Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines, 28202-28205 [2019-13022]

Download as PDF 28202 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 117 / Tuesday, June 18, 2019 / Rules and Regulations Accordingly, we are amending 9 CFR part 79 as follows: DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service PART 79—SCRAPIE IN SHEEP AND GOATS 9 CFR Part 79 1. The authority citation in part 79 continues to read as follows: ■ [Docket No. APHIS–2007–0127] RIN 0579–AC92 Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301–8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4. Scrapie in Sheep and Goats; Correction § 79.2 2. In § 79.2, footnote 4 is amended by removing the citation ‘‘§ 79.6(a)(10)(i)’’ adding the citation ‘‘§ 79.6(a)(12)’’ in its place. ■ Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Correcting amendment. AGENCY: In a final rule that was published in the Federal Register on March 25, 2019, and effective on April 24, 2019, we amended the regulations by changing the requirements for records needed to trace animals and by adding provisions to link official individual animal identification applied by persons other than the flock owner to the flock of origin in the National Scrapie Database rather than just the person who applied the official identification. This document corrects an error in that final rule. DATES: Effective June 18, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Diane Sutton, National Scrapie Program Coordinator, Sheep, Goat, Cervid & Equine Health Center, Strategy and Policy, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 43, Riverdale, MD 20737–1235; (301) 851–3509. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On March 25, 2019, we published in the Federal Register (84 FR 11170–11196, Docket No. APHIS–2007–0127) a final rule that amended the regulations in parts 54 and 79 by changing the requirements for records needed to trace animals, and by adding provisions to link official individual animal identification applied by persons other than the flock owner to the flock of origin in the National Scrapie Database rather than just the person who applied the official identification. As part of this change, we added some paragraphs to § 79.6(a) and redesignated others. Specifically, § 79.6(a)(10)(i) was redesignated as § 79.6(a)(12). However, in § 79.2(a)(1), footnote 4 refers to the identification requirements in § 79.6(a)(10)(i), and we did not update the reference in the footnote to reflect that change. This document corrects that error. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with RULES SUMMARY: List of Subjects in 9 CFR Part 79 Animal disease, Goats, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Sheep, Transportation. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:47 Jun 17, 2019 Jkt 247001 [Amended] Done in Washington, DC, this 13th day of June 2019. Kevin Shea, Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. In FR Doc. 2019–03934 appearing on page 7793 in the Federal Register of Tuesday, March 5, 2019, make the following correction in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. On page 7798, in the left column, on lines 7 through 11, correct the sentence ‘‘FHFA currently receives and monitors data that include information on servicer performance, and publishes that information in quarterly PMRs’’ to read ‘‘FHFA currently receives and monitors data that include information on servicer performance.’’ Dated: June 11, 2019. Mark A. Calabria, Director, Federal Housing Finance Agency. [FR Doc. 2019–12880 Filed 6–17–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8070–01–P [FR Doc. 2019–12820 Filed 6–17–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1248 [Docket No. FAA–2019–0414; Product Identifier 2019–NE–15–AD; Amendment 39– 19656; AD 2019–12–01] RIN 2590–AA94 Uniform Mortgage-Backed Security; Correction AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION: Final rule; correction. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is issuing this document to correct the preamble of the final rule that was published in the Federal Register on March 5, 2019, entitled ‘‘Uniform Mortgage-Backed Security.’’ In that preamble, FHFA incorrectly stated that data on servicer performance is included in quarterly Prepayment Monitoring Reports (PMRs). DATES: Effective June 18, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Fishman, Deputy Director, Division of Conservatorship, (202) 649– 3527, Robert.Fishman@fhfa.gov, or James P. Jordan, Associate General Counsel, Office of General Counsel, (202) 649–3075, James.Jordan@fhfa.gov. These are not toll-free numbers. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Correction In the preamble to the final rule published on March 5, 2019 (84 FR 7793) FHFA stated that data on servicer performance is included in quarterly PMRs. Actually, data on servicer performance is not included in quarterly PRMs. PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 4700 14 CFR Part 39 Sfmt 4700 RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. AGENCY: Final rule; request for comments. ACTION: SUMMARY: The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain CFM International S.A. (CFM) LEAP– 1B21, –1B23, –1B25, –1B27, –1B28, –1B28B1, –1B28B2, –1B28B3, –1B28B2C, –1B28BBJ1, and –1B28BBJ2 model turbofan engines. This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the transfer gearbox (TGB) scavenge screens and, depending on the results of the inspection, possible removal of the engine from service. This AD was prompted by multiple reports of in-flight shutdowns (IFSDs) due to radial drive shaft (RDS) bearing failure. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. This AD is effective July 3, 2019. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of July 3, 2019. The FAA must receive comments on this AD by August 2, 2019. DATES: E:\FR\FM\18JNR1.SGM 18JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 117 / Tuesday, June 18, 2019 / Rules and Regulations You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this final rule, contact CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877– 432–3272; fax: 877–432–3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7759. It is also available on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019– 0414. ADDRESSES: Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019– 0414; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Christopher McGuire, Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781–238–7120; fax: 781–238– 7199; email: chris.mcguire@faa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with RULES Discussion The FAA learned of five commanded IFSD events that occurred on certain CFM LEAP–1B model turbofan engines beginning in August 2018. CFM’s investigations identified debris on the TGB scavenge screen, A-sump screen, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 Jun 17, 2019 Jkt 247001 and other screens. Subsequently, CFM determined that these IFSD events were the result of inadequate oil flow to the RDS bearing, which caused the RDS bearing cage to fail. This condition, if not addressed, could result in failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. Related Service Information Under 1 CFR part 51 The FAA reviewed CFM Service Bulletin (SB) LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019. The SB describes procedures for inspections of TGB scavenge screens and borescope inspection (BSI) of the RDS bearing. This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. Other Related Service Information The FAA reviewed CFM SB LEAP– 1B–72–00–0256–01A–930A–D, Issue 003, dated May 17, 2019. The SB describes procedures for an optional BSI of the RDS bearing. CFM has cancelled this SB and transferred its content to CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222–01A– 930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019. FAA’s Determination The FAA is issuing this AD because it evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design. AD Requirements This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the TGB scavenge screens and, depending on the results of the inspection, possible removal of the engine from service. Interim Action The FAA considers this AD interim action. The manufacturer is currently developing a modification that will address the unsafe condition identified in this AD. Once this modification is developed, approved, and available, the FAA might consider additional rulemaking. FAA’s Justification and Determination of the Effective Date An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies waiving notice PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 28203 and comment prior to adoption of this rule. The affected CFM LEAP–1B model turbofan engines experienced multiple RDS bearing cage failures in the last five months resulting in five IFSDs. The TGB scavenge screens must be inspected before accumulating between 100–250 flight hours since new on the RDS bearing or within 50 FHs after the effective date of this AD to prevent the failure of the RDS bearing, which could lead to in-flight shutdown of both engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. Therefore, the FAA finds good cause that notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable. In addition, for the reason stated above, the FAA finds that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days. Comments Invited This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment. However, the FAA invites you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this final rule. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA–2019–0414 and Product Identifier 2019–NE–15–AD at the beginning of your comments. The FAA specifically invites comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this final rule. The FAA will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this final rule because of those comments. The FAA will post all comments received, without change, to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. The FAA will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact received about this final rule. Regulatory Flexibility Act The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) do not apply when an agency finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt a rule without prior notice and comment. Because the FAA has determined that it has good cause to adopt this rule without notice and comment, RFA analysis is not required. Costs of Compliance The FAA estimates that this AD affects 136 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD: E:\FR\FM\18JNR1.SGM 18JNR1 28204 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 117 / Tuesday, June 18, 2019 / Rules and Regulations ESTIMATED COSTS Action Labor cost Inspect TGB scavenge screens ............................. 1 work-hour × $85 per hour = $85 ......... jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with RULES Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. ‘‘Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs’’ describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to engines, propellers, and associated appliances to the Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division. Regulatory Findings This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD: (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866, and (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 Jun 17, 2019 Jkt 247001 Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ 2019–12–01 CFM International S.A.: Amendment 39–19656; Docket No. FAA–2019–0414; Product Identifier 2019–NE–15–AD. (a) Effective Date This AD is effective July 3, 2019. (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to all CFM International S.A. (CFM) LEAP–1B21, –1B23, –1B25, –1B27, –1B28, –1B28B1, –1B28B2, –1B28B3, –1B28B2C, –1B28BBJ1, and –1B28BBJ2 model turbofan engines with radial drive shaft (RDS) bearing, part number (P/N) 92D08200 or P/N 92D08201, installed. (d) Subject Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 7260, Turbine Engine Accessory Drive. (e) Unsafe Condition This AD was prompted by multiple reports of in-flight shutdowns (IFSDs) due to RDS bearing cage failure. The FAA is issuing this AD to prevent failure of the RDS bearing. The unsafe condition, if not addressed, could result in failure of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Required Actions (1) Inspect the transfer gearbox (TGB) 1 and TGB2 scavenge screens in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 5.A.(1), of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) LEAP– 1B–72–00–0222–01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, as follows: (i) For affected engines with engine serial number (ESN) 602499 and lower: (A) After the RDS bearing accumulates 50 flight hours (FHs) since new but before PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 Cost per product Parts cost $0 $85 Cost on U.S. operators $11,560 accumulating 250 FHs since new, or within 50 FHs after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later, perform an initial inspection of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens. (B) Thereafter, perform repetitive inspections of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens at intervals not exceeding 250 FHs since the last inspection. (ii) For affected engines with ESN 602500 and higher: (A) After the RDS accumulates 50 FHs since new but before accumulating 100 FHs since new, or within 50 FHs after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later, perform an initial inspection of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens. (B) Thereafter, perform repetitive inspections of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens at intervals not exceeding 100 FHs since the last inspection. (iii) Based on the results of these inspections, remove the engine from service or return the engine to service using the criteria in the Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraphs 5.A.(2) through 5.A.(5), of CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222–01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019. (2) [Reserved] (h) Optional Borescope Inspection (BSI) (1) Once the RDS bearing has accumulated 1,000 FHs since new, you may perform a BSI of the RDS bearing in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraphs 5.B.(1) through 5.B.(8), of CFM SB LEAP–1B– 72–00–0222–01A–930A–D dated May 17, 2019. If the results of this BSI are ‘‘satisfactory’’ according to the criteria in the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraphs 5.B.(6)(g), of CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, then you are not required to perform the repetitive inspections in paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) or (g)(1)(ii)(B) of this AD until the RDS bearing accumulates 4,250 FHs since new. (2) [Reserved] (i) Optional Terminating Action (1) As an optional terminating action to the repetitive inspections required by paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) and (g)(1)(ii)(B) of this AD, you may perform a BSI of the RDS bearing in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraphs 5.B.(1) through 5.B.(8), of CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019 after the RDS bearing accumulates 3,750 FHs since new. (i) If the results of the BSI are ‘‘satisfactory’’ using the criteria in Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 5.B.(6)(g), of CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, then you have met the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD and no further action is required. E:\FR\FM\18JNR1.SGM 18JNR1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 117 / Tuesday, June 18, 2019 / Rules and Regulations (ii) If the results of the BSI are ’’unsatisfactory’’ using the criteria in Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 5.B.(6)(g), of CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, then you must continue the repetitive inspections required by paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) or (g)(1)(ii)(B) of this AD. (2) [Reserved] (j) Definition For the purpose of this AD, ‘‘flight hours (FHs) since new’’ are the FHs accumulated on the RDS bearings on new engines delivered from production and on engines that have had the RDS bearing replaced during an engine shop visit. (k) No Reporting Requirement The reporting requirement in paragraph 5.A.(6) in CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222– 01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, is not required by this AD. (l) Credit for Previous Actions You may take credit for the inspections that are required by paragraph (g)(1) of this AD, if you performed those actions before the effective date of this AD using CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0222–01A–930A–D, Issue 006, dated March 22, 2019, or an earlier revision. You may also take credit for the optional BSI in paragraphs (h)(1) or the optional terminating inspection in paragraph (i)(1) of this AD, if you performed that action before the effective date of this AD using CFM SB LEAP–1B–72–00–0256–01A–930A– D, Issue 002, dated May 6, 2019, or an earlier revision. (m) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, ECO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (n) of this AD. You may email your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@ faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with RULES (n) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Christopher McGuire, Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA, 01803; phone: 781– 238–7120; fax: 781–238–7199; email: chris.mcguire@faa.gov. (o) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:08 Jun 17, 2019 Jkt 247001 (i) CFM Service Bulletin LEAP–1B–72–00– 0222–01A–930A–D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019. (ii) [Reserved] (3) For CFM service information identified in this AD, contact CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH, 45125; phone: 877–432–3272; fax: 877–432–3329; email: aviation.fleetsupport@ge.com. (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA, 01803. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781–238–7759. (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http:// www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibrlocations.html. Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on June 14, 2019. Karen M. Grant, Acting Manager, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2019–13022 Filed 6–17–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION 16 CFR Parts 1112 and 1238 [Docket No. CPSC–2018–0015] Safety Standard for Stationary Activity Centers Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) requires the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to adopt safety standards for durable infant or toddler products. To comply with the CPSIA, the Commission is issuing a safety standard for stationary activity centers (SACs). This rule incorporates by reference ASTM F2012–18ε1, Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Stationary Activity Centers (ASTM F2012–18ε1). This rule also amends the regulations for third party conformity assessment bodies to include the safety standard for SACs in the list of notices of requirements (NORs). DATES: The rule will become effective on December 18, 2019. The incorporation by reference of the publication listed in this rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of December 18, 2019. PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 28205 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Keysha Walker, Office of Compliance and Field Operations, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission; 4330 EastWest Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; telephone: (301) 504–6820; email: KWalker@cpsc.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background and Statutory Authority Congress enacted the CPSIA (Pub. L. 110–314, 122 Stat. 3016), including the Danny Keysar Child Product Safety Notification Act, on August 14, 2008. Section 104(b) of the CPSIA requires the Commission to: (1) Examine and assess the effectiveness of voluntary consumer product safety standards for durable infant or toddler products, in consultation with representatives of consumer groups, juvenile product manufacturers, and independent child product engineers and experts; and (2) issue consumer product safety standards for durable infant or toddler products. 15 U.S.C. 2056a(b)(1). Any standard the Commission adopts under this mandate must be ‘‘substantially the same as’’ the voluntary standard, or more stringent than the voluntary standard if the Commission determines that more stringent requirements would further reduce the risk of injury associated with the product. Id. Section 104(f)(1) of the CPSIA defines the term ‘‘durable infant or toddler product’’ as ‘‘a durable product intended for use, or that may be reasonably expected to be used, by children under the age of 5 years,’’ and lists SACs as a durable infant or toddler product. Id. 2056a(f). On June 19, 2018, the Commission issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR), proposing to incorporate by reference the voluntary standard for SACs, ASTM F2012–18ε1, without modifications. 83 FR 28390. ASTM F2012–18ε1 is still the current version of the standard. In this final rule, the Commission incorporates by reference ASTM F2012– 18ε1, with no modifications, as the mandatory safety standard for SACs. CPSC staff consulted with manufacturers, retailers, trade organizations, laboratories, consumer advocacy groups, consultants, and the public to develop this standard, largely through the ASTM standarddevelopment process. In addition, this final rule amends the list of NORs in 16 CFR part 1112 to include the standard for SACs. This rule is based on information in CPSC staff’s briefing package, ‘‘Staff’s Draft Final Rule for Stationary Activity Centers Under the Danny Keysar Child Product Safety Notification Act,’’ which is available on CPSC’s website. E:\FR\FM\18JNR1.SGM 18JNR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 117 (Tuesday, June 18, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 28202-28205]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-13022]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2019-0414; Product Identifier 2019-NE-15-AD; Amendment 
39-19656; AD 2019-12-01]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; CFM International S.A. Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for 
certain CFM International S.A. (CFM) LEAP-1B21, -1B23, -1B25, -1B27, -
1B28, -1B28B1, -1B28B2, -1B28B3, -1B28B2C, -1B28BBJ1, and -1B28BBJ2 
model turbofan engines. This AD requires initial and repetitive 
inspections of the transfer gearbox (TGB) scavenge screens and, 
depending on the results of the inspection, possible removal of the 
engine from service. This AD was prompted by multiple reports of in-
flight shutdowns (IFSDs) due to radial drive shaft (RDS) bearing 
failure. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on 
these products.

DATES: This AD is effective July 3, 2019.
    The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by 
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of July 3, 
2019.
    The FAA must receive comments on this AD by August 2, 2019.

[[Page 28203]]


ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For service information identified in this final rule, contact CFM 
International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, M/D Room 
285, Cincinnati, OH 45125; phone: 877-432-3272; fax: 877-432-3329; 
email: [email protected]. You may view this service 
information at the FAA, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 
District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the 
availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7759. It is also 
available on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching 
for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0414.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-
0414; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains 
this final rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and 
other information. The street address for the Docket Operations is 
listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after 
receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Christopher McGuire, Aerospace 
Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; 
phone: 781-238-7120; fax: 781-238-7199; email: [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

    The FAA learned of five commanded IFSD events that occurred on 
certain CFM LEAP-1B model turbofan engines beginning in August 2018. 
CFM's investigations identified debris on the TGB scavenge screen, A-
sump screen, and other screens. Subsequently, CFM determined that these 
IFSD events were the result of inadequate oil flow to the RDS bearing, 
which caused the RDS bearing cage to fail. This condition, if not 
addressed, could result in failure of one or more engines, loss of 
thrust control, and loss of the airplane. The FAA is issuing this AD to 
address the unsafe condition on these products.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR part 51

    The FAA reviewed CFM Service Bulletin (SB) LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-
930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019. The SB describes procedures for 
inspections of TGB scavenge screens and borescope inspection (BSI) of 
the RDS bearing. This service information is reasonably available 
because the interested parties have access to it through their normal 
course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Other Related Service Information

    The FAA reviewed CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0256-01A-930A-D, Issue 003, 
dated May 17, 2019. The SB describes procedures for an optional BSI of 
the RDS bearing. CFM has cancelled this SB and transferred its content 
to CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019.

FAA's Determination

    The FAA is issuing this AD because it evaluated all the relevant 
information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is 
likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

AD Requirements

    This AD requires initial and repetitive inspections of the TGB 
scavenge screens and, depending on the results of the inspection, 
possible removal of the engine from service.

Interim Action

    The FAA considers this AD interim action. The manufacturer is 
currently developing a modification that will address the unsafe 
condition identified in this AD. Once this modification is developed, 
approved, and available, the FAA might consider additional rulemaking.

FAA's Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

    An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of 
this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to 
adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public 
justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule. 
The affected CFM LEAP-1B model turbofan engines experienced multiple 
RDS bearing cage failures in the last five months resulting in five 
IFSDs. The TGB scavenge screens must be inspected before accumulating 
between 100-250 flight hours since new on the RDS bearing or within 50 
FHs after the effective date of this AD to prevent the failure of the 
RDS bearing, which could lead to in-flight shutdown of both engines, 
loss of thrust control, and loss of the airplane. Therefore, the FAA 
finds good cause that notice and opportunity for prior public comment 
are impracticable. In addition, for the reason stated above, the FAA 
finds that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in 
less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

    This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight 
safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public 
comment. However, the FAA invites you to send any written data, views, 
or arguments about this final rule. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA-2019-
0414 and Product Identifier 2019-NE-15-AD at the beginning of your 
comments. The FAA specifically invites comments on the overall 
regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this final 
rule. The FAA will consider all comments received by the closing date 
and may amend this final rule because of those comments.
    The FAA will post all comments received, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. 
The FAA will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal 
contact received about this final rule.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) do not 
apply when an agency finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt 
a rule without prior notice and comment. Because the FAA has determined 
that it has good cause to adopt this rule without notice and comment, 
RFA analysis is not required.

Costs of Compliance

    The FAA estimates that this AD affects 136 engines installed on 
airplanes of U.S. registry.
    The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD:

[[Page 28204]]



                                                 Estimated Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Cost per      Cost on U.S.
                Action                         Labor cost           Parts cost        product        operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspect TGB scavenge screens..........  1 work-hour x $85 per                 $0             $85         $11,560
                                         hour = $85.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs'' 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.
    This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the 
Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by 
FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is 
normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but 
during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the 
authority to issue ADs applicable to engines, propellers, and 
associated appliances to the Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards 
Branch, Policy and Innovation Division.

Regulatory Findings

    This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, 
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various 
levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866, and
    (2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

2019-12-01 CFM International S.A.: Amendment 39-19656; Docket No. 
FAA-2019-0414; Product Identifier 2019-NE-15-AD.

(a) Effective Date

    This AD is effective July 3, 2019.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to all CFM International S.A. (CFM) LEAP-1B21, -
1B23, -1B25, -1B27, -1B28, -1B28B1, -1B28B2, -1B28B3, -1B28B2C, -
1B28BBJ1, and -1B28BBJ2 model turbofan engines with radial drive 
shaft (RDS) bearing, part number (P/N) 92D08200 or P/N 92D08201, 
installed.

(d) Subject

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 7260, Turbine Engine 
Accessory Drive.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    This AD was prompted by multiple reports of in-flight shutdowns 
(IFSDs) due to RDS bearing cage failure. The FAA is issuing this AD 
to prevent failure of the RDS bearing. The unsafe condition, if not 
addressed, could result in failure of one or more engines, loss of 
thrust control, and loss of the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Required Actions

    (1) Inspect the transfer gearbox (TGB) 1 and TGB2 scavenge 
screens in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, 
paragraph 5.A.(1), of CFM Service Bulletin (SB) LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-
01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, as follows:
    (i) For affected engines with engine serial number (ESN) 602499 
and lower:
    (A) After the RDS bearing accumulates 50 flight hours (FHs) 
since new but before accumulating 250 FHs since new, or within 50 
FHs after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later, 
perform an initial inspection of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens.
    (B) Thereafter, perform repetitive inspections of the TGB1 and 
TGB2 scavenge screens at intervals not exceeding 250 FHs since the 
last inspection.
    (ii) For affected engines with ESN 602500 and higher:
    (A) After the RDS accumulates 50 FHs since new but before 
accumulating 100 FHs since new, or within 50 FHs after the effective 
date of this AD, whichever occurs later, perform an initial 
inspection of the TGB1 and TGB2 scavenge screens.
    (B) Thereafter, perform repetitive inspections of the TGB1 and 
TGB2 scavenge screens at intervals not exceeding 100 FHs since the 
last inspection.
    (iii) Based on the results of these inspections, remove the 
engine from service or return the engine to service using the 
criteria in the Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraphs 5.A.(2) 
through 5.A.(5), of CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, 
dated May 17, 2019.
    (2) [Reserved]

(h) Optional Borescope Inspection (BSI)

    (1) Once the RDS bearing has accumulated 1,000 FHs since new, 
you may perform a BSI of the RDS bearing in accordance with the 
Accomplishment Instructions, paragraphs 5.B.(1) through 5.B.(8), of 
CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D dated May 17, 2019. If the 
results of this BSI are ``satisfactory'' according to the criteria 
in the Accomplishment Instructions, paragraphs 5.B.(6)(g), of CFM SB 
LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, then 
you are not required to perform the repetitive inspections in 
paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) or (g)(1)(ii)(B) of this AD until the RDS 
bearing accumulates 4,250 FHs since new.
    (2) [Reserved]

(i) Optional Terminating Action

    (1) As an optional terminating action to the repetitive 
inspections required by paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) and (g)(1)(ii)(B) of 
this AD, you may perform a BSI of the RDS bearing in accordance with 
the Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraphs 5.B.(1) through 5.B.(8), 
of CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 
2019 after the RDS bearing accumulates 3,750 FHs since new.
    (i) If the results of the BSI are ``satisfactory'' using the 
criteria in Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 5.B.(6)(g), of 
CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, 
then you have met the repetitive inspection requirements of this AD 
and no further action is required.

[[Page 28205]]

    (ii) If the results of the BSI are ''unsatisfactory'' using the 
criteria in Accomplishment Instructions, paragraph 5.B.(6)(g), of 
CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, 
then you must continue the repetitive inspections required by 
paragraphs (g)(1)(i)(B) or (g)(1)(ii)(B) of this AD.
    (2) [Reserved]

(j) Definition

    For the purpose of this AD, ``flight hours (FHs) since new'' are 
the FHs accumulated on the RDS bearings on new engines delivered 
from production and on engines that have had the RDS bearing 
replaced during an engine shop visit.

(k) No Reporting Requirement

    The reporting requirement in paragraph 5.A.(6) in CFM SB LEAP-
1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 007, dated May 17, 2019, is not 
required by this AD.

(l) Credit for Previous Actions

    You may take credit for the inspections that are required by 
paragraph (g)(1) of this AD, if you performed those actions before 
the effective date of this AD using CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-
930A-D, Issue 006, dated March 22, 2019, or an earlier revision. You 
may also take credit for the optional BSI in paragraphs (h)(1) or 
the optional terminating inspection in paragraph (i)(1) of this AD, 
if you performed that action before the effective date of this AD 
using CFM SB LEAP-1B-72-00-0256-01A-930A-D, Issue 002, dated May 6, 
2019, or an earlier revision.

(m) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, ECO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve 
AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your 
principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as 
appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the 
certification office, send it to the attention of the person 
identified in paragraph (n) of this AD. You may email your request 
to: [email protected].
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.

(n) Related Information

    For more information about this AD, contact Christopher McGuire, 
Aerospace Engineer, ECO Branch, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, 
Burlington, MA, 01803; phone: 781-238-7120; fax: 781-238-7199; 
email: [email protected].

(o) Material Incorporated by Reference

    (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the 
incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed 
in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
    (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do 
the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.
    (i) CFM Service Bulletin LEAP-1B-72-00-0222-01A-930A-D, Issue 
007, dated May 17, 2019.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) For CFM service information identified in this AD, contact 
CFM International Inc., Aviation Operations Center, 1 Neumann Way, 
M/D Room 285, Cincinnati, OH, 45125; phone: 877-432-3272; fax: 877-
432-3329; email: [email protected].
    (4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Standards Branch, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA, 
01803. For information on the availability of this material at the 
FAA, call 781-238-7759.
    (5) You may view this service information that is incorporated 
by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at 
NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on June 14, 2019.
Karen M. Grant,
Acting Manager, Engine & Propeller Standards Branch, Aircraft 
Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-13022 Filed 6-17-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P