Arms Sales Notification, 4297-4300 [2020-01142]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 16 / Friday, January 24, 2020 / Notices inflation adjustment for 2019, the maximum monthly rental amount for 50 U.S.C. App. 3951(a)(1)(A)(ii) as of January 1, 2020, will be $3,991.90. Dated: January 21, 2020. Aaron T. Siegel, Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. [FR Doc. 2020–01202 Filed 1–23–20; 8:45 am] lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES BILLING CODE 5001–06–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Jan 23, 2020 Office of the Secretary [Transmittal No. 20–06] Arms Sales Notification Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Arms sales notice. AGENCY: The Department of Defense is publishing the unclassified text of an arms sales notification. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karma Job at karma.d.job.civ@mail.mil or (703) 697–8976. SUMMARY: Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 This 36(b)(1) arms sales notification is published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104–164 dated July 21, 1996. The following is a copy of a letter to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Transmittal 20–06, Policy Justification and Sensitivity of Technology. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 4297 Dated: January 17, 2020. Aaron T. Siegel, Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. BILLING CODE 5001–06–P E:\FR\FM\24JAN1.SGM 24JAN1 4298 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 16 / Friday, January 24, 2020 / Notices DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY 20112™STREETSOUTH,STE203 ARLINGTON, VA 22202-5408 JAN O9 2020 The Honorable Nancy Pelosi Speak.er of the House U.S. House of Representatives H-209, The Capitol Washington, DC 20515 Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to the reporting requirements of Section 36(b)(l) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 20-06 concerning the Air Force's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and Acceptance to the Government of Singapore for defense articles and services estimated to cost $2. 750 billion. After this letter is delivered to your office, we plan to issue a news release to notify the public of this proposed sa1e. er 1eutenant General, Director BILLING CODE 5001–06–C lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Transmittal No. 20-06 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of Singapore (ii) Total Estimated Value: Major Defense Equipment * VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Jan 23, 2020 $1.625 billion Jkt 250001 Other .................................... $1.125 billion TOTAL ............................. $2.750 billion (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or Services under Consideration for Purchase: Major Defense Equipment (MDE): Up to twelve (12) F-35B Short TakeOff and Vertical Landing (STOVL) Aircraft (Four (4) F-35B STOVL Aircraft with the option to purchase an PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 additional Eight (8) F-35B STOVL Aircraft) Up to thirteen (13) Pratt and Whitney F135 Engines (includes 1 initial spare) Non-MDE: Also included are Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Intelligence/Communication, Navigation and Identification (C4I/CNI) system; Autonomic Logistics Global E:\FR\FM\24JAN1.SGM 24JAN1 EN24JA20.051</GPH> Enclosures: 1. Transmittal 2. Policy Justification 3. Sensitivity of Technology Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 16 / Friday, January 24, 2020 / Notices Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); F35 Training System; Weapons Employment Capability and other Subsystems, Features and Capabilities; F-35 unique infrared flares; reprogramming center access and F-35 Performance Based Logistics; software development/integration; aircraft transport from Ft. Worth, TX to the CONUS initial training base and tanker support (if necessary); spare and repair parts; support equipment, tools and test equipment; technical data and publications; personnel training and training equipment; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services; and other related elements of logistics support. (iv) Military Department: Air Force (SN-D-SAE) (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed to be Paid: None (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached Annex. (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: January 9, 2020 * As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control Act. POLICY JUSTIFICATION lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Singapore—F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) The Government of Singapore has requested to buy up to twelve (12) F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft (four (4) F-35B STOVL aircraft with the option to purchase an additional eight (8) F-35B STOVL aircraft); and up to thirteen (13) Pratt and Whitney F135 Engines (includes 1 initial spare). Also included are Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Intelligence/Communication, Navigation and Identification (C4I/CNI) system; Autonomic Logistics Global Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); F35 Training System; Weapons Employment Capability and other Subsystems, Features and Capabilities; F-35 unique infrared flares; reprogramming center access and F-35 Performance Based Logistics; software development/integration; aircraft transport from Ft. Worth, TX to the CONUS initial training base and tanker support (if necessary); spare and repair parts; support equipment, tools and test equipment; technical data and publications; personnel training and training equipment; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services; and other VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Jan 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 related elements of logistics support. The total estimated cost is $2.750 billion. This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States. Singapore is a strategic friend and Major Security Cooperation Partner and an important force for political stability and economic progress in the Asia Pacific region. This proposed sale of F-35s will augment Singapore’s operational aircraft inventory and enhance its air-to-air and air-to-ground self-defense capability, adding to an effective deterrence to defend its borders and contribute to coalition operations with other allied and partner forces. Singapore will have no difficulty absorbing these aircraft into its armed forces. The proposed sale of this aircraft and support will not alter the basic military balance in the region. The prime contractors will be Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Fort Worth, Texas, and Pratt and Whitney Military Engines, East Hartford, Connecticut. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale. Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the assignment of any additional U.S. Government or contactor representatives to Singapore. There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale. Transmittal No. 20-06 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act Annex Item No. vii (vii) Sensitivity of Technology: 1. The F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft is a single-seat, single-engine, all-weather, stealth, fifth-generation, multirole aircraft. It contains sensitive technology including the low observable airframe/ outer mold line, the Pratt and Whitney F135 engine, AN/APG-81 radar, an integrated core processor central computer, mission systems/electronic warfare suite, a multiple sensor suite, technical data/documentation, and associated software. Sensitive elements of the F-35B are also included in operational flight and maintenance trainers. a. The Pratt and Whitney F135 engine is a single 40,000-lb thrust class engine designed for the F-35 and assures highly reliable, affordable performance. The engine is designed to be utilized in all F-35 variants, providing unmatched PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 4299 commonality and supportability throughout the worldwide base ofF-35 users. The Short Takeoff and Vertical Landing (STOVL) propulsion configuration consists of the main engine, diverter-less supersonic inlet, a three (3) Bearing Swivel Module, Roll Posts and Duct Assembly System, and Lift Fan. b. The AN/APG-81 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) is a high processing power/high transmission power electronic array capable of detecting air and ground targets from a greater distance than mechanically scanned array radars. It also contains a synthetic aperture radar (SAR), which creates high-resolution ground maps and provides weather data to the pilot, and provides air and ground tracks to the mission system, which uses it as a component to fuse sensor data. c. The Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) provides long-range detection and tracking as well as an infrared search and track (IRST) and forward-looking infrared (FLIR) capability for precision tracking, weapons delivery, and bomb damage assessment (BDA). The EOTS replaces multiple separate internal or podded systems typically found on legacy aircraft. d. The Electro-Optical Distributed Aperture System (EODAS) provides the pilot with full spherical coverage for airto-air and air-to-ground threat awareness, day/night vision enhancements, a fire control capability, and precision tracking of wingmen/ friendly aircraft. The EODAS provides data directly to the pilot’s helmet as well as the mission system. e. The Electronic Warfare (EW) system is a reprogrammable, integrated system that provides radar warning and electronic support measures (ESM) along with a fully integrated countermeasures (CM) system. The EW system is the primary subsystem used to enhance situational awareness, targeting support and self-defense through the search, intercept, location, and identification of in-band emitters and to automatically counter IR and RF threats. f. The Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence/Communications, Navigation, and Identification (C4I/CNI) system provides the pilot with unmatched connectivity to flight members, coalition forces, and the battlefield. It is an integrated subsystem designed to provide a broad spectrum of secure, anti-jam voice and data communications, precision radio navigation and landing capability, selfidentification, beyond visual range target identification, and connectivity to E:\FR\FM\24JAN1.SGM 24JAN1 lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES 4300 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 16 / Friday, January 24, 2020 / Notices off-board sources of information. It also includes an inertial navigation and global positioning system (GPS) for precise location information. The functionality is tightly integrated within the mission system to enhance efficiency. g. The aircraft C4I/CNI system includes two data links, the MultiFunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) and Link 16. The MADL is designed specifically for the F-35 and allows for stealthy communications between F35s. Link 16 data link equipment allows the F-35 to communicate with legacy aircraft using widely distributed J-series message protocols. h. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Global Sustainment (ALGS) provides a fully integrated logistics management solution. ALGS integrates a number of functional areas including supply chain management, repair, support equipment, engine support, and training. The ALGS infrastructure employs a state-of-the-art information system that provides real-time, decisionworthy information for sustainment decisions by flight line personnel. Prognostic health monitoring technology is integrated with the air system and is crucial to predictive maintenance of vital components. i. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS) provides an intelligent information infrastructure that binds all the key concepts of ALGS into an effective support system. ALIS establishes the appropriate interfaces among the F-35 Air Vehicle, the warfighter, the training system, government information technology (IT) systems, and supporting commercial enterprise systems. Additionally, ALIS provides a comprehensive tool for data collection and analysis, decision support, and action tracking. j. The F-35 Training System includes several training devices to provide integrated training for pilots and maintainers. The pilot training devices include a Full Mission Simulator (FMS) and Deployable Mission Rehearsal Trainer (DMRT). The maintainer training devices include an Aircraft Systems Maintenance Trainer (ASMT), Ejection System Maintenance Trainer (ESMT), Outer Mold Line (OML) Lab, Flexible Linear Shaped Charge (FLSC) Trainer, Fl35 Engine Module Trainer, and Weapons Loading Trainer (WLT). The F-35 Training System can be integrated, where both pilots and maintainers learn in the same Integrated Training Center (ITC). Alternatively, the pilots and maintainers can train in separate facilities (Pilot Training Center and Maintenance Training Center). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Jan 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 k. Other subsystems, features, and capabilities include the F-35’s low observable airframe, Integrated Core Processor (ICP) Central Computer, Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS), Pilot Life Support System, OffBoard Mission Support (OMS) System, and publications/maintenance manuals. The HMDS provides a fully sunlight readable, bi-ocular display presentation of aircraft information projected onto the pilot’s helmet visor. The use of a night vision camera integrated into the helmet eliminates the need for separate Night Vision Goggles (NVG). The Pilot Life Support System provides a measure of Pilot Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Protection through use of an On Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS); and an escape system that provides additional protection to the pilot. OBOGS takes the Power and Thermal Management System (PTMS) air and enriches it by removing gases (mainly nitrogen) by adsorption, thereby increasing the concentration of oxygen in the product gas and supplying breathable air to the pilot. The OMS provides a mission planning, mission briefing, and a maintenance/ intelligence/tactical debriefing platform for the F-35. 2. The Reprogramming Center is located in the U.S. and provides F-35 customers a means to update F-35 electronic warfare databases. 3. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain knowledge of the specific hardware and software elements, the information could be used to develop countermeasures, which might reduce weapon system effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with similar or advanced capabilities. 4. A determination has been made that Singapore can provide substantially the same degree of protection for the sensitive technology being released as the U.S. Government. This proposed sale is necessary to further the U.S. foreign policy and national security objectives outlined in the Policy Justification. Moreover, the benefits to be derived from this sale, as outlined in the Policy Justification, outweigh the potential damage that could result if the sensitive technology were revealed to unauthorized persons. 5. All defense articles and services listed on this transmittal have been authorized for release and export to the Government of Singapore. [FR Doc. 2020–01142 Filed 1–23–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001–06–P PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of Federal Advisory Committee meeting. AGENCY: The DoD is publishing this notice to announce that the following Federal Advisory Committee meeting of the Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (DAC–IPAD) will take place. DATES: Open to the public, Friday, February 14, 2020, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. ADDRESSES: The Westin Arlington Gateway Hotel, 801 N Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22203 Arlington, Virginia. SUMMARY: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dwight Sullivan, 703–695–1055 (Voice), dwight.h.sullivan.civ@mail.mil (Email). Mailing address is DAC–IPAD, One Liberty Center, 875 N Randolph Street, Suite 150, Arlington, Virginia 22203. Website: http://dacipad.whs.mil/. The most up-to-date changes to the meeting agenda can be found on the website. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This meeting is being held under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102–3.140 and 102–3.150. Purpose of the Meeting: In section 546 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Pub. L. 113– 291), as modified by section 537 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Pub. L. 114–92), Congress tasked the DAC–IPAD to advise the Secretary of Defense on the investigation, prosecution, and defense of allegations of rape, forcible sodomy, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct involving members of the Armed Forces. This will be the sixteenth public meeting held by the DAC–IPAD. At this meeting the Committee will receive testimony from former military judges about their views on the current military justice system and military sexual assault cases— including their perspectives on the conviction and acquittal rates for sexual E:\FR\FM\24JAN1.SGM 24JAN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 16 (Friday, January 24, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 4297-4300]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-01142]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Office of the Secretary

[Transmittal No. 20-06]


Arms Sales Notification

AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Department of Defense.

ACTION: Arms sales notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Department of Defense is publishing the unclassified text 
of an arms sales notification.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karma Job at [email protected] 
or (703) 697-8976.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This 36(b)(1) arms sales notification is 
published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104-
164 dated July 21, 1996. The following is a copy of a letter to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, Transmittal 20-06, Policy 
Justification and Sensitivity of Technology.

    Dated: January 17, 2020.
Aaron T. Siegel,
Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.
BILLING CODE 5001-06-P

[[Page 4298]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TN24JA20.051

BILLING CODE 5001-06-C
Transmittal No. 20-06
Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 
36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended
    (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of Singapore
    (ii) Total Estimated Value:

Major Defense Equipment *...............  $1.625 billion
Other...................................  $1.125 billion
                                         -------------------------------
  TOTAL.................................  $2.750 billion
 

    (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
Services under Consideration for Purchase:
    Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
    Up to twelve (12) F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) 
Aircraft (Four (4) F-35B STOVL Aircraft with the option to purchase an 
additional Eight (8) F-35B STOVL Aircraft)
    Up to thirteen (13) Pratt and Whitney F135 Engines (includes 1 
initial spare)
    Non-MDE:
    Also included are Electronic Warfare Systems; Command, Control, 
Communication, Computers and Intelligence/Communication, Navigation and 
Identification (C4I/CNI) system; Autonomic Logistics Global

[[Page 4299]]

Support System (ALGS); Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS); 
F-35 Training System; Weapons Employment Capability and other 
Subsystems, Features and Capabilities; F-35 unique infrared flares; 
reprogramming center access and F-35 Performance Based Logistics; 
software development/integration; aircraft transport from Ft. Worth, TX 
to the CONUS initial training base and tanker support (if necessary); 
spare and repair parts; support equipment, tools and test equipment; 
technical data and publications; personnel training and training 
equipment; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, technical, and 
logistics support services; and other related elements of logistics 
support.
    (iv) Military Department: Air Force (SN-D-SAE)
    (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None
    (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed to be 
Paid: None
    (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense Article or 
Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached Annex.
    (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: January 9, 2020

    * As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control Act.

POLICY JUSTIFICATION

Singapore--F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL)

    The Government of Singapore has requested to buy up to twelve (12) 
F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft (four (4) F-
35B STOVL aircraft with the option to purchase an additional eight (8) 
F-35B STOVL aircraft); and up to thirteen (13) Pratt and Whitney F135 
Engines (includes 1 initial spare). Also included are Electronic 
Warfare Systems; Command, Control, Communication, Computers and 
Intelligence/Communication, Navigation and Identification (C4I/CNI) 
system; Autonomic Logistics Global Support System (ALGS); Autonomic 
Logistics Information System (ALIS); F-35 Training System; Weapons 
Employment Capability and other Subsystems, Features and Capabilities; 
F-35 unique infrared flares; reprogramming center access and F-35 
Performance Based Logistics; software development/integration; aircraft 
transport from Ft. Worth, TX to the CONUS initial training base and 
tanker support (if necessary); spare and repair parts; support 
equipment, tools and test equipment; technical data and publications; 
personnel training and training equipment; U.S. Government and 
contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services; and 
other related elements of logistics support. The total estimated cost 
is $2.750 billion.
    This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national 
security objectives of the United States. Singapore is a strategic 
friend and Major Security Cooperation Partner and an important force 
for political stability and economic progress in the Asia Pacific 
region.
    This proposed sale of F-35s will augment Singapore's operational 
aircraft inventory and enhance its air-to-air and air-to-ground self-
defense capability, adding to an effective deterrence to defend its 
borders and contribute to coalition operations with other allied and 
partner forces. Singapore will have no difficulty absorbing these 
aircraft into its armed forces.
    The proposed sale of this aircraft and support will not alter the 
basic military balance in the region.
    The prime contractors will be Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, 
Fort Worth, Texas, and Pratt and Whitney Military Engines, East 
Hartford, Connecticut. There are no known offset agreements proposed in 
connection with this potential sale.
    Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the 
assignment of any additional U.S. Government or contactor 
representatives to Singapore.
    There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a 
result of this proposed sale.
Transmittal No. 20-06
Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 
36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act
Annex
Item No. vii
    (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
    1. The F-35B Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft 
is a single-seat, single-engine, all-weather, stealth, fifth-
generation, multirole aircraft. It contains sensitive technology 
including the low observable airframe/outer mold line, the Pratt and 
Whitney F135 engine, AN/APG-81 radar, an integrated core processor 
central computer, mission systems/electronic warfare suite, a multiple 
sensor suite, technical data/documentation, and associated software. 
Sensitive elements of the F-35B are also included in operational flight 
and maintenance trainers.
    a. The Pratt and Whitney F135 engine is a single 40,000-lb thrust 
class engine designed for the F-35 and assures highly reliable, 
affordable performance. The engine is designed to be utilized in all F-
35 variants, providing unmatched commonality and supportability 
throughout the worldwide base ofF-35 users. The Short Takeoff and 
Vertical Landing (STOVL) propulsion configuration consists of the main 
engine, diverter-less supersonic inlet, a three (3) Bearing Swivel 
Module, Roll Posts and Duct Assembly System, and Lift Fan.
    b. The AN/APG-81 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) is a 
high processing power/high transmission power electronic array capable 
of detecting air and ground targets from a greater distance than 
mechanically scanned array radars. It also contains a synthetic 
aperture radar (SAR), which creates high-resolution ground maps and 
provides weather data to the pilot, and provides air and ground tracks 
to the mission system, which uses it as a component to fuse sensor 
data.
    c. The Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) provides long-range 
detection and tracking as well as an infrared search and track (IRST) 
and forward-looking infrared (FLIR) capability for precision tracking, 
weapons delivery, and bomb damage assessment (BDA). The EOTS replaces 
multiple separate internal or podded systems typically found on legacy 
aircraft.
    d. The Electro-Optical Distributed Aperture System (EODAS) provides 
the pilot with full spherical coverage for air-to-air and air-to-ground 
threat awareness, day/night vision enhancements, a fire control 
capability, and precision tracking of wingmen/friendly aircraft. The 
EODAS provides data directly to the pilot's helmet as well as the 
mission system.
    e. The Electronic Warfare (EW) system is a reprogrammable, 
integrated system that provides radar warning and electronic support 
measures (ESM) along with a fully integrated countermeasures (CM) 
system. The EW system is the primary subsystem used to enhance 
situational awareness, targeting support and self-defense through the 
search, intercept, location, and identification of in-band emitters and 
to automatically counter IR and RF threats.
    f. The Command, Control, Communications, Computers and 
Intelligence/Communications, Navigation, and Identification (C4I/CNI) 
system provides the pilot with unmatched connectivity to flight 
members, coalition forces, and the battlefield. It is an integrated 
subsystem designed to provide a broad spectrum of secure, anti-jam 
voice and data communications, precision radio navigation and landing 
capability, self-identification, beyond visual range target 
identification, and connectivity to

[[Page 4300]]

off-board sources of information. It also includes an inertial 
navigation and global positioning system (GPS) for precise location 
information. The functionality is tightly integrated within the mission 
system to enhance efficiency.
    g. The aircraft C4I/CNI system includes two data links, the Multi-
Function Advanced Data Link (MADL) and Link 16. The MADL is designed 
specifically for the F-35 and allows for stealthy communications 
between F-35s. Link 16 data link equipment allows the F-35 to 
communicate with legacy aircraft using widely distributed J-series 
message protocols.
    h. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Global Sustainment (ALGS) provides 
a fully integrated logistics management solution. ALGS integrates a 
number of functional areas including supply chain management, repair, 
support equipment, engine support, and training. The ALGS 
infrastructure employs a state-of-the-art information system that 
provides real-time, decision-worthy information for sustainment 
decisions by flight line personnel. Prognostic health monitoring 
technology is integrated with the air system and is crucial to 
predictive maintenance of vital components.
    i. The F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS) provides 
an intelligent information infrastructure that binds all the key 
concepts of ALGS into an effective support system. ALIS establishes the 
appropriate interfaces among the F-35 Air Vehicle, the warfighter, the 
training system, government information technology (IT) systems, and 
supporting commercial enterprise systems. Additionally, ALIS provides a 
comprehensive tool for data collection and analysis, decision support, 
and action tracking.
    j. The F-35 Training System includes several training devices to 
provide integrated training for pilots and maintainers. The pilot 
training devices include a Full Mission Simulator (FMS) and Deployable 
Mission Rehearsal Trainer (DMRT). The maintainer training devices 
include an Aircraft Systems Maintenance Trainer (ASMT), Ejection System 
Maintenance Trainer (ESMT), Outer Mold Line (OML) Lab, Flexible Linear 
Shaped Charge (FLSC) Trainer, Fl35 Engine Module Trainer, and Weapons 
Loading Trainer (WLT). The F-35 Training System can be integrated, 
where both pilots and maintainers learn in the same Integrated Training 
Center (ITC). Alternatively, the pilots and maintainers can train in 
separate facilities (Pilot Training Center and Maintenance Training 
Center).
    k. Other subsystems, features, and capabilities include the F-35's 
low observable airframe, Integrated Core Processor (ICP) Central 
Computer, Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS), Pilot Life Support 
System, Off-Board Mission Support (OMS) System, and publications/
maintenance manuals. The HMDS provides a fully sunlight readable, bi-
ocular display presentation of aircraft information projected onto the 
pilot's helmet visor. The use of a night vision camera integrated into 
the helmet eliminates the need for separate Night Vision Goggles (NVG). 
The Pilot Life Support System provides a measure of Pilot Chemical, 
Biological, and Radiological Protection through use of an On Board 
Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS); and an escape system that provides 
additional protection to the pilot. OBOGS takes the Power and Thermal 
Management System (PTMS) air and enriches it by removing gases (mainly 
nitrogen) by adsorption, thereby increasing the concentration of oxygen 
in the product gas and supplying breathable air to the pilot. The OMS 
provides a mission planning, mission briefing, and a maintenance/
intelligence/tactical debriefing platform for the F-35.
    2. The Reprogramming Center is located in the U.S. and provides F-
35 customers a means to update F-35 electronic warfare databases.
    3. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain knowledge 
of the specific hardware and software elements, the information could 
be used to develop countermeasures, which might reduce weapon system 
effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with similar or 
advanced capabilities.
    4. A determination has been made that Singapore can provide 
substantially the same degree of protection for the sensitive 
technology being released as the U.S. Government. This proposed sale is 
necessary to further the U.S. foreign policy and national security 
objectives outlined in the Policy Justification. Moreover, the benefits 
to be derived from this sale, as outlined in the Policy Justification, 
outweigh the potential damage that could result if the sensitive 
technology were revealed to unauthorized persons.
    5. All defense articles and services listed on this transmittal 
have been authorized for release and export to the Government of 
Singapore.

[FR Doc. 2020-01142 Filed 1-23-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 5001-06-P