Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, 47233-47239 [2019-19312]

Download as PDF 47233 Notices Federal Register Vol. 84, No. 174 Monday, September 9, 2019 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency statements of organization and functions are examples of documents appearing in this section. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Census Bureau Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act. Agency: U.S. Census Bureau. Title: 2020 Census—Evaluations and Experiments The initial Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census’’ (June 8, 2018, Vol. 83, Number 111, pp. 26643–26653, FR Doc No.: 2018–12365) described the 2020 Census in full. Approval for the 2020 Census is being sought from OMB in phases. The first phase of approval was for the 2020 Census Address Canvassing operation only, which was described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census,’’ October 2, 2018 (Vol. 83, No. 191, pp. 49535–49539, FR Doc No.: 2018–21386). Address Canvassing creates the address list for the census and precedes census enumeration data collection. The remaining enumeration operations scoped for the 2020 Census data collection were described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census,’’ February 13, 2019 (Vol. 84, No. 30, pp 3746–3757, FR Doc. No.: 2019–02223), which had an additional 30-day comment period. The Evaluations and Experiments description will be considered as an additional revision to the approved OMB materials. In addition, the Group Quarters and Enumeration at Transitory Locations operation descriptions will be updated in this Notice. Previous Notices have not described fully some of the stages of these operations. In addition, there have been some changes to stages that were previously described. In addition, there has been an overall change to the 2020 Census program since the prior Notice publication. This change will be described in this Notice for the purposes of providing the most current details about the 2020 Census program. In particular, the program change is related to the determination of enumeration methodology by geographic area, or the Type of Enumeration Area (TEA) delineation. OMB Control Number: 0607–1006. Form Number(s): D–Q1, D–Q1(E/S), D–Q–XG(E/S). Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection. Number of Respondents: 193,426,318 to 2020 Census. Average Hours Per Response: 10 minutes for census enumeration. Burden Hours: 28,984,001 for 2020 Census. This burden is higher than shown in prior Notices for multiple reasons. Additional phases for group quarters and transitory locations collections have been added; the total estimated number of housing units has been adjusted upward as a result of geographic file and TEA updates; a supplemental file delivery of new addresses to the census universe has now been accounted for within the Nonresponse Followup workload estimate. The TEAs are described further in Needs and Uses. In the final TEA delineation, some housing units have been moved between TEAs. In particular, the Update Leave and Update Enumerate areas have decreased while the self-response area has increased. An adjustment to the predicted response rate is represented with a change between the percents attributed to self-response versus Nonresponse Followup. The predicted response rate within the self-response area is 61.5 percent and within the Update Leave area is 51 percent. The total burden is unchanged by these shifts. Where the evaluations and experiments collect census data using different techniques or questionnaires, the burden shows a separate line for this collection. The total burden is unchanged by this breakout. 2020 CENSUS Estimated number of respondents Operation or category Address Canvassing .................................................................................................................... Address Canvassing Listing Quality Control ............................................................................... Address Canvassing Subtotal .............................................................................................. 15,786,734 1,578,673 17,365,407 Estimated time per response (in minutes) 5 5 ........................ Total burden hours 1,315,561 131,556 1,447,117 jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Geographic Areas Focused on Self-Response (this includes Mailout and Update Leave) Internet/Telephone/Paper ............................................................................................................ Optimization of Self-Response Experiment ................................................................................. Extending the Decennial Census Environment to the Mailing Materials .................................... Update Leave .............................................................................................................................. Update Leave Quality Control ..................................................................................................... Nonresponse Followup ................................................................................................................ Nonresponse Followup Reinterview ............................................................................................ Self-Response Quality Assurance ............................................................................................... Field Verification .......................................................................................................................... Field Verification Quality Control ................................................................................................. Coverage Improvement ............................................................................................................... Non-ID Processing Phone Followup ........................................................................................... VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 87,774,467 118,541 172,992 6,600,000 660,000 62,934,000 3,146,700 250,000 400,000 40,000 3,200,000 750,000 E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1 10 10 10 5 5 10 5 10 2 2 7 5 14,629,078 19,757 28,832 550,000 55,000 10,489,000 262,225 41,667 13,333 1,333 373,333 62,500 47234 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices 2020 CENSUS—Continued Estimated number of respondents Operation or category Self-Response Areas Subtotal .................................................................................................... 166,046,700 Estimated time per response (in minutes) Total burden hours ........................ 26,526,058 35,000 3,500 1,750 40,250 12 5 10 ........................ 7,000 292 292 7,584 Domestic Violence Shelter address collection ............................................................................ GQ Advance Contact (facility) ..................................................................................................... GQ Enumeration—eResponse (facility) ...................................................................................... GQ Enumeration—person contact .............................................................................................. Service-Based Enumeration ........................................................................................................ Group Quarters Quality Control ................................................................................................... Domestic Violence Shelter Enumeration ..................................................................................... Military Enumeration .................................................................................................................... Maritime and Military Vessel Enumeration .................................................................................. Group Quarters Subtotal ...................................................................................................... 57 297,000 14,300 8,000,000 800,000 8,500 *0 *0 *0 9,119,857 20 10 20 5 5 5 ........................ ........................ ........................ ........................ 19 49,500 4,767 666,667 66,667 708 0 0 0 788,328 Carnivals/Circuses address collection ......................................................................................... Hotels/Motels address collection ................................................................................................. Enumeration at Transitory Locations—Advance Contact ........................................................... Enumeration at Transitory Locations—Units ............................................................................... Federally Affiliated Count Overseas ............................................................................................ Island Areas Censuses—Housing Units ..................................................................................... Island Areas Censuses—Group Quarters ................................................................................... 450 55,000 50,000 600,000 82 138,281 10,291 10 10 10 10 5 40 30 75 9,167 8,333 100,000 7 92,187 5,146 Totals .................................................................................................................................... 193,426,318 ........................ 28,984,001 Geographic Area Focused on Update Enumerate Update Enumerate Production .................................................................................................... Update Enumerate Listing Quality Control .................................................................................. Update Enumerate Reinterview ................................................................................................... Update Enumerate Subtotal ................................................................................................. Group Quarters (GQ) jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES * This burden is included in GQ enumeration—person contact. Needs and Uses: Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution mandates that the U.S. House of Representatives be reapportioned every ten years by conducting an enumeration of all residents. In addition to the reapportionment of the U.S. Congress, Census data are used to draw legislative district boundaries within states. Census data are also used by numerous agencies to determine funding allocations for the distribution of an estimated $675 billion of federal funds each year. The taking of a decennial census is mandated by Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. Title 13, United States Code (U.S.C), Section 141 directs the Secretary to take a decennial census of population and housing, determining its form and content, and further authorizes the collection of such other census information in relation to the decennial census, as necessary. These authorities are delegated to the Director of the Census Bureau under Department of Commerce Organization Order 35– 2A. The Census Bureau is required to conduct the 2020 Census to collect the person and housing data that will be used for reapportionment, redistricting, VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 and various statistical data products, under Title 13, U.S. Code. Additionally, the Census Bureau is authorized under Title 13 Section 193 to conduct surveys and collect information before, during, and after the decennial census to assist in the conduct of the decennial census. Type of Enumeration Areas Prior to the census, it is necessary to delineate all geographic areas into Type of Enumeration Areas (TEAs), which describe what methodology will be used for census material delivery and household enumeration in order to use the most cost-effective enumeration approach for achieving maximum accuracy and completeness. TEAs also describe what methodology will be used for updating the address frame. For the United States and Puerto Rico, TEAs are delineated at the block level based on the address and spatial data in the Census Bureau’s Master Address File (MAF)/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system (TIGER) database. The TEAs designated for the 2020 Census are: * TEA 1 = Self-Response. * TEA 2 = Update Enumerate. PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 * TEA 3 = Island Areas. * TEA 4 = Remote Alaska. * TEA 6 = Update Leave. The most common enumeration method by percentage of households is self-response (TEA 1), where materials will be delivered to each address through the mail and self-response will be supported and promoted. Selfresponse can occur when households mail back a 2020 Census paper questionnaire, submit the data on the 2020 Census internet questionnaire, or call the telephone number for Census Questionnaire Assistance and submit the data during the phone call. After the initial self-response phase, nonresponding households in TEA 1 will be enumerated in the Nonresponse Followup (NRFU) operation. In Update Enumerate (TEA 2), Census Bureau enumerators visit an address, update the address list, and attempt household enumeration at the same time. This TEA will be used for a very small portion of the addresses in the country, such as those with access problems or minimal mail service. The Island Areas (TEA 3) are not currently included in MAF/ TIGER. With no existing address list for these areas, the address list will be E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices created and enumeration will be attempted at the same time. Remote Alaska (TEA 4) uses the Update Enumerate methodology but in remote areas of Alaska. These areas have unique challenges associated with the accessibility to communities where the population ranges from several hundred people to just a few people. Communities are widely scattered and rarely linked by roads. Most are accessible only by small-engine airplane, snowmobile, four-wheel-drive vehicles, dogsled, or some combination thereof. This operation occurs earlier than other enumeration operations (starting in January) due to seasonal availability of the population, who disperse when warmer weather arrives. During Update Leave (TEA 6), Census Bureau staff visit an address, update the address list, and leave a questionnaire package at each individual housing unit. The household is expected to return the questionnaire or submit their data online or by telephone. Puerto Rico is designated as entirely Update Leave in order to create a current address list at the time of the census, in response to changes that may have occurred due to recent natural disasters. Nonresponding units in Update Leave areas are included in the NRFU workload. Prior Notices included a TEA 5 for Military areas. This planned procedure is no longer being included in the 2020 Census. Areas previously designated as TEA 5 have been redelineated into TEA 1 (Self-Response) or TEA 6 (Update Leave) areas, depending on data that resides within the MAF/TIGER database. This impacts the distribution of burden by TEA. The final delineation into TEAs also includes updated counts of housing units within each TEA. These updated counts change the burden table from prior publications and increase the total burden. A map of the areas designated for the various TEAs is shown at the embedded link: TEA Viewer. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Group Quarters Group quarters (GQ) are living quarters where people who are typically unrelated have group living arrangements and frequently are receiving some type of service. College/ university student housing and nursing/ skilled-nursing facilities are examples of GQs. Previous Notices have provided some background information but have not described fully the scope, flow of activities, collection instruments, burden estimates, and recent program updates for the GQ data collections and other special enumerations. For the sake of presenting a comprehensive picture VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 these programs will be described in full in this Notice. The 2020 Census Group Quarters operation will enumerate people living or staying in GQs and will provide an opportunity for people experiencing homelessness and receiving service at a service-based location, such as a soup kitchen, to be counted in the census. GQs are assigned different categories or type codes, and field procedures sometimes differ by categories or because of GQ facility privacy concerns. For example, procedures for colleges may differ from those for prisons or skilled nursing homes. The 2020 Census GQ operation consists of the following components: • GQ Frame Update. • GQ Advance Contact. • GQ Enumeration. • Service-Based Enumeration. • Military Enumeration. • Maritime/Military Vessel (Shipboard) Enumeration. GQ Frame Update The 2020 Census GQ Frame Update program supports the 2020 Census enumeration frame development for the 2020 Census Group Quarters Enumeration. Building from the 2010 Census, the GQ frame incorporates updates from the 2020 Census Local Update of Census Addresses, Address Canvassing, and New Construction operations, as well as the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Local Update of Census Addresses is described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘Local Update of Census Addresses Operation,’’ November 7, 2016, (Vol. 81, No. 215, pp 78109–78110, FR Doc. 2016–26778), while New Construction is described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census New Construction Program,’’ October 5, 2018, (Vol. 83, No. 194, pp 50332–50334, FR Doc. 2018– 21698). The Address Canvassing operation is part of the 2020 Census package and has been described in Federal Register Notice ‘‘2020 Census,’’ October 2, 2018, (Vol. 83 No. 181, pp 49535–49539, FR Doc. 21386). In addition, the Count Review operation contributes addresses to the frame in advance of and during the census. The Count Review operation enhances the accuracy of the 2020 Census through remediating potential gaps in coverage by: • Implementing an efficient and equitable process to identify and incorporate housing units that are missing from the Census Bureau’s Master Address File (MAF). • Identifying and including or correcting large group quarters, such as college/university student housing, that PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 47235 are missing from the MAF or geographically misallocated. For this operation, Federal-State Cooperative for Population Estimates (FSCPE) representatives provide housing unit and GQ addresses from their state, and the state-submitted addresses are compared against the MAF. This operation does not create burden due to the relationship with FSCPE representatives under which these updates are provided. It is being described in this Notice in order to provide a complete picture of the frame development and enumeration activities for GQs. There are two phases of review: Phase 1 Housing Unit Review: Focuses on clusters (25+) of city-style addresses provided by states that are missing from the MAF. GQ Review: Focuses on addresses provided by states for large GQs of particular types of GQs that are missing from or misallocated in the MAF. Phase 2 Post-Enumeration GQ Review: After GQ enumeration is completed, the states will have the opportunity to review the enumeration status of GQs. For GQs that were not enumerated, FSCPE participants will have the opportunity to provide additional information to enable Late GQ Enumeration to revisit the GQ. FSCPEs will also have a final opportunity to add GQs that were not in the MAF but were operating on April 1, 2020. GQ Advance Contact The GQ Advance Contact has both inoffice and in-field activities. The inoffice GQ Advance Contact is an area census office activity through which Census Bureau staff call GQs identified in prior frame update phases to collect preferred contact dates, times, and methods of enumeration as well as expected population on Census Day. Census Bureau staff also discuss any special instructions from the GQ or concerns related to privacy, confidentiality, and security. For cases that staff are unable to contact or resolve during the in-office advance contact, field supervisors make an in-field visit to the GQs to collect this data. GQ Enumeration The GQ Enumeration covers all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The GQ enumeration uses a variety of means to collect data in order to maximize efficiency. In-field enumeration methods are In-Person Interview, Facility Self-Enumeration, E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1 47236 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices Drop Off/Pick Up of Questionnaires, and Paper Response Data collection. The first three in-field methods of enumeration provide people residing in GQs with the Individual Census Questionnaire as the paper data collection instrument. Paper Response Data collection refers to an administrator at the GQ providing to the enumerator a spreadsheet or roster with enumeration data for all occupants. This closely resembles the eResponse Data Transfer described below. A follow-up to ensure quality of enumerations is conducted. Area census office management staff assign cases selected for reinterview to clerks. The clerks use a reinterview form for each case in their reinterview workload and telephone each GQ to confirm that the enumerator visited the correct facility at the correct address. The reinterview also determines if the enumerator obtained a population count within a pre-defined acceptable range of the count provided by the GQ contact during the reinterview. Reinterview responses are then compared to the initial responses. If a response is satisfactory, no further work is required. If a response is unsatisfactory, management will conduct an investigation into the cause. Some outcomes may result in additional data collection. If errors occurred or if falsification by the enumerator occurred, the case may be sent out for rework. Also, if falsification occurred, all cases worked by that enumerator will be reinterviewed. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES GQ Enumeration—eResponse Data Transfer The GQ eResponse leverages electronic data transfers from GQ administrators to the Census Bureau. Client-level data from systems maintained by GQ administrators will be transferred to a standardized Census Bureau secured system that will accept electronically submitted data in a standardized template. These data will be accepted in lieu of the use of the Individual Census Questionnaires if the data are deemed to be of sufficiently high quality and completeness. Domestic Violence Shelters Domestic violence shelters are facilities for those seeking safety from domestic violence. Domestic violence shelters are enumerated using special procedures and specially trained personnel. These special procedures include inviting members of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence state coalitions to participate in the 2020 Census Group Quarters Frame Update Program to create a VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 comprehensive and current address listing for domestic violence shelters. In order to protect the integrity of these locations, it will be necessary to have individuals designated to be the recipient of this information and to personally implement the procedures. Due to the sensitive nature of these places, the Census Bureau has assured the service providers that we will not disclose name, address, or any other type of information about the facility or the persons staying there to anyone other than on a ‘‘need to know’’ basis. These special procedures are designed to protect the safety and security of respondents being enumerated at these locations. Service-Based Enumeration The Service-Based Enumeration is specifically designed to approach people using service facilities because they may be missed during the traditional enumeration at housing units and group quarters. These service locations and outdoor locations include the following: • Shelters: Shelters with sleeping facilities for people experiencing homelessness; shelters for children who are runaways, neglected, or experiencing homelessness. • Soup kitchens. • Regularly scheduled mobile food vans: Stops where regularly scheduled mobile food vans distribute meals. • Targeted non-sheltered outdoor locations. For the 2020 Census, the ServiceBased Enumeration operation will be conducted over the three-day period that ends on April 1, 2020, Census Day. Service providers for shelters, soup kitchens, and regularly scheduled mobile food vans will be given the flexibility for their facility to be enumerated on any one of the three days. Targeted non-sheltered outdoor locations will be enumerated April 1, 2020. Field partnership specialists with local knowledge will help to identify non-sheltered outdoor locations during the time of the census. Military Enumeration Military installations are fenced, secured areas used for military purposes that include living quarters such as housing units and GQs for military, civilian, and non-Department of Defense-affiliated personnel. Residents living in housing units on military installations will have the opportunity to respond to the census through the internet or by mail or telephone (just like residents who do not live on installations). The enumeration methodology at all military GQs PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 (barracks, military treatment facilities with assigned patients, military disciplinary barracks and jails, and military vessels) will be implemented under the GQ operation. Residents living in GQs will be enumerated during the GQ enumeration, using the same set of enumeration options. Maritime/Military Vessel Enumeration A maritime vessel is defined as a United States-flagged vessel with people who live or stay aboard for extended periods of time and sail from or to a United States port. A military vessel is defined as a United States Navy or United States Coast Guard vessel assigned to a home port in the United States. Maritime and Military Vessel Enumeration is a mailout-mailback operation to enumerate people who live or stay aboard and will not have any other opportunity to respond in time to be included in the 2020 Census. The response burden for military installations and maritime and military vessels is included in the GQ enumeration count. 2020 Census Enumeration at Transitory Locations The goal of the 2020 Census Enumeration at Transitory Locations (ETL) operation is to enumerate individuals in occupied units at transitory locations who do not have a Usual Home Elsewhere. A Transitory Location (TL) is a location that is composed of living quarters where people are unlikely to live year-round, due to the transitory/temporary/ impermanent nature of these living quarters. TLs include recreational vehicle parks, campgrounds, racetracks, circuses, carnivals, marinas, and hotels. The 2020 Census ETL operation consists of the following components: • TL Frame Update. • TL Advance Contact. • Enumeration. TL Frame Update The 2020 Census TL Frame Update is being implemented to ensure that the 2020 Census enumeration frame is complete and to provide an opportunity for enumeration of people residing at transitory locations. Building from the 2010 Census, the TL frame incorporates updates from the Local Update of Census Addresses, Address Canvassing, and New Construction operations. The design of the program ensures that the 2020 Census enumeration frame is updated by using specialized procedures to update the addresses for the following types of locations: • Carnival, circus, and fair locations. • Hotels and motels. E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices Carnival and circus research is a telephone solicitation of carnival and circus operators. Scheduled dates and corresponding addresses for shows that will occur during ETL enumeration will be collected. In addition, hotel and motel research is a telephone solicitation of hotels/motels to inquire if a hotel or motel has any rooms occupied by people who live or stay there most of the time or if that hotel/motel is used entirely to house people experiencing homelessness. TL Advance Contact The TL Advance Contact has both inoffice and in-field activities. The inoffice TL Advance Contact is an area census office activity in which TLs identified in frame update steps are called on the telephone. Address verification, TL type, number of spaces or units at the TL, and other advance information to support the ETL operation in the field will be collected. For cases that staff are unable to contact or resolve during the in-office advance contact, field supervisors make an infield visit to the GQs to collect this data. TL Enumeration jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES The 2020 Census ETL operation will cover all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Enumerators will canvass a transitory location in one visit to enumerate at occupied transitory units. Respondents at a transitory location who do not have a usual home elsewhere are counted where they are enumerated in ETL. Evaluations and Experiments The Census Bureau has not prepared a separate package for the Evaluations and Experiments program, as was done in past censuses. For the 2020 Census, these evaluations and experiments are described as either a revision to the 2020 Census package within this Notice, to the Census Bureau’s 2020 Census Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing Operation (covered under OMB approval #0607–1009), or within the Generic Clearance for Census Bureau Field Tests and Evaluations (covered under OMB approval #0607–0971). For the 2020 Census, operational assessments, quality profiles, evaluations, and experiments are all produced within the Evaluations and Experiments operation. Operational Assessments are designed to document final volumes, rates, and costs for individual operations or processes using data from production files and activities and information collected from debriefings and lessons learned. They do not include analysis. Operational assessments report out on planned versus actual variances as they relate to budget, schedule, and workloads (production and training) and on meeting performance success criteria. Depending on the operation, they may include frequency distributions and standard demographic or address tables. Quality profiles are designed to provide the results from the quality assurance program for an operation. No additional data collection is required for the purpose of creating the operational assessments or the quality profiles. They are described here for the purpose of providing the complete scope of the Evaluations and Experiments operation. The evaluations and experiments performed during a census represent the initial plans for updating and improving the subsequent census. While testing continues throughout the decade, certain aspects can only be tested within a decennial census environment, as public awareness of the census and of the responsibility to respond is often a key factor of the test. Evaluations are designed to analyze, interpret, and synthesize the effectiveness and efficiencies of census components and their impact on data quality and coverage using data collected from census operations, processes, systems, and auxiliary data collections. Experiments provide quantitative or qualitative results for tests that occur during a decennial census. Since they occur in an environment of optimal census awareness, results simulate more closely to what experimental treatments would yield in a full production application. Experiments inform planning of future decennial censuses, so 2020 Census experiments will focus on planning toward a 2030 Census. For the purposes of fully defining the Evaluations and Experiments operation, specific assessments, evaluations, and experiments planned for the 2020 Census are documented in the table below. Some evaluations and experiments shown in italics are described within other OMB approval packages, as noted in the footnotes to the table. 2020 Census Operational Assessments Archiving Operational Assessment Census Questionnaire Assistance Operational Assessment Content and Forms Design Operational Assessment Coverage Improvement Operational Assessment Count Question Resolution Operational Assessment Decennial Logistics Management—Logistics Management Support Operational Assessment Decennial Logistics Management—Space Acquisition and Lease Management Operational Assessment Decennial Service Center Operational Assessment Demographic Analysis Operational Assessment Enumeration at Transitory Locations Advance Contact Operational Assessment Enumeration at Transitory Locations Operational Assessment Evaluations and Experiments Operational Assessment Federally Affiliated Count Overseas Operational Assessment Field Infrastructure—Field Office Administration and Payroll Operational Assessment Field Infrastructure—Recruiting, Onboarding, and Training Operational Assessment Forms Printing and Distribution Operational Assessment Geographic Partnership Programs Operational Assessment Group Quarters Advance Contact Assessment Report Group Quarters Enumeration and Military Enumerations Assessment In-Field Address Canvassing Operational Assessment In-Office Address Canvassing Operational Assessment Internet Self-Response Operational Assessment Integrated Partnership and Communications Contract Assessment Integrated Partnership and Communications Operational Assessment Island Areas Censuses Operational Assessment Item Nonresponse Rates Assessment Study Language Services Operational Assessment Local Update of Census Addresses Operational Assessment Maritime Vessel Enumeration Report VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 47237 E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1 47238 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices New Construction Operational Assessment Non-ID Operational Assessment Nonresponse Followup Operational Assessment Paper Data Capture Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Sampling and Estimation Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Initial Listing and Initial Housing Unit Followup Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Person Interview and Person Followup Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Final Housing Unit Followup Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Initial Housing Unit Matching Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Person Matching Operational Assessment Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Final Housing Unit Matching Operational Assessment Redistricting Data Program Operational Assessment Research to Support the Integrated Partnership and Communications Program Response Processing Operational Assessment Response Rates Assessment Study Self-Response Quality Assurance Operational Assessment Service-Based Enumeration Assessment Report Systems and Applications in the 2020 Census (Security, Privacy, and Confidentiality) Update Enumerate Operational Assessment Update Leave Operational Assessment 2020 Census Quality Control (QC) Quality Control Study Plan for Listing Operations Quality Control Study Plan for Enumeration Operations Address Canvassing QC Results Update Leave QC Results Nonresponse Followup QC Results Person Interview QC Results Independent Listing QC Results 2020 Census evaluations and experiments Additional data collected Evaluations jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Reengineered Address Canvassing ............................................................................................................ • Estimate certain types of errors that can occur during In-Field Address Canvassing. Investigate effectiveness of In-Office Address Canvassing and Interactive Review. Compare costs of reengineered Address Canvassing to 100 percent In-Field Address Canvassing. • Evaluate In-Field Address Canvassing listers by including false addresses (salting) and suppressing a sample of valid addresses. • Evaluate In-Office and In-Field Address Canvassing using Post-Enumeration Survey listing results 1. Administrative Record Dual-System Estimation .......................................................................................... Determine whether dual system estimates could be generated without conducting an independent postenumeration survey, using Administrative Records. Evaluating Privacy and Confidentiality Concerns of Complete and Partial Respondents by Mode 2 ......... Capture respondents’ concerns about privacy and confidentiality during the census, particularly with respect to the internet response option and administrative records use in a census environment. The Undercount of Young Children: A Qualitative Evaluation of Census Materials and Operations 2 ...... Conduct focus groups and cognitive interviews to identify where existing roster questions and procedures are failing and how to improve them. Research on Hard to Count Populations: Non-English Speakers and Complex Household Residents, including Undercount of Children Research 2. Assess NRFU interviews in areas associated with potential undercoverage and non-English speaking households. In addition, administer a specialized enumerator training module to a sample of Spanish-speaking bilingual enumerators to evaluate its impact. Analysis of Census Internet Self-Response Paradata by Language Examine 2020 Census web paradata and assess by language ................................................................. Group Quarters Advance Contact: Refining Classification of College or University Student Housing 2 .... Explore whether refined classification used in the 2020 Census results in more accurately identifying privately owned college housing. Salted and suppressed addresses within Address Canvassing: Same burden estimate because listers should delete incorrect addresses (which does not involve contact) and add missing addresses (which is the same burden as for valid addresses). None. NA. NA. NA. None. NA. Experiments Extending the Census Environment to the Mailing Materials ..................................................................... Test effect on self-response rates of wearable, nonmonetary mailing inserts that promote the 2020 Census as well as mailing materials that incorporate elements and images developed by the 2020 Census communications campaign. In addition, test the use of an every door direct mail piece. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM None. 09SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / Notices 2020 Census evaluations and experiments Additional data collected Optimization of Self-Response in the 2020 Census Experiment ................................................................ Evaluate impacts of the mailing strategy and the influence of the internet response option by (1) mailing a sample of housing units a modified version of 2010 Census materials with no promotion of the internet response option on a schedule that resembles what occurred during the 2010 Census, (2) mailing another sample of housing units a modified version of the 2020 Census materials with no promotion of the internet response option, (3) switching the planned mail contact strategy between internet choice and internet first for another sample of housing units. In addition, test the effectiveness of communications and partnership activities by not mailing and 2020 Census materials to a sample of households. Real-Time 2020 Census Administrative Record Census Simulation .......................................................... Compare person-level, housing unit-level, and hybrid approaches to conducting an administrative record census. 1 2020 47239 None. None. Census Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing Operation (OMB approval #0607–1009). Clearance for Census Bureau Field Tests and Evaluations (OMB approval #0607–0971). 2 Generic Affected Public: Individuals or Households. Frequency: Once every 10 years. Respondent’s Obligation: Mandatory. Legal Authority: Title 13, United States Code, Section 141 and 193. This information collection request may be viewed at www.reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce collections currently under review by OMB. Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection, identified by Docket number OMB–2018–0004, may be submitted to the Federal eRulemaking portal: https:// www.regulations.gov within 30 days of publication of this notice. All comments received are part of the public record and will be posted to http:// www.regulations.gov for public viewing. Comments will generally be posted without change. All Personally Identifiable Information (for example, name and address) voluntarily submitted by the commenter may be publicly accessible. Do not submit Confidential Business Information or otherwise sensitive or protected information. You may submit attachments to electronic comments in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only. Sheleen Dumas, Departmental Lead PRA Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Commerce Department. [FR Doc. 2019–19312 Filed 9–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–07–P jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Census Bureau Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance the VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:43 Sep 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 following proposal for collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act. Agency: U.S. Census Bureau. Title: Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting Research. OMB Control Number: 0607–0725. Form Number(s): Various. Type of Request: Regular. Number of Respondents: 5,500 respondents annually. Average Hours per Response: 1 hour. Burden Hours: 5,500 hours annually. Needs and Uses: The information collected in this program of developing and testing questionnaires will be used by staff from the Census Bureau and sponsoring agencies to evaluate and improve the quality of the data in the surveys and censuses that are ultimately conducted. Affected Public: Individuals or households, businesses or other for profit, farms. Frequency: TBD. Respondent’s Obligation: Voluntary. Legal Authority: Data collection for this project is authorized under the authorizing legislation for the questionnaire being tested. This may be Title 13, Sections 131, 141, 161, 181, 182, 193, and 301 for Census Bureau sponsored surveys, and Title 13 and 15 for surveys sponsored by other Federal agencies. We do not now know what other titles will be referenced, since we do not know what survey questionnaires will be pretested during the course of the clearance. This information collection request may be viewed at www.reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce collections currently under review by OMB. Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov or fax to (202) 395–5806. Sheleen Dumas, Departmental Lead PRA Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Commerce Department. [FR Doc. 2019–19349 Filed 9–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–07–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board [B–33–2019] Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 29— Louisville, Kentucky; Authorization of Production Activity; Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas, Inc.; (Automotive Components); Harrodsburg and Berea, Kentucky On May 2, 2019, Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas, Inc. submitted a notification of proposed production activity to the FTZ Board for its facility within Subzone 29F, in Harrodsburg and Berea, Kentucky. The notification was processed in accordance with the regulations of the FTZ Board (15 CFR part 400), including notice in the Federal Register inviting public comment (84 FR 20091–20092, May 8, 2019). On September 3, 2019, the applicant was notified of the FTZ Board’s decision that no further review of the activity is warranted at this time. The production activity described in the notification was authorized, subject to the FTZ Act and the FTZ Board’s regulations, including Section 400.14. Dated: September 3, 2019. Andrew McGilvray, Executive Secretary. [FR Doc. 2019–19422 Filed 9–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P E:\FR\FM\09SEN1.SGM 09SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 174 (Monday, September 9, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 47233-47239]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-19312]


========================================================================
Notices
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules 
or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings 
and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, 
delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency 
statements of organization and functions are examples of documents 
appearing in this section.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 174 / Monday, September 9, 2019 / 
Notices

[[Page 47233]]



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

 Census Bureau


Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management 
and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of 
information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act.
    Agency: U.S. Census Bureau.
    Title: 2020 Census--Evaluations and Experiments
    The initial Federal Register Notice ``2020 Census'' (June 8, 2018, 
Vol. 83, Number 111, pp. 26643-26653, FR Doc No.: 2018-12365) described 
the 2020 Census in full. Approval for the 2020 Census is being sought 
from OMB in phases. The first phase of approval was for the 2020 Census 
Address Canvassing operation only, which was described in Federal 
Register Notice ``2020 Census,'' October 2, 2018 (Vol. 83, No. 191, pp. 
49535-49539, FR Doc No.: 2018-21386). Address Canvassing creates the 
address list for the census and precedes census enumeration data 
collection. The remaining enumeration operations scoped for the 2020 
Census data collection were described in Federal Register Notice ``2020 
Census,'' February 13, 2019 (Vol. 84, No. 30, pp 3746-3757, FR Doc. 
No.: 2019-02223), which had an additional 30-day comment period. The 
Evaluations and Experiments description will be considered as an 
additional revision to the approved OMB materials. In addition, the 
Group Quarters and Enumeration at Transitory Locations operation 
descriptions will be updated in this Notice. Previous Notices have not 
described fully some of the stages of these operations. In addition, 
there have been some changes to stages that were previously described.
    In addition, there has been an overall change to the 2020 Census 
program since the prior Notice publication. This change will be 
described in this Notice for the purposes of providing the most current 
details about the 2020 Census program. In particular, the program 
change is related to the determination of enumeration methodology by 
geographic area, or the Type of Enumeration Area (TEA) delineation.
    OMB Control Number: 0607-1006.
    Form Number(s): D-Q1, D-Q1(E/S), D-Q-XG(E/S).
    Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection.
    Number of Respondents: 193,426,318 to 2020 Census.
    Average Hours Per Response: 10 minutes for census enumeration.
    Burden Hours: 28,984,001 for 2020 Census.
    This burden is higher than shown in prior Notices for multiple 
reasons. Additional phases for group quarters and transitory locations 
collections have been added; the total estimated number of housing 
units has been adjusted upward as a result of geographic file and TEA 
updates; a supplemental file delivery of new addresses to the census 
universe has now been accounted for within the Nonresponse Followup 
workload estimate.
    The TEAs are described further in Needs and Uses. In the final TEA 
delineation, some housing units have been moved between TEAs. In 
particular, the Update Leave and Update Enumerate areas have decreased 
while the self-response area has increased.
    An adjustment to the predicted response rate is represented with a 
change between the percents attributed to self-response versus 
Nonresponse Followup. The predicted response rate within the self-
response area is 61.5 percent and within the Update Leave area is 51 
percent. The total burden is unchanged by these shifts.
    Where the evaluations and experiments collect census data using 
different techniques or questionnaires, the burden shows a separate 
line for this collection. The total burden is unchanged by this 
breakout.

                                                   2020 Census
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Estimated
                                                                     Estimated       time per      Total burden
                      Operation or category                          number of     response  (in       hours
                                                                    respondents      minutes)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Address Canvassing..............................................      15,786,734               5       1,315,561
Address Canvassing Listing Quality Control......................       1,578,673               5         131,556
    Address Canvassing Subtotal.................................      17,365,407  ..............       1,447,117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Geographic Areas Focused on Self-Response (this includes Mailout and Update Leave)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Internet/Telephone/Paper........................................      87,774,467              10      14,629,078
Optimization of Self-Response Experiment........................         118,541              10          19,757
Extending the Decennial Census Environment to the Mailing                172,992              10          28,832
 Materials......................................................
Update Leave....................................................       6,600,000               5         550,000
Update Leave Quality Control....................................         660,000               5          55,000
Nonresponse Followup............................................      62,934,000              10      10,489,000
Nonresponse Followup Reinterview................................       3,146,700               5         262,225
Self-Response Quality Assurance.................................         250,000              10          41,667
Field Verification..............................................         400,000               2          13,333
Field Verification Quality Control..............................          40,000               2           1,333
Coverage Improvement............................................       3,200,000               7         373,333
Non-ID Processing Phone Followup................................         750,000               5          62,500

[[Page 47234]]

 
Self-Response Areas Subtotal....................................     166,046,700  ..............      26,526,058
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Geographic Area Focused on Update Enumerate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Update Enumerate Production.....................................          35,000              12           7,000
Update Enumerate Listing Quality Control........................           3,500               5             292
Update Enumerate Reinterview....................................           1,750              10             292
    Update Enumerate Subtotal...................................          40,250  ..............           7,584
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Group Quarters (GQ)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Domestic Violence Shelter address collection....................              57              20              19
GQ Advance Contact (facility)...................................         297,000              10          49,500
GQ Enumeration--eResponse (facility)............................          14,300              20           4,767
GQ Enumeration--person contact..................................       8,000,000               5         666,667
Service-Based Enumeration.......................................         800,000               5          66,667
Group Quarters Quality Control..................................           8,500               5             708
Domestic Violence Shelter Enumeration...........................             * 0  ..............               0
Military Enumeration............................................             * 0  ..............               0
Maritime and Military Vessel Enumeration........................             * 0  ..............               0
    Group Quarters Subtotal.....................................       9,119,857  ..............         788,328
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Carnivals/Circuses address collection...........................             450              10              75
Hotels/Motels address collection................................          55,000              10           9,167
Enumeration at Transitory Locations--Advance Contact............          50,000              10           8,333
Enumeration at Transitory Locations--Units......................         600,000              10         100,000
Federally Affiliated Count Overseas.............................              82               5               7
Island Areas Censuses--Housing Units............................         138,281              40          92,187
Island Areas Censuses--Group Quarters...........................          10,291              30           5,146
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Totals......................................................     193,426,318  ..............      28,984,001
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This burden is included in GQ enumeration--person contact.

Needs and Uses:

    Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution mandates 
that the U.S. House of Representatives be reapportioned every ten years 
by conducting an enumeration of all residents. In addition to the 
reapportionment of the U.S. Congress, Census data are used to draw 
legislative district boundaries within states. Census data are also 
used by numerous agencies to determine funding allocations for the 
distribution of an estimated $675 billion of federal funds each year.
    The taking of a decennial census is mandated by Article 1, Section 
2 of the U.S. Constitution. Title 13, United States Code (U.S.C), 
Section 141 directs the Secretary to take a decennial census of 
population and housing, determining its form and content, and further 
authorizes the collection of such other census information in relation 
to the decennial census, as necessary. These authorities are delegated 
to the Director of the Census Bureau under Department of Commerce 
Organization Order 35-2A. The Census Bureau is required to conduct the 
2020 Census to collect the person and housing data that will be used 
for reapportionment, redistricting, and various statistical data 
products, under Title 13, U.S. Code. Additionally, the Census Bureau is 
authorized under Title 13 Section 193 to conduct surveys and collect 
information before, during, and after the decennial census to assist in 
the conduct of the decennial census.

Type of Enumeration Areas

    Prior to the census, it is necessary to delineate all geographic 
areas into Type of Enumeration Areas (TEAs), which describe what 
methodology will be used for census material delivery and household 
enumeration in order to use the most cost-effective enumeration 
approach for achieving maximum accuracy and completeness. TEAs also 
describe what methodology will be used for updating the address frame. 
For the United States and Puerto Rico, TEAs are delineated at the block 
level based on the address and spatial data in the Census Bureau's 
Master Address File (MAF)/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding 
and Referencing system (TIGER) database.
    The TEAs designated for the 2020 Census are:
    * TEA 1 = Self-Response.
    * TEA 2 = Update Enumerate.
    * TEA 3 = Island Areas.
    * TEA 4 = Remote Alaska.
    * TEA 6 = Update Leave.
    The most common enumeration method by percentage of households is 
self-response (TEA 1), where materials will be delivered to each 
address through the mail and self-response will be supported and 
promoted. Self-response can occur when households mail back a 2020 
Census paper questionnaire, submit the data on the 2020 Census internet 
questionnaire, or call the telephone number for Census Questionnaire 
Assistance and submit the data during the phone call. After the initial 
self-response phase, nonresponding households in TEA 1 will be 
enumerated in the Nonresponse Followup (NRFU) operation. In Update 
Enumerate (TEA 2), Census Bureau enumerators visit an address, update 
the address list, and attempt household enumeration at the same time. 
This TEA will be used for a very small portion of the addresses in the 
country, such as those with access problems or minimal mail service. 
The Island Areas (TEA 3) are not currently included in MAF/TIGER. With 
no existing address list for these areas, the address list will be

[[Page 47235]]

created and enumeration will be attempted at the same time. Remote 
Alaska (TEA 4) uses the Update Enumerate methodology but in remote 
areas of Alaska. These areas have unique challenges associated with the 
accessibility to communities where the population ranges from several 
hundred people to just a few people. Communities are widely scattered 
and rarely linked by roads. Most are accessible only by small-engine 
airplane, snowmobile, four-wheel-drive vehicles, dogsled, or some 
combination thereof. This operation occurs earlier than other 
enumeration operations (starting in January) due to seasonal 
availability of the population, who disperse when warmer weather 
arrives. During Update Leave (TEA 6), Census Bureau staff visit an 
address, update the address list, and leave a questionnaire package at 
each individual housing unit. The household is expected to return the 
questionnaire or submit their data online or by telephone. Puerto Rico 
is designated as entirely Update Leave in order to create a current 
address list at the time of the census, in response to changes that may 
have occurred due to recent natural disasters. Nonresponding units in 
Update Leave areas are included in the NRFU workload.
    Prior Notices included a TEA 5 for Military areas. This planned 
procedure is no longer being included in the 2020 Census. Areas 
previously designated as TEA 5 have been redelineated into TEA 1 (Self-
Response) or TEA 6 (Update Leave) areas, depending on data that resides 
within the MAF/TIGER database. This impacts the distribution of burden 
by TEA.
    The final delineation into TEAs also includes updated counts of 
housing units within each TEA. These updated counts change the burden 
table from prior publications and increase the total burden. A map of 
the areas designated for the various TEAs is shown at the embedded 
link: TEA Viewer.

Group Quarters

    Group quarters (GQ) are living quarters where people who are 
typically unrelated have group living arrangements and frequently are 
receiving some type of service. College/university student housing and 
nursing/skilled-nursing facilities are examples of GQs. Previous 
Notices have provided some background information but have not 
described fully the scope, flow of activities, collection instruments, 
burden estimates, and recent program updates for the GQ data 
collections and other special enumerations. For the sake of presenting 
a comprehensive picture these programs will be described in full in 
this Notice.
    The 2020 Census Group Quarters operation will enumerate people 
living or staying in GQs and will provide an opportunity for people 
experiencing homelessness and receiving service at a service-based 
location, such as a soup kitchen, to be counted in the census. GQs are 
assigned different categories or type codes, and field procedures 
sometimes differ by categories or because of GQ facility privacy 
concerns. For example, procedures for colleges may differ from those 
for prisons or skilled nursing homes.
    The 2020 Census GQ operation consists of the following components:
     GQ Frame Update.
     GQ Advance Contact.
     GQ Enumeration.
     Service-Based Enumeration.
     Military Enumeration.
     Maritime/Military Vessel (Shipboard) Enumeration.

GQ Frame Update

    The 2020 Census GQ Frame Update program supports the 2020 Census 
enumeration frame development for the 2020 Census Group Quarters 
Enumeration. Building from the 2010 Census, the GQ frame incorporates 
updates from the 2020 Census Local Update of Census Addresses, Address 
Canvassing, and New Construction operations, as well as the Census 
Bureau's American Community Survey. Local Update of Census Addresses is 
described in Federal Register Notice ``Local Update of Census Addresses 
Operation,'' November 7, 2016, (Vol. 81, No. 215, pp 78109-78110, FR 
Doc. 2016-26778), while New Construction is described in Federal 
Register Notice ``2020 Census New Construction Program,'' October 5, 
2018, (Vol. 83, No. 194, pp 50332-50334, FR Doc. 2018-21698). The 
Address Canvassing operation is part of the 2020 Census package and has 
been described in Federal Register Notice ``2020 Census,'' October 2, 
2018, (Vol. 83 No. 181, pp 49535-49539, FR Doc. 21386).
    In addition, the Count Review operation contributes addresses to 
the frame in advance of and during the census. The Count Review 
operation enhances the accuracy of the 2020 Census through remediating 
potential gaps in coverage by:
     Implementing an efficient and equitable process to 
identify and incorporate housing units that are missing from the Census 
Bureau's Master Address File (MAF).
     Identifying and including or correcting large group 
quarters, such as college/university student housing, that are missing 
from the MAF or geographically misallocated.
    For this operation, Federal-State Cooperative for Population 
Estimates (FSCPE) representatives provide housing unit and GQ addresses 
from their state, and the state-submitted addresses are compared 
against the MAF. This operation does not create burden due to the 
relationship with FSCPE representatives under which these updates are 
provided. It is being described in this Notice in order to provide a 
complete picture of the frame development and enumeration activities 
for GQs.
    There are two phases of review:
Phase 1
    Housing Unit Review: Focuses on clusters (25+) of city-style 
addresses provided by states that are missing from the MAF.
    GQ Review: Focuses on addresses provided by states for large GQs of 
particular types of GQs that are missing from or misallocated in the 
MAF.
Phase 2
    Post-Enumeration GQ Review: After GQ enumeration is completed, the 
states will have the opportunity to review the enumeration status of 
GQs. For GQs that were not enumerated, FSCPE participants will have the 
opportunity to provide additional information to enable Late GQ 
Enumeration to revisit the GQ. FSCPEs will also have a final 
opportunity to add GQs that were not in the MAF but were operating on 
April 1, 2020.

GQ Advance Contact

    The GQ Advance Contact has both in-office and in-field activities. 
The in-office GQ Advance Contact is an area census office activity 
through which Census Bureau staff call GQs identified in prior frame 
update phases to collect preferred contact dates, times, and methods of 
enumeration as well as expected population on Census Day. Census Bureau 
staff also discuss any special instructions from the GQ or concerns 
related to privacy, confidentiality, and security. For cases that staff 
are unable to contact or resolve during the in-office advance contact, 
field supervisors make an in-field visit to the GQs to collect this 
data.

GQ Enumeration

    The GQ Enumeration covers all 50 states, the District of Columbia, 
and Puerto Rico. The GQ enumeration uses a variety of means to collect 
data in order to maximize efficiency. In-field enumeration methods are 
In-Person Interview, Facility Self-Enumeration,

[[Page 47236]]

Drop Off/Pick Up of Questionnaires, and Paper Response Data collection. 
The first three in-field methods of enumeration provide people residing 
in GQs with the Individual Census Questionnaire as the paper data 
collection instrument. Paper Response Data collection refers to an 
administrator at the GQ providing to the enumerator a spreadsheet or 
roster with enumeration data for all occupants. This closely resembles 
the eResponse Data Transfer described below.
    A follow-up to ensure quality of enumerations is conducted. Area 
census office management staff assign cases selected for reinterview to 
clerks. The clerks use a reinterview form for each case in their 
reinterview workload and telephone each GQ to confirm that the 
enumerator visited the correct facility at the correct address. The 
reinterview also determines if the enumerator obtained a population 
count within a pre-defined acceptable range of the count provided by 
the GQ contact during the reinterview.
    Reinterview responses are then compared to the initial responses. 
If a response is satisfactory, no further work is required. If a 
response is unsatisfactory, management will conduct an investigation 
into the cause. Some outcomes may result in additional data collection. 
If errors occurred or if falsification by the enumerator occurred, the 
case may be sent out for rework. Also, if falsification occurred, all 
cases worked by that enumerator will be reinterviewed.

GQ Enumeration--eResponse Data Transfer

    The GQ eResponse leverages electronic data transfers from GQ 
administrators to the Census Bureau. Client-level data from systems 
maintained by GQ administrators will be transferred to a standardized 
Census Bureau secured system that will accept electronically submitted 
data in a standardized template. These data will be accepted in lieu of 
the use of the Individual Census Questionnaires if the data are deemed 
to be of sufficiently high quality and completeness.

Domestic Violence Shelters

    Domestic violence shelters are facilities for those seeking safety 
from domestic violence. Domestic violence shelters are enumerated using 
special procedures and specially trained personnel. These special 
procedures include inviting members of the National Coalition Against 
Domestic Violence state coalitions to participate in the 2020 Census 
Group Quarters Frame Update Program to create a comprehensive and 
current address listing for domestic violence shelters. In order to 
protect the integrity of these locations, it will be necessary to have 
individuals designated to be the recipient of this information and to 
personally implement the procedures. Due to the sensitive nature of 
these places, the Census Bureau has assured the service providers that 
we will not disclose name, address, or any other type of information 
about the facility or the persons staying there to anyone other than on 
a ``need to know'' basis. These special procedures are designed to 
protect the safety and security of respondents being enumerated at 
these locations.

Service-Based Enumeration

    The Service-Based Enumeration is specifically designed to approach 
people using service facilities because they may be missed during the 
traditional enumeration at housing units and group quarters. These 
service locations and outdoor locations include the following:
     Shelters: Shelters with sleeping facilities for people 
experiencing homelessness; shelters for children who are runaways, 
neglected, or experiencing homelessness.
     Soup kitchens.
     Regularly scheduled mobile food vans: Stops where 
regularly scheduled mobile food vans distribute meals.
     Targeted non-sheltered outdoor locations.
    For the 2020 Census, the Service-Based Enumeration operation will 
be conducted over the three-day period that ends on April 1, 2020, 
Census Day. Service providers for shelters, soup kitchens, and 
regularly scheduled mobile food vans will be given the flexibility for 
their facility to be enumerated on any one of the three days. Targeted 
non-sheltered outdoor locations will be enumerated April 1, 2020. Field 
partnership specialists with local knowledge will help to identify non-
sheltered outdoor locations during the time of the census.

Military Enumeration

    Military installations are fenced, secured areas used for military 
purposes that include living quarters such as housing units and GQs for 
military, civilian, and non-Department of Defense-affiliated personnel. 
Residents living in housing units on military installations will have 
the opportunity to respond to the census through the internet or by 
mail or telephone (just like residents who do not live on 
installations). The enumeration methodology at all military GQs 
(barracks, military treatment facilities with assigned patients, 
military disciplinary barracks and jails, and military vessels) will be 
implemented under the GQ operation. Residents living in GQs will be 
enumerated during the GQ enumeration, using the same set of enumeration 
options.

Maritime/Military Vessel Enumeration

    A maritime vessel is defined as a United States-flagged vessel with 
people who live or stay aboard for extended periods of time and sail 
from or to a United States port. A military vessel is defined as a 
United States Navy or United States Coast Guard vessel assigned to a 
home port in the United States. Maritime and Military Vessel 
Enumeration is a mailout-mailback operation to enumerate people who 
live or stay aboard and will not have any other opportunity to respond 
in time to be included in the 2020 Census. The response burden for 
military installations and maritime and military vessels is included in 
the GQ enumeration count.

2020 Census Enumeration at Transitory Locations

    The goal of the 2020 Census Enumeration at Transitory Locations 
(ETL) operation is to enumerate individuals in occupied units at 
transitory locations who do not have a Usual Home Elsewhere. A 
Transitory Location (TL) is a location that is composed of living 
quarters where people are unlikely to live year-round, due to the 
transitory/temporary/impermanent nature of these living quarters. TLs 
include recreational vehicle parks, campgrounds, racetracks, circuses, 
carnivals, marinas, and hotels.
    The 2020 Census ETL operation consists of the following components:
     TL Frame Update.
     TL Advance Contact.
     Enumeration.

TL Frame Update

    The 2020 Census TL Frame Update is being implemented to ensure that 
the 2020 Census enumeration frame is complete and to provide an 
opportunity for enumeration of people residing at transitory locations. 
Building from the 2010 Census, the TL frame incorporates updates from 
the Local Update of Census Addresses, Address Canvassing, and New 
Construction operations. The design of the program ensures that the 
2020 Census enumeration frame is updated by using specialized 
procedures to update the addresses for the following types of 
locations:
     Carnival, circus, and fair locations.
     Hotels and motels.

[[Page 47237]]

    Carnival and circus research is a telephone solicitation of 
carnival and circus operators. Scheduled dates and corresponding 
addresses for shows that will occur during ETL enumeration will be 
collected. In addition, hotel and motel research is a telephone 
solicitation of hotels/motels to inquire if a hotel or motel has any 
rooms occupied by people who live or stay there most of the time or if 
that hotel/motel is used entirely to house people experiencing 
homelessness.

TL Advance Contact

    The TL Advance Contact has both in-office and in-field activities. 
The in-office TL Advance Contact is an area census office activity in 
which TLs identified in frame update steps are called on the telephone. 
Address verification, TL type, number of spaces or units at the TL, and 
other advance information to support the ETL operation in the field 
will be collected. For cases that staff are unable to contact or 
resolve during the in-office advance contact, field supervisors make an 
in-field visit to the GQs to collect this data.

TL Enumeration

    The 2020 Census ETL operation will cover all 50 states, the 
District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Enumerators will canvass a 
transitory location in one visit to enumerate at occupied transitory 
units. Respondents at a transitory location who do not have a usual 
home elsewhere are counted where they are enumerated in ETL.

Evaluations and Experiments

    The Census Bureau has not prepared a separate package for the 
Evaluations and Experiments program, as was done in past censuses. For 
the 2020 Census, these evaluations and experiments are described as 
either a revision to the 2020 Census package within this Notice, to the 
Census Bureau's 2020 Census Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing 
Operation (covered under OMB approval #0607-1009), or within the 
Generic Clearance for Census Bureau Field Tests and Evaluations 
(covered under OMB approval #0607-0971).
    For the 2020 Census, operational assessments, quality profiles, 
evaluations, and experiments are all produced within the Evaluations 
and Experiments operation. Operational Assessments are designed to 
document final volumes, rates, and costs for individual operations or 
processes using data from production files and activities and 
information collected from debriefings and lessons learned. They do not 
include analysis. Operational assessments report out on planned versus 
actual variances as they relate to budget, schedule, and workloads 
(production and training) and on meeting performance success criteria. 
Depending on the operation, they may include frequency distributions 
and standard demographic or address tables. Quality profiles are 
designed to provide the results from the quality assurance program for 
an operation. No additional data collection is required for the purpose 
of creating the operational assessments or the quality profiles. They 
are described here for the purpose of providing the complete scope of 
the Evaluations and Experiments operation.
    The evaluations and experiments performed during a census represent 
the initial plans for updating and improving the subsequent census. 
While testing continues throughout the decade, certain aspects can only 
be tested within a decennial census environment, as public awareness of 
the census and of the responsibility to respond is often a key factor 
of the test. Evaluations are designed to analyze, interpret, and 
synthesize the effectiveness and efficiencies of census components and 
their impact on data quality and coverage using data collected from 
census operations, processes, systems, and auxiliary data collections. 
Experiments provide quantitative or qualitative results for tests that 
occur during a decennial census. Since they occur in an environment of 
optimal census awareness, results simulate more closely to what 
experimental treatments would yield in a full production application. 
Experiments inform planning of future decennial censuses, so 2020 
Census experiments will focus on planning toward a 2030 Census.
    For the purposes of fully defining the Evaluations and Experiments 
operation, specific assessments, evaluations, and experiments planned 
for the 2020 Census are documented in the table below. Some evaluations 
and experiments shown in italics are described within other OMB 
approval packages, as noted in the footnotes to the table.

 
 
 
2020 Census Operational Assessments
    Archiving Operational Assessment
    Census Questionnaire Assistance Operational Assessment
    Content and Forms Design Operational Assessment
    Coverage Improvement Operational Assessment
    Count Question Resolution Operational Assessment
    Decennial Logistics Management--Logistics Management Support
     Operational Assessment
    Decennial Logistics Management--Space Acquisition and Lease
     Management Operational Assessment
    Decennial Service Center Operational Assessment
    Demographic Analysis Operational Assessment
    Enumeration at Transitory Locations Advance Contact Operational
     Assessment
    Enumeration at Transitory Locations Operational Assessment
    Evaluations and Experiments Operational Assessment
    Federally Affiliated Count Overseas Operational Assessment
    Field Infrastructure--Field Office Administration and Payroll
     Operational Assessment
    Field Infrastructure--Recruiting, Onboarding, and Training
     Operational Assessment
    Forms Printing and Distribution Operational Assessment
    Geographic Partnership Programs Operational Assessment
    Group Quarters Advance Contact Assessment Report
    Group Quarters Enumeration and Military Enumerations Assessment
    In-Field Address Canvassing Operational Assessment
    In-Office Address Canvassing Operational Assessment
    Internet Self-Response Operational Assessment
    Integrated Partnership and Communications Contract Assessment
    Integrated Partnership and Communications Operational Assessment
    Island Areas Censuses Operational Assessment
    Item Nonresponse Rates Assessment Study
    Language Services Operational Assessment
    Local Update of Census Addresses Operational Assessment
    Maritime Vessel Enumeration Report

[[Page 47238]]

 
    New Construction Operational Assessment
    Non-ID Operational Assessment
    Nonresponse Followup Operational Assessment
    Paper Data Capture Operational Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Sampling and Estimation Operational
     Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Initial Listing and Initial
     Housing Unit Followup Operational Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Person Interview and Person
     Followup Operational Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Field Operations Final Housing Unit Followup
     Operational Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Initial Housing Unit Matching
     Operational Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Person Matching Operational
     Assessment
    Post-Enumeration Survey Matching Final Housing Unit Matching
     Operational Assessment
    Redistricting Data Program Operational Assessment
    Research to Support the Integrated Partnership and Communications
     Program
    Response Processing Operational Assessment
    Response Rates Assessment Study
    Self-Response Quality Assurance Operational Assessment
    Service-Based Enumeration Assessment Report
    Systems and Applications in the 2020 Census (Security, Privacy, and
     Confidentiality)
    Update Enumerate Operational Assessment
    Update Leave Operational Assessment
2020 Census Quality Control (QC)
    Quality Control Study Plan for Listing Operations
    Quality Control Study Plan for Enumeration Operations
    Address Canvassing QC Results
    Update Leave QC Results
    Nonresponse Followup QC Results
    Person Interview QC Results
    Independent Listing QC Results
 


------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2020 Census evaluations and experiments     Additional data collected
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Evaluations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Reengineered Address Canvassing...........  Salted and suppressed
                                             addresses within Address
                                             Canvassing: Same burden
                                             estimate because listers
                                             should delete incorrect
                                             addresses (which does not
                                             involve contact) and add
                                             missing addresses (which is
                                             the same burden as for
                                             valid addresses).
     Estimate certain types of
     errors that can occur during In-Field
     Address Canvassing. Investigate
     effectiveness of In-Office Address
     Canvassing and Interactive Review.
     Compare costs of reengineered Address
     Canvassing to 100 percent In-Field
     Address Canvassing.
     Evaluate In-Field Address
     Canvassing listers by including false
     addresses (salting) and suppressing a
     sample of valid addresses.
     Evaluate In-Office and In-
     Field Address Canvassing using Post-
     Enumeration Survey listing results
     \1\.
Administrative Record Dual-System           None.
 Estimation.
Determine whether dual system estimates
 could be generated without conducting an
 independent post-enumeration survey,
 using Administrative Records.
Evaluating Privacy and Confidentiality      NA.
 Concerns of Complete and Partial
 Respondents by Mode \2\.
Capture respondents' concerns about
 privacy and confidentiality during the
 census, particularly with respect to the
 internet response option and
 administrative records use in a census
 environment.
The Undercount of Young Children: A         NA.
 Qualitative Evaluation of Census
 Materials and Operations \2\.
Conduct focus groups and cognitive
 interviews to identify where existing
 roster questions and procedures are
 failing and how to improve them.
Research on Hard to Count Populations: Non- NA.
 English Speakers and Complex Household
 Residents, including Undercount of
 Children Research \2\.
Assess NRFU interviews in areas associated
 with potential undercoverage and non-
 English speaking households. In addition,
 administer a specialized enumerator
 training module to a sample of Spanish-
 speaking bilingual enumerators to
 evaluate its impact.
Analysis of Census Internet Self-Response   None.
 Paradata by Language
Examine 2020 Census web paradata and
 assess by language.
Group Quarters Advance Contact: Refining    NA.
 Classification of College or University
 Student Housing \2\.
Explore whether refined classification
 used in the 2020 Census results in more
 accurately identifying privately owned
 college housing.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Experiments
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Extending the Census Environment to the     None.
 Mailing Materials.
Test effect on self-response rates of
 wearable, nonmonetary mailing inserts
 that promote the 2020 Census as well as
 mailing materials that incorporate
 elements and images developed by the 2020
 Census communications campaign. In
 addition, test the use of an every door
 direct mail piece.

[[Page 47239]]

 
Optimization of Self-Response in the 2020   None.
 Census Experiment.
Evaluate impacts of the mailing strategy
 and the influence of the internet
 response option by (1) mailing a sample
 of housing units a modified version of
 2010 Census materials with no promotion
 of the internet response option on a
 schedule that resembles what occurred
 during the 2010 Census, (2) mailing
 another sample of housing units a
 modified version of the 2020 Census
 materials with no promotion of the
 internet response option, (3) switching
 the planned mail contact strategy between
 internet choice and internet first for
 another sample of housing units. In
 addition, test the effectiveness of
 communications and partnership activities
 by not mailing and 2020 Census materials
 to a sample of households.
Real-Time 2020 Census Administrative        None.
 Record Census Simulation.
Compare person-level, housing unit-level,
 and hybrid approaches to conducting an
 administrative record census.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ 2020 Census Post-Enumeration Survey Independent Listing Operation
  (OMB approval #0607-1009).
\2\ Generic Clearance for Census Bureau Field Tests and Evaluations (OMB
  approval #0607-0971).

    Affected Public: Individuals or Households.
    Frequency: Once every 10 years.
    Respondent's Obligation: Mandatory.
    Legal Authority: Title 13, United States Code, Section 141 and 193.
    This information collection request may be viewed at 
www.reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce 
collections currently under review by OMB.
    Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information 
collection, identified by Docket number OMB-2018-0004, may be submitted 
to the Federal e-Rulemaking portal: https://www.regulations.gov within 
30 days of publication of this notice. All comments received are part 
of the public record and will be posted to http://www.regulations.gov 
for public viewing. Comments will generally be posted without change. 
All Personally Identifiable Information (for example, name and address) 
voluntarily submitted by the commenter may be publicly accessible. Do 
not submit Confidential Business Information or otherwise sensitive or 
protected information. You may submit attachments to electronic 
comments in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file 
formats only.

Sheleen Dumas,
Departmental Lead PRA Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer, 
Commerce Department.
[FR Doc. 2019-19312 Filed 9-6-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-07-P