Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision, 28619-28621 [2019-13009]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 118 / Wednesday, June 19, 2019 / Notices Navistar vehicles on public roads to better understand product requirements for these systems in ‘‘real world’’ environments in the U.S. market. According to Navistar, both drivers will drive typically for no more than 8 hours per day for 2 consecutive days with 50 percent of the test driving on two-lane State highways and 50 percent on Interstate highways. The driving will consist of no more than 600 miles during a two-day period, at 300 miles per day. In all cases, drivers will be accompanied by a U.S. CDL holder familiar with the routes to be traveled. Mr. Nickels and Mr. Walter hold valid German commercial licenses and, as explained by Navistar in its exemption request, the requirements for that license ensure that, operating under the exemption, these drivers would likely achieve a level of safety equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved by the current regulation. Furthermore, according to Navistar, both drivers are familiar with the operation of CMVs worldwide. Navistar requests that the exemption cover the maximum allowable duration of 5 years. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES IV. Method To Ensure an Equivalent or Greater Level of Safety Navistar notes that the Agency has previously determined, through the review of multiple CDL exemptions applications for German-domiciled drivers, that the process for obtaining a German commercial license is comparable to, or as effective as, the requirements of part 383, and adequately assesses the driver’s ability to operate CMVs in the U.S. The Agency recently granted one of Navistar’s drivers a similar exemption [April 15, 2019 (84 FR 15283)]. Since 2015, the Agency has granted Daimler drivers similar exemptions: [March 27, 2015 (80 FR 16511); October 5, 2015 (80 FR 60220); December 7, 2015 (80 FR 76059); December 21, 2015 (80 FR 79410)]; July 12, 2016 (81 FR 45217); July 25, 2016 (81 FR 48496); August 17, 2017 (82 FR 39151); September 10, 2018 (83 FR 45742)]. The Agency has not received any information or reports indicating there have been safety performance problems with individuals holding German commercial licenses and operating CMVs on public roads in the United States. Notwithstanding the previous decisions, the Agency requests public comments concerning Mr. Nickels and Mr. Walter and whether exemptions should be granted to enable them to operate CMVs in the United States. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:06 Jun 18, 2019 Jkt 247001 Issued on: June 12, 2019. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2019–13011 Filed 6–18–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0010] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from ten individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye. DATES: Comments must be received on or before July 19, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0010 using any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. See the ‘‘Public Participation’’ portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366–4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64–224, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00161 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 28619 Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366–9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Public Participation A. Submitting Comments If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this notice (Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0010), indicate the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, put the docket number, FMCSA–2019–0010, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ When the new screen appears, click on the ‘‘Comment Now!’’ button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on behalf of a third party and then submit. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81⁄2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the comment period. B. Viewing Documents and Comments To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Insert the docket number, FMCSA–2019–0010, in the keyword box, and click ‘‘Search.’’ Next, click the ‘‘Open Docket Folder’’ button and choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. E:\FR\FM\19JNN1.SGM 19JNN1 28620 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 118 / Wednesday, June 19, 2019 / Notices C. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at www.dot.gov/privacy. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES II. Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a twoyear period to align with the maximum duration of a driver’s medical certification. The ten individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute. The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber. In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA–21), Public Law 105–178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:06 Jun 18, 2019 Jkt 247001 procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA–1998–3637. FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely. The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., ‘‘Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,’’ Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash PO 00000 Frm 00162 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their experiences in the final year. III. Qualifications of Applicants Joseph A. Cardazone Mr. Cardazone, 63, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/100. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘Mr. Cardazone has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Cardazone reported that he has driven straight trucks for 35 years, accumulating 1.4 million miles. He holds an operator’s license from New Jersey. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and one conviction for a moving violation in a CMV; failure to observe traffic control device. Daniel R. Cope, Sr. Mr. Cope, 63, has a hyphema in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Daniel is visually capable of driving a commercial vehicle with corrective lenses.’’ Mr. Cope reported that he has driven straight trucks for 42 years, accumulating 8,400 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 42 years, accumulating 84,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Iowa. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Timothy E. Coultas Mr. Coultas, 51, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/70, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my professional opinion this applicant has sufficient vision to perform driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Coultas reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 29 years, accumulating 2.9 million miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Edwin Figueroa Mr. Figueroa, 47, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an E:\FR\FM\19JNN1.SGM 19JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 118 / Wednesday, June 19, 2019 / Notices examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘His vision is currently stable. Based on his examination I feel that he is capable of driving commercial vehicles.’’ Mr. Figueroa reported that he has driven straight trucks for 12 years, accumulating 600,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Robert F. LaMark Mr. LaMark, 51, has an enucleated right eye due to a traumatic incident in 2015. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Robery [sic] has sufficient vision to perform his driving tasks to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. LaMark reported that he has driven straight trucks for 32 years, accumulating 320,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 21 years, accumulating 21,000 miles. He holds a Class BM CDL from Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with NOTICES Con May Mr. May, 50, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/400. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, he does have the visual skills needed to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. May reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 240,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Indiana. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Justin E. Schwada Mr. Schwada, 40, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/30, and in his left eye, 20/100. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ‘‘In my medical assessment, Mr. Justin Schwada has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial motor vehicle.’’ Mr. Schwada reported that he has driven straight trucks for 24 years, accumulating 180,000 miles, tractortrailer combinations for 19 years, accumulating 190,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Missouri. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:06 Jun 18, 2019 Jkt 247001 Jeffrey A. Sherman Mr. Sherman, 64, has had macular ischemia in his right eye since 2013. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/ 100, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, Mr. Sherman has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Sherman reported that he has driven straight trucks for 22 years, accumulating 220,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 37 years, accumulating 888,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Chadwick L. St. John Mr. St. John, 35, has a retinal detachment in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my medical opinion, the patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. St. John reported that he has driven straight trucks for ten years, accumulating 600,000 miles. He holds an operator’s license from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. Clinton A. Vandervoort Mr. Vandervoort, 63, has a subluxed lens in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/50. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ‘‘In my opinion, the vision is sufficient to perform driving tasks for a commercial vehicle.’’ Mr. Vandervoort reported that he has driven straight trucks for 39 years, accumulating 374,400 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Texas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV. IV. Request for Comments In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in the dates section of the notice. PO 00000 Frm 00163 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 28621 Issued on: June 7, 2019. Larry W. Minor, Associate Administrator for Policy. [FR Doc. 2019–13009 Filed 6–18–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–EX–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA–2019–0093] Hours of Service of Drivers: Turfgrass Producers International; Application for Exemption Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of application for exemption; request for comments. AGENCY: FMCSA has received an application from Turfgrass Producers International (TPI) asking the agency to extend the hours-of-service (HOS) exemption for agricultural operations to drivers transporting turfgrass sod for its business operations. FMCSA requests public comment on TPI’s application for exemption. DATES: Comments must be received on or before July 19, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by Federal Docket Management System Number FMCSA– 2019–0093 by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: www.regulations.gov. See the Public Participation and Request for Comments section below for further information. • Mail: Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590–0001. • Hand Delivery or Courier: West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12– 140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. E.T., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. • Fax: 1–202–493–2251. Each submission must include the Agency name and the docket number for this notice. Note that DOT posts all comments received without change to www.regulations.gov, including any personal information included in a comment. Please see the Privacy Act heading below. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments, go to www.regulations.gov at any time or visit Room W12–140 on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\19JNN1.SGM 19JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 118 (Wednesday, June 19, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 28619-28621]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-13009]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0010]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from ten individuals 
for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor 
vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will 
enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without 
meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before July 19, 2019.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0010 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation'' portion of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section for instructions on submitting comments.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, 
Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, [email protected], FMCSA, 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, 
Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., ET, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions 
regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket 
Services, telephone (202) 366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Public Participation

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
notice (Docket No. FMCSA-2019-0010), indicate the specific section of 
this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for 
each suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and 
material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only 
one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a 
mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of 
your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions 
regarding your submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, 
put the docket number, FMCSA-2019-0010, in the keyword box, and click 
``Search.'' When the new screen appears, click on the ``Comment Now!'' 
button and type your comment into the text box on the following screen. 
Choose whether you are submitting your comment as an individual or on 
behalf of a third party and then submit.
    If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them 
in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ by 11 inches, suitable for 
copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would 
like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, 
self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    FMCSA will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment period.

B. Viewing Documents and Comments

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this notice 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov. 
Insert the docket number, FMCSA-2019-0010, in the keyword box, and 
click ``Search.'' Next, click the ``Open Docket Folder'' button and 
choose the document to review. If you do not have access to the 
internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket 
Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the DOT West 
Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., ET, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

[[Page 28620]]

C. Privacy Act

    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the 
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these 
comments, without edit, including any personal information the 
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system 
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at 
www.dot.gov/privacy.

II. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption 
from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds such exemption would 
likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater 
than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The 
statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 
five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a two-
year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver's medical 
certification.
    The ten individuals listed in this notice have requested an 
exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). 
Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each 
applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the 
required level of safety mandated by statute.
    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision 
found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at 
least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual 
acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with 
corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) 
in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at 
least 70[deg] in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability 
to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard 
red, green, and amber.
    In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the 
Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting 
standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to 
meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 
1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, 
following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing 
exemptions made by Sec.  4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 
21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 
1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures 
established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon 
application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 
CFR 391.41(b)(10).
    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA 
requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven 
a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past 
three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in 
evaluating future safety, according to several research studies 
designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of 
these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future 
performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic 
violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA-
1998-3637.
    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular 
drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) 
former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving 
performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better 
than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, 
March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers 
demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a 
conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying 
conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to 
have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate 
safely.
    The first major research correlating past and future performance 
was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, 
building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same 
individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary 
only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California 
Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated 
theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with 
other factors. These factors--such as age, sex, geographic location, 
mileage driven and conviction history--are used every day by insurance 
companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an 
individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Donald C., 
``Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression 
Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical 
Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared 
by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best 
overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is 
the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive 
years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two 
years with their experiences in the final year.

III. Qualifications of Applicants

Joseph A. Cardazone

    Mr. Cardazone, 63, has had amblyopia in his left eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left 
eye, 20/100. Following an examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``Mr. Cardazone has sufficient vision to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. Cardazone reported that he has driven straight trucks 
for 35 years, accumulating 1.4 million miles. He holds an operator's 
license from New Jersey. His driving record for the last three years 
shows no crashes and one conviction for a moving violation in a CMV; 
failure to observe traffic control device.

Daniel R. Cope, Sr.

    Mr. Cope, 63, has a hyphema in his left eye due to a traumatic 
incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and 
in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, 
his optometrist stated, ``In my opinion, Daniel is visually capable of 
driving a commercial vehicle with corrective lenses.'' Mr. Cope 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 42 years, accumulating 
8,400 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 42 years, 
accumulating 84,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Iowa. His 
driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Timothy E. Coultas

    Mr. Coultas, 51, has had amblyopia in his right eye since 
childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/70, and in his left 
eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, 
``In my professional opinion this applicant has sufficient vision to 
perform driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. 
Coultas reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 29 
years, accumulating 2.9 million miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from 
Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes 
and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Edwin Figueroa

    Mr. Figueroa, 47, has had amblyopia in his right eye since birth. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/
20. Following an

[[Page 28621]]

examination in 2019, his ophthalmologist stated, ``His vision is 
currently stable. Based on his examination I feel that he is capable of 
driving commercial vehicles.'' Mr. Figueroa reported that he has driven 
straight trucks for 12 years, accumulating 600,000 miles. He holds an 
operator's license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three 
years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a 
CMV.

Robert F. LaMark

    Mr. LaMark, 51, has an enucleated right eye due to a traumatic 
incident in 2015. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light 
perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 
2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my opinion, Robery [sic] has 
sufficient vision to perform his driving tasks to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. LaMark reported that he has driven straight trucks for 
32 years, accumulating 320,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations 
for 21 years, accumulating 21,000 miles. He holds a Class BM CDL from 
Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no 
crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Con May

    Mr. May, 50, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The 
visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, 20/400. 
Following an examination in 2019, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
opinion, he does have the visual skills needed to operate a commercial 
vehicle.'' Mr. May reported that he has driven straight trucks for four 
years, accumulating 240,000 miles. He holds a Class B CDL from Indiana. 
His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Justin E. Schwada

    Mr. Schwada, 40, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. 
The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/30, and in his left eye, 20/
100. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, ``In my 
medical assessment, Mr. Justin Schwada has sufficient vision to perform 
the driving tasks required to operate a commercial motor vehicle.'' Mr. 
Schwada reported that he has driven straight trucks for 24 years, 
accumulating 180,000 miles, tractor-trailer combinations for 19 years, 
accumulating 190,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Missouri. His 
driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Jeffrey A. Sherman

    Mr. Sherman, 64, has had macular ischemia in his right eye since 
2013. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/100, and in his left 
eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist 
stated, ``In my opinion, Mr. Sherman has sufficient vision to perform 
the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. 
Sherman reported that he has driven straight trucks for 22 years, 
accumulating 220,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 37 
years, accumulating 888,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Ohio. 
His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no 
convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

Chadwick L. St. John

    Mr. St. John, 35, has a retinal detachment in his left eye due to a 
traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 
20/20, and in his left eye, light perception. Following an examination 
in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my medical opinion, the 
patient has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to 
operate a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. St. John reported that he has 
driven straight trucks for ten years, accumulating 600,000 miles. He 
holds an operator's license from Alabama. His driving record for the 
last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

Clinton A. Vandervoort

    Mr. Vandervoort, 63, has a subluxed lens in his left eye due to a 
traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 
20/20, and in his left eye, 20/50. Following an examination in 2019, 
his ophthalmologist stated, ``In my opinion, the vision is sufficient 
to perform driving tasks for a commercial vehicle.'' Mr. Vandervoort 
reported that he has driven straight trucks for 39 years, accumulating 
374,400 miles. He holds a Class AM CDL from Texas. His driving record 
for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving 
violations in a CMV.

IV. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions 
described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in 
the dates section of the notice.

    Issued on: June 7, 2019.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2019-13009 Filed 6-18-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P