Request for Information Concerning Large Truck Crash Causal Factors Study, 2481-2483 [2020-00557]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 10 / Wednesday, January 15, 2020 / Notices Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date: 08/18/2020. ADDRESSES: Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road, Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW, Suite 6050, Washington, DC 20416, (202) 205–6734. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The notice of the President’s major disaster declaration for the State of SOUTH DAKOTA, dated 11/18/2019, is hereby amended to include the following areas as adversely affected by the disaster: Primary Counties (Physical Damage and Economic Injury Loans): Aurora Contiguous Counties (Economic Injury Loans Only): South Dakota: Jerauld. All other information in the original declaration remains unchanged. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number 59008) [FR Doc. 2020–00520 Filed 1–14–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8026–03–P DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 11000] Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition—Determinations: ‘‘Signs and Wonders: The Photographs of John Beasley Greene’’ Exhibition Notice; Correction. On June 28, 2019, notice was published on page 31134 of the Federal Register (volume 84, number 125) of determinations pertaining to certain objects to be included in an exhibition entitled ‘‘Signs and Wonders: The Photographs of John Beasley Greene.’’ The referenced notice is hereby corrected as to the expected closing date of the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at The Art Institute of Chicago, which is on or about May 31, 2020. I have ordered that Public Notice of the correction of the closing date at The Art Institute of Chicago be published in the Federal Register. DATES: This notice was initially issued on June 28, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chi D. Tran, Paralegal Specialist, Office of the Legal Adviser, U.S. Department of State (telephone: 202–632–6471; email: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:18 Jan 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 Marie Therese Porter Royce, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State. [FR Doc. 2020–00409 Filed 1–14–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4710–05–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration [Docket No. FAA–2020–0046] Agency Information Collection Activities: Requests for Comments; Clearance of Renewed Approval of Information Collection: Aircraft Registration Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, FAA invites public comments about our intention to request Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval to renew a previously approved information collection. The information collected is used by the FAA to register aircraft or record a security interest in a registered aircraft. The information required to register and prove ownership of an aircraft is required from any person wishing to register an aircraft. DATES: Written comments should be submitted by March 16, 2020. ADDRESSES: Please send written comments: By Electronic Docket: www.regulations.gov (Enter docket number into search field). By Mail: Ken Thompson, Manager, Aircraft Registration Branch, AFB–710, P.O. Box 25504, Oklahoma City, OK 73125. By Fax: 405–954–8068. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bonnie Lefko by email at: bonnie.lefko@ faa.gov; phone: 405–954–7461. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspect of this information collection, including (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for FAA’s performance; (b) the accuracy of the estimated burden; (c) ways for FAA to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information collection; and (d) ways that the burden could be SUMMARY: James Rivera, Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance. ACTION: section2459@state.gov). The mailing address is U.S. Department of State, L/PD, SA–5, Suite 5H03, Washington, DC 20522–0505. PO 00000 Frm 00099 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 2481 minimized without reducing the quality of the collected information. The agency will summarize and/or include your comments in the request for OMB’s clearance of this information collection. OMB Control Number: 2120–0042. Title: Aircraft Registration. Form Numbers: AC Forms 8050–1, 8050–1B, 8050–2, 8050–4, 8050–88, 8050–88A, 8050–98 and 8050–117. Type of Review: Renewal of an information collection. Background: Public Law 103–272 states that all aircraft must be registered before they may be flown. It sets forth registration eligibility requirements and provides for application for registration as well as suspension and/or revocation of registration. The information collected is used by the FAA to register an aircraft and record a security interest in a registered aircraft. The information requested is required to register aircraft and prove ownership and security interests in an aircraft. Respondents: Approximately 162,176 registrants/security holders. Frequency: Information is collected on occasion. Estimated Average Burden per Response: 32 minutes. Estimated Total Annual Burden: 135,457 hours. Issued in Oklahoma City, OK, on January 10, 2020. Bonnie Lefko, Program Analyst, Civil Aviation Registry, Aircraft Registration Branch, AFB–710. [FR Doc. 2020–00531 Filed 1–14–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0277] Request for Information Concerning Large Truck Crash Causal Factors Study Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice: Request for information. AGENCY: FMCSA seeks information on how best to design and conduct a study to identify factors contributing to all FMCSA reportable large truck crashes (towaway, injury and fatal). Methodologically, the Agency seeks information on how best to balance sample representativeness, comprehensive data sources, ranges of crash types, and cost efficiency. The methodology should also address the use of on-board electronic systems which can generate information about SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\15JAN1.SGM 15JAN1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 2482 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 10 / Wednesday, January 15, 2020 / Notices speeding, lane departure, and hard braking. The study should be designed to yield information that will help FMCSA and the truck safety community to identify activities and other measures likely to lead to significant reductions in the frequency, severity, and crash rate involving commercial motor vehicles. As practicable, the study shall rank such activities and measures by the reductions each would likely achieve, if implemented. This RFI supports a twopart process to gather information for the development of a Large Truck Crash Causal Factors Study (LTCCFS) and to promote transparency and innovation by enabling the public, academics, experts, and industry to comment on how best to conduct this study. This study will help improve FMCSA and its State partners’ ability to: 1. Evaluate crashes involving large trucks and identify emerging trends; 2. Monitor crash trends and identify causes and contributing factors; and 3. Develop effective safety improvement policies and programs. DATES: Comments on this notice must be received on or before March 16, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments bearing the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket ID FMCSA– 2019–0277 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery or Courier: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. Instructions: Each submission must include the Agency name and the docket number for this notice. Note that DOT posts all comments received without change to www.regulations.gov, including any personal information included in a comment. Please see the Privacy Act heading below. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments, go to www.regulations.gov at any time or visit Room W12–140 on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The on-line FDMS is available 24 hours each day, 365 days each year. If you want acknowledgment that VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:18 Jan 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 FMCSA received your comments, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope or postcard or print the acknowledgement page that appears after submitting comments on-line. Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL–14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jenny Guarino, Statistician, Analysis Division, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590– 0001 by telephone at 202–366–4143 or by email, Jenny.Guarino@dot.gov. If you have questions on viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation and Request for Comments FMCSA encourages you to participate by submitting comments and related materials. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (FMCSA–2019–0277), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so the Agency can contact you if it has questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov and put the docket number, ‘‘FMCSA–2019–0277’’ in the ‘‘Keyword’’ box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ When the new screen appears, click on ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box in the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a PO 00000 Frm 00100 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period and may change this notice based on your comments. Viewing Comments and Documents To view comments, as well as documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, ‘‘FMCSA–2019– 0277’’ in the ‘‘Keyword’’ box and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document listed to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. II. Background In response to a statutory directive, FMCSA conducted a comprehensive large truck crash causation study (LTCCS) in 2001–2003. The original LTCCS provided the Department, and safety research community, valuable insight into the factors which contribute to crashes involving at least one CMV. For example, a primary finding of the study was that in the vast majority of crashes where the critical reason for the crash was assigned to the large truck, it was attributed to a driver-related action or inaction. The original study can be found at https:// crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ ViewPublication/810646, and the report to Congress can be found at https:// www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot .gov/files/docs/ltccs-2006.pdf. The original study collected data on crashes at 24 sites of NHTSA’s National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS/ CDS) from 2001 through 2003 and used a nationally representative approach. In order to be included in this study, the crash must have involved at least one large truck with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds, and resulted in at least one fatality or at least one incapacitating or non-incapacitating but evident injury. Data were collected on up to 1,000 elements in each crash. To get the highest quality data possible, the onsite investigations began as soon as possible after the crash occurred. Data collection was performed at each crash site by a two-person team consisting of a trained NASS/CDS researcher and an inspector qualified to perform North American Standard E:\FR\FM\15JAN1.SGM 15JAN1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 10 / Wednesday, January 15, 2020 / Notices Inspections. The researchers collected data at crash scenes through driver, passenger, and witness interviews. The 28-page truck driver interview form, for example, covered areas such as: • Crash scene description, including roadway and weather; • vehicle rollover, fire, jackknife, cargo shift, and component problems with brakes, tires, steering, engine, and lights; driver credentials, history, method of wage payment, physical condition, fatigue (sleep pattern, work schedule, recreational activities, etc.), inattention/distraction, perception, and decisions; and • trip information, including intended start time, purpose, intended length, and familiarity with the route. After the crash, each truck and truck driver were subjected to a thorough inspection/evaluation. The inspection covered thirteen critical areas such as brakes, exhaust systems, frames, cargo securement, tires, wheels and rims, and fuel systems. It covered driver data on licenses, medical cards, duty status, and log books. After leaving the crash scene, researchers collected additional interview data by telephone from the motor carriers responsible for the trucks, and drivers of trucks and other vehicles when the actual drivers could not be interviewed due to a fatality or serious injury. Researchers also reviewed police crash reports, hospitals records, and coroners’ reports. In addition, researchers often revisited the crash scene to make more accurate scene diagrams and search for additional data. Together the teams collected data on approximately 1,000 variables on each crash.’’ (p.5 Report to Congress, March 2006.) In the more than 15 years since the original study, many changes in technology, vehicle safety, driver behavior and roadway design have occurred that effect how a driver performs. Since the study ended in 2003, fatal crashes involving large trucks decreased until 2009 when they hit their lowest point in recent years (2,893 fatal crashes). Since 2009, fatal crashes involving large trucks have steadily increased to 4,415 fatal crashes in 2018, a 52.6 percent increase when compared to 2009. Over the last three years (2016–2018), fatal crashes involving large trucks increased 5.7 percent. This study will help FMCSA identify factors that are contributing to the growth in fatal large truck crashes, and in both injury and property damage only (PDO) crashes. These factors will drive new initiatives to reduce crashes on our nations roadways. This includes factors such as the dramatic increase in distraction caused VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:18 Jan 14, 2020 Jkt 250001 by cell phones and texting, the level of driver restraint use, the advent of in-cab navigation and fleet management systems, as well as equipment designed to enhance safety, such as automatic emergency braking (AEB) systems. Therefore, FMCSA is interested in conducting a revised crash study and is seeking information on the most effective methodology for best collecting a representative set of crash data for identifying the primary factors involved in large truck crashes. Findings from the study can be used to inform technology developers in the autonomous vehicle environment of the kinds of driver behaviors that need to be addressed. This new study will develop a baseline of large truck crash factors to help guide mitigating crash avoidance strategies to prevent future crashes even in the SAE International driving automation level 4 and 5 vehicles.1 Knowing more about driver behaviors will identify areas where new driving automation systems can be of help, and aid in formulating performance metrics and standards that may need to be considered if they are to reduce crashes involving large trucks. In addition, because some of the driver assistance systems are already deployed in many fleets, this study can provide data on their effectiveness in determining what crash avoidance capabilities may need to be incorporated in the Automated Driving Systems (ADS) that may be provided on the CMV platforms in the future. In your proposal please include the answers to the following: 1. Should FMCSA pursue a nationally representative sampling approach or can convenience sampling serve the needs? 2. What type of study are you recommending (e.g., nationally representative vs. convenience sampling), and what are the pros and cons of this approach? 3. How important is it for the new study results to be comparable with findings of the original LTCCS? 4. What other sources of data can enrich the new study? How can they be identified and included? Issued on: January 9, 2020. Jim Mullen, Acting Administrator. [FR Doc. 2020–00557 Filed 1–14–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P 1 SAE Level 4 is High Autonomation, where the vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under certain conditions. SAE Level 5 is Full Autonomation, where the vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under all conditions. For more information on the SAE levels, and automated vehicles please refer to: https:// www.nhtsa.gov/technology-innovation/automatedvehicles-safety. PO 00000 Frm 00101 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 2483 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0112] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Hearing Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from eight individuals for an exemption from the hearing requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions would enable these hard of hearing and deaf individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce. DATES: Comments must be received on or before February 14, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0112 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket? D=FMCSA-2019-0011. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\15JAN1.SGM 15JAN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 10 (Wednesday, January 15, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 2481-2483]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-00557]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0277]


Request for Information Concerning Large Truck Crash Causal 
Factors Study

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice: Request for information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA seeks information on how best to design and conduct a 
study to identify factors contributing to all FMCSA reportable large 
truck crashes (towaway, injury and fatal). Methodologically, the Agency 
seeks information on how best to balance sample representativeness, 
comprehensive data sources, ranges of crash types, and cost efficiency. 
The methodology should also address the use of on-board electronic 
systems which can generate information about

[[Page 2482]]

speeding, lane departure, and hard braking. The study should be 
designed to yield information that will help FMCSA and the truck safety 
community to identify activities and other measures likely to lead to 
significant reductions in the frequency, severity, and crash rate 
involving commercial motor vehicles. As practicable, the study shall 
rank such activities and measures by the reductions each would likely 
achieve, if implemented. This RFI supports a two-part process to gather 
information for the development of a Large Truck Crash Causal Factors 
Study (LTCCFS) and to promote transparency and innovation by enabling 
the public, academics, experts, and industry to comment on how best to 
conduct this study. This study will help improve FMCSA and its State 
partners' ability to:
    1. Evaluate crashes involving large trucks and identify emerging 
trends;
    2. Monitor crash trends and identify causes and contributing 
factors; and
    3. Develop effective safety improvement policies and programs.

DATES: Comments on this notice must be received on or before March 16, 
2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments bearing the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket ID FMCSA-2019-0277 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery or Courier: West Building Ground Floor, Room 
W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
    Instructions: Each submission must include the Agency name and the 
docket number for this notice. Note that DOT posts all comments 
received without change to www.regulations.gov, including any personal 
information included in a comment. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
below.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments, go to www.regulations.gov at any time or visit Room W12-140 
on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays. The on-line FDMS is available 24 hours each 
day, 365 days each year. If you want acknowledgment that FMCSA received 
your comments, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope or 
postcard or print the acknowledgement page that appears after 
submitting comments on-line.
    Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits 
comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT 
posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information 
the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the 
system of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jenny Guarino, Statistician, Analysis 
Division, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey 
Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590-0001 by telephone at 202-366-4143 or by 
email, [email protected]. If you have questions on viewing or 
submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone 
(202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments

    FMCSA encourages you to participate by submitting comments and 
related materials.

Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (FMCSA-2019-0277), indicate the specific section of this 
document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each 
suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material 
online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of 
these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing 
address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your 
document so the Agency can contact you if it has questions regarding 
your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov and 
put the docket number, ``FMCSA-2019-0277'' in the ``Keyword'' box, and 
click ``Search.'' When the new screen appears, click on ``Comment 
Now!'' button and type your comment into the text box in the following 
screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual 
or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your 
comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no 
larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic 
filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they 
reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard 
or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period and may change this notice based on your comments.

Viewing Comments and Documents

    To view comments, as well as documents mentioned in this preamble 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov and 
insert the docket number, ``FMCSA-2019-0277'' in the ``Keyword'' box 
and click ``Search.'' Next, click ``Open Docket Folder'' button and 
choose the document listed to review. If you do not have access to the 
internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket 
Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the DOT West 
Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

II. Background

    In response to a statutory directive, FMCSA conducted a 
comprehensive large truck crash causation study (LTCCS) in 2001-2003. 
The original LTCCS provided the Department, and safety research 
community, valuable insight into the factors which contribute to 
crashes involving at least one CMV. For example, a primary finding of 
the study was that in the vast majority of crashes where the critical 
reason for the crash was assigned to the large truck, it was attributed 
to a driver-related action or inaction. The original study can be found 
at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/810646, 
and the report to Congress can be found at https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot .gov/files/docs/ltccs-2006.pdf.
    The original study collected data on crashes at 24 sites of NHTSA's 
National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS/
CDS) from 2001 through 2003 and used a nationally representative 
approach. In order to be included in this study, the crash must have 
involved at least one large truck with a gross vehicle weight rating of 
more than 10,000 pounds, and resulted in at least one fatality or at 
least one incapacitating or non-incapacitating but evident injury. Data 
were collected on up to 1,000 elements in each crash. To get the 
highest quality data possible, the onsite investigations began as soon 
as possible after the crash occurred. Data collection was performed at 
each crash site by a two-person team consisting of a trained NASS/CDS 
researcher and an inspector qualified to perform North American 
Standard

[[Page 2483]]

Inspections. The researchers collected data at crash scenes through 
driver, passenger, and witness interviews. The 28-page truck driver 
interview form, for example, covered areas such as:
     Crash scene description, including roadway and weather;
     vehicle rollover, fire, jackknife, cargo shift, and 
component problems with brakes, tires, steering, engine, and lights; 
driver credentials, history, method of wage payment, physical 
condition, fatigue (sleep pattern, work schedule, recreational 
activities, etc.), inattention/distraction, perception, and decisions; 
and
     trip information, including intended start time, purpose, 
intended length, and familiarity with the route.
    After the crash, each truck and truck driver were subjected to a 
thorough inspection/evaluation. The inspection covered thirteen 
critical areas such as brakes, exhaust systems, frames, cargo 
securement, tires, wheels and rims, and fuel systems. It covered driver 
data on licenses, medical cards, duty status, and log books. After 
leaving the crash scene, researchers collected additional interview 
data by telephone from the motor carriers responsible for the trucks, 
and drivers of trucks and other vehicles when the actual drivers could 
not be interviewed due to a fatality or serious injury. Researchers 
also reviewed police crash reports, hospitals records, and coroners' 
reports. In addition, researchers often revisited the crash scene to 
make more accurate scene diagrams and search for additional data. 
Together the teams collected data on approximately 1,000 variables on 
each crash.'' (p.5 Report to Congress, March 2006.)
    In the more than 15 years since the original study, many changes in 
technology, vehicle safety, driver behavior and roadway design have 
occurred that effect how a driver performs. Since the study ended in 
2003, fatal crashes involving large trucks decreased until 2009 when 
they hit their lowest point in recent years (2,893 fatal crashes). 
Since 2009, fatal crashes involving large trucks have steadily 
increased to 4,415 fatal crashes in 2018, a 52.6 percent increase when 
compared to 2009. Over the last three years (2016-2018), fatal crashes 
involving large trucks increased 5.7 percent. This study will help 
FMCSA identify factors that are contributing to the growth in fatal 
large truck crashes, and in both injury and property damage only (PDO) 
crashes. These factors will drive new initiatives to reduce crashes on 
our nations roadways.
    This includes factors such as the dramatic increase in distraction 
caused by cell phones and texting, the level of driver restraint use, 
the advent of in-cab navigation and fleet management systems, as well 
as equipment designed to enhance safety, such as automatic emergency 
braking (AEB) systems. Therefore, FMCSA is interested in conducting a 
revised crash study and is seeking information on the most effective 
methodology for best collecting a representative set of crash data for 
identifying the primary factors involved in large truck crashes. 
Findings from the study can be used to inform technology developers in 
the autonomous vehicle environment of the kinds of driver behaviors 
that need to be addressed.
    This new study will develop a baseline of large truck crash factors 
to help guide mitigating crash avoidance strategies to prevent future 
crashes even in the SAE International driving automation level 4 and 5 
vehicles.\1\ Knowing more about driver behaviors will identify areas 
where new driving automation systems can be of help, and aid in 
formulating performance metrics and standards that may need to be 
considered if they are to reduce crashes involving large trucks. In 
addition, because some of the driver assistance systems are already 
deployed in many fleets, this study can provide data on their 
effectiveness in determining what crash avoidance capabilities may need 
to be incorporated in the Automated Driving Systems (ADS) that may be 
provided on the CMV platforms in the future.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ SAE Level 4 is High Autonomation, where the vehicle is 
capable of performing all driving functions under certain 
conditions. SAE Level 5 is Full Autonomation, where the vehicle is 
capable of performing all driving functions under all conditions. 
For more information on the SAE levels, and automated vehicles 
please refer to: https://www.nhtsa.gov/technology-innovation/automated-vehicles-safety.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In your proposal please include the answers to the following:
    1. Should FMCSA pursue a nationally representative sampling 
approach or can convenience sampling serve the needs?
    2. What type of study are you recommending (e.g., nationally 
representative vs. convenience sampling), and what are the pros and 
cons of this approach?
    3. How important is it for the new study results to be comparable 
with findings of the original LTCCS?
    4. What other sources of data can enrich the new study? How can 
they be identified and included?

    Issued on: January 9, 2020.
Jim Mullen,
Acting Administrator.
[FR Doc. 2020-00557 Filed 1-14-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P