Strengthening National Resilience Through Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Services, 9359-9361 [2020-03337]

Download as PDF 9359 Presidential Documents Federal Register Vol. 85, No. 32 Tuesday, February 18, 2020 Title 3— Executive Order 13905 of February 12, 2020 The President Strengthening National Resilience Through Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Services By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Purpose. The national and economic security of the United States depends on the reliable and efficient functioning of critical infrastructure. Since the United States made the Global Positioning System available worldwide, positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) services provided by spacebased systems have become a largely invisible utility for technology and infrastructure, including the electrical power grid, communications infrastructure and mobile devices, all modes of transportation, precision agriculture, weather forecasting, and emergency response. Because of the widespread adoption of PNT services, the disruption or manipulation of these services has the potential to adversely affect the national and economic security of the United States. To strengthen national resilience, the Federal Government must foster the responsible use of PNT services by critical infrastructure owners and operators. Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order: (a) ‘‘PNT services’’ means any system, network, or capability that provides a reference to calculate or augment the calculation of longitude, latitude, altitude, or transmission of time or frequency data, or any combination thereof. (b) ‘‘Responsible use of PNT services’’ means the deliberate, risk-informed use of PNT services, including their acquisition, integration, and deployment, such that disruption or manipulation of PNT services minimally affects national security, the economy, public health, and the critical functions of the Federal Government. (c) ‘‘Critical infrastructure’’ means systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on national security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or on any combination of those matters. lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with FR_PRESDOCS (d) ‘‘PNT profile’’ means a description of the responsible use of PNT services—aligned to standards, guidelines, and sector-specific requirements— selected for a particular system to address the potential disruption or manipulation of PNT services. (e) ‘‘Sector-Specific Agency’’ (SSA) is the executive department or agency that is responsible for providing institutional knowledge and specialized expertise as well as leading, facilitating, or supporting the security and resilience programs and associated activities of its designated critical infrastructure sector in the all-hazards environment. The SSAs are those identified in Presidential Policy Directive 21 of February 12, 2013 (Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience). Sec. 3. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to ensure that disruption or manipulation of PNT services does not undermine the reliable and efficient functioning of its critical infrastructure. The Federal Government must increase the Nation’s awareness of the extent to which critical infrastructure depends on, or is enhanced by, PNT services, and it must ensure critical infrastructure can withstand disruption or manipulation of PNT services. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:49 Feb 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4705 Sfmt 4790 E:\FR\FM\18FEE0.SGM 18FEE0 9360 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2020 / Presidential Documents To this end, the Federal Government shall engage the public and private sectors to identify and promote the responsible use of PNT services. Sec. 4. Implementation. (a) Within 1 year of the date of this order, the Secretary of Commerce, in coordination with the heads of SSAs and in consultation, as appropriate, with the private sector, shall develop and make available, to at least the appropriate agencies and private sector users, PNT profiles. The PNT profiles will enable the public and private sectors to identify systems, networks, and assets dependent on PNT services; identify appropriate PNT services; detect the disruption and manipulation of PNT services; and manage the associated risks to the systems, networks, and assets dependent on PNT services. Once made available, the PNT profiles shall be reviewed every 2 years and, as necessary, updated. (b) The Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Transportation, and Secretary of Homeland Security shall refer to the PNT profiles created pursuant to subsection (a) of this section in updates to the Federal Radionavigation Plan. (c) Within 1 year of the date of this order, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the heads of SSAs, shall develop a plan to test the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure systems, networks, and assets in the event of disruption and manipulation of PNT services. The results of the tests carried out under that plan shall be used to inform updates to the PNT profiles identified in subsection (a) of this section. (d) Within 90 days of the PNT profiles being made available, the heads of SSAs and the heads of other executive departments and agencies (agencies), as appropriate, through the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall develop contractual language for inclusion of the relevant information from the PNT profiles in the requirements for Federal contracts for products, systems, and services that integrate or utilize PNT services, with the goal of encouraging the private sector to use additional PNT services and develop new robust and secure PNT services. The heads of SSAs and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, shall update the requirements as necessary. (e) Within 180 days of the completion of any of the duties described in subsection (d) of this section, and consistent with applicable law and to the maximum extent practicable, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council, in consultation with the heads of SSAs and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, shall incorporate the requirements developed under subsection (d) of this section into Federal contracts for products, systems, and services that integrate or use PNT services. lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with FR_PRESDOCS (f) Within 1 year of the PNT profiles being made available, and biennially thereafter, the heads of SSAs and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, through the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall submit a report to the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) on the extent to which the PNT profiles have been adopted in their respective agencies’ acquisitions and, to the extent possible, the extent to which PNT profiles have been adopted by owners and operators of critical infrastructure. (g) Within 180 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Energy, and Secretary of Homeland Security shall each develop plans to engage with critical infrastructure owners or operators to evaluate the responsible use of PNT services. Each pilot program shall be completed within 1 year of developing the plan, and the results shall be used to inform the development of the relevant PNT profile and research and development (R&D) opportunities. (h) Within 1 year of the date of this order, the Director of OSTP shall coordinate the development of a national plan, which shall be informed by existing initiatives, for the R&D and pilot testing of additional, robust, and secure PNT services that are not dependent on global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). The plan shall also include approaches to integrate and use multiple PNT services to enhance the resilience of critical infrastructure. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:49 Feb 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4705 Sfmt 4790 E:\FR\FM\18FEE0.SGM 18FEE0 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2020 / Presidential Documents 9361 Once the plan is published, the Director of OSTP shall coordinate updates to the plan every 4 years, or as appropriate. (i) Within 180 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Commerce shall make available a GNSS-independent source of Coordinated Universal Time, to support the needs of critical infrastructure owners and operators, for the public and private sectors to access. Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect: (i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or (ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals. (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations. (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person. THE WHITE HOUSE, February 12, 2020. [FR Doc. 2020–03337 Filed 2–14–20; 11:15 am] VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:49 Feb 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4705 Sfmt 4790 E:\FR\FM\18FEE0.SGM 18FEE0 Trump.EPS</GPH> lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with FR_PRESDOCS Billing code 3295–F0–P

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[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 32 (Tuesday, February 18, 2020)]
[Presidential Documents]
[Pages 9359-9361]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-03337]



[[Page 9357]]

Vol. 85

Tuesday,

No. 32

February 18, 2020

Part V





The President





-----------------------------------------------------------------------



Executive Order 13905--Strengthening National Resilience Through 
Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Services


                        Presidential Documents 



Federal Register / Vol. 85 , No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2020 / 
Presidential Documents

___________________________________________________________________

Title 3--
The President

[[Page 9359]]

                Executive Order 13905 of February 12, 2020

                
Strengthening National Resilience Through 
                Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing 
                Services

                By the authority vested in me as President by the 
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of 
                America, it is hereby ordered as follows:

                Section 1. Purpose. The national and economic security 
                of the United States depends on the reliable and 
                efficient functioning of critical infrastructure. Since 
                the United States made the Global Positioning System 
                available worldwide, positioning, navigation, and 
                timing (PNT) services provided by space-based systems 
                have become a largely invisible utility for technology 
                and infrastructure, including the electrical power 
                grid, communications infrastructure and mobile devices, 
                all modes of transportation, precision agriculture, 
                weather forecasting, and emergency response. Because of 
                the widespread adoption of PNT services, the disruption 
                or manipulation of these services has the potential to 
                adversely affect the national and economic security of 
                the United States. To strengthen national resilience, 
                the Federal Government must foster the responsible use 
                of PNT services by critical infrastructure owners and 
                operators.

                Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order:

                    (a) ``PNT services'' means any system, network, or 
                capability that provides a reference to calculate or 
                augment the calculation of longitude, latitude, 
                altitude, or transmission of time or frequency data, or 
                any combination thereof.
                    (b) ``Responsible use of PNT services'' means the 
                deliberate, risk-informed use of PNT services, 
                including their acquisition, integration, and 
                deployment, such that disruption or manipulation of PNT 
                services minimally affects national security, the 
                economy, public health, and the critical functions of 
                the Federal Government.
                    (c) ``Critical infrastructure'' means systems and 
                assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the 
                United States that the incapacity or destruction of 
                such systems and assets would have a debilitating 
                impact on national security, national economic 
                security, national public health or safety, or on any 
                combination of those matters.
                    (d) ``PNT profile'' means a description of the 
                responsible use of PNT services--aligned to standards, 
                guidelines, and sector-specific requirements--selected 
                for a particular system to address the potential 
                disruption or manipulation of PNT services.
                    (e) ``Sector-Specific Agency'' (SSA) is the 
                executive department or agency that is responsible for 
                providing institutional knowledge and specialized 
                expertise as well as leading, facilitating, or 
                supporting the security and resilience programs and 
                associated activities of its designated critical 
                infrastructure sector in the all-hazards environment. 
                The SSAs are those identified in Presidential Policy 
                Directive 21 of February 12, 2013 (Critical 
                Infrastructure Security and Resilience).

                Sec. 3. Policy. It is the policy of the United States 
                to ensure that disruption or manipulation of PNT 
                services does not undermine the reliable and efficient 
                functioning of its critical infrastructure. The Federal 
                Government must increase the Nation's awareness of the 
                extent to which critical infrastructure depends on, or 
                is enhanced by, PNT services, and it must ensure 
                critical infrastructure can withstand disruption or 
                manipulation of PNT services.

[[Page 9360]]

                To this end, the Federal Government shall engage the 
                public and private sectors to identify and promote the 
                responsible use of PNT services.

                Sec. 4. Implementation. (a) Within 1 year of the date 
                of this order, the Secretary of Commerce, in 
                coordination with the heads of SSAs and in 
                consultation, as appropriate, with the private sector, 
                shall develop and make available, to at least the 
                appropriate agencies and private sector users, PNT 
                profiles. The PNT profiles will enable the public and 
                private sectors to identify systems, networks, and 
                assets dependent on PNT services; identify appropriate 
                PNT services; detect the disruption and manipulation of 
                PNT services; and manage the associated risks to the 
                systems, networks, and assets dependent on PNT 
                services. Once made available, the PNT profiles shall 
                be reviewed every 2 years and, as necessary, updated.

                    (b) The Secretary of Defense, Secretary of 
                Transportation, and Secretary of Homeland Security 
                shall refer to the PNT profiles created pursuant to 
                subsection (a) of this section in updates to the 
                Federal Radionavigation Plan.
                    (c) Within 1 year of the date of this order, the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with 
                the heads of SSAs, shall develop a plan to test the 
                vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure systems, 
                networks, and assets in the event of disruption and 
                manipulation of PNT services. The results of the tests 
                carried out under that plan shall be used to inform 
                updates to the PNT profiles identified in subsection 
                (a) of this section.
                    (d) Within 90 days of the PNT profiles being made 
                available, the heads of SSAs and the heads of other 
                executive departments and agencies (agencies), as 
                appropriate, through the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, shall develop contractual language for 
                inclusion of the relevant information from the PNT 
                profiles in the requirements for Federal contracts for 
                products, systems, and services that integrate or 
                utilize PNT services, with the goal of encouraging the 
                private sector to use additional PNT services and 
                develop new robust and secure PNT services. The heads 
                of SSAs and the heads of other agencies, as 
                appropriate, shall update the requirements as 
                necessary.
                    (e) Within 180 days of the completion of any of the 
                duties described in subsection (d) of this section, and 
                consistent with applicable law and to the maximum 
                extent practicable, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
                Council, in consultation with the heads of SSAs and the 
                heads of other agencies, as appropriate, shall 
                incorporate the requirements developed under subsection 
                (d) of this section into Federal contracts for 
                products, systems, and services that integrate or use 
                PNT services.
                    (f) Within 1 year of the PNT profiles being made 
                available, and biennially thereafter, the heads of SSAs 
                and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, 
                through the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
                submit a report to the Assistant to the President for 
                National Security Affairs and the Director of the 
                Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) on the 
                extent to which the PNT profiles have been adopted in 
                their respective agencies' acquisitions and, to the 
                extent possible, the extent to which PNT profiles have 
                been adopted by owners and operators of critical 
                infrastructure.
                    (g) Within 180 days of the date of this order, the 
                Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Energy, and 
                Secretary of Homeland Security shall each develop plans 
                to engage with critical infrastructure owners or 
                operators to evaluate the responsible use of PNT 
                services. Each pilot program shall be completed within 
                1 year of developing the plan, and the results shall be 
                used to inform the development of the relevant PNT 
                profile and research and development (R&D) 
                opportunities.
                    (h) Within 1 year of the date of this order, the 
                Director of OSTP shall coordinate the development of a 
                national plan, which shall be informed by existing 
                initiatives, for the R&D and pilot testing of 
                additional, robust, and secure PNT services that are 
                not dependent on global navigation satellite systems 
                (GNSS). The plan shall also include approaches to 
                integrate and use multiple PNT services to enhance the 
                resilience of critical infrastructure.

[[Page 9361]]

                Once the plan is published, the Director of OSTP shall 
                coordinate updates to the plan every 4 years, or as 
                appropriate.
                    (i) Within 180 days of the date of this order, the 
                Secretary of Commerce shall make available a GNSS-
                independent source of Coordinated Universal Time, to 
                support the needs of critical infrastructure owners and 
                operators, for the public and private sectors to 
                access.

                Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order 
                shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or 
the head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

                    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with 
                applicable law and subject to the availability of 
                appropriations.
                    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, 
                create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
                enforceable at law or in equity by any party against 
                the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
                entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any 
                other person.
                
                
                    (Presidential Sig.)

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                    February 12, 2020.

[FR Doc. 2020-03337
Filed 2-14-20; 11:15 am]
Billing code 3295-F0-P