Combination Transactions With Non-Credit Unions; Credit Union Asset Acquisitions, 5336-5342 [2020-01538]

Download as PDF 5336 Proposed Rules Federal Register Vol. 85, No. 20 Thursday, January 30, 2020 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules. NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts 708a and 741 RIN 3313–AF10 Combination Transactions With NonCredit Unions; Credit Union Asset Acquisitions National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: The NCUA Board (Board) proposes to add subpart D to part 708a of its regulations. This will clarify and make transparent the procedures and requirements currently in place related to combination transactions. Combination transactions include those where a federally insured credit union (FICU) proposes to assume liabilities from a non-credit union, including a bank. They also include a FICU’s merger or consolidation with a non-credit union entity. Further, the proposed rule clarifies the scope of section 741.8 of the NCUA’s regulations, which currently requires the NCUA to grant approval SUMMARY: before a FICU may purchase loans or assume an assignment of deposits, shares, or liabilities from any institution that is not insured by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF). DATES: Comments must be received by March 30, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods (Please send comments by one method only). Please note that the NCUA is now accepting electronic comments only through the Federal eRulemaking portal, Regulations.gov: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: (703) 518–6319. Use the subject line ‘‘[Your name] Comments on Combination Transactions’’ on the transmission cover sheet. • Mail: Address to Gerard Poliquin, Secretary of the Board, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314– 3428. • Hand Delivery/Courier: Same as mail address. Public inspection: All public comments are available on the agency’s website at http://www.ncua.gov/ RegulationsOpinionsLaws/comments as submitted, except as may not be possible for technical reasons. Public comments will not be edited to remove any identifying or contact information. Paper copies of comments may be Transactions that include all of a non-FICU’s assets and liabilities khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... ..................................... 0 approved, 9 pending .................................................... 11 .................................................................................... 7 ...................................................................................... 3 ...................................................................................... 2 ...................................................................................... 2 ...................................................................................... 1 ...................................................................................... 2 ...................................................................................... inspected in NCUA’s law library, at 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, by appointment weekdays between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. To make an appointment, call (703) 518– 6540 or send an email to OGCMail@ ncua.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elizabeth Wirick, Senior Staff Attorney, Office of General Counsel, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, or by telephone at (703) 518–6540. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background II. Legal Authority III. Summary of the Proposed Rule IV. Section-by-Section Analysis V. Regulatory Procedures I. Background The NCUA has historically seen a relatively small but consistent number of applications from FICUs seeking to engage in merger or purchase and assumption transactions with banks or other types of financial institutions. As the table below shows, the number of these transactions the NCUA approved each year 1 was small and fairly constant from 2013 to 2017 with a modest uptick in 2018 and 2019. NCUA-approved transactions between FICUs and other types of institutions for calendar years 2013–2019 are as follows. None of these transactions involve the purchase of, or operation under, a bank’s charter. Transactions that include part of a non-FICU’s assets and liabilities 2 0 approved, 8 pending. 4. 1. 1. 4. 1. 1. 3. Because these transactions occur in relatively small numbers, the Board has not previously promulgated a detailed rule addressing them.3 Even with the increase over the past two years, these transactions still constitute only a small fraction of merger and acquisition transactions involving banks.4 Nevertheless, because of a desire to add even more transparency, and the questions the NCUA has received recently from FICUs, the Board believes 1 The numbers reported in this table are based on the date of the NCUA’s approval of the transaction, not the closing date. Accordingly, other publicly reported data may have slightly different figures by year, if they track by transaction close date. 2 These are transactions where the non-FICU remains in business, such as when a FICU acquires the loans and deposits of only certain branches of a bank. 3 The NCUA’s only regulation on point states that the NCUA’s approval is required before an FICU can purchase loans or assume liabilities or deposits of a noninsured credit union or another type of financial institution. 12 CFR 741.8. 4 See Robert Klingler, ‘‘The So-Called Rise of Credit Union Buyers’’ (Sept. 24, 2019), https:// bankbclp.com/2019/09/the-so-called-rise-of-creditunion-buyers. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS it would be beneficial to clarify the processes and requirements related to FICU applications for these transactions. This increased transparency will assist FICUs seeking to engage in these transactions to meet the NCUA’s requirements. The experience the NCUA has gained in recent years while considering each of these transactions on a case-by-case basis informs this rulemaking. This experience has allowed the agency to identify the various issues most frequently presented in these transactions and develop processes for considering these applications. Accordingly, the Board has determined to formalize some of these requirements in this rulemaking. During the process of developing this new regulatory language, the Board has determined that § 741.8 of the NCUA’s regulations also needs to be revised to update its scope and improve its clarity. The Board is proposing to apply § 741.8 to all asset purchases, not only loan purchases and liability assumptions. The Board adopted the regulatory language currently in § 741.8 primarily to address concerns about loan purchases from institutions not insured by the NCUSIF; at the time it believed that encompassing all assets would be unnecessarily burdensome.5 In the course of reviewing combination transactions with non-FICUs, however, agency staff have occasionally identified non-loan assets that are problematic, either because they are impermissible for FICUs or because they would pose undue risk to the FICU. In light of this experience, and the potential for risk to the FICU or the NCUSIF, the Board proposes to extend the scope of § 741.8 to all assets purchased from entities other than FICUs. When impermissible assets are identified, the FICU proposing the transaction must explain how the parties to the transaction plan to exclude the assets from the purchase transaction. II. Legal Authority Section 205 of the Federal Credit Union Act (FCU Act) permits FICUs to engage in merger and purchase and assumption transactions with other types of financial institutions, as follows: Except as provided in a separate paragraph,6 no FICU shall, without the prior approval of the Board merge or consolidate with any noninsured credit union or institution; assume liability to pay any member 5 56 FR 35808, 35809 (July 29, 1991). paragraph, added to the Act in 1998, governs the process for FICUs to convert to mutual savings banks. 6 This VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 accounts in, or similar liabilities of, any noninsured credit union or institution; 7 transfer assets to any noninsured credit union or institution in consideration of the assumption of liabilities for any portion of the member accounts in such insured credit union; or convert into a noninsured credit union or institution.8 In granting or withholding this approval, the Board must consider six factors, which are the history, financial condition, and management policies of the credit union; the adequacy of the credit union’s reserves; the economic advisability of the transaction; the general character and fitness of the credit union’s management; the convenience and needs of the members to be served by the credit union; and whether the credit union is a cooperative association organized for the purpose of promoting thrift among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or productive purposes.9 Under the authority of this section, the NCUA has already issued detailed regulations governing the merger of a FICU into a bank other than a mutual savings bank 10 and conversion of a FICU into a noninsured credit union.11 The Board has delegated some authority to approve and disapprove certain combination transactions to Regional Directors and the Director of the Office of National Examinations and Supervision.12 III. Summary of the Proposed Rule The proposed rule adds new subpart D to part 708a. The new subpart specifies the basic requirements applicable to the above-referenced combination transactions between a FICU and another type of financial institution. All transactions require NCUA approval, and state-chartered FICUs must also obtain their state regulator’s approval. The proposed rule 7 The FCU Act defines a ‘‘noninsured credit union’’ as a credit union not insured by the NCUSIF. 12 U.S.C. 1752(1). The NCUA interprets the similar phrase ‘‘noninsured credit union or institution’’ to mean one not insured by the NCUSIF. 8 12 U.S.C. 1785(b)(1). 9 Id. 1785(c). 10 12 CFR part 708a, subpart C. 11 Id. part 708b, subparts B–C. 12 The Board has delegated approval and disapproval authority to Regional Directors and the Director of the Office of National Examinations and Supervision for transactions in which both the fair market value of the acquired shares or deposits and the fair market value of the purchased loans and other assets are each less than $500 million. If the fair market value of the acquired shares or deposits and the fair market value of the purchased loans and other assets are each greater than $100 million, the Director of the Office of Examination and Insurance must concur. NCUA Delegations of Authority, SUP 24. PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 5337 also includes provisions ensuring that the directors of a FICU proposing a combination transaction understand the nature and ramifications of the proposed transaction. Finally, the proposed rule amends § 741.8 of the NCUA’s regulations. The proposed amendments to § 741.8 make the regulation’s provisions applicable to all asset purchases and list the other NCUA regulations that apply to each particular type of transaction. Section-by-Section Summary 708a.401, Definitions This section defines several terms used in subpart D. The term ‘‘combination transaction’’ includes several of the types of transactions authorized by Section 205(b)(1) of the FCU Act including the following: (1) A merger or consolidation with anoncredit union; (2) the assumption of liabilities from anon-credit union; or (3) the transfer of assets to anon-credit union in consideration of the assumption of certain of its liabilities. The use of the distinct term ‘‘combination transaction’’ differentiates these transactions from other types of transactions such as mergers between FICUs, mergers between FICUs and noninsured credit unions, FICU conversions to banks, and FICU purchases of loans that are not part of a merger or consolidation.13 The Board has determined to exclude mergers where one party is a FICU and one party is a noninsured credit union from the definition of combination transaction because part 708b of the NCUA’s regulations already addresses these mergers. 13 New Subpart D does not address the requirements for FICU purchases of loan assets from institutions that are not FICUs when the proposed purchase is not part of a merger or consolidation. Section 205(b)(1) of the Act does not include authority to purchase assets, such as loans, other than as part of a merger or consolidation. A merger or consolidation generally means that at least one entity’s charter is extinguished in the transaction. Accordingly, FICUs seeking to purchase loans from entities other than FICUs, where the other entity is not merging or consolidating with the FICU, must do so under other authorities. For FISCUs, state law or regulation may permit these purchases. For FCUs, this authority would be the NCUA’s eligible obligations rule, 12 CFR 701.23. Generally, if an FCU is purchasing loans from an entity other than a FICU, the eligible obligations rule requires the borrower to be a member of the purchasing credit union before the purchase is made. Id. Just as in the deposit context, the NCUA has historically interpreted this provision to mean that the borrower must have taken some affirmative action to join the FCU before the transaction closes. Purchases of student loans or mortgages to complete a pool of loans for sale on the secondary market are exempt from the membership requirement. The eligible obligations rule also allows FCUs to purchase eligible obligations from FICUs ‘‘without regard to whether they are obligations of its members.’’ Id. 701.23(a)(2)(i). E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 5338 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS The term ‘‘credit union’’ means any credit union insured by the NCUSIF, so the rule generally applies to both federally insured state-chartered credit unions (FISCUs) and federal credit unions (FCUs).14 The rule text in the proposal uses this term and definition to be consistent with the rest of Part 708a, but it has the same meaning as FICU as used in other parts of the NCUA’s regulations. The term ‘‘non-credit union’’ means any institution that is not an FCU or a state credit union (whether or not federally insured), as those terms are defined in the FCU Act. Most of the combination transactions contemplated under this proposal have been between FICUs and other depository institutions, such as banks. In a few cases, however, FICUs have proposed a transaction with a non-depository financial company, such as a mortgage bank. The plain language of the FCU Act does not limit the types of institutions with which FICUs can combine, but allows transactions with any ‘‘noninsured credit union or institution.’’ 15 Accordingly, as long as such acquisitions comply with all other legal standards and limitations, there is no legal bar to, for example, a combination transaction between a FICU and a mortgage bank. The Board invites comments on the terms it proposes to use to address the transactions and the parties to these transactions under Section 205(b) of the FCU Act. The Board particularly solicits comments regarding the comprehensiveness and scope of the various terms, and whether commenters would recommend alternative, or additional, defined terms. 708a.402, Approval Required for Combination Transactions Paragraph (a) of this section requires the NCUA’s advance approval of combination transactions, and it requires a FICU proposing a combination transaction to submit its request to the Regional Director. FISCUs must obtain the advance approval of their state regulator in addition to the NCUA’s approval. Paragraph (b) of this section recites the statutory factors the NCUA must weigh in its consideration of a combination transaction application. While the first four of the six statutory factors relate to safety and soundness, 14 Section 708a.405 of the proposed rule applies to FCUs only, because it addresses FCU membership requirements. The state supervisory agencies, not the NCUA, determine membership eligibility and status for state-chartered credit unions. 15 12 U.S.C. 1785(b)(1)(A)–(D). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 the list also includes other considerations. In particular, the last two factors on the list require the NCUA to consider the proposed transaction’s effect on FICU members and potential FICU members and whether the proposed transaction is in keeping with the FICU’s mission. Accordingly, the NCUA reserves the right to object to a transaction, or portions of a transaction, even absent safety and soundness concerns. Paragraph (c) of this section clarifies that the FICU’s board of directors must vote to approve a proposed combination transaction before the FICU submits its application package. While board of directors’ votes are a common practice in these transactions, the NCUA believes that an explicit requirement will ensure that FICU management continues to keep the FICU’s directors informed. In similar circumstances, the FICU-to-FICU merger rule in part 708b requires a vote of the board of directors of the continuing credit union.16 The Board believes a proposed transaction with an institution other than a FICU should receive at least the same level of review from a credit union’s board of directors as a proposed merger with a FICU. The proposal does not impose a limit on the length of time the NCUA may take to consider combination transactions. While the agency continues to gain experience with these transactions, it may be preferable to approach each transaction without a deadline that could impede the NCUA’s full understanding of the transaction’s potential consequences. In this regard, the Board notes there is also no deadline for agency action in the FICU-to-FICU merger rule. Because, however, the Board is also aware that a specified timeline can be helpful for planning purposes, the Board seeks comment on whether there should be a deadline for agency action after receipt of a complete application package and, if so, what would be the appropriate period for agency action. The Board also invites comment on the other requirements for approval of a combination transaction. In particular, the Board asks commenters to consider whether the proposed requirements provide sufficient detail for applicants to understand the process and the criteria by which the NCUA evaluates applications. 16 12 CFR 708b.104(a)(2). Additionally, the other rules promulgated under the authority of section 205 of the FCU Act require board of directors’ votes. 12 CFR 708a.103, 303 (board of credit union converting to bank); 12 CFR 708b.202(a) (board of directors of FICU converting to noninsured status). PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 708a.403, Submission to the NCUA This section highlights critical elements of the application package. In particular, it addresses requirements related to features that distinguish FICUs from other types of financial institutions. These features include FICU membership, permissible powers, and the duties of FICU boards. The applying FICU must specify how it plans to make non-credit union customers FICU members. Membership is important because, with limited exceptions, FICUs may only serve members. The Board determined to include this reminder in the regulatory text so that FICUs do not lose sight of the importance of membership, particularly in light of NCUSIF insurance coverage limitations discussed later in this proposal. Even where the FCU Act would permit service to non-members, such as the acceptance of public unit deposits or the acceptance of non-member deposits by low-income designated FICUs, the FICU’s goal should always be to make the customers of the other institution members.17 The applying FICU must provide basic information about the transaction that enables NCUA staff to evaluate it. NCUA Regional Office staff involved in evaluating these transactions have observed that an application often lacks a succinct summary of very basic information. The NCUA’s National Supervision and Policy Manual will detail more specific requirements in this regard, but the Board agrees with NCUA staff that the regulation should list the minimum information required to be disclosed in connection with every transaction. This information includes the balance sheet and income statements for both institutions; a combined financial statement showing the transaction’s potential impact on the FICU’s net worth; information about the FICU’s due diligence assessment of the proposed transaction, including analysis to support the proposed transaction price; a delinquent loan summary; analysis of the adequacy of the FICU’s allowance for loan and lease losses; and a list of the other institution’s assets that would be impermissible for the FICU to hold under the FCU Act or state law, with the plan for excluding these assets. This section also includes a requirement that each member of the FICU’s board of directors that votes in favor of the combination transaction 17 The NCUA’s Chartering and Field of Membership Manual discusses FCU membership requirements. In addition, the Office of Credit Union Resources and Expansion can provide additional guidance on membership for FCUs. E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules must certify that the FICU’s management has explained how the combination transaction will affect the FICU’s net worth and balance sheet, as well as how the FICU determined the purchase price. This board member certification must also state that management explained to the board of directors how the transaction would benefit the current members of the FICU as well as the prospective members to be gained in the transaction. Finally, the board member certification mirrors the conflict of interest provision of the FCU bylaws and requires directors to certify that they do not have a personal or pecuniary interest in the transaction. The Board seeks comment on all aspects of the requirements for combination transaction applications set forth in this section. The Board particularly solicits commenters’ views on whether it would be helpful to have more detailed information in the regulation. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 708a.404, Insurance of Deposits Paragraph (a) of this section requires a FICU proposing a combination transaction to demonstrate that any customer deposits it assumes will be insured by the NCUSIF as of the transaction close. With certain limited exceptions, FICUs do not have authority to hold non-insured deposits. Further, the NCUA understands that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation will not approve a transaction in which a bank transfers customer deposits to a FICU unless it ascertains that the deposits transferred will have immediate NCUSIF coverage. The availability of federal insurance is a critical consideration in determining whether a proposed transaction meets the ‘‘convenience and needs of the members.’’ Paragraph (b) of this section describes methods by which a FICU proposing a combination transaction can ensure consumer deposits will have NCUSIF coverage. First, a FICU with a lowincome designation may hold nonmember deposits from any source and they are insured up to applicable limits. FICUs may also hold public unit deposits that are insured up to applicable limits, to the extent permitted by state law for statechartered FICUs. Also, the state regulator of a state-chartered FICU can provide a statement confirming that the customers of the institution will become members of the FICU, pursuant to state law, at the transaction close. Finally, an FCU that does not have a low-income designation must demonstrate that the depositors are within its field of VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 membership and that they have taken action to become members of the FCU. 708a.405, Federal Credit Union Membership This section reiterates the two-step process for joining an FCU. The first step, covered in paragraph (a), is determining that a potential member falls within the FCU’s field of membership. The second step, covered in paragraph (b), is how the potential member becomes an actual member. The NCUA’s long held position has generally required that to become a member of the FCU the other entity’s customer must affirmatively act through an authoritative vote or individual consent before the closing of a combination transaction. In the case of a vote, the other entity’s regulator, charter and bylaws must permit such a process, whereby the vote of a certain percentage of customers will demonstrate affirmative approval for all affected customers and thereby meet the requirement to subscribe to FCU membership. This approach is analogous to the voting required in FICU-to-FICU merger transactions, where a majority vote of the whole allows the transaction to proceed without an affirmative act by each individual. The Board invites comments on this aspect of the proposed rule. Section 741.8 Section 741.8 is the implementing regulation for some of the transactions permitted by § 205(b) of the FCU Act. Section 741.8 also addresses loan purchases, as permitted for FCUs under § 107(13) of the FCU Act. The proposal amends paragraph (a) to include purchases of assets other than loans to the list of authorized transactions. The proposal also revises paragraph (c) to delineate the other NCUA regulations that apply to each particular type of transaction. The NCUA’s longstanding position is that § 741.8, on its own, is not additional or separate authority, but simply states that the NCUA must approve certain types of transactions that are otherwise permitted by the FCU Act and other NCUA regulations.18 The revisions to § 741.8(c) will make it clear to FICUs considering a transaction which additional regulations may apply. The proposal also adds a paragraph (d) to § 741.8 to enumerate the statutory factors the NCUA must consider when evaluating transactions. The FCU Act 18 As stated in a previous rulemaking regarding Part 741.8, ‘‘other regulations may limit or otherwise regulate those transactions, for example, the member business lending rule, the fixed asset rule, the eligible obligations rule, and so forth.’’ 70 FR 75723 (Dec. 21, 2005). PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 5339 requires the NCUA to consider these factors when evaluating transactions authorized under § 205(b) of the FCU Act. The loan and asset purchase transactions addressed in § 741.8, which are authorized by the investment and eligible obligations authority of the FCU Act, do not currently require analysis of these factors. Nonetheless, these factors address the two major issues at stake in any transaction: (1) Whether it is safe and sound, and (2) whether it helps the credit union serve its members. Accordingly, the Board has determined that it is prudent and appropriate to use these factors in evaluating all transactions under § 741.8. The Board seeks comment on all aspects of the proposed amendments to § 741.8, including whether additional amendments to § 741.8 would improve transparency or clarity. V. Regulatory Procedures A. Regulatory Flexibility Act The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires the NCUA to prepare an analysis to describe any significant economic impact a regulation may have on a substantial number of small entities.19 For purposes of this analysis, the Board considers small credit unions to be those having under $100 million in assets.20 This rule will affect only those FICUs that propose to engage in certain transactions with non-FICUs. The NCUA’s records indicate none of the FICUs proposing such transactions from 2013 to the present had less than $100 million in assets. In fact, the smallest FICU making such a request had $258 million in assets. Accordingly, the NCUA certifies the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small credit unions. B. Paperwork Reduction Act The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) 21 applies to rulemakings in which an agency by rule creates a new paperwork burden on regulated entities or modifies an existing burden. For purposes of the PRA, a paperwork burden may take the form of a reporting, recordkeeping, or a third-party disclosure requirement, referred to as an information collection. NCUA proposes to add new Subpart D to Part 708a to clarify and make transparent the procedures and requirement currently related to combination transactions with an institution other than a FICU and 19 5 U.S.C. 603(a). Ruling and Policy Statement 15–1, 80 FR 57512 (Sept. 24, 2015). 21 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. 20 Interpretive E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 5340 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules specifies the basic requirements for these type of transactions. All transactions require NCUA approval, and state-chartered FICUs must also obtain their state regulator’s approval. The NCUA estimates there will be approximately 20 transactions under this rule every year. While the NCUA currently requires affected FICUs to submit all of the information required in the rule as part of an application, the NCUA is requesting a new OMB control number to cover information collection requirements proposed by new Subpart D to Part 708a. Current § 741.8 prescribes that a credit union must submit a request to NCUA for approval to purchase assets and assumption of liabilities. This section is being revised to delineate the other NCUA regulations that apply to each particular type of transaction. The information collection requirements associated the submission of a request under subpart D will be covered by the new OMB control number. The information collection requirements currently cleared under OMB control number 3133–0169 will continue to address of the reporting requirement outside of those covered by subpart D, with no changes at this time. This is a request for a new OMB control number to cover the information collection requirements of Subpart D to Part 708a. OMB Control Number: 3133–NEW. Title of information collection: Combinations of Credit Unions and Other Types of Financial Institutions, Subpart D to Part 708a. Estimated number of respondents: 20. Estimated number of responses per respondent: 2.7. Estimated total annual responses: 54. Estimated burden per response: 74.37. Estimated total annual burden: 4,016. The NCUA invites comments on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or start-up costs and cost of operation, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information. All comments are a matter of public record. Comments regarding the information collection requirements of this rule should be sent to (1) Dawn Wolfgang, NCUA PRA Clearance Officer, 1775 Duke Street, Suite 6032, Alexandria, VA 22314, or email at PRAComments@ncua.gov and the (1) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Attention: Desk Officer for NCUA, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235, Washington, DC 20503, or email at OIRA_Submission@ OMB.EOP.gov. Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1766, 1785(b), and 1785(c). C. Executive Order 13132 § 708a.401 Executive Order 13132 encourages independent regulatory agencies to consider the impact of their actions on state and local interests. The NCUA, an independent regulatory agency as defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(5), voluntarily complies with the Executive Order to adhere to fundamental federalism principles. The proposed rule does not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. The NCUA has, therefore, determined that this rule does not constitute a policy that has federalism implications for purposes of the Executive Order. As used in this subpart D: Combination transaction means any transaction in which a credit union does one or more of the following: Merges or consolidates with any non-credit union; assumes liability to pay any deposits in, or similar liabilities of, any non-credit union; or transfers assets to any noncredit union in consideration of the assumption of liabilities for any portion of the member accounts in the insured credit union. Credit union has the same meaning as insured credit union in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. 1752. Non-credit union means any financial institution that is not a Federal credit union or a State credit union, as those terms are defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. 1752. Regional director means the director of the NCUA Regional Office for the region where a natural person credit union’s main office is located. For corporate credit unions and natural person credit unions with $10 billion or more in assets at the time of application, Regional Director means the Director of NCUA’s Office of National Examinations and Supervision. D. Assessment of Federal Regulations and Policies on Families The NCUA has determined that this rule will not affect family well-being within the meaning of § 654 of the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 1999, Public Law 105–277, 112 Stat. 2681 (1998). List of Subjects 12 CFR Part 708a Charter conversions, Credit unions. 2. Add subpart D, consisting of §§ 708a.401 through 708a.405, to read as follows: ■ Subpart D—Combinations of Credit Unions and Other Types of Financial Institutions Sec. 708a.401 Definitions. 708a.402 Approval Required for Combination Transactions. 708a.403 Submission to the NCUA. 708a.404 Assumption of Deposits; Federal Share Insurance Required. 708a.405 Federal Credit Union Membership Definitions. 12 CFR Part 741 § 708a.402 Approval Required for Combination Transactions. Bank deposit insurance, Credit unions. (a) General. The NCUA’s prior approval is required before a credit union may engage in a combination transaction. A state-chartered credit union must also obtain the prior approval of its State Supervisory Authority to engage in a combination transaction. (b) Factors. The NCUA will assess each of the below factors in considering applications for combination transactions: (1) The history, financial condition, and management policies of the credit union; By the National Credit Union Administration Board on January 23, 2020. Gerard Poliquin, Secretary of the Board. For the reasons stated above, the NCUA proposes to amend 12 CFR parts 708a and 741 as follows: PART 708a—BANK CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS 1. The authority citation for part 708a continues to read as follows: ■ PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules (2) The adequacy of the credit union’s reserves; (3) The economic advisability of the transaction; (4) The general character and fitness of the credit union’s management; (5) The convenience and needs of the members to be served by the credit union; and (6) How the transaction fits into the credit union’s purpose as a cooperative association organized for the purpose of promoting thrift among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or productive purposes. (c) Credit union board of directors. A credit union proposing a combination transaction must conduct a vote of its board of directors on the proposed transaction before submitting a request under paragraph (a) of this section. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS § 708a.403 Submission to the NCUA. (a) General. A credit union proposing a combination transaction must submit its request to the Regional Director. (b) Credit union membership. The request to the NCUA must explain the credit union’s plan for obtaining credit union membership for the customers of the non-credit union. (c)(1) Information required. The request to the NCUA must, at a minimum, include the following items: (i) A balance sheet and income statement for each institution; (ii) A combined financial statement showing the transaction’s potential impact on the credit union’s net worth; (iii) A summary of the credit union’s due diligence assessment process for the proposed transaction, including analysis to support the proposed transaction price; (iv) A delinquent loan summary for any assets involved in the transaction; (v) An analysis of the adequacy of the credit union’s allowance for loan and lease losses; (vi) A list of the other institution’s assets that would be impermissible for a credit union to hold under the Act and, for state-chartered credit unions, state law, and an explanation of the plan to dispose of these assets in advance of, or separately from, the transaction; and (vii) A list of bank shareholders. (2) Other information. Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section the Regional director may also request any additional information the Regional director, in his or her discretion, deems necessary to evaluate the proposed transaction. (d) Certification of board of directors. The request to the Regional director must include a certification, signed by each member of the credit union’s board of directors that voted in favor of the VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 proposed transaction, that contains the following: (1) A statement that each director signing the certification supports the proposed combination transaction and believes the proposed combination transaction is in the best interests of the current and potential members of the credit union; (2) A statement that credit union management has adequately explained the transaction’s expected effect on the credit union’s net worth and balance sheet, as well as how the purchase price was determined; (3) A description of all materials submitted to the Regional Director with the notice and certification; (4) A statement that each director signing the certification had the opportunity to review all relevant facts about the transaction before voting on it; and (5) A statement that each director signing the certification, as well as any corporation, partnership or association (other than the credit union) in which the director has a direct or indirect interest, does not have a pecuniary or personal interest in the transaction. § 708a.404 Assumption of Deposits; Federal Share Insurance Required. (a) Share insurance required. A credit union proposing to engage in a combination transaction under this subpart must demonstrate to the NCUA that any customer deposits that the credit union is seeking to assume will qualify for coverage up to applicable limits under the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF) immediately upon the transaction close. (b) Qualifications for share insurance. Deposits that the credit union is seeking to assume qualify for NCUSIF coverage up to applicable limits in any of the following instances: (1) The credit union has a low-income designation, as permitted by § 701.34 of this chapter. (2) The deposits are from a public unit or a political subdivision thereof, as those terms are defined in § 745.1 of this chapter. (3) The State Supervisory Authority of a state-chartered credit union provides a written statement confirming, subject to the NCUA’s satisfaction, that the depositors will be credit union members at the transaction close under the relevant state law. (4) A federal credit union demonstrates, pursuant to § 708a.405, that the depositors are within the federal credit union’s field of membership and that the depositors have consented to become members of the federal credit union. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 5341 § 708a.405 Federal Credit Union Membership. Requirements. The following requirements apply to federal credit union membership: (a) Eligibility. The federal credit union must confirm that each customer of the non-credit union involved in the proposed transaction is within the federal credit union’s field of membership. A federal credit union may not assume the deposits of a customer that is outside the federal credit union’s field of membership, except as permitted by § 701.32 of this chapter and § 708a.404(b)(1) and (2). A federal credit union may not acquire the loans of a customer that is outside the federal credit union’s field of membership, except as permitted by § 701.23 of this chapter. (b) Consent to federal credit union membership. The federal credit union must confirm that the customers of the non-credit union who are within the federal credit union’s field of membership have consented to become members of the federal credit union. PART 741—REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURANCE 3. The authority citation for part 741 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1757, 1766(a), 1781– 1790, and 1790d; 31 U.S.C. 3717. 4. Amend § 741.8 by revising paragraph (a) introductory text, paragraph (c) and adding paragraph (d) to read as follows: ■ § 741.8 Purchase of assets and assumption of liabilities. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any credit union insured by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF) must receive approval from the NCUA before purchasing assets, including loans, or assuming an assignment of deposits, shares, or liabilities from: * * * * * (c) General. A credit union proposing a transaction under paragraph (a) of this section must submit its request to the Regional Director. A credit union must also comply with all requirements of other applicable portions of this chapter, as noted below. A statechartered federally insured credit union must also comply with any applicable state law or regulations. (1) For a transaction that is a merger or consolidation with an institution of the type listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with subpart D of part 708a of this chapter. E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1 5342 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / Proposed Rules (2) For a transaction that is a merger or consolidation with an institution of the type listed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the credit union must comply with part 708b of this chapter. (3) For assumptions of deposits or other liabilities, not part of a merger or consolidation, from an institution of the type listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with subpart D of part 708a. (4) For purchases of loans, not part of a merger or consolidation, from an institution of the type listed in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with § 701.23 of this chapter. (5) For purchase of other assets, not part of a merger or consolidation, from an institution of the type listed in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with parts 703 or 721 of this chapter, as applicable. (d) Factors. The NCUA will assess each of the below factors in considering applications for transactions under this section: (1) The history, financial condition, and management policies of the credit union; (2) The adequacy of the credit union’s reserves; (3) The economic advisability of the transaction; (4) The general character and fitness of the credit union’s management; (5) The convenience and needs of the members to be served by the credit union; and (6) How the transaction fits into the credit union’s purpose as a cooperative association organized for the purpose of promoting thrift among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or productive purposes. [FR Doc. 2020–01538 Filed 1–29–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7535–01–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA–2019–1041; Airspace Docket No. 19–AGL–27] khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with PROPOSALS RIN 2120–AA66 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cadiz, Caldwell, and Cambridge, OH Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:13 Jan 29, 2020 Jkt 250001 This action proposes to amend the Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface at Harrison County Airport, Cadiz, OH; Noble County Airport, Caldwell, OH; and Cambridge Municipal Airport, Cambridge, OH. The FAA is proposing these actions as the result of airspace reviews caused by the decommissioning of the Newcomerstown VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) navigation aid, which provided navigation information for the instrument procedures at these airports, as part of the VOR Minimum Operational Network (MON) Program. The geographic coordinates of Harrison County Airport and Noble County Airport would also be updated to coincide with the FAA’s aeronautical database. Airspace redesign is necessary for the safety and management of instrument flight rules (IFR) operations at these airports. DATES: Comments must be received on or before March 16, 2020. ADDRESSES: Send comments on this proposal to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590; telephone (202) 366–9826, or (800) 647–5527. You must identify FAA Docket No. FAA–2019– 1041/Airspace Docket No. 19–AGL–27, at the beginning of your comments. You may also submit comments through the internet at https://www.regulations.gov. You may review the public docket containing the proposal, any comments received, and any final disposition in person in the Dockets Office between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except federal holidays. FAA Order 7400.11D, Airspace Designations and Reporting Points, and subsequent amendments can be viewed online at https://www.faa.gov/air_ traffic/publications/. For further information, you can contact the Airspace Policy Group, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591; telephone: (202) 267–8783. The Order is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of FAA Order 7400.11D at NARA, email fedreg.legal@nara.gov or go to https:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffrey Claypool, Federal Aviation Administration, Operations Support Group, Central Service Center, 10101 Hillwood Parkway, Fort Worth, TX 76177; telephone (817) 222–5711. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Authority for This Rulemaking The FAA’s authority to issue rules regarding aviation safety is found in Title 49 of the United States Code. Subtitle I, Section 106 describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the agency’s authority. This rulemaking is promulgated under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart I, Section 40103. Under that section, the FAA is charged with prescribing regulations to assign the use of airspace necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft and the efficient use of airspace. This regulation is within the scope of that authority as it would amend the Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface at Harrison County Airport, Cadiz, OH; Noble County Airport, Caldwell, OH; and Cambridge Municipal Airport, Cambridge, OH, to support IFR operations at these airports. Comments Invited Interested parties are invited to participate in this proposed rulemaking by submitting such written data, views, or arguments, as they may desire. Comments that provide the factual basis supporting the views and suggestions presented are particularly helpful in developing reasoned regulatory decisions on the proposal. Comments are specifically invited on the overall regulatory, aeronautical, economic, environmental, and energy-related aspects of the proposal. Communications should identify both docket numbers and be submitted in triplicate to the address listed above. Commenters wishing the FAA to acknowledge receipt of their comments on this notice must submit with those comments a self-addressed, stamped postcard on which the following statement is made: ‘‘Comments to Docket No. FAA–2019–1041/Airspace Docket No. 19–AGL–27.’’ The postcard will be date/time stamped and returned to the commenter. All communications received before the specified closing date for comments will be considered before taking action on the proposed rule. The proposal contained in this notice may be changed in light of the comments received. A report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel concerned with this rulemaking will be filed in the docket. Availability of NPRMs An electronic copy of this document may be downloaded through the E:\FR\FM\30JAP1.SGM 30JAP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 20 (Thursday, January 30, 2020)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 5336-5342]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-01538]


========================================================================
Proposed Rules
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of 
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these 
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in 
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 20 / Thursday, January 30, 2020 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 5336]]



NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION

12 CFR Parts 708a and 741

RIN 3313-AF10


Combination Transactions With Non-Credit Unions; Credit Union 
Asset Acquisitions

AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: The NCUA Board (Board) proposes to add subpart D to part 708a 
of its regulations. This will clarify and make transparent the 
procedures and requirements currently in place related to combination 
transactions. Combination transactions include those where a federally 
insured credit union (FICU) proposes to assume liabilities from a non-
credit union, including a bank. They also include a FICU's merger or 
consolidation with a non-credit union entity. Further, the proposed 
rule clarifies the scope of section 741.8 of the NCUA's regulations, 
which currently requires the NCUA to grant approval before a FICU may 
purchase loans or assume an assignment of deposits, shares, or 
liabilities from any institution that is not insured by the National 
Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF).

DATES: Comments must be received by March 30, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods 
(Please send comments by one method only). Please note that the NCUA is 
now accepting electronic comments only through the Federal eRulemaking 
portal, Regulations.gov:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: (703) 518-6319. Use the subject line ``[Your name] 
Comments on Combination Transactions'' on the transmission cover sheet.
     Mail: Address to Gerard Poliquin, Secretary of the Board, 
National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, 
Virginia 22314-3428.
     Hand Delivery/Courier: Same as mail address.
    Public inspection: All public comments are available on the 
agency's website at http://www.ncua.gov/RegulationsOpinionsLaws/comments as submitted, except as may not be possible for technical 
reasons. Public comments will not be edited to remove any identifying 
or contact information. Paper copies of comments may be inspected in 
NCUA's law library, at 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, by 
appointment weekdays between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. To make an 
appointment, call (703) 518-6540 or send an email to [email protected].

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elizabeth Wirick, Senior Staff 
Attorney, Office of General Counsel, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, 
Virginia 22314, or by telephone at (703) 518-6540.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
I. Background
II. Legal Authority
III. Summary of the Proposed Rule
IV. Section-by-Section Analysis
V. Regulatory Procedures

I. Background

    The NCUA has historically seen a relatively small but consistent 
number of applications from FICUs seeking to engage in merger or 
purchase and assumption transactions with banks or other types of 
financial institutions. As the table below shows, the number of these 
transactions the NCUA approved each year \1\ was small and fairly 
constant from 2013 to 2017 with a modest uptick in 2018 and 2019.
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    \1\ The numbers reported in this table are based on the date of 
the NCUA's approval of the transaction, not the closing date. 
Accordingly, other publicly reported data may have slightly 
different figures by year, if they track by transaction close date.
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    NCUA-approved transactions between FICUs and other types of 
institutions for calendar years 2013-2019 are as follows. None of these 
transactions involve the purchase of, or operation under, a bank's 
charter.
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    \2\ These are transactions where the non-FICU remains in 
business, such as when a FICU acquires the loans and deposits of 
only certain branches of a bank.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Transactions that     Transactions that
                              include all of a non-   include part of a
                                FICU's assets and     non-FICU's assets
                                   liabilities       and liabilities \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2020........................  0 approved, 9         0 approved, 8
                               pending.              pending.
2019........................  11..................  4.
2018........................  7...................  1.
2017........................  3...................  1.
2016........................  2...................  4.
2015........................  2...................  1.
2014........................  1...................  1.
2013........................  2...................  3.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Because these transactions occur in relatively small numbers, the 
Board has not previously promulgated a detailed rule addressing 
them.\3\ Even with the increase over the past two years, these 
transactions still constitute only a small fraction of merger and 
acquisition transactions involving banks.\4\ Nevertheless, because of a 
desire to add even more transparency, and the questions the NCUA has 
received recently from FICUs, the Board believes

[[Page 5337]]

it would be beneficial to clarify the processes and requirements 
related to FICU applications for these transactions. This increased 
transparency will assist FICUs seeking to engage in these transactions 
to meet the NCUA's requirements.
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    \3\ The NCUA's only regulation on point states that the NCUA's 
approval is required before an FICU can purchase loans or assume 
liabilities or deposits of a noninsured credit union or another type 
of financial institution. 12 CFR 741.8.
    \4\ See Robert Klingler, ``The So-Called Rise of Credit Union 
Buyers'' (Sept. 24, 2019), https://bankbclp.com/2019/09/the-so-called-rise-of-credit-union-buyers.
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    The experience the NCUA has gained in recent years while 
considering each of these transactions on a case-by-case basis informs 
this rulemaking. This experience has allowed the agency to identify the 
various issues most frequently presented in these transactions and 
develop processes for considering these applications. Accordingly, the 
Board has determined to formalize some of these requirements in this 
rulemaking.
    During the process of developing this new regulatory language, the 
Board has determined that Sec.  741.8 of the NCUA's regulations also 
needs to be revised to update its scope and improve its clarity. The 
Board is proposing to apply Sec.  741.8 to all asset purchases, not 
only loan purchases and liability assumptions. The Board adopted the 
regulatory language currently in Sec.  741.8 primarily to address 
concerns about loan purchases from institutions not insured by the 
NCUSIF; at the time it believed that encompassing all assets would be 
unnecessarily burdensome.\5\ In the course of reviewing combination 
transactions with non-FICUs, however, agency staff have occasionally 
identified non-loan assets that are problematic, either because they 
are impermissible for FICUs or because they would pose undue risk to 
the FICU. In light of this experience, and the potential for risk to 
the FICU or the NCUSIF, the Board proposes to extend the scope of Sec.  
741.8 to all assets purchased from entities other than FICUs. When 
impermissible assets are identified, the FICU proposing the transaction 
must explain how the parties to the transaction plan to exclude the 
assets from the purchase transaction.
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    \5\ 56 FR 35808, 35809 (July 29, 1991).
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II. Legal Authority

    Section 205 of the Federal Credit Union Act (FCU Act) permits FICUs 
to engage in merger and purchase and assumption transactions with other 
types of financial institutions, as follows: Except as provided in a 
separate paragraph,\6\ no FICU shall, without the prior approval of the 
Board merge or consolidate with any noninsured credit union or 
institution; assume liability to pay any member accounts in, or similar 
liabilities of, any noninsured credit union or institution; \7\ 
transfer assets to any noninsured credit union or institution in 
consideration of the assumption of liabilities for any portion of the 
member accounts in such insured credit union; or convert into a 
noninsured credit union or institution.\8\
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    \6\ This paragraph, added to the Act in 1998, governs the 
process for FICUs to convert to mutual savings banks.
    \7\ The FCU Act defines a ``noninsured credit union'' as a 
credit union not insured by the NCUSIF. 12 U.S.C. 1752(1). The NCUA 
interprets the similar phrase ``noninsured credit union or 
institution'' to mean one not insured by the NCUSIF.
    \8\ 12 U.S.C. 1785(b)(1).
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    In granting or withholding this approval, the Board must consider 
six factors, which are the history, financial condition, and management 
policies of the credit union; the adequacy of the credit union's 
reserves; the economic advisability of the transaction; the general 
character and fitness of the credit union's management; the convenience 
and needs of the members to be served by the credit union; and whether 
the credit union is a cooperative association organized for the purpose 
of promoting thrift among its members and creating a source of credit 
for provident or productive purposes.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ Id. 1785(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Under the authority of this section, the NCUA has already issued 
detailed regulations governing the merger of a FICU into a bank other 
than a mutual savings bank \10\ and conversion of a FICU into a 
noninsured credit union.\11\ The Board has delegated some authority to 
approve and disapprove certain combination transactions to Regional 
Directors and the Director of the Office of National Examinations and 
Supervision.\12\
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    \10\ 12 CFR part 708a, subpart C.
    \11\ Id. part 708b, subparts B-C.
    \12\ The Board has delegated approval and disapproval authority 
to Regional Directors and the Director of the Office of National 
Examinations and Supervision for transactions in which both the fair 
market value of the acquired shares or deposits and the fair market 
value of the purchased loans and other assets are each less than 
$500 million. If the fair market value of the acquired shares or 
deposits and the fair market value of the purchased loans and other 
assets are each greater than $100 million, the Director of the 
Office of Examination and Insurance must concur. NCUA Delegations of 
Authority, SUP 24.
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III. Summary of the Proposed Rule

    The proposed rule adds new subpart D to part 708a. The new subpart 
specifies the basic requirements applicable to the above-referenced 
combination transactions between a FICU and another type of financial 
institution. All transactions require NCUA approval, and state-
chartered FICUs must also obtain their state regulator's approval. The 
proposed rule also includes provisions ensuring that the directors of a 
FICU proposing a combination transaction understand the nature and 
ramifications of the proposed transaction. Finally, the proposed rule 
amends Sec.  741.8 of the NCUA's regulations. The proposed amendments 
to Sec.  741.8 make the regulation's provisions applicable to all asset 
purchases and list the other NCUA regulations that apply to each 
particular type of transaction.

Section-by-Section Summary

708a.401, Definitions
    This section defines several terms used in subpart D. The term 
``combination transaction'' includes several of the types of 
transactions authorized by Section 205(b)(1) of the FCU Act including 
the following: (1) A merger or consolidation with anon-credit union; 
(2) the assumption of liabilities from anon-credit union; or (3) the 
transfer of assets to anon-credit union in consideration of the 
assumption of certain of its liabilities. The use of the distinct term 
``combination transaction'' differentiates these transactions from 
other types of transactions such as mergers between FICUs, mergers 
between FICUs and noninsured credit unions, FICU conversions to banks, 
and FICU purchases of loans that are not part of a merger or 
consolidation.\13\
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    \13\ New Subpart D does not address the requirements for FICU 
purchases of loan assets from institutions that are not FICUs when 
the proposed purchase is not part of a merger or consolidation. 
Section 205(b)(1) of the Act does not include authority to purchase 
assets, such as loans, other than as part of a merger or 
consolidation. A merger or consolidation generally means that at 
least one entity's charter is extinguished in the transaction. 
Accordingly, FICUs seeking to purchase loans from entities other 
than FICUs, where the other entity is not merging or consolidating 
with the FICU, must do so under other authorities. For FISCUs, state 
law or regulation may permit these purchases. For FCUs, this 
authority would be the NCUA's eligible obligations rule, 12 CFR 
701.23. Generally, if an FCU is purchasing loans from an entity 
other than a FICU, the eligible obligations rule requires the 
borrower to be a member of the purchasing credit union before the 
purchase is made. Id. Just as in the deposit context, the NCUA has 
historically interpreted this provision to mean that the borrower 
must have taken some affirmative action to join the FCU before the 
transaction closes. Purchases of student loans or mortgages to 
complete a pool of loans for sale on the secondary market are exempt 
from the membership requirement. The eligible obligations rule also 
allows FCUs to purchase eligible obligations from FICUs ``without 
regard to whether they are obligations of its members.'' Id. 
701.23(a)(2)(i).
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    The Board has determined to exclude mergers where one party is a 
FICU and one party is a noninsured credit union from the definition of 
combination transaction because part 708b of the NCUA's regulations 
already addresses these mergers.

[[Page 5338]]

    The term ``credit union'' means any credit union insured by the 
NCUSIF, so the rule generally applies to both federally insured state-
chartered credit unions (FISCUs) and federal credit unions (FCUs).\14\ 
The rule text in the proposal uses this term and definition to be 
consistent with the rest of Part 708a, but it has the same meaning as 
FICU as used in other parts of the NCUA's regulations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ Section 708a.405 of the proposed rule applies to FCUs only, 
because it addresses FCU membership requirements. The state 
supervisory agencies, not the NCUA, determine membership eligibility 
and status for state-chartered credit unions.
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    The term ``non-credit union'' means any institution that is not an 
FCU or a state credit union (whether or not federally insured), as 
those terms are defined in the FCU Act. Most of the combination 
transactions contemplated under this proposal have been between FICUs 
and other depository institutions, such as banks. In a few cases, 
however, FICUs have proposed a transaction with a non-depository 
financial company, such as a mortgage bank. The plain language of the 
FCU Act does not limit the types of institutions with which FICUs can 
combine, but allows transactions with any ``noninsured credit union or 
institution.'' \15\ Accordingly, as long as such acquisitions comply 
with all other legal standards and limitations, there is no legal bar 
to, for example, a combination transaction between a FICU and a 
mortgage bank.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ 12 U.S.C. 1785(b)(1)(A)-(D).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Board invites comments on the terms it proposes to use to 
address the transactions and the parties to these transactions under 
Section 205(b) of the FCU Act. The Board particularly solicits comments 
regarding the comprehensiveness and scope of the various terms, and 
whether commenters would recommend alternative, or additional, defined 
terms.
708a.402, Approval Required for Combination Transactions
    Paragraph (a) of this section requires the NCUA's advance approval 
of combination transactions, and it requires a FICU proposing a 
combination transaction to submit its request to the Regional Director. 
FISCUs must obtain the advance approval of their state regulator in 
addition to the NCUA's approval.
    Paragraph (b) of this section recites the statutory factors the 
NCUA must weigh in its consideration of a combination transaction 
application. While the first four of the six statutory factors relate 
to safety and soundness, the list also includes other considerations. 
In particular, the last two factors on the list require the NCUA to 
consider the proposed transaction's effect on FICU members and 
potential FICU members and whether the proposed transaction is in 
keeping with the FICU's mission. Accordingly, the NCUA reserves the 
right to object to a transaction, or portions of a transaction, even 
absent safety and soundness concerns.
    Paragraph (c) of this section clarifies that the FICU's board of 
directors must vote to approve a proposed combination transaction 
before the FICU submits its application package. While board of 
directors' votes are a common practice in these transactions, the NCUA 
believes that an explicit requirement will ensure that FICU management 
continues to keep the FICU's directors informed. In similar 
circumstances, the FICU-to-FICU merger rule in part 708b requires a 
vote of the board of directors of the continuing credit union.\16\ The 
Board believes a proposed transaction with an institution other than a 
FICU should receive at least the same level of review from a credit 
union's board of directors as a proposed merger with a FICU.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ 12 CFR 708b.104(a)(2). Additionally, the other rules 
promulgated under the authority of section 205 of the FCU Act 
require board of directors' votes. 12 CFR 708a.103, 303 (board of 
credit union converting to bank); 12 CFR 708b.202(a) (board of 
directors of FICU converting to noninsured status).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal does not impose a limit on the length of time the NCUA 
may take to consider combination transactions. While the agency 
continues to gain experience with these transactions, it may be 
preferable to approach each transaction without a deadline that could 
impede the NCUA's full understanding of the transaction's potential 
consequences. In this regard, the Board notes there is also no deadline 
for agency action in the FICU-to-FICU merger rule. Because, however, 
the Board is also aware that a specified timeline can be helpful for 
planning purposes, the Board seeks comment on whether there should be a 
deadline for agency action after receipt of a complete application 
package and, if so, what would be the appropriate period for agency 
action.
    The Board also invites comment on the other requirements for 
approval of a combination transaction. In particular, the Board asks 
commenters to consider whether the proposed requirements provide 
sufficient detail for applicants to understand the process and the 
criteria by which the NCUA evaluates applications.
708a.403, Submission to the NCUA
    This section highlights critical elements of the application 
package. In particular, it addresses requirements related to features 
that distinguish FICUs from other types of financial institutions. 
These features include FICU membership, permissible powers, and the 
duties of FICU boards.
    The applying FICU must specify how it plans to make non-credit 
union customers FICU members. Membership is important because, with 
limited exceptions, FICUs may only serve members. The Board determined 
to include this reminder in the regulatory text so that FICUs do not 
lose sight of the importance of membership, particularly in light of 
NCUSIF insurance coverage limitations discussed later in this proposal. 
Even where the FCU Act would permit service to non-members, such as the 
acceptance of public unit deposits or the acceptance of non-member 
deposits by low-income designated FICUs, the FICU's goal should always 
be to make the customers of the other institution members.\17\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ The NCUA's Chartering and Field of Membership Manual 
discusses FCU membership requirements. In addition, the Office of 
Credit Union Resources and Expansion can provide additional guidance 
on membership for FCUs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The applying FICU must provide basic information about the 
transaction that enables NCUA staff to evaluate it. NCUA Regional 
Office staff involved in evaluating these transactions have observed 
that an application often lacks a succinct summary of very basic 
information. The NCUA's National Supervision and Policy Manual will 
detail more specific requirements in this regard, but the Board agrees 
with NCUA staff that the regulation should list the minimum information 
required to be disclosed in connection with every transaction. This 
information includes the balance sheet and income statements for both 
institutions; a combined financial statement showing the transaction's 
potential impact on the FICU's net worth; information about the FICU's 
due diligence assessment of the proposed transaction, including 
analysis to support the proposed transaction price; a delinquent loan 
summary; analysis of the adequacy of the FICU's allowance for loan and 
lease losses; and a list of the other institution's assets that would 
be impermissible for the FICU to hold under the FCU Act or state law, 
with the plan for excluding these assets.
    This section also includes a requirement that each member of the 
FICU's board of directors that votes in favor of the combination 
transaction

[[Page 5339]]

must certify that the FICU's management has explained how the 
combination transaction will affect the FICU's net worth and balance 
sheet, as well as how the FICU determined the purchase price. This 
board member certification must also state that management explained to 
the board of directors how the transaction would benefit the current 
members of the FICU as well as the prospective members to be gained in 
the transaction. Finally, the board member certification mirrors the 
conflict of interest provision of the FCU bylaws and requires directors 
to certify that they do not have a personal or pecuniary interest in 
the transaction.
    The Board seeks comment on all aspects of the requirements for 
combination transaction applications set forth in this section. The 
Board particularly solicits commenters' views on whether it would be 
helpful to have more detailed information in the regulation.
708a.404, Insurance of Deposits
    Paragraph (a) of this section requires a FICU proposing a 
combination transaction to demonstrate that any customer deposits it 
assumes will be insured by the NCUSIF as of the transaction close. With 
certain limited exceptions, FICUs do not have authority to hold non-
insured deposits. Further, the NCUA understands that the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation will not approve a transaction in which a 
bank transfers customer deposits to a FICU unless it ascertains that 
the deposits transferred will have immediate NCUSIF coverage. The 
availability of federal insurance is a critical consideration in 
determining whether a proposed transaction meets the ``convenience and 
needs of the members.''
    Paragraph (b) of this section describes methods by which a FICU 
proposing a combination transaction can ensure consumer deposits will 
have NCUSIF coverage. First, a FICU with a low-income designation may 
hold non-member deposits from any source and they are insured up to 
applicable limits. FICUs may also hold public unit deposits that are 
insured up to applicable limits, to the extent permitted by state law 
for state-chartered FICUs. Also, the state regulator of a state-
chartered FICU can provide a statement confirming that the customers of 
the institution will become members of the FICU, pursuant to state law, 
at the transaction close. Finally, an FCU that does not have a low-
income designation must demonstrate that the depositors are within its 
field of membership and that they have taken action to become members 
of the FCU.
708a.405, Federal Credit Union Membership
    This section reiterates the two-step process for joining an FCU. 
The first step, covered in paragraph (a), is determining that a 
potential member falls within the FCU's field of membership. The second 
step, covered in paragraph (b), is how the potential member becomes an 
actual member.
    The NCUA's long held position has generally required that to become 
a member of the FCU the other entity's customer must affirmatively act 
through an authoritative vote or individual consent before the closing 
of a combination transaction. In the case of a vote, the other entity's 
regulator, charter and bylaws must permit such a process, whereby the 
vote of a certain percentage of customers will demonstrate affirmative 
approval for all affected customers and thereby meet the requirement to 
subscribe to FCU membership. This approach is analogous to the voting 
required in FICU-to-FICU merger transactions, where a majority vote of 
the whole allows the transaction to proceed without an affirmative act 
by each individual. The Board invites comments on this aspect of the 
proposed rule.
Section 741.8
    Section 741.8 is the implementing regulation for some of the 
transactions permitted by Sec.  205(b) of the FCU Act. Section 741.8 
also addresses loan purchases, as permitted for FCUs under Sec.  
107(13) of the FCU Act. The proposal amends paragraph (a) to include 
purchases of assets other than loans to the list of authorized 
transactions. The proposal also revises paragraph (c) to delineate the 
other NCUA regulations that apply to each particular type of 
transaction. The NCUA's longstanding position is that Sec.  741.8, on 
its own, is not additional or separate authority, but simply states 
that the NCUA must approve certain types of transactions that are 
otherwise permitted by the FCU Act and other NCUA regulations.\18\ The 
revisions to Sec.  741.8(c) will make it clear to FICUs considering a 
transaction which additional regulations may apply.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ As stated in a previous rulemaking regarding Part 741.8, 
``other regulations may limit or otherwise regulate those 
transactions, for example, the member business lending rule, the 
fixed asset rule, the eligible obligations rule, and so forth.'' 70 
FR 75723 (Dec. 21, 2005).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal also adds a paragraph (d) to Sec.  741.8 to enumerate 
the statutory factors the NCUA must consider when evaluating 
transactions. The FCU Act requires the NCUA to consider these factors 
when evaluating transactions authorized under Sec.  205(b) of the FCU 
Act. The loan and asset purchase transactions addressed in Sec.  741.8, 
which are authorized by the investment and eligible obligations 
authority of the FCU Act, do not currently require analysis of these 
factors. Nonetheless, these factors address the two major issues at 
stake in any transaction: (1) Whether it is safe and sound, and (2) 
whether it helps the credit union serve its members. Accordingly, the 
Board has determined that it is prudent and appropriate to use these 
factors in evaluating all transactions under Sec.  741.8.
    The Board seeks comment on all aspects of the proposed amendments 
to Sec.  741.8, including whether additional amendments to Sec.  741.8 
would improve transparency or clarity.

V. Regulatory Procedures

A. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires the NCUA to prepare an 
analysis to describe any significant economic impact a regulation may 
have on a substantial number of small entities.\19\ For purposes of 
this analysis, the Board considers small credit unions to be those 
having under $100 million in assets.\20\ This rule will affect only 
those FICUs that propose to engage in certain transactions with non-
FICUs. The NCUA's records indicate none of the FICUs proposing such 
transactions from 2013 to the present had less than $100 million in 
assets. In fact, the smallest FICU making such a request had $258 
million in assets. Accordingly, the NCUA certifies the rule will not 
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
credit unions.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ 5 U.S.C. 603(a).
    \20\ Interpretive Ruling and Policy Statement 15-1, 80 FR 57512 
(Sept. 24, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) \21\ applies to 
rulemakings in which an agency by rule creates a new paperwork burden 
on regulated entities or modifies an existing burden. For purposes of 
the PRA, a paperwork burden may take the form of a reporting, 
recordkeeping, or a third-party disclosure requirement, referred to as 
an information collection.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NCUA proposes to add new Subpart D to Part 708a to clarify and make 
transparent the procedures and requirement currently related to 
combination transactions with an institution other than a FICU and

[[Page 5340]]

specifies the basic requirements for these type of transactions. All 
transactions require NCUA approval, and state-chartered FICUs must also 
obtain their state regulator's approval. The NCUA estimates there will 
be approximately 20 transactions under this rule every year. While the 
NCUA currently requires affected FICUs to submit all of the information 
required in the rule as part of an application, the NCUA is requesting 
a new OMB control number to cover information collection requirements 
proposed by new Subpart D to Part 708a.
    Current Sec.  741.8 prescribes that a credit union must submit a 
request to NCUA for approval to purchase assets and assumption of 
liabilities. This section is being revised to delineate the other NCUA 
regulations that apply to each particular type of transaction. The 
information collection requirements associated the submission of a 
request under subpart D will be covered by the new OMB control number. 
The information collection requirements currently cleared under OMB 
control number 3133-0169 will continue to address of the reporting 
requirement outside of those covered by subpart D, with no changes at 
this time.
    This is a request for a new OMB control number to cover the 
information collection requirements of Subpart D to Part 708a.
    OMB Control Number: 3133-NEW.
    Title of information collection: Combinations of Credit Unions and 
Other Types of Financial Institutions, Subpart D to Part 708a.
    Estimated number of respondents: 20.
    Estimated number of responses per respondent: 2.7.
    Estimated total annual responses: 54.
    Estimated burden per response: 74.37.
    Estimated total annual burden: 4,016.
    The NCUA invites comments on: (a) Whether the proposed collection 
of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions 
of the agency, including whether the information will have practical 
utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the 
proposed collection of information, including the validity of the 
methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, 
utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to 
minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are 
to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or 
start-up costs and cost of operation, maintenance, and purchase of 
services to provide information.
    All comments are a matter of public record. Comments regarding the 
information collection requirements of this rule should be sent to (1) 
Dawn Wolfgang, NCUA PRA Clearance Officer, 1775 Duke Street, Suite 
6032, Alexandria, VA 22314, or email at [email protected] and the 
(1) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management 
and Budget, Attention: Desk Officer for NCUA, New Executive Office 
Building, Room 10235, Washington, DC 20503, or email at 
[email protected]P.gov.

C. Executive Order 13132

    Executive Order 13132 encourages independent regulatory agencies to 
consider the impact of their actions on state and local interests. The 
NCUA, an independent regulatory agency as defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(5), 
voluntarily complies with the Executive Order to adhere to fundamental 
federalism principles. The proposed rule does not have substantial 
direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national 
government and the states, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government. The NCUA has, 
therefore, determined that this rule does not constitute a policy that 
has federalism implications for purposes of the Executive Order.

D. Assessment of Federal Regulations and Policies on Families

    The NCUA has determined that this rule will not affect family well-
being within the meaning of Sec.  654 of the Treasury and General 
Government Appropriations Act, 1999, Public Law 105-277, 112 Stat. 2681 
(1998).

List of Subjects

12 CFR Part 708a

    Charter conversions, Credit unions.

12 CFR Part 741

    Bank deposit insurance, Credit unions.

    By the National Credit Union Administration Board on January 23, 
2020.
Gerard Poliquin,
Secretary of the Board.

    For the reasons stated above, the NCUA proposes to amend 12 CFR 
parts 708a and 741 as follows:

PART 708a--BANK CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS

0
1. The authority citation for part 708a continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1766, 1785(b), and 1785(c).

0
2. Add subpart D, consisting of Sec. Sec.  708a.401 through 708a.405, 
to read as follows:

Subpart D--Combinations of Credit Unions and Other Types of 
Financial Institutions

Sec.
708a.401 Definitions.
708a.402 Approval Required for Combination Transactions.
708a.403 Submission to the NCUA.
708a.404 Assumption of Deposits; Federal Share Insurance Required.
708a.405 Federal Credit Union Membership


Sec.  708a.401  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart D:
    Combination transaction means any transaction in which a credit 
union does one or more of the following: Merges or consolidates with 
any non-credit union; assumes liability to pay any deposits in, or 
similar liabilities of, any non-credit union; or transfers assets to 
any non-credit union in consideration of the assumption of liabilities 
for any portion of the member accounts in the insured credit union.
    Credit union has the same meaning as insured credit union in 
section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. 1752.
    Non-credit union means any financial institution that is not a 
Federal credit union or a State credit union, as those terms are 
defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. 1752.
    Regional director means the director of the NCUA Regional Office 
for the region where a natural person credit union's main office is 
located. For corporate credit unions and natural person credit unions 
with $10 billion or more in assets at the time of application, Regional 
Director means the Director of NCUA's Office of National Examinations 
and Supervision.


Sec.  708a.402  Approval Required for Combination Transactions.

    (a) General. The NCUA's prior approval is required before a credit 
union may engage in a combination transaction. A state-chartered credit 
union must also obtain the prior approval of its State Supervisory 
Authority to engage in a combination transaction.
    (b) Factors. The NCUA will assess each of the below factors in 
considering applications for combination transactions:
    (1) The history, financial condition, and management policies of 
the credit union;

[[Page 5341]]

    (2) The adequacy of the credit union's reserves;
    (3) The economic advisability of the transaction;
    (4) The general character and fitness of the credit union's 
management;
    (5) The convenience and needs of the members to be served by the 
credit union; and
    (6) How the transaction fits into the credit union's purpose as a 
cooperative association organized for the purpose of promoting thrift 
among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or 
productive purposes.
    (c) Credit union board of directors. A credit union proposing a 
combination transaction must conduct a vote of its board of directors 
on the proposed transaction before submitting a request under paragraph 
(a) of this section.


Sec.  708a.403  Submission to the NCUA.

    (a) General. A credit union proposing a combination transaction 
must submit its request to the Regional Director.
    (b) Credit union membership. The request to the NCUA must explain 
the credit union's plan for obtaining credit union membership for the 
customers of the non-credit union.
    (c)(1) Information required. The request to the NCUA must, at a 
minimum, include the following items:
    (i) A balance sheet and income statement for each institution;
    (ii) A combined financial statement showing the transaction's 
potential impact on the credit union's net worth;
    (iii) A summary of the credit union's due diligence assessment 
process for the proposed transaction, including analysis to support the 
proposed transaction price;
    (iv) A delinquent loan summary for any assets involved in the 
transaction;
    (v) An analysis of the adequacy of the credit union's allowance for 
loan and lease losses;
    (vi) A list of the other institution's assets that would be 
impermissible for a credit union to hold under the Act and, for state-
chartered credit unions, state law, and an explanation of the plan to 
dispose of these assets in advance of, or separately from, the 
transaction; and
    (vii) A list of bank shareholders.
    (2) Other information. Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section the Regional director may also request any additional 
information the Regional director, in his or her discretion, deems 
necessary to evaluate the proposed transaction.
    (d) Certification of board of directors. The request to the 
Regional director must include a certification, signed by each member 
of the credit union's board of directors that voted in favor of the 
proposed transaction, that contains the following:
    (1) A statement that each director signing the certification 
supports the proposed combination transaction and believes the proposed 
combination transaction is in the best interests of the current and 
potential members of the credit union;
    (2) A statement that credit union management has adequately 
explained the transaction's expected effect on the credit union's net 
worth and balance sheet, as well as how the purchase price was 
determined;
    (3) A description of all materials submitted to the Regional 
Director with the notice and certification;
    (4) A statement that each director signing the certification had 
the opportunity to review all relevant facts about the transaction 
before voting on it; and
    (5) A statement that each director signing the certification, as 
well as any corporation, partnership or association (other than the 
credit union) in which the director has a direct or indirect interest, 
does not have a pecuniary or personal interest in the transaction.


Sec.  708a.404  Assumption of Deposits; Federal Share Insurance 
Required.

    (a) Share insurance required. A credit union proposing to engage in 
a combination transaction under this subpart must demonstrate to the 
NCUA that any customer deposits that the credit union is seeking to 
assume will qualify for coverage up to applicable limits under the 
National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF) immediately upon 
the transaction close.
    (b) Qualifications for share insurance. Deposits that the credit 
union is seeking to assume qualify for NCUSIF coverage up to applicable 
limits in any of the following instances:
    (1) The credit union has a low-income designation, as permitted by 
Sec.  701.34 of this chapter.
    (2) The deposits are from a public unit or a political subdivision 
thereof, as those terms are defined in Sec.  745.1 of this chapter.
    (3) The State Supervisory Authority of a state-chartered credit 
union provides a written statement confirming, subject to the NCUA's 
satisfaction, that the depositors will be credit union members at the 
transaction close under the relevant state law.
    (4) A federal credit union demonstrates, pursuant to Sec.  
708a.405, that the depositors are within the federal credit union's 
field of membership and that the depositors have consented to become 
members of the federal credit union.


Sec.  708a.405  Federal Credit Union Membership.

    Requirements. The following requirements apply to federal credit 
union membership:
    (a) Eligibility. The federal credit union must confirm that each 
customer of the non-credit union involved in the proposed transaction 
is within the federal credit union's field of membership. A federal 
credit union may not assume the deposits of a customer that is outside 
the federal credit union's field of membership, except as permitted by 
Sec.  701.32 of this chapter and Sec.  708a.404(b)(1) and (2). A 
federal credit union may not acquire the loans of a customer that is 
outside the federal credit union's field of membership, except as 
permitted by Sec.  701.23 of this chapter.
    (b) Consent to federal credit union membership. The federal credit 
union must confirm that the customers of the non-credit union who are 
within the federal credit union's field of membership have consented to 
become members of the federal credit union.

PART 741--REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURANCE

0
3. The authority citation for part 741 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1757, 1766(a), 1781-1790, and 1790d; 31 
U.S.C. 3717.

0
4. Amend Sec.  741.8 by revising paragraph (a) introductory text, 
paragraph (c) and adding paragraph (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  741.8  Purchase of assets and assumption of liabilities.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any credit 
union insured by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund 
(NCUSIF) must receive approval from the NCUA before purchasing assets, 
including loans, or assuming an assignment of deposits, shares, or 
liabilities from:
* * * * *
    (c) General. A credit union proposing a transaction under paragraph 
(a) of this section must submit its request to the Regional Director. A 
credit union must also comply with all requirements of other applicable 
portions of this chapter, as noted below. A state-chartered federally 
insured credit union must also comply with any applicable state law or 
regulations.
    (1) For a transaction that is a merger or consolidation with an 
institution of the type listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the 
credit union must comply with subpart D of part 708a of this chapter.

[[Page 5342]]

    (2) For a transaction that is a merger or consolidation with an 
institution of the type listed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the 
credit union must comply with part 708b of this chapter.
    (3) For assumptions of deposits or other liabilities, not part of a 
merger or consolidation, from an institution of the type listed in 
paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with 
subpart D of part 708a.
    (4) For purchases of loans, not part of a merger or consolidation, 
from an institution of the type listed in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) 
of this section, the credit union must comply with Sec.  701.23 of this 
chapter.
    (5) For purchase of other assets, not part of a merger or 
consolidation, from an institution of the type listed in paragraphs 
(a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section, the credit union must comply with 
parts 703 or 721 of this chapter, as applicable.
    (d) Factors. The NCUA will assess each of the below factors in 
considering applications for transactions under this section:
    (1) The history, financial condition, and management policies of 
the credit union;
    (2) The adequacy of the credit union's reserves;
    (3) The economic advisability of the transaction;
    (4) The general character and fitness of the credit union's 
management;
    (5) The convenience and needs of the members to be served by the 
credit union; and
    (6) How the transaction fits into the credit union's purpose as a 
cooperative association organized for the purpose of promoting thrift 
among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or 
productive purposes.

[FR Doc. 2020-01538 Filed 1-29-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7535-01-P