Notice of Inventory Completion: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, Nashville, TN, 25822-25824 [2019-11539]

Download as PDF 25822 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 107 / Tuesday, June 4, 2019 / Notices khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES was collected with one of the other individuals, but it is unclear which one. In the 1970s, the collectors Homer Root and Charles McLean gave the human remains of these three individuals to a private citizen. The transferee’s son found them in 2018, while handling his deceased father’s estate. Root and McLean indicated that the human remains came from Basketmaker and Pueblo burials. In August 2018, the county coroners ruled out a forensic interest, where upon the human remains were transferred to History Colorado. They are identified as OAHP Case Number 336. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Osteological analysis by Dr. Christine Pink determined the individuals to be Native American. The geographical areas from which the human remains were removed contain numerous documented Ancestral Puebloan sites. Root and McLean were knowledgeable about Ancestral Puebloan burials. Root was an avid collector of Ancestral Pueblo human remains and goods, and led field schools for Fort Lewis College from 1965 to 1969. The preponderance of the evidence, including geographical location, biological evidence, and expert opinion regarding burial context, shows that the human remains are associated with the Ancestral Puebloan occupations of the southwestern United States from the Basketmaker II period through the Pueblo III period (approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300). Evidence for the cultural affiliation of the human remains in this notice was gathered from tribal consultations, physical examination of the human remains, a survey of acquisition history, a review of current available archeological, ethnographic, historical, anthropological and linguistic literature, and artifact analysis. Determinations Made by the History Colorado Officials of History Colorado have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of six individuals of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 11 objects described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:16 Jun 03, 2019 Jkt 247001 and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico (previously listed as the Pueblo of San Juan); Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (previously listed as the Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas); and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico, hereafter referred to as ‘‘The Affiliated Tribes.’’ Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Alisa DiGiacomo, History Colorado, 1200 Broadway, Denver, CO 80203, telephone (303) 866–4687, email alisa.digiacomo@state.co.us, by July 5, 2019. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to The Affiliated Tribes may proceed. History Colorado is responsible for notifying The Consulted and Invited Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: May 3, 2019. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2019–11538 Filed 6–3–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0027841; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, Nashville, TN National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects in SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00093 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and present-day Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology at the address in this notice by July 5, 2019. DATES: Michael C. Moore, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, 1216 Foster Avenue, Cole Building 3, Nashville, TN 37243, telephone (615) 687–4776, email mike.c.moore@tn.gov. ADDRESSES: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, Nashville, TN. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Rutherford County and Williamson County, TN. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: E:\FR\FM\04JNN1.SGM 04JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 107 / Tuesday, June 4, 2019 / Notices Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Cherokee Nation; Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians; The Chickasaw Nation; The Muscogee (Creek) Nation; The Osage Nation (previously listed as the Osage Tribe); and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma, hereafter referred to as ‘‘The Tribes.’’ khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES History and Description of the Remains The Fernvale site (40WM51) was excavated by the Division of Archaeology in 1985 prior to bridge construction by the Tennessee Department of Transportation. This site is located on the west side of the South Harpeth River in northwest Williamson County, TN, near the community of Fernvale. The final report on the excavation (The Fernvale Site (40WM51): A Late Archaic Occupation Along the South Harpeth River in Williamson County, Tennessee, edited by A. Deter-Wolf, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology Research Series No. 19) is available in pdf format on the Division web page, at https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/ environment/archaeology/documents/ researchseries/arch_rs19_fernvale_Rev_ 2016.pdf. Radiocarbon dates and recovered artifacts indicate Fernvale is primarily a Late Archaic period site dating 3490 to 3320 BP. All removed burials and associated burial objects are consistent with previously identified Native American burials and objects dating to the Late Archaic period. 33 individuals were removed from 27 pit features. Burial 2 comprised an adult female that had been interred with a mature dog. No known individuals were identified. A total of 61 associated funerary objects were recovered with these individuals. The 62 associated funerary objects are three bone pins, nine projectile points, two polished bone fragments, one ovate knife, one biface, one drill, one antler tine, 17 canid phalanges, four bone awls, seven fragmented mussel shells, two limestone hoes, four shell beads, two hammerstones, one grooved cobble, six fragmented animal bones, and the remains of one dog. The Arnold site (40WM5) was established on a low ridge along the north bank of the Little Harpeth River about a mile southwest of the city of Brentwood in northern Williamson County, TN. This site, named after the VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:16 Jun 03, 2019 Jkt 247001 famed singer Eddy Arnold, was excavated in 1965 and 1966 by the Southeastern Indian Antiquities Survey Inc. (SIAS) prior to construction of a residential subdivision. The SIAS excavation is reported to have uncovered 151 stone-box graves and the remnants of 17 structures. A report on the SIAS Arnold site excavations was published in 1972 as part of the edited volume The Middle Cumberland Culture, edited by Robert B. Ferguson, Vanderbilt University Publications in Anthropology No. 3, Nashville, TN. The stone-box graves and structure architecture indicate Arnold is a Mississippian period site. All removed burials and associated burial objects are consistent with previously identified late prehistoric Native American burials and objects dating roughly A.D. 1200– 1450. Information regarding the Middle Cumberland Mississippian culture can be found in Kevin Smith’s 1992 dissertation The Middle Cumberland Region: Mississippian Archaeology in North Central Tennessee, Vanderbilt University; as well as the 2009 (revised 2012) report Archaeological Expeditions of the Peabody Museum in Middle Tennessee, 1877–1884 by Michael C. Moore and Kevin E. Smith, Tennessee Division of Archaeology Research Series No. 16 (available as a free pdf on the Division of Archaeology website, at https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/ environment/archaeology/documents/ researchseries/arch_rs16_peabody_ museum_2009.pdf). While over 150 burials were reportedly removed during the 1965– 1966 work, the Division of Archaeology holds 19 human individuals from 14 burials. The remainder of the skeletal collection was held by Vanderbilt University. No known individuals were identified. The Division has five associated funerary objects recovered with these individuals. The five associated funerary objects are three ceramic frog-effigy jars and two ceramic effigy hooded bottles. The Ryan site (40RD77) was established on a floodplain of Stewart Creek in Smyrna, Rutherford County, TN. This site was defined in 1981, by the Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT), during planning for an interstate connection, and it was excavated in the spring of 1982, prior to construction. The human remains were transferred to the Tennessee Division of Archaeology (TDOA) for curation upon completion of the work, although the burial objects were held by TDOT. A report was not completed at that time. In 2000, the Ryan collection was temporarily transferred to TDOT for PO 00000 Frm 00094 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25823 analysis by Gary Barker and Christopher M. Hazel. Their results were published in a 2007 Journal of Alabama Archaeology (JAA) article (‘‘Ryan (40RD77): A Late Middle Archaic Benton Culture Cemetery in Tennessee’s Central Basin’’). After completion of the Barker and Hazel analysis, the human remains were returned to the TDOA. The JAA article listed 23 individuals from 20 burial pits, as well as one human cremation (originally designated Feature 4). In 2009 the TDOA requested that Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) reanalyze the Ryan human remains. This reanalysis identified 20 individuals from the 20 burial pits, along with the one Feature 4 human cremation. No known individuals were identified. The Division documented 22 associated funerary objects recovered with these individuals. These 23 associated funerary objects are three Benton style darts/knives, one stemmed dart/knife, one unnotched dart/knife, three shell beads, six drilled canine incisors, one bone atlatl hook, two shell pins, two bone pins, one lot of small steatite fragments (likely representing a single unknown object), one turkey awl, one raccoon baculum, and the remains of one dog. The placement of these individuals in flexed burial positions within circular burial pits, along with distinctive associated funerary objects (including Benton style darts/knives and an atlatl hook), is consistent with previously identified Native American burials and objects dating to the prehistoric Middle Archaic period. Two radiocarbon dates between 4680–4360 B.C. confirm Ryan as a Middle Archaic period site. Determinations Made by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology Officials of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology have determined that: • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of 73 individuals of Native American ancestry. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 90 objects described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and The Chickasaw Nation. E:\FR\FM\04JNN1.SGM 04JNN1 25824 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 107 / Tuesday, June 4, 2019 / Notices Additional Requestors and Disposition Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to Michael C. Moore, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, 1216 Foster Avenue, Cole Building 3, Nashville, TN 37243, telephone (615) 687–4776, email mike.c.moore@tn.gov, by July 5, 2019. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to The Chickasaw Nation may proceed. The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology is responsible for notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published. Dated: May 2, 2019. Melanie O’Brien, Manager, National NAGPRA Program. [FR Doc. 2019–11539 Filed 6–3–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4312–52–P DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS–WASO–NAGPRA–NPS0027959; PPWOCRADN0–PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Cibola National Forest, Albuquerque, NM National Park Service, Interior. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Cibola National Forest has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and present-day Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request to the Cibola National Forest. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:16 Jun 03, 2019 Jkt 247001 lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed. DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Cibola National Forest at the address in this notice by July 5, 2019. ADDRESSES: Forest Supervisor, Steve Hattenbach, Cibola National Forest and Grasslands, 2113 Osuna Road NE, Albuquerque, NM 87113, telephone (505) 346–3804, email steven.hattenbach@usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Cibola National Forest, Albuquerque, NM. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from site AR–03–03–02–536 (LA79663), Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Cibola National Forest and National Grasslands, Cibola County, NM. This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice. Consultation A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Cibola National Forest professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico (hereafter referred to as ‘‘The Tribes’’). History and Description of the Remains Between 1980 and 1991, human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals were removed from site AR– 03–03–02–536 (LA79663) in Cibola County, NM. Based on reports, site forms, and other notes found in the Forest’s heritage resource files, the site experienced several episodes of rodent PO 00000 Frm 00095 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 damage and vandalism (pot hunting) over a period of 11 years (1980–1991). The initial damage to the site was noted in July 1980. At that time, 18 human bones or fragments of bones were observed in two midden features, and were collected by Forest Service archeological staff. The site form from that time indicates that the bones were likely brought to the surface as a result of rodent activity. The skeletal remains consist of four long bones, six ribs or rib fragments, seven vertebrae, and one sacrum, and represent the partial skeletons of two Native American individuals of unknown sex and age. No known individuals were identified. Damage to site AR–03–03–02–536 (LA79663) from pot hunting was noted in 199l, and the site was subsequently monitored more frequently, until an individual was discovered digging within a room block at the site, resulting in an investigation in September 1991. During the course of the investigation, 12 artifacts collected by the individual were seized by a Forest Service Law Enforcement officer. In June 2008, evidence of new disturbance (pot hunting) was observed at the site. As part of the damage assessment, the Forest Service archeologist screened soil from two holes, and recovered additional items (ceramic sherds, flaked stone, small pieces of charcoal and adobe, and seven small pieces of faunal bone). The 63 associated funerary objects are 19 ceramic sherds, 13 pieces of flaked stone, 10 pieces of charcoal, 14 pieces of adobe, and seven small fragments of faunal remains. Site AR–03–03–02–536 (LA79663) is a small masonry pueblo that is estimated to date between A.D. 900 and 1100. It is located in Limekiln Canyon, in the eastern portion of the Zuni Mountains, on lands managed by the Mt. Taylor Ranger District of the Cibola National Forest and National Grasslands. The 1996 report Cultural Affiliations— Prehistoric Cultural Affiliations of Southwestern Indian Tribes prepared by the USDA Forest Service (Southwestern Region), the Bureau of Land Management (Arizona and New Mexico State Offices), and the Arizona State Museum found that the Eastern Anasazi in the Cibola Area (A.D. 700–1300) are culturally affiliated with the Hopi Tribe of Arizona, Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico, and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. During consultation, the Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico Historic Preservation Office confirmed it, too, considers the eastern half of the Zuni Mountains part of its aboriginal land base. The Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah also claims cultural affiliation with the Nihi E:\FR\FM\04JNN1.SGM 04JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 107 (Tuesday, June 4, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 25822-25824]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-11539]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-NPS0027841; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Tennessee Department of 
Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, Nashville, TN

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, 
Division of Archaeology has completed an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects in consultation with the appropriate Indian 
Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there 
is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and present-day 
Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or 
representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not 
identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of 
these human remains and associated funerary objects should submit a 
written request to the Tennessee Department of Environment and 
Conservation, Division of Archaeology. If no additional requestors come 
forward, transfer of control of the human remains and associated 
funerary objects to the lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native 
Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request to the Tennessee Department of Environment and 
Conservation, Division of Archaeology at the address in this notice by 
July 5, 2019.

ADDRESSES: Michael C. Moore, Tennessee Department of Environment and 
Conservation, Division of Archaeology, 1216 Foster Avenue, Cole 
Building 3, Nashville, TN 37243, telephone (615) 687-4776, email 
[email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the Tennessee 
Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, 
Nashville, TN. The human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed from Rutherford County and Williamson County, TN.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

[[Page 25823]]

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the 
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of 
Archaeology professional staff in consultation with representatives of 
the Cherokee Nation; Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians; The Chickasaw 
Nation; The Muscogee (Creek) Nation; The Osage Nation (previously 
listed as the Osage Tribe); and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee 
Indians in Oklahoma, hereafter referred to as ``The Tribes.''

History and Description of the Remains

    The Fernvale site (40WM51) was excavated by the Division of 
Archaeology in 1985 prior to bridge construction by the Tennessee 
Department of Transportation. This site is located on the west side of 
the South Harpeth River in northwest Williamson County, TN, near the 
community of Fernvale. The final report on the excavation (The Fernvale 
Site (40WM51): A Late Archaic Occupation Along the South Harpeth River 
in Williamson County, Tennessee, edited by A. Deter-Wolf, Tennessee 
Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology 
Research Series No. 19) is available in pdf format on the Division web 
page, at https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/environment/archaeology/documents/researchseries/arch_rs19_fernvale_Rev_2016.pdf.
    Radiocarbon dates and recovered artifacts indicate Fernvale is 
primarily a Late Archaic period site dating 3490 to 3320 BP. All 
removed burials and associated burial objects are consistent with 
previously identified Native American burials and objects dating to the 
Late Archaic period. 33 individuals were removed from 27 pit features. 
Burial 2 comprised an adult female that had been interred with a mature 
dog. No known individuals were identified. A total of 61 associated 
funerary objects were recovered with these individuals. The 62 
associated funerary objects are three bone pins, nine projectile 
points, two polished bone fragments, one ovate knife, one biface, one 
drill, one antler tine, 17 canid phalanges, four bone awls, seven 
fragmented mussel shells, two limestone hoes, four shell beads, two 
hammerstones, one grooved cobble, six fragmented animal bones, and the 
remains of one dog.
    The Arnold site (40WM5) was established on a low ridge along the 
north bank of the Little Harpeth River about a mile southwest of the 
city of Brentwood in northern Williamson County, TN. This site, named 
after the famed singer Eddy Arnold, was excavated in 1965 and 1966 by 
the Southeastern Indian Antiquities Survey Inc. (SIAS) prior to 
construction of a residential subdivision.
    The SIAS excavation is reported to have uncovered 151 stone-box 
graves and the remnants of 17 structures. A report on the SIAS Arnold 
site excavations was published in 1972 as part of the edited volume The 
Middle Cumberland Culture, edited by Robert B. Ferguson, Vanderbilt 
University Publications in Anthropology No. 3, Nashville, TN.
    The stone-box graves and structure architecture indicate Arnold is 
a Mississippian period site. All removed burials and associated burial 
objects are consistent with previously identified late prehistoric 
Native American burials and objects dating roughly A.D. 1200-1450. 
Information regarding the Middle Cumberland Mississippian culture can 
be found in Kevin Smith's 1992 dissertation The Middle Cumberland 
Region: Mississippian Archaeology in North Central Tennessee, 
Vanderbilt University; as well as the 2009 (revised 2012) report 
Archaeological Expeditions of the Peabody Museum in Middle Tennessee, 
1877-1884 by Michael C. Moore and Kevin E. Smith, Tennessee Division of 
Archaeology Research Series No. 16 (available as a free pdf on the 
Division of Archaeology website, at https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/environment/archaeology/documents/researchseries/arch_rs16_peabody_museum_2009.pdf).
    While over 150 burials were reportedly removed during the 1965-1966 
work, the Division of Archaeology holds 19 human individuals from 14 
burials. The remainder of the skeletal collection was held by 
Vanderbilt University. No known individuals were identified. The 
Division has five associated funerary objects recovered with these 
individuals. The five associated funerary objects are three ceramic 
frog-effigy jars and two ceramic effigy hooded bottles.
    The Ryan site (40RD77) was established on a floodplain of Stewart 
Creek in Smyrna, Rutherford County, TN. This site was defined in 1981, 
by the Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT), during planning 
for an interstate connection, and it was excavated in the spring of 
1982, prior to construction. The human remains were transferred to the 
Tennessee Division of Archaeology (TDOA) for curation upon completion 
of the work, although the burial objects were held by TDOT. A report 
was not completed at that time.
    In 2000, the Ryan collection was temporarily transferred to TDOT 
for analysis by Gary Barker and Christopher M. Hazel. Their results 
were published in a 2007 Journal of Alabama Archaeology (JAA) article 
(``Ryan (40RD77): A Late Middle Archaic Benton Culture Cemetery in 
Tennessee's Central Basin''). After completion of the Barker and Hazel 
analysis, the human remains were returned to the TDOA. The JAA article 
listed 23 individuals from 20 burial pits, as well as one human 
cremation (originally designated Feature 4). In 2009 the TDOA requested 
that Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) reanalyze the Ryan human 
remains. This reanalysis identified 20 individuals from the 20 burial 
pits, along with the one Feature 4 human cremation. No known 
individuals were identified.
    The Division documented 22 associated funerary objects recovered 
with these individuals. These 23 associated funerary objects are three 
Benton style darts/knives, one stemmed dart/knife, one unnotched dart/
knife, three shell beads, six drilled canine incisors, one bone atlatl 
hook, two shell pins, two bone pins, one lot of small steatite 
fragments (likely representing a single unknown object), one turkey 
awl, one raccoon baculum, and the remains of one dog.
    The placement of these individuals in flexed burial positions 
within circular burial pits, along with distinctive associated funerary 
objects (including Benton style darts/knives and an atlatl hook), is 
consistent with previously identified Native American burials and 
objects dating to the prehistoric Middle Archaic period. Two 
radiocarbon dates between 4680-4360 B.C. confirm Ryan as a Middle 
Archaic period site.

Determinations Made by the Tennessee Department of Environment and 
Conservation, Division of Archaeology

    Officials of the Tennessee Department of Environment and 
Conservation, Division of Archaeology have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of 73 individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 90 objects described 
in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects and The 
Chickasaw Nation.

[[Page 25824]]

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request to Michael C. Moore, Tennessee Department of 
Environment and Conservation, Division of Archaeology, 1216 Foster 
Avenue, Cole Building 3, Nashville, TN 37243, telephone (615) 687-4776, 
email [email protected], by July 5, 2019. After that date, if no 
additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the 
human remains and associated funerary objects to The Chickasaw Nation 
may proceed.
    The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division 
of Archaeology is responsible for notifying The Tribes that this notice 
has been published.

    Dated: May 2, 2019.
Melanie O'Brien,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2019-11539 Filed 6-3-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-52-P