Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 69814-69816 [2019-27370]

Download as PDF 69814 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 244 / Thursday, December 19, 2019 / Notices For FHWA: Ms. Theresa Claxton; Program Development Team Leader; Federal Highway Administration; Tennessee Division Office; 404 BNA Drive, Building 200, Suite 508; Nashville, Tennessee 37217; Telephone (615) 781– 5770; email: Theresa.Claxton@dot.gov. FHWA Tennessee Division Office’s normal business hours are 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Central Time). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Correction In the Federal Register at 84 FR 66963 (December 6, 2019), please make the following corrections: In the DATES section, correct the second two sentences to read: A claim seeking judicial review of the Federal agency actions on the highway project will be barred unless the claim is filed on or before May 4, 2020. If the Federal law that authorizes judicial review of a claim provides a time period of less than 150 days for filing such claim, then that shorter time period still applies. Issued on: December 11, 2019. Pamela M. Kordenbrock, Division Administrator, Nashville, Tennessee. [FR Doc. 2019–27421 Filed 12–18–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–RY–P FMCSA-2019-0018. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0018] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 11 individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before January 21, 2020. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0018 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D= lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:13 Dec 18, 2019 Jkt 250001 A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0018), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2019-0018. Click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to PO 00000 Frm 00095 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-2019-0018 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12– 140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the FMCSRs for a 2year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The 11 individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in § 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at E:\FR\FM\19DEN1.SGM 19DEN1 lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 244 / Thursday, December 19, 2019 / Notices least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of § 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at https://www.regulations.gov/ docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively.1 The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done 1 A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/ pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:13 Dec 18, 2019 Jkt 250001 in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Wayne Brannon Mr. Brannon, 66, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/100, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘I certified that in my medical opinion Mr. Brannon has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Brannon reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 35 years, accumulating 4.55 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Raymond K. Brubaker Mr. Brubaker, 59, has optic neuropathy in his left eye due to a vascular event in 2006. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/15, and in his left eye, 20/70. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Despite his left eye visual impairment, it is my opinion that Mr. Brubaker has sufficient vision to continue to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Brubaker reported that he has driven straight trucks for 30 years, accumulating 900,000 miles, and PO 00000 Frm 00096 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 69815 tractor- trailer combinations for 31 years, accumulating 930,000 miles. He holds a class A CDL from Washington. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Fred L.G. Eads, Jr. Mr. Eads, 43, has had a retinal detachment in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/ 20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, the person named above has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle, subject to having 2 outside mirrors.’’ Mr. Eads reported that he has driven straight trucks for 30 years, accumulating 1.8 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for three years, accumulating 30,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Missouri. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Joseph L. Gomez III Mr. Gomez, 37, has glaucoma in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2004. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, counting fingers. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Patient has sufficient visual acuity to perform driving tasks of a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Gomez reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for five years, accumulating 53,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Maryland. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Mack D. Jenkins Mr. Jenkins, 44, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/80. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion Mr. Jenkins does have sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Jenkins reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 133,000 miles and tractortrailer combinations for five years, accumulating 431,000 miles. He holds a class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows one crash, which he was not cited for, and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. E:\FR\FM\19DEN1.SGM 19DEN1 69816 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 244 / Thursday, December 19, 2019 / Notices Timothy B. Jones Mr. Jones, 49, has a prosthetic in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 1988. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, Timothy has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Jones reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 37,500 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. James J. Kyler Mr. Kyler, 37, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/150, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘Because his vision was sufficient to obtain a commercial license in the past, and his condition has not progressed since that time, he has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Kyler reported that he has driven straight trucks for nine years, accumulating 270,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Oklahoma. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Robert C. Mock Mr. Mock, 50, has had degenerative myopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 400, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, I certify that Robert has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle safely while wearing his spectacle correction.’’ Mr. Mock reported that he has driven straight trucks for 13 years, accumulating 58,500 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Kansas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. David J. Reed Mr. Reed, 61, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/400. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, the patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Reed reported that he has driven straight trucks for VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:13 Dec 18, 2019 Jkt 250001 seven years, accumulating 210,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for one year, accumulating 40,000 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Texas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Derrick A. Robinson Mr. Robinson, 41, has complete loss of vision in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, Mr. Robinson has more than sufficient vision to perform the driving test required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Robinson reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 90,000 miles, and tractortrailer combinations for 17 years, accumulating 1.9 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. David A. Simpson Mr. Simpson, 59, has retinal scars in his right eye due to choroidal neovascularization in 2010. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/100, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Mr. Simpson demonstrated no visual limitations other than described above and has no significant risk for operating a commercial vehicle as long as prescribed glasses are worn at all times.’’ Mr. Simpson reported that he has driven straight trucks for 23 years, accumulating 598,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated under the DATES section of the notice. Issued on: December 12, 2019. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2019–27370 Filed 12–18–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P PO 00000 Frm 00097 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [FMCSA Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0035] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. AGENCY: FMCSA announces its decision to exempt five individuals from the requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) that interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers have ‘‘no established medical history or clinical diagnosis of epilepsy or any other condition which is likely to cause loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to control a CMV.’’ The exemptions enable these individuals who have had one or more seizures and are taking antiseizure medication to operate CMVs in interstate commerce. DATES: The exemptions were applicable on November 22, 2019. The exemptions expire on November 22, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Operations, (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Public Participation A. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D= FMCSA–2019–0035 and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. B. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. E:\FR\FM\19DEN1.SGM 19DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 244 (Thursday, December 19, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 69814-69816]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-27370]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0018]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 11 individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before January 21, 2020.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0018 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2019-0018. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Docket Operations; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Operations, (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0018), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2019-0018. Click on the ``Comment Now!'' button and type 
your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether 
you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a 
third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-2019-0018 and choose the document to review. If you do 
not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by 
visiting the Docket Operations in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of 
the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays.

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for no longer than a 5-year period if it finds such 
exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, 
or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such 
exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at 
the end of the 5-year period. FMCSA grants medical exemptions from the 
FMCSRs for a 2-year period to align with the maximum duration of a 
driver's medical certification.
    The 11 individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in Sec.  391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at

[[Page 69815]]

least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, 
field of vision of at least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each 
eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and 
devices showing standard red, green, and amber.
    On July 16, 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (57 FR 31458). The current Vision Exemption Program was 
established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the 
statutes governing exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation 
Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 
107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the 
procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case 
basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision 
standards of Sec.  391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely in intrastate commerce with the vision 
deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is 
especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several 
research studies designed to correlate past and future driving 
performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the 
best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record 
of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found 
at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=FMCSA-1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively.\1\ The fact that experienced 
monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver 
program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the 
same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are 
also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will 
continue to operate safely.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ A thorough discussion of this issue may be found in a FHWA 
final rule published in the Federal Register on March 26, 1996 and 
available on the internet at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-1996-03-26/pdf/96-7226.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is 
the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive 
years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two 
years with their experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Wayne Brannon

    Mr. Brannon, 66, has had amblyopia in his right eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/100, and in his 
left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist 
stated, ``I certified that in my medical opinion Mr. Brannon has 
sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Brannon reported that he has driven tractor-
trailer combinations for 35 years, accumulating 4.55 million miles. He 
holds a Class A CDL from North Carolina. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Raymond K. Brubaker

    Mr. Brubaker, 59, has optic neuropathy in his left eye due to a 
vascular event in 2006. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/15, 
and in his left eye, 20/70. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``Despite his left eye visual impairment, it is my 
opinion that Mr. Brubaker has sufficient vision to continue to operate 
a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Brubaker reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for 30 years, accumulating 900,000 miles, and tractor- 
trailer combinations for 31 years, accumulating 930,000 miles. He holds 
a class A CDL from Washington. His driving record for the last three 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

Fred L.G. Eads, Jr.

    Mr. Eads, 43, has had a retinal detachment in his right eye since 
birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and 
in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``In my medical opinion, the person named above has 
sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a 
commercial vehicle, subject to having 2 outside mirrors.'' Mr. Eads 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 30 years, accumulating 
1.8 million miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for three years, 
accumulating 30,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Missouri. His 
driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Joseph L. Gomez III

    Mr. Gomez, 37, has glaucoma in his left eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2004. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in 
his left eye, counting fingers. Following an examination in 2019, his 
optometrist stated, ``Patient has sufficient visual acuity to perform 
driving tasks of a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Gomez reported that he has 
driven tractor-trailer combinations for five years, accumulating 53,000 
miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Maryland. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Mack D. Jenkins

    Mr. Jenkins, 44, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
80. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion Mr. Jenkins does have sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Jenkins 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, 
accumulating 133,000 miles and tractor-trailer combinations for five 
years, accumulating 431,000 miles. He holds a class A CDL from North 
Carolina. His driving record for the last three years shows one crash, 
which he was not cited for, and no convictions for moving violations in 
a CMV.

[[Page 69816]]

Timothy B. Jones

    Mr. Jones, 49, has a prosthetic in his right eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 1988. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my medical opinion, Timothy has 
sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Jones reported 
that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 37,500 
miles. He holds an operator's license from Pennsylvania. His driving 
record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for 
moving violations in a CMV.

James J. Kyler

    Mr. Kyler, 37, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/150, and in his left eye, 20/
20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``Because 
his vision was sufficient to obtain a commercial license in the past, 
and his condition has not progressed since that time, he has sufficient 
vision to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Kyler reported that he 
has driven straight trucks for nine years, accumulating 270,000 miles. 
He holds a Class B CDL from Oklahoma. His driving record for the last 
three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations 
in a CMV.

Robert C. Mock

    Mr. Mock, 50, has had degenerative myopia in his right eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his 
left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist 
stated, ``In my medical opinion, I certify that Robert has sufficient 
vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial 
vehicle safely while wearing his spectacle correction.'' Mr. Mock 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 13 years, accumulating 
58,500 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Kansas. His driving record 
for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

David J. Reed

    Mr. Reed, 61, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/
400. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical opinion, the patient has sufficient vision to perform the 
driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Reed 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for seven years, 
accumulating 210,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for one 
year, accumulating 40,000 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Texas. 
His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Derrick A. Robinson

    Mr. Robinson, 41, has complete loss of vision in his left eye due 
to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right 
eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an 
examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my medical 
opinion, Mr. Robinson has more than sufficient vision to perform the 
driving test required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Robinson 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, 
accumulating 90,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 17 
years, accumulating 1.9 million miles. He holds a Class A CDL from 
Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes 
and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

David A. Simpson

    Mr. Simpson, 59, has retinal scars in his right eye due to 
choroidal neovascularization in 2010. The visual acuity in his right 
eye is 20/100, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my opinion, Mr. Simpson demonstrated 
no visual limitations other than described above and has no significant 
risk for operating a commercial vehicle as long as prescribed glasses 
are worn at all times.'' Mr. Simpson reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for 23 years, accumulating 598,000 miles. He holds a 
Class B CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated 
under the DATES section of the notice.

    Issued on: December 12, 2019.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2019-27370 Filed 12-18-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P