United States Standards for Grades of Processed Vegetables, 16381-16382 [2019-07899]

Download as PDF 16381 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 84, No. 76 Friday, April 19, 2019 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. method. Regardless of the staffing method chosen, the state or local agency must certify that it is using a merit personnel system that meets the standards outlined in 5 CFR 900.603. Office of Personnel Management. Alexys Stanley, Regulatory Affairs Analyst. [FR Doc. 2019–07312 Filed 4–18–19; 8:45 am] OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT BILLING CODE 6325–39–P 5 CFR Part 900 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Certifying the Use of a Merit Personnel System as Required by the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 Agricultural Marketing Service Office of Personnel Management (OPM). ACTION: Guidance. AGENCY: OPM wishes to publicly respond to inquiries regarding the available range of staffing options for federally-funded and state-administered low-income programs that are required to comply with the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (IPA) and its implementing regulations. DATES: April 19, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions, please contact Kim Holden, Employee Services, Talent Acquisition and Workforce Shaping at employ@ opm.gov or 202–606–8097. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to 5 CFR 900.604(b)(3), OPM is tasked with responding to requests for guidance regarding compliance with the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (IPA) and its implementing regulations. When a federally-funded program requires state and local agencies to establish a merit personnel system in order to receive funds, the IPA and the regulations in 5 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 900 Subpart F are applicable. These regulations establish the standards that must be included in a merit personnel system when it is certified by a state or local agency. The IPA and the regulations do not prescribe the use of a particular staffing method such as utilizing state employees or contract employees. In the absence of any other statutory or regulatory requirement to use a specific staffing method, the state or local agency has the discretion to determine the most appropriate staffing khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES 15:46 Apr 18, 2019 [Document Number AMS–FV–14–0088, SC– 19–328] United States Standards for Grades of Processed Vegetables SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 7 CFR Part 52 Jkt 247001 Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final notice. AGENCY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) of the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is revising the U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, U.S. Standards for Grades of Pickles, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives. AMS is replacing the term ‘‘midget’’ with ‘‘petite’’ in the canned lima bean, canned mushroom, and pickle standards, and removing ‘‘midget’’ completely from the green olive standards as there is an alternative term. AMS is also replacing the two-term grading system (dual nomenclature) with a single term to describe each quality level in the canned lima bean, canned mushroom, and green olive standards. Editorial changes are also being made to the grade standards that conform to recent changes made in other grade standards. DATES: Effective May 20, 2019. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lindsay H. Mitchell, USDA, Specialty Crops Inspection Division, 100 Riverside Parkway, Suite 101, Fredericksburg, VA 22406, by phone (540) 361–1120; fax (540) 361–1199; or, email lindsay.mitchell@ams.usda.gov. Copies of the revised U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, U.S. Standards for Grades SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 of Pickles, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives are available at www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards/ vegetables. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 203(c) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627), as amended, directs and authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture ‘‘to develop and improve standards of quality, condition, quantity, grade, and packaging, and recommend and demonstrate such standards in order to encourage uniformity and consistency in commercial practices.’’ AMS is committed to carrying out this authority in a manner that facilitates the marketing of agricultural commodities and makes copies of official standards available upon request. The U.S. Standards for Grades of Fruits and Vegetables that no longer appear in the Code of Federal Regulations are maintained by AMS at: http:// www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards. AMS is proposing revisions to these U.S. Standards for Grades using the procedures that appear in part 36 of Title 7 of the Code of Federal Regulations (7 CFR part 36). Background AMS continually reviews all fruit and vegetable grade standards to ensure their usefulness to the industry, modernize language, and remove duplicative terminology. On May 13, 2013, AMS received a petition from the Little People of America stating they ‘‘are trying to raise awareness around and eliminate the use of the word midget.’’ The petition further stated, ‘‘Though the use of the word midget by the USDA when classifying certain food products is benign, Little People of America, and the dwarfism community, hopes that the USDA would consider phasing out the term midget.’’ AMS determined that six grade standards contained the term ‘‘midget’’—U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, U.S. Standards for Grades of Pickles, U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives, U.S. Standards for Grades of Processed Raisins, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Shelled Pecans. The shelled pecans and processed raisins standards were addressed in two separate rules because additional changes were being made to those standards. E:\FR\FM\19APR1.SGM 19APR1 16382 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 76 / Friday, April 19, 2019 / Rules and Regulations In addition to replacing ‘‘midget’’ with ‘‘petite’’ or removing ‘‘midget,’’ AMS is also removing dual nomenclature in U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives. More recently developed standards use a single term, such as ‘‘U.S. Grade A’’ or ‘‘U.S. Grade B,’’ to describe each level of quality within a grade standard. Older grade standards used dual nomenclature, such as ‘‘U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy,’’ ‘‘U.S. U.S. standards for grades of Effective date Other proposed revisions Change level of quality designations to single terms in the Grades of canned lima beans and Color sections. Correct CFR citation for standard of identity to 21 CFR 155.200 in the Identity section. Replace Processed Products information and address with ‘‘USDA Headquarters in Washington, DC’’ in the General section. Change level of quality designations to single terms in the Grades of canned mushrooms section. Correct CFR citation for standard of identity to 21 CFR 155.200 in the Product description section. Change level of quality designations to single terms in the Grades of green olives and Uniformity of size sections and Tables IV and V in the Absence of defects section. Change ‘‘D’’ to ‘‘Sstd’’ in the Score sheet for green olives section. Change the title of Table III from ‘‘Recommended Pickle Ingredients All Styles Except Relish’’ to ‘‘Recommended Minimum Quantity of Pickle Ingredients All Styles Except Relish.’’ 3/20/60 Replace with ‘‘Petite’’ in Table II in Sizes of canned lima beans section. Canned Mushrooms 4/7/62 Replace with ‘‘petite’’ in the Sizes of canned mushrooms in the styles of whole and buttons section. Green Olives ............ 9/8/67 Remove from Table I in the Sizes of whole style green olives section. Pickles ..................... 4/22/91 Replace with ‘‘Petite’’ in Table II in the Sizes of whole pickles section and Table VI in the Requirements for grade section. Comments On August 13, 2018, AMS published a notice in the Federal Register (83 FR 39917) soliciting comments on replacing or removing the term ‘‘midget’’ from each of the grade standards identified in this document, as well as replacing the two-term grading system with a single term to describe each quality level in U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives. Nine comments were received from the general public by the end of the public comment period on October 12, 2018. One comment favored replacing or removing the term ‘‘midget,’’ but supported using ‘‘extra small’’ instead of ‘‘petite’’ for pickles since the other sizes are small, medium, large, and extralarge. The term ‘‘petite’’ was proposed by the industry because there are three lesser sizes before the ‘‘small’’ size designation: midget, small gherkin, and VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:46 Apr 18, 2019 Jkt 247001 throughout the standards, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) references where applicable, and to remove obsolete addresses for viewing or obtaining color standards. Information on obtaining color standards is available in the Fresh and Processed Equipment Catalog on the AMS website at https:// www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards/ how-purchase-equipment-and-visualaids. These revisions will result in a consistent format across grade standards (75 FR 43141). The following table summarizes the changes made by AMS: Remove or replace ‘‘Midget’’ Canned Lima Beans The revisions provide a common language for trade and better reflect the current marketing of fruits and vegetables. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with RULES Grade B or U.S. Extra Standard,’’ or ‘‘U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice,’’ and ‘‘U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard,’’ to describe the same level of quality. The terms ‘‘U.S. Fancy,’’ ‘‘U.S. Extra Standard,’’ ‘‘U.S. Choice,’’ and ‘‘U.S. Standard’’ will be removed and the terms ‘‘U.S. Grade A,’’ ‘‘U.S. Grade B,’’ and ‘‘U.S. Grade C’’ will be used exclusively. Finally, AMS is making editorial changes to these grade standards to update the name of a table to better reflect its content, a grade designation in a scoresheet to align with language used large gherkin. AMS is revising the standard for pickles with the term ‘‘petite.’’ One comment favored removing ‘‘midget’’ but did not support addressing dual nomenclature in this notice. AMS will address dual nomenclature at the same time ‘‘midget’’ is replaced or removed since these are minor non-controversial changes that will update the standards to more accurately represent today’s marketing practices and addressing both is more efficient than undertaking separate rulemakings on each issue. One comment was outside the scope of this revision to U.S. grade standards. The remaining six comments favored replacing or removing the term ‘‘midget’’ in the grade standards. Based on the information gathered, AMS is replacing or removing ‘‘midget,’’ removing dual nomenclature, and making editorial changes to the aforementioned U.S. Standards for Grades. These revisions bring the grade standards in line with other recently amended standards and current terminology, and update the standards PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 to more accurately represent today’s marketing practices. Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621–1627. Dated: April 16, 2019. Bruce Summers, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. [FR Doc. 2019–07899 Filed 4–18–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–02–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA–2018–0899; Product Identifier 2018–NM–099–AD; Amendment 39–19615; AD 2019–07–04] RIN 2120–AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes Editorial Note: Rule document 2019–07587 was originally published on pages 15949 through 15952 in the issue of Wednesday, April 17, 2019. In that publication, on page 15951, in the title of the Airworthiness E:\FR\FM\19APR1.SGM 19APR1

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[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 76 (Friday, April 19, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 16381-16382]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-07899]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Marketing Service

7 CFR Part 52

[Document Number AMS-FV-14-0088, SC-19-328]


United States Standards for Grades of Processed Vegetables

AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION: Final notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) of the Department of 
Agriculture (USDA) is revising the U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned 
Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, U.S. 
Standards for Grades of Pickles, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green 
Olives. AMS is replacing the term ``midget'' with ``petite'' in the 
canned lima bean, canned mushroom, and pickle standards, and removing 
``midget'' completely from the green olive standards as there is an 
alternative term. AMS is also replacing the two-term grading system 
(dual nomenclature) with a single term to describe each quality level 
in the canned lima bean, canned mushroom, and green olive standards. 
Editorial changes are also being made to the grade standards that 
conform to recent changes made in other grade standards.

DATES: Effective May 20, 2019.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lindsay H. Mitchell, USDA, Specialty 
Crops Inspection Division, 100 Riverside Parkway, Suite 101, 
Fredericksburg, VA 22406, by phone (540) 361-1120; fax (540) 361-1199; 
or, email [email protected]. Copies of the revised U.S. 
Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of 
Canned Mushrooms, U.S. Standards for Grades of Pickles, and U.S. 
Standards for Grades of Green Olives are available at www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards/vegetables.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 203(c) of the Agricultural Marketing 
Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621-1627), as amended, directs and authorizes 
the Secretary of Agriculture ``to develop and improve standards of 
quality, condition, quantity, grade, and packaging, and recommend and 
demonstrate such standards in order to encourage uniformity and 
consistency in commercial practices.''
    AMS is committed to carrying out this authority in a manner that 
facilitates the marketing of agricultural commodities and makes copies 
of official standards available upon request. The U.S. Standards for 
Grades of Fruits and Vegetables that no longer appear in the Code of 
Federal Regulations are maintained by AMS at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards. AMS is proposing revisions to these U.S. Standards 
for Grades using the procedures that appear in part 36 of Title 7 of 
the Code of Federal Regulations (7 CFR part 36).

Background

    AMS continually reviews all fruit and vegetable grade standards to 
ensure their usefulness to the industry, modernize language, and remove 
duplicative terminology. On May 13, 2013, AMS received a petition from 
the Little People of America stating they ``are trying to raise 
awareness around and eliminate the use of the word midget.'' The 
petition further stated, ``Though the use of the word midget by the 
USDA when classifying certain food products is benign, Little People of 
America, and the dwarfism community, hopes that the USDA would consider 
phasing out the term midget.''
    AMS determined that six grade standards contained the term 
``midget''--U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. 
Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, U.S. Standards for Grades of 
Pickles, U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives, U.S. Standards for 
Grades of Processed Raisins, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Shelled 
Pecans. The shelled pecans and processed raisins standards were 
addressed in two separate rules because additional changes were being 
made to those standards.

[[Page 16382]]

    In addition to replacing ``midget'' with ``petite'' or removing 
``midget,'' AMS is also removing dual nomenclature in U.S. Standards 
for Grades of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned 
Mushrooms, and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives. More recently 
developed standards use a single term, such as ``U.S. Grade A'' or 
``U.S. Grade B,'' to describe each level of quality within a grade 
standard. Older grade standards used dual nomenclature, such as ``U.S. 
Grade A or U.S. Fancy,'' ``U.S. Grade B or U.S. Extra Standard,'' or 
``U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice,'' and ``U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard,'' 
to describe the same level of quality. The terms ``U.S. Fancy,'' ``U.S. 
Extra Standard,'' ``U.S. Choice,'' and ``U.S. Standard'' will be 
removed and the terms ``U.S. Grade A,'' ``U.S. Grade B,'' and ``U.S. 
Grade C'' will be used exclusively.
    Finally, AMS is making editorial changes to these grade standards 
to update the name of a table to better reflect its content, a grade 
designation in a scoresheet to align with language used throughout the 
standards, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) references where 
applicable, and to remove obsolete addresses for viewing or obtaining 
color standards. Information on obtaining color standards is available 
in the Fresh and Processed Equipment Catalog on the AMS website at 
https://www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards/how-purchase-equipment-and-visual-aids. These revisions will result in a consistent format across 
grade standards (75 FR 43141). The following table summarizes the 
changes made by AMS:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Remove or replace
   U.S. standards for grades of    Effective date          ``Midget''              Other proposed revisions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canned Lima Beans................         3/20/60  Replace with ``Petite''    Change level of quality
                                                    in Table II in Sizes of    designations to single terms in
                                                    canned lima beans          the Grades of canned lima beans
                                                    section.                   and Color sections.
                                                                              Correct CFR citation for standard
                                                                               of identity to 21 CFR 155.200 in
                                                                               the Identity section.
                                                                              Replace Processed Products
                                                                               information and address with
                                                                               ``USDA Headquarters in
                                                                               Washington, DC'' in the General
                                                                               section.
Canned Mushrooms.................          4/7/62  Replace with ``petite''    Change level of quality
                                                    in the Sizes of canned     designations to single terms in
                                                    mushrooms in the styles    the Grades of canned mushrooms
                                                    of whole and buttons       section.
                                                    section.                  Correct CFR citation for standard
                                                                               of identity to 21 CFR 155.200 in
                                                                               the Product description section.
Green Olives.....................          9/8/67  Remove from Table I in     Change level of quality
                                                    the Sizes of whole style   designations to single terms in
                                                    green olives section.      the Grades of green olives and
                                                                               Uniformity of size sections and
                                                                               Tables IV and V in the Absence of
                                                                               defects section.
                                                                              Change ``D'' to ``Sstd'' in the
                                                                               Score sheet for green olives
                                                                               section.
Pickles..........................         4/22/91  Replace with ``Petite''    Change the title of Table III from
                                                    in Table II in the Sizes   ``Recommended Pickle Ingredients
                                                    of whole pickles section   All Styles Except Relish'' to
                                                    and Table VI in the        ``Recommended Minimum Quantity of
                                                    Requirements for grade     Pickle Ingredients All Styles
                                                    section.                   Except Relish.''
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The revisions provide a common language for trade and better 
reflect the current marketing of fruits and vegetables.

Comments

    On August 13, 2018, AMS published a notice in the Federal Register 
(83 FR 39917) soliciting comments on replacing or removing the term 
``midget'' from each of the grade standards identified in this 
document, as well as replacing the two-term grading system with a 
single term to describe each quality level in U.S. Standards for Grades 
of Canned Lima Beans, U.S. Standards for Grades of Canned Mushrooms, 
and U.S. Standards for Grades of Green Olives. Nine comments were 
received from the general public by the end of the public comment 
period on October 12, 2018.
    One comment favored replacing or removing the term ``midget,'' but 
supported using ``extra small'' instead of ``petite'' for pickles since 
the other sizes are small, medium, large, and extra-large. The term 
``petite'' was proposed by the industry because there are three lesser 
sizes before the ``small'' size designation: midget, small gherkin, and 
large gherkin. AMS is revising the standard for pickles with the term 
``petite.'' One comment favored removing ``midget'' but did not support 
addressing dual nomenclature in this notice. AMS will address dual 
nomenclature at the same time ``midget'' is replaced or removed since 
these are minor non-controversial changes that will update the 
standards to more accurately represent today's marketing practices and 
addressing both is more efficient than undertaking separate rulemakings 
on each issue. One comment was outside the scope of this revision to 
U.S. grade standards. The remaining six comments favored replacing or 
removing the term ``midget'' in the grade standards.
    Based on the information gathered, AMS is replacing or removing 
``midget,'' removing dual nomenclature, and making editorial changes to 
the aforementioned U.S. Standards for Grades. These revisions bring the 
grade standards in line with other recently amended standards and 
current terminology, and update the standards to more accurately 
represent today's marketing practices.

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.

    Dated: April 16, 2019.
Bruce Summers,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-07899 Filed 4-18-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3410-02-P