Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes, 26598-26601 [2019-11832]

Download as PDF 26598 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 110 / Friday, June 7, 2019 / Proposed Rules item between the LD–MCR compartment and the airplane structure or systems must meet the applicable requirements of § 25.855 at amendment 25–60. b. Means must be provided to ensure that the fire protection level of the cargo compartment meets the applicable requirements of §§ 25.855 at amendment 25–60; 25.857 at amendment 25–60; and 25.858 at amendment 25–54 when the LD–MCR compartment is not installed. c. Use of each emergency evacuation route must not require occupants of the LD–MCR compartment to enter the cargo compartment in order to return to the passenger compartment. d. The aural emergency alarm specified in Special Condition No. 7 must sound in the LD–MCR compartment in the event of a fire in the cargo compartment. 19. Means must be provided to prevent access into the Class C cargo compartment, whether or not the LD– MCR is installed, during all airplane flight operations and to ensure that the maintenance door is closed and secured during all airplane flight operations. 20. All enclosed stowage compartments within the LD–MCR compartment that are not limited to stowage of emergency equipment or airplane supplied equipment (i.e., bedding), must meet the design criteria given in the table below. As indicated in the table, enclosed stowage compartments larger than 200 ft3 in interior volume are not addressed by this Special Condition. The in-flight accessibility of very large enclosed stowage compartments and the subsequent impact on the crewmembers’ ability to effectively reach any part of the compartment with the contents of a hand fire extinguisher will require additional fire protection considerations similar to those required for inaccessible compartments such as Class C cargo compartments. Stowage compartment interior volumes Fire protection features Materials of Construction 1 .................................................................................................. Detectors 2 ........................................................................................................................... Liner 3 .................................................................................................................................. Location Detector 4 .............................................................................................................. Less than 25 ft3 25 ft3 to 57 ft3 Yes ................... No ..................... No ..................... No ..................... Yes ................... Yes ................... No ..................... Yes ................... 57 ft3 to 200 ft3 Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. 1 Material: The material used to construct each enclosed stowage compartment must at least be fire resistant and must meet the flammability standards established for interior components per the requirements of § 25.853. For compartments less than 25 ft3 in interior volume, the design must ensure the ability to contain a fire likely to occur within the compartment under normal use. 2 Detectors: Enclosed stowage compartments equal to or exceeding 25 ft3 in interior volume must be provided with a smoke or fire detection system to ensure that a fire can be detected within a one-minute detection time. Flight tests must be conducted to show compliance with this requirement. Each system (or systems) must provide: (a) A visual indication in the flight-deck within one minute after the start of a fire; (b) An aural warning in the crew rest compartment; and (c) A warning in the main passenger cabin. This warning must be readily detectable by a flight attendant, taking into consideration the positioning of flight attendants throughout the main passenger compartment during various phases of flight. 3 Liner: If it can be shown that the material used to construct the stowage compartment meets the flammability requirements of a liner for a Class B cargo compartment, no liner would be required for enclosed stowage compartments equal to or greater than 25 ft3 but less than 57 ft3 in interior volume. For all enclosed stowage compartments equal to or greater than 57 ft3 but less than or equal to 200 ft3 in interior volume, a liner must be provided that meets the requirements of § 25.855 at amendment 25–60 for a Class B cargo compartment. 4 Location Detector: LD–MCR compartments that contain enclosed stowage compartments with an interior volume that exceeds 25 ft3 and are located away from one central location, such as the entry to the LD–MCR compartment or a common area within the LD–MCR compartment, would require additional fire protection features or devices to assist the firefighter in determining the location of a fire. Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on May 31, 2019. Paul Siegmund, Acting Manager, Transport Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2019–11957 Filed 6–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2019–0400; Product Identifier 2019–NM–022–AD] jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with PROPOSALS RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:40 Jun 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus SAS Model A321–111, A321– 112, A321–131, A321–211, A321–212, A321–213, A321–231 and A321–232 airplanes. This proposed AD was prompted by a quality control review, which determined that the wrong aluminum alloy was used to manufacture several structural parts. This proposed AD would require a onetime eddy current conductivity measurement of certain structural parts of the outer flaps to determine if the incorrect alloy was used, and replacement if necessary, as specified in an European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which will be incorporated by reference. The FAA is proposing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by July 22, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For the material identified in this proposed AD that will be incorporated by reference (IBR), contact EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 1000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this IBR material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this IBR material at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. It is also available in the AD docket on E:\FR\FM\07JNP1.SGM 07JNP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 110 / Friday, June 7, 2019 / Proposed Rules the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019– 0400; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3223. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited The FAA invites you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ‘‘Docket No. FAA–2019–0400; Product Identifier 2019–NM–022–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. The FAA specifically invites comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this NPRM. The agency will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this NPRM based on those comments. The FAA will post all comments, without change, to https:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. The FAA will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact the agency receives about this NPRM. Discussion The EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD 2019–0012, dated January 24, 2019 (‘‘EASA AD 2019–0012’’) (also referred to as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an unsafe condition for all Airbus SAS Model A321–111, A321–112, A321–131, A321–211, A321– 212, A321–213, A321–231 and A321– 232 airplanes. The MCAI states: Following a quality control review on the Airbus final assembly line, it was discovered that wrong aluminum alloy was delivered by a supplier for several structural parts. The results of the investigations highlighted that part of the stock could be impacted by this wrong material. Prompted by this finding, EASA published AD 2015–0218 [which corresponds to FAA AD 2017–05–02 (82 FR 12407, March 3, 2017)], requiring an [special detailed inspection] SDI of certain cabin, cargo compartment and airframe parts. Subsequent investigation results established that outer flaps structure are also affected. Structural investigations demonstrated the capability to sustain the static limits loads, and sufficient fatigue life up to a certain inspection threshold. This condition, if not detected and corrected, could affect the structural integrity of the outer flap, possibly resulting in reduced control of the aeroplane. To address this potential unsafe condition, Airbus issued the inspection [service bulletin] SB to provide inspection instructions. For the reasons described above, this [EASA] AD requires a one-time SDI of suspected parts for material identification and, depending on findings, replacement with serviceable parts. Related IBR Material Under 1 CFR Part 51 EASA AD 2019–0012 describes procedures for a one-time eddy current conductivity measurement of certain structural parts on the outer flaps to determine if an incorrect aluminum alloy was used, and replacement of any affected part with a serviceable part. This material is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section. FAA’s Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to the 26599 FAA’s bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, the FAA has been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI referenced above. The FAA is proposing this AD because the agency evaluated all pertinent information and determined an unsafe condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design. Proposed Requirements of This NPRM This proposed AD would require accomplishing the actions specified in EASA AD 2019–0012, as incorporated by reference, except for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of this AD. This proposed AD also would require sending the inspection results to Airbus SAS. Explanation of Required Compliance Information In the FAA’s ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of the AD process, the FAA worked with Airbus and EASA to develop a process to use certain EASA ADs as the primary source of information for compliance with requirements for corresponding FAA ADs. As a result, the FAA expects that EASA AD 2019–0012 will be incorporated by reference in the FAA’s final rule. This proposed AD would, therefore, require compliance with the provisions specified in EASA AD 2019– 0012, except for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of this proposed AD. Service information specified in EASA AD 2019–0012 that is required for compliance with EASA AD 2019–0012 will be available on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019– 0400 after the FAA final rule is published. Costs of Compliance The FAA estimates that this proposed AD would affect 29 airplanes of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this proposed AD: jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with PROPOSALS ESTIMATED COSTS FOR REQUIRED ACTIONS * Labor cost Parts cost Cost per product Cost on U.S. operators 6 work-hours × $85 per hour = $510 .......................................................................................... $0 $510 $14,790 * Table does not include estimated costs for reporting. The FAA estimates that it would take about one work-hour per product to VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:40 Jun 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 comply with the proposed reporting requirement in this proposed AD. The PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 average labor rate is $85 per hour. Based on these figures, the FAA estimates the E:\FR\FM\07JNP1.SGM 07JNP1 26600 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 110 / Friday, June 7, 2019 / Proposed Rules cost of reporting the inspection results on U.S. operators to be $2,465, or $85 per product. The FAA has received no definitive data that would enable the agency to provide cost estimates for the oncondition actions specified in this proposed AD. According to the manufacturer, some or all of the costs of this proposed AD may be covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost impact on affected individuals. The FAA does not control warranty coverage for affected individuals. As a result, the agency has included all known costs in the cost estimate. Paperwork Reduction Act A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information displays a current valid OMB control number. The control number for the collection of information proposed by this NPRM is 2120–0056. The paperwork cost associated with this NPRM has been detailed in the Costs of Compliance section of this document and includes time for reviewing instructions, as well as completing and reviewing the collection of information. Therefore, all reporting associated with this NPRM would be mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to the FAA at 800 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20591, ATTN: Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES–200. jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with PROPOSALS Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA’s authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency’s authority. The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or 16:40 Jun 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 Regulatory Findings The FAA has determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation: 1. Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ under Executive Order 12866; 2. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety. The Proposed Amendment Authority for This Rulemaking VerDate Sep<11>2014 develop on products identified in this rulemaking action. This proposed AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to transport category airplanes and associated appliances to the Director of the System Oversight Division. Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 39.13 [Amended] 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): ■ Airbus SAS: Docket No. FAA–2019–0400; Product Identifier 2019–NM–022–AD. (a) Comments Due Date The FAA must receive comments by July 22, 2019. PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 (b) Affected ADs None. (c) Applicability This AD applies to all Airbus SAS Model A321–111, A321–112, A321–131, A321–211, A321–212, A321–213, A321–231 and A321– 232 airplanes, certificated in any category. (d) Subject Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 57, Wings. (e) Reason This AD was prompted by a quality control review, which determined that the wrong aluminum alloy was used to manufacture several structural parts. The FAA is issuing this AD to address structural parts made of incorrect aluminum alloy, which could result in reduced structural integrity of the outer flaps and reduced controllability of the airplane. (f) Compliance Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done. (g) Requirements Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: Comply with all required actions and compliance times specified in, and in accordance with, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019–0012, dated January 24, 2019 (‘‘EASA AD 2019–0012’’). (h) Exceptions to EASA AD 2019–0012 (1) For purposes of determining compliance with the requirements of this AD: Where EASA AD 2019–0012 refers to its effective date, this AD requires using the effective date of this AD. (2) The ‘‘Remarks’’ section of EASA AD 2019–0012 does not apply to this AD. (3) Where paragraph (5) of EASA AD 2019– 0012 mandates a parts installation limitation, this AD requires the following parts installation limitation: From the effective date of this AD, only serviceable parts as defined in EASA AD 2019–0012 are allowed to be installed on any airplane. (4) Where any service information referenced in EASA AD 2019–0012 specifies reporting, this AD requires reporting all inspection results at the applicable time specified in paragraph (h)(4)(i) or (h)(4)(ii) of this AD. If operators have reported findings as part of obtaining any corrective actions approved by Airbus SAS’s EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA), operators are not required to report those findings as specified in this paragraph. (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of this AD: Submit the report within 30 days after the inspection. (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of this AD: Submit the report within 30 days after the effective date of this AD. (i) Other FAA AD Provisions The following provisions also apply to this AD: (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, E:\FR\FM\07JNP1.SGM 07JNP1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 110 / Friday, June 7, 2019 / Proposed Rules jbell on DSK3GLQ082PROD with PROPOSALS has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Section, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (j)(2) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-116-AMOCREQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office. (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain instructions from a manufacturer, the instructions must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA; or EASA; or Airbus SAS’s EASA DOA. If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOA-authorized signature. (3) Required for Compliance (RC): For any service information referenced in EASA AD 2019–0012 that contains RC procedures and tests: Except as required by paragraphs (h)(4) and (i)(2) of this AD, RC procedures and tests must be done to comply with this AD; any procedures or tests that are not identified as RC are recommended. Those procedures and tests that are not identified as RC may be deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the operator’s maintenance or inspection program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the procedures and tests identified as RC can be done and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy condition. Any substitutions or changes to procedures or tests identified as RC require approval of an AMOC. (4) Paperwork Reduction Act Burden Statement: A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information displays a current valid OMB Control Number. The OMB Control Number for this information collection is 2120–0056. Public reporting for this collection of information is estimated to be approximately one hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, completing and reviewing the collection of information. All responses to this collection of information are mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to the FAA at: 800 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20591, Attn: Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES–200. (j) Related Information (1) For information about EASA AD 2019– 0012, contact EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 6017; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; Internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this EASA AD on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this EASA AD at the FAA, Transport Standards VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:40 Jun 06, 2019 Jkt 247001 Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231–3195. EASA AD 2019–0012 may be found in the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2019–0400. (2) For more information about this AD, contact Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206– 231–3223. Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on May 29, 2019. Michael Kaszycki, Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2019–11832 Filed 6–6–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0453; Product Identifier 2018–NM–028–AD] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc., Airplanes Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (SNPRM); reopening of comment period. AGENCY: We are revising an earlier proposal for certain Bombardier, Inc., Model DHC–8–400 series airplanes. This action revises the notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) by adding a requirement to replace the lower lock link of the nose landing gear (NLG), which would terminate the repetitive inspections proposed in the NPRM. This action also reduces the applicability in the NPRM. We are proposing this airworthiness directive (AD) to address the unsafe condition on these products. Since these actions would impose an additional burden over those in the NPRM, we are reopening the comment period to allow the public the chance to comment on these changes. DATES: The comment period for the NPRM published in the Federal Register on May 30, 2018 (83 FR 24694), is reopened. We must receive comments on this SNPRM by July 22, 2019. ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods: SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 26601 • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: 202–493–2251. • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M– 30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this NPRM, contact Bombardier, Inc., QSeries Technical Help Desk, 123 Garratt Boulevard, Toronto, Ontario M3K 1Y5, Canada; telephone: 416–375–4000; fax: 416–375–4539; email: thd.qseries@ aero.bombardier.com; internet: https:// www.bombardier.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206–231– 3195. Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https:// www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2018– 0453; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this SNPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations (phone: 800–647– 5527) is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Darren Gassetto, Aerospace Engineer, Mechanical Systems and Administrative Services Section, New York ACO Branch, FAA, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516–228–7323; fax 516–794– 5531. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Comments Invited We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ‘‘Docket No. FAA– 2018–0453; Product Identifier 2018– NM–028–AD’’ at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy E:\FR\FM\07JNP1.SGM 07JNP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 110 (Friday, June 7, 2019)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 26598-26601]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-11832]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2019-0400; Product Identifier 2019-NM-022-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) 
for all Airbus SAS Model A321-111, A321-112, A321-131, A321-211, A321-
212, A321-213, A321-231 and A321-232 airplanes. This proposed AD was 
prompted by a quality control review, which determined that the wrong 
aluminum alloy was used to manufacture several structural parts. This 
proposed AD would require a one-time eddy current conductivity 
measurement of certain structural parts of the outer flaps to determine 
if the incorrect alloy was used, and replacement if necessary, as 
specified in an European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which will 
be incorporated by reference. The FAA is proposing this AD to address 
the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by July 22, 
2019.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For the material identified in this proposed AD that will be 
incorporated by reference (IBR), contact EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 
50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 1000; email 
[email protected]; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this IBR 
material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view 
this IBR material at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 
216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this 
material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195. It is also available in the AD 
docket on

[[Page 26599]]

the internet at https://www.regulations.gov.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-
0400; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains 
this NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other 
information. The street address for Docket Operations is listed above. 
Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, 
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 
216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206-231-3223.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    The FAA invites you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed 
under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2019-0400; 
Product Identifier 2019-NM-022-AD'' at the beginning of your comments. 
The FAA specifically invites comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this NPRM. The agency 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this NPRM based on those comments.
    The FAA will post all comments, without change, to https://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. 
The FAA will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal 
contact the agency receives about this NPRM.

Discussion

    The EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the 
European Union, has issued EASA AD 2019-0012, dated January 24, 2019 
(``EASA AD 2019-0012'') (also referred to as the Mandatory Continuing 
Airworthiness Information, or ``the MCAI''), to correct an unsafe 
condition for all Airbus SAS Model A321-111, A321-112, A321-131, A321-
211, A321-212, A321-213, A321-231 and A321-232 airplanes. The MCAI 
states:

    Following a quality control review on the Airbus final assembly 
line, it was discovered that wrong aluminum alloy was delivered by a 
supplier for several structural parts. The results of the 
investigations highlighted that part of the stock could be impacted 
by this wrong material. Prompted by this finding, EASA published AD 
2015-0218 [which corresponds to FAA AD 2017-05-02 (82 FR 12407, 
March 3, 2017)], requiring an [special detailed inspection] SDI of 
certain cabin, cargo compartment and airframe parts. Subsequent 
investigation results established that outer flaps structure are 
also affected. Structural investigations demonstrated the capability 
to sustain the static limits loads, and sufficient fatigue life up 
to a certain inspection threshold.
    This condition, if not detected and corrected, could affect the 
structural integrity of the outer flap, possibly resulting in 
reduced control of the aeroplane.
    To address this potential unsafe condition, Airbus issued the 
inspection [service bulletin] SB to provide inspection instructions.
    For the reasons described above, this [EASA] AD requires a one-
time SDI of suspected parts for material identification and, 
depending on findings, replacement with serviceable parts.

Related IBR Material Under 1 CFR Part 51

    EASA AD 2019-0012 describes procedures for a one-time eddy current 
conductivity measurement of certain structural parts on the outer flaps 
to determine if an incorrect aluminum alloy was used, and replacement 
of any affected part with a serviceable part. This material is 
reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it 
through their normal course of business or by the means identified in 
the ADDRESSES section.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD

    This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another 
country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant 
to the FAA's bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, 
the FAA has been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI 
referenced above. The FAA is proposing this AD because the agency 
evaluated all pertinent information and determined an unsafe condition 
exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same 
type design.

Proposed Requirements of This NPRM

    This proposed AD would require accomplishing the actions specified 
in EASA AD 2019-0012, as incorporated by reference, except for any 
differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of this AD. 
This proposed AD also would require sending the inspection results to 
Airbus SAS.

Explanation of Required Compliance Information

    In the FAA's ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of the AD 
process, the FAA worked with Airbus and EASA to develop a process to 
use certain EASA ADs as the primary source of information for 
compliance with requirements for corresponding FAA ADs. As a result, 
the FAA expects that EASA AD 2019-0012 will be incorporated by 
reference in the FAA's final rule. This proposed AD would, therefore, 
require compliance with the provisions specified in EASA AD 2019-0012, 
except for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory 
text of this proposed AD. Service information specified in EASA AD 
2019-0012 that is required for compliance with EASA AD 2019-0012 will 
be available on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching 
for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0400 after the FAA final rule is 
published.

Costs of Compliance

    The FAA estimates that this proposed AD would affect 29 airplanes 
of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with 
this proposed AD:

                                     Estimated Costs for Required Actions *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    Cost per       Cost on U.S.
                          Labor cost                              Parts cost        product         operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6 work-hours x $85 per hour = $510...........................              $0             $510          $14,790
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Table does not include estimated costs for reporting.

    The FAA estimates that it would take about one work-hour per 
product to comply with the proposed reporting requirement in this 
proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per hour. Based on these 
figures, the FAA estimates the

[[Page 26600]]

cost of reporting the inspection results on U.S. operators to be 
$2,465, or $85 per product.
    The FAA has received no definitive data that would enable the 
agency to provide cost estimates for the on-condition actions specified 
in this proposed AD.
    According to the manufacturer, some or all of the costs of this 
proposed AD may be covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost 
impact on affected individuals. The FAA does not control warranty 
coverage for affected individuals. As a result, the agency has included 
all known costs in the cost estimate.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    A federal agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not 
required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to penalty for 
failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the 
requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of 
information displays a current valid OMB control number. The control 
number for the collection of information proposed by this NPRM is 2120-
0056. The paperwork cost associated with this NPRM has been detailed in 
the Costs of Compliance section of this document and includes time for 
reviewing instructions, as well as completing and reviewing the 
collection of information. Therefore, all reporting associated with 
this NPRM would be mandatory. Comments concerning the accuracy of this 
burden and suggestions for reducing the burden should be directed to 
the FAA at 800 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20591, ATTN: 
Information Collection Clearance Officer, AES-200.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.
    This proposed AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated 
by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as 
authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, 
issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and 
Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the 
Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable 
to transport category airplanes and associated appliances to the 
Director of the System Oversight Division.

Regulatory Findings

    The FAA has determined that this proposed AD would not have 
federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD 
would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the 
relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed 
regulation:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 
12866;
    2. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and
    3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

Airbus SAS: Docket No. FAA-2019-0400; Product Identifier 2019-NM-
022-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

    The FAA must receive comments by July 22, 2019.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to all Airbus SAS Model A321-111, A321-112, 
A321-131, A321-211, A321-212, A321-213, A321-231 and A321-232 
airplanes, certificated in any category.

(d) Subject

    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 57, Wings.

(e) Reason

    This AD was prompted by a quality control review, which 
determined that the wrong aluminum alloy was used to manufacture 
several structural parts. The FAA is issuing this AD to address 
structural parts made of incorrect aluminum alloy, which could 
result in reduced structural integrity of the outer flaps and 
reduced controllability of the airplane.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.

(g) Requirements

    Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: Comply with all 
required actions and compliance times specified in, and in 
accordance with, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019-
0012, dated January 24, 2019 (``EASA AD 2019-0012'').

(h) Exceptions to EASA AD 2019-0012

    (1) For purposes of determining compliance with the requirements 
of this AD: Where EASA AD 2019-0012 refers to its effective date, 
this AD requires using the effective date of this AD.
    (2) The ``Remarks'' section of EASA AD 2019-0012 does not apply 
to this AD.
    (3) Where paragraph (5) of EASA AD 2019-0012 mandates a parts 
installation limitation, this AD requires the following parts 
installation limitation: From the effective date of this AD, only 
serviceable parts as defined in EASA AD 2019-0012 are allowed to be 
installed on any airplane.
    (4) Where any service information referenced in EASA AD 2019-
0012 specifies reporting, this AD requires reporting all inspection 
results at the applicable time specified in paragraph (h)(4)(i) or 
(h)(4)(ii) of this AD. If operators have reported findings as part 
of obtaining any corrective actions approved by Airbus SAS's EASA 
Design Organization Approval (DOA), operators are not required to 
report those findings as specified in this paragraph.
    (i) If the inspection was done on or after the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report within 30 days after the inspection.
    (ii) If the inspection was done before the effective date of 
this AD: Submit the report within 30 days after the effective date 
of this AD.

(i) Other FAA AD Provisions

    The following provisions also apply to this AD:
    (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, 
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA,

[[Page 26601]]

has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using 
the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 
39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight 
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information 
directly to the International Section, send it to the attention of 
the person identified in paragraph (j)(2) of this AD. Information 
may be emailed to: [email protected]. Before using any 
approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or 
lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight 
standards district office/certificate holding district office.
    (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD 
to obtain instructions from a manufacturer, the instructions must be 
accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International 
Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA; or EASA; or Airbus SAS's 
EASA DOA. If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOA-
authorized signature.
    (3) Required for Compliance (RC): For any service information 
referenced in EASA AD 2019-0012 that contains RC procedures and 
tests: Except as required by paragraphs (h)(4) and (i)(2) of this 
AD, RC procedures and tests must be done to comply with this AD; any 
procedures or tests that are not identified as RC are recommended. 
Those procedures and tests that are not identified as RC may be 
deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the 
operator's maintenance or inspection program without obtaining 
approval of an AMOC, provided the procedures and tests identified as 
RC can be done and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy 
condition. Any substitutions or changes to procedures or tests 
identified as RC require approval of an AMOC.
    (4) Paperwork Reduction Act Burden Statement: A federal agency 
may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond 
to, nor shall a person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply 
with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information 
displays a current valid OMB Control Number. The OMB Control Number 
for this information collection is 2120-0056. Public reporting for 
this collection of information is estimated to be approximately one 
hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, 
completing and reviewing the collection of information. All 
responses to this collection of information are mandatory. Comments 
concerning the accuracy of this burden and suggestions for reducing 
the burden should be directed to the FAA at: 800 Independence Ave. 
SW, Washington, DC 20591, Attn: Information Collection Clearance 
Officer, AES-200.

(j) Related Information

    (1) For information about EASA AD 2019-0012, contact EASA, 
Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 
89990 6017; email [email protected]; Internet www.easa.europa.eu. 
You may find this EASA AD on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this EASA AD at the FAA, Transport 
Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For 
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 
206-231-3195. EASA AD 2019-0012 may be found in the AD docket on the 
internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating 
Docket No. FAA-2019-0400.
    (2) For more information about this AD, contact Sanjay Ralhan, 
Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards 
Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone 
and fax 206-231-3223.

    Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on May 29, 2019.
Michael Kaszycki,
Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-11832 Filed 6-6-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P