Test Methods and Performance Specifications for Air Emission Sources, 68069-68097 [2019-26134]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules purpose other than that for which the disclosure was made or as permitted by law. PART 1—GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended to read as follows: ■ Authority: 38 U.S.C. 501, and as noted in specific sections §§ 1.460 and 1.461 also issued under 38 U.S.C. 7332 and 7334. §§ 1.462, 1.464, 1.466–1.469, 1.476, 1.478, 1.479, 1.491–1.493, 1.495 and 1.496 also issued under 38 U.S.C. 7334. §§ 1.463, 1.465, 1.475, 1.477, 1.481, 1.482, 1.483, 1.485, 1.486–1.490, and 1.494 also issued under 38 U.S.C. 7332. § 1.484 also issued under 38 U.S.C. 7331 and 7332. § 1.485a also issued under 38 U.S.C. 5701 and 7332. 2. Remove the parenthetical Authority citation immediately following each section from §§ 1.460 through 1.479. ■ 3. Amend § 1.460 by adding, in alphabetical order, definitions for ‘‘Health care’’ and ‘‘Health care-related activities or functions’’ to read as follows: ■ § 1.460 VA may disclose records described in 38 U.S.C. 7332(a) to a third party in order to recover or collect reasonable charges for care furnished to, or paid on behalf of, a patient in connection with a non-service connected disability as permitted by 38 U.S.C. 1729, or for a condition for which recovery is authorized, or with respect to which the United States is deemed to be a thirdparty beneficiary under the Federal Medical Care Recovery Act (Pub. L. 87– 693, 42 U.S.C. 2651 et seq.). ■ 5. Remove the undesignated center heading immediately preceding § 1.483. ■ 6. Remove the parenthetical Authority citation immediately following each section from §§ 1.483 through 1.496. [FR Doc. 2019–26910 Filed 12–12–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8320–01–P Definitions. * * * * * Health care. The term ‘‘health care’’ has the same meaning as provided in 45 CFR 160.103. Health care-related activities or functions. The term ‘‘health care-related activities or functions’’ means the actions required for the delivery of health care, including hospital care, medical services, and extended care services. Health care-related activities or functions includes: Treatment as defined by 45 CFR 164.501; activities related to reimbursement for care and treatment by a health care provider; activities related to participation in health information exchanges for the delivery of health care; health care operations as defined by 45 CFR 164.501; and activities related to a patient’s exercise of privacy rights regarding health information. * * * * * ■ 4. Add an undesignated center heading immediately preceding § 1.481, and new §§ 1.481 and 1.482 to read as follows: Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.481 Disclosure of medical records of veterans who receive non-VA health care. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS § 1.482 Disclosure of medical records to recover or collect reasonable charges. (a) VA may disclose records referred to in 38 U.S.C. 7332(a) to a non-VA entity (including private entities and other Federal agencies) for purposes of providing health care to patients or performing other health care-related activities or functions. (b) An entity to which a record is disclosed under this section may not disclose or use such record for a VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 51, 60, 61, and 63 [EPA–HQ–OAR–2018–0815; FRL–10002–83– OAR] RIN 2060–AU39 Test Methods and Performance Specifications for Air Emission Sources Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: This action proposes corrections and updates to regulations for source testing of emissions under various rules. This proposed rule includes corrections to inaccurate testing provisions, updates to outdated procedures, and approved alternative procedures that provide testers enhanced flexibility. The revisions will improve the quality of data but will not impose new substantive requirements on source owners or operators. DATES: Comments must be received on or before February 11, 2020. Public Hearing: If a public hearing is requested by December 18, 2019, then we will hold a public hearing. If a public hearing is requested, then additional details about the public hearing will be provided in a separate Federal Register notice and on our website at https://www3.epa.gov/ttn/ emc/methods. To request or attend a hearing, see SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68069 You may send comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–HQ– OAR–2018–0815 by one of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov (our preferred method). Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Email: a-and-r docket@epa.gov. Include docket ID No. EPA–HQ–OAR– 2018–0815 in the subject line of the message. • Fax: (202) 566–9744. • Mail: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Docket Center, Office of Air and Radiation Docket, Mail Code 28221T, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20460. • Hand Delivery/Courier: EPA Docket Center, WJC West Building, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20004. The Docket Center’s hours of operations are 8:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday (except Federal Holidays). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mrs. Lula H. Melton, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Air Quality Assessment Division (E143–02), Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; telephone number: (919) 541–2910; fax number: (919) 541–0516; email address: melton.lula@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The supplementary information in this preamble is organized as follows: ADDRESSES: I. Public Hearing and Written Comments II. General Information A. Does this action apply to me? B. What action is the Agency taking? III. Background IV. Incorporation by Reference V. Summary of Proposed Amendments A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51 B. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60 C. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters (Subpart AAA) of Part 60 D. Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After July 17, 2014 (Subpart XXX) of Part 60 E. Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart CCCC) of Part 60 F. Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart DDDD) of Part 60 G. Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (Subpart JJJJ) of Part 60 H. Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines (Subpart KKKK) of Part 60 I. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68070 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (Subpart QQQQ) of Part 60 J. Method 4 of Appendix A–3 of Part 60 K. Method 5 of Appendix A–3 of Part 60 L. Method 7C of Appendix A–4 of Part 60 M. Method 7E of Appendix A–4 of Part 60 N. Method 12 of Appendix A–5 of Part 60 O. Method 16B of Appendix A–6 of Part 60 P. Method 16C of Appendix A–6 of Part 60 Q. Method 24 of Appendix A–7 of Part 60 R. Method 25C of Appendix A–7 of Part 60 S. Method 26 of Appendix A–8 of Part 60 T. Method 26A of Appendix A–8 of Part 60 U. Performance Specification 4B of Appendix B of Part 60 V. Performance Specification 5 of Appendix B of Part 60 W. Performance Specification 6 of Appendix B of Part 60 X. Performance Specification 8 of Appendix B of Part 60 Y. Performance Specification 9 of Appendix B of Part 60 Z. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60 AA. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60 BB. Method 107 of Appendix B of Part 61 CC. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63 DD. Portland Cement Manufacturing (Subpart LLL) of Part 63 EE. Method 301 of Appendix A of Part 63 FF. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63 GG. Method 311 of Appendix A of Part 63 HH. Method 315 of Appendix A of Part 63 II. Method 316 of Appendix A of Part 63 JJ. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63 VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR Part 51 K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations last day to pre-register in advance to speak at the public hearing will be December 26, 2019. If held, the public hearing will convene at 9:00 a.m. (local time) and will conclude at 4:00 p.m. (local time). Because this hearing is being held at a U.S. government facility, individuals planning to attend the hearing should be prepared to show valid picture identification to the security staff in order to gain access to the meeting room. Please note that the REAL ID Act, passed by Congress in 2005, established new requirements for entering federal facilities. For purposes of the REAL ID Act, EPA will accept government-issued IDs, including drivers’ licenses, from the District of Columbia and all states and territories except from American Samoa. If your identification is issued by American Samoa, you must present an additional form of identification to enter the federal building where the public hearing will be held. Acceptable alternative forms of identification include: Federal employee badges, passports, enhanced driver’s licenses, and military identification cards. For additional information for the status of your state regarding REAL ID, go to: https://www.dhs.gov/real-idenforcement-brieffrequently-askedquestions. Any objects brought into the building need to fit through the security screening system, such as a purse, laptop bag, or small backpack. Demonstrations will not be allowed on federal property for security reasons. Submit your comments identified by Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–OAR–2018– 0815 at https://www.regulations.gov (our preferred method) or the other methods identified in the ADDRESSES section. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from the docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the Web, Cloud, or other file sharing system). For I. Public Hearing and Written additional submission methods, the full Comments EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia To request a hearing, to register to submissions, and general guidance on speak at a hearing, or to inquire if a hearing will be held, please contact Mrs. making effective comments, please visit https://www.epa.gov/dockets/ Lula Melton by email at melton.lula@ epa.gov or phone at (919) 541–2910. The commenting-epa-dockets. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 II. General Information A. Does this action apply to me? The proposed amendments apply to industries that are subject to the current provisions of 40 CFR parts 51, 60, 61, and 63. We did not list all of the specific affected industries or their North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes herein since there are many affected sources in numerous NAICS categories. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult either the air permitting authority for the entity or your EPA Regional representative as listed in 40 CFR 63.13. B. What action is the Agency taking? This action proposes corrections and revisions to source test methods, performance specifications (PS), and associated regulations. The corrections and revisions consist primarily of typographical errors, updates to testing procedures, and the addition of alternative equipment and methods the Agency has deemed acceptable to use. III. Background The EPA catalogs errors and corrections, as well as necessary revisions to test methods, performance specifications, and associated regulations in 40 CFR parts 51, 60, 61, and 63 and periodically updates and revises these provisions. The most recent updates and revisions were promulgated on November 14, 2018 (83 FR 56713). This proposed rule addresses necessary corrections and revisions identified subsequent to that final action, many of which were brought to our attention by regulated sources and end-users, such as environmental consultants and compliance professionals. These revisions will improve the quality of data obtained and give source testers the flexibility to use newly-approved alternative procedures. IV. Incorporation by Reference The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference one ASTM International standard. Specifically, the EPA proposes to incorporate ASTM D 2369–10, which covers volatile organic content of coatings, in Method 24. This standard was developed and adopted by ASTM International and may be obtained from http://www.astm.org or from the ASTM at 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959. The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference SW–846 Method 6010D and SW–846 Method 6020B in Method 12. Method 6010D covers inductively E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP–AES) analysis, and Method 6020B covers inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP–MS) analysis. These methods may be obtained from https://www.epa.gov or from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20460. The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference Gas Processors Association (GPA) 2166 and GPA 2174 in subpart KKKK of part 60, which involve procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous and liquid fuels, respectively. These GPA standards were developed and adopted by the Gas Processors Association and may be obtained from https://gpamidstream.org/ or from the Gas Processors Association, 6526 East 60th Street, Tulsa, OK 74145. The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 10715 in subpart KKKK of part 60. This standard involves procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous fuels. This standard was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and may be obtained from https:// www.iso.org/home.html or from the IHS Inc., 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112. ASTM D4057–5 (Reapproved 2000), ASTM D4177–95 (Reapproved 2000), ASTM D5287–97 (Reapproved 2002), ASTM D6348–03, ASTM D6784–02 (Reapproved 2008), and ASME PTC 19.10–1981 were previously approved for incorporation by reference, and no changes are proposed. The EPA proposes to update the ASTM standards referenced in Method 311, but these standards are not incorporated by reference. The EPA is not proposing to update the ASTM standards referenced in Performance Standard 18, which are not incorporated by reference. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS V. Summary of Proposed Amendments The following amendments are being proposed. A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51 In Method 201A, section 1.2, the erroneous gas filtration temperature limit of 30 °C would be revised to 29.4 °C. In section 1.6, the erroneous word ‘‘recommended’’ would be corrected to ‘‘required.’’ Section 6.2.1(d) would be revised to allow polystyrene petri dishes as an alternative to polyethylene due to the lack of commercially available polyethylene petri dishes. The polystyrene petri dishes offer similar chemical resistivity to acids and inorganics as polyethene VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 and have been shown to transfer extreme low residual gravimetric mass to filters when used in ambient air applications. In section 8.6.6, the erroneous stack temperature of ±10 °C would be revised to ±28 °C. In section 17.0, the erroneous caption for Figure 7 would be corrected from ‘‘Minimum Number of Traverse Points for Preliminary Method 4 Traverse’’ to ‘‘Maximum Number of Required Traverse Points,’’ and the erroneous yaxis label would be corrected from ‘‘Minimum Number of Traverse Points’’ to ‘‘Maximum Number of Traverse Points.’’ B. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60 In the General Provisions of part 60, § 60.17(h) would be revised to add ASTM D2369–10 to the list of incorporations by reference and to renumber the remaining consensus standards that are incorporated by reference in alpha-numeric order. In part 60, § 60.17(j) would be revised to add SW–846–6010D and SW–846– 6020B to the list of incorporations by reference and to re-number the remaining standards that are incorporated by reference in alphanumeric order. In part 60, § 60.17(k) would be revised to add GPA Standards 2166–17 and 2174–14 to the list of incorporations by reference and to re-number the remaining GPA standards that are incorporated by reference in alphanumeric order. In part 60, § 60.17(l) would be revised to add ISO 10715:1997 to the list of incorporations by reference. C. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters (Subpart AAA) of Part 60 In § 60.534(h), the language would be amended based on comments received in response to an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), for Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (83 FR 61585, November 30, 2018). Several commenters stated that the final clause of these existing paragraphs would create loopholes that allow manufacturers and test labs to withhold critical testing data. The EPA recognizes that this provision was not intended to create an avenue for omissions, so we are proposing language to clarify these communications and their reporting. PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68071 D. Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After July 17, 2014 (Subpart XXX) of Part 60 In § 60.766(a)(3), the text for calibration of temperature measurement would be revised to provide clarity and improve the consistency of implementation. E. Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart CCCC) of Part 60 Subpart CCCC of part 60 would be revised to clarify that (1) initial and annual performance testing for particulate matter (PM) for wasteburning kilns and energy recovery units (ERU) is to be conducted using Method 5 or Method 29 of Appendix A of part 60; (2) the required particulate matter continuous parameter monitoring system (PM CPMS) is used to demonstrate continuing compliance with the PM emission limit; and (3) heat input information must be reported for each ERU. The current language in §§ 60.2110(i), (i)(1)(iii) and 60.2145(b), when read together, make it clear that for purposes of demonstrating compliance with the PM emission limit, there must be initial testing and subsequently, annually and for ongoing continuous demonstration of compliance, that data from the compliant performance test in turn must be used to set an operating limit for the PM CPMS. Tables 6 and 7, however, presently specify PM CPMS as the performance test method for determining compliance. Paragraphs 60.2110(i)(1) and 60.2145(j) would be revised to clarify that the PM CPMS coupled with an operating limit is used for continuing compliance demonstration with the PM emission limit. Paragraphs 60.2110(i)(1)(iii) and (i)(2) would be revised to include Method 29 as an alternative to Method 5 to measure PM in determining compliance with the PM emission limit. Paragraph 60.2145(j) would also be revised to add PM to the list of pollutants for which performance tests are conducted annually. Paragraph (p) would be added to § 60.2210 to require that annual reports include the annual heat input and average annual heat input rate of all fuels being burned in ERUs in order to verify which subcategory of ERU applies. The required annual performance test timeframe would be changed from ‘‘between 11 and 13 calendar months following the previous performance test’’ to ‘‘no later than 13 calendar E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68072 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS months following the previous performance test’’ in paragraphs 60.2145(y)(3) and 60.2150. The current two-month testing range can present operational and testing challenges for facilities that have multiple commercial and industrial solid waste incineration (CISWI) units, and this revision would be consistent with other rules, such as the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Hazardous Waste Combustors, to which CISWI units may be subject. Table 6 (Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units) and Table 7 (Emission Limitations for WasteBurning Kilns) would be revised to clarify the performance test method for PM. The fourth column of the ‘‘Particulate matter (filterable)’’ row of Table 6 would be revised to remove the requirement to use a PM CPMS as the performance test method for large ERU. The fourth column of the ‘‘Particulate matter (filterable)’’ row of Table 7 would be revised to remove the requirement to use a PM CPMS and to instead specify Methods 5 and 29 as alternatives for measuring PM to determine compliance with the PM limit. The third column of the ‘‘Particulate matter (filterable)’’ row of Table 7 would be changed from a 30day rolling average to specify a 3-run average with a minimum sample volume of 2 dry standard cubic meter (dscm) per run. F. Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart DDDD) of Part 60 Subpart DDDD of part 60 would be revised to clarify that (1) initial and annual performance testing for PM for waste-burning kilns and ERU is to be conducted using Method 5 or Method 29 of Appendix A of part 60; (2) the required PM CPMS is used to demonstrate continuing compliance with the PM emission limit; and (3) heat input information must be reported for ERU. The current language in §§ 60.2675(i) and (i)(1)(iii) and 60.2710(b), when read together, makes it clear that for purposes of demonstrating compliance for PM, performance testing must be used initially and then annually and for purposes of ongoing continuous demonstration of compliance, data from the compliant performance test is in turn used to set an operating limit for the PM CPMS. Tables 7 and 8, however, presently specify PM CPMS as the performance test method for determining compliance. Paragraphs 60.2675(i)(1) and 60.2710(j) would be revised to clarify that the PM CPMS is used for continuing compliance demonstration VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 with the PM emission limit. Paragraph 60.2710(j) would be also revised to clarify that PM performance tests are conducted annually and §§ 60.2675(i)(1)(iii) and (i)(2) would be revised to include Method 29 as an alternative to Method 5 to measure PM in determining compliance with the PM emission limit. Also, the required annual performance test timeframe would be changed from ‘‘between 11 and 13 calendar months following the previous performance test’’ to ‘‘no later than 13 calendar months following the previous performance test’’ in §§ 60.2710(y)(3) and 60.2715. The current two-month testing range can present operational and testing challenges for facilities that have multiple CISWI units, and this revision would be consistent with other rules, such as the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Hazardous Waste Combustors, to which CISWI units may be subject. Table 7 (Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units) and Table 8 (Emission Limitations That Apply to Waste-Burning Kilns) would be revised to clarify the performance test method for PM. The fourth column of the ‘‘Particulate matter filterable’’ row of Table 7 would be revised to remove the requirement to use a PM CPMS as the performance test method for large ERU. The fourth column of the ‘‘Particulate matter filterable’’ row of Table 8 would be revised to specify Methods 5 and 29 as alternatives for measuring PM to determine compliance with the PM emission limit. The third column of the ‘‘Particulate matter filterable’’ row of Table 8 would be changed from a 30-day rolling average to specify a 3-run average with a minimum sample volume of 1 dscm per run. G. Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (Subpart JJJJ) of Part 60 In Table 2 of subpart JJJJ, text would be added to clarify that when stack gas flowrate measurements are necessary, they must be made at the same time as pollutant concentration measurements unless the option in Method 1A is applicable and is being used. H. Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines (Subpart KKKK) of Part 60 In 2006, EPA promulgated the combustion turbine criteria pollutant NSPS, Subpart KKKK of 40 CFR part 60 (71 FR 38482, July 6, 2006). This rule, which includes a sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions standard for all fuels, including natural gas, also made PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 provisions to minimize the compliance burden for owners/operators of combustion turbines burning natural gas and/or low sulfur distillate oil. At the time, the Agency recognized that any SO2 testing requirements for owners/ operators of combustion turbines burning natural gas would result in compliance costs without any associated environmental benefit. As currently written, the initial and subsequent performance tests required in § 60.4415 may be satisfied by fuel analyses performed by the facility, a contractor, the fuel vendor, or any other qualified agency as described in § 60.4415(a)(1). However, the fuel sample must be collected using ASTM D5287 (Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Gaseous Fuels). This method is not typically used by owner/ operators of natural gas pipelines and, as a result, tariff sheets cannot be used without approval of the alternate method. This is creating a situation where the owner/operators of the combustion turbines must do their own sampling and testing, a burden that was not intended in the original rulemaking. To align the rule requirements with the original intent of subpart KKKK, the EPA is proposing to include additional sampling methods in order for tariff sheets to be used to satisfy the SO2 performance testing requirements. Specifically, § 60.4415(a)(1) would be amended to include GPA 2166 and ISO 10715 for manual sampling of gaseous fuels. In addition, manual sampling method GPA 2174 would be added for liquid fuels. The EPA is soliciting comment regarding whether additional sampling methods should also be included and whether additional test methods should be included in §§ 60.4360 and 60.4415. Specifically, for sampling, EPA is soliciting comment on including American Petroleum Institute (API) Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 14— Natural Gas Fluids Measurement, Section 1—Collecting and Handling of Natural Gas Samples for Custody Transfer, 7th Edition, August 2017. For determining the sulfur content of liquid fuels, EPA is soliciting comment on adding ASTM D5623–94 (2014) (Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection) and ASTM D7039– 15a (Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry). For determining the sulfur content of gaseous fuels, EPA is soliciting comment on adding GPA D2140–17 (Liquefied Petroleum Gas Specifications E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules and Test Methods) and GPA 2261–19 (Analysis for Natural Gas and Similar Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography). These amendments would also be consistent with the burden reduction proposed by the EPA in 2012 (77 FR 52554, August 29, 2012). In that proposal, the EPA proposed amendments to subpart KKKK that would eliminate the SO2 emissions limit for owner/operators of combustion turbines burning natural gas and/or low sulfur distillate and add additional sampling and test methods for owners/ operators of combustion turbines burning other fuels. (The EPA has not taken final action on that proposal.) I. Standard of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (Subpart QQQQ) of Part 60 In subpart QQQQ, in § 60.5476(i), the language would be amended based on comments received in response to an ANPRM for Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (83 FR 61585, November 30, 2018). Several commenters stated that the final clause of these existing paragraphs would create loopholes that allow manufacturers and test labs to withhold critical testing data. The EPA recognizes that this provision was not intended to create an avenue for omissions, so we are proposing language to clarify these communications and their reporting. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS J. Method 4 of Appendix A–3 of Part 60 In Method 4, the erroneous leak check procedures in section 8.1.3 would be corrected; the erroneous section 8.1.4.2 would be corrected; and in the table in section 9.1, the erroneous reference to section 8.1.1.4 would be replaced with section 8.1.3.2.2. Method 4 would be revised to standardize the constants between Methods 4 and 5, and more significant digits would be added to constants to remove rounding and truncation errors. Also, the option for volumetric determination of the liquid content would be deleted to remove the unnecessary density conversion. We believe most method users have moved to gravimetric measurement of the liquid contents to lower the cost and increase the accuracy of the liquid measurement. Revisions would occur in various sections (2.1, 6.1.5, 11.1, 11.2, 12.1.1, 12.1.2, 12.1.3, 12.2.1, and 12.2.2) and Figures 4–4 and 4–5. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 K. Method 5 of Appendix A–3 of Part 60 In Method 5, sections 6.2.4 and 8.1.2 would be revised to allow polystyrene petri dishes as an alternative to polyethylene due to the lack of commercially available polyethylene petri dishes. The polystyrene petri dishes offer similar chemical resistivity to acids and inorganics as polyethene and have been shown to transfer extreme low residual gravimetric mass to the filters when used in ambient air applications. Method 5 would also be revised to standardize the constants between Methods 4 and 5, and more significant digits would be added to constants to remove rounding and truncation errors. Also, the option for volumetric determination of the liquid content would be deleted to remove the unnecessary density conversion. We believe most method users have moved to gravimetric measurement of the liquid contents to lower the cost and increase the accuracy of the liquid measurement. Revisions would occur in various sections (6.1.1.8, 6.2.5, 8.7.6.4, 12.1, 12.3, 12.4, 12.11.1, 12.11.2, 16.1.1.4, and 16.2.3.3) and in Figure 5– 6. L. Method 7C of Appendix A–4 of Part 60 In Method 7C, in section 7.2.11, the erroneous chemical compound, sodium sulfite would be corrected to sodium nitrite. M. Method 7E of Appendix A–4 of Part 60 In Method 7E, section 8.5 would be revised to ensure that the specified bias and calibration error checks are performed consistently. The results of the post-run system bias and calibration error checks are used to validate the run, as well as to correct the results of each individual test run for bias found in the sampling system. The more frequently these checks are performed, the more accurate the bias adjusted data will be. N. Method 12 of Appendix A–5 of Part 60 In Method 12, sections 7.1.2, 8.7.1.6, 8.7.3.1, and 8.7.3.6 would be revised to remove references regarding the use of silicone grease, which is no longer allowed when conducting Method 5, and section 12.3 would be revised to correctly refer to the title of section 12.4 of Method 5. Section 16.1 allows measurements of PM emissions in conjunction with the lead measurement but does not currently provide enough detail to ensure proper PM measurement; the PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68073 proposed revisions to section 16.1 would provide testers with the necessary procedures to execute the PM and lead emissions measurements using one sampling train. Sections 16.3, 16.4.1, 16.4.2, 16.5, 16.5.1, and 16.5.2 would be revised to specify appropriate EPA analytical methods, as well as supporting quality assurance procedures, as part of the allowed alternatives to use inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP–AES) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP–MS) for sample analysis. Section 16.0 currently allows three alternatives to the atomic absorption analysis otherwise required in Method 12, specifically ICP–AES in section 16.4, ICP–MS in section 16.5, and cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS) in section 16.6. In regard to the options to use ICP–AES and ICP–MS for analysis of lead, sections 16.4 and 16.5 currently do not include any specifics for applying these candidate analytical techniques, nor any procedures for assessing data quality. The proposed revisions would provide the needed specificity by referencing existing EPA methods for ICP–AES and ICP–MS along with supporting quality assurance requirements. The option to use CVAFS to measure lead (section 16.6) would be removed since CVAFS for lead is not generally available, and there is no existing EPA method for conducting it. O. Method 16B of Appendix A–6 of Part 60 In Method 16B, in section 2.1, the erroneous phrase ‘‘an integrated gas sample’’ would be corrected to ‘‘a gas sample.’’ In sections 6.1 and 8.2, the reference to section 8.4.1 would be changed to 8.3.1 since section 8.4.1 would be renumbered to 8.3.1. The text in section 8.3, ‘‘Analysis. Inject aliquots of the sample into the GC/FPD analyzer for analysis. Determine the concentration of SO2 directly from the calibration curves or from the equation for the least-squares line.’’ would be moved to section 11.1 to be consistent with EPA test method formatting. Sections 8.4, 8.4.1, and 8.4.2 would be renumbered to 8.3, 8.3.1, and 8.3.2, respectively since the text in section 8.3 would be moved to section 11.1. In section 11.1, the sentence ‘‘Sample collection and analysis are concurrent for this method (see section 8.3).’’ would be deleted. Section 11.2 would be added so that a uniform set of analysis results would be obtained over the test period. E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68074 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules P. Method 16C of Appendix A–6 of Part 60 In Method 16C, in section 13.1, ‘‘gas concentration’’ would be replaced with ‘‘span’’ for clarity. Q. Method 24 of Appendix A–7 of Part 60 In Method 24, section 6.2, the most recent version of ASTM D 2369 (ASTM D 2369–10) would be added. R. Method 25C of Appendix A–7 of Part 60 We are proposing to change the correction of non-methane organic compounds (NMOC) within the method. Currently, we require the NMOC to be corrected by nitrogen or oxygen content. The correction is done by nitrogen unless the nitrogen content exceeds a threshold of 20 percent. When the nitrogen threshold is above 20 percent, the correction is done by oxygen. We are considering multiple options for revisions, which are outlined in greater detail in docket ID EPA–HQ–OAR– 2018–0815, based on data provided by industry also provided in docket ID EPA–HQ–OAR–2018–0815. The revisions to the correction that we are considering are for when only oxygen is used as a NMOC correction, setting a rainfall threshold in lieu of a nitrogen percent threshold, and requiring a methane measurement and using methane only as the correction. We have provided amendatory text for each option in docket ID EPA–HQ–OAR– 2018–0815. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS S. Method 26 of Appendix A–8 of Part 60 In Method 26, in section 8.1.2, the misspelled word ‘‘undereporting’’ in the next to the last sentence would be corrected to ‘‘under reporting.’’ T. Method 26A of Appendix A–8 of Part 60 In Method 26A, section 6.1.3, a reference to section 6.1.1.7 of Method 5 would be added to make the filter temperature sensor placement consistent with the requirements in Method 5. Also, in section 6.1.3, the requirement that the filter temperature sensor must be encased in glass or Teflon would be added because of the reactive nature of the halogen acids. In section 8.1.5, the misspelled word ‘‘undereporting’’ would be corrected to ‘‘under reporting.’’ U. Performance Specification 4B of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 4B, the response time in section 4.5 would be changed from ‘‘must not exceed 2 VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 minutes’’ to ‘‘must not exceed 240 seconds’’ to be consistent with the response time in Performance Specification 4A. V. Performance Specification 5 of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 5, section 5.0, the erroneous term ‘‘users manual’’ would be replaced with ‘‘user’s manual,’’ and in the note in section 8.1, the sentence ‘‘For Method 16B, you must analyze a minimum of three aliquots spaced evenly over the test period.’’ would be added to provide consistency with the number of aliquots analyzed in Method 16B, which may be used as the reference method. W. Performance Specification 6 of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 6, section 13.1 would be revised to clarify that the calibration drift test period for the analyzers associated with the measurement of flow rate should be the same as that for the pollutant analyzer that is part of the continuous emission rate monitoring system (CERMS). Section 13.2 would be revised for clarity and to be consistent with the requirements in Performance Specification 2. X. Performance Specification 8 of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 8, a new section 8.3 would be added to require that an instrument drift check be performed as described in Performance Specification 2, and the existing sections 8.3, 8.4, and 8.5 would be renumbered as 8.4, 8.5, and 8.6, respectively. Y. Performance Specification 9 of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 9, the quality control and performance audit sections would be clarified. In section 7.2, a requirement that performance audit gas must be an independent certified gas cylinder or cylinder mixture certified by the supplier to be accurate to two percent of the tagged value supplied with the cylinder would be added. In section 8.3, an incorrect reference concerning quality control requirements that pertain to the 7-day drift test would be clarified and corrected, and an incorrect reference to the error calculation equation would be corrected. In section 8.4, a requirement to ensure that performance audit samples challenge the entire sampling system including the sample transport lines would be added, and quality control requirements that must be met PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 for performance audit tests would be specified by adding references to sections 13.3 and 13.4. In section 10.1, the erroneous word ‘‘initial’’ would be deleted from the title, ‘‘Initial Multi-Point Calibration,’’ and the quality control requirements that must be met for multi-point calibrations would be specified by referencing sections 13.1 and 13.2 in addition to 13.3. Sections 10.1 and 10.2 would be clarified such that calibrations may be performed at the instrument rather than through the entire sampling system. In section 13.1, language would be clarified to ensure that every time a triplicate injection is performed, the calibration error must be less than or equal to 10 percent of the calibration gas value. In section 13.2, language would be clarified to specify that the linear regression correlation coefficient must be determined to evaluate the calibration curve for instrument response every time the continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS) response is evaluated over multiple concentration levels. Section 13.4 would be added to describe the quality control requirements for the initial and periodic performance audit test sample. Z. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60 In Performance Specification 18, section 2.3 would be revised to clarify that Method 321 is only applicable to Portland cement plants. Also, in section 11.9.1, the reference to Method 321 would be deleted because Method 321 is specific to Portland cement plants, and it is already specified in the applicable regulations. AA. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60 In Procedure 1, section 5.2.3(2), the criteria for cylinder gas audits (CGAs) as applicable to diluent monitors would be specified for clarity. BB. Method 107 of Appendix B of Part 61 In Method 107, the erroneous equation 107–3 would be corrected by adding the omitted plus (+) sign. CC. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63 In the General Provisions of part 63, in § 63.2, the definition of alternative test method would be revised to exclude ‘‘that is not a test method in this chapter and’’ because doing so clarifies that to use methods other than those required by a specific subpart requires the alternative test method review and approval process. E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Section 63.14(h) would be revised to add ASTM D 4457, ASTM D 4747, ASTM D 4827, and ASTM D 5910 to the list of incorporations by reference and to re-number the remaining consensus standards that are incorporated by reference in alpha-numeric order. DD. Portland Cement Manufacturing (Subpart LLL) of Part 63 In subpart LLL, the units of measure in Equations 12, 13, 17, 18, and 19 would be revised to add clarity and consistency. Equations 12 and 13 need to be corrected so that the operating limit units of measure is calculated correctly. The calculation of the operating limit is established by a relationship of the total hydrocarbons (THC) CEMS signal to the organic HAPs compliance concentration. As illustrated in Table 1 in Part 63, Subpart LLL, the THC and organic HAP emissions limits units are in ppmvd corrected to 7 percent oxygen. Therefore, the average organic HAP values in equation 12 need to be in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen, instead of ppmvw. The THC CEMS monitor units of measure are ppmvw, as propane and the variables would be updated to reflect this. The variables in equations 13 and 19 reference variables in equations 12 and 18, respectively. Those variables would be updated for consistency between the equations. The units of measure in equation 17 should be the monitoring system’s units of measure. It is possible for those systems to be on either a wet or a dry basis. Currently, the equation is only on a wet basis, even though it should be on the basis of the monitor (wet or dry). The changes to the units of measure from ppmvw to ppmv takes either possibility into account. For Equations 17 and 18, the operating limit units of measure would be changed to the units of the CEMS monitor, ppmv. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS EE. Method 301 of Appendix A of Part 63 In Method 301, section 11.1.3, the erroneous SD in equation 301–13 would be replaced with SDd. FF. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63 In Method 308, section 12.4, erroneous equation 308–3 would be corrected, and in section 12.5, erroneous equation 308–5 would be corrected. GG. Method 311 of Appendix A of Part 63 In Method 311, in sections 1.1 and 17, the ASTM would be updated. Specifically, in section 1.1, ASTM D4747–87 would be updated to D4747– VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 02, and ASTM D4827–93 would be updated to D4827–03. Also, in section 1.1, Provisional Standard Test Method, PS 9–94 would be replaced with D5910– 05. In section 17, ASTM D4457–85 would be updated to ASTM D4457–02, and ASTM D4827–93 would be updated to ASTM D4827–03. HH. Method 315 of Appendix A of Part 63 In Method 315, in Figure 315–1, an omission would be corrected by adding a ‘‘not to exceed’’ blank criteria for filters used in this test procedure. The blank criteria was derived from evaluation of blank and spiked filters used to prepare Method 315 audit samples. We would set the allowable blank correction for filters based on the greater of two criteria. The first criterion requires the blank to be at least 10 times the measured filter blanks from the audit study. The second criterion requires the blank to be at least 5 times the resolution of the analytical balance required in Method 315. The ‘‘not to exceed’’ value would, therefore, be based on the second criterion (balance resolution) because it is the higher of the two criteria. II. Method 316 of Appendix A of Part 63 In Method 316, section 1.0, the erroneous positive exponents would be corrected to negative exponents. Also, the title of section 1.0, ‘‘Introduction,’’ would be changed to ‘‘Scope and Application’’ to be consistent with the Environmental Monitoring Management Council (EMMC) format for test methods. JJ. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63 In the title of Method 323, the misspelled word ‘‘Derivitization’’ would be corrected to ‘‘Derivatization,’’ and in section 2.0, the misspelled word ‘‘colorietrically’’ would be corrected to ‘‘colorimetrically.’’ VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/lawsregulations/laws-and-executive-orders. A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review This action is not a significant regulatory action and was therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68075 B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs This action is expected to be an Executive Order 13771 deregulatory action. This proposed rule is expected to provide meaningful burden reduction by updating and clarifying methods and performance specifications, thereby improving data quality, and also by providing source testers flexibility by incorporating approved alternative procedures. C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) This action does not impose an information collection burden under the PRA. The amendments being proposed in this action to the test methods, performance specifications, and testing regulations only make corrections and minor updates to existing testing methodology. In addition, the proposed amendments clarify performance testing requirements. D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. In making this determination, the impact of concern is any significant adverse economic impact on small entities. An agency may certify that a rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities if the rule relieves regulatory burden, has no net burden or otherwise has a positive economic effect on the small entities subject to the rule. This proposed rule will not impose emission measurement requirements beyond those specified in the current regulations, nor does it change any emission standard. We have, therefore, concluded that this action will have no net regulatory burden for all directly regulated small entities. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. The action imposes no enforceable duty on any state, local or tribal governments or the private sector. F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68076 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. This action would correct and update existing testing regulations. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action. H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect children, per the definition of ‘‘covered regulatory action’’ in section 2–202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does not concern an environmental health risk or safety risk. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211 because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR Part 51 This action involves technical standards. The EPA proposes to use ASTM D 2369 in Method 24. The ASTM D 2369 standard covers volatile content of coatings. The EPA proposes to use ASTM D 4457, ASTM D 4747, ASTM D 4827, and ASTM D 5910 in Method 311. These ASTM standards cover procedures to identify and quantify hazardous air pollutants in paints and coatings. The ASTM standards were developed and adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials and may be obtained from http:// www.astm.org or from the ASTM at 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959. The EPA proposes to use GPA 2166 and GPA 2174 in Subpart KKKK of part 60, which involve procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous and liquid fuels, respectively. These GPA standards were developed and adopted by the Gas Processors Association and may be obtained from https:// gpamidstream.org/ or from the Gas Processors Association, 6526 East 60th Street, Tulsa, OK 74145. The EPA proposes to use ISO 10715 in subpart KKKK of part 60. This standard involves procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous fuels. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 This standard was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and may be obtained from https://www.iso.org/home.html or from the ISH Inc., 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112. K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations The EPA believes that this action is not subject to Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) because it does not establish an environmental health or safety standard. This action would correct and update existing testing regulations. List of Subjects 40 CFR Part 51 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures. 40 CFR Part 60 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures. 40 CFR Parts 61 and 63 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures. Dated: November 25, 2019. Andrew R. Wheeler, Administrator. For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Environmental Protection Agency proposes to amend title 40, chapter I of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 51—REQUIREMENTS FOR PREPARATION, ADOPTION, AND SUBMITTAL OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 1. The authority citation for part 51 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 23 U.S.C. 101; 42 U.S.C. 7401– 7671q. 2. Revise sections 1.2, 1.6, 6.2.1(d), and 8.6.6 and Figure 7 in Method 201A of appendix M to part 51 to read as follows: ■ Appendix M to Part 51—Recommended Test Methods for State Implementation Plans * * * * * Method 201A—Determination of PM10 and PM2.5 Emissions From Stationary PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Sources (Constant Sampling Rate Procedure) * * * * * 1.2 Applicability. This method addresses the equipment, preparation, and analysis necessary to measure filterable PM. You can use this method to measure filterable PM from stationary sources only. Filterable PM is collected in stack with this method (i.e., the method measures materials that are solid or liquid at stack conditions). If the gas filtration temperature exceeds 29.4 °C (85 °F), then you may use the procedures in this method to measure only filterable PM (material that does not pass through a filter or a cyclone/ filter combination). If the gas filtration temperature exceeds 29.4 °C (85 °F), and you must measure both the filterable and condensable (material that condenses after passing through a filter) components of total primary (direct) PM emissions to the atmosphere, then you must combine the procedures in this method with the procedures in Method 202 of appendix M to this part for measuring condensable PM. However, if the gas filtration temperature never exceeds 29.4 °C (85 °F), then use of Method 202 of appendix M to this part is not required to measure total primary PM. * * * * * 1.6 Conditions. You can use this method to obtain particle sizing at 10 micrometers and or 2.5 micrometers if you sample within 80 and 120 percent of isokinetic flow. You can also use this method to obtain total filterable particulate if you sample within 90 to 110 percent of isokinetic flow, the number of sampling points is the same as required by Method 5 of appendix A– 3 to part 60 or Method 17 of appendix A–6 to part 60, and the filter temperature is within an acceptable range for these methods. For Method 5, the acceptable range for the filter temperature is generally 120 °C (248 °F) unless a higher or lower temperature is specified. The acceptable range varies depending on the source, control technology and applicable rule or permit condition. To satisfy Method 5 criteria, you may need to remove the instack filter and use an out-of-stack filter and recover the PM in the probe between the PM2.5 particle sizer and the filter. In addition, to satisfy Method 5 and Method 17 criteria, you may need to sample from more than 12 traverse points. Be aware that this method determines in-stack PM10 and PM2.5 filterable emissions by sampling from a required maximum of 12 sample points, at a constant flow rate through the train (the constant flow is necessary to E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68077 maintain the size cuts of the cyclones), and with a filter that is at the stack temperature. In contrast, Method 5 or Method 17 trains are operated isokinetically with varying flow rates through the train. Method 5 and Method 17 require sampling from as many as 24 sample points. Method 5 uses an out-ofstack filter that is maintained at a constant temperature of 120 °C (248 °F). Further, to use this method in place of Method 5 or Method 17, you must extend the sampling time so that you collect the minimum mass necessary for weighing each portion of this sampling train. Also, if you are using this method as an alternative to a test method specified in a regulatory requirement (e.g., a requirement to conduct a compliance or performance test), then you must receive approval from the authority that established the regulatory requirement before you conduct the test. * * * * * 6.2.1 * * * (d) Petri dishes. For filter samples; glass, polystyrene, or polyethylene, unless otherwise specified by the Administrator. * * * * * 8.6.6 Sampling Head. You must preheat the combined sampling head to the stack temperature of the gas stream at the test location (±28 °C, ±50 °F). This will heat the sampling head and prevent moisture from condensing from the sample gas stream. * * * * * 17.0 * * * PART 60—STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES ■ ■ 4. Amend § 60.17 by: a. Revising paragraph (a) the last sentence; ■ b. Redesignating paragraphs (h)(95) through (209) as (h)(96) through (210), respectively; ■ c. Adding new paragraph (h)(95); ■ d. Adding paragraphs (j)(3) and (4); ■ 3. The authority citation for part 60 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 e. Redesignating paragraphs (k)(2) and (3) as paragraphs (k)(4) and (5) and paragraph (k)(1) as paragraph (2), respectively; ■ f. Adding new paragraphs (k)(1) and (3); and ■ g. Adding paragraph (l)(2). E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.010</GPH> jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules 68078 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules The revisions and additions read as follows: § 60.17 Incorporation by reference. (a) * * * For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fedreg.legal@nara.gov, or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ ibr-locations.html. * * * * * (h) * * * (95) ASTM D2369–10, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, (Approved June 1, 2015), IBR approved for appendix A–8 to part 60: Method 24, Section 6.2. * * * * * (j) * * * (3) SW–846–6010D, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry, Update VI, July 2018, in EPA Publication No. SW–846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, Third Edition, IBR approved for appendix A– 5 to Part 60: Method 12, Section 16.4.2. (4) SW–846–6020B, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry, Update V, July 2014, in EPA Publication No. SW–846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/ Chemical Methods, Third Edition, IBR approved for appendix A–5 to Part 60: Method 12, Section 16.5.2. (k) * * * (1) Gas Processors Association Standard 2166–17, Obtaining Natural Gas Samples for Analysis by Gas Chromatography, (Reaffirmed 2017) IBR approved for § 60.4415(a). * * * * * (3) Gas Processors Association Standard 2174–14, Obtaining Liquid Hydrocarbon Samples for Analysis by Gas Chromatography, (Revised 2014) IBR approved for § 60.4415(a). * * * * * (l) * * * (2) ISO 10715:1997, Natural gas— Sampling guidelines, (First Edition, June 1, 1997), IBR approved for § 60.4415(a). * * * * * Subpart AAA—Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters Subpart XXX—Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After July 17, 2014 6. In § 60.766 revise paragraph (a)(3) to read as follows: ■ § 60.766 Monitoring of operations. * * * * * (a) * * * (3) Monitor temperature of the landfill gas on a monthly basis as provided in 60.765(a)(5). The temperature measuring device must be calibrated annually using the procedure in 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–1, Method 2, Section 10.3 such that a minimum of two temperature points, bracket within 10 percent of all landfill absolute temperature measurements or two fixed points of ice bath and boiling water, corrected for barometric pressure, are used. * * * * * Subpart CCCC—Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units 7. Amend § 60.2110 by revising the introductory text to paragraph (i) and paragraphs (i)(1) and (2) to read as follows: ■ ■ § 60.534 What test methods and procedures must I use to determine compliance with the standards and requirements for certification? § 60.2110 What operating limits must I meet and by when? * * 5. In § 60.534 revise paragraph (h) to read as follows: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS certifier, the EPA and delegated state regulatory agencies to observe certification testing. However, manufacturers must not involve themselves in the conduct of the test after the pretest burn has begun. Communications between the manufacturer and laboratory or thirdparty certifier personnel regarding operation of the wood heater must be limited to written communications transmitted prior to the first pretest burn of the certification test series. During certification tests, the manufacturer may communicate with the third-party certifier, and only in writing to notify them that the manufacturer has observed a deviation from proper test procedures by the laboratory. All communications must be included in the test documentation required to be submitted pursuant to § 60.533(b)(5) and must be consistent with instructions provided in the owner’s manual required under § 60.536(g). * * * * * * * * * (h) The approved test laboratory must allow the manufacturer, the manufacturer’s approved third-party VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 * * * * (i) If you use a PM CPMS to demonstrate continuing compliance, you must establish your PM CPMS PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 operating limit and determine compliance with it according to paragraphs (i)(1) through (5) of this section: (1) Determine your operating limit as the average PM CPMS output value recorded during the performance test or at a PM CPMS output value corresponding to 75 percent of the emission limit if your PM performance test demonstrates compliance below 75 percent of the emission limit. You must verify an existing or establish a new operating limit after each repeated performance test. You must repeat the performance test annually and reassess and adjust the site-specific operating limit in accordance with the results of the performance test: (i) Your PM CPMS must provide a 4– 20 milliamp output, or digital equivalent, and the establishment of its relationship to manual reference method measurements must be determined in units of milliamps; (ii) Your PM CPMS operating range must be capable of reading PM concentrations from zero to a level equivalent to at least two times your allowable emission limit. If your PM CPMS is an auto-ranging instrument capable of multiple scales, the primary range of the instrument must be capable of reading PM concentration from zero to a level equivalent to two times your allowable emission limit; and (iii) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent performance test that demonstrates compliance with the PM limit, record and average all milliamp output values, or their digital equivalent, from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the compliance test runs (e.g., average all your PM CPMS output values for three corresponding Method 5 or Method 29 test runs). (2) If the average of your three PM performance test runs are below 75 percent of your PM emission limit, you must calculate an operating limit by establishing a relationship of PM CPMS signal to PM concentration using the PM CPMS instrument zero, the average PM CPMS output values corresponding to the three compliance test runs, and the average PM concentration from the Method 5 or Method 29 performance test with the procedures in (i)(1) through (5) of this section: * * * * * ■ 8. Amend § 60.2145 by revising the introductory text to paragraph (j) and paragraph (y)(3) to read as follows: § 60.2145 How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? * E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM * * 13DEP1 * * Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules (j) For waste-burning kilns, you must conduct an annual performance test for particulate matter, cadmium, lead, carbon monoxide, dioxins/furans and hydrogen chloride as listed in table 7 of this subpart, unless you choose to demonstrate initial and continuous compliance using CEMS, as allowed in paragraph (u) of this section. If you do not use an acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber, you must determine compliance with the hydrogen chloride emissions limit using a HCl CEMS according to the requirements in paragraph (j)(1) of this section. You must determine compliance with the mercury emissions limit using a mercury CEMS or an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system according to paragraph (j)(2) of this section. You must determine compliance with nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide using CEMS. You must determine continuing compliance with the particulate matter emissions limit using a PM CPMS according to paragraph (x) of this section. * * * * * (y) * * * (3) For purposes of determining the combined emissions from kilns equipped with an alkali bypass or that exhaust kiln gases to a coal mill that exhausts through a separate stack, instead of installing a CEMS or PM CPMS on the alkali bypass stack or inline coal mill stack, the results of the initial and subsequent performance test can be used to demonstrate compliance with the relevant emissions limit. A performance test must be conducted on an annual basis (no later than 13 calendar months following the previous performance test). * * * * * ■ 9. Revise § 60.2150 to read as follows: § 60.2150 By what date must I conduct the annual performance test? You must conduct annual performance tests no later than 13 68079 calendar months following the previous performance test. ■ 10. Amend § 60.2210 by revising the introductory paragraph and adding paragraph (p) to read as follows: § 60.2210 What information must I include in my annual report? The annual report required under § 60.2205 must include the items listed in paragraphs (a) through (p) of this section. If you have a deviation from the operating limits or the emission limitations, you must also submit deviation reports as specified in §§ 60.2215, 60.2220, and 60.2225: * * * * * (p) For energy recovery units, include the annual heat input and average annual heat input rate of all fuels being burned in the unit to verify which subcategory of energy recovery unit applies. ■ 11. Revise Tables 6 and 7 to subpart CCCC of part 60 to read as follows: TABLE 6 TO SUBPART CCCC OF PART 60—EMISSION LIMITATIONS FOR ENERGY RECOVERY UNITS THAT COMMENCED CONSTRUCTION AFTER JUNE 4, 2010, OR THAT COMMENCED RECONSTRUCTION OR MODIFICATION AFTER AUGUST 7, 2013 You must meet this emission limitation 1 Using this averaging time 2 For the air pollutant Liquid/gas Cadmium ..................... 0.023 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Carbon monoxide ........ 35 parts per million dry volume .. Dioxin/furans (Total Mass Basis). No Total Mass Basis limit, must meet the toxic equivalency basis limit below. Dioxins/furans (toxic equivalency basis). 0.093 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Fugitive ash ................. Visible emissions for no more than 5 percent of the hourly observation period. 14 parts per million dry volume .. Hydrogen chloride ....... jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Solids Lead ............................. 0.096 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Mercury ........................ 0.00056 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Nitrogen oxides ........... 76 parts per million dry volume .. Particulate matter (filterable). 110 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Biomass—0.0014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.0017 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—240 parts per million dry volume. Coal—95 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—0.52 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—5.1 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—0.076 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter.3 Coal—0.075 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Three 1-hour observation periods. Biomass—0.20 parts per million dry volume. Coal—58 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—0.014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.057 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—0.0022 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.013 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—290 parts per million dry volume. Coal—460 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—5.1 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal— 130 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Frm 00020 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters per run). 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). And determining compliance using this method 2 Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Performance test (Method 10 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 4). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 7). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters per run). Performance test (Method 23 of appendix A–7 of this part). Visible emission test (Method 22 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). 3-run average (For Method 26, collect a minimum volume of 360 liters per run. For Method 26A, collect a minimum volume of 3 dry standard cubic meters per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters per run). Fugitive ash. 3-run average (collect enough volume to meet an in-stack detection limit data quality objective of 0.03 ug/dscm). 3-run average (for Method 7E, 1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 1 dry standard cubic meter per run). E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Performance test (Method 26 or 26A at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Performance test (Method 29 or 30B at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8) or ASTM D6784– 02 (Reapproved 2008).3 Performance test (Method 7 or 7E at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Performance test (Method 5 or 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3 or appendix A–8). 68080 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules TABLE 6 TO SUBPART CCCC OF PART 60—EMISSION LIMITATIONS FOR ENERGY RECOVERY UNITS THAT COMMENCED CONSTRUCTION AFTER JUNE 4, 2010, OR THAT COMMENCED RECONSTRUCTION OR MODIFICATION AFTER AUGUST 7, 2013—Continued You must meet this emission limitation 1 For the air pollutant Liquid/gas Sulfur dioxide ............... Using this averaging time 2 And determining compliance using this method 2 3-run average (for Method 6, collect a minimum of 60 liters, for Method 6C, 1 hour minimum sample time per run). Performance test (Method 6 or 6C at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Solids 720 parts per million dry volume Biomass—7.3 parts per million dry volume. Coal—850 parts per million dry volume. 1 All emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen, dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you must meet either the Total Mass Basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit. 2 In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in §§ 60.2145 and 60.2165. As prescribed in § 60.2145(u), if you use a CEMS or an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations. 3 Incorporated by reference, see § 60.17. TABLE 7 TO SUBPART CCCC OF PART 60—EMISSION LIMITATIONS FOR WASTE-BURNING KILNS THAT COMMENCED CONSTRUCTION AFTER JUNE 4, 2010, OR RECONSTRUCTION OR MODIFICATION AFTER AUGUST 7, 2013 For the air pollutant You must meet this emission limitation 1 Using this averaging time 2 And determining compliance using this method 2 3 Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Performance test (Method 10 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). If a wet scrubber or dry scrubber is used, performance test (Method 321 at 40 CFR part 63, appendix A). If a wet scrubber or dry scrubber is not used, HCl CEMS as specified in § 60.2145(j). Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Mercury CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system (performance specification 12A or 12B, respectively, of appendix B and procedure 5 of appendix F of this part), as specified in § 60.2145(j). Nitrogen oxides CEMS (performance specification 2 of appendix B and procedure 1 of appendix F of this part). Performance test (Method 5 or 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3 or appendix8). Sulfur dioxide CEMS (performance specification 2 of appendix B and procedure 1 of appendix F of this part). Cadmium ....................... 0.0014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters per run). Carbon monoxide .......... 90 (long kilns)/190 (preheater/precalciner) parts per million dry volume. 0.51 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. 0.075 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. 3.0 parts per million dry volume .................... 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run) or 30-day rolling average if HCl CEMS is being used. Lead ............................... 0.014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). Mercury .......................... 0.0037 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Or 21 pounds/million tons of clinker 3. 30-day rolling average ................................... Nitrogen oxides ............. 200 parts per million dry volume ................... 30-day rolling average ................................... Particulate matter (filterable). 4.9 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters). Sulfur dioxide ................. 28 parts per million dry volume ..................... 30-day rolling average ................................... Dioxins/furans (total mass basis). Dioxins/furans (toxic equivalency basis). Hydrogen chloride ......... 1 All emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen (except for CEMS and integrated sorbent trap monitoring system data during startup and shutdown), dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you must meet either the Total Mass Basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit. 2 In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in §§ 60.2145 and 60.2165. As prescribed in § 60.2145(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations. 3 Alkali bypass and in-line coal mill stacks are subject to performance testing only, as specified in § 60.2145(y)(3). They are not subject to the CEMS, integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, or CPMS requirements that otherwise may apply to the main kiln exhaust. * * * * § 60.2675 What operating limits must I meet and by when? * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Subpart DDDD—Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units 12. Amend § 60.2675 by revising the introductory text to paragraph (i) and paragraphs (i)(1) and (2) to read as follows: ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 * * * * * (i) If you use a PM CPMS to demonstrate continuing compliance, you must establish your PM CPMS operating limit and determine compliance with it according to paragraphs (i)(1) through (5) of this section: (1) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent performance test that demonstrates compliance with PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 the PM limit, record all hourly average output values (milliamps, or the digital signal equivalent) from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the test runs (e.g., three 1-hour average PM CPMS output values for three 1-hour test runs): (i) Your PM CPMS must provide a 4– 20 milliamp output, or the digital signal equivalent, and the establishment of its relationship to manual reference method measurements must be E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules determined in units of milliamps or digital bits; (ii) Your PM CPMS operating range must be capable of reading PM concentrations from zero to a level equivalent to at least two times your allowable emission limit. If your PM CPMS is an auto-ranging instrument capable of multiple scales, the primary range of the instrument must be capable of reading PM concentration from zero to a level equivalent to two times your allowable emission limit; and (iii) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent performance test that demonstrates compliance with the PM limit, record and average all milliamp output values, or their digital equivalent, from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the compliance test runs (e.g., average all your PM CPMS output values for the three corresponding Method 5 or Method 29 p.m. test runs). (2) If the average of your three PM performance test runs are below 75 percent of your PM emission limit, you must calculate an operating limit by establishing a relationship of PM CPMS signal to PM concentration using the PM CPMS instrument zero, the average PM CPMS output values corresponding to the three compliance test runs, and the average PM concentration from the Method 5 or Method 29 performance test with the procedures in (i)(1) through (5) of this section: * * * * * ■ 13. Amend § 60.2710 by revising paragraphs (j) and (y)(3) to read as follows: § 60.2710 How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the amended emission limitations and the operating limits? * * * * * (j) For waste-burning kilns, you must conduct an annual performance test for the pollutants (except mercury and hydrogen chloride if no acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber is used) listed in table 8 of this subpart, unless you choose to demonstrate initial and continuous compliance using CEMS, as allowed in paragraph (u) of this section. If you do not use an acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber, you must determine compliance with the hydrogen chloride emissions limit using a HCl CEMS according to the requirements in paragraph (j)(1) of this section. You must determine compliance with the mercury emissions limit using a mercury CEMS or an integrated sorbent trap monitoring 68081 system according to paragraph (j)(2) of this section. You must determine continuing compliance with particulate matter using a PM CPMS according to paragraph (x) of this section. * * * * * (y) * * * (3) For purposes of determining the combined emissions from kilns equipped with an alkali bypass or that exhaust kiln gases to a coal mill that exhausts through a separate stack, instead of installing a CEMS or PM CPMS on the alkali bypass stack or inline coal mill stack, the results of the initial and subsequent performance test can be used to demonstrate compliance with the relevant emissions limit. A performance test must be conducted on an annual basis (no later than 13 calendar months following the previous performance test). ■ 14. Revise § 60.2715 to read as follows: § 60.2715 By what date must I conduct the annual performance test? You must conduct annual performance tests no later than 13 calendar months following the previous performance test. ■ 15. Revise Tables 7 and 8 to subpart DDDD of part 60 to read as follows: TABLE 7 TO SUBPART DDDD OF PART 60—MODEL RULE—EMISSION LIMITATIONS THAT APPLY TO ENERGY RECOVERY UNITS AFTER MAY 20, 2011 [Date to be specified in state plan] 1 You must meet this emission limitation 2 Using this averaging time 3 For the air pollutant jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Liquid/gas Solids Cadmium ..................... 0.023 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Carbon monoxide ........ 35 parts per million dry volume .. Dioxins/furans (total mass basis). 2.9 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Dioxins/furans (toxic equivalency basis). 0.32 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Hydrogen chloride ....... 14 parts per million dry volume .. Lead ............................. 0.096 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Mercury ........................ 0.0024 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Biomass—0.0014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.0017 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—260 parts per million dry volume. Coal—95 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—0.52 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—5.1 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—0.12 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.075 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—0.20 parts per million dry volume. Coal—58 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—0.014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.057 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—0.0022 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal—0.013 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Frm 00022 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters). And determining compliance using this method 3 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meter). Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Performance test (Method 10 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 4). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 7). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 7). 3-run average (for Method 26, collect a minimum of 120 liters; for Method 26A, collect a minimum volume of 1 dry standard cubic meter). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters). Performance test (Method 26 or 26A at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (For Method 29 and ASTM D6784–02 (Reapproved 2008),4 collect a minimum volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters per run. For Method 30B, collect a minimum sample as specified in Method 30B at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A). E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 8). Use ICPMS for the analytical finish. Performance test (Method 29 or 30B at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8) or ASTM D6784– 02 (Reapproved 2008).4 68082 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules TABLE 7 TO SUBPART DDDD OF PART 60—MODEL RULE—EMISSION LIMITATIONS THAT APPLY TO ENERGY RECOVERY UNITS AFTER MAY 20, 2011—Continued [Date to be specified in state plan] 1 You must meet this emission limitation 2 For the air pollutant Liquid/gas Using this averaging time 3 And determining compliance using this method 3 3-run average (for Method 7E, 1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 1 dry standard cubic meter). Performance test (Method 7 or 7E at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Performance test (Method 5 or 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3 or appendix A–8). 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run). Performance test (Method 6 or 6c at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Visible emission test (Method 22 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). Solids Nitrogen oxides ........... 76 parts per million dry volume .. Particulate matter filterable. 110 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Sulfur dioxide ............... 720 parts per million dry volume Fugitive ash ................. Visible emissions for no more than 5 percent of the hourly observation period. Biomass—290 parts per million dry volume. Coal—460 parts per million dry volume. Biomass—11 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Coal— 130 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. Biomass—7.3 parts per million dry volume. Coal—850 parts per million dry volume. Visible emissions for no more than 5 percent of the hourly observation period. Three 1-hour observation periods. 1 The date specified in the state plan can be no later than 3 years after the effective date of approval of a revised state plan or February 7, 2018. 2 All emission limitations (except for opacity) are measured at 7 percent oxygen, dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you must meet either the total mass basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit. 3 In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in §§ 60.2710 and 60.2730. As prescribed in § 60.2710(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations. 4 Incorporated by reference, see § 60.17. TABLE 8 TO SUBPART DDDD OF PART 60—MODEL RULE—EMISSION LIMITATIONS THAT APPLY TO WASTE-BURNING KILNS AFTER MAY 20, 2011 [Date to be specified in state plan] 1 For the air pollutant You must meet this emission limitation 2 Using this averaging time 3 And determining compliance using this method 3 4 Cadmium ....................... 0.0014 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter. 110 (long kilns)/790 (preheater/precalciner) parts per million dry volume. 1.3 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters). 3-run average (1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 4 dry standard cubic meters). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 1 dry standard cubic meter), or 30-day rolling average if HCl CEMS is being used. Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). Performance test (Method 10 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). Performance test (Method 23 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7). If a wet scrubber or dry scrubber is used, performance test (Method 321 at 40 CFR part 63, appendix A of this part). If a wet scrubber or dry scrubber is not used, HCl CEMS as specified in § 60.2710(j). Performance test (Method 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8). Mercury CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system (performance specification 12A or 12B, respectively, of appendix B and procedure 5 of appendix F of this part), as specified in § 60.2710(j). Performance test (Method 7 or 7E at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Performance test (Method 5 or 29 at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3 or appendix– 8). Performance test (Method 6 or 6c at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4). Carbon monoxide .......... Dioxins/furans (total mass basis). Dioxins/furans (toxic equivalency basis). Hydrogen chloride ......... Lead ............................... Mercury .......................... 0.075 nanograms per dry standard cubic meter. 3.0 parts per million dry volume .................... 0.014 milligrams per dry standard cubic 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of meter. 2 dry standard cubic meters). 0.011 milligrams per dry standard cubic 30-day rolling average ................................... meter. Or 58 pounds/million tons of clinker. Nitrogen oxides ............. 630 parts per million dry volume ................... Particulate matter filterable. 13.5 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter Sulfur dioxide ................. 600 parts per million dry volume ................... 3-run average (for Method 7E, 1 hour minimum sample time per run). 3-run average (collect a minimum volume of 1 dry standard cubic meter). 3-run average (for Method 6, collect a minimum of 20 liters; for Method 6C, 1 hour minimum sample time per run). 1 The date specified in the state plan can be no later than 3 years after the effective date of approval of a revised state plan or February 7, 2018. emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen (except for CEMS and integrated sorbent trap monitoring system data during startup and shutdown), dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you must meet either the total mass basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit. 3 In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in §§ 60.2710 and § 60.2730. As prescribed in § 60.2710(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations. 4 Alkali bypass and in-line coal mill stacks are subject to performance testing only, as specified in 60.2710(y)(3). They are not subject to the CEMS, integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, or CPMS requirements that otherwise may apply to the main kiln exhaust. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 2 All * * * * * Subpart JJJJ—Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines 16. Revise Table 2 to subpart JJJJ of part 60 to read as follows: ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 As stated in § 60.4244, you must comply with the following requirements for performance tests within 10 percent of 100 percent peak (or the highest achievable) load]: E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules 68083 TABLE 2 TO SUBPART JJJJ OF PART 60—REQUIREMENTS FOR PERFORMANCE TESTS For each Complying with the requirement to You must Using According to the following requirements 1. Stationary SI internal combustion engine demonstrating compliance according to § 60.4244. a. limit the concentration of NOX in the stationary SI internal combustion engine exhaust. i. Select the sampling port location and the number/location of traverse points at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; (1) Method 1 or 1A of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–1, if measuring flow rate. ii. Determine the O2 concentration of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; iii. If necessary, determine the exhaust flowrate of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust; iv. If necessary, measure moisture content of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; and v. Measure NOX at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; if using a control device, the sampling site must be located at the outlet of the control device. i. Select the sampling port location and the number/location of traverse points at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; (2) Method 3, 3A, or 3B b of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–2 or ASTM Method D6522–00 (Reapproved 2005) a d. (a) Alternatively, for NOX, O2, and moisture measurement, ducts ≤6 inches in diameter may be sampled at a single point located at the duct centroid and ducts >6 and ≤12 inches in diameter may be sampled at 3 traverse points located at 16.7, 50.0, and 83.3% of the measurement line (‘3-point long line’). If the duct is >12 inches in diameter and the sampling port location meets the two and half-diameter criterion of Section 11.1.1 of Method 1 of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A, the duct may be sampled at ‘3-point long line’; otherwise, conduct the stratification testing and select sampling points according to Section 8.1.2 of Method 7E of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A. (b) Measurements to determine O2 concentration must be made at the same time as the measurements for NOX concentration. ii. Determine the O2 concentration of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; iii. If necessary, determine the exhaust flowrate of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust; iv. If necessary, measure moisture content of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; and v. Measure CO at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; if using a control device, the sampling site must be located at the outlet of the control device. (2) Method 3, 3A, or 3B b of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–2 or ASTM Method D6522–00 (Reapproved 2005) a d. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS b. limit the concentration of CO in the stationary SI internal combustion engine exhaust. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4702 (3) Method 2 or 2C of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–1 or Method 19 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7. (4) Method 4 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3, Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. (5) Method 7E of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–4, ASTM Method D6522– 00 (Reapproved 2005),a d Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. (1) Method 1 or 1A of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–1, if measuring flow rate. (3) Method 2 or 2C of 40 CFR 60, appendix A–1 or Method 19 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7. (4) Method 4 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3, Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. (5) Method 10 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A4, ASTM Method D6522– 00 (Reapproved 2005),a d e Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. Sfmt 4702 (c) Measurements to determine the exhaust flowrate must be made (1) at the same time as the measurement for NOX concentration or, alternatively (2) according to the option in Section 11.1.2 of Method 1A of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A–1, if applicable. (d) Measurements to determine moisture must be made at the same time as the measurement for NOX concentration. (e) Results of this test consist of the average of the three 1-hour or longer runs. (a) Alternatively, for CO, O2, and moisture measurement, ducts ≤6 inches in diameter may be sampled at a single point located at the duct centroid and ducts >6 and ≤12 inches in diameter may be sampled at 3 traverse points located at 16.7, 50.0, and 83.3% of the measurement line (‘3-point long line’). If the duct is >12 inches in diameter and the sampling port location meets the two and half-diameter criterion of Section 11.1.1 of Method 1 of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A, the duct may be sampled at ‘3-point long line’; otherwise, conduct the stratification testing and select sampling points according to Section 8.1.2 of Method 7E of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A. (b) Measurements to determine O2 concentration must be made at the same time as the measurements for CO concentration. (c) Measurements to determine the exhaust flowrate must be made (1) at the same time as the measurement for CO concentration or, alternatively (2) according to the option in Section 11.1.2 of Method 1A of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A–1, if applicable. (d) Measurements to determine moisture must be made at the same time as the measurement for CO concentration. (e) Results of this test consist of the average of the three 1-hour or longer runs. E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68084 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules TABLE 2 TO SUBPART JJJJ OF PART 60—REQUIREMENTS FOR PERFORMANCE TESTS—Continued Complying with the requirement to You must Using According to the following requirements c. limit the concentration of VOC in the stationary SI internal combustion engine exhaust. i. Select the sampling port location and the number/location of traverse points at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; (1) Method 1 or 1A of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–1, if measuring flow rate. ii. Determine the O2 concentration of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; iii. If necessary, determine the exhaust flowrate of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust; iv. If necessary, measure moisture content of the stationary internal combustion engine exhaust at the sampling port location; and v. Measure VOC at the exhaust of the stationary internal combustion engine; if using a control device, the sampling site must be located at the outlet of the control device. (2) Method 3, 3A, or 3B b of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–2 or ASTM Method D6522–00 (Reapproved 2005) a d. (a) Alternatively, for VOC, O2, and moisture measurement, ducts ≤6 inches in diameter may be sampled at a single point located at the duct centroid and ducts >6 and ≤12 inches in diameter may be sampled at 3 traverse points located at 16.7, 50.0, and 83.3% of the measurement line (‘3-point long line’). If the duct is >12 inches in diameter and the sampling port location meets the two and half-diameter criterion of Section 11.1.1 of Method 1 of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A, the duct may be sampled at ‘3-point long line’; otherwise, conduct the stratification testing and select sampling points according to Section 8.1.2 of Method 7E of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A. (b) Measurements to determine O2 concentration must be made at the same time as the measurements for VOC concentration. For each (3) Method 2 or 2C of 40 CFR 60, appendix A–1 or Method 19 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–7. (c) Measurements to determine the exhaust flowrate must be made (1) at the same time as the measurement for VOC concentration or, alternatively (2) according to the option in Section 11.1.2 of Method 1A of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A–1, if applicable. (d) Measurements to determine moisture must be made at the same time as the measurement for VOC concentration. (4) Method 4 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–3, Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. (5) Methods 25A and 18 of 40 CFR part 60, appendices A–6 and A–7, Method 25A with the use of a hydrocarbon cutter as described in 40 CFR 1065.265, Method 18 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A– 6,c e Method 320 of 40 CFR part 63, appendix A,e or ASTM Method D6348–03 d e. (e) Results of this test consist of the average of the three 1-hour or longer runs. a Also, you may petition the Administrator for approval to use alternative methods for portable analyzer. may use ASME PTC 19.10–1981, Flue and Exhaust Gas Analyses, for measuring the O2 content of the exhaust gas as an alternative to EPA Method 3B. AMSE PTC 19.10–1981 incorporated by reference, see 40 CFR 60.17 c You may use EPA Method 18 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–6, provided that you conduct an adequate pre-survey test prior to the emissions test, such as the one described in OTM 11 on EPA’s website (http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/prelim/otm11.pdf). d Incorporated by reference; see 40 CFR 60.17. e You must meet the requirements in § 60.4245(d). b You * * * * * Subpart KKKK—Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines 17. In § 60.4415, revise the introductory text to paragraph (a)(1) to read as follows: ■ jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS § 60.4415 How do I conduct the initial and subsequent performance tests for sulfur? (a) * * * (1) If you choose to periodically determine the sulfur content of the fuel combusted in the turbine, a representative fuel sample may be collected either by an automatic sampling system or manually. For automatic sampling, follow either ASTM D5287 (incorporated by reference, see § 60.17) for gaseous fuels VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 or ASTM D4177 (incorporated by reference, see § 60.17) for liquid fuels. For manual sampling of gaseous fuels, follow either GPA 2166 or ISO 10715 (both of which are incorporated by reference, see § 60.17). For manual sampling of liquid fuels, follow either GPA 2174 or the procedures for manual pipeline sampling in section 14 of ASTM D4057 (both of which are incorporated by reference, see § 60.17). The fuel analyses of this section may be performed either by you, a service contractor retained by you, the fuel vendor, or any other qualified agency. Analyze the samples for the total sulfur content of the fuel using: * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Subpart QQQQ—Standards of Performance for New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces 18. In § 60.5476 revise paragraph (i) to read as follows: ■ § 60.5476 What test methods and procedures must I use to determine compliance with the standards and requirements for certification? * * * * * (i) The approved test laboratory must allow the manufacturer, the manufacturer’s approved third-party certifier, the EPA and delegated state regulatory agencies to observe certification testing. However, manufacturers must not involve themselves in the conduct of the test E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules after the pretest burn has begun. Communications between the manufacturer and laboratory or thirdparty certifier personnel regarding operation of the central heater must be limited to written communications transmitted prior to the first pretest burn of the certification test series. During certification tests, the manufacturer may communicate with the third-party certifier, and only in writing to notify them that the manufacturer has observed a deviation from proper test procedures by the laboratory. All communications must be included in the test documentation required to be submitted pursuant to § 60.5475(b)(5) and must be consistent with instructions provided in the owner’s manual required under § 60.5478(f). * * * * * ■ 19. Amend Appendix A–3 to part 60 by: ■ a. In Method 4, revising sections 2.1, 6.1.5, 8.1.3, 8.1.4.2, 9.1, 11.1, 11.2, 12.1.1, 12.1.2, 12.1.3, 12.2.1, and 12.2.2 and Figures 4–4 and 4–5; and ■ b. In Method 5, revising sections 6.1.1.8, 6.2.4, 6.2.5, 8.1.2, 8.7.6.4, 12.1, 12.3, 12.4, 12.11.1, 12.11.2, 16.1.1.4, and 16.2.3.3 and Figure 5–6. The revisions read as follows: Appendix A–3 to Part 60—Test Methods 4 through 5I * * * * * Method 4—Determination of Moisture Content in Stack Gases jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * * 2.1 A gas sample is extracted at a constant rate from the source; moisture is removed from the sample stream and determined gravimetrically. * * * * * 6.1.5 Barometer and Balance. Same as Method 5, sections 6.1.2 and 6.2.5, respectively. * * * * * 8.1.3 Leak-Check Procedures. 8.1.3.1 Leak Check of Metering System Shown in Figure 4–1. That portion of the sampling train from the pump to the orifice meter should be leak-checked prior to initial use and after each shipment. Leakage after the pump will result in less volume being recorded than is actually sampled. The following procedure is suggested (see Figure 5–2 of Method 5): Close the main valve on the meter box. Insert a one-hole rubber stopper with rubber tubing attached into the orifice exhaust pipe. Disconnect and vent the low side of the orifice manometer. Close off the low side orifice tap. Pressurize the system to 13 to 18 cm (5 to 7 in.) water column by blowing into the rubber tubing. Pinch off the tubing and observe the manometer for one minute. A loss of pressure on the manometer indicates a leak in the meter box; leaks, if present, must be corrected. 8.1.3.2 Pretest Leak Check. A pretest leak check of the sampling train is recommended, but not required. If the pretest leak check is conducted, the following procedure should be used. 8.1.3.2.1 After the sampling train has been assembled, turn on and set the filter and probe heating systems to the desired operating temperatures. Allow time for the temperatures to stabilize. If a Viton A O-ring or other leak-free connection is used in assembling the probe nozzle to the probe liner, leakcheck the train at the sampling site by plugging the nozzle and pulling a 380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum. Note: A lower vacuum may be used, provided that it is not exceeded during the test. 8.1.3.2.2 Leak-check the train by first plugging the inlet to the filter holder and pulling a 380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum (see note in section 8.1.3.2.1). Then connect the probe to the train, and leak-check at approximately 25 mm (1 in.) Hg vacuum; alternatively, the probe may be leak-checked with the rest of the sampling train, in one step, at 380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum. Leakage rates in excess of 4 percent of the average sampling rate or 0.00057 m3/min (0.020 cfm), whichever is less, are unacceptable. 8.1.3.2.3 Start the pump with the bypass valve fully open and the coarse adjust valve completely closed. Partially open the coarse adjust valve, and slowly close the bypass valve until the desired vacuum is reached. Do not reverse the direction of the bypass valve, as this will cause water to back up into the filter holder. If the desired vacuum is exceeded, either leak-check at this higher vacuum, or end the leak check and start over. 8.1.3.2.4 When the leak check is completed, first slowly remove the plug from the inlet to the probe, filter holder, and immediately turn off the vacuum pump. This prevents the water in the impingers from being forced backward 68085 into the filter holder and the silica gel from being entrained backward into the third impinger. 8.1.3.3 Leak Checks During Sample Run. If, during the sampling run, a component (e.g., filter assembly or impinger) change becomes necessary, a leak check shall be conducted immediately before the change is made. The leak check shall be done according to the procedure outlined in section 8.1.3.2 above, except that it shall be done at a vacuum equal to or greater than the maximum value recorded up to that point in the test. If the leakage rate is found to be no greater than 0.00057 m3/min (0.020 cfm) or 4 percent of the average sampling rate (whichever is less), the results are acceptable, and no correction will need to be applied to the total volume of dry gas metered; if, however, a higher leakage rate is obtained, either record the leakage rate and plan to correct the sample volume as shown in section 12.3 of Method 5, or void the sample run. Note: Immediately after component changes, leak checks are optional. If such leak checks are done, the procedure outlined in section 8.1.3.2 above should be used. 8.1.3.4 Post-Test Leak Check. A leak check of the sampling train is mandatory at the conclusion of each sampling run. The leak check shall be performed in accordance with the procedures outlined in section 8.1.3.2, except that it shall be conducted at a vacuum equal to or greater than the maximum value reached during the sampling run. If the leakage rate is found to be no greater than 0.00057 m3 min (0.020 cfm) or 4 percent of the average sampling rate (whichever is less), the results are acceptable, and no correction need be applied to the total volume of dry gas metered. If, however, a higher leakage rate is obtained, either record the leakage rate and correct the sample volume as shown in section 12.3 of Method 5, or void the sampling run. * * * * * 8.1.4.2 At the end of the sample run, close the coarse adjust valve, remove the probe and nozzle from the stack, turn off the pump, record the final DGM meter reading, and conduct a post-test leak check, as outlined in section 8.1.3.4. * * * * * 9.1 Miscellaneous Quality Control Measures. Section Quality control measure Effect Section 8.1.3.2.2 ......... Leak rate of the sampling system cannot exceed four percent of the average sampling rate or 0.00057 m3/min (0.020 cfm). Ensures the accuracy of the volume of gas sampled. (Reference Method). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68086 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Section Quality control measure Effect Section 8.2.1 ............... Leak rate of the sampling system cannot exceed two percent of the average sampling rate. Ensures the accuracy of the volume of gas sampled. (Approximation Method). * * * * * 11.1 Reference Method. Weigh the impingers after sampling and record the difference in weight to the nearest 0.5 g at a minimum. Determine the increase in weight of the silica gel (or silica gel plus impinger) to the nearest 0.5 g at a minimum. Record this information (see example data sheet, Figure 4–5), and calculate the moisture content, as described in section 12.0. 11.2 Approximation Method. Weigh the contents of the two impingers, and measure the weight to the nearest 0.5 g. * * * * * 12.1.1 Nomenclature. Bws = Proportion of water vapor, by volume, in the gas stream. Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 lb/lb-mole). Pm = Absolute pressure (for this method, same as barometric pressure) at the dry gas meter, mm Hg (in. Hg). Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. Hg). R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 (mm Hg)(m3)/(g-mole)(°K) for metric units and 21.85 (in. Hg)(ft3)/(lb-mole)(°R) for English units. Tm = Absolute temperature at meter, °K (°R). Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 °K (527.67 °R). Vf = Final weight of condenser water plus impinger, g. Vi = Initial weight, if any, of condenser water plus impinger, g. Vm = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, dcm (dcf). Vm(std) = Dry gas volume measured by the dry gas meter, corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf). Vwc(std) = Volume of water vapor condensed, corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf). Vwsg(std) = Volume of water vapor collected in silica gel, corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf). Wf = Final weight of silica gel or silica gel plus impinger, g. Wi = Initial weight of silica gel or silica gel plus impinger, g. Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor. DVm = Incremental dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter at each traverse point, dcm (dcf). 12.1.2 Volume of Water Vapor Condensed. Where: K1 = 0.001335 m3/g for metric units, = 0.04716 ft3/g for English units. Pm = Absolute pressure (for this method, same as barometric pressure) at the dry gas meter, mm Hg (in. Hg). Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. Hg). R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 [(mm Hg)(m3)]/[(g-mole)(K)] for metric units and 21.85 [(in. Hg)(ft3)]/[(lb-mole)(°R)] for English units. Tm = Absolute temperature at meter, °K (°R). Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 °K (527.67 °R). Vf = Final weight of condenser water plus impinger, g. Vi = Initial weight, if any, of condenser water plus impinger, g. Vm = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, dcm (dcf). Vm(std) = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf). Vwc(std) = Volume of water vapor condensed, corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf). Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor. 12.2.2 Volume of Water Vapor Collected. EP13DE19.012</GPH> K5 = 0.001335 m3/g for metric units, = 0.04716 ft3/g for English units. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.011</GPH> jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 12.1.3 * * * K3 = 0.001335 m3/g for metric units, = 0.04716 ft3/g for English units. * * * * * 12.2.1 Nomenclature. Bwm = Approximate proportion by volume of water vapor in the gas stream leaving the second impinger, 0.025. Bws = Water vapor in the gas stream, proportion by volume. Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 lb/lb-mole). Method 5—Determination of Particulate Matter Emissions From Stationary Sources jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * * 6.1.1.8 Condenser. The following system shall be used to determine the stack gas moisture content: Four impingers connected in series with leakfree ground glass fittings or any similar leak-free noncontaminating fittings. The first, third, and fourth impingers shall be of the Greenburg-Smith design, modified by replacing the tip with a 1.3 cm (1⁄2 in.) ID glass tube extending to about 1.3 cm (1⁄2 in.) from the bottom of the flask. The second impinger shall be of the Greenburg-Smith design with the standard tip. Modifications (e.g., using flexible connections between the impingers, using materials other than glass, or using flexible vacuum lines to connect the filter holder to the condenser) may be used, subject to the approval of the Administrator. The first and second impingers shall contain known quantities of water (Section 8.3.1), the third shall be empty, and the fourth shall contain a known weight of silica gel, or equivalent desiccant. A temperature sensor, capable of measuring temperature to within 1 °C (2 °F) shall be placed at the outlet of the fourth impinger for monitoring purposes. Alternatively, any system that cools the sample gas stream and allows VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 measurement of the water condensed and moisture leaving the condenser, each to within 0.5 g may be used, subject to the approval of the Administrator. An acceptable technique involves the measurement of condensed water either gravimetrically and the determination of the moisture leaving the condenser by: (1) Monitoring the temperature and pressure at the exit of the condenser and using Dalton’s law of partial pressures; or (2) passing the sample gas stream through a tared silica gel (or equivalent desiccant) trap with exit gases kept below 20 °C (68 °F) and determining the weight gain. If means other than silica gel are used to determine the amount of moisture leaving the condenser, it is recommended that silica gel (or equivalent) still be used between the condenser system and pump to prevent moisture condensation in the pump and metering devices and to avoid the need to make corrections for moisture in the metered volume. Note: If a determination of the PM collected in the impingers is desired in addition to moisture content, the impinger system described above shall be used, without modification. Individual States or control agencies requiring this information shall be PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68087 contacted as to the sample recovery and analysis of the impinger contents. * * * * * 6.2.4 Petri dishes. For filter samples; glass, polystyrene, or polyethylene, unless otherwise specified by the Administrator. 6.2.5 Balance. To measure condensed water to within 0.5 g at a minimum. * * * * * 8.1.2 Check filters visually against light for irregularities, flaws, or pinhole leaks. Label filters of the proper diameter on the back side near the edge using numbering machine ink. As an alternative, label the shipping containers (glass, polystyrene or polyethylene petri dishes), and keep each filter in its identified container at all times except during sampling. * * * * * 8.7.6.4 Impinger Water. Treat the impingers as follows: Make a notation of any color or film in the liquid catch. Measure the liquid that is in the first three impingers by weighing it to within 0.5 g at a minimum by using a balance. Record the weight of liquid present. This information is required to calculate the moisture content of the effluent gas. Discard the liquid after measuring and recording the weight, unless analysis of the impinger catch is required (see Note, section 6.1.1.8). If a different type of E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.013</GPH> Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS condenser is used, measure the amount of moisture condensed gravimetrically. * * * * * 12.1 Nomenclature. An = Cross-sectional area of nozzle, m2 (ft2). Bws = Water vapor in the gas stream, proportion by volume. Ca = Acetone blank residue concentration, mg/mg. cs = Concentration of particulate matter in stack gas, dry basis, corrected to standard conditions, g/dscm (gr/dscf). I = Percent of isokinetic sampling. L1 = Individual leakage rate observed during the leak-check conducted prior to the first component change, m3/min (ft3/min) La = Maximum acceptable leakage rate for either a pretest leak-check or for a leak-check following a component change; equal to 0.00057 m3/min (0.020 cfm) or 4 percent of the average sampling rate, whichever is less. Li = Individual leakage rate observed during the leak-check conducted prior to the ‘‘ith’’ component change (i = 1, 2, 3 . . . n), m3/min (cfm). Lp = Leakage rate observed during the post-test leak-check, m3/min (cfm). ma = Mass of residue of acetone after evaporation, mg. mn = Total amount of particulate matter collected, mg. Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 lb/lb-mole). Pbar = Barometric pressure at the sampling site, mm Hg (in. Hg). Ps = Absolute stack gas pressure, mm Hg (in. Hg). Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. Hg). R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 ((mm Hg)(m3))/((K)(g-mole)) {21.85 ((in. Hg) (ft3))/((°R) (lb-mole))}. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 Tm = Absolute average DGM temperature (see Figure 5–3), K (°R). Ts = Absolute average stack gas temperature (see Figure 5–3), K (°R). Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 K (527.67 °R). Va = Volume of acetone blank, ml. Vaw = Volume of acetone used in wash, ml. V1c = Total volume of liquid collected in impingers and silica gel (see Figure 5–6), g. Vm = Volume of gas sample as measured by dry gas meter, dcm (dcf). Vm(std) = Volume of gas sample measured by the dry gas meter, corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf). Vw(std) = Volume of water vapor in the gas sample, corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf). Vs = Stack gas velocity, calculated by Method 2, Equation 2–7, using data obtained from Method 5, m/sec (ft/sec). Wa = Weight of residue in acetone wash, mg. Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor. DH = Average pressure differential across the orifice meter (see Figure 5–4), mm H2O (in. H2O). ra = Density of acetone, mg/ml (see label on bottle). q = Total sampling time, min. q1 = Sampling time interval, from the beginning of a run until the first component change, min. qi = Sampling time interval, between two successive component changes, beginning with the interval between the first and second changes, min. qp = Sampling time interval, from the final (nth) component change until the end of the sampling run, min. 13.6 = Specific gravity of mercury. 60 = Sec/min. PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 100 = Conversion to percent. * * * * 12.3 * * * K1 = 0.38572 °K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 °R/in. Hg for English units. * * * * * 12.4 Volume of Water Vapor Condensed * Where: K2 = 0.001335 m3/g for metric units, = 0.04716 ft3/g for English units. * * * * * 12.11.1 * * * Where: K4 = 0.003456 ((mm Hg)(m3))/((ml)(°K)) for metric units, = 0.002668 ((in. Hg)(ft3))/ ((ml)(°R)) for English units. * * * * 12.11.2 * * * * Where: K5 = 4.3209 for metric units, = 0.09450 for English units. * * * * 16.1.1.4 * * * * Where: K1 = 0.38572 °K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 °R/in. Hg for English units. Tadj = 273.15 °C for metric units = 459.67 °F for English units. * * * * 16.2.3.3 * * * * Where: K1 = 0.38572 °K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 °R/in. Hg for English units. * * * 18.0 * * * E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 * * EP13DE19.014</GPH> 68088 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules * * * * 20. Amend Appendix A–4 to part 60 by: ■ a. In Method 7C, revising section 7.2.11. ■ b. In Method 7E, revising section 8.5. The revisions read as follows: ■ Appendix A–4 to Part 60—Test Methods 6 Through 10B * * * * * Method 7C—Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions From Stationary Sources—Alkaline-Permanganate/ Colorimetric Method jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * * 7.2.11 Sodium Nitrite (NaNO2) Standard Solution, Nominal Concentration, 1000 mg NO2¥/ml. Desiccate NaNO2 overnight. Accurately weigh 1.4 to 1.6 g of NaNO2 (assay of 97 percent NaNO2 or greater), dissolve in water, and dilute to 1 liter. Calculate the exact NO2-concentration using Equation 7C–1 in section 12.2. This solution is stable for at least 6 months under laboratory conditions. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 Method 7E—Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions From Stationary Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure) * * * * * 8.5 Post-Run System Bias Check and Drift Assessment. How do I confirm that each sample I collect is valid? After each run, repeat the system bias check or 2-point system calibration error check (for dilution systems) to validate the run. Do not make adjustments to the measurement system (other than to maintain the target sampling rate or dilution ratio) between the end of the run and the completion of the post-run system bias or system calibration error check. Note that for all post-run system bias or 2-point system calibration error checks, you may inject the low-level gas first and the upscale gas last, or vice-versa. If conducting a relative accuracy test or relative accuracy test audit, consisting of nine runs or more, you may risk sampling for up to three runs before performing the post-run bias or system calibration error check provided you pass this test at the conclusion of the group of three runs. A failed post-run bias or system calibration error check in this case will PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 invalidate all runs subsequent to the last passed check. When conducting a performance or compliance test, you must perform a post-run system bias or system calibration error check after each individual test run. * * * * * * * * ■ 21. Amend Appendix A–5 to part 60, Method 12 by: ■ a. Revising sections 7.1.2, 8.7.1.6, 8.7.3.1, 8.7.3.6, 12.3, 16.1 through 16.5; ■ b. Adding sections 16.5.1 and 16.5.2; and ■ c. Removing section 16.6. The revisions and additions read as follows: Appendix A–5 to Part 60—Test Methods 11 Through 15A * * * * * Method 12—Determination of Inorganic Lead Emissions From Stationary Sources * * * * * 7.1.2 Silica Gel and Crushed Ice. Same as Method 5, sections 7.1.2 and 7.1.4, respectively. * * * * * 8.7.1.6 Brush and rinse with 0.1 N HNO3 the inside of the front half of the E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.015</GPH> * 68089 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 68090 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules filter holder. Brush and rinse each surface three times or more, if needed, to remove visible sample matter. Make a final rinse of the brush and filter holder. After all 0.1 N HNO3 washings and sample matter are collected in the sample container, tighten the lid on the sample container so that the fluid will not leak out when it is shipped to the laboratory. Mark the height of the fluid level to determine whether leakage occurs during transport. Label the container to identify its contents clearly. * * * * * 8.7.3.1. Cap the impinger ball joints. * * * * * 8.7.3.6. Rinse the insides of each piece of connecting glassware for the impingers twice with 0.1 N HNO3; transfer this rinse into Container No. 4. Do not rinse or brush the glass-fritted filter support. Mark the height of the fluid level to determine whether leakage occurs during transport. Label the container to identify its contents clearly. * * * * * 12.3 Dry Gas Volume, Volume of Water Vapor Condensed, and Moisture Content. Using data obtained in this test, calculate Vm(std), Vw(std), and Bws according to the procedures outlined in Method 5, sections 12.3 through 12.5. * * * * * 16.1 Simultaneous Determination of Particulate Matter and Lead Emissions. This Method 12 may be used to simultaneously determine Pb and particulate matter provided: (1) A glass fiber filter with a low Pb background is used and this filter is checked, desiccated and weighed per section 8.1 of Method 5, (2) An acetone rinse, as specified by Method 5, sections 7.2 and 8.7.6.2, is used to remove particulate matter from the probe and inside of the filter holder prior to and kept separate from the 0.1 N HNO3 rinse of the same components, (3) The recovered filter, the acetone rinse, and an acetone blank (Method 5, section 7.2) are subjected to gravimetric analysis of Method 5, sections 6.3 and 11.0 prior the analysis for Pb as described below, and (4) The entire train contents, including the 0.1 N HNO3 impingers, filter, acetone and 0.1 N HNO3 probe rinses are treated and analyzed for Pb as described in Sections 8.0 and 11.0 of this method. 16.2 Filter Location. A filter may be used between the third and fourth impingers provided the filter is included in the analysis for Pb. 16.3 In-Stack Filter. An in-stack filter may be used provided: (1) A glass-lined probe and at least two impingers, each containing 100 ml of 0.1 N HNO3 after VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 the in-stack filter, are used and (2) the probe and impinger contents are recovered and analyzed for Pb. Recover sample from the nozzle with acetone if a particulate analysis is to be made as described in section 16.1 of this method. 16.4 Inductively Coupled PlasmaAtomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP– AES) Analysis. ICP–AES may be used as an alternative to atomic absorption analysis provided the following conditions are met: 16.4.1 Sample collection/recovery, sample loss check, and sample preparation procedures are as defined in sections 8.0, 11.1, and 11.2, respectively, of this method. 16.4.2 Analysis shall be conducted following Method 6010D of SW–846 (incorporated by reference, see § 60.17). The limit of detection for the ICP–AES must be demonstrated according to section 15.0 of Method 301 in appendix A of part 63 of this chapter and must be no greater than one-third of the applicable emission limit. Perform a check for matrix effects according to section 11.5 of this method. 16.5 Inductively Coupled PlasmaMass Spectrometry (ICP–MS) Analysis. ICP–MS may be used as an alternative to atomic absorption analysis provided the following conditions are met: 16.5.1 Sample collection/recovery, sample loss check, and sample preparation procedures are as defined in sections 8.0, 11.1, and 11.2, respectively of this method. 16.5.2 Analysis shall be conducted following Method 6020B of SW–846 (incorporated by reference, see § 60.17). The limit of detection for the ICP–MS must be demonstrated according to section 15.0 of Method 301 in appendix A to part 63 of this chapter and must be no greater than one-third of the applicable emission limit. Use the multipoint calibration curve option in section 10.4 of Method 6020B and perform a check for matrix effects according to section 11.5 of this method. * * * * * ■ 22. Amend Appendix A–6 to part 60 by: ■ a. In Method 16B revising sections 2.1, 6.1, 8.2; ■ b. Removing section 8.3; ■ c. Redesignating sections 8.4, 8.4.1, and 8.4.2 as 8.3, 8.3.1, and 8.3.2, respectively; ■ d. Revising section 11.1; ■ e. Adding section 11.2; and ■ f. In Method 16C, revising section 13.1. The revisions and addition read as follows: PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Appendix A–6 to Part 60—Test Methods 16 Through 18 * * * * * Method 16B—Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions From Stationary Sources * * * * * 2.1 A gas sample is extracted from the stack. The SO2 is removed selectively from the sample using a citrate buffer solution. The TRS compounds are then thermally oxidized to SO2 and analyzed as SO2 by gas chromatography (GC) using flame photometric detection (FPD). * * * * * 6.1 Sample Collection. The sampling train is shown in Figure 16B–1. Modifications to the apparatus are accepted provided the system performance check in Section 8.3.1 is met. * * * * * 8.2 Sample Collection. Before any source sampling is performed, conduct a system performance check as detailed in section 8.3.1 to validate the sampling train components and procedures. Although this test is optional, it would significantly reduce the possibility of rejecting tests as a result of failing the post-test performance check. At the completion of the pretest system performance check, insert the sampling probe into the test port making certain that no dilution air enters the stack though the port. Condition the entire system with sample for a minimum of 15 minutes before beginning analysis. If the sample is diluted, determine the dilution factor as in section 10.4 of Method 15. * * * * * 11.1 Analysis. Inject aliquots of the sample into the GC/FPD analyzer for analysis. Determine the concentration of SO2 directly from the calibration curves or from the equation for the leastsquares line. 11.2 Perform analysis of a minimum of three aliquots or one every 15 minutes, whichever is greater, spaced evenly over the test period. * * * * * Method 16C—Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions From Stationary Sources * * * * * 13.1 Analyzer Calibration Error. At each calibration gas level (low, mid, and high), the calibration error must either not exceed 5.0 percent of the calibration span or |CDir¥Cv| must be ≤0.5 ppmv. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules 23. In Appendix A–7 to part 60, in Method 24, revise section 6.2 to read as follows: ■ Appendix A–7 to Part 60—Test Methods 19 Through 25E * * * * * Method 24—Determinaton of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings * * * * * 6.2 ASTM D 2369–81, 87, 90, 92, 93, 95, or 10. Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings. * * * * * ■ 24. Amend Appendix A–8 to part 60 by: ■ a. In Method 26, revising section 8.1.2; and ■ b. In Method 26A, revising sections 6.1.3 and 8.1.5. The revisions read as follows: Appendix A–8 to Part 60—Test Methods 26 Through 30B * * * * * Method 26—Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From Stationary Sources Non-Isokinetic Method * * * * * 8.1.2 Adjust the probe temperature and the temperature of the filter and the stopcock (i.e., the heated area in Figure 26–1) to a temperature sufficient to prevent water condensation. This temperature must be maintained between 120 and 134 °C (248 and 273 °F). The temperature should be monitored throughout a sampling run to ensure that the desired temperature is maintained. It is important to maintain a temperature around the probe and filter in this range since it is extremely difficult to purge acid gases off these components. (These components are not quantitatively recovered and, hence, any collection of acid gases on these components would result in potential under reporting of these emissions. The applicable subparts may specify alternative higher temperatures.) * * * * * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS Method 26A—Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From Stationary Sources— Isokinetic Method * * * * * 6.1.3 Pitot Tube, Differential Pressure Gauge, Filter Heating System, Filter Temperature Sensor with a glass or Teflon encasement, Metering System, Barometer, Gas Density Determination Equipment. Same as Method 5, sections VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 6.1.1.3, 6.1.1.4, 6.1.1.6, 6.1.1.7, 6.1.1.9, 6.1.2, and 6.1.3. * * * * * 8.1.5 Sampling Train Operation. Follow the general procedure given in Method 5, Section 8.5. It is important to maintain a temperature around the probe, filter (and cyclone, if used) between 120 and 134 °C (248 and 273 °F) since it is extremely difficult to purge acid gases off these components. (These components are not quantitatively recovered and hence any collection of acid gases on these components would result in potential under reporting these emissions. The applicable subparts may specify alternative higher temperatures.) For each run, record the data required on a data sheet such as the one shown in Method 5, Figure 5–3. If the condensate impinger becomes too full, it may be emptied, recharged with 50 ml of 0.1 N H2SO4, and replaced during the sample run. The condensate emptied must be saved and included in the measurement of the volume of moisture collected and included in the sample for analysis. The additional 50 ml of absorbing reagent must also be considered in calculating the moisture. Before the sampling train integrity is compromised by removing the impinger, conduct a leak-check as described in Method 5, section 8.4.2. * * * * * ■ 25. Amend Appendix B to part 60 by: ■ a. In Performance Specification 4B, revising section 4.5; ■ b. In Performance Specification 5, revising sections 5.0 and 8.1; ■ c. In Performance Specification 6, revising sections 13.1 and 13.2; ■ d. In Performance Specification 8, redesignating sections 8.3, 8.4, and 8.5 as 8.4, 8.5, and 8.6, respectively; ■ e. Adding new section 8.3; ■ f. In Performance Specification 9, revising sections 7.2, 8.3, 8.4, 10.1, 10.2, 13.1, and 13.2; ■ g. Adding section 13.4; ■ h. In Performance Specification 18, revising sections 2.3 and 11.9.1. The revisions and additions read as follows: Appendix B to Part 60—Performance Specifications * * * * * Performance Specification 4B— Specifications and Test Procedures for Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen Continuous Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources * * * * * 4.5 Response Time. The response time for the CO or O2 monitor must not exceed 240 seconds. * * * * * PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68091 Performance Specification 5— Specifications and Test Procedures for TRS Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources * * * * * 5.0 Safety This performance specification may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This performance specification may not address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicable regulatory limitations prior to performing this performance specification. The CEMS user’s manual should be consulted for specific precautions to be taken with regard to the analytical procedures. * * * * * 8.1 Relative Accuracy Test Procedure. Sampling Strategy for reference method (RM) Tests, Number of RM Tests, and Correlation of RM and CEMS Data are the same as PS 2, sections 8.4.3, 8.4.4, and 8.4.5, respectively. Note: For Method 16, a sample is made up of at least three separate injects equally space over time. For Method 16A, a sample is collected for at least 1 hour. For Method 16B, you must analyze a minimum of three aliquots spaced evenly over the test period. * * * * * Performance Specification 6— Specifications and Test Procedures for Continuous Emission Rate Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources * * * * * 13.1 Calibration Drift. Since the CERMS includes analyzers for several measurements, the CD shall be determined separately for each analyzer in terms of its specific measurement. The calibration for each analyzer associated with the measurement of flow rate shall not drift or deviate from each reference value of flow rate by more than 3 percent of the respective high-level reference value over the CD test period (e.g., seven-day) associated with the pollutant analyzer. The CD specification for each analyzer for which other PSs have been established (e.g., PS 2 for SO2 and NOX), shall be the same as in the applicable PS. 13.2 CERMS Relative Accuracy. Calculate the CERMS Relative Accuracy using Eq. 2–6 of section 12 of Performance Specification 1. The RA of the CERMS shall be no greater than 20 percent of the mean value of the RM’s test data in terms of the units of the emission standard, or in cases where the average emissions for the test are less E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 68092 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules than 50 percent of the applicable standard, substitute the emission standard value in the denominator of Eq. 2–6 in place of the RM. * * * * * Performance Specification 8— Performance Specifications for Volatile Organic Compound Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources * * * * * 8.3 Calibration Drift Test Procedure. Same as section 8.3 of PS 2. 8.4 Reference Method (RM). Use the method specified in the applicable regulation or permit, or any approved alternative, as the RM. 8.5 Sampling Strategy for RM Tests, Correlation of RM and CEMS Data, and Number of RM Tests. Follow PS 2, sections 8.4.3, 8.4.5, and 8.4.4, respectively. 8.6 Reporting. Same as section 8.5 of PS 2. * * * * * Performance Specification 9— Specifications and Test Procedures for Gas Chromatographic Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * * * * * 7.2 Performance Audit Gas. Performance Audit Gas is an independent cylinder gas or cylinder gas mixture. A certified EPA audit gas shall be used, when possible. A gas mixture containing all the target compounds within the calibration range and certified by EPA’s Traceability Protocol for Assay and Certification of Gaseous Calibration Standards may be used when EPA performance audit materials are not available. If a certified EPA audit gas or a traceability protocol gas is not available, use a gas manufacturer standard accurate to 2 percent. * * * * * 8.3 Seven (7)-Day Calibration Error (CE) Test Period. At the beginning of each 24-hour period, set the initial instrument set points by conducting a multi-point calibration for each compound. The multi-point calibration shall meet the requirements in section 13.1, 13.2, and 13.3. Throughout the 24hour period, sample and analyze the stack gas at the sampling intervals prescribed in the regulation or permit. At the end of the 24-hour period, inject the calibration gases at three concentrations for each compound in triplicate and determine the average instrument response. Determine the CE for each pollutant at each concentration using Equation 9–2. Each CE shall be VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 ≤10 percent. Repeat this procedure six more times for a total of 7 consecutive days. 8.4 Performance Audit Test Periods. Conduct the performance audit once during the initial 7-day CE test and quarterly thereafter. Performance Audit Tests must be conducted through the entire sampling and analyzer system. Sample and analyze the EPA audit gas(es) (or the gas mixture) three times. Calculate the average instrument response. Results from the performance audit test must meet the requirements in sections 13.3 and 13.4. * * * * * 10.1 Multi-Point Calibration. After initial startup of the GC, after routine maintenance or repair, or at least once per month, conduct a multi-point calibration of the GC for each target analyte. Calibration is performed at the instrument independent of the sample transport system. The multi-point calibration for each analyte shall meet the requirements in sections 13.1, 13.2, and 13.3. * * * * * 10.2 Daily Calibration. Once every 24 hours, analyze the mid-level calibration standard for each analyte in triplicate. Calibration is performed at the instrument independent of the sample transport system. Calculate the average instrument response for each analyte. The average instrument response shall not vary more than 10 percent from the certified concentration value of the cylinder for each analyte. If the difference between the analyzer response and the cylinder concentration for any target compound is greater than 10 percent, immediately inspect the instrument making any necessary adjustments, and conduct an initial multi-point calibration as described in section 10.1. * * * * * 13.1 Calibration Error (CE). The CEMS must allow the determination of CE at all three calibration levels. The average CEMS calibration response must not differ by more than 10 percent of calibration gas value at each level after each 24-hour period and after any triplicate calibration response check. 13.2 Calibration Precision and Linearity. For each triplicate injection at each concentration level for each target analyte, any one injection shall not deviate more than 5 percent from the average concentration measured at that level. When the CEMS response is evaluated over three concentration levels, the linear regression curve for each organic compound shall be PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 determined using Equation 9–1 and must have an r2 ≥ 0.995. * * * * * 13.4 Performance Audit Test Error. Determine the error for each average pollutant measurement using the Equation 9–2 in section 12.3. Each error shall be less than or equal to 10 percent of the cylinder gas certified value. Report the audit results including the average measured concentration, the error and the certified cylinder concentration of each pollutant as part of the reporting requirements in the appropriate regulation or permit. * * * * * Performance Specification 18— Performance Specifications and Test Procedures for Gaseous Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources * * * * * 2.3 The relative accuracy (RA) must be established against a reference method (RM) (for example, Method 26A, Method 320, ASTM International (ASTM) D6348–12, including mandatory annexes, or Method 321 for Portland cement plants as specified by the applicable regulation or, if not specified, as appropriate for the source concentration and category). Method 26 may be approved as a RM by the Administrator on a case-by-case basis if not otherwise allowed or denied in an applicable regulation. * * * * * 11.9.1 Unless otherwise specified in an applicable regulation, use Method 26A in 40 CFR part 60, appendix A–8, Method 320 in 40 CFR part 63, appendix A, or ASTM D6348–12 including all annexes, as applicable, as the RMs for HCl measurement. Obtain and analyze RM audit samples, if they are available, concurrently with RM test samples according to the same procedure specified for performance tests in the general provisions of the applicable part. If Method 26 is not specified in an applicable subpart of the regulations, you may request approval to use Method 26 in appendix A–8 to this part as the RM on a site-specific basis under §§ 63.7(f) or 60.8(b). Other RMs for moisture, O2, etc., may be necessary. Conduct the RM tests in such a way that they will yield results representative of the emissions from the source and can be compared to the CEMS data. * * * * * ■ 26. In Appendix F to part 60, in Procedure 1, revising section 5.2.3(2) to read as follows: E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Appendix F to Part 60—Quality Assurance Procedures Procedure 1—Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems Used for Compliance Determination * * * * * 5.2.3 * * * (2) For the CGA, ±15 percent of the average audit value or ±5 ppm, whichever is greater; for diluent * Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. 28. In Appendix B to part 61, in Method 107, revising section 12.3, equation 107–3 to read as follows: ■ * an air pollutant that has been demonstrated to the Administrator’s satisfaction, using Method 301 in appendix A of this part, to produce results adequate for the Administrator’s determination that it may be used in place of a test method specified in this part. * * * * * PART 63—NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES 29. The authority citation for part 63 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. 30. In § 63.2, revise the definition of ‘‘Alternative test method’’ to read as follows: ■ § 63.2 Subpart LLL—National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From the Portland Cement Manufacturing Industry Definitions. * * * * Alternative test method means any method of sampling and analyzing for jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS * Where: Tl = The 30-day operating limit for your THC CEMS, ppmvw, as propane. y¯ = The average organic HAP concentration from Eq. 12, ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen. x¯ = The average THC CEMS concentration from Eq. 12, ppmvw, as propane. 9 = 75 percent of the organic HAP emissions limit (12 ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen) Jkt 250001 * * Method 107—Determination of Vinyl Chloride Content of In-Process Wastewater Samples, and Vinyl Chloride Content of Polyvinyl Chloride Resin Slurry, Wet Cake, and Latex Samples * * * 12.3 * * * * * (b)(8)(vi), and (b)(8)(vii)(B) and C to read as follows: * * * * * (b) * * * (7) * * * (viii) * * * (A) Determine the THC CEMS average value in ppmvw, and the average of your corresponding three total organic HAP compliance test runs, using Equation 12. 31. Amend § 63.1349, by revising paragraphs (b)(7)(viii)(A) and (B), Yi = The organic HAP concentrations in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen, for all three test runs. n = The number of data points. 16:57 Dec 12, 2019 * ■ Where: x¯ = The average THC CEMS value in ppmvw, as propane. Xi = The THC CEMS data points in ppmvw, as propane, for all three test runs. y¯ = The average organic HAP value in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen. VerDate Sep<11>2014 * (B) You must use your three run average THC CEMS value and your three run average organic HAP * * * * * (b) * * * (8) * * * (vi) If your kiln has an inline kiln/raw mill, you must conduct separate performance tests while the raw mill is PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 concentration from your Method 18 and/or Method 320 compliance tests to determine the operating limit. Use equation 13 to determine your operating limit in units of ppmvw THC, as propane. operating (‘‘mill on’’) and while the raw mill is not operating (‘‘mill off’’). Using the fraction of time the raw mill is on and the fraction of time that the raw mill is off, calculate this limit as a weighted average of the SO2 levels measured during raw mill on and raw mill off compliance testing with Equation 17. E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.018</GPH> * 27. The authority citation for part 61 continues to read as follows: ■ * EP13DE19.017</GPH> * PART 61—NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS Appendix B to Part 61—Test Methods EP13DE19.016</GPH> * monitors, ±15 percent of the average audit value. * * * * * 68093 68094 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Where: x¯ = The average SO2 CEMS value in ppmv. X1 = The SO2 CEMS data points in ppmv for the three runs constituting the performance test. y¯ = The average HCl value in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen. Y1 = The HCl emission concentration expressed as ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen for the three runs constituting the performance test. n = The number of data points. (C) With your instrument zero expressed in ppmv, your SO2 CEMS three run average expressed in ppmv, and your three run HCl compliance test average in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent O2, determine a relationship of ppmvd HCl corrected to 7 percent O2 per ppmv SO2 with Equation 19. * * * * * x = Average SO2 CEMS value during mill off operations, ppmv. 1¥t = Percentage of operating time with mill off, expressed as a decimal. * * * (b) * * * * * (8) * * * (vii) * * * (B) Determine your SO2 CEMS instrument average ppmv, and the average of your corresponding three HCl compliance test runs, using Equation 18. d. In Method 315, revising Figure 315–1; ■ e. In Method 316, revising section 1.0; and ■ f. In Method 323, revising the method heading and section 2.0. The revisions read as follows: ■ Where: R = The relative HCl ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen, per ppmv SO2 for your SO2 CEMS. y¯ = The average HCl concentration from Eq. 18 in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen. x¯ = The average SO2 CEMS value from Eq. 18 in ppmv. z = The instrument zero output ppmv value. * * * * * 32. Amend Appendix A to part 63 by: a. In Method 301, revising section 11.1.3; ■ b. In Method 308, revising section 12.4, equation 308–3 and section 12.5, equation 308–5; ■ c. In Method 311, revising sections 1.1 and 17; ■ ■ Method 308—Procedure for Determination of Methanol Emission From Stationary Sources * * * * * * * * Method 301—Field Validation of Pollutant Measurement Methods From Various Waste Media * * * * * 11.1.3 T Test. Calculate the t-statistic using Equation 301–13. 12.4 * * * * EP13DE19.023</GPH> * Appendix A to Part 63—Test Methods Pollutant Measurement Methods From Various Waste Media EP13DE19.024</GPH> Where: R = Operating limit as SO2, ppmv. y = Average SO2 CEMS value during mill on operations, ppmv. t = Percentage of operating time with mill on, expressed as a decimal. * EP13DE19.022</GPH> * * Method 311—Analysis of Hazardous Air Pollutant Compounds in Paints and Coatings By Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 * * 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 1.1 Applicability. This method is applicable for determination of most compounds designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as volatile hazardous air pollutants (HAP’s) (See Reference 1) that are contained in paints and coatings. Styrene, ethyl acrylate, and methyl PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 methacrylate can be measured by ASTM D 4827–03 or ASTM D 4747–02. Formaldehyde can be measured by ASTM D 5910–05 or ASTM D 1979–91. Toluene diisocyanate can be measured in urethane prepolymers by ASTM D 3432–89. Method 311 applies only to those volatile HAP’s which are added to E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.021</GPH> * EP13DE19.020</GPH> * EP13DE19.019</GPH> jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 12.5 * * * Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS the coating when it is manufactured, not to those that may form as the coating cures (reaction products or cure volatiles). A separate or modified test procedure must be used to measure these reaction products or cure volatiles in order to determine the total volatile HAP emissions from a coating. Cure volatiles are a significant component of the total HAP content of some coatings. The term ‘‘coating’’ used in this method shall be understood to mean paints and coatings. * * * * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 17. * * * 4. Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph. ASTM Designation D4457–02. 5. Standard Test Method for Determining the Unreacted Monomer Content of Latexes Using Capillary Column Gas Chromatography. ASTM Designation D4827–03. 6. Standard Test Method for Determining Unreacted Monomer PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68095 Content of Latexes Using Gas-Liquid Chromatography, ASTM Designation D4747–02. * * * * * Method 315—Determination of Particulate and Methylene Chloride Extractable Matter (MCEM) From Selected Sources at Primary Aluminum Production Facilities * E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM * * 13DEP1 * * VerDate Sep<11>2014 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4725 E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM 13DEP1 EP13DE19.025</GPH> jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS 68096 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2019 / Proposed Rules Method 316—Sampling and Analysis for Formaldehyde Emissions From Stationary Sources in the Mineral Wool and Wool Fiberglass Industries 1.0 Scope and Application This method is applicable to the determination of formaldehyde, CAS Registry number 50–00–0, from stationary sources in the mineral wool and wool fiber glass industries. High purity water is used to collect the formaldehyde. The formaldehyde concentrations in the stack samples are determined using the modified pararosaniline method. Formaldehyde can be detected as low as 8.8 × 10¥10 lbs/cu ft (11.3 ppbv) or as high as 1.8 × 10¥3 lbs/cu ft (23,000,000 ppbv), at standard conditions over a 1 hour sampling period, sampling approximately 30 cu ft. * * * * * Method 323—Measurement of Formaldehyde Emissions From Natural Gas-Fired Stationary Sources—Acetyl Acetone Derivatization Method * * * * * 2.0 Summary of Method. An emission sample from the combustion exhaust is drawn through a midget impinger train containing chilled reagent water to absorb formaldehyde. The formaldehyde concentration in the impinger is determined by reaction with acetyl acetone to form a colored derivative which is measured colorimetrically. * * * * * [FR Doc. 2019–26134 Filed 12–12–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R02–OAR–2018–0681, FRL–10003– 11–Region 2] Table of Contents: Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plans; New Jersey; Infrastructure SIP for Interstate Transport Requirements for the 2006 PM10, 2008 Lead, 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide, and 2011 Carbon Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with PROPOSALS AGENCY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve the portions of New Jersey’s State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submittal regarding infrastructure requirements for interstate transport of pollution with respect to the 2006 SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:11 Dec 12, 2019 Jkt 250001 particulate matter of 10 microns (mm) or less (PM10), 2008 lead, 2010 nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and 2011 carbon monoxide (CO) National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). DATES: Written comments must be received on or before January 13, 2020. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Number EPA– R02–OAR–2018–0681 at http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. The EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA will generally not consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www2.epa.gov/dockets/ commenting-epa-dockets. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kenneth Fradkin, Air Programs Branch, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Office, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007– 1866, (212) 637–3702, or by email at Fradkin.kenneth@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background II. Summary of SIP Revision and EPA Analysis III. Proposed Action IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. Background A. General The EPA is proposing to approve the portions of the State of New Jersey’s Infrastructure SIP submission, dated October 17, 2014, which address the Clean Air Act (CAA) section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) requirements pertaining to interstate transport of pollution with respect to the 2006 PM10, 2008 lead, 2010 NO2, and 2011 CO National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 68097 On September 21, 2006 (71 FR 61144 (October 17, 2006)), the EPA retained 1 the primary and secondary 24-hour PM10 standard of 150 micrograms per cubic meter of air (mg/m3), as an average over a 24-hour period, not to be exceeded more than once per year on average over a 3-year period, that was initially promulgated on June 2, 1987 (52 FR 24634 (July 1, 1987)). On October 15, 2008 (73 FR 66964 (November 12, 2008)), the EPA promulgated a revised primary and secondary NAAQS for lead. The 2008 lead NAAQS level is 0.15 mg/m3, and the averaging time is a rolling 3-month period with a maximum (not-to-beexceeded) form to be evaluated over a 3year period. On January 22, 2010 (75 FR 6474 (February 9, 2010)), the EPA promulgated a new 1-hour primary NAAQS for NO2 at a level of 100 parts per billion (ppb), based on a 3-year average of the 98th percentile of the yearly distribution of 1-hour daily maximum concentrations. On August 12, 2011 (76 FR 54294 (August 31, 2011)), the EPA retained the existing primary standard for CO of 9 ppm as an 8-hour average, and 35 ppm as a 1-hour standard average, neither to be exceeded more than once per year. The EPA initially established a NAAQS for CO on April 30, 1971 (36 FR 8186). B. EPA’s Infrastructure Requirements Whenever EPA promulgates a new or revised NAAQS, CAA section 110(a)(1) requires states to make SIP submissions to provide for the implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of the NAAQS. This particular type of SIP submission is commonly referred to as an ‘‘infrastructure SIP.’’ These submissions must meet the various requirements of CAA section 110(a)(2), as applicable. Due to ambiguity in some of the language of CAA section 110(a)(2), the EPA believes that it is appropriate to interpret these provisions in the specific context of acting on infrastructure SIP submissions. The EPA has previously provided comprehensive guidance on the application of these provisions through a guidance document for infrastructure SIP submissions and through regional actions on infrastructure submissions.2 1 The PM 10 standard was also retained on December 14, 2012 (78 FR 3086 (January 15, 2013)), but that is not being addressed in this action. 2 EPA explains and elaborates on these ambiguities and its approach to address them in its September 13, 2013 Infrastructure SIP Guidance (available at https://www3.epa.gov/airquality/ urbanair/sipstatus/docs/Guidance_on_ Infrastructure_SIP_Elements_Multipollutant_ FINAL_Sept_2013.pdf), as well as in numerous E:\FR\FM\13DEP1.SGM Continued 13DEP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 240 (Friday, December 13, 2019)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 68069-68097]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-26134]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Parts 51, 60, 61, and 63

[EPA-HQ-OAR-2018-0815; FRL-10002-83-OAR]
RIN 2060-AU39


Test Methods and Performance Specifications for Air Emission 
Sources

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: This action proposes corrections and updates to regulations 
for source testing of emissions under various rules. This proposed rule 
includes corrections to inaccurate testing provisions, updates to 
outdated procedures, and approved alternative procedures that provide 
testers enhanced flexibility. The revisions will improve the quality of 
data but will not impose new substantive requirements on source owners 
or operators.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before February 11, 2020.
    Public Hearing: If a public hearing is requested by December 18, 
2019, then we will hold a public hearing. If a public hearing is 
requested, then additional details about the public hearing will be 
provided in a separate Federal Register notice and on our website at 
https://www3.epa.gov/ttn/emc/methods. To request or attend a hearing, 
see SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-
OAR-2018-0815 by one of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov 
(our preferred method). Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Email: a-and-r [email protected]. Include docket ID No. EPA-
HQ-OAR-2018-0815 in the subject line of the message.
     Fax: (202) 566-9744.
     Mail: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Docket 
Center, Office of Air and Radiation Docket, Mail Code 28221T, 1200 
Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20460.
     Hand Delivery/Courier: EPA Docket Center, WJC West 
Building, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20004. 
The Docket Center's hours of operations are 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m., Monday 
through Friday (except Federal Holidays).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mrs. Lula H. Melton, Office of Air 
Quality Planning and Standards, Air Quality Assessment Division (E143-
02), Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; 
telephone number: (919) 541-2910; fax number: (919) 541-0516; email 
address: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The supplementary information in this 
preamble is organized as follows:

I. Public Hearing and Written Comments
II. General Information
    A. Does this action apply to me?
    B. What action is the Agency taking?
III. Background
IV. Incorporation by Reference
V. Summary of Proposed Amendments
    A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51
    B. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60
    C. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters 
(Subpart AAA) of Part 60
    D. Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills 
That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After 
July 17, 2014 (Subpart XXX) of Part 60
    E. Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid 
Waste Incineration Units (Subpart CCCC) of Part 60
    F. Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and 
Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart DDDD) of Part 60
    G. Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition 
Internal Combustion Engines (Subpart JJJJ) of Part 60
    H. Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines 
(Subpart KKKK) of Part 60
    I. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, 
New

[[Page 68070]]

Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (Subpart QQQQ) 
of Part 60
    J. Method 4 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60
    K. Method 5 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60
    L. Method 7C of Appendix A-4 of Part 60
    M. Method 7E of Appendix A-4 of Part 60
    N. Method 12 of Appendix A-5 of Part 60
    O. Method 16B of Appendix A-6 of Part 60
    P. Method 16C of Appendix A-6 of Part 60
    Q. Method 24 of Appendix A-7 of Part 60
    R. Method 25C of Appendix A-7 of Part 60
    S. Method 26 of Appendix A-8 of Part 60
    T. Method 26A of Appendix A-8 of Part 60
    U. Performance Specification 4B of Appendix B of Part 60
    V. Performance Specification 5 of Appendix B of Part 60
    W. Performance Specification 6 of Appendix B of Part 60
    X. Performance Specification 8 of Appendix B of Part 60
    Y. Performance Specification 9 of Appendix B of Part 60
    Z. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60
    AA. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60
    BB. Method 107 of Appendix B of Part 61
    CC. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63
    DD. Portland Cement Manufacturing (Subpart LLL) of Part 63
    EE. Method 301 of Appendix A of Part 63
    FF. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63
    GG. Method 311 of Appendix A of Part 63
    HH. Method 315 of Appendix A of Part 63
    II. Method 316 of Appendix A of Part 63
    JJ. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63
VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
    A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and 
Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review
    B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs
    C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)
    D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)
    E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)
    F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism
    G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With 
Indian Tribal Governments
    H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From 
Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks
    I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use
    J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR 
Part 51
    K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address 
Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income 
Populations

I. Public Hearing and Written Comments

    To request a hearing, to register to speak at a hearing, or to 
inquire if a hearing will be held, please contact Mrs. Lula Melton by 
email at [email protected] or phone at (919) 541-2910. The last day 
to pre-register in advance to speak at the public hearing will be 
December 26, 2019. If held, the public hearing will convene at 9:00 
a.m. (local time) and will conclude at 4:00 p.m. (local time).
    Because this hearing is being held at a U.S. government facility, 
individuals planning to attend the hearing should be prepared to show 
valid picture identification to the security staff in order to gain 
access to the meeting room. Please note that the REAL ID Act, passed by 
Congress in 2005, established new requirements for entering federal 
facilities. For purposes of the REAL ID Act, EPA will accept 
government-issued IDs, including drivers' licenses, from the District 
of Columbia and all states and territories except from American Samoa. 
If your identification is issued by American Samoa, you must present an 
additional form of identification to enter the federal building where 
the public hearing will be held. Acceptable alternative forms of 
identification include: Federal employee badges, passports, enhanced 
driver's licenses, and military identification cards. For additional 
information for the status of your state regarding REAL ID, go to: 
https://www.dhs.gov/real-id-enforcement-brieffrequently-asked-questions. Any objects brought into the building need to fit through 
the security screening system, such as a purse, laptop bag, or small 
backpack. Demonstrations will not be allowed on federal property for 
security reasons.
    Submit your comments identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2018-
0815 at https://www.regulations.gov (our preferred method) or the other 
methods identified in the ADDRESSES section. Once submitted, comments 
cannot be edited or removed from the docket. Do not submit 
electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business 
Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted 
by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be 
accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the 
official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish 
to make. The EPA will generally not consider comments or comment 
contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the Web, 
Cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission 
methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or 
multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective 
comments, please visit https://www.epa.gov/dockets/commenting-epa-dockets.

II. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

    The proposed amendments apply to industries that are subject to the 
current provisions of 40 CFR parts 51, 60, 61, and 63. We did not list 
all of the specific affected industries or their North American 
Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes herein since there are 
many affected sources in numerous NAICS categories. If you have any 
questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular 
entity, consult either the air permitting authority for the entity or 
your EPA Regional representative as listed in 40 CFR 63.13.

B. What action is the Agency taking?

    This action proposes corrections and revisions to source test 
methods, performance specifications (PS), and associated regulations. 
The corrections and revisions consist primarily of typographical 
errors, updates to testing procedures, and the addition of alternative 
equipment and methods the Agency has deemed acceptable to use.

III. Background

    The EPA catalogs errors and corrections, as well as necessary 
revisions to test methods, performance specifications, and associated 
regulations in 40 CFR parts 51, 60, 61, and 63 and periodically updates 
and revises these provisions. The most recent updates and revisions 
were promulgated on November 14, 2018 (83 FR 56713). This proposed rule 
addresses necessary corrections and revisions identified subsequent to 
that final action, many of which were brought to our attention by 
regulated sources and end-users, such as environmental consultants and 
compliance professionals. These revisions will improve the quality of 
data obtained and give source testers the flexibility to use newly-
approved alternative procedures.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

    The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference one ASTM International 
standard. Specifically, the EPA proposes to incorporate ASTM D 2369-10, 
which covers volatile organic content of coatings, in Method 24. This 
standard was developed and adopted by ASTM International and may be 
obtained from http://www.astm.org or from the ASTM at 100 Barr Harbor 
Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.
    The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference SW-846 Method 6010D 
and SW-846 Method 6020B in Method 12. Method 6010D covers inductively

[[Page 68071]]

coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) analysis, and 
Method 6020B covers inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-
MS) analysis. These methods may be obtained from https://www.epa.gov or 
from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue 
NW, Washington, DC 20460.
    The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference Gas Processors 
Association (GPA) 2166 and GPA 2174 in subpart KKKK of part 60, which 
involve procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous and liquid fuels, 
respectively. These GPA standards were developed and adopted by the Gas 
Processors Association and may be obtained from https://gpamidstream.org/ or from the Gas Processors Association, 6526 East 
60th Street, Tulsa, OK 74145.
    The EPA proposes to incorporate by reference International 
Organization for Standardization (ISO) 10715 in subpart KKKK of part 
60. This standard involves procedures for obtaining samples from 
gaseous fuels. This standard was developed by the International 
Organization for Standardization and may be obtained from https://www.iso.org/home.html or from the IHS Inc., 15 Inverness Way East, 
Englewood, CO 80112.
    ASTM D4057-5 (Reapproved 2000), ASTM D4177-95 (Reapproved 2000), 
ASTM D5287-97 (Reapproved 2002), ASTM D6348-03, ASTM D6784-02 
(Reapproved 2008), and ASME PTC 19.10-1981 were previously approved for 
incorporation by reference, and no changes are proposed.
    The EPA proposes to update the ASTM standards referenced in Method 
311, but these standards are not incorporated by reference. The EPA is 
not proposing to update the ASTM standards referenced in Performance 
Standard 18, which are not incorporated by reference.

V. Summary of Proposed Amendments

    The following amendments are being proposed.

A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51

    In Method 201A, section 1.2, the erroneous gas filtration 
temperature limit of 30 [deg]C would be revised to 29.4 [deg]C. In 
section 1.6, the erroneous word ``recommended'' would be corrected to 
``required.'' Section 6.2.1(d) would be revised to allow polystyrene 
petri dishes as an alternative to polyethylene due to the lack of 
commercially available polyethylene petri dishes. The polystyrene petri 
dishes offer similar chemical resistivity to acids and inorganics as 
polyethene and have been shown to transfer extreme low residual 
gravimetric mass to filters when used in ambient air applications. In 
section 8.6.6, the erroneous stack temperature of 10 [deg]C 
would be revised to 28 [deg]C. In section 17.0, the 
erroneous caption for Figure 7 would be corrected from ``Minimum Number 
of Traverse Points for Preliminary Method 4 Traverse'' to ``Maximum 
Number of Required Traverse Points,'' and the erroneous y-axis label 
would be corrected from ``Minimum Number of Traverse Points'' to 
``Maximum Number of Traverse Points.''

B. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60

    In the General Provisions of part 60, Sec.  60.17(h) would be 
revised to add ASTM D2369-10 to the list of incorporations by reference 
and to re-number the remaining consensus standards that are 
incorporated by reference in alpha-numeric order.
    In part 60, Sec.  60.17(j) would be revised to add SW-846-6010D and 
SW-846-6020B to the list of incorporations by reference and to re-
number the remaining standards that are incorporated by reference in 
alpha-numeric order.
    In part 60, Sec.  60.17(k) would be revised to add GPA Standards 
2166-17 and 2174-14 to the list of incorporations by reference and to 
re-number the remaining GPA standards that are incorporated by 
reference in alpha-numeric order.
    In part 60, Sec.  60.17(l) would be revised to add ISO 10715:1997 
to the list of incorporations by reference.

C. Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters (Subpart 
AAA) of Part 60

    In Sec.  60.534(h), the language would be amended based on comments 
received in response to an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 
(ANPRM), for Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, 
New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (83 FR 61585, 
November 30, 2018). Several commenters stated that the final clause of 
these existing paragraphs would create loopholes that allow 
manufacturers and test labs to withhold critical testing data. The EPA 
recognizes that this provision was not intended to create an avenue for 
omissions, so we are proposing language to clarify these communications 
and their reporting.

D. Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills That 
Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After July 17, 
2014 (Subpart XXX) of Part 60

    In Sec.  60.766(a)(3), the text for calibration of temperature 
measurement would be revised to provide clarity and improve the 
consistency of implementation.

E. Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste 
Incineration Units (Subpart CCCC) of Part 60

    Subpart CCCC of part 60 would be revised to clarify that (1) 
initial and annual performance testing for particulate matter (PM) for 
waste-burning kilns and energy recovery units (ERU) is to be conducted 
using Method 5 or Method 29 of Appendix A of part 60; (2) the required 
particulate matter continuous parameter monitoring system (PM CPMS) is 
used to demonstrate continuing compliance with the PM emission limit; 
and (3) heat input information must be reported for each ERU. The 
current language in Sec. Sec.  60.2110(i), (i)(1)(iii) and 60.2145(b), 
when read together, make it clear that for purposes of demonstrating 
compliance with the PM emission limit, there must be initial testing 
and subsequently, annually and for ongoing continuous demonstration of 
compliance, that data from the compliant performance test in turn must 
be used to set an operating limit for the PM CPMS. Tables 6 and 7, 
however, presently specify PM CPMS as the performance test method for 
determining compliance.
    Paragraphs 60.2110(i)(1) and 60.2145(j) would be revised to clarify 
that the PM CPMS coupled with an operating limit is used for continuing 
compliance demonstration with the PM emission limit. Paragraphs 
60.2110(i)(1)(iii) and (i)(2) would be revised to include Method 29 as 
an alternative to Method 5 to measure PM in determining compliance with 
the PM emission limit. Paragraph 60.2145(j) would also be revised to 
add PM to the list of pollutants for which performance tests are 
conducted annually. Paragraph (p) would be added to Sec.  60.2210 to 
require that annual reports include the annual heat input and average 
annual heat input rate of all fuels being burned in ERUs in order to 
verify which subcategory of ERU applies.
    The required annual performance test timeframe would be changed 
from ``between 11 and 13 calendar months following the previous 
performance test'' to ``no later than 13 calendar

[[Page 68072]]

months following the previous performance test'' in paragraphs 
60.2145(y)(3) and 60.2150. The current two-month testing range can 
present operational and testing challenges for facilities that have 
multiple commercial and industrial solid waste incineration (CISWI) 
units, and this revision would be consistent with other rules, such as 
the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from 
Hazardous Waste Combustors, to which CISWI units may be subject.
    Table 6 (Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units) and Table 
7 (Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns) would be revised to 
clarify the performance test method for PM. The fourth column of the 
``Particulate matter (filterable)'' row of Table 6 would be revised to 
remove the requirement to use a PM CPMS as the performance test method 
for large ERU. The fourth column of the ``Particulate matter 
(filterable)'' row of Table 7 would be revised to remove the 
requirement to use a PM CPMS and to instead specify Methods 5 and 29 as 
alternatives for measuring PM to determine compliance with the PM 
limit. The third column of the ``Particulate matter (filterable)'' row 
of Table 7 would be changed from a 30-day rolling average to specify a 
3-run average with a minimum sample volume of 2 dry standard cubic 
meter (dscm) per run.

F. Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and 
Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units (Subpart DDDD) of Part 60

    Subpart DDDD of part 60 would be revised to clarify that (1) 
initial and annual performance testing for PM for waste-burning kilns 
and ERU is to be conducted using Method 5 or Method 29 of Appendix A of 
part 60; (2) the required PM CPMS is used to demonstrate continuing 
compliance with the PM emission limit; and (3) heat input information 
must be reported for ERU. The current language in Sec. Sec.  60.2675(i) 
and (i)(1)(iii) and 60.2710(b), when read together, makes it clear that 
for purposes of demonstrating compliance for PM, performance testing 
must be used initially and then annually and for purposes of ongoing 
continuous demonstration of compliance, data from the compliant 
performance test is in turn used to set an operating limit for the PM 
CPMS. Tables 7 and 8, however, presently specify PM CPMS as the 
performance test method for determining compliance.
    Paragraphs 60.2675(i)(1) and 60.2710(j) would be revised to clarify 
that the PM CPMS is used for continuing compliance demonstration with 
the PM emission limit. Paragraph 60.2710(j) would be also revised to 
clarify that PM performance tests are conducted annually and Sec. Sec.  
60.2675(i)(1)(iii) and (i)(2) would be revised to include Method 29 as 
an alternative to Method 5 to measure PM in determining compliance with 
the PM emission limit.
    Also, the required annual performance test timeframe would be 
changed from ``between 11 and 13 calendar months following the previous 
performance test'' to ``no later than 13 calendar months following the 
previous performance test'' in Sec. Sec.  60.2710(y)(3) and 60.2715. 
The current two-month testing range can present operational and testing 
challenges for facilities that have multiple CISWI units, and this 
revision would be consistent with other rules, such as the National 
Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Hazardous Waste 
Combustors, to which CISWI units may be subject.
    Table 7 (Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units) and Table 
8 (Emission Limitations That Apply to Waste-Burning Kilns) would be 
revised to clarify the performance test method for PM. The fourth 
column of the ``Particulate matter filterable'' row of Table 7 would be 
revised to remove the requirement to use a PM CPMS as the performance 
test method for large ERU. The fourth column of the ``Particulate 
matter filterable'' row of Table 8 would be revised to specify Methods 
5 and 29 as alternatives for measuring PM to determine compliance with 
the PM emission limit. The third column of the ``Particulate matter 
filterable'' row of Table 8 would be changed from a 30-day rolling 
average to specify a 3-run average with a minimum sample volume of 1 
dscm per run.

G. Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal 
Combustion Engines (Subpart JJJJ) of Part 60

    In Table 2 of subpart JJJJ, text would be added to clarify that 
when stack gas flowrate measurements are necessary, they must be made 
at the same time as pollutant concentration measurements unless the 
option in Method 1A is applicable and is being used.

H. Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines (Subpart 
KKKK) of Part 60

    In 2006, EPA promulgated the combustion turbine criteria pollutant 
NSPS, Subpart KKKK of 40 CFR part 60 (71 FR 38482, July 6, 2006). This 
rule, which includes a sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions 
standard for all fuels, including natural gas, also made provisions to 
minimize the compliance burden for owners/operators of combustion 
turbines burning natural gas and/or low sulfur distillate oil. At the 
time, the Agency recognized that any SO2 testing 
requirements for owners/operators of combustion turbines burning 
natural gas would result in compliance costs without any associated 
environmental benefit.
    As currently written, the initial and subsequent performance tests 
required in Sec.  60.4415 may be satisfied by fuel analyses performed 
by the facility, a contractor, the fuel vendor, or any other qualified 
agency as described in Sec.  60.4415(a)(1). However, the fuel sample 
must be collected using ASTM D5287 (Standard Practice for Automatic 
Sampling of Gaseous Fuels). This method is not typically used by owner/
operators of natural gas pipelines and, as a result, tariff sheets 
cannot be used without approval of the alternate method. This is 
creating a situation where the owner/operators of the combustion 
turbines must do their own sampling and testing, a burden that was not 
intended in the original rulemaking.
    To align the rule requirements with the original intent of subpart 
KKKK, the EPA is proposing to include additional sampling methods in 
order for tariff sheets to be used to satisfy the SO2 
performance testing requirements. Specifically, Sec.  60.4415(a)(1) 
would be amended to include GPA 2166 and ISO 10715 for manual sampling 
of gaseous fuels. In addition, manual sampling method GPA 2174 would be 
added for liquid fuels. The EPA is soliciting comment regarding whether 
additional sampling methods should also be included and whether 
additional test methods should be included in Sec. Sec.  60.4360 and 
60.4415. Specifically, for sampling, EPA is soliciting comment on 
including American Petroleum Institute (API) Manual of Petroleum 
Measurement Standards, Chapter 14--Natural Gas Fluids Measurement, 
Section 1--Collecting and Handling of Natural Gas Samples for Custody 
Transfer, 7th Edition, August 2017. For determining the sulfur content 
of liquid fuels, EPA is soliciting comment on adding ASTM D5623-94 
(2014) (Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum 
Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection) and ASTM 
D7039-15a (Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel 
by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence 
Spectrometry). For determining the sulfur content of gaseous fuels, EPA 
is soliciting comment on adding GPA D2140-17 (Liquefied Petroleum Gas 
Specifications

[[Page 68073]]

and Test Methods) and GPA 2261-19 (Analysis for Natural Gas and Similar 
Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography).
    These amendments would also be consistent with the burden reduction 
proposed by the EPA in 2012 (77 FR 52554, August 29, 2012). In that 
proposal, the EPA proposed amendments to subpart KKKK that would 
eliminate the SO2 emissions limit for owner/operators of 
combustion turbines burning natural gas and/or low sulfur distillate 
and add additional sampling and test methods for owners/operators of 
combustion turbines burning other fuels. (The EPA has not taken final 
action on that proposal.)

I. Standard of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New 
Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (Subpart QQQQ) of 
Part 60

    In subpart QQQQ, in Sec.  60.5476(i), the language would be amended 
based on comments received in response to an ANPRM for Standards of 
Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic 
Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (83 FR 61585, November 30, 2018). 
Several commenters stated that the final clause of these existing 
paragraphs would create loopholes that allow manufacturers and test 
labs to withhold critical testing data. The EPA recognizes that this 
provision was not intended to create an avenue for omissions, so we are 
proposing language to clarify these communications and their reporting.

J. Method 4 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60

    In Method 4, the erroneous leak check procedures in section 8.1.3 
would be corrected; the erroneous section 8.1.4.2 would be corrected; 
and in the table in section 9.1, the erroneous reference to section 
8.1.1.4 would be replaced with section 8.1.3.2.2.
    Method 4 would be revised to standardize the constants between 
Methods 4 and 5, and more significant digits would be added to 
constants to remove rounding and truncation errors. Also, the option 
for volumetric determination of the liquid content would be deleted to 
remove the unnecessary density conversion. We believe most method users 
have moved to gravimetric measurement of the liquid contents to lower 
the cost and increase the accuracy of the liquid measurement. Revisions 
would occur in various sections (2.1, 6.1.5, 11.1, 11.2, 12.1.1, 
12.1.2, 12.1.3, 12.2.1, and 12.2.2) and Figures 4-4 and 4-5.

K. Method 5 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60

    In Method 5, sections 6.2.4 and 8.1.2 would be revised to allow 
polystyrene petri dishes as an alternative to polyethylene due to the 
lack of commercially available polyethylene petri dishes. The 
polystyrene petri dishes offer similar chemical resistivity to acids 
and inorganics as polyethene and have been shown to transfer extreme 
low residual gravimetric mass to the filters when used in ambient air 
applications.
    Method 5 would also be revised to standardize the constants between 
Methods 4 and 5, and more significant digits would be added to 
constants to remove rounding and truncation errors. Also, the option 
for volumetric determination of the liquid content would be deleted to 
remove the unnecessary density conversion. We believe most method users 
have moved to gravimetric measurement of the liquid contents to lower 
the cost and increase the accuracy of the liquid measurement. Revisions 
would occur in various sections (6.1.1.8, 6.2.5, 8.7.6.4, 12.1, 12.3, 
12.4, 12.11.1, 12.11.2, 16.1.1.4, and 16.2.3.3) and in Figure 5-6.

L. Method 7C of Appendix A-4 of Part 60

    In Method 7C, in section 7.2.11, the erroneous chemical compound, 
sodium sulfite would be corrected to sodium nitrite.

M. Method 7E of Appendix A-4 of Part 60

    In Method 7E, section 8.5 would be revised to ensure that the 
specified bias and calibration error checks are performed consistently. 
The results of the post-run system bias and calibration error checks 
are used to validate the run, as well as to correct the results of each 
individual test run for bias found in the sampling system. The more 
frequently these checks are performed, the more accurate the bias 
adjusted data will be.

N. Method 12 of Appendix A-5 of Part 60

    In Method 12, sections 7.1.2, 8.7.1.6, 8.7.3.1, and 8.7.3.6 would 
be revised to remove references regarding the use of silicone grease, 
which is no longer allowed when conducting Method 5, and section 12.3 
would be revised to correctly refer to the title of section 12.4 of 
Method 5.
    Section 16.1 allows measurements of PM emissions in conjunction 
with the lead measurement but does not currently provide enough detail 
to ensure proper PM measurement; the proposed revisions to section 16.1 
would provide testers with the necessary procedures to execute the PM 
and lead emissions measurements using one sampling train.
    Sections 16.3, 16.4.1, 16.4.2, 16.5, 16.5.1, and 16.5.2 would be 
revised to specify appropriate EPA analytical methods, as well as 
supporting quality assurance procedures, as part of the allowed 
alternatives to use inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission 
spectrometry (ICP-AES) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry 
(ICP-MS) for sample analysis. Section 16.0 currently allows three 
alternatives to the atomic absorption analysis otherwise required in 
Method 12, specifically ICP-AES in section 16.4, ICP-MS in section 
16.5, and cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS) in 
section 16.6. In regard to the options to use ICP-AES and ICP-MS for 
analysis of lead, sections 16.4 and 16.5 currently do not include any 
specifics for applying these candidate analytical techniques, nor any 
procedures for assessing data quality. The proposed revisions would 
provide the needed specificity by referencing existing EPA methods for 
ICP-AES and ICP-MS along with supporting quality assurance 
requirements. The option to use CVAFS to measure lead (section 16.6) 
would be removed since CVAFS for lead is not generally available, and 
there is no existing EPA method for conducting it.

O. Method 16B of Appendix A-6 of Part 60

    In Method 16B, in section 2.1, the erroneous phrase ``an integrated 
gas sample'' would be corrected to ``a gas sample.'' In sections 6.1 
and 8.2, the reference to section 8.4.1 would be changed to 8.3.1 since 
section 8.4.1 would be renumbered to 8.3.1. The text in section 8.3, 
``Analysis. Inject aliquots of the sample into the GC/FPD analyzer for 
analysis. Determine the concentration of SO2 directly from 
the calibration curves or from the equation for the least-squares 
line.'' would be moved to section 11.1 to be consistent with EPA test 
method formatting. Sections 8.4, 8.4.1, and 8.4.2 would be renumbered 
to 8.3, 8.3.1, and 8.3.2, respectively since the text in section 8.3 
would be moved to section 11.1. In section 11.1, the sentence ``Sample 
collection and analysis are concurrent for this method (see section 
8.3).'' would be deleted. Section 11.2 would be added so that a uniform 
set of analysis results would be obtained over the test period.

[[Page 68074]]

P. Method 16C of Appendix A-6 of Part 60

    In Method 16C, in section 13.1, ``gas concentration'' would be 
replaced with ``span'' for clarity.

Q. Method 24 of Appendix A-7 of Part 60

    In Method 24, section 6.2, the most recent version of ASTM D 2369 
(ASTM D 2369-10) would be added.

R. Method 25C of Appendix A-7 of Part 60

    We are proposing to change the correction of non-methane organic 
compounds (NMOC) within the method. Currently, we require the NMOC to 
be corrected by nitrogen or oxygen content. The correction is done by 
nitrogen unless the nitrogen content exceeds a threshold of 20 percent. 
When the nitrogen threshold is above 20 percent, the correction is done 
by oxygen. We are considering multiple options for revisions, which are 
outlined in greater detail in docket ID EPA-HQ-OAR-2018-0815, based on 
data provided by industry also provided in docket ID EPA-HQ-OAR-2018-
0815. The revisions to the correction that we are considering are for 
when only oxygen is used as a NMOC correction, setting a rainfall 
threshold in lieu of a nitrogen percent threshold, and requiring a 
methane measurement and using methane only as the correction. We have 
provided amendatory text for each option in docket ID EPA-HQ-OAR-2018-
0815.

S. Method 26 of Appendix A-8 of Part 60

    In Method 26, in section 8.1.2, the misspelled word 
``undereporting'' in the next to the last sentence would be corrected 
to ``under reporting.''

T. Method 26A of Appendix A-8 of Part 60

    In Method 26A, section 6.1.3, a reference to section 6.1.1.7 of 
Method 5 would be added to make the filter temperature sensor placement 
consistent with the requirements in Method 5. Also, in section 6.1.3, 
the requirement that the filter temperature sensor must be encased in 
glass or Teflon would be added because of the reactive nature of the 
halogen acids. In section 8.1.5, the misspelled word ``undereporting'' 
would be corrected to ``under reporting.''

U. Performance Specification 4B of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 4B, the response time in section 4.5 
would be changed from ``must not exceed 2 minutes'' to ``must not 
exceed 240 seconds'' to be consistent with the response time in 
Performance Specification 4A.

V. Performance Specification 5 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 5, section 5.0, the erroneous term 
``users manual'' would be replaced with ``user's manual,'' and in the 
note in section 8.1, the sentence ``For Method 16B, you must analyze a 
minimum of three aliquots spaced evenly over the test period.'' would 
be added to provide consistency with the number of aliquots analyzed in 
Method 16B, which may be used as the reference method.

W. Performance Specification 6 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 6, section 13.1 would be revised to 
clarify that the calibration drift test period for the analyzers 
associated with the measurement of flow rate should be the same as that 
for the pollutant analyzer that is part of the continuous emission rate 
monitoring system (CERMS). Section 13.2 would be revised for clarity 
and to be consistent with the requirements in Performance Specification 
2.

X. Performance Specification 8 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 8, a new section 8.3 would be added to 
require that an instrument drift check be performed as described in 
Performance Specification 2, and the existing sections 8.3, 8.4, and 
8.5 would be re-numbered as 8.4, 8.5, and 8.6, respectively.

Y. Performance Specification 9 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 9, the quality control and performance 
audit sections would be clarified. In section 7.2, a requirement that 
performance audit gas must be an independent certified gas cylinder or 
cylinder mixture certified by the supplier to be accurate to two 
percent of the tagged value supplied with the cylinder would be added.
    In section 8.3, an incorrect reference concerning quality control 
requirements that pertain to the 7-day drift test would be clarified 
and corrected, and an incorrect reference to the error calculation 
equation would be corrected. In section 8.4, a requirement to ensure 
that performance audit samples challenge the entire sampling system 
including the sample transport lines would be added, and quality 
control requirements that must be met for performance audit tests would 
be specified by adding references to sections 13.3 and 13.4.
    In section 10.1, the erroneous word ``initial'' would be deleted 
from the title, ``Initial Multi-Point Calibration,'' and the quality 
control requirements that must be met for multi-point calibrations 
would be specified by referencing sections 13.1 and 13.2 in addition to 
13.3. Sections 10.1 and 10.2 would be clarified such that calibrations 
may be performed at the instrument rather than through the entire 
sampling system.
    In section 13.1, language would be clarified to ensure that every 
time a triplicate injection is performed, the calibration error must be 
less than or equal to 10 percent of the calibration gas value. In 
section 13.2, language would be clarified to specify that the linear 
regression correlation coefficient must be determined to evaluate the 
calibration curve for instrument response every time the continuous 
emission monitoring system (CEMS) response is evaluated over multiple 
concentration levels. Section 13.4 would be added to describe the 
quality control requirements for the initial and periodic performance 
audit test sample.

Z. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 18, section 2.3 would be revised to 
clarify that Method 321 is only applicable to Portland cement plants. 
Also, in section 11.9.1, the reference to Method 321 would be deleted 
because Method 321 is specific to Portland cement plants, and it is 
already specified in the applicable regulations.

AA. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60

    In Procedure 1, section 5.2.3(2), the criteria for cylinder gas 
audits (CGAs) as applicable to diluent monitors would be specified for 
clarity.

BB. Method 107 of Appendix B of Part 61

    In Method 107, the erroneous equation 107-3 would be corrected by 
adding the omitted plus (+) sign.

CC. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63

    In the General Provisions of part 63, in Sec.  63.2, the definition 
of alternative test method would be revised to exclude ``that is not a 
test method in this chapter and'' because doing so clarifies that to 
use methods other than those required by a specific subpart requires 
the alternative test method review and approval process.

[[Page 68075]]

    Section 63.14(h) would be revised to add ASTM D 4457, ASTM D 4747, 
ASTM D 4827, and ASTM D 5910 to the list of incorporations by reference 
and to re-number the remaining consensus standards that are 
incorporated by reference in alpha-numeric order.

DD. Portland Cement Manufacturing (Subpart LLL) of Part 63

    In subpart LLL, the units of measure in Equations 12, 13, 17, 18, 
and 19 would be revised to add clarity and consistency. Equations 12 
and 13 need to be corrected so that the operating limit units of 
measure is calculated correctly. The calculation of the operating limit 
is established by a relationship of the total hydrocarbons (THC) CEMS 
signal to the organic HAPs compliance concentration. As illustrated in 
Table 1 in Part 63, Subpart LLL, the THC and organic HAP emissions 
limits units are in ppmvd corrected to 7 percent oxygen. Therefore, the 
average organic HAP values in equation 12 need to be in ppmvd, 
corrected to 7 percent oxygen, instead of ppmvw. The THC CEMS monitor 
units of measure are ppmvw, as propane and the variables would be 
updated to reflect this. The variables in equations 13 and 19 reference 
variables in equations 12 and 18, respectively. Those variables would 
be updated for consistency between the equations.
    The units of measure in equation 17 should be the monitoring 
system's units of measure. It is possible for those systems to be on 
either a wet or a dry basis. Currently, the equation is only on a wet 
basis, even though it should be on the basis of the monitor (wet or 
dry). The changes to the units of measure from ppmvw to ppmv takes 
either possibility into account. For Equations 17 and 18, the operating 
limit units of measure would be changed to the units of the CEMS 
monitor, ppmv.

EE. Method 301 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 301, section 11.1.3, the erroneous SD in equation 301-13 
would be replaced with SDd.

FF. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 308, section 12.4, erroneous equation 308-3 would be 
corrected, and in section 12.5, erroneous equation 308-5 would be 
corrected.

GG. Method 311 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 311, in sections 1.1 and 17, the ASTM would be updated. 
Specifically, in section 1.1, ASTM D4747-87 would be updated to D4747-
02, and ASTM D4827-93 would be updated to D4827-03. Also, in section 
1.1, Provisional Standard Test Method, PS 9-94 would be replaced with 
D5910-05. In section 17, ASTM D4457-85 would be updated to ASTM D4457-
02, and ASTM D4827-93 would be updated to ASTM D4827-03.

HH. Method 315 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 315, in Figure 315-1, an omission would be corrected by 
adding a ``not to exceed'' blank criteria for filters used in this test 
procedure. The blank criteria was derived from evaluation of blank and 
spiked filters used to prepare Method 315 audit samples. We would set 
the allowable blank correction for filters based on the greater of two 
criteria. The first criterion requires the blank to be at least 10 
times the measured filter blanks from the audit study. The second 
criterion requires the blank to be at least 5 times the resolution of 
the analytical balance required in Method 315. The ``not to exceed'' 
value would, therefore, be based on the second criterion (balance 
resolution) because it is the higher of the two criteria.

II. Method 316 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 316, section 1.0, the erroneous positive exponents would 
be corrected to negative exponents. Also, the title of section 1.0, 
``Introduction,'' would be changed to ``Scope and Application'' to be 
consistent with the Environmental Monitoring Management Council (EMMC) 
format for test methods.

JJ. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In the title of Method 323, the misspelled word ``Derivitization'' 
would be corrected to ``Derivatization,'' and in section 2.0, the 
misspelled word ``colorietrically'' would be corrected to 
``colorimetrically.''

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders 
can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/laws-and-executive-orders.

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a significant regulatory action and was 
therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
for review.

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs

    This action is expected to be an Executive Order 13771 deregulatory 
action. This proposed rule is expected to provide meaningful burden 
reduction by updating and clarifying methods and performance 
specifications, thereby improving data quality, and also by providing 
source testers flexibility by incorporating approved alternative 
procedures.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the PRA. The amendments being proposed in this action to the test 
methods, performance specifications, and testing regulations only make 
corrections and minor updates to existing testing methodology. In 
addition, the proposed amendments clarify performance testing 
requirements.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

    I certify that this action will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. In 
making this determination, the impact of concern is any significant 
adverse economic impact on small entities. An agency may certify that a 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities if the rule relieves regulatory burden, has no 
net burden or otherwise has a positive economic effect on the small 
entities subject to the rule. This proposed rule will not impose 
emission measurement requirements beyond those specified in the current 
regulations, nor does it change any emission standard. We have, 
therefore, concluded that this action will have no net regulatory 
burden for all directly regulated small entities.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

    This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in 
UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. The action imposes no enforceable duty on any state, 
local or tribal governments or the private sector.

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between 
the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

[[Page 68076]]

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175. This action would correct and update existing 
testing regulations. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this 
action.

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those 
regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks 
that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect 
children, per the definition of ``covered regulatory action'' in 
section 2-202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13045 because it does not concern an environmental 
health risk or safety risk.

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211 because it is 
not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR Part 51

    This action involves technical standards. The EPA proposes to use 
ASTM D 2369 in Method 24. The ASTM D 2369 standard covers volatile 
content of coatings. The EPA proposes to use ASTM D 4457, ASTM D 4747, 
ASTM D 4827, and ASTM D 5910 in Method 311. These ASTM standards cover 
procedures to identify and quantify hazardous air pollutants in paints 
and coatings. The ASTM standards were developed and adopted by the 
American Society for Testing and Materials and may be obtained from 
http://www.astm.org or from the ASTM at 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box 
C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.
    The EPA proposes to use GPA 2166 and GPA 2174 in Subpart KKKK of 
part 60, which involve procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous 
and liquid fuels, respectively. These GPA standards were developed and 
adopted by the Gas Processors Association and may be obtained from 
https://gpamidstream.org/ or from the Gas Processors Association, 6526 
East 60th Street, Tulsa, OK 74145.
    The EPA proposes to use ISO 10715 in subpart KKKK of part 60. This 
standard involves procedures for obtaining samples from gaseous fuels. 
This standard was developed by the International Organization for 
Standardization and may be obtained from https://www.iso.org/home.html 
or from the ISH Inc., 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112.

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    The EPA believes that this action is not subject to Executive Order 
12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) because it does not establish an 
environmental health or safety standard. This action would correct and 
update existing testing regulations.

List of Subjects

40 CFR Part 51

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Performance 
specifications, Test methods and procedures.

40 CFR Part 60

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures.

40 CFR Parts 61 and 63

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures.

    Dated: November 25, 2019.
Andrew R. Wheeler,
Administrator.

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Environmental 
Protection Agency proposes to amend title 40, chapter I of the Code of 
Federal Regulations as follows:

PART 51--REQUIREMENTS FOR PREPARATION, ADOPTION, AND SUBMITTAL OF 
IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 51 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 23 U.S.C. 101; 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q.

0
2. Revise sections 1.2, 1.6, 6.2.1(d), and 8.6.6 and Figure 7 in Method 
201A of appendix M to part 51 to read as follows:

Appendix M to Part 51--Recommended Test Methods for State 
Implementation Plans

* * * * *
    Method 201A--Determination of PM10 and PM2.5 
Emissions From Stationary Sources (Constant Sampling Rate Procedure)
* * * * *
    1.2 Applicability. This method addresses the equipment, 
preparation, and analysis necessary to measure filterable PM. You can 
use this method to measure filterable PM from stationary sources only. 
Filterable PM is collected in stack with this method (i.e., the method 
measures materials that are solid or liquid at stack conditions). If 
the gas filtration temperature exceeds 29.4 [deg]C (85 [deg]F), then 
you may use the procedures in this method to measure only filterable PM 
(material that does not pass through a filter or a cyclone/filter 
combination). If the gas filtration temperature exceeds 29.4 [deg]C (85 
[deg]F), and you must measure both the filterable and condensable 
(material that condenses after passing through a filter) components of 
total primary (direct) PM emissions to the atmosphere, then you must 
combine the procedures in this method with the procedures in Method 202 
of appendix M to this part for measuring condensable PM. However, if 
the gas filtration temperature never exceeds 29.4 [deg]C (85 [deg]F), 
then use of Method 202 of appendix M to this part is not required to 
measure total primary PM.
* * * * *
    1.6 Conditions. You can use this method to obtain particle sizing 
at 10 micrometers and or 2.5 micrometers if you sample within 80 and 
120 percent of isokinetic flow. You can also use this method to obtain 
total filterable particulate if you sample within 90 to 110 percent of 
isokinetic flow, the number of sampling points is the same as required 
by Method 5 of appendix A-3 to part 60 or Method 17 of appendix A-6 to 
part 60, and the filter temperature is within an acceptable range for 
these methods. For Method 5, the acceptable range for the filter 
temperature is generally 120 [deg]C (248 [deg]F) unless a higher or 
lower temperature is specified. The acceptable range varies depending 
on the source, control technology and applicable rule or permit 
condition. To satisfy Method 5 criteria, you may need to remove the in-
stack filter and use an out-of-stack filter and recover the PM in the 
probe between the PM2.5 particle sizer and the filter. In 
addition, to satisfy Method 5 and Method 17 criteria, you may need to 
sample from more than 12 traverse points. Be aware that this method 
determines in-stack PM10 and PM2.5 filterable 
emissions by sampling from a required maximum of 12 sample points, at a 
constant flow rate through the train (the constant flow is necessary to

[[Page 68077]]

maintain the size cuts of the cyclones), and with a filter that is at 
the stack temperature. In contrast, Method 5 or Method 17 trains are 
operated isokinetically with varying flow rates through the train. 
Method 5 and Method 17 require sampling from as many as 24 sample 
points. Method 5 uses an out-of-stack filter that is maintained at a 
constant temperature of 120 [deg]C (248 [deg]F). Further, to use this 
method in place of Method 5 or Method 17, you must extend the sampling 
time so that you collect the minimum mass necessary for weighing each 
portion of this sampling train. Also, if you are using this method as 
an alternative to a test method specified in a regulatory requirement 
(e.g., a requirement to conduct a compliance or performance test), then 
you must receive approval from the authority that established the 
regulatory requirement before you conduct the test.
* * * * *
    6.2.1 * * *
    (d) Petri dishes. For filter samples; glass, polystyrene, or 
polyethylene, unless otherwise specified by the Administrator.
* * * * *
    8.6.6 Sampling Head. You must preheat the combined sampling head to 
the stack temperature of the gas stream at the test location (28 [deg]C, 50 [deg]F). This will heat the sampling 
head and prevent moisture from condensing from the sample gas stream.
* * * * *
    17.0 * * *
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.010
    
PART 60--STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES

0
3. The authority citation for part 60 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
4. Amend Sec.  60.17 by:
0
a. Revising paragraph (a) the last sentence;
0
b. Redesignating paragraphs (h)(95) through (209) as (h)(96) through 
(210), respectively;
0
c. Adding new paragraph (h)(95);
0
d. Adding paragraphs (j)(3) and (4);
0
e. Redesignating paragraphs (k)(2) and (3) as paragraphs (k)(4) and (5) 
and paragraph (k)(1) as paragraph (2), respectively;
0
f. Adding new paragraphs (k)(1) and (3); and
0
g. Adding paragraph (l)(2).

[[Page 68078]]

    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  60.17  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) * * * For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, email [email protected], or go to www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
* * * * *
    (h) * * *
    (95) ASTM D2369-10, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of 
Coatings, (Approved June 1, 2015), IBR approved for appendix A-8 to 
part 60: Method 24, Section 6.2.
* * * * *
    (j) * * *
    (3) SW-846-6010D, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission 
Spectrometry, Update VI, July 2018, in EPA Publication No. SW-846, Test 
Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, Third 
Edition, IBR approved for appendix A-5 to Part 60: Method 12, Section 
16.4.2.
    (4) SW-846-6020B, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry, 
Update V, July 2014, in EPA Publication No. SW-846, Test Methods for 
Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, Third Edition, IBR 
approved for appendix A-5 to Part 60: Method 12, Section 16.5.2.
    (k) * * *
    (1) Gas Processors Association Standard 2166-17, Obtaining Natural 
Gas Samples for Analysis by Gas Chromatography, (Reaffirmed 2017) IBR 
approved for Sec.  60.4415(a).
* * * * *
    (3) Gas Processors Association Standard 2174-14, Obtaining Liquid 
Hydrocarbon Samples for Analysis by Gas Chromatography, (Revised 2014) 
IBR approved for Sec.  60.4415(a).
* * * * *
    (l) * * *
    (2) ISO 10715:1997, Natural gas--Sampling guidelines, (First 
Edition, June 1, 1997), IBR approved for Sec.  60.4415(a).
* * * * *

Subpart AAA--Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood 
Heaters

0
5. In Sec.  60.534 revise paragraph (h) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.534  What test methods and procedures must I use to determine 
compliance with the standards and requirements for certification?

* * * * *
    (h) The approved test laboratory must allow the manufacturer, the 
manufacturer's approved third-party certifier, the EPA and delegated 
state regulatory agencies to observe certification testing. However, 
manufacturers must not involve themselves in the conduct of the test 
after the pretest burn has begun. Communications between the 
manufacturer and laboratory or third-party certifier personnel 
regarding operation of the wood heater must be limited to written 
communications transmitted prior to the first pretest burn of the 
certification test series. During certification tests, the manufacturer 
may communicate with the third-party certifier, and only in writing to 
notify them that the manufacturer has observed a deviation from proper 
test procedures by the laboratory. All communications must be included 
in the test documentation required to be submitted pursuant to Sec.  
60.533(b)(5) and must be consistent with instructions provided in the 
owner's manual required under Sec.  60.536(g).
* * * * *

Subpart XXX--Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste 
Landfills That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or 
Modification After July 17, 2014

0
6. In Sec.  60.766 revise paragraph (a)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.766  Monitoring of operations.

* * * * *
    (a) * * *
    (3) Monitor temperature of the landfill gas on a monthly basis as 
provided in 60.765(a)(5). The temperature measuring device must be 
calibrated annually using the procedure in 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-
1, Method 2, Section 10.3 such that a minimum of two temperature 
points, bracket within 10 percent of all landfill absolute temperature 
measurements or two fixed points of ice bath and boiling water, 
corrected for barometric pressure, are used.
* * * * *

Subpart CCCC--Standards of Performance for Commercial and 
Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units

0
7. Amend Sec.  60.2110 by revising the introductory text to paragraph 
(i) and paragraphs (i)(1) and (2) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2110  What operating limits must I meet and by when?

* * * * *
    (i) If you use a PM CPMS to demonstrate continuing compliance, you 
must establish your PM CPMS operating limit and determine compliance 
with it according to paragraphs (i)(1) through (5) of this section:
    (1) Determine your operating limit as the average PM CPMS output 
value recorded during the performance test or at a PM CPMS output value 
corresponding to 75 percent of the emission limit if your PM 
performance test demonstrates compliance below 75 percent of the 
emission limit. You must verify an existing or establish a new 
operating limit after each repeated performance test. You must repeat 
the performance test annually and reassess and adjust the site-specific 
operating limit in accordance with the results of the performance test:
    (i) Your PM CPMS must provide a 4-20 milliamp output, or digital 
equivalent, and the establishment of its relationship to manual 
reference method measurements must be determined in units of milliamps;
    (ii) Your PM CPMS operating range must be capable of reading PM 
concentrations from zero to a level equivalent to at least two times 
your allowable emission limit. If your PM CPMS is an auto-ranging 
instrument capable of multiple scales, the primary range of the 
instrument must be capable of reading PM concentration from zero to a 
level equivalent to two times your allowable emission limit; and
    (iii) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent 
performance test that demonstrates compliance with the PM limit, record 
and average all milliamp output values, or their digital equivalent, 
from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the compliance test 
runs (e.g., average all your PM CPMS output values for three 
corresponding Method 5 or Method 29 test runs).
    (2) If the average of your three PM performance test runs are below 
75 percent of your PM emission limit, you must calculate an operating 
limit by establishing a relationship of PM CPMS signal to PM 
concentration using the PM CPMS instrument zero, the average PM CPMS 
output values corresponding to the three compliance test runs, and the 
average PM concentration from the Method 5 or Method 29 performance 
test with the procedures in (i)(1) through (5) of this section:
* * * * *
0
8. Amend Sec.  60.2145 by revising the introductory text to paragraph 
(j) and paragraph (y)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2145  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the 
emission limitations and the operating limits?

* * * * *

[[Page 68079]]

    (j) For waste-burning kilns, you must conduct an annual performance 
test for particulate matter, cadmium, lead, carbon monoxide, dioxins/
furans and hydrogen chloride as listed in table 7 of this subpart, 
unless you choose to demonstrate initial and continuous compliance 
using CEMS, as allowed in paragraph (u) of this section. If you do not 
use an acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber, you must determine 
compliance with the hydrogen chloride emissions limit using a HCl CEMS 
according to the requirements in paragraph (j)(1) of this section. You 
must determine compliance with the mercury emissions limit using a 
mercury CEMS or an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system according 
to paragraph (j)(2) of this section. You must determine compliance with 
nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide using CEMS. You must determine 
continuing compliance with the particulate matter emissions limit using 
a PM CPMS according to paragraph (x) of this section.
* * * * *
    (y) * * *
    (3) For purposes of determining the combined emissions from kilns 
equipped with an alkali bypass or that exhaust kiln gases to a coal 
mill that exhausts through a separate stack, instead of installing a 
CEMS or PM CPMS on the alkali bypass stack or in-line coal mill stack, 
the results of the initial and subsequent performance test can be used 
to demonstrate compliance with the relevant emissions limit. A 
performance test must be conducted on an annual basis (no later than 13 
calendar months following the previous performance test).
* * * * *
0
9. Revise Sec.  60.2150 to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2150  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?

    You must conduct annual performance tests no later than 13 calendar 
months following the previous performance test.
0
10. Amend Sec.  60.2210 by revising the introductory paragraph and 
adding paragraph (p) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2210  What information must I include in my annual report?

    The annual report required under Sec.  60.2205 must include the 
items listed in paragraphs (a) through (p) of this section. If you have 
a deviation from the operating limits or the emission limitations, you 
must also submit deviation reports as specified in Sec. Sec.  60.2215, 
60.2220, and 60.2225:
* * * * *
    (p) For energy recovery units, include the annual heat input and 
average annual heat input rate of all fuels being burned in the unit to 
verify which subcategory of energy recovery unit applies.
0
11. Revise Tables 6 and 7 to subpart CCCC of part 60 to read as 
follows:

 Table 6 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction
            After June 4, 2010, or That Commenced Reconstruction or Modification After August 7, 2013
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              You must meet this emission limitation 1
                                                                             Using this        And determining
    For the air pollutant    ------------------------------------------   averaging time 2     compliance using
                                   Liquid/gas             Solids                                this method 2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cadmium.....................  0.023 milligrams     Biomass--0.0014      3-run average        Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 29 at 40
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--        standard cubic       appendix A-8). Use
                                                    0.0017 milligrams    meters per run).     ICPMS for the
                                                    per dry standard                          analytical finish.
                                                    cubic meter.
Carbon monoxide.............  35 parts per         Biomass--240 parts   3-run average (1     Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      hour minimum         (Method 10 at 40
                                                    volume. Coal--95     sample time per      CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    run).                appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.
Dioxin/furans (Total Mass     No Total Mass Basis  Biomass--0.52        3-run average        Performance test
 Basis).                       limit, must meet     nanograms per dry    (collect a minimum   (Method 23 at 40
                               the toxic            standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      CFR part 60,
                               equivalency basis    meter. Coal--5.1     standard cubic       appendix A-7).
                               limit below.         nanograms per dry    meters).
                                                    standard cubic
                                                    meter.
Dioxins/furans (toxic         0.093 nanograms per  Biomass--0.076       3-run average        Performance test
 equivalency basis).           dry standard cubic   nanograms per dry    (collect a minimum   (Method 23 of
                               meter.               standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      appendix A-7 of
                                                    meter.\3\ Coal--     standard cubic       this part).
                                                    0.075 nanograms      meters per run).
                                                    per dry standard
                                                    cubic meter.
Fugitive ash................  Visible emissions    Three 1-hour         Visible emission     Fugitive ash.
                               for no more than 5   observation          test (Method 22 at
                               percent of the       periods.             40 CFR part 60,
                               hourly observation                        appendix A-7).
                               period.
Hydrogen chloride...........  14 parts per         Biomass--0.20 parts  3-run average (For   Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      Method 26, collect   (Method 26 or 26A
                                                    volume. Coal--58     a minimum volume     at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    of 360 liters per    appendix A-8).
                                                    dry volume.          run. For Method
                                                                         26A, collect a
                                                                         minimum volume of
                                                                         3 dry standard
                                                                         cubic meters per
                                                                         run).
Lead........................  0.096 milligrams     Biomass--0.014       3-run average        Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 29 at 40
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--0.057   standard cubic       appendix A-8). Use
                                                    milligrams per dry   meters per run).     ICPMS for the
                                                    standard cubic                            analytical finish.
                                                    meter.
Mercury.....................  0.00056 milligrams   Biomass--0.0022      3-run average        Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   (collect enough      (Method 29 or 30B
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       volume to meet an    at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--0.013   in-stack detection   appendix A-8) or
                                                    milligrams per dry   limit data quality   ASTM D6784-02
                                                    standard cubic       objective of 0.03    (Reapproved
                                                    meter.               ug/dscm).            2008).\3\
Nitrogen oxides.............  76 parts per         Biomass--290 parts   3-run average (for   Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      Method 7E, 1 hour    (Method 7 or 7E at
                                                    volume. Coal--460    minimum sample       40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    time per run).       appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.
Particulate matter            110 milligrams per   Biomass--5.1         3-run average        Performance test
 (filterable).                 dry standard cubic   milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 5 or 29 at
                               meter.               standard cubic       volume of 1 dry      40 CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--130     standard cubic       appendix A-3 or
                                                    milligrams per dry   meter per run).      appendix A-8).
                                                    standard cubic
                                                    meter.

[[Page 68080]]

 
Sulfur dioxide..............  720 parts per        Biomass--7.3 parts   3-run average (for   Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      Method 6, collect    (Method 6 or 6C at
                                                    volume. Coal--850    a minimum of 60      40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    liters, for Method   appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.          6C, 1 hour minimum
                                                                         sample time per
                                                                         run).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ All emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen, dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/
  furans, you must meet either the Total Mass Basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit.
\2\ In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring
  system to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with
  the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in
  Sec.  Sec.   60.2145 and 60.2165. As prescribed in Sec.   60.2145(u), if you use a CEMS or an integrated
  sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-
  day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations.
\3\ Incorporated by reference, see Sec.   60.17.


  Table 7 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction
                   After June 4, 2010, or Reconstruction or Modification After August 7, 2013
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            And determining
     For the air pollutant          You must meet this      Using this averaging time    compliance using this
                                   emission limitation 1                2                      method 2 3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cadmium.......................  0.0014 milligrams per dry   3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
                                 standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    29 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters      appendix A-8). Use ICPMS
                                                             per run).                  for the analytical
                                                                                        finish.
Carbon monoxide...............  90 (long kilns)/190         3-run average (1 hour      Performance test (Method
                                 (preheater/precalciner)     minimum sample time per    10 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                 parts per million dry       run).                      appendix A-4).
                                 volume.
Dioxins/furans (total mass      0.51 nanograms per dry      3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
 basis).                         standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    23 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters      appendix A-7).
                                                             per run).
Dioxins/furans (toxic           0.075 nanograms per dry     3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
 equivalency basis).             standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    23 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-7).
Hydrogen chloride.............  3.0 parts per million dry   3-run average (1 hour      If a wet scrubber or dry
                                 volume.                     minimum sample time per    scrubber is used,
                                                             run) or 30-day rolling     performance test (Method
                                                             average if HCl CEMS is     321 at 40 CFR part 63,
                                                             being used.                appendix A). If a wet
                                                                                        scrubber or dry scrubber
                                                                                        is not used, HCl CEMS as
                                                                                        specified in Sec.
                                                                                        60.2145(j).
Lead..........................  0.014 milligrams per dry    3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
                                 standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    29 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-8). Use ICPMS
                                                                                        for the analytical
                                                                                        finish.
Mercury.......................  0.0037 milligrams per dry   30-day rolling average...  Mercury CEMS or
                                 standard cubic meter. Or                               integrated sorbent trap
                                 21 pounds/million tons of                              monitoring system
                                 clinker \3\.                                           (performance
                                                                                        specification 12A or
                                                                                        12B, respectively, of
                                                                                        appendix B and procedure
                                                                                        5 of appendix F of this
                                                                                        part), as specified in
                                                                                        Sec.   60.2145(j).
Nitrogen oxides...............  200 parts per million dry   30-day rolling average...  Nitrogen oxides CEMS
                                 volume.                                                (performance
                                                                                        specification 2 of
                                                                                        appendix B and procedure
                                                                                        1 of appendix F of this
                                                                                        part).
Particulate matter              4.9 milligrams per dry      3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
 (filterable).                   standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 2 dry    5 or 29 at 40 CFR part
                                                             standard cubic meters).    60, appendix A-3 or
                                                                                        appendix-8).
Sulfur dioxide................  28 parts per million dry    30-day rolling average...  Sulfur dioxide CEMS
                                 volume.                                                (performance
                                                                                        specification 2 of
                                                                                        appendix B and procedure
                                                                                        1 of appendix F of this
                                                                                        part).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ All emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen (except for CEMS and integrated sorbent trap
  monitoring system data during startup and shutdown), dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you
  must meet either the Total Mass Basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit.
\2\ In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring
  system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with
  the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in
  Sec.  Sec.   60.2145 and 60.2165. As prescribed in Sec.   60.2145(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated sorbent
  trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day
  rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations.
\3\ Alkali bypass and in-line coal mill stacks are subject to performance testing only, as specified in Sec.
  60.2145(y)(3). They are not subject to the CEMS, integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, or CPMS
  requirements that otherwise may apply to the main kiln exhaust.

* * * * *

Subpart DDDD--Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for 
Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units

0
12. Amend Sec.  60.2675 by revising the introductory text to paragraph 
(i) and paragraphs (i)(1) and (2) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2675  What operating limits must I meet and by when?

* * * * *
    (i) If you use a PM CPMS to demonstrate continuing compliance, you 
must establish your PM CPMS operating limit and determine compliance 
with it according to paragraphs (i)(1) through (5) of this section:
    (1) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent 
performance test that demonstrates compliance with the PM limit, record 
all hourly average output values (milliamps, or the digital signal 
equivalent) from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the test 
runs (e.g., three 1-hour average PM CPMS output values for three 1-hour 
test runs):
    (i) Your PM CPMS must provide a 4-20 milliamp output, or the 
digital signal equivalent, and the establishment of its relationship to 
manual reference method measurements must be

[[Page 68081]]

determined in units of milliamps or digital bits;
    (ii) Your PM CPMS operating range must be capable of reading PM 
concentrations from zero to a level equivalent to at least two times 
your allowable emission limit. If your PM CPMS is an auto-ranging 
instrument capable of multiple scales, the primary range of the 
instrument must be capable of reading PM concentration from zero to a 
level equivalent to two times your allowable emission limit; and
    (iii) During the initial performance test or any such subsequent 
performance test that demonstrates compliance with the PM limit, record 
and average all milliamp output values, or their digital equivalent, 
from the PM CPMS for the periods corresponding to the compliance test 
runs (e.g., average all your PM CPMS output values for the three 
corresponding Method 5 or Method 29 p.m. test runs).
    (2) If the average of your three PM performance test runs are below 
75 percent of your PM emission limit, you must calculate an operating 
limit by establishing a relationship of PM CPMS signal to PM 
concentration using the PM CPMS instrument zero, the average PM CPMS 
output values corresponding to the three compliance test runs, and the 
average PM concentration from the Method 5 or Method 29 performance 
test with the procedures in (i)(1) through (5) of this section:
* * * * *
0
13. Amend Sec.  60.2710 by revising paragraphs (j) and (y)(3) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  60.2710  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the 
amended emission limitations and the operating limits?

* * * * *
    (j) For waste-burning kilns, you must conduct an annual performance 
test for the pollutants (except mercury and hydrogen chloride if no 
acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber is used) listed in table 8 of 
this subpart, unless you choose to demonstrate initial and continuous 
compliance using CEMS, as allowed in paragraph (u) of this section. If 
you do not use an acid gas wet scrubber or dry scrubber, you must 
determine compliance with the hydrogen chloride emissions limit using a 
HCl CEMS according to the requirements in paragraph (j)(1) of this 
section. You must determine compliance with the mercury emissions limit 
using a mercury CEMS or an integrated sorbent trap monitoring system 
according to paragraph (j)(2) of this section. You must determine 
continuing compliance with particulate matter using a PM CPMS according 
to paragraph (x) of this section.
* * * * *
    (y) * * *
    (3) For purposes of determining the combined emissions from kilns 
equipped with an alkali bypass or that exhaust kiln gases to a coal 
mill that exhausts through a separate stack, instead of installing a 
CEMS or PM CPMS on the alkali bypass stack or in-line coal mill stack, 
the results of the initial and subsequent performance test can be used 
to demonstrate compliance with the relevant emissions limit. A 
performance test must be conducted on an annual basis (no later than 13 
calendar months following the previous performance test).
0
14. Revise Sec.  60.2715 to read as follows:


Sec.  60.2715  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?

    You must conduct annual performance tests no later than 13 calendar 
months following the previous performance test.
0
15. Revise Tables 7 and 8 to subpart DDDD of part 60 to read as 
follows:

 Table 7 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations That Apply to Energy Recovery Units After
                                                  May 20, 2011
                                     [Date to be specified in state plan] 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              You must meet this emission limitation 2
                                                                             Using this        And determining
    For the air pollutant    ------------------------------------------   averaging time 3     compliance using
                                   Liquid/gas             Solids                                this method 3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cadmium.....................  0.023 milligrams     Biomass--0.0014      3-run average        Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 29 at 40
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       volume of 2 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--        standard cubic       appendix A-8). Use
                                                    0.0017 milligrams    meters).             ICPMS for the
                                                    per dry standard                          analytical finish.
                                                    cubic meter.
Carbon monoxide.............  35 parts per         Biomass--260 parts   3-run average (1     Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      hour minimum         (Method 10 at 40
                                                    volume. Coal--95     sample time per      CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    run).                appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.
Dioxins/furans (total mass    2.9 nanograms per    Biomass--0.52        3-run average        Performance test
 basis).                       dry standard cubic   nanograms per dry    (collect a minimum   (Method 23 at 40
                               meter.               standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--5.1     standard cubic       appendix A-7).
                                                    nanograms per dry    meter).
                                                    standard cubic
                                                    meter.
Dioxins/furans (toxic         0.32 nanograms per   Biomass--0.12        3-run average        Performance test
 equivalency basis).           dry standard cubic   nanograms per dry    (collect a minimum   (Method 23 at 40
                               meter.               standard cubic       volume of 4 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--0.075   standard cubic       appendix A-7).
                                                    nanograms per dry    meters).
                                                    standard cubic
                                                    meter.
Hydrogen chloride...........  14 parts per         Biomass--0.20 parts  3-run average (for   Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      Method 26, collect   (Method 26 or 26A
                                                    volume. Coal--58     a minimum of 120     at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    liters; for Method   appendix A-8).
                                                    dry volume.          26A, collect a
                                                                         minimum volume of
                                                                         1 dry standard
                                                                         cubic meter).
Lead........................  0.096 milligrams     Biomass--0.014       3-run average        Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 29 at 40
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       volume of 2 dry      CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--0.057   standard cubic       appendix A-8). Use
                                                    milligrams per dry   meters).             ICPMS for the
                                                    standard cubic                            analytical finish.
                                                    meter.
Mercury.....................  0.0024 milligrams    Biomass--0.0022      3-run average (For   Performance test
                               per dry standard     milligrams per dry   Method 29 and ASTM   (Method 29 or 30B
                               cubic meter.         standard cubic       D6784-02             at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--0.013   (Reapproved          appendix A-8) or
                                                    milligrams per dry   2008),\4\ collect    ASTM D6784-02
                                                    standard cubic       a minimum volume     (Reapproved
                                                    meter.               of 2 dry standard    2008).\4\
                                                                         cubic meters per
                                                                         run. For Method
                                                                         30B, collect a
                                                                         minimum sample as
                                                                         specified in
                                                                         Method 30B at 40
                                                                         CFR part 60,
                                                                         appendix A).

[[Page 68082]]

 
Nitrogen oxides.............  76 parts per         Biomass--290 parts   3-run average (for   Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      Method 7E, 1 hour    (Method 7 or 7E at
                                                    volume. Coal--460    minimum sample       40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    time per run).       appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.
Particulate matter            110 milligrams per   Biomass--11          3-run average        Performance test
 filterable.                   dry standard cubic   milligrams per dry   (collect a minimum   (Method 5 or 29 at
                               meter.               standard cubic       volume of 1 dry      40 CFR part 60,
                                                    meter. Coal--130     standard cubic       appendix A-3 or
                                                    milligrams per dry   meter).              appendix A-8).
                                                    standard cubic
                                                    meter.
Sulfur dioxide..............  720 parts per        Biomass--7.3 parts   3-run average (1     Performance test
                               million dry volume.  per million dry      hour minimum         (Method 6 or 6c at
                                                    volume. Coal--850    sample time per      40 CFR part 60,
                                                    parts per million    run).                appendix A-4).
                                                    dry volume.
Fugitive ash................  Visible emissions    Visible emissions    Three 1-hour         Visible emission
                               for no more than 5   for no more than 5   observation          test (Method 22 at
                               percent of the       percent of the       periods.             40 CFR part 60,
                               hourly observation   hourly observation                        appendix A-7).
                               period.              period.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The date specified in the state plan can be no later than 3 years after the effective date of approval of a
  revised state plan or February 7, 2018.
\2\ All emission limitations (except for opacity) are measured at 7 percent oxygen, dry basis at standard
  conditions. For dioxins/furans, you must meet either the total mass basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis
  limit.
\3\ In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring
  system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with
  the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in
  Sec.  Sec.   60.2710 and 60.2730. As prescribed in Sec.   60.2710(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated sorbent
  trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-day
  rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations.
\4\ Incorporated by reference, see Sec.   60.17.


Table 8 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations That Apply to Waste-Burning Kilns After May
                                                    20, 2011
                                     [Date to be specified in state plan] 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            And determining
     For the air pollutant          You must meet this      Using this averaging time    compliance using this
                                   emission limitation 2                3                      method 3 4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cadmium.......................  0.0014 milligrams per dry   3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
                                 standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 2 dry    29 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-8).
Carbon monoxide...............  110 (long kilns)/790        3-run average (1 hour      Performance test (Method
                                 (preheater/precalciner)     minimum sample time per    10 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                 parts per million dry       run).                      appendix A-4).
                                 volume.
Dioxins/furans (total mass      1.3 nanograms per dry       3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
 basis).                         standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    23 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-7).
Dioxins/furans (toxic           0.075 nanograms per dry     3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
 equivalency basis).             standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 4 dry    23 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-7).
Hydrogen chloride.............  3.0 parts per million dry   3-run average (collect a   If a wet scrubber or dry
                                 volume.                     minimum volume of 1 dry    scrubber is used,
                                                             standard cubic meter),     performance test (Method
                                                             or 30-day rolling          321 at 40 CFR part 63,
                                                             average if HCl CEMS is     appendix A of this
                                                             being used.                part). If a wet scrubber
                                                                                        or dry scrubber is not
                                                                                        used, HCl CEMS as
                                                                                        specified in Sec.
                                                                                        60.2710(j).
Lead..........................  0.014 milligrams per dry    3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
                                 standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 2 dry    29 at 40 CFR part 60,
                                                             standard cubic meters).    appendix A-8).
Mercury.......................  0.011 milligrams per dry    30-day rolling average...  Mercury CEMS or
                                 standard cubic meter. Or                               integrated sorbent trap
                                 58 pounds/million tons of                              monitoring system
                                 clinker.                                               (performance
                                                                                        specification 12A or
                                                                                        12B, respectively, of
                                                                                        appendix B and procedure
                                                                                        5 of appendix F of this
                                                                                        part), as specified in
                                                                                        Sec.   60.2710(j).
Nitrogen oxides...............  630 parts per million dry   3-run average (for Method  Performance test (Method
                                 volume.                     7E, 1 hour minimum         7 or 7E at 40 CFR part
                                                             sample time per run).      60, appendix A-4).
Particulate matter filterable.  13.5 milligrams per dry     3-run average (collect a   Performance test (Method
                                 standard cubic meter.       minimum volume of 1 dry    5 or 29 at 40 CFR part
                                                             standard cubic meter).     60, appendix A-3 or
                                                                                        appendix-8).
Sulfur dioxide................  600 parts per million dry   3-run average (for Method  Performance test (Method
                                 volume.                     6, collect a minimum of    6 or 6c at 40 CFR part
                                                             20 liters; for Method      60, appendix A-4).
                                                             6C, 1 hour minimum
                                                             sample time per run).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The date specified in the state plan can be no later than 3 years after the effective date of approval of a
  revised state plan or February 7, 2018.
\2\ All emission limitations are measured at 7 percent oxygen (except for CEMS and integrated sorbent trap
  monitoring system data during startup and shutdown), dry basis at standard conditions. For dioxins/furans, you
  must meet either the total mass basis limit or the toxic equivalency basis limit.
\3\ In lieu of performance testing, you may use a CEMS or, for mercury, an integrated sorbent trap monitoring
  system, to demonstrate initial and continuing compliance with an emissions limit, as long as you comply with
  the CEMS or integrated sorbent trap monitoring system requirements applicable to the specific pollutant in
  Sec.  Sec.   60.2710 and Sec.   60.2730. As prescribed in Sec.   60.2710(u), if you use a CEMS or integrated
  sorbent trap monitoring system to demonstrate compliance with an emissions limit, your averaging time is a 30-
  day rolling average of 1-hour arithmetic average emission concentrations.
\4\ Alkali bypass and in-line coal mill stacks are subject to performance testing only, as specified in
  60.2710(y)(3). They are not subject to the CEMS, integrated sorbent trap monitoring system, or CPMS
  requirements that otherwise may apply to the main kiln exhaust.

* * * * *

Subpart JJJJ--Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark 
Ignition Internal Combustion Engines

0
16. Revise Table 2 to subpart JJJJ of part 60 to read as follows:
    As stated in Sec.  60.4244, you must comply with the following 
requirements for performance tests within 10 percent of 100 percent 
peak (or the highest achievable) load]:

[[Page 68083]]



                     Table 2 to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60--Requirements for Performance Tests
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  Complying with
           For each              the  requirement       You must             Using           According to the
                                        to                                                following requirements
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Stationary SI internal       a. limit the       i. Select the       (1) Method 1 or    (a) Alternatively, for
 combustion engine               concentration of   sampling port       1A of 40 CFR       NOX, O2, and moisture
 demonstrating compliance        NOX in the         location and the    part 60,           measurement, ducts
 according to Sec.   60.4244.    stationary SI      number/location     appendix A-1, if   <=6 inches in
                                 internal           of traverse         measuring flow     diameter may be
                                 combustion         points at the       rate.              sampled at a single
                                 engine exhaust.    exhaust of the                         point located at the
                                                    stationary                             duct centroid and
                                                    internal                               ducts >6 and <=12
                                                    combustion                             inches in diameter
                                                    engine;                                may be sampled at 3
                                                                                           traverse points
                                                                                           located at 16.7,
                                                                                           50.0, and 83.3% of
                                                                                           the measurement line
                                                                                           (`3-point long
                                                                                           line'). If the duct
                                                                                           is >12 inches in
                                                                                           diameter and the
                                                                                           sampling port
                                                                                           location meets the
                                                                                           two and half-diameter
                                                                                           criterion of Section
                                                                                           11.1.1 of Method 1 of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A, the duct
                                                                                           may be sampled at `3-
                                                                                           point long line';
                                                                                           otherwise, conduct
                                                                                           the stratification
                                                                                           testing and select
                                                                                           sampling points
                                                                                           according to Section
                                                                                           8.1.2 of Method 7E of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A.
                                                   ii. Determine the   (2) Method 3, 3A,  (b) Measurements to
                                                    O2 concentration    or 3B \b\ of 40    determine O2
                                                    of the stationary   CFR part 60,       concentration must be
                                                    internal            appendix A-2 or    made at the same time
                                                    combustion engine   ASTM Method        as the measurements
                                                    exhaust at the      D6522-00           for NOX
                                                    sampling port       (Reapproved        concentration.
                                                    location;           2005) a d.
                                                   iii. If necessary,  (3) Method 2 or    (c) Measurements to
                                                    determine the       2C of 40 CFR       determine the exhaust
                                                    exhaust flowrate    part 60,           flowrate must be made
                                                    of the stationary   appendix A-1 or    (1) at the same time
                                                    internal            Method 19 of 40    as the measurement
                                                    combustion engine   CFR part 60,       for NOX concentration
                                                    exhaust;            appendix A-7.      or, alternatively (2)
                                                                                           according to the
                                                                                           option in Section
                                                                                           11.1.2 of Method 1A
                                                                                           of 40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A-1, if
                                                                                           applicable.
                                                   iv. If necessary,   (4) Method 4 of    (d) Measurements to
                                                    measure moisture    40 CFR part 60,    determine moisture
                                                    content of the      appendix A-3,      must be made at the
                                                    stationary          Method 320 of 40   same time as the
                                                    internal            CFR part 63,       measurement for NOX
                                                    combustion engine   appendix A,\e\     concentration.
                                                    exhaust at the      or ASTM Method
                                                    sampling port       D6348-03 d e.
                                                    location; and
                                                   v. Measure NOX at   (5) Method 7E of   (e) Results of this
                                                    the exhaust of      40 CFR part 60,    test consist of the
                                                    the stationary      appendix A-4,      average of the three
                                                    internal            ASTM Method        1-hour or longer
                                                    combustion          D6522-00           runs.
                                                    engine; if using    (Reapproved
                                                    a control device,   2005),a d Method
                                                    the sampling site   320 of 40 CFR
                                                    must be located     part 63,
                                                    at the outlet of    appendix A,\e\
                                                    the control         or ASTM Method
                                                    device.             D6348-03 d e.
                                b. limit the       i. Select the       (1) Method 1 or    (a) Alternatively, for
                                 concentration of   sampling port       1A of 40 CFR       CO, O2, and moisture
                                 CO in the          location and the    part 60,           measurement, ducts
                                 stationary SI      number/location     appendix A-1, if   <=6 inches in
                                 internal           of traverse         measuring flow     diameter may be
                                 combustion         points at the       rate.              sampled at a single
                                 engine exhaust.    exhaust of the                         point located at the
                                                    stationary                             duct centroid and
                                                    internal                               ducts >6 and <=12
                                                    combustion                             inches in diameter
                                                    engine;                                may be sampled at 3
                                                                                           traverse points
                                                                                           located at 16.7,
                                                                                           50.0, and 83.3% of
                                                                                           the measurement line
                                                                                           (`3-point long
                                                                                           line'). If the duct
                                                                                           is >12 inches in
                                                                                           diameter and the
                                                                                           sampling port
                                                                                           location meets the
                                                                                           two and half-diameter
                                                                                           criterion of Section
                                                                                           11.1.1 of Method 1 of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A, the duct
                                                                                           may be sampled at `3-
                                                                                           point long line';
                                                                                           otherwise, conduct
                                                                                           the stratification
                                                                                           testing and select
                                                                                           sampling points
                                                                                           according to Section
                                                                                           8.1.2 of Method 7E of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A.
                                                   ii. Determine the   (2) Method 3, 3A,  (b) Measurements to
                                                    O2 concentration    or 3B \b\ of 40    determine O2
                                                    of the stationary   CFR part 60,       concentration must be
                                                    internal            appendix A-2 or    made at the same time
                                                    combustion engine   ASTM Method        as the measurements
                                                    exhaust at the      D6522-00           for CO concentration.
                                                    sampling port       (Reapproved
                                                    location;           2005) a d.
                                                   iii. If necessary,  (3) Method 2 or    (c) Measurements to
                                                    determine the       2C of 40 CFR 60,   determine the exhaust
                                                    exhaust flowrate    appendix A-1 or    flowrate must be made
                                                    of the stationary   Method 19 of 40    (1) at the same time
                                                    internal            CFR part 60,       as the measurement
                                                    combustion engine   appendix A-7.      for CO concentration
                                                    exhaust;                               or, alternatively (2)
                                                                                           according to the
                                                                                           option in Section
                                                                                           11.1.2 of Method 1A
                                                                                           of 40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A-1, if
                                                                                           applicable.
                                                   iv. If necessary,   (4) Method 4 of    (d) Measurements to
                                                    measure moisture    40 CFR part 60,    determine moisture
                                                    content of the      appendix A-3,      must be made at the
                                                    stationary          Method 320 of 40   same time as the
                                                    internal            CFR part 63,       measurement for CO
                                                    combustion engine   appendix A,\e\     concentration.
                                                    exhaust at the      or ASTM Method
                                                    sampling port       D6348-03 d e.
                                                    location; and
                                                   v. Measure CO at    (5) Method 10 of   (e) Results of this
                                                    the exhaust of      40 CFR part 60,    test consist of the
                                                    the stationary      appendix A4,       average of the three
                                                    internal            ASTM Method        1-hour or longer
                                                    combustion          D6522-00           runs.
                                                    engine; if using    (Reapproved
                                                    a control device,   2005),a d e
                                                    the sampling site   Method 320 of 40
                                                    must be located     CFR part 63,
                                                    at the outlet of    appendix A,\e\
                                                    the control         or ASTM Method
                                                    device.             D6348-03 d e.

[[Page 68084]]

 
                                c. limit the       i. Select the       (1) Method 1 or    (a) Alternatively, for
                                 concentration of   sampling port       1A of 40 CFR       VOC, O2, and moisture
                                 VOC in the         location and the    part 60,           measurement, ducts
                                 stationary SI      number/location     appendix A-1, if   <=6 inches in
                                 internal           of traverse         measuring flow     diameter may be
                                 combustion         points at the       rate.              sampled at a single
                                 engine exhaust.    exhaust of the                         point located at the
                                                    stationary                             duct centroid and
                                                    internal                               ducts >6 and <=12
                                                    combustion                             inches in diameter
                                                    engine;                                may be sampled at 3
                                                                                           traverse points
                                                                                           located at 16.7,
                                                                                           50.0, and 83.3% of
                                                                                           the measurement line
                                                                                           (`3-point long
                                                                                           line'). If the duct
                                                                                           is >12 inches in
                                                                                           diameter and the
                                                                                           sampling port
                                                                                           location meets the
                                                                                           two and half-diameter
                                                                                           criterion of Section
                                                                                           11.1.1 of Method 1 of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A, the duct
                                                                                           may be sampled at `3-
                                                                                           point long line';
                                                                                           otherwise, conduct
                                                                                           the stratification
                                                                                           testing and select
                                                                                           sampling points
                                                                                           according to Section
                                                                                           8.1.2 of Method 7E of
                                                                                           40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A.
                                                   ii. Determine the   (2) Method 3, 3A,  (b) Measurements to
                                                    O2 concentration    or 3B \b\ of 40    determine O2
                                                    of the stationary   CFR part 60,       concentration must be
                                                    internal            appendix A-2 or    made at the same time
                                                    combustion engine   ASTM Method        as the measurements
                                                    exhaust at the      D6522-00           for VOC
                                                    sampling port       (Reapproved        concentration.
                                                    location;           2005) a d.
                                                   iii. If necessary,  (3) Method 2 or    (c) Measurements to
                                                    determine the       2C of 40 CFR 60,   determine the exhaust
                                                    exhaust flowrate    appendix A-1 or    flowrate must be made
                                                    of the stationary   Method 19 of 40    (1) at the same time
                                                    internal            CFR part 60,       as the measurement
                                                    combustion engine   appendix A-7.      for VOC concentration
                                                    exhaust;                               or, alternatively (2)
                                                                                           according to the
                                                                                           option in Section
                                                                                           11.1.2 of Method 1A
                                                                                           of 40 CFR part 60,
                                                                                           Appendix A-1, if
                                                                                           applicable.
                                                   iv. If necessary,   (4) Method 4 of    (d) Measurements to
                                                    measure moisture    40 CFR part 60,    determine moisture
                                                    content of the      appendix A-3,      must be made at the
                                                    stationary          Method 320 of 40   same time as the
                                                    internal            CFR part 63,       measurement for VOC
                                                    combustion engine   appendix A,\e\     concentration.
                                                    exhaust at the      or ASTM Method
                                                    sampling port       D6348-03 d e.
                                                    location; and
                                                   v. Measure VOC at   (5) Methods 25A    (e) Results of this
                                                    the exhaust of      and 18 of 40 CFR   test consist of the
                                                    the stationary      part 60,           average of the three
                                                    internal            appendices A-6     1-hour or longer
                                                    combustion          and A-7, Method    runs.
                                                    engine; if using    25A with the use
                                                    a control device,   of a hydrocarbon
                                                    the sampling site   cutter as
                                                    must be located     described in 40
                                                    at the outlet of    CFR 1065.265,
                                                    the control         Method 18 of 40
                                                    device.             CFR part 60,
                                                                        appendix A-6,c e
                                                                        Method 320 of 40
                                                                        CFR part 63,
                                                                        appendix A,\e\
                                                                        or ASTM Method
                                                                        D6348-03 d e.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Also, you may petition the Administrator for approval to use alternative methods for portable analyzer.
\b\ You may use ASME PTC 19.10-1981, Flue and Exhaust Gas Analyses, for measuring the O2 content of the exhaust
  gas as an alternative to EPA Method 3B. AMSE PTC 19.10-1981 incorporated by reference, see 40 CFR 60.17
\c\ You may use EPA Method 18 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-6, provided that you conduct an adequate pre-survey
  test prior to the emissions test, such as the one described in OTM 11 on EPA's website (http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/prelim/otm11.pdf).
\d\ Incorporated by reference; see 40 CFR 60.17.
\e\ You must meet the requirements in Sec.   60.4245(d).

* * * * *

Subpart KKKK--Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion 
Turbines

0
17. In Sec.  60.4415, revise the introductory text to paragraph (a)(1) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  60.4415  How do I conduct the initial and subsequent performance 
tests for sulfur?

    (a) * * *
    (1) If you choose to periodically determine the sulfur content of 
the fuel combusted in the turbine, a representative fuel sample may be 
collected either by an automatic sampling system or manually. For 
automatic sampling, follow either ASTM D5287 (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  60.17) for gaseous fuels or ASTM D4177 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17) for liquid fuels. For 
manual sampling of gaseous fuels, follow either GPA 2166 or ISO 10715 
(both of which are incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17). For 
manual sampling of liquid fuels, follow either GPA 2174 or the 
procedures for manual pipeline sampling in section 14 of ASTM D4057 
(both of which are incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17). The 
fuel analyses of this section may be performed either by you, a service 
contractor retained by you, the fuel vendor, or any other qualified 
agency. Analyze the samples for the total sulfur content of the fuel 
using:
* * * * *

Subpart QQQQ--Standards of Performance for New Residential Hydronic 
Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces

0
18. In Sec.  60.5476 revise paragraph (i) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.5476  What test methods and procedures must I use to determine 
compliance with the standards and requirements for certification?

* * * * *
    (i) The approved test laboratory must allow the manufacturer, the 
manufacturer's approved third-party certifier, the EPA and delegated 
state regulatory agencies to observe certification testing. However, 
manufacturers must not involve themselves in the conduct of the test

[[Page 68085]]

after the pretest burn has begun. Communications between the 
manufacturer and laboratory or third-party certifier personnel 
regarding operation of the central heater must be limited to written 
communications transmitted prior to the first pretest burn of the 
certification test series. During certification tests, the manufacturer 
may communicate with the third-party certifier, and only in writing to 
notify them that the manufacturer has observed a deviation from proper 
test procedures by the laboratory. All communications must be included 
in the test documentation required to be submitted pursuant to Sec.  
60.5475(b)(5) and must be consistent with instructions provided in the 
owner's manual required under Sec.  60.5478(f).
* * * * *
0
19. Amend Appendix A-3 to part 60 by:
0
a. In Method 4, revising sections 2.1, 6.1.5, 8.1.3, 8.1.4.2, 9.1, 
11.1, 11.2, 12.1.1, 12.1.2, 12.1.3, 12.2.1, and 12.2.2 and Figures 4-4 
and 4-5; and
0
b. In Method 5, revising sections 6.1.1.8, 6.2.4, 6.2.5, 8.1.2, 
8.7.6.4, 12.1, 12.3, 12.4, 12.11.1, 12.11.2, 16.1.1.4, and 16.2.3.3 and 
Figure 5-6.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-3 to Part 60--Test Methods 4 through 5I

* * * * *

Method 4--Determination of Moisture Content in Stack Gases

* * * * *
    2.1 A gas sample is extracted at a constant rate from the source; 
moisture is removed from the sample stream and determined 
gravimetrically.
* * * * *
    6.1.5 Barometer and Balance. Same as Method 5, sections 6.1.2 and 
6.2.5, respectively.
* * * * *
    8.1.3 Leak-Check Procedures.
    8.1.3.1 Leak Check of Metering System Shown in Figure 4-1. That 
portion of the sampling train from the pump to the orifice meter should 
be leak-checked prior to initial use and after each shipment. Leakage 
after the pump will result in less volume being recorded than is 
actually sampled. The following procedure is suggested (see Figure 5-2 
of Method 5): Close the main valve on the meter box. Insert a one-hole 
rubber stopper with rubber tubing attached into the orifice exhaust 
pipe. Disconnect and vent the low side of the orifice manometer. Close 
off the low side orifice tap. Pressurize the system to 13 to 18 cm (5 
to 7 in.) water column by blowing into the rubber tubing. Pinch off the 
tubing and observe the manometer for one minute. A loss of pressure on 
the manometer indicates a leak in the meter box; leaks, if present, 
must be corrected.
    8.1.3.2 Pretest Leak Check. A pretest leak check of the sampling 
train is recommended, but not required. If the pretest leak check is 
conducted, the following procedure should be used.
    8.1.3.2.1 After the sampling train has been assembled, turn on and 
set the filter and probe heating systems to the desired operating 
temperatures. Allow time for the temperatures to stabilize. If a Viton 
A O-ring or other leak-free connection is used in assembling the probe 
nozzle to the probe liner, leak-check the train at the sampling site by 
plugging the nozzle and pulling a 380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum.
    Note: A lower vacuum may be used, provided that it is not exceeded 
during the test.
    8.1.3.2.2 Leak-check the train by first plugging the inlet to the 
filter holder and pulling a 380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum (see note in 
section 8.1.3.2.1). Then connect the probe to the train, and leak-check 
at approximately 25 mm (1 in.) Hg vacuum; alternatively, the probe may 
be leak-checked with the rest of the sampling train, in one step, at 
380 mm (15 in.) Hg vacuum. Leakage rates in excess of 4 percent of the 
average sampling rate or 0.00057 m\3\/min (0.020 cfm), whichever is 
less, are unacceptable.
    8.1.3.2.3 Start the pump with the bypass valve fully open and the 
coarse adjust valve completely closed. Partially open the coarse adjust 
valve, and slowly close the bypass valve until the desired vacuum is 
reached. Do not reverse the direction of the bypass valve, as this will 
cause water to back up into the filter holder. If the desired vacuum is 
exceeded, either leak-check at this higher vacuum, or end the leak 
check and start over.
    8.1.3.2.4 When the leak check is completed, first slowly remove the 
plug from the inlet to the probe, filter holder, and immediately turn 
off the vacuum pump. This prevents the water in the impingers from 
being forced backward into the filter holder and the silica gel from 
being entrained backward into the third impinger.
    8.1.3.3 Leak Checks During Sample Run. If, during the sampling run, 
a component (e.g., filter assembly or impinger) change becomes 
necessary, a leak check shall be conducted immediately before the 
change is made. The leak check shall be done according to the procedure 
outlined in section 8.1.3.2 above, except that it shall be done at a 
vacuum equal to or greater than the maximum value recorded up to that 
point in the test. If the leakage rate is found to be no greater than 
0.00057 m\3\/min (0.020 cfm) or 4 percent of the average sampling rate 
(whichever is less), the results are acceptable, and no correction will 
need to be applied to the total volume of dry gas metered; if, however, 
a higher leakage rate is obtained, either record the leakage rate and 
plan to correct the sample volume as shown in section 12.3 of Method 5, 
or void the sample run.
    Note: Immediately after component changes, leak checks are 
optional. If such leak checks are done, the procedure outlined in 
section 8.1.3.2 above should be used.
    8.1.3.4 Post-Test Leak Check. A leak check of the sampling train is 
mandatory at the conclusion of each sampling run. The leak check shall 
be performed in accordance with the procedures outlined in section 
8.1.3.2, except that it shall be conducted at a vacuum equal to or 
greater than the maximum value reached during the sampling run. If the 
leakage rate is found to be no greater than 0.00057 m\3\ min (0.020 
cfm) or 4 percent of the average sampling rate (whichever is less), the 
results are acceptable, and no correction need be applied to the total 
volume of dry gas metered. If, however, a higher leakage rate is 
obtained, either record the leakage rate and correct the sample volume 
as shown in section 12.3 of Method 5, or void the sampling run.
* * * * *
    8.1.4.2 At the end of the sample run, close the coarse adjust 
valve, remove the probe and nozzle from the stack, turn off the pump, 
record the final DGM meter reading, and conduct a post-test leak check, 
as outlined in section 8.1.3.4.
* * * * *
    9.1 Miscellaneous Quality Control Measures.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Quality control
           Section                   measure               Effect
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 8.1.3.2.2...........  Leak rate of the      Ensures the accuracy
                               sampling system       of the volume of
                               cannot exceed four    gas sampled.
                               percent of the        (Reference Method).
                               average sampling
                               rate or 0.00057
                               m\3\/min (0.020
                               cfm).

[[Page 68086]]

 
Section 8.2.1...............  Leak rate of the      Ensures the accuracy
                               sampling system       of the volume of
                               cannot exceed two     gas sampled.
                               percent of the        (Approximation
                               average sampling      Method).
                               rate.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    11.1 Reference Method. Weigh the impingers after sampling and 
record the difference in weight to the nearest 0.5 g at a minimum. 
Determine the increase in weight of the silica gel (or silica gel plus 
impinger) to the nearest 0.5 g at a minimum. Record this information 
(see example data sheet, Figure 4-5), and calculate the moisture 
content, as described in section 12.0.
    11.2 Approximation Method. Weigh the contents of the two impingers, 
and measure the weight to the nearest 0.5 g.
* * * * *
    12.1.1 Nomenclature.
    Bws = Proportion of water vapor, by volume, in the gas 
stream.
    Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 
lb/lb-mole).
    Pm = Absolute pressure (for this method, same as 
barometric pressure) at the dry gas meter, mm Hg (in. Hg).
    Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. 
Hg).
    R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 (mm Hg)(m\3\)/(g-mole)([deg]K) for 
metric units and 21.85 (in. Hg)(ft\3\)/(lb-mole)([deg]R) for English 
units.
    Tm = Absolute temperature at meter, [deg]K ([deg]R).
    Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 [deg]K 
(527.67 [deg]R).
    Vf = Final weight of condenser water plus impinger, g.
    Vi = Initial weight, if any, of condenser water plus 
impinger, g.
    Vm = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, dcm 
(dcf).
    Vm(std) = Dry gas volume measured by the dry gas meter, 
corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf).
    Vwc(std) = Volume of water vapor condensed, corrected to 
standard conditions, scm (scf).
    Vwsg(std) = Volume of water vapor collected in silica 
gel, corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf).
    Wf = Final weight of silica gel or silica gel plus 
impinger, g.
    Wi = Initial weight of silica gel or silica gel plus 
impinger, g.
    Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor.
    [Delta]Vm = Incremental dry gas volume measured by dry 
gas meter at each traverse point, dcm (dcf).
    12.1.2 Volume of Water Vapor Condensed.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.011
    
Where:

K1 = 0.001335 m\3\/g for metric units,
= 0.04716 ft\3\/g for English units.

    12.1.3 * * *
K3 = 0.001335 m\3\/g for metric units,
= 0.04716 ft\3\/g for English units.
* * * * *
    12.2.1 Nomenclature.
    Bwm = Approximate proportion by volume of water vapor in 
the gas stream leaving the second impinger, 0.025.
    Bws = Water vapor in the gas stream, proportion by 
volume.
    Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 
lb/lb-mole).
    Pm = Absolute pressure (for this method, same as 
barometric pressure) at the dry gas meter, mm Hg (in. Hg).
    Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. 
Hg).
    R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 [(mm Hg)(m\3\)]/[(g-mole)(K)] for 
metric units and 21.85 [(in. Hg)(ft\3\)]/[(lb-mole)([deg]R)] for 
English units.
    Tm = Absolute temperature at meter, [deg]K ([deg]R).
    Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 [deg]K 
(527.67 [deg]R).
    Vf = Final weight of condenser water plus impinger, g.
    Vi = Initial weight, if any, of condenser water plus 
impinger, g.
    Vm = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, dcm 
(dcf).
    Vm(std) = Dry gas volume measured by dry gas meter, 
corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf).
    Vwc(std) = Volume of water vapor condensed, corrected to 
standard conditions, scm (scf).
    Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor.
    12.2.2 Volume of Water Vapor Collected.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.012
    
K5 = 0.001335 m\3\/g for metric units,
= 0.04716 ft\3\/g for English units.
* * * * *

[[Page 68087]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.013

Method 5--Determination of Particulate Matter Emissions From Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    6.1.1.8 Condenser. The following system shall be used to determine 
the stack gas moisture content: Four impingers connected in series with 
leak-free ground glass fittings or any similar leak-free 
noncontaminating fittings. The first, third, and fourth impingers shall 
be of the Greenburg-Smith design, modified by replacing the tip with a 
1.3 cm (\1/2\ in.) ID glass tube extending to about 1.3 cm (\1/2\ in.) 
from the bottom of the flask. The second impinger shall be of the 
Greenburg-Smith design with the standard tip. Modifications (e.g., 
using flexible connections between the impingers, using materials other 
than glass, or using flexible vacuum lines to connect the filter holder 
to the condenser) may be used, subject to the approval of the 
Administrator. The first and second impingers shall contain known 
quantities of water (Section 8.3.1), the third shall be empty, and the 
fourth shall contain a known weight of silica gel, or equivalent 
desiccant. A temperature sensor, capable of measuring temperature to 
within 1 [deg]C (2 [deg]F) shall be placed at the outlet of the fourth 
impinger for monitoring purposes. Alternatively, any system that cools 
the sample gas stream and allows measurement of the water condensed and 
moisture leaving the condenser, each to within 0.5 g may be used, 
subject to the approval of the Administrator. An acceptable technique 
involves the measurement of condensed water either gravimetrically and 
the determination of the moisture leaving the condenser by: (1) 
Monitoring the temperature and pressure at the exit of the condenser 
and using Dalton's law of partial pressures; or (2) passing the sample 
gas stream through a tared silica gel (or equivalent desiccant) trap 
with exit gases kept below 20 [deg]C (68 [deg]F) and determining the 
weight gain. If means other than silica gel are used to determine the 
amount of moisture leaving the condenser, it is recommended that silica 
gel (or equivalent) still be used between the condenser system and pump 
to prevent moisture condensation in the pump and metering devices and 
to avoid the need to make corrections for moisture in the metered 
volume.
    Note: If a determination of the PM collected in the impingers is 
desired in addition to moisture content, the impinger system described 
above shall be used, without modification. Individual States or control 
agencies requiring this information shall be contacted as to the sample 
recovery and analysis of the impinger contents.
* * * * *
    6.2.4 Petri dishes. For filter samples; glass, polystyrene, or 
polyethylene, unless otherwise specified by the Administrator.
    6.2.5 Balance. To measure condensed water to within 0.5 g at a 
minimum.
* * * * *
    8.1.2 Check filters visually against light for irregularities, 
flaws, or pinhole leaks. Label filters of the proper diameter on the 
back side near the edge using numbering machine ink. As an alternative, 
label the shipping containers (glass, polystyrene or polyethylene petri 
dishes), and keep each filter in its identified container at all times 
except during sampling.
* * * * *
    8.7.6.4 Impinger Water. Treat the impingers as follows: Make a 
notation of any color or film in the liquid catch. Measure the liquid 
that is in the first three impingers by weighing it to within 0.5 g at 
a minimum by using a balance. Record the weight of liquid present. This 
information is required to calculate the moisture content of the 
effluent gas. Discard the liquid after measuring and recording the 
weight, unless analysis of the impinger catch is required (see Note, 
section 6.1.1.8). If a different type of

[[Page 68088]]

condenser is used, measure the amount of moisture condensed 
gravimetrically.
* * * * *
    12.1 Nomenclature.
    An = Cross-sectional area of nozzle, m\2\ (ft\2\).
    Bws = Water vapor in the gas stream, proportion by 
volume.
    Ca = Acetone blank residue concentration, mg/mg.
    cs = Concentration of particulate matter in stack gas, 
dry basis, corrected to standard conditions, g/dscm (gr/dscf).
    I = Percent of isokinetic sampling.
    L1 = Individual leakage rate observed during the leak-
check conducted prior to the first component change, m\3\/min (ft\3\/
min)
    La = Maximum acceptable leakage rate for either a 
pretest leak-check or for a leak-check following a component change; 
equal to 0.00057 m\3\/min (0.020 cfm) or 4 percent of the average 
sampling rate, whichever is less.
    Li = Individual leakage rate observed during the leak-
check conducted prior to the ``ith'' component change (i = 
1, 2, 3 . . . n), m\3\/min (cfm).
    Lp = Leakage rate observed during the post-test leak-
check, m\3\/min (cfm).
    ma = Mass of residue of acetone after evaporation, mg.
    mn = Total amount of particulate matter collected, mg.
    Mw = Molecular weight of water, 18.015 g/g-mole (18.015 
lb/lb-mole).
    Pbar = Barometric pressure at the sampling site, mm Hg 
(in. Hg).
    Ps = Absolute stack gas pressure, mm Hg (in. Hg).
    Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. 
Hg).
    R = Ideal gas constant, 0.06236 ((mm Hg)(m\3\))/((K)(g-mole)) 
{21.85 ((in. Hg) (ft\3\))/(([deg]R) (lb-mole)){time} .
    Tm = Absolute average DGM temperature (see Figure 5-3), 
K ([deg]R).
    Ts = Absolute average stack gas temperature (see Figure 
5-3), K ([deg]R).
    Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293.15 K (527.67 
[deg]R).
    Va = Volume of acetone blank, ml.
    Vaw = Volume of acetone used in wash, ml.
    V1c = Total volume of liquid collected in impingers and 
silica gel (see Figure 5-6), g.
    Vm = Volume of gas sample as measured by dry gas meter, 
dcm (dcf).
    Vm(std) = Volume of gas sample measured by the dry gas 
meter, corrected to standard conditions, dscm (dscf).
    Vw(std) = Volume of water vapor in the gas sample, 
corrected to standard conditions, scm (scf).
    Vs = Stack gas velocity, calculated by Method 2, 
Equation 2-7, using data obtained from Method 5, m/sec (ft/sec).
    Wa = Weight of residue in acetone wash, mg.
    Y = Dry gas meter calibration factor.
    [Delta]H = Average pressure differential across the orifice meter 
(see Figure 5-4), mm H2O (in. H2O).
    [rho]a = Density of acetone, mg/ml (see label on 
bottle).
    [thgr] = Total sampling time, min.
    [thgr]1 = Sampling time interval, from the beginning of 
a run until the first component change, min.
    [thgr]i = Sampling time interval, between two successive 
component changes, beginning with the interval between the first and 
second changes, min.
    [thgr]p = Sampling time interval, from the final (nth) 
component change until the end of the sampling run, min.
    13.6 = Specific gravity of mercury.
    60 = Sec/min.
    100 = Conversion to percent.
* * * * *
    12.3 * * *
    K1 = 0.38572 [deg]K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 
[deg]R/in. Hg for English units.
* * * * *
    12.4 Volume of Water Vapor Condensed
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.014
    
    Where: K2 = 0.001335 m3/g for metric units, = 0.04716 
ft3/g for English units.
* * * * *
    12.11.1 * * *

Where:

K4 = 0.003456 ((mm Hg)(m\3\))/((ml)([deg]K)) for metric 
units, = 0.002668 ((in. Hg)(ft\3\))/((ml)([deg]R)) for English 
units.

* * * * *
    12.11.2 * * *

Where:

K5 = 4.3209 for metric units, = 0.09450 for English 
units.

* * * * *
    16.1.1.4 * * *

Where:

K1 = 0.38572 [deg]K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 
[deg]R/in. Hg for English units.
Tadj = 273.15 [deg]C for metric units = 459.67 [deg]F for 
English units.

* * * * *
    16.2.3.3 * * *

Where:

K1 = 0.38572 [deg]K/mm Hg for metric units, = 17.636 
[deg]R/in. Hg for English units.

* * * * *
    18.0 * * *

[[Page 68089]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.015

* * * * *
0
20. Amend Appendix A-4 to part 60 by:
0
a. In Method 7C, revising section 7.2.11.
0
b. In Method 7E, revising section 8.5.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-4 to Part 60--Test Methods 6 Through 10B

* * * * *

Method 7C--Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions From Stationary 
Sources--Alkaline-Permanganate/Colorimetric Method

* * * * *
    7.2.11 Sodium Nitrite (NaNO2) Standard Solution, Nominal 
Concentration, 1000 [micro]g NO2-/ml. Desiccate 
NaNO2 overnight. Accurately weigh 1.4 to 1.6 g of 
NaNO2 (assay of 97 percent NaNO2 or greater), 
dissolve in water, and dilute to 1 liter. Calculate the exact 
NO2-concentration using Equation 7C-1 in section 12.2. This 
solution is stable for at least 6 months under laboratory conditions.
* * * * *

Method 7E--Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions From Stationary 
Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure)

* * * * *
    8.5 Post-Run System Bias Check and Drift Assessment.
    How do I confirm that each sample I collect is valid? After each 
run, repeat the system bias check or 2-point system calibration error 
check (for dilution systems) to validate the run. Do not make 
adjustments to the measurement system (other than to maintain the 
target sampling rate or dilution ratio) between the end of the run and 
the completion of the post-run system bias or system calibration error 
check. Note that for all post-run system bias or 2-point system 
calibration error checks, you may inject the low-level gas first and 
the upscale gas last, or vice-versa. If conducting a relative accuracy 
test or relative accuracy test audit, consisting of nine runs or more, 
you may risk sampling for up to three runs before performing the post-
run bias or system calibration error check provided you pass this test 
at the conclusion of the group of three runs. A failed post-run bias or 
system calibration error check in this case will invalidate all runs 
subsequent to the last passed check. When conducting a performance or 
compliance test, you must perform a post-run system bias or system 
calibration error check after each individual test run.
    * * *
* * * * *
0
21. Amend Appendix A-5 to part 60, Method 12 by:
0
a. Revising sections 7.1.2, 8.7.1.6, 8.7.3.1, 8.7.3.6, 12.3, 16.1 
through 16.5;
0
b. Adding sections 16.5.1 and 16.5.2; and
0
c. Removing section 16.6.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:

Appendix A-5 to Part 60--Test Methods 11 Through 15A

* * * * *

Method 12--Determination of Inorganic Lead Emissions From Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    7.1.2 Silica Gel and Crushed Ice. Same as Method 5, sections 7.1.2 
and 7.1.4, respectively.
* * * * *
    8.7.1.6 Brush and rinse with 0.1 N HNO3 the inside of 
the front half of the

[[Page 68090]]

filter holder. Brush and rinse each surface three times or more, if 
needed, to remove visible sample matter. Make a final rinse of the 
brush and filter holder. After all 0.1 N HNO3 washings and 
sample matter are collected in the sample container, tighten the lid on 
the sample container so that the fluid will not leak out when it is 
shipped to the laboratory. Mark the height of the fluid level to 
determine whether leakage occurs during transport. Label the container 
to identify its contents clearly.
* * * * *
    8.7.3.1. Cap the impinger ball joints.
* * * * *
    8.7.3.6. Rinse the insides of each piece of connecting glassware 
for the impingers twice with 0.1 N HNO3; transfer this rinse 
into Container No. 4. Do not rinse or brush the glass-fritted filter 
support. Mark the height of the fluid level to determine whether 
leakage occurs during transport. Label the container to identify its 
contents clearly.
* * * * *
    12.3 Dry Gas Volume, Volume of Water Vapor Condensed, and Moisture 
Content. Using data obtained in this test, calculate 
Vm(std), Vw(std), and Bws according to 
the procedures outlined in Method 5, sections 12.3 through 12.5.
* * * * *
    16.1 Simultaneous Determination of Particulate Matter and Lead 
Emissions. This Method 12 may be used to simultaneously determine Pb 
and particulate matter provided:
    (1) A glass fiber filter with a low Pb background is used and this 
filter is checked, desiccated and weighed per section 8.1 of Method 5,
    (2) An acetone rinse, as specified by Method 5, sections 7.2 and 
8.7.6.2, is used to remove particulate matter from the probe and inside 
of the filter holder prior to and kept separate from the 0.1 N 
HNO3 rinse of the same components,
    (3) The recovered filter, the acetone rinse, and an acetone blank 
(Method 5, section 7.2) are subjected to gravimetric analysis of Method 
5, sections 6.3 and 11.0 prior the analysis for Pb as described below, 
and
    (4) The entire train contents, including the 0.1 N HNO3 
impingers, filter, acetone and 0.1 N HNO3 probe rinses are 
treated and analyzed for Pb as described in Sections 8.0 and 11.0 of 
this method.
    16.2 Filter Location. A filter may be used between the third and 
fourth impingers provided the filter is included in the analysis for 
Pb.
    16.3 In-Stack Filter. An in-stack filter may be used provided: (1) 
A glass-lined probe and at least two impingers, each containing 100 ml 
of 0.1 N HNO3 after the in-stack filter, are used and (2) 
the probe and impinger contents are recovered and analyzed for Pb. 
Recover sample from the nozzle with acetone if a particulate analysis 
is to be made as described in section 16.1 of this method.
    16.4 Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-
AES) Analysis. ICP-AES may be used as an alternative to atomic 
absorption analysis provided the following conditions are met:
    16.4.1 Sample collection/recovery, sample loss check, and sample 
preparation procedures are as defined in sections 8.0, 11.1, and 11.2, 
respectively, of this method.
    16.4.2 Analysis shall be conducted following Method 6010D of SW-846 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17). The limit of detection 
for the ICP-AES must be demonstrated according to section 15.0 of 
Method 301 in appendix A of part 63 of this chapter and must be no 
greater than one-third of the applicable emission limit. Perform a 
check for matrix effects according to section 11.5 of this method.
    16.5 Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) 
Analysis. ICP-MS may be used as an alternative to atomic absorption 
analysis provided the following conditions are met:
    16.5.1 Sample collection/recovery, sample loss check, and sample 
preparation procedures are as defined in sections 8.0, 11.1, and 11.2, 
respectively of this method.
    16.5.2 Analysis shall be conducted following Method 6020B of SW-846 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17). The limit of detection 
for the ICP-MS must be demonstrated according to section 15.0 of Method 
301 in appendix A to part 63 of this chapter and must be no greater 
than one-third of the applicable emission limit. Use the multipoint 
calibration curve option in section 10.4 of Method 6020B and perform a 
check for matrix effects according to section 11.5 of this method.
* * * * *
0
22. Amend Appendix A-6 to part 60 by:
0
a. In Method 16B revising sections 2.1, 6.1, 8.2;
0
b. Removing section 8.3;
0
c. Redesignating sections 8.4, 8.4.1, and 8.4.2 as 8.3, 8.3.1, and 
8.3.2, respectively;
0
d. Revising section 11.1;
0
e. Adding section 11.2; and
0
f. In Method 16C, revising section 13.1.
    The revisions and addition read as follows:

Appendix A-6 to Part 60--Test Methods 16 Through 18

* * * * *

Method 16B--Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions From 
Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    2.1 A gas sample is extracted from the stack. The SO2 is 
removed selectively from the sample using a citrate buffer solution. 
The TRS compounds are then thermally oxidized to SO2 and 
analyzed as SO2 by gas chromatography (GC) using flame 
photometric detection (FPD).
* * * * *
    6.1 Sample Collection. The sampling train is shown in Figure 16B-1. 
Modifications to the apparatus are accepted provided the system 
performance check in Section 8.3.1 is met.
* * * * *
    8.2 Sample Collection. Before any source sampling is performed, 
conduct a system performance check as detailed in section 8.3.1 to 
validate the sampling train components and procedures. Although this 
test is optional, it would significantly reduce the possibility of 
rejecting tests as a result of failing the post-test performance check. 
At the completion of the pretest system performance check, insert the 
sampling probe into the test port making certain that no dilution air 
enters the stack though the port. Condition the entire system with 
sample for a minimum of 15 minutes before beginning analysis. If the 
sample is diluted, determine the dilution factor as in section 10.4 of 
Method 15.
* * * * *
    11.1 Analysis. Inject aliquots of the sample into the GC/FPD 
analyzer for analysis. Determine the concentration of SO2 
directly from the calibration curves or from the equation for the 
least-squares line.
    11.2 Perform analysis of a minimum of three aliquots or one every 
15 minutes, whichever is greater, spaced evenly over the test period.
* * * * *

Method 16C--Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions From 
Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    13.1 Analyzer Calibration Error. At each calibration gas level 
(low, mid, and high), the calibration error must either not exceed 5.0 
percent of the calibration span or [verbar]CDir-
Cv[verbar] must be <=0.5 ppmv.
* * * * *

[[Page 68091]]

0
23. In Appendix A-7 to part 60, in Method 24, revise section 6.2 to 
read as follows:

Appendix A-7 to Part 60--Test Methods 19 Through 25E

* * * * *

Method 24--Determinaton of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, 
Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings

* * * * *
    6.2 ASTM D 2369-81, 87, 90, 92, 93, 95, or 10. Standard Test Method 
for Volatile Content of Coatings.
* * * * *
0
24. Amend Appendix A-8 to part 60 by:
0
a. In Method 26, revising section 8.1.2; and
0
b. In Method 26A, revising sections 6.1.3 and 8.1.5.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-8 to Part 60--Test Methods 26 Through 30B

* * * * *

Method 26--Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From 
Stationary Sources Non-Isokinetic Method

* * * * *
    8.1.2 Adjust the probe temperature and the temperature of the 
filter and the stopcock (i.e., the heated area in Figure 26-1) to a 
temperature sufficient to prevent water condensation. This temperature 
must be maintained between 120 and 134 [deg]C (248 and 273 [deg]F). The 
temperature should be monitored throughout a sampling run to ensure 
that the desired temperature is maintained. It is important to maintain 
a temperature around the probe and filter in this range since it is 
extremely difficult to purge acid gases off these components. (These 
components are not quantitatively recovered and, hence, any collection 
of acid gases on these components would result in potential under 
reporting of these emissions. The applicable subparts may specify 
alternative higher temperatures.)
* * * * *

Method 26A--Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From 
Stationary Sources--Isokinetic Method

* * * * *
    6.1.3 Pitot Tube, Differential Pressure Gauge, Filter Heating 
System, Filter Temperature Sensor with a glass or Teflon encasement, 
Metering System, Barometer, Gas Density Determination Equipment. Same 
as Method 5, sections 6.1.1.3, 6.1.1.4, 6.1.1.6, 6.1.1.7, 6.1.1.9, 
6.1.2, and 6.1.3.
* * * * *
    8.1.5 Sampling Train Operation. Follow the general procedure given 
in Method 5, Section 8.5. It is important to maintain a temperature 
around the probe, filter (and cyclone, if used) between 120 and 134 
[deg]C (248 and 273 [deg]F) since it is extremely difficult to purge 
acid gases off these components. (These components are not 
quantitatively recovered and hence any collection of acid gases on 
these components would result in potential under reporting these 
emissions. The applicable subparts may specify alternative higher 
temperatures.) For each run, record the data required on a data sheet 
such as the one shown in Method 5, Figure 5-3. If the condensate 
impinger becomes too full, it may be emptied, recharged with 50 ml of 
0.1 N H2SO4, and replaced during the sample run. The condensate emptied 
must be saved and included in the measurement of the volume of moisture 
collected and included in the sample for analysis. The additional 50 ml 
of absorbing reagent must also be considered in calculating the 
moisture. Before the sampling train integrity is compromised by 
removing the impinger, conduct a leak-check as described in Method 5, 
section 8.4.2.
* * * * *
0
25. Amend Appendix B to part 60 by:
0
a. In Performance Specification 4B, revising section 4.5;
0
b. In Performance Specification 5, revising sections 5.0 and 8.1;
0
c. In Performance Specification 6, revising sections 13.1 and 13.2;
0
d. In Performance Specification 8, redesignating sections 8.3, 8.4, and 
8.5 as 8.4, 8.5, and 8.6, respectively;
0
e. Adding new section 8.3;
0
f. In Performance Specification 9, revising sections 7.2, 8.3, 8.4, 
10.1, 10.2, 13.1, and 13.2;
0
g. Adding section 13.4;
0
h. In Performance Specification 18, revising sections 2.3 and 11.9.1.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:

Appendix B to Part 60--Performance Specifications

* * * * *

Performance Specification 4B--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen Continuous Monitoring Systems in Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    4.5 Response Time. The response time for the CO or O2 
monitor must not exceed 240 seconds.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 5--Specifications and Test Procedures for TRS 
Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

* * * * *
5.0 Safety
    This performance specification may involve hazardous materials, 
operations, and equipment. This performance specification may not 
address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the 
responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health 
practices and determine the applicable regulatory limitations prior to 
performing this performance specification. The CEMS user's manual 
should be consulted for specific precautions to be taken with regard to 
the analytical procedures.
* * * * *
    8.1 Relative Accuracy Test Procedure. Sampling Strategy for 
reference method (RM) Tests, Number of RM Tests, and Correlation of RM 
and CEMS Data are the same as PS 2, sections 8.4.3, 8.4.4, and 8.4.5, 
respectively.
    Note: For Method 16, a sample is made up of at least three separate 
injects equally space over time. For Method 16A, a sample is collected 
for at least 1 hour. For Method 16B, you must analyze a minimum of 
three aliquots spaced evenly over the test period.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 6--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
Continuous Emission Rate Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    13.1 Calibration Drift. Since the CERMS includes analyzers for 
several measurements, the CD shall be determined separately for each 
analyzer in terms of its specific measurement. The calibration for each 
analyzer associated with the measurement of flow rate shall not drift 
or deviate from each reference value of flow rate by more than 3 
percent of the respective high-level reference value over the CD test 
period (e.g., seven-day) associated with the pollutant analyzer. The CD 
specification for each analyzer for which other PSs have been 
established (e.g., PS 2 for SO2 and NOX), shall 
be the same as in the applicable PS.
    13.2 CERMS Relative Accuracy. Calculate the CERMS Relative Accuracy 
using Eq. 2-6 of section 12 of Performance Specification 1. The RA of 
the CERMS shall be no greater than 20 percent of the mean value of the 
RM's test data in terms of the units of the emission standard, or in 
cases where the average emissions for the test are less

[[Page 68092]]

than 50 percent of the applicable standard, substitute the emission 
standard value in the denominator of Eq. 2-6 in place of the RM.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 8--Performance Specifications for Volatile 
Organic Compound Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    8.3 Calibration Drift Test Procedure. Same as section 8.3 of PS 2.
    8.4 Reference Method (RM). Use the method specified in the 
applicable regulation or permit, or any approved alternative, as the 
RM.
    8.5 Sampling Strategy for RM Tests, Correlation of RM and CEMS 
Data, and Number of RM Tests. Follow PS 2, sections 8.4.3, 8.4.5, and 
8.4.4, respectively.
    8.6 Reporting. Same as section 8.5 of PS 2.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 9--Specifications and Test Procedures for Gas 
Chromatographic Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    7.2 Performance Audit Gas. Performance Audit Gas is an independent 
cylinder gas or cylinder gas mixture. A certified EPA audit gas shall 
be used, when possible. A gas mixture containing all the target 
compounds within the calibration range and certified by EPA's 
Traceability Protocol for Assay and Certification of Gaseous 
Calibration Standards may be used when EPA performance audit materials 
are not available. If a certified EPA audit gas or a traceability 
protocol gas is not available, use a gas manufacturer standard accurate 
to 2 percent.
* * * * *
    8.3 Seven (7)-Day Calibration Error (CE) Test Period. At the 
beginning of each 24-hour period, set the initial instrument set points 
by conducting a multi-point calibration for each compound. The multi-
point calibration shall meet the requirements in section 13.1, 13.2, 
and 13.3. Throughout the 24-hour period, sample and analyze the stack 
gas at the sampling intervals prescribed in the regulation or permit. 
At the end of the 24-hour period, inject the calibration gases at three 
concentrations for each compound in triplicate and determine the 
average instrument response. Determine the CE for each pollutant at 
each concentration using Equation 9-2. Each CE shall be <=10 percent. 
Repeat this procedure six more times for a total of 7 consecutive days.
    8.4 Performance Audit Test Periods. Conduct the performance audit 
once during the initial 7-day CE test and quarterly thereafter. 
Performance Audit Tests must be conducted through the entire sampling 
and analyzer system. Sample and analyze the EPA audit gas(es) (or the 
gas mixture) three times. Calculate the average instrument response. 
Results from the performance audit test must meet the requirements in 
sections 13.3 and 13.4.
* * * * *
    10.1 Multi-Point Calibration. After initial startup of the GC, 
after routine maintenance or repair, or at least once per month, 
conduct a multi-point calibration of the GC for each target analyte. 
Calibration is performed at the instrument independent of the sample 
transport system. The multi-point calibration for each analyte shall 
meet the requirements in sections 13.1, 13.2, and 13.3.
* * * * *
    10.2 Daily Calibration. Once every 24 hours, analyze the mid-level 
calibration standard for each analyte in triplicate. Calibration is 
performed at the instrument independent of the sample transport system. 
Calculate the average instrument response for each analyte. The average 
instrument response shall not vary more than 10 percent from the 
certified concentration value of the cylinder for each analyte. If the 
difference between the analyzer response and the cylinder concentration 
for any target compound is greater than 10 percent, immediately inspect 
the instrument making any necessary adjustments, and conduct an initial 
multi-point calibration as described in section 10.1.
* * * * *
    13.1 Calibration Error (CE). The CEMS must allow the determination 
of CE at all three calibration levels. The average CEMS calibration 
response must not differ by more than 10 percent of calibration gas 
value at each level after each 24-hour period and after any triplicate 
calibration response check.
    13.2 Calibration Precision and Linearity. For each triplicate 
injection at each concentration level for each target analyte, any one 
injection shall not deviate more than 5 percent from the average 
concentration measured at that level. When the CEMS response is 
evaluated over three concentration levels, the linear regression curve 
for each organic compound shall be determined using Equation 9-1 and 
must have an r\2\ >= 0.995.
* * * * *
    13.4 Performance Audit Test Error. Determine the error for each 
average pollutant measurement using the Equation 9-2 in section 12.3. 
Each error shall be less than or equal to 10 percent of the cylinder 
gas certified value. Report the audit results including the average 
measured concentration, the error and the certified cylinder 
concentration of each pollutant as part of the reporting requirements 
in the appropriate regulation or permit.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 18--Performance Specifications and Test 
Procedures for Gaseous Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) Continuous Emission 
Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    2.3 The relative accuracy (RA) must be established against a 
reference method (RM) (for example, Method 26A, Method 320, ASTM 
International (ASTM) D6348-12, including mandatory annexes, or Method 
321 for Portland cement plants as specified by the applicable 
regulation or, if not specified, as appropriate for the source 
concentration and category). Method 26 may be approved as a RM by the 
Administrator on a case-by-case basis if not otherwise allowed or 
denied in an applicable regulation.
* * * * *
    11.9.1 Unless otherwise specified in an applicable regulation, use 
Method 26A in 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-8, Method 320 in 40 CFR part 
63, appendix A, or ASTM D6348-12 including all annexes, as applicable, 
as the RMs for HCl measurement. Obtain and analyze RM audit samples, if 
they are available, concurrently with RM test samples according to the 
same procedure specified for performance tests in the general 
provisions of the applicable part. If Method 26 is not specified in an 
applicable subpart of the regulations, you may request approval to use 
Method 26 in appendix A-8 to this part as the RM on a site-specific 
basis under Sec. Sec.  63.7(f) or 60.8(b). Other RMs for moisture, 
O2, etc., may be necessary. Conduct the RM tests in such a 
way that they will yield results representative of the emissions from 
the source and can be compared to the CEMS data.
* * * * *
0
26. In Appendix F to part 60, in Procedure 1, revising section 5.2.3(2) 
to read as follows:

[[Page 68093]]

Appendix F to Part 60--Quality Assurance Procedures

Procedure 1--Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous Emission 
Monitoring Systems Used for Compliance Determination

* * * * *
    5.2.3 * * *
    (2) For the CGA, 15 percent of the average audit value 
or 5 ppm, whichever is greater; for diluent monitors, 
15 percent of the average audit value.
* * * * *

PART 61--NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS

0
27. The authority citation for part 61 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
28. In Appendix B to part 61, in Method 107, revising section 12.3, 
equation 107-3 to read as follows:

Appendix B to Part 61--Test Methods

* * * * *

Method 107--Determination of Vinyl Chloride Content of In-Process 
Wastewater Samples, and Vinyl Chloride Content of Polyvinyl Chloride 
Resin Slurry, Wet Cake, and Latex Samples

* * * * *
    12.3 * * *
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.016
    
* * * * *

PART 63--NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS 
FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES

0
29. The authority citation for part 63 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
30. In Sec.  63.2, revise the definition of ``Alternative test method'' 
to read as follows:


Sec.  63.2  Definitions.

* * * * *
    Alternative test method means any method of sampling and analyzing 
for an air pollutant that has been demonstrated to the Administrator's 
satisfaction, using Method 301 in appendix A of this part, to produce 
results adequate for the Administrator's determination that it may be 
used in place of a test method specified in this part.
* * * * *

Subpart LLL--National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air 
Pollutants From the Portland Cement Manufacturing Industry

0
31. Amend Sec.  63.1349, by revising paragraphs (b)(7)(viii)(A) and 
(B), (b)(8)(vi), and (b)(8)(vii)(B) and C to read as follows:
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (7) * * *
    (viii) * * *
    (A) Determine the THC CEMS average value in ppmvw, and the average 
of your corresponding three total organic HAP compliance test runs, 
using Equation 12.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.017

Where:

x = The average THC CEMS value in ppmvw, as propane.
Xi = The THC CEMS data points in ppmvw, as propane, for 
all three test runs.
y = The average organic HAP value in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent 
oxygen.
Yi = The organic HAP concentrations in ppmvd, corrected 
to 7 percent oxygen, for all three test runs.
n = The number of data points.

    (B) You must use your three run average THC CEMS value and your 
three run average organic HAP concentration from your Method 18 and/or 
Method 320 compliance tests to determine the operating limit. Use 
equation 13 to determine your operating limit in units of ppmvw THC, as 
propane.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.018

Where:

Tl = The 30-day operating limit for your THC CEMS, ppmvw, 
as propane.
y = The average organic HAP concentration from Eq. 12, ppmvd, 
corrected to 7 percent oxygen.
x = The average THC CEMS concentration from Eq. 12, ppmvw, as 
propane.
9 = 75 percent of the organic HAP emissions limit (12 ppmvd, 
corrected to 7 percent oxygen)

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (8) * * *
    (vi) If your kiln has an inline kiln/raw mill, you must conduct 
separate performance tests while the raw mill is operating (``mill 
on'') and while the raw mill is not operating (``mill off''). Using the 
fraction of time the raw mill is on and the fraction of time that the 
raw mill is off, calculate this limit as a weighted average of the 
SO2 levels measured during raw mill on and raw mill off 
compliance testing with Equation 17.

[[Page 68094]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.019

Where:

R = Operating limit as SO2, ppmv.
y = Average SO2 CEMS value during mill on operations, 
ppmv.
t = Percentage of operating time with mill on, expressed as a 
decimal.
x = Average SO2 CEMS value during mill off operations, 
ppmv.
1-t = Percentage of operating time with mill off, expressed as a 
decimal.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (8) * * *
    (vii) * * *
    (B) Determine your SO2 CEMS instrument average ppmv, and 
the average of your corresponding three HCl compliance test runs, using 
Equation 18.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.020

Where:

x = The average SO2 CEMS value in ppmv.
X1 = The SO2 CEMS data points in ppmv for the 
three runs constituting the performance test.
y = The average HCl value in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent oxygen.
Y1 = The HCl emission concentration expressed as ppmvd, 
corrected to 7 percent oxygen for the three runs constituting the 
performance test.
n = The number of data points.

    (C) With your instrument zero expressed in ppmv, your 
SO2 CEMS three run average expressed in ppmv, and your three 
run HCl compliance test average in ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent 
O2, determine a relationship of ppmvd HCl corrected to 7 
percent O2 per ppmv SO2 with Equation 19.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.021

Where:

R = The relative HCl ppmvd, corrected to 7 percent 
oxygen, per ppmv SO2 for your SO2 
CEMS.
y = The average HCl concentration from Eq. 18 in ppmvd, corrected to 
7 percent oxygen.
x = The average SO2 CEMS value from Eq. 18 in ppmv.
z = The instrument zero output ppmv value.

* * * * *
0
32. Amend Appendix A to part 63 by:
0
a. In Method 301, revising section 11.1.3;
0
b. In Method 308, revising section 12.4, equation 308-3 and section 
12.5, equation 308-5;
0
c. In Method 311, revising sections 1.1 and 17;
0
d. In Method 315, revising Figure 315-1;
0
e. In Method 316, revising section 1.0; and
0
f. In Method 323, revising the method heading and section 2.0.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A to Part 63--Test Methods Pollutant Measurement Methods From 
Various Waste Media

* * * * *

Method 301--Field Validation of Pollutant Measurement Methods From 
Various Waste Media

* * * * *
    11.1.3 T Test. Calculate the t-statistic using Equation 301-13.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.022
    
* * * * *

Method 308--Procedure for Determination of Methanol Emission From 
Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    12.4 * * *
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.023
    
    12.5 * * *
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.024
    
* * * * *

Method 311--Analysis of Hazardous Air Pollutant Compounds in Paints and 
Coatings By Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph

* * * * *
    1.1 Applicability. This method is applicable for determination of 
most compounds designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 
as volatile hazardous air pollutants (HAP's) (See Reference 1) that are 
contained in paints and coatings. Styrene, ethyl acrylate, and methyl 
methacrylate can be measured by ASTM D 4827-03 or ASTM D 4747-02. 
Formaldehyde can be measured by ASTM D 5910-05 or ASTM D 1979-91. 
Toluene diisocyanate can be measured in urethane prepolymers by ASTM D 
3432-89. Method 311 applies only to those volatile HAP's which are 
added to

[[Page 68095]]

the coating when it is manufactured, not to those that may form as the 
coating cures (reaction products or cure volatiles). A separate or 
modified test procedure must be used to measure these reaction products 
or cure volatiles in order to determine the total volatile HAP 
emissions from a coating. Cure volatiles are a significant component of 
the total HAP content of some coatings. The term ``coating'' used in 
this method shall be understood to mean paints and coatings.
* * * * *
    17. * * *
    4. Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 
1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a 
Gas Chromatograph. ASTM Designation D4457-02.
    5. Standard Test Method for Determining the Unreacted Monomer 
Content of Latexes Using Capillary Column Gas Chromatography. ASTM 
Designation D4827-03.
    6. Standard Test Method for Determining Unreacted Monomer Content 
of Latexes Using Gas-Liquid Chromatography, ASTM Designation D4747-02.
* * * * *

Method 315--Determination of Particulate and Methylene Chloride 
Extractable Matter (MCEM) From Selected Sources at Primary Aluminum 
Production Facilities

* * * * *

[[Page 68096]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP13DE19.025


[[Page 68097]]



Method 316--Sampling and Analysis for Formaldehyde Emissions From 
Stationary Sources in the Mineral Wool and Wool Fiberglass Industries

1.0 Scope and Application

    This method is applicable to the determination of formaldehyde, CAS 
Registry number 50-00-0, from stationary sources in the mineral wool 
and wool fiber glass industries. High purity water is used to collect 
the formaldehyde. The formaldehyde concentrations in the stack samples 
are determined using the modified pararosaniline method. Formaldehyde 
can be detected as low as 8.8 x 10-\10\ lbs/cu ft (11.3 
ppbv) or as high as 1.8 x 10-\3\ lbs/cu ft (23,000,000 
ppbv), at standard conditions over a 1 hour sampling period, sampling 
approximately 30 cu ft.
* * * * *

Method 323--Measurement of Formaldehyde Emissions From Natural Gas-
Fired Stationary Sources--Acetyl Acetone Derivatization Method

* * * * *
    2.0 Summary of Method. An emission sample from the combustion 
exhaust is drawn through a midget impinger train containing chilled 
reagent water to absorb formaldehyde. The formaldehyde concentration in 
the impinger is determined by reaction with acetyl acetone to form a 
colored derivative which is measured colorimetrically.
* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2019-26134 Filed 12-12-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P