregon, and the Klamath 
Tribe. The Klamath Indian Game Commission sets the seasons. The tribal 
biological staff and tribal regulatory enforcement officers monitor 
tribal harvest by frequent bag checks and hunter interviews.
    For the 2020-21 seasons, the Tribe requests proposed season dates 
of October 5, 2020, through January 31, 2021. Daily bag limits would be 
9 for ducks, 9 for geese, and 9 for coot, with possession limits twice 
the daily bag limit. Shooting hours would be one-half hour before 
sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Steel shot is required.
    Based on the number of birds produced in the Klamath Basin, this 
year's harvest would be similar to last year's. Information on tribal 
harvest suggests that more than 70 percent of the annual goose harvest 
is local birds produced in the Klamath Basin.
    We propose to approve those 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting 
regulations.

(h) Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Cass Lake, Minnesota (Tribal Members 
Only)

    The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe is a federally recognized Tribe 
located in Cass Lake, Minnesota. The reservation employs conservation 
officers to enforce conservation regulations. The Service and the Tribe 
have cooperatively established migratory bird hunting regulations since 
2000.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribe requests a duck season starting 
on September 12 and ending December 31, 2020, and a goose season to run 
from September 12 through December 31, 2020. Daily bag limits for ducks 
would be 10, including no more than 5 pintail, 5 canvasback, and 5 
black ducks. Daily bag limits for geese would be 10. Possession limits 
would be twice the daily bag limit. Shooting hours are one-half hour 
before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
    The annual harvest by tribal members on the Leech Lake Reservation 
is estimated at 250 to 500 birds.
    We propose to approve the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe's requested 
2020-21 special migratory bird hunting season.

(i) Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan (Tribal 
Members Only)

    The Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI) is a self-
governing, federally recognized Tribe located in Manistee, Michigan, 
and a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved special 
regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty's signatory Tribes on 
ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986-87 hunting season. Ceded lands 
are located in Lake, Mason, Manistee, and Wexford Counties. The Band 
proposes regulations to govern the hunting of migratory birds by Tribal 
members within the 1836 Ceded Territory as well as on the Band's 
Reservation.
    LRBOI proposes a duck and merganser season from September 1, 2020, 
through January 31, 2021. A daily bag limit of 12 ducks would include 
no more than 2 pintail, 2 canvasback, 3 black ducks, 3 wood ducks, 3 
redheads, 6 mallards (only 2 of which may be a hen), 1 bufflehead, and 
1 hooded merganser. Possession limits would be twice the daily bag 
limit.
    For coots and gallinules, the Tribe proposes a September 14, 2020, 
through January 31, 2021, season. Daily bag limits would be five coot 
and five gallinule.
    For white-fronted geese, ross geese, snow geese, and brant, the 
Tribe proposes a September 7 through December 9, 2020, season. Daily 
bag limits would be five geese.
    For Canada geese only, the Tribe proposes a September 1, 2020, 
through January 31, 2021, season with a daily bag limit of five. The 
possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit.
    For snipe, woodcock, rails, and mourning doves, the Tribe proposes 
a September 1 to November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit would 
be 10 common snipe, 5 woodcock, 10 rails, and 10 mourning doves. 
Possession limits for all species would be twice the daily bag limit.
    For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a September 1, through 
December 31, 2020, season with a daily bag limit of five. The 
possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit.
    The Tribe monitors harvest through mail surveys. General conditions 
are as follows:
    A. All tribal members will be required to obtain a valid tribal 
resource card and 2020-21 hunting license.
    B. Except as modified by the Service rules adopted in response to 
this proposal, these amended regulations parallel all Federal 
regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20. Shooting hours will be from 
one-half hour before sunrise to sunset.
    C. Particular regulations of note include:
    (1) Nontoxic shot will be required for all waterfowl hunting by 
tribal members.
    (2) Tribal members in each zone will comply with tribal regulations 
providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These 
regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in 
parallel State regulations.
    D. Tribal members hunting in Michigan will comply with tribal codes 
that contain provisions parallel to Michigan law regarding duck blinds 
and decoys.
    We plan to approve Little River Band of Ottawa Indians' 2020-21 
special migratory bird hunting seasons.

(j) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Petoskey, Michigan 
(Tribal Members Only)

    The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians (LTBB) is a self-
governing, federally recognized Tribe located in Petoskey, Michigan, 
and a signatory Tribe of the Treaty of 1836. We have approved special 
regulations for tribal members of the 1836 treaty's

[[Page 18539]]

signatory Tribes on ceded lands in Michigan since the 1986-87 hunting 
season.
    For the 2020-21 season, the LTBB proposes regulations similar to 
those of other Tribes in the 1836 treaty area. The LTBB proposes the 
regulations to govern the hunting of migratory birds by tribal members 
on the LTBB reservation and within the 1836 Treaty Ceded Territory. The 
tribal member duck and merganser season would run from September 1, 
2020, through January 31, 2021. A daily bag limit of 20 ducks and 10 
mergansers would include no more than 5 hen mallards, 5 pintail, 5 
canvasback, 5 scaup, 5 hooded merganser, 5 black ducks, 5 wood ducks, 
and 5 redheads.
    For Canada geese, the LTBB proposes a September 1, 2020, through 
February 8, 2021, season. The daily bag limit for Canada geese would be 
20 birds. We further note that, based on available data (of major goose 
migration routes), it is unlikely that any Canada geese from the 
Southern James Bay Population would be harvested by the LTBB. 
Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit.
    For woodcock, the LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 1, 2020, 
season. The daily bag limit will not exceed 10 birds. For snipe, the 
LTBB proposes a September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag 
limit will not exceed 15 birds. For mourning doves, the LTBB proposes a 
September 1 to November 14, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not 
exceed 15 birds. For Virginia and sora rails, the LTBB proposes a 
September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag limit will not 
exceed 20 birds per species. For coots and gallinules, the LTBB 
proposes a September 1 to December 31, 2020, season. The daily bag 
limit will not exceed 20 birds per species. The possession limit will 
not exceed 2 days' bag limit for all birds.
    The LTBB also proposes a sandhill crane season to begin September 1 
and end December 1, 2020. The daily bag limit will not exceed two 
birds. The possession limit will not exceed two times the bag limit.
    All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would 
apply.
    Harvest surveys from the 2016-17 hunting season indicated that 
approximately 8 hunters harvested 10 different waterfowl species. No 
sandhill cranes were reported harvested during the 2016-17 season. The 
LTBB proposes to monitor harvest closely through game bag checks, 
patrols, and mail surveys. In particular, the LTBB proposes monitoring 
the harvest of Southern James Bay Canada geese and sandhill cranes to 
assess any impacts of tribal hunting on the population.
    We propose to approve the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa 
Indians' requested 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting regulations.

(k) Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Reservation, Lower Brule, 
South Dakota (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters)

    The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe first established tribal migratory bird 
hunting regulations for the Lower Brule Reservation in 1994. The Lower 
Brule Reservation is about 214,000 acres in size and is located on and 
adjacent to the Missouri River, south of Pierre. Land ownership on the 
reservation is mixed, and until recently, the Lower Brule Tribe had 
full management authority over fish and wildlife via a memorandum of 
agreement (MOA) with the State of South Dakota. The MOA provided the 
Tribe jurisdiction over fish and wildlife on reservation lands, 
including deeded and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-taken lands. For the 
2020-21 season, the two parties have come to an agreement that provides 
the public a clear understanding of the Lower Brule Sioux Wildlife 
Department license requirements and hunting season regulations. The 
Lower Brule Reservation waterfowl season is open to tribal and 
nontribal hunters.
    For the 2020-21 migratory bird hunting season, the Lower Brule 
Sioux Tribe proposes a nontribal member duck, merganser, and coot 
season length of 97 days, or the maximum number of days allowed by 
Federal frameworks in the High Plains Management Unit for this season. 
The Tribe proposes a duck season from October 3, 2020, through January 
7, 2021. The daily bag limit would be six birds or the maximum number 
that Federal regulations allow, including no more than two hen mallard 
and five mallards total, two pintail, two redhead, two canvasback, 
three wood duck, three scaup, and one mottled duck. Two bonus blue-
winged teal are allowed during October 3-18, 2020. The daily bag limit 
for mergansers would be five, only two of which could be a hooded 
merganser. The daily bag limit for coots would be 15. Possession limits 
would be three times the daily bag limits.
    The Tribe's proposed nontribal-member Canada goose season would run 
from October 24, 2020, through February 7, 2021 (107-day season 
length), with a daily bag limit of six Canada geese. The Tribe's 
proposed nontribal member white-fronted goose season would run from 
October 24, 2020, through January 19, 2021, with daily bag and 
possession limits concurrent with Federal regulations. The Tribe's 
proposed nontribal-member light goose season would run from October 24, 
2020, through February 7, 2021, and February 8 through March 10, 2021. 
The light goose daily bag limit would be 20 or the maximum number that 
Federal regulations allow with no possession limits.
    The Tribe proposes a dove season for non-Tribal members from 
September 1 through November 29, 2020. The dove daily bag limit would 
be 15.
    For tribal members, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe proposes a duck, 
merganser, and coot season from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 
2021. The daily bag limit would be six ducks, including no more than 
two hen mallard and five mallards total, one pintail, two redheads, two 
canvasback, three wood ducks, three scaup, two bonus teal during the 
first 16 days of the season, and one mottled duck or the maximum number 
that Federal regulations allow. The daily bag limit for mergansers 
would be five, only two of which could be hooded mergansers. The daily 
bag limit for coots would be 15. Possession limits would be three times 
the daily bag limits.
    The Tribe's proposed Canada goose season for tribal members would 
run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021, with a daily bag 
limit of six Canada geese. The Tribe's proposed white-fronted goose 
tribal season would run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021, 
with a daily bag limit of two white-fronted geese or the maximum number 
that Federal regulations allow. The Tribe's proposed light goose tribal 
season would run from September 1, 2020, through March 10, 2021. A 
conservation order will also occur March 10, through May 1, 2021. The 
light goose daily bag limit would be 20 or the maximum number that 
Federal regulations allow, with no possession limits.
    The Tribe proposes a dove season for Tribal members from September 
1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The dove daily bag limit would be 
15.
    In the 2018 season, nontribal members harvested 430 geese and 743 
ducks. In the 2018 season, duck harvest species composition was 
primarily mallard (70 percent), green-winged teal (6 percent), and 
gadwall (5 percent). Tribal members harvested approximately 58 ducks 
and 115 geese in 2018.
    The Tribe anticipates a duck and goose harvest similar to those of 
the previous years. All basic Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR 
part 20, including the use of nontoxic shot, Migratory Bird Hunting and

[[Page 18540]]

Conservation Stamps, etc., would be observed by the Tribe's proposed 
regulations. In addition, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe has an official 
Conservation Code that was established by Tribal Council Resolution in 
June 1982 and updated in 1996.
    We plan to approve the Tribe's requested regulations for the Lower 
Brule Reservation if the nontribal members seasons' dates fall within 
final Federal flyway frameworks.

(l) Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Port Angeles, Washington (Tribal Members 
Only)

    Since 1996, the Service and the Point No Point Treaty Tribes, of 
which Lower Elwha was one, have cooperated to establish special 
regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Tribes are now acting 
independently, and it is our understanding that the Lower Elwha Klallam 
Tribe would like to establish migratory bird hunting regulations for 
tribal members for the 2020-21 season. The Tribe has a reservation on 
the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State and is a successor to the 
signatories of the Treaty of Point No Point of 1855.
    For the 2020-21 season, we have yet to hear from the Lower Elwha 
Klallam Tribe. The Tribe usually requests special migratory bird 
hunting regulations for ducks (including mergansers), geese, coots, 
band-tailed pigeons, snipe, and mourning doves. The Lower Elwha Klallam 
Tribe usually requests a duck and coot season from September 13 to 
January 4. The daily bag limit will be seven ducks, including no more 
than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, and two redheads. 
The daily bag and possession limit on harlequin duck will be one per 
season. The coot daily bag limit will be 25. The possession limit will 
be twice the daily bag limit, except as noted above.
    For geese, the Tribe usually requests a season from September 13 to 
January 4. The daily bag limit will be four, including no more than 
three light geese. The season on Aleutian Canada geese will be closed.
    For brant, the Tribe usually proposes to close the season.
    For mourning doves, band-tailed pigeon, and snipe, the Tribe 
usually requests a season from September 1 to January 11, with a daily 
bag limit of 10, 2, and 8, respectively. The possession limit will be 
twice the daily bag limit.
    All Tribal hunters authorized to hunt migratory birds are required 
to obtain a tribal hunting permit from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe 
pursuant to tribal law. Hunting hours would be from one-half hour 
before sunrise to sunset. Only steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, 
tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is 
unlawful to use or possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl.
    The Tribe typically anticipates harvest to be fewer than 10 birds. 
Tribal reservation police and Tribal fisheries enforcement officers 
have the authority to enforce these migratory bird hunting regulations.
    The Service proposes to approve the special migratory bird hunting 
regulations for the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, upon receipt of their 
proposal.

(m) Lummi Nation Tribal Community, Bellingham, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only)

    This year, the Service and the Lummi Nation Tribal Community began 
cooperating to establish special regulations for migratory bird 
hunting. The Lummi Nation Tribal Community is a federally recognized 
Indian Tribe. The Lummi Reservation is situated to the west of 
Bellingham and to the south of Ferndale, Washington, and was 
established by the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribal Community requests to establish 
a migratory bird hunting season on all areas that are open and 
unclaimed and consistent with the meaning of the treaty. The Tribe 
proposes their duck (including mergansers and coot) and goose seasons 
run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit on 
ducks is 20. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. For geese, the daily 
bag limit is 10. The season on brant runs from September 1, 2020, to 
March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit is five.
    The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from September 1, 2020, to 
March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 15. The Tribe proposes 
the mourning dove season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. 
The daily bag limit for mourning dove is 15. The Tribe proposes the 
band-tailed pigeon season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. 
The daily bag limit for band-tailed pigeon is three. The Lummi Nation 
Tribal Community requests possession limits to be twice the daily bag 
limits, except coot is three times the daily bag limit.
    The Community anticipates that the regulations will result in the 
harvest of approximately 600 ducks and 200 geese. The Lummi utilize a 
report card and permit system to monitor harvest and will implement 
steps to limit harvest where conservation is needed. All tribal 
regulations will be enforced by tribal fish and game officers.
    We propose to approve these 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting 
regulations.

(n) Makah Indian Tribe, Neah Bay, Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    The Makah Indian Tribe and the Service have been cooperating to 
establish special regulations for migratory game birds on the Makah 
Reservation and traditional hunting land off the Makah Reservation 
since the 2001-02 hunting season. Lands off the Makah Reservation are 
those contained within the boundaries of the State of Washington Game 
Management Units 601-603.
    The Makah Indian Tribe proposes a duck and coot hunting season from 
September 26, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The daily bag limit is seven 
ducks, including no more than seven mallards (only two hen mallard), 
two canvasback, one pintail, three scaup, and two redhead. The daily 
bag limit for coots is 25. The Tribe has a year-round closure on wood 
ducks and harlequin ducks. Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl 
are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset.
    For geese, the Tribe proposes that the season open on September 26, 
2020, and close January 31, 2021. For brant, the Tribe proposes that 
the season open on December 19, 2020, and close January 24, 2021. The 
daily bag limit for geese is four and two brant (when open). The Tribe 
notes that there is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese.
    For band-tailed pigeons, the Tribe proposes that the season open 
September 15 and close December 31, 2020. The daily bag limit for band-
tailed pigeons is two.
    The Tribe anticipates that harvest under this regulation will be 
relatively low since there are no known dedicated waterfowl hunters and 
any harvest of waterfowl or band-tailed pigeons is usually incidental 
to hunting for other species, such as deer, elk, and bear. The Tribe 
expects fewer than 50 ducks and 10 geese to be harvested during the 
2020-21 migratory bird hunting season.
    All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would 
apply. The following restrictions are also proposed by the Tribe:
    (1) As per Makah Ordinance 44, only shotguns may be used to hunt 
any species of waterfowl. Additionally, shotguns must not be discharged 
within 0.25 mile of an occupied area.
    (2) Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Makah tribal members and 
must carry their Indian Treaty Fishing and Hunting Identification Card 
while hunting. No tags or permits are required to hunt waterfowl.

[[Page 18541]]

    (3) The Cape Flattery area is open to waterfowl hunting, except in 
designated wilderness areas, or within 1 mile of Cape Flattery Trail, 
or in any area that is closed to hunting by another ordinance or 
regulation.
    (4) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of 
waterfowl is prohibited.
    (5) Steel or bismuth shot only for waterfowl is allowed; the use of 
lead shot is prohibited.
    (6) The use of dogs is permitted to hunt waterfowl.
    The Service proposes to approve the Makah Indian Tribe's requested 
2020-21 special migratory bird hunting regulations.

(o) Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, Auburn, Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    The Muckleshoot Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe with reserved 
hunting rights under the Treaty of Medicine Creek 1854 and Treaty of 
Point Elliott 1855. Hunting occurs within the treaty areas as well as 
on lands traditionally hunted by the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe.
    The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe proposes a duck and coot hunting 
season from September 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit 
is seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallard, two canvasback, 
two pintail, three scaup, two redhead, two scoter, two long-tailed 
duck, and two goldeneye. The daily bag limit for coots is 25. The Tribe 
has a limit on harlequin ducks of one per season.
    For geese, the Tribe proposes that the season open on September 1, 
2020, and close March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit for geese is 4 
Canada geese, 6 light geese, 10 white-fronted geese, and 2 brant. The 
Tribe notes that there is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese.
    For band-tailed pigeons, mourning dove, and snipe, the Tribe 
proposes that the season open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 
2021. The daily bag limits are 2, 15, and 8, respectively.
    The Tribe anticipates that harvest under this regulation will be 
relatively low since no known harvest has occurred over the past 20 
years, and there are no known dedicated waterfowl or other migratory 
bird hunters. Harvest will be for personal cultural and subsistence 
purposes. We anticipate fewer than 100 ducks and 100 geese may be 
harvested.
    All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 would 
apply. The following restrictions are also proposed by the Tribe:
    (1) Hunting can occur on reservation and off reservation on lands 
where the Tribe has treaty-reserved hunting rights, or has documented 
traditional use.
    (2) Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour 
before sunrise to one-half after sunset.
    (3) Hunters must be eligible enrolled Muckleshoot Tribal members 
and must carry their Tribal identification while hunting.
    (4) Tribal members hunting migratory birds must also have a 
combined Migratory Bird Hunting Permit and Harvest Report Card.
    (5) The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of 
waterfowl is prohibited.
    (6) Hunting for migratory birds is with shotgun only. Only steel, 
tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are 
allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use or possess lead 
shot while hunting waterfowl.
    The Service proposes to approve the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe's 
2020-21 special migratory bird hunting regulations.

(p) Navajo Nation, Navajo Indian Reservation, Window Rock, Arizona 
(Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters)

    Since 1985, we have established uniform migratory bird hunting 
regulations for tribal members and nonmembers on the Navajo Indian 
Reservation (in parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah). The Navajo 
Nation owns almost all lands on the reservation and has full wildlife 
management authority.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Navajo Nation requests the earliest 
opening dates and longest duck, merganser, Canada goose, and coot 
seasons, and the same daily bag and possession limits allowed to 
Pacific Flyway States under final Federal frameworks for tribal and 
nontribal members.
    For both mourning dove and band-tailed pigeons, the Navajo Nation 
usually proposes seasons of September 1-30, 2020, with daily bag limits 
of 10 and 5, respectively. Possession limits would be twice the daily 
bag limits.
    The Nation requires tribal members and nonmembers to comply with 
all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 
pertaining to shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each 
waterfowl hunter age 16 or older must carry on his/her person a valid 
Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp), which must 
be signed in ink across the face. Special regulations established by 
the Navajo Nation also apply on the reservation.
    The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of fewer than 500 mourning 
doves; fewer than 10 band-tailed pigeons; fewer than 1,000 ducks, 
coots, and mergansers; and fewer than 1,000 Canada geese for the 2020-
21 season. The Tribe measures harvest by mail survey forms. Through the 
established Navajo Nation Code, titles 17 and 18, and 23 U.S.C. 1165, 
the Tribe will take action to close the season, reduce bag limits, or 
take other appropriate actions if the harvest is detrimental to the 
migratory bird resource.
    We propose to approve the Navajo Nation's 2020-21 special migratory 
bird hunting regulations.

(q) Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Oneida, Wisconsin (Tribal 
Members Only)

    Since 1991-92, the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin and the 
Service have cooperated to establish uniform regulations for migratory 
bird hunting by tribal and nontribal hunters within the original Oneida 
Reservation boundaries. Since 1985, the Oneida Tribe's Conservation 
Department has enforced the Tribe's hunting regulations within those 
original reservation limits. The Oneida Tribe also has a good working 
relationship with the State of Wisconsin, and the majority of the 
seasons and limits are the same for the Tribe and Wisconsin.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribe submitted a proposal requesting 
special migratory bird hunting regulations. For ducks, the Tribe's 
proposal describes the general outside dates as being September 12 
through December 6, 2020. The Tribe proposes a daily bag limit of six 
birds, which could include no more than six mallards (three hen 
mallards), six wood ducks, one redhead, two pintails, and one hooded 
merganser.
    For geese, the Tribe requests a season between September 1 and 
December 31, 2020, with a daily bag limit of five Canada geese. If a 
quota of 500 geese is attained before the season concludes, the Tribe 
will recommend closing the season early.
    For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 and 
November 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of two and 
four, respectively.
    For mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 
and November 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 
20, respectively.
    The Tribe proposes shooting hours be one-half hour before sunrise 
to 15 minutes after sunset. Nontribal hunters hunting on the 
Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must comply 
with all State of Wisconsin

[[Page 18542]]

regulations, including shooting hours of one-half hour before sunrise 
to sunset, season dates, and daily bag limits. Tribal members and 
nontribal hunters hunting on the Reservation or on lands under the 
jurisdiction of the Tribe must observe all basic Federal migratory bird 
hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, with the following 
exceptions: Oneida members would be exempt from the purchase of the 
Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp); and shotgun 
capacity is not limited to three shells.
    The Service proposes to approve the 2020-21 special migratory bird 
hunting regulations for the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin.

(r) Point No Point Treaty Council Tribes, Kingston, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only)

    We are establishing uniform migratory bird hunting regulations for 
tribal members on behalf of the Point No Point Treaty Council Tribes, 
consisting of the Port Gamble S'Klallam and Jamestown S'Klallam Tribes. 
The two tribes have reservations and ceded areas in northwestern 
Washington State and are the successors to the signatories of the 
Treaty of Point No Point of 1855. These proposed regulations would 
apply to tribal members both on and off reservations within the Point 
No Point Treaty Areas; however, the Port Gamble S'Klallam and Jamestown 
S'Klallam Tribal season dates differ only where indicated below.
    For the 2020-21 season, we have yet to hear from the Point No Point 
Treaty Council for either the Jamestown S'Klallam or Port Gamble 
S'Klallam Tribes. For ducks, the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe season would 
usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021, and coots 
would open September 7, 2020, and close February 2, 2021. The Port 
Gamble S'Klallam Tribes duck and coot seasons would usually open from 
September 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit would be 
seven ducks, including no more than two hen mallards, one canvasback, 
one pintail, two redhead, and four scoters. The daily bag limit for 
coots would be seven. The daily bag limit and possession limit on 
harlequin ducks would be one per season. The daily possession limits 
are double the daily bag limits except where noted.
    For geese, the Point No Point Treaty Council usually proposes the 
season open on September 7, 2020, and close March 10, 2021, for the 
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe, and open on September 1, 2020, and close 
March 10, 2021, for the Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe. The daily bag 
limits for Canada geese, light geese, and white-fronted geese would be 
5, 3, and 10, respectively. The Council notes that there is a year-
round closure on dusky Canada geese. For brant, the Council usually 
proposes the season open on November 9, 2020, and close January 31, 
2021, for the Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe, and open on January 11 and 
close January 26, 2021, for the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe. The daily 
bag limit for brant would be two.
    For band-tailed pigeons, the Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe season 
would usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The 
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 7, 2020, 
and close January 20, 2021. The daily bag limit for band-tailed pigeons 
would be two. For snipe, the Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe season would 
usually open September 1, 2020, and close March 10, 2021. The Jamestown 
S'Klallam Tribe season would usually open September 7, 2020, and close 
March 10, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe would be eight. For 
mourning dove, the Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe season would usually 
open September 1, 2020, and close January 31, 2021. The Jamestown 
S'Klallam Tribe would usually open September 7, 2020, and close January 
20, 2021. The daily bag limit for mourning dove would be 10.
    The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of fewer than 100 birds for 
the 2020-21 season. The tribal fish and wildlife enforcement officers 
have the authority to enforce these tribal regulations.
    We propose to approve the Point No Point Treaty Council Tribe's 
upon receipt of their 2020-21 special migratory bird season proposal.

(s) Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (Tribal 
Members Only)

    The Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa Indians is a federally recognized, 
self-governing Indian Tribe, located on the Isabella Reservation lands 
bound by Saginaw Bay in Isabella and Arenac Counties, Michigan.
    For ducks, mergansers, and common snipe, the Tribe proposes outside 
dates as September 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The Tribe 
proposes a daily bag limit of 20 ducks, which could include no more 
than 5 each of the following: Hen mallards, wood duck, black duck, 
pintail, red head, scaup, and canvasback. The merganser daily bag limit 
is 10, with no more than 5 hooded mergansers and 16 for common snipe.
    For geese, coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail, the Tribe 
requests a season from September 1, 2020, to January 31, 2021. The 
daily bag limit for geese is 20, in the aggregate. The daily bag limit 
for coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail is 20 in the aggregate.
    For woodcock and mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between 
September 1, 2020, and January 31, 2021, with daily bag limits of 10 
and 25, respectively.
    For sandhill crane, the Tribe proposes a season between September 
1, 2020, and January 31, 2021, with a daily bag limit of one.
    All Saginaw Tribe members exercising hunting treaty rights are 
required to comply with Tribal Ordinance 11. Hunting hours would be 
from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. All 
other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, including the use of only 
nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl.
    The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020-21 special 
migratory bird hunting regulations for the Saginaw Tribe of Chippewa 
Indians.

(t) Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe, Darrington, Washington (Tribal Members 
Only)

    We have yet to hear from the Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe (SSIT), but 
it is our understanding that the SSIT will request a 2020-21 hunting 
season on all open and unclaimed lands under the Treaty of Point 
Elliott of January 22, 1855. The Tribe's reservation is located in 
Darrington, Washington, just west of the North Cascade Mountain range 
in Skagit County on the Sauk and Suiattle Rivers. The Tribe owns and 
manages all the land on the reservation and some lands surrounding or 
near the reservation in Skagit and Snohomish Counties. All of the lands 
that are Tribal or Reservation lands are closed for non-Tribal hunting, 
unless opened by an SSIT Special Regulation.
    The Tribe usually proposes special migratory bird hunting 
regulations for ducks, geese, brant, and coot with outside dates of 
September 1 through January 31. The Tribe usually proposes a daily bag 
limit of 10 ducks, 5 geese, 5 brant, and 25 coot.
    Hunting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-
half hour after sunset. All other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, 
including the use of only nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl.
    The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020-21 special 
migratory bird hunting regulations for the Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe, 
upon receipt of their proposal.

[[Page 18543]]

(u) Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Sault Ste. Marie, 
Michigan (Tribal Members Only)

    The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians is a federally 
recognized, self-governing Indian Tribe, distributed throughout the 
eastern Upper Peninsula and northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan. The 
Tribe has retained the right to hunt, fish, trap, and gather on the 
lands ceded in the Treaty of Washington (1836).
    The Tribe proposes special migratory bird hunting regulations. For 
ducks, mergansers, and common snipe, the Tribe proposes outside dates 
as September 15 through December 31, 2020. The Tribe proposes a daily 
bag limit of 20 ducks, which could include no more than 10 mallards (5 
hen mallards), 5 wood duck, 5 black duck, and 5 canvasbacks. The 
merganser daily bag limit is 10 in the aggregate and 16 for common 
snipe.
    For geese, teal, coot, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail, the 
Tribe requests a season from September 1 to December 31, 2020. The 
daily bag limit for geese is 20 in the aggregate. The daily bag limit 
for coot, teal, gallinule, sora, and Virginia rail is 20 in the 
aggregate.
    For woodcock, the Tribe proposes a season between September 2 and 
December 1, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 20, 
respectively.
    For mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a season between September 1 
and November 14, 2020, with a daily bag and possession limit of 10 and 
20, respectively.
    In 2018, the total estimated waterfowl hunters were 4,183, who 
harvested approximately 1,520 ducks. All Sault Ste. Marie Tribe members 
exercising hunting treaty rights within the 1836 Ceded Territory are 
required to submit annual harvest reports including date of harvest, 
number and species harvested, and location of harvest. Hunting hours 
would be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after 
sunset. All other regulations in 50 CFR part 20 apply, including the 
use of only nontoxic shot for hunting waterfowl.
    The Service proposes to approve the request for 2020-21 special 
migratory bird hunting regulations for the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of 
Chippewa Indians.

(v) Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, Fort Hall Indian Reservation, Fort Hall, 
Idaho (Nontribal Hunters)

    Almost all of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation is tribally owned. 
The Tribes claim full wildlife management authority throughout the 
reservation, but the Idaho Fish and Game Department has disputed tribal 
jurisdiction, especially for hunting by nontribal members on 
reservation lands owned by non-Indians. As a compromise, since 1985, we 
have established the same waterfowl hunting regulations on the 
reservation and in a surrounding off-reservation State zone. The 
regulations were requested by the Tribes and provided for different 
season dates than in the remainder of the State. We agreed to the 
season dates because they would provide additional protection to 
mallards and pintails. The State of Idaho concurred with the zoning 
arrangement. We have no objection to the State's use of this zone again 
in the 2020-21 hunting season, provided the duck and goose hunting 
season dates are the same as on the reservation.
    In a proposal for the 2020-21 hunting season, the Shoshone-Bannock 
Tribes request a continuous duck (including mergansers and coots) 
season, with the maximum number of days and the same daily bag and 
possession limits permitted for Pacific Flyway States under the final 
Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose a duck and coot season with, if 
the same number of hunting days is permitted as last year, an opening 
date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of January 19, 2021. The 
Tribes anticipate harvest will be about 7,500 ducks.
    The Tribes also request a continuous goose season with the maximum 
number of days and the same daily bag and possession limits permitted 
in Idaho under Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose that, if the same 
number of hunting days is permitted as in previous years, the season 
would have an opening date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of 
January 19, 2021. The Tribes anticipate harvest will be about 5,000 
geese.
    The Tribes request a common snipe season with the maximum number of 
days and the same daily bag and possession limits permitted in Idaho 
under Federal frameworks. The Tribes propose that, if the same number 
of hunting days is permitted as in previous years, the season would 
have an opening date of October 3, 2020, and a closing date of January 
19, 2021.
    Nontribal hunters must comply with all basic Federal migratory bird 
hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 pertaining to shooting hours, use 
of steel shot, and manner of taking. Special regulations established by 
the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes also apply on the reservation.
    We note that the requested regulations are nearly identical to 
those of last year, and we propose to approve them for the 2020-21 
hunting season if the seasons' dates fall within the final Federal 
flyway frameworks (applies to nontribal hunters only).

(w) Skokomish Tribe, Shelton, Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    Since 1996, the Service and the Point No Point Treaty Tribes, of 
which the Skokomish Tribe was one, have cooperated to establish special 
regulations for migratory bird hunting. The Tribes have been acting 
independently since 2005. The Tribe has a reservation on the Olympic 
Peninsula in Washington State and is a successor to the signatories of 
the Treaty of Point No Point of 1855.
    The Skokomish Tribe requests a duck and coot season from September 
16, 2020, to February 28, 2021. The daily bag limit is seven ducks, 
including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, one canvasback, 
and two redheads. The daily bag and possession limit on harlequin duck 
is one per season. The coot daily bag limit is 25. The possession limit 
is twice the daily bag limit, except as noted above.
    For geese, the Tribe requests a season from September 16, 2020, to 
February 28, 2021. The daily bag limit is four, including no more than 
three light geese. The season on Aleutian Canada geese is closed. For 
brant, the Tribe proposes a season from November 1, 2020, to February 
15, 2021, with a daily bag limit of two. The possession limit is twice 
the daily bag limit.
    For mourning doves, band-tailed pigeon, and snipe, the Tribe 
requests a season from September 16, 2020, to February 28, 2021, with a 
daily bag limit of 10, 2, and 8, respectively. The possession limit is 
twice the daily bag limit.
    All Tribal hunters authorized to hunt migratory birds are required 
to obtain a tribal hunting permit from the Skokomish Tribe pursuant to 
tribal law. Hunting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to 
sunset. Only steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, 
and tin shot are allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use 
or possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl.
    The Tribe anticipates harvest to be fewer than 150 birds. The 
Skokomish Public Safety Office enforcement officers have the authority 
to enforce these migratory bird hunting regulations.
    We propose to approve the Skokomish Tribe's 2020-21 migratory bird 
hunting season.

[[Page 18544]]

(x) Spokane Tribe of Indians, Spokane Indian Reservation, Wellpinit, 
Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    The Spokane Tribe of Indians wishes to establish waterfowl seasons 
on their reservation for its membership to access as an additional 
resource. An established waterfowl season on the reservation will allow 
access to a resource for members to continue practicing a subsistence 
lifestyle.
    The Spokane Indian Reservation is located in northeastern 
Washington State. The reservation comprises approximately 157,000 
acres. The boundaries of the Reservation are the Columbia River to the 
west, the Spokane River to the south (now Lake Roosevelt), Tshimikn 
Creek to the east, and the 48th Parallel as the north boundary. Tribal 
membership comprises approximately 2,300 enrolled Spokane Tribal 
Members.
    These proposed regulations would allow Tribal Members, spouses of 
Spokane Tribal Members, and first-generation descendants of a Spokane 
Tribal Member with a tribal permit and Federal Migratory Bird Hunting 
and Conservation Stamp an opportunity to utilize the reservation and 
ceded lands for waterfowl hunting. These regulations would also benefit 
tribal membership through access to this resource throughout Spokane 
Tribal ceded lands in eastern Washington. By Spokane Tribal Referendum, 
spouses of Spokane Tribal Members and children of Spokane Tribal 
Members not enrolled are allowed to harvest game animals within the 
Spokane Indian Reservation with the issuance of hunting permits.
    The Tribe requests to establish duck seasons that would run from 
September 2, 2020, through January 31, 2021. The tribe is requesting 
the daily bag limit for ducks to be consistent with final Federal 
frameworks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
    The Tribe proposes a season on geese starting September 2, 2020, 
and ending on January 31, 2021. The Tribe is requesting the daily bag 
limit for geese to be consistent with final Federal frameworks. The 
possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
    Based on the quantity of requests the Spokane Tribe of Indians has 
received, the Tribe anticipates harvest levels for the 2020-21 season 
for both ducks and geese to be fewer than 100 total birds, with goose 
harvest at fewer than 50. Hunter success will be monitored through 
mandatory harvest reports returned within 30 days of the season 
closure.
    We propose to approve the Spokane Tribe's requested 2020-21 special 
migratory bird hunting regulations.

(y) Squaxin Island Tribe, Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton, 
Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    The Squaxin Island Tribe of Washington and the Service have 
cooperated since 1995, to establish special tribal migratory bird 
hunting regulations. These special regulations apply to tribal members 
on the Squaxin Island Reservation, located in western Washington near 
Olympia, and all lands within the traditional hunting grounds of the 
Squaxin Island Tribe.
    For the 2020-21 season, we have yet to hear from the Squaxin Island 
Tribe. The Tribe usually requests to establish duck and coot seasons 
that would run from September 1 through January 15. The daily bag limit 
for ducks would be five per day and could include only one canvasback. 
The season on harlequin ducks is closed. For coots, the daily bag limit 
is 25. For snipe, the Tribe usually proposes that the season start on 
September 15 and end on January 15. The daily bag limit for snipe would 
be eight. For band-tailed pigeon, the Tribe usually proposes that the 
season start on September 1 and end on December 31. The daily bag limit 
would be five. The possession limit would be twice the daily bag limit.
    The Tribe usually proposes a season on geese starting September 15 
and ending on January 15. The daily bag limit for geese would be four, 
including no more than two snow geese. The season on Aleutian and 
cackling Canada geese would be closed. For brant, the Tribe usually 
proposes that the season start on September 1 and end on December 31. 
The daily bag limit for brant would be two. The possession limit would 
be twice the daily bag limit.
    We propose to approve the Tribe's 2020-21 special migratory bird 
hunting regulations, upon receipt of their proposal.

(z) Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians, Arlington, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only)

    The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians and the Service have cooperated 
to establish special regulations for migratory game birds since 2001. 
For the 2020-21 season, the Tribe requests regulations to hunt all open 
and unclaimed lands under the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 
1855, including their main hunting grounds around Camano Island, Skagit 
Flats, and Port Susan to the border of the Tulalip Tribes Reservation. 
Ceded lands are located in Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, and Kings 
Counties, and a portion of Pierce County, Washington. The Stillaguamish 
Tribe of Indians is a federally recognized Tribe and reserves the 
Treaty Right to hunt (U.S. v. Washington).
    The Tribe proposes their duck (including mergansers and coot) and 
goose seasons run from October 1, 2020, to March 10, 2021. The daily 
bag limit on ducks (including sea ducks and mergansers) is 10 including 
no more than seven mallards, 3 pintail, 3 redhead, 3 scaup, and 3 
canvasback. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. For geese, the daily 
bag limit is 6 Canada geese, 12 white-fronted geese, and 8 light geese. 
The season on brant is closed. Possession limits are three times the 
daily bag limits.
    The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from October 1, 2020, to 
January 31, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 10. Possession limit 
is two times the daily bag limit.
    The Tribe proposes the swan season run from October 1, 2020, to 
January 31, 2021. The bag limit for swan is two per season.
    Harvest is regulated by a punch card system. Tribal members hunting 
on lands under this proposal will observe all basic Federal migratory 
bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, which will be 
enforced by the Stillaguamish Tribal law enforcement. Tribal members 
are required to use steel shot or a nontoxic shot as required by 
Federal regulations.
    The Tribe anticipates a total harvest of 200 ducks, 100 geese, 50 
mergansers, 100 coots, and 100 snipe. Anticipated harvest needs include 
subsistence and ceremonial needs. Certain species may be closed to 
hunting for conservation purposes, and consideration for the needs of 
certain species will be addressed.
    The Service proposes to approve the Stillaguamish Tribe's request 
for 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting regulations.

(aa) Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, LaConner, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only)

    In 1996, the Service and the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 
began cooperating to establish special regulations for migratory bird 
hunting. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community is a federally 
recognized Indian Tribe consisting of the Swinomish, Lower Skagit, 
Samish, and Kikialous. The Swinomish Reservation was established by the 
Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855, and lies in the Puget 
Sound area north of Seattle, Washington.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribal Community requests to establish 
a migratory bird hunting season on all

[[Page 18545]]

areas that are open and unclaimed and consistent with the meaning of 
the treaty. The Tribe proposes their duck (including mergansers and 
coot) and goose seasons run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. 
The daily bag limit on ducks is 20. The daily bag limit for coot is 25. 
For geese, the daily bag limit is 10. The season on brant runs from 
September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit is five.
    The Tribe proposes the snipe season run from September 1, 2020, to 
March 9, 2021. The daily bag limit for snipe is 15. The Tribe proposes 
the mourning dove season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. 
The daily bag limit for mourning dove is 15. The Tribe proposes the 
band-tailed pigeon season run from September 1, 2020, to March 9, 2021. 
The daily bag limit for band-tailed pigeon is three. The Swinomish 
Indian Tribal Community requests possession limits to be twice the 
daily bag limits, except coot is three times the daily bag limit.
    The Community anticipates that the regulations will result in the 
harvest of approximately 600 ducks and 200 geese. The Swinomish utilize 
a report card and permit system to monitor harvest and will implement 
steps to limit harvest where conservation is needed. All tribal 
regulations will be enforced by tribal fish and game officers.
    We propose to approve these 2020-21 special migratory bird hunting 
regulations.

(dd) The Tulalip Tribes of Washington, Tulalip Indian Reservation, 
Marysville, Washington (Tribal Members Only)

    The Tulalip Tribes are the successors in interest to the Tribes and 
bands signatory to the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855. The 
Tulalip Tribes' government is located on the Tulalip Indian Reservation 
just north of the City of Everett in Snohomish County, Washington. The 
Tribes or individual tribal members own all of the land on the 
reservation, and they have full wildlife management authority. All 
lands within the boundaries of the Tulalip Tribes Reservation are 
closed to nonmember hunting unless opened by Tulalip Tribal 
regulations.
    For ducks, mergansers, coot, and snipe, the Tribe proposes seasons 
for tribal members from September 1, 2020, through February 28, 2021. 
Daily bag and possession limits would be 15 and 30 ducks, respectively, 
except that for blue-winged teal, canvasback, harlequin, pintail, and 
wood duck, the bag and possession limits would be the same as those 
established in accordance with final Federal frameworks. For coot, 
daily bag and possession limits are 25 and 75, respectively, and for 
snipe 8 and 24, respectively. Ceremonial hunting may be authorized by 
the Department of Natural Resources at any time upon application of a 
qualified tribal member. Such a hunt must have a bag limit designed to 
limit harvest only to those birds necessary to provide for the 
ceremony.
    For geese, tribal members propose a season from September 1, 2020, 
through February 28, 2021. The goose daily bag and possession limits 
would be 10 and 30, respectively, except that the bag limits for 
cackling Canada geese and dusky Canada geese would be those established 
in accordance with final Federal frameworks. The daily bag and 
possession limits for black brant is 5 and 10, respectively.
    All hunters on Tulalip Tribal lands are required to adhere to 
shooting hour regulations set at one-half hour before sunrise to 
sunset, special tribal permit requirements, and a number of other 
tribal regulations enforced by the Tribe. Each nontribal hunter 16 
years of age and older hunting pursuant to Tulalip Tribes' Ordinance 
No. 67 must possess a valid Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and 
Conservation Stamp and a valid State of Washington Migratory Waterfowl 
Stamp. Each hunter must validate stamps by signing across the face.
    Although the season length requested by the Tulalip Tribes appears 
to be quite liberal, harvest information indicates a total take by 
tribal and nontribal hunters of fewer than 1,000 ducks and 500 geese 
annually.
    We propose to approve the Tulalip Tribe's request for 2020-21 
special migratory bird hunting regulations.

(cc) Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, Sedro Woolley, Washington (Tribal 
Members Only)

    The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe and the Service have cooperated to 
establish special regulations for migratory game birds since 2001. The 
Tribe has jurisdiction over lands within Skagit, Island, and Whatcom 
Counties, Washington. The Tribe issues tribal hunters a harvest report 
card that will be shared with the State of Washington.
    For the 2020-21 season, the Tribe requests a duck season starting 
October 1, 2020, and ending February 28, 2021. The Tribe proposes a 
daily bag limit of 15 with a possession limit of 20. The Tribe requests 
a coot season starting October 1, 2020, and ending February 15, 2021. 
The coot daily bag limit is 20 with a possession limit of 30.
    The Tribe proposes a goose season from October 1, 2020, to February 
28, 2021, with a daily bag limit of 7 geese and a possession limit of 
10. For brant, the Tribe proposes a season from November 1 to 10, 2020, 
with a daily bag and possession limit of two.
    The Tribe proposes a mourning dove season between September 1 and 
December 31, 2020, with a daily bag limit of 12 and possession limit of 
15.
    The anticipated migratory bird harvest under this proposal would be 
100 ducks, 5 geese, 2 brant, and 10 coots. Tribal members must have the 
tribal identification and tribal harvest report card on their person to 
hunt. Tribal members hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic 
Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, 
except shooting hours would be 15 minutes before official sunrise to 15 
minutes after official sunset.
    We propose to approve the Tribe's 2020-21 special migratory bird 
hunting regulations.

(dd) Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, Aquinnah, Massachusetts (Tribal 
Members Only)

    The Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head is a federally recognized Tribe 
located on the island of Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts. The Tribe 
has approximately 560 acres of land, which it manages for wildlife 
through its natural resources department. The Tribe also enforces its 
own wildlife laws and regulations through the natural resources 
department.
    We have yet to hear from the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head. The Tribe 
usually proposes a duck season of October 8 through February 16. The 
Tribe usually proposes a daily bag limit of eight birds, which could 
include no more than four hen mallards, four mottled ducks, one fulvous 
whistling duck, four mergansers, three scaup, two hooded mergansers, 
three wood ducks, one canvasback, two redheads, two pintail, and four 
of all other species not listed. The season for harlequin ducks is 
usually closed. The Tribe usually proposes a teal (green-winged and 
blue) season of October 8 through February 16. A daily bag limit of 10 
teal would be in addition to the daily bag limit for ducks.
    For sea ducks, the Tribe usually proposes a season between October 
1 and February 16, with a daily bag limit of seven, which could include 
no more than one hen eider and four of any one species unless otherwise 
noted above.
    For Canada geese, the Tribe usually requests a season between 
September 3 and 15 and between October 22 and February 16, with a daily 
bag limit of eight Canada geese. For snow geese, the tribe usually 
requests a season between

[[Page 18546]]

September 3 and 13, and between November 19 and February 16, with a 
daily bag limit of 15 snow geese.
    For woodcock, the Tribe usually proposes a season between October 8 
and November 24, with a daily bag limit of three. For sora and Virginia 
rails, the Tribe usually requests a season of September 3 through 
November 3, with a daily bag limit of 5 sora and 10 Virginia rails. For 
snipe, the Tribe usually requests a season of September 3 through 
December 8, with a daily bag limit of eight.
    Prior to 2012, the Tribe had 22 registered tribal hunters and 
estimates harvest to be no more than 15 geese, 25 mallards, 25 teal, 50 
black ducks, and 50 of all other species combined. Tribal members 
hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic Federal migratory 
bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20. The Tribe requires 
hunters to register with the Harvest Information Program.
    We propose to approve the Tribe's 2020-21 special migratory bird 
hunting regulations, upon receipt of their proposal.

(ee) White Earth Band of Ojibwe, White Earth, Minnesota (Tribal Members 
Only)

    The White Earth Band of Ojibwe is a federally recognized tribe 
located in northwest Minnesota and encompasses all of Mahnomen County 
and parts of Becker and Clearwater Counties. The reservation employs 
conservation officers to enforce migratory bird regulations. The Tribe 
and the Service first cooperated to establish special tribal 
regulations in 1999.
    The White Earth Band of Ojibwe requests a duck season to start 
September 12 and end December 13, 2020. For ducks, they request a daily 
bag limit of 10, including no more than 2 hen mallards, 2 pintail, and 
2 canvasback. For mergansers, the Tribe proposes the season to start 
September 12 and end December 13, 2020. The merganser daily bag limit 
would be five, with no more than two hooded mergansers. For geese, the 
Tribe proposes an early season from September 1 through 25, 2020, and a 
late season from September 26 through December 13, 2020. The early 
season daily bag limit is 10 geese, and the late season daily bag limit 
is 5 geese.
    For coots, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through November 30, 
2020, season with daily bag limits of 20 coots. For snipe, woodcock, 
rail, and mourning dove, the Tribe proposes a September 1 through 
November 30, 2020, season with daily bag limits of 10, 10, 25, and 25, 
respectively. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-
half hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required.
    Based on past harvest surveys, the Tribe anticipates harvest of 
1,000 to 2,000 Canada geese and 1,000 to 1,500 ducks. The White Earth 
Reservation Tribal Council employs four full-time conservation officers 
to enforce migratory bird regulations.
    We propose to approve the Tribe's 2020-21 special migratory bird 
hunting regulations.

(ff) White Mountain Apache Tribe, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, 
Whiteriver, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters)

    The White Mountain Apache Tribe owns all reservation lands, and the 
Tribe has recognized full wildlife management authority.
    The hunting zone for waterfowl is restricted and is described as: 
The length of the Black River west of the Bonito Creek and Black River 
confluence and the entire length of the Salt River forming the southern 
boundary of the reservation; the White River, extending from the Canyon 
Day Stockman Station to the Salt River; and all stock ponds located 
within Wildlife Management Units 4, 5, 6, and 7. Tanks located below 
the Mogollon Rim, within Wildlife Management Units 2 and 3, will be 
open to waterfowl hunting during the 2020-21 season. The length of the 
Black River east of the Black River/Bonito Creek confluence is closed 
to waterfowl hunting. All other waters of the reservation would be 
closed to waterfowl hunting for the 2020-21 season.
    For nontribal and tribal hunters, the Tribe proposes a continuous 
duck, coot, merganser, gallinule, and moorhen hunting season, with an 
opening date of October 17, 2020, and a closing date of January 24, 
2021. The Tribe proposes a daily duck (including mergansers) bag limit 
of seven, which may include no more than two redheads, two pintail, 
three scaup, seven mallards (including no more than two hen mallards), 
and two canvasback. The daily bag limit for coots, gallinules, and 
moorhens would be 25, singly or in the aggregate.
    For geese, the Tribe proposes a season from October 17, 2020, 
through January 24, 2021. Hunting would be limited to Canada geese, and 
the daily bag limit would be three.
    Season dates for band-tailed pigeons and mourning doves would start 
September 1 and end September 15, 2020, in Wildlife Management Unit 10 
and all areas south of Y-70 and Y-10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, 
only. Proposed daily bag limits for band-tailed pigeons and mourning 
doves would be 3 and 10, respectively.
    Possession limits for the above species are twice the daily bag 
limits. Shooting hours would be from one-half hour before sunrise to 
sunset. There would be no open season for sandhill cranes, rails, and 
snipe on the White Mountain Apache lands under this proposal.
    A number of special regulations apply to tribal and nontribal 
hunters, which may be obtained from the White Mountain Apache Tribe 
Game and Fish Department.
    We plan to approve the White Mountain Apache Tribe's requested 
2020-21 special migratory bird hunting regulations.

Public Comments

    The Department of the Interior's policy is, whenever possible, to 
afford the public an opportunity to participate in the rulemaking 
process. Accordingly, we invite interested persons to submit written 
comments, suggestions, or recommendations regarding the proposed 
regulations. Before promulgating final migratory game bird hunting 
regulations, we will consider all comments we receive. These comments, 
and any additional information we receive, may lead to final 
regulations that differ from these proposals.
    You may submit your comments and materials concerning this proposed 
rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. We will not accept 
comments sent by email or fax. We will not consider hand-delivered 
comments that we do not receive, or mailed comments that are not 
postmarked, by the date specified in DATES.
    We will post all comments in their entirety--including your 
personal identifying information--on http://www.regulations.gov. Before 
including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal 
identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your 
entire comment--including your personal identifying information--may be 
made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your 
comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public 
review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.
    Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting 
documentation we used in preparing this proposed rule, will be 
available for public inspection on http://www.regulations.gov, or by 
appointment, during normal business hours, at the U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird

[[Page 18547]]

Management, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.
    We will consider, but possibly may not respond in detail to, each 
comment. As in the past, we will summarize all comments we receive 
during the comment period and respond to them after the closing date in 
the preamble of a final rule.

Required Determinations

    Based on our most current data, we are affirming our required 
determinations made in the October 15 proposed rule; for descriptions 
of our actions to ensure compliance with the following statutes and 
Executive Orders, see our October 15, 2019, proposed rule (84 FR 
55120):
     National Environmental Policy Act Consideration;
     Endangered Species Act Consideration;
     Regulatory Flexibility Act;
     Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act;
     Unfunded Mandates Reform Act;
     Executive Orders 12630, 12866, 12988, 13132, 13175, 13211, 
13563, and 13771.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This proposed rule contains existing and new information 
collections. All information collections require approval under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may 
not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a 
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. The OMB has reviewed and 
approved the information collection requirements associated with 
migratory bird surveys and the procedures for establishing annual 
migratory bird hunting seasons under the following OMB control numbers:
     1018-0019, ``North American Woodcock Singing Ground 
Survey'' (expires 6/30/2021).
     1018-0023, ``Migratory Bird Surveys, 50 CFR 20.20'' 
(expires 8/31/2020--includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information 
Program, Migratory Bird Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and 
Parts Collection Survey).
     1018-0171, ``Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird 
Hunting Seasons, 50 CFR part 20'' (expires 06/30/2021).
    In accordance with the PRA and 5 CFR 1320.8(d)(1), we provide the 
general public and other Federal agencies with an opportunity to 
comment on our proposal to renew OMB control number 1018-0171. This 
helps us assess the impact of our information collection requirements 
and minimize the public's reporting burden. It also helps the public 
understand our information collection requirements and provide the 
requested data in the desired format.
    Migratory game birds are those bird species so designated in 
conventions between the United States and several foreign nations for 
the protection and management of these birds. Under the Migratory Bird 
Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-712), the Secretary of the Interior is 
authorized to determine when ``hunting, taking, capture, killing, 
possession, sale, purchase, shipment, transportation, carriage, or 
export of any * * * bird, or any part, nest, or egg'' of migratory game 
birds can take place, and to adopt regulations for this purpose. These 
regulations are written after giving due regard to ``the zones of 
temperature and to the distribution, abundance, economic value, 
breeding habits, and times and lines of migratory flight of such 
birds'' and are updated annually (16 U.S.C. 704(a)). This 
responsibility has been delegated to the Service as the lead Federal 
agency for managing and conserving migratory birds in the United 
States. However, migratory game bird management is a cooperative effort 
of State, Tribal, and Federal governments. Migratory game bird hunting 
seasons provide opportunities for recreation and sustenance; aid 
Federal, State, and tribal governments in the management of migratory 
game birds; and permit harvests at levels compatible with migratory 
game bird population status and habitat conditions.
    The Service develops migratory game bird hunting regulations by 
establishing the frameworks, or outside limits, for season lengths, bag 
limits, and areas for migratory game bird hunting. Acknowledging 
regional differences in hunting conditions, the Service has 
administratively divided the Nation into four Flyways for the primary 
purpose of managing migratory game birds. Each Flyway (Atlantic, 
Mississippi, Central, and Pacific) has a Flyway Council, a formal 
organization generally composed of one member from each State and 
Province in that Flyway. The Flyway Councils, established through the 
Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, also assist in researching 
and providing migratory game bird management information for Federal, 
State, and Provincial governments, as well as private conservation 
entities and the general public.
    We request the following information to establish annual migratory 
bird hunting seasons:
    (1) Information Requested to Establish Annual Migratory Bird 
Hunting Seasons:
    (A) Tribes that wish to use the guidelines to establish special 
hunting regulations for the annual migratory game bird hunting season 
are required to submit a proposal that includes:
    (i) The requested migratory game bird hunting season dates and 
other details regarding the proposed regulations;
    (ii) Harvest anticipated under the proposed regulations; and
    (iii) Tribal capabilities to enforce migratory game bird hunting 
regulations.
    (B) State and U.S. territory governments that wish to establish 
annual migratory game bird hunting seasons are required to provide the 
requested dates and other details for hunting seasons in their 
respective States or Territories.
    (2) Reports: The following reports are requested from the States 
and are submitted either annually or every 3 years as explained in the 
following text.
    (A) Reports from Experimental Hunting Seasons and Season Structure 
Changes:
    Atlantic Flyway Council:
     Delaware--Experimental tundra swan season (yearly updates 
and final report)
     Florida--Experimental teal-only season (yearly updates and 
final report) Mississippi Flyway Council:
     Alabama--Experimental sandhill crane season (yearly 
updates and final report) Central Flyway Council:
     Nebraska--Experimental teal season (yearly updates and 
final report)
     New Mexico--Experimental sandhill crane season in Estancia 
Valley (yearly updates and final report)
     Wyoming--Split (3-way) season for Canada geese (final 
report only) Pacific Flyway Council:
     California--Zones and split season for white-fronted geese 
(final report only)
    (B) Additional State-specific Annual Reports:
    State-specific:
     Arizona--Sandhill crane racial composition of the harvest 
conducted at 3-year intervals
     North Carolina and Virginia--Tundra swan harvest and 
hunter participation data
     Montana (Central Flyway portion), North Dakota, and South 
Dakota--Tundra swan harvest and hunter participation data (yearly)
     Montana (Pacific Flyway portion)--Swan harvest-monitoring 
program to measure species composition (yearly)
     Montana (Pacific Flyway portion), Utah, and Nevada--Swan 
harvest-

[[Page 18548]]

monitoring program to measure the species composition and report 
detailing swan harvest, hunter participation, reporting compliance, and 
monitoring of swan populations in designated hunt areas (yearly)
    Reports and monitoring are used for a variety of reasons. Some are 
used to monitor species composition of the harvest for those areas 
where species intermingling can confound harvest management and 
potential overharvest of one species can be a management concern. 
Others are used to determine overall harvest for those species and/or 
areas that are not sampled well by our overall harvest surveys due to 
either the limited nature/area of the hunt or season or where the 
harvest needs to be closely monitored. Experimental season reports are 
used to determine whether the experimental season is achieving its 
intended goals and objectives, without causing unintended harm to other 
species and ultimately whether the experimental season should proceed 
to operational status. Most experimental seasons are 3-year trials with 
yearly reports and a final report. Most of the other reports and 
monitoring are conducted either annually or at 3-year intervals.
    Title: Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons, 50 
CFR part 20.
    OMB Control Number: 1018-0171.
    Service Form Number: None.
    Type of Request: Extension of a currently approved collection.
    Description of Respondents: State and Tribal governments.
    Respondent's Obligation: Required to obtain or retain a benefit.
    Frequency of Collection: Annually.
    Estimated Number of Annual Respondents: 82 (from 52 State 
governments and Territories and 30 Tribal governments).
    Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 99 (includes State and Tribal 
governments and additional reports from States).
    Average Completion Time per Response: Varies from 4 hours to 650 
hours, depending on the activity.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 9,878.
    Estimated Annual Non-hour Burden Cost: None.
    As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent 
burdens, and in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.8(d)(1), we invite the 
public and other Federal agencies to comment on any aspect of this 
proposed information collection, including:
    (1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary for 
the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including 
whether or not the information will have practical utility;
    (2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection 
of information, including the validity of the methodology and 
assumptions used;
    (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information to be collected; and
    (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on 
those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate 
automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection 
techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting 
electronic submission of response.
    Send your comments and suggestions on this information collection 
by the date indicated under Information Collection Requirements in 
DATES to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO/1N), 
Falls Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); or [email protected] (email). 
Please reference OMB Control Number 1018-0171 in the subject line of 
your comments.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

    Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

Authority

    The rules that eventually will be promulgated for the 2020-21 
hunting season are authorized under 16 U.S.C. 703-712 and 16 U.S.C. 742 
a-j.

George Wallace,
Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
[FR Doc. 2020-06797 Filed 4-1-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4333-15-P