Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for Chicago O'Hare International Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, and San Francisco International Airport for the Summer 2020 Scheduling Season, 51222-51225 [2019-20986]

Download as PDF jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES 51222 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 188 / Friday, September 27, 2019 / Notices Express Affiliated Carriers, and Fox exceeded $2 million during the 12month period immediately preceding the filing of the application, see 49 CFR 1182.2(a)(5). National Express asserts that the proposed transaction is not expected to have a material, detrimental impact on the adequacy of transportation services available to the public in the Service Area. (Appl. 10.) National Express states that it anticipates that services available to the public will be improved as operating efficiencies are realized and additional services and capacity are made available. (Id.) National Express further states that, for the foreseeable future, Fox will continue to provide the services it currently provides under the same name but will operate within the National Express corporate family, which is experienced in passenger transportation operations. (Id.) According to National Express, Fox is experienced in some of the same market segments already served by some of the National Express Affiliated Carriers, and the transaction is expected to result in improved operating efficiencies, increased equipment utilization rates, and cost savings derived from economies of scale, which will help ensure the provision of adequate service to the public. (Id. at 10–11.) National Express also asserts that adding Fox to National Express’ corporate family will enhance the viability of the overall National Express organization and the operations of the National Express Affiliated Carriers. (Id. at 11.) National Express claims that neither competition nor the public interest will be adversely affected by the proposed transaction. (Id. at 13.) National Express states that the population and demand for charter and tour services in the Service Area are expected to continue to increase in the foreseeable future, and that Fox competes directly with other passenger charter and tour service providers in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. (Id. at 12– 13.) According to National Express, a number of passenger transportation arrangers or brokers for charter and tour services operate within the Service Area, and passenger motor coach charter providers also compete with scheduled rail transportation and a number of scheduled airlines within the Service Area. (Id. at 13.) With regard to interstate charter and tour service offerings, National Express also states that the Service Area is geographically dispersed from the service areas of the National Express Affiliated Carriers, and there is very limited overlap in the service areas and customer bases among VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:29 Sep 26, 2019 Jkt 247001 the National Express Affiliated Carriers and Fox. (Id.) National Express states that fixed charges are not contemplated to have a material impact on the proposed transaction. (Id. at 11.) Regarding the interests of employees, National Express claims that the transaction is not expected to have substantial impacts on employees or labor conditions, nor does National Express anticipate a measurable reduction in force or changes in compensation levels and/or benefits. (Id.) National Express submits, however, that staffing redundancies could result in limited downsizing of back-office or managerial-level personnel. (Id.) The Board finds that the acquisition as proposed in the application is consistent with the public interest and should be tentatively approved and authorized. If any opposing comments are timely filed, these findings will be deemed vacated, and, unless a final decision can be made on the record as developed, a procedural schedule will be adopted to reconsider the application. See 49 CFR 1182.6(c). If no opposing comments are filed by the expiration of the comment period, this notice will take effect automatically and will be the final Board action. This action is categorically excluded from environmental review under 49 CFR 1105.6(c). Board decisions and notices are available at www.stb.gov. It is ordered: 1. The proposed transaction is approved and authorized, subject to the filing of opposing comments. 2. If opposing comments are timely filed, the findings made in this notice will be deemed vacated. 3. This notice will be effective November 13, 2019, unless opposing comments are filed by November 12, 2019. 4. A copy of this notice will be served on: (1) The U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590; (2) the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, 10th Street & Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20530; and (3) the U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the General Counsel, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. Decided: September 23, 2019. By the Board, Board Members Begeman, Fuchs, and Oberman. Regena Smith-Bernard, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2019–21007 Filed 9–26–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4915–01–P PO 00000 Frm 00116 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for Chicago O’Hare International Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, and San Francisco International Airport for the Summer 2020 Scheduling Season Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation. ACTION: Notice of submission deadline. AGENCY: Under this notice, the FAA announces the submission deadline of October 3, 2019, for Summer 2020 flight schedules at Chicago O’Hare International Airport (ORD), John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), and San Francisco International Airport (SFO). The deadline coincides with the schedule submission deadline for the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Slot Conference for the Summer 2020 scheduling season. DATES: Schedules must be submitted no later than October 3, 2019. ADDRESSES: Schedules may be submitted by mail to the Slot Administration Office, AGC–200, Office of the Chief Counsel, 800 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591; facsimile: 202–267–7277; or by email to: 7-AWA-slotadmin@faa.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Al Meilus, Manager (Acting), Slot Administration, AJR–G, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267–2822; email Al.Meilus@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This document provides routine notice to carriers serving capacity-constrained airports in the United States. SUMMARY: General Information for All Airports The FAA has designated LAX, ORD, and SFO as IATA Level 2 airports 1 and JFK as an IATA Level 3 airport consistent with the Worldwide Slot Guidelines (WSG).2 The FAA currently limits scheduled operations at JFK by 1 These designations remain effective until the FAA announces a change in the Federal Register. The FAA suspended Level 2 schedule review at ORD on a trial basis for the Winter 2019/2020 scheduling season only. 84 FR 18630 (May 1, 2019). 2 The FAA applies the WSG to the extent there is no conflict with U.S. law or regulation. The FAA is reviewing recent substantive amendments to the WSG adopted in version 10 and considering whether to implement certain changes in the U.S. E:\FR\FM\27SEN1.SGM 27SEN1 jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 188 / Friday, September 27, 2019 / Notices order that expires on October 24, 2020.3 The FAA has also designated Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) as a Level 2 airport and intends to issue a separate schedule submission notice for EWR for the Summer 2020 season. The FAA is primarily concerned about scheduled and other regularly conducted commercial operations during peak hours, but carriers may submit schedule plans for the entire day. The peak hours for the Summer 2020 scheduling season are: At LAX and SFO from 0600 to 2300 Pacific Time (1300 to 0600 UTC), at ORD from 0600 to 2100 Central Time (1100 to 0200 UTC), and at JFK from 0600 to 2300 Eastern Time (1000 to 0300 UTC). These hours are unchanged from previous scheduling seasons. Carriers should submit schedule information in sufficient detail including, at minimum, the marketing or operating carrier, flight number, scheduled time of operation, frequency, aircraft equipment, and effective dates. IATA standard schedule information format and data elements for communications at Level 2 and Level 3 airports in the IATA Standard Schedules Information Manual (SSIM) Chapter 6 may be used. The WSG provides additional information on schedule submissions at Level 2 and Level 3 airports. The U.S. summer scheduling season is from March 29, 2020, through October 24, 2020, in recognition of the IATA northern Summer scheduling period. As stated in the WSG, schedule facilitation at a Level 2 airport is based on the following: (1) Schedule adjustments are mutually agreed upon between the airlines and the facilitator; (2) the intent is to avoid exceeding the airport’s coordination parameters; (3) the concepts of historic precedence and series of slots do not apply at Level 2 airports; although WSG recommends giving priority to approved services that plan to operate unchanged from the previous equivalent season at Level 2 airports, and (4) the facilitator should adjust the smallest number of flights by the least amount of time necessary to avoid exceeding the airport’s coordination parameters. Consistent with the WSG, the success of Level 2 in the U.S. depends on the voluntary cooperation of all carriers. The FAA considers several factors and priorities as it reviews schedule and slot requests at Level 2 and Level 3 airports, which are consistent with the WSG, including—historic slots or 3 Operating Limitations at John F. Kennedy International Airport, 73 FR 3510 (Jan. 18, 2008), as amended 83 FR 46865 (Sep. 17, 2018). The slot coordination parameters for JFK are set forth in this Order. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:29 Sep 26, 2019 Jkt 247001 services from the previous equivalent season over new demand for the same timings, services that are unchanged over services that plan to change time or other capacity relevant parameters, introduction of year-round services, effective period of operation, regularly planned operations over ad hoc operations, and other operational factors that may limit a carrier’s timing flexibility. In addition to applying these priorities from the WSG, the U.S. Government has adopted a number of measures and procedures to promote competition and new entry at U.S. slot controlled and schedule facilitated airports. At Level 2 airports, the FAA seeks to improve communications with carriers and terminal schedule facilitators on potential runway schedule issues or terminal and gate issues that may affect the runway times. The FAA also seeks to reduce the time that carriers consider proposed offers on schedules. Retaining open offers for extended periods of time may delay the facilitation process for the airport. Reducing this delay is particularly important to allow the FAA to make informed decisions at airports where operations in some hours are at or near the scheduling limits. The agency recognizes that there are circumstances that may require some schedules to remain open. However, the FAA expects to substantially complete the review process on initial submissions each scheduling season within 30 days of the end of the Slot Conference. After this time, the agency would confirm the acceptance of proposed offers, as applicable, or issue a denial of schedule requests. Slot management in the U.S. differs in some respect from procedures in other countries. In the United States, the FAA is responsible for facilitation and coordination of runway access for takeoffs and landings at Level 2 and Level 3 airports; however, the airport authority or its designee is responsible for facilitation and coordination of terminal/gate/airport facility access. The process with the individual airports for terminal access and other airport services is separate from, and in addition to, the FAA schedule review based on runway capacity. Approval from the FAA for runway availability and the airport authority for airport facility availability is necessary before implementing schedule plans. Carriers seeking terminal approval should contact the schedule facilitator for that airport. Generally, the FAA uses average hourly runway capacity throughput for airports and performance metrics in its schedule review at Level 2 airports and PO 00000 Frm 00117 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 51223 determining the scheduling limits at Level 3 airports included in FAA rules or orders.4 The FAA also considers other factors that can affect operations, such as capacity changes due to runway, taxiway, or other airport construction, air traffic control procedural changes, airport surface operations, and historical or projected flight delays and congestion. Finally, the FAA notes that the schedule information submitted by carriers to the FAA may be subject to disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The WSG also provides for release of information at certain stages of slot coordination and schedule facilitation. In general, once it acts on a schedule submission or slot request, the FAA may release information on slot allocation or similar slot transactions or schedule information reviewed as part of the schedule facilitation process. The FAA does not expect that practice to change and most slot and schedule information would not be exempt from release under FOIA. The FAA recognizes that some carriers may submit information on schedule plans that is both customarily and actually treated as private. Carriers that submit such confidential schedule information should clearly mark the information as ‘‘PROPIN’’. The FAA will take the necessary steps to protect properly designated information to the extent allowable by law. Level 2, FAA Designation Review In the previous Notice of Submission Deadline published for the Winter 2019/ 2020 scheduling season, the FAA advised it was reviewing the Level 2 runway designations at LAX, ORD, and SFO to determine if the designations at these airports continue to be necessary for future scheduling seasons and announced a suspension on a trial basis of the Level 2 runway designation at ORD for Winter 2019/2020 schedules.5 4 The FAA typically determines an airport’s average adjusted runway capacity or typical throughput for Level 2 airports by reviewing hourly data on the arrival and departure rates that air traffic control indicates could be accepted for that hour, commonly known as ‘‘called’’ rates. The FAA also reviews the actual number of arrivals and departures that operated in the same hour. Generally, the FAA uses the higher of the two numbers, called or actual, for identifying trends and schedule review purposes. Some dates are excluded from analysis, such as during periods when extended airport closures or construction could affect capacity. 5 Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for John F. Kennedy International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, and San Francisco International Airport for the Winter 2019/2020 Scheduling Season; Suspension of Level 2 at E:\FR\FM\27SEN1.SGM Continued 27SEN1 51224 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 188 / Friday, September 27, 2019 / Notices jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES The FAA also indicated it would engage with the airport operators, carriers, and other stakeholders to determine whether the FAA designation provides substantive benefits to the traveling public by reducing potential runway congestion and delay. The FAA reiterates that its review at LAX, ORD, and SFO was for runway purposes only as the separate airport facility designations are made by the local airport operator. The FAA held discussions with the airport operators of LAX, ORD, and SFO as well as various airlines serving the airports to obtain their views on whether Level 2 remains appropriate and whether the FAA’s advance review of scheduled demand can yield improved performance. The FAA discussed the Level 2 review with airlines and airport operators in meetings at the 144th IATA Slot Conference, the domestic slot conference hosted by Airlines for America, as well as other individual meetings. No formal written comments were received. The FAA reviewed air traffic operations and constraints, performance metrics, and airport/ airfield construction plans at the individual airports that might impact airport operations or capacity. The Air Traffic Organization and other FAA offices also regularly meet with stakeholders on national and local levels to address operational issues and ways to improve efficiency. The FAA has determined that a Level 2 designation for LAX, ORD, and SFO remains appropriate at this time and these designations will remain in effect until the FAA announces a change in the Federal Register. The results of the FAA review for the individual airports are discussed below. The FAA will continue to monitor operations and demand at the airports and regularly consult with the airport operators and stakeholders to determine if a level change is warranted in the future. LAX LAX was designated Level 2 in 2015 based on multiple runway construction projects that were planned through 2018.6 Since that time, other runway and taxiway have been planned by the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), including a closure of Runway 7R/25L during parts of the Winter 2020/2021 and Summer 2021 scheduling seasons, and construction of taxiway exits on Chicago O’Hare International Airport, 84 FR 18630 (May 1, 2019). 6 Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for Los Angeles International Airport for the Summer 2015 Scheduling Season, 80 FR 12253 (Mar. 6, 2015). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:29 Sep 26, 2019 Jkt 247001 Runways 6L/24R and 6R/24L in the planning stages for 2022. The FAA reviewed the recent scheduled demand at LAX, the typical airport arrival and departure rates with four available runways, how runway capacity was impacted with the series of runway construction projects since 2015, and the anticipated impacts when Runway 7R/25L closes for construction. Surface operations at LAX present a challenging air traffic operational environment with limited movement and holding areas, multiple taxiway and runway restrictions based on aircraft types and operating characteristics, and limitations due to the distance between the north runways. The airfield construction over the last few years and continuing with current and upcoming taxiway and terminal construction increases the operational complexity for runway configuration and surface movements. Stakeholders did not have strong views on whether the FAA’s schedule review is needed in the long term as LAWA is also actively managing gates and terminal access for international passenger flights, has relocated terminals and gates for multiple airlines to improve efficiency and better match airport facilities with airline operations, and recently deployed surface management tools. Stakeholders acknowledged LAWA efforts and some international operators viewed LAWA’s schedule facilitation for terminal access as sufficient. Some airlines expressed concern that the airport has been under construction for significant portions of the past several years with ongoing taxiway and terminal construction and this has increased delays and operational challenges. Some expressed concern that it may not be appropriate to change the airport level and that it should be considered after the next runway closure and major construction projects are done. Some airlines indicated that they wanted to grow their operations at LAX in the future and the airport could benefit from Level 2 to help prevent delays through facilitation of voluntary schedule adjustments while others were concerned that under Level 2 they might not be able to operate at their preferred times. The airlines generally indicated there is minimal burden associated with providing schedules noting that they were already providing information to the airport for terminal planning purposes or that providing information to the FAA was largely an automated process. Airlines noted that providing schedule information to the FAA before it is final and, in many cases, before it is publicly available, allows the FAA to identify PO 00000 Frm 00118 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 periods of potential congestion. Several airlines stated that if changes were needed to avoid or reduce delays, they would rather know as early as possible in the planning process when it is easier to adjust schedules. The FAA has determined that Level 2 at LAX remains appropriate given the airport demand and the potential capacity impacts and anticipated operational impacts from the upcoming airport construction. The aircraft fleet mix includes a significant percentage of heavy aircraft that require additional spacing in the air and specific routings or other limitations on the surface. Multiple airlines operate at LAX as a hub airport or focus city and plan schedules independently. There are periods when scheduled demand is relatively high such as the morning and evening hours and excessive demand has the potential to increase air traffic delays. The schedule facilitation and cooperation by airlines to voluntarily make necessary schedule changes would continue to provide an opportunity to manage scheduled demand during upcoming construction. ORD The FAA designated ORD as Level 2 in 2008 to allow for a smoother transition as slot control under Level 3 was phased out with the opening of a new runway in November 2008.7 The FAA concluded that Level 2 was necessary to facilitate the scheduling of operations so that the airport would not suffer from periods of overscheduling as it adjusts to new capacity and as modernization plans continued. While it conducted its review of the ORD Level 2 designation, the FAA suspended the runway schedule review on a trial basis for the Winter 2019/2020 scheduling season noting that demand is typically within the airport’s runway capacity. This suspension was for Winter 2019/2020 only and does not change the designation for any other scheduling season unless a subsequent change is announced. The FAA also indicated it would publish the findings of its broad review of the ORD Level 2 designation in the notice for the Summer 2020 scheduling season. The FAA noted when it announced the trial suspension that it was not aware of any major schedule or hub structure changes planned for the Winter 2019/2020 season and none are apparent based on currently published schedules. The FAA will continue to monitor schedules 7 Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for O’Hare International, John F. Kennedy International, and Newark Liberty International Airport for the Summer 2009 Scheduling Season, 73 FR 54659 (Sep. 22, 2008). E:\FR\FM\27SEN1.SGM 27SEN1 jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 188 / Friday, September 27, 2019 / Notices and operational data to assess if there are significant impacts or other issues related to the trial suspension that might inform future decisions. The City of Chicago is continuing plans to improve the airport’s throughput, efficiency, and terminal access. New construction of Runway 9C/27C is expected to continue through 2020. An extension of Runway 9R by about 3,000 feet and shortening of Runway 27L by about 300 feet and Terminal 5 expansion are in progress. Both projects are expected to continue into late 2021. Various taxiway construction projects are underway or planned for the next few years. Some of these projects, especially runway closures, impact capacity while others such as taxiway and terminal construction may limit surface movements and options for holding aircraft, or increase operational complexity in the short term. There is currently Level 2 schedule facilitation for Terminal 5 and the terminal is constrained at peak times. Several airlines and the airport operator expressed support for continuation of Level 2 to address potential congestion issues over the next few years. Many of the statements made by airlines summarized in the LAX section of this Notice on submitting schedules for review, including a preference for early notice of adjustments, were also expressed with regard to ORD. No airlines expressed a preference for a change to Level 1 in the near term. Additionally, the FAA notes that ORD is uniquely situated as one of the few airports in the U.S. that is a major hub for two airlines, each of which has a substantial portion of the total operations at the airport. Currently, there is a degree of separation between the arrival and departure banks of the hub airlines that limits schedule peaking. There have been occasions when one or both airlines have changed schedule banks and overlapped schedules causing demand to exceed capacity. The resulting in delays and flight cancellations impacted ORD and other airports in the National Airspace System (NAS). The FAA worked with airlines to revise schedules. Until the changes were effective, there was significant impact to the operation and disruption to airline networks and passengers. The FAA finds that given ORD’s demand and the importance of the airport to the NAS, the Level 2 process provides an opportunity to try to work with airlines to voluntarily adjust schedules before they take effect and reduce potential delays. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:29 Sep 26, 2019 Jkt 247001 51225 SFO DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY The FAA designated SFO as Level 2 effective in 2012 as a result of low ontime performance relative to other airports, expected growth in scheduled demand, and runway construction.8 Separately, the airport also had planned runway construction after the Level 2 designation was effective, which contributed to congestion. Today, the airport continues to have high demand in certain hours even with Level 2 and is limited in some cases by gate availability during peak hours. SFO continues to be one of the more delayprone airports in the U.S. Since 2012, operations at SFO have increased about 10%, and the proportion of flights delayed has increased about one percentage point.9 Stakeholders generally expressed support for retaining the Level 2 designation to help facilitate the movement of scheduled flights into less congested periods. Operationally, surface constraints limit holding and staging areas for aircraft and demand for gates remains high. Terminal 1 construction is underway and expected to be completed in 2022. SFO facilitates international passenger flights under the Level 2 process, which is complementary to the FAA runway review. As with LAX and ORD, airlines generally favored retaining the FAA’s Level 2 designation. Some opined that SFO’s runway layout limits the airport capacity, especially in adverse weather conditions, and the delays and performance strongly support continuing efforts under Level 2 to manage schedules and reduce delays. The FAA finds that the Level 2 process should be retained at SFO in order to facilitate voluntary schedule adjustments in an effort to reduce potential delay associated with growing scheduled demand. Office of Foreign Assets Control Issued in Washington, DC, on September 24, 2019. Michael C. Artist, Vice President, System Operations Services. [FR Doc. 2019–20986 Filed 9–26–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P Notice of OFAC Sanctions Actions Office of Foreign Assets Control, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is publishing the names of one or more persons that have been placed on OFAC’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN List) based on OFAC’s determination that one or more applicable legal criteria were satisfied. All property and interests in property subject to U.S. jurisdiction of these persons are blocked, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them. Additionally, OFAC is publishing the names of one or more persons that have been removed from the SDN List. Their property and interests in property are no longer blocked, and U.S. persons are no longer generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them. DATES: See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: OFAC: Associate Director for Global Targeting, tel: 202–622–2420; Assistant Director for Licensing, tel.: 202–622– 2480; Assistant Director for Regulatory Affairs, tel.: 202–622–4855; Assistant Director for Sanctions Compliance & Evaluation, tel.: 202–622–2490; or the Department of the Treasury’s Office of the General Counsel: Office of the Chief Counsel (Foreign Assets Control), tel.: 202–622–2410. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Electronic Availability The SDN List and additional information concerning OFAC sanctions programs are available on OFAC’s website (https://www.treasury.gov/ofac). Notice of OFAC Actions A. On September 24, 2019, OFAC determined that the property and interests in property subject to U.S. jurisdiction of the following persons are blocked under the relevant sanctions authority listed below. Entities 8 Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for San Francisco International Airport for the Summer 2012 Scheduling Season, 76 FR 64163 (Oct. 17, 2011). 9 Source: OPSNET data based on 12-month rolling averages. PO 00000 Frm 00119 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 1. CAROIL TRANSPORT MARINE LTD (a.k.a. CAROIL TRANSPORT MARINE LIMITED), Arch Makariou III Avenue 284, Fortuna Court, Block B, 2nd Floor, Limassol, Cyprus; Identification Number IMO 1869514; Registration Number HE 47364 (Cyprus) [VENEZUELA–EO13850]. E:\FR\FM\27SEN1.SGM 27SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 188 (Friday, September 27, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 51222-51225]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-20986]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration


Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for 
Chicago O'Hare International Airport, John F. Kennedy International 
Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, and San Francisco 
International Airport for the Summer 2020 Scheduling Season

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of 
Transportation.

ACTION: Notice of submission deadline.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Under this notice, the FAA announces the submission deadline 
of October 3, 2019, for Summer 2020 flight schedules at Chicago O'Hare 
International Airport (ORD), John F. Kennedy International Airport 
(JFK), Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), and San Francisco 
International Airport (SFO). The deadline coincides with the schedule 
submission deadline for the International Air Transport Association 
(IATA) Slot Conference for the Summer 2020 scheduling season.

DATES: Schedules must be submitted no later than October 3, 2019.

ADDRESSES: Schedules may be submitted by mail to the Slot 
Administration Office, AGC-200, Office of the Chief Counsel, 800 
Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591; facsimile: 202-267-7277; 
or by email to: [email protected].

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Al Meilus, Manager (Acting), Slot 
Administration, AJR-G, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 
Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267-2822; 
email [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This document provides routine notice to 
carriers serving capacity-constrained airports in the United States.

General Information for All Airports

    The FAA has designated LAX, ORD, and SFO as IATA Level 2 airports 
\1\ and JFK as an IATA Level 3 airport consistent with the Worldwide 
Slot Guidelines (WSG).\2\ The FAA currently limits scheduled operations 
at JFK by

[[Page 51223]]

order that expires on October 24, 2020.\3\ The FAA has also designated 
Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) as a Level 2 airport and 
intends to issue a separate schedule submission notice for EWR for the 
Summer 2020 season.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ These designations remain effective until the FAA announces 
a change in the Federal Register. The FAA suspended Level 2 schedule 
review at ORD on a trial basis for the Winter 2019/2020 scheduling 
season only. 84 FR 18630 (May 1, 2019).
    \2\ The FAA applies the WSG to the extent there is no conflict 
with U.S. law or regulation. The FAA is reviewing recent substantive 
amendments to the WSG adopted in version 10 and considering whether 
to implement certain changes in the U.S.
    \3\ Operating Limitations at John F. Kennedy International 
Airport, 73 FR 3510 (Jan. 18, 2008), as amended 83 FR 46865 (Sep. 
17, 2018). The slot coordination parameters for JFK are set forth in 
this Order.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The FAA is primarily concerned about scheduled and other regularly 
conducted commercial operations during peak hours, but carriers may 
submit schedule plans for the entire day. The peak hours for the Summer 
2020 scheduling season are: At LAX and SFO from 0600 to 2300 Pacific 
Time (1300 to 0600 UTC), at ORD from 0600 to 2100 Central Time (1100 to 
0200 UTC), and at JFK from 0600 to 2300 Eastern Time (1000 to 0300 
UTC). These hours are unchanged from previous scheduling seasons. 
Carriers should submit schedule information in sufficient detail 
including, at minimum, the marketing or operating carrier, flight 
number, scheduled time of operation, frequency, aircraft equipment, and 
effective dates. IATA standard schedule information format and data 
elements for communications at Level 2 and Level 3 airports in the IATA 
Standard Schedules Information Manual (SSIM) Chapter 6 may be used. The 
WSG provides additional information on schedule submissions at Level 2 
and Level 3 airports.
    The U.S. summer scheduling season is from March 29, 2020, through 
October 24, 2020, in recognition of the IATA northern Summer scheduling 
period.
    As stated in the WSG, schedule facilitation at a Level 2 airport is 
based on the following: (1) Schedule adjustments are mutually agreed 
upon between the airlines and the facilitator; (2) the intent is to 
avoid exceeding the airport's coordination parameters; (3) the concepts 
of historic precedence and series of slots do not apply at Level 2 
airports; although WSG recommends giving priority to approved services 
that plan to operate unchanged from the previous equivalent season at 
Level 2 airports, and (4) the facilitator should adjust the smallest 
number of flights by the least amount of time necessary to avoid 
exceeding the airport's coordination parameters. Consistent with the 
WSG, the success of Level 2 in the U.S. depends on the voluntary 
cooperation of all carriers.
    The FAA considers several factors and priorities as it reviews 
schedule and slot requests at Level 2 and Level 3 airports, which are 
consistent with the WSG, including--historic slots or services from the 
previous equivalent season over new demand for the same timings, 
services that are unchanged over services that plan to change time or 
other capacity relevant parameters, introduction of year-round 
services, effective period of operation, regularly planned operations 
over ad hoc operations, and other operational factors that may limit a 
carrier's timing flexibility. In addition to applying these priorities 
from the WSG, the U.S. Government has adopted a number of measures and 
procedures to promote competition and new entry at U.S. slot controlled 
and schedule facilitated airports.
    At Level 2 airports, the FAA seeks to improve communications with 
carriers and terminal schedule facilitators on potential runway 
schedule issues or terminal and gate issues that may affect the runway 
times. The FAA also seeks to reduce the time that carriers consider 
proposed offers on schedules. Retaining open offers for extended 
periods of time may delay the facilitation process for the airport. 
Reducing this delay is particularly important to allow the FAA to make 
informed decisions at airports where operations in some hours are at or 
near the scheduling limits. The agency recognizes that there are 
circumstances that may require some schedules to remain open. However, 
the FAA expects to substantially complete the review process on initial 
submissions each scheduling season within 30 days of the end of the 
Slot Conference. After this time, the agency would confirm the 
acceptance of proposed offers, as applicable, or issue a denial of 
schedule requests.
    Slot management in the U.S. differs in some respect from procedures 
in other countries. In the United States, the FAA is responsible for 
facilitation and coordination of runway access for takeoffs and 
landings at Level 2 and Level 3 airports; however, the airport 
authority or its designee is responsible for facilitation and 
coordination of terminal/gate/airport facility access. The process with 
the individual airports for terminal access and other airport services 
is separate from, and in addition to, the FAA schedule review based on 
runway capacity. Approval from the FAA for runway availability and the 
airport authority for airport facility availability is necessary before 
implementing schedule plans. Carriers seeking terminal approval should 
contact the schedule facilitator for that airport.
    Generally, the FAA uses average hourly runway capacity throughput 
for airports and performance metrics in its schedule review at Level 2 
airports and determining the scheduling limits at Level 3 airports 
included in FAA rules or orders.\4\ The FAA also considers other 
factors that can affect operations, such as capacity changes due to 
runway, taxiway, or other airport construction, air traffic control 
procedural changes, airport surface operations, and historical or 
projected flight delays and congestion.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ The FAA typically determines an airport's average adjusted 
runway capacity or typical throughput for Level 2 airports by 
reviewing hourly data on the arrival and departure rates that air 
traffic control indicates could be accepted for that hour, commonly 
known as ``called'' rates. The FAA also reviews the actual number of 
arrivals and departures that operated in the same hour. Generally, 
the FAA uses the higher of the two numbers, called or actual, for 
identifying trends and schedule review purposes. Some dates are 
excluded from analysis, such as during periods when extended airport 
closures or construction could affect capacity.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Finally, the FAA notes that the schedule information submitted by 
carriers to the FAA may be subject to disclosure under the Freedom of 
Information Act (FOIA). The WSG also provides for release of 
information at certain stages of slot coordination and schedule 
facilitation. In general, once it acts on a schedule submission or slot 
request, the FAA may release information on slot allocation or similar 
slot transactions or schedule information reviewed as part of the 
schedule facilitation process. The FAA does not expect that practice to 
change and most slot and schedule information would not be exempt from 
release under FOIA. The FAA recognizes that some carriers may submit 
information on schedule plans that is both customarily and actually 
treated as private. Carriers that submit such confidential schedule 
information should clearly mark the information as ``PROPIN''. The FAA 
will take the necessary steps to protect properly designated 
information to the extent allowable by law.

Level 2, FAA Designation Review

    In the previous Notice of Submission Deadline published for the 
Winter 2019/2020 scheduling season, the FAA advised it was reviewing 
the Level 2 runway designations at LAX, ORD, and SFO to determine if 
the designations at these airports continue to be necessary for future 
scheduling seasons and announced a suspension on a trial basis of the 
Level 2 runway designation at ORD for Winter 2019/2020 schedules.\5\

[[Page 51224]]

The FAA also indicated it would engage with the airport operators, 
carriers, and other stakeholders to determine whether the FAA 
designation provides substantive benefits to the traveling public by 
reducing potential runway congestion and delay. The FAA reiterates that 
its review at LAX, ORD, and SFO was for runway purposes only as the 
separate airport facility designations are made by the local airport 
operator.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for 
John F. Kennedy International Airport, Los Angeles International 
Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, and San Francisco 
International Airport for the Winter 2019/2020 Scheduling Season; 
Suspension of Level 2 at Chicago O'Hare International Airport, 84 FR 
18630 (May 1, 2019).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The FAA held discussions with the airport operators of LAX, ORD, 
and SFO as well as various airlines serving the airports to obtain 
their views on whether Level 2 remains appropriate and whether the 
FAA's advance review of scheduled demand can yield improved 
performance. The FAA discussed the Level 2 review with airlines and 
airport operators in meetings at the 144th IATA Slot Conference, the 
domestic slot conference hosted by Airlines for America, as well as 
other individual meetings. No formal written comments were received. 
The FAA reviewed air traffic operations and constraints, performance 
metrics, and airport/airfield construction plans at the individual 
airports that might impact airport operations or capacity. The Air 
Traffic Organization and other FAA offices also regularly meet with 
stakeholders on national and local levels to address operational issues 
and ways to improve efficiency.
    The FAA has determined that a Level 2 designation for LAX, ORD, and 
SFO remains appropriate at this time and these designations will remain 
in effect until the FAA announces a change in the Federal Register. The 
results of the FAA review for the individual airports are discussed 
below. The FAA will continue to monitor operations and demand at the 
airports and regularly consult with the airport operators and 
stakeholders to determine if a level change is warranted in the future.

LAX

    LAX was designated Level 2 in 2015 based on multiple runway 
construction projects that were planned through 2018.\6\ Since that 
time, other runway and taxiway have been planned by the Los Angeles 
World Airports (LAWA), including a closure of Runway 7R/25L during 
parts of the Winter 2020/2021 and Summer 2021 scheduling seasons, and 
construction of taxiway exits on Runways 6L/24R and 6R/24L in the 
planning stages for 2022.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for 
Los Angeles International Airport for the Summer 2015 Scheduling 
Season, 80 FR 12253 (Mar. 6, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The FAA reviewed the recent scheduled demand at LAX, the typical 
airport arrival and departure rates with four available runways, how 
runway capacity was impacted with the series of runway construction 
projects since 2015, and the anticipated impacts when Runway 7R/25L 
closes for construction. Surface operations at LAX present a 
challenging air traffic operational environment with limited movement 
and holding areas, multiple taxiway and runway restrictions based on 
aircraft types and operating characteristics, and limitations due to 
the distance between the north runways. The airfield construction over 
the last few years and continuing with current and upcoming taxiway and 
terminal construction increases the operational complexity for runway 
configuration and surface movements.
    Stakeholders did not have strong views on whether the FAA's 
schedule review is needed in the long term as LAWA is also actively 
managing gates and terminal access for international passenger flights, 
has relocated terminals and gates for multiple airlines to improve 
efficiency and better match airport facilities with airline operations, 
and recently deployed surface management tools. Stakeholders 
acknowledged LAWA efforts and some international operators viewed 
LAWA's schedule facilitation for terminal access as sufficient. Some 
airlines expressed concern that the airport has been under construction 
for significant portions of the past several years with ongoing taxiway 
and terminal construction and this has increased delays and operational 
challenges. Some expressed concern that it may not be appropriate to 
change the airport level and that it should be considered after the 
next runway closure and major construction projects are done. Some 
airlines indicated that they wanted to grow their operations at LAX in 
the future and the airport could benefit from Level 2 to help prevent 
delays through facilitation of voluntary schedule adjustments while 
others were concerned that under Level 2 they might not be able to 
operate at their preferred times. The airlines generally indicated 
there is minimal burden associated with providing schedules noting that 
they were already providing information to the airport for terminal 
planning purposes or that providing information to the FAA was largely 
an automated process. Airlines noted that providing schedule 
information to the FAA before it is final and, in many cases, before it 
is publicly available, allows the FAA to identify periods of potential 
congestion. Several airlines stated that if changes were needed to 
avoid or reduce delays, they would rather know as early as possible in 
the planning process when it is easier to adjust schedules.
    The FAA has determined that Level 2 at LAX remains appropriate 
given the airport demand and the potential capacity impacts and 
anticipated operational impacts from the upcoming airport construction. 
The aircraft fleet mix includes a significant percentage of heavy 
aircraft that require additional spacing in the air and specific 
routings or other limitations on the surface. Multiple airlines operate 
at LAX as a hub airport or focus city and plan schedules independently. 
There are periods when scheduled demand is relatively high such as the 
morning and evening hours and excessive demand has the potential to 
increase air traffic delays. The schedule facilitation and cooperation 
by airlines to voluntarily make necessary schedule changes would 
continue to provide an opportunity to manage scheduled demand during 
upcoming construction.

ORD

    The FAA designated ORD as Level 2 in 2008 to allow for a smoother 
transition as slot control under Level 3 was phased out with the 
opening of a new runway in November 2008.\7\ The FAA concluded that 
Level 2 was necessary to facilitate the scheduling of operations so 
that the airport would not suffer from periods of overscheduling as it 
adjusts to new capacity and as modernization plans continued.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ Notice of Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for 
O'Hare International, John F. Kennedy International, and Newark 
Liberty International Airport for the Summer 2009 Scheduling Season, 
73 FR 54659 (Sep. 22, 2008).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    While it conducted its review of the ORD Level 2 designation, the 
FAA suspended the runway schedule review on a trial basis for the 
Winter 2019/2020 scheduling season noting that demand is typically 
within the airport's runway capacity. This suspension was for Winter 
2019/2020 only and does not change the designation for any other 
scheduling season unless a subsequent change is announced. The FAA also 
indicated it would publish the findings of its broad review of the ORD 
Level 2 designation in the notice for the Summer 2020 scheduling 
season. The FAA noted when it announced the trial suspension that it 
was not aware of any major schedule or hub structure changes planned 
for the Winter 2019/2020 season and none are apparent based on 
currently published schedules. The FAA will continue to monitor 
schedules

[[Page 51225]]

and operational data to assess if there are significant impacts or 
other issues related to the trial suspension that might inform future 
decisions.
    The City of Chicago is continuing plans to improve the airport's 
throughput, efficiency, and terminal access. New construction of Runway 
9C/27C is expected to continue through 2020. An extension of Runway 9R 
by about 3,000 feet and shortening of Runway 27L by about 300 feet and 
Terminal 5 expansion are in progress. Both projects are expected to 
continue into late 2021. Various taxiway construction projects are 
underway or planned for the next few years. Some of these projects, 
especially runway closures, impact capacity while others such as 
taxiway and terminal construction may limit surface movements and 
options for holding aircraft, or increase operational complexity in the 
short term. There is currently Level 2 schedule facilitation for 
Terminal 5 and the terminal is constrained at peak times.
    Several airlines and the airport operator expressed support for 
continuation of Level 2 to address potential congestion issues over the 
next few years. Many of the statements made by airlines summarized in 
the LAX section of this Notice on submitting schedules for review, 
including a preference for early notice of adjustments, were also 
expressed with regard to ORD. No airlines expressed a preference for a 
change to Level 1 in the near term. Additionally, the FAA notes that 
ORD is uniquely situated as one of the few airports in the U.S. that is 
a major hub for two airlines, each of which has a substantial portion 
of the total operations at the airport. Currently, there is a degree of 
separation between the arrival and departure banks of the hub airlines 
that limits schedule peaking. There have been occasions when one or 
both airlines have changed schedule banks and overlapped schedules 
causing demand to exceed capacity. The resulting in delays and flight 
cancellations impacted ORD and other airports in the National Airspace 
System (NAS). The FAA worked with airlines to revise schedules. Until 
the changes were effective, there was significant impact to the 
operation and disruption to airline networks and passengers. The FAA 
finds that given ORD's demand and the importance of the airport to the 
NAS, the Level 2 process provides an opportunity to try to work with 
airlines to voluntarily adjust schedules before they take effect and 
reduce potential delays.

SFO

    The FAA designated SFO as Level 2 effective in 2012 as a result of 
low on-time performance relative to other airports, expected growth in 
scheduled demand, and runway construction.\8\ Separately, the airport 
also had planned runway construction after the Level 2 designation was 
effective, which contributed to congestion. Today, the airport 
continues to have high demand in certain hours even with Level 2 and is 
limited in some cases by gate availability during peak hours. SFO 
continues to be one of the more delay-prone airports in the U.S. Since 
2012, operations at SFO have increased about 10%, and the proportion of 
flights delayed has increased about one percentage point.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ Submission Deadline for Schedule Information for San 
Francisco International Airport for the Summer 2012 Scheduling 
Season, 76 FR 64163 (Oct. 17, 2011).
    \9\ Source: OPSNET data based on 12-month rolling averages.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Stakeholders generally expressed support for retaining the Level 2 
designation to help facilitate the movement of scheduled flights into 
less congested periods. Operationally, surface constraints limit 
holding and staging areas for aircraft and demand for gates remains 
high. Terminal 1 construction is underway and expected to be completed 
in 2022. SFO facilitates international passenger flights under the 
Level 2 process, which is complementary to the FAA runway review. As 
with LAX and ORD, airlines generally favored retaining the FAA's Level 
2 designation. Some opined that SFO's runway layout limits the airport 
capacity, especially in adverse weather conditions, and the delays and 
performance strongly support continuing efforts under Level 2 to manage 
schedules and reduce delays. The FAA finds that the Level 2 process 
should be retained at SFO in order to facilitate voluntary schedule 
adjustments in an effort to reduce potential delay associated with 
growing scheduled demand.

    Issued in Washington, DC, on September 24, 2019.
Michael C. Artist,
Vice President, System Operations Services.
[FR Doc. 2019-20986 Filed 9-26-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P