Notice of Inventory Completion: Carter County Museum, Ekalaka, MT, 31090-31092 [2019-13837]

Download as PDF 31090 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 125 / Friday, June 28, 2019 / Notices significantly change proposed land use plan decisions. Instructions for filing a protest with the Director of the BLM regarding the Proposed RMP may be found online at https://www.blm.gov/programs/ planning-and-nepa/publicparticipation/filing-a-plan-protest and at 43 CFR 1610.5–2. All protests must be in writing and mailed to the appropriate address, as set forth in the ADDRESSES section above or submitted electronically through the BLM ePlanning project website as described above. Protests submitted electronically by any means other than the ePlanning project website protest section will be invalid unless a protest is also submitted in hard copy. Protests submitted by fax will also be invalid unless also submitted either through the ePlanning project website protest section or in hard copy. Before including your phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your protest, you should be aware that your entire protest—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your protest letter to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Authority: 40 CFR 1506.6, 40 CFR 1506.10, 43 CFR 1610.2, 43 CFR 1610.5. Jamie E. Connell, BLM Colorado State Director. [FR Doc. 2019–13857 Filed 6–27–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4310–JB–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0028125; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Carter County Museum, Ekalaka, MT National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Carter County Museum has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:41 Jun 27, 2019 Jkt 247001 that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the Carter County Museum. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Carter County Museum at the address in this notice by July 29, 2019. ADDRESSES: Sabre Moore, Carter County Museum, 306 North Main Street, Ekalaka, MT 59324, telephone (406) 775–6886, email smoore@ cartercountymuseum.org. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the Carter County Museum, Ekalaka, MT. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from the Arthur Walker, Beach, Jardee, Turbiville, WPA Crew, Medicine Rocks, and Chalk Buttes Sites in Carter County, MT, and the Frank Sparks Site in Fallon County, MT. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Carter County Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana; Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; Fort Belknap Indian Community of the PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana; Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota; Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota; Oglala Sioux Tribe (previously listed as the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota); Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska; Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota; SissetonWahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota; Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota; and the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota, hereafter referred to as ‘‘The Tribes.’’ History and Description of the Remains In 1948, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were removed from the Arthur Walker Site, nine miles northwest of Albion, in Carter County, MT. A skull and partial skeleton were exposed 2.3 meters below the surface in a bentonite bank on Blacktail Creek. The exposure was about 1.2 meters above the water level and immediately over the water due to undercutting. The bones were completely encased in bentonite clay that had washed down from a steep slope several yards to the north. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection in 1948, and consist of the skull, portions of all 24 ribs, left and right clavicles, left and right scapula, vertebra, sacrum, coccyx, left and right humerus, left ulna, left femur, left tibia, right and left pelvis, right and left calcaneus, hands, and feet. They show signs of severe, chronic periodontal disease and arthritis. Based on molar wear, the individual, a male, was 35–45 years old at the time of death. No known individuals were identified. The six associated funerary objects are three Dentalium shells and three broken or cut gastropod shells. In June 1985, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were removed by a rancher’s son from the Beach Site, located on the slope of a steep hillside below a sandstone cliff in Carter County, MT. The human remains consist of a skull. One month later, a burial site in a cleft of sandstone outcrop approximately 50 yards upslope from the skull was located and the human remains of a second individual were removed. The osteological material from this second E:\FR\FM\28JNN1.SGM 28JNN1 khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 125 / Friday, June 28, 2019 / Notices burial consists of a mandible, ribs, sternum, fragments, and long bones, and is extremely weathered and bleached. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection in 1985. C–14 dating conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 420 +/- 130 B. P. (before 1950). The skull of the first individual, a female approximately 25– 35 years old at the time of death, shows signs of periodontal disease. The mandible of the second individual belongs to a female approximately 12– 25 years old at time of death. No known individuals were identified. The two associated funerary objects are Dentalium shells. Sometime before 1986, human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals were removed from the Jardee Site in Carter County, MT. A skeleton was found eroding out of a shallow cave under a ledge of channel sandstone. The individual had been buried in a flexed position and covered with fine sandy material, which also covered the cave floor. The cave faces southwest, and overlooks a low terrace on Box Elder Creek. An ‘‘extra’’ right metatarsal and an ‘‘extra’’ vertebrae fragment indicate that more than one individual was interred at the site. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection. C–14 dating conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 1,390 +/¥ 75 years B.P. (before 1950). The remains of the skeleton include portions of 20 ribs, right clavicle, sternum, scapula, vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, left humerus, right humerus, left radius, left ulna, right radius, right ulna, left femur, left tibia, left fibula, right femur, right tibia, right fibula, left patella, right patella, left pelvis, right pelvis, right calcaneus, right talus, left calcaneus, left talus, portions of the hands, feet, and a partial skull. The skeleton of this individual, a male approximately 35–39 years old at the time of death, shows signs of periodontal disease and tuberculosis, as well as slight evidence of arthritis. The second individual is of indeterminate sex. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. In 1988, human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals were removed from the Turbiville Site in Carter County, MT. Exposed human bones were removed from what Marshall Lambert (Museum Director 1946–96) described as the ‘‘front portion of an 8′ long, 4′ wide, and 2′ high cave under a sandstone ledge near the top of a small hill a short distance from the Turbiville ranch buildings.’’ Analysis of the skeletal material indicated the presence of more than one individual. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:41 Jun 27, 2019 Jkt 247001 The Turbiville site represents, alternatively, the contemporaneous, primary burial of multiple individuals, the primary burial of individuals at different times, or a primary internment and a secondary burial. C–14 dating conducted on October 9, 1986 established the bones as ‘‘modern’’ (statistically indistinguishable from B.P. or 1950 count). Given that the standard deviation of 68 percent probability, the manual procedures of the laboratory, and this accuracy level, it is likely that the date of the interment of the individuals at the Turbiville Site falls within the last 200 years. The skeletal remains that are present include 17 ribs and rib fragments, right femur, left femur, right tibia, right fibula, left fibula, left humerus, right humerus, right radius, right ulna, left ulna, the pelvis, sacrum, vertebra, sternum, right scapula, left scapula, right calcaneum, left calcaneum, portions of the hands and feet, and skull fragments. The human remains of one of the individuals, a female approximately 22– 26 years old at the time of death, show signs of periodontal disease. The second individual is of indeterminate sex. No known individuals were identified. The 10 associated funerary objects are one handle of a hafted knife (with faint decoration on the top of the handle (made with pin pricks or sharp thorn) and a purple quartzite blade); one biface scraper/knife of brown flint, with traces of red ocher; one uniface end scraper of brown, slightly translucent, flint; one biface knife of purple quartzite; one uniface knife made of a reddish brown quartzite flake; one biface knife made of a purple quartzite flake; one end scraper of red chert with white cortex material on one edge; one biface knife of gray porcellanite with traces of red ocher; one biface knife of clear chert; and one broken biface knife of grey porcellanite. In 1941, a Works Progress Administration (WPA) crew collecting rocks from a hill one mile west of Ekalaka, in Carter County, MT, found a skull and partial skeleton eroding from loose sand on a sandstone ledge beneath an overhang. The human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals, were collected by Mr. W.H. Peck, Director of the Carter County Museum at that time, in what became known as the WPA Site. In addition to the skull, the skeletal material includes 14 ribs and 10 rib fragments, left and right clavicle, right and left scapula, vertebra, sacrum, left humerus, left radius, left ulna, left and right femur, left tibia, left fibula, left and right pelvis, hands and feet from one individual. These human remains, belonging to a PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 31091 male approximately 25–26 years old at the time of death, show signs of periodontal disease, as well as evidence of minor arthritis. A mandible from a second individual of indeterminate age and sex was also collected. No known individuals were identified. The one associated funerary object is a triangular, unnotched projectile point with a broken tip. In June and late September of 1939, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were collected from the Medicine Rocks Site in Carter County, MT. Museum records indicate the following: Found in a sandstone rock cave and tunnel some 60 feet long, 5′ to 6′ high at entrance narrowing down to 2′ at exit, or outlet. Was found in one of the large scenic rocks of the Medicine Rocks. This formation as deposited at close of the upper cretaceous period, known here as the Fort Union, Tongue River Group. At the base of this formation is the medicine rocks. No other fossil remains so far have been found in this formation. Final excavations were made at this location by members of the CCGS (Carter County Geological Society) in June 1939 and again in late September 1939. Discovered by ‘‘Rodney Emswiler and his gang. The skeletal remains, belong to an individual of unknown age and sex, and include six human teeth, fragments of pelvis, long bones, hands, and feet. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. In 1940, human remains representing, at minimum, four individuals were collected in Carter County, MT, and donated to the museum by Vincent Van Ranseler in March 1941. Museum records indicate that they were ‘‘removed from an American Indian Grave.’’ Associated notes state: ‘‘These fragments were taken from an American Indian grave. Three pieces fit together and there are two that are loose from the main skull . . . This is probably a child’s skull. Three pieces are loose. This skull along with the above was taken from an American Indian grave.’’ In one of the jaw pieces are two teeth that never erupted. It is possible that they might be from a child. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. In 1964, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual, were collected approximately 20 miles north of Ekalaka, in Fallon County, MT. Human bones were uncovered by a rancher while scraping gravel from a hilltop near his home on Lame Jones Creek. They had been buried approximately 18 inches deep in coarse shales and stone gravel. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection in 1964. C–14 dating E:\FR\FM\28JNN1.SGM 28JNN1 31092 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 125 / Friday, June 28, 2019 / Notices conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 660 +/¥ 60 years B.P. (before 1950). Skeletal remains of this individual, a male approximately 35–45 years old at the time of death, show signs of chronic periodontal disease, as well as evidence of slight arthritis. The human remains include the right scapula, three portions of three ribs, left femur, left humerus, left radius, left ulna, vertebrae, and fragments of a skull. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Determinations Made by the Carter County Museum Officials of the Carter County Museum have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice are Native American, based on a 1986 osteological examination conducted by Bonnie Hogan on behalf of the Miles City Bureau of Land Management Office. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of 15 individuals of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 19 objects described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day Indian Tribe. • According to final judgements of the Indian Claims Commission or the Court of Federal Claims, the land from which the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were removed is the aboriginal land of The Tribes. • Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects may be to The Tribes. Additional Requestors and Disposition Representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Sabre Moore, Carter County Museum, 306 North Main Street, Ekalaka, MT 59324, telephone (406) 775–6886, email smoore@ cartercountymuseum.org, by July 29, 2019. After that date, if no additional VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:41 Jun 27, 2019 Jkt 247001 requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to The Tribes may proceed. The Carter County Museum is responsible for notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: June 5, 2019. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2019–13837 Filed 6–27–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0028124; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Autry Museum of the American West, Los Angeles, CA National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Autry Museum of the American West has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and present-day Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request to the Autry Museum of the American West. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Autry Museum of the American West at the address in this notice by July 29, 2019. ADDRESSES: Lylliam Posadas, MSc, Repatriation and Community Research Manager, Autry Museum of the American West, 4700 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles, CA 90027, telephone (323) 495–4369, email lposadas@ theautry.org. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the Autry Museum of the American West, Los Angeles, CA. The human remains were removed from San Nicolas Island, Ventura, CA. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Autry Museum of the American West professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California; Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California; Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation, California; and the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California; hereafter referred to as ‘‘The Tribes.’’ The Autry Museum of the American West professional staff consulted with the following non-federally recognized Indian groups: Gabrielino/Tongva Indians of California; Gabrielino/Tongva Nation; Gabrielino/Tongva Tribal Council; San Gabriel Band of Mission Indians; Ti’at Society; and the Traditional Council of Pimu (hereafter referred to as ‘‘Gabrielino/Tongva’’). History and Description of the Remains In 1931, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual were donated by Susannah Margaret Doran Nix to the Southwest Museum of the American Indian, now the Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection at the Autry Museum of the American West. The human remains consist of a complete cranium and mandible, and are likely female. This individual was removed from the surface of San Nicolas Island in Ventura, CA, by Edmond Leonard Doran in 1900; specific provenience information was not documented. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. An examination of the human remains by Autry Museum of the American West professional staff osteologists determined that this E:\FR\FM\28JNN1.SGM 28JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 125 (Friday, June 28, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 31090-31092]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-13837]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-NPS0028125; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Carter County Museum, Ekalaka, MT

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The Carter County Museum has completed an inventory of human 
remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has 
determined that there is no cultural affiliation between the human 
remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day Indian 
Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Representatives of any Indian 
Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice 
that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and 
associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the 
Carter County Museum. If no additional requestors come forward, 
transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects to the Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in 
this notice may proceed.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization not identified in this notice that wish to request 
transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary 
objects should submit a written request with information in support of 
the request to the Carter County Museum at the address in this notice 
by July 29, 2019.

ADDRESSES: Sabre Moore, Carter County Museum, 306 North Main Street, 
Ekalaka, MT 59324, telephone (406) 775-6886, email 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the Carter County 
Museum, Ekalaka, MT. The human remains and associated funerary objects 
were removed from the Arthur Walker, Beach, Jardee, Turbiville, WPA 
Crew, Medicine Rocks, and Chalk Buttes Sites in Carter County, MT, and 
the Frank Sparks Site in Fallon County, MT.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 
43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole 
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has 
control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary 
objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Carter 
County Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives 
of the Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; 
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, 
Montana; Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, 
South Dakota; Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, 
South Dakota; Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; Fort 
Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana; 
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota; 
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota; Oglala Sioux 
Tribe (previously listed as the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge 
Reservation, South Dakota); Prairie Island Indian Community in the 
State of Minnesota; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian 
Reservation, South Dakota; Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska; Shakopee 
Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota; Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of 
the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North 
Dakota; Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota; Three 
Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota; Upper 
Sioux Community, Minnesota; and the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South 
Dakota, hereafter referred to as ``The Tribes.''

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1948, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual 
were removed from the Arthur Walker Site, nine miles northwest of 
Albion, in Carter County, MT. A skull and partial skeleton were exposed 
2.3 meters below the surface in a bentonite bank on Blacktail Creek. 
The exposure was about 1.2 meters above the water level and immediately 
over the water due to undercutting. The bones were completely encased 
in bentonite clay that had washed down from a steep slope several yards 
to the north. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum 
collection in 1948, and consist of the skull, portions of all 24 ribs, 
left and right clavicles, left and right scapula, vertebra, sacrum, 
coccyx, left and right humerus, left ulna, left femur, left tibia, 
right and left pelvis, right and left calcaneus, hands, and feet. They 
show signs of severe, chronic periodontal disease and arthritis. Based 
on molar wear, the individual, a male, was 35-45 years old at the time 
of death. No known individuals were identified. The six associated 
funerary objects are three Dentalium shells and three broken or cut 
gastropod shells.
    In June 1985, human remains representing, at minimum, one 
individual were removed by a rancher's son from the Beach Site, located 
on the slope of a steep hillside below a sandstone cliff in Carter 
County, MT. The human remains consist of a skull. One month later, a 
burial site in a cleft of sandstone outcrop approximately 50 yards 
upslope from the skull was located and the human remains of a second 
individual were removed. The osteological material from this second

[[Page 31091]]

burial consists of a mandible, ribs, sternum, fragments, and long 
bones, and is extremely weathered and bleached. The human remains 
entered the Carter County Museum collection in 1985. C-14 dating 
conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 420 +/- 130 B. P. 
(before 1950). The skull of the first individual, a female 
approximately 25-35 years old at the time of death, shows signs of 
periodontal disease. The mandible of the second individual belongs to a 
female approximately 12-25 years old at time of death. No known 
individuals were identified. The two associated funerary objects are 
Dentalium shells.
    Sometime before 1986, human remains representing, at minimum, two 
individuals were removed from the Jardee Site in Carter County, MT. A 
skeleton was found eroding out of a shallow cave under a ledge of 
channel sandstone. The individual had been buried in a flexed position 
and covered with fine sandy material, which also covered the cave 
floor. The cave faces southwest, and overlooks a low terrace on Box 
Elder Creek. An ``extra'' right metatarsal and an ``extra'' vertebrae 
fragment indicate that more than one individual was interred at the 
site. The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection. C-
14 dating conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 1,390 +/- 75 
years B.P. (before 1950). The remains of the skeleton include portions 
of 20 ribs, right clavicle, sternum, scapula, vertebrae, sacrum, 
coccyx, left humerus, right humerus, left radius, left ulna, right 
radius, right ulna, left femur, left tibia, left fibula, right femur, 
right tibia, right fibula, left patella, right patella, left pelvis, 
right pelvis, right calcaneus, right talus, left calcaneus, left talus, 
portions of the hands, feet, and a partial skull. The skeleton of this 
individual, a male approximately 35-39 years old at the time of death, 
shows signs of periodontal disease and tuberculosis, as well as slight 
evidence of arthritis. The second individual is of indeterminate sex. 
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present.
    In 1988, human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals 
were removed from the Turbiville Site in Carter County, MT. Exposed 
human bones were removed from what Marshall Lambert (Museum Director 
1946-96) described as the ``front portion of an 8' long, 4' wide, and 
2' high cave under a sandstone ledge near the top of a small hill a 
short distance from the Turbiville ranch buildings.'' Analysis of the 
skeletal material indicated the presence of more than one individual. 
The Turbiville site represents, alternatively, the contemporaneous, 
primary burial of multiple individuals, the primary burial of 
individuals at different times, or a primary internment and a secondary 
burial. C-14 dating conducted on October 9, 1986 established the bones 
as ``modern'' (statistically indistinguishable from B.P. or 1950 
count). Given that the standard deviation of 68 percent probability, 
the manual procedures of the laboratory, and this accuracy level, it is 
likely that the date of the interment of the individuals at the 
Turbiville Site falls within the last 200 years. The skeletal remains 
that are present include 17 ribs and rib fragments, right femur, left 
femur, right tibia, right fibula, left fibula, left humerus, right 
humerus, right radius, right ulna, left ulna, the pelvis, sacrum, 
vertebra, sternum, right scapula, left scapula, right calcaneum, left 
calcaneum, portions of the hands and feet, and skull fragments. The 
human remains of one of the individuals, a female approximately 22-26 
years old at the time of death, show signs of periodontal disease. The 
second individual is of indeterminate sex. No known individuals were 
identified. The 10 associated funerary objects are one handle of a 
hafted knife (with faint decoration on the top of the handle (made with 
pin pricks or sharp thorn) and a purple quartzite blade); one biface 
scraper/knife of brown flint, with traces of red ocher; one uniface end 
scraper of brown, slightly translucent, flint; one biface knife of 
purple quartzite; one uniface knife made of a reddish brown quartzite 
flake; one biface knife made of a purple quartzite flake; one end 
scraper of red chert with white cortex material on one edge; one biface 
knife of gray porcellanite with traces of red ocher; one biface knife 
of clear chert; and one broken biface knife of grey porcellanite.
    In 1941, a Works Progress Administration (WPA) crew collecting 
rocks from a hill one mile west of Ekalaka, in Carter County, MT, found 
a skull and partial skeleton eroding from loose sand on a sandstone 
ledge beneath an overhang. The human remains representing, at minimum, 
two individuals, were collected by Mr. W.H. Peck, Director of the 
Carter County Museum at that time, in what became known as the WPA 
Site. In addition to the skull, the skeletal material includes 14 ribs 
and 10 rib fragments, left and right clavicle, right and left scapula, 
vertebra, sacrum, left humerus, left radius, left ulna, left and right 
femur, left tibia, left fibula, left and right pelvis, hands and feet 
from one individual. These human remains, belonging to a male 
approximately 25-26 years old at the time of death, show signs of 
periodontal disease, as well as evidence of minor arthritis. A mandible 
from a second individual of indeterminate age and sex was also 
collected. No known individuals were identified. The one associated 
funerary object is a triangular, unnotched projectile point with a 
broken tip.
    In June and late September of 1939, human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were collected from the Medicine Rocks Site in 
Carter County, MT. Museum records indicate the following:

    Found in a sandstone rock cave and tunnel some 60 feet long, 5' 
to 6' high at entrance narrowing down to 2' at exit, or outlet. Was 
found in one of the large scenic rocks of the Medicine Rocks. This 
formation as deposited at close of the upper cretaceous period, 
known here as the Fort Union, Tongue River Group. At the base of 
this formation is the medicine rocks. No other fossil remains so far 
have been found in this formation. Final excavations were made at 
this location by members of the CCGS (Carter County Geological 
Society) in June 1939 and again in late September 1939. Discovered 
by ``Rodney Emswiler and his gang.

The skeletal remains, belong to an individual of unknown age and sex, 
and include six human teeth, fragments of pelvis, long bones, hands, 
and feet. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present.
    In 1940, human remains representing, at minimum, four individuals 
were collected in Carter County, MT, and donated to the museum by 
Vincent Van Ranseler in March 1941. Museum records indicate that they 
were ``removed from an American Indian Grave.'' Associated notes state: 
``These fragments were taken from an American Indian grave. Three 
pieces fit together and there are two that are loose from the main 
skull . . . This is probably a child's skull. Three pieces are loose. 
This skull along with the above was taken from an American Indian 
grave.'' In one of the jaw pieces are two teeth that never erupted. It 
is possible that they might be from a child. No known individuals were 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1964, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual, 
were collected approximately 20 miles north of Ekalaka, in Fallon 
County, MT. Human bones were uncovered by a rancher while scraping 
gravel from a hilltop near his home on Lame Jones Creek. They had been 
buried approximately 18 inches deep in coarse shales and stone gravel. 
The human remains entered the Carter County Museum collection in 1964. 
C-14 dating

[[Page 31092]]

conducted on October 9, 1986 dates the bones to 660 +/- 60 years B.P. 
(before 1950). Skeletal remains of this individual, a male 
approximately 35-45 years old at the time of death, show signs of 
chronic periodontal disease, as well as evidence of slight arthritis. 
The human remains include the right scapula, three portions of three 
ribs, left femur, left humerus, left radius, left ulna, vertebrae, and 
fragments of a skull. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.

Determinations Made by the Carter County Museum

    Officials of the Carter County Museum have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice are Native American, based on a 1986 osteological 
examination conducted by Bonnie Hogan on behalf of the Miles City 
Bureau of Land Management Office.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of 15 individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 19 objects described 
in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared 
group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and associated funerary objects and any present-day 
Indian Tribe.
     According to final judgements of the Indian Claims 
Commission or the Court of Federal Claims, the land from which the 
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed is the aboriginal land of The Tribes.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the 
human remains and associated funerary objects may be to The Tribes.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization 
not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control 
of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a 
written request with information in support of the request to Sabre 
Moore, Carter County Museum, 306 North Main Street, Ekalaka, MT 59324, 
telephone (406) 775-6886, email [email protected], by July 
29, 2019. After that date, if no additional requestors have come 
forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated 
funerary objects to The Tribes may proceed.
    The Carter County Museum is responsible for notifying The Tribes 
that this notice has been published.

     Dated: June 5, 2019.
Melanie O'Brien,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2019-13837 Filed 6-27-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4312-52-P