Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Consumer Product Risk Reduction Valuation Study: Cognitive Interviews & Focus Groups, 71902-71904 [2019-28116]

Download as PDF khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 71902 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 249 / Monday, December 30, 2019 / Notices 85. Ningbo Dongxin High-Strength Nut Co., Ltd. 86. Ningbo Exact Fasteners Co., Ltd. 87. Ningbo Fastener Factory 88. Ningbo Fengya Imp. and Exp. Co. Ltd. 89. Ningbo Fourway Co., Ltd. 90. Ningbo Haishu Holy Hardware Import and Export Co. Ltd. 91. Ningbo Haishu Wit Import & Export Co. Ltd. 92. Ningbo Haishu Yixie Import & Export Co. Ltd. 93. Ningbo Jinding Fastening Piece Co., Ltd. 94. Ningbo MPF Manufacturing Co. Ltd. 95. Ningbo Panxiang Imp. & Exp. Co. Ltd. 96. Ningbo Qianjiu Instrument Case Factory 97. Ningbo Seduno Imp. Exp. Co., Ltd. 98. Ningbo Yili Import & Export Co., Ltd. 99. Ningbo Yinzhou Dongxiang Accuracy Hardware Co., Ltd. 100. Ningbo Yinzhou Foreign Trade Co., Ltd. 101. Ningbo Yinzhou Woafan Industry & Trade Co., Ltd. 102. Ningbo Zhenghai Yongding Fastener Co., Ltd. 103. Ningbo Zhenhai Beisuda Equipment Co. 104. Ningbo Zhenhai Dingli Fastener Screw Co., Ltd. 105. Ningbo Zhenhai Jinhuan Fasteners 106. Ningbo Zhongjiang High Strength Bolts Co. Ltd. 107. Ningbo Zhongjiang Petroleum Pipes & Machinery Co. Ltd. 108. Orient International Holding Shanghai Rongheng Intl Trading Co. Ltd. 109. Orient Rider Corporation Ltd. 110. Panxiang Imp. & Exp. Co., Ltd. 111. Pol Shin Fastener (Zhejiang) Co. 112. Prosper Business and Industry Co., Ltd. 113. Qingdao Free Trade Zone Health Intl. 114. Qingdao Top Steel Industrial Co. Ltd. 115. Sampulse Industrial Co., Ltd. 116. Shaanxi Succeed Trading Co., Ltd. 117. Shanghai Autocraft Co., Ltd. 118. Shanghai Beitra Fasteners Co., Ltd. 119. Shanghai East Best Foreign Trade Co. 120. Shanghai East Best International Business Development Co., Ltd. 121. Shanghai E-Heng Imp. & Exp. Co. Ltd. 122. Shanghai Fortune International Co. Ltd. 123. Shanghai Furen International Trading 124. Shanghai Hunan Foreign Economic Co., Ltd. 125. Shanghai Jiabao Trade Development Co. Ltd. 126. Shanghai Nanshi Foreign Economic Co. 127. Shanghai Overseas International Trading Co. Ltd. 128. Shanghai Prime Machinery Co. Ltd. 129. Shanghai Printing & Dyeing and Knitting Mill 130. Shanghai Printing & Packaging Machinery Corp 131. Shanghai Recky International Trading Co., Ltd. 132. Shanghai Sinotex United Corp. Ltd. 133. Shanghai Strong Hardware Co. Li 134. Shanghai Wisechain Fasteners Ltd. 135. Shenzhen Fenda Technology Co., Ltd. 136. Shenzhen Haozhenghao Technology Co. 137. Shijiazhuang Huitongxiang Li Trade 138. Soyoung Industrial Co., Ltd. 139. SRC Metal (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. 140. untec Industries Co., Ltd. 141. Suzhou Henry International Trading Co., Ltd. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 Dec 27, 2019 Jkt 250001 142. T and C Fastener Co. Ltd. 143. T and L Industry Co. Ltd. 144. Taizhou Maixing Machinery Co. 145. Telsto Development Co., Ltd. 146. The Hoffman Group International 147. Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone Tianjin Star International Trade Co., Ltd. 148. Tong Ming Enterprise Co., Ltd. 149. Tong Win International Co., Ltd. 150. Tri Steel Co., Ltd. 151. Wisechain Trading Limited 152. Wuxi Metec Metal Co. Ltd. 153. Xiamen Hua Min Imp. and Exp. Co. Ltd. 154. Xiamen Rongxinda Industry Co., Ltd. 155. Xiamen Yuhui Import & Export Co., Ltd. 156. Yogendra International 157. Yuyao Hualun Imp. & Exp. Co., Ltd. 158. Zhangjiagang Ever Faith Industry Co. 159. Zhejiang Heirrmu Mechanical and Electrical Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd. 160. Zhejiang Heiter Industries Co., Ltd, 161. Zhejiang Heiter Mfg & Trade Co. Ltd. 162. Zhejiang Jin Zeen Fasteners Co. Ltd. 163. Zhejiang Junyue Standard Part Co., Ltd. 164. Zhejiang Junyue Standard Parts Co., Ltd. 165. Zhejiang Laibao Precision Technology Co. Ltd. 166. Zhejiang Metals & Minerals Imp & Exp Co. Ltd. 167. Zhejiang Morgan Brother Technology Co. Ltd. 168. Zhejiang New Century Imp & Exp Co. Ltd. 169. Zhejiang New Oriental Fastener Co., Ltd. 170. Zhejiang Zhenglian Industry Development Co., Ltd. 171. Zhongsheng Metal Co., Ltd. 172. Zhoushan Zhengyuan Standard Parts Co., Ltd. Appendix II List of Topics Discussed in the Preliminary Decision Memorandum I. Summary II. Background III. Scope of the Order IV. Discussion of the Methodology V. Recommendation Type of Request: Regular (revision of a currently approved collection). Number of Respondents: 60 new applications, 251 annual respondents. Average Hours per Response: 10 hours for new applications, 2 hours for annual responses. Burden Hours: 1,102. Needs and Uses: NOAA’s Fisheries Finance Program (FFP) is a direct loan program that receives an annual loan authority from Congress to provide longterm loans to the commercial fishing and aquaculture industries. Many of these loans are guaranteed by companies and/or people (guarantors) associated with the loan applicant. These guarantors may not be required to sign the loan application. These new forms (Guarantor Authorization to Obtain Consumer Credit Report and Conduct a Credit Inquiry) grant the FFP, in writing, permission to conduct a credit investigation on the guarantors. Affected Public: People offering to guarantee a loan made by the FFP. Frequency: Once, at the time of application. Respondent’s Obligation: Required to obtain or retain benefits. This information collection request may be viewed at reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce collections currently under review by OMB. Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to OIRA_Submission@ omb.eop.gov or fax to (202) 395–5806. [FR Doc. 2019–28034 Filed 12–27–19; 8:45 am] Sheleen Dumas, Department PRA Clearance Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Commerce Department. BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P [FR Doc. 2019–28103 Filed 12–27–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35). Agency: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Title: Fisheries Finance Program Requirements. OMB Control Number: 0648–0012. Form Number(s): NOAA Form 88–1. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION [Docket No. CPSC–2019–0035] Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Consumer Product Risk Reduction Valuation Study: Cognitive Interviews & Focus Groups Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on a new proposed collection of information by the agency. Under the Paperwork SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\30DEN1.SGM 30DEN1 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 249 / Monday, December 30, 2019 / Notices Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register for each proposed collection of information and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on a proposed collection to conduct cognitive interviews and focus groups that will assess consumer comprehension of risk associated with consumer products. DATES: Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information by February 28, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by Docket No. CPSC–2019– 0035, by any of the following methods: Electronic Submissions: Submit electronic comments to the Federal eRulemaking Portal at: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. CPSC does not accept comments submitted by electronic mail (email), except through www.regulations.gov. CPSC encourages you to submit electronic comments by using the Federal eRulemaking Portal, as described above. Mail/Hand Delivery/Courier Submissions: Submit comments by mail/hand delivery/courier to: Division of the Secretariat, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; telephone (301) 504–7923. Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number for this notice. All comments received may be posted without change, including any personal identifiers, contact information, or other personal information provided, to: http://www.regulations.gov. Do not submit confidential business information, trade secret information, or other sensitive or protected information that you do not want to be available to the public. If furnished at all, such information should be submitted by mail or hand delivery/courier. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to: http:// www.regulations.gov, and insert the docket number, CPSC–2019–0035, into the ‘‘Search’’ box, and follow the prompts. A copy of the draft supporting statement titled ‘‘Risk Valuation Study Supporting Statement’’ is available at: https://www.regulations.gov under Docket No. CPSC–2019–0035, Supporting and Related Material. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bretford Griffin, Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; (301) VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 Dec 27, 2019 Jkt 250001 504–7037, or by email to: BGriffin@ cpsc.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501–3520), federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. ‘‘Collection of information’’ is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes cognitive interviews and focus groups. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. Accordingly, CPSC is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document. A. Consumer Product Risk Reduction Valuation Study CPSC is authorized under section 5(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA), 15 U.S.C. 2054(a), to conduct studies and investigations relating to the causes and prevention of deaths, accidents, injuries, illnesses, other health impairments, and economic losses associated with consumer products. Section 5(b) of the CPSA, 15 U.S.C. 2054(b), further provides that CPSC may conduct research, studies, and investigations on the safety of consumer products or test consumer products and develop product safety test methods and testing devices. CPSC issues regulations to reduce the risk of fatal injuries or illnesses associated with the use of consumer products. To value reductions in the risk of fatalities, CPSC and other federal agencies rely on estimates of the value per statistical life (VSL), which are derived from research on individuals’ willingness to pay (WTP), consistent with the conceptual framework for benefit-cost analysis. Most of the studies on which these estimates are based calculate WTP by evaluating tradeoffs made by workers in risky occupations, and thus, concentrate on certain populations (working-age males). However, the type of risks and populations that are often addressed by CPSC regulations involve children. Although there are few completed studies that address the value of risk reductions that accrue to children, the available literature is limited and largely unrelated to the types of risks addressed by CPSC rulemakings.1 Due to the ˇ cˇasny´. 2011. 1 See, e.g., Alberini, A. and M. S Context and the VSL: Evidence from a Stated Preference Study in Italy and Czech Republic. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71903 absence of children from labor markets and the lack of observable market data, the majority of the studies employ stated preference methods. That method asks individuals, usually through questionnaires, the economic value that they attach to a perceived risk based on constructed or hypothetical markets. Although the existing studies suggest higher values for reducing risks to children than reductions to adults, they do not adequately determine the extent to which values for fatal risk reductions differ for adults versus children for risks associated with consumer products or adequately explain the level of respondent comprehension of relevant risk concepts. CPSC seeks to conduct additional research to evaluate whether reductions in consumer product-related risks are valued differently when the beneficiary of the reduction is a child versus an adult. In order to assess comprehension of risk concepts, CPSC intends to conduct qualitative pretesting, in the form of cognitive interviews and focus groups based on best practices used in stated-preference study design. CPSC will conduct an initial set of eight cognitive interviews aimed specifically at topics related to risk communication and risk comprehension from homeowners with at least one child under the age of 12. Based on the results of the initial cognitive interviews, CPSC will inform OMB of any changes that are made for conducting a subsequent set of focus groups. Those focus groups will consist of 40 respondents and 16 additional cognitive interviews that will query the respondents on fatal household risks related to consumer products. The interviews and focus groups are designed to assess respondents’ comprehension of risk concepts and to inform the CPSC on the feasibility of developing a future survey instrument that will identify the best methods or approaches to communicate risk concepts related to consumer products. B. Burden Hours The estimated annual burden hours are as follows: Environmental and Resource Economics, 49(4): 511–538; Gerking, S., M. Dickie, and M. Veronesi. 2014. Valuation of Human Health: An Integrated Model of WTP for Mortality and Morbidity Risk Reductions. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 68(1): 20–45; Hammitt, J.K. and K. Haninger. 2010. Valuing Fatal Risk to Children and Adults: Effects of Disease, Latency and Risk Aversion. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 40: 57– 83; Hammitt, J.K. and D. Herrera. 2017. Peeling Back the Onion: Using Latent Class Analysis to Uncover Heterogeneous Responses to Stated Preference Surveys. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, in press. E:\FR\FM\30DEN1.SGM 30DEN1 71904 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 249 / Monday, December 30, 2019 / Notices Number of responses Activity Cognitive Interviews I (Risk Communication and Comprehension) ............................................ Focus Group Sessions (Household Risks and Consumer Products) ......................................... Cognitive Interviews II (Household Risks and Consumer Products) .......................................... Estimated burden per respondent (hours) 8 40 16 Total burden (hours) 1.5 2 1.5 Total ...................................................................................................................................... We estimate the total annual dollar value of this collection to be $4,265. This estimate is based on an average of $36.77/hr. compensation, including benefits, from the National Compensation Survey published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, ‘‘Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership,’’ Dec. 2018, Table 1, total compensation for civilian workers: http://www.bls.gov/ncs/). The total cost to the federal government for the contract to design and conduct the proposed survey is $117,458. C. Request for Comments CPSC invites comments on these topics: • Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of CPSC’s functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; • The accuracy of CPSC’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; • Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and • Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology. Alberta E. Mills, Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission. [FR Doc. 2019–28116 Filed 12–27–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6355–01–P khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Comment Request; CNCS External Reviewer Application; Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request Corporation for National and Community Service. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 Dec 27, 2019 Jkt 250001 ACTION: Notice. The Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) has submitted a public information collection request (ICR) entitled CNCS External Reviewer Application for review and approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act. SUMMARY: Written comments must be submitted to the individual and office listed in the ADDRESSES section by January 29, 2020. DATES: Direct written comments and/or suggestions regarding the items contained in this Notice to the Attention: CNCS Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503 or by fax to (202) 395–5806. Provide written comments within 30 days of Notice publication. ADDRESSES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Copies of this ICR, with applicable supporting documentation, may be obtained by calling the Corporation for National and Community Service, Amy Hetrick, at 202–606–6856 or by email to ahetrick@cns.gov. The OMB is particularly interested in comments which: • Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of CNCS, including whether the information will have practical utility; • Evaluate the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions; • Propose ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and • Propose ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 12 80 24 116 Comments A 60-day Notice requesting public comment was published in the Federal Register on August 15, 2019 at 84 FR 41707 Page Number 41707. This comment period ended October 15, 2019. Zero public comments were received from this Notice. Title of Collection: CNCS External Reviewer Application. OMB Control Number: 3045–0090. Type of Review: Renewal. Respondents/Affected Public: Individuals and Households. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 500. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 250 hours (Average 30 minutes per response). Abstract: The External Reviewer Application is used by individuals who wish to serve as External Reviewers or External Panel Coordinators for CNCS when external reviewers are needed to review grant applications. The information collected will be used by CNCS to select review participants for each grant competition. The information is collected electronically using CNCS’s web-based system. CNCS seeks to renew the current information collection. CNCS also seeks to continue using the current application until the revised application is approved by OMB. The current application is due to expire on December 31, 2019. Dated: December 23, 2019. Amy Borgstrom, Associate Director of Policy. [FR Doc. 2019–28148 Filed 12–27–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6050–28–P DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary [Transmittal No. 19–53] Arms Sales Notification Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Arms sales notice. AGENCY: The Department of Defense is publishing the unclassified text of an arms sales notification. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\30DEN1.SGM 30DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 249 (Monday, December 30, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 71902-71904]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-28116]


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CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION

[Docket No. CPSC-2019-0035]


Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; 
Comment Request; Consumer Product Risk Reduction Valuation Study: 
Cognitive Interviews & Focus Groups

AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is announcing an 
opportunity for public comment on a new proposed collection of 
information by the agency. Under the Paperwork

[[Page 71903]]

Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), federal agencies are required to publish 
notice in the Federal Register for each proposed collection of 
information and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the 
notice. This notice solicits comments on a proposed collection to 
conduct cognitive interviews and focus groups that will assess consumer 
comprehension of risk associated with consumer products.

DATES: Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of 
information by February 28, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by Docket No. CPSC-2019-
0035, by any of the following methods:
    Electronic Submissions: Submit electronic comments to the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal at: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the 
instructions for submitting comments. CPSC does not accept comments 
submitted by electronic mail (email), except through 
www.regulations.gov. CPSC encourages you to submit electronic comments 
by using the Federal eRulemaking Portal, as described above.
    Mail/Hand Delivery/Courier Submissions: Submit comments by mail/
hand delivery/courier to: Division of the Secretariat, Consumer Product 
Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 
20814; telephone (301) 504-7923.
    Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name 
and docket number for this notice. All comments received may be posted 
without change, including any personal identifiers, contact 
information, or other personal information provided, to: http://www.regulations.gov. Do not submit confidential business information, 
trade secret information, or other sensitive or protected information 
that you do not want to be available to the public. If furnished at 
all, such information should be submitted by mail or hand delivery/
courier.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to: http://www.regulations.gov, and insert the 
docket number, CPSC-2019-0035, into the ``Search'' box, and follow the 
prompts. A copy of the draft supporting statement titled ``Risk 
Valuation Study Supporting Statement'' is available at: https://www.regulations.gov under Docket No. CPSC-2019-0035, Supporting and 
Related Material.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bretford Griffin, Consumer Product 
Safety Commission, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; (301) 
504-7037, or by email to: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), federal 
agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. 
``Collection of information'' is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 
1320.3(c) and includes cognitive interviews and focus groups. Section 
3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires federal 
agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning 
each proposed collection of information before submitting the 
collection to OMB for approval. Accordingly, CPSC is publishing notice 
of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

A. Consumer Product Risk Reduction Valuation Study

    CPSC is authorized under section 5(a) of the Consumer Product 
Safety Act (CPSA), 15 U.S.C. 2054(a), to conduct studies and 
investigations relating to the causes and prevention of deaths, 
accidents, injuries, illnesses, other health impairments, and economic 
losses associated with consumer products. Section 5(b) of the CPSA, 15 
U.S.C. 2054(b), further provides that CPSC may conduct research, 
studies, and investigations on the safety of consumer products or test 
consumer products and develop product safety test methods and testing 
devices.
    CPSC issues regulations to reduce the risk of fatal injuries or 
illnesses associated with the use of consumer products. To value 
reductions in the risk of fatalities, CPSC and other federal agencies 
rely on estimates of the value per statistical life (VSL), which are 
derived from research on individuals' willingness to pay (WTP), 
consistent with the conceptual framework for benefit-cost analysis. 
Most of the studies on which these estimates are based calculate WTP by 
evaluating tradeoffs made by workers in risky occupations, and thus, 
concentrate on certain populations (working-age males). However, the 
type of risks and populations that are often addressed by CPSC 
regulations involve children. Although there are few completed studies 
that address the value of risk reductions that accrue to children, the 
available literature is limited and largely unrelated to the types of 
risks addressed by CPSC rulemakings.\1\ Due to the absence of children 
from labor markets and the lack of observable market data, the majority 
of the studies employ stated preference methods. That method asks 
individuals, usually through questionnaires, the economic value that 
they attach to a perceived risk based on constructed or hypothetical 
markets. Although the existing studies suggest higher values for 
reducing risks to children than reductions to adults, they do not 
adequately determine the extent to which values for fatal risk 
reductions differ for adults versus children for risks associated with 
consumer products or adequately explain the level of respondent 
comprehension of relevant risk concepts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See, e.g., Alberini, A. and M. [Scaron][ccaron]asn[yacute]. 
2011. Context and the VSL: Evidence from a Stated Preference Study 
in Italy and Czech Republic. Environmental and Resource Economics, 
49(4): 511-538; Gerking, S., M. Dickie, and M. Veronesi. 2014. 
Valuation of Human Health: An Integrated Model of WTP for Mortality 
and Morbidity Risk Reductions. Journal of Environmental Economics 
and Management, 68(1): 20-45; Hammitt, J.K. and K. Haninger. 2010. 
Valuing Fatal Risk to Children and Adults: Effects of Disease, 
Latency and Risk Aversion. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 40: 57-
83; Hammitt, J.K. and D. Herrera. 2017. Peeling Back the Onion: 
Using Latent Class Analysis to Uncover Heterogeneous Responses to 
Stated Preference Surveys. Journal of Environmental Economics and 
Management, in press.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    CPSC seeks to conduct additional research to evaluate whether 
reductions in consumer product-related risks are valued differently 
when the beneficiary of the reduction is a child versus an adult. In 
order to assess comprehension of risk concepts, CPSC intends to conduct 
qualitative pretesting, in the form of cognitive interviews and focus 
groups based on best practices used in stated-preference study design. 
CPSC will conduct an initial set of eight cognitive interviews aimed 
specifically at topics related to risk communication and risk 
comprehension from homeowners with at least one child under the age of 
12. Based on the results of the initial cognitive interviews, CPSC will 
inform OMB of any changes that are made for conducting a subsequent set 
of focus groups. Those focus groups will consist of 40 respondents and 
16 additional cognitive interviews that will query the respondents on 
fatal household risks related to consumer products. The interviews and 
focus groups are designed to assess respondents' comprehension of risk 
concepts and to inform the CPSC on the feasibility of developing a 
future survey instrument that will identify the best methods or 
approaches to communicate risk concepts related to consumer products.

B. Burden Hours

    The estimated annual burden hours are as follows:

[[Page 71904]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Estimated
                                                                     Number of      burden per     Total burden
                            Activity                                 responses      respondent        (hours)
                                                                                      (hours)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cognitive Interviews I (Risk Communication and Comprehension)...               8             1.5              12
Focus Group Sessions (Household Risks and Consumer Products)....              40               2              80
Cognitive Interviews II (Household Risks and Consumer Products).              16             1.5              24
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Total.......................................................                                             116
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We estimate the total annual dollar value of this collection to be 
$4,265. This estimate is based on an average of $36.77/hr. 
compensation, including benefits, from the National Compensation Survey 
published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, ``Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership,'' 
Dec. 2018, Table 1, total compensation for civilian workers: http://www.bls.gov/ncs/). The total cost to the federal government for the 
contract to design and conduct the proposed survey is $117,458.

C. Request for Comments

    CPSC invites comments on these topics:
     Whether the proposed collection of information is 
necessary for the proper performance of CPSC's functions, including 
whether the information will have practical utility;
     The accuracy of CPSC's estimate of the burden of the 
proposed collection of information, including the validity of the 
methodology and assumptions used;
     Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information to be collected; and
     Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of 
information on respondents, including through the use of automated 
collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information 
technology.

Alberta E. Mills,
Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission.
[FR Doc. 2019-28116 Filed 12-27-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6355-01-P