Federal Government Participation in the Automated Clearing House, 265-271 [2019-27261]

Download as PDF 265 Proposed Rules Federal Register Vol. 85, No. 2 Friday, January 3, 2020 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 35 [Docket No. RM01–8–012] Revised Public Utility Filing Requirements for Electric Quarterly Reports Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Department of Energy. ACTION: Withdrawal of notice of proposed rulemaking and termination of rulemaking proceeding. AGENCY: The Commission withdraws a notice of proposed rulemaking, which proposed to revise the Electric Quarterly Report (EQR) Data Dictionary to add ‘‘Simultaneous Exchange’’ to the list of available Product Names in the EQR. DATES: This withdrawal will become effective February 3, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Suthima Malayaman (Legal Information), Office of the General Counsel, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 888 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20426, (202) 502–8864. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 1. On March 15, 2012, the Commission issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) in this proceeding.1 For the reasons set forth below, we are exercising our discretion to withdraw the NOPR and terminate this rulemaking proceeding. SUMMARY: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS I. Background 2. In the NOPR, the Commission proposed to revise the Electric Quarterly Report (EQR) Data Dictionary to add ‘‘Simultaneous Exchange’’ to the list of available Product Names in the EQR and to require all EQR filers to use this term, when appropriate, in the Contract Data section and the Transaction Data section 1 Revised Public Utility Filing Requirements for Electric Quarterly Reports, 77 FR 16494 (Mar. 21, 2012), FERC Stats. & Regs. ¶ 32,687 (2012). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 of the EQR.2 The Commission stated that, simultaneous exchanges, which occur in both organized and nonorganized energy markets, are complicated and varied. The Commission expressed its concern that the complexity of simultaneous exchanges may obscure the true nature of these transactions, and may enable market participants to circumvent market rules. Thus, in order to enhance transparency, the Commission asserted that it is important that EQR filers report simultaneous exchanges in the EQR. 3. The Commission clarified that only the overlapping portion of a simultaneous exchange transaction should be reported as a simultaneous exchange.3 In addition, the Commission proposed that non-overlapping portions of the arrangements should be reported in a separate entry as a power sale. 4. The Commission further proposed that parties reporting simultaneous exchange transactions report the price spread for these transactions, rather than the price assigned by the parties of the individual power sales that make up the simultaneous exchange.4 The Commission stated that, for the parties to a simultaneous exchange transaction, prices assigned to the power at either point in the transaction (if applicable) do not necessarily represent the economic values of the power being exchanged at those points. Thus, to ensure the presence of meaningful price information in EQR, the Commission proposed to adopt the requirement that EQR filers report the price spread of each simultaneous exchange. 5. Finally, the Commission proposed to require each party entering into a simultaneous exchange to report both the point of delivery and the point of receipt associated with the simultaneous exchange transaction.5 2 Id. P 6. The Commission proposed the following definition: ‘‘Simultaneous exchanges occur when a pair of simultaneously arranged (i.e., part of the same negotiations) wholesale power transactions between the same counterparties in which party A sells an electricity product to party B at one location and party B sells a similar electricity product to party A at a different location have an overlapping delivery period. The simultaneous exchange is the overlapping portion (both in volume and delivery period) of these wholesale power transactions.’’ Id. 3 Id. P 9. 4 Id. P 10. 5 Id. P 12. PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 II. Discussion 6. Subsequent to the issuance of the NOPR, significant changes have occurred in the way power is exchanged in markets across the country. For instance, in November 2014, the California Independent System Operator Corporation and PacifiCorp launched the Western Energy Imbalance Market (EIM).6 The EIM provides EQRreportable products that are similar to simultaneous exchange transactions, and the availability of these products may have reduced the use of simultaneous exchange transactions. As a result, we conclude that it is no longer necessary to adopt the regulation proposed in the NOPR. We therefore withdraw the NOPR and terminate this rulemaking proceeding. The Commission orders: The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is hereby withdrawn and Docket No. RM01–8– 012 is hereby terminated. By direction of the Commission. Issued: December 19, 2019. Nathaniel J. Davis, Sr., Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2019–27922 Filed 1–2–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6717–01–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service 31 CFR Part 210 [FISCAL–2019–0001] RIN 1510–AB32 Federal Government Participation in the Automated Clearing House Bureau of the Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking with request for comment. AGENCY: The Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service) is proposing to amend its regulation governing the use of the Automated Clearing House (ACH) Network by Federal agencies. Our regulation adopts, with some exceptions, the Nacha Operating Rules developed by Nacha, formerly known as SUMMARY: 6 Cal. Indep. Sys. Operator Corp., 147 FERC ¶ 61,231 (2014). As of 2019, the EIM now has nine active participants. E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 266 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules NACHA—The Electronic Payments Association (Nacha), as the rules governing the use of the ACH Network by Federal agencies. We are issuing this proposed rule to address changes that Nacha has made to the Nacha Operating Rules since the publication of the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. These changes include amendments set forth in the 2017, 2018, and 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines books, including supplements thereto, with an effective date on or before June 30, 2021. DATES: Comments on the proposed rule must be received by February 3, 2020. ADDRESSES: Comments on this rule, identified by docket FISCAL–2019– 0001, should only be submitted using the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions on the website for submitting comments. • Mail: Ian Macoy, Bureau of the Fiscal Service, 3201 Pennsy Drive, Building E, Landover, MD 20785. The fax and email methods of submitting comments on rules to Fiscal Service have been decommissioned. Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name (Bureau of the Fiscal Service) and docket number FISCAL–2019–0001 for this rulemaking. In general, comments received will be published on Regulations.gov without change, including any business or personal information provided. Comments received, including attachments and other supporting materials, are part of the public record and subject to public disclosure. Do not disclose any information in your comment or supporting materials that you consider confidential or inappropriate for public disclosure. You can download this proposed rule at the following website: https://www.fiscal.treasury.gov/ach/. In accordance with the U.S. government’s eRulemaking Initiative, Fiscal Service publishes rulemaking information on www.regulations.gov. Regulations.gov offers the public the ability to comment on, search, and view publicly available rulemaking materials, including comments received on rules. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ian Macoy, Director of Settlement Services, at (202) 874–6835 or ian.macoy@ fiscal.treasury.gov; or Natalie H. Diana, Senior Counsel, at (202) 874–6680 or natalie.diana@fiscal.treasury.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background Title 31 CFR part 210 (Part 210) governs the use of the ACH Network by VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 Federal agencies. The ACH Network is a nationwide electronic fund transfer system that provides for the inter-bank clearing of electronic credit and debit transactions and for the exchange of payment-related information among participating financial institutions. Rights and obligations among participants in the ACH Network are governed by the Nacha Operating Rules, which Part 210 incorporates by reference, with certain exceptions. From time to time, the Fiscal Service amends Part 210 in order to address changes that Nacha periodically makes to the Nacha Operating Rules or to revise the regulation as otherwise appropriate. Currently, Part 210 incorporates the Nacha Operating Rules as set forth in the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. Nacha has adopted a number of changes to the Nacha Operating Rules since the publication of the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book, as reflected in the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book (2019 Rule Book) and supplements thereto. We are proposing to incorporate in Part 210 most, but not all, of these changes. We are also proposing one change to Part 210, related to reclamations, that does not stem from a change to the Nacha Operating Rules, and several nonsubstantive changes to reflect the renumbering of certain Nacha rules and appendices. We are requesting public comment on all the proposed amendments to Part 210. II. Summary of Proposed Rule Changes A. 2017 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2017 Rules Book) Changes The 2017 Rules Book contains a new rule, the Third-Party Sender Rule, which requires every Originating Depository Financial Institution (ODFI) either to register its Third-Party Sender customers with Nacha or to provide Nacha with a statement that it has no such customers. The rule, which became effective on September 29, 2017, establishes deadlines for the initial provision and updating of registration information, and provides that Nacha may request from an ODFI certain additional information regarding a Third-Party Sender. A Third-Party Sender is a type of third-party service provider that acts as an intermediary in transmitting entries between an Originator and an ODFI. Federal agencies and Fiscal Service do not utilize Third-Party Senders. Although Fiscal Service uses fiscal and financial agents (Federal Reserve Banks PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 and depository financial institutions, respectively) in its ACH payments and collections operations, those entities are not providing services in a capacity as Third-Party Senders. Accordingly, the rule will not affect the Federal government. We are proposing to incorporate in Part 210 the Third-Party Sender Rule. B. 2018 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2018 Rules Book) Changes Nacha did not publish any new rules in the 2018 Rules Book. The 2018 Rule Book contains revisions related to the implementation of Phase 2 of Same Day ACH, which we adopted in 2017 (See 82 FR 42597), and the Third-Party Sender Rule discussed in Section A above. C. 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2019 Rules Book) Changes The 2019 Rules Book contains changes related to the following amendments: • Faster Funds Availability; • Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase; and • New Same Day ACH Processing Window. We are proposing to incorporate in Part 210 all of the foregoing amendments. 1. Faster Funds Availability The Faster Funds Availability rule will provide faster funds availability for many ACH credits. Funds from Same Day ACH credits processed in the first Same Day processing window will be made available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 1:30 p.m., Receiving Depository Financial Institution (RDFI) local time. Funds from all non-Same Day ACH credits that are made available to the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the banking day before Settlement Date will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time, on Settlement Date. Currently, funds from non-Same Day ACH credits are required to be made available to the Receiver for withdrawal by the end of the Settlement Date, which can be at any hour before the RDFI’s close of business or by the end of day at an ATM. One exception is for Prearranged Payment and Deposit (PPD) credits made available to the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the banking day before Settlement Date. The RDFI must provide funds availability for these credits by the opening of business on Settlement Date. This exception will now be the standard practice for any ACH credit made available to the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules banking day before Settlement Date. This rule change also establishes a firm time of 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time, for such availability and eliminates references to ‘‘opening of business.’’ Receivers will have earlier funds availability for a large portion of ACH credits: • Funds from non-Same Day ACH credits made available to the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the banking day before settlement will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal on Settlement Date by 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time; • Funds from Same Day credits received in the first Same Day ACH processing window will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 1:30 p.m., RDFI local time; and • Funds from Same Day credits received in the second Same Day ACH processing window will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time. This Nacha rule became effective on September 20, 2019. We are proposing to accept this amendment. Because the government is not a depository institution, the rule will not affect the government’s receipt of ACH payments, but will mean that some recipients of government Same Day and non-Same Day ACH payments will have earlier access to their funds from their financial institutions. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 2. Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase The Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase rule will increase the pertransaction dollar limit for Same Day transactions from $25,000 to $100,000. At implementation, both Same Day ACH credits and Same Day ACH debits will be eligible for Same Day processing up to $100,000 per transaction. Nacha’s rule will become effective on March 20, 2020. We are proposing to accept this rule. Acceptance of this rule will enable individuals and entities to make Same Day ACH payments of up to $100,000 to the government, and will enable Federal agencies to make Same Day ACH payments of up to $100,000. 3. New Same Day ACH Processing Window The New Same Day ACH Processing Window rule will create a new processing window that will enable ODFIs and their customers to originate Same Day transactions for an additional two hours each banking day. The new window will allow Same Day ACH files to be submitted to the ACH Operators until 4:45 p.m. ET. RDFIs will receive files from this third window by 5:30 p.m. ET, with interbank settlement VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 occurring at 6:00 p.m. ET. RDFIs will need to make funds available for credits processed in the new window by the end of their processing for that Settlement Date. All credits and debits, and all returns, will be eligible to be processed in the new Same Day ACH window, with the exception of International ACH Transactions (IATs), Automated Enrollment Entries (ENRs), and forward entries in excess of the pertransaction dollar limit. Currently, ODFIs can submit Same Day ACH files to the ACH Operators until 2:45 p.m. ET. ODFI processing arrangements that use payment processors and correspondent institutions have earlier deadlines. ACH end-users may have even earlier deadlines to submit Same Day ACH files to their ODFIs. These timing requirements can make it impractical for many ODFIs to offer, or for ACH endusers to adopt, Same Day ACH payments. Adding a third, later Same Day ACH processing window will provide greater access for all ODFIs and their customers. Nacha’s rule will become effective on March 19, 2021. We are proposing to accept this rule, which will give more individuals and entities the opportunity to pay the government by Same Day ACH. It will also make it possible for the government to originate Same Day ACH payments later in the day than is currently possible. D. Supplement #2–2018 to the Nacha Operating Rules Changes On November 2, 2018, the Nacha Voting Membership approved nine amendments to the Nacha Operating Rules. Because the nine amendments were approved just prior to publication of the 2019 Rules Book, the amendments are included in the rule book as a separate supplement rather than within the main body of the publication. 1. Return for Questionable Transaction Before adoption of this amendment, an RDFI could return an ACH entry for any reason, except as otherwise provided in Article Three, Subsection 3.8.1 (Restrictions on RDFI’s Right to Transmit Return Entries) of the Nacha Operating Rules. Defined return reasons included, among others, entries that were deemed unauthorized by the Receiver or those with an invalid account number or no account at the RDFI. If an RDFI wanted to return an entry that did not have a valid account number and appeared to be questionable, suspicious, or anomalous in some way, the RDFI did not have a defined return reason code to PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 267 communicate this information to the ODFI and Originator. Nacha guidance allowed RDFIs to use R17 to return questionable transactions that would otherwise be returned using a standard administrative return reason (R03—No Account/Unable to Locate Account or R04—Invalid Account Number Structure). However, none of these options enabled an ODFI or its Originator to differentiate questionable transactions from other routine account number errors. Under the Return for Questionable Transaction rule, RDFIs are able (but not required) to use Return Reason Code R17—File Record Edit Criteria to indicate that the RDFI believes the entry containing invalid account information was initiated under questionable circumstances. This use of R17 is optional at the discretion of the RDFI. Those RDFIs that elect to use R17 for this purpose are required to use the description ‘‘QUESTIONABLE’’ in the Addenda Information field of the return. This description in an R17 return differentiates returns that appear to be suspicious to the RDFI from those due to routine account number issues. This rule became effective on June 21, 2019. We are proposing to accept this amendment, which may give agencies greater insight into transactions that are returned because they are suspicious or questionable. 2. Supplementing Fraud Detection Standards for WEB Debits Under existing rules, Originators of internet-initiated (WEB) debit entries must use a ‘‘commercially reasonable fraudulent transaction detection system’’ to screen WEB debits for fraud. This requirement is intended to help prevent fraudulent payments from being introduced into the ACH Network, and to help protect RDFIs from posting fraudulent or otherwise incorrect or unauthorized payments. With the implementation of the Supplementing Fraud Detection Standards for WEB Debits rule, the current screening requirement will be enhanced to make it explicit that ‘‘account validation’’ is part of a ‘‘commercially reasonable fraudulent transaction detection system.’’ The supplemental requirement will apply to the first use of an account number, or changes to the account number. For existing WEB debit authorizations, the rule will be effective on a going forward basis. Originators will have to perform account validations as there are updates to account numbers in existing authorizations. Nacha’s rule will become effective on March 19, 2021. We are proposing to E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 268 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS accept this rule, which can be expected to reduce unauthorized debits originated by agencies and resulting fraud losses to the government. However, the implementation of account validation will be costly for the government due to the need for systems changes, program changes at originating Federal agencies, and transactional fees for validation services incurred for the origination of WEB debits. Acceptance of the rule would not only result in significant additional costs to the government in the origination of WEB debits but could also have the unintended consequence of incenting agencies to encourage or restrict the public to use payment methods other than ACH that represent lower cost to the government or offer greater transaction certainty at a comparable cost. An initial assessment indicates the costs for WEB debit origination with account validation would approach the costs for acceptance of payment by debit cards, for example, which provide both account and funds availability validation through the authorization process. Given the anticipated costs of implementation, we are considering delaying the effective date of our acceptance of this Nacha rule change beyond Nacha’s March 19, 2021 effective date. 3. Supplementing Data Security Requirements The existing ACH Security Framework requires Financial Institutions, Originators, Third-Party Service Providers, and Third-Party Senders to establish, implement and update security policies, procedures and systems related to the initiation, processing and storage of ACH entries. These policies, procedures, and systems must protect the confidentiality and integrity of protected information; protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of Protected Information; and protect against unauthorized use of Protected Information that could result in substantial harm to a natural person. The Supplementing Data Security Requirements rule expands the existing ACH Security Framework to explicitly require large, non-financial institution Originators, Third-Party Service Providers, and Third-Party Senders to protect account numbers used in the initiation of ACH entries by rendering them unreadable when stored electronically. The rule aligns with existing language contained in Payment Card Industry (PCI) requirements, thus industry participants are expected to be reasonably familiar with the manner and intent of the requirement. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 The rule applies only to account numbers collected for or used in ACH transactions and does not apply to the storage of paper authorizations. The rule also does not apply to depository financial institutions when acting as internal Originators, as they are covered by existing Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) and similar data security requirements and regulations. The amendment has a phased implementation period, with the following effective dates: • Phase 1: Nacha Operating Rules language will become effective on June 30, 2020. Any Originator, Third-Party Service Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates six million or more ACH transactions in calendar year 2019 will need to be compliant by June 30, 2020. • Phase 2: Nacha Operating Rules language will become effective on June 30, 2021. Any Originator, Third-Party Service Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates two million or more ACH transactions in calendar year 2020 will need to be compliant by June 30, 2021. Going forward after calendar year 2020, any Originator, Third-Party Service Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates two million or more ACH transactions in any calendar year will need to be compliant with the rule by June 30 of the following calendar year. Fiscal Service supports the expansion of existing security requirements to require large non-financial institution Originators to protect account numbers used to initiate ACH transactions by rendering them unreadable while stored electronically. We are proposing to accept this amendment. 4. ACH Rules Compliance Audit Requirements Effective January 1, 2019, Nacha consolidated all requirements for an annual rules compliance audit within one section of the Nacha Operating Rules. Prior to the rule change, the general obligation for Participating Depository Financial Institutions (and certain Third-Party Service Providers and Third-Party Senders) to conduct an audit was located within Article One, Section 1.2.2 (Audits of Rules Compliance). However, the details pertaining to that audit obligation were separately located within Appendix Eight (Rules Compliance Audit Requirements). This amendment retained and combined the core audit obligation with the general administrative requirements for completion of such an audit into Article One of the Nacha Operating Rules. Under 31 CFR 210.2(d), the rule compliance audit requirements are not PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 applicable to Federal agencies. We are therefore proposing not to adopt this amendment. 5. Minor Rules Topics These amendments change five specific areas of the Nacha Operating Rules to address minor issues. Minor changes to the Nacha Operating Rules have little-to-no impact on ACH participants and no significant economic impact. Nacha’s minor rule amendments became effective on January 1, 2019. i. ACH Operator Edits The ACH Operator Edits amendment modifies edit criteria to permit ACH Operators to ‘‘pend’’ files as an alternative to rejecting files under various error conditions, primarily related to duplicate file detection. The rule incorporates language to clarify that ACH Operator edits defined within Appendix Two of the Nacha Operating Rules represent minimum standards required by the Nacha Operating Rules, and that additional edits can be adopted by each ACH Operator as part of its service agreement with its customers. We are proposing to accept this amendment. ii. Clarification of Telephone-Initiated Entry (TEL) Authorization Requirements This amendment clarifies that the general rules governing the form of authorization for all consumer debits apply to the authorization of TEL entries, including the obligation to include revocation language. Only Accounts Receivable (ARC), Back Office Conversion (BOC), Point-of-Purchase (POP), and Re-presented Check (RCK) entries are explicitly exempted from the requirement to include revocation language in the authorization. The Clarification of TEL Authorization Requirements rule also incorporates a reference that TEL entries are consumer debits only, consistent with the language for other consumer debits. We are proposing to accept this amendment. iii. Clarification of RDFI Obligation To Return Credit Entry Declined by Receiver This rule change reflects pre-existing practices regarding circumstances under which an RDFI is, or is not, obligated to return a credit entry that has been declined by a Receiver. The Clarification of RDFI Obligation to Return Credit Entry Declined by Receiver rule expressly identifies specific conditions under which the RDFI is excused from its obligation to return a credit: E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules —There are insufficient funds available to satisfy the return, including due to any third party lien or security interest. —The return is prohibited by legal requirements. —The RDFI itself has a claim against the proceeds of the credit entry, including by offset, lien, or security interest. The rule change also modifies the rule language to refer to an entry being ‘‘declined’’ (rather than ‘‘refused’’) by the Receiver. We are proposing to accept this amendment. iv. Clarification on Reinitiation of Return Entries This amendment is an editorial change to the language of the general rule on Reinitiated Entries to clarify the intent of the Rules that reinitiation is limited to two times. We are proposing to accept this amendment. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS v. Clarification on RDFI Liability Upon Receipt of a Written Demand for Payment This amendment contains editorial changes regarding conditions under which an RDFI may return a Reclamation Entry or reject a Written Demand for Payment. These changes also clarify that an RDFI may reject a Written Demand for Payment only if it was not properly originated by the ODFI. We are proposing to accept this amendment. D. Differentiating Unauthorized Return Reasons On April 12, 2019, Nacha Voting Membership approved Ballot #1–2019: Differentiating Unauthorized Return Reasons. The rule repurposes an existing, little-used return reason code (R11) that will be used when a receiving customer claims that there was an error with an otherwise authorized payment. Currently, return reason code R10 is used as a catch-all for various types of underlying unauthorized return reasons, including some for which a valid authorization exists, such as a debit on the wrong date or for the wrong amount. In these types of cases, a return of the debit still should be made, but the Originator and its customer (the Receiver) might both benefit from a correction of the error rather than the termination of the origination authorization. The use of a distinct return reason code (R11) enables a return that conveys this new meaning of ‘‘error’’ rather than ‘‘no authorization.’’ The rule becomes effective in two phases. On April 1, 2020, the re- VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 purposed return code becomes effective, and financial institutions will use it for its new purpose. A year later, on April 1, 2021, the re-purposed return code will become covered by the existing Unauthorized Entry Fee. We are proposing to accept this amendment. E. Actual or Constructive Knowledge of Death 31 CFR part 210 Subpart B governs the reclamation of post-death Federal benefit payments from financial institutions. Under Subpart B, both agencies and RDFIs have obligations, rights and liabilities that are triggered by actual or constructive knowledge of the death or incapacity of a recipient or death of a beneficiary. See § 210.10(c), (d); § 210.11(a). An agency that initiates a request for a reclamation must do so within 120 calendar days after the date that the agency first has actual or constructive knowledge of the death or legal incapacity of a recipient or the death of a beneficiary. However, the definition of ‘‘actual or constructive’’ knowledge for this purpose is not explicitly addressed in the definition at § 210.2(b), which refers only to RDFIs. Fiscal Service is proposing to revise the definition of ‘‘actual or constructive knowledge of death’’ at 31 CFR 210.2(b) to apply the definition to agencies as well as RDFIs. In addition, we are proposing to add a sentence to the definition to address a specific situation that has arisen in recent years in which agencies sometimes stop recurring payments to a recipient and, many months or years after stopping the payments, initiate a reclamation. As revised, § 210.2(b) would require an agency that stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient because it has reason to believe that the recipient is deceased to investigate and determine whether to initiate a reclamation within 120 days following the first missed payment date. An agency may receive information or otherwise have reason to believe that a recipient is deceased before it takes action to stop payments. However, we believe that the first missed payment date preceding the initiation of a reclamation is the most apparent indicator that the agency has information of a recipient’s death that is sufficiently reliable to warrant stopping payments. Accordingly, the phrase ‘‘the time [the agency] stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient’’ refers to the first missed payment date. The proposed language would not generally apply to or affect situations in which agencies stop payments due to fraud or loss of entitlement because in most of those cases agencies would not PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 269 be initiating a reclamation. In addition, the proposed language would not generally affect situations in which an agency stops payments due to a mistaken belief that the recipient was deceased, because those payments would be reinitiated upon discovery of the mistake. Moreover, in the event that an agency initiates a reclamation more than 120 days after stopping payments and can prove that it stopped payments for a reason other than actual or constructive knowledge of death, the agency can present evidence to rebut the presumption of knowledge, in which case the 120-day deadline would not be triggered by the date the agency stopped payments. Agencies have indicated that sometimes they have difficulty obtaining definitive proof of death (i.e., a death certificate) within 120 days of receiving constructive knowledge of death, and that therefore they may wait for a protracted period of time before initiating a reclamation. However, the legal standard applicable to agencies initiating a reclamation is not receipt of a death certificate (actual knowledge), but actual or constructive knowledge. We request comment on this proposal, including whether the proposed revisions to § 210.2(b) are clear. III. Section-by-Section Analysis In order to incorporate in Part 210 the Nacha Operating Rule changes that we are accepting, we are replacing references to the 2016 Nacha Rules & Guidelines book with references to the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. The Nacha Operating Rule amendment that we are not proposing to incorporate is a modification to the audit compliance provisions of the Nacha Operating Rules, which are already excluded under Part 210. Other than replacing the references to the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book, no change to Part 210 is necessary to exclude this amendment. § 210.2(b) We are proposing to amend the definition of ‘‘actual or constructive knowledge’’ in order to clarify that the definition applies to agencies as well as to RDFIs. We are also proposing to add a sentence to the definition to address situations in which agencies stop recurring payments to a recipient and subsequently initiate a reclamation. Under the revised definition, an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 270 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more payments made to the recipient. The presumption created under the definition is rebuttable in cases where an agency can demonstrate that it stopped certifying recurring payments to a recipient for a reason other than death. § 210.2(d) We are proposing to amend the definition of ‘‘applicable ACH Rules’’ at § 210.2(d) by replacing the reference to Nacha’s 2016 Operating Rules & Guidelines with a reference to the ACH Rules with an effective date on or before June 30, 2021, as published in ‘‘2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines’’ and supplements thereto. We are proposing to delete the reference to Appendix Ten in subparagraph (1) because Appendix Eight is being removed in its entirety from the 2019 Rules Book, and Appendices Nine and Ten are being renumbered as Appendices Eight and Nine, respectively. We are proposing to delete subparagraph (7), which relates to the government’s original adoption of Same Day ACH in 2017, because it was in effect only until September 15, 2017, and is now obsolete. § 210.3(b) We are proposing to amend § 210.3(b) by replacing the references to the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines with references to a 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines. § 210.6 We are proposing to amend paragraph (g) by replacing the reference to the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines with a reference to a 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS § 210.10(b) We are proposing to amend § 210.10(b) to state that an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more payments made to the recipient. IV. Incorporation by Reference In this rule, Fiscal Service is proposing to incorporate by reference the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. The Office of Federal Register (OFR) regulations require that agencies discuss in the preamble of a proposed rule ways that the materials the agency proposes to incorporate by reference are reasonably available to VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 interested parties or how it worked to make those materials reasonably available to interested parties. In addition, the preamble of the proposed rule must summarize the material. 1 CFR 51.5(a). In accordance with OFR’s requirements, the discussion in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section summarizes the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules. Financial institutions utilizing the ACH Network are bound by the Nacha Operating Rules and have access to the Nacha Operating Rules in the course of their everyday business. The Nacha Operating Rules are available as a bound book or in online form from Nacha, 2550 Wasser Terrace, Suite 400, Herndon, Virginia 20171, tel. 703–561– 1100, info@nacha.org. V. Procedural Analysis Request for Comment on Plain Language Executive Order 12866 requires each agency in the Executive branch to write regulations that are simple and easy to understand. We invite comment on how to make the proposed rule clearer. For example, you may wish to discuss: (1) Whether we have organized the material to suit your needs; (2) whether the requirements of the rule are clear; or (3) whether there is something else we could do to make the rule easier to understand. Regulatory Planning and Review The proposed rule does not meet the criteria for a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, the regulatory review procedures contained therein do not apply. Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis It is hereby certified that the proposed rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The proposed rule imposes on the Federal government a number of changes that Nacha has already adopted and imposed on private sector entities that utilize the ACH Network. The proposed rule does not impose any additional burdens, costs or impacts on any private sector entities, including any small entities. Accordingly, a regulatory flexibility analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) is not required. Unfunded Mandates Act of 1995 Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1532 (Unfunded Mandates Act), requires that the agency prepare a budgetary impact statement before promulgating any rule likely to result in a Federal mandate that may result in the PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. If a budgetary impact statement is required, section 205 of the Unfunded Mandates Act also requires the agency to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives before promulgating the rule. We have determined that the proposed rule will not result in expenditures by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. Accordingly, we have not prepared a budgetary impact statement or specifically addressed any regulatory alternatives. List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 210 Automated Clearing House, Electronic funds transfer, Financial institutions, Fraud, and Incorporation by reference. For the reasons set out in the preamble, we propose to amend 31 CFR part 210 as follows: PART 210—FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE 1. The authority citation for part 210 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 5525; 12 U.S.C. 391; 31 U.S.C. 321, 3301, 3302, 3321, 3332, 3335, and 3720. 2. In § 210.2, revise paragraphs (b) and (d) to read as follows: ■ § 210.2 Definitions. * * * * * (b) Actual or constructive knowledge, when used in reference to an RDFI’s or agency’s knowledge of the death or incapacity of a recipient or death of a beneficiary, means that the RDFI or agency received information, by whatever means, of the death or incapacity and has had a reasonable opportunity to act on such information or that the RDFI or agency would have learned of the death or incapacity if it had followed commercially reasonable business practices. For purposes of Subpart B, an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more payments made to the recipient. * * * * * (d) Applicable ACH Rules means the ACH Rules with an effective date on or before June 30, 2021, as published in ‘‘2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines: A Complete Guide to Rules E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 2 / Friday, January 3, 2020 / Proposed Rules Governing the ACH Network’’ and supplements thereto, except: (1) Sections 1.2.2, 1.2.3, 1.2.4, 1.2.5 and 1.2.6; Appendix Seven; Appendix Eight; and Appendix Nine (governing the enforcement of the ACH Rules and claims for compensation); (2) Section 2.10 and Section 3.6 (governing the reclamation of benefit payments); (3) The requirement in Appendix Three that the Effective Entry Date of a credit entry be no more than two Banking Days following the date of processing by the Originating ACH Operator (see definition of ‘‘Effective Entry Date’’ in Appendix Three); (4) Section 2.2 (setting forth ODFI obligations to enter into agreements with, and perform risk management relating to, Originators and Third-Party Senders) and Section 1.6 (Security Requirements); (5) Section 2.17.2.2–2.17.2.6 (requiring reduction of high rates of entries returned as unauthorized); and (6) The requirements of Section 2.5.8 (International ACH Transactions) shall not apply to entries representing the payment of a Federal tax obligation by a taxpayer; and * * * * * ■ 3. In § 210.3, revise paragraph (b), redesignate paragraph (c) as paragraph (d), and add new paragraph (c) to read as follows: § 210.3 Governing law. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * * (b) Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section the Service must publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, 401 14th Street SW, Room 400A, Washington, DC 20227, 202–874–6680, and is available from the sources listed below. It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fedreg.legal@ nara.gov or go to www.archives.gov/ federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. (1) NACHA—The Electronic Payments Association, 2550 Wasser Terrace, Suite 400, Herndon, Virginia 20171, tel. 703–561–1100, info@ nacha.org. (i) ‘‘2019 NACHA Operating Rules & Guidelines: A Complete Guide to Rules Governing the ACH Network,’’ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jan 02, 2020 Jkt 250001 copyright 2019. IBR approved for § 210.6 ii [Reserved] 2 [Reserved] (c) Any amendment to the applicable ACH Rules approved by Nacha after publication of the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines shall not apply to Government entries unless the Service expressly accepts such amendment by publishing notice of acceptance of the amendment to this part in the Federal Register. An amendment to the ACH Rules that is accepted by the Service shall apply to Government entries on the effective date of the rulemaking specified by the Service in the Federal Register notice expressly accepting such amendment. * * * * * ■ 4. In § 210.6, revise paragraph (g) to read as follows: § 210.6 Agencies. * * * * * (g) Point-of-purchase debit entries. An agency may originate a Point-ofPurchase (POP) entry using a check drawn on a consumer or business account and presented at a point-ofpurchase. The requirements of the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules and Guidelines, incorporated by reference, see § 210.3(b)(2), shall be met for such an entry if the Receiver presents the check at a location where the agency has posted the notice required by the ACH Rules and has provided the Receiver with a copy of the notice. * * * * * ■ 5. In § 210.10, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows: § 210.10 RDFI liability. * * * * * (b) Actual or constructive knowledge, when used in reference to an RDFI’s or agency’s knowledge of the death or incapacity of a recipient or death of a beneficiary, means that the RDFI or agency received information, by whatever means, of the death or incapacity and has had a reasonable opportunity to act on such information or that the RDFI or agency would have learned of the death or incapacity if it had followed commercially reasonable business practices. For purposes of Subpart B, an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more payments made to the recipient. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 271 Dated: December 11, 2019. David A. Lebryk, Fiscal Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2019–27261 Filed 1–2–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4810–AS–P DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket Number USCG–2019–0933] RIN 1625–AA87 Security Zone; Cooper River; Charleston, SC Coast Guard, DHS. Notice of proposed rulemaking. AGENCY: ACTION: The Coast Guard proposes to establish a temporary security zone on certain navigable waters of the Cooper River within a 500-yard radius of the South Carolina State Port Authority Cruise Ship Terminal in Charleston, SC during a visit by the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard. This action is necessary to protect personnel from potential hazards and security risk associated with the Commandant’s speaking engagement. This proposed rulemaking would prohibit persons and vessels from entering, transiting through, anchoring in, or remaining within the security zone unless authorized by the Captain of the Port Charleston (COTP) or a designated representative. We invite your comments on this proposed rulemaking. DATES: Comments and related material must be received by the Coast Guard on or before January 21, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG– 0219–0933 using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at https:// www.regulations.gov. See the ‘‘Public Participation and Request for Comments’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for further instructions on submitting comments. SUMMARY: If you have questions about this proposed rulemaking, call or email Lieutenant Chad Ray, Sector Charleston Office of Waterways Management, Coast Guard; telephone (843) 740–3184, email Chad.L.Ray@uscg.mil. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: I. Table of Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security E:\FR\FM\03JAP1.SGM 03JAP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 2 (Friday, January 3, 2020)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 265-271]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-27261]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Fiscal Service

31 CFR Part 210

[FISCAL-2019-0001]
RIN 1510-AB32


Federal Government Participation in the Automated Clearing House

AGENCY: Bureau of the Fiscal Service, Treasury.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking with request for comment.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Fiscal Service 
(Fiscal Service) is proposing to amend its regulation governing the use 
of the Automated Clearing House (ACH) Network by Federal agencies. Our 
regulation adopts, with some exceptions, the Nacha Operating Rules 
developed by Nacha, formerly known as

[[Page 266]]

NACHA--The Electronic Payments Association (Nacha), as the rules 
governing the use of the ACH Network by Federal agencies. We are 
issuing this proposed rule to address changes that Nacha has made to 
the Nacha Operating Rules since the publication of the 2016 Nacha 
Operating Rules & Guidelines book. These changes include amendments set 
forth in the 2017, 2018, and 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines 
books, including supplements thereto, with an effective date on or 
before June 30, 2021.

DATES: Comments on the proposed rule must be received by February 3, 
2020.

ADDRESSES: Comments on this rule, identified by docket FISCAL-2019-
0001, should only be submitted using the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: www.regulations.gov. Follow 
the instructions on the website for submitting comments.
     Mail: Ian Macoy, Bureau of the Fiscal Service, 3201 Pennsy 
Drive, Building E, Landover, MD 20785.
    The fax and email methods of submitting comments on rules to Fiscal 
Service have been decommissioned.
    Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name 
(Bureau of the Fiscal Service) and docket number FISCAL-2019-0001 for 
this rulemaking. In general, comments received will be published on 
Regulations.gov without change, including any business or personal 
information provided. Comments received, including attachments and 
other supporting materials, are part of the public record and subject 
to public disclosure. Do not disclose any information in your comment 
or supporting materials that you consider confidential or inappropriate 
for public disclosure. You can download this proposed rule at the 
following website: https://www.fiscal.treasury.gov/ach/.
    In accordance with the U.S. government's eRulemaking Initiative, 
Fiscal Service publishes rulemaking information on www.regulations.gov. 
Regulations.gov offers the public the ability to comment on, search, 
and view publicly available rulemaking materials, including comments 
received on rules.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ian Macoy, Director of Settlement 
Services, at (202) 874-6835 or [email protected]; or 
Natalie H. Diana, Senior Counsel, at (202) 874-6680 or 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

    Title 31 CFR part 210 (Part 210) governs the use of the ACH Network 
by Federal agencies. The ACH Network is a nationwide electronic fund 
transfer system that provides for the inter-bank clearing of electronic 
credit and debit transactions and for the exchange of payment-related 
information among participating financial institutions. Rights and 
obligations among participants in the ACH Network are governed by the 
Nacha Operating Rules, which Part 210 incorporates by reference, with 
certain exceptions. From time to time, the Fiscal Service amends Part 
210 in order to address changes that Nacha periodically makes to the 
Nacha Operating Rules or to revise the regulation as otherwise 
appropriate.
    Currently, Part 210 incorporates the Nacha Operating Rules as set 
forth in the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. Nacha has 
adopted a number of changes to the Nacha Operating Rules since the 
publication of the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book, as 
reflected in the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book (2019 
Rule Book) and supplements thereto. We are proposing to incorporate in 
Part 210 most, but not all, of these changes. We are also proposing one 
change to Part 210, related to reclamations, that does not stem from a 
change to the Nacha Operating Rules, and several non-substantive 
changes to reflect the renumbering of certain Nacha rules and 
appendices.
    We are requesting public comment on all the proposed amendments to 
Part 210.

II. Summary of Proposed Rule Changes

A. 2017 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2017 Rules Book) 
Changes

    The 2017 Rules Book contains a new rule, the Third-Party Sender 
Rule, which requires every Originating Depository Financial Institution 
(ODFI) either to register its Third-Party Sender customers with Nacha 
or to provide Nacha with a statement that it has no such customers. The 
rule, which became effective on September 29, 2017, establishes 
deadlines for the initial provision and updating of registration 
information, and provides that Nacha may request from an ODFI certain 
additional information regarding a Third-Party Sender.
    A Third-Party Sender is a type of third-party service provider that 
acts as an intermediary in transmitting entries between an Originator 
and an ODFI. Federal agencies and Fiscal Service do not utilize Third-
Party Senders. Although Fiscal Service uses fiscal and financial agents 
(Federal Reserve Banks and depository financial institutions, 
respectively) in its ACH payments and collections operations, those 
entities are not providing services in a capacity as Third-Party 
Senders. Accordingly, the rule will not affect the Federal government. 
We are proposing to incorporate in Part 210 the Third-Party Sender 
Rule.

B. 2018 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2018 Rules Book) 
Changes

    Nacha did not publish any new rules in the 2018 Rules Book. The 
2018 Rule Book contains revisions related to the implementation of 
Phase 2 of Same Day ACH, which we adopted in 2017 (See 82 FR 42597), 
and the Third-Party Sender Rule discussed in Section A above.

C. 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines Book (2019 Rules Book) 
Changes

    The 2019 Rules Book contains changes related to the following 
amendments:
     Faster Funds Availability;
     Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase; and
     New Same Day ACH Processing Window.
    We are proposing to incorporate in Part 210 all of the foregoing 
amendments.
1. Faster Funds Availability
    The Faster Funds Availability rule will provide faster funds 
availability for many ACH credits. Funds from Same Day ACH credits 
processed in the first Same Day processing window will be made 
available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 1:30 p.m., Receiving 
Depository Financial Institution (RDFI) local time. Funds from all non-
Same Day ACH credits that are made available to the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., 
RDFI local time, on the banking day before Settlement Date will be 
available to the Receiver for withdrawal by 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time, 
on Settlement Date.
    Currently, funds from non-Same Day ACH credits are required to be 
made available to the Receiver for withdrawal by the end of the 
Settlement Date, which can be at any hour before the RDFI's close of 
business or by the end of day at an ATM. One exception is for 
Prearranged Payment and Deposit (PPD) credits made available to the 
RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the banking day before 
Settlement Date. The RDFI must provide funds availability for these 
credits by the opening of business on Settlement Date. This exception 
will now be the standard practice for any ACH credit made available to 
the RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the

[[Page 267]]

banking day before Settlement Date. This rule change also establishes a 
firm time of 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time, for such availability and 
eliminates references to ``opening of business.''
    Receivers will have earlier funds availability for a large portion 
of ACH credits:
     Funds from non-Same Day ACH credits made available to the 
RDFI by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time, on the banking day before 
settlement will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal on 
Settlement Date by 9:00 a.m., RDFI local time;
     Funds from Same Day credits received in the first Same Day 
ACH processing window will be available to the Receiver for withdrawal 
by 1:30 p.m., RDFI local time; and
     Funds from Same Day credits received in the second Same 
Day ACH processing window will be available to the Receiver for 
withdrawal by 5:00 p.m., RDFI local time.
    This Nacha rule became effective on September 20, 2019. We are 
proposing to accept this amendment. Because the government is not a 
depository institution, the rule will not affect the government's 
receipt of ACH payments, but will mean that some recipients of 
government Same Day and non-Same Day ACH payments will have earlier 
access to their funds from their financial institutions.
2. Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase
    The Same Day ACH Dollar Limit Increase rule will increase the per-
transaction dollar limit for Same Day transactions from $25,000 to 
$100,000. At implementation, both Same Day ACH credits and Same Day ACH 
debits will be eligible for Same Day processing up to $100,000 per 
transaction. Nacha's rule will become effective on March 20, 2020.
    We are proposing to accept this rule. Acceptance of this rule will 
enable individuals and entities to make Same Day ACH payments of up to 
$100,000 to the government, and will enable Federal agencies to make 
Same Day ACH payments of up to $100,000.
3. New Same Day ACH Processing Window
    The New Same Day ACH Processing Window rule will create a new 
processing window that will enable ODFIs and their customers to 
originate Same Day transactions for an additional two hours each 
banking day. The new window will allow Same Day ACH files to be 
submitted to the ACH Operators until 4:45 p.m. ET. RDFIs will receive 
files from this third window by 5:30 p.m. ET, with interbank settlement 
occurring at 6:00 p.m. ET. RDFIs will need to make funds available for 
credits processed in the new window by the end of their processing for 
that Settlement Date. All credits and debits, and all returns, will be 
eligible to be processed in the new Same Day ACH window, with the 
exception of International ACH Transactions (IATs), Automated 
Enrollment Entries (ENRs), and forward entries in excess of the per-
transaction dollar limit.
    Currently, ODFIs can submit Same Day ACH files to the ACH Operators 
until 2:45 p.m. ET. ODFI processing arrangements that use payment 
processors and correspondent institutions have earlier deadlines. ACH 
end-users may have even earlier deadlines to submit Same Day ACH files 
to their ODFIs. These timing requirements can make it impractical for 
many ODFIs to offer, or for ACH end-users to adopt, Same Day ACH 
payments. Adding a third, later Same Day ACH processing window will 
provide greater access for all ODFIs and their customers.
    Nacha's rule will become effective on March 19, 2021. We are 
proposing to accept this rule, which will give more individuals and 
entities the opportunity to pay the government by Same Day ACH. It will 
also make it possible for the government to originate Same Day ACH 
payments later in the day than is currently possible.

D. Supplement #2-2018 to the Nacha Operating Rules Changes

    On November 2, 2018, the Nacha Voting Membership approved nine 
amendments to the Nacha Operating Rules. Because the nine amendments 
were approved just prior to publication of the 2019 Rules Book, the 
amendments are included in the rule book as a separate supplement 
rather than within the main body of the publication.
1. Return for Questionable Transaction
    Before adoption of this amendment, an RDFI could return an ACH 
entry for any reason, except as otherwise provided in Article Three, 
Subsection 3.8.1 (Restrictions on RDFI's Right to Transmit Return 
Entries) of the Nacha Operating Rules. Defined return reasons included, 
among others, entries that were deemed unauthorized by the Receiver or 
those with an invalid account number or no account at the RDFI. If an 
RDFI wanted to return an entry that did not have a valid account number 
and appeared to be questionable, suspicious, or anomalous in some way, 
the RDFI did not have a defined return reason code to communicate this 
information to the ODFI and Originator. Nacha guidance allowed RDFIs to 
use R17 to return questionable transactions that would otherwise be 
returned using a standard administrative return reason (R03--No 
Account/Unable to Locate Account or R04--Invalid Account Number 
Structure). However, none of these options enabled an ODFI or its 
Originator to differentiate questionable transactions from other 
routine account number errors.
    Under the Return for Questionable Transaction rule, RDFIs are able 
(but not required) to use Return Reason Code R17--File Record Edit 
Criteria to indicate that the RDFI believes the entry containing 
invalid account information was initiated under questionable 
circumstances. This use of R17 is optional at the discretion of the 
RDFI. Those RDFIs that elect to use R17 for this purpose are required 
to use the description ``QUESTIONABLE'' in the Addenda Information 
field of the return. This description in an R17 return differentiates 
returns that appear to be suspicious to the RDFI from those due to 
routine account number issues.
    This rule became effective on June 21, 2019. We are proposing to 
accept this amendment, which may give agencies greater insight into 
transactions that are returned because they are suspicious or 
questionable.
2. Supplementing Fraud Detection Standards for WEB Debits
    Under existing rules, Originators of internet-initiated (WEB) debit 
entries must use a ``commercially reasonable fraudulent transaction 
detection system'' to screen WEB debits for fraud. This requirement is 
intended to help prevent fraudulent payments from being introduced into 
the ACH Network, and to help protect RDFIs from posting fraudulent or 
otherwise incorrect or unauthorized payments.
    With the implementation of the Supplementing Fraud Detection 
Standards for WEB Debits rule, the current screening requirement will 
be enhanced to make it explicit that ``account validation'' is part of 
a ``commercially reasonable fraudulent transaction detection system.'' 
The supplemental requirement will apply to the first use of an account 
number, or changes to the account number. For existing WEB debit 
authorizations, the rule will be effective on a going forward basis. 
Originators will have to perform account validations as there are 
updates to account numbers in existing authorizations.
    Nacha's rule will become effective on March 19, 2021. We are 
proposing to

[[Page 268]]

accept this rule, which can be expected to reduce unauthorized debits 
originated by agencies and resulting fraud losses to the government. 
However, the implementation of account validation will be costly for 
the government due to the need for systems changes, program changes at 
originating Federal agencies, and transactional fees for validation 
services incurred for the origination of WEB debits. Acceptance of the 
rule would not only result in significant additional costs to the 
government in the origination of WEB debits but could also have the 
unintended consequence of incenting agencies to encourage or restrict 
the public to use payment methods other than ACH that represent lower 
cost to the government or offer greater transaction certainty at a 
comparable cost. An initial assessment indicates the costs for WEB 
debit origination with account validation would approach the costs for 
acceptance of payment by debit cards, for example, which provide both 
account and funds availability validation through the authorization 
process. Given the anticipated costs of implementation, we are 
considering delaying the effective date of our acceptance of this Nacha 
rule change beyond Nacha's March 19, 2021 effective date.
3. Supplementing Data Security Requirements
    The existing ACH Security Framework requires Financial 
Institutions, Originators, Third-Party Service Providers, and Third-
Party Senders to establish, implement and update security policies, 
procedures and systems related to the initiation, processing and 
storage of ACH entries. These policies, procedures, and systems must 
protect the confidentiality and integrity of protected information; 
protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or 
integrity of Protected Information; and protect against unauthorized 
use of Protected Information that could result in substantial harm to a 
natural person.
    The Supplementing Data Security Requirements rule expands the 
existing ACH Security Framework to explicitly require large, non-
financial institution Originators, Third-Party Service Providers, and 
Third-Party Senders to protect account numbers used in the initiation 
of ACH entries by rendering them unreadable when stored electronically. 
The rule aligns with existing language contained in Payment Card 
Industry (PCI) requirements, thus industry participants are expected to 
be reasonably familiar with the manner and intent of the requirement.
    The rule applies only to account numbers collected for or used in 
ACH transactions and does not apply to the storage of paper 
authorizations. The rule also does not apply to depository financial 
institutions when acting as internal Originators, as they are covered 
by existing Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) 
and similar data security requirements and regulations.
    The amendment has a phased implementation period, with the 
following effective dates:
     Phase 1: Nacha Operating Rules language will become 
effective on June 30, 2020. Any Originator, Third-Party Service 
Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates six million or more ACH 
transactions in calendar year 2019 will need to be compliant by June 
30, 2020.
     Phase 2: Nacha Operating Rules language will become 
effective on June 30, 2021. Any Originator, Third-Party Service 
Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates two million or more ACH 
transactions in calendar year 2020 will need to be compliant by June 
30, 2021.
    Going forward after calendar year 2020, any Originator, Third-Party 
Service Provider, or Third-Party Sender that originates two million or 
more ACH transactions in any calendar year will need to be compliant 
with the rule by June 30 of the following calendar year.
    Fiscal Service supports the expansion of existing security 
requirements to require large non-financial institution Originators to 
protect account numbers used to initiate ACH transactions by rendering 
them unreadable while stored electronically. We are proposing to accept 
this amendment.
4. ACH Rules Compliance Audit Requirements
    Effective January 1, 2019, Nacha consolidated all requirements for 
an annual rules compliance audit within one section of the Nacha 
Operating Rules. Prior to the rule change, the general obligation for 
Participating Depository Financial Institutions (and certain Third-
Party Service Providers and Third-Party Senders) to conduct an audit 
was located within Article One, Section 1.2.2 (Audits of Rules 
Compliance). However, the details pertaining to that audit obligation 
were separately located within Appendix Eight (Rules Compliance Audit 
Requirements). This amendment retained and combined the core audit 
obligation with the general administrative requirements for completion 
of such an audit into Article One of the Nacha Operating Rules.
    Under 31 CFR 210.2(d), the rule compliance audit requirements are 
not applicable to Federal agencies. We are therefore proposing not to 
adopt this amendment.
5. Minor Rules Topics
    These amendments change five specific areas of the Nacha Operating 
Rules to address minor issues. Minor changes to the Nacha Operating 
Rules have little-to-no impact on ACH participants and no significant 
economic impact. Nacha's minor rule amendments became effective on 
January 1, 2019.
i. ACH Operator Edits
    The ACH Operator Edits amendment modifies edit criteria to permit 
ACH Operators to ``pend'' files as an alternative to rejecting files 
under various error conditions, primarily related to duplicate file 
detection. The rule incorporates language to clarify that ACH Operator 
edits defined within Appendix Two of the Nacha Operating Rules 
represent minimum standards required by the Nacha Operating Rules, and 
that additional edits can be adopted by each ACH Operator as part of 
its service agreement with its customers.
    We are proposing to accept this amendment.
ii. Clarification of Telephone-Initiated Entry (TEL) Authorization 
Requirements
    This amendment clarifies that the general rules governing the form 
of authorization for all consumer debits apply to the authorization of 
TEL entries, including the obligation to include revocation language. 
Only Accounts Receivable (ARC), Back Office Conversion (BOC), Point-of-
Purchase (POP), and Re-presented Check (RCK) entries are explicitly 
exempted from the requirement to include revocation language in the 
authorization. The Clarification of TEL Authorization Requirements rule 
also incorporates a reference that TEL entries are consumer debits 
only, consistent with the language for other consumer debits. We are 
proposing to accept this amendment.
iii. Clarification of RDFI Obligation To Return Credit Entry Declined 
by Receiver
    This rule change reflects pre-existing practices regarding 
circumstances under which an RDFI is, or is not, obligated to return a 
credit entry that has been declined by a Receiver. The Clarification of 
RDFI Obligation to Return Credit Entry Declined by Receiver rule 
expressly identifies specific conditions under which the RDFI is 
excused from its obligation to return a credit:


[[Page 269]]


--There are insufficient funds available to satisfy the return, 
including due to any third party lien or security interest.
--The return is prohibited by legal requirements.
--The RDFI itself has a claim against the proceeds of the credit entry, 
including by offset, lien, or security interest.

    The rule change also modifies the rule language to refer to an 
entry being ``declined'' (rather than ``refused'') by the Receiver.
    We are proposing to accept this amendment.
iv. Clarification on Reinitiation of Return Entries
    This amendment is an editorial change to the language of the 
general rule on Reinitiated Entries to clarify the intent of the Rules 
that reinitiation is limited to two times.
    We are proposing to accept this amendment.
v. Clarification on RDFI Liability Upon Receipt of a Written Demand for 
Payment
    This amendment contains editorial changes regarding conditions 
under which an RDFI may return a Reclamation Entry or reject a Written 
Demand for Payment. These changes also clarify that an RDFI may reject 
a Written Demand for Payment only if it was not properly originated by 
the ODFI.
    We are proposing to accept this amendment.

D. Differentiating Unauthorized Return Reasons

    On April 12, 2019, Nacha Voting Membership approved Ballot #1-2019: 
Differentiating Unauthorized Return Reasons. The rule repurposes an 
existing, little-used return reason code (R11) that will be used when a 
receiving customer claims that there was an error with an otherwise 
authorized payment. Currently, return reason code R10 is used as a 
catch-all for various types of underlying unauthorized return reasons, 
including some for which a valid authorization exists, such as a debit 
on the wrong date or for the wrong amount. In these types of cases, a 
return of the debit still should be made, but the Originator and its 
customer (the Receiver) might both benefit from a correction of the 
error rather than the termination of the origination authorization. The 
use of a distinct return reason code (R11) enables a return that 
conveys this new meaning of ``error'' rather than ``no authorization.''
    The rule becomes effective in two phases. On April 1, 2020, the re-
purposed return code becomes effective, and financial institutions will 
use it for its new purpose. A year later, on April 1, 2021, the re-
purposed return code will become covered by the existing Unauthorized 
Entry Fee.
    We are proposing to accept this amendment.

E. Actual or Constructive Knowledge of Death

    31 CFR part 210 Subpart B governs the reclamation of post-death 
Federal benefit payments from financial institutions. Under Subpart B, 
both agencies and RDFIs have obligations, rights and liabilities that 
are triggered by actual or constructive knowledge of the death or 
incapacity of a recipient or death of a beneficiary. See Sec.  
210.10(c), (d); Sec.  210.11(a). An agency that initiates a request for 
a reclamation must do so within 120 calendar days after the date that 
the agency first has actual or constructive knowledge of the death or 
legal incapacity of a recipient or the death of a beneficiary. However, 
the definition of ``actual or constructive'' knowledge for this purpose 
is not explicitly addressed in the definition at Sec.  210.2(b), which 
refers only to RDFIs.
    Fiscal Service is proposing to revise the definition of ``actual or 
constructive knowledge of death'' at 31 CFR 210.2(b) to apply the 
definition to agencies as well as RDFIs. In addition, we are proposing 
to add a sentence to the definition to address a specific situation 
that has arisen in recent years in which agencies sometimes stop 
recurring payments to a recipient and, many months or years after 
stopping the payments, initiate a reclamation. As revised, Sec.  
210.2(b) would require an agency that stops certifying recurring 
payments to a recipient because it has reason to believe that the 
recipient is deceased to investigate and determine whether to initiate 
a reclamation within 120 days following the first missed payment date. 
An agency may receive information or otherwise have reason to believe 
that a recipient is deceased before it takes action to stop payments. 
However, we believe that the first missed payment date preceding the 
initiation of a reclamation is the most apparent indicator that the 
agency has information of a recipient's death that is sufficiently 
reliable to warrant stopping payments. Accordingly, the phrase ``the 
time [the agency] stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient'' 
refers to the first missed payment date.
    The proposed language would not generally apply to or affect 
situations in which agencies stop payments due to fraud or loss of 
entitlement because in most of those cases agencies would not be 
initiating a reclamation. In addition, the proposed language would not 
generally affect situations in which an agency stops payments due to a 
mistaken belief that the recipient was deceased, because those payments 
would be reinitiated upon discovery of the mistake. Moreover, in the 
event that an agency initiates a reclamation more than 120 days after 
stopping payments and can prove that it stopped payments for a reason 
other than actual or constructive knowledge of death, the agency can 
present evidence to rebut the presumption of knowledge, in which case 
the 120-day deadline would not be triggered by the date the agency 
stopped payments.
    Agencies have indicated that sometimes they have difficulty 
obtaining definitive proof of death (i.e., a death certificate) within 
120 days of receiving constructive knowledge of death, and that 
therefore they may wait for a protracted period of time before 
initiating a reclamation. However, the legal standard applicable to 
agencies initiating a reclamation is not receipt of a death certificate 
(actual knowledge), but actual or constructive knowledge. We request 
comment on this proposal, including whether the proposed revisions to 
Sec.  210.2(b) are clear.

III. Section-by-Section Analysis

    In order to incorporate in Part 210 the Nacha Operating Rule 
changes that we are accepting, we are replacing references to the 2016 
Nacha Rules & Guidelines book with references to the 2019 Nacha 
Operating Rules & Guidelines book. The Nacha Operating Rule amendment 
that we are not proposing to incorporate is a modification to the audit 
compliance provisions of the Nacha Operating Rules, which are already 
excluded under Part 210. Other than replacing the references to the 
2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book, no change to Part 210 is 
necessary to exclude this amendment.
Sec.  210.2(b)
    We are proposing to amend the definition of ``actual or 
constructive knowledge'' in order to clarify that the definition 
applies to agencies as well as to RDFIs. We are also proposing to add a 
sentence to the definition to address situations in which agencies stop 
recurring payments to a recipient and subsequently initiate a 
reclamation. Under the revised definition, an agency is presumed to 
have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at the time it stops 
certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the agency (1) does not 
re-initiate payments to the

[[Page 270]]

recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more 
payments made to the recipient. The presumption created under the 
definition is rebuttable in cases where an agency can demonstrate that 
it stopped certifying recurring payments to a recipient for a reason 
other than death.
Sec.  210.2(d)
    We are proposing to amend the definition of ``applicable ACH 
Rules'' at Sec.  210.2(d) by replacing the reference to Nacha's 2016 
Operating Rules & Guidelines with a reference to the ACH Rules with an 
effective date on or before June 30, 2021, as published in ``2019 Nacha 
Operating Rules & Guidelines'' and supplements thereto. We are 
proposing to delete the reference to Appendix Ten in subparagraph (1) 
because Appendix Eight is being removed in its entirety from the 2019 
Rules Book, and Appendices Nine and Ten are being renumbered as 
Appendices Eight and Nine, respectively. We are proposing to delete 
subparagraph (7), which relates to the government's original adoption 
of Same Day ACH in 2017, because it was in effect only until September 
15, 2017, and is now obsolete.
Sec.  210.3(b)
    We are proposing to amend Sec.  210.3(b) by replacing the 
references to the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines with 
references to a 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines.
Sec.  210.6
    We are proposing to amend paragraph (g) by replacing the reference 
to the 2016 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines with a reference to a 
2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines.
Sec.  210.10(b)
    We are proposing to amend Sec.  210.10(b) to state that an agency 
is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or incapacity at 
the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a recipient if the 
agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the recipient and (2) 
subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more payments made to 
the recipient.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

    In this rule, Fiscal Service is proposing to incorporate by 
reference the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines book. The Office 
of Federal Register (OFR) regulations require that agencies discuss in 
the preamble of a proposed rule ways that the materials the agency 
proposes to incorporate by reference are reasonably available to 
interested parties or how it worked to make those materials reasonably 
available to interested parties. In addition, the preamble of the 
proposed rule must summarize the material. 1 CFR 51.5(a). In accordance 
with OFR's requirements, the discussion in the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section summarizes the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules. 
Financial institutions utilizing the ACH Network are bound by the Nacha 
Operating Rules and have access to the Nacha Operating Rules in the 
course of their everyday business. The Nacha Operating Rules are 
available as a bound book or in online form from Nacha, 2550 Wasser 
Terrace, Suite 400, Herndon, Virginia 20171, tel. 703-561-1100, 
[email protected].

V. Procedural Analysis

Request for Comment on Plain Language

    Executive Order 12866 requires each agency in the Executive branch 
to write regulations that are simple and easy to understand. We invite 
comment on how to make the proposed rule clearer. For example, you may 
wish to discuss: (1) Whether we have organized the material to suit 
your needs; (2) whether the requirements of the rule are clear; or (3) 
whether there is something else we could do to make the rule easier to 
understand.

Regulatory Planning and Review

    The proposed rule does not meet the criteria for a ``significant 
regulatory action'' as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, the 
regulatory review procedures contained therein do not apply.

Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

    It is hereby certified that the proposed rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
The proposed rule imposes on the Federal government a number of changes 
that Nacha has already adopted and imposed on private sector entities 
that utilize the ACH Network. The proposed rule does not impose any 
additional burdens, costs or impacts on any private sector entities, 
including any small entities. Accordingly, a regulatory flexibility 
analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) is 
not required.

Unfunded Mandates Act of 1995

    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 
1532 (Unfunded Mandates Act), requires that the agency prepare a 
budgetary impact statement before promulgating any rule likely to 
result in a Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by 
State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the 
private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. If a budgetary 
impact statement is required, section 205 of the Unfunded Mandates Act 
also requires the agency to identify and consider a reasonable number 
of regulatory alternatives before promulgating the rule. We have 
determined that the proposed rule will not result in expenditures by 
State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the 
private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. Accordingly, 
we have not prepared a budgetary impact statement or specifically 
addressed any regulatory alternatives.

List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 210

    Automated Clearing House, Electronic funds transfer, Financial 
institutions, Fraud, and Incorporation by reference.

    For the reasons set out in the preamble, we propose to amend 31 CFR 
part 210 as follows:

PART 210--FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED 
CLEARING HOUSE

0
1. The authority citation for part 210 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 5525; 12 U.S.C. 391; 31 U.S.C. 321, 3301, 
3302, 3321, 3332, 3335, and 3720.

0
2. In Sec.  210.2, revise paragraphs (b) and (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  210.2   Definitions.

* * * * *
    (b) Actual or constructive knowledge, when used in reference to an 
RDFI's or agency's knowledge of the death or incapacity of a recipient 
or death of a beneficiary, means that the RDFI or agency received 
information, by whatever means, of the death or incapacity and has had 
a reasonable opportunity to act on such information or that the RDFI or 
agency would have learned of the death or incapacity if it had followed 
commercially reasonable business practices. For purposes of Subpart B, 
an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or 
incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a 
recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the 
recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more 
payments made to the recipient.
* * * * *
    (d) Applicable ACH Rules means the ACH Rules with an effective date 
on or before June 30, 2021, as published in ``2019 Nacha Operating 
Rules & Guidelines: A Complete Guide to Rules

[[Page 271]]

Governing the ACH Network'' and supplements thereto, except:
    (1) Sections 1.2.2, 1.2.3, 1.2.4, 1.2.5 and 1.2.6; Appendix Seven; 
Appendix Eight; and Appendix Nine (governing the enforcement of the ACH 
Rules and claims for compensation);
    (2) Section 2.10 and Section 3.6 (governing the reclamation of 
benefit payments);
    (3) The requirement in Appendix Three that the Effective Entry Date 
of a credit entry be no more than two Banking Days following the date 
of processing by the Originating ACH Operator (see definition of 
``Effective Entry Date'' in Appendix Three);
    (4) Section 2.2 (setting forth ODFI obligations to enter into 
agreements with, and perform risk management relating to, Originators 
and Third-Party Senders) and Section 1.6 (Security Requirements);
    (5) Section 2.17.2.2-2.17.2.6 (requiring reduction of high rates of 
entries returned as unauthorized); and
    (6) The requirements of Section 2.5.8 (International ACH 
Transactions) shall not apply to entries representing the payment of a 
Federal tax obligation by a taxpayer; and
* * * * *
0
3. In Sec.  210.3, revise paragraph (b), redesignate paragraph (c) as 
paragraph (d), and add new paragraph (c) to read as follows:


Sec.  210.3  Governing law.

* * * * *
    (b) Incorporation by reference. Certain material is incorporated by 
reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the 
Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce 
any edition other than that specified in this section the Service must 
publish a document in the Federal Register and the material must be 
available to the public. All approved material is available for 
inspection at the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, 401 14th Street SW, 
Room 400A, Washington, DC 20227, 202-874-6680, and is available from 
the sources listed below. It is also available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, email [email protected] 
or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (1) NACHA--The Electronic Payments Association, 2550 Wasser 
Terrace, Suite 400, Herndon, Virginia 20171, tel. 703-561-1100, 
[email protected].
    (i) ``2019 NACHA Operating Rules & Guidelines: A Complete Guide to 
Rules Governing the ACH Network,'' copyright 2019. IBR approved for 
Sec.  210.6
    ii [Reserved]
    2 [Reserved]
    (c) Any amendment to the applicable ACH Rules approved by Nacha 
after publication of the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules & Guidelines shall 
not apply to Government entries unless the Service expressly accepts 
such amendment by publishing notice of acceptance of the amendment to 
this part in the Federal Register. An amendment to the ACH Rules that 
is accepted by the Service shall apply to Government entries on the 
effective date of the rulemaking specified by the Service in the 
Federal Register notice expressly accepting such amendment.
* * * * *
0
4. In Sec.  210.6, revise paragraph (g) to read as follows:


Sec.  210.6   Agencies.

* * * * *
    (g) Point-of-purchase debit entries. An agency may originate a 
Point-of-Purchase (POP) entry using a check drawn on a consumer or 
business account and presented at a point-of-purchase. The requirements 
of the 2019 Nacha Operating Rules and Guidelines, incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  210.3(b)(2), shall be met for such an entry if the 
Receiver presents the check at a location where the agency has posted 
the notice required by the ACH Rules and has provided the Receiver with 
a copy of the notice.
* * * * *
0
5. In Sec.  210.10, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  210.10   RDFI liability.

* * * * *
    (b) Actual or constructive knowledge, when used in reference to an 
RDFI's or agency's knowledge of the death or incapacity of a recipient 
or death of a beneficiary, means that the RDFI or agency received 
information, by whatever means, of the death or incapacity and has had 
a reasonable opportunity to act on such information or that the RDFI or 
agency would have learned of the death or incapacity if it had followed 
commercially reasonable business practices. For purposes of Subpart B, 
an agency is presumed to have constructive knowledge of death or 
incapacity at the time it stops certifying recurring payments to a 
recipient if the agency (1) does not re-initiate payments to the 
recipient and (2) subsequently initiates a reclamation for one or more 
payments made to the recipient.
* * * * *

    Dated: December 11, 2019.
David A. Lebryk,
Fiscal Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2019-27261 Filed 1-2-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4810-AS-P