Air Plan Approval; Iowa; Revisions to Regional Haze Plan and Visibility Requirements in Infrastructure State Implementation Plans for the 2006 PM2.5, 66075-66078 [2019-26040]

Download as PDF lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 232 / Tuesday, December 3, 2019 / Rules and Regulations under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: October 21, 2019. Deborah Jordan, Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX. Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows: PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart F—California 2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(332)(i)(B)(5) and (c)(528) to read as follows: ■ Identification of plan—in part. * * * * * (c) * * * (332) * * * (i) * * * (B) * * * (5) Ventura County Rule 10—Permits Required, adopted on April 13, 2004. * * * * * (528) New additional materials for the following air districts were submitted on August 31, 2018 by the Governor’s designee. (i) [Reserved] (ii) Additional Materials. (A) Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District. (1) ‘‘Nonattainment New Source Review (NNSR) Compliance Demonstrations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS),’’ adopted July 17, 2018. (2) [Reserved] (B) Ventura County Air Pollution Control District. (1) ‘‘NNSR Compliance Demonstrations for the 2008 Ozone NAAQS,’’ adopted July 31, 2018. (2) [Reserved] [FR Doc. 2019–26036 Filed 12–2–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Dec 02, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R07–OAR–2019–0468; FRL–10001– 89–Region 7] Air Plan Approval; Iowa; Revisions to Regional Haze Plan and Visibility Requirements in Infrastructure State Implementation Plans for the 2006 PM2.5, 2012 PM2.5, 2010 NO2, 2010 SO2, 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone NAAQS Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: ■ § 52.220 66075 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to approve a revision to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) for the State of Iowa. This final action will amend the SIP to rely on the Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) for certain regional haze requirements, fully approve Iowa’s Regional Haze Plan, remove the Federal Implementation (FIP) the state replaced, and approve the Visibility portions of infrastructure SIPs for the 2006 Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5), 2012 PM2.5, 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), 2010 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). DATES: This final rule is effective on January 2, 2020. ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA–R07–OAR–2019–0468. All documents in the docket are listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through https:// www.regulations.gov or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jed D. Wolkins, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 7 Office, Air Quality Planning Branch, 11201 Renner Boulevard, Lenexa, Kansas 66219; telephone number (913) 551–7588; email address wolkins.jed@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ and ‘‘our’’ refer to EPA. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\03DER1.SGM 03DER1 66076 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 232 / Tuesday, December 3, 2019 / Rules and Regulations Table of Contents I. What is being addressed in this document? II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met? III. The EPA’s Response to Comments IV. What action is the EPA taking? V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews I. What is being addressed in this document? On May 14, 2019, the State of Iowa submitted a request to revise the State of Iowa’s Regional Haze Plan, changing from reliance on the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) to reliance on the Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) for certain regional haze requirements; removing EPA’s Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) for reliance on CSAPR for certain regional haze requirements, convert EPA’s limited approval/limited disapproval of Iowa’s Regional Haze Plan for the first regional haze planning period to a full approval; and approve the states’ submissions addressing the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act) section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II) provision (prong 4) that prohibit emissions activity in one state from interfering with measures to protect visibility in another state of Iowa’s infrastructure SIP submittals for the 2006 Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) 2012 Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5), 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), 2010 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone NAAQS. The EPA is finalizing approval of these requests. lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with RULES II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met? The state submission has met the public notice requirements for SIP submissions in accordance with 40 CFR 51.102. The submission also satisfied the completeness criteria of 40 CFR part 51, appendix V. The state provided the Federal Land Managers the draft rule on February 28, 2019, providing until April 28, 2019, to receive comments and received no comments. The state provided public notice of this SIP revision on March 29, 2019, providing until April 29, 2019 to receive comments and received no comments. The state held a public hearing on April 29, 2019 and received no comments. In addition, as explained above, the revision meets the substantive SIP requirements of the CAA, including section 110 and implementing regulations. III. The EPA’s Response to Comments The public comment period on the EPA’s proposed rule opened August 22, 2019 the date of its publication in the Federal Register and closed on September 23, 2019. During this period, the EPA received one comment. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Dec 02, 2019 Jkt 250001 Comment: EPA must immediately retract this proposal per the decision made by the D.C. Circuit Court ruling in Wisconsin, et al v. EPA. As the EPA states in [its] now remanded final rule, the CSAPR Update addresses both the 2008 and 1997 ozone NAAQS in addition to the D.C. Circuit’s 2015 remand of the CSAPR rule. ‘‘This CSAPR Update also is intended to address the July 28, 2015 remand by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit of certain states’ original CSAPR phase 2 ozone season NOX emission budgets. In addition, this rule updates the status of certain states’ outstanding interstate ozone transport obligations with respect to the 1997 ozone NAAQS, for which the original CSAPR provided a partial remedy.’’ And so, until EPA addresses the D.C. Circuit’s 2019 remand of the CSAPR Update rule, EPA can’t rely on a CSAPR better than BART reasoning until EPA fully [addresses] the remand of CSAPR Update[.] Response: The EPA disagrees with this comment. BART-eligible electric generating unit (EGU) sources in Iowa may satisfy best available retrofit technology (BART) requirements for a given visibility pollutant by participating in any of the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) trading programs for that pollutant, as authorized by the regional haze rule, 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4). Iowa’s covered EGUs not only participate in the CSAPR Update ozone season NOX trading program for transport of ozone but also the CSAPR annual NOX and SO2 trading programs for transport of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) under the 1997 and 2006 national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5. See 40 CFR 52.38(a)(2)(i), 52.39(b); see also CSAPR Final Rule, 76 FR 48208–76 FR 48213 (August 8, 2011). Thus, regardless of whether Iowa’s EGUs participate in the CSAPR Update ozone season NOX trading program, their participation in the CSAPR annual NOX trading program would continue to be sufficient to satisfy BART requirements for NOX as a visibility pollutant. EPA initially determined that participation in either ozone-season or annual NOX trading programs would satisfy BART for NOX in concluding that participation in the trading programs established under CAIR, the predecessor to CSAPR, could serve as BART alternatives. See BART Guidelines Final Rule, 70 FR 39104–70 FR 39143 (July 6, 2005); see also 71 FR 60612–71 FR 60623 (October 13, 2006) (clarifying EPA’s 2005 determination that ‘‘participation in either the annual or seasonal CAIR NOX cap-and-trade PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 program is a necessary condition for relying on EPA’s determination that States can substitute CAIR for BART for NOX’’). When CSAPR replaced CAIR, EPA conducted a BART-alternative analysis similar to the BART-alternative analysis conducted for CAIR, and again specifically assessed whether participation in either the CSAPR ozone-season NOX trading program or the CSAPR annual NOX trading program would be sufficient to satisfy the BARTalternative analysis for NOX; EPA again concluded that either would suffice. See 77 FR 33642 at 77 FR 33650–77 FR 33651 (June 7, 2012). Thus, the current text of the regional haze rule continues to provide that a state ‘‘subject to a trading program [under CSAPR] need not require BART-eligible fossil fuel fired steam electric plants in the State to install, operate, and maintain BART for the pollutant covered by such trading program in the State,’’ 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4) (emphasis added). This provision recognizes that participation in either the ozone-season or annual NOX trading program would satisfy BART. So long as Iowa’s BART-eligible fossil-fuel fired EGUs are subject to CSAPR’s annual NOX trading program, their participation in the ozone-season NOX trading program—or the status of the CSAPR Update ozone-season NOX program more generally—is not relevant for determining that these sources’ BART obligations for NOX are satisfied. Further, if it so chose, Iowa could continue to rely on the CSAPR Update (81 FR 74504, October 26, 2016) ozoneseason NOX trading program to satisfy best available retrofit technology (BART) requirements for Iowa’s BARTeligible electric generating units (EGUs), as authorized by 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4). The court’s decision in Wisconsin v. EPA, No. 16–1406 (D.C. Cir. September 13, 2019), did not vacate the CSAPR Update, and that rule, including Iowa’s ozone-season NOX budget, remains in place. The Wisconsin decision upheld the CSAPR Update rule in most respects, but held the rule was inconsistent with the CAA to the extent it failed to require upwind states to eliminate their significant contributions to downwind ozone problems in accordance with the downwind areas’ ozone attainment deadline. Wisconsin, Slip Op. 13. The court remanded the Update rule but expressly declined to vacate it in order to avoid ‘‘substantial disruption’’ and in recognition of the potential ‘‘harm to the public health and environment’’ vacatur could cause. Id. at 59. At this time, the CSAPR Update rule remains in operation, and it is entirely speculative—not to mention improbable E:\FR\FM\03DER1.SGM 03DER1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 232 / Tuesday, December 3, 2019 / Rules and Regulations in light of the court’s reasoning—that on remand, the CSAPR Update’s ozoneseason NOX budget for any state would become less stringent, much less in a way that could impact EPA’s analysis of the CSAPR program as a BARTalternative. Finally, the commenter states that the CSAPR Update rule addressed not only the 2008 ozone NAAQS but also the remand of some of the original CSAPR ozone-season NOX budgets for the 1997 ozone NAAQS in EME Homer City Generation v. EPA, 795 F.3d 118 (D.C. Cir. 2015). See CSAPR Update Final Rule, 81 FR 74504 at 81 FR 74507 (October 26, 2016). The relevance of this observation to the present action is not clear. Iowa’s was not one of the original CSAPR ozone-season NOX budgets remanded due to potential over-control in EME Homer City, see 795 F.3d 118, 138. Further, in the Wisconsin case reviewing the CSAPR Update rule, no party challenged the portion of that rule resolving the remanded budgets from EME Homer City, and there is no reason to believe those determinations would be revisited or reopened on the remand in Wisconsin. For all these reasons, the Wisconsin decision and remand of the CSAPR Update does not alter or affect Iowa’s ability to continue to rely on participation in CSAPR trading programs to satisfy BART for NOX and SO2 for its BART-eligible sources covered by the CSAPR trading programs. IV. What action is the EPA taking? The EPA is amending the Iowa SIP to relying on CSAPR for certain Regional Haze requirements in accordance with the CAA and the Regional Haze Rule (40 CFR 51.308(e)(4)); withdrawing the FIP relying on CSAPR to satisfy those requirements; fully approving Iowa’s regional haze SIP for the first planning period; and approving the prong 4 portions for each of the six NAAQS identified above. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with RULES Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/lawsregulations/laws-and-executive-orders. A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review This action is not a significant regulatory action and was therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Dec 02, 2019 Jkt 250001 66077 B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs This action is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action because this action is not significant under Executive Order 12866. the definition of ‘‘covered regulatory action’’ in section 2–202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it approves a state program and approves a state action implementing a federal standard. C. Paperwork Reduction Act This action does not impose an information collection burden under the PRA. This action approves state plans that do not impose any information collection. I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. This action will not impose any requirements on small entities. This action approves state plans that rely on no new requirements on any entities. E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531–1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. This action does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, no additional costs to state, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, will result from this action. F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. It will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments. There are no Indian reservation lands in Missouri. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule. H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect children, per PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act This rulemaking does not involve technical standards. K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations EPA believes that this action does not have disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects on minority populations, lowincome populations, and/or indigenous peoples, as specified in Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). L. Determination Under Section 307(d) Pursuant to CAA section 307(d)(1)(B), this action is subject to the requirements of CAA section 307(d), as it revises a FIP under CAA section 110(c). M. Congressional Review Act (CRA) This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. This action [is/is not] a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). N. Judicial Review Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by February 3, 2020. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action, Revisions to Regional Haze Plan and Visibility Requirements in Infrastructure State Implementation Plans for the 2006 PM2.5, 2012 PM2.5, 2010 NO2, 2010 SO2, 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone NAAQS may not be challenged later in E:\FR\FM\03DER1.SGM 03DER1 66078 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 232 / Tuesday, December 3, 2019 / Rules and Regulations proceedings to enforce its requirements. See CAA section 307(b)(2). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Dated: November 25, 2019. Andrew R. Wheeler, Administrator. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Subpart Q—Iowa For the reasons stated in the preamble, the EPA amends 40 CFR part 52 as set forth below: Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Lead, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds. PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS 2. In § 52.820, the table in paragraph (e) is amended by adding paragraph (e)(52) to read as follows: ■ § 52.820 * 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: ■ Identification of plan. * * (e) * * * * * EPA—APPROVED IOWA NONREGULATORY PROVISIONS Applicable geographic or nonattainment area State submittal date EPA Approval date Explanation * Statewide ............... * 1/17/2013; 7/ 28/2013; 7/29/ 2013; 7/29/ 2013; 12/22/ 2015; 11/30/ 2018; 5/14/ 2019 * 12/3/2019, [insert Federal Register citation]. * * This action approves the following CAA elements: 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II)—prong 4. [EPA–R07–OAR–2019–0468; FRL– 10001–89–Region 7.]. Name of nonregulatory SIP provision * * (52) Sections 110 (a)(2) Infrastructure Prong 4 Requirements for the 2006 Fine Particulate Matter, 2012 Fine Particulate Matter, 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide, 2010 Sulfur Dioxide, 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone NAAQS. 3. Section 52.842 is revised to read as follows: ■ § 52.842 Visibility protection. The requirements of section 169A of the Clean Air Act are met because the Regional Haze plan submitted by Iowa on March 25, 2008 and supplemented on May 14, 2019, includes fully approvable measures for meeting the requirements of the Regional Haze Rule including 40 CFR 51.308(d)(3) and 51.308(e) with respect to emissions of NOX and SO2 from electric generating units. [FR Doc. 2019–26040 Filed 12–2–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. I. Introduction 1. In the Order, we reduce expenditures by the Commission and modernize procedures by amending § 1.1103 of our rules, 47 CFR 1.1103, which sets forth the application fees for services administered by the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology (OET). The rule amendment reflects the closure of the lockbox (P.O. Box) 1 used In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC or Commission) adopts an Order that closes Lockbox 979095 and modifies the relevant rule provisions of filing and 1 A P.O. Box used for the collection of fees is referred to as a ‘‘lockbox’’ in our rules and other Commission documents. The FCC collects application processing fees using a series of P.O. Boxes located at U.S. Bank in St. Louis, Missouri. See 47 CFR 1.1101–1.1109 (setting forth the fee [MD Docket No. 19–334; FCC 19–114] Closure of FCC Lockbox 979095 Used To File Fees for Service Provided by the Office of Engineering and Technology AGENCY: lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with RULES making fee payments in lieu of closing the lockbox. DATES: Effective January 2, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Warren Firschein, Office of Managing Director at (202) 418–2653 or Roland Helvajian, Office of Managing Director at (202) 418–0444. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a summary of the Commission’s Order, FCC 19–114, MD Docket No. 19–334, adopted on November 7, 2019 and released on November 8, 2019. The full text of this document is available for public inspection and copying during normal business hours in the FCC Reference Center (Room CY–A257), 445 12th Street SW, Washington, DC 20554, or by downloading the text from the Commission’s website at https:// www.fcc.gov/document/amendmentpart-1-commissions-rules. SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Dec 02, 2019 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 for such manual payment of filing fees for four types of OET services: Experimental radio services; assignment of grantee codes; advance approval of subscription TV systems; and certification of equipment approval services. We discontinue the option of manual fee payments and instead require the use of an electronic payment for each service listed above. 2. Section 1.1103 of the Commission’s rules, 47 CFR 1.1103, provides a schedule of application fees for complaint proceedings handled by OET. The rule had also directed filers that do not utilize the Commission’s on-line filing and fee payment systems to send manual payments to P.O. Box 979095 at U.S. Bank in St. Louis, Missouri. In recent years, there have been a decreasing number of lockbox filers, and it now is rare that the Commission receives a lockbox payment. 3. The Commission has begun to reduce its reliance on P.O. Boxes for the collection of fees, instead encouraging the use of electronic payment systems for all application and regulatory fees and closing certain lockboxes. We find that electronic payment of fees for the services processed by OET reduces the agency’s expenditures (including eliminating the annual fee for the bank’s services) and the cost of manually processing each transaction, with little or no inconvenience to the schedule for each type of application remittable to the Commission along with the correct lockbox). E:\FR\FM\03DER1.SGM 03DER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 232 (Tuesday, December 3, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 66075-66078]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-26040]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R07-OAR-2019-0468; FRL-10001-89-Region 7]


Air Plan Approval; Iowa; Revisions to Regional Haze Plan and 
Visibility Requirements in Infrastructure State Implementation Plans 
for the 2006 PM2.5, 2012 PM2.5, 2010 NO2, 2010 SO2, 2008 Ozone, and 
2015 Ozone NAAQS

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final 
action to approve a revision to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) for 
the State of Iowa. This final action will amend the SIP to rely on the 
Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) for certain regional haze 
requirements, fully approve Iowa's Regional Haze Plan, remove the 
Federal Implementation (FIP) the state replaced, and approve the 
Visibility portions of infrastructure SIPs for the 2006 Fine 
Particulate Matter (PM2.5), 2012 PM2.5, 2010 
Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), 2010 Sulfur Dioxide 
(SO2), 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone National Ambient Air 
Quality Standards (NAAQS).

DATES: This final rule is effective on January 2, 2020.

ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under 
Docket ID No. EPA-R07-OAR-2019-0468. All documents in the docket are 
listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in 
the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or 
other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain 
other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the 
internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. 
Publicly available docket materials are available through https://www.regulations.gov or please contact the person identified in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional information.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jed D. Wolkins, Environmental 
Protection Agency, Region 7 Office, Air Quality Planning Branch, 11201 
Renner Boulevard, Lenexa, Kansas 66219; telephone number (913) 551-
7588; email address [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document ``we,'' ``us,'' and 
``our'' refer to EPA.

[[Page 66076]]

Table of Contents

I. What is being addressed in this document?
II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met?
III. The EPA's Response to Comments
IV. What action is the EPA taking?
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What is being addressed in this document?

    On May 14, 2019, the State of Iowa submitted a request to revise 
the State of Iowa's Regional Haze Plan, changing from reliance on the 
Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) to reliance on the Cross State Air 
Pollution Rule (CSAPR) for certain regional haze requirements; removing 
EPA's Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) for reliance on CSAPR for 
certain regional haze requirements, convert EPA's limited approval/
limited disapproval of Iowa's Regional Haze Plan for the first regional 
haze planning period to a full approval; and approve the states' 
submissions addressing the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act) section 
110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II) provision (prong 4) that prohibit emissions 
activity in one state from interfering with measures to protect 
visibility in another state of Iowa's infrastructure SIP submittals for 
the 2006 Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) 2012 Fine 
Particulate Matter (PM2.5), 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide 
(NO2), 2010 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), 2008 Ozone, and 
2015 Ozone NAAQS. The EPA is finalizing approval of these requests.

II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met?

    The state submission has met the public notice requirements for SIP 
submissions in accordance with 40 CFR 51.102. The submission also 
satisfied the completeness criteria of 40 CFR part 51, appendix V. The 
state provided the Federal Land Managers the draft rule on February 28, 
2019, providing until April 28, 2019, to receive comments and received 
no comments. The state provided public notice of this SIP revision on 
March 29, 2019, providing until April 29, 2019 to receive comments and 
received no comments. The state held a public hearing on April 29, 2019 
and received no comments. In addition, as explained above, the revision 
meets the substantive SIP requirements of the CAA, including section 
110 and implementing regulations.

III. The EPA's Response to Comments

    The public comment period on the EPA's proposed rule opened August 
22, 2019 the date of its publication in the Federal Register and closed 
on September 23, 2019. During this period, the EPA received one 
comment.
    Comment: EPA must immediately retract this proposal per the 
decision made by the D.C. Circuit Court ruling in Wisconsin, et al v. 
EPA. As the EPA states in [its] now remanded final rule, the CSAPR 
Update addresses both the 2008 and 1997 ozone NAAQS in addition to the 
D.C. Circuit's 2015 remand of the CSAPR rule. ``This CSAPR Update also 
is intended to address the July 28, 2015 remand by the United States 
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit of certain 
states' original CSAPR phase 2 ozone season NOX emission 
budgets. In addition, this rule updates the status of certain states' 
outstanding interstate ozone transport obligations with respect to the 
1997 ozone NAAQS, for which the original CSAPR provided a partial 
remedy.'' And so, until EPA addresses the D.C. Circuit's 2019 remand of 
the CSAPR Update rule, EPA can't rely on a CSAPR better than BART 
reasoning until EPA fully [addresses] the remand of CSAPR Update[.]
    Response: The EPA disagrees with this comment. BART-eligible 
electric generating unit (EGU) sources in Iowa may satisfy best 
available retrofit technology (BART) requirements for a given 
visibility pollutant by participating in any of the Cross-State Air 
Pollution Rule (CSAPR) trading programs for that pollutant, as 
authorized by the regional haze rule, 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4). Iowa's 
covered EGUs not only participate in the CSAPR Update ozone season 
NOX trading program for transport of ozone but also the 
CSAPR annual NOX and SO2 trading programs for 
transport of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) under the 1997 
and 2006 national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for 
PM2.5. See 40 CFR 52.38(a)(2)(i), 52.39(b); see also CSAPR 
Final Rule, 76 FR 48208-76 FR 48213 (August 8, 2011). Thus, regardless 
of whether Iowa's EGUs participate in the CSAPR Update ozone season 
NOX trading program, their participation in the CSAPR annual 
NOX trading program would continue to be sufficient to 
satisfy BART requirements for NOX as a visibility pollutant.
    EPA initially determined that participation in either ozone-season 
or annual NOX trading programs would satisfy BART for 
NOX in concluding that participation in the trading programs 
established under CAIR, the predecessor to CSAPR, could serve as BART 
alternatives. See BART Guidelines Final Rule, 70 FR 39104-70 FR 39143 
(July 6, 2005); see also 71 FR 60612-71 FR 60623 (October 13, 2006) 
(clarifying EPA's 2005 determination that ``participation in either the 
annual or seasonal CAIR NOX cap-and-trade program is a 
necessary condition for relying on EPA's determination that States can 
substitute CAIR for BART for NOX''). When CSAPR replaced 
CAIR, EPA conducted a BART-alternative analysis similar to the BART-
alternative analysis conducted for CAIR, and again specifically 
assessed whether participation in either the CSAPR ozone-season 
NOX trading program or the CSAPR annual NOX 
trading program would be sufficient to satisfy the BART-alternative 
analysis for NOX; EPA again concluded that either would 
suffice. See 77 FR 33642 at 77 FR 33650-77 FR 33651 (June 7, 2012). 
Thus, the current text of the regional haze rule continues to provide 
that a state ``subject to a trading program [under CSAPR] need not 
require BART-eligible fossil fuel fired steam electric plants in the 
State to install, operate, and maintain BART for the pollutant covered 
by such trading program in the State,'' 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4) (emphasis 
added). This provision recognizes that participation in either the 
ozone-season or annual NOX trading program would satisfy 
BART. So long as Iowa's BART-eligible fossil-fuel fired EGUs are 
subject to CSAPR's annual NOX trading program, their 
participation in the ozone-season NOX trading program--or 
the status of the CSAPR Update ozone-season NOX program more 
generally--is not relevant for determining that these sources' BART 
obligations for NOX are satisfied.
    Further, if it so chose, Iowa could continue to rely on the CSAPR 
Update (81 FR 74504, October 26, 2016) ozone-season NOX 
trading program to satisfy best available retrofit technology (BART) 
requirements for Iowa's BART-eligible electric generating units (EGUs), 
as authorized by 40 CFR 51.308(e)(4). The court's decision in Wisconsin 
v. EPA, No. 16-1406 (D.C. Cir. September 13, 2019), did not vacate the 
CSAPR Update, and that rule, including Iowa's ozone-season 
NOX budget, remains in place. The Wisconsin decision upheld 
the CSAPR Update rule in most respects, but held the rule was 
inconsistent with the CAA to the extent it failed to require upwind 
states to eliminate their significant contributions to downwind ozone 
problems in accordance with the downwind areas' ozone attainment 
deadline. Wisconsin, Slip Op. 13. The court remanded the Update rule 
but expressly declined to vacate it in order to avoid ``substantial 
disruption'' and in recognition of the potential ``harm to the public 
health and environment'' vacatur could cause. Id. at 59.
    At this time, the CSAPR Update rule remains in operation, and it is 
entirely speculative--not to mention improbable

[[Page 66077]]

in light of the court's reasoning--that on remand, the CSAPR Update's 
ozone-season NOX budget for any state would become less 
stringent, much less in a way that could impact EPA's analysis of the 
CSAPR program as a BART-alternative.
    Finally, the commenter states that the CSAPR Update rule addressed 
not only the 2008 ozone NAAQS but also the remand of some of the 
original CSAPR ozone-season NOX budgets for the 1997 ozone 
NAAQS in EME Homer City Generation v. EPA, 795 F.3d 118 (D.C. Cir. 
2015). See CSAPR Update Final Rule, 81 FR 74504 at 81 FR 74507 (October 
26, 2016). The relevance of this observation to the present action is 
not clear. Iowa's was not one of the original CSAPR ozone-season 
NOX budgets remanded due to potential over-control in EME 
Homer City, see 795 F.3d 118, 138. Further, in the Wisconsin case 
reviewing the CSAPR Update rule, no party challenged the portion of 
that rule resolving the remanded budgets from EME Homer City, and there 
is no reason to believe those determinations would be revisited or 
reopened on the remand in Wisconsin.
    For all these reasons, the Wisconsin decision and remand of the 
CSAPR Update does not alter or affect Iowa's ability to continue to 
rely on participation in CSAPR trading programs to satisfy BART for 
NOX and SO2 for its BART-eligible sources covered 
by the CSAPR trading programs.

IV. What action is the EPA taking?

    The EPA is amending the Iowa SIP to relying on CSAPR for certain 
Regional Haze requirements in accordance with the CAA and the Regional 
Haze Rule (40 CFR 51.308(e)(4)); withdrawing the FIP relying on CSAPR 
to satisfy those requirements; fully approving Iowa's regional haze SIP 
for the first planning period; and approving the prong 4 portions for 
each of the six NAAQS identified above.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders 
can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/laws-and-executive-orders.

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a significant regulatory action and was 
therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
for review.

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs

    This action is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action 
because this action is not significant under Executive Order 12866.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the PRA. This action approves state plans that do not impose any 
information collection.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

    I certify that this action will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. This 
action will not impose any requirements on small entities. This action 
approves state plans that rely on no new requirements on any entities.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

    This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in 
UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. This action does not impose additional requirements 
beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, no additional costs to 
state, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, will 
result from this action.

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between 
the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175. It will not have substantial direct effects on 
tribal governments. There are no Indian reservation lands in Missouri. 
Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those 
regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks 
that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect 
children, per the definition of ``covered regulatory action'' in 
section 2-202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13045 because it approves a state program and approves 
a state action implementing a federal standard.

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is 
not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    This rulemaking does not involve technical standards.

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    EPA believes that this action does not have disproportionately high 
and adverse human health or environmental effects on minority 
populations, low-income populations, and/or indigenous peoples, as 
specified in Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

L. Determination Under Section 307(d)

    Pursuant to CAA section 307(d)(1)(B), this action is subject to the 
requirements of CAA section 307(d), as it revises a FIP under CAA 
section 110(c).

M. Congressional Review Act (CRA)

    This action is subject to the CRA, and the EPA will submit a rule 
report to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of 
the United States. This action [is/is not] a ``major rule'' as defined 
by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

N. Judicial Review

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review 
of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for 
the appropriate circuit by February 3, 2020. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor 
does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may 
be filed and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or 
action. This action, Revisions to Regional Haze Plan and Visibility 
Requirements in Infrastructure State Implementation Plans for the 2006 
PM2.5, 2012 PM2.5, 2010 NO2, 2010 
SO2, 2008 Ozone, and 2015 Ozone NAAQS may not be challenged 
later in

[[Page 66078]]

proceedings to enforce its requirements. See CAA section 307(b)(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, 
Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Lead, Nitrogen 
dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds.

    Dated: November 25, 2019.
Andrew R. Wheeler,
Administrator.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, the EPA amends 40 CFR part 
52 as set forth below:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart Q--Iowa

0
2. In Sec.  52.820, the table in paragraph (e) is amended by adding 
paragraph (e)(52) to read as follows:


Sec.  52.820  Identification of plan.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *

                                   EPA--Approved Iowa Nonregulatory Provisions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Applicable           State
   Name of nonregulatory SIP        geographic or       submittal     EPA Approval date        Explanation
           provision             nonattainment area       date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
(52) Sections 110 (a)(2)         Statewide.........   1/17/2013; 7/  12/3/2019, [insert  This action approves
 Infrastructure Prong 4                              28/2013; 7/29/   Federal Register    the following CAA
 Requirements for the 2006 Fine                         2013; 7/29/   citation].          elements:
 Particulate Matter, 2012 Fine                         2013; 12/22/                       110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II)--p
 Particulate Matter, 2010                              2015; 11/30/                       rong 4. [EPA-R07-OAR-
 Nitrogen Dioxide, 2010 Sulfur                          2018; 5/14/                       2019-0468; FRL-10001-
 Dioxide, 2008 Ozone, and 2015                                 2019                       89-Region 7.].
 Ozone NAAQS.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. Section 52.842 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  52.842  Visibility protection.

    The requirements of section 169A of the Clean Air Act are met 
because the Regional Haze plan submitted by Iowa on March 25, 2008 and 
supplemented on May 14, 2019, includes fully approvable measures for 
meeting the requirements of the Regional Haze Rule including 40 CFR 
51.308(d)(3) and 51.308(e) with respect to emissions of NOX 
and SO2 from electric generating units.

[FR Doc. 2019-26040 Filed 12-2-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P