Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 6997-6999 [2020-02335]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 25 / Thursday, February 6, 2020 / Notices have a copy of the exemption when driving, for presentation to a duly authorized Federal, State, or local enforcement official. The exemption will be rescinded if: (1) The person fails to comply with the terms and conditions of the exemption; (2) the exemption has resulted in a lower level of safety than was maintained before it was granted; or (3) continuation of the exemption would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b). VI. Preemption During the period the exemption is in effect, no State shall enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with this exemption with respect to a person operating under the exemption. VI. Conclusion Based upon its evaluation of the 84 exemption applications, FMCSA renews the exemptions of the aforementioned drivers from the vision requirement in § 391.41(b)(10), subject to the requirements cited above. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), each exemption will be valid for 2 years unless revoked earlier by FMCSA. Issued on: January 30, 2020. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2020–02333 Filed 2–5–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION I. Public Participation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration A. Submitting Comments [Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0005] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from eight individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 9, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:54 Feb 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 FMCSA–2020–0005 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2020–0005), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005. Click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. PO 00000 Frm 00105 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 6997 If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12– 140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.transportation.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the FMCSRs for a 2year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The eight individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in § 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if E:\FR\FM\06FEN1.SGM 06FEN1 lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES 6998 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 25 / Thursday, February 6, 2020 / Notices that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of § 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively.1 The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same 1 A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/ pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:54 Feb 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Lance D. Duffie Mr. Duffie, 44, has retinal scarring in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is light perception only, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Lance’s vision is as stable OU as ever, and should be perfectly adequate for commercial driving.’’ Mr. Duffie reported that he has driven straight trucks for 4 years, accumulating 16,000 miles, and tractortrailer combinations for 4 years, accumulating 450,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Missouri. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Lester Johnson Mr. Johnson, 42, has macular scarring in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 1998. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/200, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, he has sufficient vision to PO 00000 Frm 00106 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Johnson reported that he has driven straight trucks for 8 years, accumulating 260,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Florida. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. James M. Kivett Mr. Kivett, 65, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/200, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my professional opinion, Mr. Kivett does have adequate vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Kivett reported that he has driven straight trucks for 20 years, accumulating 500,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 22 years, accumulating 3.3 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last 3 years shows one crash, which he was not cited for, and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Charles E. Klock Mr. Klock, 74, has had complete loss of vision in his left eye since 2016. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Based on these clinical findings, Mr. Klock has the appropriate means to operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce without glasses or low vision aides, and with no restrictions.’’ Mr. Klock reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 10 years, accumulating 1.2 million miles, and buses for 41 years, accumulating 4.1 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Minnesota. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Clayton D. Lowther Mr. Lowther, 35, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/50, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘It is my opinion that Clayton’s vision is sufficient vision to perform driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Lowther reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, accumulating 600,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 15 years, accumulating 112,500 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Wyoming. His driving record for E:\FR\FM\06FEN1.SGM 06FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 25 / Thursday, February 6, 2020 / Notices the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. the close of business on the closing date indicated under the DATES section of the notice. Jared G. New Mr. New, 24, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/200, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Pt [sic] has sufficient vision both centrally and peripherally to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. New reported that he has driven straight trucks for 5 years, accumulating 200,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Florida. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Issued on: January 30, 2020. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. David Perea Mr. Perea, 57, has had central serous retinopathy in his left eye since 2007. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 20, and in his left eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, he has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Perea reported that he has driven straight trucks for 31 years, accumulating 1.1 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 31 years, accumulating 1.1 million miles. He holds an operator’s license from New Mexico. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. AGENCY: lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Juan Santay-Ajanel Mr. Santay-Ajanel, 45, has retinal scarring in his right eye due to an infection in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/80, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Pt [sic] can distinguish between red, green and amber colors and in my opinion has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. SantayAjanel reported that he has driven straight trucks for 2 years, accumulating 40,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 16 years, accumulating 800,000 miles. He holds a Class CA CDL from California. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:54 Feb 05, 2020 Jkt 250001 [FR Doc. 2020–02335 Filed 2–5–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2015–0327; FMCSA– 2016–0003; FMCSA–2017–0057] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Hearing Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of renewal of exemptions; request for comments. FMCSA announces its decision to renew exemptions for 14 individuals from the hearing requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) for interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. The exemptions enable these hard of hearing and deaf individuals to continue to operate CMVs in interstate commerce. DATES: Each group of renewed exemptions were applicable on the dates stated in the discussions below and will expire on the dates provided below. Comments must be received on or before March 9, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2015–0327, Docket No. FMCSA–2016–0003, or Docket No. FMCSA–2017–0057 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2015-0327 or http:// www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA2016-0003 or http:// www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA2017-0057. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00107 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 6999 To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, 202–366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2015–0327, FMCSA–2016–0003, or FMCSA–2017– 0057), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2015-0327 or http:// www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA2016-0003 or http:// www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA2017-0057. Click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. E:\FR\FM\06FEN1.SGM 06FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 25 (Thursday, February 6, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 6997-6999]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-02335]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0005]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from eight individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 9, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0005 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Operations, (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2020-0005), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005. Click on the ``Comment Now!'' button and type 
your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether 
you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a 
third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2020-0005 and choose the document to review. If you do 
not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by 
visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of 
the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.transportation.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such 
exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, 
or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such 
exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at 
the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the 
FMCSRs for a 2-year period to align with the maximum duration of a 
driver's medical certification.
    The eight individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in Sec.  391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if

[[Page 6998]]

that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in 
each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately 
corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant 
binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or 
without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70[deg] in the 
horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the 
colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and 
amber.
    On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was 
established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the 
statutes governing exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation 
Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 
107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the 
procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case 
basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision 
standards of Sec.  391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision 
deficiency for the past 3 years. Recent driving performance is 
especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several 
research studies designed to correlate past and future driving 
performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the 
best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record 
of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found 
at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively.\1\ The fact that experienced 
monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver 
program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the 
same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are 
also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will 
continue to operate safely.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA 
final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and 
available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is 
the number of single convictions. This study used 3 consecutive years 
of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first 2 years with 
their experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Lance D. Duffie

    Mr. Duffie, 44, has retinal scarring in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 
light perception only, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an 
examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my opinion, Lance's 
vision is as stable OU as ever, and should be perfectly adequate for 
commercial driving.'' Mr. Duffie reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 4 years, accumulating 16,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for 4 years, accumulating 450,000 miles. He holds a Class 
A CDL from Missouri. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Lester Johnson

    Mr. Johnson, 42, has macular scarring in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 1998. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/
200, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``In my opinion, he has sufficient vision to 
perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' 
Mr. Johnson reported that he has driven straight trucks for 8 years, 
accumulating 260,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Florida. His 
driving record for the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions 
for moving violations in a CMV.

James M. Kivett

    Mr. Kivett, 65, has a macular scar in his right eye due to a 
traumatic incident in 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/
200, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``In my professional opinion, Mr. Kivett does have 
adequate vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Kivett reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 20 years, accumulating 500,000 miles, and tractor-trailer 
combinations for 22 years, accumulating 3.3 million miles. He holds a 
Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last 3 
years shows one crash, which he was not cited for, and no convictions 
for moving violations in a CMV.

Charles E. Klock

    Mr. Klock, 74, has had complete loss of vision in his left eye 
since 2016. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his 
left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``Based on these clinical findings, Mr. Klock has 
the appropriate means to operate a commercial motor vehicle in 
interstate commerce without glasses or low vision aides, and with no 
restrictions.'' Mr. Klock reported that he has driven tractor-trailer 
combinations for 10 years, accumulating 1.2 million miles, and buses 
for 41 years, accumulating 4.1 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL 
from Minnesota. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Clayton D. Lowther

    Mr. Lowther, 35, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/50, and in his left eye, 20/
20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``It is 
my opinion that Clayton's vision is sufficient vision to perform 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Lowther 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, accumulating 
600,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 15 years, 
accumulating 112,500 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Wyoming. His 
driving record for

[[Page 6999]]

the last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Jared G. New

    Mr. New, 24, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. The 
visual acuity in his right eye is 20/200, and in his left eye, 20/20. 
Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``Pt [sic] 
has sufficient vision both centrally and peripherally to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. New reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 5 years, accumulating 200,000 miles. He holds an operator's 
license from Florida. His driving record for the last 3 years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

David Perea

    Mr. Perea, 57, has had central serous retinopathy in his left eye 
since 2007. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his 
left eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist 
stated, ``In my medical opinion, he has sufficient vision to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Perea reported that he has driven straight 
trucks for 31 years, accumulating 1.1 million miles, and tractor-
trailer combinations for 31 years, accumulating 1.1 million miles. He 
holds an operator's license from New Mexico. His driving record for the 
last 3 years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations 
in a CMV.

Juan Santay-Ajanel

    Mr. Santay-Ajanel, 45, has retinal scarring in his right eye due to 
an infection in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/80, 
and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``Pt [sic] can distinguish between red, green and 
amber colors and in my opinion has sufficient vision to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Santay-Ajanel reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for 2 years, accumulating 40,000 miles, and tractor-
trailer combinations for 16 years, accumulating 800,000 miles. He holds 
a Class CA CDL from California. His driving record for the last 3 years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated 
under the DATES section of the notice.

    Issued on: January 30, 2020.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2020-02335 Filed 2-5-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P