Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 53 Southeastern Species, 28850-28853 [2019-13155]

Download as PDF 28850 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 119 / Thursday, June 20, 2019 / Notices status reviews of 53 species under the Endangered Species Act, as amended. A 5-year review is an assessment of the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of information that has become available since the last reviews of these species. or speech-impaired individuals may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8339. Dated: June 14, 2019. Brian D. Montgomery, Acting Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2019–13146 Filed 6–19–19; 8:45 am] To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we must receive your comments or information on or before August 19, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time. DATES: BILLING CODE 4210–67–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS–R4–ES–2019–N037; FXES11130900000C2–190–FF09E32000] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 53 Southeastern Species Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information. AGENCY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year SUMMARY: Common name/scientific name For instructions on how to submit information and review information that we receive on these species, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. ADDRESSES: For species-specific information, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact person, email, phone Status (endangered or threatened) States where the species is known to occur Relay Service at 800–877–8339 for TTY assistance. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Why do we conduct 5-year reviews? Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants: List). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species under active review. For additional information about 5-year reviews, go to http:// www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/ recovery-overview.html. Which species are under review? This notice announces our active 5-year reviews of the species in the following table. Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) Contact’s mailing address ANIMALS Mammals Squirrel, Carolina northern flying (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus). Sue Cameron, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Endangered .. Scrub-jay, Florida (Aphelocoma coerulescens). Todd Mecklenborg, northflorida@fws.gov, 904– 731–3045. Roxanna Hinzman, FLgrasshoppersparrow_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4310. Bill Brooks, northflorida@ fws.gov, 904–731–3136. Threatened ... North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia. 50 FR 26999; 7/1/1985 .... USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Florida .................... 52 FR 20715; 6/3/1987 .... Endangered .. Florida .................... 51 FR 27492; 7/31/1986 .. USFWS, 7915 Baymeadows Way, Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL 32256. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Threatened ... Florida .................... 49 FR 7332; 2/28/1984, 79 FR 37077; 6/30/14. USFWS, 7915 Baymeadows Way, Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL 32256. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy., Jackson, MS 39213. USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy., Jackson, MS 39213. Birds Sparrow, Florida grasshopper (Ammodramus savannarum floridanus). Stork, wood (Mycteria americana) U.S.breeding population. Reptiles Boa, Mona (Epicrates monensis monensis). Felix Lopez, caribbean_es@ fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Threatened ... Puerto Rico ............ 43 FR 4618; 2/3/1978 ...... Tortoise, gopher (Gopherus polyphemus) western population. Turtle, flattened musk (Sternotherus depressus). Matthew Hinderliter, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 601–321–1132. Daniel Drennen, mississippi_ field_office@fws.gov, 601– 321–1127. Threatened ... Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi. 52 FR 25376; 7/7/1987 .... Threatened ... Alabama ................. 52 FR 22418; 6/11/1987 .. Amphibians jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Salamander, Red Hills (Phaeognathus hubrichti). Matt Laschet, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Threatened ... Alabama ................. 41 FR 53032; 12/3/1976 .. USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501. USFWS, 330 W Broadway, Ste. 265, Frankfort, KY 40601. Fishes Chub, slender (Erimystax cahni) Shiner, palezone (Notropis albizonatus). VerDate Sep<11>2014 Warren Stiles, cookeville@ fws.gov, 931–528–6481. Mike Floyd, kentuckyes@ fws.gov, 502–695–0468. 17:47 Jun 19, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Threatened ... Tennessee ............. 42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977 .... Endangered .. Alabama, Kentucky 58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993 .. Frm 00063 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\20JNN1.SGM 20JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 119 / Thursday, June 20, 2019 / Notices Common name/scientific name Contact person, email, phone Status (endangered or threatened) States where the species is known to occur Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) 28851 Contact’s mailing address Clams Monkeyface, Cumberland (Quadrula intermedia). Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Endangered .. Pigtoe, rough (Pleurobema plenum). Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931– 528–6481. Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Endangered .. Sarah McRae, raleigh_admin@ fws.gov, 919–856–4520. Endangered .. Pigtoe, shiny (Fusconaia cor) ... Riffleshell, tan (Epioblasma florentina walkeri). Spinymussel, Tar River (Elliptio steinstansana). Endangered .. Endangered .. Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia. Alabama, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia. Alabama, Tennessee, Virginia. 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 .. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 .. USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501. 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 .. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia. North Carolina ........ 42 FR 42351; 8/23/1977 .. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. 50 FR 26572; 6/27/1985 .. USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606. Insects Butterfly, Bartram’s scrubhairstreak, (Strymon acis bartrami). Butterfly, Florida leafwing (Anaea troglodyta floridalis). Roxanna Hinzman, Bartrams_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4316. Roxanna Hinzman, FLleafwing_5-yearreview@ fws.gov, 772–469–4311. Endangered .. Florida .................... 79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. 60 FR 6968; 2/6/1995 ...... USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Arachnids Spider, spruce-fir moss (Microhexura montivaga). Sue Cameron, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Endangered .. North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia. PLANTS Flowering Plants Agave eggersiana (no common name). Jaime Yrigoyen, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Endangered .. Virgin Islands ......... 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 .... Asimina tetramera (four-petal pawpaw). Roxanna Hinzman, Fourpetalpawpaw_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, FLbrickellbush_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, fragrantprickly_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, Shortleavedrosemary_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, Floridasemaphore_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Angel Colon, caribbean_es@ fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Endangered .. Florida .................... 51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986 .. Endangered .. Florida .................... 79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014 .... USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 50 FR 45618; 11/1/1985 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013 USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Puerto Rico ............ 53 FR 11610; 4/7/1988 .... Roxanna Hinzman, Okeechobeegourd_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, beautifulpawpaw_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, snakeroot_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Omar Monsegur, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Endangered .. Florida .................... 58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993 .. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987 .... USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994 Endangered .. Puerto Rico ............ 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 .... USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. Brickellia mosieri (Florida brickell-bush). Cereus eriophorus var. fragrans (fragrant prickly-apple). Conradina brevifolia (shortleaved rosemary). Consolea corallicola (Florida semaphore cactus). Cornutia obovata (palo de nigua). Cucurbita okeechobeensis ssp. okeechobeensis (Okeechobee gourd). jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Deeringothamnus pulchellus (Beautiful pawpaw). Eryngium cuneifolium (snakeroot). Eugenia haematocarpa (uvillo) Gonocalyx concolor (no common name). VerDate Sep<11>2014 Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. 17:47 Jun 19, 2019 Jkt 247001 PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\20JNN1.SGM 20JNN1 28852 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 119 / Thursday, June 20, 2019 / Notices Status (endangered or threatened) States where the species is known to occur Final listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date) Scott Wiggers, mississippi_ field_office@fws.gov, 228– 475–0765. Shannon Holbrook, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Mike Floyd, kentuckyes@ fws.gov, 502–695–0468. Endangered .. 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 .... Endangered .. Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee. Alabama ................. Threatened ... Kentucky ................ 79 FR 25683; 5/6/2014 .... Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Roxanna Hinzman, Scrubblazingstar_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Scott Wiggers, mississippi_ field_office@fws.gov, 228– 475–0765. Threatened ... North Carolina ........ 52 FR 44397; 11/19/1987 Endangered .. Florida .................... 54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. 51 FR 27495; 7/31/1986 .. USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy., Jackson, MS 39213. 79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014 .... USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Common name/scientific name Contact person, email, phone Helianthus verticillatus (whorled sunflower). Leavenworthia crassa (fleshyfruit gladecress). Leavenworthia exigua var. laciniata (Kentucky glade cress). Liatris helleri (Heller’s blazingstar). Liatris ohlingerae (scrub blazingstar). Lindera melissifolia (pondberry) 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 .... Contact’s mailing address USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy., Jackson, MS 39213. USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. USFWS, 330 W Broadway, Ste. 265, Frankfort, KY 40601. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Roxanna Hinzman, cartersflax_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Endangered .. Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina. Florida .................... Endangered .. Puerto Rico ............ 52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987 .... Geoff Call, cookeville@fws.gov, 931–528–6481. Roxanna Hinzman, keytreecactus_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Angel Colon, caribbean_es@ fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Endangered .. 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 .... Endangered .. Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee. Florida .................... Endangered .. Puerto Rico ............ 59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994 Roxanna Hinzman, Lewtonspolygala_5yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, wireweed_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Roxanna Hinzman, sandlace_ 5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772– 469–4307. Dale Suiter, raleigh_admin@ fws.gov, 919–856–4520. Endangered .. Florida .................... 58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993 .. Endangered .. Florida .................... 52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987 .... USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. Florida .................... 58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993 .. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. Endangered .. 54 FR 39850; 9/28/1989 .. USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606. Endangered .. 44 FR 43700; 7/25/1979 .. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Threatened ... Alabama, Georgia .. 55 FR 13907; 4/13/1990 .. Endangered .. Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina. 44 FR 54922; 9/21/1979 .. Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii (mountain sweet pitcherplant). Stahlia monosperma (cobana negra). Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Shannon Holbrook, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Scott Wiggers, mississippi_ field_office@fws.gov, 228– 475–0765. Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939. Jose G. Martinez, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia. North Carolina, South Carolina. Endangered .. North Carolina, South Carolina. 53 FR 38470; 9/30/1988 .. USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy., Jackson, MS 39213. USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801. Threatened ... Puerto Rico ............ 55 FR 12790; 4/5/1990 .... Varronia rupicola (no common name). Omar Monsegur, caribbean_ es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297. Threatened ... Puerto Rico ............ 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 .... Xyris tennesseensis (Tennessee yellow-eyed grass). Shannon Holbrook, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Endangered .. Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee. 56 FR 34151; 7/26/1991 .. Thelypteris pilosa var. alabamensis (Alabama streak-sorus fern). Shannon Holbrook, alabama@ fws.gov, 251–441–5184. Threatened ... Linum carteri carteri (Carter’s small-flowered flax). Peperomia wheeleri (Wheeler’s peperomia). Physaria globosa (Short’s bladderpod). Pilosocereus robinii (Key treecactus). Pleodendron macranthum (Chupacallos). Polygala lewtonii (Lewton’s polygala). Polygonella basiramia (wireweed). Polygonella myriophylla (sandlace). Rhus michauxii (Michaux’s sumac). Sagittaria fasciculata (bunched arrowhead). Sagittaria secundifolia (Kral’s water-plantain). Sarracenia oreophila (green pitcher-plant). 49 FR 29234; 7/19/1984 .. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquero´n, PR 00622. USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Ferns What information do we consider in our review? A 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data that have VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:47 Jun 19, 2019 Jkt 247001 Alabama ................. become available since the current listing determination or most recent status review of each species, such as: PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 57 FR 30164; 7/8/1992 .... USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526. A. Species biology, including, but not limited to, population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; E:\FR\FM\20JNN1.SGM 20JNN1 jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 119 / Thursday, June 20, 2019 / Notices B. Habitat conditions, including, but not limited to, amount, distribution, and suitability; C. Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species; D. Threat status and trends (see the five factors under How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?); and E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including, but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants, and improved analytical methods. We request any new information concerning the status of any of these 53 species. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps; bibliographic references; methods used to gather and analyze the data; and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources. We may conduct a species status assessment (SSA) for some of these species. An SSA is a biological risk assessment to aid decision makers who must use the best available scientific information to make policy decisions or recommendations under the ESA. The SSA provides decisionmakers with a scientifically rigorous characterization of a species’ status, and of the likelihood that the species will sustain populations, along with key uncertainties in that characterization. It presents a compilation of the best available information on a species, as well as its ecological needs, based on environmental factors. An SSA also describes the current condition of the species’ habitat and demographics, and probable explanations for past and ongoing changes in abundance and distribution within the species’ range. Finally, it forecasts the species’ response to probable future scenarios of environmental conditions and conservation efforts. Overall, an SSA uses the conservation biology principles of resiliency, redundancy, and representation (collectively known as the ‘‘3 Rs’’) to evaluate the current and future condition of the species. As a result, the SSA characterizes a species’ ability to sustain populations in the wild over time based on the best scientific understanding of current and future abundance and distribution within the species’ ecological settings. Definitions A. Species means any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or plant, and any distinct population segment of VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:47 Jun 19, 2019 Jkt 247001 any species of vertebrate fish or wildlife which interbreeds when mature. B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened? Section 4(a)(1) of the ESA requires that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the following five factors: A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; C. Disease or predation; D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence. Request for New Information To do any of the following, contact the person associated with the species you are interested in under the table in Which species are under review?, above: A. To get more information on a species; B. To submit information on a species; or C. To review information we receive, which will be available for public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the listed addresses. Public Availability of Comments Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted. Comments we receive become part of the administrative record associated with this action. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, will be made available for public disclosure in their entirety. PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 28853 Availability of Status Reviews All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via the Service website, at https://www.fws.gov/ endangered/species/us-species.html. Authority This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Dated: April 18, 2019. Mike Oetker, Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region. [FR Doc. 2019–13155 Filed 6–19–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4333–15–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [LLNVC02000.L71220000.FR0000; NVN094919; 13–08807; MO # 4500123319] Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification: Nevada Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of realty action. AGENCY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has examined certain public lands in Lyon County, and has found them suitable for classification for lease and conveyance to the Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) under the provisions of the Recreation & Public Purpose (R&PP) Act, as amended; Sec. 7 of the Taylor Grazing Act; and Executive Order No. 6910. The NDOT proposes to use the land as a highway maintenance station. DATES: Submit written comments regarding this proposed classification on or before August 5, 2019. Comments may be mailed or hand delivered to the BLM office address below. Comments may be emailed or faxed to the contacts below. The BLM will not consider comments received via telephone calls. ADDRESSES: Mail written comments to Environmental Coordinator, Carson City District Office, 5665 Morgan Mill Road, Carson City, Nevada 89701, or submit via email at blm_nv_ccdowebmail@ blm.gov, or fax to 775–885–6147. The BLM has made available detailed information including, but not limited to, a proposed development and management plan and documentation relating to compliance with applicable environmental and cultural resource laws, for review during business hours, 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Pacific Time, Monday through Friday, except during SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\20JNN1.SGM 20JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 119 (Thursday, June 20, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 28850-28853]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-13155]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R4-ES-2019-N037; FXES11130900000C2-190-FF09E32000]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Status Reviews for 53 Southeastern Species

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year 
status reviews of 53 species under the Endangered Species Act, as 
amended. A 5-year review is an assessment of the best scientific and 
commercial data available at the time of the review. We are requesting 
submission of information that has become available since the last 
reviews of these species.

DATES: To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we must 
receive your comments or information on or before August 19, 2019. 
However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed 
species at any time.

ADDRESSES: For instructions on how to submit information and review 
information that we receive on these species, see Request for New 
Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, see 
Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. 
Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the 
Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

    Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 
U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened 
wildlife and plant species in title 50 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants: 
List). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each listed 
species' status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 
424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register 
announcing those species under active review. For additional 
information about 5-year reviews, go to http://www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/recovery-overview.html.

Which species are under review?

    This notice announces our active 5-year reviews of the species in 
the following table.

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                                                         Status        States where the    Final listing rule (Federal
  Common name/scientific name    Contact person,     (endangered or    species is known       Register citation and         Contact's mailing address
                                   email, phone       threatened)          to occur             publication date)
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                                                                         ANIMALS
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                                                                         Mammals
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Squirrel, Carolina northern     Sue Cameron,       Endangered.......  North Carolina,    50 FR 26999; 7/1/1985.........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 flying (Glaucomys sabrinus      [email protected]                      Tennessee,                                         Asheville, NC 28801.
 coloratus).                     ws.gov, 828-258-                      Virginia.
                                 3939.
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                                                                          Birds
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Scrub-jay, Florida (Aphelocoma  Todd Mecklenborg,  Threatened.......  Florida..........  52 FR 20715; 6/3/1987.........  USFWS, 7915 Baymeadows Way,
 coerulescens).                  [email protected]                                                                         Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL
                                 .gov, 904-731-                                                                           32256.
                                 3045.
Sparrow, Florida grasshopper    Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  51 FR 27492; 7/31/1986........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (Ammodramus savannarum          FLgrasshopperspa                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
 floridanus).                    rrow_5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4310.
Stork, wood (Mycteria           Bill Brooks,       Threatened.......  Florida..........  49 FR 7332; 2/28/1984, 79 FR    USFWS, 7915 Baymeadows Way,
 americana) U.S.breeding         [email protected]                                         37077; 6/30/14.                 Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL
 population.                     .gov, 904-731-                                                                           32256.
                                 3136.
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                                                                        Reptiles
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Boa, Mona (Epicrates monensis   Felix Lopez,       Threatened.......  Puerto Rico......  43 FR 4618; 2/3/1978..........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 monensis).                      [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Tortoise, gopher (Gopherus      Matthew            Threatened.......  Alabama,           52 FR 25376; 7/7/1987.........  USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy.,
 polyphemus) western             Hinderliter,                          Louisiana,                                         Jackson, MS 39213.
 population.                     mississippi_fiel                      Mississippi.
                                 [email protected]
                                 , 601-321-1132.
Turtle, flattened musk          Daniel Drennen,    Threatened.......  Alabama..........  52 FR 22418; 6/11/1987........  USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy.,
 (Sternotherus depressus).       mississippi_fiel                                                                         Jackson, MS 39213.
                                 [email protected]
                                 , 601-321-1127.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       Amphibians
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salamander, Red Hills           Matt Laschet,      Threatened.......  Alabama..........  41 FR 53032; 12/3/1976........  USFWS, 1208B Main Street,
 (Phaeognathus hubrichti).       [email protected],                                                                         Daphne, AL 36526.
                                 251-441-5184.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Fishes
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chub, slender (Erimystax        Warren Stiles,     Threatened.......  Tennessee........  42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977.........  USFWS, 446 Neal Street,
 cahni).                         [email protected]                                                                         Cookeville, TN 38501.
                                 ov, 931-528-6481.
Shiner, palezone (Notropis      Mike Floyd,        Endangered.......  Alabama, Kentucky  58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993........  USFWS, 330 W Broadway, Ste.
 albizonatus).                   [email protected]                                                                         265, Frankfort, KY 40601.
                                 ov, 502-695-0468.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 28851]]

 
                                                                          Clams
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Monkeyface, Cumberland          Andrew Henderson,  Endangered.......  Alabama, Georgia,  41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 (Quadrula intermedia).          [email protected]                      North Carolina,                                    Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-                      Tennessee,
                                 3939.                                 Virginia.
Pigtoe, rough (Pleurobema       Stephanie Chance,  Endangered.......  Alabama, Indiana,  41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976........  USFWS, 446 Neal Street,
 plenum).                        [email protected]                      Kentucky,                                          Cookeville, TN 38501.
                                 ov, 931-528-6481.                     Tennessee,
                                                                       Virginia.
Pigtoe, shiny (Fusconaia cor).  Andrew Henderson,  Endangered.......  Alabama,           41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
                                 [email protected]                      Tennessee,                                         Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-                      Virginia.
                                 3939.
Riffleshell, tan (Epioblasma    Andrew Henderson,  Endangered.......  Alabama,           42 FR 42351; 8/23/1977........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 florentina walkeri).            [email protected]                      Kentucky,                                          Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-                      Louisiana,
                                 3939.                                 Mississippi,
                                                                       North Carolina,
                                                                       Tennessee,
                                                                       Virginia.
Spinymussel, Tar River          Sarah McRae,       Endangered.......  North Carolina...  50 FR 26572; 6/27/1985........  USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F,
 (Elliptio steinstansana).       [email protected]                                                                         Raleigh, NC 27606.
                                 s.gov, 919-856-
                                 4520.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Insects
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Butterfly, Bartram's scrub-     Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 hairstreak, (Strymon acis       Bartrams_5-                                                                              Beach, FL 32960.
 bartrami).                      [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4316.
Butterfly, Florida leafwing     Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (Anaea troglodyta floridalis).  FLleafwing_5-                                                                            Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4311.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Arachnids
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spider, spruce-fir moss         Sue Cameron,       Endangered.......  North Carolina,    60 FR 6968; 2/6/1995..........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 (Microhexura montivaga).        [email protected]                      Tennessee,                                         Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-                      Virginia.
                                 3939.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         PLANTS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Flowering Plants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agave eggersiana (no common     Jaime Yrigoyen,    Endangered.......  Virgin Islands...  79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 name).                          [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Asimina tetramera (four-petal   Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 pawpaw).                        Fourpetalpawpaw_                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Brickellia mosieri (Florida     Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014.........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 brickell-bush).                 FLbrickellbush_5-                                                                        Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Cereus eriophorus var.          Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  50 FR 45618; 11/1/1985........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 fragrans (fragrant prickly-     fragrantprickly_                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
 apple).                         5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Conradina brevifolia (short-    Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 leaved rosemary).               Shortleavedrosem                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 ary_5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Consolea corallicola (Florida   Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013.......  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 semaphore cactus).              Floridasemaphore                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 _5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Cornutia obovata (palo de       Angel Colon,       Endangered.......  Puerto Rico......  53 FR 11610; 4/7/1988.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 nigua).                         [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Cucurbita okeechobeensis ssp.   Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 okeechobeensis (Okeechobee      Okeechobeegourd_                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
 gourd).                         5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Deeringothamnus pulchellus      Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (Beautiful pawpaw).             beautifulpawpaw_                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Eryngium cuneifolium            Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (snakeroot).                    snakeroot_5-                                                                             Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Eugenia haematocarpa (uvillo).  Omar Monsegur,     Endangered.......  Florida..........  59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994.......  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
                                 [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Gonocalyx concolor (no common   Carlos Pacheco,    Endangered.......  Puerto Rico......  79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 name).                          [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.

[[Page 28852]]

 
Helianthus verticillatus        Scott Wiggers,     Endangered.......  Alabama, Georgia,  79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014.........  USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy.,
 (whorled sunflower).            mississippi_fiel                      Mississippi,                                       Jackson, MS 39213.
                                 [email protected]                      Tennessee.
                                 , 228-475-0765.
Leavenworthia crassa (fleshy-   Shannon Holbrook,  Endangered.......  Alabama..........  79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014.........  USFWS, 1208B Main Street,
 fruit gladecress).              [email protected],                                                                         Daphne, AL 36526.
                                 251-441-5184.
Leavenworthia exigua var.       Mike Floyd,        Threatened.......  Kentucky.........  79 FR 25683; 5/6/2014.........  USFWS, 330 W Broadway, Ste.
 laciniata (Kentucky glade       [email protected]                                                                         265, Frankfort, KY 40601.
 cress).                         ov, 502-695-0468.
Liatris helleri (Heller's       Rebekah Reid,      Threatened.......  North Carolina...  52 FR 44397; 11/19/1987.......  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 blazingstar).                   [email protected]                                                                         Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-
                                 3939.
Liatris ohlingerae (scrub       Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 blazingstar).                   Scrubblazingstar                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 _5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Lindera melissifolia            Scott Wiggers,     Endangered.......  Alabama,           51 FR 27495; 7/31/1986........  USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy.,
 (pondberry).                    mississippi_fiel                      Arkansas,                                          Jackson, MS 39213.
                                 [email protected]                      Georgia,
                                 , 228-475-0765.                       Mississippi,
                                                                       Missouri, North
                                                                       Carolina, South
                                                                       Carolina.
Linum carteri carteri           Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014.........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (Carter's small-flowered        cartersflax_5-                                                                           Beach, FL 32960.
 flax).                          [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Peperomia wheeleri (Wheeler's   Carlos Pacheco,    Endangered.......  Puerto Rico......  52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 peperomia).                     [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Physaria globosa (Short's       Geoff Call,        Endangered.......  Indiana,           79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014.........  USFWS, 446 Neal Street,
 bladderpod).                    [email protected]                      Kentucky,                                          Cookeville, TN 38501.
                                 ov, 931-528-6481.                     Tennessee.
Pilosocereus robinii (Key tree- Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  49 FR 29234; 7/19/1984........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 cactus).                        keytreecactus_5-                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Pleodendron macranthum          Angel Colon,       Endangered.......  Puerto Rico......  59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994.......  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 (Chupacallos).                  [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Polygala lewtonii (Lewton's     Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 polygala).                      Lewtonspolygala_                                                                         Beach, FL 32960.
                                 5-
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Polygonella basiramia           Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (wireweed).                     wireweed_5-                                                                              Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Polygonella myriophylla         Roxanna Hinzman,   Endangered.......  Florida..........  58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993........  USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero
 (sandlace).                     sandlace_5-                                                                              Beach, FL 32960.
                                 [email protected]
                                 ov, 772-469-4307.
Rhus michauxii (Michaux's       Dale Suiter,       Endangered.......  Georgia, North     54 FR 39850; 9/28/1989........  USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F,
 sumac).                         [email protected]                      Carolina, South                                    Raleigh, NC 27606.
                                 s.gov, 919-856-                       Carolina,
                                 4520.                                 Virginia.
Sagittaria fasciculata          Rebekah Reid,      Endangered.......  North Carolina,    44 FR 43700; 7/25/1979........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 (bunched arrowhead).            [email protected]                      South Carolina.                                    Asheville, NC 28801.
                                 ws.gov, 828-258-
                                 3939.
Sagittaria secundifolia         Shannon Holbrook,  Threatened.......  Alabama, Georgia.  55 FR 13907; 4/13/1990........  USFWS, 1208B Main Street,
 (Kral's water-plantain).        [email protected],                                                                         Daphne, AL 36526.
                                 251-441-5184.
Sarracenia oreophila (green     Scott Wiggers,     Endangered.......  Alabama, Georgia,  44 FR 54922; 9/21/1979........  USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy.,
 pitcher-plant).                 mississippi_fiel                      North Carolina.                                    Jackson, MS 39213.
                                 [email protected]
                                 , 228-475-0765.
Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii   Rebekah Reid,      Endangered.......  North Carolina,    53 FR 38470; 9/30/1988........  USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St.,
 (mountain sweet pitcher-        [email protected]                      South Carolina.                                    Asheville, NC 28801.
 plant).                         ws.gov, 828-258-
                                 3939.
Stahlia monosperma (cobana      Jose G. Martinez,  Threatened.......  Puerto Rico......  55 FR 12790; 4/5/1990.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 negra).                         [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Varronia rupicola (no common    Omar Monsegur,     Threatened.......  Puerto Rico......  79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014.........  USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O.
 name).                          [email protected]                                                                         Box 491, Boquer[oacute]n, PR
                                 .gov, 787-851-                                                                           00622.
                                 7297.
Xyris tennesseensis (Tennessee  Shannon Holbrook,  Endangered.......  Alabama, Georgia,  56 FR 34151; 7/26/1991........  USFWS, 1208B Main Street,
 yellow-eyed grass).             [email protected],                      Tennessee.                                         Daphne, AL 36526.
                                 251-441-5184.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          Ferns
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Thelypteris pilosa var.         Shannon Holbrook,  Threatened.......  Alabama..........  57 FR 30164; 7/8/1992.........  USFWS, 1208B Main Street,
 alabamensis (Alabama streak-    [email protected],                                                                         Daphne, AL 36526.
 sorus fern).                    251-441-5184.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What information do we consider in our review?

    A 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data 
that have become available since the current listing determination or 
most recent status review of each species, such as:
    A. Species biology, including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

[[Page 28853]]

    B. Habitat conditions, including, but not limited to, amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
    C. Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the 
species;
    D. Threat status and trends (see the five factors under How Do We 
Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?); and
    E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including, but not 
limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of 
erroneous information contained in the Lists of Endangered and 
Threatened Wildlife and Plants, and improved analytical methods.
    We request any new information concerning the status of any of 
these 53 species. Information submitted should be supported by 
documentation such as maps; bibliographic references; methods used to 
gather and analyze the data; and/or copies of any pertinent 
publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.
    We may conduct a species status assessment (SSA) for some of these 
species. An SSA is a biological risk assessment to aid decision makers 
who must use the best available scientific information to make policy 
decisions or recommendations under the ESA. The SSA provides 
decisionmakers with a scientifically rigorous characterization of a 
species' status, and of the likelihood that the species will sustain 
populations, along with key uncertainties in that characterization. It 
presents a compilation of the best available information on a species, 
as well as its ecological needs, based on environmental factors. An SSA 
also describes the current condition of the species' habitat and 
demographics, and probable explanations for past and ongoing changes in 
abundance and distribution within the species' range. Finally, it 
forecasts the species' response to probable future scenarios of 
environmental conditions and conservation efforts. Overall, an SSA uses 
the conservation biology principles of resiliency, redundancy, and 
representation (collectively known as the ``3 Rs'') to evaluate the 
current and future condition of the species. As a result, the SSA 
characterizes a species' ability to sustain populations in the wild 
over time based on the best scientific understanding of current and 
future abundance and distribution within the species' ecological 
settings.

Definitions

    A. Species means any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or 
plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate 
fish or wildlife which interbreeds when mature.
    B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction 
throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
    C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an 
endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a 
significant portion of its range.

How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the ESA requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the 
following five factors:
    A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    C. Disease or predation;
    D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
existence.

Request for New Information

    To do any of the following, contact the person associated with the 
species you are interested in under the table in Which species are 
under review?, above:
    A. To get more information on a species;
    B. To submit information on a species; or
    C. To review information we receive, which will be available for 
public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the 
listed addresses.

Public Availability of Comments

    Comments and materials received will be available for public 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices 
where the comments are submitted. Comments we receive become part of 
the administrative record associated with this action. Before including 
your address, phone number, email address, or other personal 
identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your 
entire comment--including your personal identifying information--may be 
made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your 
comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from 
public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All 
submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals 
identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations 
or businesses, will be made available for public disclosure in their 
entirety.

Availability of Status Reviews

    All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via the 
Service website, at https://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/us-species.html.

Authority

    This document is published under the authority of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: April 18, 2019.
Mike Oetker,
Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region.
[FR Doc. 2019-13155 Filed 6-19-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4333-15-P